Third and the most predominant WID approach

* Meet Practical gender needs on all of women’s three roles * Elastic concept of women’s time * Extension of working day by women to compensate for social services * .

* This leads to increased economic prowess with the women * Increased economic participation in human resources development links efficiency and equity * Shift occurred due to 50% under utilization of * .

* Not only reproducers but they are also the community managers * Concept of self help gaining popularity * .

* Cut in the practical gender needs of women * This is cushioned by elasticity of women’s labour * Policies have following male biases:  Unpaid work of a women necessary (12-18 hours of work by a women)  Ignoring barriers to labour reallocation in policies to with form tradable and non-tradables * .

 Assumption of household as a joint utility oLeading to decline in income levels and living conditions oThis decline is more harsh for the women * .

* Milk program in Lima managed by women * Communal kitchens organize are also run and managed by women Guess the reason why? * .

* Only meets practical gender needs at the cost of long working hours * Increase in total work * Serious reduction in practical gender needs due to reduction in resource allocation * .

* .