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Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

Name:

Energy Transfer Model

ENERGY “Cheat”sheet

Symbol
Flavor of Energy
When is this energy present?
Equation
Notes

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from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

Cart Launched Up a Ramp

!

1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Spring 1: k = 0.034 N/cm
Spring 2: k = 0.069 N/cm
Fs (N)

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006 !

! x (cm)

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Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

Practice 1: Energy Pie Charts

INSTRUCTIONS: Use pie charts to analyze the energy changes in each situation given.

Designate your choice of system by explicitly listing the objects included.

Divide the pies in a qualitatively accurate fashion, and label them with the energy storage mechanism involved.

1.

!

A ball is held above the ground, and then is dropped so it falls straight down.

(Restrict your analysis to the ball moving in the air, BEFORE it hits the ground.)

List the objects in your system

Draw a pie chart for each position

List the objects in your system

Draw a pie chart for each position

2.

A wind-up toy is wound up, then "walks" across a table and comes to a stop.

!

List the objects in your system

Draw a pie chart for each position

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3.

5.

An object rests on a coiled spring, and is then launched upwards.

!

Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

4. A piece of clay is dropped to the ﬂoor.

System Schema

Draw a pie chart for each position

System Schema

Draw a pie chart for each position

A truck is driven at constant speed down the street.

System Schema

Draw a pie chart for each position

6.

A cart is launched up a ramp by a spring.

System Schema

Draw a pie chart for each position

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– 4 –

Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

Practice 2: LOL Diagrams

7. A car on a frictionless roller coaster track, launched by a huge spring, makes it to the top of the loop.

Initial
Final
v
v=0

Initial

Energy Flow

Final

Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm
Initial
Energy Flow
Final
Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm
Initial
Energy Flow
Final
Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm

Qualitative conservation equation:

8. Same as the ﬁrst time, but with the spring outside of the system.

Initial
Final
v
v=0

Qualitative conservation equation:

9. Same as the ﬁrst time, but with friction between the cart and the track.

Initial
Final
v
v=0

Qualitative conservation equation:

– 5 –

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

10. Same as the ﬁrst time, but we take our ﬁnal snapshot earlier this time (the cart is only half-way up the loop).

Initial
Final
v=0
v

Initial

Energy Flow

Final

Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm
Initial
Energy Flow
Final
Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm
Initial
Energy Flow
Final
Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm

Qualitative conservation equation:

11. A car moving up a hill coasts to a stop.

Initial
Final
v
v=0

Qualitative conservation equation:

12. A person pushes a stalled car to get it to the service station.

Initial
Final
v
v=0

Qualitative conservation equation:

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– 6 –

Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

13. Superman, stopping a speeding locomotive, is pushed backwards a few meters in the process.

Initial

Final

Initial

Energy Flow

Final

Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm
Initial
Energy Flow
Final
Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm
Initial
Energy Flow
Final
Diagram
K
U
U
K
g
U g
s
U s
E therm

v

v=0

Qualitative conservation equation:

14. A load of bricks, resting on a compressed spring, is launched into the air.

Initial
Final
v
v=0
y=0

Qualitative conservation equation:

15. Same as before, but with the y = 0 m line moved to the ceiling.

Initial
Final
v
v=0
y=0

Qualitative conservation equation:

– 7 –

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

16. Same as the previous page, but now draw an LOLOLOL (that is, draw an energy bar chart showing 4 distinct snapshots of your choosing). Bonus: Draw even more L’s by choosing additional distinct snapshots.

Qualitative conservation equation:

17. A cart is launched up a ramp by a spring.

Qualitative conservation equation:

Qualitative conservation equation:

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– 8 –

Honors Physics / Unit 07 / ETM

19. A moving block hits a spring, traveling at 5 m/s at the time of contact. At the instant the block is motionless, by how much is the spring compressed? Assume none of the initial energy ends up stored as thermal energy.

Initial

Final

 m=8.0 kg k=50 N/m v=5.0 m/s v=0

Qualitative conservation equation:

Initial

U

K

g

U

s

Energy Flow

Diagram

Final

K

U g

U s

E therm

20. Determine ﬁnal velocity of the cart, assuming that 10% of the initial energy ends up stored as thermal energy due to the friction between the cart and the road.

Initial
Final
v=0
5m
m=20 kg
v=?
0
Qualitative conservation equation:

Initial

U

K

g

U

s

Energy Flow

Diagram

Final

K

U g

U s

E therm

– 9 –

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Honors Physics /

Unit 07

/ ETM

!

Solving

The

of 100 N.

a speed of 1.2 m/s

force

Problem

kg box with a

The box starts with

Practice 3:

Throckmorton pulls a 50

coefﬁcient of kinetic friction is 0.15.

 and moves 6 meters before you get bored watching your cousin pull a box.

– 10 –

from Modeling Workshop Project

Honors Physics

/

Unit 07 / ETM

A

24 kg

child descends a 5.0 m high slide

22.

and reaches the ground with

a

speed

of 2.8

m/s.

23. A

chunk of rock of mass 50.0 kg slides down the side

of a volcano that slopes up

at an angle

of 30.0º

to

the

horizontal.

and

If

the

rock accelerates at a rate of

the

side of the volcano?

3.0 m/s 2 , what is the coefﬁcient of kinetic friction between

the rock

– 11 –

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Modeling Workshop Project

2006

Honors Physics /
24. A man stands
on the roof
of a
building that
is
30.0 m tall and
throws a rock with a velocity
at
an angle of
33.0 degrees above the horizontal. Air resistance
may be
ignored.

/ ETM

40.0 m/s

Unit 07

of magnitude

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– 12 –

the

spring

A on a

point

N. When

0.60 m and

block to the right

go of the block.

pull the

horizontal force of 20

you let

the back of the block at

to a spring with length

at rest with

horizontal table. You

/ Unit 07 / ETM

surface with a constant

the

0.500 kg block attached

constant 40 N/m is

very low-friction,

along

back of the block reaches point B,

Honors Physics

25. A

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Modeling Workshop Project

2006

26. A 2.00

Unit 07

spring

/ ETM

a

140 N/m

Honors Physics /

long spring with

of friction

4.00 m from a

coefﬁcients

k = 0.20.

incline,

and µ

incline are µ s = 0.40

the

kg package is released from rest on a 53.1º

constant that is attached at the bottom of the incline. The

between the package and

– 14 –

from Modeling Workshop Project

Unit 07 / ETM

Honors Physics

/

27. In

a physics

compressed

left the spring.

lab

is

it

When the spring

below the point at which

ﬂoor 1.5 meters

the

a 20 g ball horizontally.

and lands on

5.0 m

clamped to the table shoots

experiment, a spring

20 cm, the ball travels horizontally

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Modeling Workshop Project