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CAR 66 Module 5.5 Logic Circuit

# CAR 66 Module 5.5 Logic Circuit

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CAR 66 Module 5.5 Logic Circuit
CAR 66 Module 5.5 Logic Circuit

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06/11/2013

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# 5.

5 LOGIC CIRCUIT

LOGIC SYSTEMS
• System performs calculation or makes decisions • A logical operation on one or more logic inputs and produces a single logic output to make decision. • Using electronic component that can conduct electricity based on a rule either analog or digital. • Primarily implement using diodes or transistor acting as electronic switch

POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE LOGIC
• Binary digits are use for the input in logic gate • Positive logic : Low voltage = 0 High voltage = 1 • Negative logic : Low voltage = 1 High voltage = 0 * Normally use positive logic

OR GATE
IF GOT 1 = RESULT MUST BE 1

X

A B X 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1

1 1 1
X = A + B

AND GATE
IF GOT 0 = RESULT MUST BE 0

A B X 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0

1 1 1

X = A.B

NOT GATE

A X 0 1 1 0

NAND GATE
A 0 0 1 1 B 0 1 0 1 X 1 1 1 0

X

NOR GATE
A 0 0 1 1 B 0 1 0 1 X 1 0 0 0

X

EXCLUSIVE OR GATE
A 0 0 1 1 B 0 1 0 1 X 0 1 1 0

X

EXCLUSIVE OR GATE
C 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 B 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 A 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 X 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1

X
Any ODD number of Inputs gives X

EXCLUSIVE NOR GATE
A B X

X

A 0 0 1 1

B 0 1 0 1

X 1 0 0 1

GATE TABLE
A B OR NOR AND NAND EX-OR EXNOR NOT A

0 0 1 1

0 1 0 1

0 1 1 1

1 0 0 0

0 0 0 1

1 1 1 0

0 1 1 0

1 0 0 1

1 1 0 0

UNIVERSAL GATE
• NAND gate is universal gate • It can make another gate
NOT GATE AND GATE

OR GATE

B

IC - INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

• An adder or summer is a digital circuit that performs addition of numbers. • For new processor, adder are use to calculate addresses, table indices (database). • The most common adders operate on binary numbers

• Required 2 input and provide 2 output • Combination of an exclusive OR and an AND gate
A 0 0 1 1 B 0 1 0 1 SUM CARRY 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1

SUM = A  B CARRY = A . B

• Required 3 input provide 2 output • Combination of 2 half adder and OR gate.
INPUTS OUTPUTS

A
0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1

B
0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1

Cin
0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1

Cout
0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1

S
0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1

AIRCRAFT LOGIC CIRCUIT
• LANDING GEAR WARNING CIRCUIT

AIRCRAFT LOGIC CIRCUIT
• FLIGHT DIRECTOR GYRO FLAG - drop when gyro system malfunction either loss of vacuum or electrical signal
Error Flag

GYRO FLAG SYSTEM

SERVO ALTIMETER OFF FLAG
• Correct operating when sin outputs (‘0’) and the cos outputs (‘1’). • When total output is 1, it will energising the OFF Flag coil, removing the flag from view.

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