Prism Periscope

Principle of the periscope. The periscope on the left uses mirrors whereas the right uses prisms. a Mirrors b Prisms c Observer's eye     The periscope is built using two right-angled prisms. The critical angle of the glass prism is 42° Total internal reflection occurs when the light rays strike the inside face of a 45° angles with an angle of incidence, I, greater than the critical angle, C. The image produced is upright and has the same size as the object

Uses of Prism Periscope
 Periscopes allow a submarine, when submerged at a shallow depth, to search visually for nearby targets and threats on the surface of the water and in the air. Periscopes, in some cases fixed rifles, served in World War I to enable soldiers to see over the tops of trenches, thus avoiding exposure to enemy fire (especially from snipers). Tanks use periscopes extensively: they enable drivers or tank commanders to inspect their situation without leaving the safety of the tank.

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