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CRANFORD

Private Line

FIRE DEPARTMENT
"EW JERSEY07016 FAX ('103) 27&-6

LEONARD R. DOLAN ill CHIEF OF FIRE

7 SPRINGFIELD AVENUE • CRANFORD,
(908) 276-&203

un

To:

Phil J. Morin III Township Attorney leonard R. Dolan III Fire Chief

July 18, 2012

From:

'){!e~
for the proposed development and offer the following

Subject;

Site Plan Review 215 and 235 Birchwood Ave.

I have com pleted my review of the site plan

comments. Site Description The developer proposes a total of 360 dwelling units, 667 parking spaces and an in-ground pool for the site. The site is accessed from Birchwood Ave by an entrance road which loops around buildings B, C and the pool. Building A is proposed to be outside the roadway nearest the northem entrance to the site. The dwelling units are to be located in 2 buildings labeled "A" (60 units) and "B" (300 units). Building Cis a parking garage which will accommodate 520 cars. A podium area under building A is proposed to accommodate 58 spaces. Additional head-on parking is proposed opposite building "A" and along the access road on the southern side of the development. The access road is 24' wide and 2- way traffic is indicated along the entire length. Buildings A and B are proposed to be wood frame construction, 4 stories and 55' to the roof peak. Building A is l-shaped while building B is irregular and wraps around 3 sides of building C. Building C is proposed to be of non-combustible construction. The site plan indicates an 8" water main looping around the property and connecting to the 8" main on Birchwood Ave. Three fire hydrants are proposed for the site. One hydrant is along the northern roadway just past building" A", the second isJn the rear on the bend entering the southern roadway and the third is on the southern road approximately half-way between Birchwood Ave and the rear of the site.

Observations and Comments The site as proposed presents Significant challenges with respect to responding to tire emergencies. The following points need careful consideration and review.

Water Supply The site Is extremely dense with 360 units proposed. No data has been submitted indicating what the available water is for firefighting purposes, hydrant flow tests conducted by the fire department in 2010 shows that there is only 1500-1600 gallons per minute (gpm) available on Birchwood Ave from the existing water main. Building B is a large irregular shaped building. A fire involving a significant portion of the structure would require water flows exceeding 2,000 gpm.

an

The water supply is insuffident for firefighting purposes. In order to properly protect this site the water main size on Birchwood Ave should be increased to a 12" main and the main looping the property should be a 12" main and not the proposed 8". A second point of supply should be provided possibly by extending the main behind Cranford Health and Extended Care. A gridded system will provide better water flow then a looped system. Fire Department Access The site plan Indicates a looped 24' wide roadway with 2 way traffic along the entire route. After careful analysis ofthe proposed roadway and a review of the turning radius data provided by our fire apparatus manufacturer as well as a field test simulating the two turns at the rear of the site the fire department requires this road be widened throughout the site to 30' as the proposed access to the site by fire and emergency is not adequate and poses a threat to public health and safety for firefighting purposes. The attached Turning Performance Analysis supplied by the manufacturer of our tower ladder and the field test indicates that our equipment will need to utiIJze both lanes maneuvering around the site and once equipment is parked other vehicles will be blocked in. Under less than perfect conditions with an experienced driver it will be difficult, near impossible, to make the two bends at the rear of the property. In addition, during big snow events it appears unlikely that a 24' clear width can be maintained around the site. In the event the aerial ladder needs to be raised there is not enough space to properly park the vehicle and extend the stabilizing jacks, 8' feet of clear width is required on each side of the vehicle. During flood events the northern access driveway will ftooa further restricting ingress and egress during emergencies. Fire apparatus cannot drive through standing water greater than 12". Ambulances and Police vehicles will be restricted from access by even less standing water. The slope of the entrance on the north side may also create problems with apparatus scrapping the pavement using this entrance.

Executive Summary

Attached are my observations and some technical data on the hydrant system along with the turning radius specs for the tower ladder. Rick Marsden spent a substantial amount of time assisting me with the tuming radius analysis. The bottom line is that under less than perfect conditions access to the site as proposed will be nearly impossible. Flooding, heavy snow and just regular traffic in and out of the site will make it impossible to locate eqUipment as needed. If we can get to that point we will essentially block other resources from gaining access. My observations are based primarily on my 35 years of experience and education. The code requires a minimum 20' width fire access road. In this circumstance that will clearly be insufficient. The correct way to design this site for safety is to plan for worst case scenarios. Access and water supply are the two key elements I must question at this point. A 24' roadway with two way traffic with no allowance for cars to pullover to allow emergency vehicles to pass is a serious problem. Once emergency vehicles are parked the road is effectively closed. Hose lines for water supply laid in the roadway will further restrict access. Severe weather such as heavy snow or flooding rain may render the site inaccessible. The lack of access makes water supply on site even more critical because once equipment is committed we will not have the ability to supplement water supply from other hydrants. The road is too narrow and there is not enough of a water supply. To develop this site as proposed without a 30' roadway and at least 2,000 galion a minute for a water supply is dangerous and shouldn't be permitted.

Turning Performance Analysis
.. -----Parameters: Inside Cramp Angle: Axle Track: Wheel Offset: Tread Width: Chassis Overhang: Additional Bumper Depth: Front Overhang Wheelbase:
Calculated Turning Radii:

6/2512012

33.00

0

Additional

Bumper Depth

83.11 in. S.25 in. 17.40 in.

65.80 in.
16.00 in. 154.10 in. 249.50 in.

ChlllIl. Onrh.ng

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Wheelbase

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Inside Tum: Curb to Curb: Wall to Wall: CoJDments: Aerial Application

30 ft. Win. 45 ft. 4in. 52 ft. 4 in.

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Components
Front Axle Front Tires

PRIDE # Description
0000295 0052978

Chassis
Front Bumper Aerial Device

0060010
0012244

0022160

Axle, Front, Meritor FL-941, 21.000 lb 'FIreS, Goodyear, 425/65R22.50 20 ply G2S6 tread Pierce Arrow Chassis, Glider, For (Refurb Only) Bumper, 16" extended - all chassis' Aerial, 100' Pierce Platform

Notes:
Actual Inside Cramp Angle may be Jess due to highly specialized options. Curb to Curb turning radius calculated for a 9.00 inch curb.

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Turning Performance Analysis
Definitions: Inside Cramp Angle Axle Track
Wheel Offset Maximum turning angle of the front inside tire.

6/25/2012

King-pin to king-pin distance of the front axle.
Offset from the center-line of the wheel to the king-pin.

Tread Width
Chassis Overhang

Width of the tire tread.
Distance

from the

center-line

of the front axle to the front edge of the cab. This does not include the

bumper depth. Additional Bumper Depth Wheelbase Inside Turning Radius
Curb to Curb Turning Radius

Depth that the bumper assembly adds to the front overhang.
Distance between the center lines of the vehicle's front and rear axles. Radius of the smallest circle around which the vehicle can tum. Radius of the smallest circle inside of which the vehicle's tires can

tum.

This measurement

assumes a

curb height of 9 inches.
Wall to Wall Turning Radius Radius of the smallest circle inside ofwbich the entire vehicle can turn. This measurement account any front overhang due to the chassis, bumpec extensions and/or aerial devices.

takes into

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