SPM PRECAUTION

EXP: Measuring Instrument - Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale read. (for ammeter / voltmeter / measuring cylinder etc) - Take into account zero error of instrument. (for caliper / micrometer / weight scale etc.) Exp: Spring / Hookes Law - Make sure the spring is not loaded beyond the elastic limit. (spring return to original length when load is taken off). - Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale of the ruler. Exp: Heat - Liquid must be stirred constantly so that temperature rises evenly. - Alluminium block must be wrapped with insulating material to prevent heat lost. - Thermometer bulb should be smeared with oil to give better thermal contact with the block. - Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale of the thermometer. Exp: Light - Experiment must be carried out in dark room. - Lens, screen and object must be in line - Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale of the ruler. Exp: Electricity - All connections of wire & other device must be tight. - Off the switch after readings are taken to prevent wires from heating up (resistance increase) - Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale of the ammeter/ voltmeter. *NOTE The below precautions are often written in exams: - eyes must be perpendicular to the scale to avoid parallax error. - repeat the experiment and find the average

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