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Lecture 9-Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS)

Lecture 9-Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS)

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Published by: zuliana on Aug 02, 2012
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Lecture 9: Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS


By: Zuliana Ismail,201

What is GPWS? Home Previous Next Help • A Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) is a type of equipment carried by aircraft to warn pilots if they are at a dangerously low altitude and in danger of crashing. . The pilots are alerted through visual and audio warnings by GPWS display inside cockpit.

Next Help .Purpose of GPWS Home Previous • The main purpose of these systems is to prevent what is called a Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) • CFIT is an accident in which an aircraft crashes into the ground. the water. or an obstacle such as a mountain or building .

. a series of Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) accidents killed hundreds of people.CFIT= Controlled Flight Into Terrain Home Previous Next Help Since 1960s.

• In the late 1990s improvements were made and the system was renamed "Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System“ (EGPWS) Help . • The use of a GPWS in large aircraft is required by law in many countries. • CFIT incidents have been reduced since GPWS entered widespread use in the 1970s.CFIT and GPWS Home Previous Next • CFIT can be the result of factors such as navigation errors. or reduced visibility owing to weather conditions. pilot fatigue.

Visual Audio How GPWS Works? • RA measures how far aircraft from the ground. • GPWS computer analyzed the information from radar. • Computer can identify hazardous situations (very close to ground/terrain. rapid ROD & loss of altitude) • GPWS display gives visual and audio Home Previous Next Help (RA) What is the different between radar altimeter and barometric altimeter? .

• If hazardous conditions are detected.How GPWS Works? Home Previous • A GPWS monitors the aircraft's altitude with a Radar Altimeter.6 km). – dangerously close ground during. • Most radar altimeters carried by commercial aircraft are short-range devices with ranges of less than a mile (about 1. which transmits radio waves downward from the plane to determine how far away the ground is. or – unexpected loss of altitude. • The information from the radar is monitored and analyzed by a computer that can identify hazardous situations and trends in the data. Next Help . such as – a dangerously rapid rate of descent. the GPWS gives visual and audio warning signals to the pilot.

Next Help .Radar Altimeter Vs Barometric Altimeter Home Previous What is the different between radar altimeter and barometric altimeter? • A Radar Altimeter (RA) measures the distance between the plane and the ground directly below it. • Barometric altimeter provides the distance above sea level.

gear”) .Audio & Visual Warning • Audio & Visual Warnings are provided under any of the Previous following conditions: Home Next Help – Excessive rate of descend (“sink rate”) – when closure rate with terrain is too high (“terrain-terrain”) – loss of altitude after take-off (don’t sink) – if the aircraft is too low and slow. with landing gear retracted (“too low.

Previous Home WARNING when Rate of Descent(ROD) increase rapidly when closure rate with terrain is too high. flaps” “Glideslope” Mode 4: Unsafe Terrain Clearance Mode 5: Descent below Glide Slope Mode 6: Situation Too low. rate. terrain” pull up. pull up” rate” “terrain. gear” too low. terrain” “too low. “whoop. sink pull up. “sink “whoop. Altitude “Minimums” . landing gear/flap configuration. whoop. whoop.GPWS Modes MODE Mode 1: Excessive Descent Rate. Too low Bank Angle. Descent after take-off “don’t sink” “too low. pull up” Mode 2: Excessive Terrain Closure Rate Help Next warn loss of altitude Mode 3: after take-off.

MODE 1: Excessive Descent Rate. • If the situation is not corrected “whoop. whoop. pull up. sink rate” will be heard.. pull up” will be heard. Home Previous • Warns of excessive Rate of Descent(ROD) • A GPWS warning light will illuminate and “sink rate. Next Help .

terrain” • “whoop.MODE 2: Excessive Terrain Closure Rate Home Previous • Warns crew when closure rate with terrain is too high. whoop. pull up” • There may be no change in barometric altitude but the radar altitude is decreasing. • Recovery: Continue climb until clear of terrain. • Designed to warn crew when rising terrain is a threat. Next Help . pull up. • “terrain.

• If the aircraft sinks 10 percent of its radar altitude “don’t sink” will be heard.MODE 3: Altitude Loss After Takeoff Home Previous • Warns of loss of altitude after takeoff. Next Help .

– If the airspeed is higher the warning will be “too low. with landing gear retracted (not open). cruise. and descent. – “too low.MODE 4: Unsafe Terrain Clearance Home Previous • Terrain clearance while aircraft take-off. climb. terrain” Next Help • Alert the configuration of landing gear during approach. – if the aircraft is too low and slow. gear” • Alert the configuration of flaps during landing – When the gear is selected down. but the flaps are still retracted (not open) – “too low. flaps” .

6. Altitude) • Mode 7: Wind shear Information Previous Next Help .Mode 5. 7 Home • Mode 5: Descent below Glide Slope • Mode 6: Situation Awareness (Bank Angle.

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