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2K views16 pagesEnergy Transfer materials for my Honors Physics class (high school sophomores)

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Energy Transfer materials for my Honors Physics class (high school sophomores)

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

100%(1)100% found this document useful (1 vote)

2K views16 pagesEnergy Transfer materials for my Honors Physics class (high school sophomores)

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

You are on page 1of 16

Name: ________________________________

ENERGY Cheatsheet

Symbol Flavor of Energy When is this energy present? Equation Notes

!

1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0

Fs (N)

.03 =0 1: k ng Spri

r Sp

in

:k g2

69 .0

cm N/

cm 4 N/

10

12

14

16

18

20

!x (cm)

INSTRUCTIONS: Use pie charts to analyze the energy changes in each situation given. Designate your choice of system by explicitly listing the objects included. Divide the pies in a qualitatively accurate fashion, and label them with the energy storage mechanism involved. 1. ! A ball is held above the ground, and then is dropped so it falls straight down. (Restrict your analysis to the ball moving in the air, BEFORE it hits the ground.)

2.

A wind-up toy is wound up, then "walks" across a table and comes to a stop.

3.

!

4.

System Schema

System Schema

5.

A truck is driven at constant speed down the street. System Schema Draw a pie chart for each position

6.

System Schema

7. A car on a frictionless roller coaster track, launched by a huge spring, makes it to the top of the loop.

Initial Final K v=0 v Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

8.

Same as the rst time, but with the spring outside of the system.

Initial Final K v=0 v Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

9.

Same as the rst time, but with friction between the cart and the track.

Initial Final K v=0 v Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

10. Same as the rst time, but we take our nal snapshot earlier this time (the cart is only half-way up the loop).

Initial Final K v=0 v Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

Initial Final

v=0 v

Initial K Ug Us

Final Us Etherm

Initial Final K v Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

v=0

13. Superman, stopping a speeding locomotive, is pushed backwards a few meters in the process.

Initial Final K v v=0 Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

14. A load of bricks, resting on a compressed spring, is launched into the air.

Initial v Final K Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

v=0

y=0

15. Same as before, but with the y = 0 m line moved to the ceiling.

Initial v Final K Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

v=0

y=0

16. Same as the previous page, but now draw an LOLOLOL (that is, draw an energy bar chart showing 4 distinct snapshots of your choosing). Bonus: Draw even more Ls by choosing additional distinct snapshots.

19. A moving block hits a spring, traveling at 5 m/s at the time of contact. At the instant the block is motionless, by how much is the spring compressed? Assume none of the initial energy ends up stored as thermal energy.

Initial m=8.0 kg v=5.0 m/s Final k=50 N/m v=0 K Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

20. Determine nal velocity of the cart, assuming that 10% of the initial energy ends up stored as thermal energy due to the friction between the cart and the road.

Initial v=0 5m m=20 kg v=? Final K Initial Ug Us Energy Flow Diagram K Ug Final Us Etherm

21. Your cousin Throckmorton pulls a 50 kg box with a force of 100 N. The coefcient of kinetic friction is 0.15. The box starts with a speed of 1.2 m/s and moves 6 meters before you get bored watching your cousin pull a box.

10

22. A 24 kg child descends a 5.0 m high slide and reaches the ground with a speed of 2.8 m/s.

23. A chunk of rock of mass 50.0 kg slides down the side of a volcano that slopes up at an angle of 30.0 to the horizontal. If the rock accelerates at a rate of 3.0 m/s2, what is the coefcient of kinetic friction between the rock and the side of the volcano?

11

24. A man stands on the roof of a building that is 30.0 m tall and throws a rock with a velocity of magnitude 40.0 m/s at an angle of 33.0 degrees above the horizontal. Air resistance may be ignored.

12

25. A 0.500 kg block attached to a spring with length 0.60 m and spring constant 40 N/m is at rest with the back of the block at point A on a very low-friction, horizontal table. You pull the block to the right along the surface with a constant horizontal force of 20 N. When the back of the block reaches point B, you let go of the block.

13

26. A 2.00 kg package is released from rest on a 53.1 incline, 4.00 m from a long spring with a 140 N/m spring constant that is attached at the bottom of the incline. The coefcients of friction between the package and the incline are s = 0.40 and k = 0.20.

14

27. In a physics lab experiment, a spring clamped to the table shoots a 20 g ball horizontally. When the spring is compressed 20 cm, the ball travels horizontally 5.0 m and lands on the oor 1.5 meters below the point at which it left the spring.

15

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