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Chapter 14 Development Plan for Talegaon Dabhade - Vision 2026 PHYSIOGRAPHY AND REGIONAL STUDY

CHAPTER 14 PHYSIOGRAPHY AND REGIONAL STUDY


14.1 NATURAL GROWTH TRENDS The population of the Dormitory town of Talegaon is growing fast due to ready availability of the infrastructure facilities and a good network of transport facilities with frequent local rail linkages at regular intervals providing connectivity to many places like Lonavala, Dehu Road, Pimpri, Chinchwad, Khadki and Pune. The trend of development of the town is observed in all the directions around it. Housing developments like bungalows, apartments, row houses in the form of ribbon development are growing along Vadgaon - Chakan road and Mumbai - Pune road. The town is growing partly on the Station road, Chakan road and to the west of Kadolkar colony as there is rare scope for development on the east side due to limitations faced by Dehu Road cantonment, nearby agricultural fields and sloppy grounds. 14.2 DELINEATION OF THE PLANNING BOUNDARY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN Talegaon Dabhade is witnessing a rapid growth in almost all the directions along the major transport access corridors except the eastern side where the town cannot grow further due to presence of Dehu Road Cantonment area. Hence vision for the new development should include either full or part of the surrounding areas into the planning boundary along with the existing municipal limits. While deciding on the new planning boundary, the landuse proposal at the regional level as prepared by the Pune Regional Planning Board has been taken into consideration. The municipal boundary is bordered by the neighbouring villages of Katvi, Vadgaon, Akurdi, Ambi, Nanoli, Indori, Pandarvadi. Small portions of these villages and major part of the villages Somatane, Shirgaon and Varale have been included in the planning boundary. The planning boundary for the town follows the proposed ring road which will act as a major freight corridor reducing the freight traffic into the town which is presently causing a lot of congestion. The growth direction has been proposed towards the MIDC in the North and towards Pimpri Chinchwad and Pune in the south. Planning boundary has not been increased towards the Talegaon-Chakan road and Indori at present. Vadgaon has not been included in the proposed new municipal limits. There is an anticipation of Talegaon Dabhade becoming urban agglomerate with the towns of Chakan and Vadgaon as per the present growth trends. The new limits have been proposed to oppose the unrestricted urban sprawl which may come up due to unchecked growth caused by the developmental opportunities in the region.

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Map 14.1: Planning boundary

Table 14.1: Area statement


Name of Mauja Vadgaon Somatne Shirgaon Katvi Varale Ambi Akudi Nanoli Indori Nanoli Area in ha 1091.6 493.69 758.52 231.6 644.2 815.37 385.95 507.93 1506.3 507.93 Area consumed In Ha by Planning Area 87.77 452.91 552.77 107.6 644.2 76.15 45.63 56.92 29.3 56.92 Percentage of land under Planning Area 8.04 91.73 72.87 46.46 100 9.34 11.82 11.21 1.95 11.21

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14.3 REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION LINKAGES Roads have been proposed at the regional level by the Pune Regional Planning Board to improve the connectivity among the areas surrounding the transportation linkages connecting Pune and Mumbai, of which many have already been sanctioned. The major road being proposed at the regional level is the Ring Road around Talegaon, connecting Alandi and Sangvrade which will link the MIDC areas of Talegaon Dabhade and Chakan. Varied network of roads of 40m, 30m, and 18m has been proposed in the surrounding areas of Talegaon Dabhade and Chakan to improve the connectivity between the villages, especially those near the road leading to Mumbai from Pune. These include the settlements of Urse and Vadgaon, etc. 14.4 REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL POLICIES According to the existing landuse, regional landuse proposals by PRPB and MIDC policies for Talegaon and Chakan MIDC, actions have been taken to expand the industrial growth of the region. The existing plots in all the four phases of Chakan and first phase of Talegaon MIDC have been allotted. To cater to the growing demands, MIDC has decided to introduce one more phase at Talegaon MIDC for which it is acquiring 552 Ha of land for setting up new industries. All the proposed new phases of MIDC will be along the proposed road connecting Talegaon MIDC and Chakan MIDC.

Map 14.4: Proposed Industrial Development by MIDC


Source: Made on the basis of information given by MIDC

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Chapter 16 Development Plan for Talegaon Dabhade - Vision 2026 DEMOGRAPHY

CHAPTER 16 DEMOGRAPHY
16.1 INTRODUCTION The demographic changes in fertility, mortality and migration rate will affect the population outcomes like size, age-sex structure and spatial distribution of the population of Talegaon planning area. The population is also expected to increase at a faster rate than the existing trend due to an increase in infrastructural facilities as well as the future upcoming industries. A couple of factors like health intervention strategies, food production and its equitable availability, socio-cultural setting, climatic variability, politico-economic conditions etc. also influence the population dynamics. 16.2 POPULATION PROJECTION Population projections help estimate the future population scenario of the city. Some of the parameters considered are the desired population density, the growth potential for physical and social infrastructure, economic development to support the projected population, etc. The different projections suggested for Talegaon and the surrounding villages under consideration are given below. Arithmetic Increase method Geometric Increase method Employment generation method

16.2.1 ARITHMETIC INCREASE METHOD It is based on the assumption that the population increases at a constant rate.
Projections through this method show a very unsteady growth per decade. The rate of growth is taken from the observed increase in population in the period of 2001 to 2011 because the growth during this interval was the maximum. Such a linear trend in population growth is not seen generally since it is not just the birth rate and death rate which affect population growth but a multitude of factors are to be considered. This is not an appropriate method for projection.

Pn = Po+ (r * n) Pn = population after n decades Po = population at present ( as per census) n = number of decades Where r = increase in population per decade Po=79,566 No. of decades, n =1.5 r =79,566 - 53387 =26,179 P26= 79,566+1.5x26179 = 1,11,835

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Chapter 16 Development Plan for Talegaon Dabhade - Vision 2026 DEMOGRAPHY

16.2.2 GEOMETRIC INCREASE METHOD In this method, the growth rate per year is not assumed to be constant but the population increases at a compounded rate. Pn= Po (1+ r)n Pn = population after a years Po = population at present ( as per census) n = number of years r = rate of increase n=15 years Po=79,566 r=0.04 P26=79,566(1+ 0.4)15 = 1,43,219 16.2.3 EMPLOYMENT GENERATION METHOD In this method, the population is projected using the Growth Rate (Birth rate - death rate) and the total migration according to the availability of jobs. Table 16.1: Total population (phase-wise)
S. no. 1 2 3 4 5 7 Criteria Primary (jobs) Secondary (jobs) Tertiary (jobs) In migration (pop) Natural increase(pop) Population Existing 1610 7679 7209 13283 Projected (2026) 1087 16166 12264 39847 34552 79566 153965 Phase I (2011-2016) 326 4850 3679 11954 11517 103037 Phase II (2016-2021) 326 4850 3679 11954 11517 126509 Phase III (2021-2026) 435 6466 4906 15939 11517 153965

Source: Census Data 2001, 2011; Primary Survey of Talegaon, Jan2012

16.3 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION Population distribution will change depending upon the potentiality of different wards and zones within the planning boundary to accommodate the growing population. The different factors that influence this potentiality include: Existing population density Existing natural features and sensitive areas like lakes and rivers Trend of population growth estimated to happen towards the north west and south east direction (land use analysis) Proposals for housing facility Level of urbanization in the future
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Chapter 16 Development Plan for Talegaon Dabhade - Vision 2026 DEMOGRAPHY

Connectivity and accessibility to urban centers Newly proposed transportation corridors Home to work relationship Availability of physical infrastructure

16.4 LAND SUITABILITY MATRIX Re-densification is done on the basis of a land suitability matrix. The land suitability analysis was done based on which the residential density was allocated for different parcels of land. Ranking has been done based on the land value variations, physical infrastructure, social infrastructure, accessibility, land availability and density. Weights were assigned to the features depending upon their relative importance for future development. Land value has been assigned the highest priority value and density the lowest. According to the analysis, the wards suitable for development in the order of their respective suitability are 4, 12, 23, 1, 18, 2, 13, 11, 15, 17, 20, 6, 14, 3, 7, 10, 5, 19, 16, 21, 22, 8 and 9. Figure 16.1: Redensified Ward-Wise Population
450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Ward 5 Ward 6 Ward 7 Ward 8 Ward 9 Ward 10 Ward 11 Ward 12 Ward 13 Ward 14 Ward 15 Ward 16 Ward 17 Ward 18 Ward 19 Ward 20 Ward 21 Ward 22 Ward 23 zone 1 zone 2 zone 3 zone 4 zone 5 zone 6 zone 7

Source: Calculations based on Primary Survey of Talegaon, Jan2012

16.5 PROJECTED INCOME-GROUP DISTRIBUTION Industrialization will attract more immigrants of the lower income categories into the planning boundary. Thus there will be an increased availability of cheap labour force. As the higher income groups are already residing in the area, their contribution to the urban growth is not as significant as compared to other income groups. There will be an increase in the population of the working age group. Overall there will be an increase of 1% in EWS and 3% in LIG where as a decrease of 1% in MIG and 3% in HIG group will be seen. The percentage of industrial workers will increase. Agricultural cultivators are expected to shift

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towards processing & manufacturing and the labour force will decrease from 1610 to 1087. The service sector will diversify and the corresponding tertiary employment will increase from 7209 to 12264. Workforce engaged in the Household industries may reduce. But by diversification of services & ancillary industries (agro-based & small scale) and also rise in literacy & vocational training, women participation may be expected to rise. Table 16.2: projected population of different income groups
Criteria Projected EWS LIG MIG HIG Existing 79566 1591 19892 44557 13526 Increase 74399 2569 23117 40382 8332 Projected 153965 4160 43008 84939 21858 Source: Calculations based on Primary Survey of Talegaon, Jan2012

Table 16.3: projected population of different income groups


Sno. 1 2 3 Criteria Primary Secondary Tertiary Existing 1610 7679 7209 Projected 1087 16166 12264 Unskilled 902 6060 3679 Skilled 160 7278 3679 Supervisory 20 387 4907 managerial 5 2491 806

Source: Calculations based on Primary Survey of Talegaon, Jan2012

Figure 16.2: Projected Income Group Distribution

14%

3%

28%

EWS LIG MIG HIG

55%

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Chapter 16 Development Plan for Talegaon Dabhade - Vision 2026 DEMOGRAPHY

16.6 PROJECTED SEX RATIO Age distribution will change as mentioned above. Male members tend to migrate more than the female and hence the sex ratio will change. The male population will increase to 78397 and female population will decrease to 70569 from the current size of 41035 and 38531 respectively. This will decrease the sex ratio from 939 to 900 by 2026. Such a trend has many disadvantages to it; an increase in crime rate being one of them. Table 16.4: Projected Sex-Ratio
YEAR TOTAL SEX RATIO

MALE FEMALE 2011 41035 38531 939 2016 53691 49346 919 2021 66348 60160 907 2026 78397 70569 900 Source: Calculations based on Primary Survey of Talegaon, Jan2012

Figure 16.3: Proposed Sex Ratio


950 940 930 920 910 900 890 880 SEX RATIO 2011 2016 2021 2026

Source:Calculations based on Primary Survey of Talegaon, Jan2012

16.7 PROJECTED BIRTH RATE The crude birth rate will decline from 33.55 during 2011-16 to 28.48 during 2021-26. The main reason for this is an increase in the awareness and recognition of civil rights for women, with the availability of career alternatives for women. Provision of financial incentives
to restrict the number of children per household and various other family planning measures will also result in a decreased birth rate.

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16.8 AGE-SEX DISTRIBUTION In the period of 2011 to 2026, because of a reduction in the birth rate, the proportion of population aged under 18 years is projected to decline from 20 % to 18 %, whereas the proportion of the middle-aged (18-59 years) and the old-aged (60 years and above) are set to increase considerably. With the decrease in birth rate, along with an increase in life expectancy, the percentage of old-aged people in the population is expected to increase. The percentage of increase will be more than 200 %, from 10,343 million in 2011 to 24,500 million in 2026. The percentage increase in their share to the total population will be from 13 % to 14 %. The proportion of population in the working agegroup of 18-59 years is expected to rise from 67 % in 2011 to 68 % in 2026.

16.9 PROPOSALS 16.9.1 POPULATION HOLDING CAPACITY OF TALEGAON The area within the existing planning limits of Talegaon consists of the planning Zones 1 to 7 and Wards 1 to 23. Population holding capacities of these zones are to be enhanced through a redevelopment strategy and modified development norms. Since the core areas are already saturated, a growth incentive will be given to the peripheral areas. This growth not only includes residential development but also various small scale industries and commercial development. Land use Zoning will be related with the following factors: Residential development types and their potential for higher absorption Re-densification of housing areas developed at lower densities Employment areas / centers Increase in the physical infrastructure facilities

The remaining population for the year 2036 will have to be accommodated in the planned new urban extensions.

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Chapter 17 Development Plan for Talegaon Dabhade - Vision 2026 TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION

CHAPTER 17 TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION


17.1 INTRODUCTION

The road transportation network consist of one National Highway( National Highway-4) and State Highway(SH-55) and local streets connecting the regional and local areas. The connectivity with the local residential area is very poor which needs to be upgraded considering the proposed landuse, population distribution and development which will be coming up in the future. The connectivity between Talegon Ale Phata and Chakan Road being the only prominent route for the freight traffic leads to heavy congestion and restricts the local vehicular movement. The primary intention are decongestion, diversion of freight traffic, improvement of mass transit system , channelizing of traffic , improvement of traffic discipline , to cater the vehicles in the city which will be rapidly increasing in the next two decades. The traffic scenario for the year 2012 was obtained through analysis of primary as well as secondary information collected through various surveys and secondary sources. This has enabled to identify the improvement schemes which are required to mitigate the problems in the present scenario. However to arrive at the improvement schemes to be taken up in the future years, traffic scenario for the future years need to be estimated. 17.2 DEVELOPMENT OF ROAD NETWORK

The following planning parameters have been considered to facilitate the proposed population with in the planning boundary. 1. Population The future population is estimated to be 1.53 Lacs for the year 2026. 2. Economy and Commerce A mixed economic base comprising of industries, trade and commerce, administration in appropriate ratio is considered for the future of Talegaon Dabhade. 3. Housing To accommodate the increasing population different housing schemes are coming in different areas in and around Talegaon. These people will be adopting different routes for work, education, commercial and other purposes. Accordingly traffic will be increasing and there will be change in modal share. 4. Industries Due to expansion of MIDC towards Chakan, there will be increase in mobility , per capita trip rate, vehicular ownership and acceptability of public transport. Future travel demand is estimated based on the travel demand models calibrated for the base year. 5. Modal Split At present, percentage of Public and Para Transit is considerably low. Most of the people depend on privately owned vehicles. Hence more stress has to be made to encourage the use of public transit and Intermediate Public Transport.

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Chapter 17 Development Plan for Talegaon Dabhade - Vision 2026 TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION

6. Traffic Management At present Traffic Police Post is found very ineffective therefore there is a need to increase the number of effective Traffic Police Posts in the town at major intersections and busy areas. 17.3 PROPOSED ROAD NETWORK

The proposal of major roads of the city is based on diverting the freight traffic and also providing better accessibility and connectivity to all the habitable areas. The stress is given on improving the accessibility options between Talegaon Ale Phata and Chakan. The urban renewal drastically desire for the development of roads to create the outer peripheral link from Talegaon Ale Phata to Chakan through M.I.D.C. .The details of the roads will be covered in succeeding paragraphs. 17.4 EXISTING ISSUES AND PROPOSALS

An attempt to understand the major issues specific to the town has been made and thus are focused upon in order to address the present as well as the estimated traffic for the year 2026. a. Improvement along National Highway-4. It has been observed during the survey that residents of the Talegaon face lot of hassles when they are joining main stream traffic on National Highway-4 due to absence of a dedicated service lane. To facilitate the people of Talegaon to join the main stream traffic there is an inevitable requirement of a service lane along the National Highway-4. It is worth mentioning that service lane do exist but not across the entire length of the frontage of the city. Provision of service road will make the National Highway-4 accessible in a more safer way. b. Congestion on State Highway. State Highway 55 is aligned in West Eastern direction parallel to the South Western Rail Line and also parallel to National Highway-4 which is aligned in West Southern direction. All the major trips, destinations are located along this link. Narrow width , mixing of fast and slow moving traffic , on street parking has been observed on this route. All these factors act cumulatively during the peak hours and choke the major urban arterials. A lot of commercial and public activities have been established over a period of time along this link mainly in the heart of the city. It is also observed that the regional bus terminal and the railway station are also located along this State Highway. These factors leads to the problem of congestion in this region. As this is the only highway which connects the National Highway to Chakan. Proposal for new roads/Improvement. There is a requirement of following new roads to be constructed so that traffic can move smoothly and the number of accident and congestion points can be reduced. Following major new roads are being proposed.

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1. Talegaon Nagar Parishad to Manohar Nagar bend to reach Chakan road. 2. Goathan (Dolasnath Temple) to Manohar Nagar Bend. 3. Repair of Road from Yashwant Nagar Chowk to Ambi Junction. 4. Warale Road Bend to Ambi Junction.(Sanctioned) 5. Warale Road Bend to Vascon Junction (near Housing Project)(Sanctioned) 6. Talegaon Phata Road to Vadgaon (Sanctioned) Proposal for Widening of roads. There is an inescapable requirement of widening of existing roads as existing traffic is either leading to congestion or slowing down the average speed on the road. 1. Talegaon Phata road from National Highway-4 leading to Chakan. 2. National Highway-4- MIDC byepass link dedicated for freight traffic (Sanctioned). 3. Station Chowk to Jija Mata Chowk including a footpath.(Sanctioned) 4. MIMER to Yashwant Nagar Junction.(Sanctioned) 5. Yashwant Nagar to MIDC Circle.(Sanctioned) 6. Somatane Phata to Shirgaon c. Mixing of Fast and slow moving traffic on major roads. Due to the location of M.I.D.C., it generates considerable number of truck movements through the town. These trucks come from or destined to the areas beyond the city limits. The goods movement destined to the M.I.D.C. move along the intra city roads resulting in obstruction to the safety concerns for the passenger vehicles, cyclists and the pedestrians. Construction of FOB. In order to provide safety to the pedestrians on the Station Chowk, there is an urgent requirement of Foot Over Bridge to facilitate the pedestrians to reach market areas, Railway Station or ST Stand. Therefore it is proposed to construct a Foot Over Bridge near Station Chowk at suitable location. d. Through traffic within the City . One of the major issues that has emerged out of the study is the large volume of through traffic which has neither origin nor destination within the city but move along the city roads. The share of heavy goods vehicles in total through traffic is very high. The movement of through traffic along the city roads primarily meant for passenger movements is not desirable. This movement considerably the usage of road space for intra city movements and raises safety concerns.

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Construction of ROBs. The major concern for traffic is the presence of railway line in the heart of city. At present there is only one connecting link over the railway line near Station Chowk. The construction of Road Over Bridge behind Nagar Parishad road leading to Manohar Nagar Road will facilitate the traffic to avoid the hassle of going to the Station Chowk to go to the Chakan Road and will act as a shorter route. Similarly a Road Over Bridge is proposed near the River Development Site for the traffic to commute on that stretch. Underpass. To facilitate the commuters of Gaothan, a bye pass route is proposed from Dolasnath Temple Chowk towards Manohar Nagar Bend. The byepass route will be having an Underpass as there exists a Railway Line near the area. The underpass(in form of an Arch) although exists but it needs to be revamped thoroughly in order to make it fit for traffic use. e. Poor conditions of the Residential and Rural roads . The residential area of the town suffers from poor condition of roads in major areas like Ward Numbers 1,4 (Yashwant Nagar),11, 21, 20, Gaothan Area. Considering the growth in the population in the coming years the pressure on existing roads will increase causing congestion in this region. The connectivity to the rural area of the town also needs to be addressed. Improving Road Linkages to the Rural Areas . Although most of the rural areas on the boundary of the Talegaon Municipal limits are connected by roads but there is a requirement to improve the existing road infrastructure. The proposal aims at constructing roads linking major rural areas to the town with Black top road with two lanes. f. Inadequacy of Mass Transit/ Intermediate Public Transports. The existing bus routes does not connect all the areas and the frequency is inadequate. There is absence of proper legalized Intermediate Public Transport Stands in the town. The internal residential routes are not wide enough to handle the mass transit system so there is a need to identify the suitable locations for Intermediate Public Transport Stand. Public Transport. To achieve efficiency in the Public Transport System and encourage people to use the Public Transport, it is proposed that Talegaon should be brought under the jurisdiction of PMPML(Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited) which will not only provide upgraded buses but also provide the comfort of journey to the daily commuters. 1. Present S.T. Stand to be revamped and the basic passenger facilities need to be provided in the same complex. 2. There is lack of authorized Bus Stops with in the town. It is proposed to have Bus Stops near D.Y Patil College, Railway Station, Near Station Chowk, Jija

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Mata Chowk, Maruti Chowk , R.P.VidyaNiketan, Somatane Phata, Sai Baba Temple as shown in the Map. 3. Compartments in local trains are proposed to be increased from 9 to 12. 4. It is proposed that No 2 Platform of Ghorewadi Railway Station to be discarded due to its wrong geometry and new platform to be made to avoid and reduce the number of accidents. Bus Routes and Frequency. 1. It is proposed to have two new routes for the local buses in the town. S.T. Stand Yashwant Nagar Ambi Junction M.I.D.C. S.T. Stand Railway Station D.Y. Patil College -- Warangwadi 2. The frequency on following routes to be increased Talegaon-Mumbai/Thane Talegaon-Rajgurunagar-Narayangaon-Shirdi Talegaon-Bhimashankar Talegaon-Satara-Kolhapur Intermediate Public Transport. It is proposed to have authorized Intermediate Public Transport Stands in the town at the following locations- Ambi corner, Railway Station in Ward-1, MIMER Hospital, Kuldeep Hotel, Jija Mata Chowk, Maruti Chowk, Ghorewadi, Sai Baba Temple. The provision of these authorized stands will facilitate the commuters to use the routes which are not accessible by other modes of public transport like Bus. g. Absence of adequate Off Street Parking Areas. With the growth in trade and commerce in the regions the number of vehicles has shown a sharp rise in the trend. With in the town the trade and commerce facilities are concentrated in the specific wards. These areas attract substantial amount of two wheelers and light carriage vehicles. In the absence of parking facilities the vehicles are parked on the streets leading to a major bottle neck in the smooth flow of traffic. The problem is further aggravated by high population densities( in selected areas),Side walk encroachments(In station area) and the heterogeneous nature of traffic and commercial area development in specific areas. There is a substantial under provision in the parking space as compared to the requirement of the City. Parking Facilities . An appropriate parking pricing methodology needs to be developed to start the concept of of Pay and Park in the town. However urgent Pay and Park system can be commenced with immediate effect near Station Chowk, Khandage Plaza, Behind

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Shubham Plaza, Shantai City Centre, SBI Main Branch(Near Maruti Chowk), Jija Mata Chowk, Maruti Chowk, Gaothan Reserved area, Ghorewadi Railway Station and Shirgaons Sai Baba Temple Complex. h. Traffic Management . There is an urgent need to address the issue of safety concern of the pedestrians in Station Chowk Area as SH-55 is very busy and has only a bridge where traffic become constricted thus causing threat to the safety of pedestrians mainly during the peak hours. Also it has been found that the people of Gaothan covers comparatively longer distance to reach the Chakan Road . The Traffic Police Posts need to be established to keep a vigil on the traffic entering and exiting the town. Therefore Traffic Police Posts are proposed to be established near Talegaon Phata, Maruti Chowk, Railway Station Chowk, and Near Nagar Parishad. Since a bye pass route is proposed towards Manohar Nagar via Nagar Parishad thus it is proposed to have a Traffic Intersection on the junction. i. High Density in Gaothan. Due to the high residential density and the narrow street pattern in the Gaothan, there is hardly any scope of road widening to facilitate the commuters . Thus in order to facilitate, there is a requirement of routing the traffic through particular road stretches. Routing of Traffic. Due to high density pattern of mixed landuse in Gaothan area which is also characterized by narrow streets, it is proposed that the traffic from Jija Mata Chowk to Ganpati Temple Chowk be made one way. The commuters coming from Ghorewadi Station towards Maruti Chowk/Jija Mata Chowk be diverted from Ganpati Chowk as shown in the Map. 17.5 VEHICLE OWNERSHIP AND GROWTH PATTERN

The registration records of the Regional Transport Office, Pimpri indicates that the registration of motorized vehicles both the public and private has been increased between 2000-01 and 2010-11 due to large industrial growth in this period. The town shows an increasing trend in the use of two-wheelers like scooters, motorcycles. While the car ownership is too low compared to the other vehicles owned. From the household survey conducted the growth pattern was studied on logarithmic growth and is shown below:

Table 17.1 :Expected vehicular growth by the year 2026 TYPES OF VEHICLES 2011-12 2025-26

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CYCLE MOTORCYCLE CAR AUTO MINI BUSES (through traffic) OTHERS Source : Survey Conducted by IIT Kharagpur

9496 16159 5590 486 30 2424

19615 31970 10361 973 198 5560

17.6

OTHER IMPORTANT MEASURES 1. Intersection Improvements. Poor performance of the intersections in the city is a major cause for inefficient flow of traffic. It is a matter of concern that almost all intersections in the town lack proper road markings or dividers to avoid direct merging and diverging of the traffic stream in a specific directions. These locations become the delay points. At Maruti Chowk, due to the unauthorized IPT Stand, traffic has the tendency of not using the rotary made for the same. It is proposed to improve the intersections by improving the road markings, adequate signage and making dividers. 2. Pedestrian Crossings. It has been observed that a considerable number of pedestrians are also using the roads therefore it is mandatory to provide Pedestrian Crossings at intersections and mark them. However it will be appreciated if the same is enforced by the Traffic Police squad in the town.

17.7

POLICIES 1. State Highway 55. The maintenance of ROW on the either side of SH-55 on the either side is the responsibility of Public Works Department. A limit on the growth of commercial area should be managed under the provisions and regulations prevalent in the State. 2. Local Streets . the new streets required for new housing and commercial areas would be undertaken and maintained by the Public Works Department. 3. Parking . All the designated new land use proposals and developments must provide their parking requirements as per the prevalent norms of the Urban

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Development Plan Formulations Institute guidelines. However all existing public and semi public utility areas, markets, and Transport oriented nodes must have the provision of adequate parking lots. However if deemed fit the parking can be managed on Build Operate Transfer basis. 4. Traffic Discipline. In order to enforce the traffic rules and regulations, it is must to impose penalties on major traffic corridors as and when traffic rule violation takes place by the concerned department. 5. Taxation. Taxation system to be imposed such that people should be encouraged to use cheaper para transit modes. 6. Signage. There must be a provision of adequate and proper signages, sign boards, gantry marking and the road marking. It is necessary to standardize the lane markings, edge markings, median marking, parking zones, and necessary traffic signs. 7. Bill Boards. It was observed that lot of bill boards, hoardings and wish banners are displayed on busy junctions which not only use the road space but also obstruct the attention of a driver. This should be taken seriously and Nagar Parishad should take adequate steps to curb the tendency of the same. 8. Restriction on Truck Movements. the restriction on movement of trucks with in the town as well as through the town must be enforced in real practice. The trucks should only enter the town between 9 pm m to 7 am. 9. Construction of New Roads. The entire construction of new roads has to be integrated with the drainage along the roads. Thus Public Works Department must plan the drainage and construct and then road to be constructed. 10. Mass Transit System. An aggressive policy needs to be framed to encourage the use of mass Transit System, so that the traffic on road can be reduced to an extent.

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Appendix ORIGIN - DESTINATION MATRIX The Origin Destination trips were predicted on the basis of gravity model considering the present modal split of Talegaon Dabhade region, taking into consideration the proposed landuse, employment pattern and production attraction generated by them. The calculations were made for the work trips in the peak hours. The PCU and V/C are projected according to the OD trips and were bound to be high. The road network is therefore widened at different stretches and the traffic along some stretches is tend to be routed to one way due to lack of space for widening. The expected V/C ratios of the major roads is given in tabular manner below in Table 1 Table 17.2 : Expected Volume to Capacity Ratio MAJOR ROADS AMBI corner - MIDC Talegaon Phata Gaorawardi station to Gaothan Rpv Corner To Chakan MIMER Junction to R.P.Vidyaniketan Ale Phata to Maruthi Station To Rpv JMC - Maruthi JMC - Gaothan Source : Survey Conducted by IIT Kharagpur 2011-12 0.19 0.22 0.22 0.30 0.31 0.53 0.82 0.90 0.93 2026 0.37 0.42 0.42 0.58 0.60 1.02 1.58 1.74 1.79

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TRIP DISTRIBUTION The Origin-Destination Survey is conducted through household survey in all the wards. For the analysis all the 23 wards along with 7 peri urban areas are divided into 6 zones and the pattern of future O-D trips are generated using Gravity Model.

K ij :Assumed as 1 Table 17.3: Calculation of Friction factor 1 F ij 1 2 3 4 5 6 3.00 2.30 1.50 1.10 0.90 0.95 2.30 2.50 1.20 0.90 0.95 1.10 1.50 1.20 3.00 0.95 0.90 1.10 1.10 0.90 0.95 2.50 1.10 1.20 0.90 0.95 0.90 1.10 2.50 2.30 0.95 1.10 1.10 1.20 2.30 2.50 2 3 4 5 6

Source : Calculations based on the Survey Conducted by IIT Kharagpur.

Table 17.4: calculation of attraction factor

ZONE

ATTRACTIONS TRIP GENERATION

8089 1 1575 2606 877 1251

9002 2 1556 292 1599 2948

3448 3 421 550 1026 420

10680 4 2282 1910 1160 2545

11282 5 690 1255 2003 1765

9059 6 2267 2655 245 1281

1 2 3 4

8792 9268 6912 10210

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5 6

10073 6306

863 916

1874 733

374 658

1756 1027

4429 1140

777 1834

Source : Calculations based on the Survey Conducted by IIT Kharagpur.

Table 17.5: calculation of attraction factor (first iteration) ATTRACTIONS ZONE NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 9046 1 2645 2282 1320 1293 920 585 9205 2 2257 2761 1175 1177 1081 754 3354 3 564 508 1125 476 392 289 9904 4 1281 1179 1104 3880 1484 976 10870 5 1107 1315 1104 1803 3564 1977 9182 6 938 1222 1084 1580 2633 1725

Source : Calculations based on the Survey Conducted by IIT Kharagpur.

Note: For the above calculations the various wards have been divided into following zones as specified. Table 17.6 ward-zone distribution Wards Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 Zone 6 1,2,3 15,14,12,13 4,5,6,11 7,10,9,8,22 20,19,23,21 18,17,16 Zone 2,3 1 4 5 6,7

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CHAPTER 18 HOUSING

18.1 INTRODUCTION Housing proposals for Talegaon Dabhade focuses on various objectives. The main objective, on a broader level, is to meet the qualitative and quantitative housing shortages, as well as to supply for the future demand. Secondly, there should be adequate housing for the employees from industrial sector, with proper emphasis on MIDC area, which is the largest contributor to industrial employment in Talegaon dabhade. Thirdly, the new areas to propose residential use, to house the future population, have to be identified. The areas those have the potential to be developed as high rise residential or low rise residential have to be identified separately. Areas for providing government housing rehabilitation of slum areas, these should also be taken care of. Also, policies and provisions have to be formulated or developed, to create housing for the low income groups as well to create affordable housing, especially taking into consideration the floating population, who travels daily up and down from their respective place of stay to Talegaon Dabhade for work. 18.2 HOUSING DEMAND The existing condition of housing in Talegaon Dabhade is almost adequate in terms of quantities, but there is qualitative housing shortage which needs to addressed. The qualitative housing shortage in Talegaon is mostly contributed by the poor and deteriorating housing conditions prevailing, mostly in the congested interiors of Talegaon, namely the Gaothan area. These areas will be considered under the action plan to upgrade the existing old and dilapidating houses. Existing housing shortage within the Talegaon Dabhade municipal boundary Total housing units at Total no. Of households Standard housing unit Overcrowded houses Houses in bad condition Current housing shortage Quantitative shortage (A) Qualitative shortage = 13788 = 13811 = 11030.4 = 1586.9 = 690 = (13811 13788)=23 =2276.9

Future housing demand for Talegaon Dabhade The future housing demand is generated by a number of factors. The main factors contributing to the future demand are, the natural growth of population and the migrating employee population due to expansion of MIDC industrial area. Other factors include the population invited by existing housing stock, the floating population who are travelling daily

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up and down from their places of stay to Talegaon for work etc. The future housing demand is projected for a span of fifteen years (till 2026). Present Population of the planning area Projected population for 2026 Additional no. of population to be catered No. of housing units to be provided (B) Housing demand from industrial employees MIDC plays the largest role in contributing to industrial employment in Talegaon. Presently there is an existing workforce of 6877 in MIDC out of which 45% stay outside Talegaon, which will add to the housing demand. MIDC is planning for expansion, Phase II, which will create around 6732 new jobs; this will also contribute to housing demand. Existing Workforce Existing Demand Future Demand of Housing for Workforce (C) = 6877 = 6877-3783 = 3094 = 6732 + 3094 = 9826 = 79566 = 153965 = 153965 79566= 74399 = 21257

Existing and under construction additional housing stock Talegaon Dabhade is a highly potential area for real estate developers mainly due to the locational proximity of this area to the tourist destinations namely Lonavala etc. An interesting trend observed in this area was, residents from Mumbai and Pune are buying or renting out apartments in Talegaon and using them as weekend houses. Realizing this trend, various developers have created a number of housing projects in this area, some of them which are still under construction. These housing stocks are considered in the supply part of housing in Talegaon. Approx. Density used for the Housing projects Under construction and Existing projects Average area per project Total area Total population = 100 persons per acre = 35 nos: = 17 acre = (35 X 17) acre. = (35X17X100) persons = 59500 persons.

It was found that approximately 40% of the housing projects are built and 60% are under construction. (Primary survey data) Population that can be catered Total additional housing stock (D) = .6x59500=35700 = 10200

Final demand for housing in Talegaon Dabhade The final demand is a cumulative effect of all the above mentioned factors. The final housing demand may be obtained by adding Quantitative shortage (A), Future housing demand for Talegaon Dabhade (B) and Housing demand from industrial employees (C),and then deducting Existing and under construction additional housing stock (D) from it.

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Final housing demand 18.3 RENTAL HOUSING

= A+B+C-D = 23+21257+9826-10200= 20906

At present, in Talegaon Dabhade,17.3% of total houses are rental houses. The rental houses are occupied either by industrial employees or weekend residents who use them as a second home or holiday home. The reasons for low percentage of rental housing is mainly due to inadequacy of infrastructural facilities, absence of ancilliary attractions etc. It should also be considered that much of the employees coming from outside Talegaon have only to travel short distances to reach their workplace. However, the rental housing in Talegaon are mainly in wards .1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10,13, 14,15,16,17,18,19,21.Taking into consideration the location of the new industries coming up additional rental housing can be proposed in ward no. 20 and in zone 2 and zone 3. 18.4 FUTURE INCOME WISE HOUSING NEED The projected percentage of different income groups are as follows
Table no.18.1: income wise housing need Income category Projected percentage No: of houses 3073 12071 6146 659

HIG 14% MIG 55% LIG 28% EWS 3% Source : calculations based on primary survey of Talegaon,Jan2012

The kinds of housing, the housing under respective income groups will depend entirely on the percentage of the above said income groups. 18.5 PROPOSED HOUSING TYPOLOGY DISTRIBUTION The following table represents the findings from the HH survey that gives an idea of the future housing typology distribution. These percentages are used to calculate the approximate number of detached, row and apartment housing needed. Table no.18.2 : housing typology distribution
Type Percentage No: of houses Population 44553 19204 13059

DETACHED 58% 12730 ROW 25% 5487 APARTMENT 17% 3731 Source : calculations based on primary survey of Talegaon,Jan2012

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18.6 DENSITY DISTRIBUTION A land suitability analysis is done based on which the residential density is allocated on the land suitable for development. Ranking has been done based on the land value variation, physical infrastructure, social infrastructure, accessibility ,land availability and density .the feature least suitable for development has been assigned lowest value whereas the feature suitable for development is assigned the highest value. The rest are rated accordingly. Each feature is again ranked according to the priority. Land value is assigned the highest priority value and density the lowest. According to the rating the wards suitable for development rank wise are 4,12,23,1,18,2,13,11,15,17,20,6,14,3,7,10,5,19,16,21,22,8,9 18.7 DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES The present housing scenario of Talegaon Dabhade suggests the prominence of haphazard development in most areas and absence of planning strategies. Some critical changes need to be done regarding the density allocation of the area depending on the growth direction and existing infrastructural facilities. Studying the existing landuse maps, it can be noted that there are pockets of vacant land that could be efficiently utilized. Re-densification of Low density areas Talegaon Dabhade has varied land densities throughout its area. There are extremely high density areas, low density areas and also, moderately dense areas along major transport corridors. The highly dense areas and the low density areas need to be adequately redensified for a more sustainable utilization of the available land resources. The moderately dense areas are the major upcoming areas of growth which can be analyzed to properly plan out the other 2 extremes. Ward no. 4, 7, 9, 10, 12, 18, 21, 22 comprise of the existing high density, residential areas. Of the mentioned 7 wards, ward no. 9 has the maximum density (>400 PPH) while ward no. 18 has the lowest (113 PPH). Ward no. 10, 21, 22 have densities greater than 250 PPH. Ward no 7 and 12 & 4 consist of areas next to the 2 railway stations (Ghorewadi & Talegaon respectively). Most of the highest density areas of these 7 wards belong to the Gaothan area. Ward no. 2, 6, 13, 15, 16, 23 and zone 2, 4, 7 of the peri-urban area comprise low existing residential densities. These wards include the areas covering the extreme corners of the Talegaon Dabhade Municipal boundary. Ward no. 13, 15, 16, and 23 are along the NH4 and will soon be developed due to its present state of development. Ward no. 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 19, 20 and zone 3 of the peri-urban area have moderate densities. These regions are mainly along the major internal corridors of the city (Station Gaothan road, Taleagon Chakan road). Zone 3 comprises of the areas along the MIDC road.

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According the Density charts and the Land Suitability Matrix, ward no. 1, 2, 13, 15 and zones 2, 3 have higher potential for development though they have comparatively lower residential densities. This is mainly due to the proximity to either the NH4 or the MIDC. Other areas like ward no. 4, 12, 18, and 11 also have greater potential but their existing densities are higher. These are located at the centre of the city and hence their infrastructural benefit ratings are higher. Analyzing the infrastructural, accessibility and proximity benefits and the density patterns, the following areas are selected for future developmental process: ward no. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 14, 15, 19, 20 and zones 2, 3. Major changes are in ward no. 1, 5, 8, 15, 19 (along NH4 or railway corridor)

18.8 AREA ALLOCATION Ward no. 3, 6, 16, and 5 has proposals for government housing for LIG, EWS. Probable area for company housing can be zone 2 and zone 3 due to its proximity to the MIDC. Allowable FAR in these areas would be 1.2 as the road width proposed is more than 24 m. Ward no.1, 6, 14, 19, 20 would be allocated for private developers who would mainly focus on the HIG and upper MIG categories of the population. Allowable FSI in ward no.6 would also be 1.2 and 1 for the rest of the city. Additional reforms for increased FAR in selected regions of the city including ward no. 6 & zones 2 and 3 will be proposed. Plotted development is proposed in parts of ward no 3, 6 and ward no. 8 and 5.

18.9 PHASEWISE DIVISION OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT Based on the generation of demand and the nature of the growth of housing demand and housing condition in Talegaon, the housing development is divided into three phases namely phase I, phase II and phase III. Phase 1 Phase I includes wards 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. This area is mainly comprised of the central congested area and the new residential areas proposed adjacent to it. This phase focuses on two objectives, the up gradation of dilapidating old houses and the development of new houses in the proposed residential area

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Table no.18.3 : phase 1


Ward number Proposed area for residential use 25.94 Density for proposed area 100 Existing density Existing population Additional population Final total Final population density

Ward 7 Ward 8 Ward 9 Ward 10 Ward 11 Ward 17 Ward 18 Ward 19 Ward 20 Ward 21 Ward 22 Ward 23

2.6

125

20.4 8.84

65 75

120.5 54.7 411.5 299 74.5 88.7 112.3 90.8 94.2 379.4 221.3 20

1819.55 2120.172 1827.06 1758.12 2771.4 2763.892 2073.058 3708.272 2231.598 1783.18 1476.071 1805.2

0 2594 0 0 325 0 0 1326 663 0 0 0

57.78 Source : calculations based on primary survey of Talegaon,Jan2012

1819.55 4714.17 1827.06 1758.12 3096.4 2763.89 2073.06 10474.27 2894.6 1783.18 1476.07 1805.2 36485.57

120.5 121.62 411.5 299 83.24 88.7 112.3 256.47 122.19 379.4 221.3 20

Housing unit to be constructed in the first phase=1403 Phase 2 Phase II comprises of zones 2, 3, 4, 7. The main objective of this phase is two develop housing for the employees of MIDC. This phase includes the northern most part of planning boundary geographically, the closest area to MIDC.
Table no.18.4 : phase 2 Ward number Proposed area for residential use 29.99 128.56 Density for proposed area 125 125 Existing density Existing population Additional population Final total Final population density

zone 2 zone 3 zone 4 zone 7

5.12 55.62 5.55 21.81

1022 11171 1439 9585

3748.75 16070 0 0

158.55 Source : calculations based on primary survey of Talegaon,Jan2012

4770.75 27241 1439 9585 43035.75

23.75 66.83 5.55 21.81

Housing units to be constructed in the second phase=5663

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Phase 3 Phase III is the area in between phase I and II. This phase include ward 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. This area will be developed as plotted individual housing zones. Some areas along the highway an other prominent roads will be proposed for high rise residential areas. Table no.18.5 : phase 3
Ward number Proposed Density for Existing area for proposed density residential area use 92.8 60.4 98.9 113 76 23.2 132.8 48.8 93.8 21.9 17.2 Existing population Additional population Final total Final population density

Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Ward 5 Ward 6 Ward 12 Ward 13 Ward 14 Ward 15 Ward 16

14.2 4.15 53.13

50 145 200

7.13 9.72

75 200

4124.96 2340.5 3004.582 1854.33 3302.96 4240.96 2483.36 1693.36 1650.88 3652.92 1875.832

0 0 710 0 601.75 10626 0 0 534.75 1944 0

88.33 Source : calculations based on primary survey of Talegaon,Jan2012

4124.96 2340.5 3714.58 1854.33 3904.71 22006.96 2483.36 1693.36 2185.63 19876.92 10715.83 74901.14

92.8 60.4 122.27 113 89.85 120.39 132.8 48.8 124.18 119.17 98.26

Housing units to be constructed in the third phase = 4119 18.10 SCHEMES AND POLICIES FOR UP-GRADATION OF THE HOUSING SECTOR One of the fundamental objectives of the housing program would have to be establishing peoples control over their living environment. Instead of the skewed privatization thrust in housing and the increasing dependence of the Government on private builders and developers for providing housing to the poor, a direct partnership needs to be established between the Government and the communities of slum-dwellers in a truly public -private initiative. Land occupied under slums must be legalized and reserved in the Development Plan (DP) as sites for housing of the urban poor. Once the government legalizes slum land and provides the slum dwellers with tenurial rights they can individually and/or through their cooperatives take loans from housing banks to pay for the construction cost of their houses. The slum dwellers will then be able to mortgage their houses against the loan. Affordable housing stock for the EWS Government Initiative - The government and its various agencies must give priority to the building of houses for the economically weaker section in proportion to its population.

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Employee Housing- It must necessarily be a condition with large industries and/ or agencies generating large employment to plan and provide housing for its employees including the working class. Governmental sector must also provide housing to all its employees. Housing for the employees must be seen as an integral aspect of their planning and investment. Reservation for EWS housing Allocation of a certain percentage of the area for the housing of the poor in every housing project in the city, particularly in the HIG and MIG segment. Similar reservation for housing of the EWS must be a condition in the development of land reserved for public housing. The proportion of this reservation must be consistent with the ratio of the population of different economic categories. While conditions for reservation for housing of the EWS exist today in certain developments, they have been manipulated and sold to MIG and HIG by combining several units. It is important to; therefore, carry out an effective public audit and scrutiny where such conditions are imposed in various projects. Transit Housing - The State Government must develop transit housing to deal with displacements due to emergencies, repairs and reconstruction, redevelopment projects, etc. Rental Housing- The policy to promote development of rental housing in the city must be framed. Necessary incentives and benefits to the developer for rental housing must be considered. Informal Sector Housing- It is necessary to promote housing schemes for the working class population in the informal sector. A large number of construction workers are employed in the city for various projects and in other informal sectors. Housing of this population must be seen as a part of the infrastructure development cost. Thus the responsibility for this housing will rest on the government as well as the promoters of various projects in the city. Other Schemes & Policies Prevention of growth of slums and subsequent improvement of existing ones can be implemented by incorporating educational programs that would teach residents how to improve their health, education, and economic status and give the families access to utilities such as garbage collection, connection to water, electricity, and sewage. Government of India under Environmental Improvement of Urban Slums (EIUS) can make use of the National Slum Development Programme (NSDP) as an additional Central assistance scheme with the objective to upgrade urban slums. The Integrated Low Cost Sanitation Scheme (ICLS), operated through the Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) by providing a mix of subsidy from the Central Government and loan from the HUDCO could be utilized. It is taken up on a `whole town basis meaning thereby all sections of population of the town (HIG, MIG, LIG & EWS) will be covered. It is a demand driven scheme and hence no state allocation/ targets are fixed. Government schemes like JNNURM with its sub-mission, Basic Services for the Urban Poor (BSUP), and RAY could be brought in to upgrade the present condition of slums.

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Series of row houses could be constructed and during the construction phase the residents themselves could be involved in the construction work which would provide them with paid employment. Less dependency on outside labor. Micro-credit programmes availed for the poor urban households to improve their financial conditions. Slum Improvement Projects (SIP) and their involvement for beneficial social initiatives. These include community participation, a democratic process of decision making, community involvement in the development of plans and implementation of activities and the positive involvement of elected representatives at every level of implementation. This also includes savings activities, income-generating activities, infrastructural development activities, etc. Once the tenure becomes more secure, tenants are likely to pay more attention to improving their slums. Inclusion of Cooperatives that not only provide a forum for community action in respect of maintenance initiatives, but also help in educating slum dwellers on the need for maintenance and thereby secure, in the long term, individual responsibility and participation.

18.11 PROPOSED BYELAWS: 1. Area included in the congested area shall be intended mainly for residential purpose excepting areas reserved for public purpose. 2. Maximum FSI shall be 1.50 for residential building in congested area and 1 in noncongested area. 3. LIG housing under MHADA shall have a permissible FAR of 2.5 on gross plot area. 4. In scheme for the land allotted for societies of MIG and HIG and development plot allotted individually to MIG and HIG group, the permissible FSI shall be as per prevailing Development Control Regulation. 5. Maximum ground coverage should be 60% of the net plot area. 6. FSI allowable for residential buildings along road of width 24m or more shall be 1.2. 18.12 PROJECT COST: Development cost of Government Project =2161.71 lakh Land Acquisition Cost for Government Projects=1053.33 lakh Total Project Cost=3215.04 Lakh

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CHAPTER 19 ECONOMY & COMMERCE


19.1. INTRODUCTION Talegaon MIDC has triggered a rapid pace of development in this area, which in addition to the already booming property market could be expected to bring about a significant transformation in the commercial scenario in Talegaon. As per the study made, it is evident that the existing commercial establishments are quite disorganized and lacking in Infrastructure. They fail to serve the needs of the higher income groups who seem to prefer Pune or Pimpri over Talegaon with regards to special / expensive goods. With the growth of this town new residential areas will generate additional need for such establishments. The proposal has two components, mitigation of the existing problems i.e. congestion and lack of infrastructure in Talegaon station market and Sunday market and proposing new commercial establishments to cater to the growing need. Policy changes have been suggested stimulate certain sectors of economy and to manage the overall growth of commerce. 19.2. PROJECTION OF THE COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS The baseline population of Talegaon is 56349. The projected population is 1.53 lakhs. The informal sector is projected as per the population and the figure for projected informal shops is 1181. Given below is the comparison with the UDPFI norms and also the projected need of shops as per the same. Table 19.1: Comparison of number of shops with UDPFI Norms Type formal Talegaon UDPFI Projected Need as per UDPFI NA 1200 50 informal Talegaon UDPFI Projected Need as per UDPFI NA 355 15

Perishable General Retail Service & Repairs

80 132 175

40 295 30

366 21 4

NA 88 9

If we compare commercial area with UDPFI standards, Commercial area = 45272.72 sq m Total mixed use = 236779.729 sq m Total = 282052.449 sq m Population = 56349 Total commercial space/1000 person = 5005.45 sq m /1000 person As per UDPFI, the required area is 500 sq m / 1000 persons.

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Projected area as per projected population ( based on UDPFI norms) 880 sq m per 1000 persons Therefore area requirement is 134640 sq m Excess area = 282052.449 sq m - 134640 sq m = 147412.449 sq m

INFERENCES Based on this we are proposing to amalgamate several of the informal commercial establishments into well defined commercial complexes to reduce the overall footprint of commercial activities. Station area has several informal shops along the road which could be accommodated in complexes to reduce congestion. Same could be said for Sunday Market.

19.3. WARD WISE ANALYSIS FOR LAND SUITABILITY & NEED

A Ward-wise analysis was prepared based on amount of commercial establishments in each ward, proximity to market, population density and land value. Wards were identified which have sufficient commercial establishments, which are well accessible to the residents, and which lack in such facilities or are remotely located and have low accessibility to markets. A study of the catering radiuses of markets also shows that these areas fall within blind spots with regards to commercial activity. The wards where new commercial establishments need to be proposed were 5, 6, 8,15,16,23. 19.4. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS 19.4.1. FORMAL STRUCTURE FOR SUNDAY MARKET Proposed Vegetable Mandi near Jijamata chowk will be accommodating the informal shops in and around Jijamata chowk and Gaothan, and also the vendors coming for Sunday market. While calculating plot area an FAR of 1.5 and ground coverage of 50% was considered. Parking space for around 20 trucks is provided. The structure will include community facilities and restrooms for the vendors, cold storage and open spaces.

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Table 19.2. Area Calculations for Sunday Market Particulars Loading-unloading bay Parking Storage Market area Open space Community space Total built-up area Total site area Area (sq m) 1200 200 750 540 200 660 3550 7000

19.4.2. PROPOSED VEGETABLE MANDAI NEAR STATION AREA Presently two markets have been proposed near the station by the municipality. Informal shops along the station road could be accommodated in the vegetable mandi proposed. For future expansion, provision for increasing FAR to 1.5 is suggested for commercial land use. For informal market, the two proposed markets will accommodate 550 -600 shops. The projected informal establishments are 1181, which could be well accommodated in the increased FAR. 19.4.3. PROPOSED EXPANSION OF THE SHANTAI CITY CENTRE A handicraft centre/exhibition centre/women empowerment centre is being proposed near Talegaon municipal council, for 200 workers, (mostly homemakers). Due to the strategic location and proposal for a central park on its opposite side, this area might develop as an important centre for Talegaon in future. Hence this establishment can be used as an exhibition/community centre for Talegaon. Total built-up area required is 3900 sq m , with site area of 7800 sq m. Shantai City centre near Talegaon municipal council could be expanded to 1.64 Ha to accommodate a co-operative commercial centre, where incentives could be given, especially for local businessmen to develop it as a full-fledged commercial centre, to cater to the entire Talegaon. Owing to the presence of a co-operative commercial centre nearby, the cottage industries could also showcase their work here. 19.4.4. PROPOSED WHOLESALE MARKET It is an integrated freight complex which will include wholesale, warehousing, service/processing industries like saw mills and flour mills attached with ancillary services.

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Though loading-unloading spaces have been provided, it is recommended that a truck terminal be placed near the wholesale market, approximately 2400 sq. m. in area. Since there is sufficient vacant land in the vicinity, this could later be developed into a logistic hub, in conjunction with the truck terminal. As railways is also used to bring in wholesale goods, proper parking needs to be provided near station to accommodate it.

Table 19.3. Area Calculations for Sunday Market Particulars Wholesale market Warehousing Booking agencies Commercial and PSP Utilities and services Service industry Parking Circulation Others Built-up area Total site area Area (sq m) 7975 1822.8 455 1140 683.5 2050.6 2735 5696 227.85 22785.5 45571 % of the total built-up area 35 8 2 5 3 9 12 25 1 100 200

19.4.5. OTHER PROPOSED MARKETS 19.4.5.1. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL COMPLEX NEAR YASHWANT NAGAR Commercial complexes or malls are proposed along the main road to Chakan. An area of 0.35 Ha is demarcated. These markets will cater to the MIG and HIG residential development in around the area, with the catering radius of 0.75 km. 19.4.5.2. PROPOSED COOPERATIVE COMMERCIAL COMPLEX NEAR GHORAWADI STATION Due to its close proximity to Gaothan and also Ghorawadi station this area is a strategic location for a market. Since this area has higher concentration of LIG & MIG people, a cooperative market is proposed. This market will be of 0.35 Ha area. The land value is second highest in Talegaon and it is an important commuting linkage to the station.

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19.4.5.3. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL COMPLEX ALONG NH Malls and Multiplexes are proposed along the NH where the land price is very high. Due to the Lake Front development proposed this area could further attract people for recreational purposes. The proposed establishment is 0.5 Ha in area. This will cater mostly to the higher income group. Storage & Godowns are proposed to cater to the ancillary industries which have been proposed nearby. 19.4.6. MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT The residential area near paisa-fund factory in ward no. 15 is not well connected to any major market. Secondary housing is being proposed in the area analogous to MIDC These two areas could be served by mixed use development with the catering radius of 0.5 km. To encourage growth of mixed use , lower taxes could be charged in these areas in comparison to the general tax structure in Talegaon. 19.5. PROPOSED POLICIES 1. Regulating the uncontrolled proliferation of mixed-use through introduction of formal licensing system 2. Increase taxation of mixed-use properties in Gaothan area. Presently the tax for mixed-use property is just 1.5 times that for the residential property. The areas where mixed use is to be encouraged may have a lower tax structure. 3. Regulation of informal commercial activity through strict rules and increased taxation alongside incentives will be given to encourage relocation of informal establishments into the formal structures proposed. 4. Promotion of co-operative commercial complexes by giving incentives. This should cater to the lower and middle income groups in Talegaon. 5. Promotion of high-end commercial complexes at the high-priced land areas. 6. Increase of FAR to at least 1.5 for commercial land-use to accommodate the future growth of commercial activity(phase-wise) 7. Promotion of women employment and handicrafts by giving incentives and showcasing their produce. 8. Propose an Agricultural Research Institute & Vocational Training Centre adjacent to the existing poly technique Institute

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CHAPTER 20 PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURES


20.1. WATER SUPPLY Provision of safe, adequate water is a basic necessity for the healthy living of a community. In this section, demand of potable water in the Talegaon city has been dealt with. On the basis of the total water demand in different design years, identification of the water source, requirement of treatment plant, and storage reservoirs have been estimated. The endeavour for all the proposals is to optimize the total cost of the system. This includes identification of appropriate sources of water, efficient coverage of water supply throughout the city, detection of leak and adaptation of preventive maintenance, reuse and recycling of water including conservation of water at the household level. 20.1.1. WATER SUPPLY NORMS PRESCRIBED BY CPHEEO Table 20.1: The per capita domestic requirements as per norms
Sl.no. Category Norms for W/S (liters per capita per day) 70

1.

Towns provided with piped supply but without sewerage system Cities provided with piped supply for which sewerage system is existing/ contemplated Metropolitan and Mega cities provided with piped water supply where sewerage system is existing / contemplated

2.

135

3.

150

Sources: Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization (CPHEEO), Ministry of Urban Development, and Govt. of India

Figures indicated above include requirements of water for commercial, institutional and minor industries, but exclude unaccounted water generally estimated at 15% of the total demand. In most ofthe metro cities in India, the water for the domestic use varies from 135 lpcd (liters per capita per day) to 225 lpcd.

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20.1.2. WATER SUPPLY NORMS FOR TALEGAON DABHADE Table 20.2: Water supply norms have been adopted for the Talegaon Dabhade Type Of Area
Residential areas Commercial areas and Government Offices Hotels Hospital a. With beds more than 100 b. With beds less than 100 Institutional/ Industrial and Other areas Public utilities & facilites Demand Unaccounted Water Firefighting demand

Water Supply
150 liters per capita per day 70 liters per employee per day 180 liters per bed per day 450 litres per bed per day 340 litres per bed per day 45,000 litres per hectare per day @ 25 lpcd 15% of total 1% of total demand

Sources: Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization (CPHEEO)

20.1.3.Water Demand calculation Based on the above norms, the water demand for Talegaon has been worked out.Projected population for the year 2026is153964, as per CPHEEO standard water requirement is 150 lpcd, thus domestic water demand @ 150 lpcd is 23.9 MLD. Table 20.3: Total water demand for the year 2026
Type of demand Institutional demand Public utilities & facilites demand Commercial areas and Government Offices industrial demand net water demand fire demand @ 1% of total demand adding 15% losses Total water demand for the year 2026 Amount of water in MLD 1.53 3.8 1.36 1.5 32.09 0.32 4.81 37.22 mld

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Table 20.4: Water demand calculationfor different zones


Year Residential (water demand in MLD) 2012 2017 2026 total 11.90 7.07 4.12 23.1 commercial (water demand in MLD) 0.41 0.41 0.55 1.36 industrial(water demand in MLD) Institutional (water demand in MLD ) Total

0.17 0.65 0.75 1.56

1.26 0.13 0.14 1.53

13.74 8.26 5.56 27.55

Table 20.5: Residential water demand (phase-wise)


PHASE Existing population additional population additional Total water total water in @150 lpcd water MLD in MLD 0.7 5424150 5.4 Ex. Ex. Reservoir Reservoir capacity ( lakh liter ) 1650000.0 Nikhant Esr & Panchwati esr Tapowan esr Millindnaga & Hardeswar

phase-1

79566

4583

phase-2 phase-3

126509 153965

19819 14416

3.0 2.2

6455362.5 11235300

6.5 11.2

500000.0 950000.0

TOTAL

38818

5.8

23114812.5

23.1

3100000.0

20.1.4. WATER RESOURCES AND AVAILABILITY Following surface water resources are available in the area: - Indrayani River -Pawana River Indrayani River and Pawana River have perennial flow of water and are dependable sources -For the first phase and second phase requirement of water Indrayani River (near Shiv Temple) can be considered as water source. -For water requirement in third phase-Pawana River (near Somatane )can be considered as water source.

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20.1.5. WATER TREATMENT PLANT The water available from the proposed barrage on the Indrayani River, after treatment, will be supplied to the city. The treatment will include screening, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection, the level of treatment depending on quality of available water and permissible drinkingwater quality standards as specified by CHPEEO or WHO. Table 20.6: Capacity of water treatment at different phases of development.
Treatment Plant 1 2 Water Source Location Treatment plant capacity 20 Mld 10Mld

Indrayani River Pawana River

Near Bus Stand in ward no. -16. NearPawana hospital(Somatane)

20.1.6. WATER TREATMENT PLANT SITE LOCATION PARAMETERS 1. Treatment plant is proposed at higher elevation in order to achieve water supply to various nodal points (reservoir locations) under gravity, gravity flow to the extent possible. 2. Location of treatment plant is due to presence of less polluted water as it is just at the entry of the city. 3. Surface sources are more assured mode of water intake for the areas in close proximity to river. 4. Location of WTP can be arranged in such a way that the cost of distribution system would be the least. 5. The best location for WTP considering the general topography of the area 20.1.7. WATER TRANSMISSION, STORAGE RESERVOIRS, AND DISTRIBUTION The proposed water transmission system (raw as well as treated) is proposed to be operated for 20 housing a day. The MBR at WTP is proposed to be of 6 hour capacity whereas the sumps at individual pumping stations are proposed to be of 4 hours duration. The total system basically consists of two parts: 1. Conveyance of raw water from the source to the proposed water treatment plants: The raw water is proposed to be conveyed from the source to the proposed WTP through pumping main, by locating head work and pumping station at suitable location. 2. Water from WTP after proper treatment will be supplied to different zones, for which the following two systems are required: - Transmission system from WTP to Various storage reservoirs - Distribution system for various zones.

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As per the topography of the City it is proposed to use underground storage reservoirs and elevated storage reservoir, from this Under-Ground Reservoirs (UGR), Booster Pumping Stations can supply the water to distribution network. The system has some obvious merits over the Over-head Tank (OHT) system as discussed under: 1. 2. 3. 4. Economical in cost, construction in easy, requires low capital investments as compared to OHT systems. Space requirement is less as compared to OHT systems. Booster pumps can maintain uniform pressure in the distribution system. Water main need not be designed for excessive residual pressure as compared to OHT system.

20.1.7. PLANNING GUIDELINES 1. Surface sources are more assured mode of water intake for the areas in close proximity to river. 2. Water should be drawn using deep tube well and bore well and water should be stored in reservoir and supplied to surrounding areas and water thus stored would add to the existing water supply mains. 3. There should be adequate provision of on street water taps in and around the municipal area 4. Any plan on water supply must be preceded by a land use plan. 5. For each urban area, minimum density of population has to be worked out, above which only piped water supply is viable. 6. Planning for few new areas for water supply must be based on graduated scale. 20.1.8. PROPOSAL 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Replacement of old insufficient network, like in the old city. Laying of new network for Gaothan residential area and new developments. Water treatment plants (WTP) to be set up for using surface water for supply. Chlorination facilities for purification of water. Increase in ground water re-charges. Installation of pressure monitoring points at different locations of municipal area To undertake leak reduction works, installation of flow meters identification and regularization of illegal /unauthorized connections and isolation works of the water 8. Supply zone to arrive at a water balance for the area served by municipal area. 9. There should be two treatment plants. 10. There should be pump houses and location of pump houses is based on the presence of ground water in and around the area.

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TABLE20.7:Tentative estimate of water supply development project work at TalegaonDabhade


Sl. No. Project Rate/unit Proposal Tentative Estimated Cost (Rs. Cr.) 1.47

1 Laying and joining of raw water main / rising main 2 Treatment plant 20 MLD 3 Construction of ESR/GSR (20*5MLD) 4 Clear Water Pumping Mains (2 km) 5 Extension of distribution network within the city (35.5 km)

Rs. 255 lakhs/km

5.78

Rs. 1 per liter Rs. 4.5 per liter

20 MLD 5 NOS

2.00 45.00

Rs. 120 lakhs/km

2NOS

2.4

Rs. 27.50 lakhs/km (average for main & Distribution lines) Rs. 25 lakhs/km (average for main & Distribution lines) Rs.800/meter 40517 Household

9.63

6 Development of distribution in newly developed areas (24.6km)

6.13

7 Establishing Customer Connections Meters (1.50 lakh meters) 8 Providing Public Taps (4500 no.s) 9 Leak Detection Study and Rehabilitation Program for Water Supply System 10 Energy Efficiency Study 11 Strengthening of Water Testing Laboratory at Filter Plant 12 Replacement of Old Pump sets

32.41

Rs. 3000/one

1620 connection

0.48

LS

0.5

LS LS

0.25 1.2

LS

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13 Others (Construction of Anicut, C.W.Pump sets, Electric Substation, Communication and Miscellaneous) Total 14 Civil & electromechanical Works 15 Design & Supervision Consultancy Cost Grand total

LS

115.5 4.62

2.5% to the total cost

2.89

123.0

20.1.9. ZONES DIVIDED FOR WATER RESERVOIRS Whole planning area is divided into 9 Zones for water reservoir distribution to every area of the planning boundary. The zones are divided according to the contour and slope of the town. Each Zone consists of one reservoir serving the respective existing zone population.

Map1:Map showing the zone of water supply for per water reservoirs
Source: primary survey

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Map 2: showing the existing reservoirs and proposed reservoirs location


Source: primary survey

20.2. SEWERAGE AND SANITATION There is no sewerage system in Talegaon Dabhade Municipal Council (TDMC) Planning Area. With the growing population due to upcoming industrial growth these problems would be worse and needs immediate attention. In addition to this, open defecation which is prevalent in this area causes unhygienic condition which also reflects the poor sanitation in Talegaon Dabhade Municipal Council (TDMC). The planning period is decided for 15 years which will be till 2030. The two different phases are assigned for 9 and 6 years each specified as 2012 to 2021 and 2021 to 2026 respectively.

20.2.1 SWOT ANALYSIS

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SWOT analysis has been undertaken to assess on the negative and positive aspects of the drainage system in TDMC. It involves analyzing the internal positive (strength) and negative(weakness) aspect of an organization and considering these in relation to aspect of the external environment-both the positive aspect(and opportunities) and negative aspect ( threats). Distribution of Responsibility between Municipal Corporation & Public Sector Undertaking of management over sewerage disposal. 1. Strength -The areas has adequate slope to flow sewerage by gravity system. 2. Weakness - absence of sewer system in municipalities. 3. Opportunity- developing sewer system and sewerage treatment plant as per the contour analysis. 4. Threats- water pollution - Unhygienic condition and outburst of epidemics 20.2.2. ACTION REQUIRED The action required in order to solve the sewerage problems in TDMC are the following. 1. Laying of primary and secondary sewer network in newly developing part of the TDMC 2. Lying of sewerage system and expansion of sewer connection to household. 3. The trunk sewer line from the source to STPs shall be laid along the contour. The advantages of natural slopes along the stream, river and road network have been adopted while designing the trunk sewer line. 4. Construction of sewerage treatment plants. 5. The STPs shall be accessible for ease in construction and reparing of plant and machineries. 6. A community awareness campaign is needed to make people aware about the benefits and environmental quality in their areas. 7. Provision of assistance to BPL HHs to upgrade their septic tanks. 8. Provision of safe disposal of septic tank and conservancy wastes. 9. Provision of public toilets in the market areas and in the LIG areas. 20.2.3. SEWERAGE SYSTEM The sewage generation is approximately assumed to be 80 % of total net water supply has been considered out of which water supplied for green areas, washing streets, Horticulture, Fire fighting would cover the ground water infiltration. Refer to table 10.6 for phase-wise sewage generation in Talegaon-Dabhade.

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Table 20.8: Sewage Generation in Talegaon-Dabhade


Year Residential (Sewage Generation in MLD) 2012 2017 2026 total 9.52 5.656 3.296 18.472 commercial (Sewage Generation in MLD) 0.328 0.328 0.44 1.096 industrial(Sewage Generation in MLD) Institutional (Sewage Generation in MLD) Total

0.136 0.52 0.6 1.256

1.01 0.10 0.11 1.22

11.0 6.6 4.4 22.0

Source: primary survey

Considering the topography, the project area is proposed to be divided into two drainage districts, southern zone & northern zone, each of which is proposed to have an independent sewer network, pumping station & sewage treatment plant. The overall sewerage system is proposed as follows: Southern Zone: This zone is proposed to cater for 70 % of the total sewerage generated in the project area; one STP is to be located at the lowest spot of southern zone. For the exact location see fig. 10.2 Northern zone: This zone is proposed to cater for 30 % of the total sewage generated in the project area, with proposed STP located in the area in Chakan Indrayni river (near I as it is the lowest spot in the southern zone.The diameter of branch sewers, trunk sewers, interception sewers & outfall range between 450 mm to 1800 mm. 20.2.4. SEWAGE PUMPING STATIONS For sewerage system, Sewage Pumping Stations (SPS) are required where depth of excavation go beyond 6.5 m, based on the Natural contour and investigation made on general topography intermediate pumping stations are required for efficient and economical considerations.

Table 20.9: Capacities of Sewage Pumping Station required for Sewerage system

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Type Of Sewage Pumping Stations SPS1 (at STP of northern zone) SPS-2 (at STP of southern zone) Source: primary survey

Numbers 1 1

Capacities In MLD 20 MLD 10 MLD

20.2.5. SEWAGE TREATMENT Sewage Treatment shall be done through Sewage Treatment Plant (STP). The treatment based on Activated Sludge Process to be adopted. Two STPs of total 155 MLD capacities are proposed for Talegaon-Dabhade. The STPs shall be developed in modules in two phases. One STP shall be located in the north and the other in the southern zone, city boundary. 20.2.6. SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT SITE LOCATION PARAMETERS 1. The trunk sewer line from the source to STPs shall be laid along the contour. The advantages of natural slopes along the stream, river and road network have been adopted while designing the trunk sewer line. 2. The STPs shall be accessible for ease in construction and repairing of plant and machineries. 3. As per topography and zoning an interceptor is provided in the southern zone from where the waste water will be pumped to the nearby sewage treatment plant in the Dehu cantonment area. This is also cost effective. Table 20.11: Amount of sewerage generation on per phase development
Particulars Modules of STP in different phase ofDevelopment 2012 STP (southern zone) Capacity in MLD STP (northern zone) Capacity in MLD 3.3 2017 1.98 2026 1.32 Total Capacityin MLD 6.6

7.7

4.62

3.08

15.4

Note: CETP capacity to be calculated based on type and size of industry

20.2.6.1. SEWAGE ZONING OF MASTER PLAN AREA The planning area of TDMC comprises of municipalities and 8 villages. As for the development of the sewage system, the planning area has been broadly divided in two phases in order to facilitate the operation of the entire system under gravity.

20.2.6.2. LAYING OF MAIN SEWER LINES

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The main sewer lines from the trunk sewer and lateral sewers to the sewage treatment plant shall be aligned along the contour the road network. the advantage of natural slope along the streams and rivers have to be taken into consideration while designing the trunk sewer line. 20.2.7. DISPOSAL OPTIONS The treated effluent shall be utilized in any of the following uses so as to conserve and minimize the overall water requirement viz., Irrigation, Horticulture, Ground water recharge. Two alternatives for the disposal of treated effluent are suggested as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 20% is to reuse water for irrigation purposes and to maintain the green areas. 80% on downstream of Indrayani river. Other alternative is to reuse water for irrigation purposes for the downstream area so that net. Sewage after proper treatment and disinfections (not generally used for sewage treatment but required for effluent discharge Standards and can be discharged Indrayani river The Sewage treatment will be Such that quality of water in Mahanadi Main Canal and treated sewage may not differ so much.

20.2.7.1. Government scheme: Policies for sewage and sanitation 1. Domestic sewage and industrial effluent shall be carried through underground pipe sewers and shall be pumped to sewage treatment plants. After treatment, final effluent shall be disposed into the river. 2. To increases the service levels for the both the resident and the floating population, through a total sanitation system with treatment and disposal facilities. 3. Efficiently operated sewage agency to be established and volumetric charges for sewerage would be fixed in a manner that it would be able to meet out financial needs to carry out repairs and expansion of sewerage system further and even to recover full capital investment made. 4. The industries shall discharge waste to the municipal sewers only after removing oil, grease and chemicals 5. The size of sewer and drainage pipelines must be designed taking into consideration of the second phase development especially at the major trunks. 6. All accessories of sewerage and drainage system including pumping, valves, etc shall be laid according to contours and intersection of the system. 7. All market areas and LIG areas, it is better to provide community latrines with Sulabh Shauchalaya. 8. In cases of isolated developments far from the trunk mains a small sewage collection system can be considered. The sewage shall be conveyed to a convenient location and

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treated by an anaerobic up flow filter that would polish the septic tank effluent by about 70 % of the BOD. With this addiction, a substantial improvement could be made in disposal sanitary waste. 9. Approximate location has been market out for sewage treatment plant, however detail project is needed to decide the final location, the flood zone shall be avoided. 10. Design of low cost sanitation facilities- provision has to be made on a pilot scale to cover household by providing assistance for conversion of pit latrines and pour flush latrines to flush latrines including connection to sewers and the scheme can be continued further by the local authorities. It shall help in improving sanitation in slum areas. 11. Provision of assistance to BPL household wishing to upgrade or construct their septic tanks. 12. Provision for disposal of filled septic tank, and conservancy waste. Table20.12: Tentative estimated cost of sewerage system development project work at Talegaon-Dabhade
SI.No. PROJECT Tentative Estimated Cost (Rs. Cr.) 50 30 34.27 16 13.6 3.5 147.37 2.21

1 2 3 4 5 6

One STPs 35 MGD One STPs 20 MGD Laying of Secondary and Tertiary Sewers (128km) Laying of Main Sewers (40km) Surface Drainage Network in all areas (170km) Construction of Public toilets (350 no.s) Total

Civil and Electro-Mechanical works of SPS (1.5% of the total cost) Design and Supervision Consultancy (2.5% of the total cost)

3.68

Grand total

3.68

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Map3: Showing the proposed trunk sewerage line

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20.3. STORM WATER DRAINAGE Storm runoff is that portion of precipitation, which drains over ground surface. Estimation of such runoff reaching storm water drainage system is therefore dependant on intensity and duration of precipitation, which again depends upon status of development of the area, soil and topographical characteristics and time required to reach the disposal points from the farthest points. 20.3.1. ISSUES AND OBSERVATIONS Generally, the main issues on Storm Water drainage of this region are: 1. Inadequate provision of storm water drainage system. 2. Lack of maintenance of existing drains and nallahs etc. 3. Development process not compatible with drainage pattern. The project area is traversed by four major streams thereby dividing the entire area into four catchment zones. All these streams are proposed to be preserved by carrying out rehabilitation/ improvements etc. All the proposed road side drains are proposed to convey the run off generated from the corresponding road and ultimately discharge the same into the corresponding nallahs / streams. Hence the proposed storm water drainage system for project area consists basically of two systems i.e. 1. 2. 3. 4. Improvement of existing drain. Construction of Road side drains, Improvement or rehabilitation of existing Natural streams channels /nallahs. Diversion of drain channel as per contour levels and landscaping of the town.

20.3.1.1. ROAD SIDE DRAINS It is proposed to provide drains on both sides of the roads. The storm water roads drains should as per guidelines mention in previous section. Table 20.13: Length of various types of Roads suggested for New Capital city of Chhattisgarh.
Category (Main road ) trunk drain line (Secondary arterial) drain line Length of drains (meter ) 25445.0 101780.0

20.3.1.2.IMPROVEMENT OF NATURAL STREAMS By the development of urban area, the coefficient of runoff will increase; hence, the existing section of streams will not be sufficient to cater the increased runoff resulting from Rainfall of selected frequency of occurrence. It is suggested to rehabilitate the existing drainage channel of Talegaon-Dabhade. 5 years Maximum rainfall intensity should be taken for design of system, similar to cities of international standards. Additionally cross drainage works are proposed at the road crossings.

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20.3.2. POLICY The following policies are to be adopted: 1. Develop a storm water management system that manages the quality and quantity of storm Water runoff of the region avoiding any water logging in the area. 2. Recognize the need for public ownership and operation of storm water management practices such as rainwater harvesting. 3. Prepare and adopt erosion and sediment control guidelines of the region. 20.3.2.1. RAIN-WATER HARVESTING Special emphasis is to be given to rainwater harvesting, in urban areas. Appropriate methods for recharging the ground water should be considered and adopted. Roof top rainwater harvesting at the individual as well as community level shall also be considered. Rain water storage, into dug up or natural lakes/ depressions, from the storm water drainage system shall be proposed, which will also helping environmental improvement as well as recreational uses. 20.3.2.2. RAIN WATER HARVESTING FOR TALEGAON-DABHADE The principle of rainwater harvesting is to conserve and use precipitation in the same area where it occurs for greater ground water recharge and later use. The methods are site specific and may depend upon local conditions like check dams, roof top collection, aquifers recharge, storage in soil profile, creation of small basins in rural areas, contour binding, percolation tanks etc. due to urbanization in cities, the paved / impervious areas get increased resulting in reduced ground water recharge. 20.3.2.3. STORAGE OF RAINWATER: This can be achieved by following small-scale measures: 1. Recharge Pits for recharging the aquifers. These are generally 1 m wide and 2 to 3 m deep back filled with boulders, gravels and coarse sand. 2. Trenches: Usually constructed when permeable strata are available at shallow depths. Trenches may be 0.5 m to 1 m wide and 1 to 1.5 m deep, 10 to 15 m long depending upon availability of water. These are back filled with filter material. 3. Dug Wells: Existing dug wells can be utilized as recharge structures and water made to pass through filter media before putting into dug wells. 4. Recharge wells: Recharge wells of 100 mm to 300 mm diameter are constructed for recharging the deeper aquifers and water is passed through filter media to avoid chock age of recharge well. 5. Roof top rain water: In big cities, roof top rainwater recharge has been recommended.

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Table 20.14: Estimated cost for storm water drainage System for Talegaon-Dabhade
SI.NO. PROJECT Rate/unit Tentative Estimated Cost (Rs. Cr.) 38.16

De-silting and Alignment of major drains 25.44km Lining and Restructuring of medium Drains 18.88 km Construction of New drains in new Colonies 11.65km Construction of Other Drains & Water bodies and Management of those all nallahs Design and Supervision Consultancy (2.5% of the total cost) Grand total

Rs. 150 lakhs Rs. 120lakhs Rs. 100 Lakhs LS

12.20

8.5 59.86 1.4966

2.5% to the total cost

61.36

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Map 4: showing the proposed storm water drain line

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20.4. SOLIDWASTE MANAGEMENT PROPOSAL: Vision for Talegaon to be a sustainable and healthy city requires waste management principles.The principals of Three R- Reduce, Reuse and Recycle need to be applied.Investment is needed from the Municipality in areas such as: 1. Amendment of various acts regarding solid waste management 2. Proper Solid waste management including collection and disposal 20.4.1. THE PROPOSALS Laws to be implemented 1. Adoption of Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rule, 2000 2. Adoption of Maharashtra Non-Biodegradable Garbage (Control) Act 2006 3. Adoption of Maharashtra Plastic Carry Bags (Manufacture and Usage) Rules 2006 20.4.2. THE STRATEGIES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Source Segregation Doorstep collection Recovery of recyclables Transport of residue to closed containers Decentralized processing of organics Diversion of limited non recyclables to sanitary landfill Street sweeping should be done every day

20.4.3. STEPS INVOLVED IN MANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Reduction at source: Segregation: Collection: Transportation Disposal

1. REDUCTION AT SOURCE:Make people aware of using internal recycling of materials or on-site energy recovery, as part of solid waste minimization schemes. 2. SEGREGATION: Segregation should be done at the source point after it is dumped in the waste containers. Different types of bins will be provided from municipality for this purpose. For this specification of bin sizes are provided by the municipality.

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Table 20.15: Specifications for Bin System of Waste Storage at Source Source Storage of segregated waste Bio-degradable House holds 10-15 liters capacity plastic/reinforced plastic/LDPE/metal lid with lid Hotels, Restaurants 60 liters capacity- LDPE/HDPE Shops,Offices,institutions Suitable container not exceeding 60 liters Market Stalls 40-60 liters capacity- LDPE/HDPE Hospitals ,nursing homes 60 liters capacity bin for non-infectiousbiodegradable waste. Construction /Demolition waste Garden Waste Store within premises

Non-bio-degradable A bin or Bag of suitable size A bin or Bag of suitable size A bin or Bag of suitable size A bin or Bag of suitable size Store waste as per Biomedical Waste Management Handling Rule 1998. Store within premises and deposit in the notified Site municipality. Deposit in large community bin or municipal Ghantagari.

3. COLLECTION: Collection from Nonpoint Source: This stage includes door-to-door collection of waste. The door to door collection locally known as ghantagari system is a very good process of collection of solid waste and people liked it very much so it will be improved within the municipal boundary. And for the surrounding areas also this system must be adopted. Collection from Nonpoint Source: Waste collected from nonpoint source is deposited to definite point sources namely communal bins. Vehicles collects large amount of waste from these point sources and then transport it to transfer stations and disposal sites. Dustbins will be placed in the city for primary collection of the waste at a distance 80/100 meters. People find this distance reasonable.

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Table 20.16: Proposed Primary Collection System


Mode of collection Door to Door Residential colonies of High & middle income group Area of collection Primary Collection Vehicle Tricycle-with 6 of 40 lit capacity bins-4 for 1. Bio-degradable in Skips/wheel containers Secondary storage

Biodegradable waste, 2.Non-biodegradable2 for recyclables Sell or hand over to waste collector Closed vehicle to collect biodegradable Direct transport to Disposal site Bins emptied to skips kept for the waste. Skip / Dumper Placer

Hotels/restaurants

Combination of Kerb- Mixed Residential, side & bell system Commercial Areas Large Community bin Fruit & Vegetable system Market/ transfer stations Small community bin Slums/urban poor system colonies

Tri-cycle- with Six bins of 40 liter Carrying bins to transfer point

Carrying bins Transfer point

to Transfer contents of biodegradable to community bins

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Table 20.17: Ward-wise required no of bins of 1100 liters:


Name of the ward Present population Additional population Total population Solidwaste generated(m3) No of waste bin required (suuming municipal bins are of 1100 litres or 1.1m3) 2 1 2 1 2 6 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 4

Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Ward 5 Ward 6 Ward 7 Ward 8 Ward 9 Ward 10 Ward 11 Ward 12 Ward 13 Ward 14 Ward 15 Ward 16 Ward 17 Ward 18 Ward 19 Ward 20 Ward 21 Ward 22 Ward 23

4124.96 2340.5 3004.582 1854.33 3302.96 4240.96 1819.55 2120.172 1827.06 1758.12 2771.4 2483.36 1693.36 1650.88 3652.92 1875.832 2763.892 2073.058 3708.272 2231.598 1783.18 1476.071 1805.2

1075 0 710 120 601.75 10626 0 2594 0 0 462 0 0 534.75 1944 0 0 1326 663 0 0 0 7368

5199.96 2340.5 3714.582 1974.33 3904.71 14866.96 1819.55 4714.172 1827.06 1758.12 3233.4 2483.36 1693.36 2185.63 5596.92 1875.832 2763.892 3399.058 4371.272 2231.598 1783.18 1476.071 9173.2

2.44704 1.10141176 1.74803859 0.92909647 1.83751059 6.99621647 0.85625882 2.21843388 0.85979294 0.82735059 1.5216 1.16864 0.79687529 1.02853176 2.63384471 0.88274447 1.30065506 1.59955671 2.05706918 1.05016376 0.83914353 0.69462165 4.3168

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Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 Zone 6 Zone 7 9585 1022 11171 1439

4853.75 3748.75 16070 0 2393.75 3336.25 0

4853.75 4770.75 27241 1439 11978.75 3336.25 9585

2.28411765 2.24505882 12.8192941 0.67717647 5.63705882 1.57 4.51058824 Total

2 2 12 1 5 1 4 63

4. TRANSPORTATION: Transportation work for waste has to be done every day. After collection from the household by ghantagari it will be dumped in the municipal waste bin of respective ward. Solid waste from point sources also dumped in the municipal dustbins. From there waste will be transported in the municipal vehicles to the respective sites of disposal, recycle and compost. In addition to this, private contractors have been engaged for this purpose .The waste is transported at various places for treatment. 5. DISPOSAL: Following methods have been adopted for solid waste disposal. 1. Composting 2. Incineration 3. Dumping (Landfill) Composting:From total solid waste collection of the planning boundary an amount of 21.55 MT will be generated in every day which requires composting .An amount of 2.25cu.m./ha/day is the waste usually generated from floriculture activities. Estimating on these lines, Phase I of Talegaon floriculture will generate around 386.5cu.m./day and Phase II will generate 282cu.m./day which can be put to use for composting. Phase 3 will generate - 330.75 cu.m/day. For these waste a composting ground is required. Already an area of 10000 sqm is dedicated for composting. We can propose a compost plant over there for proper composting of the waste. An additional area of 10000 sqm is also required to cater future waste generation. Incineration:Talegaon municipal corporation had already installed a central incineration plant at its general hospital, namely MIMER which is sufficient enough. Dumping (land fill):By 2026 Talegaon area will have a population of 153965 which will generate 61.59 matric tones daily. In which 30% of organic waste, 30% of paper waste, 30% plastic, 30% of ceramics and glass, 30% of rags, 30% of metal and 100% of inert will go to the

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land fill site. For a time span of 25 years 1 hector land is required for landfilling.70% of the organic waste will go for composting. Presently a compost plant is already there we just need increase its capacity.70% of paper waste, 70% plastic, 70% of ceramics and glass, 70% of rags, 70% of metal waste will go for recycle.The location of land fill site must follow the norms of MPCB (Maharashtra Pollution Control Board). Considering the norms we can propose a landfill site of 1 hectre land ,no such proper location is available within our planning boundary so we can say Talegaon can share the landfill site of Pimpri-Chinchwad at Moshi where they use a 10 hectre site so Talegaon municipality can also take some land there and use it for landfill. Calculation: Waste generated per head per day 400 gms Total future population :153965 Total waste generated : .4X153965= 61586 kg / 61.586 MT per day Table20. 18: Calculation of solid waste at Talegaon Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Type Organic Paper Plastic Ceramics and glass Rags Metal Inert Total %age 50 10 15 3 1 1 20 100 Mt/per day 30.793 6.1584 9.2376 1.84752 0.61584 0.61584 12.3168 61.586

Table 20. 19: Calculationfor sanitary landfill at Talegaon


Sanitary land fill Organic Paper Plastic Ceramics and glass Rags Metal Inert % 30 30 30 30 30 30 100 Tonne 30.793 6.1584 9.2376 1.84752 0.61584 0.61584 12.3168 Metric tonne 9.2379 1.84752 2.77128 0.554256 0.184752 0.184752 12.3168

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Total

27.09726

Table 20.21: Calculationfor composting at Talegaon


Composting Organic % 70 Tonne 30.793 Metric tonne 21.5551

Table 20.22: Calculationfor composting at Talegaon


Recycling Paper Plastic Ceramics and glass Rags Metal % 70 70 70 70 70 Tonne 6.1584 9.2376 1.84752 0.61584 0.61584 Total Metric tone 4.31088 6.46632 1.293264 0.431088 0.431088 12.93264

Let us take a density of solid waste .85 MT/cum Total volume of waste generated every day = 27.09726/.85 cum= 15.22 cum Total volume generated for 25 years =15.22X365X25=1388635.69 cum Which is 70% of the total volume generated for land fill. So total volume of the solid waste =180486.40 cum After compaction the volume will be =144389.12 cum Taking the height of land fill as 15 m , where 3 m is underground and 12m is heaped The area required for land fill site is =9615.96 sqm Taking around 400 sqm as buffer area. Total landfill site required = 1 hectare

20.5. POWER SUPPLY 20.5.1. EXISTING SCENARIO OF POWER IN TALEGAON-DABHADE

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Power supply for TDMC presently is met 3 sub-station located at Talegaon substation (11KV), M.S.E.B. Vasant mitra (11KV) and M.S.E.B. Somatane (33KV).The surve (done by MCP IIT Kharagpur) revealed that TDMC has a huge transmission loss of power, the urban area has around 85 % household electric connection and remaining manages 15 % with other source and whereas village areas of TDMC is not adequately electrified as almost 75 % of village are deprived of power supply. 20.5.2. POWER REQUIREMENT IN MUNICIPAL AREA Table 20.24: power requirement in Talegaon-Dabhade municipality
Talegaon- Dabhade municipality Year Population House hold size No. Of H.H. Req.(UDPFI) 2kw/HH//day 35363.0 58841.0 81034.0

2012 2017 2026

79566 126509 153965

4.5 4.3 3.8

17681.0 29421.0 40517.0

20.5.3.Power calculation Talegaon-Dabhade for 1.54 lakh population is proposed to be developed in two phases. The estimated power requirement by the completion of phase II will be 156 MVA. The calculation is based on: 1. Average Power Demand of 2 KW per household 2. Rate of growth of Power demand @ 6.49 % per annum (assumed as per other city growth rate in most of the Indian cities) 3. Power Factor - 0.9 4. Plant/Substation Load Factor - 0.8 5. Diversity Factor 0.6 20.5.4. DEVELOPMENT OF POWER SUPPLY The estimated power requirement in this phase will be 98 MVA. The power demand can be met by importing power at 33kV voltage level from the nearby sources. 5 nos. 33/11kV substations of capacity 20MVA are to be built in or around the town. 20.5.5. PROPOSALS 1. In rural areas the villages are getting electrified under RGGVY but the pace is quite slow and needs fast progress, villages levels augmentation of electric lines should at high priority. 2. To counteract power theft, lying of power cables underground will be appropriate in which transmission loss is also less and also not vulnerable to high speed winds and rains.

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3. Power supply to remote areas may be served through community based alternative energy programs like introduction of solar energy system thereby reducing the cost of power supply by cables. 4. Construction of bio-gas plants in populated villages should be encourages as a viable alternative. 5. The present and proposed roads TDMC should be served with sufficient streetlight facility to prevent accident, theft and crimes on streets and roads in light. 20.5.6. SUB-STATION Looking at the future industrial growth and institutional influx in TDMC, there is a need for 3 more sub-station by 20261. 2. 3. First at the ward no -6 on the MIDC road is developing faster Second at near the NH-4 toward the Pune ward no -15. Third at the ghorawdi station area.

All the future electric sub-station required should be suitably located with consultation of Maharastra electicity Distribution Company limited. 20.5.7. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SETTING UP MODERN ELECTRICAL POWER TRANSMISSION ANDDISTRIBUTION SYSTEM The following steps are recommended for improvement in Transmission and Distribution of Power Supply. 1. Power supply for up to 33 kV voltage should be taken through underground distribution system. The cables can be taken through underground duct or simply buried in the ground. 2. The Proposed Grid stations should preferably be built around outskirts of the city. Power supply at 132kV or above voltage level can be taken through overhead system. 3. To ensure minimum interruption of Power Supply, 11kV underground distribution system can be connected in Ring Main. It will ensure alternate source of power supply for all substations connected to the Ring Main. 4. Wherever it is necessary to use overhead transmission (Outside city limit), LT Arial Bunch cables can be used to check power theft. 5. 11/0.433kV substations can be indoor or outdoor type. 6. Wherever there are space constraints in congested areas, Modern compact packaged out to substations can be used. This type of modern outdoor substation contains Transformer, RMU, Capacitor and all the Switchgear arrangement in a single compartment. Space requirement for this type of substation is only 5m x 5m x 4m. 7. The main receiving stations (Grid Stations) should have the SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) facility to ensure on line monitoring and control of power supply. All substations and distribution stations will be interconnected with controlling stations by using modern methods e.g. Fiber optics. 8. .As far as the usage of power is concerned, it is proposed to use energy efficient electrical light fittings and lamps e.g. low power ballasts, low consumption high power luminaries, lux level limiters and timers for street lighting etc. Non-conventional source

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of energy e.g. solar heaters are proposed for heating. High masts will be used at road junctions, stadiums, transport hubs, parks and for area lighting. All consumers domestic, commercial, government organizations will be metered.

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CHAPTER 21 SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

21.1.1 BACK GROUND As per the current data the percentage population having age for going primary school is 6%, 11% population age is of secondary school going age,15% of population will be of college going age. From this age group all are not going for study. In Maharashtra s situation 97% of this particular age group going to primary school and 60% of this age group going to secondary school education and about 16% of age group going to colleges. Assuming that the same situation will prevail for next 15 years (means from 2011 to 2026). Projected population for year 2026 is 1, 53,965. Expected primary school (I-V) going children in 2026 will be 8960. Expected Secondary school (V-XII) going children in 2026 will be 10162. Expected college going youth in 2026 will be 3695. Here we consider only the student population rather than the whole population. TABLE 21.1: Comparison of existing and proposed no of schools with UDPFI Guidelines School Type Primary school UDPFI guidelines No. Of Total Existing Govt. Proposed

Future schools schools students(in2026) needed 8960 23

schools schools 5

1/400 students(1Ha area)

17+4 7 integrated 6+4 1 integrated

Secondary 1/1000 10162 students(3.2Ha area) 21.2 PROPOSALS FOR HEALTH CARE FACILITIES

10

21.2.1 Phase1: The qualitative up-gradation of the existing health facilities is recommended in the first phase. A Nursing Home is being proposed in the ward 16, a Dispensary in ward 8, one in zone 3. 21.2.2 Phase2: A Nursing Home is being proposed in zone3 as a major growth is taking place in the one and a Dispensary in Ambi village (zone3) and one Dispensary in zone 6.

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21.3 PROPOSALS FOR RECREATION AND DISTRIBUTIVE FACILITIES TABLE 21.2: Proposal for recreational facilities
Phase1: Facilities Community Room Community hall &Library Recreational club Dance & Drama centre Meditation & spiritual Police station Police out post Fire station Post Office UDPFI 1/5000 popln 1/15000 1/1 lakh 1/1 lakh 1/1 lakh 1/90000 1/45000 1/ 2 lakh 1/15000 Proposed Area 660sq.m 2000sq.m 10000sq.m 1000sq.m 5000sq.m 200sq.m 300sq.m 150sq.m Existing No. No data 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 Proposed No. 4 1 1 1 1 0 3 Up gradation 3

21.4 COST AND PHASEWISE DISTRIBUTION OF SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES Total Process of development of Social infrastructure for year 2026 will be done in two phases. Up gradation of existing Social Infrastructure facilities and some new facilities will be done in the phase 1 which will be of 6 year time span and Phase 2 will be done in remaining years for the new proposed facilities. 21.4.1 BACK GROUND OF COST ANALYSIS Cost analysis is made including the calculation of land cost (assessed during Survey in 2012 that rupees 200-400 per sq.ft. within Talegaon area. TABLE 21.3: Cost analysis for proposal-Phase: I PHASE-I
UPGRADATION OF EXISTING SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE TYPE CATEGORY TOTAL UPGRADATION EXI.BLT AREA Govt.Primary PRIMARY Methidist girls Paisa fund Veer Jeejamatha Girls Paranjape High Sahayadri 0.025 0.032 0.035 0.034 PROP.BLT 0.096 0.108 0.112 0.104 710 760 770 700 1.065 1.14 1.155 1.05 INCRESE IN AREA(in m2) EXtnBuilt up Cost(crore)

0.048 0.032

0.144 0.102

960 700

1.44 1.05

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PHASE-I
SECONDARY Samarth Vidyala Jain English Nathubhau patil Rambhu purelkar SMST Mt.St.Ann Convent Adharsh Vidyala Saraswathi INDRAYANI 0.042 0.054 0.132 0.162 900 1080 1.35 1.62

0.18

0.537

3570

5.355

0.18 0.25 0.26 0.21 2.4

0.45 0.51 0.57 0.45 3.12

2700 2600 3100 2400 7200

4.05 3.9 4.65 3.6 10.8

INTEGRATED

COLLEGE

GARDEN/PARK

Rao Colony Garden Dolasnath colony shah colony Near sarasw vidya mandir CATEGORY

0.04 0.012 0.005

park Seating park Seating Maintanance approx

0.05 0.05 0.06 1

Hall+Library

TYPE

TOTAL UPGRADATION EXI.BLT AREA PROP.BLT

INCRESE IN AREA(in m2)

EXtnBuilt up Cost(crore) 0.3

POST OFFICE

Near station Area Near Municipal Council

Rented bldng

FIRE STATION

Increase in area

2 FIRE Engines(50 lakhs)

0.8

Total

44.485

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TABLE 21.4: Cost analysis for proposal-Phase: II PHASE II


CATEGORY TOTAL PROPOSALS Primary Schools Secondary ITI Poli Clinic Dispensary Primary Health Playground & recrn Recrn Club&medtn Community hall Police Out post 1 1 1 1 1 5 SITE AREA (in Ha) 1 0.4 2.08 1 0.3 0.5 0.17 BUILT AREA (in Sq.m) 2000 800 2600 3000 1800 3000 1020 USER CAPACITY 400 160 650 400 30 beds Appox.Land Cost(crore) 3.22 1.29 6.71 3.22 0.96 1.61 0.54 Built up Cost(crore) 3 1.2 5.2 6.6 2.7 6.6 1.53 TOTAL (In crores) 6.22 2.49 11.91 9.82 3.66 8.21 2.07

6 1 1

8.6 1.75 0.5 12000 2000 8000 1330

27.76 5.64 1.61 18 3

27.76 23.64 4.61

0.2 0.15

900 600 300 500

0.65 0.45 0.16 0.32

1.35 0.9 0.45 0.75

2 1.35 0.61 1.07

Post Office

0.05 0.1

Approx

TOTAL COST

105.42

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CHAPTER 22 INDUSTRIES
22.1 INTRODUCTION Pune region being the largest auto-hub of India, all the major players in this sector are establishing their units in this region. As inferred from the study before, the current trend of industrialization in Talegaon shows a concentration of Auto and Auto-ancillary sector. Floriculture is also a parallel growing sector in the region with a high turnover, especially from the global exports. It can be seen in the analysis presented here that providing impetus to floriculture sector in the coming years will help in creating a complementary economic base for the region. Setting up small scale industries supporting the medium and large scale industries will also help in generating employment and encouraging local investments. An increase in the employment opportunities, neutralizing the negative impacts of rapid urbanisation and heavy industrialization, greater involvement of women and promoting floriculture as a means of achieving sustainable development of economy are the major factors which have been dealt with in the industrial sector of Talegaon. 22.2 WORKFORCE DISTRIBUTION The distribution of workers in different sectors for years 2011, 2018 and 2026 are given in Table 13.1. The data for the year 2011 is from the primary survey. The per capita area requirement comes out to be approximately 750-775 sq.m per capita.As per the future expansion proposals of MIDC (Source: MIDC office- Pune) and the per capita area requirement, the employment for 2018 and 2026 are projected.The growth rate of the small scale sector industries for Pune District is approximately 15% (Source: City Development Plan of Pune). This has been used to project the employment in this sector in Talegaon in a compounded manner. Table 22.1: Projection of employment Existing Growth Rate Projected for the Projected for the (2011) (Pune Dist.) Year 2018 Year 2026 4300 Based on area 9177 (sq.m) per capita 4432 13777 6647 2180

Sector Manufacturing

Floriculture 2577 Small Scale & 238 15.0 % 634 ancillary Source: Primary Survey & City Development Plan of Pune

The proposed interventions in the employment in all the sectors can be summarized as followed: 1. Addition of 13777 jobs in the Large and Medium Scale Industries Sector 2. Addition of 6647 jobs in the Floriculture Sector 3. Addition of 2180 jobs in the Small Scale Industries Sector which shall mainly include ancillary units for the floriculture and the manufacturing sectors.

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22.3 MIDC INDUSTRIES - MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES AND FLORICULTURE SECTOR 22.3.1 AREA PROJECTIONS The Phase-II expansion of the MIDC area is proposed. It will cover an area of 552Ha, out of which we estimate, 180Ha adjoining the lake, would be reserved for Floriculture and rest 372Ha will be used as Engineering Zone (Source: MIDC office, Talegaon and Survey results). The Phase-III expansion will consist of 350Ha Engineering Zone and 215Ha Floriculture Zone. These area estimations for floriculture are done based on the policy of minimum distance of industries from a water body. Table 22.2: Area Projection for MIDC Zones S. No. Areas Engineering Zone Floriculture Zone 1 Existing MIDC Phase I 328 Ha 250 Ha 2 Phase II 372 Ha 180 Ha 3 Phase III 350 Ha 215 Ha Source: MIDC Office- Pimpri Chinchwad and Talegaon 22.3.2 WORKFORCE DISTRIBUTION The workforce density calculated in the Phase I, has been used to project the employment generated in Phase II and Phase III shall be 4877 and 4580 respectively in Engineering zone and 1855 and 2214 respectively in Floriculture zone. Apart from the MIDC area, there are approximately 880 people working in the industries within the municipal boundary of Talegaon, which makes the total workforce in the industrial sector as 5180. Table 22.3: Workforce projections for MIDC Zone Engineering zone Floriculture zone 4300 4877 4580 2577 1855 2214

S. No. 1. 2. 3.

Areas

Total 6877 6732 6795 20,404

Existing MIDC Phase I Phase II Phase III

Total projection of employment by the year 2026 Source: Primary Survey, MIDC Office- Pimpri Chinchwad and Talegaon 22.3.3 PROPOSALS FOR FLORICULTURE SECTOR

The various stages in a floriculture setup are as shown in Figure 22.1 and Figure 22.2. The proposals will aim to improve the production level, create a well-integrated system of supporting infrastructure and facilitate the interactions between different levels.

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Farm Cold Storage Shipping agent Airlines Clearing agent Sales agent Wholesale buyer Distributor Retailer Consumer
Grower Farm Sales agent Market Wholesale buyer Distributor Retailer Consumer

Figure 22.1: For Export Products

Figure 22.2: For Domestic Markets

a) The floriculture sector will be promoted as a complementary economy to the manufacturing sector. A training and research centre is proposed to be set up for addressing the shortage of trained manpower and to encourage research in modern commercial floriculture. Various ancillary industries supporting floriculture and agriculture will be set up, adding to the small-scale sector of Talegaon. They are as follows: 1. Model nurseries providing a diverse range of flower seedling varieties 2. Small units manufacturing poly houses and the tools and equipment needed for the cultivation and harvesting processes 3. Packaging units manufacturing corrugated cardboard sheets 4. Primary processing units of products for extraction, distillation, juice vending, pulping, dressing, cutting, etc. 5. Units manufacturing nets used for packaging of flowers, fruits and vegetables 6. Units making plastic disposable gloves which are extensively used both in floriculture and automobile sectors 7. Natural dye manufacturing industry using the floriculture produce b) To the north of the river Indrayani, 40Ha of land will be used for flower cultivation keeping an offset of 100m from the river. The advantages of this will be as follows: This will add to the revenue of the municipal council and also be an added attraction to the proposed riverfront development to the south of Indrayani River. It will help in maintaining the buffer between the residential settlements to the south and industries to the north.

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c) A diversification in the production of flower varieties is proposed. Based on a research conducted by floriculture specialists (Refer Floriculture Todayth 13 Jan, 2011) the flower varieties which can be grown in this area are Anthurium, Gladiolus, Carnation, Chrysanthemum, Tuberose, Rose, Gerbera, Statice (Rosemary) and Aster. Production of value- added products such as dried-flowers, seeds, potted plants, etc. should also be increased. d) Provision for post-harvest handling facilities is proposed Providing testing and cargo-handling facilities in the existing cold storage within the MIDC area A cold storage is proposed within the planning boundary catering specifically to the local flower market. e) Retail outlets will be provided in the proposed commercial centres and the waterfront development. They will also be a part of the super market chains which will come up in the future. f) Information technology and particularly internet should be used as marketing tools to promote brand recognition. 22.3.4 POLICIES FOR FLORICULTURE SECTOR a) Quality control and certification should be initiated by the government through a consortium approach among the government, proposed research centre, Horticulture Training Centre. The benefits of this policy will be as follows: This will encourage innovation in packaging, trade and marketing, increasing the brand value and gaining competitive advantage. This initiative at the local level can be taken forward as a national level policy. Encouraging PPP for this approach can help in efficient implementation of the control and certification process. Provision of periodic replantation support from Government in order to meet the changing demand in global market for variety and quality

b) The small sized farms which are not giving high return to the owners will be combined into larger farms (includes both floriculture and agriculture). The advantages of this initiative will be as follows: This will result in a cost advantage to the owners since there is a reduction in the producers average cost per unit because of sharing of inputs. As per study, larger floriculture farms provide higher economic gain as they leverage from their capacities and capture more market share as a result of larger production volumes

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22.4 SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES- NON MIDC AREA 22.4.1 WORKFORCE DISTRIBUTION At present there is a small scale industrial workforce of 238 people in Talegaon Dabhade. From the analysis, it was found that the small scale industries are more labour intensive and they require lesser area of land as compared to the large scale industries. This would result in greater employment and also encourage local investments.Based on the growth rate of the SSI in the secondary sector, approximately 129 new units are proposed, which would be functioning by the year 2026 and employ about 2180 people (Refer Table 22.4). This will help in boosting the growth of the local economy. 22.4.2 AREA REQUIREMENT According to the standards of the Small Scale Industries Board- Government of Maharashtra, each small scale sector unit requires an area in the range of 2000-10,000 sq.m/unit and 100-200 sq.m/capita. The area projections have been done as shown in Table 13.4 based on these figures. Table 22.4: Projection of employment & area required for SSI Year Existing (2011) End of 2018 End of 2026 Employment (cumulative) 238 634 2180 Area requirement (cumulative) 3.8 Ha 10.15 Ha 31.07 Ha

Source:Primary Survey, SSI Board- Govt. of Maharashtra

Note: The growth rate of Pune District, which is equal to 15%, is used for the above calculations 22.4.3 Suitability Analysis for Small Scale Industries Location The following graph shows the analysis of the wards to find the suitable locations for the proposed industrial areas. The factors considered are land availability, accessibility, sanctioned roads, availability of physical infrastructure, environmental considerations, distance from city core and land value.

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Zone-wise Suitability
6 Suitability Score 5 4 3 2 1 0

Z1

Z2

Z3

Z4

Z5 Z6 Zones

Z7

Z8

Z9

Z 10

Figure 22.3: Suitability Analysis

3 4 5

1 6 7 8 9

10

Figure 22.4: Suitability Map of the Zones

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22.4.4 PROPOSED SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES The proposed list of small scale industries have been divided in 4 groups depending upon their output type. All of them fall under the non-polluting category. The economic viability is also considered and the total number of proposed units to be proposed is worked out. Table 22.5: List of the Proposed Small & Medium Scale Industries UNIT Seed & Nursery Tools, equipments Packaging Cold storage Primary processing of products fermentation, extraction, distillation, juice vending, pulping, dressing, cutting, chopping etc. Agriculture Nets, Insect nets, Plastic Nets Plastic disposable gloves Automobile upholstery (like car seat covers) Sheet-metal Fabrication Marketing related Others TOTAL NO OF UNITS Retail outlets for flowers Consultancy services Natural dye industry 129

TYPE

Production related Processing related

22.4.5 PROPOSALS FOR SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES a. Banks and other financial institutions prioritizing specific schemes for SSI will be encouraged- For example: composite term loans scheme which envisages the sanction and disbursement of working capital and term loans together from a single agency b. Proposing raw material assistance through a mediating body which will channelize the scrap metal from MIDC industries and supply it to the related small scale industries c. Technical upgradation of the existing units through the establishment of technical service centres,recognized by the Training and Research centre

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CHAPTER 23 ENVIRONMENT
Strategieshave been evolved and methods have been proposed to achieve the targets for sustainable development with a major focus on conservation of water bodies, lake front development and controlling of air and noise pollution. Proposals have been broadly classified into two categories as follows: Immediate action plans Goals to be accomplished within 2 -3 years Long term proposals Goals to be accomplished within 10 -15 years 23.1 IMMEDIATE ACTION PLANS: 1) An action plan to identify sources of emission, quantify the concentration of the pollutants and devise a mechanism to mitigate the levels of concentration. 2) An action plan to stop water pollution by installing treatment plants and STPs at appropriate locations. 3) An action plan to identify the appropriate tree species and plant them to ensure biodiversity conservation and also protect the lake edges 4) Public awareness programs to promote environmental security 5) Site identification and methodology for the disposal of hazardous wastes 6) Ban on use of plastic bags 7) Lake cleaning and restoration 23.2 LONG TERM ACTION PLANS: 1) Beautification of water bodies by creating parks and recreational activities 2) Installation of Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring System (CAAQMS) 3) Conservation of structures of heritage value and public importance near the water bodies 23.3 PROPOSALS FOR LAKE RESTORATION: Adetailed study process will be undertaken to analyze lake ecology, lake hydrology and other physical, social, and economic factors that affect them.This will help find the problem areas and their causes so that appropriate strategies will be proposed for effective lake restoration. 23.3.1 RESTORATION OF BALADOR LAKE: It is located in between NH4 (Pune-Mumbai Highway) and Urse-Talegaon-Chakan road near the Balador Housing Project.The area of the lake is 84,845 sq.m with a catchment area of 2998232.5017sq.m. Inlet channels are indicated by A, B, C&D.The issues are: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Outlet channel E drains out into Indrayani river 80% of the lake is covered with weeds Pollution created due to increased construction activity in the surrounding area Local people use it for bathing, washing clothes, cleaning utensils etc. Untreated storm water drains into the lake

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Map 23.1: Baladore Lake and inlet points


Source:Contour Map,Talegaon Municipality

Map 23.2: Latis Lake and inlet points

23.3.2 RESTORATION OF LATIS LAKE: Latis lake is located close to Nutan Maharashtra Polytechnique college and got its name from the Latis housing project in its vicinity. Its area is 1,46,785 sq.m with a catchment area of 34,20,199.7 sq.m. Inlet channels are indicated by A,B,C,D,E&F which are getting clogged due to discharge of untreated sewage water. The issues are: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Disposal of organic waste such as flowers from the nearby temple The temple ghat is used for domestic purpose like washing of clothes, etc. Untreated storm water drains into the lake Siltation in water spread area. Outlet channel G drains out into Indrayani river It is also surrounded by informal housing settlements

23.3.3 PROCEDURES FOR RESTORATION: Restoration means returning an ecosystem to a close approximation of its condition prior to disturbance. The processes involved are aimed at improving trophic state (water quality), enhancing recreational activities (e.g. Boating, fishing), enhancing lake values (historic, conservation) and enhancing lake use (water source). It includes both lake treatment techniques and watershed management techniques. Specific strategies to address lake's nutrient enrichment problems must focus on activities in the watershed and, if needed, inlake restoration techniques. 23.3.3.1 RESTORATION STRATEGIES MAY INCLUDE: 1) Brick lining of the drains and their regular maintenance to prevent them from clogging 2) Filtration mechanism at the storm water entry points to screen the waste material 3) Diversion of drainage line from lake 4) Planting native trees to arrest soil erosion

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5) Introduction of pisciculture 6) Proper solid waste management scheme to be implemented so that dumping of domestic waste from neighbourhood, nearby temple and construction waste is stopped 7) There should be ban on usage of plastics especially in the vicinity of the lake 8) Temple ghat should be exclusively maintained for religious functions 9) In lake treatment to be carried out specially to inhabit the growth of water hyacinth, promote aquatic life, thereby restoring the lake to its previous condition. 10) Beautification of the lakes to promote it as a recreation space 23.3.3.2 BEAUTIFICATION STRATEGIES to include: 1) Provision of gardens and jogging track around the lake 2) Provision of proper landscaping (soft and hard) with seating arrangements. 3) Building of a town-hall for recreational activities 4) Informal shopping and seating 5) Boating facilities 23.3.3.3 PHASING:The restoration proposal shall be divided in two phases as follows PHASE: 1 1) Acquiring land 2) Building access roads to site 3) Cleaning of the lakes using in-lake treatment procedures and watershed area treatment 4) Erection of bund wall on the periphery of the lakes 5) Landscaping process 6) Bamboo plantation around the lake to attract migratory birds 7) Restoration of temple ghat 8) Provision of municipal bins on the periphery of the lakes PHASE 2:Includes implementation of beautification strategies 23.3.4 LAND USE PROPOSAL FOR LAKE BEAUTIFICATION
OFFSET/PROMENADE INFORMAL SHOPS GHAT AREA RESIDENTIAL GREEN BELT

RESIDENTIAL

LAKE

LAKE

GREEN BELT INFORMAL SHOPS GHAT AREA

Map 23.3: Baladore Lake and inlet points


Source:

Map 23.4: Latis Lake and inlet points

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23.3.5 GREEN BELT DEVELOPMENT The major freight movement routes which are NH-4 and SH-55 have heavy vehicular movement on them. Due to this reason huge amount of dust (SPM and RSPM) is spread in the atmosphere. The roads also get damaged frequently aggravating the dustiness. The dust spreads horizontally in the air. To mitigate the spread of dust and other vehicular emissions and provide a sound barrier the following actions need to be taken: The freight routes need to be bordered on both sides with plantation width of 10 m. The roads need to be repaired of potholes. A green belt of 10.0 m width is to be developed between MIDC and Talegaon municipal boundary. 23.3.6 URBAN FORESTRY Urban forestry has been used by many other municipalities successfully to increase the green cover and improve the environmental status of the city with measures like developing gardens, tree plantation drives, preparing an urban forestry master plan, recycling and reusing garden waste, promoting tree adoption schemes, undertaking environment awareness tours for school children, etc.

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CHAPTER 24 TOURISM, HERITAGE & RECREATION


24.1 TOURISM Tourism here primarily contributed by visitors for the industrial and commercial activities in vicinity of Talegaon mainly in MIDC and Chakan area. Proposal is regarding the future requirement of the hotels in Talegaon and developing few spots having religious, historic and aesthetic values of consideration.
Table 24.1 Existing hotels surveyed Name Area No. (in of sqm) floors 980 G+2 1200 1450 G+2 G+2 No. of single rooms 6 8 Dormitory1 No. of double rooms 10 12 17 Charges (in Rs) 680/1000 728/1040 650 Services provided Pantry /Room Service Restaurant/ Room Service Pantry/Multipurpose Hall/Room Service Pantry /Room Service Occupancy rate 90% 90% 90% No. of employees 7 10 6

Kuldeep Hotel Nupur Hotel Rammohan Lohiya

Aanand Hotel

1050

G+2

11

540/980

80%

Source: primary survey

The present location of hotels are concentrated mainly on the region between the station road and the NH-4.Hence future Government Guest house or Stay-Inns can be located in the region adjacent to the proposed highway to Chakan.
18000 16000

Percentage increase in secondary sector-238 %


Population

14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 2012 2026 Years SECONDARY TERTIARY

Percentage increase in tertiary sector-170 %

Existing Plot area under Hotels: 2.3 Ha Proposed plot area under hotels: 8.2 Ha

Figure 24.1 Projections of secondary and tertiary sector employment

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24.2 PROPOSALS FOR HERITAGE DEVELOPMENT IN TALEGAON Theme based development of zones is proposed for each zone e.g. Recreational zone, complementary zone, day visit zone and facilities proposed as per its suitability. At the town level, tourist circuit along Talegaon is done for half day visits as shown in the figure below.

Figure 24.2 Heritage trail for Talegaon- Half day

Identification of the spots is done based on the spots carrying capacity assessment along with thepriority of Tourist Spots visited within Talegaon. Proposals for important amenities and facilities are made to each of this heritage spots which have cultural significance. Significant skylines, sight lines and adequate distance between any new public or private development and heritage structures, sites and areas are key aspects to assess in the prevention of inappropriate visual and spatial encroachments or land use in significant settings.The experience, knowledge and tools developed through the conservation of individual heritage structures, sites and areas should be extended to complement the management of their setting. Economic resources should be allocated to the research, assessment and strategic planning of the conservation and management of setting of heritage structures, sites and areas. Awareness of the significance of the setting in its various dimensions is the shared responsibility of professionals, institutions, associated and local communities, who should take into account the tangible and intangible dimensions of settings when making decisions.

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Two major spots are identified as action area for the Heritage development in Talegaon first one is Baneshwar Mandir and second is Dhabade Shiva temple. The Baneshwar Mandir is sited near sukarwarpet which is access by Urse Talegaon road. This temple has a great historic value as built by Sarsenapati Khanderao Yesajirao Dabhade (Personal property of the Sardar Dabhade Family of Talegaon Dabhade). The Samadhi of Sarsenapati Khanderao Dabhade and Sarsenapati Umabaisaheb Dabhade and other royal family members of Sardar Dabhade family are situated near the temple. The personal cremation grounds of the Sardar Dabhade Family are also in the premises of the temple. Due to no proper accessibility it is being hided. Lack of maintenance leads to growth of swamps inside the temple complex along with uncontrolled vegetation and open drains. Another treat being the nearby railway line leads to vibration leading to weakening of the foundation of the temple. So to solve these problem faced by the temple our proposals are first to widen the access road, providing parking and toilet facilities for the coming visitors along with some commercial activities for the economic gain for the nearby people. Secondly protection of the site and the monument along with the precincts by listing the temple in the monument list of the state town planning authority. Putting sand bag or rock bed along the railway track is required to protect the foundation of the monument from the vibration. The provision of electric crematorium in place of the old crematorium building.

Figure 24.3 Baneshwar Mandir

Figure 24.4 Dhabade shiva temple

The Dabhade shiva temple is sited near the Baneshwar Temple. It lacks accessibility. So a road is proposed connecting this with the main city area. This also has a historic value of its own. In our proposal the vacant land near the temple are proposed to be acquired for the provision of parking and toilet facilities. Drinking water facilities along with shops are also plotted in this land. Provision of proper landscape, nocturnal illumination along with signage system is proposed. Listing and grading of the same to be done by the concerned authority

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for the implementation of proper type of implementation is required. The main motto is protecting the monument and the setting. Along with the economic generation and creating public awareness is required to be done in this spots. 24.3 Indrayani Riverfront Developments Indrayani river is one of the major tributaries of the Bhima river.The river rises in the high-rainfall zone (45005000 mm) of the Western Ghat, near Lonavala town, and flows through the rainshadow zone before draining into the Bhima river. It drains an area of about 995 sqkm and have a channel length of 104 km.In general, the channel of the Indrayani river is incised in bedrock basalt throughout its course. It has been designated as Medium Flow category in the Maval Taluka (Surface Water Flow report ,Pune district) And Talegaon Dabhade falls under the Surface water intake points of the river in the study demarcating villages under Maval taluka which act as intake points. The adjacent river soil is medium and Deep Black soil with salinity and alkalinity.The soil nutrient is low in Nitrogen and Phosphorous contents but high in Potassium. The predominant landuse along the basin is mainly forest, waste land and some agricultural lands with single and double cropping pattern.The watershed nos of the river are BM 25,37,38,39. Key features of the river from hydrological analysis: 1. High flood line is 560 m 2. Wooded type river bed 3. Perennial river with medium flow designation The river stretch under consideration is 8 km which is analyzed in 1 km stretch on the contour of the riverbank, river dimension, transects, sewage disposal points, adjacent neighborhood, accessibility and connection with core cities. From the analysis it is evident that the stretch 5(Fig. 24.5)

Fig. 24.5 Indrayani River stretch and contours

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24.4 ZONEWISE DETAIL: ZONE 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Organized open spaces for various activities Recreational area to include water fountains, light fountain and sculptures General landscaping and organized open spaces for ornamental plantation Food Court Restaurant

ZONE 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Designing pathways, sit outs (kiosks- open/covered with small domed chattris, etc.). General plantation for an organized forest Street furniture and public conveniences Lighting and illumination

ZONE 4 1. 2. 3. 4. Ticketing booth River boating setup Parks and Green areas for public recreational use Pathways

Figure 24.6 Riverfront Development Zones

Objectives of project 1. Employ local people throughout all levels of the project 2. Capacity-building of local communities to facilitate their active participation at all levels of the process. 3. Use plenty of signs to educate visitors about the problems of traveling off paths.

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Table 24.2 Policies and design criteria for Indrayani riverfront development Feature Natural,riverbank Land Form & Riverbank Configuration Policy Develop the land form and riverbank for the optimum use of public amenities to fulfill citizen's needs and requirements. Design the riverbank to increase the Real estate value. The Environmental Impact Assessment should be made mandatory at all levels. Design Criteria / Implementation Design the land form in relation to adjacent form of development, land use, water activities and future prospects. Design the riverbank to address the micro climate and visual connectivity. Develop the riverbank which alters the shape and direction of the waterfront promenade; vary the width of the path and different activities. Incorporate the natural landscape feature in public oriented uses such as parks, trails, walkways, agro-forestry etc and promote conditional public access in such areas. Design Criteria / Implementation To assign the compatible land use considering the adjacent form of development, zonal characteristics, potential of the site and future prospects for the optimum usage of river and riverfront land. Promote harmony in the visual relationships and transitions between the new and existing development. Design the street pattern and building block to emphasis significant view, topography and landmark (Manmade and natural).

Natural Landscape features

Feature Built up Land Use

Policy Providing such compatible land uses which will respond to the market conditions and help to generate the economic opportunities for the city. Preserve and create an urban form which gives to the district or neighborhood an image.

Urban Fabric

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Feature urban landscape Usage and Activity

Policy

Design Criteria / Implementation

Provide quality open space in sufficient quantity and variety to meet the demand of residents, workers and visitors.

Create and develop landscape and open spaces at strategic locations in the existing and new development for the positive impact to the districts and surrounding areas. Provide and promote easy, safe and convenient access to open space and recreational facilities provided for various age groups. Local employment from the surrounding villages.

Table 24.3 Cost Estimate for Development

Location

Development activities

Develop ed area (in sqmt)

Cost of* acquisition(i n cr)

Cost of* develop ment (in cr)

Total Cost (in cr)

Land ownership

DabadhE Restoration by Shiva temple anastylosis, Reconstrcution,Repro duction & Consolidation works Baneshwar Road side plantation Temple (1 km on both sides),Developing forest nursery around @0 .25 acre, Construction of 8 seat public toilet , Shock wave protection by Walling,Road Widening near junctions @1.2 km ,NewElectric Crematorium, Signage& illumination riverfront Greenbelt and development construction of steps from new bridge ,Gardens and soft landscaping: Removal

22500

2.02

6.75

8.77

municipal corporatio n

1156

0.1

0.28

0.38

municipal corporatio n

35974

3.2

2.62

5.82

agricultur al land

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of solid waste dumped along river bank ,miscellaneous works riverfront Road side plantation 125336 10.99 development (2 km) Floriculture retail outlet Construction of Meditation Centre, Community Hall & viewing tower ,Securitv Guards (excluding operation & maintence), Boating Equipments,Drinking water fountains,Lighting on river banks ,Construction of steps, boat landing facility, and walkway along right bank ,Construction of ghats ,Construction of 3 mid stream fountains ,Piers foot bridge, Gardens and soft landscaping:,Construct ion of 10 Toilet Blocks green verge Medicinal herb 34343 3.01 nursery green verge Social forestry 75893 6.65 TOTAL 272702 23.95 *govt share (20% in pp model) =Rs 1200000 lakhs

36.79

47.78

govt land

10.08 22.2 71.97

13.09 28.85 95.92

govt land govt land

Note: Cost estimation is approximate and has been made on the basis of surveys, Draft Development Plan of Talegaon Dabhade Revised (2nd Revision) and feasibility report for the environmental improvement action plan at Alandi.

**Estimated cost for acquisition of govt. lands and private lands considered Rs 87.72 & Rs 89.93 respectively

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Table 24.4 Revenue generation from the developments Cost recovery activities Marriage hall Fair ground Amusement park Cost per activity cost per function Rs 1 lakhs cost per function Rs 10000 cost of ticket per person = Rs 15 considering per day 20 persons Annual Turnover cost per year 60 lakhs* cost considering this will occur for 1 months 15days in a year = Rs 450000 lakhs cost per year = Rs 109500

From retail shops From formal considering 15 shops shops paying a rent Rs 2500 per month From informal considering 30 shops shop paying a rent Rs 300 per month From restaurant 5 big shops paying Rs and food stalls 3500 / month 10 small shops paying Rs 500 / month

cost per year Rs 450000

cost per year Rs 108000

cost per year Rs 210000 cost per year Rs 60000

Total revenue generated per year Rs 2587500 Excluding Operation & Maintenance Cost @ 15%, Net income is 2.19 Cr per year Number of years required to recover the cost of development =32 yrs 9 months

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24.5 PARKS AND OPEN SPACES Parks, playgrounds, tot-lots and community open spaces help keep people and their communities fit and healthy. Physical activity is essential for maintaining fitness and health. A sedentary lifestyle is contributes to an increased incidence of obesity along with obesityrelated diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, congestive heart failure, and stroke. Studies have shown that when people have access to parks, they exercise more. Parks, greenways, and trails make transportation corridors more attractive and pedestrian friendly. Greenways support dedicated exercise programs; and healthy, humanpowered transportation such that greenways can even decrease the number of cars on the road, reduce air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and the accidents and stress that are by-products of driving. Physical activity relieves symptoms of depression and anxiety; and enhances psychological well-being. Surgical patients recover faster with windows that look out on trees. Horticultural therapy is a form of mental health treatment based on the therapeutic effects of gardening. Residents in housing projects with views of trees or grass experience reduced mental fatigue and report that they are better able to cope with lifes problems. Children who suffer from attention deficit disorder (ADD) can concentrate better after taking part in activities in green settings. Parks and tot-lots provide children with opportunities for play, and play is critical in the development of muscle strength and coordination, language, and cognitive abilities. Parks also build healthy communities. Research shows that residents of neighborhoods with greenery in common spaces enjoy stronger social ties. In the 1920's, Clarence Perry introduced a concept that he referred to as "The Neighborhood Unit" where Perry utilized the 5-minute walk to define walking distances from residential to non-residential components such as parks, tot-lots and other open green spaces for recreational activities. According to this concept every residential area should have parks/playgrounds/tot-lots within 1/4th mile radius for easy walkability, this concept has been applied in allotting parks and open spaces in the development plan of Talegaon Dabhade for convenience of the residents.

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24.6 Analysis of existing parks and open spaces First the required area for parks/ open recreational spaces has been calculated per ward based on UDPFI guidelines and existing population per ward. We know the existing area of parks and open spaces [land-use survey data], thus we can compute the addition area requirement for parks and open spaces.

Figure 24.7: Comparison between existing open spaces and additional open spaces required

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Figure 24.8: Comparison between additional open space requirement and vacant land available It is observed that in some wards [ward nos. 3, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 21, 22] sufficient vacant land is not available for additional recreational area. Where vacant land is available proposal for parks/tot-lots/other recreational open spaces have been made. In some areas upgradation and development of existing recreational open spaces have been proposed. Conscious effort has been made to provide parks/tot-lots/other recreational open spaces within 1/4th mile radius from all residential areas [existing and proposed].

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Table 24.5 Parks/Tot-Lots/Other Recreational Open Spaces Wards being served [1/4mile walking distance]
22,23,9,8 7,9,10,11 11,21 17 18 19,20 19,20 7,8 16 12,13 4,5,11,12 6 6 6 6 2 1 1 1 3,4 3,4 3,4 14,15 15 16 16 16

Name of park/totlot/other recreational open area


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N 0 P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A' TOTAL

Ward no.

Area in sqm

Cost of acquisition in lakhs


308.13 36.4 21.76 82.53 32.27 EXISTING 195.8 308.13 EXISTING 268.14 480.95 71.88 20.22 229.18 144.9 104.16 52.12 26.67 25.58 25.1 EXISTING EXISTING 228 40.45 EXISTING 165.16 2867.53

Cost of development in lakhs


91.15 12.64 7.56 23.85 9.33 58.42 91.15 96.64 140.82 21.06 5.93 75.29 47.97 34.48 17.25 8.83 8.47 8.31 68.12 12.08 49.35 888.7

23 7,9 11 17 18 19 19,20 8 16 13 5 6 6 6 6 2 1 1 1 3 3 3 15 15 16 16 16

27029 3193 1909 7240 2831 5323 17176 24043 13641 23523 42189 6309 1775 20104 10592 7614 3810 1950 1870 1835 802 2004 20000 3548 4453 14488

Source: Land-Use Survey and Draft Development Plan of Talegaon Dabhade by Town Planning & Valuation Department, Pune. Note: Cost estimation has been made on the basis of surveys conducted by students of Master of City Planning, IIT Kharagur and Draft Development Plan of Talegaon Dabhade by Town Planning & Valuation Department, Pune.

Total estimated cost for acquisition and development of parks/tot-lots/other recreational open spaces=Rs 3756.23 lakhs=Rs 37.56 crores approximately.

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CHAPTER 25 DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT & FINANCE


25.1 INTRODUCTION The 74th Amendment in the constitution makes Local Self Government to facilitate the planning process through Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act, 1966. The MR&TP Act 1966 provides three tier planning process; a Regional Plan, a Development Plan and a Town Planning Scheme. 25.2. AIM The aim of the development plan is to make areas under TDMC economically vibrant, selfreliant and sustainable having diverse opportunities with a rich culture in which all the citizens enjoy safe and liveable environment with good connectivity. 25.3. CORE ISSUES The Development Plan is an assimilation of a number of Sector Plans. The sectors covered are: 1. Institutional Strengthening 2. Land Use and Spatial development and housing 3. Roads and Transport 4. Physical infrastructure like water supply, sewerage and sanitation, drainage, solid waste management 5. Expansion of industries mainly floriculture 6. Commerce and economy 7. Lake and river front development 8. Tourism and Heritage Conservation 9. Environment 25.4. PROJECT PRIORITIZATION It is based on the following criteria: 1. Citizens Priorities based on household survey, 2. Investment needs estimate prepared after analyzing demand-supply Gap and 3. Financial Sustainability of TDMC under the current scenario as well as after reforms scenario. 25.5. DEVELOPMENT CONTROL RULES OF MAHARASHTRA 25.5.1. LAND USE CLASSIFICATION The various land use classification shall be in the following zones: 1. Residential Zone: a) Purely residential (R1) b) Residential with shop lines at ground floor (R2) 2. Agricultural producers marketing Committee zone 3. Industrial zone a) Services industrial zone (I1). b) Light and extensive industries. (I2)

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c) Heavy, large scale and obnoxious or hazardous industries. (I3) 4. No development zone 5. Special reservations Source:development control guidelines of government of Maharashtra Urban Development and Public Health Deptt 25.5.2.REGULATIONS FOR GAOTHAN AND SIMILAR CONGESTED AREAS 25.5.2.1. FOR RESIDENTIAL Floor Area Ratio. - The permissible F.A.R. shall be 1.5 for purely residential buildings and in case of mixed residential and commercial or other user; additional F.A.R. to the extent of 0.5 for the non-residential user only shall be permissible. 25.5.2.2. OTHER BUILDING. a) Floor Area Ratio. - Maximum Floor Area Ratio shall be 2.0. b) Built-up Area. - Maximum Built-up Area shall be 50 per cent of plot area. c) Open Spaces. - A clear open space of 3 m all around the building shall be provided 25.5.3. REGULATION OF DEVELOPMENT OUTSIDE THE CONGESTED AREA. 25.5.3.1. BUILT UP AREA. The maximum permissible built-up area shall be not more than 1/3 rd of plot area. a) F.A.R. - The maximum F.A.R. shall be 1. 25.5.3.2. RULES FOR ROADS/STREET LAYOUT (MAHARASHTRA) 1. Residential Areas. (I) Minimum with of layout roads or internal roads in sub-division proposal shall not be less than the following: Table25.0: regulation for road width in residential areas Length of road Up to 75m Above 75m and up to 150m Above 150m and up to 300m Above 300m Minimum width 6.0 m. 9.0 m. 12.0m or as may be required by the authority but not exceeding 15m. 15.0m or more as may be required by the authority in view of the projected traffic on importance of road.

2. Commercial and Industrial Areas. - The minimum width of layout road or internal road in sub-division proposals shall not be less than the following: Table1: regulation for road width in commercial & industrial areas
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Table 25.1: Proposed Institutional Responsibility Length of road Up to 75m Above 75m and up to 150m Above 150m Minimum width 12.0 m. 13.5 m. 15m. or more as may be required by projected traffic

25.6. INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITY MATRIX Table 25.2: Proposed Institutional Responsibility Urban Infrastructure Planning and Design TDMC GOVERNMENT OF MAHARASHTRA URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH DEPTT PHED PHED, TDMC PWD,TDMC RTO Construction Operation and Maintenance

Land Use/Master Plan Building Byelaws

Water Supply Sewerage Roads/Bridges/flyovers/Multilevel Parking Traffic Control and Management System City Public Transportation Private operators Storm Water Drainage Solid Waste Disposal Street Lighting Parks, Playgrounds, beautification of road intersections Air , water and noise pollution control Slum Development Urban Poverty Programmes Housing for EWS Heritage Building Conservation

PPP TDMC TDMC MSPCB

TDMC,state and centre TDMC TDMC,MHADA ASI

25.7. REFORMS IN THE TDMC FINANCE AND GOVERNANCE Table 25.3: TDMC reforms STRATEGY Increasing revenue generation KEY ACTIONS Increasing realization from existing taxes (within existing tax structure parameters) through better identification, billing,

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In addition to revenue mobilisation, TDMC needs to explore expenditure reduction measures

Controlling the growth of expenditure

Leveraging available surpluses/ own resources Governance

assessment, collection and enforcement Carrying out changes in tax structure (principles underlying purpose, tax base, rates, slabs, exemptions, rebates, etc.) Publish the property tax records at the ward level. This will bring in transparency in the system. The TDMC must promote cross subsidy projects. Introducing new sources of revenue like cesses (Conservancy cess); and Introducing stepped tariff structure for water connections. Identify and assess the sector wise expenditure to categorizes specific expenditure control measures Appoint an agency for carrying out a cost audit of all the expenditure, incurred service-wise Making all-round improvements in the tax administration process to facilitate revenue generation; Improving the quality of accounting, budgeting and financial management processes to facilitate improved Management Information Systems (MIS) and better cost control Legal and policy changes to widen the revenue base of thecouncil Communicating with the public and within the organisation to build popular support for the reform initiatives Outsourcing high energy consuming maintenance worksof municipal services to target energy efficiency with revenuesharing model. Outsourcing non administrative and nontechnical operations of most of the municipal functions like a) Property Tax database management, demand notices generation, arrears collection, etc. b) Non-core functions in the Vehicle/ workshop department TDMC needs to create such funds like the depreciation fund, infrastructure fund, disaster management fund, etc.to meet unplanned and emergency expenses to have prudent financial management Data indicators for efficiency and quality at ward level must be published. For example, cost of expenditure incurred per student, cost per collection of waste ton, etc. This will create awareness amongst citizens and create bottom up pressure and thus will result in providing of efficient services. Further decentralization must be incorporated in the system. For example, licensing and taxing rights need to be given to ward officers. The function of the Central body must be limited to monitoring, planning and executing. Discriminatory pricing policy should be established.

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Spending must be done on a priority basis Benchmarking of services needs to be done by TDMC Budgeting must be a five yearly process Any revenue model must be based on the following principles: Simple and user friendly, Pricing, Collection mechanism, Transparency and Growth area Project and Investment for Municipal Governance : Total Investment Rs. 5 Crores As a part of municipal governance, it is proposed to modernize the systems; implement remote sensing and GIS based monitoring system and other computerization programmes. 25.8 .FUND REQUIREMENTS FOR INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT Table 25.4: Fund requirements for proposed development SECTOR PROJECTS Investments Required (Rs in lakhs) Cost per total project 147 12300 200 4500 240

Physical infrastructure water supply

Laying and joining of raw water main / rising main Treatment plant 20 MLD Construction of ESR/GSR (20*5MLD) Clear Water Pumping Mains (2 km)

Extension of distribution network within the 963 city (35.5 km) Development of distribution in newly developed areas (24.6km) Establishing Customer Connections Meters (1.50 lakh meters) Providing Public Taps (4500 no.s) 613

3241

48

Leak Detection Study and Rehabilitation Program for Water Supply System Energy Efficiency Study Strengthening of Water Testing Laboratory

50

25 120

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at Filter Plant Replacement of Old Pump sets Others (Construction of Anicut, C.W.Pump sets, Electric Substation, Communication and Miscellaneous) Civil & electromechanical Works Design & Supervision Consultancy Cost sewerage system One STPs 35 MGD One STPs 20 MGD Laying of Secondary and Tertiary Sewers (128km) Laying of Main Sewers (40km) Surface Drainage Network in all areas (170km) Construction of Public toilets (350 no.s) 700 700

462 289 5000 3000 3427 15326

1600 1360

350

Civil and Electro-Mechanical works of SPS (1.5% of the total cost)

221

Design and Supervision Consultancy (2.5% of the total cost) storm water drainage System De-silting and Alignment of major drains 5.44km Lining and Restructuring of medium Drains

368

3816

6136

1220

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18.88 km Construction of New drains in new Colonies 11.65km Construction of Other Drains & Water bodies and Management of those all nallahs Design and Supervision Consultancy (2.5% of the total cost) Road and transportation Roads(new and widening) FOB@StnChowk, ROB@Ghorewadi ROB@Manohar Nagar near Nagar parishad ROB near River Devp Site new ST Stand Agriculural land for Expansion of floriculture industries Land for industries Indrayani Riverfront development Dabhade Shiv temple conservation Baneshwar temple Restoration formal Sunday market station market shantai city centre exhibition centre wholesale market Ghorawadi Development cost for govt. housing Land acquisition for govt. housing 100

850

149.66

3357 27 67 85 52 568 5220 9662 1419 877 38 630 545 758 695 4140 295 2161 1053

4572

Industries

14882

Tourism and Conservation Commerce and economy

2334

7063

Housing Total (All Sectors)

3215 65828

25.9. INNOVATIVE FINANCING AND PPP Public funds alone shall not be adequate for meeting investment needs in TDMC. It needs innovative financing like 1. market-based funds 2. land-based sources and 3. public private partnerships (PPP).

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25.9.1. MUNICIPAL BONDS: a) Taxable bonds, tax-free bonds and pooled financing b) Pooled Finance Development Fund (PFDF) c) Sale of land is used as an instrument for financing urban infrastructure 25.9.2. LAND AS A RESOURCE FOR FINANCING: Several land based financing methods like higher Floor Space Index (FSI), Transferable Development Rights (TDR), Impact Fee, Area Linked Development Charge, External Development Charge, Betterment Levy, etc. must be used as tools for financing development 25.9.3. PPP: As a response to lack of access to finance and restriction on recruiting new personnel, etc. TDMC will outsource various tasks to other agencies that aim to increase access to these services, so a number of public private partnership (PPP) options will be emerged. Eg.PPP in solid waste management. Table 25.5 : objectives & outcomes Objectives Service Efficiency or effectiveness Outcomes a. Efficient mode of Improved service delivery b. Improved coverage and access to services c. Promotion of equity in service delivery Mobilization and Capacity Building a. Public awareness programs and training methods Accountability and Transparency a. E-governance or e-services b. Simplification of procedures Civic Participation and Citizen a. Consultative process with citizens and other engagement stakeholders b. Public interactive or redressal forums Equity of Services a. Measured locally in terms of access, standards, or level of services and affordability

The core local financing principle suggests that users, beneficiaries, polluters, and congesters pay. User charges are the first-best instruments for meeting the cost of public services. User charges are especially important as they signal to consumers the scarcity value of the services and to service providers the quantum of demand that needs to be met. Parking fee is an important instrument of revenue enhancement through user charges for local governments. It also serves to influence commuting choices in favour of public transport. With the emergence of a large middle class and the absence of good systems of public transport, this instrument has significant potential for generating revenue for TDMC. 25.9.4. REFORMS for property tax a) Property tax on constructed property should be levied under an ABS whereby there is a slab rate per square foot, based on location, type of construction, and type of

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use. However, vacant land tax should be levied on the basis of the ready-reckoner capital value; b) All government properties should form part of the tax base. In case of sovereign properties on which tax levy is not possible due to Constitutional embargo, appropriate service charges may be levied; c) The base for levying property tax should be revalued every five years. In the interim, some minimal annual indexation for inflation adjustment should be made to allow for a smooth transition to the new value of the property; The Government of Maharshtra needs to amend the Maharashtra Municipal Councils, Nagar Panchayats and Industrial Township Acts, 1965permitting a move from the ARV system to a CV system for property tax assessment. According to the CV system, property taxes will be levied on the total property cost, which is defined as the cost of land and construction minus depreciation. Administrative reforms include strengthening enforcement of property tax collections, expanding the tax base by updating property tax rolls via discovery of new properties, computerizing billing and collection, and introducing self assessment schemes where residents could declare their property tax dues on a standardized form and avoid frequent interaction with rent seeking tax collectors. Implement a Geographic Information System (GIS) to identify unassessed properties and computerized its municipal tax records. Valuation improvements to increase average tax payments per property 25.10. VARIOUS SCHEMES IN INDIA Table 25.6: Scheme Sl no Scheme purpose Funding body Area allow ed Whether existing in TDMC Yes/no 1. Maharashtra Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project (Jalswarajya) 2. National Urban Information establish a comprehensive information system in the urban local bodies for Central Urban Areas Yes improving the water and sanitation services in the villages of Maharashtra state. World Bank Rural areas Yes

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System (NUIS) Scheme

planning, management and decentralized governance in the context of provisions of scientific planning and implementation.

3.

I.H.S.D.P.

Improvement of Basic Services for the urban poor as well as boosting the growth of the towns of the state in a uniform and harmonic manner.

Central and State

Urban

Yes

4.

National Rural Health Mission

Provide for an accessible, affordable, acceptable and accountable health care through a functional public health system.

Central

Rural

Yes

5.

SwarnaJayanti Gram SwarozgarYojan a (SGSY)

Provide employment to poor people living in rural areas of the country.

Central

Rural Area

Yes

6.

SwarnaJayantiSh A rationalized poverty alleviation ahariRozgarYoja scheme. na (SJSRY) RashtriyaKrishiV ikasYojana Aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector.

Central

Urban Area

Yes

7.

World bank

Rural Area Rural Area

Yes

8.

PradhanMantri Provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected Gram SadakYojana(PM villages. GSY) Kisan Nursery This scheme is given training regarding the raising of seedling and their maintenance. These scheme is for families with annual income of Rs 1 lakh will get cashless medical treatment and patient will also be paid travel allowance to and from the

Central

Yes

9.

State

Rural Area

Yes

10

Rajiv Gandhi Jeevandayi medical scheme

State

Urban Yes &Rura l Areas

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hospital.

11

Mahavitaran

12

13

14

15

A public sector company which distributes electricity to all regions of the state; except Mumbai city and the most part of its suburban region Khadi and plan, promote, facilitate, organize and assist in the establishment Village and development of khadi and Industries village industries in the rural areas Commission in coordination with other (KVIC) agencies engaged in rural development AamAadmiBima Insurance cover to the head of the yojana family of rural landless households in the country. Sampoornagram aims to provide employment and eenrozgaryojana food to people in rural areas who lived below the poverty line Mahatma 100 days wage employment for Gandhi National development works in rural areas. Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) To provide life insurance protection to the Rural and Urban poor persons below poverty line and marginally above poverty line.

State(Privat e Sector)

Urban Area

Yes

Central

Rural area

Yes

Central

Rural Area Rural Area Rural Area

Yes

Central

Yes

Central

N0

16. Jan Shree BimaYojna

State

Rural & Urban Area Rural Area

Yes

17.

Primary Health, Primary PradhanMantriG Education, Housing, Rural Roads ramodayaYojan and Drinking Water and Nutrition a (PMGY) with the overall objective of improving the quality of life of people in rural areas. 18. Bharat Nirman Development of India through irrigation, Water supply, Housing, Road, Telephone and electricity. 19. programmeoftre Tree planting is the process of e plantation transplanting tree seedlings, generally for forestry, land reclamation, or landscaping

Central

Yes

Central

Rural Area Urban & Rural

Yes

State

Yes

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purposes

Area

20. The Indo German Watershed Development Programme(IG WDP) 21. Rajiv Gandhi GrameenVidyuti karanYojana

An integrated programme for rehabilitation of watersheds for the regeneration of natural resources.

State

Rural Area

Yes

Extending electrification of all villages and habitations and ensuring electricity to every household.

Central

Rural Area

Yes

25.11.CHALLENGES A challenge in estimating and projecting capital expenditure in the urban sector from the municipal finance data arises from the fact that a significant proportion of this expenditure is incurred by parastatals and state government departments, and not by ULBs. TDMC can borrow from the market only within limits and with explicit approval of the Maharashtra government. Municipal entities need to be strengthened as local governments with own sources of revenue, predictable formula-based transfers from state governments as part of revenue-sharing arrangements, and other transfers from the Government of India and Maharashtra government to help them discharge the larger responsibilities. This will enable TDMC to leverage its own resources to incur debt and also access new forms of financing through public private partnership (PPP). Only then can it augment the urban infrastructure base, provide improved quality of services on a sustainable basis to its residents, and contribute to the growth momentum of the Indian economy. 25.12. REVENUE The TDMCs own sources of revenue are primarily property taxes and octroi. Own revenue of TDMC accounts for 41.29% of the total revenue in 2010. It has increased from Rs 13,421,929 to Rs 56,416,000. To improve municipal finance implement geographical information system (GIS) to map all properties Self-assessment and online payment.

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8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2018 2026

Figure 25.1: projection of municipal finance Based on the growth rate of 59.955% in the percapita income from year 2002 to year 2010 we projected the total percapita income for year 2018 and year 2026 respectively assuming the growth rate of 59.95% to be constant. So the total income in year 2026 for the tdmc will be=Rs 6977x153965 =Rs 1,074,213,805 CONCLUSION As the municipality is having low revenue from its own source it has to keep on depending on the state and central grants. All the projects which are to be undertaken will be based on the financial generating viability of the project. The project should be self reliant. We promote ppp models for most of the projects under the tourism and housing sector. The municipality will only act as the regulator and facilitator.

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