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# CHAPTER - 1

TRIGONOMETRICAL RATIOS AND FUNCTIONS
1. Some Important Definitions and
formulae-
(1) Measurement of angles:- The angle are
are defined as follows—
Degrees- A right angle is divided into 90 equal
parts and each part is called a degree. Thus a right
angle is equal to 90 degress. One degree is de-
noted by 1°.
A degree is divided into sixty equal parts and
each part is called a minute. One minute is de-
noted by 1′.
A minute is divided into sixty equal parts and
each part is called a second. One second is de-
noted by 1′′.
Thus,
1 right angled = 90° (Read as 90 degrees)
1° = 60′ (Read as 60 minutes)
1′ = 60′′ (Read as 60 seconds).
Grades- A right angle is divided into 100 equal
parts and each part is called a grade. Thus a right
by 1
g
.
A grade is divided into 100 equal parts and each
part and each part is called a minute and is de-
noted by 1′.
A minute is divided into 100 equal parts and each
part is called a second and is denoted by 1′′.
Thus,
1 right angled = 100
g
1
g
= 100′ (Read as 100 minutes)
1′ · 100′′ (Read as 100 seconds).
dian is the angle
subtended at the
centre of a circle
by an arc equal in
length to the ra-
dius of the circle.
figure OA · OC =
arc AC = r = radius of circle, then measurement
of ∠AOC is one radian and denoted by 1
c
. Thus
∠AOC · 1
c
.
(2) A constant Number π - The ratio of the
circumference to the diameter of a circle is al-
ways equal to a constant and this constant is
denoted by the Greek letter π
i.e.
Circumference of a circle
Diameter of the circle
· π (constant)
The constant π is an irrational number and its
approximate value is taken as
22
7
. The more accu-
rate value to six decimals places is taken as
355
113
.
(3) Relation between an arc and an angle- If
θ is the angle in radians at the vertex of a sector
of a circle of radius r, then length of the arc of the
sector l · r
θ
.
Angle subtended by the semi-circular arc at its
centre = 180° ·
π r
r
Thus, we have π radians = 180° = 2 right angles.
Fig.1
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(1)
180
π
degrees
= 57° 16′ (21.8)′′ (approx.)
2. Domain and Range of a Trigono.
Function-
If f : X → Y is a function, defined on the set X,
then the domain of the function f, written as
Domf is the set of all independent variables x, for
which the image f (x) is well defined element of
Y, called the co-domain of f.
Range of f : X → Y is the set of all images f (x)
which belongs to Y, i.e.,
Range f ·
¹
'
¹
f(x) ∈ Y : x ∈ X
¹
;
¹
⊆ Y
The domain and range of trigonometrical func-
tions are tabulated as follows-
Trigo.
Function
Domain Range
sin x R, the set of all the
real numbers
−1 ≤ sin x ≤ 1
cos x R −1 ≤ cos x ≤ 1
tan x
R −
¹
'
¹
(2n + 1)
π
2
, n ∈ I
¹
;
¹
R
cosec x R −
¹
'
¹
n π, n ∈ I
¹
;
¹
R −
¹
'
¹
x : −1 < x < 1
¹
;
¹
sec x
R −
¹
'
¹
(2n + 1)
π
2
, n ∈ I
¹
;
¹
R −
¹
'
¹
x : −1 < x <1
¹
;
¹
cot x R −
¹
'
¹
n π, n ∈ I
¹
;
¹
R
3. Variation of values of Trigonomet-
II B I
sine decreases from 1 to 0 sine increases from 0 to 1
cosine decreases from 0 to -1 cosine decreases from 1 to 0
tangent increases from −∞ to 0 tangent increases from 0 to ∞
cotangent decreases from 0 to − ∞ containgent decreases from ∞ to 0
secant increases from − ∞ to -1 Secant increases from 1 to ∞
cosecant increases from 1 to ∞ cosecant decreases from ∞ to 1
A′ III O IV A
sine decreases from 0 to -1 sine increases from -1 to 0
cosine increases from -1 to 0 cosine increases from 0 to 1
tangent increases from 0 to ∞ tangent decreases from 0 to − ∞
contangent decreases from ∞ to 0 cotangent decreases from 0 to − ∞
secant decreases from -1 to − ∞ secant decreases from ∞ to 1
cosecant in creases from − ∞ to —1 cosecant decreases from − 1 to − ∞
B′
4. Relation between Trigonometrical
Ratios and Identities-
(1) tan θ ·
sin θ
cos θ
(2) cot θ =
cos θ
sin θ
(3) sin Acosec A · tan A cot A · cos AsecA · 1
(4) sin
2
θ + cos
2
θ = 1
or sin
2
θ = 1 − cos
2
θ or cos
2
θ · 1 − sin
2
θ
(5) 1 + tan
2
θ = sec
2
θ
or sec
2
θ − tan
2
θ = 1 or sec
2
θ − 1 = tan
2
θ.
(6) 1 + cot
2
θ = cosec
2
θ
or cosec
2
θ − cot
2
θ = 1
or cosec
2
θ − 1 = cot
2
θ
(7) Since sin
2
A + cos
2
A = 1, hence each of
sin A and cos A is numerically less than or
equal to unity. i.e.
|sin A| ≤ 1 and |cos A| ≤ 1
or t ≤ sin A ≤ 1 and −1 ≤ cos A ≤ 1
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(2)
(8) Since sec A and cosec A are respectively
reciprocals of cos A and sin A, therefore the
values of sec A and cosec A are always nu-
merically greater than or equal to unity.
i.e.
sec A ≥ 1 or sec A ≤ −1
and cosec A ≥ 1 or cosec A ≤−1
In other words, we never have
−1 < cosec A < 1 and −1 < sec A < 1.
6. Trigonometrical Ratios for
Various Angles-
θ 0
π
6
π
4
π
3
π
2
π
3 π
2
sin θ 0
1
2
1

2
√3
2
1 0 –1 0
cos θ 1
√3
2
1

2
1
2
0 –1 0 1
tan θ 0
1

3
1 √3 ∞ 0 ∞ 0
7. Trigonometrical Ratios for
Related Angles-
θ − θ
π
2
t θ
π t θ
3 π
2
t θ
2 π t θ
sin − sin θ cos θ
+

sin θ
− cos θ t sinθ
cos cos θ
+

sin θ
− cos θ t sinθ cos θ
tan − tan θ
+

cot θ
t tan
+

cot θ
t tanθ
cot − cot θ
+

tan θ
t cot θ t cot θ t cot θ
Formulae-
(1) sin (A t B) = sin A cos B t cos A sin B
(2) cos (A t B) = cos A cos B t sin A sin B
(3) tan (A t B) =
tan A t tan B
1 t tan A tan B
sin θ cos θ tan θ cot θ sec θ cosec θ
sin θ
sin θ
√ 1 − cos
2
θ
tan θ

1 + tan
2
θ
1
√ 1+ cot
2
θ
√ sec
2
θ − 1
sec θ
1
cosec θ
cos θ
√ 1 − sin
2
θ
cos θ
1
√ 1 + tan
2
θ
cot θ
√ 1 + cot
2
θ
1
sec c
√ cosec
2
θ − 1
cosec θ
tan θ
sin θ

1 − sin
2
θ
√ 1 − cos
2
θ
cos θ
tan θ
1
cot θ
√ sec
2
θ − 1
1
√ cosec
2
θ − 1
cot θ √ 1 − sin
2
θ
sin θ
cos θ

1 − cos
2
θ
1
tan θ
cot θ
1
√ sec
2
θ − 1
√ cosec
2
θ − 1
sec θ
1

1 − sin
2
θ
1
cos θ
√ 1 + tan
2
θ
√ 1 + cot
2
θ
cot θ
cot θ
cosec θ

cosec
2
θ − 1
5. Trigonometrical Ratios in Terms
of Each Other-
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(3)
(4) cot (A t B) =
cot A cot B t 1
cot B t cot A
(5) sin (A + B) sin (A − B) = sin
2
A − sin
2
B
= cos
2
B − cos
2
A
(6) cos (A + B) cos (A − B) = cos
2
A − sin
2
B
= cos
2
B − sin
2
A
(7) tan A t tan B =
sin A
cos A
t
sin B
cos B
=
sin A cos B t cos A sin B
cos A cos B
=
sin (A t B)
cos A cos B
¸

¸
A ≠ n π +
π
2
, B ≠ m π
_

,
(8) cot A t cot B =
sin (B t A)
sin A sin B
¸

¸
A ≠ n π, B ≠ m π +
π
2
_

,
(9) (i) cos A t sin A = √2 sin
¸

¸
π
4
t A
_

,
= √2 cos
¸

¸
π
4
t A
_

,
(ii) tan A + cot A =
1
sin A cos A
(10) In a triangle, sine of any one angle is equal
to the sine of the sum of the remaining
angles, i.e.
sin (A + B) = sin C etc.
(11) In a triangle, the cosine and tangent of any
one angle is equal to minus times the cosine
and tangent of the remaining two angles. i.e.
cos (A+B) = −cosC
and tan (A + B) = − tan C etc.
(12) The sine of half of any angle in a triangle is
equal to the cosine of half the sum of the
remaining two angles and similarly the co-
sine of half of any angle is equal to the sine
of half the sum of the other two angles. i.e..
sin
¸

¸
A + B
2
_

,
= cos
C
2
, cos
¸

¸
A + B
2
_

,
= sin
C
2
and tan
¸

¸
A + B
2
_

,
= cot
C
2
etc.
9. Formulae for Changing the Sum
or Difference into Product
1. sin C + sin D = 2 sin
C + D
2
cos
C − D
2
2. sin C − sin D = 2 cos
C + D
2
sin
C − D
2
3. cos C + cos D = 2 cos
C + D
2
cos
C − D
2
4. cos C − cos D = 2 sin
C + D
2
sin
D − C
2
10. Formulae for Changing the
Product into Sum or Difference
1. 2 sin A cos B = sin (A + B) + sin (A − B)
2. 2 cos A sin B = sin (A + B) − sin (A − B)
3. 2 cos A cos B = cos (A + B) + cos (A − B)
4. 2 sin A sin B = cos (A − B) − cos (A +B)
11. Formulae Involving Double,
Triple and Half Angles-
1. sin 2θ = 2 sin θ cos θ =
2 tan θ
1 + tan
2
θ
2. cos 2θ = cos
2
θ − sin
2
θ = 2 cos
2
θ − 1
=1 − 2 sin
2
θ·
1 − tan
2
θ
1 + tan
2
θ
3. sin
θ
2
= t √
1 − cos θ
2
,
cos
θ
2
= t √
1 + cos θ
2
tan
θ
2
= t √
1 − cos θ
1 + cos θ
4. tan 2θ =
2 tan θ
1 − tan
2
θ
5. sin 3θ = 3 sin θ − 4 sin
3
θ
or sin
3
θ =
1
4
(3 sin θ − sin 3θ)
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(4)
6. cos 3θ = 4 cos
3
θ − 3 cos θ
or cos
3
θ =
1
4
(3 cos θ + cos 3θ )
7. tan 3θ =
3 tan θ − tan
3
θ
1 − 3 tan
2
θ

¸
θ ≠ nπ +
π
6
1
1
]
12. To Be Remembered -
i.
(1 − cos θ)
sin θ
= tan
θ
2
[θ ≠ (2n + 1) π]
ii.
(1 + cos θ)
sin θ
= cot
θ
2
[θ ≠ 2n π]
iii.
(1 − cos θ)
(1 + cos θ)
= tan
2

θ
2
[θ ≠ (2n + 1) π]
iv.
(1 + cos θ)
(1 − cos θ)
= cot
2

θ
2
[θ ≠ 2nπ]
(v) cos nθ = cos
n
θ −
n (n − 1)
1.2
cos
n − 2
θ sin
2
θ
+
n (n − 1) (n − 2) (n − 3)
1.2.3.4
cos
n−4
θsin
4
θ −....
sin n θ = n cos
n−1
θ sin θ

n (n − 1) (n − 2)
1.2.3
cos
n−3
θ sin
3
θ
+
n (n − 1) (n − 2) (n − 3) (n − 4)
1.2.3.4.5
cos
n−5
θ sin
5
θ −...
tan nθ =
S
1
− S
3
+ S
5
− S
7
+ . . . .
1 − S
2
+ S
4
− S
6
+ . . . .
where S
1
= n tan θ, S
2
·
n
C
2
tan
2
θ,
S
3
·
n
C
3
tan
3
θ . . . . . etc.
14. Important Points :-
(1) Maximum and minimum values of
a sin x + b cos x are
+ √ a
2
+ b
2
, − √ a
2
+ b
2
respectively.
(2) sin
2
x + cosec
2
x ≥ 2 for every real x.
(3) cos
2
x + sec
2
x ≥ 2 for every real x.
(4) tan
2
x + cot
2
x ≥ 2 for every real x.
(5) If x · sec θ + tan θ, then
1
x
· cosec θ − cot θ
(6) If x · cosec θ + cot θ, then
1
x
· sec θ − tan θ
(7) cos θ . cos 2θ . cos 4θ . cos 8θ … cos 2
n−1
θ
·
sin 2
n
θ
2
n
sin θ
(8) sin θ sin (60° − θ) sin (60° + θ) =
1
4
sin 3θ
(9) cos θ cos (60° − θ) cos (60° + θ)
=
1
4
cos 3θ
(10) tan θ tan (60° − θ) tan (60° + θ) = tan 3θ.
15. Conditional Identities :-
(1) If A + B + C = 180°, then
i. sin 2A + sin 2B + sin 2C
= 4 sin A sin B sin C
θ 7

2
15° 22

2
18° 36°
sin θ
√ 4 − √2 − √6
2

√2
√ 3−1
2

2
1
2

2

2
√5 − 1
4
1
4
√ 10 − 2 √5
cos θ
√ 4 + √2 + √6
2

2
√3 + 1
2

2
1
2
√ 2 + √2
1
4
√ 10 + 2 √5
√5 + 1
4
13. Trigonometrical Ratios for
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(5)
ii. sin 2A + sin 2B − sin 2C
= 4 cos A cos B sin C
iii. sin (B + C − A) + sin (C + A − B)
+ sin (A + B − C) = 4 sin A sin B sin C
iv. cos 2A + cos 2B + cos 2C
= −1 − 4 cos A cos B cos C
v. cos 2 A + cos 2B − cos 2C
= 1 − 4 sin A sin B cos C
(2) If A + B + C = 180°, then
i. sin A + sin B + sin C = 4 cos
A
2
cos
B
2
cos
C
2
ii. sin A + sin B − sin C = 4 sin
A
2
sin
B
2
cos
C
2
iii. cos A + cos B + cos C
= 1 + 4 sin
A
2
sin
B
2
sin
C
2
iv. cos A + cos B − cos C
= −1 + 4 cos
A
2
cos
B
2
sin
C
2
v.
cos A
sin B sin C
+
cos B
sin C sin A
+
cos C
sin A sin B
= 2
(3) If A + B + C · π, then
i. sin
2
A + sin
2
B − sin
2
C
= 2 sin A sin B cos C
ii. cos
2
A + cos
2
B + cos
2
C
=1 − 2 cos A cos B cos C
iii. sin
2
A + sin
2
B + sin
2
C
= 2 + 2 cos A cos B cos C
iv. cos
2
A + cos
2
B − cos
2
C
= 1 − 2 sin A sin B cos C
(4) If A + B + C · π, then
i. sin
2

A
2
+ sin
2

B
2
+ sin
2

C
2

= 1 − 2 sin
A
2
sin
B
2
sin
C
2
ii. cos
2

A
2
+ cos
2

B
2
+ cos
2

C
2
= 2 + 2 sin
A
2
sin
B
2
sin
C
2
iii. sin
2

A
2
+ sin
2

B
2
− sin
2

C
2
= 1 − 2 cos
A
2
cos
B
2
sin
C
2
iv. cos
2

A
2
+ cos
2

B
2
− cos
2

C
2
= 2 cos
A
2
cos
B
2
sin
C
2
(5) If x + y + z ·
π
2
, then
i. sin
2
x + sin
2
y + sin
2
z
= 1 − 2 sin x sin y sin z
ii. cos
2
x + cos
2
y + cos
2
z
= 2 + 2 sin x sin y sin z
iii. sin 2x + sin 2y + sin 2z
= 4 cos x cos y cos z
(6) If A + B + C · π, then
i. tan A + tan B + tan C = tan A tan B tan C
ii. cot B cot C + cot C cot A + cot A cot B = 1
iii. tan
B
2
tan
C
2
+ tan
C
2
tan
A
2
+ tan
A
2
tan
B
2
= 1
iv. cot
A
2
+ cot
B
2
+ cot
C
2
= cot
A
2
cot
B
2
cot
C
2
(7) (a) for any angles A, B, C we have
i. sin (A + B + C)
= sin A cos B cos C + cos A sin B cos C
+ cos A cos B sin C − sin A sin B sin C
ii. cos (A + B + C)
= cos A cos B cos C − cos A sin B sin C
− sin A cos B sin C − sin A sin B cos C
iii. tan (A + B + C)
=
tan A + tan B + tan C − tan A tan B tan C
1 − tan A tan B − tan B tan C − tan C tan A
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(6)
(b) If A, B, C are the angles of a triangle, then
sin (A + B + C) = sin π = 0
and cos (A + B + C) = cos π = −1
then (a) (i) gives sin A sin B sin C
= sin A cos B cos C + cos A sin B cos C
+ cos A cos B sin C
and (a) (ii) gives
1 + cos A cos B cos C
= cos A sin B sin C + sin A cos B sin C
+ sin A sin B cos C
16. Method of Componendo and
Dividendo :-
If
p
q
·
a
b
, then by componendo and dividendo we
can write
p − q
p + q
=
a − b
a + b
or
q − p
q + p
=
b − a
b + a
or
p + q
p − q
=
a + b
a − b
or
q + p
q − p
=
b + a
b − a
Note:-Reference of the above formulae will be
given in the solutions of problems.
17. Expression of sin (A

2) and
cos (A/2) in terms of sin A.
If is easy to see that
¸

¸
sin
A
2
+ cos
A
2
_

,
2
= 1 + sin A
¸

¸
sin
A
2
− cos
A
2
_

,
2
= 1 − sin A
so that sin
A
2
+ cos
A
2
= t √ 1 + sin A
. . . . (1)
and sin
A
2
− cos
A
2
= t √ 1 − sin A . . . . (2)
By addition and subtraction, we have
2 sin
A
2
= t √ 1 + sin A t √ 1 − sin A .... (3)
and 2 cos
A
2
= t √ 1 + sin A t √ 1 − sin A ...(4)
determined by the following diagram.
18. To find the greatest and least
values of the expression
0a sin θ + b cos θ
Let a = r cos α, b = r sin α,
then a
2
+ b
2
= r
2
or r · √ a
2
+ b
2
∴ a sin θ + b cos θ
= r (sin θ cos α + cos θ sin α) = r sin (θ + α)
But −1 ≤ sin (θ + α) ≤ 1
so that −r ≤ r sin (θ + α) ≤ r
Hence − √ a
2
+ b
2
≤ a sin θ + b cos θ ≤ √ a
2
+ b
2
Thus the greatest and least values of
a sin θ + b cos θ are respectively
√ (a
2
+ b
2
) and − √ (a
2
+ b
2
) .
Similarly maximum value of
a sin θ − b cos θ is √ (a
2
+ b
2
) .
19. cos A cos 2A cos 4A cos 8A . . . . cos 2
n−1
A
=
1
2
n
sin A
sin (2
n
A). (Remember)
(Each angle being double of preceding)
Fig.2
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(7)
OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS
TRIGONOMETRICAL RATIOS FUNCTIONS AND IDENTITIES
1. If sin θ + cosec θ
= 2, then sin
2
θ + cosec
2
θ =
[MP PET; MNR]
(a) 1 (b) 4
(c) 2 (d) None of these
2.
If sin A ·
1
√ 10
and sin B ·
1
√5
, where A
and B are positive acute angles, then A + B
= [MP PET]
(a) π (b) π

⁄ 2
(c) π

⁄ 3 (d) π

⁄ 4
3. tan
¸

¸
π
4
+ θ
_

,
− tan
¸

¸
π
4
− θ
_

,
=
(a) 2 tan 2θ (b) 2 cot 2θ
(c) tan 2θ (d) cos 2θ
4. If tan A − tan B = x and cot B − cot A = y,
then cot (A − B) =
(a)
1
x
+ y (b)
1
xy
(c)
1
x

1
y
(d)
1
x
+
1
y
5. The maximum value of 3 cos θ + 4 sin θ is
[MNR]
(a) 3 (b) 4
(c) 5 (d) None of these
6. If sin θ + cos θ = m and sec θ + cosec θ =
n, then n (m + 1) (m − 1) =
[MP PET]
(a) m (b) n
(c) 2m (d) 2n
7. If tan θ =
−4
3
, then sin θ = [IIR]
(a) −4

⁄ 5 but not 4/5 (b) -4/5 or 4/5
(c) 4/5 but not -4/5 (d) None of these
8. cot (45° + θ) cot (45° − θ) =
(a) −1 (b) 0
(c) 1 (d) ∞
9. If sin A + sin B = C, cos A + cos B = D, then
the value of sin (A + B) = [MP PET]
(a) CD (b)
CD
C
2
+ D
2
(c)
C
2
+ D
2
2 CD
(d)
2 CD
C
2
+ D
2
10. cos 15° = [MP PET; MNR]
(a) √
1 + cos 30°
2
(b)√
1 − cos 30°
2
(c) t √
1 + cos 30°
2
(d) t √
1 − cos 30°
2
11. If α + β − γ · π, then
sin
2
α + sin
2
β − sin
2
γ= [IIT]
(a) 2 sin α sin β cos γ
(b) 2 cos α cos β cos γ
(c) 2 sin α sin β sin γ
(d) None of these
12. cos
2
48° − sin
2
12° = [MNR]
(a)
√5 − 1
4
(b)
√5 + 1
8
(c)
√3 − 1
4
(d)
√3 + 1
√2
13. sin
6
θ + cos
6
θ + 3 sin
2
θ cos
2
θ =
[MP PET]
(a) 0 (b) —1
(c) 1 (d) None of these
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(8)
14. cos
2

¸

¸
π
4
− β
_

,
− sin
2

¸

¸
α −
π
4
_

,
=
(a) sin (α + β) sin (α − β
(b) cos (α + β) cos (α − β)
(c) sin (α − β) cos (α + β)
(d) sin (α + β) cos (α − β)
15. cot x − tan x = [MP PET]
(a) cot 2x (b) 2 cot
2
x
(c) 2 cot 2x (d) cot
2
2x
16.
1 + cos θ
sin θ
= [MP PET]
(a) tan
θ
2
(b) cot
θ
2
(c) tan θ (d) cot θ
17. sin 20° sin 40° sin 60° sin 80° =
[MNR]
(a) −3

⁄ 16 (b) 5

⁄ 16
(c) 3

⁄ 16 (d) –5/ 16
18. If x · sec θ + tan θ, then x +
1
x
=
[MP PET]
(a) 1 (b) 2 sec θ
(c) 2 (d) 2 tan θ
19.
If cos θ ·
3
5
and cos φ ·
4
5
, where θ and φ are
positive acute angles, then cos
θ − φ
2
=
[MP PET]
(a)
7
√2
(b)
7
5

√2
(c)
7
√5
(d)
7
2

√5
20. If sec θ = 1
1
4
, then tan
θ
2
=
(a) 1/3 (b) 3/4
(c) 1/4 (d) 5/4
21. cos
π
5
cos

5
cos

5
cos

5
=
(a) 1/16 (b) 0
(c) —1/8 (d) —1/16
22. tan 75° − cot 75° = [MNR]
(a) 2 √3 (b) 2 + √3
(c) 2 − √3 (d) None of these
23.
cos 12° − sin 12°
cos 12° + sin 12°
+
sin 147°
cos 147°
=
[MP PET]
(a) 1 (b) -1
(c) 0 (d) None of these
24. √3 cosec 20° − sec 20° = [IIT]
(a) 2 (b)
2 sin 20°
sin 40°
(c) 4 (d)
4 sin 20°
sin 40°
25. tan α + 2 tan 2α + 4 tan 4α + 8 cot 8α =
[IIT; MP PET]
(a) tan α (b) tan 2α
(c) cot α (d) cot 2α
26. If tan A · −
1
2
and tan B = −
1
3
, then A + B =
[IIR; MNR; MP PET]
(a)
π
4
(b)

4
(d)

4
(d) None of these
27. If m tan (θ − 30°) = n tan (θ + 120°), then
m + n
m − n
= [IIT]
(a) 2 cos 2θ (b) cos 2θ
(c) √3 sin A (d) √3 cos A
28. cos A + cos (240° + A) + cos (240° − A) =
[MP PET]
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(9)
(a) cos A (b) 0
(c) √3 sin A (d) √3 cos A
29. 1 + cos 56° + cos 58° − cos 66° =
[IIT]
(a) 2 cos 28° cos 29° cos 33°
(b) 4 cos 28° cos 29° cos 33°
(c) 4 cos 28° cos 29° sin 33°
(d) 2 cos 28° cos 29° sin 33°
30. cos 20° cos 40° cos 80° = [MP PET]
(a) 1/2 (b) 1/4
(c) 1/6 (d) 1/8
31.
If tan θ =
x sin φ
1 − x cos φ
and tan φ =
y sin θ
1 − y cos θ
, then
x
y
= [MP PET]
(a)
sin φ
sin θ
(b)
sin θ
sin φ
(c)
sin φ
1 − cos θ
(d)
sin θ
1 − cos φ
32.
If sin A ·
4
5
and cos B · −
12
13
, where A and
B lie in first and third quadrant respectively,
then cos (A + B) =
(a)
56
65
(b) −
56
65
(c)
16
65
(d) −
16
65
33. sin 15° + cos 105° = [MP PET]
(a) 0 (b) 2 sin 15°
(c) cos 15° + sin 15° (d) sin 15° − cos 15°
34. cos A + sin (270° + A) − sin (270° − A)
+ cos (180° + A) =
[MP PET]
(a) —1 (b) 0
(c) 1 (d) None of these
35.
If cos 2B ·
cos (A + C)
cos (A − C)
, then
tan A, tan B, tan C are in
(a) A.P. (b) G.P.
(c) H.P. (d) None of these
36. The value of cos A − sin A when A ·
5 π
4
, is
[MP PET]
(a) √2 (b)
1
√2
(c) 0 (d) 1
37.
sin 2A
1 + cos 2A

cos A
1 + cos A
=
(a) tan
A
2
(b) cot
A
2
(c) sec
A
2
(d) cosec
A
2
38.
1
tan 3A − tan A

1
cot 3A − cot A
=
(a) tan A (b) tan 2A
(c) cot A (d) cot 2A
39. cosec A − 2 cot 2A cos A =
(a) 2 sin A (b) sec A
(c) 2 cos A cot A (d) None of these
40. √ 2 + √ 2 + 2 cos 4θ =
(a) cos θ (b) sin θ
(c) 2 cos θ (d) 2 sin θ
41. sin
4

π
8
+ sin
4

8
+ sin
4

8
+ sin
4

8
=
[Roorkee]
(a) 1/2 (b) 1/4
(c) 3/2 (d) 3/4
42.
If sin θ = −
1

2
and tan θ · 1, then θ lies in
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(10)
(a) First (b) Second
(c) Third (d) Fourth
43. If
sin A − sin C
cos C − sin A
= cot B, then A, B, C are in
(a) A.P. (b) G.P.
(c) H.P. (d) None of these
44. If tan x ·
b
a
, then √
a + b
a − b
+ √
a − b
a + b
=
[MP PET]
(a)
2 sin x
√ sin 2x
(b)
2 cos x
√ cos 2x
(c)
2 cos x
√ sin 2x
(d)
2 sin x
√ cos 2x
45.
sin 3θ + sin 5θ + sin 7θ + sin 9θ
cos 3θ + cos 5θ + cos 7θ + cos 9θ
=
[Roorkee]
(a) tan 3θ (b) cot 3θ
(c) tan 6θ (d) cot 6θ
46. If cos (A + B)
= α cos A cos B + β sin A sin B,
then (α, β) =
[MP PET]
(a) (-1, -1) (b) (−1,1)
(c) (1, -1) (d) (1, 1)
47. If a cos θ + b sin θ = m and
a sin θ − b cos θ · n, then a
2
+ b
2
=
(a) m + n (b) m
2
− n
2
(c) m
2
+ n
2
(d) None of these
48.
sin
2
A − sin
2
B
sin A cos A − sin B cos B
=
[MP PET]
(a) tan (A − B) (b) tan (A + B)
(c) cot (A − B) (d) cot (A + B)
49. cos
4

π
8
+ cos
4

8
+ cos
4

8
+ cos
4

8
=
(a)
1
2
(b)
1
4
(c)
3
2
(d)
3
4
50. sin
2

π
8
+ sin
2

8
+ sin
2

8
+ sin
2

8
=
(a) 1 (b) -1
(c) 0 (d) 2
51. cos

15
cos

15
cos

15
cos
16π
15
=
[IIT]
(a) 1/2 (b) 1/4
(c) 1/8 (d) 1/16
52. tan A + cot (180° + A) + cot (90° + A)
+ cot (360° − A) =
[MP PET]
(a) 0 (b) 2 tan A
(c) 2 cot A (d) 2 (tan A − cot A)
53.
If

4
< α < π, then √ cosec
2
α + 2 cot α is
equal to
(a) 1 + cot α (b) 1 − cot α
(c) −1 − cot α (d) −1 + cot α
54.
The equation sec
2
θ =
4xy
(x + y)
2
is only possi-
ble when
[MP PET; IIT]
(a) x · y (b) x < y
(c) x > y (d) None of these
55. If sin A, cos A and tan A are in G.P., then
cos
3
A + cos
2
A is equal to
(a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 4 (d) None of these
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(11)
56.
If
sin
4
A
a
+
cos
4
A
b
=
1
a + b
, then the value of
sin
8
A
a
3
+
cos
8
A
b
3
is equal to—
[WB JEE]
(a)
1
(a + b)
3
(b)
a
3
b
3
(a + b)
3
(c)
a
2
b
2
(a + b)
2
(d) None of these
57. If sin θ + sin φ = a and cos θ + cos φ · b,
then tan
θ − φ
2
is equal to–
[MP PET]
(a) √
a
2
+ b
2
4 − a
2
− b
2
(b) √
4 − a
2
− b
2
a
2
+ b
2
(c) √
a
2
+ b
2
4 + a
2
+ b
2
(d) √
4 + a
2
+ b
2
a
2
+ b
2

58. cos
2
α + cos
2
(α + 120°) + cos
2
(α − 120°)
is equal to– [MP ET]
(a) 3/2 (b) 1
(c) 1/2 (d) 0
59. The maximum value of a cos x + b sin x is
[MNR]
(a) a + b (b) a − b
(c) |a| + |b| (d) (a
2
+ b
2
)
1 ⁄ 2
60. The minimum value of
3 cos x + 4 sin x + 5 is–
[MNR]
(a) 5 (b) 9
(c) 7 (d) 0
61. The value of sin
π
14
sin

14
sin

14
sin

14
sin

14
sin
11π
14
sin
13π
14
is equal to
[IIT; MNR]
(a)
1
8
(b)
1
16
(c)
1
32
(d)
1
64
62. The value of cos 15° − sin 15° is equal to
[MNR; MP PET]
(a)
1

2
(b) 1/2
(c) −
1
√2
(d) Zero
63.
Given that π < α <

2
, then the expression
√ (4 sin
4
α + sin
2
2 α) + 4 cos
2

¸

¸
π
4

α
2
_

,
is equal to
(a) 2 (b) 2 + 4 sin α
(c) 2 − 4 sin α (d) None of these
64. I n t ri angl e ABC, t he val ue of
sin 2A + sin 2B + sin 2C is equal to
(a) 4 sin A sin B sin C
(b) 4 cos A cos B cos C
(c) 2 cos A cos B cos C
(d) 2 sin A sin B sin C
65. If tan θ =
a
b
, then
sin θ
cos
8
θ
+
cos θ
sin
8
θ
=
[WB JEE]
(a) t
(a
2
+ b
2
)
4

a
2
+ b
2

¸

¸
a
b
8
+
b
a
8
_

,
(b) t
(a
2
+ b
2
)
4
√ a
2
+ b
2

¸

¸
a
b
8
+
b
a
8
_

,
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(12)
(c) t
(a
2
− b
2
)
4
√ a
2
+ b
2

¸

¸
a
b
8
+
b
a
8
_

,
(d) t
(a
2
− b
2
)
4
√ a
2
− b
2

¸

¸
a
b
8

b
a
8
_

,
66. If sec θ + tan θ = p, then tan θ is equal to
[MP PET]
(a)
2p
p
2
− 1
(b)
p
2
− 1
2p
(c)
p
2
+ 1
2p
(d)
2p
p
2
+ 1
67. If tan θ =
20
21
, cos θ will be–
[MP PET]
(a) t
20
41
(b) t
1
21
(c) t
21
29
(d) t
20
21
68.
If tan A =
1 − cos B
sin B
, find tan 2A in terms of
tan B and show that–
[IIT; MP PET]
(a) tan 2A = tan B
(b) tan 2A = tan
2
B
(c) tan 2A = tan
2
B + 2 tan B
(d) None of the above
69. The value of
sin 600° cos 330° + cos 120° sin 150° is
[MP PET]
(a) −1 (b) 1
(c)
1
√2
(d)
√3
2
70. The expression
cos 6x + 6 cos 4x + 15 cos 2x + 10
cos 5x + 5 cos 3x + 10 cos x
is equal to
(a) cos 2x (b) 2 cos x
(c) cos
2
x (d) 1 + cos x
71. If α, β, γ, δ are the smallest positive angles
in ascending order of magnitude which have
their sines equal to the positive quantity k,
then the value of
4sin
α
2
+3sin
β
2
+2sin
γ
2
+ sin
δ
2
is equal to–
(a) 2 √ 1 − k (b)
1
2
√ 1 + k
(c) 2 √ 1 + k (d) None of these
72. If angle θ be divided into two parts such that
the tangent of one part is k times the tangent
of the other and φ is their difference, then
sin θ =
(a)
k + 1
k − 1
sin φ (b)
k − 1
k + 1
sin φ
(c)
2k − 1
2k + 1
sin φ (d) None of these
73. If cosec A + cot A =
11
2
, then tan A =
[Roorkee]
(a)
21
22
(b)
15
16
(c)
44
117
(d)
117
43
74. If tan (A + B) · p, tan (A − B) · q, then the
value of tan 2A in terms of p and q is
[MP PET]
(a)
p + q
p − q
(b)
p − q
1 + pq
(c)
p + q
1 − pq
(d)
1 + pq
1 − p
75.
sec 8A − 1
sec 4A − 1
= [MP PET]
(a)
tan 2A
tan 8A
(b)
tan 8A
tan 2A
(c)
cot 8A
cot 2A
(d) None of these
76. cos 2θ + 2 cos θ is always
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(13)
(a) Greater than −
3
2
(b) Less than or equal to
3
2
(c) Greater than or equal to −
3
2
and less than
or equal to 3
(d) None of these
77. If cos A ·
3
A
, then 32 sin
¸

¸
A
2
_

,
sin
¸

¸
5A
2
_

,
=
(a) 7 (b) 8
(c) 11 (d) None of these
78. The value of tan 5θ is
(a)
5 tan θ − 10 tan
3
θ + tan
5
θ
1 − 10 tan
2
θ + 5 tan
4
θ
(b)
5 tan θ + 10 tan
3
θ − tan
5
θ
1 + 10 tan
2
θ − 5 tan
4
θ
(c)
5 tan
5
θ − 10 tan
3
θ + tan θ
1 − 10 tan
2
θ + 5 tan
4
θ
(d) None of these
79. If x
1
, x
2
, x
3
, . . . . . , x
n
are in A.P. whose
common difference is α, then the value of
sin α (sec x
1
sec x
2
+ sec x
2
sec x
3
+ . . . .
. . . + sec x
n−1
sec x
n
) =
(a)
sin (n − 1) α
cos x
1
cos x
n
(b)
sin n α
cos x
1
cos x
n
(c) sin (n − 1) α cos x
1
cos x
n
(d) sin n α cos x
1
cos x
n
80.
If x · y cos

3
· z cos

3
,
then xy + yz + zx = [EAMCET]
(a) −1 (b) 0
(c) 1 (d) 2
81. If A, B, C are acute positive angles such that
A + B + C · π and cot A cot B cot C · K,
then
(a) K ≤
1
3

√3
(b) K ≥
1
3

√3
(c) K <
1
9
(d) K >
1
3
82. If tan
2
α tan
2
β + tan
2
β tan
2
γ
+ tan
2
γ tan
2
α
+ 2 tan
2
α tan
2
β tan
2
γ = 1, then the value of
sin
2
α + sin
2
β + sin
2
γ is
(a) 0 (b) −1
(c) 1 (d) None of these
83. tan 15° = [EAMCET]
(a)
1
3
(b) √3 − 2
(c) 2 − √3 (d) None of these
84. If (1 + sin A) (1 + sin B) (1 + sin c) =
(1 − sin A) (1 − sin B) (1 − sin C), t hen
each side is equal to
(a) t sin A sin B sin C
(b) t cos A cos B cos C
(c) t sin A cos B cos C
(d) t cos A sin B sin C
85. The value of
cos12° + cos 84° + cos 156°+cos 132°is
[Kerala CEE]
(a)
1
2
(b) 1
(c) −
1
2
(d)
1
8
86. 2 sin
2
β + 4 cos (α + β) sin α sin β
+ cos 2 (α + β) =
[MNR; IIT]
(a) sin 2α (b) cos 2β
(c) cos 2α (d) sin 2β
87.
sin 70° + cos 40°
cos 70° + sin 40°
=
[CET; MP PET]
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(14)
(a) tan 54° (b) tan 36°
(c) tan 18° (d) None of these
88.
If cos (A − B) =
3
5
and tan A tan B = 2 then
[MP PET]
(a) cos A cos B ·
1
5
(b) sin A sin B · −
2
5
(c) cos A cos B · −
1
5

(d) sin A sin B · −
1
5
89. If for real values of x, cos θ · x +
1
x
, then
[MP PET]
(a) θ is acute angle
(b) θ is a right angle
(c) θ is an obtuse angle
(d) No value of θ is possible
90. The value of x for maximum value of
(√3 sin x + cos x) is
(a) 30° (b) 45°
(c) 60° (d) 90°
91. The value of
2 (sin
6
θ + cos
6
θ)−3 (sin
4
θ + cos
4
θ) + 1, is
[MP PET]
(a) 2 (b) 0
(c) 4 (d) 6
92.
If sin θ =
24
25
and θ lies in the second quad-
rant, then sec θ + tan θ =
[MP PET]
(a) −3 (b) −5
(c) −7 (d) −9
93. The value of tan (− 945°) is —
[MP PET]
(a) –1 (b) –2
(c) –3 (d) –4
94. The value of cos 52° + cos 68° + cos 172°
is— [MP PET]
(a) 0 (b) 1
(c) 2 (d)
3
2
95.
cos 17° + sin 17°
cos 17° − sin 17°
=
[MP PET]
(a) tan 62° (b) tan 56°
(c) tan 54° (d) tan 73°
96.
cot
2
15° − 1
cot
2
15° + 1
= [MP PET]
(a)
1
2
(b)
√3
2
(c)
3 √3
4
(d) √3
97. If sin α ·
−3
5
, where π < α <

2
, then
cos
1
2
α = [MP PET]
(a)
−1
√10
(b)
1
√ 10
(c)
3
√10
(d)
−3
√ 10
98. cos
π
7
cos

7
cos

7
=
[MP PET]
(a) 0 (b)
1
2
(c)
1
4
(d) −
1
8
99. If tan θ · t, then tan 2θ + sec 2θ =
[MP PET]
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(15)
(a)
1 + t
1 − t
(b)
1 − t
1 + t
(c)
2t
1 − t
(d)
2t
1 + t
100.
sin θ
1 − cot θ
+
cos θ
1 − tan θ
=
[Karnataka CET]
(a) 0 (b) 1
(c) cos θ − sin θ (d) cos θ + sin θ
101. If θ and ϕ are angles in the 1st quaderant
such taht tan θ · 1

⁄ 7 and
sin ϕ · 1

⁄ √10 . Then
[Kurukshetra CEE]
(a) θ + 2 ϕ · 90° (b) θ + 2 ϕ · 60°
(c) θ + 2 ϕ · 30° (d) θ + 2 ϕ · 45°
102. The value of
tan x
tan 3x
whenever defined
never lie between
[Kurukshetra CEE]
(a) 1/3 and 3 (b) 1/4 and 4
(c) 1/5 and 5 (d) 5 and 6
103. (i) The value of
tan 1° tan 2° tan 3° . . . tan 89° is
(a) ∞ (b) 0
(c) 1 (d) 1

⁄ 2
(ii) tan
π
20
tan

20
tan

20
tan

20
tan

20
=
(a) —1 (b) 1
(c) 1/2 (d) ∞
(iii) sin
2
5° + sin
2
10° + sin
2
15° + . . . .
+ sin
2
85° + sin
2
90° =
(a) 7 (b) 8
(c) 9 (d) 10
104. The value of (1 − tan
2
15°)

⁄ (1 + tan
2
15°)
is
(a) 1 (b) √3
(c) √3

⁄ 2 (d) 2
105. (i) The value of cos 15° is equal to
[M.N.R.]
(a) (√3 + 1)

⁄ (2 √2)
(b) (√3 − 1)

⁄ (2 √2)
(c) 2 − √3
(d) 2 + √3
(ii) The value of sin 75° is equal to
[M.N.R.]
(a) (2 − √3)

⁄ 2
(b) (√3 + 1)

⁄ (2 √2).
(c) (√3 − 1)

⁄ (−2 √2)
(d) (√3 − 1)

⁄ (2 √2)
(iii) sin 75° + cos 75° cos 75° =
(a)
√3
2
(b) √
¸

¸
3
2
_

,
(c)
1
√2
(d)
1
2
106. (i) The value of 3A − tan 2A − tan A is
equal to —
(a) tan 3A tan 2A tan A
(b) − tan 3A tan 2A tan A
(c) tan A tan 2A − tan 2A tan 3A
− tan 3A tan A
(d) None of these
[C.E.T.; M.N.R.]
(ii) tan 5θ − tan 3θ − tan 2θ =
(a) tan 5 θ tan 3 θ tan 2 θ
(b) cos 5x cos 3x cos 2x
(c) sin 5x sin 3x sin 2x
(d) tan 8x tan 2x tan x
[EAMCET]
(iii) If A + C · B, then tan A, B tan C =
(a) tan A tan B + tan C
(b) tan B tan C tan A
(c) tan A + tan C − tan C
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(16)
(d) − (Σ tan A)
107. tan 54° can be expressed as
(a) (cos 9° − sin 9°)

⁄ (cos 9° + sin 9°)
(b) (sin 9° − cos 9°)

⁄ (sin 9° + cos 9°)
(c) cos 9° + sin 9°)

⁄ (cos 9° − sin 9°)
(d) (sin 9° + cos 9°)

⁄ (sin 9° − cos 9°).
108. (i) cos 24° + cos 5° + cos 175° + cos 204°
+ cos 300° =
(a)
1
2
(b) −
1
2
(c)
√3
2
(d) 1
(ii) cos35° + cos 85° + cos 155° =
(a) 0 (b) 1

⁄ √3
(c) 1

⁄ √2 (d) cos 275°
(iii) tan θ sin
¸

¸
π
2
+ θ
_

,
cos
¸

¸
π
2
− θ
_

,
=
(a) 1 (b) 0
(c)
1
√2
(d) None
[C.E.E. Andhra]
(iv) If tan θ = b

⁄ a then b cos2θ + a sin2θ =
(a) a (b) b
(c) b

⁄ a (d) None
109. ( i ) The mi ni mum val ue of
3 sin θ + 4 cos θ is
(a) 1 (b) 3
(c) —5 (d) 5
(ii) The maximum value of
3 cos θ + 4 sin θ is
(a) 3 (b) 4
(c) 5 (d) None
[M.N.R.]
(iii) The minimum value of
3 cos x + 4 sin x + 8 is
(a) 5 (b) 9
(c) 7 (d) 3
[M.N.R.]
110. The value of sin (45° + θ) − cos (45° − θ)
is
(a) 2 cos θ (b) 2 sin θ
(c) 1 (d) 0
111. The value of cot (π

⁄ 4 + θ) cot (π

⁄ 4 − θ) is
(a) —1 (b) 0
(c) 1 (d) ∞
112. If sin θ · −4

⁄ 5 and θ lies in the third quad-
rant, then the value of cos (θ

⁄ 2)is
(a) 1

⁄ 5 (b) −1

⁄ √ 10
(c) −1

⁄ √5 (d) 1

⁄ √ 10
113. If θ and φ are angles in the first quadrant
such that tan θ 1

⁄ 7 and sin φ · 1 √ 10, then
(a) θ + 2 φ · 90° (b) θ + 2 φ · 30°
(c) θ + 2 φ · 75° (d) θ + 2 φ · 45°
114. The value of sin (π

⁄ 10) sin (13 π

⁄ 10) is
equal t o—
[M.N.R.]
(a) 1/2 (b) —1/2
(c) —1/4 (d) 1
115. The value of
cos(π

⁄ 5) cos (2π

⁄ 5) cos (4π

⁄ 5)cos (8π

⁄ 5)
is
(a) 1/16 (b) 0
(c) —1/8 (d) —1/16
116. cos 2θ cos2φ + sin
2
(θ − φ) − sin
2
(θ+φ) =
(a) sin 2 (θ + φ) (b) cos 2 (θ + φ)
(c) sin 2 (θ − φ) (d) cos 2 (θ − φ)
117. 2 sin
2
β + 4 cos (α + β) sin α sin β
+ cos 2 (α + β) =
(a) sin 2α (b) cos 2β
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(17)
(c) cos 2α (d) sin 2β
[M.N.R.; I.I.T.]
118.
tan
2
2θ − tan
2
θ
1 − tan
2
2θ tan
2
θ
=
(a) tan 3θ tan θ
(b) cot 3θ

⁄ cot θ
(c) tan 3θ tan θ
(d) cot 3θ cot θ
119.
sec 8θ − 1
sec 4θ − 1
=
(a) tan 8θ tan 2θ
(b) tan 8θ

⁄ tan 2θ
(c) cot 8θ cot 2θ
(d) None
120.
sin 3θ + sin 5θ + sin 7θ + sin 9θ
cos 3θ + cos 5θ + cos7θ + cos 9θ
=
(a) tan 6θ (b) tan 3θ
(c) cot 2θ (d) cot 6θ
121.
¸

¸
cos A + cos B
sin A − sin B
_

,
n
+
¸

¸
sin A + sin B
cos A − cos B
_

,
n
(n, even or odd ) =
(a) 2 tan
n

A − B
2
(b) 2 cot
n

A − B
2
(c) 0 (d) None
122. sin 12° sin 48° sin 54° =
(a)
1
4
(b)
1
8
(c)
1
2
(d) None
123. The expression
5 cos θ + 3 cos (θ + π

⁄ 3) + 3 lies between
(a) —4, 10 (b) 5, 12
(c) −5, 12 (d) −4, 5
124. If tan x = b

⁄ a, then
√ (a + b)

⁄ (a − b) + √ (a − b)

⁄ (a + b)
is equal to
(a) 2 sin x

⁄ √ sin 2x
(b) 2 cos x

⁄ √ cos 2x
(c) 2 cos x

⁄ √ sin 2x
(d) 2 sin x

⁄ √ cos 2x
125. In a triangle ABC, cos (B + C) is equal to
(a) sin A (b) − sin A
(c) − cos A (d) cos A
126. If A + B + C · 180°, then
sin {(B + C)

⁄ 2} equals
(a) cos (A

⁄ 2) (b) − cos (A

⁄ 2)
(c) sin (A

⁄ 2) (d) − sin (A

⁄ 2)
127. If A + B + C · π, t hen sin 2A + sin 2B
equals
(a) cos A cos (B − C)
(b) sin C cos (A − B)
(c) 2 sin C cos (A − B)
(d) None of these
128. If sin
−1
a + sin
−1
b + sin
−1
C · π, then
a √ 1 − a
2
+ b √ 1 − b
2
+ c √ 1 − c
2
=
(a) a + b + c (b) a
2
b
2
c
2
(c) 2 abc (d) 4 abc
129. cos 2A + cos 2B + cos 2C =
(C.E. E. Andhra)
(a) 1 + 4 cos A cos B sin C
(b) −1 + 4 sin A sin B cos C
(c) −1 − 4 cos A cos B cos C
(d) None of these
130. In any triangle ABC, if
(sin + sin B+sin C) (sinA + sin B − sin C)
= 3 sin A sin B, then
(a) A · 60° (b) B · 60°
(c) C · 60° (d) None
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(18)
131. If α + β − γ · π, then
sin
2
α + sin
2
β ·− sin
2
γ =
(a) 2 sin α sin β sin γ
(b)2 sin α sin β cos γ
(c) 2 cos α cos β sin γ
(d) 2 cos α cos β cos γ
132. A circular wire of radius 3 cm. is cut and
bent so as to lie along the circumference of
a hoop whose radius is 48 cm. The angle
in degrees which is subtended at the centre
of the hoop is
(a) 15° (b) 22.5°
(c) 30° (d) 45°
133. The angles of a triangular in A.P. and the
radian measure of the smallest to the de-
gree measure of the mean is π : 200. The
(a) (11

⁄ 30) π (b) π

⁄ 3
(c) π

⁄ 2 (d) None of these
134. If OP makes 4 revolutions in one second,
the angular velocity in radians per second
is
(a) π (b) 2π
(c) 4π (d) 8π
135. The value of cosec (−750°) is
(a) −2 (b) 2
(c) —3 (d) None of these
136. The value of sin 30° − cos 30° is
(a) positive (b) 1
(c) 0 (d) Negative
137.. Which of the following statement is incor-
rect
(a) sin θ · −1

⁄ 5 (b) cos θ · 1
(c) sec θ · 1

⁄ 2 (c) tan θ · 20.
138.. Which of the followings is correct
(a) tan 1 > tan 2 (b) tan 1 · tan 2
(c) tan 1 < tan 2 (b) tan 1 · 1
139. The value of cos 1° cos 2° . . . cos 179° is
(a) 1

⁄ √2 (b) 0
(c) 1 (d) None of these
140. tan 380° cot 20° =
(a) 0 (b) tan 20°
(c) 1 (d) cot 20°
141. tan θ sin (π

⁄ 2 + θ) cos (π

⁄ 2 − θ) =
(a) 1 (b) —1
(c)
1
2
sin 2θ (d) None of these
[C.E.E. Andhra]
142. log tan 1° + log tan 2° + . . . + log tan 89° =
(a) 1 (b) 0
(c) π

⁄ 4 (d) None of these
143. If cosec θ + cot θ · p, then cos θ ·
(a) (p
2
− 1)

⁄ (p
2
+ 1)
(b) (p
2
+ 1)

⁄ (p
2
− 1)
(c) (1 − p
2
)

⁄ (1 + p
2
)
(d) (1 + p
2
)

⁄ (1 − p
2
).
144. If f (x) · cos
2
x + sec
2
, x its value always
is
(a) f (x) < 1 (b) f(x) · 1
(c) 2 > f(x) > 1 (d) f (x) ≥ 2
145. If x · a cos
3
θ, y = b sin
3
θ then
(a) (x

⁄ a)
2 ⁄ 3
+ (y

⁄ b)
2 ⁄ 3
= 1
(b) (x

⁄ b)
2 ⁄ 2
+ (y

⁄ a)
2 ⁄ 3
= 1
(c) (a

⁄ x)
2 ⁄ 3
+ (b

⁄ y)
2 ⁄ 3
= 1
(d) (b

⁄ x)
2 ⁄ 3
+ (a

⁄ y)
2 ⁄ 3
= 1
146.. The value of
(cos 15° + sin 15°)

⁄ cos 15° − sin 15°) =
(a) tan 15° (b) tan 60°
(c) tan 30° (d) tan 75°
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(19)
147.. The vlaue of
(1 − tan
2
30°)

⁄ (1 + tan
2
30°) is
(a) 1/2 (b) √ 3 + 1
(c) −1

⁄ 2 (d) √3 − 1.
148.. If A + C · B, then tan A tan B tan C =
(a) tan A tan B + tan C
(b) tan B − tan C − tan A
(c) tan A + tan C − tan B
(d) − (tan A tan B + tan C)
149. tan 5x − tan 3x − tan 2x =
(a) tan 5x tan 3x tan 2x
(b) cos 5x cos 3x cos 2x
(c) sin 5x sin 3x sin 2x
(d) tan 8x tan 2x tan x
150. sin 75° + cos 75°
(a) √3

⁄ 2 (b) √(3

⁄ 2)
(c) 1

⁄ √2 (d) 1

⁄ 2
[C.E.E. Andhra]
151. sin 20° sin 40° sin 60° sin 80° =
[M.N.R.]
(a) −3

⁄ 16 (b) 5

⁄ 16
(c) 3

⁄ 16 (d) −5

⁄ 16.
152. The value of
(cos π

⁄ 5 cos 2π

⁄ 5 cos 4π

⁄ 5 cos 8π

⁄ 5)
is
(a) 1/16 (b) 0
(c) —1/8 (d) —1/16
153.. If tan A · 1

⁄ 3 and tan B · 1

⁄ 7, then the
value of 2A + B is
(a) 30° (b) 60°
(c) 45° (d) 135°
154. The value of sin (45° + θ) − cos (45° − θ)
is
(a) 2 cos θ (b) 0
(c) 2 sin θ (d) 1
155.. The value of
tan 81° − tan 63° − tan 27° + tan 9° is
(a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 3 (d) 4
156.
If tan θ + tan
¸

¸
θ +
1
3
π
_

,
+ tan
¸

¸
θ +
2
3
π
_

,
=
3, then
(a) tan 2θ = 1 (b) tan 3θ · 1
(c) tan
2
θ = 1 (d) tan
3
θ = 1
157. If A · sin
8
θ + cos
14
θ, then for all values
of θ,
(a) A ≥ 1 (b) 0 < A ≤ 1
(c) 1 < 2A ≤ 3 (d) None of these
158. If
2 sin α
1 + cos α + sin α
= y, then
1 − cos α + sin α
1 + sin α
is equal to
(a) 1

⁄ y (b) y
(c) 1 − y (d) 1 + y
159. If tan x · b

⁄ a, then
√[(a + b)

⁄ (a − b)] + √[(a − b)

⁄ (a + b)] i s
equal to
(a) 2 sin x

⁄ √ (sin 2x)
(b) 2 cos x

⁄ √ (cos 2x)
(c) 2 cos x

⁄ √ (sin 2x)
(d) 2 sin x

⁄ √(cos 2x)
160.
The value of sin
2
75° − sin
2
15° is
(a) 1 (b) 0
(c) 1/2 (d) √3

⁄ 2
161. The value of
(cos α + cos β)
2
+ (sin α − sin β)
2
is
(a) 2 cos
2
(α + β)
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(20)
(b) 4 cos
2

1
2
(α + β)
(c) 4 cos
2

1
2
(α + β)
(d) 4 sin
2

1
2
(α − β).
162. cos 35° + cos 85° + cos 155° =
[Karnatak]
(a) 0 (b) 1

⁄ √3
(c) 1

⁄ √2 (d) cos 275°
163. cos 70° − cos 10° =
[C.E.E. Andhra]
(a) 1/2 (b) cos 40°
(c) − sin 40° (d) None of these
164. If m sin θ = n sin (θ + 2 α), then
tan (θ + α) cot α =
(a)
1 − n
1 + n
(b)
m + n
m − n
(c)
m − n
m + n
(d) None of these
165. If angle θ be divided into two parts such
that the tangent of one part is k times the
tangent of the other and φ is their differ-
ence then sin θ =
(a)
k + 1
k − 1
sin φ (b)
k − 1
k + 1
sin φ
(c)
2 k − 1
2k + 1
sin φ (d) None of these
166. If a cos θ + b sin θ = m and
a sin θ − b cos θ · n, then the value of
(a
2
+ b
2
) is
(a) m + n (b) mn
(c) m
2
+ n
2
(d) √(mn)
167. (1 + cos π

⁄ 8) (1 + cos 3 π

⁄ 8).(1 + cos 5 π

⁄ 8)
(1 + cos 7 π

⁄ 8) is equal to
(a) 1/2 (b) cos π

⁄ 8
(c) 1/8 (d) (1+√2)

⁄ (2 √2)
[I.I.T.; J.E.E. West Bengal]
168. The only value of x, for which
2
sin x
+ 2
cos x
≥ 2
1 − (1 ⁄ √2)
hold, is
(a) 5π

⁄ 4 (b) 3π

⁄ 4
(c) π

⁄ 2 (d) All values of x
169. If ∆
∆ =
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
1
cos (n − 1) x
sin (n − 1) x

a
cos nx
sin nx

a
2
cos (n + 1) x
sin (n + 1) x
¹
¹
¹
¹
¹
then ∆ is
(a) independent of x
(b) independent of a
(c) independent of n
(d) None of these
170. If in a triangle ABC,
(b + c + a) (a + b − c) = 3ab, then the an-
gle C is
(a) 60° (b) 45°
(c) 30° (d) None of these
171. If A · 580°, then
(a) sin
1
2
A ·
1
2
[√(1 + sin A)
− √(1 − sin A)]
(b) sin
1
2
A = − [√(1 + sin A)
− √(1 − sin A)]
(c) sin
1
2
A =
1
2
[− √ (1 + sin A)
− √(1 − sin A)]
(d) cos
1
2
A = √(1 + sin A) − √ (1 − cos A)
172. If A + B + C = 180°, then
sin 2A + sin 2B + sin 2C =
(a) 4 cos A cos B cos C
(b) 4 sin A sin B sin C
(c) 2 sin A sin B sin C
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
(21)
(d) 8 sin A sin B sin C
[Karnataka]
173. If A + B + C · 3π

⁄ 2, then
cos 2A + cos 2B + cos 2C =
(a) 1 − 4 cos A cos B cos C
(b) 4 sin A sin B sin C
(c) 1 + 2 cos A cos B cos C
(d) 1 − 4 sin A sin B sin C
[EAMCE]
174. In a ∆ ABC, Σ cot B cot C =
(a) 0 (b) 1
(c) 2 (d) None of these
175. In a ∆ ABC, Σ tan
1
2
B tan
1
2
C =
(a) 1
(b) tan
1
2
A tan
1
2
B tan
1
2
C
(c) 0
(d) None of these
176. If xy + yz + zx = 1, then Σ
¸

¸
x
1 − x
2
_

,
=
(a)
4xyz
(1 + x
2
) (1 − y
2
) (1 − z
2
)
(b)
1
xyz
(c) 4xyz
(d) None of these
177. If xy + yz + zx = 1, then Σ
¸

¸
x + y
1 − xy
_

,
=
(a) 1

⁄ xyz (b) 4

⁄ xyz
(c) xyz (d) None of these
178. In any ∆ ABC, if
(sin A + sin B + sin C)
× (sin A + sin B − sin C)
= 3 sin A sin B, then
(a) A · 60° (b) B · 60°
(c) C · 60° (d) None of these
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
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1. (c) 2. (d) 3. (a) 4. (d) 5. (c) 6. (c) 7. (b) 8. (c)
9. (d) 10. (a) 11. (a) 12. (b) 13. (c) 14. (d) 15. (c) 16. (b)
17. (c) 18. (b) 19. (b) 20. (a) 21. (d) 22. (a) 23. (c) 24. (c)
25. (c) 26. (b) 27. (a) 28. (b) 29. (c) 30. (d) 31. (b) 32. (d)
33. (a) 34. (b) 35. (b) 36. (c) 37. (a) 38. (d) 39. (a) 40. (c)
41. (c) 42. (c) 43. (a) 44. (b) 45. (c) 46. (c) 47. (c) 48. (b)
49. (c) 50. (d) 51. (d) 52. (a) 53. (c) 54. (a) 55. (a) 56. (a)
57. (b) 58. (a) 59. (d) 60. (d) 61. (d) 62. (a) 63. (a, c) 64. (a)
65. (a) 66. (b) 67. (c) 68. (a) 69. (a) 70. (b) 71. (c) 72. (a)
73. (c) 74. (c) 75. (b) 76. (c) 77. (c) 78. (a) 79. (a) 80. (b)
81. (a) 82. (c) 83. (c) 84. (b) 85. (c) 86. (c) 88. (a) 89. (d)
90. (c) 91. (b) 92. (c) 93. (a) 94. (a) 95. (a) 96. (b) 98. (d)
99. (a) 100. (b) 101. (d) 102. (b) 103. (c,b,c) 104. (c) 105. (a,b,b) 106. (a,a)
107. (c) 108. (a, a, d, b) 109. (c, c, d) 110. (d) 111. (c) 112. (c) 113. (d)
114. (c) 115. (d) 116. (b) 117. (c) 118. (c) 119. (b) 120. (a) 121. (b)
122. (b) 123. (a) 124. (b) 125. (c) 126. (a) 127. (c) 128. (c) 129. (c)
130. (c) 131. (b) 132. (b) 133. (a) 134. (d) 135. (a) 136. (d) 137. (c)
138. (a) 139. (b) 140. (c) 141. (d) 142. (b) 143. (a) 144. (d) 145. (a)
146. (b) 147. (a) 148. (b) 149. (a) 150. (b) 151. (c) 152. (d) 153. (c)
154. (b) 155. (d) 156. (b) 157. (b) 158. (b) 159. (b) 160. (d) 161. (b)
162. (a) 163. (c) 164. (b) 165. (a) 166. (c) 167. (c) 168. (d) 169. (c)
170. (a) 171. (c) 172. (b) 173. (d) 174. (b) 175. (a) 176. (a) 177. (a)
178. (c)
AISECT TUTORIALS : MATHEMATICS : SET-1
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