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DANGER OF IMPROPER MODELING IN ETASS

DANGERS OF IMPROPER
PAPER PRESENTED BY,

MODELING

IN ETABS

ENGR ARIF KASAM MYSOREWALA B,E,(CIVIL) N,E.D UNIV. M.S. (STRUCT) UNIV.DF CINTI. U.S.A. WITH ASSISTANCE OF, B.S.(CIVIL) UNIV. OF ARIZONA USA

ENGR ADEEL ARIF MYSOREWALA

IN THIS PAPER WE WANT TO PRESENT TREMENDOUS REDUCTION IN REINFORCEMENT OF BEAMS DUE TO IMPROPER MODELLING OF RCC BUILDINGS IN ETABS. WE WILL DISCUSS USE OF PROPER MESHING OF PLATE, SHELL, MEMBRANE AND USE OF RIGID DIAPHRAMS.

MESHING
• MESHING IS A POWERFUL TOOL IN ETABS FOR OPTIMIZING STRESSES, • IT DISTRIBUTES LOADS TO BEAMS AND WALLS AND GIVES THE ACTUAL BEHAVIOR OF LOADING IN A RCC STRUCTURE.

PLATE,SHELL & MEMBRANE
MODELING RESULTS ARE PRESENTED AS FOLLOWS: • TWO SLAB MODELED AS A PLATE • TWO SLAB MODELED AS A SHELL • TWO SLAB MODELED AS A MEMBRANE • USE OF RIGID DIAPHRAM

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2 .331N2 DIFFRENCEOF PLATE WITH 4'X4' MESH AND WITHOUT MESH SHELL WITH 4'X4' MESH AREA OF STEEL IS .651N2 PLATE WITH MESH AT BEAMS ONLY AREA OF STEEL IS .6$IN2 • STEEL REINFORCEMENT OF THE BEAM IS 49% LESS IF THE FLOOR IS NOT MESHED 4' X 4' AND IS ONLY LEFT AS DEFAULT TO MESH AT BEAMS ONLY IN AREA OBJECT MESH OPTION IN ASSIGNING THE FLOOR.PLATE WITH 4'X4' MESH AREA OF STEEL IS .

DIFFRENCE OF SHELL WITH 4'X4' MESH AND WITH MESH AT BEAM ONLY • STEEL REINFORCEMENT OF THE BEAM IS 50% LESS IF THE FLOOR IS NOT MESHED 4' X 4' AND IS ONLY LEFT AS DEFAULT TO MESH AT BEAMS ONLY IN AREA OBJECT MESH OPTION IN ASSIGNING THE FLOOR.441N2 3 .E O.751N2 STEEL INCREASE IS ABOUT 15 PERCENT AND BEAM FAILS IN SHEAR DUE TO TORSION.SHELL WITH MESH AT BEAMS ONLY AREAOF STEELIS NEARLY THE SAME AS FOR PLATEI. AS THE MEMBRANE IS UNSUPPORTED ON ITS EDGES IN 4'X4' MeSH. MEMBRANE WITH 4'X4' MESH AREA OF STEEL IS . MEMBRANE WITH MESH AT BEAMS ONLY AREA OF STEEL IS .33IN2.

DIFFRENCE OF MEMBRANE WITH 4'X4' MESH AND WITH MESH AT BEAM ONLY RIGID DIAPRAMS • FOLLOWING TWO SLIDES WILL SHOW A SLAB MODELLED AS SHELL WITH AND WITHOUT DIAPHRAM. • STEEL REINFORCEMENT OF THE BEAM IS 32% LESS IF THE FLOOR IS NOT MESHED 4' X 4' AND IS ONLY LEFT AS DEFAULT TO MESH AT BEAMS ONt Y IN AREA OBJECT MESH OPTION IN ASSIGNING THE FLOOR. • PER THE ETABS MANUAL THE ECCENTRICITES HAVE MEANING ONLY IF THE MODEL HAS DIAPHRAMS. WITH DIAPHRAM WITHOUT DIAPHRAM 4 .

THIS APPERANTL Y IS DUE THAT SOME LOAD IS DIRECTLY TRANSFERED TO COLUMNS.8 % AS COMPARE TO PLATE 4X4 MESH STEEL. • RIGID DIAPHRAM NEED TO BE ASSIGNED TO FLOORS TO INCLUDE SEISMIC ECCENTRICITIES. • PLATE TAKES LESS RUN TIME AS COMPARED TO SHELL HENCE IT IS PREFERABLE.25 COMPARISION IF M. 5 ._ COMPARISION M.35 FOR SLAB 0.I MODIFIER FOR SLAB IS VARIED iilPLATE • SHELL • MEMBRANE With 4'X4' mesh With Out 4'x4' mesh CONCLUSION • PLATE OR SHELL SHOULD BE USED FOR MODELLING OF THE CONCRETE SLAB WITH A 4'X4' MESH.. • MEMBRANE ONLY BE USED FOR SHEAR WALL..75 FOR BEAM 0. MODIFICATION FOR COLUMN 0.I. • SAME BEAM IS ANALYIZED BY MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD WHICH GIVES AREA OF STEEL GREATER THAN 87.