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CHEMISTRY

PRESENTATION
Alkaline Metal – Group 1
Squad of XII IA 2

Agung
Ismanuworo / 01Amarendra S N
/ 03
Clarissa
Finanda / 11 Mayarani N I /
19
Hydrogen

Potassium ALKALINE METAL Lithium

Natrium
Characteristic of Alkaline
Metal
 Very reactive
 React well with water, oxygen, hydrogen, halogen, and
sulphur
 Soluble in water
 The reactivity of alkaline is get greater as the length of
its radius
 From above to below, radius and density get larger
 Meanwhile, the ionization energy and electro negativity is
lower
 Soft metal, ease to be cut.
Reaction
• React with H2O Strong Base
2L(s) + 2H2O(l) 2LOH(aq) + H2(g)
ex:
2Na(s) + 2H2O(l) 2NaOH (aq) + H2(g)
2K(s) + 2H2O(l) 2KOH(aq) + H2(g)

7. React with Hydrogen Hybrid


2L(s) + 2H2(g) 2LH(s)
ex:
2Li(s) + 2H2(g) 2LiH (s)
2K(s) + 2H2(g) 2KH (s)
1. React with Oxygen oksida, peroksida or super
peroksida
oksida: 4Li(s) + O2(g) 2Li2O(s)
peroksida: 2Na(s) + O2(g) Na2O2(s)
super peroksida: K(s) + O2(g) KO2(s)

6. React with Halogen Halide salt


2L(s) + X2 2LX(s)
ex:
2Na(s) + Cl 2NaCl(s)
Hydrogen
• Symbolized H
• Atomic number 1
• At the standard temperature and pressure is colorless
• Non-metal
• Electron valence 1
• Diatomic
• Flammable
• The lightest element
• The Most Available element
Lithium
◊ Symbolized Li
◊ Atomic Number 3
◊ Electron configuration (He) 2s1
◊ Radius of atom 1.52 Å
◊ Melting point 181°C
◊ Boiling point 1347°C
◊ Electro negativity 1.0
◊ Density 0.53 g/cm3
◊ Burning color red
Natrium
• Symbolized Na
• Atomic Number 11
• Electron configuration (Ne) 3s1
• Atomic radius 1.86 Å
• Melting point 97.8°C
• Boiling point 883°C
• Density 0.97 g/cm3
• Electro negativity 0.9
• Burning color yellow
Potassium
• Symbolized K
• Atomic Number 19
• Electron configuration (Ar) 4s1
• Atomic radius 2.31 Å
• Melting point 63.6°C
• Boiling point 774°C
• Density 0.86 g/cm3
• Electron negativity 0.8
• Burning color purple
How to make?
By electrolysis: by melting halide salt liquid
Ex: Melted NaCl (with electrode C)
NaCl Na+ + Cl- x2
K(-) Na+ + e Na x2
A(+) 2Cl- Cl2 + 2e x1
2 NaCl 2 Na + Cl2
The uses
• Li: for battery
• Na:-NaCl : for salt
-NaHCO3 : baking soda
-Na2CO3 : to remove “air sadah”
-NaNO3 : fertilizer
-NaOH : detergent
7. K: -KOH : soap
-K2CO3 : ashes soda, for glass maker
-KClO3 : mesiu powder / matches
-K2SO4 : glass maker
-KCl: fertilizer
Thank You !!!!!