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46008262 Thomas Henry Moray Sea of Energy All Ed

46008262 Thomas Henry Moray Sea of Energy All Ed

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HENRY MORAY 2505 South 4th East St.tesla.A.hu/ THE SEA OF ENERGY IN WHICH THE EARTH FLOATS For Beyond the Light Rays Lies the Secret of the Universe The Evolution of Energy and Matter Originally compiled for the Layman in 1926 from excerpts of the Writings first presented in 1914 by T.S. Revised and Printed in 1960 1 . U.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. Salt Lake City. Utah.

just as light is wave lengths and particles is comparable to the electron and magnetron.Energy being particles of energy. keeping in mind to differentiate between wave length and frequence. The particle properties are evident when recognized as highly localized events of very short duration with specific values of electric charge.S. Radiant. like radiant particles of matter.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. In the evolution of energy and the evolution of matter these particles of matter and energy (one and the same thing) manifest under certain conditions as pure energy and under others as pure matter. SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY OUR CORNERSTONE First printed in 1931 Copyrighted 1945 and 1956 by T. The wave properties can be proven in different ways which have been proven and taught for so many years. The phenomenon of the transducer combined with fission. To Summarize — Radiant Energy as herein used is that energy existing in the lumineferous medium of the Universe. HENRY MORAY All Rights Reserved 4th Edition Printed in the U. being composed of an infinitesimal quantity whose behaviors are described by mathematical equations similar to those used for describing electrical waves. IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS RADIANT ENERGY IS A MEANS OF USING THE ENERGY RELEASED BY THE FISSIONABLE REACTIONS TAKING PLACE IN THE STELLAR CRUCIBLES OF THE UNIVERSE. This is the energy the Moray device captures and could be described as those particles of energy pervading all space. Streams of energy quanta. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IS OUR BUSINESS.tesla.A. 2 . a ring of negative electricity traveling in a vortex with the speed of light. energy and mass. kinetic and exercised in wave transmission and rendered sensible by conversion of its energy into a detectable frequency. each quantum having energy and momentum where the electron revolves around the proton at a distance equal to the electron radius.hu/ In the study of these pages one should consider that both matter and radiations have particle properties as well as wave properties. Radiant Energy from the Cosmos. 1960 Copyrighted ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– – INTRODUCTION RADIANT ENERGY — the term Moray has used to describe that source of energy coming from the Cosmos to the earth and radiating from the earth back from whence it came.

....... 3 ................hu/ CONTENTS Page A NEW ERA IN ENERGY ..12 THE DISSOCIATION OF MATTER... The remaining ten percent does not present any more difficulties than the standardization of a few highly specialized and intricate tubes and measuring devices......31 HISTORY OF RADIANT ENERGY ..................................................................................................................................................................................tesla..........................Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www....................... Moray....... to study the principle and then to allow the true apprehension of the principle to determine the Mechanism through and by which this power may be brought into practical use has been the method of Dr. Ninety percent of the project is completed........................................................................... coupled with further routine research engineering in mechanical construction or prototypes of the unites for economy.............................................................................60 ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– – WHAT IS NEEDED TO BE DONE TO COMMERCIALIZE THIS DISCOVERY By following the procedure of "Syntheses" by first recognizing the Natural Law..............26 CAPTURE OF ENERGY BY RESONANCE ..................... efficiency and lasting qualities when produced commercially....................................................................................................37 TO SUMMARIZE.........................................................4 REACTIONS BY MEANS OF ELECTRONIC EXCITATION ..................................................

The earth is therefore surrounded in an atmosphere of radiations with the cosmic rays coming continually to the earth from all directions. it is merely pumped. is from the universe as a whole. How then is the energy propagated from the circuit to the conductors? If we believe in the continuity of the propagation of energy — that is. To account for the propagation of heat and light — that is. To originate a current in any conductor requires the expenditure of energy. and circuits conveying electric currents. and the 4 . as it does not create electrical energy. to pump water on the desert lands with equipment of only a fraction of the weight of any steam plant or any kind of engine in use today and at a fraction of the cost. and electro-magnetic phenomena (and gravitation itself) point in the same direction. The process of electrifying a conductor is therefore the storing of energy in some way in. practical reality as hundreds of people know who have witnessed the MORAY Radiant Energy equipment. Coming continuously. "Nickola Tesla was not referring to so-called "atomic energy" or nuclear energy but to the energy which is continually bombarding the earth from outer space.hu/ CHAPTER ONE A NEW ERA IN ENERGY Power from the Cosmos and the Earth Dr. A much higher starting torque is had than in any type of combustion engine. or around the conductor. therefore. one hundred ninety-three thousand. six hundred. and this we know it is for certain. The Moray radiant energy discoveries give the greatest amount of energy per pound of equipment of any system known to man. A wild dream? A proven. There may be a slight deflection of the weaker rays by the earth's magnetic field. Enough energy is coming to the Earth to light one million. The origin. If an electric current be started in any circuit. It is a matter of common observation that attractions and repulsions take place between electrified bodies. Call it cosmic or what one will.tesla. airplanes. But the transference of the energy of radiant heat and light is not the only evidence in favor of the existence of such a medium. The methods or processes of their generation involve a basic relation to the total structure of the action of the universe. not a generator. yet. No fuel of any kind will be taken as a dead load for the energy can be "picked-up" direct by great ocean liners. work has been done. one hundred-watt lamps for every human being on the earth today. some heavier nuclei. Powered from the cosmos! The total energies involved in "cosmic" radiations are individually and collectively very large. on the water or under the water. When a body is electrified. Unlimited power is being delivered to everyone's doorstep. then it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very wheelwork of nature. in some medium. in an electric motor nor loss of push in an electric jet. an electric generator might be referred to as an electric pump and the Moray radiant energy device as a high-speed electron oscillating device. The total energy of cosmic radiation is more than the entire luminous output of all the stars and nebulae of the universe combined. At times they pack a maximum allop of around 100 quadrillion electron volts. automobiles or any form of transportation. Physicists today believe that cosmic radiation consist primarily of protons and. From that standpoint. There is every indication that our sun is not the source of any appreciable amount of these radiations. it must have passed through the intervening space. Electricity is not made by the generator. there is no visible connection between the circuit and the conductors. magnets. or lost motion. in the air. An electrical generator is. Cosmic power is the most practical form of "energy harnessing" yet put to use by man whereby it is possible to utilize the vast source of energy of the universe without a prime mover at any point on the land. with slight variations in time. of radiant energy — man has postulated the existence of a medium filling all space. light and power available for use in all kinds of buildings. Large masses may be set in motion in this manner and acquire kinetic energy. their radiation have a uniform directional isotropy. Nickola Tesla said over sixty years ago. if kinetic. Electric power through an electric motor or an electric jet far exceed any form of engine in the delivery of power as there is no dead center. railroads.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. to say nothing of the heat. Is this energy static or kinetic? If static. our hopes are in vain. and the store of energy is evolved. Similarly a supply of energy is required to maintain an electric current. and the result is the electrified state of the body. magnetic. if we believe that when it disappears at one place and reappears at another. Electric. and therefore have existed there somehow in the meantime — we are forced to postulate a vehicle for its conveyance from place to place. in the true sense. The work is spent in altering the state of the medium. using the energy which exists in the universe and transforming it into useful purposes. "Ere many generations pass our machinery will be driven by power obtainable at any point in the universe. what we must first observe is that a certain amount of energy has been spent. corresponding induced currents spring up in all very close neighboring conductors. and when the body is discharged the medium returns to its original state.

The phenomena of interference lead to the conclusion that light is the result of a periodic disturbance. the two being related. Such a limitation is. as if the first discharge had overrun itself and something like recoil had set in. by the energy stored in it. or whatever we wish to term it. and an electric current was regarded as a flow of electricity traveling along the wire. and cause it to execute a series of oscillations. The work spent in producing the electrification of a conductor is spent on the medium and stored there. disturbance. like right-handed and left-handed twists or rotations. the flow of energy through the electric field into the wire. That is. we set up electrical inertia. and a second discharge occurs. that which occurs in the propagation of light. of the medium. If the charge be negative the polarization is in the opposite sense. and perhaps identical with. These speculations were given the strongest confirmation by important experiments of Professor Hertz many years ago. We know that the change. The positive charge means a positive polarization of the medium. The negative charge now entails a modification of the medium or polarization in the opposite sense. is the electromagnetic theory of the luminous vibration. then. polarization. In the case of a conductor possessing what is termed a positive charge. and not of an imaginary electric fluid distributed over the conductor. In the older or elastic-solid theory. while the energy which appeared at any part of the circuit (if considered at all) was supposed to have been conveyed along the wire by the current. The electromagnetic theory teaches us nothing further as to its nature. the medium around it is polarized in a certain manner and to a certain extent depending on the intensity of the charge.tesla. or the elastic recoil may carry it past its position of equilibrium. It reduces light and heat waves to the same category as waves of electric polarization. The capacitor thus becomes more or less charged again in the opposite sense.hu/ phenomena arising from the current are manifestations of the presence of this energy in the medium around the circuit. this word being employed to denote that its state or some of its properties have been altered in some manner by the work done on it — that is. such as takes place when waves of transverse disturbance are propagated through an elastic solid. however. while waves of opposite polarizations are propagated through space. accompanied by a second back-rush. and when we talk of the electric flow or current in the circuit we refer to the only flow we know of. lead us to look upon the medium around the conductors as playing a very important part in the development of the phenomena. or vibrations. then. We know that alternating electric charges are accompanied by corresponding changes of state. each carrying energy derived from the source or agent supplying the electrification. is periodic and transverse to the direction of propagation. When we speak of the charge of an electrified conductor we refer to the charge of energy in the medium around it. or vibration. which begins at the conductor and travels out through space. it which caused the electrical phenomena. viz. When a resilient substance is subjected to strain and then set free. The existence of induction. the only quality of the latter required to constitute the former is sufficient rapidity of alternation. about their positions of rest. of the medium. A combination of the theories have merit. one of two things may happen.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. The substance may slowly recover from the strain and gradually attain its natural state. probably as energy of motion. as to the exact nature of the periodic change — or what it is that changes we possess no knowledge. unwarranted to some extent although we cannot afford to entirely disregard the particle theory of light. but rather asserts that whatever the change may be. in fact. the first flow may be succeeded by a back-rush. and if the charge be varied periodically and with sufficient rapidity. but as to the nature of the vibration — that is. As stated above. Formerly an electrified body was supposed to have something called electricity residing upon. and the electrical phenomena are manifestations of this energy. It is. The result of alternate charges of opposite sign is that the medium at any point becomes polarized alternately in opposite directions. the storehouse of the energy. Upon this basis Maxwell founded his theory of electricity and magnetism. To denote this we shall say that the medium around the conductor is polarized. Something of the same sort may also occur when an electrified capacitor is discharged. in rapid succession. the oscillation going on till all the energy is either radiated or used up in heating the conductors or performing other work. This. reactance and inductance syncronizing the oscillations of the device with those of the Universe. the condensers are charged and 5 . In ordinary language there may be a continuous flow of electricity in one direction till the discharge is completed. and electromagnetic actions between bodies situated at a distance from each other. When the body is discharged the medium is once more set free and resumes its former conditions. The medium around an electrified body is charged with energy. we have a periodic disturbance of some kind occuring at each point. accompanied by waves of energy traveling outwards from the conductor. we have a vibration at each point analogous to. perhaps. or an oscillating discharge may occur — that is. vibration. in the reversal of the current. however. positively and negatively. a combination of wave and particle properties. when capacitors are charged with this radiant energy and then discharged through a' circuit of proper impedence. the light vibrations were supposed to be actual oscillations of the elements or molecules of the medium. and determined the distribution of the energy in the various parts of the field in terms of the electric and magnetic forces. Now consider the case of a a body charged alternately. Here. it is the same in kind as that which occurs in the medium when the charge of an electrified body is altered or reversed.

recovery will be quicker and quicker until inertia will assert itself and lengthen out the time of final recovery by carrying the recoil beyond the natural oscillation and thus 6 . who was a civilian scientist for the U. a charged object exposed as it is to the surrounding atmosphere. which is kept alive indefinitely by the oscillations of the Universe through establishing resonance. The beat note of time. In mechanics the greater the inertia of a body. Waves of energy have a regular beat note. but all things are merely effects manifesting themselves in various forms because of the effect of vibrations on various media? Oscillatory energy action. Expressed mathematically. completed during the same interval of time. be it in a leyden jar or another capacitor. surging back and forth as the waves of the sea. the heart beats of life. we may conclude that energy waves of very high frequency are sent out from the stars.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. Many names have been given to the sources of energy which we may feel are different sources of energy. If the internal impedance is too great. generating over 200 millions amperes of electric current continuously.hu/ discharged and recharged slowly until the energy originally stored in them is radiated in kinetic energy through the device. and reasoning from what occurs in radioactive disintegration. coming to the earth from every direction with a definite rhythm that might be referred to as the Father of Time. the longer it will keep in motion. The oscillations will continue until they have reached their cycle of height and then there will be a back-rush returning to where the oscillations originated. which is subject to displacement and strain. We carry on a great deal of research on cosmic ray — the universal electromagnetic field. oscillatory discharge will occur and with a very powerful inductance inertia will assert itself. earth's magnetic field and the energy being received on the earth from the sun's rays. whether large or small. coming and going as the waves of the sea. Where does the earth's source of energy come from? It has been found that the higher the altitude from the earth. the oscillations of the universe all prove the same great fact that oscillations are governed by the same cycle of time. yet six feet above the ground the air is charged with more than 200 volts positive in respect to the ground. Now the conversion of energy into matter will equally have to be accepted. the greater the electrical inductance the longer the current continues to flow once it is established by a syncronized cosmic surge. In the vibrations of the forces of the Universe we find the key to the sources of all energy. the medium will spring back to its old position and beyond. The rapidity of the oscillations i. "Energy has a definite elastic or resilient rigidity and density. we find that electrical resistance is the same as mechanical friction and current comparable to mechanical velocity. Inertia and inductance then may be considered analagous terms.tesla. The aurora borealis is considered to be very definitely an electrical phenomenon produced by the passage of electric charges through the rarified gases of the higher atmosphere. The answer may lie in the balancing of an energy generator that will oscillate because of the oscillations of the Universe. This being true how does the earth." When a strain is removed. the generation of energy by rotary action and by all prime movers is an effect and not a cause. increases instead of decreasing. In the RE circuit. That is R< 4L where R is the resistance in ohms L is the inductance in henries and C the capacity in farads an C 1 2π LC . the equations are the same for electrical or mechanical phenomena. Gunn and others have proven the earth has this charge. Considering oscillations. if the air conducts electricity the earth's charge must be constantly passing into the atmosphere. Could it be all energy is from one source — vibrations? Since the source of energy is the universe. one of which is our sun. light.S. Therefore. At this rate the earth would lose 90% of its charge into the air in an hour. all act the same. and will continue to oscillate until the original pressure is used up. ionization. but it will merely slide back in a dead beat to its unrestrained state. Cutting down the resistance to the minimum and by synchronous or resilient ionic actions of the device with the ionic actions of the universe. sound or even electricity. The real key in securing the energy needed in modern industry is the utilization of the energy resources of the Universe without being limited to mechanical prime movers. Would it be going too far to suggest that there is no such thing as heat. which could be the media for the flow of energy. Others seek it in the creation of an electron drag. Gunn. is completed during the same interval of time. It has been calculated that the earth has a continuous discharge into the atmosphere of 1800 amperes.e. maintain its charge? Dr. Dr. Physicists have shown that the earth has a negative charge which amounts to 400. Every oscillation. yet the earth's charge does not diminish but persists and has done so since the earliest of geological time. there will be no oscillations. mechanical and electrical and or mathematical.000 columbs. The conversion of matter to energy in the stars is now generally accepted as demonstrated. It is well known that air conducts electricity away from charged objects. the Sire of Gravitation. Navy. For low values of R the frequency of the oscillations can be shown by f = frequencies are governed by the quantity of the capacity and the inductance. Some claim it will be found by a collapsing of the earth's magnetic field. during which energy waves are radiated. We repeat. man-made or in what we may call natural capacitors. but in a very definite mathematical order. stated years ago that the earth is a huge generator.

As we trace down to the almost infinitesimal constituents of the extremely minute atom. Excitations may be caused in several ways. or that is. With such pictures of the universe being constructed we may cease to be surprised at anything. Knowing what we do at the present time in regard to the structure of atoms. be it called the collapsing of earth's magnetism or any hypothesis of a source of energy can only be justified by the necessity of explaining the insistent fact that a battery of vibratory units can be made to produce 50 KW of energy per unit of 60 pounds.tesla. this relationship is not quite so surprising. It is becoming more and more certain that the apparent complexity of nature is due to our lack of knowledge. While under ordinary conditions an atom is in what is known as the normal state. The electric motor and generator would never have been discovered except a dielectric (insulation) had been discovered. which is nothing more than an electric pump. considering the total absence of this knowledge about a half century ago. Here we see the atomistic principle applied to "material" (matter) and then to electricity (What shall we call it?) Finally. is a state of matter. nor absorbing energy.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www." Even today persons unfamiliar with fundamental physics find it difficult to believe that energy traveling from yonder star to the earth is electromagnetic of many wave lengths of frequencies. Energy is emitted at various wave lengths. This is taking place in the Universe all the time. thus producing kinetic energy. the result of a particular state or condition in which matter may be when any observed phase of energy appears. Will we ever get to the final foundation? "One of the most marvelous relationships that has ever been revealed in the entire science of physics is that between light and electricity. It is possible that ionization. or in other words excitation. for the electric generator does not create the electrical energy any more than the water pump creates water. However. When the recovery is distinctly oscillatory and harmonics set in. and discoveries since confirm it. the sudden revelation that light (and radiation in general) are vibratory phenomena was very startling and revolutionary. Matter is susceptible to motion. as the realistic substance which we have supposed it to be. protons and high energy photons. matter consists of an energy charge which governs the very motion of the planets and suns. being acted upon. or the state in which we find matter apparently neither giving off. as the picture unfolds it promises a marvelous simplicity. An atom which has given up one or more electrons is said to be ionized. may take place in successive steps through absorption of quanta energy. Energy then. the oscillations will continue because of the oscillations of the universe. There at its very foundation matter consists of energy charges which govern the very motion of celestial bodies… To introduce a new way of using an old source of energy. This internal energy would seem to be associated with the configuration of the particles of which the atom is composed. or in other words. and the atoms of electrons. "In the far-off stellar crucibles of the universc we see the same laws being obeyed as in our laboratories.hu/ prolonging the vibrations by oscillations. rather. and stress. through the evolution of matter and evolution of forces. Bodies are built of molecules. There at its very foundation it seems to consist of energy charges which probably stimulate the motions of celestial bodies. the atom is capable of absorbing energy internally. continually possessing kinetic energy. or. These oscillations will be surgings with a definite beat note of the evolution of matter and the evolution of energy. This was written in 1892. the molecules of atoms. So also from the process of ionization which may result from a number of causes. A limiting case of excitation is ionization. When the internal energy of the atom exceeds that of its normal state it is said to be excited. and the one we are interested in is through cosmic radiation. ions. or as in the breaking of lines of force in the modern electromagnetic generator. pertaining to the existence of electronics in atoms of matter. and our interest and admiration will grow. Therefore. "Radiant here means proceeding from a center in straight lines in every direction. There. electric energy becoming associated with the oscillation or vibration of the universe. with different effects depending on the media. a physical process — the radiation emitted by the electrons — is divided into quanta. in which energy is absorbed by the atom sufficiently to allow a loosely bound electron to leave the atom against the electrostatic forces which tends to hold it within the atom. Discover a dielectric (a valve) for the energy of the Universe and a means of making a device oscillate with the oscillating energy of the Universe and one has the answer to harnessing the energy of the Universe. the greater the ionization or excitation." It is recognized that in addition to possessing kinetic energy. some hypothesis of theory must be found to attempt an explanation of the discovery of a device whereby energy can 7 . All energy appertains either to matter or excitation of energy and continually passes from one to the other. at its very foundation. or frequencies which must be taken into account in laws of radiation… Now the physicist uses quanta as commonly as he does electron and atoms and molecules. Kinetic energy is given up when excitation causes rapidly moving particles to give up some or all of their kinetic energy to the atom during collisions. All atoms appertain either to matter or energy and continually pass from one to the other. we find apparently matter does not exist at all. The higher the frequency. among which is the collision of the atom with rapidly moving positive or negative particles. "Energy" is defined as a condition of matter in virtue of which any definite portions may effect changes in any other definite portion. the internal energy of the atom can be altered. Energy is internal and inherent. However. The return of an ionized atom to a state of lower energy is associated with electromagnetic radiation.

" 1934 writes "Cosmic Rays bombard the earth from outer space every second of the day and night. magnetism and electricity. It all sums down to the fundamentals of electromagnetism or whatever name one has chosen to apply to the original source of energy which in the final analysis must be accepted as vibration or oscillation. This is the foundation upon which much of Moray's investigation of vibration is based. all matter is not being bombarded by high speed particles. the great generator of the universe. the Cosmic Rays are thought to be by far the most important. It also must be conceded that all energy is vibratory in its final analysis and therefore exists throughout all the Universe.c. As Mr. The generators that now furnish our electric power do not create or originate any power or electricity. all matter.C. They penetrate everything including our own bodies. in his book "The Advance of Science. Washington. On the other hand the hypothesis may be taken that the oscillations are out of harmony with the harmonies of the Universe cutting lines of force of energy oscillations by oscillations. If the frequency is raised high enough its molecules will separate and the atoms are freed. Any material that has elasticity can propagate this type of ultrasonics research. energy or force in the evolution of matter and the evolution of forces manifests a rate and degree of vibration entirely of its own. may be transmitted into other substances by lowering or raising its rate of frequency. heat. In other words.hu/ be obtained by oscillatory means in harmony with the vibrations (oscillations) of the Universe. Science deduces with astronomical accuracy that the universe's total radiant energy in the form of cosmic rays is from 30 to 300 times greater than that existing in heat. We can see this in studies beyond the microscope or beyond the telescope. but he took the harmonic of certain frequencies and utilized them for various results from breaking objects by vibrations to bringing down birds out of the air. Vibrational waves of frequencies above the normal range of human ear perceptions are catalogued as ultrasonics. Of the imports of energy received by the earth. as in a musical note of a high or low C the vibrational rate. Davis states. These energies are only different manifestations of the energies we see in operation all around us. they merely direct "pump" the existing energy or electricity. light. or. Science agrees that all form of matter is vibrating at its particular rate of frequency and so it is with the various forms of energy. c. Tesla had a glimpse of the idea in his one wire motor. Vibrations above and below these ranges act essentially the same. "They penetrate everything including our own bodies. In other words. in other words. They give rise to burst of material particles. Sometime it has required several frequencies to be transmitted over a media at the same time. these are but forms of vibratory motion connected with and emanating from the same source.tesla. 8 . either instrument telling us the same story.c. so far as this is now concerned. —" "Of all radiant energy rushing about the universe. the cosmic rays equal approximately one-half of the total energy coming in from the stars.This is a complete reversal of the vortex of the earth's magnetic pull. The propagation takes the form of a displacement of oscillations. Therefore is it too far wrong to say that throughout space there is energy and this energy is kinetic in nature and can be harnessed and used by man by oscillatory means without a mechanical prime mover? Not alone on the earth but in all the Universe. from throwing the natural vibratory rate of living cells out of balance to the shearing off of animal. It has been proven that this oscillatory energy will drive special constructed electric motors at a speed heretofore never dreamed possihle. The focus of our attention in any field of energy has the same dimensions as has the foci of attention in all the higher fields of vibratory energy. Matter. vibrating at a certain rate of its individual character." The important purpose for the quotations which have been given is to arouse attention to the fact that there are tremendous energies coming to the earth from outer space. The universe is singing and this symphony or frequency is what keeps every part of the universe and every atom in its proper orbit. It might be well not to throw this theory out of the window as some former theories have gone and later had to be brought back through the door because they refused to die but were kept alive by the fact that they may have best explained the reason why a modality which existed did perform as claimed. or call it what you will. excepting the sun. D. All matter possesses a natural rate of vibration. Raise the vibration of the atoms still higher and higher and they will resolve themselves into the original elements of which all matter is constituted.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. mineral and vegetable matter. They carry the mightiest packet of energy yet known to science. is different but all "C" notes are essentially the same. Moray's research in ultrasonics did not end at 500 m. including that of the Earth's atmosphere. up to 500 m. Also by this means of oscilliatory action the clockwise vortex of the pull of gravity in the Northern Hemisphere can be made to rotate counter-clockwise and the counterclockwise pull of gravity in the Southern Hemisphere can be made to rotate clockwise. The viewpoint on the harmonics of the Universe depending on what yardstick is used in the valuation of the hypothesis used to explain the results. director of Science Service. and all other forms combined. These are waves of frequencies of over 20 k. In many cases we are not even consciously aware of their existence. differing only in harmonic and range frequency. electricity has always existed. the frequency. "Everyone of us is actually alive by virtue of these energies. light. Watson Davis. Motion is manifest in everything in the universe. Every part and particle of the Universe is alive with them. No one can say that in all space.

one can form some idea of the agitation taking place in the universe.. if you please). All radiant energy is now believed to possess mass or something equivalent to it. and continually pass from one to the other. There at its very foundation matter consists of electrical charges which govern the very motion of celestial bodies — including radioactive radiations of energy and matter. so that radiations emitted by the sun can scarcely be the cause of this energy. that is to say change of potential of energy level. vibrations." 9 . it is our theory in using these terms that they are the energy of the universe. e. when it again is ready to do man's bidding. or with the most powerful miscroscopes and spectroscopes ever made by man? All space is saturated with vibrations. but to say one is able to tap this supply is another matter. etc. If I tell you there is water. that these two. The relation of matter to energy and energy to matter then becomes the potential of the universe. Mass and radiant energy are even considered to be interchangeable. there will be no kinetic energy if there is no disturbance of equilibrium.000 volts. It is naturally very slowly but steadily being liberated from the universe only to return again. If it can be done then. There are ample writings and scientific books written by experts which acknowledge that there is unlimited energy in the universe. thus introducing kinetic energy.Our starting point from the discovery of these different rays — vibrations — was electrical conductivity of the air. "How can one get a steady source of energy from such surges?" Could not a steady flow of water be obtained from the waves of the sea? In reference to electrons. it can be done now. photons. The Salt of the earth is energy and the evolution of matter and the evolution of forces in the processes of the creation of all things. or in other words in the evolution of energy it "sinks back" to its source.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. in and of itself. It has been discovered that conductivity is just as strong by night as by day.. which have become disassociated here and there. After we have used it to light our homes or do other work. it is like water over the wheel — no less water. ions. We are convinced the energies from the Universe are active radiations produced in "nature's cyclotrons" (nature's reactors) by the evolution of matter into energy and energy into matter. what would you think? You know how to get the water out of a glass. which when the transformations of equilibrium are rapid enough become heat. in which lies the secret of all things. heat. we only transfer it from one place to another (pump it. Elements maintain an equilibrium by oscillations. Well. light and electricity. The oscillations of these electrons. i. Who can draw a definite line and say how much higher other octaves exist than those known as the Cosmic Rays. etc. The media is susceptible to stress. In the Moray device it is so constructed that the frequency is very much lower on the secondary side than on the primary side and almost complete resonance established. rotations. one continuous series of oscillations. In the Gamma Rays we find potentials which are equivalent to as much as 2. in a glass on your table. it is as easy to tap this energy now out in space as it will be in a million years from now. energies which are doubtless what we may call electrical in their ultimate character or very closely allied to electrical action. All atoms appertain either to matter or energy. One then goes beyond those of gravitation. protons. yet their wave lengths are not the shortest known to the physicists. then. In octaves still higher lie rays which are known as Cosmic Rays. May we not. The evolution of matter and the evolution of energy.S. By the proper uses of these natural laws of energy and matter. oscillating to and fro like a great pendulum across the universe. Frequencies may be developed which will balance the pull of gravity to a certain degree of neutralization of the forces of gravity. but this does not interfere with a transformation of equilibrium. has no energy. i. for at least a million years. The understanding then of the principle of vibration or frequency is to grasp the secret of energy. out in space are emitting electromagnetic waves of many wavelengths and frequency. "Scientific American" (1930) — "The earth itself is a huge electric dynamo generating enough current to supply light. photons. only the lowering of potential. We cannot generate it because we can neither destroy or create it. ready and waiting for nature or man to raise its potential. neutrons. attractions and repulsions.hu/ Matter then becomes a form of energy. When one thinks of the oxygen and nitrogen molecules of the air all about us moving with the speed of bullets and striking us and everything with this speed. The electricity has "sunk back" from whence it came. but you cannot drink it for a million years. There can be no "production" of current electricity. and ions. and these innumerable infinitesimal particles constitute (by forces they exert and the disturbances they originate) the substratum of what our senses terms as matter. matter is turned into energy and energy into matter. good cold water. then — matter and energy — are possibly one? Is the sum total of all that has been found out during the centuries of constant research to be judged by the small portion of the universe which is visible to man. We speak of generating electricity: To be exact. accept the theory that the sun. matter is turning into energy and energy into matter.000. and other electrical needs to the 10 largest cities in the U." Matter is susceptible to motion. One might ask. and by nature splitting matter the energy of the universe is born and matter "reborn.tesla. The oscillations of the universe are part of this agitation. who is only armed with his telescopes. protons.e. but is merely a rebroadcaster of the greater generator — the sonic of the universe itself.

the counters aboard Explorer VI revealed the disappearance of radiation from the outer belt. They carry the mightiest packet of energy yet known to science. Pioneer IV. a large portion of the region of the belts was scanned in several days time. the Russian Mechta. The tie-in was inescapable. lying to the south. June 19. 1-hey would produce X-rays. in fact over-recovered." the report said. Moreover. and Winckler belt in honor of the three University of Minnesota cosmic ray scientists responsible for its discovery. 1925) "The amount of light and heat (radiant energy) received by the earth from the sun is enormous. Hoffman. They give rise to bursts of material particles. about two-thirds of the radiation in the outer zone was "dumped" on the earth. Radiation levels measured by Pioneer III. with a peak appearance at 57 or 58 degrees. Previous observations by balloon had already indicated that such X-rays were often present at relatively low latitudes during times that visible auroras lay far to the north. The Minnesota data thus gives support to the idea that under certain conditions at least. the step-by-step reaction of the belts to such a storm and a rather complete history of their return to normaley was obtained for the first time. and the Soviet Mechta. indicate that the earth is a great generator. Salt Lake Tribune." by Watson Davis. On the square yard exposed perpendicularly to the sun's rays radiant energy is received at the rate of one and one-half horsepower. according to the air research and development command. invisible perhaps to the naked eye. Science Service. The new shape in radiation belts found by the Minnesotans confirmed a growing suspicion that the belts are not the stable pair of doughnuts once visualized. Winckler observed an aurora over Minneapolis. 1960. Perhaps this new belt should be called the Arnoldy. On the night of Aug. Tracing the probable dumping paths of this radiation to earth. 7 to Oct. "The earth receives but an insignificant fraction of the energy the sun radiates: only about one-two-billionth. Explorer VI was in orbit and busily taking radiation measurements during a strong magnetic storm created by unusual activity on the face of the sun. 18.hu/ Researches on thermal reactions inside the earth. extending from about 4. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration picked up the tab for this work." "The Advance of Science. Its orbit was highly elliptical. 6 of last year was down significantly compared to that found earlier with payloads aboard Pioneers III and IV. "The accompanying photomicrograph of a section of the emulsion smaller than the head of a common pin shows a track produced by a heavy cosmic ray primary immersed in a sea of protons carrying kinetic energies in excess of four billion electron volts and thus capable of penetrating the Atlas nose cone. "Counts in the Atlas-flown emulsions show that for every comic ray that penetrated the block. and most likely will do so in the future as the Van Aliens. Available evidence suggests that the lost radiation consisted largely of low energy electrons. That portion of the new data which has been processed to date indicates that the maximum normal radiation dosages in the belts during the period of Aug.tesla. a satisfactory explanation of the "dumping" process in the radiation of the outer belt has not been found. some 44. Preliminary analysis of Explorer VI data just published shows the belts shrunken in size and in intensity — at least this was the state of affairs during August and September of last year. the outer belt was found to contain about five times the total radiation found there before the storm. As a result. an aurora may consist of two parts. SPACE FILMS DISCLOSE FAR GREATER RADIATION BEDFORD. Another surprise come in the discovery of a third belt lying between the outer and inner belts found by Van Allen. at a magnetic latitude of 57 degrees. a visible aurora most likely appearing near the usual auroral zone. a strong geomagnetic storm occurred which. Fortuitously. 1934. Because of these two orbital characteristics. and Explorer VI have shown significant variations. The outer belt soon recovered. Dr. Our planet is receiving energy at the rate of 160. This abnormally high radiation "fever" persisted for 10 days and was followed by a slow return to normal.000 protons of the Van Allen belt were recorded. The observed aurora must have been caused by the jumped electrons from the outer belt. "Nature of the World and of Man" (Printed by the Univ. Hundred Billion Volt Wallops. but a shimmering set of tenuous rings which may change markedly from day to day. As yet. (UPI) — Film packs exposed at altitudes up to 700 miles in an Atlas nose cone showed far greater radiation than previously discovered. This means that 300 horsepower are received on a building 50x150 feet in dimensions.100 miles from the earth's center at its near point to some 30.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. The average rate for the earth through the periods of darkness as well as of light is three-eights of a horsepower per square yard. the Minnesota scientists found that it should show up near the surface of the earth between magnetic latitudes of 52 and 62 degrees. Arnoldys. and near the end of the storm. 16-17.000 miles at its far point. On the very night of the magnetic storm.brought a new surprise. The orbit of Explorer VI was ideal in several respects for the probing of the intensity and extent of the Van Allen belts. conducted by Dr. Ross Gunn. and an X-ray aurora. Such electrons would produce more than the visible evidence of an aurora. During the first 24 hours of the storm. the inclination of the orbit was such that the rocket passed from rather high northern magnetic latitudes to high southern magnetic latitudes. They penetrate everything including our own bodies. The three physicists from the Land of Lakes masterminded the construction of the radiation detection equipment which formed part of the payload of Explorer VI and analyzed the data it accumulated. Washington. Wincklers and others bring new light to bear on the remaining mysteries of the earth-circling radiation belts. on Aug. Director. MASS. "Particle tracks indicate that radiation in the (Van Allen) belts discovered by the Explorer satellites far outshadow the flux of primary cosmic radiation as measured by means of skyhook balloons at 20-mile altitudes.000 horsepower per inhabitant of the earth at the present time. 10 . of Chicago Press. Cosmic Rays bombard the earth from outer space every second of the day and night. Hoffmans.

Lightning is rated at about 1 billion volts. the voltage figures can be made even higher. Deseret News No other radiations "pack such a wallop" as Cosmic Rays. The corpuscle theory of light was taught and the sun was supposed to contain a never failing supply of these corpuscles. It is about 100 years since science began to consider light. The Lemaitre-Vallarts theory together with Dr. Dr. they rate thousands and millions of times as powerful. W.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. could it be. After the corpuscular theory had about faded man turned to the wave theory. which have been observed particularly in Germany. give definite values for the energy of half of the cosmic radiation. It is not possible to be any too definite and positive. The highest electrical presssure on high-tension power lines is 250. and shows it continuously disturbed between 5 billion and 50 billion volts. heat. Axel Corlin of Sweden's Lund Observatory found radiation that still had energy after passing through somewhat greater depths and. and the Einstein Theory stand some revision. therefore. The cosmic-ray energies deduced from the tracks left in the Anderson cloud chamber range from 100 volts to 3 billion volts. Comprehension becomes difficult when energies reach billions of volts. The peak of artificial electricity production for experimental purposes is 20 million volts. Compared with other energies here on earth.000 volts. Cosmic Rays energies seem to lie between 100 million and more than 100 billion volts. magnetism. In the early part of the 19th Century school books termed these things imponderable substances. below the intense trapped radiation of the Van Allen belt. because estimates necessarily change with additional experiments and knowledge. as greater light leads us on. Kolhorster's measurement of penetrating radiated in the depths of the Strassfurt salt mines. 1960. And energies of 100 billion volts or more are indicated by the great bursts set off by cosmic ray collisions. amendments. He found that some positrons are born of cosmic rays smashing into matter.tesla. the electron theory will be found to lack "absolute" knowledge. The figure of 100 billion volts is a result of Dr. galvanism and electricity as natural forces. The electronic theory superceded the old theory and while the electron theory surpasses all former theories. The Moray RE devices have worked equally well in deep mines under water or high in the mountains and in an airplane. or even undoing? 11 . Johnson's asymmetry measurements. He found that the minimum energy of these rays had a penetration which was greater than ever before demonstrated. but even the wave theory was based on a crude concept of a movement of the ultimate principles or atoms of matter.hu/ "The more energetic of the trapped particles produced `stars' or nuclear explosions inside the emulsion (film) 500 times more frequently than observed on earlier Aerobee rockets which reached only 100 miles. Anderson's cloud chamber at California Institute of Technology in which the positron was discovered has furnished much information about cosmic ray energies." March 17. called the stosse. Dr.

. it is 104 volts cm.9 x 109 neutons or 2. and even down to 10-5 cm. between the reacting molecules must be very large. polarization converts ordinary molecular force in cohesion into incipient but real chemical affinity. thereby rendering them permanent members of the solar system. However. As an illustration of the force bodies are placed f = 4π p r 2 given by the Coulombs Law. Coulomb's Law states. It has long been known that electrical forces between charges are of the inverse square law type. if we have two small bodies each charged with one coulomb of electricity and these are placed in a vacuum with a distance of one meter between centers the force of repulsion will be 8. the impact. however have electrons in metastic state of excitation lasting some 10-4 sec. and the force needed to drop even a single electron will be 1/10 dyne. be oppositely electrified.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. 12 . It is not to be supposed that the electrons in a polarized atom need to be disturbed in any great amount in order to produce chemical cohesion. so that the acceleration will be of the order of U2/2t=1026 egs. ionization or dissociation of the molecules. 10-8 cm. energy 1 = 2 mu 2 time u = 1027 (109 ) 3 108 = 108 erg / sec 2t Reaction of excited atoms or molecules is of importance only under conditions of high electric densities.. We know from proven experimental facts that at 10-2 cm. The power to stop and neutralize such electrons flying with 1/30 of the speed of light inside a molecular thickness can be estimated. but they can be momentarily imparted by a sudden jerk of disruptive discharge or receive electric impulses. ge2 equal to or greater than 4π p ro 3 2 Kt ro is the molecular distance Inside this molecular distance the ions are actively drawn together. and such atoms in impact with neutral atoms or molecules of an appropriate sort can lose energy by inelastic impacts causing excitation.hu/ CHAPTER TWO REACTIONS BY MEANS OF ELECTRONIC EXCITATION As I stated in 1914 in connection with the action of Moray RE tube values. Brownian movement whose impact forces are larger than the attractive forces. at lower electron densities second impacts can change the phenomena. The opposite charges cannot be maintained electrostatically between two neighboring metallic surfaces.' that is 10-8 sec. As the ions are being knocked around randomly by molecular impacts. It is apparent that the coulombic force within such molecular distances between oppositely charged ions must be very great. in view of the short time intervals involved. the forces of cohesion would be intensified momentarily by something akin to chemical affinity and cohesion would set in over Ultra-molecular distances. The effect is analogous to the entrapping of comets when they pass near a planet. apart. The interactions of two moving charged particles free in space can be easily computed by our analogy to our wellknown astronomical problems with due regard to the signs." The force also depends on the kind of medium in which the charged Q1 Q 2 Where p is the permeability of the medium. Some atoms can. Only until they are within molecular distances to each other is the coulombic potential energy equal to or exceeding the average of translation.25 x 109 lbs. If two molecules were beyond each other's Molecular range and if the neighboring surfaces could. by any means as by the supply of electricity from without. these are the things which are effective in promoting chemical cohesion. In any collison between a charged particle and a neutral molecule ionization takes place because of the electric force exerted on the planetary electrons in the molecules. "The forces exerted upon each other by two small charged bodies varies directly as the product of the charges and inversely as the square of the distance between their centers. It is obvious that chemical molecules can be made to obey Coulomb's Law and may be subjected to the interactions of the electrical forces. even at 10-6 cm.tesla.. X is 108 volts/cm. or inter-molecular pressure. gaseous ions at atmospheric pressure exert very feeble forces on each other. Since the stoppage of comet like ions in an encounter with oppositely charged ions occurs well within the limits of atomic magnitude. outside this sphere of radius ro has an electric field given by the equation: X = e r2 at 10-8 cm.

the first inelastic impacts of electrons with atoms or molecules at lower energies. The work on dissociation and the mechanism of ionization in certain gases such as the rare gases. In any case it can be definitely stated that the probability of ionization and excitation calculated on the basis of the electron free path in a given gas the number ions formed are a maximum at the ionization or excitation potential. any superfluous energy which it has after causing ionization is distributed between itself and some electrons removed from the atoms or molecules. h is the Planck constant therefore we have h=6. when the atom or molecule has already been ionized. that is. leading to light emission.5 e. It is found with few exceptions that the larger the diameter of the atoms and the larger the number of external electrons the smaller the excitation and ionization potential will be.62 x 10-72 erg/sec. they drop rapidly to lower values as the electron velocity increases. v. Unless ionization occurs. Hg. in general gives rise to the emission of light of the first line of a series of these atoms and that as the electrons' energies increase. the fraction of the total number of molecules which has energies greater than that necessary for ionization of the gas is extremely small. The minimum value of the potential at which definitely inelastic impacts of electrons with atoms or molecules set in and where the electrons lose all. or first ionization potential. The ionization potential determines only the energy at which ionization by collision starts. Under conditions such as these the 13 . at 1 mm. has shown the possibility of the simultaneous excitation and ionization of the same atom by a single electron impact of appropriate energy.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. V=frequency. The greatest amount of ionization occurs when the electron has an energy 5 to 10 times that given by the ionizing potential. it was able on impact. A single electron of appropriately high energy can liberate as many as 4 to 5 electrons at once from an atom as in the outer electrons of mercury. When an electron possesses more than an ionizing amount of energy. is approximately proportional to the excess of energy of the electron above the ionizing energy n=C (E-E1) E is the actual energy of the electrons E1 is the ionization potential of the gas C is a constant The energy an electron must have before it can produce an appreciable amount of ionization is always considerably larger than the ionization potential.. This corresponds to a temperature of 35. or a large fraction of their energy at a single impact. the separate higher lines of appropriate frequency appear as the energy reaches a proper value.hu/ The Bohr Theory of spectral lines indicates that an electron should be able to lose energy to an electron in an atom or molecule as soon as it possesses an energy equal to hv=1/2 mv2. nitrogen and hydrogen. the ionization potential being higher.tesla. At an appropriate energy of the impacting electron. if the electrons can make a sufficient number of collisions the average energy of the electron can become many times that of the molecules. v is the frequency of the energy radiated. to remove an electron from an atom which has an ionization potential of Vo.000°k. atoms and molecules can absorb only discreet amounts of energy.04e. We experimentally found the number of ionizing collisions per meter made by an electron. thereafter. the average kinetic energy of the gas molecules corresponds to less that 0. Because the mass of the electron is so very small the energy it loses in an elastic collision is only a small fraction of its total kinetic energy. When the disturbed electron returns from its orbit or state. If the electric intensity were only 100 volts/ampere the average energy of the electrons in oxygen would be about 4. when an electron acquired an energy of equivalent volt Vo. Thus with a comparatively small electric field.66 mM (1 WM ) 2 Wm (m − M ) WM average mass of the molecules Wm average mass of the electrons f is approximately equal to m/M even when the average energy of the electrons is only 20% or 30% larger than the average energy of the molecules. This is expressed in electron volts. characteristic of a given gas. Thus at normal temperature 80. that is. The second ionization potential corresponds to the work required to remove a second electron from the atom or molecule. It was first observed that the conductivity of gas was increased at the critical potential. m=mass. this energy has the effect of moving the most loosely held orbital electron or electrons in an atom to some larger orbit. and not to ionization. the atomic or molecular electrons are completely removed from the atoms or molecules leaving behind the positively ionized atomic ions or molecular ions.°F. it was suspected that the first inelastic impact at increasing energies should correspond to these excitations losses. is called the critical potential. It was found in complete conformity with Bohr's theory. The fraction f is given by the following equations: f = 2. The probability of resonance and ionization is greatest at the precise ionization or resonance potential and falls off exponentially from that value on only to rise again as the next potential is reached.v.

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actual kinetic energy of a fairly large fraction of the electrons would thus be larger than the ionization energy of the molecules and ionization could occur owing to the collisions of the electrons with neutral molecules. The forces acting between an electron and a molecule vary much more than the inverse square law coulomb. This is represented by the following equation:

f =

( D − 1) O2 2 * 3,1416 Nπ 5

this assumes spherical elastic molecules and ions, these attract each other at a distance r with a force f. Thus an electron can approach very closely to a neutral molecule before experiencing any force due to the neuclei and the orbital electrons. If then, the electron has made a series of collisons and its energy or velocity is sufficiently low it can attach itself easily to the neutral molecule to form a negative ion. However, at too low pressures, the electron mean free path is increased and collisions are few thus insufficient to bring about the formation of negative molecular ions. Electrons of low velocity approaching an ionized atom or atomic ion or molecular ion, must be able to interchange velocities so that while one electron neutralizes the ionized atom, the other electron escapes with the total energy resulting from the process. Another example would be a free slow-moving electron approaching an excited atom, the energy of excitation is given to the slow electron while the excited electron returns to its normal orbit without radiation or to some intermediate orbit with radiation of lower frequency. A classical example for illustration is the irradiation of mercury vapor by the line 2537 Au; the mercury vapor becomes activated, is then in a metastable state; if these atoms collide with Thallium atoms while in this state, a thalliumelectron would be raised to a higher level so that it emits the green thallium line. The difference bewteen the energy of the 2537 Au line and the low-energy thallium line is converted into kinetic energy of the separating mercury and thallium atoms after impact. If the activated mercury atom strikes hydrogen molecules in the excited state the energy is converted into the work a dissociation of these molecules into atoms or molecular hydrogen fragments. If the excited mercury atom collides with an atom of lower ionizing energy, this may remove an electron from the neutral atom ionizing it, and itself returns to the normal state. Methods of electronic excitation A. Processes in the gas itself; 1. Rapidly moving electrons and beta particles from radioactive changes. 2. Rapidly moving positive charges, protons and alpha particles. 3. Rapidly moving positive ions in high electrostatic fields 4. Photo electric ionization by ultraviolet light, X-Ray and other rays beyond the light rays as coming from the Cosmos. 5. Through chemical reactions in the gas, e. g. e. oxidation of NO — NO2 P — P2O3, P2O5, etc. 6. Possibly ionization and excitation of the gas may be caused by temperature alone without action of the walls, or by impact of rapidly moving neutral atoms or molecules from other sources, for example neutralized alpha rays, B. Processes due to solid or liquid surfaces in contact with the gas. 1. Bombardment of metal by fast electrons, alpha particles, positive ions or recoil atoms giving secondary atoms. 2. Action of metasable atoms on solid surfaces giving secondary atoms. 3. Action of gamma rays, X-rays and light on solid or liquid surfaces giving electrons photoelectric effect. 4. Incandescent metals in general emitting large numbers of electrons called thermo-ionic emissions. 5. Incandescent surfaces having salts, phosphates, oxides, chlorides, or complex metal salts of mixed composition, at lower temperatures give positive ions such as sodium ions, postassium ions, barium ions, etc. 6. Chemical reactions at surfaces, oxidation of moist phosphorus, potassium, sodium, give ions of both signs, but more negative ions. 7. The atomizing of liquids into minute droplets by high velocity air currents tangential to the surface causes the smallest droplets to become negatively charged. If water is used which contains ions the larger droplets have ions in them and are predominately positive. The source of conductivity of the gas is the source of the charges on rain clouds and thunderstorms. 8. Frictional effects between solid particles suspended in gases, as typified by electron in sand storms.

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9. Ionization of a gas can occur when the average energy of the molecules becomes so great that the energy transferred in a collision bebetween two neutral molecules is sufficient to ionize one of them. 10. The collision of free electrons with neutral atoms or molecules. Ionization by collision between molecules and electrons in thermal ionization may involve several processes: a. The electrons may ionize directly in colliding with a neutral molecule. b. The electron may excite a molecule acid subsequent electron may ionize it. c. An electron might excite a neutral atom which subsequently in returning to its normal state would give off radiation and cause photo-ionization either in the gas or at the walls of the discharge. 11. The electric field is then one of the most important ionization agents. An ion moving under the influences of the forces of the electric field is given by the following equations: F — XAned legend F — force; X — field strength; A — base area volums; n — ions/cc; e — charge; d — length parallel to field

This force acts on each ion between its 109 collisions/sec. with molecules to give it momentum in the field direction. At each of the 109 impacts some of this momentum is yielded to the neutral molecules with which the ion collides. As a result the molecules are set into a motion along X. When a molecule captures a charge to become a molecular ion it moves in the electric field according to the following equation: K — e/6 x 3.1416 - a (1-AL/a) legend e — charge; coefficient of viscosity; a — radius of particles; A — constant, (.874); L — Mean free path.

The distance a molecule moves between impacts is called a free path, the mean free path is dependent on the velocities of the ions. Now an ion that has fallen through a potential difference of one volt will have a kinetic energy of 1.6 x 1019 joule. That is, q E —1x1.6 x 1019 — 1..6 x 1019 joule According to the equation: q E — 1/2mv2 we find that the velocity of the particle after falling through a difference of potential of E volts is entirely independent of the length of the path the particle has traversed and also entirely independent of the form or shape of the electric field. The electric field intensity may be distorted in any way we please. That is, it may be at a high at one point, low at another, but still if the total difference in potential is E volts, the velocity of the particle will be:

V = 2q / m( E )
E. g. an electron with the kinetic energy of one electron has a velocity of: V — 5.93 x 105 meters/sec. A hydrogen ion having a kinetic energy of one electron volt would have a velocity of 9.85 x 103 meters/sec. Or nearly 6.1 miles per second. Hence the mobility of charged particles, positively charged molecular ions and negatively charged molecular ions or atomic ions in the electric field may be controlled by simply controlling the difference of potential through which the particles are falling. Further, since the molecules are to react with one another the rate of reaction and the intensity of said reaction may be controlled at will. A specific case in which the electric field performs the double function of molecular excitation and the creation of inter-molecular and atomic ions is being given by the system used by the inventor. It is a system utilizing the principles of the wire corona with concentric cylinder at different pressures. The system is modified in conformity to the concept that chemical reactions must take place when the oppositely charged molecular ions from an appropriate activated catalyst are accelerated against one another in the wire corona, it consists of a cylinder made of a suitable catalyst from which positive atomic ions are emitted. The reactants (gases) streaming through the chamber parallel to the length of the wire attain the polarity of the negative molecular ions by the high electric field close to the wire. As these negative molecular ions are accelerated at the right angles to the wire in the direction of the electric field toward the positively charged catalyst cyclinder, they are met by an avalanche of on rushing atomic ions from the catalyst. A certain amount of reaction takes place in that instant. (10-8 sec.) However, some of the negative molecular ions outside the mean free path of the positive atomic ions are free to rush headlong toward the positive cylindrical field where they are neutralized, and instantly given a positive charge by the avalanche of outrushing positive ions. These 15

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positive molecular ions are accelerated back into the field and collide against the negative molecular ions coming from the direction of the negative electrode corona. This melee continues until the reaction has come to a point when the individual participants are either all gone or the mixture is outside of the electric field; backrush oscillations. The Moray apparatus combined with other equipment, consists of a combination of specially constructed tubes which we will refer to as valves, "pressure transmitters," interceptors and oscillators. The valves are not rectifiers in the sense that they operate as radio valves in changing A.C. or H.F. to D.C. They have an actual valve action in stopping the "flow" of energy which may be thought of as oscillatory action similar to the waves of the sea, without rectification, from returning to the outer circuit, much as a retaining wall could stop the waves of the sea from returning. The other modalities and "tubes" of the device are equally unique in their performance. Although no new laws of energy are being advanced or claimed as having been discovered, the application in the method of utilization of the energy throughout space is unique in that "Generation" is accomplished by oscillatory utilization rather than by the conventional prime owner. These detector tubes have a synchronized pull with the specially developed oscillators of high faradic capacity and provide a means through which oscillating energy may pass to specially constructed valve oscillators whose relation to the first stage valve is such as to permit oscillations to come in from but not to return to the outer circuit with an automatic variable relation to the oscillations from the universe, and capable of setting up within their circuits initial oscillations which coincide with the oscillations of the universe. Special provision is provided to stop R. E. tubes from becoming blocked in their disipation of the charges created by the oscillations that continually accumulate based on the oscillatory capacity back rush effect common to capacitors and herein applied in vacuum tubes. This action of these devices has the effect of enlarging and prolonging the time of charge and discharge of the capacitors and the capacity energy in the circuit to an appreciable interval in perfect harmony with the natural energy wave through the intercepter's valves and oscillators in the circuit which set up in the circuit electrical pulsations corresponding to the energy waves captured by the interpreter and again kept from returning to the second outer circuit by "multi-walled" valves. The final tubes act as energy pressure transmitters with a means to prevent "shunting" condensation by a special form of "getter." This stops condensation accumulating at the base of the tubes which would block their ionic action. One must "split" the energy discharge band into lines of variation, call this what you will, lines of energy or line of light beyond the "light rays." The oscillations, therefore, do not become simple oscillations but through the action of the Universe set up an energy flow — which might be referred to as the assertion of inertia. When inertia sets in the action will continue because of the oscillations of the Cosmos, otherwise one would have a complete dissipation of energy and no oscillations. The oscillations will vibrate during the same period of time regardless of the potential, but the rate of vibration of the device depends on the "capacity" of its modalities, i.e., condensers, etc. Let us go from the known to the unknown. We have referred to a form of ionic action in place of the common electronic liberation accomplished in radio tubes. It is an accepted fact when various substances are bombarded with alpha particles they are found to give off electrons. This is the principle involved in various vacuum tubes. Thomson gave a similar action of liberation the name of Delta Rays. These Delta Rays or electrons are thought by some to originate in a type of ionization which might be referred to as "thermions," give off when the alpha particles strike the bombarded substance. Is it, therefore, possible some "particle" from the Cosmos, with greater penetrating power than Alpha particles, would penetrate quartz or various substances and set up a decided ionic action? One maybe could learn much from a glorified "monochromator." Just as sodium, postassium, caesium, rubidium, barium, strontium, react to visible light, or let us say wavelengths, within a certain range, might not certain other substances or substance react to oscillations from the Cosmos or artificially produced radiations? The universe is analogous to a radio transmitting station. It is continually emitting energy, only of a greater range of wavelength. Wavelengths and frequencies are truly the answer to all vibrant worlds of living things. The stellar laboratories providing environments as yet unproducible by man or perhaps only unrecognized. The terms cosmic energy, radiant energy (as used by Dr. Moray) can be thought of as synonymous terms of frequencies of unknown and undefined limits. In fact, limits of arbitrarily named ranges of the spectrum, which the spectrum has not defined so that the terms should be recognized as meaning a locality in the wavelength scale without being definitely "fenced." Energy must be absorbed to be utilized. Absorption converts energy into heat, chemical energy, mechanical energy, electrical energy and perhaps into forms unknown at the present time. "Vibrant with life" is more than a poetical phrase. In its simplest form an ion consists of a molecule of air that has either one or more or one less than the quota of electrons for the electrically neutral molecule. The former is a negatively charged, the latter a positively charged ion. Positive ions are attracted toward negatively charged bodies while negative ions drift away from them. This process goes on and the medium loses its electrical charge at a rate that is porportional to the

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abundance of ions, to the velocity at which the ions move towards the attracting medium. The velocity is less or greater if the ion is not the simple type but consists of a variable aggregate of molecules. Much could be written on this. but the above should suffice for the present purpose. Let us go on from, not stop at, the Ultra violet Light Theory of Aurorea. In some electronic tubes the electrons are not emitted directly from the filament but from an indirect Cathode which does not enter into the direct electrical function of the tube. Does this teach us anything toward an indirect generation of ions and ionic action? Could the opposite deflection of alpha and beta rays and the . undeflected course of the gamma rays teach us anything about cosmic energy or radiant energy valves and oscillators? The more perfect the ionic action the greater the velocity. The greater the mean free path and the greater the collecting voltage the greater the ionic gain of energy will be between collisions and the greater the amount of kinetic energy will be conserved. The collision will be "perfectly resilient." The little we know about "space" and what it contains or may contain is so limited that we are forced to acknowledge anything is possible beyond our experiences. The actual material of space consisting of the matter of celestial bodies is a very small part of the whole. There may be many all pervading energies or matter that are more important than those we have detected. The very fact of our inability heretofore to detect them may make them all the more important in the cycles of our life and the things we know. There is a multiplicity of phenomena which occurs at the same time in gas conduction, the known laws are largely empirical and approximate. Ohm's law is valid in only a few limited cases, conductivity changes markedly with the variety of gas and the gas pressure. In the detector and intercepter circuits it becomes more important to maintain oscillatory action than frequency stability. The relationship and combination of natural vibration and forced vibration is particularly important. It must be remembered that a point of resonance will be reached at some frequency and the charge will reach a magnitude depending on the impressed force which, in the case of the universe, is immense — the effect of resonance, pure resonance. Science claims complete resonance is not producible. Science also, at one time, said it was impossible to transmit the human voice over a copper wire. That is and will always be a fact, but the same results are obtained. Science also said it was impossible for a heavier than air device to "fly." Resonance has been obtained where a return wire in an electric circuit is not necessary. Pure resonance offers many dangers to the inexperienced investigator. The walls of Jericho are an example of pure mechanical resonance. Marching feet, running dogs and some harmonics come within the danger zone for bridges and the other mechanical structures, as also the breaking of a water glass. Every substance has a natural mechanical vibratory resonance and a point of dissociation. This is also true in electrical or energy resonance. The theory is that in perfect resonance the oscillations will become more and more vigorous until the vibration or oscillation will go on forever if properly "fed" or to the dissociation of the matter. However, while this will be true in theory, it is only partly true. In fact, if one can obtain resonance with the "great generator" of the universe with its multiplicity of vibrations corresponding to the natural vibration and pure resonance of the different substances — each substance has a different pure sonic, pure vibration, pure resonance, buildings may be made to fall, glass to break, matter to explode, but only such things as come within the exact vibratory ranges of that resonance will be affected. The vibratory rate and the resonance of water is not exactly the same as that of oil. Find the proper mechanical or energy resonance of certain "kinds" of matter and the constructive results will far outweigh the destructive. Gasoline and fire each have their place which must be honored and feared as also appreciated. Man can destroy himself now, so where will a pure controlled resonance make too great a difference? There are enough things which, in the hands of babes, ignorance or knaves can snuff out nearly everything now; so, where need pure resonance be feared? The writer has, as Tesla did, come very close to pure resonance with certain substances. Being in resonance to one substance as compared to another is not being in resonance to all substances. Put together in pure energy resonance certain electrical responding modalities which synchronize with the resonance of certain vibrations of the universe and what have you? Usable energy from the universe. This energy may come to the planets as oscillations similar to the oscillations and the tides of the sea. The R. E. tubes received this energy in surges, which may last only. a few micro-seconds but the pressure and the current in those surges are so large that sufficient energy is delivered to the equipment in resonance as to be un???ed and usable in multiples of flashes and a magnitude which will compete with the light of day. Remember resonance and pressure can do a lot of amplifying of energy. Also remember the vibrations going out from the sources in the universe must also return to their sources. Nothing is lost only a lowering of potential like water over the wheel. The R. E. tubes present no new laws of physics. It may be a case of advancing further in the law and thereby obtaining results not at first deemed possible. This is the history of science. R. E. tubes possess greater ability to obtain "saturation" and thus charge the accompanying capacitors or condensers at a more steady rate which, when a certain voltage is reached, ionization occurs in the gases of the discharged tube and causes the

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condensers of the valve circuit to discharge into other condensers of the oscillators and the other modalities of the circuit. When ionization in the preceding tubes is no longer possible because of the reduced voltage, the process starts all over again. The first valve passes vibration of energy into an oscillatory circuit, ionization sets in, a discharge occurs and energy passes through another valve into other oscillators. The process is repeated from the first stage on to the second on to the third and so on, much like a bucket bridge. That is why I asked years ago, "cannot a steady flow of water be obtained from the waves of the sea or energy from the vibrations of the Cosmos?" Many phenomena, especially those occurring in certain frequencies, are still unexplained and there are numerous places where the classic theory and observed facts do not agree. When a vibration of any kind strikes a boundary between two media of different vibratory impedances at an angle of less than 90 degrees, a transformation of the vibratory rate may be changed into another vibratory rate. The R. E. Device, therefore will continue to capture energy by resonance, or call it what you will, as long as the "keep alive" vibration of the Cosmos continues to oscillate the various stages of valves and oscillators in the circuit. Simple is it not? Just a case of the trapping of energy which is everywhere present in the primary circuit and causing it to oscillate through the secondary circuits t rough a blocked circuit of no return. Our experiments have proved that there is an energy which exists in the universe which, by proper development of equipment can be made available for commercial use. One may say all "energy" comes from the sun. Can one prove the sun is the foundation of all "energy?" Or is the sun a retransmitter of energy? That light is an electrical phenomena has been amply proved. The atoms in those distant stellar crucibles have moving electrons which are emitting electromagnetic waves of many lengths and and many frequencies, which can be tuned to certain ranges of wavelengths. Our eyes and other senses respond to some of these frequencies but there are many beyond those which we loosely term light. The photographic plate records some of these and also invisible radiations of shorter wavelengths or higher frequencies known as ultra violet radiations. There are radiations measured by their heating effect of longer wavelengths or lower frequencies which we call infrared radiations. There are electromagnetic radiations of shorter wavelengths. These are generally known as "Roentgen Rays." There are rays of still shorter wavelengths; these are of unlimited power. These are born and put into locomotion from the very "Source or Foundation of Energy." What is a man to do with such a picture of the universe other than let our interest and admiration grow? But will we ever get to the final foundation? Anything is possible beyond our experiences. And as Tennyson said "One God, one law, one element And one far-off divine event To which the whole creation moves" Electricity is vibrations. Substance is a vibrating medium. All substances are really combinations of one primordial substance i.e. vibrations. Electrons in motion go to constitute an electric current. What electricity is to matter, so is electric force to common mechanical force, and electrical inertia to mechanical inertia. By inertia, we mean the ratio of force to acceleration. Here on earth we have many "receiving stations" which are tuned to certain ranges of wavelengths. Energy was defined in 1892 as a condition of matter, in virtue of which, any definite portion may effect changes in any other of definite portion. Later discoveries have since confirmed this. Energy then, is a state of matter, or rather, the result of a particular state or condition in which matter may be, when any observed phase of energy appears. Cosmic rays, cosmic vibrations and matter may appear to consist of two entirely different things, but the fact is, these two subjects are actually joined together. Those highly penetrating rays which we call cosmic rays, originate somewhere in the remote spaces of the universe and continually bombard our earth with continuous vigor day and night, year after year. We must not think of cosmic rays, infra ray and ultra-violet, X-ray, gamma or any ray, or particle as simple in character. None of them in any sense of the word consist of a simple frequency of ray. Ultraviolet rays, X-ray, gamma rays, cosmic rays and so on all consist of various wavelengths or frequencies. That is all ultraviolet rays are not of the same frequency, all X-rays are not of the same frequency any more than all radio waves (hertzian waves) are the same frequency. All are exceedingly complex in their make-up. This complexity is what has given them such an important place in the study of the physical sciences. The great study of matter and cosmic rays so closely tied together, will open up greater and greater fields of science for the practical good of the human race. Experiments have also satisfied us that gravity is akin to, if not an "electrical" oscillation, so well balanced that we might, for the lack of a better name, almost call it a "Wattless energy" until some force is exerted to oppose its potential and then gravity opposes such force. This means gravity can be controlled and unlimited advancement made in air navigation.

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Facts prove that matter is capable of dissociation fitted to lead it into forms in which it loses all its material qualities. Among the most important Dr. Le Bon noted the emission by all bodies of particles endowed with immense speed, capable of making the air a conductor of electricity, of passing through obstacles, and of being thrown out of their course by a magnetic field. None of the forces then known were able to produce such effects, particularly the emission of particles with a speed almost or equaling that of light; it was evident that science then found itself in the presence of absolutely unknown facts. Several theories were put forth in explanation of them. One only — that the dissociation of atoms, which Dr. Le Bon advanced at the commencement of these researches — has resisted all criticism and on this account is now almost universally adopted. It is now nearly seventy years since Dr. Le Bon proved by experiment that the phenomena observed in substances termed radioactive — such as uranium — could be observed in all substances in nature, and could only be explained by the dissociation of their atoms. The action of light on any substance, a lighted lamp, chemical reactions of very different kinds, an electric discharge, etc., cause these effluxes to appear. Substances termed radio-active such as uranium or radium, simply present in a high degree a phenomena which all matter possesses to some extent. When Dr. Le Bon formulated for the first time this generalization, though it was supported by very precise experiments, it attracted hardly any attention. In the whole world one physicist, the learned Prof. De Heen, alone grasped its import and adopted it after having verified its perfect correctness. But the experiments being too convincing to permit of long challenge, the doctrine of the universal dissociation of matter at last triumphed. The atmosphere was then cleared, and physicists no longer denied that this dissocation of matter — this radioactivity as it is now called — is a universal phenomenon widely spread thoughout the universe; and, as Prof. J. J. Thomson demonstrated, exists in most substances — water, sand, granite, clay, bricks, etc. What becomes of matter when it dissociates? Can it be supposed that when atoms dissaggregate they only divide into smaller parts and thus form a simple "dust of atoms"? We shall see that nothing of the sort takes place, and that matter which dissociates dematerializes itself by passing through successive phases which gradually deprive it of its material qualities until it finally returns to the rate of vibrations whence it seems to have issued as energy. When the fact is once recognized that atoms can dissociate and reappear as energy and then from energy back to matter then the question arises as to whence they obtain the immense quantity of energy necessary to launch into space, particles with a speed of a same order as light or greater. The explanation in reality is simple enough, since it is verified that far from being an inert thing only capable of giving up the energy artificially supplied to it, matter is an enormous reservoir of energy, intra cosmic energy. Such a doctrine years ago assailed too many then accepted fundamental scientific principles to be at once admitted. Accustomed to regard the rights, the rigid principles of thermodynamics as absolute truths, and persuaded that an isolated material system could possess no other energy than supplied from without, a majority of physicists long persisted in seeking outside of it the sources of the energy manifested during the dissociation, not disintegration of matter. Gradually we are coming to see the facts. The reality of this form. of energy is proven by experimental facts. Cosmic energy is the most powerful of known forces, and is the origin of most others including intra atomic energy. Matter, formerly regarded as inert and only able to give back the energy originally supplied to it, is, on the other hand, a colossal reservoir of energy intra-atomic and intra-cosmic energy which can be expended without borrowing anything from without. It is from the intra-sonic energy manifested during the dissociation of matter that most of the forces in the universe are derived, notably electricity and solar heat. Force and matter are two different forms of one and the same thing. Matter represents a stable form of intraatomic energy; heat, light, electricity, etc., represent instable forms of it (cosmic energy). In the dissociation of atoms, the stable form of energy termed matter is simply changed into those unstable forms known by the names of electricity, light, heat, etc. For the examination of these several propositions let us, as a basis of presentation, take them as proved and seek at once the changes they bring about in a general conception of the mechanism of the universe. The problem of the nature of matter and of force is one of those which has most exercised the sagacity of scientists. Its complete solution has escaped us because it really implies the knowledge, still inaccessible, of the first cause of things. Scientific theories heretofore set forth have not allowed us to completely solve this great question. They lead, however, to a conception of matter and energy far different from that in use at the present day, cosmic energy. We can arrive at the conclusion that matter is an immense reservoir of energy solely constituted by a system of vibrating atoms maintained in equilibrium by the rotations, attractions and repulsions of matter's component parts. From this equilibrium result the material properties of bodies such as weight, form, and apparent permanence. Matter also represents movement, but the movements of its component elements are confined within a very restricted space. This conception leads us to view matter as a variety of energy. To the known

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forms of energy — heat, light — there must be added another — energy from the cosmos which embraces but surpasses intra-atomic energy. This energy is characterized by its collossal greatness and its unlimited accumulation with everything in the universe. It follows from the preceding statements that by dissociation of matter one is simply giving to the variety of energy which fills all space in a different form — such as, for example, what we call electricity or light but in reality are radiations or forms of vibrations, their proper status. We will endeavour to give an account of the forms under which this energy of the universe may be condensed within the atom, and the cosmos, but the existence of the fact itself has a far greater importance than the theories it gives rise to of simple atomic energy. Without pretending to give the definition so vainly sought for of energy, we will content ourselves with stating that all phenomenality is nothing but a transformation of equilibrium. When the transformations of equilibrium are rapid, we call them electricity, heat, light, all forms of vibration. When the changes of equilibrium are slower, we give them the name of matter. To go beyond this we must wander into the region of hypothesis and admit that the elements of which the aggregate is represented by forces in equilibrium, are constituted by vortices formed in the midst of the universe. These vortices posses an individuality, supposed by some to be ephemeral but which the evolution of matter and of energy prove to be eternal. The individuality disappears, and the vortex dissolves as soon as the forces which maintain their existence cease to act but others form elsewhere, i.e. eternal creation, eternal evolution, eternal energy and matter. The equilibriums of these elements of which the aggregate constitutes an atom, may be compared to those which keep the planets in their orbits. So soon as they are disturbed considerable energies manifest themselves, as they would were the earth or any other planet stayed in its course. Such disturbances in planetary systems may be realized, either without apparent reason, as in very radioactive bodies when, for diverse reasons, they reached a certain degree of instability, or artificially — as in ordinary bodies when brought under the influence of various excitants — heat, light, or other forms of vibration. These excitants act in such cases like the detonator of an explosive — that is to say, by freeing quantities of energy greatly in excess of the very slight cause which has determined their liberation. And as the energy condensed in the universe is immense in quantity, it results from this that to an extremely slight loss in matter there corresponds the creation of an enormous quantity of energy. From this standpoint we may say of the various forms of energy such as heat, electricity, light (all vibrations), represent the last stages of matter before it returns into the cosmos from whence it came. IF, extending these ideas, we wish to apply them to the differences presented by the various simple bodies studied, we should say that one simple body only differs from another in rate of vibration. If we could deprive any element of a sufficient quantity of the energy it contains, we should succeed in completely transforming it. As to the necessarily hypothetical origin of the energies condensed within the atom, we will seek for it in a phenomenon analogous to that invoked by astronomers to explain the formation of the sun, and of the energies it stores up. To their minds this formation is the necessary consequence of the condensation of the primitive nebula. If this theory be valid for the solar system, an analogous explanation is equally so for all matter. Such a theory clears away the classical duality of matter and energy. These are two identical things under different aspects. There is no separation between matter and energy, since matter is simply a stable form of energy and nothing else and continually changes from one to the other in the cosmos. We can only understand things by fitting them into the common frame of our thoughts. The essence of energy being unknown, we are compelled to materialize it in order to enable us to reason about it. We thus arrive — but only for the purposes of demonstration — at the following definitions: Energy and matter represent entities of the same order. The various forms of energy — electricity, heat, light — are manifestations of matter in action. They only differ in the nature and the stability of the equilibrium formed in the heart of the cosmos. It is through these manifestations that the universe is known to us. The illustrious Faraday endeavored to clear away the duality existing between matter and energy. Others made the same attempt, by pointing out that matter was only brought home to us by the intermediary of forces acting on our senses. But all arguments of this order were considered as having a purely metaphysical bearing. It was objected to in Faraday's time that it had not been possible to transform matter into energy, and that this matter was necessary to animate the former. Scientific principles, considered assured, taught that nature as a kind of inert reservoir could create the liquid it holds. Everything seemed then to point out that nature and energy were irreducible things as independent one of the other as weight is of color. It was therefore not without reason that they were taken as belonging to different worlds. The transformation of matter into energy having been demonstrated, it follows that energy may be transformed into matter. The facts summed up in the preceding pages show that matter in a set form is not eternal but as a rate of vibration or energy is eternal, that it constitutes an enormous reservoir of vibrations, and that it disappears by

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transforming itself into other forms of energy or matter before returning to its source, being in reality just another cycle in the process of creation. It can therefore be said that if matter cannot be created, it cannot be destroyed but returning to its source begins a cycle again. The elements of a substance which is burned or sought to be annihilated by any other means are transformed and are but a change of vibration. They may lose every quality of matter, including the most fundamental of them all — weight — but that only shows gravity lost its power over such elements because of a change in vibration. The theoretical importance of these principles is considerable but self-evident. It is easy to deprive matter of all its attributes, save one. Solidity, shape, color, chemical properties may disappear but there remains a rate of vibration. The very hardest body can be transformed into an invisible vapor. But, in spite of every one of these changes, the mass of the body, as measured by its weight, remains invariable, and by changing or restoring rates of vibrations can be made to reappear; this constituted the one fixed point in the mobile ocean of phenomena, vibration. It enables the chemist, as well as the physicist, to follow matter through its perpetual transformations, and this is why matter remains something mobile and eternal. The importance of permanence and, therefore, the indestructibility of vibration which one recognizes throughout the changes in matter, being the only characteristic by which this great unknown conception can be grasped, necessarily became preponderant. These fundamental dogmas, the bases of modern science, the researches detailed in this work tend to destroy. If the principle of the conservation of energy — which is simply a bold generalization of experiments made in very simple cases — likewise succumbs to the blows which are already attacking it, the conclusion must be arrived at that nothing in the world is eternal in a set form but subject to changes of rate of vibration. The great divinities of science could also be condemned to submit to that invariable cycle which rules all things. On the ruins of former doctrines and after centuries of persistent efforts, there sprang up two sovereign powers which seemed eternal — matter as the fundamental woof of things and energy to animate it, the two being one on different rates of -vibration. With the equations connecting them, modern science thought it could explain all phenomena. In its learned formulas all the secrets of the universe were enclosed. The divinities of old time were replaced by ingenious systems of differential equations. Discovery is rarely spontaneous; it only appears so because the difficulties and the hesitations which most often surround its inception are generally unnoticed. The public troubles itself very little with the way in which inventions are made, but psychologists should certainly be interested in certain sides of the problems of inventions. In fact, they will find therein valuable documents on the birth of beliefs, on the part played, even in laboratories, by suggestions and illusions, and finally on the preponderant influence of prestige considered as a principal element of demonstration which much of the time surplant facts. The generality of the phenomenon of the dissociation of matter would have been noticed much sooner if a number of known facts had been closely examined, but this was not done. So also is this true of the law of oscillations by vibrations of the universe. These facts were spread over very different chapters of physics. For example, the loss of an electric charge occasioned by ultraviolet light has long been known, but not one little thought connecting the fact with a cathode ray. More than 75 years ago Niepe de Saint-Victor saw that, in the dark, salts of uranium caused photographic impressions for several months; but as this phenomenon did not seem to be connected with any known fact, it was put to one side as the oscillations of the cosmos are now. For hundreds of years the gases of the oscillations or vibrations of the universe have gone unappreciated. The common link which connects them appeared clearly when we established that the dissociation of matter and the forms of energy which result from it are to be ranked among the most widely spread natural phenomena. Flames had been observed to discharge electrified bodies without any one determining the exact cause of this phenomenon/. The loss of electric charges through the influence of light had been known for many years but it was regarded as a fact peculiar to a few metals with no suspicion of how general and important this law was. All this phenomena and many others, such as electricity and solar heat — are very dissimilar in appearance, but are the consequences of the same fact — namely, the dissociation of matter. The discovery of the dissociation of matter by radiation has allowed us to penetrate into an unknown world ruled by new forces, where matter losing its properties as we had known it, becomes a form which passes without difficulty through obstacles, and possesses a whole series of unforseen properties, the farreaching effect of which we have yet a great deal to learn about. With the discovery of the universal dissociation of matter is linked to that of intra-atomic energy and energy of the cosmos by which science has succeded in explaining some radioactive phenomena. The origin of intra-atomic energy is not difficult to elucidate, if one supposes, as do the astronomers, that the condensation of our nebula suffices by itself to explain the constitution of our solar system. It is conceivable that an analogous condensation of the cosmos may have begotten the energies contained in the atom. The latter may

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be roughly compared to a sphere in which a non-liquefiable gas was compressed to the degree of thousands of atmospheres at the beginning of the world. The reason this force (the most widespread and the mightiest of all those of nature) has remained unrecognized so long is in the first place because man lacked the reagents necessary for the proof of its existence and then, because the theory and atomic edifice erected by science were so stable, so solidly fixed in our minds that its dissociation and connection with the cosmos remained extremely slight. Had it been otherwise the world would long ago have utilized cosmic energy * But how is it that a demonstration so simple as that of the existence of cosmic radiant energy has not been made since the discovery of radioactivity, and especially since the demonstration of the generality of this phenomenon? This can only be explained by bearing in mind that it was contrary to all accepted principles to recognize that matter or the energy of the universe could by itself produce energy. Scientif is dogmas inspire the same superstitious fear as did the gods of old, though they have at times permitted all their liability to be broken. The fact of the existence of a considerable condensation of energy within the atoms of the universe only seemed at first to annoy us because it was outside the range of things formerly taught us by experience; it should however be remarked that, even leaving on one side the facts revealed by radioactivity, analogous concentrations are daily observable. Is it not strikingly evident, in fact that electricity must exist at an enormous degree of accumulation in all substances of the universe since it is found by the electrolysis of water that one gramme of hydrogen possesses an electcric charge of 96,000 coulombs? One gets an idea of the degree of condensation at which electricity existed before its liberation in all the universe. Elementary treatises have long since pointed out that barely a twentieth part of the above quantity would suffice to charge a globe the size of the earth to a potential of many thousands of volts. The best static machines of our laboratories hardly give forth. 1/10,000 of a coulomb per second. They would have, consequently, to work unceasingly for a little over 30 years to give the quantity of electricity contained within the atoms of one gramme of hydrogen. As electricity exists in a state of considerable concentration in all matter, it is evident that the atoms of the universe should have been regarded many years ago as a veritable capacitor of energy. One should have recognized the quantity of this energy must be enormous; it was only necessary to appreciate the magnitude of the attractions and repulsions which are produced by electric charges before us. It is curious to note that several physicists years ago have touched the fringe of this question without perceiving its consequences. For example, Cornu pointed out that if it were possible to concentrate a charge of another sphere also having a charge of one couloumb, the force created by this repulsion would equal 918 dynes, or about 9 billions of kilogrammes. What about the stars and plants of the universe? We know that by the dissociation of water we can obtain from one gramme of hydrogen an electric charge of 96,000 coulombs. This energy would be enough (and this is exactly the hypothesis enunciated by J. J. Thomson) to dispose the electric particles at suitable distances within the universe to obtain through their attractions, repulsions, and rotations, extremely powerful energies in an extremely small space. The difficulty was not, therefore, in conceiving that a great deal of energy could remain within any atom, not just a radioactive one, but that nature was supplying us from the universe usable energy if we but reached out to harness it. It is surprising that a notion so evident was not recognized long ago. Calculation of radioactive energy has been made within those limits of speed at which experiments show that the inertia of matter does not greatly vary. Science formerly established a complete separation between matter and energy. The classic ideas on this decision will be shown in the following passage of a work by Prof. Janet: "The world we live in was thought, in reality, a double world; or, rather it was composed of two distinct worlds — one the world of matter, the other the world of energy. Copper, iron, and coal are forms of matter, mechanical labor and heart are forms of energy. These two worlds are each ruled by one and the same law. Matter can neither be created nor destroyed. Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, therefore we can rightly observe that as energy and matter are one in different stages we have but one world in the evolution of matter and energy. "Matter and energy can assume various forms without matter transforming itself into energy or energy into matter — We can no more conceive energy without matter than we can conceive matter without energy." It is utterly impossible," Lord Kelvin wrote, "that the heat produced can proceed from the stored energy of radium. It therefore seems to me absolutely certain that if the emission of heat continues at the same rate, this heat must be supplied from outside." Lord Kelvin fell back on the commonplace hypothesis formed at the outset on the origin of the energy of radioactive bodies, which were attributable, as it was then believed, to some mysterious forces from the ambient medium. This supposition had no experimental support. It was simply the theoretical consequence of the idea
*

Let us here remind the reader this theory was first given to the world by Moray as early as 1914 and 1926 first published in printed book form in 1931. 22

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that matter being entirely unable to create energy, could only give back what had been supplied to it. The fundamental principles of thermodynamics which Lord Kelvin had helped so much to found, tell us, in fact, that a material system isolated from all external action cannot spontaneously generate energy. Experiment is superior to principles, and when once it has spoken, those scientific laws which appeared to be the most stable are condemned to rejoin in oblivion, the used-up,wornout dogmas and doctrines of the past. It would be desirable, even in this so-called atomic and space age, to have the theory which explain the facts, and to enable science to know whether the energy is borrowed from the atom itself or from external sources from the universe. Many physicists, like Lord Kelvin, held to the end to the old principles; that is why the phenomena of radioactivity, especially the spontaneous emission of particles animated with great speed and the rise in temperature during radioactivity, seem to them utterly unexplicable, and constitute a scientific engima, as M. Mascart said. The enigma, however, is very simple with the proper explanation. Today there is an enigma on the use of cosmic power for commercial purposes. One can hope, however, that ideas so opposed to classical dogmas as oscillatory cosmic energy and the transforming of matter into energy and energy into matter will soon be widely acknowledged. The fact is that the scientific ideas which rule the minds of men at various epochs have all the solidity of religious dogmas. Very slow to be established, they are very slow likewise to disappear. New scientific truths, although they have experience and reason as a basis, are only propagated by prestige, that is, when they are enunciated by those whose official position gives them prestige in the eyes of the scientific world. Truths of such great importance as Ohm's law which governs the whole of electricity, and the law of the conservation of energy which governs all physics, were received, on their first appearance with indifference or contempt and remained without effect until the day when they were enunciated anew by individuals endowed with influence. Now we limit the conservation of energy without fully understanding what truths it embraces. It is only by studying the history of sciences that one succeeds in understanding the genesis of beliefs and the laws governing their diffusion. We have just mentioned two discoveries which were among the most important of the 19th Century, and which are summarized in the laws, of which one can say that they ought to have appealed to all minds by their marvelous simplicity and their imposing grandeur. Now tradition fences them in where we fail to see their magnitude. Not only did they strike no one, but the most eminent scientists of that time did not concern themselves about them except to try and cover them with ridicule. Are we different today? That the simple enunciation of such doctrines should have appealed to so few shows with what difficulty a new idea is accepted when it does not fit in with former dogmas. Prestige, we repeat, and to a very slight entent, experience are alone the ordinary foundation of our convictions — scientific and otherwise. Even the most convincing experiments have never consituted an immediately demonstrable foundation when they clashed with long established accepted ideas that we hate to discard even when the old dogmas have been proven wrong. Galileo learned this when, having brought together all the philosphers of the celebrated University of Pisa, he thought to prove to them by experiment that, on the contrary to the then accepted ideas, bodies of different weights fell with the same velocity. Galileo's demonstration was assuredly very conclusive, since by letting a small leaden ball and a cannon shot of the same metal fall at the same moment from the top of a tower, he showed that both bodies reached the ground together. The professors contented themselves with appealing to the authority of Aristotle and would not change or modify their opinions. For years it has been the same with R. E. demonstrations especially by those who never saw the device. Galileo lived a long time ago, but the degree of receptivity of minds for new things has not sensibly increased. When Ohm discovered the law which immortalized his name and, on which the whole science o f electrical measurement rests he published it in a book filled with experiments so simple and so conclusive that they might have been understood by any child in an elementary school. Not only did he fail to convince anyone, but the most influential' scholars of his time treated him in such a way that he lost the berth he occupied, as a college professor, and, to avoid dying of starvation, was only too glad to take a situation in a college at 1,200 francs per annum, where he remained for 6 years. Justice was only rendered to hire at the close of his life. Robert Mayer, less fortunate, did not even obtain this belated satisfaction. When he discovered the most important of modern scientific laws, that of all the examples of the conservation o f energy the vibrations of the universe is the greatest example, he had great difficulty in finding a publisher who would consent to publish his findings; no scholar bestowed the least attention upon it, no more in fact than on his subsequent publications, among which was the one on the mechanical equivalent of heat, published in 1850. After attempting suicide, Mayer went out of his mind, and remained for a long time unknown, to such a degree that when Helmholtz re-made the same discovery, he was not aware o f the work o f Mayer. Helmholt himself did not meet with any greater encouragement to begin with and the most important of the scientific journals of that day, the Annals de Poggendorff , declined to insert his celebrated memoir, "The Conservation of Energy," regarding it as a fanciful speculation unworthy of the attention of serious readers.

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Although matter was formerly considered inert, and only capable of preserving and restoring the energy which had first been given to it, it was necessarily established that there existed within it forces sometimes in considerable amounts, such as cohesion, which forces were independent of all external agents. Other forces, such as radiant heat and electricity, which also issued from matter, might be considered simple restitutions of an energy borrowed from the cosmos. If the cohesion which makes a rigid block out of the dust of atoms of which bodies are formed, or if that affinity which draws apart or dashes certain elements one upon the other and creates chemical combinations, or if the osmotic attractions are repulsions which hold in dependency the most important phenomena of life, are visibly forces inherent to matter itself, then it was, with the old ideas, impossible to determine the source of this energy. The origin of these forces ceases to be mysterious when it is known that the cosmos is a colossal reservoir of energy that fills all space. Observation has long ago shown that any form of energy lends itself to a large number of transformations, and we can conceive how energy from the cosmos may be the source of all molecular forces — cohesion, affinity, etc. — of matter. We are far from being acquainted with their character, but at least we see the source from which they spring, the universe where matter is "born" from energy. Outside the forces plainly inherent to matter that we have considered, there are two — electricity and solar heat — the origin of which has always remained unknown, and for which we can find an explanation in the theory of intra-atomic energy and inter-cosmic energy, the cradle of the intra-atomic energy. When we approach in detail the study of the facts on which their theories are based, we find that electricity is one of the most constant manifestations of the dissociation of matter. Matter being nothing else than cosmic energy itself, it may be said that to dissociate matter is simply to liberate a little intra-atomic energy throughout the universe and to oblige it to take another form. Electricity is precisely one of these forms. Throughout the years the role of electricity has constantly grown in importance. It is at the base of all chemical reactions; it is a universal force, and one must connect all other forms with it. That a force with the manifestation importance and universality of electricity should have remained unknown for thousands of years constitutes one of the most striking examples of apathy in the history of science, and is one of those facts we must always bear in mind to understand how we may be surrounded with every powerful force without fully realizing their existence. Power from the cosmos radiant energy is another similar example. For centuries all that was known about electricity could be reduced to this, that, certain resinous substances when rubbed attract light bodies. Could not other bodies enjoy the same property? By extending the friction to larger surfaces might not more intense effects be produced? This was the one question of inquiring. However, ages passed before a mind arose penetrating enough to ask itself, "The where and why-for," — one inquisitive enough to verify by experiment whether a body with a large surface when rubbed would not exercise an action superior in energy to that produced by a small fragment of the same body. From this verification which now seems simple, but which took centuries to accomplish, we saw emerge the frictional electric machine and the phenomena it produces. Why not now let it emerge from the oscillations of the universe arid put into the hands of man a power which he one time thought the gods alone possessed the secret to. Electricity was then only produced very laboriously and was considered a very exceptional phenomenon. Now we find it everywhere and know that the simple contact of two heterogeneous bodies suffice to generate it. The difficulty now is not how to produce electricity, but how not to give birth to it during the production of any phenomenon whatever. The falling of a drop of water, the heating of a gasous mass by the sun, the raising of the temperature of twisted wires, the burning of a match, and any action capable of modifying the nature of a body, are all generators of electricity. If all chemical reactions are electrical reactions, as is now proven to be the case, if the sun cannot change the temperature of a body without disengaging electricity, if a drop of water cannot fall without its manifestation, it is evident that electricity's role in all forms of life must be preponderant. This, in fact, is what the world is beginning to admit. Not a single change takes place in the cells of the body, no vital reaction is effected in the tissues without the intervention of electricity. M. Berthelot showed the important roles of the elecric tensions to which plants are constantly subjected. The variations in the electric potential of the atmosphere is enormous, since they may oscillate between 600 and 800 volts in fine weather, and rise to 15,000 volts at the least fall of rain. This potential increases at the rate of from 20 to 30 volts per metre in height in clear to from 400 to 500 volts in rainy weather for the same elevation. "These figures," Berthelot said, "give an idea of the potential which exists either between the upper point of a rod of which the other extremity is earthed, or between the top of a plant or a tree, and the layer of air in which that point or that top is bathed. M. Berthelot also proved that the effluves generated by these differences of tension can provoke numerous chemical reactions-the fixation of nitrogen on hydrates of carbon, the dissociation of carbonic acid into carbonic oxide and oxygen, etc. Why go back to these scientists of yesteryear? Only to show that much we are doing today does not originate with the Atomic Age! There were thinkers before our day. After having established the phenomenon of the general dissociation of matter, let us ask ourselves if the universal electricity, the origin of which remained unexplained, was not precisely the consequence of the universal displacement of matter. Experiments fully verified this

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only hasten the dissociation of matter. 25 .hu/ hypothesis.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. The various methods employed to obtain electricity. and they proved that electricity is one of the most important forms of intra-atomic energy liberated by the displacement of matter.tesla. notably friction. Now let us turn to vibratory oscillations of the universe.

permits us to throw unforeseen light on the higher mechanics of the universe. and this the experiments of the Moray Radiant Energy discoveries so indicate. and their force of penetration very slight. For uranium and thorium. Prof. as calculated from the extent of their deviation by a magnetic field of given intensity. the primary source of life and of the majority of the forces at our disposal. since they are stopped by a sheet of paper. stars. that the Alpha particles must have a mass equal or superior to that of the hydrogen atom and a like charge. the Beta radiations of electrons identical with those constituting the cathode rays. After recognizing that. J. They may have been able.. above that of the ambient medium. with Curie. discovered facts concerning rays from them. Of all the emission of radioactive bodies. that the dissociation of any substance whatever were only one thousand times more rapid than that of radium. and for radium a hundred thousand millions. energy within the atoms of certain stars may at length be reduced. therefore atoms formerly contained a quantity of energy far exceeding the still formidable amount they now possess. have dissociated very slowly. however.. This weak power of penetration enables them to be easily differentiated from the other radiations to which paper is no obstacle. By thus enlarging on this general phenomenon. seems much like saying that a heated body is capable of maintaining its temperature without any contribution from outside. thanks to their slow dissociation. and their dissociation and rate of vibration become slower and slower. Suppose. They are deviated by an intense magnetic field. and consequently may still be able. Their speed. So it is not only electricity which is one of its manifestations. Rutherford. They render air a conductor of electricity. 70. electricity may be considered one of the manifestations of the vibration of matter. but also solar vibrations. The Alpha radiations are composed of positive ions. This emission may last without interruption for more than 100 years. Thomson arrived at the conclusion that the energy now concentrated within the atoms is but an insignificant portion of that which they formerly contained and lost by radiation. who studied radioactive substances with great success and. to maintain a very high rate of vibration. The interest now being shown in spontaneously radioactive substances consists in their emitting in considerable quantity. elements which other bodies only produce in much smaller quantity. Finally. The substances which. If. so will the importance of this phenomenum proportionately increase. 26 . When a radioactive body is enclosed in a glass tube nearly all the Alpha particles are stopped by the glass walls but inside those glass walls great things take place because of their electrical conducting ability. we encourage it's study in more detail. i. led to the designation of the radiations as Alpha Beta Gamma. This study. Did these pioneers build better than they realized in showing the way? Alpha particles are formed of positive ions. If the theories thus formulated are correct. It is supposed. Their action on a photographic plate is much less than that of the Beta rays. it is for one gramme. like radium. like the sun and the heavenly bodies. then intra-atomic energy manifested during the dematerialization of matter constitutes the fundamental element from which most other forces are derived. and it is the Beta particles or rays which produce photographic impressions. This supposition is supported by various experiments. To maintain that stars such as the sun can keep up their own temperature by the heat resulting from the dissociation of their component atoms. they have acquired an increasing stability. did they not possess such a quantity of energy or rate of vibration that they have been able ever since to maintain the stars in a state of vibration. while the Gamma radiations are similar to the X-rays. then the quantity of energy emitted ould more than suffice to keep it in a state of incandescence. J. by dissociation. The radius of curvature of their deviation is 1000 times greater than that of the Beta particles. and have become such as one observes them today in the shape of cooled stars like the earth and other planets. it is the Alpha particles especially which make the air a conductor of electricity. which reveals to us matter in a totally new aspect. simply because the rise in temperature produced during the dissociation of its atoms producing the incandescence is far too slight to compensate for its loss of heat by radiation.tesla.e. the store of intra-atomic. as also the rate of vibration in all things. Independently and at an earlier date. The whole question therefore is whether. they may. however.hu/ CHAPTER THREE THE DISSOCIATION OF MATTER As we study the dissociation of matter. from various calculations. that is to say at the epoch when atoms were formed by condensations. They form 99% of the total radioactivity of radium. most rapidly dissociate. Filippo R'e arrived at the same conclusion. Atomic reactions cool.000 per second. but in the opposite direction to the Beta rays or particles. In the course of time. at the origin of things. is one-tenth that of light. have expended during long accumulations of ages a part of the gigantic reserves of forces piled up within them at their source in the universe.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. can hardly maintain their temperature at more than 3° to 4° C.

and are deviated by a magnetic field. It can be condensed in liquid air. On striking phosphorescent bodies the alpha particles render them luminous. should represent a further stage in the dissociation of radioactive atoms. It is the secondary rays produced by the gamma rays which are the most active.tesla. is. Emanations can be cheaply drawn from any highly radioactive body either by dissolving in liquid placed in a receiver communicating with a closed tube and subjecting the radioactive substance to certain ray bombardment or by bringing them to a red heat in a similar apparatus and bombarding them with rays. a shower of small sparks produced by the impact of the alpha particles and the emission may last for centuries.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. by using certain varieties of phosphorescent sulphide. but less intense. The invisible speed of rotation of the elements of matter would therefore be simply transformed into a speed of projection perceptible only by proper instruments. no doubt through the disturbance produced by their enormous velocity. since they can penetrate several centimeters of steel. The emanation drawn into the tube renders it phosphorescent. there can be seen spurting out without cessation. but are capable of phosphorescence. which. It consists of a screen of sulphide of zinc. This property enables them to be easily distinguished from alpha and beta rays.hu/ The emission of alpha particles. and having a very small inertia can acquire a very high speed under the influence of limited forces. This shows the extreme smallness of the particles coming from the disaggregation of atoms. a dissociation resulting in the production of secondary rays. 27 . Herein may lie a prototype of the action of the universe. the end of which has been dipped in a solution of chloride of radium. Their mass is similar to that of the cathode particles. the first charged with positive. The same loss occurs when a solution of this salt is heated to boiling. This emission is visible because each particle is made apparent through the enormous degree of lateral perturbation produced by its shock on the sensitive surface. By introducing sulphide of zinc into a bulb containing a solution of chloride of radium. Their velocity varies between 33% & 96% of that of light. as to their properties. and the second with negative electricity. a velocity of 30. loses the greater part of its activity because of the quantity of emanation it gives off. They are formed of negative electric atoms freed from all matter. but the Alpha particles whose dimensions would appear to be identical with that of the hydrogen atom. but possessing a higher power of penetration. which together form hardly 1 % of the total emission. render the air a conductor of electricity. which are stopped by a lead plate a few millimeters thick * One of the singular properties of alpha-beta-gamma emissions is that none of them can touch a gaseous or solid body without immediately causing. This speed is intelligible enough in the case of the beta rays. Herein is the door to greater discoveries. but also with other substances. they are only comprehensible on the hypothesis that the particles of atoms can be compared to small planetary systems animated with enormous velocities. It is this property which is the basis for the operation of the spinthariscope. radioactive bodies emit an extremely slight proportion (less than 1%) of gamma rays which are entirely analogous. but only a hundredth part of the quantity omitted in a state of solution and under bombardment of certain rays. One may. They are able to produce by their impact tertiary rays having the same properties. because the action of the secondary rays then superimposed on the primary rays. positive ions. an instrument which renders visible the permanent dissociation of matter. but it regains it again in about 20 days.000 kilometres per second seems to be more difficult to explain. which are similar in their properties to the primary rays. Beta rays are considered to be composed of electrons identical with those of the cathode rays. They immediately render luminous by impact bodies capable of phosphorescence. to X-rays. in the same way that raindrops falling into the water produce ripples which exceed their diameter. A photographic impression through a metallic plate is sometimes intensified by the interposition of that plate. These velocities may not be produced instantaneously. On examining the screen through a magnifying glass. the fundamental phenomenon of radioactivity. These secondary radiations also impress photographic plates. The phosphorescence is very bright in platinocyanide of barium and some kinds of diamonds which are rather rare. This condensation is revealed by the localization of the phosphorescence. the thousandth part of that of the hydrogen atom. How puny are these compared to the total energy in the cosmos but how close the relationship. above which is placed a small metal rod. The high speed of the alpha particles seems very difficult to explain. the disengagement of the emanation renders the sulphide phosphorescent. In addition to alpha and beta particles. together with the production of the emanation. being composed of atoms of pure electricity. At ordinary temperature radioactive bodies in a solid state emit the emanation. It could prove profitable if these experiments of Rutherford and his co-workers were taken up again. They would preserve their speed on leaving their orbits as does a stone launched from a sling. not only with salts of radium. The emission of beta particles and that of the gamma rays. Radium. * Written by Moray in Europe in 1914 when these penetration values were valid. succeed in making screens showing the phenomena of dissociation. when heated. even when separated from them by aluminum foil.

This transformation. it gives out about a quarter of the heat it emitted before heating. The emanation disintegration products of the radioactive bodies represents one of the intermediate substances. of dissociations which begin with the emission of the emanations. since eit can be condensed and dissolved in certain acids and recovered by evaporation. Why go into these reactions? Because they may to a degree help us to understand natural phenomena of the cosmos and of life because there is a parallel of phenomena. by use they lose a great part of their catalyzing action. but in presence of a trace of humidity the two bodies react one on the other with such violence that the mixture becomes incandescent. which in extremely small amounts play an important part in various reactions. Most often it is the indirect reactions which reveal their existence in the phenomena of life and allow them to be isolated. or better still.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. one can observe the spectral lines of helium which were not there before. when can no longer pass through a sheet of paper.hu/ When solid chloride of radium has been brought to a red heat. it must be f irst remarked that helium is a gas which accompanies all radioactive minerals. The rapidity of this loss varies according to the substance. again takes place. that of radium only at the end of three weeks. but in presence of a slight quantity of steam it produces a formate. which maintains its temperature of 3° or 4°c. it will not liquify and can be kept for indefinite time in the tube in which it is enclosed. That of actinium is destroyed in a few seconds. for example. we note that they behave as if energy were transported from the catalyzing body to that catalyzed. To these emanations are due three-fourths of the heat continually produced by radium. It is admitted that the disastases and various ferments whose role is so important act only by their presence. Although catalytic actions were known many years ago it was only in later years that they proved to play a preponderant part in the chemistry of living beings. We know that. Before drawing too many conclusions from this transformation. and so on. Among the substances of which one might strictly say act only by their presence is found the vapor of water. The first engenders the second. capable of passing through metals. If this connection is not plainly apparent in some bodies. It is only after a certain lapse of time that the appearance of the beta rays. by reason of the enormous velocity possessed by particles of matter during its dissociation. On closely examining the role of bodies acting by their mere presence. It will be remembered that by adding to dried salts of quinine traces of water vapor they become phosphorescent and radioactive. Perfectly dry acetylene is without action on hydride of potassium. but this latter is then solely due to the alpha particles as can be noted by the weak penetrating power of the rays emitted. or a solution of it has been boiled for some time.tesla. Radium and thorium produce different energy levels of emanations. The theory involved indicates all matter and energy simply represent a state of equilibrium between the internal elements of which it is formed and the external elements acting upon it. which takes place even in a sealed glass tube. But it is only incomplete material. It is the same with many other bodies — ammonia gas and hydrochloric gas. Almost all of the rise in temperature is due to the alpha particles. It was from these bodies that it was first obtained. subjected to special ray bombardment. has been proved by experimentation. This fact can hardly be explained unless by acknowledging the catalyzing body is undergoing the commencement of atomic dissociation. represent successive stages in the evolution of matter. Matter and energy! Where can one draw the line? The part played by various radiating substances in the phenomena of energy and life is a very predominant one. that is. This gas enters into no chemical combination. Its only resemblance to ordinary helium seems to consist of the momentary presence of some spectral rays. It is partly material. but is reduced to one-half in 4 days. Five or six have been counted. The activity of the emanation is lost rather quickly. If radium be deprived of its emanation by heating. This derivative from radium is a special helium since it appears to possess the property of spontaneously vanishing. Well-dried carbonic acid is also without action on hydride of potassium. considerable quantities of energy can be produced by the dissociation of a quantity of matter so small as to elude all attempts to measure it. If some emanation of radium is left for several days in a tube. As in the atomic pile the fission material is worn out so also platinum black and the colloid metals are eventually worn out — that is to say. but do not do so after having been carefully dried. it is because they are so constituted that their equilibrium maintains themselves without perceptible changes within the limits of fairly large variations of the medium. it still preserves a quarter of its primary activity. which ordinarily combine with the emission of thick white fumes. no doubt. The catalyzing substances could therefore be simply liberators of energy in matter on the earth and in all the universe. Water can remain liquid in variations of temperature ranging 28 . They. above its surroundings. All we know of them in their physiological reactions is that they lose their properties if deprived of the infinitely small quantities of mineral matter which they contain under a form that we suppose to be in the ionic state. a catechist of interesting effect. since it ends by entirely disappearing and transforming itself into electric particles and secondary particles. that of thorium in a few minutes.

another gas generated by alpha rays) from radium which can be condensed into a liquid. It will be found. the discharge soon ceases. A matter of changing from one rate of vibration to another.. ionized helium. and a ray of red light falling on the same screen. fold a sheet of metal so as to transform it into a small cylinder similar to the one which encloses the ball of a condensing electroscope. So why not use "nature's gift" of cosmic reactions? The actions by mere presence which are of such importance in the phenomena of life. that is to say. Thorium gives off 3 solid substances — mesothorium. which gives to such bodies the capacity of phosphorescence and sometimes other properties. Alpha ray? Alpha particle (matter) Beta Ray (the electron. after having charged the whole system. In order to demonstrate this. illuminates it in the tenth of a second. Cosmic rays are constantly creating radioactive carbon and the fusion of small atoms together to make larger ones gives off more energy than so-called "splitting" of the larger uranium or plutonium atoms. it only has to be slightly heated to cause it to again yield a more considerable emission of active effluves. When the evolution of matter acid the evolution of forces is considered nothing new is being advanced: When we consider radium giving off 3 distinct forms of energy — alpha. It is therefore reasonable to suppose that the elements proceeding from this dissociation have an active part in the compounds then formed. radio thorium. if we turn to vegetable matter. These two contrary operations. To cause it to be apparent. disintegrates the phosphorescence in the same space of time. Now. It was such studies on phosphorescence which led men to this hypothesis. the difference resulting in transmutation. These facts prove that by reason of the enormous quantity of intra-atomic energy contained in matter. after ceasing to act on the electroscope or counter still has not exhausted its provision of radioactivity. beta. evolution in its true sense. etc. This all proves that the evolution of creation is going on continually. still keeping it in darkness so as to avoid any possible influence from light place the cylinder on the insulating disc of the electroscope or special ray counter instruments to examine its radioactivity. "Nuclear fission" action is not confined to highly radioactive substances. changing and restoring. On the other hand. gamma — we cannot help but see a relationship between electricity & matter. we find direct electrical energy being given off. and only become so when brought to a red heat for a length of time with traces of other various bodies — such as bismuth. We have no need to do this artificially because it is being done for us in the cosmos. a loss substance too small to be detected by an analytical balance may be accompanied by a very greater liberation of energy. It is possible even without the action of heat to verify in ordinary bodies the existence of a constant emanation from the dissociated matter. The only difference between all matter is in the rate of vibration or wavelength. also certain gas-filled tubes. these facts do not answer all the questions. The lower opening is then closed and it is left for 8 days in darkness. in the universe. "Atom splitting" is taking place naturally on this earth. evolution from one rate of vibration to another or transmutation. that a definite discharge per minute is obtained. The metal.hu/ from 0° to 100°C. may perhaps find an explanation in this theory. of disintegrating and then regenerating themselves very rapidly. It will be recollected that pure substances. energy changing into matter and matter into energy as we wrote back in 1925. As the metal rapidly loses that which it has accumulated. maganese. are never phosphorescent normally. that is it brings the screen back to its original state. we find energy is also being given off similar as in the case of radium. However. and on other planets and suns. This is going on all the time in the cosmos to such an extent man with his man-made devices can never hope to compete. 29 . Many bodies other than metals such as box-wood cylinder will produce the same effect. however. and thorium X. This time. but still matter). As with phosphorescent bodies or radioactive matter.tesla. and there is absolutely no need of the unnecessary hysteria that has swept the world over "atom splitting" as it has been going on naturally from the very beginning of time. though this emanation normally is extremely small in quantity. the uranium energy release ratio being only 1 to 1000-that is only 1/1000 of the heavy atoms changed in the uranium "atom splitting" process. necessarily implying two converse reactions which may be indefinitely repeated. various sulphides. it is necessary to compel it to accumulate in a restricted space. thorium and other radioactive matter. It has simply parted with the quantity it can emit at the particular temperature at which the operation was effected. Radium also emits an emanation which has the characteristic properties of matter (radon gas nuclei of helium. phosphates of lime. and most metals do not appear to change their state within still wider limits of heat or of rates of vibration. etc. Its volume varies inversely with its pressure (Boyles law) . and then. Energy and matter cannot be considered strangers nor as a science just being introduced to the world. Succession of changes will be accompanied by the liberation of a certain quantity of the intra-atomic energy contained in matter. A ray of blue light falling on a screen of sulphide of zinc. The combinations so obtained have precisely the characteristics pointed out above as belonging to extreme mobility.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. this elevation of temperature always provokes a dissociation of matter..

In a "volta pile" made of 25 apples (50 halves) one can obtain enough e. "All space is saturated with energies which are vibratory in their ultimated analysis and very closely allied to electrical action. if we reverse our imagination on what the telescope has taught us of the stellar universe. Let "Ze" represent atomic nuclear charge. but." Let me repeat. 30 . noted experts in photography have found the light produced from this source of energy is much whiter than that obtained from ordinary electrical energy. Let us consider the apple. There is a breaking down and a building up of the atom continuously. Electricity is not made by the generator." May it not yet be shown that the dissipated energy which results from so much transformation of matter which has heretofore been unavailable — or should we say. As long as the universe has existed charged particles now called cosmic rays" have been bombarding every planet or object in the universe. eternally. "vibration. Here we see energy and matter and matter and energy vibrating together. A "volta pile" can be made of potatoes. Are matter and energy to be judged by that small portion of the universe which is visible to man. It will also be found that the living animal cell like the vegetable cell is giving off energy and consuming oxygen and giving off carbon dioxoide and an electrical potential." only the "song of creation. it is merely captured or pumped. and a radiant energy or cosmic energy device. or with his most powerful microscopes? As I have said before. only the cycle of matter and energy.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www.m. Cosmic rays have been called "the death cry of the universe" or "by-products of the destruction of matter in the cosmos. who is only armed with his limited yet most powerful telescope. yet the light is easy on even weak eyes. "Do not forget the atom is but a counterpart of the universe itself. oscillating to and fro like a great pendulum across the universe. or call it what you will. Let us again state. "An electrical generator is in the true sense not a generator. Also. the same action is taking place in the "sonic" (vibrations) of the universe with all matter and energy. and yet obeying the same laws o f the universe. this light burns into the film when photographed due to the great intensity and pure white light produced." Electrons are spontaneously being emitted from the nuclei found in nature and every new discovery on the subject bears out the claim that all "space" is filled with energy millions of amperes at very high voltages.. unlimited power. The creation is going on continually. when he declared that all physical phenomena reduced itself to one single item-motion — or as we might repeat. we might see that Democritus came close to a great scientific truth in his bold statement. grain. onions. natural or artificial." "the sonic of the universe. We-find in vegetable. mineral and animal matter the same relationship 'and dependence on oxidation and electrical energy — oxidation in stellar space. I repeat again. obeying every law that is found everywhere from stellar space to atomic space. a high-speed oscillating energy resonator. is accomplishing the sane thing for us in stellar and inter-stellar spaces. at tie rate of twenty tunes per second and with a force great enough to penetrate deep into the rocks of the earth. we may see the economical wastefulness of science tryin to crack the atom. unused by us where it has only appeared to be unavailable should now become available to us. Why do something nature is already doing for us?… Let's use what nature offers as I first suggested many years ago." There is no destruction of matter or energy.hu/ Various vegetables and fruits will do for the experiment. We find bodies in motion and when we think o f how small the proton and electron are." In the process of the evolution of matter and evolution of forces there is no "death cry. Let "A" equal the atomic mass and "N" the nuclear mass.f. and it is this evolution which is producing. to light a flashlight globe. Regarding the force of energy from the cosmos. an unlimited source of power through the Moray discoveries of application of these forces? And that matter and energy are possibly one is the sum total of all that has been found during the centuries of constant research. "Ma" mass and a mass number "A". and that all these radiations are essentially electrical in their character. etc. The relation of matter to energy and energy to matter then becomes the potential of the universe. We then have the energy found in nature from a given substance to be: Energy=Mn (Za) — Mn (Z+ 1)a — me(e) Energy — Ma(Za) — Zm (e) — Ma (Z 1) A (Z-1) m(e) — M(e) Energy — Mz (Za) — Ma (Z+1)A This is based on the disintegration of radioactive material. From this conception. From that standpoint an electric generator is an electric pump. evolving energy into matter and matter into energy. we will find that beyond the microscope we have the particles of which everything about us consists. A steady flow of energy can be had from the surges of the universe just as a steady flow of water may be obtained from the surgings of the sea. but the pictures are sharper. apples.tesla. You subtract in one place only to add in another. It was also noted that detail from these films could only be obtained by holding back dense areas to about 10 times that of normal exposure even when non-halation film and super flash bulbs were used. It creates nothing. including all living bodies. and that light and other radiations exert a mechanical pressure upon every object they strike. one continuous series of oscillations. when nature. Let me be permitted to say again.

oscillating discharges take place. C its capacity. L CL μ=− Writing R R2 1 ± − . dt C dt The solution of this equation is Q = Ae μ t + Be μ 't where µ and µ' are the roots of the equation μ2 + or R I μ+ = 0.e. With the explanations given. and a second discharge occurs. i. Therefore C dt d 2Q dQ Q L 2 +R + = 0. and L its coefficient of self-induction. From the above it then becomes clear that if R< 4L where R is the resistance in ohms L is the C 1 2π LC inductance in henries. However in the case of RE the oscillations go on forever because of the actions of the universe. Wit negligible resistance in the device.hu/ CAPTURE OF ENERGY BY RESONANCE With the Radiations of the Universe Oscillating Discharge — When any elastic substance is subjected to strain and then set free. The electrical prime mover. R the resistance of the circuit. and I = − . If the resistance is low. the oscillation going on till all the energy is either radiated or used up in heating the conductors. accompanied by a second back-rush. no energy is lost in heat and the oscillations continue. or an oscillating discharge may occur-that is. The substance may slowly recover from the strain and gradually attain its natural state. the greater the inductance with resistance cut to a minimum. The energy from the Universe being of both types. Then if I be the intensity of the current and E the electromotive force. continue to enter the circuit as waves of the sea beat upon the shore. and C the capacity in farads.tesla. one of two things may happen.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. depending on conditions beyond the scope of this writing. In ordinary language there may be a continuous flow of electricity in one direction till the discharge is completed. we have the equation E − IR = In this case E = d dI ( LI ) = L . the greater the inertia the greater the tendency of the body to keep in motion once it is set in motion. and cause it to execute a series of oscillations. In the case of the RE device a different effect is established because the oscillations from the Universe. trapped by the RE valve. In a mechanical system. dt dt Q dQ . 2 2L 4 L CL 31 . For low resistance value i. damped or undamped. is the obtaining of energy from the energy oscillations of the Universe any less understandable than the obtaining of energy from a mechanical prime mover? To use mathematical language: exact conditions exist in both cases be they mechanical or electrical systems. or the elastic recoil may carry it past its position of equilibrium. The purpose of the capacitors in the RE circuit is to act in their capacity of stored energy discharged. It is known that high frequency currents may be classified as to their oscillating characteristics. something of the same sort may also occur when an electrified condenser is discharged. the socalled electric generator or the Moray energy oscillator all have the same scientific facts. an oscillatory discharge takes place: The discharge and recharge on the opposite plates continues in the ordinary sense until the energy which was originally stored is dissipated. R. The condenser thus becomes more or less charged again in the opposite sense. the frequency of the oscillations may be expressed f = Let Q be the charge of the capacitor at any instant. the greater the tendency of the electrical energy (current) to continue to flow once it is started. the first flow may be succeeded by a back-rush.e. In an electrical circuit. as if the first discharge had overrun itself and something like recoil had set in. we have a back rush effect as explained before in the RE device.

2 4 L CL μ=− and R +α . 2L − 2L Rt μ' = − R −α . If. and I=0. Thus the charge oscillates backwards and forwards. viz. however. α ' t = nπ and consequently the charge at the same time is at its maximum. CL 4 L2 Q = Q0 e and −2L Rt R ⎞ ⎛ sin α ' t ⎟ . The zero value of the current is reached when (zero current). we have R2<4L/C. ⎜ cos α ' t + ⎠ ⎝ 2 Lα ' I= Q0 − 2RLt e sin α ' t . and Aμ + Bμ ' = 0 . or oscillations.hu/ α= we have R2 1 − . for we have I=-dQ/dt. 2L Q=e ( Ae μ t + Be− μ t ) where A and B are constants determined by the initial conditions. and B = Q0 ⎜ 2 − ⎟. and writing α ' = α −1 = the above formulae become at once R2 1 − .the time of a complete oscillation being 32 .tesla. The current attains its maximum intensity when tan α ' t = 2 Lα ' /R (maximum current). after which it passes through a series of oscillations.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. The discharge therefore does not take place in a single flow from one capacitor to the other. or R ⎞ R ⎞ ⎛1 ⎛1 A = Q0 ⎜ 2 + ⎟ . ⎨⎜ 2 + ⎝ 4 Lα ⎠ 4 Lα ⎠ ⎩⎝ ⎭ Consequently the current at any instant is I=− dQ Q0 − 2RLt μt = e e − e − μt . CLα ' In this case the current starts from zero and rises to a maximum. it then falls to zero and becomes reversed. but a back-rush sets in. dt 2CLα ( ) Hence if a be real — that is. then α will be imaginary. and a series of currents. attaining positive and negative maxima after the lapse of equal intervals π/α'. ⎝ ⎝ 4 Lα ⎠ 4 Lα ⎠ Hence at any time we have Q = Q0 e −2L Rt ⎧⎛ 1 R ⎞ μt ⎛ 1 R ⎞ −μ t ⎫ ⎟e +⎜2 − ⎟e ⎬. which give + B = Q0 . that initially we have Q=Q 0. occur alternately in opposite directions. if we have R2 > 4L/C -the quantity Q will gradually diminish to zero as the time increases.

A few will make continuous recordings of the seething electrical sea. then the denser. electrifying billions-times — billions of atoms. Knecht. they are therefore Q0 . It girdles the earth. life on earth would perish. The arithmetic progression becoming geometrical. Usually the ionosphere has distinct layers.tesla. a project leader in sunearth relationships at the National Bureau of Standards Boulder laboratories. sweeping through a quick range from long to short waves in 15 seconds. Higher frequencies or shorter waves penetrate through it. About 60 miles high is the E layer. X-rays and ultraviolet light from the sun rip into molecules of oxygen and nitrogen. The E LAYER reflects low-frequency or long radio waves. by examining the spark.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. The drawings. Strange quirks in the ionospheres sometimes perform magic. These predictions on analysis have been confirmed. the band was reduced to a broken image consisting of a series of strips. during discharge. as Thomson suggested. and the energy of the charge diminishes correspondingly on each oscillation. electrically. bounce back from higher layers. Were it not there. Exploring this sea is a major activity of the International Geophysical Year. Literally thousands of times a day over the world special radio beams are darting up and bouncing back to measure heights. Oct. by means of a revolving mirror. Other sun flares have no effect. Each shoots up pulses of radio waves. It begins 60 miles up. but when the resistance was sufficiently reduced. In Feddersen's experiments the image of the spark in a revolving mirror was viewed through. This absorbs rather than reflects radio waves. Created by the sun's cruelest rays. being lost in heating the circuit. When the full story is pieced together. For the ionosphere.hu/ T= 2π 1 R2 − 2 CL 4 L . the F-2 layer at 200 miles. Miami police calls are heard in California. season by season. It's a shield between you and a deadly sun. hour by hour. It writhes with storms and savage winds. absorbing the sun X-rays and most power ultraviolet light. Q1 = − Q0 e − 2 πR ' Lα Q2 = − Q0 e πR − 22Lα ' Q3 = − Q0 e πR − 23Lα ' The quantities therefore diminish in geometrical progression. Fingers of radio itself are a prime method of ionosphere exploring. Knecht points out. 12 (AP) — High overhead floats a fantastic electrical sea. Or a picture from a TV station hundreds of miles away suddenly appears on the screen. nearly 200 special radio-sounding stations from pole to pole are intently exploring the ionosphere. It is a sensitive link between events on the sun and earth. at right angles to its length. It is generally accepted now by science. intensities and other changing peculiarities of the ionosphere. pulled by tides. goes at least 200 miles high. During IGY. When the resistance of the circuit was high the spark was merely drawn out in width — that is. pocked by peculiar clouds. Powerful electro-jet currents course through it. tearing out their electrons. explains Robert W. COLO.* EARTH FLOATS IN ELECTRICAL SEA By Alton L. or α ' t = nπ . changes. In sparsest form it apparently reaches thousands of miles into desolate space. scientists hope to answer some puzzles of the high atmosphere and find new or improved ways of putting the ionosphere to human service. for reasons not yet understood. you might never hear a radio. a co-operative 64-nation effort to learn more about our earth. Were it not there. reaches at least 150 miles deep. Whether the discharge is continuous or oscillatory therefore depends on whether 4L is less or greater than CR2. a telescope. circuits and theory have been pronounced by leading men of science as scientifically mathematically. Blakeslee-Associated Press Science Writer* BOULDER. Usually this is what happens with TV signals. Sufficiently high frequencies barrel right on through into space.. each strip corresponding to a discharge. It is. sun and space. 33 . so that the oscillating discharge might occur. then timing and recording the echoes from different layers. Great flares or explosions on the sun sometimes create a much enhanced D layer about 40 to 50 miles up. this sea is the ionosphere a vast belt of electrons and electrified atoms or ions. THE RADIO fingers and other techniques already have disclosed much of the story. If the resistance be small compared with the reciprocal of the capacity we may use the approximate formula T = 2π LC The successive maximum charges occur when I=0. Short wave radio communication depends upon bouncing or reflecting radio waves back to earth from this electrical sea. As stated we have discovered the oscillation of the Universe corresponds to oscillation of electric capacitors depending on the frequency of the energy involved going on into infinity. and an oscillatory discharge may be obtained either by increasing L or sufficiently diminishing C and R. far from being a static shell. minute by minute. bombarded by cosmic rays. producing radio blackouts and interference. there is energy coming from the Cosmos and that the earth is surrounded by such a field of energy. That the earth floats in a sea of energy. F-1 region at about 120 miles. and Moray's device proves. In reality the ionosphere is our outer atmosphere of ultra-thin air. sound and correct.

in 1896 said Dr." Quoting from "Foundations of the Universe" by Luckiesh of General Electric. Reference is made to the discoveries of Professor J. Radiation or radiant energy is emitted of various wave lengths or frequencies which must be taken into account in laws of radiation *** now the physicist uses quanta as commonly as he does electrons and atoms and molecules. and the next epochal event was the founding by Planck (1900) of the quantum theory. Finally. or atoms of a given element. It would seem that nature is squandering its resources of energy so prodigally that it must end in bankruptcy. Dr. With such pictures of the Universe being considered we may cease to be surprised at anything. these surgings or oscillations of Energy coming and returning to the Universe are picked up by the Moray Device because the Moray Device is tuned to oscillate in harmony with the oscillations of the universe just as musical instruments can be made to oscillate together. a lamp filament.tesla. that can be harnessed. the Tesla coil and rotating field principle for alternate current and innumerable other electrical devices. is completed during the same interval of time. but our interest and admiration will grow. so far as we know. these waves of energy have a regular beat note of time. as stated above.hu/ NOTED PHYSICIST ANNOUNCES NEW ENERGY SOURCE Nickola Tesla. the atom (electron) of electricity. Planck assumed the emission of radiation (from the sun. and as Moray stated years ago. The suggestion that the sun shines only in the directions of material that can intercept it makes an appeal from the point of view of economy. Will we ever get to the final foundation?" Matter and energy. but in a very definite mathematical order of time. "ASTRONOMY. unlimited energy. Ph. the heart beats of life. coming to the earth from every direction. J. Thomson. We now have the atom of matter.: Dr. Bodies are built of molecules. Below will be found excerpts from some Scientific books. or its immediate carries… The earth and sun.) to occur discontinuously.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. all suns and dark bodies in space. stronger in the day time than at night. "so practical that the machinery to harness it will last 500 years. He conceived elements of energy of equal magnitude analogous to the equality of electrons. or as Moray explains it— these oscillations of Energy are picked up by the Moray device and the oscillator tubes of the device itself. the oscillations of the Universe all prove the same great fact that oscillations are all governed by the same cycle of time. pages 41-43: "The great success of the atomistic principles as it is involved in the kinetic theory of matter was one of the wonders of the modern scientific age. his achievement was epochal. but appears to have little else to recommend it. and the atoms of electrons (and protons) etc. "The initial cost will be relatively big. and so basic that it will undo existing theories. Every oscillation. but doubtless we have at present an imperfect account of the situation. page 303: "Another problem relates to the apparent lavish expenditure of this radiation. etc. completed during the same interval of time. in the quantum theory we have the atomistic idea applied to physical processes. After that hardly anything and unlimited power for the asking. The exact manner in which the radiant energy traversed space was not known. the renowned physicist and inventor who developed the great AC motor. The beat note of time. Professor of Astronomy. The remainder spreads through interstellar space with little chance. Telsa said. a physical process — the radiation omitted by the electrons — is divided into quanta. Of all the energy that pours forth from the sun.D. University of Illinois. the Sire of Gravitation. It is now being pressed further into the service of explaining the structure of matter…" "When Maxwell (1873) propounded the electromagnetic theory of light (radiation). Here we see the atomistic principle applied to "material" (matter) and then to electricity. are possibly one. Tesla. Barker. These are doubtless either electricity in its ultimate refinement." Dr. whether large or small. Now I suppose it will be the same old story when I say I have discovered a hitherto unknown source of energy. the fundamental principle of radio. and the atom (quantum) of action (a product of energy and time). It is to be expected that there will be found other applications equally fascinating and promising. the molecules of atoms. As stated. In other words. Tesla has given the world the arc lighting system. less than one part in 200 million is intercepted by the planets and their satellites. or very closely allied to it. It is the experience of the writer that all space is saturated with inconceivably minute corpuscles of energy. of being recovered. but always coming with regular beat note that might be referred to as the Father of time. Here we have the atomistic principle applied to energy instead of being confined to the material of the universe as it had been. and the practical transmission of alternating power foretold the discovery. is the sum total of all that has been found during three centuries of incessant research in all that portion of the Universe visible in a forty-inch telescope armed with the most powerful spectroscope ever made. many years ago of a hitherto unknown source of unlimited energy. or. Tesla did not live to reduce to practical application the discovery he referred to above. "Again and again they jeered when I discovered something new and then years later saw that I was right. all granular matter move through the primodial cosmical mass of electrical energy as would a 34 ." by Robert H. This energy. when I announced the discovery of cosmic rays. coming and going as the waves of the sea. "They called me crazy.

and so on. They do not differ in any other essential particular. But all electric and magnetic phenomena. are omitted when individual electrons traveling at a high speed in a vacuum. And if we could imagine an vortex. Henry Moray would qualify the above statement by saying there are speeds greater than 186. to X-rays. if it be a coincidence. slight modifications of the portion affected by this great velocity. Since the corpuscles are negative and can be drawn out of their original straight path by the action of magnetism. which is therefore called light. After the first corpuscle makes the swing. wave-length or frequency. They differ only as treble notes differ from bass notes. Other kinds of radiation can affect a photographic plate. "Whatever an electric charge is.' strictly speaking. When matter is in a phase allowing it to be active. "Those who hold this view of the universe are strengthened in their position by the statements of Einstein on energy in general. in which the only relevant velocity is the velocity of the Cosmos." 35 . Each negative or "Thomsonian corpuscle" makes a double vibration to and from like a pendulum straight across the direction of the ray — i. But Einstein gives an expression for what one might be inclined to call absolute energy. we are not speaking quite accurately. and the next. There is nothing absolute about it. this kind of invisible radiations being called X-rays. the complete manner and meaning of which have still to be worked out. and only expressible in billionths of an inch — they all travel we assume at precisely the same speed. and thereby supply the energy needed for vegetable growth. encounter the obstruction of a target. of vibration. T. it is certainly a focus of energy. at any rate in inorganic nature — omitting the phenomena of Life and Mind for the present. as lying outside our physical ken — may be regarded as due to. again. and such like. cricket halls. of which the wave-length is actually smaller than atoms. other kinds. and not to other kinds. But it is common knowledge that there are many other varieties of radiation besides these to which the eye is sensitive. can hardly fail to have some meaning. steel.hu/ wire screen through water. of reflection. This coincidence.' as Thomson calls them. it effects other quantities of matter at a disance. are shifting from place to place. It is not clearly known why the eye is sentitive to some kinds of etherial radiation. Thomson proved the theory a fact. the corpuscles move over and return to the original position had before the excursion.000 miles in the same straight line will also make a vibration at the end of the first second of time. containing the known mass of the electron and circulating with the velocity of light." "All the energy that we experience can be resolved into vibrations or tremors. again. They are all of the same electromagnetic character. such as tile motion of railway trains. Fellow of the Royal Society of Science and holder of five or six Doctors degrees from colleges. flint or any thing else allow these 'Bodies smaller than atoms. it is a question for physicists and physiologists in collaboration.e. is merely relative — relative to the earth. can stimulate the chemical actions going on in the leaves of plants. Each impulse moves from the omitting to the receiving mass on a rigorously straight line. Other kinds. The method of transfer is known to be by means of wave and corpuscular motion. and polarization.000 miles per second. And there are those who are beginning to think that the whole material universe is built up of energy in various states of self contained or intrinsic motion. its energy would be equal to that of the electric field in the space surrounding the electron. another distant from it 186." "ATOMS AND RAYS. all appear to be sensitive to a limited range of etherial radiation. the entire wave motion of the Universe is electro-magnetic. with honors from a score or more and who held offices of President in a dozen or more Scientific Societies. and ordinary locomotion.. For the spinning motion itself is impalpable and beyond the ken of our instruments. and as demonstrating. they are all subject to the same laws of interference.a mile long. The wide spaces in diamond. until it partially exhibits itself as transmitted waves in the form of radiation. Another kind — a rather deeper harmonic as it were — supplies everything on earth with warmth. at right angles to it. to pass through. and therefore. or is not. like that of a top or a whirlpool. or to some other piece of matter. And all the phenomena we observe in nature. are likewise known to be modes of manifestation of vibrating space. This is what Maxwell theorized many years ago. It is well known that all the ordinary energy we are acquainted with. can be ascertained. in form which enables it to appeal to our animalderived senses. at the opposite end of tile scale. refraction. and by evaporating water contributes to most of the phenomena of weather. by which adjectives it is intended to discriminate between rotatory motion. all chemical activity. no doubt." by Sir Oliver Lodge. means that kind of etherial radiation which is able to affect the eye. But the eyes of animals and insects as well as of man. And. printed in 1924: The term 'light. they differ in rapidity or rate. In speaking of these kinds of radiation as different. Through the whole range — from the telegraphic waves. which have long been studied in the department of physics known as optics. another kind of radiation is emitted and is known as the Hertzian waves employed in radio. One continuous set of oscillations in this right line is called a ray. which may be. "After one corpuscle makes an oscillation across the direction of the ray and return the next does likewise. That." From the definition of energy it is the potential of the Universe.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. glass.tesla.

Most of the forms of energy that we know are convertible one into another. money and unselfishness to promote a new and revolutionary movement. You need only read the story of the development of the telephone. electrical energies. Oscillations are started in the first stage or circuit of the device by exciting it with an external energy source. the airplane. Practically speaking. electrons. or surrounding it ill much the same manner as its atmosphere or the very space in which it exists. and expensive method of furnishing heat. (See* schemetic drawing of R E device). light and power.hu/ "So the question arises. The second stage drives a third stage and additional stages are coupled until a suitable power level at a usable frequency and voltage is obtained by means of special transformers. 36 . cumbersome. that we have let ourselves believe that there is no other way to secure it. etc.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. The reinforcing action of the harmonic coupling increases the amplitude of the oscillations until the peak pulses "spill" over into the next stage through a special detector or valve which prevents the return or feed-back of energy from succeeding circuits. These "pulses" drive this stage which oscillates at a lower frequency and is again reinforced by harmonic coupling with the ever present cosmic waves. The energy of motion turns into heat. which would be capable of converting the high frequency. without loss. Present methods are expensive and cumbersome. But when we come to analyse these into their fundamentals.tesla. the transformers. so does the energy of electric currents. Books could be filled with accounts of the struggles for existence of a new idea or a new way of doing things. The circuit is "tuned" until the oscillations are sustained by harmonic coupling to the cosmic wave frequencies. We have used it so long. high level energy of the cosmic radiations into current of usable frequency and voltage. irrespective of the vast good it accomplishes when established for the use of humanity. kept alive by the oscillations of the energies from the cosmos. An energy converter. (See Ralph Parleys "Pockets of Paradise"). the present method of securing energy with primemovers has been used too long. The special tubes which appear to be the key to the success of this device are Ionic cold cathode tubes which require no external power sources. is the sign-manual of energy. Among these are the gravitational and magnetic fields and the cosmic rays. necessary to start it. and the railroad. neutrons. It has been operated at full load continuously with no expenditure of fuels of any type without a mechanical prime mover. the transmission lines. Such an energy transformer or converter leas been built. and steam plants. It is also evident that such a device would show possibilities of efficient operation in moving vehicles within the earths atmosphere and ill space at continuous high power levels. What i's Matter? Is that too a manifestation of some peculiar properties in the medium? We know now that matter is built up of protons. and many other kinds of equipment that are now required to supply our electricity. automobile. The oscillations are sustained as long as it remains properly tuned and the external circuit is completed through a suitable load. Think of the power sites. we should actually he ashamed that we have been so dilatory in our efforts to improve upon this crude. When we begin to realize the tremendous energies. The features of cosmic radiation would enable R E transformers using cosmic radiations as a primary source to operate with relative independence as to position or season. And the proof that matter is a form of energy will not be clinched until it can be demonstrated that matter tot) is convertible into other forms of energy. Conversion from one form to another. or transformer. and you will begin to appreciate the cost in sacrifice. The present system is unreasonably expensive. and so on. that surround us. and are essentially resolvable into kinetic energy of a specific kind. And it is becoming probable that what we call matter is one of these forms. Other types of energy besides sunlight are constantly bombarding the earth with waves arid particles. unless it is converted into the energy of chemical separation or electric charge. Hence we are beginning to think that all matter itself is a form of energy. Basically the theory of operation is as follows." Many attempts have been made to harness the forces of nature directly to produce usable power. Once the machine is in operation and delivering power it does not require any continuance of the excitation forces. we find far more than a hint that they are but special modifications in the allpervading energy. We apprehend it under a great variety of forms." "Energy is tile chief thing in the physical universe that directly appeals to us.

a son of James C. With this in mind. Such men as Michael Faraday and Nickola Tesla were his heroes.S. James DuPont in a speech before a group of Kiwanis and Chamber of Commerce representatives asked how many businesses would be in existence today if it were not for inventing acid scientific research. Ella Evelyn. During the past years. Moray and radiant energy are so closely related that one cannot be separated from the other. the L. are on file in the records of The House of Moray in Salt Lake City. articles. But inspite of all obstacles.hu/ CHAPTER FIVE HISTORY OF RADIANT ENERGY Experimentation and Development The thought has occured that the reader would find a brief history of Dr. unselfish. and a course in electrical engineering from Pennsylvania. the editors of this chapter leave gone through a great deal of correspondence and many of the papers of Dr.. Through the years lie has kept abreast of the latest developments in science through diversified and extensive reading and has built up a personal scientific library of very extensive proportions.S. Isis active mind has delved into many fields of science and always come up with many new and startling discoveries. Moray has turned to many other fields of endeavor. During this time lie designed the electrical layouts for important power plants and for some of the largest buildings of that time in the west. His main interest leas always been with high frequency phenomena. Business College. 1917. he was an electrical engineer and designer for the Utah Power and Light Co. and assistant division electrical engineer for the Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph Co. Progress through all of history has been slowed and sometimes thwarted by selfish interests. Moray's chief wish has been to be free of bothering business details so that lie could concentrate on research. Moray. In 1907 lie started experimenting with alternating currents of High Potential and High Frequency and with rays beyond the light rays. He was a certified member of the A. Tile pioneering today is oil the frontier of scientific research. His father was a well known mining enigneer and an active pioneer in the early mining activities in Western America. John Eugene. Henry Moray was born August 28.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. As a young boy. he could hardly wait for school to close afternoons so he could run to the public library to read books about electricity.. Since 1926 this work on Radiant Energy has been paralleled among other things by an intensive study of radiations and radio active substances. lie attended the L. Time and space do not allow a full discussion of the various Moray devices as the primary purpose of this paper is a presentation on RE. He was educated in the public schools in Salt Lake City. His many pamphlets and writings have advanced ideas with which science is coming more and more into agreement. This work requires something which no money call buy and which no educational training call supply acid without which no research or inventing business can thrive — the power of creative imagination. continuing to build on Radiant Energy as finances from other works would allow.D. In 1912 lie went to Europe and while there over a period of years did advance study in electrical engineering. It has been lard to find administrators with the special skills needed. Prior to 1921 when he decided to devote all of his time to private research. It is no place for the faint of heart. He also worked as a civil engineer for the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad. and Petronella (Larson) Moray. assistant chief electrical engineer Aarastad Construction Co. the world slowly crawls forward. They had five children: Henry Junior. etc. and tough enough to withstand the rough road which had to be traveled. and Richard Ryser. Through the years Dr. and a past secretary of the Independent Electric Co. University.tesla. One of the chief needs has been to find someone who combined the unusual talents of a good business manager with a knowledge of science. (American Association of Engineers). Sylvia.E. The story of Henry Moray is the story of a man working alone..A. It is not the purpose of this history to give a complete picture of Radiant Energy but a discussion is necessary as it seems that all of the other work which Moray has done is received on the basis of how the party or parties involved feel about Radiant Energy. 1899 in Salt Lake City. he married Ella Ryser. Yet every time lie has turned business details over to someone else. trustworthy. chaos has resulted. Dr. who was dedicated.. As early as 1905 he was experimenting with then so-called wireless and other electrical devices. A very complete and detailed record of letters. The material would fill many volumes but of necessity had to be condenced to what was felt to most clearly demonstrate the purpose in mind and give the reader the most comprehensive approach to the work. whose discoveries and theories have been years ahead of his time. The qualities of trustworthiness and toughness seem to have been lacking the most often. Dr. On November 28. Utah.D. 37 . pamphlets. Phoenix Construction Co. Moray and his work a valuable background.

Many people saw this device with no other purpose in mind than to prove it a fraud. He tested the terminals for a battery type discharge and found that the tests indicated a condensor type discharge. many tests the Radiant Energy device was minutely examined. The question of batteries is most conveniently dealt with at the same time as the idea of a hidden wire connected to the electric light circuit. currents of High Potential and High Frequency said "There is a vast quantity of available energy in space and it will not be long until men will attach their machines to the wheelwork of nature. The power was obtained from a hidden wire connected with the electric light circuit. seem to lie governed by the laws of inertia. "One is therefore forced to conclude that the electrical energy was received from some other source and difficult as it is to understand. There existed no such energy in the universe so that it couldn't be as represented.E.1929 Mr. Moray for his offer but stated that the U. During this time there seem to have been four main points of dispute. None was ever able to find any evidence of fraud and admitted that it was beyond their comprehension. These objections were: 1. 4. and examined the table which held the device for hidden wires. On March 16. some people would like to sit back or deliberately interfere with the development of Radiant Energy until Dr. with our present knowledge of electrical 38 . Moray offered his Radiant Energy discovery to the United States Government gratis. 2. T. but it got off to a bad start because of the desire for personal advancement acid power by groups of promoters. but always in tile long run tile work leas fallen back onto one man and his resources. Dr. Moray realized the magnitude of his discovery and has felt the burden of responsibility for what could well be the future of mankind. time and space do not allow a lengthy review of the happenings through the years. The senator thanked Dr. lie has had a sincere desire to place his knowledge where it would do the most good for all and not into the hands of a few who were selfish for power and wealth.. On July 24. 2. Through the years continual experimentation and refinement leas gone forward.tesla. People. He checked the main switch.hu/ Independent research in the United States today travels a rough road. In this undertaking he has been thwarted on all sides. Anything which tends to change the existing status quo is viewed with alarm. Dr. He opened the main control switch on the lights in the building with no visible effect upon the Radiant Energy circuit. In the early years of its development during many. 1. Financial: It is very difficult for all individual or small group of individuals to collect sufficient funds for equipment which is very specialized and very expensive and to be able to pay competent help. a graduate of Cornell University with a great deal of experience in the electrical field.C. wrote a complete and detailed description of the apparatus and experiments which he saw of the Moray Radiant Energy device. S. He emptied the boxes which contained the apparatus -and found no batteries nor any place big enough to hold them. while conferring with Senator Reed Smoot at the senators invitation in his offices in the Hotel Utah in Salt Lake City. government would decline such an offer on the grounds that the government was not running in competition with public utilities. Business management: Few research workers have the time for involved business acid financial details oil top of the full schedule necessary for scientific advancement. particularly if they cannot understand or explain the new in view of present knowledge. 3. but a few high lights may be of interest. As early as 1904 Nickola Tesla on experimenting with A. Many leave asked what is this thing Moray has called Radiant Energy which has caused so much discussion over so many years? In lay terms it is the harnessing of the power of the universe to man's need for electrical energy here oil carth. J. In conclusion he said. Radiant Energy was first presented years before the world was ready to accept it in principal or to understand its magnitude. E. even from quarters where there was no knowledge of or connection with the work.. Many attempts have been made to harness the forces of nature directly to produce usable power. He made and related several basic electrical tests which proved that the source of power present was not from an ordinary light circuit or from batteries. all of which were thoroughly dealt with. The problems lie in two directions. and M. The power came from batteries. The power came from induction. Only a few of the more comprehensive descriptions can be examined here. Some interests have even tried to tie the invention up and prevent future development. Let us look at each of these objections in view of the records of people who saw these demonstrations. He also made the observation that the lights even though standard globes burned a different color. As has been said before.E. like objects. Moray makes a slip and the invention becomes public use. Yates. brighter and whiter. Because of conflicting interests. He made tests which would have produced a short circuit if the circuit had been connected to the electric power source. At the onset Radiant Energy received much attention. He tested and made sure that energy was passing through the apparatus. than those on the regular light circuit. None was produced. The many offers for Radiant Energy have to be carefully considered for intent and chances for successful presentation. History has again shown the unwillingness of men to accept and adapt to drastic change or new ideas. 1925.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www.

These are connected to the terminals of a switch. with our present knowledge of electrical generation.tesla. He states that he inspected everything and that not an inch of space was overlooked.hu/ generation. If the antenna or lead-in were connected to the lighting circuit this would have produced a short circuit.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. 5. These tests proved positively that condensers and not batteries were in the cases supposed by some to contain batteries. If there had been power from other sources on the antenna or lead-in. "A crystal radio set was cut in on the lead-in wire from the antenna on one side and to the ground wire on the other side and perfect reception was had. We will now quote directly from the letter. Moray claims to have devised and invented an apparatus that will produce electrical energy without the use of prime mover. We turned the table over and examined it carefully for hidden wires but found none. 2. each of these weighed about three or four ounces. in Electrical Engineering. I placed my wet finger between the blade and the jaws of the switch and could not feel any electricity. 2184 South 5th East Street. All lights on the house circuit went out but the lights on the aerial circuit was not altered — were neither brighter nor dimmer at that time. Objections that I have heard 4. H. I further tested by closing and opening the switch several times to see if any sparks appeared. In one of these boxes was a high-frequency transformer and in the other box were two sets of condensers. which lasted for about an hour. The electric energy that lighted the lamps and heated the flat iron was not received from batteries in the boxes. but no sign of spark appeared. This indicates that the circuit was dead. the lights were brilliant at all times. They were then tested by connecting them to the electric terminals. except that a small switch connected in series with tile coil was left open. Dr. 1. While the demonstration was being conducted and the lamps were receiving their energy through the apparatus the main switch that control the lights in the house was opened. 2. Conclusions. Moray. During the time that the lights were burning the connections with the big switch were moved along the switch and vigorous arcing occurred. showing a brilliant strong arc and a loud snappy sound showing a sudden discharge as condensers are supposed to do and batteries never do. Thus the lights could NOT have received their power from that source. reception would not have been possible but a loud. the positive to the negative. J. He again described a careful examination of the system for any other source of electricity. That the power is obtained by a hidden wire from the electric lighting circuit. Before and after the demonstration I closed the big switch which connects the antenna and ground. Two other wires Ieading out of the box were connected to six 100 watt lamps connected in multiple during part of the demonstration. Salt Lake. Tests 5. no other conclusion can be drawn from the demonstration as above described than that the energy was received by and through the apparatus ac claimed by Dr." (See Footnote) TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: This is to certify that on the evening of March 16. 4. Description of Apparatus 2.A. If they had been batteries they would have showed a spark. The boxes were completly emptied thus leaving no possible place for batteries to be stored. and a coil of wire. The electric energy that lighted the lamps and heated the flat iron was not received from the house circuit. Tile apparatus consists of an antenna. The terminals were shorted. and ground wire. The lights on demonstration were a different color and seemed brighter than those on the house circuit. Objections that I have heard. in connection with Dr. I touched my hand to both sides of the switch and the wall to check for ground but could not feel anything. Moray. Two of these wires were led out to the switch. YATES Mr. I witnessed a demononstration at the home of T. two composition cylinders. With the apparatus all connected the same as when operating the lights. Demonstration. The subjects of this article will be treated in the following order: 1. and this is the apparatus demonstrated on the occasion above referred to. In a short time tile iron was hot. lead-in apparatus in the boxes. These piece. —— of —— City. On December 13. The electric lamps received energy from some source and during the demonstration. 3. each about 1 1/2 inches diameter and four inches long. Moray stroked the coil with a small magnet for three or four minutes: he then closed the small switch and the lamps were lighted and remained bright as long as the circuit was left closed. by connecting the radio set to the ground wire. When the ground wire was disconnected and when the lead-in was disconnected the light went out. a lead-in and a ground wire. That tile power is obtained from batteries. Yates saw another test which he again described in detail. 10 large condensers in one set and 10 small condensers in the other set. just as bright at the last as the first of the demonstration. The small condensers were less vigorous in discharging but the some snappy discharge indicated a condenser and not a battery discharge. 1930 Mr. but there were no sparks. of apparatus were connected by a number of wires by which lite hook-up was connected. T. Utah. Dr. the contacts with the switch were moved but produced no arcing. were all in series. Conclusions 1. One was attached to the blade of the switch and the other to the jaws of the switch so that when the switch was open the antenna. and another box approximately hemispherical in shape about 2 inches in diameter and weighing about 2 ounces. H. During the demonstration the apparatus was connected in series as above described. Moray. One is therefore forced to the conclusion that the electric energy was received from some other source and difficult as it is to understand. Two wooden boxes were placed on a table. Columbia University. Tests. humming 39 . City. he noted a slight change in the apparatus which made a great improvement in the performance. Demonstration 3. Yates has an M. no other conclusion can be drawn from the demonstration as above described than that the energy was received by and through the apparatus as claimed by Dr. He then connected an electric flat iron. thus proving that electrical energy was passing through this apparatus. and to a flat iron during part of the demonstration. After thus being charged the large condenser gave a vigorous discharge. 1929. H. The condensers were THOROUGHLY tested. which was about 60 minutes.

Very truly yours (Signed) Thomas J. 1938 Mr. Regular light globes purchased on the open market were used in all of the demonstrations. and hope we may have the pleasure of serving you again. but the system works. 1930. D. 1937 I photographed seven. "For your information we wish to state that in all cases where negatives included any of your lights we found them to be of greater intensity than ordinary illumination. I used a non halation film acid was sure I could offset the light with a large #3 Super Flash Bulb. Photographers have also noticed the different quality of the light produced with this device. Moray claims for it. W. The terminal attached to the antenna was disconnected. A vigorous arcing occured and the sparks jumped over an air gap as much as six inches. yet the light produced was quite different than that in an ordinary electric circuit. In my opinion the bank of lights photographed were much brighter than the Mazda Lights of similar work I leave had to do. wrote toy Dr. Moray has used the standard market electric light globes. This was demonstrated by connecting the radio set to the house lighting system." Very truly yours. I do not own any stock or interest in the company that is promoting this enterprise and my only purpose in issuing this statement is in the interest of the advancement of science. To my eyes. This would indicate that the power was high voltage and the nature of the sparks indicated a high frequency. and head photographer for the U. some six years ago. It produces electric power in abaundance and does all that Dr. When the system was working. government in Washington.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. I photographed your Radiant Energy Machine May was very much impressed with same. In June of 1937 Mr. The purity of the light has always greatly impressed me. The light appears to be much whiter than the light in bulbs lit with the ordinary electric current. Chester Clawson wrote the following. Through my exposure to these powerful lights my optic nerves were affected by the ultra-violet rays and ordinary light has always caused me considerable discomfort so naturally I was particularly impressed with the fact that in looking at your board of some thirty-five hundred-watt lamps. while it was being operated. The pure white light you get should be a great help in photography.hu/ sound would be produced. I do not understand the principle by which Dr. the light was very much less troublesome to my eyes. Yates This letter was subscribed and sworn to before a Notary Public on the 18th day of Decemher. but your light burned into the film much deeper than I expected. it appears that there is less of the ultra-violet and red rays. This is especially interesting as in photographing ordinary lights when shining directly into the lens of the camera the light outline can be plainly seen even though the negative is dense at point of illumination and in the case of your lights the only detail possible to obtain lead to be brought out through holding back the dense area as mentioned above. The light produced by this machine is superior to any of the special lights used in my photographic work. We found the average negative required about ten times the normal exposure in the areas where lights were used. In all of the demonstrations that I have photographed. Moray: During the latter part of May 1938. 5. Keen Polk. The condensers and the coils of wire are common. devices a HF brush discharged of 18 inches in length was sustained and 50 KW of energy obtained. wrote "I began taking photographs of the Moray Energy machine. They seem to burn into the negative to such a degree that we found it necessary to cut special masks to hold back the immediate area of illumination in order to obtain any outline of the globes whatever. all burning at the same time. In later R E. Moray produces the electric energy. On June 25.C. 1938 Mr. Moray: "Dear Sir: We wish to thank you for the recent business you have given us. Earl Lyman of the: Utah Photo Material Co. S. I consider this development a great advance in the science of producing electrical energy. On Jan. The two cylinders called "oscillators" and the small conical shell called the "detector" are the only things not commonly known. the lights were burning bright. official photographer of the United States over seas.tesla. than are contained in the regular light. a photographer whose experience covers thirty years during which he had been a newspaper photographer. negatives and discovered that dais light is rather difficult to properly photograph on account of its extreme brightness." Processing the negatives taken of the lights of the Radiant Energy device has also presented some unusual problems not ordinarily found in pictures of this type as is illustrated in the following three letters to Dr. Another distinguished feature of the Radiant Energy device is the characteristic whiteness of the light globes. On July 6. 40 . "For many years I was a producer of independent motion pictures and in this work necessarily used high-powered open-arc lamps.

" Signed A. 3 flash bulb which under ordinary circumstances would offset any area of intense light or bank of lights other than the source of the No. He has seen many tests made of the Moray equipment. Silvers In a later letter Mr. After the demonstration. On some of the negatives the range was so extreme that even with intense "burning in" we were unable to produce a print that satisfactorily covered all areas of the negative. 1928 written by Air. in spite of the intense density of the negative image of these lights. 22. They were electrically dead. This invitation was given me because I am an engineer and battery expert. Moray. They did not. Tests were made with sensitive volt and amp meters to determine if the box could contain batteries or if any of the equipment had any sort of battery action in them. I placed my measuring instruments on the antenna and ground connection. R.hu/ The Sun Photo Service Signed D. Remington. a demonstration was given for the benefit of Dr. I have been asked for my comments concerning tests and demonstrations of Dr. 3 flash bulb should leave illuminated." "In March of 1957 Mr. 3 flash bulb. J. Moray's Laboratory. This was done to the complete satisfaction of all present. G. To summarize. Before we leave the question of outside power sources. heat a 1000 watt soldering iron and operate a special high frequency motor for some time over an hour. there were none. 1928 in Dr. due mainly to the fact that the intensity range on the negative was far beyond the limitations of the photographic papers. let us consider one more letter written Dec. 25. The globes become exceedingly hot in one spot about the size of a dime. C. This source of light seemed to burn into the negative to such an extent that we lead to shade out the light in order to obtain a background which the No. 26. Needless to say. we found that in order to obtain a balance print quality. produced a circular halo effect that has not been encountered previously. I endorse this equipment as represented by Dr. We noted several interesting characteristics in the negatives of these lights in contrast to normal incandescent or fluorescent lights. "To Whom It May Concern: In the spring of 1938. there was no complete "blocking up" such as would normally be found with other lamps. My father. Henry Moray and inspect the Moray Radiant Energy equipment. They were checked in detail for hidden wires. The most interesting observation was that. The box in which the equipment was housed was opened by commissioner Gull and myself. Jensen. Silvers again writes: "In regards to your inquiry on the change of light values or negatives changing their properties of value during a period of years. Jensen. The commissioner then requested permission to bore holes in the box in which the equipment lead been housed in order to satisfy himself that everything had been taken out and there were no hidden compartments. the luminosity is much higher and whiter than with ordinary current. Moray: In our Photo finishing plant we have recently made photographic prints from negatives supplied by you. an engineer. Mr. Harvey Fletcher in which three one-hundred-watt lights were lit and also a 575 watt flat iron was heated. We found that is not the condition in this case. The intensity of these lights appeared greater than normally produced. due to the fact that the gas in the globes becomes incandescent under the influence of the very high frequency current and because of the incandescent gas. After seeing the Moray equipment light 30 one-hundred-fifty watt standard light globes. producing satisfactory prints from these negatives was extremely difficult. E. Utah A letter dated Sept.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. electric light globes (standard articles bought on the open market) behave differently when used with the Moray Radiant Energy device then when used with regular current. Salt Lake City.tesla. L. Moray"s Radiant Energy equipment. 1 was invited by tile Securities Commissioner of the State of Utah to acompany Mr. in some cases. There were no hidden wires and nothing from which any battery current or any other power could have been obtained other than as claimed by the inventor. weighed and tested. the apparatus was dismantled 41 . manager of the Shutter Bug in Salt Lake City wrote to Dr. At the time we printed your latest group of negatives. Gull to the Laboratory of Dr. Jensen. E. and the above is a review of the test and demonstration which I witnessed. to the best of our knowledge any changes would have to be uniform in over all negative value and the ultimate results in printing would remain the same. we had to mask out or eliminate this source of light in order to obtain any detail in the balance of the picture. Every part of the equipment was taken out of the box. we understood the photographer used a No. They also. Included in all of these negatives were banks of lights. B." As has been noted. was also present. we state that. 1958. relates that on Sept.

He has done some very remarkable work and for more than a year past has had direct charge of the television. On Oct. Dr. However. You will remember that I told you of our unsuccessful attempt to have an examination of the mechanism made by Dr. Fletcher left for New York by automobile yesterday morning. Moray contended for it or that Moray secured from his antenna and ground a force which set up in his tubes. He told its that an experiment that would be very helpful in determining what the energy was or the efficiency of the tubes would be to run the machine just as long as it would go. Judd relates that Dr. After the lights had been burning for some little time. Fletcher. After making such observations as were necessary to this test. Judd wrote a letter to Dr. he would write us and try and make some suggestions for further development. "It was a wonderful demonstration. Fletcher stated that the current was evidently high frequency. The lights were then screwed out quickly and a five hundred seventy five watt flat iron attached. At that time he was working to get his doctors degree in physics and was assistant to Dr.hu/ for Dr. Fletcher spent several hours with Dr. The lights on the regular circuit in the house still going on. that the energy secured by the machine was what Mr. After a week the trunk was opened and the device carefully tested. Fletcher and was considered by him a valuable part of the experiment. some form of battery action which resulted in the electric current generated. Fletcher's inspection and the various circuits and hook-ups were explained. In this letter Mr. the ground and their respective connection with the machine. Dr. but yesterday he dropped in to say that he was very anxious to make the test as soon as possible. I told him that the tubes built two years ago last June had done services up to the last month when Moray. Carl Eyring. O. The details of each day were recounted. Fletcher in observing the lamps stated that they were burning far above normal and that if they were to continue at that degree of radiancy they would soon burn out. for some reason then unknown. the wire was disconnected and the lights again put on." A feature of the demonstration was the breaking of the antenna circuit which caused a brush discharge spark of about nine inches to occur. On Tuesday last. He told me that following the time that he had to sit down' and think out this matter a little. Fletcher spent the afternoon in a detail study of the drawings demonstrating the circuits involved and the theory upon which the mechanism is based. Robert L. and himself. Moray then demonstrated that there was no life in any part of the machine. Milican. We have though just finished a most interesting demonstration that I am sure you will be pleased to hear about. Haffenreffer. I know by reason of your knowledge of inventors. 1928 and signed by Robert L. because in accomplishing what they did the tubes were far more powerful than anything known to science today. where lie has remained up to the present time. They set up the machine in a heavy tin covered trunk with a small hole in the top and another in one end through which the globes attached to the machine could be observed. This conference was attested to in a letter dated Sept. 10. 27. From this demonstration it is established. Judd recounts the details of an endurance test arranged with Mr. Massachusetts Dear Mr Haffenreffer: It has been some little time since I have had anything worth while to tell you about our electrical mechanism. Jensen. Judd. Dr. Fall River. but felt that he could accept any findings of Dr. at New York. was that the tubes would soon burn out and that it would be necessary to do further work with the tubes to give them long life. Dr. Dr. Moray the proposition of his spending some time on our mechanism while here. and explained to the Doctor what he was about to do. Fletcher. On the Thursday preceeding this demonstration. by some form of energy from the atmosphere. I didn't know just what Moray's response to that suggestion would be. I should say absolutely. another interested party went down to Morray's home. Fletcher remarked. This happening pleased Dr. he did give his consent. seal the machine tip in some way after it was lighted. Fletcher a chance to study and investigate his instrument. myself and Mr. through their leaking on account of what he says is his crude way of making them. they flickered a few minutes and then went out. when he was here a year ago. While observing the lights various tests were made such as disconnecting the antenna and the ground. Dr. Mr. Hayes. This was heated to the "sizzling" point in about five minutes. that what we have is something entirely new and very wonderful and that there is no possibility for doubt on any phase of this proposition. and the extent of them going through different parts of the machine. His observation as to the possible weakness of the thing is it was some battery reaction in the tubes which were commenced and kept alive. the trunk was closed and locked and the key delivered to Dr. that piece of mechanism which is not yet "fool" proof. Fletcher was afforded the opportunity of studying the antenna. then determine what pact quit first and if it were the tubes make observation as to what happened.tesla. 1928 Mr. Hayes. Fletcher is a very close friend of mine whom I met when we were both attending the University of Chicago. His answer to that was that if it is battery action the titles might be used for some time then left idle that they would rebuild themselves and thus go on serving as the tubes mentioned had clone. I expect to work out such arrangements as soon as possible. A couple of weeks ago I learned that he was paying us another visit and accordingly took up with Mr. He also suggested that one weekness of the device night be the inability to function over a long period of time and suggested an endurance test. Dr. The globes were tested and found to be all right. Jensen.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. R. Moray who explained the various circuits to him in detail. and asked that I assist him in figuring out the proper personnel of a committee. 42 . Fletcher at the Bell Telephone Laboratories in New York. the principals involved visiting the laboratory many times to check the device. He stated that if it were the latter however. and on Thursday a week ago Mr. I think I have told you that Dr. The trunk was then sealed in three different places with the standard freight car seals. Moray and Dr. M. had slipped down out of place and in effect had disconnected that particular circuit. This was as requested by Dr. A later examination of the parts of the machine showed that one part of the detector. At this time Mr. After the lights had gone out the mechanism was dismantled part by part and the Doctor given a chance to see that the mechanism was one intrical whole and no other connection than with the antenna and the ground. F. Fletcher had to return to the Bell Telephone Laboratories in New York and would be unable to make further investigations. After making some tests. had had to make new ones. Dr. that you will fully appreciate the difficulties encountered in getting Moray to give Dr. A few years after his graduation lie was called into the staff of the Western Electric CO. Fletcher of the Western Electric Co. and then make frequent observations as to its continued operation for the full period of time it would run. and of our inability to make much headway since that time. and helped very materially in the demonstration and establishment of the ionic and electronic theory of matter. G. E. the phenomenon was quit as remarkable as contended for by Moray. His conclusion was without further time or equipment with which to study the circuits. the makeup of which were explained to the Doctor. Jr. of New York. He then began his tuning in as you have seen him and in six minutes from the time of his commencement had sufficient power to light three one hundred watt lamps.

hu/ One outstanding example of how a discovery can be appropriated by others is in the "Moray Valve. April. in searching for a more stable detector for his Radiant Energy Device. Nebeker witnessed Mr. 1925. Farnsworth and D. rounded stone.. Robt. as the Moray Valve. Judd. and May of 1939.June of 1925.. at the time of it's discovery. H. 1931. This valve is indicated in the circuit shown on figures 1. which withstands heat up to over 1800°F. W.. and be experimented with it during the months of March. he obtained a substance that had wonderful properties as a detector or valve for radio signals. This was first used by Dr.. D. L. Chapman.. 1931. L... he made a specially constructed radio speaker. with a special radio circuit which he devised and a Special Moray constructed loud speaker.. 1931. In a letter to Mr. It is also advisable to use. R. on the 12th day of October..tesla. Hayes. H. F. 1927. On September 17. A. Moray germanium valve." During . in place of the crystal. and many others who attested to these facts and signed documents.. the following "Dr. Moray made tests at various times with scores of people present of his special radio. Kearns Building.. a notary of Salt Lake. These broadcasts came in loud and clear on occasions when regular radio broadcasting stations reported that interference was so severe they could not receive Admiral Byrd's broadcasts because of weather conditions. Fletcher. He devised a specially constructed loud speaker which worked better than the then standard permanent magnet type commercial speaker. is a small mineral body containing . L. Moray in June of 1925 under the name of "Moray Valve" in many radios constructed and operated for many years.. 1928. H. March 21. Carl Eyring in the presence of Atty. Harvey Fletcher of the Bell Laboratories in the presence of Atty. 137 and 139. L. Snyder. This radio. but discovered that by making "pellets" of a mixture of the Moray Lead.. Murray O.. This valve and more data was also explained to Dr. Murray 0. from Admiral Byrd and his party from the Antarctic.. wrote a letter in which he stated among other things. the original discoverer of some great invention does not get the credit for having first made the discovery. though the. Henry Moray research work on what he designated. J. Salt Lake City. The stone 139 has remarkable amplifying 43 . Judd's signature on the 12th day of October 1925... describing how the valve was made to Attorney Judd and showing them a drawing of the same which they signed in evidence.. 1925. the radio programs could be heard all over the building. Thomsen. R L. At 139. also in 1925. This special RE radio with a Germanium alloy valve was also demonstrated to Felix Frazer of the R E. Moray failed in his search at that time. O. ______________________ Original was signed .. A. A.. Hayes in 1926 and at later dates.. Details have later shown this valve to be the same as the discovery now known as the Transistor. and using pure germanium mixed with bismuth. Judd who wrote a detailed account of this disclosure. L. Henry Moray discovered that by alloying Germanium with various substances he was able to make a valve for a radio receiver capable of reception of radio signals of considerable stregth without the use of tubes. in the form of a rounded stone.. an application for patent was filed in this germanium valve as a detector and oscillator under serial #550622. His germanium valve. Judd who had signed a drawing that he had had explained to him. that T. the above six gentlemen were permitted to examine a set of six drawings showing uses of the compound germanium valve and the description of the materials used with the germanium and the method of forming this compound into pellets and why germanium works best when these "impurities" are introduced in the pellet. It was June 24. on several occasions received broadcasts from Little America.." From 1930 to 1938 Dr.. however. May 22.... The same drawing was later signed by C.. Atty. I am Yours respectively.. C.. Nebeker and this drawing was duly verified on the 12th day of October. Jensen. Moray by many witnesses.. altho standard speakers also responded.. Hayes stated. (material blanked out in this paper for security reasons but can say it describes the Moray fission material) triboluminescent zinc and germanium compressed into a hard. "He connected his detector to a crystal set for receiving radio.Pepe’s Tesla Pages With kindest regards. D. the said iron sulphide. brought in radio signals which were loud and clear.. Clauson.." Application dated July 13. blended certain substances which he had brought from Sweden in 1914 and had used in his Radiant Energy Device as a valve. In July 1931. R. M.. Howard Allington. This valve was fully explained to Dr.. antenna was merely one of the bell type. Thomsen.-by R... This fact has been repeated in the case of the device now known as the transitor. In October 1928 this Moray valve was explained in detail to Dr... being insulated from the case 135 at the point 138. Judd and Atty. This was as requested by Dr... the attachment being effected by fuzing a portion of the surface of the bismuth and applying it to the case. He also took a lump of lead treated according to the process he has discovered and used it in place of the crystal. it was found that radios would operate without batteries or tubes or any other source of power than that obtained from the radio transmitting station. Fletcher spent the afternoon in a detail study of the drawings (plural) demonstrating the circuits involved and the theory upon which the mechanism is based.. Lovesey describing this valve in action Dr.. Utah http://www. "This valve and radio were explained and demonstrated to hundreds of people as late as June of 1938. batteries or any conventional source of power. A schematic drawing of this radio hookup and the place where the germanium "compound" valve was used was shown to and described to Atty.. Dr.. and obtained better reception than with the Erla crystal. The valve may consist of a metal case 135 to which pieces 136 of bismuth may be attached. and by Dr. Clive Gardner. A piece of iron sulphide may be attached to the bismuth by fuzing.. With this germanium combination alloy used as a detector. H. J.. W... Moray disclosed this fact to Atty.. at the points 138 between 136. and got wonderful reception on a radio — loud enough in fact to operate an old fashioned horn speaker of the type put out by RCA about 1923.. as far as getting a substance for the Radiant Energy detector. and certain other impurities including the Moray fission Material... in my home. 1931. the germanium alloy material with another radio hookup was submitted and sworn to before R.. Lewis Gardner.. On November 14. A. On the same day of March. 1925. with reception loud enough to be heard throughout the house. the. R. (See Footnote also cut on patent papers) EDITOR'S NOTE Compiled from excerpts for the history of the T. portions of germanium which has some very unique properties in the functioning of the valve when used as a booster or amplifier. Fred Schade.. This rounded stone is delicately supported between the pieces of iron sulphide 137 and the upper piece of bisimuth 136. Moray's experimentation. Judd. Some of these gentlemen were — C. 2 and 3 and will now be described in detail. L.. This germanium alloyed material he also used successfully in the amplification of radio signals for radios he constructed and used in his home and the home of his sister's family. This is strongly documented in many references contained in the early records of the work of Dr. Judd in the presence of Atty. As has been the case many times.. iron sulphate triboluminescent zinc..

611 (dates furnished on request). Murray O. So. Clawsen. to D. that is to say.Y. Molybdenum (molybdenum. C.. Snyder.. in the presence of Judd. Frazer in April 1939 of the Moray radio using the special Germanium mixture valve. is a metallic pin 140. Fletcher. (Footnote Wood & Webber. Bonzel and Mr. *See photostat patent application #550611. some on the 16th day of December 1937.. all prove that Moray discovered and experimentally operated the device now known as the transistor some twenty years prior to the time the Bell Laboratories did so. Moray valve now called Transistor • Moray Valve Circuits • Official U. St. Eyring who was later with the Bell Laboratories and a cousin of Dr. 2 and 3 were there described in more detail. Wood and Weber REPORT on MORAY IIADIANT ENERGY DEVICE On April 7th and 8th.. 5th East... J. No ABC batteries or power source used. Harvey Fletcher of Bell Laboratories in the Fall of 1928. S. (Part left out for security reasons) *See circuit diagram. Government picture taken by Dr. hence this Moray valve. Also used valves as boosters or amplifiers when several valves were connected in the circuit together as has been shown.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. of which Dr. 1933. The "rounded stones" shown in the drawing are small Pellets containing . The Moray files' signed drawings. H. as shown on the linen tracing cloth drawing.. R. therefore. The records show this discovery was disclosed as early as 1925 to Dr... Germanium may be mixed with other materials explained to Dr. Extending through the case 135 but insulated therefrom. Impure germanium and Moray germanium compound mixture has some very unique properties in functioning in the Moray valve.tesla. This was the radio valve used in the RE powered radio which scores of people heard. and other devices and products. T. Louis Gardner.. which was explained to Dr. Carl Eyring of the B. Thomson and others enough to establish dates in March.C. It will be understood. Christ T. the writer in company with Dr.. Hayes' wording as he wrote the patent application. Judd present in my home (Morays) in 1925. These combinations of materials are used in the various radio hookup-. G. Jurgensen of Greeley. Harvey Fletcher who was the head of the division of the Bell Laboratories which came out with the transitor. one might say. J. Fletcher. sulphide or molybdenum metal germanium combination). (left blank on this copy but not on the tracing for security reasons) and germanium compressed into hard round pellets. Iron sulphide was. with variations and hookup shown in figure 10.C.. Clive D. W. which receive radio signals in good strength without conventional power supply. L... C. Moray is the inventor.. 1931.. Hayes.. It is by reason of this later property that this stone readily ionizes gases. K.hu/ and rectifying properties. Fletcher in 1928 in complete detail. is also remarkable for the maintainance of a higher temperature than exists in its surroundings. 2484 South Fifth Street East. An arm 143 extends through the case 135 and furnishes a support for the wire 142 while at the same time it is provided with an upturned portion having a nut 144 threaded thereon for the purpose of securing a tight covered sealed plate over the otherwise open mouth of case 135. It has been found that germanium prepared by the Moray mixture. First discovered in 1925. which reads as follows: "This and more data was originally explained to Dr. Later to Dr. 1937: K. serial number 550. The sulphide being insulated (from case 135 at point 138. The following is a copy of one of the signed papers on the Moray germanium valve which anticipates the transistor. at his laboratory.. 137 and 139. The valve used a metal envelope shown at #135 to which bismuth was attached at 136 by fuzing... This tracing cloth document was signed as having been read and signed by the following on December 16. records and documents. 44 . J. They were told all I was doing to establish date of conception of discovery and to maintain as much protection as I could by establishing these dates. was the same as had been explained to Dr. according to Air. Also that in 1928 it was shown to Dr. that this stone may well serve as a valve which allows energy waves to pass in only one direction at a time. Inc. Utah. All had been sworn not to describe what they saw. and thoroughly discussed with him the device which was the particular object of this investigation. Dr. or A. portions of germanium were used at point 138 between 136. Henry Moray and then signed by the gentlemen named above. visited Dr. as shown in other drawings. With special loud speaker by Moray that will work with Moray Valve. The Moray valve and circuits involved shown on the drawwing 1. or.... together with scores of witnesses who heard the Moray radio operated by the Moray germanium valve. Johanna Solmon.) Képaláírások: • Photostate patent application #550611 • The Moray pocket radio 1 1/2 times actual size used Moray Germanium mixture. wording changed somewhat to suit Dr. This. as experimental research for several years (1928-1937).. this pin being connected to the antenna lead-in and carrying a piece of molybdenite (molybdenum sulphide or a molybdenum metal combination of Moray mixture of the germanium alloy). especially in bringing in Admiral Byrd from Little America (in the Anarctic). some on the 15th day of December 1937. only to establish dates of data signed... Hayes and others. from the antenna capacitor into the various circuits or from the circuits into the antenna capacitor without necessarily changing from H. been placed under oath at Moray's request that he.. A wire 142 connects the case of 135 with the various hookups hereinbefore mentioned. The tracing is signed T. Certain hookups require no battery cells whatsoever. I often refer to a detector tube as a valve. Judd's wool to me. These pellets are supported. Moray. 5th Fast St. with Atty. Dr. would keep sacred what I (Moray) was about to disclose to him. may be added to the bismuth by fuzing. as also at 2484. Fletcher. It is the opinion of the editors that it is certainly strange that two employees of Bell Laboratories came out with a germanium mixture that protyped the Moray valve. Salt Lake City. as used for the rectification and amplification of radio or other high frequency signals without the application of any outside current other than the incoming radio or Cosmic signal and small pencil sized dry cell batteries. Hayes and later this was incorporated in the RE patent application of July 13. had.. This Moray valve radio has been in operation at a home at 2505 So. beta and gamma rays which produce an ionic reaction. We doubt that the Bell Laboratories know the full story of this discovery as they being an honorable company would never have been a party to such an unethical action..U. as well as for its radiation of alpha.. H. It was later shown to Dr. Fletcher. This later contacts the stone 139.F. Gardner. Steffensen. For more complete information see other disclosures made after putting named parties under promise to tell no one. Dr. Colorado. Messrs... Jensen.. R. Chapman.

a man of marked ability in the line of research and invention. under competent and sympathetic management. with Mr. Lovesay. of Salt Lake City. Moray 2484 South 5th East Street. nor is it This is masked as it contains details of construction deemed unwise to publish. will result in the development of an unlimited source of energy that will revolutionize our whole industrial and economic life. but even with a very limited patent protection should have widespread commercial value. integrity and ability of Dr. who took the time out of a busy day at his own affairs to give its all possible help in our investigation. and from the conferences with Moray. 6 — That to demonstrate the commercial feasibility of the project. This is marked as it contains details of construction not deemed wise to publish. can only be determined by future research. when the tubes can be perfected. 1933 Képaláírás: Official U. and examined signed and sworn-to letters. H. W. ture valve. and other scientists. He thinks it wise not to divulge the details until applications can be made for patents in foreign countries. Inc. that in my opinion. The investigation convinced me that he has discovered something about the nature of energy which has not been known before. in my opinion. That in effect we are surrounded by an unlimited reservoir of energy that can and some day will be utilized. but I do not pretend to understand the real nature of the source. as no application has been made. but which need perfecting. From all of this. Some two hours were spent in going over various matters connected with the project. 2 — Dr. under competent business administration. He has evidently worked for many years in the investigations. I feel that if Moray is given the proper opportunity. S. in the way of production of energy for all light. and until sufficient capital is available to establish laboratory facilities. Frazer in April 1939 of the Moray radio using the special Germanium mix. and that he was wholly convinced of the integrity and honesty of Dr. Moray in the development of this work. a business man of Salt Lake. Government picture taken by Dr. In addition to the radiant energy discoveries. At this conference Mr. there was no question in his mind as to the honesty of purpose. if properly exploited.. We first met and talked with Mr. heat and power purposes. I talked with a number of reputable people who witnessed numerous demonstrations. The balance of the first day and a part of the second was spent with Moray at the laboratory and in visiting others connected with the project. Moray was extremely open and frank in every way. Purchasing Agent of the Utah Refining Co. and gave us every possible opportunity to investigate what we came for. 7 — The results obtained so far indicate that such research undertaken in the proper spirit and under proper conditions. I found that Dr. My conclusions are as follows: 1 — It is not a hoax or fraud in any sense. I found no evidence of lack of integrity and honesty. With special loud speaker by Moray that will work with Moray Valve. he is secretarytreasurer of the Moray Products Co. UTAH 45 . April 12. Moray has discovered a new principle in electrical energy that has not heretofore been known. Moray has developed other devices and products that should have widespread commercial value.tesla. 'HOOD For Wood & Weber. The commercial development at this time apparently hinges upon the construction of a vacuum tube especially invented for this purpose. He is. I am fully convinced that there is no hoax or fraud about the device. to explain the phenomenon. and that the results are not the results of induction from established power sources or batteries. heat and power has and can be produced from the surrounding space by devices which Moray has developed. Whether it is patentable or not remains to be seen. Lovesay's opinion of the invention. FRANKLIN P. but that Moray's theory of the world being surrounded by a sea of oscillating energy is as satisfactory as any. an which application has been made for a patent. I am thoroughly convinced that the device is not a hoax. and of course is thoroughly imbued with the nature and possibilities of the particular invention.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. First discovered in 1925. which will eliminate Masked. Mr. 3 — That the nature of the energy is not fully known. who are or have been connected with Moray in the development of these inventions. Lovesay described to us numerous demonstrations he had witnessed of the Radiant Ray apparatus. was also present. Moray. This is something. The device is not especially complicated. Certain theories have been advanced by him. Moray. as well as other inventions and devices developed by Moray. describing the demonstrations. I was impressed with the apparent honesty of Mr. Rossz minõségû fotókópia szövege: MORAY SCIENTIFIC LABORATORIES Dr. T. he will produce revolutionary results in many lines of research. who been been closely associated with Dr. but all that can be said about it is that certain results have been obtained that indicate unlimited possibilities for development along these lines. and who knows him intimately. H.hu/ We also talked with others in Salt Lake. Respectfully submitted. 5 — It would seem that any amount can be developed. and although he made no claim as understanding them. 4 — That energy that can be utilized for light. or a fake. Among them is a simple radio device using neither tubes or battery. SALT LAKE CITY. and which is not even now understood by anyone. equipment and funds must be made available. not for public information as it contains construction information a tube. Lovesay. Bringhurst. but needs assistance in developing it into it commercial business venture. that can be manufactured inexpensively and widely marketed.

Each morning and night up to the morning of Oct. 1928. the connections to ground antenna were also removed. and at last received a rather vigorous shock. it is the desire that all communications and correspondence in connection with this patent shall be directed to the Moray Products Company at 2482 South 5th East Street. also mounted on this panel is a body about two and one-half inches square. October first. short limped U. Judd. The aerial used is about two hundred feet long and is about eighty feet above the ground. one on top of the other. The ground is the water pipe in tile basement of Dr. both were closed and the covers fastened with screws. and the numbers on the seals were recorded by Mr. and the trunk was opened in the presence of the three witnesses above mentioned after a run of eighty-four hours. and began to stroke one hole of it in the polls in the taped body. but found none. Murray O. Moray then threw the switch and the globes lighted. Salt take City.tesla. 1931. Dear Sir: I. The device was assembled in a trunk through the sides of which were holes for the connections to ground and to the antenna and for observation. The trunk was again sealed as before. C. 700 . Dr. Moray removed the detector in the presence of Mr. About 10:30 on this date the detector was jarred out of adjustment by the felling of a heavy tree next to the house. 1931 hereby revoke the power of attorney given to ?név1?. the iron was heated as quickly as though on the 46 . Dr. Moray's home. Hayes states: To Whom It May Concern: Below is a report of my observation of the Moray cosmic energy device. Utah. On this were two binding posts that were connectible by means of a small switch.C.hu/ September 15. wrapped in friction tape. it is of slate or hard rubber or some material of similar appearance. Jensen. 1928 and written Oct.10th Street. Karkan & Sutton. and President of the Moray Products Company. front which protrude two poles about one-fourth inch in diameter. On the upper box was lying an insulated panel about an inch thick by fifteen inches long and three inches wide.m. in one of which was a twenty watt globe. The small switch above mentioned was thrown several times. A double receptacle for light globes was connected in the circuit. ?név2. 8. and well insulated. Jensen and me and in twenty minutes had it readjusted and reassembled ready to start. the wire is a copper cable approximately a fourth inch in diameter. The device continued in operation until the morning of Oct. Moray then took a magnet. 4. to whom the following patent was assigned: #550. L. G. Dr. 29. There were two boxes about tell by twenty by four inches. and the lights came on at 7:59 a. the said holes were about one-half inch in diameter. When the switch was opened the lights went off and came on again when the switch was closed. 10. Jensen placed his fingers on the binding posts several times.611 Radiant Energy Device Filed tiny 13. The time of excitation was ten minutes. The evening of the same day Mr. M. a citisen of the United States. but without result. Removing either the ground or the antenna connection caused the lights to go out. MORAY PRODUCT COMPANY Accepted SEP 17 1932 In a letter sworn to before a notary public on Oct. and until further advice. which was a very broad. The hundred watt lamp was removed and a standard 575 Hotpoint electric iron was plugged into its place. As soon as Mr. and in the other a hundred watt globe. apparently of soft iron. Thomas Henry Moray. R. but they came on again as soon as the connection was re-established. Jensen. and I were present and examined tile trunk to see if there were any connections other than the antenna and the ground. Attorneys. I inspected the seals and observed that the lights were burning. D. Washington. D. Respectfully. Judd arrived the stroking began and the lights came on in about ten minutes.. To the Commissioner of Patents Department of Commerce United States Patent Office Washington.. E.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. also without result. The trunk was then closed and sealed with railroad car seals.

The lamps appeared to be as bright as when on the house circuit. he said that he could not find any fault wills what he saw. government. It required four minutes of excitation to get it in operation again. 47 . Several days later the public was invited to listen to conversations originating in houses and from streets which were a considerable distance from the instrument in the laboratory. a moderate blow with a hammer whereupon the light flickered and went off. in the presence of Mr. We quote: Dr. Dr. Moray's laboratory. During this test a sixty watt globe was put in the place of the twenty. and five 100 watt globes were substituted for the iron. which turned off the house lights but did not in the least affect those in the test. S. he would be satisfied that it was not induction. Nebacker of the Judd law firm. Dr. Eyring said that if the device would operate five miles from all power lines. Dr. there being no power lines in the canyon at that time. Eyring congratulated Dr. Eyring was permitted to risk any questions he wished and after spending over an hour with the device in operation. due to the detector being shaken out of adjustment. Congressman that an official report had been filed in Washington. Judd and Nebacker." Dr. Hayes Duly verified and notarized. Judd's account of that meeting. but none were found except those to the antenna and to the ground. Mr. The general said he was very much impressed and asked how the Sound Pickup Equipment might be obtained for the U. S. mechanisms.hu/ usual house circuit. Moray first successfully operated his sound detector device.878 of a horsepower or slightly more than 7/8 horsepower. It was later reported to Dr. who was head of the department of physics of Brigham Young University. mathematically and scientifically sound and corrected. he was able to "pick up" conversation and music from thousands of feet away from his laboratory without instrument or wire connections to the point from which the conversations originated. O. asked questions continually. Eyring in leis own handwriting. As a further proof that the conversion of the energy was due to the mechanism in the box. R. Yakalov come to the Moray laboratory and witnessed tests of the Moray Radiant Energy equipment as well as listening to conversation brought in by the Moray Sound Pickup Device which was going on some five miles from the Moray laboratory i. He made several drawings and sketches. Dr. who had not been present at this demonstration. with about eight civilians witnessed these experiments. Murray O. During the early morning hours of September 3. inasmuch as a horsepower is but 74. We quote from Mr. Some days later Dr. the only requirement being that the government give the device the Moray name. saw a demonstration of the Moray device. A site was arbitrarily selected by Messers Adams. 1926. Mr. A. 1929 Robert L. acts energy radiated from the universe to operate any of the mechanical. A demonstration was given in Emigration Canyon. met these men at Dr. but that the government had not accepted the offer. and a Mr. The signals were brought in loud and clear. 7.6 watts this equals 0. Eyring in October of 1925. in the Denver and Rio Grand R. Moray on what he termed as a wonderful work and said that what he had seen and heard was electrically. Nebacker erected the ground and antenna. After again being disconnected until it ceased to operate it required but one minute of excitation to bring in the current.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. Harvey Fletcher. Salt Lake City. In witness to the above I hereunto sign my name" Signed. Carl Eyring. Now for the question of induction. S. In a statement dated Sept. S. This alone is sufficient to dispose of any suggestion of a battery. A statement dated December 1929 quoted below was written by Dr. magnetic.tesla." but that such induction was wonderful and unheard of before over such distance. electrical. In October 1929 a scientist from Russia. or optical devices for the utilization of energy or power. Eyring. Dr. "We spent the morning going over all the theory and hook-ups and examined the device and the Dr.e. Up until this time only radio head phones had been used. Judd relates that a demonstration was given to Dr. that the current was not obtained from batteries or hidden wires so that his oily conclusion was "induction. The general said he would report to his superiors. Moray told the general he would give it to the government free of charge. As was suggested by Dr. Moray hit the table on which the trunk was standing. It is to be noted that after a total run of 158 hours the device supplied 635 watts. This report was made by U. By 1936 the Sound Detector Device had been improved to where it would operate radio loud speakers. Representative Congressman Thomas Amlie. Judd. Army in December of 1936. a Dr. Station. "This discovery with its processes. Adams. W. Adams and Mr. and devices deals with and enables man to use the so called cosmic energy. A test of this equipment was given to a General Shinkle of the War Department and an accompanying Captain of the U. These army gentlemen. so that the total wattage was 635. After months of work in his laboratory. Moray and others by a U. While the test was in progress every test that could be thought of was applied to make sure that there were no hidden connections to the house circuit or to a battery. the house lights were turned on and then all main switches pulled. A. After the run had terminated the trunk and table were examined for wires. A single one-hundred watt lamp was lit for a period of one hour. The antenna and ground connections were then removed until no current was delivered when the switch was closed. making a total power output of 560 watts.

in the earth itself. Mr. Davis said Mr. it would be impossible for him to accept the device or the demonstration. M. Jensen loaded the equipment into Mr. However it might be interesting to examine a letter written by Dr. and additions made to the component parts of the invention. * To further disprove the induction theory concerning the Moray device. There are hundreds of letters on record of experimental tests made by the Radiant Energy Device written by those who witnessed these tests.tesla. He made tests with batteries and other methods to check the meter and proved it to be in perfect operation and correct when used with other currents. Pearson tested the tubes and said they were OK and that he was satisfied they were all Moray claimed them to be and perhaps even greater worth and value than Moray might realize. That the device acted contrary to all known electrical laws on the incoming or primary side. L. and includes its atmosphere and component parts or elements on celestial bodies. 1926 Dr. In July of 1950 Mr. His objection that on the primary side it was an outlaw current while on the secondary side it was able to operate known electrical devices. and as Moray told Mr. R. They operated the radio and produced music which he acknowledged the best he had ever heard. battery action is always direct current and never high frequency current so it could not be battery action. the tubes are the heart of the Radiant Energy Device. is very satisfactory because this only goes to show that it can be controlled when the proper methods are used. Mr. a civilian scientist of the Naval Research laboratory who had proved that the earth is generating 200. Jensen verified all of the statements made in his letter of 1926 concerning the Strawberry test and another letter dated October 1928 telling of the before mentioned endurance test. Being of the frame of mind that there is no natural source of electrical wave energy to which Moray could tune his device. The discoveries of recent years make this claim look increasingly out of line. The engineer who came here was a Mr. its source in the natural processes and movements of the earth. but on the grounds that he did not believe there was such an energy to be had. or with an open mind understand what he was seeing. Atty. but he accepted the tubes as they operated on this same Radiant Energy. Fletcher to battery action kept alive by energy from the universe and yet Dr. although the tubes are the heart of the Radiant Energy Device. O. Fletcher pronounced the current high frequency. but worked standard electrical devices on the output on the secondary side.000. all and all. * It will be noted that Dr. Davis. Eyring attributes the energy to induction or to Cosmic Rays. These were made for the purpose of establishing the scientific soundess of the theory upon which the device operated. McKee.hu/ "Cosmic energy as the term is here used. Moray. The purpose being to enable the inventor to progress toward the perfecting of his invention by testing the workability and soundness of his various ideas. the location. Pearson really OK'd the whole thing. In 1931. Gunn. proved the results he saw were not and could not be obtained from any known source of electrical current or it would have obeyed these laws. Davis. Pearson did not believe in the Radiant Energy Device. changes. let us consider another test. Being so prejudiced against there being such a source of current. E. E. Pearson employed by a Mr. is energy which exists in the space surrounding the earth and which lave or may have. the purest and best radio music ever produced.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. G. Please note. These cosmic rays are continually bombarding the earth. Jensen gives a very detailed description of the weather. Mr. Saying that the tubes are of great value and OK is the same thing as acknowledgment that the Radiant Energy Device is OK because as Moray said. He proved no standard meter would give a true reading of the incoming current. Dr. and Mr. On October 29. Jensen's car and drove up Daniels Canyon into the Strawberry Valley. that a milli-volt meter gave a lesser voltage reading than the reading on the five volt scale or in other words the greater reading was had on the meter requiring 5000 times as much voltage to operate it. The speedometer of the car verified that they were fifty-two miles from the closest power line when the test was made. This he should have reasoned. from the standpoint of known laws are unreasonable and contrary to electrical law.000 amperes of electrical current. how the apparatus was set up and the subsequent successful demonstration. G. Now let us consider the fourth objection made in 1925 to 1945 to the Radiant Energy device on the basis that there is no such source of power. Dr. not because of any fault he could point out of any evidence of anything being wrong or evidence of fake. and Moray pointed out to Mr. Judd. Mr. he would not accept the Radiant Energy Device as lighting the lights. the real invention is in the tubes. Moray and witnessed as correct by a prominent Salt Lake attorney who was present during the conversation referred to and from which we quote in part. In spite of this acknowledgment about the tubes and his OK of them he would not accept the Radiant Energy Device. Moray was very much pleased with everything. Yet in that opposed frame of mind he had to acknowledge that the current on the primary side acted as an outlaw current doing things which. 48 . a high official in the north-west for the Electric Bond and Share of New York. Hayes wrote about a Dr.

Murray O. in the way of production of energy for all light. I found that Dr..tesla. the Mexican Consul tuned in the system as the inventor had done. W. He let me see inside this box and there was a transformer H. but needs assistance in developing it into a commercial business venture. and other scientists. The jar caused the lights to flicker a moment and go out. He has evidently worked for many years in the investigation. Welling described the device and the demonstration and told how he and Mr. There was no spark. the inventor raised the two boxes from the work bench on which they were located. and power purposes. "In order to make sure that the lights connected with the house circuit were entirely separate from the lights produced through the Radiant Energy machine. can only be determined by future research. it just turned off the power from the box. Inc. I have been with the Kearns Corporation over seventeen years. Hayes to Mr. showing that there was absolutely no connection by wires from below or from any place. and some condensers. a man of marked ability in the line of research and invention. He continues. 1929: "Dear Mr. Moray dropped a stone weighing two or three pounds about two feet onto the work bench. "I am satisfied myself from my experience in electricity that there was no fake of any kind or concealed batteries. During this demonstration and while the lamp and appliances were on I shorted the aerial and ground wires. He is. Mr. So. Moray was extremely open and frank in every way. save to the aerial and the ground wire. Dr.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. was with the Utah Power and Light Company for thirteen years and worked in all departments including sub-stations. and gave us every possible opportunity to investigate what we came for. Welling. Wood of Wood and Weber." Now let us consider a letter written by Dr. Franklin P. let us consider just a few more letters concerning them. and of course is thoroughly imbued with the nature and possibilities of the particular invention. On December 23. Lovesy Pursuant to my promise to you at our recent discussion. Engineers later of the U. Pyper wrote a letter from which we quote in part: "To Whom It May Concerti: I have worked in electricity all my life. some of his cold tubes. S. There was no feeling and they were both cold. I witnessed a demonstration at Dr. The investigation convinced me that he has discovered something about the nature of energy which has not been known before. and leave charge of all the electrical work for the Tribune and Telegram Publishing Company and in the Kearns and Tribune Buildings. Before we leave the account of demonstration. and which is not even now understood by anyone. then Secretary of State of the State of Utah. I am writing to make of record the extent of my acquaintance with the construction and operating principles of the Moray device for utilizing cosmic energy. H. in my opinion. I found no evidence of lack of integrity and honesty." Mr. Moray connected this box to an aerial and ground wire and lighted about thirty small 120-volt lamps. This simple demonstration itself seemed to show conclusively that the power derived was dependent wholly upon the machine and in no way upon the house circuit. On January 10. Gaxiola.hu/ A partial record of these letters was compiled front the original documents by a U. or a fake. Moray's home at 2484. Pyper continues with a further description of the demonstration and then concludes. George R. F. repeated test were made of disconnecting the entire house circuit in which event the house meter did not register at all. Fifth East of his electrical marvel box. I am thoroughly convinced that the device is not a hoax. Mr. Lovesy on October 24. and that the results are not the results of induction from established power sources or batteries. At the conclusion of the demonstration. In a report of the Moray Radiant Energy Device. Certain theories have been advanced by him. After the demonstration had been completed. government investigator Dr. but all that can be said about it is that certain results have been obtained that indicate unlimited possibilities for development along these lines. Felix Frazer and the original was signed by him. He then disconnected the ground wire from the outside and two of us held a counter poise antenna attached to glass insulators in the room and when he connected the box to this counter poise antenna I saw the same results. S. but I do not pretend to understand the real nature of the source. closed the switch and brought in the full volume of lights. 49 . to explain the phenomenon. W. 1938 Mr. Everything was in the open so I could see every operation. dated April of 1933. I then took hold of both these wires. heat. An electric iron was then connected with the house circuit which of course produced the ordinary reaction in the house meter. government wrote in part: "The balance of the first day and a part of the second was spent with Moray at the laboratory and in visiting others connected with the project. 1937. H." Let us now consider a portion of a letter written in October of 1930 by Mr. This is something that in my opinion.

This element of his device also. all are on record and all are conclusive. Moray has shown to me the wiring diagram of the assembly. including graduate courses in physics and mathematics. under so many different conditions of weather and of season that I am positively convinced that it is what its inventor claims it to be.hu/ You are already aware that I have seen many demonstrations of what this mechanism will do. 25. It is very puzzling to read letters from others who saw so much but have had no direct contact for many years. Section 4886. Patent office. S. recounting with surprising accuracy what they saw. Brigham Young University. with major in physics under Dr. I believe that Mr. and that I have seen the parts of which it is built. examined. patent law of public use. Moray has exhausted all suggested tests. "I have no way of deciding whether or not the invention is genuine. and also to heat a flat iron of the standard five hundred seventy five watt type. 1929 to Mr." is the way one observer put it. and I am free to say that I can find no inconsistancies in it. B. Hayes lists his education record and qualifications as follows: "A. M. Acting head of department of physics. A "valve" used to prevent the return of the energy to the outer circuit and force it to go trough the. I was recently present when an electrical engineer representing a foreign government was given a demonstration of the energy machine. so in the case of the Moray device. power application circuit is a part of the invention. He remarked many times "It is very interesting. in geology. As in the reception the circuit radio waves. It is very interesting to go through these original letters and records of demonstrations and read the detailed accounts of how thoroughly Moray's Radiant Energy device was demonstrated. although it would be a real achievement to amplify such waves sufficiently to light six one hundred watt lights at one time. vice Carl F. waves from the universe as it is to accept a radio receiving set that receives "audio waves" transformed from electrical impulses as the radio does. but they are in reality of basic importance. Ph. Murray O. when he had seen the inside of the device he admitted that it could not have been what he had supposed. the circuit is a tuned arrange ment to respond to the particular wave frequency "oscillations" which it is desired to intercept. The discovery of the natural principles and laws through which energy has been captured and made part of the great discovery has been brought about by years of intensive work with this one please of energy in mind." Sincerely yours. Lovesy. One transposes electrical waves to mechanical while the other transposes energy waves into light. I believe. Moray made so many experimental demonstrations and so many disclosures during the early years of Radiant Encrgy that he found he was putting his discovery into a position of jeopardy under the patent situation and the U. What could they possibly say if confronted by their two letters written thirty to thirty five years apart. Dr. The discovery reached the point where continued experimental demonstration produced no valued results as to proof of the device and each new experiment was becoming a rehashing of well documented facts. Harvey Fletcher. In this he has applied a fundamental principle of electric circuits which. when all is explained. and I am sure that this is a revolutionary and epoch making invention. and actually taken apart. This situation has lead to the present strict attitude Dr. Dr. Hayes On an attached sheet dated Oct. Moray has explained all to me without reservation. or has their memory been tricked by steady outside pressures? The Moray energy equipment has been thoroughly investigated and tested. Moray has had to take on demonstration of 50 . when looking at the machine. nor anything which does not appear to be logical and sound.D. He at first said that amplification of radio waves accounted for what he saw. would not be noticed unless pointed out by him. Have they forgotten how much they saw. It is even more interesting to read recent letters by men who saw these early demonstrations. There are many features which appear to be incidental. S. U. 1922-23." the Radiant Energy Device receives oscillations from the universe and transposes them into electrical energy. heat and power. and that its commercial adapation is feasible." This machine has been operated in my presence so many times. It has been experimented with under all kinds of physical and weather conditions. Recently Mr. accept the fact that a receiving set or electrical device has been constructed for the purpose of receiving the energy.tesla. The radio receiving set receives man transmitted energy waves out of the air and transposes them into "audio waves. simply because he (Moray) refuses to let anyone see it or build one like it. as above mentioned in respect to the circuits. The facts involved are the same in both the radio receiving set and this device. and based on recognized laws of electricity. it is in reality very simple in essence. He has also shown to me and explained the detector which be uses. Five years in examining corps.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. It should be just as easy to. Some of them stand steadfastly by their original statements. was finishing work for doctorate. Dr. Eyring. It has been tested many miles from all power lines before capable and disinterested electrical men and distinguished scientists from all parts of the world who could find no answer other than that advanced by the discoverer. While the hook-up appears to be very complicated. To take bar examination soon. has numerous features which appear incidental but are the heart of the matter and of first importance. Others follow along this same line of thought. S.

C. Moray was connected with the R. A patent application can drag on to the point where it is very difficult to finance and an inventor has to put a great deal of trust and responsibility upon the patent attorney handling the case. A. He said you were crazy if you sent a description of the device to Washington before you had plenty of money to follow through and influence enough to prevent a theft. Hayes wrote to Dr. A. E. It is thought it will not produce a sensible current because the cathodes are not heated to a point where they will emit an appreciable number of electrons" (such an objection is now obsolete. No one can venture a guess as to the attitude the courts will take on the question of public use. D.tesla." Two of the more sensational efforts to put Radiant Energy before the public have been with a company known as the Moray Products Co. particularly if the discovery is controversial in any respect which Radiant Energy is. or whether a particular use of the invention is merely an "experimental use" is a question of fact to be determined in each case by each individual judge. and an association with the Rural Electrification Administration 1939-1941. That he had helped steal valuable data from the patent office at the request of the above companies. He also reported there were no patents like the oscillator tubes. Wood. It is difficult to draw a sharp line between public and experimental uses. C. The complete mis-handling of the original patent application during the days of the Moray Products Company has taken years to straighten out. In 1931 the Moray Products Company was formed in Nevada as a stock company to finance the development of the Moray inventions. and allow others to build full working models. wrote: "Up to the time. Some scientific men have vigorously protested that Dr. whether the use of an invention is "public use" which will act as a bar to securing a valid patent. Foster. In these cases the theory often came years before the development of a practical application. Engineer.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. Hayes was Secretary treasurer. that he had examined every patent issued on devices for the reception of radiant energy. Patent attorney Alwine of Washington. It seems reasonably certain that they will not become any more liberal in interpretation during the next few years. We have an application which must be kept under responsible control. E. and sufficient technical data to complete patent applications to obtain full coverage. General Motors. Smith's) when I told him regarding Moray's fears that the proposition might be stolen from the patent office. Moray will not throw Radiant Energy on the mercy of the courts. Farnsworth was President. D. There can be no more demonstrations until Radiant Energy is in the patent office with an allowable application. "If it is all he (Moray) thinks it is. patent law. S. He will not jeopardize those who are interested in Radiant Energy by giving demonstrations which would cause them and him to loose their ownership." In 1939 when Dr. S. Moray should make full disclosures of the principles connected with Radiant Energy to scientific men. Dr. Moray on August 7.. and Murray O. Moray must take a firm stand for the protection of future investors. So I confess after hearing him that I was in error scoffing at the fears of Moray. He nearly took my breath (Mr. Keith. publish full disclosures. V. Instead let us consider just two opinions. S. S. But here we have a unique situation. a United States R. Murray Hayes. all of the legal aspects and fine points which determine public usage of an invention. 1937 from Washington. It would be impossible to review in a paper such as this." (This statement too is now obsolete. fully supported his views on demonstrations and the patent law. In the words of Franklin P. He said it will just as sure as you sent it there. John Y. of the Los Angeles firm of Harris. Fred Schade was Vice-president. Here are but two of the objections of the patent office. Dr. "Claims rejected as being drawn to an apparently inoperative device. which was formed in 1931. These men willfully and fraudulently deceived the court in stating their position 51 . We quote: "One of the parties interested formerly held a confidential position with the General Electric Co.) Another problem was brought to light in a letter from a Mr. Murray O. Smith to Dr.hu/ the Radiant Energy Device. and other large companies. Most people think that getting a patent is a straight forward thing but the red tape connected with such a procedure in a new and basic discovery is almost unbelieveable to one not familiar with the process. We have an application developed along with the theory. Most were obviously dissimilar and not a one shows even the remotest resemblance to the Radiant Energy machine. any demonstrations which are not experimental could endanger and cause you to lose all your patent rights to your invention — see Sec. Ordinarily in the case of new scientific theories this is the procedure. and foreign patent applications which it is desired to file." In a court test. and later with the Westinghouse Company. D. That the U. the patent office contested many of the points of the Radiant Energy application even though Dr. Ford Harris Jr.. He must be very careful in the perfection of the Radiant Energy discoveries not to invoke public use.C.) And still another: "No natural source of electricity wave energy is known to the examiner and proof of the existence of such is requested. and Harris cites a present trend toward stricter and narrower interpretation of patent laws. patent office is "honey combed" with employes of the General Electric. (it) will more profoundly affect the human race than any other discovery in previous history. and prior to the time you actually have on file all U. Sometimes it is very difficult for an inventor to secure patent protection. To add upon all of the other difficulties involved. the Attorney General of the U. 4886 U.

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and power in the company. Dr. Moray gave these men his trust and confidence, particularly Dr. Murray O. Hayes. As had been seen in a previous letter, Dr. Hayes admitted that he had Moray's confidence and full disclosures. It was not long after the company was formed that Dr. Moray discovered that it was being used to further the dubious purposes of Messrs. Schade, Farnsworth, and Hayes. In 1932 Moray instigated court action and tried to save the company. In the words of Mr. John Belford, a Nevada attorney connected with the case, "The whole thing was an example of shiltiness and bad faith on the part of officials of the company."
There have been men who worked their way into Moray's confidence. Mr. Murray Hayes was one of these who defrauded Moray by missuse of a company's finances which had been organized to forward Moray's invention. The Public Auditor's report, in our files, on these dealings, states in part: "With regard to the item of $2,056.00, Murray O. Hayes took check #17 for $56.00, check #30 for $100.00 and =1,900.00 cash. There is on file a statement signed by Mr. Hayes listing expenditures of $1,867,80 but no supporting invoices to cover the expenditures. There is a minute order setting aside $2000.00 for patent expenses." The record shows all that can be accounted for in patent expenditures is $110.80. Should I go into detail this picture would become even worse. Remember, Moray is the one who brought these matters to Court action in an effort to save the company. Auditor's report further states "Of the total expenditures on company account of cash and checks amounting to $7,521.20, we could definitely support by cancelled check $3,272.50. For the $3000.00 check issued Aug. 21, 1931, there is no statement on file as to how this money was spent." We could go on and on, but Moray at last could take it no longer and he took the matter to court. Murray O. Hayes and others were removed by Court Action but the company had had it's funds depleted. However, Moray worked for five years for nothing trying to save the company but the damage done was too great. The Judgment and Decree read: "It is hereby Ordered, Adjudged and Decreed That D. V. Farnsworth, C. Fred Schade and Murray O. Hayes be and they are hereby removed as directors," etc. And further "It is further ordered, adjudged and decreed That petitioner shall have and recover his cost of suit." Moray did not get one this, these men had depleted the treasury. Remember the date of this Court order, June 11, 1932. "Dear Sir: This will acknowledge receipt of your letter of June 9th, and also your letter of June 28th which Judge Brown answered. I have just gotten back from Chicago and went over to see Rowsen today. As stated to you in my letter of June 9th, Rowsen informed me that a meeting of the directors had been held and that the number of directors had been increased to seven. Since this was done while these men were directors, I saw no way of attacking its validity. However, he today informed me that what he said was that they had been considering increasing the board. This is not at all my understanding of our conversation, and if the facts are as he states them I can see no reason why I should have agreed with him to permit them representation on the new board. As Judge Brown wrote you, E. H. Hursh has been appointed a director. In view of our understanding, it appears to me that the only thing Rowsen can decently do is to resign, but this he refuses to do. He asked me to delay any action until he could take up the matter with Farnsworth, Schade and Hayes, two of whom are in the east. I informed him that I intended to institute proceedings immediately, and if he could arrange matters in the meantime all well and good. I am exceedingly chagrined that matters have taken the course which they have, and am determined to force the matter to as speedy a conclusion as possible. I am preparing and will file a motion to modify the decree hereinbefore entered, removing Hursh and substituting one of Morays nomineers. The motion will be based on the ground of fraud and deceit, reciting the fact that Farnsworth, Schade, Hayes and Hursh at all times knew that there were four directors instead of three, and wilfully and fraudulently deceived the court. It is my personal opinion that Judge Curler will not look kindly upon these men playing ducks and drakes with his court. I was sorry not to see you in Salt Lake, but was in a hurry both going and coming. With kind personal regards, I remain" Very truly your, (Signed) John S. Belford Some years age Moray saw and handled one such incomplete set of unissued patent application papers in the hands of Lionel Cornwell which were let out to these who had no right to have such papers by the above mentioned Farnsworth and Hayes. This was a breach of the ethical code all patent attorneys observe. (Dr. Hayes was the patent attorney). Details, however, were missing in these papers by art oversight no doubt, for as Dr. Hayes, before he made patent application, one time wrote "He, (Moray) has also shown to me and explained the detector which he uses. In this he has applied a fundamental principle of electricity which I believe would not be noticed unless pointed out by him. This element of his device, also as above mentioned in respect to the circuits, has numerous features which appear incidental but are the heart of the matter and of first importance." So the fact these papers got out of the application Dr. Hayes had prepared, did not do R. E. too much harm but the intent to harm is evident by such actions. Now keeping the date June 11, 1932 still in mind, after these men were removed by Court order, we read from a sworn statement made by Air. Farnsworth and Dr. Hayes before the United States Patent Office: "Wherefore your Petitioner (Murray O. Hayes and D. V. Farnsworth (signing this statement under oath) prays that the said Moray be excluded from access to said application; that he be given no information concerning it and that no action taken in respect thereto by said T. H. Moray be recognized or sanctioned by the patent office." This sworn statement made to the U. S. Patent Office, is slated "18th day of July, 1932." Made under oath it is signed in behalf of the Moray Product Co. by D. V. Farnsworth as its president and Murray O. Hayes as its secretary. Remember they were removed by Court Order dated June 11, 1932 and so recorded. Is this not perjury when they had been removed by Court Order .June 11, 1932? Naturally when the, patent office learned the facts, this wrong was righted and Moray had his rights restored. Again we read from a letter written by Murray O. Hayes under date of March 21, 1932, from Washington, D.C., The Patent situation on the Moray inventions is very good." "' Do not tell Moray what I have. told you, as we are trying to get hint to do certain things but he probably will not if he learns that things are going well here." Reading again from a letter dated July 15, 1931, signed by Dr. Murray O. Hayes "There is a man working where I do (U. S. Navy Patent Division) who says he makes more from his private patent practice than his salary (from the Navy.) "He does it through an associate, but we intend to have an associate anyhow, so that is OK by us .................................... I will be right on the job looking after our stuff." Another quote from a Hayes letter "I spent most of a day searching on the radiant energy device and the oscillation tubes but did not find anything even remotely resembling either one." "Keep me posted on developments there and I will do the same from this end for you."'

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Murray O. Hayes testified on the witness stand in Reno, Nevada, that he and those associated with him had endeavored to put together a machine described by the patent papers and had failed. A public auditor's report showed a clear misuse of company finances. There were discrepancies on money set aside for certain purposes and the amount used. The expenditures were listed but not supporting invoices to cover them. For a $3,000.00 check issued Aug. 21, 1931, there was no statement on file as to how the money was spent. The story gets worse with the telling — meetings of stockholders were not called as in accord with Nevada law, and stock certificates were not properly issued. On June 11, 1932 Schade, Farnsworth, and Hayes were removed as directors of the company by court order. It was further decreed that Dr. Moray should recover his cost of suit, but the treasury was depleted.
EDITOR'S FOOTNOTE — It is a source of amazement to the editors of this article that the principles of the Moray Products Co. were allowed to walk away. The three (Farnsworth, Schade, and Hayes) with their partner in what they were doing, Mr. Harsh seemed to he on the outside of the Law. Yet as far as we can tell none were ever charged by either the courts or stockholders of the company. On top of this Hayes was allowed to practice patent law after it was proven in court that he had used the confidences of Dr. Moray and given this information to others. It was also ignored that these three gentlemen purged themself in the U. S. patent office and Hayes was still allowed to practice patent law. When one knows Dr. Moray as I know him you can understand why. even if it is not good business on today's standards; he wishes no one evil and after going in debt to save the Moray Product Co. he himself would not sign the charges. The cost of the fight was borne by him alone and he was sick of the sound of it by the time it was done.

The fact that Moray was not responsible is a matter of all records, still he tried for another five years to save the company, but the damage was too great. In July of 1932, more than a month after having been removed from office by court order, D. V. Farnsworth and Dr. Murray O. Hayes, in a sworn affidavit to the U. S. patent office as the legal officers of the Moray Products Company, tried to have Moray excluded from all records pertaining to his own invention. The patent office reversed this exclusion when legal proof was furnished as to the true situation. Fortunately Dr. Hayes must have missed some of these details which had been pointed out to him, as he and his associates failed in their purpose to reproduce Radiant Energy. Here were men who deliberately misrepresented their true purpose until they thought they could take over completely. No wonder Dr. Moray is cautious about letting himself and Radiant Energy be put in a position of jeopardy again. When all legal action turned against these men, their attacks against Dr. Moray became of a personal nature. Perhaps we are not as far from the jungle as we would like to think. Now let us consider the Rural Electrification Administration and its dealings with Dr. Moray. At the invitation of the government, in the summer of 1938, Dr. Moray made a trip to Washington, D.C. Another trip was made early in the year of 1939. We quote from a letter written by Dr. Moray to Mr. John M. Carmody, then administrator for the R. E. A. in Washington, dated March 17, 1939. Dear Mr. Carmody: "I wish to express my deep appreciation of the many courtesies shown to me by you and members of your staff during my recent trip to Washington. I have now reported to my western associates, and have consulted with them concerning the proposal set forth in your letter dated Februry 25, as clarified by your letter dated March 3. They are all extremely gratified by the interest which you have shown, and by the manifestation of your desire to help in the great work of preparing radiant energy for actual distribution to the people. Nevertheless, as they analyze your proposal, it appears to accomplish little more than this: It gives me a few months work in merely repeating what I have already done before, and it gives me the opportunity to submit my radiant energy device to an exhaustive test by your staff but not the funds to do so, and it gives me the assistance of your recommendation to the Department of Justice that all necessary patents be issued. My associates are fearful that your recommendation in regard to the patent would still leave much work to be done, and much money to be spent, which we do not have before the patent situation is in proper order. Also, they are not yet fully satisfied that the contemplated demonstration would not constitute a "public use," and that your whole proposal would not constitute a "sale" within the meaning of the present law. They are not yet prepared to take the step of abandoning our rights to patent protection, and the situation is sufficienly complex that they hesitate to bind ourselves to make a "public use" or "sale" within the immediate future. In other words, although they greatly appreciate the helpful spirit shown by your proposal, they are fearful that it still leaves the great bulk of our problems unsolved, and that our acceptance of the proposal at this time might seriously embarrass some course of action which would give promise of putting us much further along the way." However, after many more assurances of good faith and assistance in technical advice and help from the justice department in securing proper patent coverage, Dr. Moray decided to go along with the R. E. A. in the hope that here was a big enough source to help give radiant energy to the world in a safe and proper manner. The agreement with the R. E. A. was along the lines that they would furnish legal help in securing a proper

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patent and technical help in the form of advisors and the loan of scientific instruments, these instruments to be returned to the government if the agreement should come to an end. Dr. Moray was put on the payroll of the R. E. A. as a consulting engineer at $25.00 per diem. In return Dr. Moray was to make all possible efforts to bring radiant energy to a commercial level. Other financial backing was also promised by those who contacted the R. E. A. This never materialized. Dr. Moray built a new twenty room laboratory with a loan from private parties who interested the R. E. A. which was all repaid with interest. Subsequently many of the bills incurred in the building of the laboratory were unpaid and it fell upon Dr. Moray to meet them. As stated after the agreement with R. E. A. came to an end because certain parties among them insisted Moray turn matters over to include Russia, Dr. Moray paid for the laboratory out of his own resources. It took until 1949 for Moray to rid himself of the debt that this episode cost him. Not one red cent of R. E. A. money went into building the Moray Laboratory. It is not even suggested that Moray's differences of political views extended to all the R. E. A. officials in Washington as a whole or to. the administrators. however, it was not long before Dr. Moray began to have doubts about some of his government associates. We quote from an account given by Dr. Moray. As early as February 1939 "I began to fear, from personal contact, that Washington had more radicals in it than I had the slightest idea of and it worried me. I expressed my fears to some of my associates in Salt Lake City upon my return from Washington in February 1939 and later so informed a Dr. Frazer whom the R. E. A. had called in as a scientific expert to consult with me on my work and as my body guard. In answer to my letter expressing my fears that I lead gotten Radiant Energy mixed tip with liberals and radicals which I could not go along with, Dr. Frazer wrote me on March 27, 1939, "The only thing J. M. should not say or write is anything in connection with a threat. When he does that he is very wrong and should be told so, and in fact I have told him so upon many occasions. I realize that so-called "radicals" are feared out west, but the term is not feared here in the east except by a few reactionaries." So it was I seemed to be surrounded with radicals, liberals and what have you and their talks of "their daring plans" and "this man is one of us and that man is not." Again we quote from Dr. Moray's notes. "Dr. Frazer came to Salt Lake City and began investigatitig Moray and Radiant Energy. The following copied from my notes made in April and May 1939: In April, 1939, a department of the United States Government on its own initiative, sent a gentleman to Salt Lake City who had been introduced to me as Dr. Frazer. I was told he was an electricl expert. This gentleman was in the Moray Laboratory for about a total of two months spending many hours each day making tests and taking pictures of the Moray Radiant Energy discoveries, especially the Radiant Energy powered radio, using the Moray germanium fission valve and gathering information for written reports to his superiors in Washington, D.C. After about two weeks he said it was necessary he go to Los Angeles, Calif. and it was their desire that I also go to California." In California further conferences were held; Moray returned to Utah in about a week and Dr. Frazer came back in May of 1939 when he again continued tests and experiments. After weeks of these tests he said "I have tested and tested until I am fully satisfied and feel there are no tests left to make (he was also getting advice and suggestions as to tests from two scientists at Columbia University in New York). He also stated as long as I lave the device I will want to run tests, so I wish you would destroy the damn thing so I cannot ask for more tests." "Dr. Frazer returned to California and I was again requested to follow him. All these trips were paid for by the U. S. government. While in California I mentioned the "Jensen" test where the R. E. current had been passed through a sheet of 1/4" plate glass and the device operated with no hinderance to the flow of current even when passed through the plate glass. Dr. Frazer said if he could use the "glass" test that would be all anyone in the government could ever ask for. It was arranged that he make the glass test. The only requirement I made was that the government should furnish the glass for these tests so it could not be said I had "doctored" the glass. Twelve sheets of window glass were used and the current passed through this glass and the device operated as if the glass had not been in series in the circuit. Dr. Frazer said "that is enough, we will never ask for another test." He gave me several copies of pictures he had taken of the Radiant Energy Device used to power the R. E. radio. Dr. Frazer grabbed a hammer and smashed the R. E. device, before I could stop him saying "Now I cannot ask for any more tests." At one time, just before Dr. Frazer left Salt Lake to go to Los Angeles, after swearing him to secrecy I showed my confidence in him by disclosing details of three of the Radiant Energy tubes to such an extent I permitted him to make detailed drawings of these tubes for patent purposes. As I wrote then "I think that speaks for itself as I have only permitted one other scientific man to ever get that far into details of the construction during my entire work with this research." In April of 1940 Dr. Moray wrote: "One former high government official in writing me, trying to convert us to doing what Felix, Woods, and others from the REA wanted us to do — disregard all patent protection and patent laws, said "Two years ago I made the statement that Democracy had probably less than five years to run

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in Europe and that the process of disintegration there was probably not more than five years further advanced than here." In other words America would, in five years or so, be controlled by their so called "liberals" (to me communists) : therefore I should have no hope of my, work succeeding except with them. I need put no confidence in the protection of the laws of the country as they have been. I was told I lead better do as I was told so I could stay in the government employ because in a little while everyone would be working for the government. They also brought representatives from Russia to talk with me and turned certain papers I had loaned the REA over to these men. I later wrote: "I wish I could have someone come here from our government who believes in the strength of our laws, who believes that the government that Washington and Lincoln stood for is not going to perish front the earth; someone who believes in the continued strength and protection of our United States laws, including the patent laws, and with faith in the preservation of the principles of the spirit of '76; someone who will not have a pet hobby of, to quote, "Our daring plan" and who does not live for "the expected change in our national structure." On Tuesday morning, December 2, 1941, on page 2 of tile Salt Lake Tribune, one play read comments made by Rep. Thomas D. Whiter on the REA that made me feel I had made no mistakes with tile REA. Washington Dec. 1. ( AP) Representative Thomas D. Winter (R) Kansas, Monday demanded an investigation of tile rural electrification administration, which he asserted was "obstructing national defense as surely as a paid saboteur." "The true friends of farce electrification," he said in the house, "may as well face that fact, may as well realize, that this federal agency has fallen into the hands of a gang of communists, fellow travelers and political second story workers who do not hesitate to sabotage the national defense program in the interests of preservation of their political theories and perpetuation of their payroll." Again we quote Dr. Moray. "I was constantly being sent to California by the REA for many reasons including the investigation of spiritual seances, the REA paying for these trips. With all there was to do, including recovering from a serious bullet wound, (Dr. Moray was shot while in his laboratory on March 2, 1940) and with all their trying to convert me to being "one of them," together with the building of a new 20 room laboratory (paid for by Moray not the REA), there was little time in these short months to accomplish what one would like to accomplish in the work with R. E. Then too, how far would any scientific research of this magnitude be getting on $25.00 per day plus the loan of a few scientific instruments." After Moray was shot, things went from bad to worse. Dr. Moray would not be threatened into giving Radiant Energy to men whose motives he had every reason to question. The association was ended in February of 1941 when the scientific equipment loaned to Dr. Moray was returned to the government. On October 16, 1956 Dr. Robert Craig, a former deputy administrator for the REA, who did not follow those referred to by Rep. Winter and left the REA, wrote that the development of Radiant Energy has been a slow, laborious task, one of the greatest difficulties being that Moray has stood all alone. People who should have been interested were more concerned with immediate returns than with the important long range returns. Naturally during such a long period, many questions arise as to protection rights, interests, etc. Again on Nov. 14th, 1959 Dr. Craig wrote, and we quote, "Permit me to say that I have known Dr. Moray now for about 20 years and have observed him single-handedly trying to get acceptance of some of his ideas and discoveries, particularly in the area of "radiant energy." Many of the now-accepted areas in atomic and nuclear physics were outlined by Dr. Moray as early as the middle 30's. At one time or another I have endeavored to help him by bringing his work to the attention of people in the government without any great success. Of course, no longer do they dispute the basis of his work. However, to bring pure research to successful commercial application involves time and money, particularly the latter. While we can spend millions for missiles that are abortive and no one seems to mind, a few hundred thousand dollars available to this man would obviate, I believe, much of the need for missiles. Of course, this is my own idea in the matter but I do believe a helping hand now to Dr. Moray could do more towards solving world tension than the mere building of bigger and bigger armaments to protect us from the "have-nots." "I can assure you from my personal knowledge of Dr. Moray that here is a unique mind and an ability which would be worthwhile developing."
There are hundreds of letters of record of experimental tests made of the Radiant Energy device written by those who witnessed these tests. These were made for the sole purpose to establish the scientific soundness of the theory upon which the device operates. The purpose being to enable the inventor to progress towards the perfecting of his invention by testing the workability and soundness of his various ideas, changes and additions made to the component parts of the invention. In the following pages are a few of these letters taken at random and not edited along with a few photographs of the experiments. Washington, D.C. October 16, 1956

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Dear Sir: In reference to your letter of October 12 regarding Dr. Henry T. Moray of Salt Lake City, Utah, I would like to say that I have known Dr. Moray now for about sixteen years. During that time he has spent his own money upon research in the development of radiant energy and various other high frequency projects. One of the difficulties that Dr. Moray has faced that I know of to my own knowledge is inadequate financing to bring to complete fruition some of his discoveries. Unfortunately, people who should be interested have seemed to be more concerned with the returns they would immediately get than the development of discoveries which would be of immense benefit to all concerned and upon their logical development repay many times over the investment needed to bring these discoveries from the laboratory stage to commercial application. Because of the difficulties of the past in finding wholehearted contribution. Dr. Moray has stood all alone, earning from other researches and from laboratory job work sufficient funds to provide for his needs and advance the major program of his interest. Naturally this is a slow and laborious task and of course many questions arise during this period as to protection of rights, interests, etc. I know this, that generous support without strings attached which would be prohibitive would have the result of real achievement in the field of high frequency. Sincerely yours, ROBERT B. CRAIG TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: On March 16, 1929, I witnessed a demonstration of the apparatus invented by Dr. T. H. Moray by which he produces electrical energy. A report of that visit has already -been made. On December 13, 1930, I witnessed a second demonstration of the same set; only slight changes in the apparatus were noted although a great improvement was made in the performance. The condensers, coils and other parts noted at the previous test were now in one small box about 10"x10"x30". To start the set operating instead of stroking with the magnet, as formerly, now, two discs — one hard rubber, the other of iron — were rubbed together and produced an electric charge. The electric charge, on being discharged onto the act started the set operating and once it is operating, it will continue to charge itself. The lamp rack which formerly held 6 100-watt lamps is now displaced by a larger rack which holds 32 50-watt lamps, 3 100-watt lamps and a receptacle to receive an extension plug and cord. On the other end of this cord was a 575-watt electric iron. During this test. all of the electric lamps were lighted at one time and were more brilliant than other lights in the room which were supplied from the house circuit. When the lights were oil bright — the electric iron was plugged in. There was no noticeable blinking or sudden diminuation of lights as is usual in house lighting systems when an electric iron was on. The lights were as bright is before the iron was cut in. The iron heated quite rapidly slid in about 2 1/2 minutestes was hot enough to be used for ironing. I made a thorough and careful examination of the entire system to see if it were possible for the electricity to have been introduced on the system from some other source. Every part of the system was inspected — the antenna, the lead-in wire, the switch; the switch was removed and examined; the leads from the switch to the box containing the condensers and coils; the box itself was lifted and examined; the lead-, from the box to the, lamp rack; the lamp rack was lifted and examined and the ground wire from the switch to the water pipe on which it was grounded; not an inch of space was overlooked where it would be possible. to introduce any metal that would carry the power and I am prepared to say that no such connection existed from which power could be had from any other system. A crystal radio set was cut in on the lead-in wire from the antenna on one side and to the ground wire on the other side and perfect reception was had. If there had been power from other sources on the antenna or lead-in, by connecting the radio set to the ground wire, reception would not have been possible but a loud. humming sound would be produced. This was demonstrated by connecting the radio set to the house lighting system. When the system was working, the lights were burning bright. The terminal attached to the antenna was disconnected. A vigorous arcing ocurred and the sparks jumped over all air gap as much as six inches. This would indicate that the power was high voltage and the nature of the sparks indicated a high frequency. I do not understand the principle by which Dr. Moray produces the electric energy. The condensers and the coils of wire are common. The two cylinders called "oscillators" and the small conical shell called the "detector" are the only filings not commonly known, but the system works. It produces electric power in abundance and does all that Dr. Moray claims for it. I do not own any stock or interest in the company that is promoting this enterprice and my only purpose in issuing this statement is in the interest of the advancement of science. I consider this development a great advance in the science of producing electrical energy. Very truly yours, In witness to the above I hereunto sign my name. THOMAS J. YATES, E.E., ME. STATE OF UTAH COUNTY OF SALT LAKE Thos. J. Yates, being first duly sworn, deposes and says: That he has read the foregoing statement and acknowledges that he wrote and signed the same as above set up. (Seal) THOMAS J. YATES Subscribed and sworn to before me this 18th day of December 1930 R. J. Chipman. Notary Public — residing at Salt Lake City, Utah. My commission expires May 7, 1934. Washington, D.C. November 14, 1958 Dear Mr. Anderson: Your letter with reference to Dr. T. Henry Moray came during my absence from the city so I have been delayed in answering it. Permit me to say that I have known Dr. Moray now for about 20 years and have observed him single-handedly trying to get acceptance of some of his ideas and discoveries, particularly in the area of "radiant energy." Many of the now-accepted areas in atomic and nuclear physics were outlined by Dr. Moray as early as the middle 30's. At one time or another I have endeavored to help him by bringing his work to the attention of people in the Government but without any great success. Of course, no longer do they dispute the basis of his work. However, to bring pure research to successful commercial application involves time and money, particularly the latter. While we can spend millions for missiles that are abortive and no one seems to mind, a few hundred thousand dollars available to this man would obviate, I believe, much of the need for missiles. Of course, this is my own idea in the matter but I do believe a helping hand now to Dr. Moray could do more towards solving world tension than the mere building of bigger and bigger armaments to protect us from the "have-nots." I can assure you from my personal knowledge of Dr. Moray that here is a unique mind and an ability which would be worthwhile developing.

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Sincerely, ROBERT B. CRAIG; Dr. Craig was formerly a high U. S. Gov. Official, is Vice President of a large International Company and other companies. (C o p y) THE STATE OF UTAH M. H. WELLING OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE Secretary of State SALT LAKE CITY, GEO. A. SEAMAN October 8, 1930 Deputy TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: I witnessed a demonstration of the Moray Radiant Energy machine, October 5, 1930. There were present Mr. Gaxiola, Mexican Consul General to the United States, J. R. Murdock, Mr. Buehner, Dr. M. O. Hayes, besides Dr. Moray and C. F. Schade and D. V. Farnsworth. The essential parts of the machine were contained in two boxes, one directly on top of the other, each box about 14" wide and 4" by 24" long. On the top of the upper box was an electric switch on an insulating base. There was also attached to the upper box two soft iron poles wound with wire which in turn was covered with ordinary friction tape. Ten standard electric light globes, each of 100 watts, were connected to the interior of these boxes. A heavy copper wire led from one of the boxes to an outside aerial, a second similar wire connected the boxes with a water pipe going into the ground. Several members of the party took hold of both wires at the same time which showed there was no current in them before the demonstration began. Dr. Moray also put the terminals of the connections which led into the boxes in his mouth to prove that there was no current in the boxes. After having . connected these terminals with the outside aerial and with the ground wire, Moray then took a small magnet and stroked the soft iron pole pieces above mentioned, the windings of which were connected to the interior of the boxes. He explained that the stroking was necessary to set the device into an "electrical oscillation," and that when it was "oscillating" in tune with what he called "radiant energy" it would continue so to do and bring in this energy in a usable form when the switch was closed. After this stroking had continued for a few seconds less than five minutes, Moray closed the switch and the lights came on very brilliant. The lights gave off very much more heat than the ordinary electric lights of similar voltage attached to the house circuits which with the added brilliance clearly: indicated that more than the usual voltage was going through these 100-watt lamps. This was clearly shown in another manner when the inventor took out one light and attached to this socket an ordinary Hotpoint electric flatiron of 575 watt capacity. There was no dimming of the nine remaining lights. The iron was heated with great rapidity and when in operation with the lights added was drawing from this machine 1475 watts of electrical energy. I am told that this is practically two horse power. After watching the demonstration for some thirty minutes, Moray disconnected the lead-in wire. The lights of course immediately went out and when connected they did not immediately return. Later on, both myself and Air. Gaxiola, the Mexican Consul tuned in the system as the inventor had done, closed the switch and brought in the full volume of lights. In order to make sure that the lights connected with the house circuit were entirely separate from the lights produced through the radiant energy machine, repeated tests were made of disconnecting the house circuit in which event the house meter did not register at all. The iron was then connected with the house circuit which of course produced the ordinary reaction in the house meter. After the demonstration had been completed, the inventor raised the two boxes from the work bench on which they were located, showing that there was absolutely no connection by wires from below or from any place, save to the aerial and the ground wire. At the conclusion of the demonstration, Moray dropped a stone weighing two or three pounds about two feet onto the work bench. The jar caused the light to flicker a moment and go out. Moray explained to us: "This was because the detector is not perfect, and one part slips when so heavily jarred, but this is all that remains to be done to make the device a practical commercial product. This simple demonstration itself seemed to show conclusively that the power derived was dependent wholly upon the machine and in no way upon the house circuit. Before witnessing the demonstration I had read affidavits certifying to similar tests made in Emigration Canyon seven miles from a power line, and in Strawberry Valley, 26 miles from any power line, when the machine operated with the same degree of success that it did in Mr. Moray's laboratory. The inventor explained that this astonishing exhibition when understood was a matter of ordinary physics and predicted that there could be developed from the energy all about us power and light and heat sufficient to take care of many times the present known needs of man. Respectfully M. H. WELLING

LETTER FROM DR. POLLY
Baltimore, Md. November 8, 1936 TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: On the occasion of a recent visit to Salt Lake City (Sept. 1936) I arranged, because of my own interest in various reports I had heard, to visit with Mr. T. H. Moray and discuss with him some of his experiments. I was happy to find his laboratory well equipped with a number of costly electrical measuring instruments, and soon became convinced that he understood their uses. His radiant energy device, as he calls it, seems to involve no mysterious circuit, altho the electrical valve upon which it depends is novel. The apparatus does not depend on any battery or other source of electricity than the antenna. In other words the power obtained is not derived thru the medium of a secondary power source — no feeble current is built up as in a radio set by vacuum tube amplifiers. However, no violation of the laws of thermodynamics is implied. I saw no evidence that he was perpetrating a hoax and I gladly write this in appreciation for the time he spent with me. O. L. POLLY Dr. Polly receved his degree PhD. in Physics from Baltimore, Md. Kansas City. Mo. Dec. 21, 1931 Mr. T. H. Moray 2481 Smith Fifth East Salt Lake City, Utah. Dear Sir: l have received many days ago your pamphlets related to your wonderful invention which I personally inspectedd in your home last year in the company of Hon. Milton H. Welling, Secretary of State• there. (3231 Broadway)

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A. E. contains personal data. Moray has turned his energies to discoveries in many other fields in order to obtain funds but always with the purpose of pushing R. 4 oldal kimaradt 58 .hu/ Since the R.Pepe’s Tesla Pages I am still interested in the future of this invention and its industrialization. arid would like to know if you will Blanked out. C. E. episode. GAXIOLA Mexican Consul General of the United States http://www. W. Dr. Yours very sincerely.tesla. to the fullest extent of his resources and time.

" The samples assayed as high as 85 per cent U3O8 equivalent..hu/ Reference is made to the following publications: 1. 59 . Chicago and New York 3.tesla. the report stated. 1926 research was started with radiations from radioactive substances especially with high grade colnotite from southeastern Utah and Colorado. years 1923-1924-25 2.000 Angstroms to those of 10-5 Angstrom Units and beyond has been going on since 1939. This is a breeding or ageing process ill which none of the waste material is removed. Research in the study of rays from 1. — Utah's Distinguished Personalities In 1905 began experiments with then so-called wireless and other electrical devices 1907 to the present time have experimented with alternating currents of High Potential and High Frequency and with rays beyond the light rays. This research has extended into the disintegration of the nuclei using our own special constructed tubes to cause bombardment by swift moving alpha particles and neutron bombardments to accomplish artificial transformations as stated above. — History of Utah. — Famous Utahns 4. One material. might be an artificial product. — Whose Who in Engineering.Pepe’s Tesla Pages ATTACHED RESUME http://www. In this research we have found and AEC assay reports show "The sample appears to be fused uranium dioxide. 1922 discontinued commercial electrical engineering and turned wholly to scientific research. branching into the study of artificial radio activity and the artificial transformation of the nuclei of a number of elements and fission reactions. Published in 1932 by The American Historical Society. Inc.

termed. we do not have to "BELIEVE" anything with regards to essential issues at hand. Not knowing it. one continuous series of oscillations. and explain WHY we don't know. The application of "ALTERNATING CURRENT" which was widely opposed for wider and more economical use. All major and minor developments in all phases of progress. The relation of matter to energy and energy to matter then becomes the potential of the universe. June 1960.tesla. May 1958 page 44. and it has since been reiterated several times in his copyrighted articles. 1960. Development and EXPERIMENTATION. produced SUFFICIENTLY SOUND mid REALISTIC FOUNDATIONS which would ACTUALLY GUARANTEE the SUCCESSFUL OUTCOME? ANSWER: The "FIRST STAGE" in almost any undertaking of consequence is in "BELIEVING" that a certain thing can be accomplished. oscillating to and fro like a great pendulum across the universe. the lever and fulcrum.Energy" Units. have proven this fundamental truth. having arrived at the second stage." the electrical wizard and discoverer of "Alternating-Current. Henry Moray said. and this we KNOW FOR CERTAIN. We are gradually approaching the seemingly "LAST FRONTIER" in the recognition and application of an UNLIMITED UNIVERSAL POWER." The telephone was held back 60 years and radio 157 years after their discovery. throughout the ages. CREATIVE IMAGINATION.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. We have been forced to give up the idea of "WISHFUL THINKING" a long time ago. devices and methods. we are proceeding with the greatest degree of CERTAINTY and here is HOW and WHY: In 1914 T. coal and oil." Incidentally. etc. succeeded the limited nature of "DIRECT CURRENT. as well as the PRACTICAL and sufficiently ECONOMICAL "Radiant . VALVES. always following the NATURAL TENDENCY of EVOLUTIONARY PROCESSES. to be followed by the process of harnessing electricity in its crudest form. Advancing tediously and gradually. Is this energy static or KINETIC? If static. page 64. the action of the wheel. will sooner or later lead to "DEFINITE KNOWLEDGE" and CONCRETE DEMONSTRATION of UNIVERSAL PRINCIPLES or POWERS involved. SANE and SYSTEMATIC Research. page 53. but to the energy which is continually bombarding the earth from outer space. coupled with a high degree of perseverance.hu/ CHAPTER SIX TO SUMMARIZE QUESTION: Is there any question about the PRACTICAL features resulting from further research and development. our hopes are in vain. There is ONLY ONE DOMINATING REQUIREMENT LEFT TO 60 . leading to COMMERCIAL application of "RADIANT ENERGY?" Is it a matter of SPECULATION or has Research and Development during the last 35 years." See Scientific American. and about the FINAL OUTCOME of the Project? HOW do we KNOW and HOW can we be CONVINCED that further development will ACTUALLY PRODUCE the conditions. (b) Means and Methods (c) MEASURING INSTRUMENTS and METERS so that a PROTOTIPE for COMMERCIAL production can be produced? To bring it from a supersensitive laboratory instrument to a rugged commercial apparatus. Nikola Tesla was NOT referring to socalled "Atomic-Energy" or nuclear energy. combined with the power of "BELIEVING. This is a matter of great consequence to us and to all those who concern themselves with such vital developments of world-wide significance. OSCILLATORS. we say so and PROVE IT. no matter what hinderance. which no-one and no power can retard. a few bold pioneers devised means and methods of utilizing the NATURAL POWER inherent in wood. our machinery will be driven by power obtainable at any point in the Universe. and willingness to make almost super-human sacrifices." said in 1904 (and reiterated the assertion in 1933 on his 77th birthday) "Ere many generations pass. then it is a mere question of time when man will succeed in attaching his machinery to the very WHEEL-WORK of NATURE." Knowing what we do. Feb. We either "KNOW" or "DON'T KNOW. "It is the belief of the writer that all space is saturated with energies which are doubtless electrical in their ultimate energies or very closely allied to electrical action. Consequently. WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS for further Development and Research: (a) Parts: POWER TUBES. RADIANT ENERGY: "Nikola Tesla. hinder or hamper with impunity. SERIOUS." were responsible for even the most primitive discoveries and applications of common-place "FREE-TRANSFER" of energy such as. Thus. and the pulley. we say so too. With Radiant Energy we are continuing to advance. and the realistic application of them. for lack of a better description. if KINETIC.

allowing TRUE READINGS of the Radiant Energy Power Tube's characteristics. Henry Moray and Assistants. are not available in Industry or Commerce at the present time. leading to final preparation for commercial production of the Radiant Energy Units. these have not been entirely satisfactory. nature and manufacturing methods of such Power Tubes will soon lead to a very economical cost in actual production. would place the initial cost of further development and construction of the first instrument as quoted some 20 years ago at about $750. the STANDARDIZATION of the POWER TUBES and / or VALVES as well as OSCILLATORS in order to get POSITIVE. the cost of which. While special types of such Instruments have been designed and constructed by T.. The others failed to measure tip to the necessary standard. provided monetary means and ways are provided without interruption and interference as it is estimated R. The further development of the Instruments by the Inventor and Assistants and noted Instrument Designers. prior to construction of the commercial prototype of the "Radiant Energy" Unit. would meet requirements. for they will not operate in any other position in the circuit. It might be said that the major part of this please of research and development for the construction of "Radiant Energy" Units constitutes Engineering Techniques.hu/ ACCOMPLISH before "RADIANT ENERGY" UNITS are ready for COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION. at this developing stage. "RADIANT ENERGY" is of a nature that Instruments available for measuring present-day electric energies are of no value when used in testing RADIANT ENERGY VALVES. making it possible to be within the total cost of the finished Unit for Commercial use. UNIFORM RESULTS from every tube made.E. is part of the project. as well as MEASURING INSTRUMENTS and METERS. in their relation with each other. when 100 tubes were constructed in the laboratory. only perhaps ten or twenty of then. OSCILLATORS and other Modalities. They also have to synchronize and balance perfectly one with the other.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. This essential scientific development and engineering call only be accomplished with the use and application of SPECIALLY DESIGNED and CONSTRUCTED MEASURING INSTRUMENTS and TUBE-TESTING Equipment which is built and calibrated for use with the Energy from the Universe. It is certain. or possibly less. COST (approximate) of RADIANT ENERGY POWER TUBES A "Radiant Energy" Unit calls for a set of 29 Power Tubes. is approximately $500.tesla. Valves and Measuring lnstruments. not giving ABSOLUTE readings under the frequency and other energy characteristics.000. after this final project is accomplished. As a comparison with Radio Tubes. COST (approximate) of further Development and Construction o f MEASURING INSTRUMENTS and Meters: Estimates received from leading Instrument Designers. that the combined efforts of the Scientists and Engineers taking advantage of Talent. (b) Other essential and incidental Scientific and Engineering work and activities: 61 . and so on. STANDARDIZATION of POWER TUBES and / or VALVES and OSCILLATORS: It is absolutely essential to standardize the POWER TUBES in order to obtain UNIFIED RESULTS from every tube. RADIANT ENERGY POWER TUBES must function as VALVES. TIME FACTOR: While it is almost impossible to determine the exact time required for the completion of those last phases of Development of Power Tubes. VALVES. and some as OSCILLATORS. development is 90% completed. however. At present. Standardization of function. Facilities and past Experience. Further production from such prototypes would reduce the cost to be in line with other standard Measuring Instruments and Meters. OSCILLATORS and other Modalities which are part of Radiant Energy Devices and Equipment. working in conjunction with the inventor and his Assistants. it has conservatively been estimated for 24 months. ESTIMATED TOTAL COST for COMPLETION OF FINAL PHASES of "RADIANT ENERGY" PROJECT: covering: (a). Development and Research for STANDARDIZATION of POWER-TUBES. STANDARDIZED MEASURING INSTRUMENTS and METERS Highly specialized Measuring Instruments and Meters. used for similar purposes. type. viz. Sometimes only a few operated as required by the CRITICAL Balance and combined SYNCHRONOUS Resonance action called four to accelerate with the magnetic: fields in the Universe. their aim will be achieved in the shortest possible time.00 for each tube.00. Each tube most be in a certain position in the circuit. just as in the measurement and utilization of DIRECT and ALTERNATING current circuits.

000 (Five-Million. $5. All the facts establish something entirely new has been discovered.tesla. The characteristics of the current obtained determined by those who have witnessed expermental tests prove a new source of energy. Three Hundred and Eighty Thousand Dollars) To summarize what has been accomplished Energy has been received by and through this apparatus. 62 . (d) Overhead all leading to the final construction of a COMMERCIAL PROTOTYPE. Equipment and Appliances. There is no possibility for doubt on any phase of this method of obtaining energy from the Cosmos. The above shows that so much of this development bas beets accomplished. Another distinguishing feature is the whiteness of the lights as determined by the expert photographers. An 18 inch high frequency brush discharge was sustained and energy up to 50. as compared to other energy projects now under development.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. from which Engineering Plans may he developed for ACTUAL MANUFACTURE of this and similar "RADIANT ENERGY" Units — and also development and methods for application of this Universal Power for other Machinery. that so much is being offered for so little.000 Watts obtained from one unit.hu/ (c) Equipment and other facilities.380.

August 1956.Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www. 14. Edgar L. 137 and other pages Foundations of the Universe by Dr. 43 © © Verzió: 0. pages 241-243 Element formation in the Stars is also energy transformation in the Stars Scientific American May 1958 — page 44 Scientific American. Larkin — page 17 Sky and Telescope — July 1956. Nikola Tesla — 1904 Radiant Energy by Dr. March 1959. C. Gustave LeBon Evolution of Forces by Dr. June 1960 — page 64 The Nature of the World and of Man — University of Chicago Press — pages 16. Gustave LeBon Experiments with. February 1960 — page 53 Scientific American. Robert Baker — page 303 In the release of energy. Luckiesh — pages 5.hu 63 . whence it came Evolution of Matter by Dr. where is the seal of energy.99 (2002-06-29) Minden jog fenntartva az elektronikus verzióval kapcsolatban! Szerkeszti: Varsányi Péter (Pepe) E-mail: varsanyi@axelero. 17 — 136. Currents of High Potential and High Frequency Experiments by Dr.hu/ REFERENCES Applied Nuclear Physics by Pollard and Davidson — page 70 Astronomy by Dr.tesla. A. M.

com> az OCR munkáért! 64 .Pepe’s Tesla Pages http://www.tesla.hu/ Külön köszönet Tax Istvánnak <tixi58@yahoo.

and then diminishing until it faded out into seven pulses. It began with a loud note. Moray noted. O. is ‘tuned’ to the frequency of radiant energy waves. and ‘inductances’. similar to radio tubes. and began looking for means to capture this very evident surge of power. or coils of insulated wire. Such a process is by no means inconceivable and it is a distinct relief to learn that no strange new electrical energy source is postulated. through proper relationships of ‘capacitors’ or electrical condensers. or tube. 3-25-55 Moray first got the idea for his Radiant Energy device from his telephone experience. they have no electricity heated filaments which furnishes the means of the ion passage between elements making up the tube. Moray’s device. which the loudness seemed to vary over time. H. eliminating entirely the ground wire. Perreault Nu Energy™ Industries. Moray claims the energy to be derived from the storage and discharge of the countless small impulses gathered by the antenna and concentrated in condensers. that is. several times while listening in on the lines. only these are cold tubes. Moray. P. Rumney. Moray’s Source of Energy 11-08-36 Mr.T. 01-27-37 Only a loop antenna and a counter-poise antenna are required. All Rights Reserved . New Hampshire 03266-0022 USA Copyright © 2006. Moray uses radioactive materials that provide the ‘carrying’ means and which are then adapted to the rhythms of the energy sought. the next of which was less. ™ Trade-mark Logo Nu Energy™ and associated logo (created in 1995) Are common law trade-marks and is the property of Bruce A. put the two and two. Instead. Box 22. He accomplished it through the use of an electrical valve. together. a rhythmic hum.

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our hopes are in vain. July 15.Is this energy Static or Kinetic? If Static. we may conclude that energy waves of very high frequency are sent out from the stars.000 amperes of electrical current. In the "Physical Review".) The switch of the set is simply turned on and the device properly synchronized resonance is established. Chicago Institute of Technology). but it utilizes energy that exists and transforms it into useful forms." The aurora borealis is considered to be very definitely an electrical phenomenon produced by the passage of electric charges through the rarefied gases of the higher atmosphere. For more detail. and the Moray energy device as an electric siphon. if Kinetic. or high speed oscillating turbine. A brief description of the device. The device was enclosed in a box ten by ten and one-half by twenty-six inches. S. the operation of the Moray device is not perpetual motion. On page seventeen of the "Nature of the World and of Men" (compiled by the technical staff. One wire leading from the device to a special balanced antenna and another wire to a balanced ground connection. a brief description of why the device works as given in the enclosed description on the oscillations of condensers. A brief description of what the device has done and of experiments of which hundreds of similar ones have been made in the presence of hundreds of reliable men. 1939. From that standpoint. Right here I would like to state I do not believe in perpetual motion and while I have no quarrel with these who may. (This has now been replaced by a special tube. Dr. The following is taken from "Experiments With Alternate Currents of High Potential and High Frequency. A specially constructed high frequency transformer is used to control the voltage so that any desired voltage may be obtained. Radiant Energy Device This account will endeavor to give a brief explanation of the Moray Radiant Energy device whereby it is possible to utilize the vast stores of energy of the universe without a prime mover. so in this case the circuit is tuned by the right arrangement of inductance's and capacities and oscillators by resonance to respond to the particular wave frequency . we find it states that our planet is receiving energy from the sun continuously at the rate of 160. and reasoning from what occurs in radioactive disintegration. Navy Research Laboratories states that the earth itself is a huge dynamo. Gunn of the U.Moray Valve Manuscript Part I. an electric generator might be referred to as an electric pump. written in 1904: "Ere many generations pass our machinery will be driven by power obtainable at any point in the Universe . as it creates nothing. it is merely pumped. Once it is operating the device "siphons" the energy from the air. Electricity is not made by the generator.000. Also. producing 200. one of which is our sun.000 horse power per inhabitant of the earth at the present time." by Nikola Tesla. "Physical Review". during which energy waves are radiated. and this we know it is for certain. then it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very wheel work of nature. page fifty-eight. many of whom are highly trained and hold degrees in physics and electrical engineering. An electrical generator is in the true sense not a generator. read pages 334 344. but through ionic oscillations. The conversion of matter to energy in the stars is now very generally accepted as demonstrated. As in the reception of radio waves.

is sufficient to burn up wire of that size if ordinary current were used. one experiment being given at a point more than 50 miles from all power lines. . there being no moving parts. Yet the light from the R. as it can be seen. During the entire test the light burned evenly and brightly without flickering and there was no change in the brilliancy from day to day."oscillations" of energy from the Cosmos. Later if one takes a photograph of a photograph the resulting film has the same characteristics so that prints made from this second film have the same characteristics. A variation of Tesla high frequency button type globe would be an ideal light globe to use with this device. so that this film also burns into the print to such an extent one has to hold back dense portions in order to get a satisfactory picture. Experiments have been made at different places many miles away from all power lines. It makes no difference whether one fifty watt lamp is used or whether fifty of them are connected to the machine. Tesla type could be used to advantage. The places for these experiments were selected by the members of the party making the test and not by the inventor. device is whiter and less harsh. looking for a place to make the test. This current has another scientific characteristic disclosed by the fact that photographing the lights operated by the Radiant Energy device the lights burn right into the film. and battery current is direct current. Certain difficulties of insulation inherent in high frequency currents are avoided by the ingenious operations of the oscillator tubes which reduce the frequency on the output side. which is the difference of potential between ground and atmosphere into super sensitive oscillating tubes. the longer the voltage is applied. Doctors of Science have asserted. the draft of current is adapted to the load. due to the fact that the gas in the globes become incandescent under the influence of the very high frequency. even to worked or injured eyes. Close examination of the device disclosed that all parts were in perfect shape and could have been run indefinitely. the greater the charge taken. but with the oscillators filling up somewhat as when water is poured into a bucket. and 26 miles from even a farmer's telephone. become exceedingly hot in one spot about the size of a dime when operated on this current. Only an alternating current can be so handled. All that is necessary to put the device in operation when properly assembled and connected is to start electric oscillations in the circuit. up to the maximum capacity for the given potential and frequency. as it is completely enclosed. There is not sound from the machine when in operation. This is further proof the current is different from any coming from conventional sources in use today. All parts of the machine run absolutely cool. R. The electric light globes (standard articles bought in the open market). E. yet there is no heating of the transformer even though there is no circulation of air through it to cool it. The current cannot be derived from batteries. The device in an endurance test was operated under standard R. The frequency of the current is extremely high. and the places were not prearranged but selected by them as they drove along in their own car. seals for a total of 157 hours and 55 minutes. as is shown by the brush discharge when either the antenna lead or the ground wire is disconnected from the machine. not the car of the inventor. Moray uses a special valve to prevent return of the power to the outer circuit and forces it to go through the power application circuit. Ordinarily when a potential is applied to the terminals of a condenser a full charge is acquired almost instantaneously. and because of the incandescent gas the luminosity is much higher and whiter than with ordinary current. The quantity of current passing through the secondary of the transformer. electrical oscillations not prime mover operations. regardless of the length of time operated. when the seals were broken and the device put under severe strain and tests for about an hour longer and then shut off. F. and again Doctors of Physics have pronounced the current H.

" The inventor then took the device out of the car and connected it up with the "antenna and ground. Judd. 1926.) "That when the oscillators are connected in the circuit. Today Mr. Judd had seen and then when the switch on the device was closed the lights came on. as an induced current is always of the same frequency. Knight and myself. at which time he noted and mentioned the following: (And this was verified by another Dr. and further. of Sciences. by inventor T. or by his having anything to say about the location. The same happened when the "ground wire" was disconnected and again connected in the same way as described above. The three above mentioned gentlemen began then to discuss where they should go to make the test experiment. 1926. (All this with Attorney Judd hopping around on one foot. Moray and Judd at the Moray laboratory about 7:10 a. being much too great. Nebeker and Mr. I remember that the speedometer registered 19 miles at Charleston and 26 miles as we left the last electric line near the mouth of Daniel's Canyon. Adams put up the "antenna and ground. the greater the charge they take. also that speedometer registered 52 miles where we stopped to . as there are no power lines in that canyon. even to operate a loud speaker it is necessary to amplify a radio current many times. H. Judd stayed in the car because of an injured foot. the condensers fill slowly. Dear Mr." The switch on the device was opened and closed as in all former experiments time and time again. as the inducing current. The inventor did not want to have any say in where the test should be made as he wanted the experiment made at a place selected by them and not him. Knight at Orem. After driving about four miles up the canyon. and the longer the current is applied to charge them. Moray for Attorney Judd. It is not radio power. Mr.) All three gentlemen were very well satisfied and pleased with what they saw. they selected a place but changed their minds and selected another place a few hundred feet further up the canyon. The device was then "tuned in" as in all the former experiments that Mr. a professor in one of the greatest universities of the country. An experiment was given for a nationally known physicist. Adams and Attorney Nebeker called at the inventor's laboratory in Attorney Nebeker's automobile. Mr. much as in filling a bucket by pouring the water into it. When the "Radiant Energy" device was packed in the auto we drove away.It cannot be induction from adjacent power lines. he having gotten out of the car when tuning the device was started. and there is no line on earth carrying of the frequency of this. to say nothing of lighting a lamp or heating a flat iron. if ordinary current were used. Mr. but no light appeared. and cannot be accounted for on the basis of induction from existing power lines or current from batteries. The "antenna wire" was momentarily disconnected. Cooley: This letter is being written to you for your information and in order to make a record of the electrical demonstration made October 29th. As last the three mentioned decided to go up Emigration Canyon. while Mr. as there were only three of us to make the trip from Salt Lake and to meet Mr. Utah.m. As prearranged. up to their maximum for the applied voltage. We carried the electrical equipment into my car and left Mr. Another short account follows." "That the size of wire in the transformer could not carry the amperage passing through it without burning up. Judd's car in the Moray lot." "The above points show that there is developed something which is entirely out of the ordinary. the frequency of the incoming current is higher than radio currents. I met Misters. as is ordinarily the case with condensers. instead of taking the charge practically instantaneously. yet the wires remained absolutely cool no matter how long the machine operated. It was dusk when they left the Canyon. on October 29th." The above statement duly signed and verified. the light went out but came back when the "antenna" was again connected to the device.

M. by my watch. on the operating post two or three times before and during the tuning in operation but no light appeared until perfect "balance" was established. The antenna wire was insulated from the poles with two quartz glass insulators about six inches long. Mark Yuri. Utah Your interest in the Moray invention to take electrical energy from the "air" and make it usable for light. as it had been "balanced". Salt Lake City. When all of the wire connections were made. as the ground in the mountain was frozen. making the distance 52 miles from the nearest power line and 26 miles from the nearest one wire rural telephone line. except that Moray suggested that the wire be stretched tighter to prevent so much sag at the center. I stepped the distance between the two antenna poles and estimated it to be 87 feet as I took 29 steps intended to be three feet each. Knight called Haystack Mountain and perhaps ¾ of a mile east of the Strawberry Lake on a little stream which made a zigzag course through a gently sloping grassy flat to the lake. Moray put the key. February 21. Two dry boards were laid on the ground and a rubber mat used under my office chair was placed on the boards for Moray to stand on as a precaution against electric shocks. Before "tuning in" he placed the key on the post he said it would be in contact with while the light burns but no light appeared. This was done and the wire then appeared to clear the ground by 7 or 8 feet at its lowest point. It was slightly after 1:15 P. I first witnessed a demonstration of this device three months ago. Operation The balanced ground rod was pointed at the end to make its driving into the creek bed easy. this location being almost due east from what Mr. Moray took this electrical equipment out of the automobile and placed it on the running board of the car. The running board was hardly large enough for the equipment so we took the seat cushion out of the front seat and placed it on the mat and Moray transferred the equipment to the seat cushion and connected it up there. The antenna wire was put up without any aid or instructions whatever from Moray.m. or switch. and Mr. "While the lights were burning. by my watch. The lead-in wire was fastened to the antenna wire at a point about 10 or 15 feet from the east pole. There were present a dozen people. After "tuning in" for slightly more than 10 minutes the key or switch was put on the operating post and the light appeared immediately. including Paul Harsh. and the device synchronized in resonance by Moray. Johnson.demonstrate. It was quite apparent there was no possible faking of the power produced. it was just 1:05 p. He stopped at a place about 10 miles south-east of the Daniel's Strawberry summit and about 200 yards west of the main road to Duchesne. Ferguson. the antenna lead-in wire was disconnected from the apparatus and the lights went out. when opened. Moray requested that we select a place near a stream of water so that the ground pipe could be sunk in its bed and be more effective. heat and power purposes justifies me reporting to you a new demonstration which I saw of this principle on Saturday. C. I helped Moray solder the connection where the lead-in wire fastened on to the antenna wire and also helped him solder the ground wire to the rod. to protect the equipment from getting wet." Moray disconnected the "ground wire" and the lights went out. Part II. Very light snowflakes fell occasionally and a tarpaulin was hung over the top of the auto doors. The cabinet containing the machine has been simplified and improved. A piece of wire about two feet long connected each insulator with the pole. He then connected it and the lights appeared again. . Connected again and the lights appeared. This letter signed by E.

the oscillations of the Universe all prove the same great fact that oscillations are all governed by the same eyelet of time. The operation was as simple as tuning in a well-equipped radio set. Instantly thirty 50-watt lamps and five 100-watt lamps were brilliantly lighted.The tuning in device was improved and the time required to bring in the energy was shortened from five minutes to less than a minute. Moray himself. whether large or small. A pilot light on the cabinet first became illuminated. Very sincerely yours. Moray is on the threshold of perfecting one of the most amazing fundamental invention of history. the color of the light different. The switch was then moved connecting a light rack with the current. and as Moray stated years ago. I confidently believe Dr. as stated above. When the strain is removed. This energy. As stated. mechanically sound and correct. This energy has a definite elastic rigidity and density. there is energy coming from somewhere. that the earth is surrounded by such a field of energy. but it will merely slide back in a dead beat to its unrestrained. That the "tubes used are far more powerful than anything known to science today. but in a very definite mathematical order of time. recovery will be quicker and quicker until inertia will . stronger in the day time than at night.) These men have had the device opened for their inspection and have pronounced the experiments wonderful that the current is high frequency. and Moray's device proves. coming to the earth from every direction. the heart beats of life. which is subject to displacement and strains. after she had seen him "tune in" the energy. but always coming with a regular beat note that might be referred to as the Father of Time. completed during the same interval of time. A regular Hot Point flat iron was then connected without [dimming] the lights in the least." The drawings. (Names of these men of science will be furnished upon request.these oscillations of Energy are picked up by the Moray device and the oscillator tubes of the device itself. Welling Secretary of the State of Utah Many men of science have come from foreign countries and from the East and the West and have been shown experiments and not one of them has been able to find any fault with what they have seen or heard. cutting down the resistance to the minimum and by synchronous resonance (sympathy) of the device with the resonance of the Universe. these surgings or oscillations of Energy coming and returning to the Universe are picked up by the Moray Device because the Moray Device is tuned to oscillate in harmony (sympathetically) with the oscillations of the universe just as musical instruments can be made to oscillate together. coming and going as the waves of the sea. is completed during the same interval of time. electrically. but they did not. (Signed) Nilton H. The inventor asserted that the result would have been the same had one hundred lights been used in place of the 35 on the light rack. Every oscillation. circuits and theory have been pronounced by leading men of science as scientifically. there will be no oscillations. The Sire of Gravitation. these waves of energy have a regular beat note of time. and will continue to oscillate until the original pressure is used up. This was shown by a lady who was witnessing the demonstration for the first time operating the device as easily as Dr. state. On account of the brilliancy of the light it was apparent that much more than the ordinary voltage was going into these lamps and the excessive heat developed in one spot made me feel that they would soon burn out. surging back and forth as the waves of the sea. or. that the device carries many times as much current without even getting slightly warm as any other electrical device of like construction known to man today could do without bursting into flame. It is generally accepted now by science. or as Moray explains it . The lights and iron together were consuming more than four horse power of electric energy. this medium will spring back to its old position and beyond. If the internal impedance is too great.

how can you get steady energy from such surging having so great an amount of energy at such a terrific potential? Could not a steady flow of water be obtained from the surgings of the sea? The operation of the condensers need not be repeated here as it is believed they have been fully explained in the enclosed account. Professor of Astronomy. yet their ideas have since become known facts. All substances are really combinations of one (primordial substance. Electricity is vibrations or radiation. he said. Fully realizing that whatever the difficulties in discovering new truths. although they have spent from five hours to days on the theory and claims and made test experiments. directly or indirectly. Faraday. The results are certain and that in the absence of better explanations as given elsewhere Moray's explanation is as good as any. When the recovery is distinctly oscillatory resonance sets in and the oscillations will go on forever because of the oscillations of the Universe. "It takes many years to get a new idea fixed in the human mind. of being recovered. nor is it contrary to ideas that science has accepted today. Below will be found excepts from a few additional accounts of some experiments taken from some of the hundreds of accounts of tests made and also some excepts from some scientific books. or. Hence this further explanation of the Moray theory. Franklin. Cavendish and others were unable to always express themselves so that those of their day understood their inner meaning. or effects produced by this "Cosmic Power". and at the silence of the greater number of the scholars. Among those in question have been some of America's foremost in Science. but it is claimed that the device works. power and energy are not things in themselves. I mean the ratio of force to acceleration. It is not claimed that all of Moray's theory is proven. These electric oscillations are not simple oscillations. page 303: "Another problem relates to the apparent lavish expenditure of this radiation. original with Moray in application and when Moray first advanced them years ago they were "killed" as it were by those who heard of them before they get very far." In this day and age. on which Moray has spent his time from boyhood. P. electricity. In explaining this theory to a well known and noted American Scientist. What electricity is to matter. so far as we know. Of all the energy that pours forth from the sun.H." Nevertheless. call it what you will) is quiescent. we use nothing. electricity is specifically modified ether. light. Be that as it may. "ASTRONOMY". Ether waves in motion go to constitute an electric current. it is not well to say anything is impossible.) i. "You go in your theory back to the law of gravitation. By inertia. so is electric force to common mechanical force. Electrons in motion go to constitute an electric current. University of Illinois. but sensations. but surgings with a definite beat note. and electrical inertia to common inertia. less than one part in 200 million is intercepted by the planets and their satellites. although perhaps unconsciously control our line of thought. Baker. for as Mark Twain said. e. by Robert H. Heat." and one should be armed with but scant philosophy if they remained for long surprised at the attacks of some or at the exasperation of a certain number of worthy people. They gave to the world their ideas in a form unintelligible to others of their day. D. The remainder spreads through interstellar space with little chance. of the great number of learned man who have seen and heard of Moray's work. Moray has taken "Radiant Energy" and found a means of using it. The theory herein contained is not new in the main. not one has been able to disprove his claims. there are still greater difficulties in getting them recognized. Where ether (or if you do not like that name. which so completely. as it is hard for the average human mind to rid itself of inherited ideas. Light causes vibrations of this "ether" and it is these vibrations which cause our eyes to detect. Perhaps electric inertia might be defined as the ratio of electric motive force to the acceleration of electric displacement.assert itself and lengthen out the time of final recovery by carrying the recoil beyond the natural oscillation and thus prolonging the vibrations by oscillation. The suggestion that the sun shines only in the direction of material that can intercept it makes an appeal from . theories or discoveries. in other words. but what has been done in Radiant Energy has been and perhaps rightfully called "radical. One will ask. They are however. who have heard of these experiments.

' This was written in 1892. The atoms in those distant stellar crucibles have moving electrons which are emitting electromagnetic waves of many wavelengths or frequencies. printed in 1903. It would seem that nature is squandering its resources of energy so prodigally that it must end in bankruptcy. As we trace down to the almost infinitesimal constituents of the extremely minute atom we find that apparently it does not exist at all as the realistic matter which we have supposed it to be. pertaining to the existence of electrons in atoms of matter. It is now being pressed further into the service of explaining the structure of matter. As the picture unfolds it promises a marvelous simplicity. Knowing what to do at the present time in regard to the structure of atoms. but we doubtless have at present an imperfect account of the situation. Here we have the atomistic principle applied to energy instead of being confined to the material of the universe as it had been. Physics. and the next epochal event was the founding by Planck (1900) of the quantum theory. Maxwell's Theory "When Maxwell (1873) propounded the electromagnetic theory of light (radiation). General Electric Company. printed in 1925.the radiation emitted by the electrons . California.." Part III. There at its very foundation it seems to consist of electric charges which probably simulate the motions of celestial bodies. Bodies are built of molecules. The exact manner in which the radiant energy traversed space was not known. D. but appears to have little else to recommend it.) to occur discontinuously. the sudden revelation that light (and radiation in general) was an electrical phenomena was very startling and revolutionary. pages 41-43: "The great success of the atomistic principle as it is involved in the kinetic theory of matter is one of the wonders of the modern scientific age. the molecules of atoms. or atoms of a given element." "RADIANT ENERGY" by Edgar Lucien Larkin. Planck assumed the emission of radiation (from the sun. Even today those persons who are unfamiliar with fundamental physics find it difficult to believe that energy traveling from yonder star to the eyes is electromagnetic in nature. Luckiesh of General Electric. but our interest and admiration will grow. and the atoms of electrons (and protons). and . a half century ago. It is to be expected that it has found other applications equally fascinating and promising. the atom (electron) of electricity. Radiation or radiant energy is emitted of various wavelengths or frequencies which must be taken into account in laws of radiation. It is becoming more and more certain that the apparent complexity of nature is due to our lack of knowledge.is divided into quanta. in the quantum theory we have the atomistic idea applied to physical processes. page 5. Ss. Here we see the atomistic principle applied to "material" (matter) and then to electricity (What shall we call it?). Luckiesh. Here on earth we have many 'receiving stations' which are tuned to certain ranges of wavelengths. However. and the atom (quantum) of action (a product of energy and time). etc." Again quoting from "Foundations of the Universe" by Dr. with such pictures of the Universe being constructed we may cease to be surprised at anything. We now have the atom of matter. Energy is internal and inherent." "FOUNDATIONS OF THE UNIVERSE" by M." Professor Barker." "One of the most marvelous relationships that has ever been revealed in the entire science of physics is that between light and electricity. He conceived elements of energy of equal magnitude analogous to the equality of electrons. page four. at page 17" "Radiant here means proceeding from a center in straight lines in every direction. In other words. his achievement was epochal.the point of view of economy. But that it is so has been amply proved. considering the total absence of knowledge. Now the physicist uses quanta as commonly as he does electrons and atoms and molecules. a lamp filament. says:' Energy is defined as a condition of matter in virtue of which any definite portion may effect changes in any other definite portion. Director of Lighting Research Laboratory. a physical process . Director Lowe Observatory. "In the far-off stellar crucibles we see the same laws being obeyed as in our laboratories. Finally. this relationship is not quite so surprising.

other kinds. the entire wave motion of the Universe is electromagnetic-magnetic. all granular matter move through the primordial cosmological mass of electrical corpuscles as would a wire screen through water. and not to other kinds. And. Energy then.e." as Thomson calls them. are omitted when individual electrons. That. They do not differ in any other essential particular. They differ only as treble notes differ from bass notes. steel. This is what Maxwell prophesied many years ago. Other kinds. The method of transfer is known to be by means of wave motion." "In speaking of these kinds of radiation as different. glass. at right angles to it. or vibration or wavelength. with honors from a score more and has held offices of President in a dozen or more Scientific Societies. which may be a mile long. After the first corpuscle makes a swing. again. These are doubtless either electricity in its ultimate refinement.supplies everything on earth with warmth. printed in 1924: "The term 'light' strictly speaking.000 miles in the same straight line will also make a vibration at the end of the first second of time. The earth and sun. means that kind of ethereal radiation which is able to affect the eye. another kind of radiation is emitted by great aerials. the corpuscles moves over and returns to its original position it had before the excursion. another distant from it 186. or its immediate carriers. again. Each negative or Thomsonian corpuscle makes a double vibration to and fro like a pendulum straight across the direction of the ray . Since the corpuscles are negative and can be drawn out of their original straight path by the action of magnetism. Thomson fulfilled the prophecy. But it is common knowledge that there are many other varieties of radiation besides those to which the eye is sensitive. Each impulse moves from the omitting to the receiving mass on a rigorously straight line. Another kind . flint or anything else allow these "bodies smaller than atoms." It is the belief of the writer that all this space is saturated with inconceivably minute corpuscles (electrons) of energy: first postulated by J. of which the wavelength is actually smaller than atoms. they are all subject to the same ." "After one corpuscle makes an oscillation across the direction of the ray and returns the next does likewise." "These two. and by evaporating water contributes to most of the phenomena of weather. and only expressible in billionths of an inch . no doubt. They are all of the same electromagnetic character. which is therefore called light." "ATOMS AND RAYS" by Sir Oliver Lodge.i. encounter the obstruction of a target. But the eyes of animals and insects as well as of man. and so on. to x-rays. Fellow of the Royal Society of Science and holder of five or six Doctors degrees from colleges. One continuous set of oscillations in this straight line is called a ray. The wide space in diamond. Thomson. "to pass through. or possibly one. is a state of matter.they all travel at precisely the same speed. it effects other quantities of matter at a distance. this kind of invisible radiation being called xrays. and the next. and thereby supply the energy needed for vegetable growth.a rather deeper harmony as it were . later by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin). at the opposite end of the scale. the result of a particular state of conditions in which matter may be when any observed phase of energy appears. is the sum total of all that has been found during three centuries of incessant research in all that portion of the Universe visible in a forty-inch telescope armed with the most powerful spectroscope over made. traveling at a high speed in a vacuum. it is a question for physicists and physiologists in collaboration.discoveries since confirm it. and is known as the Hertzian waves employed in radio. Through the whole range-from telegraphic waves. the only speed at which the Ether is able to transmit energy. matter and energy. can be ascertained.. all suns and dark bodies in space. they differ in rapidity or rate." Pages 18-19: "From the definition of energy it is the potential of the Universe. Other kinds of radiation can affect a photographic plate. can stimulate the chemical actions going on in the leaves of plants. It is not clearly known why the eye is sensitive to some kinds of ethereal radiation. or rather. When matter is in a phase allowing it to be active. we are not speaking quite accurately. J. or very closely allied to it. all appear to be sensitive to a limited range of ethereal radiation.

can hardly fail to have some meaning. That is how we first knew about the Ether." "Those who hold this view of the Universe are strengthened in their position by the expression of Einstein of energy in general. Locomotion is not to be attributed to the Ether. and ordinary locomotion. The energy of motion turns into heat." a paradoxical term appropriate to the condition of a sleeping top. we probably see the same thing. And all the phenomena we observe in nature. And if we could imagine an Ether vortex. as lying outside our physical ken . and as demonstrating slight modifications of the portion affected by this great ethereal velocity. it is certainly a focus of energy. Conversion from one form to another. at any rate in inorganic nature . or is not. or to some other piece or matter." "Energy is the chief thing in the physical universe that directly appeals to us. in which the only relevant velocity is the velocity of light. We apprehend it under a great variety of forms. without loss. which we have no means of getting at. are likewise known to be modes of manifestation of the Ether of Space. But when we come to analyze these into their fundamentals. Pages 41-44: "Whatever an electric charge is. which have long been studied in the department of physics known as optics. And it is becoming provable that what we call matter is one of those forms. we find far more than a hint that they are but special modifications in the allpervading ether.relative to the earth. perhaps the only stationary thing that exists. until it partially exhibits itself as transmitted waves in the form of radiation. unless it is converted into the energy of chemical separation or electric charge.laws of interference. and constitute a laboratory where results can be beyond the scope of our present manipulation. but it may be full of what is sometimes called "stationary motion. or croquet balls. But all electric and magnetic phenomena. Hence we are beginning to think that matter itself is a form of energy. For the spinning motion itself is impalpable and beyond the ken of our instruments." "Such a process has not yet been performed in our laboratories. so does the energy of electric currents. is the sign-natural of energy. But Einstein gives an expression for what one might be inclined to call absolute energy. and polarization. and therefore.may be regarded as due to. This coincidence.omitting the phenomena of Life and Mind for who present. the interior of which is at an altogether exceptional temperature and pressure. in merely relative . by which adjectives it is intended to discriminate between rotatory motion. the complete manner and meaning of which have still to be worked out.energy which at present seems inaccessible to us. Most of the forms of energy that we know are convertible one into another. There is nothing absolute about it. all chemical activity. What is Matter? Is that too a manifestation of some peculiar properties in the Ether? We know now that matter is built up of protons and electrons. And the proof that matter is a form of energy will not be clinched until it can be demonstrated that matter too is convertible into other forms of energy. such as the motion of railway trains. seems now to be the more overflow or surplus of the violent constitutional energy within . of reflection. That which we ordinarily recognize as the locomotive energy of bodies. It is well known that all the ordinary energy we are acquainted with. its energy would be equal to that of the electric field in the space surrounding the electron. but which is possessed in enormous amount by the very constitution of the atoms of matter. we see some small residual outcomes of this production of energy at the expense of matter." Moray would qualify the above statement by saying there are speeds greater than the speed of light. if it be a coincidence. like that of a top or a whirlpool." "All the light that we experience can be resolved into vibrations or tremors in the Ether. and much like. and are essentially resolvable into ethereal energy of a specific kind. in form which enable it to appear to our animal-derived senses. Fortunately." "So the question arises. which is the most stationary thing we know. And there are those who are beginning to think that the whole material universe is built up of Ether in various states of self contained or intrinsic motion. or whiffling from place to place. containing the known mass of the electron and circulating with the velocity of light. (or has it?) though it is believed to be occurring in the giant stars. a . In the light from those stars. In their motions.

such a process will liberate vast stores of energy. and the power of explosives. Description of Apparatus 2. Testimonial TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: This is to certify that on the evening of March 16.e. apparatus in the boxes. and means have been sought. they are tractable. It is highly unlikely that this will go on spontaneously or uncontrollably or dangerously. Demonstration 3. Moray claims to have devised and invented an apparatus that will produce electrical energy without the use of a prime mover. rather than as yet suggested. They may be violent enough under the conditions in the interior of stars.few of those atoms have given us the hint. Wilkinson. These are connected to the terminals of a switch. for getting at it. each about 1 1/8 inches in diameter and four inches long. two composition cylinders. on the earth. Utah. Two of these wires were led out to the switch. and even then only on a relative small scale. and will not run rampant. Salt Lake City. except by reason of bad or malevolent arrangements." "Combination of atoms into molecules. and ground wire. Conclusion The apparatus consists of an antenna specially balanced or aerial capacitor and a special ground wire. but to the eye of science it is there." "How soon energy of this kind may become commercial. Demonstration . The other wires leading out of the box were connected to six 100 watt lamps connected in multiple during part of the demonstration. I witnessed a demonstration at the laboratory of T. and it is only the heavy atoms of fission material. lead-in. like those of hydrogen. has long been known to give rise to various forms of energy. and settled down into apparent stability and quiescence. and another box approximately hemispherical in shape about two inches in diameter and weighing about two ounces. 1929. of Cedar City. which still retain the property of spontaneous disintegration. ten large condensers in one set and ten small condensers in the other set. On one of these boxes was a high-frequency transformer and in the other box were two sets of condensers. and coils of wires and other equipment. One was attached to the blade of the switch and the other the jaw of the switch so that when the switch was open the antenna. 2. But here. and to a flat iron during part of the demonstration. were all in series. They show no obvious sign of possessing any." Part IV. i. Tests 5. can be packed together so as to form the more complex atoms. each of these weighed about three or four ounces. The other more familiar atoms seem to have lost that power. of higher elements. Objections that I have heard 4. Witness ordinary combustion. and do not damage. The subjects of this article will be treated in the following order: 1. and the interaction of molecules generally. These pieces of apparatus were connected by a number of wires by which the hook-up was connected. We call it radioactivity. Henry Moray. The practical way is by using Energy from the Cosmos. Dr. in connection with Dr. not by so called fission material. under such conditions as we are familiar with on the earth. much greater than could be obtained from ordinary kinds of chemical combination. including perhaps our sun. They have spontaneously emitted their energy. guided and controllable. no one can say. and other substances at that end of the series. Two wooden boxes were placed on a table. and this is the apparatus demonstrated on the occasion above referred to. Simple atoms.

One is therefore forced to the conclusion that the electric energy was received from some other source and difficult as it is to understand. The lights on demonstration were a different color and brighter and whiter than those on the house circuit. The electric lamps receiving energy from some source and during the demonstration. We turned the table over and examined it carefully for hidden wires but found none. The terminals were shorted. Dr. just as bright at the last as at the first of the demonstration. Moray. They were then tested by connecting them to the electric terminals. In a short time the iron was hot. 5. which lasted for more than an hour. but no sign of spark appeared. When the "ground wire" was disconnected and then the lead-in was disconnected. but there were no sparks. The electric energy that lighted the lamps and heated the flat iron was not received from the house circuit. The small condensers were less vigorous in discharging but the same snappy discharge of a condenser and not how a battery discharges. I. If the antenna or lead-in were connected to the lighting circuit this would have produced a short circuit. thus proving that electrical energy was passing through this apparatus. I placed my wet finger between the blade and the jaws of the switch and could not feel any electricity.were neither brighter nor dimmer at that time. These tests proved positively that condensers and not batteries were in the cases supposed by some to contain batteries. That the power is obtained by a hidden wire from the electric lighting current. Tests. All lights on the house circuit went out but the light on the Radiant Energy circuit were not altered . 3. After thus being charged the large condensers gave a vigorous discharge. the lights were brilliant at all times. showing a brilliant strong arc and a loud [snappy cloud] showing a sudden discharge as condensers are supposed to do and batteries never do. During the time that the lights were burning the connections with the big switch was moved along the switch and vigorous arcing occurred. Besides no batteries of such size could produce such power. I touched my hand to both sides of the switch and the wall to check for ground but could not feel anything. . Before and after the demonstration I closed the big switch which connects or shorts the antenna and ground and made other tests. with our present knowledge generation. He then connected an electric flat iron. the contacts with the switch were moved but produced no arcing. Moray energized and synchronized the device and in three or four minutes. Objections that I have heard. This indicates that the circuit was dead. II. The boxes were completely emptied thus leaving no possible place for batteries to be stored. I further tested by closing and opening the switch several times to see if any sparks appeared. Conclusions. the lamps were lighted and remained bright as long as the circuit was left closed. If they had been batteries they would have showed a spark. which was about 60 minutes. That the power is obtained from batteries. Thus the lights could not have received their power from that source. except that a small switch connected in series with the coil was left open. While the demonstration was being conducted and the lamps were receiving the energy through the apparatus the main switch that controls the lights in the building was opened.During the demonstration the apparatus was connected in series as above described. With the apparatus all connected as when operating the lights. the lights went out. Besides the boxes were not large enough to hide batteries in. the positive to the negative. The condensers were thoroughly tested. no other conclusion can be drawn from the demonstration as above described than that the energy was received by and through the apparatus as claimed by Dr. 4.

Recently Dr. and at the end of that time a 100 watt lamp was lighted simultaneously with the heating of a 575 watt standard hot point flat-iron. Lovesy: Pursuant to my promise to you at our recent discussion.D. He has also worked out numerous radio hook-ups which eliminate many of the parts now considered necessary for good reception. some of his position being Assistant Superintendent of Power Stations of the Utah Power and Light System. Moray has shown to me the wiring diagram of the . yet there is no apparent diminution in quality or volume. One of these men T. Moray and the work he is carrying on. T. in fact. H. variable deflections of the needle of a sensitive galvanometer which appeared to be related to the rigor of mental activity. as has been demonstrated by taking the apparatus more than 50 miles from the nearest power line and over a hundred miles from the nearest radio station and showing that it operates just as well as anywhere else." "Salt Lake City. Mr. making a total of 675 watts. and a man of high character who has had many year's experience in the electrical field. J. also a high frequency therapeutic device. Perhaps the most wonderful of his inventions is a device whereby he is able to draw electric power from the Cosmos. Ex-Secretary of State of Utah: "In regard to the Moray Radiant Energy discovery. signed. I am writing to make record of the extent of my acquaintance with the construction and operation principles of the Moray device for utilizing cosmic energy. Lovesy Dear Mr.(Signed) T. a graduate from Cornell. Utah To all Whom it May Concern: It is now more than two years since I first became acquainted with Dr. There are a great many other equally remarkable things that he has done such as reducing old rubber from truck tires to the state of a viscous fluid which is readily vulcanized without the addition of a smoke sheet as is necessary with other processes. You are already aware that I have seen many demonstrations of what this mechanism will do and that I have seen the parts of which it is built. E. with a Masters Degree. This energy is not derived by induction from power lines. there is a notable elimination of interference from static when some of these are used. Besides the current is high frequency. Croquet. He has devised a means by which he is able to measure with some degree of accuracy the energy evolved during mental activity. He was Chief Engineer of the Utah Radio Products Company and a consulting engineer for many years. nor is it derived from radio stations." "Salt Lake City. Superintendent of City Electric Service of the Utah Power and Light. Yates. H. He had charge of the Research and Experimental work of the American Smelting and Refining Company. Murray O. and numerous other devices which show great ingenuity. that is. YATES Quotation from letter of R. Hayes Ph. and in that time he has demonstrated inventive ability of an exceptional order. J. He has also invented a very sensitive sound detector whereby it is possible to hear conversations carried on in an ordinary tone of voice at a distance of several blocks. This device was subjected to an endurance test in which it was operated continuously for a week. I have had it demonstrated to me to my full satisfaction and have read the reports of many reliable experts and have heard others express themselves favorably about what they have seen. It is very evident that no batteries could sustain such a drain as this. W. is a nationally known electrical expert. as has been suggested by some. he gets definite.

I believe that Dr. in geology." Part V . in place of the crystal. I was recently present when an electrical engineer representing a foreign government. has Educational Record and qualifications as follows: "A. Brigham Young University." Dr. He also took a lump of lead treated according to the process which he has invented and used in it place of the crystal. and also to heat a flat iron of the standard five hundred seventy-five watt type. Hayes.Patent Correspondence "Washington. While this hook-up appears to be very complicated. Moray O. S. and based on reorganized laws of electricity. (Signed) Murray O. Acting head of department of physics. He at first said that amplification of radio wave accounted for what he saw. has numerous features which appear incidental but are the heart of the matter and of first importance. Patent Office. I believe. when all is explained. M. and I am free to say that I can find no inconsistencies in it. although it would be a real achievement to amplify such waves sufficiently to light six one hundred watt lights at one time. He has also shown to me and explained the detector which he uses. and got wonderful reception of radio loud enough in fact. to operate an old fashion horn speaker of the type put out of R C A about 1923." This machine has been operated in my presence so many times. when he had seen the inside of the device he admitted that it could not have been what he had supposed. C. Moray has explained all to me without reservation. though the antenna was merely one of the bell type. There are many features which appear to be incidental. He connected his detector in a crystal set for receiving radio. when looking at the machine. the Russian Government was given an experimental demonstration of the energy machine. with major in physics under Dr. vice Carl F. In this he has applied a fundamental principle of electric circuit which. This element of his device also. would not be noticed unless pointed out by him. Harvey Fletcher. who makes the above statement. as above mentioned in respect to the circuit. in my own home. who was finished work for doctorate. Ph.assembly. not anything which does not appear to be logical and sound. To take Bar examination soon. S. and that its commercial adaptation is feasible. and I am sure that this is a revolutionary and epoch making invention. it is in reality very simple in essence. . B. U. "It is very interesting. Dr. but they are in reality of basic importance. under so many different conditions of weather and of season that I am positively convinced that it is what its inventor claims it to be. including graduate courses in physics and mathematics. Five years in examining corps. Sincerely yours. D. Eyring. 1922-23. and obtained better reception than with the Erla crystal. He remarked many times.D. Hayes.

"TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: I witnessed a demonstration of the apparatus invented by Dr. and examined every patent issued by the U. of Science and registered patent attorney.T. The condensers. T. on devices for the reception of radiant energy. reception would not have been possible but a loud . S." Dr. If there had been power from other sources on the antenna or lead-in. 2484 So. During this test. I have always felt certain that you would obtain broad protection on your radiant energy invention. the box itself was lifted and examined. it will continue to charge itself. but now I know it. The lights were as bright as before the iron was put in. 3 100-watt lamps and a receptacle to receive an extension plug and cord. some changes in the apparatus were noted although a great improvement was made in the performance. July 10. Moray by which he produces electrical energy. Fifth East Salt Lake City. the electric iron was plugged in. Not one mentions such an idea. coils and other parts noted at the previous test were now in one small box about 10" x 10" x 30". not an inch of space was overlooked where it would be possible to introduce any metal that would carry the power and I am prepared to say that no such connection existed from which power could be had from any other system. the switch was removed and examined. A crystal radio set was out in on the lead-in wire from the antenna on one side and to the ground wire on the other side and perfect reception was had. I feel perfectly safe in saying that there is not one chance in a hundred thousand that the Examiner will find any disclosures that will restrict your claims. A report of that visit has already been made. Moray. witnessed a second demonstration of the same set. and once the set is put in operation. Hayes. I spent the whole day in the search room of the Patent Office. Every part of the system was inspected by me. which were supplied from the house circuit. The lamp rack which formerly held six 100-watt lamps is now displaced by a larger rack which holds 32 50-watt lamps. I made a thorough and careful examination of the entire system to see if it were possible for the electricity to have been introduced on the system from some other source. When the lights were on bright. a safer and better means of starting the device has been devised. about two years later. On Monday July 13. Very truly your. Dear Henry: For your information I wish to report what I have done in the matter of your radiant energy machine since coming here. by connecting the radio set to the ground wire. the leads from the box to the lamp rack. on reading. all wires were checked. all of the electric lamps were lighted at one time and were whiter and more brilliant than other lights in the room. Utah. Murray O. H. The iron heated quite rapidly and in about 2½ minutes was hot enough to be used for ironing. H. You may use this letter in any way that you see fit. Neither is there any patent which suggests anything like your oscillator tubes. the lamp rack was lifted and examined and the ground wire from the switch to the water pipe on which it was grounded. and leads from the switch to the box containing the condensers and coils. There was no noticeable blinking or sudden diminution of lights as in usual in house lighting systems when an electrical iron was on. even the remotest resemblance to your radiant energy machine. I now have. We arrived here Friday. On the other end on this cord was a 575-watt electric iron. To start the set operating. Most of them were so obviously dissimilar to your invention that they did not consume much time. and not one is there which show.

the lights were burning bright." STATE OF UTAH COUNTY OF SALT LAKE Thomas J. Yates Subscribed and sworn to before me this 18th day of December. E. and the longer the current is applied to charge them the greater the charge they take.. My Commission expires (Signed) R. Utah. Lovesy. A short time ago a demonstration was given for a nationally known physicist a professor in one of the greatest universities of the country. In witness to the above I hereunto sign my name. This would indicate that the power was high voltage and the nature of the sparks indicated a high frequency. I do not understand the principle by which Dr. Dear Mr. 1930. Utah. but the system works. yet the wire remained absolutely cool no matter how long the machine operated. up to their maximum for the applied voltage. Salt Lake City. 1934 Notary Public . M. That the size of wire in the transformer could not carry the amperage passing through it without burning up. H.E.residing at Salt Lake City. I consider this development a great advance in the science of producing electrical energy. if ordinary current were used. Moray claims for it. It produces electric power in abundance and does all that Dr. The terminal attached to the antenna was disconnected. Yates. Lovesy: This letter is in compliance with your request for some facts relating to the Moray radiant energy invention. "Murray O. The condensers and the coils of wire are common. due to the incandescence of the gas in the globes under the influence of the very high frequency. Very truly yours. A vigorous arcing occurred and the sparks jumped over an air gap as much as eighteen inches. instead of taking the charge practically instantaneously as is ordinarily the case. J. being first duly sworn. The cylinders called "oscillators" and the small conical shell called the "detector" are the only things not commonly known. That the lights are much hotter than is ever the case with any current used at the present time. This was demonstrated by connecting the radio set to the house lighting system. My only purpose in issuing this statement is in the interest of the advancement of science. deposes and says: That he has read the foregoing statement and acknowledges that he wrote and signed the same as above set up. at which time he noted and mentioned the following: That when the oscillators are connected in the circuit the condensers fill slowly. .E. (Signed) Thomas J. (SEAL) (Signed) Thomas J. much as in filling a bucket by pouring water into it.humming sound would be produced. Yates. Moray produces the electric energy. When the system was working. I do not own any stock or interest in Moray's work. Chapman May 7. Hayes W.

. at the Bell Laboratories. and added that you had applied only fundamental principles of electric circuits. LOVESY. Murray O. and cannot be accounted for on the basis of induction from existing power lines or current from batteries. Utah "To Whom It May Concern: I have worked in electricity all my life. and it may be from my determination in having him repeatedly make the declaration that he had been shown every detail of the invention that would give him the impression that I had a doubt about the invention. I have been with the Kearns Corporation over seventeen years. in which he advised of his being shown and having explained to him the wiring diagram of the assembly. but I thought the real detailed secrets of the invention were held only by yourself and after my conference at New York with Dr. he definitely advised me that he had been shown every detail of your invention and argued that he could make one of the machines himself from the information that had been given him. Hayes has made similar statements under oath. Hayes. and worked in all departments including sub-stations. T. (Signed) W. Ph. and in which he stated plainly that while it would not have been noticed unless pointed out by you. Henry Moray 2484 South 5th East Salt Lake City. "UTAH OIL REFINING COMPANY Salt Lake City. Utah W. and also the fundamentals of the detector. Very truly yours. Lovesy. There is attached a second letter in which Mr. H. at the same time he had become familiar with all of the details of the construction of your device for utilizing cosmic energy. in addition to the presentation made in the letter whereof I gave you a copy a few days ago will enable anyone to form a reliable opinion as to this device. I have never had a doubt. Hayes in my office and.The above points show that there is developed something which is entirely out of the ordinary. H. and have charge of all the electrical work for the Tribune and Telegram Publishing Company. Utah Dear Henry: I have handed you the original letter of Murray O. Your truly. Harvey Fletcher and Dr." WHL/T Salt Lake City. at the time. Hayes if he could duplicate your machine.having agreed with them that I would endeavor to induce you to give the details of your invention to Murray O. The memorandums on the face of these two original documents were made by me at the time I was consulting with Murray O. (Signed) Murray O Hayes. and in Kearns and Tribune Buildings. Purchasing & Traffic Mr." Dr. Carl Eyring.D. Hayes furnished me a detail of his educational record. I believe the above. . was with the Utah Power and Light Company for thirteen years. and in every instance his answer was emphatic and to the effect that he could do so. Hayes made these similar statements to me several times. Personally.

about 18 x 30 x 15 and connected it to the outside aerial and ground wire. heated iron heaters.. 1929. R. I then took hold of both of these wires. Rumney." Also the paper by B. June 4. O. Dr. ran a small motor specially wound at great speed. Huburt of June 6. I witnessed a demonstration at Dr. He let me see inside this box and there was a H. I did not see the inside of the larger box.In December last. By. and a 500-watt glow heater. There was no feeling and they were both cold. He then took a larger box. Moray connected this box to a special balanced aerial and ground wire from the outside and two of us held a counter poise antenna attached to glass insulators in the room and when he connected the box to this counter poise antenna I saw the same results. Inc. some of his cold tubes and some condensers. There was no spark. It was a very remarkable demonstration and one which I will always remember. I am satisfied myself from my experience in electricity that there was no fake of any kind of concealed batteries. From this box he lighted about fifty 100-watts. Washington D. New Hampshire 03266-0022 United States of America Copyright © 1997. (Signed) Geo. and attached two long wires to the box and we pulled the main line Utah Power and Light Company service switch for his building. During this demonstrations and while the lamp and appliances were on I shorted the aerial and ground wires. in fact. Dr. transformer. Box 22. Dr. Moray's laboratory of his electrical marvel box. an original electric iron. everything the Utah Power and Light Company service would do except run motors which I understand have to be specially wound..C. Ross Gunn on "A Theory of Permanent Magnetic Fields of the Sun and Earth. ™ Nu Energy Horizons Research Nu Energy Horizons. We attached the wire from the box to the building side of the switch and he lighted his building. Standard globes were used but they seemed to give a softer whiter light which was more daylight. revised 1999 All Rights Reserved… . F. it just turned off the power from the box. Moray then disconnected the appliances and lamp. P. Pyper " Let us urge the reading of the paper filed at the Naval Research Laboratory. O. or wires. 120-volt lamps. 1929. Everything was in the open so I could see every operation.

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HOWEVER MOST USE WILL COME FROM UNITS DESIGNED TO ADJUST TO ALL LOADS. TWO MAJOR CLASSES OF ENERGY PRODUCING MACHINES ARE NEEDED. 1998 BY CALVIN BAHLMANN OWNER & RESEARCH DIRECTOR AT INTERNATIONAL HIGH TECHNOLOGY SHINER. THREE-FOURTHS OF THE WORLD DOES NOT EVEN HAVE ELECTRICITY SO THOSE WHO HAVE NO ELECTRICAL ENERGY AT ALL WILL WELCOME THE POWER WHEEL.htm 1/6 . WIMHURST MACHINES ARE USED MOSTLY FOR DEMONSTRATION AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ARE NOT SUITED FOR PROVIDING THE ENERGY NEEDS OF A HOME OR BUSINESS. INTRODUCTION INEXPENSIVE OR FREE ENERGY (NOT REALLY FREE) IS THE DREAM OF ALL WHO PAY UTILITY BILLS. A HYBRID VERSION OF THE THESTA-DISTATICA. PRESENT DAY RESEARCHERS TRYING TO RECONSTRUCT THE THESTA-DISTATICA HAVE GONE DOWN LONG. "HOW DOES THE THESTA-DISTATICA PRODUCE SO MUCH ENERGY FOR ITS SIZE? HOW IS THE HIGH VOLTAGE STEPPED DOWN?" I:/HD_M/…/PowerWheel. THE SWISS MACHINE THESTA-DISTATICA (TD) AND THE BAHLMANN POWER WHEEL (PW) ARE ENERGY PRODUCING MACHINES. CAN ROTATING DISCS WITH WATER BASED CAPTURE CAPACITORS (C-CAPS) BE USED TO MAKE THIS DREAM COME TRUE? ALTERNATE ENERGY RESEARCHERS AT INTERNATIONAL HIGH TECHNOLOGY AND NU ENERGY HORIZONS HAVE DEVELOPED ENERGY PRODUCING DEVICES AND MACHINES FOR MANKIND WHICH WILL CHANGE THE WAY PEOPLE ENERGIZE APPLIANCES AND OTHER DEVICES THAT REQUIRE ELECTRICAL POWER. COMPLICATED. THE PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION FOR THE TWO LATTER MACHINES IS NOT WELL KNOWN.2/23/2010 Calvin Bahlmann's Power Wheel AMENDED VERSION OF A PRESENTATION GIVEN AT EXOTIC RESEARCH CONFERENCE IN MESA ARIZONA JULY 26. ONE FOR SOLID STATE OR NON-INDUCTIVE LOADS AND ONE FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS. WIMHURST INFLUENCE MACHINES. UNPRODUCTIVE AVENUES WITH FEW ANSWERS. TEXAS POWER FROM ROTATING DISC MACHINES WIMHURST * THESTA-DISTATICA * POWER WHEEL THIS PAPER DISCUSSES THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY PRODUCING ROTATING DISC MACHINES. THESE QUESTIONS REMAIN. LIGHTING REQUIRES A LESS EXPENSIVE POWER UNIT THAN ONE FOR INDUCTIVE LOADS SUCH AS MOTORS.

SMALL TO MEDIUM SIZE WIMHURST MACHINE OUTPUT CAN BE FROM 10KV TO 75KV AND HIGHER. TO UNDERSTAND THE OPERATING PRINCIPLE OF THE WONDER MACHINE WE MUST USE THE * VIDEO AS A REFERENCE AND EVALUATE WHAT WAS PRESENTED. BOTH BELTS WERE ON THE COMMON CRANK SHAFT BUT. THE ANTENNA KEYS WAS SIMPLY A MEANS OF IMPRESSING THE ELECTROSTATIC ENERGY FROM THE AIR ONTO THE ROTATING DISC. WHIMHURST INFLUENCE MACHINE DESIGN FEATURES THE FOLLOWING DESCRIPTION OF A WIMHURST MACHINE IS ELEMENTARY. DIAMETER OF EACH DISC AND SPEED OF ROTATION DETERMINE OUTPUT. FOUR PULLEYS AND TWO BELTS CONNECTED TO A COMMON CRANK SHAFT MADE THE DISCS ROTATE. THE PREPRODUCTION PHASE OF THE MANUFACTURING PROCESS IS NEAR COMPLETION. THE WIMHURST MACHINE HAD LITTLE USE EXCEPT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ELECTRO-THERAPUTIC MEDICAL APPLICATIONS. 1 SHOWS A BASIC WIMHURST MACHINE. BUT WITH ROTATING DISCS THAT ALSO PRODUCES ENERGY FROM COUNTER ROTATION. "ANTENNA KEYS". A PUBLICATION OF McGRAW-HILL PUBLISHING CO. PAUL BAUMANN BUILT THE FIRST TD WITH PRIMITIVE MATERIALS WHILE HE WAS IN PRISON.htm 2/6 .2/23/2010 Calvin Bahlmann's Power Wheel THE POWER WHEEL AND OTHER SOLID STATE ENERGY PRODUCING DEVICES ARE NOW A REALITY IN THE LABS OF INTERNATIONAL HIGH TECHNOLOGY AND NU ENERGY HORIZONS.A. THE VIDEO NARRATOR MADE AN INTERESTING STATEMENT. I:/HD_M/…/PowerWheel. THE PRINCIPLE IS SIMILAR TO TESLA'S RADIANT ENERGY COLLECTOR. THE ELECTRICAL CHARGE FROM THE DISCS WAS COLLECTED BY COMBS AND STORED IN ACCUMULATORS (LEYDEN JARS. MANY VIEWS OF THE TD WERE SHOWN AND MENTION WAS MADE OF A DEVICE CALLED. THE ORIGINAL WIMHURST MACHINES WERE TURNED BY HAND. THE WIMHURST MACHINE USES COUNTER-ROTATING DISCS THAT ROTATE AT BETWEEN 2. FORD. NO GROUND WIRE WAS SHOWN. AND AVAILABLE FROM LINDSAY BOOKS. CAPACITORS). SWITZERLAND. THESE EFFICIENT MACHINES WILL BE THE MOST MAGNIFICENT MACHINES THE WORLD HAS EVER SEEN. THE PEOPLE OF MERTHERNITHA COMMUNITY WERE SECRETIVE ABOUT THEIR INVENTION AND OBVIOUSLY DID NOT REVEAL ALL TO THE VIEWER. THIS WOULD ENHANCE THE TOTAL OUTPUT OF THE TD.000 RPM FOR BEST OUTPUT. ONE BELT WAS TWISTED 180 DEGREES SO IT WOULD TURN ONE DISC IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION OF THE OTHER. FIG. "ONE DISC REPRESENTS THE CLOUDS AND THE OTHER REPRESENTS THE EARTH. THE INVENTOR PAUL BAUMANN WAS A SKILLED CLOCKMAKER AND WATCHMAKER BEFORE HE BECAME A RESIDENT OF THE MERTHERNITHA COMMUNITY. THE VIDEO SHOWED A SINGLE WIRE ON LARGE INSULATORS WHICH WOULD REPRESENT THE CLOUDS OR ANTENNA." IN SIMPLE TERMS IT MEANT ANTENNA AND GROUND. THESTA-DISTATICA (TD) THE WONDER MACHINE DESIGN FEATURES THE SWISS THESTA-DISTATICA IS A MODIFIED WIMHURST DEVICE OR A CONDENSER MACHINE BUILT BY PAUL BAUMANN AT THE SPIRITUAL COMMUNITY MERTHERNITHA IN LINDEN. MACHINE CONSTRUCTION. BUT PROBABLY CAME THROUGH THE BASE OT THE MACHINE AND COULD NOT BE SEEN IN A PICTURE. WEATHER CONDITIONS. FOR A DETAILED DESCRIPTION SEE "HOMEMADE LIGHTNING" BY R.000 AND 3.

FIG.htm 3/6 . BOX 22 RUMNEY.O. NH 03266 PACK ARE AVAILABLE FROM NU KEY POINTS TO CONSIDER WHEN STUDYING THE WONDER MACHINE THESTA DISTATICA: (I) MERTHERNITHA WAS A SPIRITUAL COMMUNITY AND DID NOT HAVE VIEWPOINTS COMMON TO MOST OUTSIDERS. P. TO "THOROUGHLY UNDERSTAND" THE WONDER MACHINE AND THE PEOPLE WHO DESIGNED IT WE MUST HAVE THE SAME BELIEFS LIFESTYLE AND VALUES AS THEY DID OR WE MUST UNDERSTAND THEIR WAY OF LIVING.2/23/2010 Calvin Bahlmann's Power Wheel * COPIES OF THE VIDEO AND THE THESTA-DISTATICA INFO ENERGY HORIZONS. 1 WIMHURST MACHINE I:/HD_M/…/PowerWheel.

TO EFFICIENTLY ENERGIZE THE POWER WHEEL A BANK OF 50 CAPTURE CAPACITORS CONNECTED IN SERIES PARALLEL ARE NEEDED FOR AN OUTPUT OF 10. (3) MUCH HAS BEEN WRITTEN ABOUT THESTA-DISTATICA AND ONE CAN BE EASILY CONFUSED.htm 4/6 . ELECTRONICS AND MATH. A BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE TD AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT IS SHOWN IN FIG. IN LATE JULY 1998 WAS NOT A WIMHURST TYPE MACHINE. 2 THESTA-DISTATICA REMEMBER THE AUTHOR USED THE WORDS. ELECTRONIC OR MECHANICAL. THE POWER WHEEL ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WAS BASED ON A 3 VOLT INPUT TO DRIVE THE SMALL MOTOR AND THE DUAL HIGH VOLTAGE MODULES.5 VDC OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE." MANY BUT THEY DO NOT PEOPLE DO UNDERSTAND (2) PAUL BAUMANN WAS NOT EDUCATED IN THE SCHOOLS OF MODERN SCIENCE CHEMISTRY.2/23/2010 Calvin Bahlmann's Power Wheel FIG. EIGHT LIQUID CAPTURE CAPACITORS (C-CAPS) WERE USED AS A PART OF THE INPUT ENERGY. AS MOST PEOPLE KNOW A TIMEPIECE (WATCH OR CLOCK) REQUIRES PERFECT SPEED REGULATION FOR ACCURATE TIME WHETHER IT BE ELECTRICAL. 2 POWERWHEEL DESIGN FEATURES THE POWER WHEEL DEMONSTRATED AT EXOTIC RESEARCH CONFERENCE MESA. WHEN THE DRIVE MOTOR AND THE HIGH VOLTAGE MODULES ARE CONNECTED THE VOLTAGE DROPS TO I:/HD_M/…/PowerWheel. HEAVEN AND EARTH AND HAD A DEEP FAITH IN A CREATOR GOD WHO HE BELIEVED COULD GIVE SUPERNATURAL WISDOM TO CHOSEN ONES. PAUL BAUMANN WAS A SKILLED CLOCKMAKER AND WATCHMAKER. PAUL BAUMANN STUDIED NATURE. PHYSICS. AZ. "THOROUGHLY UNDERSTAND SOME THINGS ABOUT THE WONDER MACHINE EVERYTHING NOR DOES THE AUTHOR CLAIM TO. THE SWISS FREQUENCY STANDARD FOR ELECTRICAL DEVICES IS 50 CYCLES AND IT HAS BEEN STATED THAT THE TD ROTATED AT 50 RPM. UNDERSTAND. HE CLAIMED TO HAVE HAD VISITATIONS FROM SUPERNATURAL ENTITIES (ANGELS? ). BUT IF YOU PAY ATTENTION THE FACTS CAN BE SORTED OUT.

BUT THEY WANT TOTAL CONTROL IF THEY PROVIDE FUNDING NO MATTER HOW SMALL THE AMOUNT. LIQUID C-CAPS DEVELOPED BY INTERNATIONAL HIGH TECHNOLOGY USED IN THE POWER WHEEL DEMONSTRATION ARE WATER BASED AND USED A FORMULA WITH NUMEROUS ELEMENTS IN VARIOUS PROPORTIONS. WE DO NOT HAVE TIME TO REPAIR EQUIPMENT. GOVERNMENTS AROUND THE WORLD ARE IN TROUBLE POCKETBOOK. WE ARE DEDICATED WITH A PASSION TO DEVELOP NEW ENERGY DEVICES FOR THE WORLD. BUT WHEN THE LOAD IS REMOVED THE C-CAPS GO BACK TO THEIR ORIGINAL NO LOAD OUTPUT. PLEASE NO JUNK. WE HAVE NEVER ASKED FOR HELP FROM ANYONE. THE HIGH VOLTAGE MODULE OUTPUT IS 360 TO 380 VDC. THE OUTPUT DOES DROP UNDER FULL LOAD. EACH C-CAP HAS AN OUTPUT OF 1.4 VDC CONTINUALLY. WE DESPERATELY NEED YOUR SUPPORT IN BRINGING THIS NEW TECHNOLOGY TO THE PEOPLE.. THESE MODULES CAN LIGHT (2) 15 WATT 110 VOLT LAMPS IN SERIES AT FULL BRIGHTNESS WITH A PULSATING OUTPUT EVERY 15 SECONDS. NOW IT IS YOUR TURN TO HELP US. THE C-CAPS TAKE 1 WEEK TO STABILIZE AND PRODUCE FULL POWER.htm 5/6 .2 TO 1. WE ARE PLANNING A LABORATORY WITH GOOD TEST EQUIPMENT. ALL FUNDING HAS BEEN FROM OUR OWN RESOURCES AND THOSE ARE NEARLY EXHAUSTED. WE HAVE SENT OUT MANY FREE SAMPLES AND MUCH FREE LITERATURE VIA THE INTERNET. THE POWER WHEEL DEMONSTRATION ALSO INCLUDED LIGHTING A 270 VOLT 175 WATT STREET LAMP MOMENTARILY EVERY 20 SECONDS. OF DISTILLED WATER (STORE BRAND) TO THE WATER WAS ADDED 1/2 TEASPOON (2.8 VDC. EACH C-CAP USED 4 OZ. IF YOU HAVE ACCESS TO GOOD TEST EQUIPMENT AND COULD DONATE IT PLEASE CONTACT BRUCE A.. FOR FREEDOM CAN YOU HELP US? CONTACT INTERNATIONAL HIGH TECHNOLOGY THROUGH NU ENERGY HORIZONS ON THE INTERNET OR WRITE TO THE ADDRESS BELOW. CURRENT NEEDED TO DRIVE THE COMPLETE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AT FULL LOAD 15 300-500 MILLIAMPS. BUT IT IS PROBABLY A DREAM THAT WILL NOT COME TO PASS UNLESS YOU HELP. AND YOU WILL SOON FEEL IT IN YOUR WRITE TO: INTERNATIONAL HIGH TECHNOLOGY RT.5 ML) OF DRY MIX WHICH INCLUDED A FRITTED SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL AND ABOUT 12 OTHER PROPRIETARY MATERIALS. CAPTURE CAPACITORS INVENTED BY BRUCE PERREAULT USE A UNIQUE METHOD OF SELF RECHARGING... LET US KNOW WHAT YOU CAN DO.2/23/2010 Calvin Bahlmann's Power Wheel APPROXIMATELY 2. 3. BUT THE TIME IS SO SHORT AND THE POWERS THAT BE ARE BREATHING DOWN OUR NECKS. WE ARE NOT GREEDY PEOPLE. MANY OFFERS OF FUNDING ARE AVAILABLE. THE ORIGINAL C-CAPS WERE BASED ON RADIOACTIVE EMANATIONS. BOX 103 SHINER. TEXAS 77984 USA I:/HD_M/…/PowerWheel. PERREAULT AT NU ENERGY HORIZONS.

2/23/2010 Calvin Bahlmann's Power Wheel or NU ENERGY HORIZONS POST OFFICE BOX 22 RUMNEY. NEW HAMPSHIRE 03266 USA I:/HD_M/…/PowerWheel.htm 6/6 .

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For simplicity we will use the units of MeV for both masses and energies. we will do a massenergy balance calculation for this equation.06 MeV as a minimum to make this reaction possible. using the famous relation between mass and energy. + 0n1 → 32Ge77 77 77 (2. E= M C2 .E. The average energy per decay will be lower. this is only the maximum possible energy available for this decay mode. Later in the paper. This type beta of radiation is also easily converted directly to electrical current. where 1 atomic mass unit (amu) = 931.494 MeV.564464 MeV (n)} ------------------------------------------------------------------------= 6. The produced neutron is then used in a second reaction to produce several mega-electron Volts of energy in beta emissions. but it is still a large amount of energy. Since part of the energy is taken away in the form of a neutrino.9813 MeV (Ge72) + 3728.2914 MeV (Se75) + 939. so it is easily shielded. Ph.40068 MeV (He4) – {70718.702 MeV max) 32Ge → 33As + beta 77 77 33As → 34Se stable + beta (682 MeV max) 32Ge 76 Equation 2 Equation 3 Equation 4 These equations show that a single neutron absorption liberates an enormous amount of energy in the form of beta decay. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief explanation of the calculations of nuclear energies in the patent entitled “ALPHA FUSION ELECTRICAL ENERGY VALVE” by Bruce Perreault.D.06 MeV This equation has more mass on the right hand side. The device claims to get at least some of its energy from the specified nuclear reactions. it will be shown that there are alpha emitters that are capable of supplying much more energy than this. for personal safety. E.Calculations for “ALPHA FUSION ELECTRICAL ENERGY VALVE” By Reginald Jaynes. Below in equation 1. 32Ge 72 + 2He4 (high energy alpha) → 34Se75 + 0n1 Equation 1 To calculate the lowest possible threshold for this reaction to occur. and is also not very penetrating radiation. is a reaction cited as an alpha fusion reaction that is important for the energy generation process in the patent. and thus allowing this reaction to happen. 66994. The alpha fusion reaction uses the energy of naturally decaying isotopes of alpha emitting material to provide the energy for nuclear fusion. so this reaction is endothermic and requires 6. .

41 MeV The Rn220 daughter elements Po216. .95 MeV 6. Po218.40 MeV 6.20 MeV Alpha Energy 5.83 MeV 3.87 MeV 7.90 MeV 8.79 MeV 5. are reactions that will generate a substantial amount of energy.06 MeV. as required for equation 1.59 MeV 6. The second part of the energy reactions we will look at. Conclusion According to the calculation of energies present above. Thorium 232 Rn220 Po216 Po212 Bi212 Uranium 238 Rn222 Po218 At218 Rn218 Bi214 Po214 Pb210 Bi210 Po210 Alpha energy 6.A second important reaction stated in the patent is the following alpha fusion reaction.26 MeV 5. which can be utilized in a nuclear type battery to provide electrical power. and Bi212 of the Thorium232 decay series all have energies above 6. At218. and Po214 of the Uranium 238 decay series all have energies in excess of what is required for equation 1. Po212. are concerning the production and utilization of alpha radiation.11 MeV 6. 4Be 9 + 2He4 (high energy alpha particle) → 6C12 + 0n1 (fast neutron) Equation 5 This reaction is actually exothermic and releases 5. It is found that the daughter isotopes of radon are actually more energetic than radon itself. and are energetically capable of producing (Equation 1). Rn218.61 MeV 7. and the corresponding alpha energies associated with each alpha decay. Below is a table of decay products of thorium and uranium. In addition.03 MeV 5.70 MeV in addition to the initial energy of the alpha particle (on the order of another 5+ MeV). This alpha radiation is produced from radon and its decay products. it appears that nuclear reactions presented in the patent entitled “ALPHA FUSION ELECTRICAL ENERGY VALVE” by Bruce Perreault.

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Where. In the Alfred Hubbard coil pre-glow discharge flowed through electrical contacts. the quantity of radiant energy is greatly increased when the plasma field occurs between the inter-electrode couple of two differing electrical conductors. or metal vapor ion. such as mercury. discharge tube that was the heart of his radiant energy receiver. The plasma glow discharge conserves energy. 3.S. Patents No. Britten's valve was said to have lit up his home in the 1930's according to a local newspaper article. their electrons can generate electrical oscillations of high frequency (radiant energy).S. It is said that he got up to five times more energy out of his device than what he put into it. It is the pre-glow discharge. the negative charge on the wire in the ion valve negatively ionizes any gas that contacts it.661. "E" electromotive force (ionic voltage). "I" represents the electrons (amperage).540.826.January 2004 . 4. the most torque was obtained. The "sea electron model" helps to explain this effect. Alexander Chernetski experimented with what appears to have been a type of ion valve that was filled with hydrogen gas. Edwin Gray was granted U. The report on the Hans Coler device released by the British Government indicates that there is excess energy released when electrical contacts are opened and closed. Henceforth. He solved this problem by replacing the spark gaps with a controlled switching tube.595. Thomas Moray invented a glowing. I have found that radiant energy is generated when a plasma field is in contact with the atoms of an electrical conductor. the ions violently oscillate. The model suggests that metal atoms be bathed in a sea of electrons. Patent No.From Page 36 Free Energy Common Thread There appears to be a common thread shared between several alternative energy devices. 1. we find that the capacitive discharge between the anode and cathode in this switching tube wastes energy by generating heat losses that are not recovered. and thereafter.2/23/2010 Free Energy Common Thread Excerpted From Harnessing Cosmic Energy Revised and Expanded . 253. The Lester Hendershot device utilized a buzzer circuit with opening and closing electrical contacts. During this union. Correa obtained patents for their pulsed pre-glow discharge system that recovers energy and recharges its battery power source. His invention utilized a spark gap driven high frequency tuned resonant system. which lighted fifty sixty-watt carbon lamps with an input of only five hundred watts. I:/…/page_36_from_harnessing_cosmi… 1/2 . 4. If this model is taken one step further it can be illustrated that if metallic atoms become dissociated from each other. Hermann Plauson was granted U. 1. On close examination. at which time. Patent No.747 describes this tube in detail. The problem was that the high energy arcing would wear down the spark gaps rather quickly. charge neutralization occurs. Discharge occurred when the magnetic fields of the rotor and stator coils were in complete alignment. and "P" the power generated.S.998 that used spark gaps to convert atmospheric energy. It is an effective energy quenching mechanism. This motor ran efficiently by instantly discharging the energy stored in capacitors via spark gaps.727. Most importantly.765 that detailed his invention. It was designed to eliminate spark gap wear. His U. According to the sea electron model.548 for his spark gap driven capacitive discharge motor. It becomes clear that the freed electrons can give amperage back to the electrical circuit to which generated its free state. a distributor cap and radium soaked spark plug. metals are bonded to each other through electron sharing. Paulo N. cold cathode.975 and No. Frank Wyatt Prentice was granted Canadian Patent No. a violent union of the two oppositely charged ions occurs. When a gas or metal vapor ion carries an excess electron and hits head-on with a positively charged onrushing gas. This occurs because the electrons no longer take part in the inter-atomic binding force that existed before the dissociation took place. In the embodiment in Figure 3. Chancy Britten used ion valves constructed with a central wire that was surrounded by a coil of wire which is described in his US Patent No. These ions rush towards the positively charged cylinder. the equation I x E = P holds true in this system.890. Correa and Alexander N.

New Hampshire 03266-0022 USA Copyright © 2004. Rumney. Box 22.2/23/2010 Free Energy Common Thread ™ Nu Energy Horizons Alternative Energy Research Nu Energy Horizons. O. P. All Rights Reserved I:/…/page_36_from_harnessing_cosmi… 2/2 .

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O. New Hampshire 03266-0022 USA Copyright © 2008. If you have seen those old clock dials glowing in the dark or the glow in the dark stuff made for gun sites or even the exit signs on commercial airplanes. Provide a copper or graphite electrode opposite to the silver electrode and you have yourself an electrical potential difference between the two electrodes. such as radium chloride. This is a sad situation that needs to be corrected if we are ever to free ourselves from the grips of the petroleum fuel cartels. light generating phosphor compounds are now used in glow in the dark paints. react with zinc sulfide resulting in the production of visible light energy. but two. because two conversion stages are present. Bruce A. What really baffles me is that a true direct conversion process is not apparent to learned men and women of science. to understand how we can convert radiant energy into electrical power we must understand that it was a term often used in the early days of nuclear science to describe the energy that is generated from the atomic disintegration of matter to the man or lady on the street. such as beryllium. therefore. The radioactive particles emitted from the decay of a radium salt. H. Self-luminous radium paint consisted of a triboluminescent zinc sulfide compound. Perreault. Moray used when describing the energy source that his energy device utilized. Energy is released in the form of a fast neutron. How much power can be obtained from this process is beyond the scope of this report. you can begin to understand how radiant energy can be converted to electrical current. More efficient. Rumney. Today. only a one-stage conversion process will convert radioactive decay immediately and therefore directly into electrical energy. All Rights Reserved . Any offers to provide power calculations are welcome. It is just this simple to convert radiant energy (radiation) directly into electrical current. which emits electrons from the direct contact with alpha particles? Lead sulfide (galena) can also be used with good results. Box 22. However. This tells me that they can only think from what they have read in the textbooks that are fed to them. It is a simple matter of converting radioactive decay (radiant energy) into electrical energy instead of light as is seen being done by the glow in the dark paints. causing friction as they pass through it. P. Strictly speaking. Attach an electrical load across the electrodes and you have electrical current. If there is a second stage then it is not a direct conversion process. contrary to what is stated in text books. To generate electrical current. anyone up to the challenge. using the light produced. An alpha particle from radium has enough energy to fuse with a beryllium atom. The term ‘radiant energy’ is a synonym for ‘radioactive decay’ that T. it is not a “direct” process. Perreault October 28th. This has been called a direct conversion process which converts atomic energy into an electrical current. with a minute amount of radium compound added to it. not one. Why not mix a small amount of alpha particle emitting radium salt with something like germanium. The light emitted from radiation-doped phosphors is used to illuminate semi-conductive materials to generate electrical energy but the efficiency has been very low. it is not direct. a tritium salt replaces the radium salt that was used in early glow in the dark compounds.The Conversion of "Radiant Energy" to Electrical Energy is NOT Complex By Bruce A. We can amplify the direct conversion process that I have pointed out by introducing our alpha particles to a light element. 2008 First of all. Triboluminescent-zinc generates light energy when energetic alpha particles course their way through this substance. in conjunction with a solar cell configuration has proven to be highly inefficient because it is not a direct conversion process. Impinge this fast neutron on a silver electrode and you have electrons. This is because radium is no longer commercially produced. The old radium clock dials used a radium salt as their source of radioactive matter and a zinc sulfide phosphor compound. typically around 5%.

2/23/2010 Submultiple Generator SUBMULTIPLE GENERATOR Lower frequencies can be obtained from a source of high frequency by what was called a "submultiple generator" in the mid 1920's to 1930's. by the action of its tenth harmonic. It was a well-known fact that two oscillating triode circuits had a tendency to pull into synchronization with each other. then the tenth harmonic of the unstable oscillator would synchronize exactly with the impressed 100. O. there was obtained 1. would then oscillate at exactly 10. another unstable generator may have its plate circuit tuned for 1.000cycle power. Reference Electron Tubes by John H. 1933 Nu Energy Technologies Research & Development Webpage Nu Energy Technologies. Thus suppose that this unstable oscillator was adjusted for about 10.000 cycles.000 cycles to 10.000 cycles. if an oscillating triode. Now. New Hampshire 03266-0022 USA Copyright © 2001.000-cycle crystal held its frequency. was weakly coupled from plate to grid so that it was more or less unstable.org/…/submultiple_generato… 1/1 .000-cycle power.000-cycle crystal which was acting as the driver of the two submultiple generators. of course) would stay together as well as if they were mechanically geared. had its bias so arranged that the plate current was full of harmonics.000 cycles and that the 100. Box 22. even with weak coupling.000-cycle power from a crystal oscillator was impressed on its plate. and its bias adjusted to give a plate current rich in harmonics. the circuit would synchronize itself with another having the frequency of one of its harmonics. with stronger coupling the effect was greater. P.000 cycles. All Rights Reserved nuenergy.000-cycle power.000-cycle generator was coupled to its plate it would synchronize with the10. The two circuits so synchronized (100. Morecroft.000 cycles. to the same degree of constancy as the 100. the latter with a pronounced tenth harmonic. then if the 10. tuned for 10. Rumney. Now. ScD. the accuracy of the frequency being the same as that of the 100. The plate circuit of the unstable generator. Thus.

UT Table of Contents Introduction Foreword Chapter 1 ~ Early years Chapter 2 ~ Radiant Energy in Earnest Chapter 3 ~ Frienemies Chapter 4 ~ Moray Products Company Chapter 5 ~ Patents Chapter 6 ~ Government Support Chapter 7 ~ A New Era of Energy Chapter 8 ~ Reactions by Means of Electron Excitation Chapter 9 ~ Dissociation of Matter Chapter 10 ~ Energy by Resonance Chapter 11 ~ Conclusion References Appendix I Appendix II Appendix III Appendix IV Appendix V Appendix VI nuenergy.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 1/21 .2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray .The Sea of En… The Sea of Energy [ Excerpts from the 5th edition The Sea of Energy in Which the Earth Floats ] by Thomas Henry Moray 1978 Edition: Cosray Research Institute. Salt Lake City.

Radiant Energy is particles of energy.The term Moray has used to describe that source of energy coming from the cosmos to earth and radiating from the earth back from whence it came. like radiant particles of matter. 21] In 1912 he was called to go on a mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. just as light is wavelengths and particles are comparable to the electron and magneton: a ring of negative electricity traveling in a vortex with the speed of light. In the evolution of energy and the evolution of matter these particles of matter and energy (one and the same) manifest under certain conditions as pure energy and under others as pure matter. By fall of 1910 I had sufficient power to operate a small electrical device. and material from the side of a hill. taking them home to try each as a detector for his energy machine. and under a visitor's visa was allowed to enter Sweden during the Exhibition of 1912 in Stockholm… In his notebook. [ * This "valve-like detector" is what led Henry to do research in semi-conductive materials. Henry included a memo that he had obtained material from a railroad car at Abisco. white stone-like substance might make a good "valve-like detector"*." [p. Chapter 1 The Early Years [p. He made electric tests of these materials. but were surgings --. Radiant Energy from the cosmos. each quantum having energy and momentum where the electron revolves around the proton at a distance equal to the electron radius.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 2/21 . and nuenergy. and I did not seem to make any further improvement until the spring of 1925. and I made a demonstration of my idea to two friends… This demonstration in the early stages consisted of operating a miniature arc light… It soon became evident that the energy was not static and that the static of the universe would be of no assistance to me in obtaining the power I was seeking… During the Christmas Holidays of 1911. but of an oscillating nature. Further I realized that the energy was not coming out of the earth.like the waves of the sea --. but always coming in vibrations from the reservoir of colossal energy out there in space. but instead was coming to the earth from some outside source. By this time I was able to obtain enough power to light the old 16-candlepower carbon lamp for about one half capacity. being composed of an infinitesimal quantity whose behaviors are described by mathematical equations similar to those used for describing electrical waves. Sweden the previous summer. 1913. Radiant Energy is a means of using the energy released by the fissionable reactions taking place in the stellar crucibles of the universe.The Sea of En… Figures Introduction [ 4th Edition ] RADIANT ENERGY --. This is the energy the Moray device captures and could be described as those particles of energy pervading all space. These electrical oscillations in the form of waves were not simple oscillations. dated November 1. keeping in mind to differentiate between wavelength and frequency. as I termed it. more in the daytime than at night.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . kinetic and exercised in wave transmission and rendered sensible by conversion of its energy into a detectable frequency.coming to the earth continually. 20] "I started my experiments with the taking of electricity from the ground. during the summer of 1909. I began to fully realize that the energy I was working with was not of a static nature. In the final analysis. streams of energy quanta. Tests indicated that this soft. To summarize: Radiant Energy as herein used is that energy existing in the luminiferous medium of the universe.

He assumed at first that this energy came from the earth. 35] The following is [excerpted from] a booklet printed about 1932. though it has not been identified or proven. It was connected again and the light reappeared.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . has been theorized by many researchers… [p. only that if he very carefully built the device according to his calculations. The Radiant Energy device operation is shown in Figure 54. if kinetic --.then it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very wheelwork of nature. This high frequency electrical energy produced up to 250. A motor can be operated but must be designed for high frequency. 31] Henry Moray demonstrated that energy was available by its actions on a resistive load. intermolecular space as well as terrestrial and celestial space." [ p. our hopes are in vain. such as a flat-iron or a space heater. I was able to lightwatt type CGE lamp to full capacity and also to heat to the sizzling point an old style Hotpoint electric flat iron which consumed 655 watts. the antenna being about 100 feet from the house. We drove a new ground at a spot nuenergy. our machinery will be driven by a power obtainable at any point in the universe… Throughout space there is energy. Finally he began to believe that it was present throughout all space. Mr Judd timed me to see how long it would take to bring in the light.000 volts and it lighted a brighter light than witnesses had ever before seen. This energy is fed into a load to give either heat/light. 22] "Silver wire used on stone makes a rectifier. erected an antenna upon the roof of the coop.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 3/21 . Internally the device was electrically dead when it had not been connected and tuned to the antenna. in which he used an antenna and a ground connected to his solid state RE device… He was able to show that none of the energy came from within his device.000 watts of power and worked for long periods of time…. I then put the machine together in his presence and the device was then started. the number of watts produced can be calculated as equal to the number of watts consumed. the device would draw electrical energy. entitled "Brief History of Moray Radiant Device": The largest instrument being about 6 inches high and circular in shape and about 8 inches in diameter… We went out on the roof of the chicken coop carrying the device on a small drafting board. or power. experimenting with AC currents of high potential and high frequency. When his device was set up. Nicola Tesla.The Sea of En… from this soft white stone he developed his first Moray valve and the Moray valve that was used in some of the early Radiant Energy devices] [p. He did not necessarily understand how his detectors operated." Chapter 2 Radiant Energy In Earnest [p. Such as transmission lines or radio. he could connect it to an antenna and ground. The device produced up to 50. A resistive load is directly proportional to the amount of energy delivered to it. The light went out. 32] As early as 1904. Mr Judd had me move the drafting board from place to place and I also had him examine the inside of the coop for hidden equipment. He assumed at first that this energy was electromagnetic in origin. This device worked many miles from any known source of electrical energy. But later he believed it was from the universe. Heavy loads could be connected to the device without dimming the lights that were already connected to it. however. He was able to demonstrate the existence of an energy that today. We pulled the main line switches in the house before going out upon the roof.and this we know it is for certain --. and by lighting lights. said: "Ere many generations pass. In heating a heater or lighting a light. it worked. Is this energy static or kinetic? If static. he never claimed that it was electromagnetic in nature. Mr Judd asked me to take off the antenna. and by priming it first and then tuning it as he primed it.

aside from the antenna and ground wires.The Sea of En… selected by Mr Judd. There were also several posts for connecting wires on the baseboard… When all of the wires connections were made and everything was in readiness Mr Moray began tuning in… Before tuning in he placed the key on the post: he said it would be in contact with while the light burns but no light appeared. consisted of a brown box about the size of a butter box. He also disconnected the ground wire and the light went out. Everything else I let them examine to their hearts' content. a switch near the middle and a receptacle for an electric light globe at the other end. I [T. After tuning in for slightly more than 10 minutes the key was put on the operating post and the light appeared immediately… Mr Moray put the key on the operating post two or three times before during the tuning in operation but no light appeared… We allowed the light to burn for 15 minutes… The brilliancy of the light. He connected it again and the light appeared. Such a battery would be worthwhile". another unpainted box slightly smaller. without fluctuations of any kind. 40] "The antenna wire was put up without any aid or instructions whatever from Mr Moray. a distance of 3 or 4 miles. which Mr Moray referred to as containing the tubes. And a metal baseboard about 14" x 4" x 1" containing what appeared to be a magnet at one end.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 4/21 . but that if I would take the device out in the mountains away from all power lines. The ground pipe was of 1/2-inch water pipe consisting of two sections. which was about 4 feet long. except that he suggested that the wire be stretched tighter to prevent so much sag at the center. I helped Mr Moray solder the connection[s]. A piece of wire about 2 feet long connected each insulator with the pole. The lead-in wire was fastened to the antenna wire at a point about 10 or 15 feet from the east pole.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray .. While the light was burning Mr Moray disconnected the antenna lead-in wire from the apparatus and the light went out." [p. "If that part is able to make such power itself it's some device and worth selling. were some of the remarks passed… nuenergy. was screwed on with a wrench and the pipe further driven down until it struck a hard object… I judge about 7 feet of pipe was in the ground. He then connected it and the light appeared again. and it would then operate he would then acknowledge that it could not be induction and that his theory was wrong and mine right… At last they decided to go up Emigration Canyon. The lower section was pointed at the end to make its driving into the creek bed easy. 37] Dr Eyring found no fault with the demonstration and the worst that he could say about it was that it might be induction. The antenna wire was insulated from the poles with two glass insulators about 6 inches long and having holes in both ends. I stepped the distance between the two antenna poles and estimated it to be 87 feet… Mr Moray's equipment. This part I cut off and put in my vest pocket. It was about 6 feet long and after being driven down about 5 feet the second section. The tuning in consisted of stroking the end of a magnet across two metal projections protruding from what I referred to above as being a magnet. This was done and the wire then appeared to clear the ground by about 7 or 8 feet at its lowest point. made a connection over to a new ground and the light burned dim but came brighter and brighter as the new ground was driven deeper and deeper… [p. 42] [In another demonstration]. It was an even light. 36] Whenever the ground or antenna is left disconnected too long the device becomes electrically dead and must be retuned in order to obtain the energy… [ p.. as there are no power lines in that canyon… All three gentlemen were very well satisfied and pleased with what they saw… [p. a 100-watt globe… was about 75% as bright as a 100-watt globe connected to an ordinary house socket in my opinion. Moray] opened the device and let them see everything except one small part that I was able to place my hand over and hide in my fist. a fiber board box about 6" x 4" x 4".

from which protrude two poles about 1/4-inch in diameter. and in the other a 100 watt globe… Dr Moray then took a magnet. and well insulated. On the upper box was lying an insulating panel about an inch thick by 15 inches long and 3 inches wide. 49] Salt Lake City. Utah. 1929): It is now more than 2 years since I first became acquainted with Dr T.The Sea of En… [p. The aerial used is about 200 feet long and is about 80 feet above the ground: the wire is a copper cable approximately a fourth inch in diameter.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . On this were two binding posts that were connectible by means of a small switch. one on top of the other. but not long enough to lose the light. as has been demonstrated by taking the apparatus more than 26 miles from the nearest power line and over a hundred miles from the nearest radio station and showing that it operates just as well as anywhere else. which was a very broad. and two tubes in them but nothing else.878 of a horsepower or slightly more than 7/8 horsepower. both were closed and the covers fastened with screws. the detector. making a total of 675 watts. it is very evident that no batteries could sustain such a drain as this. He has also worked out numerous radio hookups which eliminate many of the parts now nuenergy. There were two boxes about 10 by 20 by 4 inches. Nothing that in the least resembled a battery. H. short limbed U. and in tat time he has demonstrated inventive ability of an exceptional order. and began to stroke one pole of it on the poles in the taped body: Mr Jensen placed his fingers on the binding posts several times. He has also invented a very sensitive sound detector whereby it is possible to hear conversations carried on in an ordinary tome of voice at a distance of several blocks. The device was assembled in a trunk through the sides of which were holes for the connections to ground and to the antenna and for observation. The ground is the water pipe in the basement of Dr Moray's home. 54] To All Whom It May Concern (June 25. as has been suggested by some.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 5/21 . This device was subjected to an endurance test in which it was operated continuously for a week. a moderate blow with a hammer whereupon the light flickered and went off. A double receptacle for light globes was connected in the circuit. a transformer. also mounted on this panel is a body about 2-1/2-inches square. October 10. it is of slate or hard rubber or some material of similar appearance. nor is it derived from radio stations. apparently of sift iron. In one of which was a 20-watt globe. and at the end of that time a 100watt lamp was lighted simultaneously with the heating of a 575 watt standard Hotpoint flat iron. Mr Moray then threw the switch and the globes lighted… As a further proof that the conversion of the energy was due to the mechanism in the box. Perhaps the most wonderful of his inventions is a device whereby he is able to draw electric power from an antenna. wrapped in friction tape. This energy is not derived by induction from power lines. there were condensers. Moray and the work he is carrying on. In disconnecting and connecting the antenna wire a flash of electricity could always be seen at the connecting point… [p. This alone is sufficient to dispose of any suggestion of a battery… [p. 48] On several occasions Dr Moray would disconnect the antenna wire momentarily. inasmuch as a horsepower is but 746 watts this equals 0. The boxes in which the mechanism had been hosed during the test were opened and the contents examined. due to the detector being shaken out of adjustment. the said holes were about one-half inch in diameter. Dr Moray hit the table on which the trunk was standing. It is to be noted that after a total run of 158 hours the device supplied 635 watts. 1928 ~ To Whom It May Concern: Below is a report of my observation of the Moray cosmic energy device. and at last received a rather vigorous shock.

yet there is no diminution in quality or volume.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 6/21 .55] You asked some questions at that time that I could not answer on account of my lack of knowledge. When he described the action of his germanium mixture to the two physicists [Carl Eyring and Harvey Fletcher]. and numerous other devices which show great ingenuity. and that was in regard to the setup of the six 100-watt lamps. There was one thing in particular that you asked about and that I know I did not make clear in my answer. Another thing that you asked me about was the measuring of the voltage or amperage. Signed. PhD. Hayes. this taking the terrific high voltage to the transformer. I am trying to say to you that this is a terrific high voltage. You asked if they were set up in multiple or series. sub-figure 3. [p. which a N. which I stated was used in connection with the operation of said lamps. there is a notable elimination of interference from static when some of these are used. such as reducing old rubber from truck tires to the state of a viscous fluid which is readily vulcanizable without the addition of smoke sheet as is necessary with other processes. both of science and the detail construction of the machine of Dr Moray's that we were talking about. and I know I did not answer to your satisfaction. Figure 17.to show how he was able to pick up signals with a solid-state device sufficiently strong that they would drive a loudspeaker. which was something unheard of in that day… His circuit did not have batteries. There are a great many other equally remarkable things that he has done. 66] Dr Moray… described the radio detector he had developed… He compared it to what was commonly known as the crystal of a crystal set.The Sea of En… considered necessary for good reception. In other words. in fact. has practically prepared the papers for patent applications… Chapter 3 Frienemies [p. he gets definite. variable deflections of the needle of a sensitive galvanometer which appeared to be related to the vigor of mental activity. However. shows how the original germanium valve was used and how it worked in the radio circuit. as it was very similar to the old crystalset circuitry. and this question was especially brought up as we were referring to the very small wire. the germanium diode. his detector was superior since it could drive a loudspeaker without the use of a battery… He used the most easily demonstrated device.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . knows the theory in detail. that worked on the same principle as the radium to illustrate how he thought the Radiant Energy Detector worked… Henry originally built the radio simply for that purpose --. However. that is. Since my return to Salt Lake. 65] Dr Milton Marshall was attempting to identify the material that he called his "Swedish Stone". I must now state that "the frequency is so high that I have no instrument in my laboratory that is able to measure the amperage or the voltage at this frequency" Dr Murray Hayes has examined most carefully and knows the construction of Dr Moray's machine. He has devised a means by which he is able to measure with some degree of accuracy the energy evolved during mental activity. and we are using the word "terrific" because it has been demonstrated that this is an exceedingly high voltage because it will [jump] through an arc flash at least 6 inches and in excess. nuenergy. 50. they knew that the entire composition of the Swedish Stone had no been properly identified… [p. also a high frequency therapeutic device. I have gone over this matter and find that the 6 lamps are set up in parallel and the small wire is used as the current enters the tube prior to and connecting with the step-down transformer. Murray O.

1927. He said that he had heard a demonstration of this device. I remember them saying they had better hurry back into the house lest they get wet. This affidavit refers to certain drawings and descriptions found in patent application 550611… I have made copies of the patent application that applied to the description found (Figure 8 & 9. and I was granted the privilege. even today with the advanced state of the art of semi-conductors. 111 ] The device was housed in a wooden box something like 12" by 18". Wires leading out of the box led to a bank of some forty 100-watt light globes and to an electric iron. He handed me one set of headphones and one set to my nephew Mr. I wondered if I might hear other people talking. is considered by our research organization to be proprietary and still of great value. We all noted that the bulbs burned cold except each had a hot spot about the size of a dime on the top slightly off center. he wrote an affidavit and had this affidavit witnessed (Figure 15). PhD. in order to protect his interest in the germanium valve. the machine had to be tuned with a dial to be placed in this condition. after he had examined the transformer of the device. Todd. There was an old radio box of conventional design with two headphones plugged into the box. and a porter or the station master at his station saying. 106] The reader must realize that I use the word "tubes" loosely. he then arranged for three people to walk out of the house into the street and carry on a conversation to which we were tuned… I was sure I was listening to these three men. It must be noted that the detector described in Figure 15 is also superior to most germanium semi-conductors known today because of some of the doping material used. he called Dr Moray over and asked if I might see a demonstration of the "sound pickup device". My uncle touched a switch at the top of the box with a hand electrostatic plate and the globes all lighted brilliantly. Clark Gardner. but they said I was repeating their conversation. either with my whole body or my hand. The nearest station to the receiving set would have been a minimum of 5 miles… I know that the people on the street had no transmitting device or any other instrument with them. enclosed) (Figure 16). Basically my father's "tubes" were solid-state devices. [Chester M. He nuenergy. I remember distinctly it was raining at the time and I could hear the patter of the rain on the pavement as they walked. [p. yet the transformer showed no signs of even ever having been warm. March 19.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . with an antenna and a ground going into it. I asked if I might hear it also. of Salt Lake City. where he describes a germanium compound using the words "pure germanium" (Figure 14).org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 7/21 . Dr Moray tuned the device by turning the knob in front. 122 ] Later. [Re-purified 5 times] In 1937. Parts of the certificate (Figure 15) have been removed to protect these interests. They would not believe me when I told them what I had heard. he stated that with the amount of amperage he had seen taken from the device was positive proof that the current developed by or in the machine was different than in any in use today. "All aboard". 1971] [p. That this bipolar device is truly a transistor was verified by examination of the complete notes by Warren Simmonds. If my memory is clear. I moved the knob slowly and heard very distinctly the sounds of a railroad station: the whistle of a train. patent application 550611. The Radiant Energy Detector. and despite the advice of Dr Moray not to fool around with the tuning device. 114] David Gardner Affidavit: The gentleman who had invited me to the demonstration mentioned a contrivance that Dr Moray had also invented with which he could pick up sounds without them being broadcast from a radio sending station. Because the transformer would have burned up with normal current. [p. [p. I also recall that I could turn the lights on and off by approaching and retreating to and from the device.The Sea of En… The earliest drawings and descriptions of the Moray Valve are found in a sworn certificate dated November 14. In the course of their return.

Similar shorting with the hands also caused the 100-watt lamp to go out. No electricity could be felt when shorting with the hands. a transistor. a solid state device. caused the 100-watt lamp to go out. it was not enough for Moray to demonstrate the effect of the energy source. Shorting the antenna and ground by placing a wire across them. cannot possible work). the current produced in the cathode by the antenna will not heat the cathode to a temperature at which an appreciable number of electrons per second are emitted" (In other words.025 mfd. but it immediately lighted when the 60-watt lamp was screwed in its socket. With the 60 watt Mazda Lamp and the two condensers attached to the antenna and the antenna and ground attached to the box containing your Radiant Energy equipment in the manner shown in the sketch. It was a commercial condenser… manufactured by Igred Condenser & Mfg. 186] In 1942. Unscrewing the 60-watt Mazda lamp from its socket caused the 100-watt amp to go out. 126] Letter from E.The Sea of En… was informed by Dr Hayes that the transformer had been in use under the same type of strain for many tests in the past… It was Dr Knudsen's fault that the detector burned out because of the excessive inductive kickback he subjected the device to by throwing the main switch in and out so fast and often that this continual breaking of the circuit built up an inductive kickback. Co. Jensen (March 21. 1938) ~ Number 1 condenser (Figure 52) consisted of two small sheets of about 30 gauge aluminum separated by but making contact with a piece of one-quarter inch thick plate glass. which he could not do… [p. because "No natural source of electric wave energy is known to the Examiner and proof of the existence of such a source is required". Number 2 condenser… had the capacity of 0. Robinson. the 100-watt lamp would go out. Commissioner of Patents. the 100-watt Mazda Lamp on the secondary or output side was lighted. Henry moray attempted nuenergy. First (Figure 17). Second. he also had to identify it. according to Thomas E.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . The plate glass was larger than the aluminum sheets and overlapped them. If either the ground or the antenna wires were disconnected from the box.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 8/21 . 161] The original patent application was first filed in 1931. The 60-watt lamp did not light under any condition or hookup. This application was rejected on a number of bases. In other words. shortly after World War II began for the United States. which would "blow" any electrical circuit… [p. Neither of the condensers or the 60-watt lamp on the primary side of the box were necessary but were simply put on to show that the high frequency power will jump or pass through the condensers… Chapter 5 Patents [p. G. "Because no means was provided for causing the cathode to emit an appreciable number of electrons.

This material. Enough energy is coming to the earth to light over 1. using the remaining bit of what was known as the "Swedish Stone". railroads. we have recently been informed that none of the original patent applications that Henry made are any longer available at the US Patent Office. in the large unit.and this we know it is. An example would be to pump water onto the desert lands. Sc. Heat. the power source being only a fraction of the weight of any steam plant or any kind of engine in use today and all this at a fraction of the current cost. Although their file jackets are there. One must read further and contemplate his hypothesis regarding energy from within the atom."** [** Nikola Tesla: Experiments with Alternating Currents of High Potential & High Frequency. if kinetic --. A wild dream? No! It's a proven practical reality.The Sea of En… to rebuild a Radiant Energy Device. This is cosmic energy. automobiles. airplanes. the contents and applications themselves are gone… Chapter 7 The Sea of Energy in Which the Earth Floats* [* Nature of World & of Man.693. he had never been able to duplicate. he developed a second detector that forced him into extensive research involving nuclear materials and radioactive reactions. The Evolution of Matter… [p. No fuel of any kind need be taken as a dead load as this energy can be "picked-up" directly by ocean liners. and the shortage of this material limited the amount of power he could draw. 1904] Nikola Tesla was not referring to atomic or nuclear energy.600) 100-watt lamps for every human being on the earth today. for certain --then it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very wheelwork of nature. Chicago Inst. He spent most of his time [ca.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 9/21 . 190] In fact. which was the heart of his original RE detector. The last known copy was stolen from Dr moray's laboratory…] A New Era In Energy: Power from the Cosmos and the Earth.] nuenergy. Dr Nikola Tesla said over 60 years ago: "Ere many generations pass. S. our machinery will be driven by a power obtainable at any point if the universe… throughout space there is energy.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . Is this energy static or kinetic? If static our hopes are in vain. 188] The years slipped by and from time to time Henry and I would discuss his notes and go over the drawings. of Technology] by Dr T. as hundreds of people know who have witnessed the Moray Radiant Energy invention --.5 million (1. Henry Moray.powered from the cosmos. light and power can be made available for use in all kinds of buildings and for all kinds of machinery. Consequently. which is out-of -print and no longer available. or any form of transportation. *** [*** Dr Moray was not referring to Cosmic Rays. He became deeply involved in the study of synthetic radioactivity as described by Gustave LeBon in his book. 1950] working on what he called the "counterbalance" to eliminate the need for an antenna… [p. [This was the original Chapter 1 in a book called Beyond the Light Rays. but to the energy which is continually bombarding the earth from outer space.

surrounded in an atmosphere of radiation with cosmic rays coming continually to the earth from all directions. gives the greatest amount of energy per pound of equipment of any system known to man. At times this cosmic energy packs a wallop of around 100 quadrillion volts. and the energy which appeared at any part of a circuit (if considered at all) was supposed to have been conveyed along the wire by the current. The work is spent in altering the state of the medium. then. and electromagnetic phenomena and gravitation itself point in the same direction. and when the particle is discharged. and circuits conveying electric currents. and the phenomenon arising from the current are manifestations of the presence of this energy in the medium around the circuit. magnetic. have existed there somehow in the meantime --. There is no dead center of lost motion in an electric motor nor loss of push in an electric jet. is the energy propagated from the circuit to the conductors? If we believe in the continuity of the propagation of energy --. When a particle is electrified. under the water. work has been done.that is. it is possible to utilize this vast source of energy from the universe without a prime mover at any point on the earth --. a high speed electron oscillator serving as a detector of cosmic radiations which causes a pumping action or surging within its circuitry. The total energy of cosmic radiation is more than the entire luminous output of all the stars and nebulae of the universe combined. magnets. although there may be a slight deflection of the weaker rays by the earth's magnetic field. How. a supply of energy is required to maintain an electric current. therefore. Electrical power through an electric motor or an electric jet far exceeds any form of energy in any engine in the delivery of power. Attractions and repulsion take place between electrified bodies. acquiring kinetic energy. on the water. There is every indication that our sun is not the source of any appreciable amount of this radiation. what one must first observe is that a certain amount of energy has been spent.we are forced to postulate a vehicle for its conveyance form place to place. is from the universe as a whole. the transference of the energy of radiant heat and light is not the only evidence in favor of the existence of such a medium. To account for the propagation of heat and light --. Coming continuously with slight variations in time. Today it is believed that cosmic radiation consists primarily of protons and some heavier nuclei. An electric current was regarded as a flow of electricity traveling along a wire (for example). It used to be that an electrified particle or body was supposed to have something called "electricity" residing upon it which caused electrical phenomena. The earth is.two of the forms of Radiant Energy --.as electricity is not made by the generator --. The mechanism of its generation involves a basic relationship with the total structure and action of the universe. Harnessing cosmic energy is the most practical method yet discovered by man. Similarly. therefore. If one considers that an electrical generator is not in the true sense a generator --. therefore. The result is an electrified state of the particle. and the store of energy is disengaged. using radiations from the cosmos as its power source. the storing of energy in some way in or around the conductor in some medium. Large masses may be set in motion in this manner. the radiations have a uniformly directional isotropy.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 10/21 . Electric. Unlimited power is being delivered to everyone's doorstep. Also.on the ground. corresponding induced currents spring up in all very closely neighboring conductors. the starting torque is much higher in the electrically powered engine than in the combustion engine. But. therefore.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . in the air. The origin. Furthermore.but is merely an electrical pump. or even underground. The Moray Radiant Energy discovery. But. the medium returns to its original state. The process of electrifying a conductor is. is we believe that when it disappears at one place and reappears at another it must have passed through the intervening space and. the Moray Radiant Energy device may then be referred to as a cosmic ray pump: that is. the existence of induction and electromagnetic interactions between bodies situated at a distance from nuenergy. To originate a current in any conductor requires the expenditure of energy.man has postulated the existence of a medium filling all space.The Sea of En… The total energy involved in "cosmic" radiations is very large. If an electric current is started in any circuit.

probably as energy of motion. but one cannot afford to entirely disregard the particle theory of light either. Here.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . namely. We know that alternating electric charges are accompanied by corresponding changes of state or vibrations of the medium. In the older elastic-solid theory. Such limitation is unwarranted to some extent. John Wiley & Sons] The work in producing the electrification of a conductor is spent on the medium and stored there. The medium around an electrified body is charged with energy and not of an imaginary electric fluid distributed over the electrified body or conductor. The negative charge now induces a modification of the medium or polarization in the opposite sense. nuenergy. We know that the change. Physics Staff University of Pittsburgh.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 11/21 . accompanied by waves of energy traveling outwards from the conductor. polarization.a combination of wave and particle properties. but rather asserts that whatever the charge may be. as to the exact nature of the periodic changes or what it is that changes them. The only quality of the later required to constitute the former is sufficient rapidity of alteration. These speculations were given the strongest confirmation by experiments of Prof. while waves of opposite polarizations are propagated through space. [* Atomic Physics. the flow of energy through the electric field within the wire. each carrying energy derived from the source or agent supplying the electrification. It reduces light and heat waves to the same category as waves of electrical polarization. The substance may slowly recover from the strain and gradually attain its natural state. In fact. disturbance. Hertz many years ago. that which occurs in the propagation of light --. or the elastic recoil may carry it past its position of equilibrium and cause it to execute a series of oscillations. one of two things may happen. it is the storehouse of the energy.The Sea of En… each other leads one to look upon the medium around the conductors as playing a very important part in the development of these electrical phenomena. When the body is discharged the medium is once more set free and resumes its former condition. but as to the nature of these vibrations. It is upon this basis that Maxwell founded his theory of electricity and magnetism. we possess no knowledge. and if the charge is varied periodically and with sufficient rapidity. Ch. The result of alternate charges of opposite sign is that the medium at any point becomes polarized alternately in opposite directions. 2nd Edition. perhaps. then. we have a vibration at each point analogous to. or whatever we wish to term it. The phenomenon of interference leads to the conclusion that light is the result of periodic disturbances or vibrations of the medium. To denote this we shall say that the medium around the conductor is polarized. When we speak of the charge of an electrified conductor we are referring to the charge of energy in the medium around it. The electromagnetic theory teaches us nothing further as to its nature. perhaps identical with. and determined the distribution of the energy in the various parts of an electric field in terms of electric and magnetic forces*. Now consider the case of a body charged alternately. such as takes place when waves of transverse disturbance are propagated through an elastic solid. If the charge is negative the polarization is in the opposite sense. like righthanded and left-handed twists or rotations. it is the same in kind as that which occurs in the medium when the charge of an electrified body is altered or reversed. the two being related. When a resilient substance is subjected to strain and then set free. this word being employed to denote that its state or some of its properties have been altered in some manner and to a certain extent depending on the intensity of the charge. This then is the electromagnetic theory of the luminous vibration. which begins at the conductor and travels out through space. positively and negatively in rapid succession. A combination of the theories has merit. the light vibrations were supposed to be actual oscillations of the elements or molecules of the medium about their positions of rest. we have a periodic disturbance of some king occurring at each point. The positive charge means a positive polarization of the medium. vibration. is periodic and transverse to the direction of propagation. and when we talk of the electric flow or current in the circuit we are referring to the only flow we know of. VIII.

of course. reasoning from what occurs in radioactive disintegration during which energy wave are radiated. there may be a continuous flow of electricity in one direction until the discharge is completed.positive with respect to the ground. Where does the earth's source of energy come from? The conversion of matter to energy in the stars is accepted. the longer it will stay in motion. maintain its charge? If the air conducts electricity. the aurora borealis is considered to be a very large definite electrical phenomenon produced by the passage of electric charges through the rarified gases of the higher atmosphere. Now. the conversion of energy into matter must equally be accepted. an oscillatory discharge will occur and a very powerful inductance inertia will assert itself.The Sea of En… Something of the same sort may also occur when an electrified capacitor is discharged.00 coulombs. a civilian scientist for the US Navy. and a second discharge occurs. And it has been calculated that the earth has a continuous discharge into the atmosphere of 1800 amperes. R< square root 4L / C. Inertia and inductance may then be considered analogous terms. thereby synchronizing the oscillation of the device with those of the universe*. accompanied by a second backrush. In mechanics the greater the inertia of a body. the first flow may be succeeded by a backrush.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 12/21 . In the reversal of the current. When this is true. generating over 200 million amperes of electric current continuously. It is known that air conducts electricity away from charged objects. At this rate. we find the key to the source of all energy. the equations are the same for electrical or mechanical phenomena. Yet. where R is the resistance in ohms. the greater the electrical inductance. to have a negative charge amounting to 400. the earth's charge must be constantly passing into the atmosphere. For example. yet the earth's charge does not diminish. the oscillation going on until all the energy is either completely radiated or used up in heating the conductors or performing other work. In the vibrational forces of the universe. ] Considering oscillations from a mechanical. and. stated years ago that the earth is a huge generator. The capacitor thus becomes more or less charged again in the opposite sense. or an oscillating discharge may occur. six feet above the ground the air is charged with more than 200 volts --. by Dr Gunn and others. L is the inductance in henries. The earth has since been shown. a charged object and exposed as it is to the surrounding atmosphere. the frequency of the oscillations can be shown by f = 1/2 pi square root CL. Expressed mathematically. the longer the current continues to flow once it is established by synchronization with cosmic surges. nuenergy. how does the earth. [ * Very often Dr Moray interchanged the word universe with matter. That is. as if the first discharge had overrun itself and something like recoil had set in. In the Radiant Energy device's resistanceinductance-capacity (REC or RLC) circuit. electrical and mathematical point of view. When capacitors are filled with energy captured by the Moray Radiant Energy device and then discharged through a circuit of proper impedance.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . electrical inertia is set up. In ordinary language. For low values of R. and C is the capacitance in farads. The rapidity of the oscillations' frequencies are governed by the capacitance and inductance. and this energy can be kept alive indefinitely by establishing resonance with the oscillations of the universe. This being true. we find that electrical resistance is the same as mechanical friction and current is comparable to mechanical velocity. the earth would lose 90% of its charge into the air in one hour. reactance and inductance. Dr Ross Gunn. And. balanced so as to oscillate in synchronization with the oscillations of the universe. one may conclude that energy waves of very high frequency are sent out from the stars (one of which is our sun). the answer may in an energy generator. That is. the capacitors are charged. How we can utilize this energy for modern industry without being limited to mechanical prime movers is the question. discharged and recharged slowly until the energy stored in them is radiated in kinetic energy through the device.

coming to the earth from every direction with a definite rhythm. is completed during the same interval of time. Energy then is a state of matter. or in what we may call natural capacitors. Energy has a definite elastic or resilient rigidity and density. whether large or small. Knowing what we do at the present time with regard to the structure of atoms.The Sea of En… It has been found that ionization.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . the internal energy of the atom can be altered. considering the total absence of this knowledge about a half century ago.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 13/21 . surging back and forth. it consists of nothing more than energy charges emitted at various wavelengths or frequencies. If one discovers a dielectric valve for the energy of the universe. This is taking place in the universe all the time. Excitations may be caused in several ways. be it in a Leyden jar or another man-made capacitor. It is becoming more and more certain that the apparent complexity of nature is due to our lack of knowledge. Kinetic energy is released when excitation causes a particle to give up some or all of its kinetic energy to the atom during collisions. and discoveries since confirm it. This internal energy is associated with the configuration of the particles of which the atom is composed. this relationship is not quite so surprising. the discovery that light. As one traces down to the almost infinitesimal constituents of the atom. Every oscillation. the medium will spring back to its old position and beyond. The oscillations will continue until they have reach their cycle of height and then there will be a backrush returning to where the oscillations originated. e. increases with altitudes instead of decreasing. Speaking of radiation. One of the most marvelous relationships that has ever been revealed in the entire science of physics is that between light and electricity and the existence of electronics in atoms of matter. thus lengthening out the time of final recovery. it promises a marvelous simplicity. Energy is internal and inherent. one finds that matter does not exist at all as the realistic substance which we have supposed it to be. but in a very definite mathematical order --. wherein nuenergy. Radiant here means proceeding from a center in straight lines in every direction. there will be no oscillations. are vibratory phenomena was revolutionary. a harmonic pattern is initiated and the oscillations continue. When the recovery becomes distinctly oscillatory. completed during the same interval of time. the collision of an atom with rapidly moving positive or negative particles or the breaking of lines of force in an electromagnetic generator.. the result of a particular state or condition in which matter may be when any observed phase of energy appears. that they are governed by the same cycle of time. But. When the internal energy of the atom exceeds that of its normal state it is said to be excited.g. Waves of energy have a regular beat note. or rather. "Energy is defined as a condition of matter in virtue of which any definite portion may affect changes in any other definite portion". resonance thereby being established with the universe. coming and going as the waves of the sea. In addition to possessing kinetic energy. periods of oscillation can be made to come quicker and quicker until inertia asserts itself. which could be the medium for the flow of energy. as the picture unfolds. However. This was written in 1892. Since the source of energy is the universe. but it will merely slide back in a dead beat to its unrestrained state. one has the answer to harnessing the energy of the universe! A limiting case of excitation is ionization. the generation of energy by rotary action and by all prime movers is an effect and not a cause. If the internal impedance is too great. And. The electric motor and generator would never have been discovered if a dielectric (insulation) had not been discovered. Oscillatory energy action. behaves the same. These oscillations all prove the same great fact. and radiation in general. which is subject to displacement and strain. By cutting down resistance to a minimum and synchronizing the resilient ionic actions of the Moray device with the wave actions of the universe. There at the very foundation. Under ordinary conditions an atom is in what is known as a state of equilibrium in which there is neither a giving off nor absorbing of energy. When strain is removed. and will continue to oscillate until the original pressure is used up. the atom is capable of absorbing energy internally. This is done by carrying the recoil beyond the natural oscillations and prolonging the vibrations by capturing the in oscillatory action. In the universe we see the same laws being obeyed as in our laboratories.

but all "C" notes are essentially the same (harmonically related). they merely direct. Radiations emitted by the sun can scarcely be the sole cause of this energy.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . The oscillations from outer space are emitting electromagnetic waves of many wavelengths and frequencies. change of potential or change of energy levels. when the transformations of equilibrium are rapid enough. Understanding the principles of vibration is truly understanding energy.one continuous series of oscillations. Who can draw a definite line and say how much higher other octaves exist than those knows as the cosmic rays? Our starting point from the discovery of these different waves was electrical conductivity of the air. and almost complete resonance is established. i. Also. It has been agreed that all forms of matter are vibrating at a particular rate of frequency. Raising the frequency still higher. 1934] As in musical notes of high and low "C". And. There can be no generation of electrical current and no kinetic energy if there is no disturbance of equilibrium.e.e. magnetism and electricity. Every part and particle of the universe is alive with them. This is the foundation upon which much of my investigation of vibratory phenomena is based. If the frequency is raised high enough. matter is turning into energy and energy into matter.000.000 volts. There are tremendous energies coming to the earth from outer space. from the process of ionization. energies. When one thinks of the oxygen and nitrogen molecules of the air all about us moving with the speed of bullets and striking us and everything else at this speed. In gamma rays. The relation of matte to energy and energy to matter then becomes the potential of the universe --. Matter then becomes a form of energy. All space is saturated with vibration. may take place in successive steps through absorption of quanta energy. Watson Davis. one can form some idea of the agitation taking place here and in the universe. the existing energy or electricity. i. according to its character. the universe. which are no doubt electrical in character. and it has been found that this conductivity is just as strong by night as by day. The return of an ionized atom to a state of lower energy is associated with electromagnetic radiation. The higher the frequency. electrical energy may become associated with the vibrational forces of the universe coming into the earth as cosmic radiation. yet their wave lengths are not the shortest known."* [* Advances of Science. rotations. It is possible that ionization. become energy. "They penetrate everything including our own bodies. pump. The Moray device is so constructed that the frequency is very much lower on the secondary side than on the primary side. In most cases we are not even aware of their existence.. Matter vibrates at a particular rate. attractions and repulsions. One can then go beyond the force of gravitation. against the electrostatic forces which tend to hold it within the atom. a form of energy which is kinetic in nature.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 14/21 . but this does not interfere with a transformation of equilibrium. the atoms resolve themselves into their original components. the molecules will separate and the atoms become free. I am convinced that the energies from the universe are active radiations produced by the evolution of nuenergy. These energies are only different manifestations of the energies we see in operation all around us. the greater the ionization or excitation. Every one of us is alive by virtue of these energies. i. An atom which has given up one or more electrons is said to be ionized. These are but forms of vibratory motion connected with and being generated from the same source.The Sea of En… energy is absorbed by the atom sufficiently to allow a loosely bound electron to leave the atom. which. Atoms maintain an equilibrium by oscillations.. so it is with the various forms of energy ---heat and light.. and may be transmitted into other substance by lowering or raising its rate of frequency. the vibrational rates (frequencies) are different. The generators that now furnish our electric power do not create or originate any power or electricity.e. In octaves still higher lie rays which are known as cosmic rays. we find potentials which are equivalent to as much as 1. Frequencies may be developed which will balance the force of gravity to a point of neutralization. excitation.

and shows it continuously distributed between 5 billion and 50 billion volts. Dr Axel Corlin of Sweden's Lund Observatory found radiation that still had energy after passing through somewhat greater depths and. Chapter 8 Reactions By Means Of Electron Excitation [p. The cosmic ray energies deduced from the tracks left in the Anderson cloud chamber range from 100 volts to 3 billion volts. 209] A specific case in which the electric field performs the double function of molecular excitation and the creation of intermolecular and atomic ions is being given by the system used by the inventor. scientists turned to the wave theory. the sun was supposed to provide an endless supply of those corpuscles. After the corpuscle theory faded. The system is modified in conformity to the concept that chemical reactions must take place when the oppositely charged molecular ions from an appropriate activated catalyst are accelerated against one another in the wire corona. and while the electron theory explains the observed and theoretical "facts" better than the previous concepts did. but even that was based on a crude concept of movement of the ultimate principles or atoms.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 15/21 . The reactants (gases) streaming through the chamber parallel to the length of the wire attain the polarity of the negative molecular ions by the high electric field close to the wire. 10-8 seconds. These positive molecular ions are accelerated back into the field and collide against the negative molecular ions coming from the direction of the negative electrode corona. and instantly given a positive charge by the avalanche of out rushing positive ions. some of the negative molecular ions outside the mean free path of the positive atomic ions are free to rush headlong toward the positive cylindrical field where they are neutralized.The Sea of En… matter into energy and energy into matter. It is a system utilizing the principles of the wire corona with a concentric cylinder at different pressures. which have been observed particularly in Germany. He found that the minimum energy of these rays had a penetration which was greater than ever before demonstrated. A certain amount of reaction takes place in that instant. and electricity as natural forces. of matter. heat. This melee nuenergy. Then he went on to quote several past releases of the day (1960)] Dr Anderson's cloud chamber at California Institute of Technology in which the positron was discovered has furnished much information about cosmic ray energies. it may join the theories of corpuscles and waves on the back shelf. magnetism. the voltage figures can be made even higher. therefore. It is about 100 years since science began to consider light. The figure of 100 billion volts is a result of Dr W. The LemaitreVallarts theory together with Dr Johnson's asymmetry measurements. in time.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . It consists of a cylinder made of a suitable catalyst from which positive ions are emitted. the electron theory in turn will fall short of providing "absolute" knowledge? The Einstein Theory may stand in need of revision or amendment. The corpuscle theory of light was taught. or.* [* At this point Dr Moray observed the discoveries of the early agents to be paralleling some of his own ideas. However. as the greater light of knowledge leads us on. As these negative molecular ions are accelerated at the right angles to the wire in the direction of the electric field toward the positively charged catalyst cylinder. give definite values for the energy of half of the cosmic radiation. He found that some positrons are born of cosmic rays smashing into matter. galvanism. The electron theory has superseded the earlier ones now. they are met by an avalanche of onrushing atomic ions from the catalyst. Energies of 100 billion volts or more are indicated by the great bursts set off by cosmic ray collisions. Kolhorster's measurement of penetrating radiation in the depths of the Strassfurt salt mines. under water or high in the mountains and in an airplane. In the early part of the 19th century school books termed these things "imponderable substances". The Moray RE devices have worked equally well in deep mines. called the stosse. could it be that.

"pressure transmitters". do not become simple oscillations but through the action of the universe set up an energy flow which might be referred to as the assertion of inertia.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . This energy may come to the planets as oscillations similar to the oscillations and tides of the sea. consists of a combination of specially constructed tubes which we will refer to as valves. The RE tubes received this energy in surges which may last only a few microseconds by the pressure and current in those surges are so strong that sufficient energy is delivered to the equipment in resonance to be useable in multiples of flashes and in a magnitude which competes with the light of day. They simply expand the application of known laws thereby obtaining results not at first deemed possible.e. They have an actual valve action in stopping the "flow" of energy which may be thought of as oscillatory action similar to the waves of the sea.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 16/21 .. without rectification. The oscillations. RE tubes possess greater ability to obtain "saturation" and thus charge the accompanying capacitors or condensers at a more steady rate. The valves are not rectifiers in the sense that they operate as radio valves in changing AC or HF to DC. i. condensers. This action of these devices has the effect of enlarging and prolonging the time of charge and discharge of the capacitors and the capacity energy in the circuit to an appreciable interval in perfect harmony with the natural energy wave through the interceptor's valves and oscillators in the circuit which set up in the circuit electrical pulsations corresponding to the energy waves captured by the interceptor and again kept from returning to the second outer circuit by "multi-walled" valves. Nothing is lost. This is the history of science. Although no new laws of energy are being advanced or claimed as having been discovered. Special provision is provided to stop RE tubes from becoming blocked in their dissipation of the charges created by the oscillations that continually accumulate based on the oscillatory capacity backrush effect common to capacitors an herein applied in vacuum tubes. the application in the method of utilization of the energy throughout space is unique in that "generation" is accomplished by oscillatory utilization rather than by the conventional prime mover. and what do you have? Useable energy from the universe. from returning to the outer circuit. otherwise one would have a complete dissipation of energy and no oscillations. 212] Put together in pure energy resonance certain energy responding apparatus which synchronize with the resonance of certain vibrations in the universe. Remember resonance and pressure can do a lot to amplify energy. The final tubes act as energy pressure transmitters with a means to prevent "shunting" condensation by a special form of "getter". There is only a lowering of potential like water over the wheel. These detector tubes have a synchronized pull with the specially developed oscillators of high faradic capacity and provide a means through which oscillating energy may pass to specially constructed valve oscillators whose relation to the first stage valve is such as to permit oscillations to come in from but not return to the outer circuit with an automatic variable relation to the oscillations from the universe. but the rate of vibration of the device depends on the "capacity" of its modalities. much as a retaining wall could stop the waves of the sea from returning. interceptors and oscillators. Also remember that the vibrations going out from the sources in the universe must also return to their sources. ionization occurs in the gases of the discharged tube ad causes the condensers of the valve circuit to discharge into other condensers of the valve circuit to discharge into other condensers of the oscillators and the other nuenergy. When inertia sets in. This stops condensation accumulating at the base of the tubes which would block their ionic action.The Sea of En… continues until the reaction has come to a point where the individual participants are either all gone or the mixture is outside of the electric field: backrush oscillations. and capable of setting up within their circuits initial oscillations which coincide with the oscillations of the universe. the action will continue because of the oscillations of the cosmos. The RE tubes present no new laws of physics. One must "split" the energy discharge band into lines of variation (call this what you will). The Moray apparatus combined with other equipment. When a certain voltage is reached. The oscillation will vibrate during the same period of time regardless of the potential. lines of energy or lines of light beyond the "light rays". The other modalities and "tubes" of the device are equally unique in their performance. therefore. etc… [p.

2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . The circuit is "tuned" until the oscillations are sustained by harmonic coupling to the cosmic wave frequencies. by proper development of equipment. the process starts all over again. It has been operated. and energy passes through another valve into other oscillators. kept alive by the oscillations of the energies from the cosmos. on to the third and so on. The RE device therefore will continue to capture energy by resonance. Our experiments have proved that there is an energy which exists in the universe which. as long as the "keep alive" vibration of the cosmos continues to oscillate the various stages of the valves and oscillators in the circuit. without a mechanical prime mover. "Cannot a steady flow of water be obtained from the waves of the sea or energy from the vibrations of the cosmos?"… When a vibration of any kind strikes a boundary between two media of different vibratory impedances at an angle of less than 90 degrees. The process is repeated from the first stage on to the second stage. The first valve passes vibrations of energy into an oscillatory circuit. an energy converter. and additional stages are coupled until a suitable power level at a useable frequency and voltage is obtained by means of special transformers (See schematic drawing of RE device).org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 17/21 . 241] Such an energy transformer or converter has been built. high level energy of the cosmic radiation into current of usable frequency and voltage. a discharge occurs. Simple. a transformation of the vibratory rate may be changed into another vibratory rate. or call it what you will.The Sea of En… modalities of the circuit. or transformer. The second stage drives a third stage. These "pulses" drive this stage. When ionization in the preceding tubes is no longer possible because of the reduced voltage. which would be capable of converting the high frequency. The reinforcing action of the harmonic coupling increases the amplitude of the oscillations until the peak pulses "spill" over into the next stage through a special detector or valve which prevents the return or feedback of energy from succeeding circuits. which oscillates at a lower frequency and is again reinforced by harmonic coupling with the ever present cosmic waves. much like a bucket brigade. Basically the theory of operation is as follows: Oscillations are started in the first stage or circuit of the device by exciting it with an external energy source. can be made available for commercial use… Chapter 10 Capture of Energy by Resonance [p. ionization sets in. That is why I asked years ago. is it not? Just a case of the trapping of energy which is everywhere present in the primary circuit and causing it to oscillate through the secondary circuits through a blocked circuit of no return. at full load continuously with no expenditure of fuels of any type. nuenergy.

org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 18/21 . 2. nuenergy. The stone of this valve or stones are made of purified germanium mixed with various substances as explained elsewhere. [Molybdenum ?] sulfide being separated from case 135 at point 132. &c)..2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . and 3) were there described in more detail. Care must be used in alloying germanium with other substances as too much other matter added increases conductivity and germanium looses its properties as … "Have used "Moray lead"… as keeping valve at slightly raised temperature…" The other notes concern conventional electronics (amplifiers. They may be used as rectifiers or oscillators. The valve was a metal envelope 135 to which bismuth was attached at 136 by fusing. The second page of these notes includes the following details: "The Moray Valve and circuit (shown in the drawing figures 1..The Sea of En… [ The handwriting at the top of the drawing states: "More than one Moray valve may be used.

. Made in form of rounded stones or pellets compressed under high pressure and fused. and Uranium. It has been found that metals.].] float between other pellets but making firm but needlepoint -like contact. [.. Germanium works best when impurities are introduced. 137 and 138".. pure germanium metal." ] nuenergy. Bismuth.. have used silicon too. It should be noted.. triboluminescent [...2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . for example lead.707 ("Electrotherapeutic Apparatus"). which has some of the properties of germanium. Germanium mostly [. The reference to "Moray lead" is connected with Moray's US Patent # 2.] fastened to envelope with pure tin in place of solder (Bismuth pellet fused to side). Combination contains bismuth. These elements and compounds are discernable in the otherwise nearly illegible handwriting: Germanium. have changed physical properties after treatment in accordance with the above. Molybdenum Sulfide (MoS).org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 19/21 .The Sea of En… Portions of Germanium were used at point 130 [?] between 136. which states: "The invention has been described in the foregoing with sole reference to its use for therapeutic purposes. Iron Sulfide (FeS)." ] X [ The text that accompanies this drawing states: "The Moray germanium mixture gives certain unique results in functioning as a valve and as a booster (amplifier).460. however.. that inorganic matter may also be treated to advantage pursuant to the method and with the apparatus of the invention.. iron sulfide..

2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray . (3) The energy produced must be high frequency. (12) No moving parts may be included. (13) The device must be absolutely silent. (16) After 158 hours of operation. (19) No heated cathodes or bias power supply must appear. a spark equivalent to 225. (18) Smell of zone should be present during the operation. (6) When a heavy load is connected to the device while in operation. The oscillations are sustained as long as it remains properly tuned and the external circuit is completed through a suitable load. with number 50 wire must be successful. (17) The test performed by Dr Knudson must be duplicated. (2) By disconnecting the antenna and re-connecting immediately. (7) A duplicate shunt test. The fact remains that Henry Moray demonstrated under the above conditions on numerous nuenergy. The special tubes which appear to be the key to the success of this device are ionic cold cathode tubes which require no external power sources… [p. re-connecting the antenna will not reestablish the connection and the unit becomes completely electrically dead.000 watts and up to 50.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 20/21 . (20) All of the above must be present at the same time. the present load must not decrease nor the lights flicker.The Sea of En… Once the machine is in operation and delivering power. 244] The following guidelines delineate what one must do to duplicate Dr Moray's Radiant Energy Device: (1) When the primary side of the device is disconnected.000 watts of power must be produced in a box not weighing more than 60 pounds. after already draining as much as 4 kilowatts. the lights must stay on. (14) By tuning the circuit by the use of variable capacitors. however. (15) A resistive load of 600 watts must be brought to full heat in less than 2-1/2 minutes. (10) As the ground wire is driven deeper. like that made by Lovesy. (4) The device must be operable at a distance of more than 50 miles from power lines or radio stations. the unit must still be running and no parts of the device be heated. (8) Small number 30 wire should be used for all circuits. the lights must come on.000 volts must be drawn between the two disconnected terminals. the amount of power must increase. (5) The light of a 100 watt lamp must be whiter and brighter than the ordinary 100 watt lamp without burning out after 157 hours of operation. it does not require any continuance of the excitation forces necessary to start it. (9) At least 10. If the lights are allowed to die. (11) None of the components of the device must heat.

htm nuenergy.The Sea of En… occasions. so that it could be seen that the only wires entering the device were the antenna and the ground… Early Model Radiant Energy Receiver Light Demonstration http://www.org/…/the_sea_of_ energy_ … 21/21 .org/alt/archive.000 watts of power.nuenergy. up to 50. The device always sat on a table where it was easily examined by anyone coming into the room.2/23/2010 Thomas Henry Moray .

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Moray 2505 South 4th East P.O. Box #651045 Salt Lake City. Moray Kevin R.THE SEA OF ENERGY A MEANS FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THE ENVIRONMENT BY DRAWING KINETIC ENERGY FROM SPACE John E. Utah 84165 Excerpts taken from the book entitled THE SEA OF ENERGY IN WHICH THE EARTH FLOATS are reproduced by permission of Cosray Research Institute Presented to the 26th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. 347 .

Patent Office in 1927 and was rejected on the basis that it would not work without a heated cathode. Moray was a man with many abilities. For political reasons many people.000 watts of power and worked for long periods of time. all acknowledging to the legitimacy of T. When set up and connected to the ground. From the study of his radiant energy work. Channeling the waves of energy was done by way of an antenna. Through continuous experimentation and in spite of the doubts held by the scientific community of that day. threats against his work and his family. the device would draw electrical energy. more in the daytime than at night. and armed attacks by unknown assailants. his main desire was to see radiant energy become a usable source of energy. Device.H. In 1901 T. Despite the many fields Moray was skilled in. our hopes are in vain. E. many tests and experiments were conducted for the scientific and public communities.then it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very wheel-work of nature. through channeling radiant energy. organizations. and was a certified member of the American Association of Engineers. A number of scientifically qualified individuals tested and signed letters of authenticity substantiating the device’s capabilities. Henry Moray succeeded in harnessing this universal energy. Upon completion of his first Radiant Energy Device. we have determined that Moray developed over thirty-six different semiconductive and even super-conductive devices.The great scientist Nikola Tesla theorized when he said. His first germanium solid-state device (semiconductor) was submitted to the U. Moray’s Radiant Energy Device. Testing was conducted over a period of many years in remote areas free of housing. and agencies of the day opposed him strongly. Results of this experimentation proved that the power generated had not originated from within the device. power wires. our machinery will be driven by a power obtainable at any point in the universe…throughout space there is energy. like the waves of the sea.H. Despite the deliberate destruction of the R. T. if kinetic and this we know it is for certain . and at the 348 . At this time Moray had enough power to light a 16-candle power carbon lamp at about one half capacity. and telephone lines. priming and then tuning.” Dr. He labeled and defined his “Radiant Energy: The source of energy coming from the cosmos to the earth and radiating back from whence it came. “Ere many generations pass. he discovered that the energy was not coming from the ground but from an outside source away from the earth. an electrical engineer designing electrical layouts for many large metropolitan buildings.” T. The device. Moray continued with his dream of harnessing a usable energy that the whole world could benefit from. Is this static or kinetic? If static. Henry Moray theorized that energy was coming from within the earth. He worked as a civil engineer. produced 50.S. The energy came in continuos surges.

an 18 inch high frequency spark could be drawn out. where even a ranch telephone was more than 30 miles away. the attorney for Dr. and more than 90 miles from the closet radio station of those days.same time save the earth from the many methods of energy retrieval which scar and pollute its land. meaning that we never had more than one unit at a time.G. Dr. Engineers such as A. Fletcher spent hours examining the device and had amble opportunity to determine where the power came from. and a motor. You may ask. E. and the tuning was proper. Fletcher stated that Moray had more power than could be explained by any means that he knew at the time. Jensen. Jensen tested the device on behalf of Mr. he took his device to outlying parts of the state. as he was hired to help develop the patents by R. the load would come on. People. such as Strawberry Reservoir. the heater heat. testified of the 100 or 500 watt lamps used. Photographers well acquainted with the problem of an intense light exposure. Dr. air and seas. to prevent grounding. etc. Jensen noted that the 60 watt incandescent lamp connected in series with the antenna did not light. flocked from all over the world to see the lights light. This early generation device developed only 60 watts of power. a space heater. the motor run. he was forced because of cost. to cannibalize the preceding device. The Moray Products. The device required a load at all times. B. curiosity seekers. and the great effort. Tests of the device were never conducted in secret and many people witnessed what he was doing. The antenna was 70 feet in the air and 300 feet long. He was able to power twenty 150 watt lamps. spoke of his conviction that he knew Radiant Energy was as represented. Murray Hayes. Judd. (the United States Army Chemical Test Center). Each time he built a new device. When the pilot light was lit. In order to prove the Radiant Energy was not induction from power lines or radio stations. Harvey Fletcher of the Bell Laboratories. to determine that it was as represented. Wallace Bennett. This device was soon replaced by a second generation device. “What happened?” Many people do. The device had to be primed as it was not self-starting. Gull. L. and fifteen 100 watt lamps. The only external leads were the antenna and the ground. If the antenna was disconnected at this point. Judd. The same hook-up was always made. as described by E. “Why wasn’t it developed?” Henry Moray found his own company. B. went out of his way to kill a NASA contract 349 . L. Later in writing to R. a United States Senator for the State of Utah. completely examined the device. Dr. The wire was separated from the pole by two large ceramic insulators. scientists. stealing from him. Moray Dr. telephone line. He took the device west of the Oquirrh Mountains in western Utah. Moray’s basement laboratory through a ceramic insulator. to a desolate area known today as Dugway Proving Ground. entering Dr. even though the light on the secondary side did light. demonstrating adequately that the Radiant Energy would operate more than 50 miles from the closet power line. Jensen speaks of Harvey Fletcher. The device was always placed on the same table. a flat iron. the head of Utah Securities and Exchange Commission. a patent lawyer and man of science.

E. Moray the terrific salary including per diem of $25. When I confronted Dr. Valid experiments have been repeated many times under all types of conditions. An interesting fact is. Henry Eyring deliberately stopped government contracts. And so. Dr. Sworn affidavits have been given. He decided it was safer to return to private research and withdrew from the REA contract. Finally. he was left to his own resources. Others argue as the patent office argued. Colorado. however. Dr. in 1941. and appeared to be a competitor. certifying that certain pictures were taken of the tests. Wood. even if he did not know how the device operated. He was no longer in the position to use the facilities of electronic organizations he previously had access to in the United States. which is obviously the support documentation for an Eyring Research proposal.00 a day. his supervisor. the first exhibit in the support document is a sworn statement by Dr. It also succeeded in placing him in insurmountable debt. Estimates of cost to carry on his research. Moray was attacked three times in his laboratory. such as Chester M. Todd. Craig. an 18 inch spark could be drawn from the disconnected wire to the clip. Prior to the destruction of the device. Dr. There are many sources of energy that are hypothesized today. They do speak of other researchers in this field. denying later that he did so. gave Dr. the REA administrator who may have been removed because he signed the contract to develop Radiant Energy. Bringhurst pointed out during a demonstration of the device that when the clip connecting the antenna to the device was disconnected. But all Dr. Time does not allow the privilege of showing all the documentation. But no matter what hypothesis you wish to use in explaining the Radiant Energy Device. The Eyring Research Institute has prepared a historical support document and reference material dated May 1979. tested the device with a Mr. Carmandy. formerly of Bell Laboratories. It is well established that the motor did run. Henry Eyring with this. and the lights did light. the documentation is minor compared to the documentation of Dr. Some of the witnesses are still alive. the fact remains that it did work. and John Jorgenson of Denver. He was shot in the leg. Moray obtained a contract with the Rural Electrification Administration. not the least of which is the fact that he assumes that the energy is originally electromagnetic in nature. and his contracts with Germany and England evaporated with the coming of World War II. He and his family were threatened and fired upon from ambush. After the destruction of his unit. an engineer for the REA. the examiner makes several mistakes. he began working on other research projects. he denied that the company had prepared the report that I had in my hand. Many saw it work. testified in 1963 that he knew of the test results. supporting Radiant Energy. Dr. Dr. S. the radio did play. Moray really said was that it is electrical AFTER it impinges upon his semiconductors. And so. Ben Crimm. Moray finally broke 350 . “Where is the source of energy?” In the rejection notice from the patent office. Harvey Fletcher.for five million dollars. He spoke of the political maneuvering going on to get the REA to sponsor the project. Moray’s work. Man has theorized that earth is a great dynamo. His connection with the REA resulted in the destruction of his device.

The House of Moray Research Foundation was established for this purpose. and this energy device. Moray’s work. Moray’s work is conclusive. Others pretending to be friends deliberately attempt to discredit our work.away from many of the corporations he had formed. We do not need technical help. We are well justified in again quoting from Tesla when he said that. From their published material no one we know has reproduced Radiant Energy. We are not interested in other types of “free” energy devices. An energy through which the earth floats. adding the complete documentation and history so that the world could know that this nonpolluting form of electrical energy is still available. he did produce an energy device. Cosray plans to bring his work to a conclusion as soon as financial assistance will allow. when it is restored. P. The history of Dr. Henry Moray’s life. always oscillating like the waves of the sea throughout space. It is only a matter of time before the required research money will be raised to bring his work to a conclusion. but to show independent verification. Thank you for your interest in our research. We are unable to furnish specific information to you with regard to Radiant Energy as the project is still considered propriety. Utah 84165. Moray. He WAS successful in his energy experiment. Box #651045. Henry Moray DID complete his work. organizing a private company known today as COSRAY RESEARCH INSTITUTE. however. The Morays wish to encourage others to enter into this area of research. not to duplicate Dr. Over the 84 years of Dr. It is only a matter of time until Henry Moray’s dream of unlimited pollution free energy comes true. We can solve the energy crisis with the help of interested financial backers which we are seeking. but a wide range of other scientific projects. In order to carry on his work COSRAY has published the 5th edition of his book. as to our knowledge. Today. Claims of reproducing Radiant Energy from “The Sea of Energy” book are ridiculous. Cosray includes research conducted in two countries following the pattern set down by Dr. This book is available to you in either hard-bound or paperback. 351 . We have the notes. We need help in obtaining publicity and in raising funds for the House of Moray Research Foundation. Today a number of other researchers have entered the field. not only pertaining to Radiant Energy. the Moray’s have refused to endorse any of their work. thus establishing it in the world. He established his own research organization for the purpose of continuing his research. Salt Lake City. he accumulated a wealth of notes. Order blanks can be obtained from Cosray Research Institute.” An energy like a sunset. “Throughout space there is energy. none have ever shown significant wattage.O. It is merely a matter of time and money until this project can be completed. and the evidence is overwhelming that he produced useful kilowatts of electrical power. is capable of answering the world’s needs with a nonpolluting form of energy. 2505 South 4th East.

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The result is that the high voltage capacitors become charged. The radiant energy detector is nothing more or less than a high voltage diode. The circuit stages that lowered the high frequency is not to be confused with the power generating circuit shown in the above 1954 drawing.2/23/2010 Basic Radiant Energy Circuit BASIC RADIANT ENERGY CIRCUIT On January 1rst. This tells us that the radiant energy device was generating power at 6.000-cycle power. Light bulbs work excellent on high frequency but the frequency must be lowered to operate heaters and motors. I believe that T.000. Energy received from the ambient background is prevented from returning to the antenna. The circuit that you see here is a high voltage circuit.000 cycles (6MHz). The negatively charge elements of the oscillator tubes attract radon gas. This submultiple generator circuit fits Moray's description of how he lowered the high frequency that the radiant energy device generated. Moray accomplished this with a submultiple generator. Once a certain voltage threshold is reached oscillation occurs and the high voltage is stepped down to a lower high frequency current. Excess energy results from the beta decay and a fusion reaction that takes place within the oscillator tubes.nuenergy. REFERENCES Nikola Tesla was not referring to so-called atomic energy or nuclear energy but to the energy that is continually http://www.org/alt/basic.htm 1/2 . 1954 Carl Betz drew this circuit from memory after visiting Moray's lab and seeing patent drawings that were never filed. H. We know that the final stage outputted 6. This gas decays to lead-210 emitting beta particles (electrons).

p... 3rd edition. p. Call it cosmic.. O. Electrons are spontaneously being emitted from the nuclei found in Nature. Moray explains it. The radio receiving set receives transmitted energy waves out of the air and transposes them into sound waves. that they are the energy of the Universe. 4th edition. 3rd edition. and transposes them into electricity. 1. Cosmic rays are constantly creating radioactive carbon. Box 22. This energy. New Hampshire 03266-0022 USA Copyright © 2001. 18. device receives oscillations from the Universe. The fusion of small atoms together to make larger ones gives off more energy than so-called "splitting" of the larger uranium or plutonium atoms. 2nd edition. 3rd edition. in one differs greatly from the other. p. Sea of Energy. The nature of the mechanism. All Rights Reserved http://www. P. Sea of Energy.. p. or neutron bombardment. p. or what one will. these oscillations of energy. 4th edition.2/23/2010 Basic Radiant Energy Circuit bombarding the Earth from outer space.htm 2/2 .org/alt/basic. protons and ions: It is my theory. Nu Energy Technologies Research & Development Webpage Nu Energy Technologies.. Sea of Energy... 2nd edition. in using these terms.. 8. Every new discovery on the subject bears out the claim that all "space" is filled with energy containing millions of amperes at very high voltages. My device oscillates because of the oscillations of the Universe caused by the disintegration of matter. 60. Sea of Energy.. The R. 17. p. 89. The uranium energy release ratio is only 1 to 1000 – that is only 1/1000 of the heavy atoms are changed in the uranium "atom splitting" process of the atomic pile. The facts are the same in both the radio receiving set and this device. however. In reference to electrons. neutrons.. Rumney. Sea of Energy.nuenergy. p..E. 13. or as Dr.. Sea of Energy. Sea of Energy. are picked up by the device through the oscillators.

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2/23/2010

Blackwaves - by Gerry Vassilatos - Kee…

Blackwaves by Gerry Vassilatos file from http://www.borderlands.com Borderlands Sciences

The messages engraved in the heart of certain discoveries and inventions, many times, may take years of earnest search to unlock. I believe this to be so because we perceive that Space Itself is Intelligent; and any Ray of Discovery which is sent into any sensitive recipient sends within itself deep messagings into new foundations from which it issues forth. Such is the case with the very great and profound discoveries of Dr. Thomas Henry Moray, whose notes and letters have been searched through for decades with little progress, save perhaps in the venues of philosophy and basic understandings concerning Space. This, we maintain, is because no one has made any significant postdevelopmental work upon this great discoverer's designs in the physical sense. All subsequent work has been verbal and cognitive. It is well within the power of certain devices of legendary position to generate such intense mental focussings in suited populations of individuals. Recently I have been fortunate enough to experience a series of observations which may hold the secret of a new power for us, and a means of unlocking many of these mysteries which have captivated our imaginations, hopes, and expectations. For a long while I have been carefully studying telluric energies (earth veinic energies) and have been experiencing the varieties of sensations which do accompany the regular surgings within these ground-crystals. First to be mentioned is the Black Ray energy, which I will speak of in certain future papers, and which is thrillingly present along the whole course of any major veinic line. This Black Ray is seen and felt as a shining black zone of extreme absorptivity, and is seen especially at night near certain structures (natural and/or man-made). If one should look carefully around street lamps at certain wintery times of the year (after sunset has passed) one will see these aureoles of radiant shining blackness. These zones are specifically focussed, and seem to emanate from specific spots in stonewalls, iron fences, the ground itself, certain trees, poles and posts of iron, and many more places than I can here mention. Suffice it to be said that this Black Ray sparkles out of specific spots in stonewalls, iron fences, the ground itself, certain trees, poles and posts of iron, and many more
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2/23/2010

Blackwaves - by Gerry Vassilatos - Kee…

places than I can here mention. Suffice it to be said that this Black Ray sparkles out of specific materials best, and (when in maximum surge) rises up above the ground in a shield or crown of beautiful clarity. Within these natural enclosures of energy, one may experience a very meaningful array of sensations. In fact, within such an energy shield, one realizes the validity of many anciently held views of the experiential realms which meet and inter-relate throughout the vast reaches of Space. It is possible to find zones of pure beauty, or of pure form; these, along with their other number of major experiencings, are maximized at specific positions. The angulations of these directed energies is all-important, and one may actually peer up through such a shield into the very deeps of the Vastness and receive great sudden surges of transcendent knowing. The very deep emotional content of these constant personal surgings can never be adequately described. Only experience of these may ever share the true sense of fusion with the telluric energies. Within such realms of experience, there have come certain more recent discoveries which may bring about a true and basic understanding of many scientific mysteries we have long focussed upon. We have focussed our detailed studies upon certain discoveries and designs, because these were granules of pure experience generated ex nihilo in the minds of their inventors. They are messages as well as glorious machines, which Space Itself is sending into us. Therefore, they have this sense of mystery written within them along with an eloquent beauty and form which is indescribable. They are pivot-points for the minds of sentient beings to tap experience from. And we have been captivated by them, for they are mythologic objects. While peering along a main telluric vein (which I have determined near my home) certain visual and mental phenomena began to occur with increasing regularity which I would now like to describe. The Main Veinic passes in an angular route past my kitchen window. It nearly follows the main roadway off into the distance. While many of us recognize that "ley lines" often become (nearly) such main roadways in human affairs, we will not venture into a detailed study of that phenomenon. Neither will we speak more of the many ways in which the telluric energy will reveal itself to planners and builders who give names such as "Woodrow", "Odell", "Lelane" and the like to those roadways which coincide with the local earth geometry. While I have often found these names amusing whenever I see them, I find their associated energies to be much more. I had been in the study of certain geometries and their effect upon the Black Ray energy. I also was marvelously drawn to begin study of the various materials which, in certain geometric array, would affect the receptivity and experience of the participant within the energetic realm mentioned. Watching the Black Ray energy along that road-veinic I was suddenly surprised by a series of sudden and consistent "wavings" which were visual. Imagine looking at a normal scene at night, and seeing black ripples of the most
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2/23/2010

Blackwaves - by Gerry Vassilatos - Kee…

delicate sort passing from Space down into the ground. These were not regular in sequence, neither were they isolated ("out there") from me. I was much a part of that sensation. In fact, the experience was a total one; one in which distinctions of observer-participant were melting away. Later on, while in a state of great enthusiasm, I began to determine whether the effect itself might be enhanced in some way. I found that these effects were never strongly experienced away from the Veinic Axis. I also found that because of this, they were never reported for lack of consistent observations. The second phase of these researches were aimed at determining whether or not certain local disturbances were being modified by local materials and their geometries. I found that a great "loading" of the roadway with iron fencing was a primary source of accumulation of the effect. Numerous other iron posts, and strings of strong halogen street lamps also gave strength to the effect. But it was the very window I was peering through which gave the strongest sense of acting as a "visuator" of the phenomenon. Many times I have noted the appearance of an outer glow coming into an ordinary window, angulated (as built) with a local major vein in the ground. It is vital to note that these effects are strongest experienced when they are aligned and placed near these veinic passages in the ground. Place and position are all important. The activity and attitude of 20th Century scientism is that objects and experimental apparatus will act the same in any position. This stems from two very erroneous conceptions. First, there is the "scientismic" belief that effects are causes. When scientists make study of mass-length-time, they are merely studying the inertial effects of formative energies, and therefore are studying only the smoothened surface of an inertial realm which they have strengthened and focussed. True reality is an entire spectrum of experiences, with subjectivity as the rule. Many phenomena would pass unnoticed were they to be measured by inert clocks alone. Time, in its truth, is a subjectively known wonder. Our aim should be to devise means of sharing our perceptions directly with others through the use of new devices. Such a study is found in Radionics and Psychotronics, the frontiers of the future. The second fallacy which the scientismic crafts are advancing for endorsement is the notion that "the object summons the forces" rather than that the forces generate and sustain the object. Now the "object" of which we speak may be any experimental apparatus, any power device, any material focus of consciousness. What scientists claim is possession of "absolute" objects, those whose functions persist because of their own ability to force the forces out of their own angulations and natural course. What we have asserted is a very respectful and surrendered participation with ordained natural energies, the true energies of the Vastness. Within this structure, we may design, structure, and arrange our devices with ease. Many of these are passive types of machines, whose functions fail whenever they are taken out of cooperative relationship within the ground-veinic angulations we have used. The strongest, most severe form of dynamic is to be found
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2/23/2010

Blackwaves - by Gerry Vassilatos - Kee…

herein alone. The glow seen on wintery days comes through an angulated window whenever certain conditions are met. Have you ever seen the "blue orgone glow" coming from the outside whenever the snow is freshly fallen? You will only see it powerfully when an incandescent lamp is on within the house. Turn the lamp off and look outside through the window again. The bluish glow is gone. Only the hard grey of the natural light will be seen. Another effect which requires a small bit of close observation is the manner in which the bluish glow spreads uniformly over the crown of the glass window. The smooth glow will spread out across the pane slowly, after the incandescent bulb is lit. Try the effect several times just to convince yourself that the effect is real. When the lamp is off the glow dissolves away. The kitchen window I was peering through had a simple, thin-vaned, horizontal venetian blind over it. Immediately above this, and recessed, is a downward aimed incandescent spotlight of low power. This "haphazard" arrangement has a very warm and beautifully attractive artistic sense to it, the very mark of a natural radionic arrangement. When viewing the Veinic Line through this arrangement, the Blackwave effect was enormously magnified. I tested this with the lamp off, and the effect resumed its natural intensity. With the blinds removed, the effect remained again at natural intensity. But with both blinds adjusted and spotlight on, the effect was enormously powerful. I have been making observations through this natural visuator for quite awhile now, and have much more to say about the effect and its meaning in other directions of technological pursuit. The sudden and powerful awareness of exactly what we are observing herein may offer us a reasonable and strong entry into what Dr. Thomas Henry Moray was actually developing. The second step in approaching this possibility must invite the work of Mr. Dan Winter in the field of Dirac-wave detections. In a marvelous paper, Mr. Winter described an experiment which he and his associate performed. It is perhaps the most important such experiment to date in the field of Moray research. In this specific experiment, Mr. Winter structured two very modified galena crystal radio detectors. Each of the fine wire "catwhiskers" was prepared to hold a minute piece of carnotite. These crystal detectors were separated and each metered suitably. What the team discovered was a strange phenomenon of correspondence between each arrangement, though separation was maintained. Whenever any radioactive material is placed in an electrically conductive circuit, several strange effects are noted. These are never mentioned in the finest graduate texts, and they are even rarely mentioned in such excellent experimenter's texts as by Pohl, if, in fact, they may be found at all any longer.

www.nuenergy.org/alt/blackwaves.htm

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nuenergy. Moray's device rests on his discovery of mutual. Each end of the tube has an electrode. I may describe the steps involved in proving that Moray was not building mere nuclear batteries. Such radio-electric phenomena must be better chronicled and collated. Such regional. Dr. The sounds outside the tube are said. Paul Brown had chronicled the history of such patented nuclear batteries as far back as 1926. Geiger counters held far from the apparatus simply go off the scale. and these are connected (electrode and screen) to a 4000 volt transformer. I do not believe he would carry these in his pocket (as he did on several occasions) were these dangerous radium tubes. to resemble small lightning strokes. all are kept in the rarest of secrets. and his research thrilling in every aspect. Winter. power switched on. Brown's papers marvelous. then huge power stations could be made merely from the natural radioactivity of certain substances. according to them.Moray did not have the resources to purchase radium chloride in suitable quantities to achieve the initial 5 KW outputs which he demonstrated. Within this tube are two screens which are saturated with carnotite. for the university people.Kee… I believe that certain of the sundry details involving the sudden and mysterious increase of line-conductivity within a radioactively loaded circuit.by Gerry Vassilatos . All radiations are emitted in a regularly consistent spray. immutable condition of certain materials. Mr. To achieve the greater outputs which he demonstrated later on (the 50 KW devices) he did not need to purchase more radium chloride. according to classically promoted radioactive "laws". and had claimed that Moray's device was just such a nuclear battery. No variations within the ray-field of any radioactive sample. environmental effects could only be due to an external agent of far greater power than www. although along his own lines and originality of thought.2/23/2010 Blackwaves . Contrary to the opinions of some observers of this phenomenon. Winter observed was a strange surging correspondence between two separated radioactive detectors.C. although I find Mr. Neither would he expose personnel and self to dangerous fluxes of rays with his detectors. the spurious sudden anomalies of high-voltage spikes and the like. we do not believe that it is a mere electromagnetic disturbance which effects the Geiger tube "jam". by Mr. were they of these varieties. If such were the case. Radioactivity. is an unalterable. Hart has a tube which is depressurized and filled with a mixture of mercury and helium. The very mystery of Dr. and the increase of voltage with certain radioactive diodes. no pulsatory phenomena have ever been reported. What Mr. Moray. This should not be.org/alt/blackwaves.htm 5/13 . irregular pulsations which he found two or more detectors to demonstrate. We can hardly agree. a researcher who has developed an interesting device reminiscent of Philo Farnsworth's cold-cathode power tube. there is a sudden transformation in the room as the tube begins to thunder and rattle. When the A. we believe that a strange dynamic surge fluxes through the room. I must also include the mention of an experiment performed by an associate of Dr.

Perhaps certain groups. In fact. A complete dissolution of the material would be transformed into usable energy. and he told of the varieties of changes which could be detected in the kinds of rays emitted thereafter. Only certain nuclei would intercept these rays and explode under impact. In fact. Gustav LeBon described these findings repeatedly in his excellent texts. This is far from what we have been told in the halls of academia. when Dr.nuenergy.Kee… even that of radioactivity. Such effects were due to resonant breaking of materials under the specific dynamic absorbed aluminum into rays. Tesla believed that any material which was demonstrating the continuous emission of fine particles as energetic as he detected them to be. This was accomplished by simply heating any sample to a good red heat.2/23/2010 Blackwaves . he was allowing possibilities into the scenario which the academicians do not support or believe. But nuclear batteries are not what we are about here. Such a bombardment must surely be due to a particulated emission which was ever more fine than those rays being emitted.org/alt/blackwaves. When Tesla described his "cosmic-ray" theory of radioactivity. were their size taken in proportion. The leading physics persons of the day will (in the same breath) tell you that all phenomena are self-generated and insular. Gustav LeBon mentioned that ordinary materials could be made into radioactive sources by simply exposing them to specific bands of ultraviolet light.by Gerry Vassilatos . If "radioactive atoms" are spontaneously exploding because of some internal resonant condition. then what is causing that disturbance? Only Tesla's deduction may point us in the way of further discoveries concerning radioactivity. Such batteries have an output many times exceeding those of fission-plants. with no waste matter at all! www." a fact which both Gustav LeBon and Moray demonstrated repeatedly. That specific materials were the ones manifesting these continuous emissions indicated that certain densities of matter were required before interceptions of these "cosmic rays" could occur. and watching the radioactivity drop to less than a third of its intensity. groups heavily invested in the radium and uranium markets do not want this data to become widely known. Paul Brown's great work on nuclear batteries would bring these moguls to their knees if sufficient numbers of foreign competitors in the global village could force the greedy into the old frontier. All these phenomena make the academic claims of "immutable" radioactivity very suspicious. One of these would be the fact that radioactive samples could be altered and limited from their "half-life. must surely be under an even more intense bombardment. while also asserting that there can be no spontaneous manifestations of energy without an outside agent.htm 6/13 . then he realized the validity of Nikola Tesla's belief of the real cause of radioactivity. he took radium itself and reduced its radioactivity so far that a few days later were required before emissions were back up to level. Moray saw this phenomenon at work.

In fact. then even slight separation between the www. into pure ether again. What Dr. Moray had discovered that radioactivity is variable. energy of pure matter. Tesla had offered a reasonable argument for the bombardment theory of radioactivity. a signal of very high voltage could be secured rather mysteriously. No one had detected these "breaks" because radium is so powerful and copious a source of rays and particles.org/alt/blackwaves. LeBon spoke of was the release of IntraAtomic energy.Kee… Dr.2/23/2010 Blackwaves . are so "radionically emissive" that one wonders why few considered this idea in their own research. Dr. His discovery is sublime and glorious in every aspect. In these he found the evidence that radioactivity was not a continuous immutable process at all. But the key was to examine two detectors. Another movie ("This Island Earth") permutes the notions of Reich and Moray very splendidly. then the saturating surges of these strange particles would have strong "breaks" within them.nuenergy. These would reveal themselves as pulses in any radium sample. Such energy release would require either electrical triggering or ultra-violet triggerings at specific resonant frequencies. Moray's schematics. He discovered that. and represents a true leap into the unknown. If this is grasped and harnessed now. then the resultant observation with detectable meters will result in a proportionate diminishment. he studied Dr. The vision of great discoverers can never be suppressed. If radium was behaving as a simple target material for a very rare and powerful cosmic ray surging. spaced at a distance. Such extreme power radiates from their minds into those many others. What should occur whenever a "breakline" passes through the device and laboratory? If the breakline is fine enough. Whenever the source of an effect is immeasurably quenched. LeBon's texts rather deeply. sensitive and receptive enough to permute the original power. we will find the two-detector coupling clearly drawn.htm 7/13 . the very props used in depicting the craft and its inner workings. while using two or more detection apparatuses of the radioactive kind. While searching for the answers to these strange phenomena.by Gerry Vassilatos . Should we examine Dr. then we will have achieved our purpose herein. LeBon's vision of Atomic energy was more sublime than the scientific personnel at Los Alamos ever dreamed of. Moray discovered was not a nuclear battery effect. Energy so released would result in the perfect conversion of material into ether directly. These permutations into art will be discussed elsewhere. He was not using the radioactive material in its raw power of explosiveness to generate electricity. When once the process was initiated (under perfect control) it would release more energy than that of the trigger. What Dr. The atomic energy of the archetypical visitor "Klaatu" (in the epic "The Day The Earth Stood Still") spoke of such an atomic energy.

org/alt/blackwaves. While the null-zone of this wave passes over the one detector. In Dr. Tesla are not those which Geiger tubes and any other detector may ever detect: they are transcendingly intense rays. In fact.Kee… two detectors should suffice in releasing sudden powerful voltage surges. www. But what are these Blackwaves? What do they represent and where are they generated? Surely they must be much. should they not in fact alter them? Such alterations may never be detected by our own perceptions? Dr. much more than mere electrical stimulations within a cosmic gallery. Why should this occur? We would conjecture that the source energy which produces radioactivity (being external and vast in potential) to cause such mutation.by Gerry Vassilatos . Such waves represent deeper fluxuals within that source of quasi-etheric particles. In essence. Moray also delved into these studies with altered materials. Their group variations are detected with two or more separated devices. The so-called "cosmic rays" of Dr. Moray's devices. a deep and sudden drop would evince itself while the other detector would emit more particles into the line. and Jorge Resines has written an excellent treatise on this subject. must possess huge potentials and differences of potential. would also create fluxions between two or more radioactive materials if measured through a distance. To re-emphasize our assertion: If Dr. we are discovering the very same thing. what were their function at all? The power of a nuclear battery is great. but the power Dr. Moray were using radium chloride in his valves. Nikola Tesla's belief in the bombardment theory of radioactivity left us with a second possibility when observing radioactivity.htm 8/13 . Should particles of this quasi-etheric nature (particles so rare and copious) pass through certain materials. This is exactly what powers Dr. say. two very different parts of a single extended material might undergo variant strains under such passage. Lebon's words these are "particles which have undergone such an advanced degree of disintegration that they are nearly etheric in state". This is exactly what Dan Winter and his associate found. If Tesla was correct.nuenergy. we are here discussing the transformation of the infinitesimal into the macroscopic. then extremes of electrical stress will be caused to appear along the line.2/23/2010 Blackwaves . This we maintain because of the very interactive manner in which we have perceived them directly as described. those "cosmic rays" of his. of material virtually as fine as the ether itself. Moray was using through these valves of his was transcendently more potent. In Prof. But surges within these energies as waves power the Moray device. Should such a wave (in an infinitesimal fraction of time) pass across such a detector arrangement. For if such particles are so fine. What intrigues us now is the passage of these quasi-etheric particles. radioactive detectors. might they not actually coalesce and form a virtually "solid" pulsation across a very wide reach of the Vastness? Such tenuously marvelous wavings would pass directly through materials enharmonically. then fluxions within the bombarding source. Tesla's words they are "particles not further decomposable".

In particular. but we need to develop better actuators of this experience. one may make use of the "wandering eye" phenomenon in order to detect Blackwave passage between the lamps. We have also determined very specific geometries which enhance the experiencing of the waves in a most personal sense. This experience is so very potent. But we hold this experience so rare. It seems that horizontal slats of metal seem to best permit the direct viewing and participation within the revealed "envelope" of the Blackwaves. these "dynamidae. that we wish to maintain their beneficial presence in concentrated form. These waves pass right through materials ordinarily. that we desire it continuously. Whenever these Blackwaves pass through a region there is great inspiration. Whenever we experience them.org/alt/blackwaves. In our researches we have determined various materials to be concentrators and strengtheners of these Blackwaves. To this end we have designed various devices which concentrate and focus the Black Ray energies in the various modes which will transform us into a clarified and "galactic" awareness. Any radiant source seems to strengthen their appearance.2/23/2010 Blackwaves .nuenergy.Kee… When I first experienced them I was immediately struck with the notion that these were the very waves which Dr.htm 9/13 . Others may possess the ability of sensing these tensions between objects. The direct experiencing of a visual display where sudden "ripples" begin in a watery manner to descend is a glorious sensation. A simple personal experiment involves the use of two street lamps. These include low-power incandescent bulbs. I have used this method in determining the telluric energies which www. they seem to be waves of external awarenesses. we suddenly sense a total "meshing" with the External Vastness. Their natural passage is frequent enough. Many of us have known these sensations on black wintery nights when the Blackwaves make their passage naturally. even in the daytime. then strains and alterations occur within these materials." is our aim. We believe that notables such as Tesla did realize the importance of developing such psychotronic appliances with an aim toward the pure use of new dynamidae. This may explain "metal fatigue" and sudden chaotic events within a room. magnets. Moray was utilizing within his mysterious radiant energy device.by Gerry Vassilatos . Persons of suitable sensitivity may actually sense these changes within their own bodies. even during the summer months when clarity seems lost in the misty heat. We have realized that these Blackwaves hold a profound secret within their passages. When specific materials (radioactive in the academic sense) of suitable density and crystal structure (crystal symmetry) intercept them. Many such energies may be detected by the human organism alone. ferrites and even the intake of certain nutrients. so utterly glorious in its ability to transform and strengthen outerconsciousness. radio receivers. The strengthening of these species of energies. so marvelous and so very powerful.

nuenergy. These pulsations of the eyes and inner being reveal a new subjective means of determining "dowseable" energies. His discovery was that there do exist these regional wavings throughout Space. In any event. The sensation is not unlike a very pleasant gliding sensation along a resistance-free path. While these variations may not be detected in single detecting tubes (because of their possible brevity).org/alt/blackwaves. Should they be www. sudden events within a double-stage detector because of the deep potential difference across the lines. What would be the effect of a radioactive wave-passage through a room? Any material capable of revealing the tension would do so.2/23/2010 Blackwaves . as if the will was permitted to reassert its gaze.htm 10/13 . My question remains.Kee… saturate buildings and which discharge suddenly from them. what is the source of these regional strains? What is the cause of the potential differences? If we study Dr. coupled with the radioactive material emissions within the line. The eyes then may suddenly shift back to the first lamp. These I will report in a future article. These sources of the radioactivity would cause a phenomenon of sudden variation of the total radiant flux coming out of the samples. these (in the personal energies) we have discussed. Moray had found. Moray's detect sudden huge potential changes in the transforming circuitry? Yes. What if the researcher were examining the electrical characteristics of a suitable circuit? Would that person necessarily discover sudden surges in the lines having no explanation for them? Would such a circuit as Dr. It exceeds the output of the radioactive materials by several factors. but two detectors coupled together. Moray's schematics (Jorge Resines' booklet on this complex secret is an excellent source of newer designs on the topic) we see not one detector. What we are using here is the potential difference of the Blackwave passage through the device. This is a natural source of wisdom. Glancing at two separate lamps. This made the use of a radioactive particle detector more than a mere nuclear battery. This is exactly what Dr. Any charge source would then necessarily emit a burst of charge into the line at very high voltage. we may allow our eyes and bodies to become detectors and participator elements within regional happenings. one often finds that the eyes are suddenly diverted from one to the other as if forcibly motivated by some naturally desired effort.by Gerry Vassilatos . The energy contained in these Blackwaves is enormously powerful. they would result in huge. The human organism is a detector of these strains and tensions through space. The detector valves must necessarily be separate though not far apart. Why? Because the radioactivity of the radium chloride samples depends upon these sudden etheric-wave pulses which are penetrating our enclosures. for the very message of these energies must be made personal and inward from the external.

Shifting to and fro as they drift. and this would necessarily begin at Dr. nearly tenuous. They occur in "naturally anticipated" pulses. Neither must they proceed in perfect sharp processions. The detector valves which contain the radium chloride serve merely as detectors of waves which (electrically) are rarely seen within the systems used in laboratories. they are not clock-perfect in their appearances. we ask. Moray's determinations. They are not electrical in nature. Moray's devices make use of special circuitry which accommodates these many characteristics as he discovered them. They are longitudinal in nature. We need to determine their periodicity. beauteous structuring. these may behave more like fabric than rigid steel. They seem to bring in a "crystalliq" elegance whenever powerfully experienced. if in fact they are the same phenomenon.Kee… connected in parallel (which they are) then the resultant signal will be a heterodyned signal. They seem to carry with them every aspect of a wondrous. He placed these within the gamma-ray bands. capable of being further amplified through feedback circuits and stages. Radioactivity seems to be the best detector of these energies which are not themselves radioactivity proper. which may find their explanations in these considerations. We need to determine the specific places and structures which may make use of Blackwaves and the potential differences which are vast along their surfaces. They may proceed in a rippling. The heterodyned signal of www. I know that our ancestors were indeed. but did not imply that the energies were gamma-rays proper. Consideration of qualities will lead us out of inertia. Their visual experience. closer to the true nature of the Experience we share than their modern "enlightened" counterparts. I must mention that the effects of these Blackwaves within electrical circuits seems to be the very least functional capability of these strange messengers through the Vastnesses.htm 11/13 . Perhaps we have not really appreciated their true example and integrity because of all the later hostilities aimed at their protagonists. Dr. Aristotle spoke of "atoms of qualities" which we must consider. These Blackwaves are longitudinal waves which ripple through all materials in a "solid" manner. they behave as if they were large surfaces having macrostructures of the order perhaps of a solar system in their length.by Gerry Vassilatos . Their function in our own experiencing and mentation patterns cannot be under estimated. But. These Blackwaves are very minute in pulse length. Certain circuits have revealed sudden anomalous high voltage spikes. gossamer-like pattern.nuenergy. We may search throughout our memories in order to make correlations with this new information. seems to indicate tremendously potent interactive ability. Whenever I see the Blackwaves in their passages through my experience. can all experiences be measured and relegated to the inertial view of the Vastness? The very great wisdom had by certain ancient philosophers exceeds all inert consideration. The etheric theoretics of our last century had visualized such things as these waves. The potentials cause extremely great voltages to suddenly appear and disappear.2/23/2010 Blackwaves .org/alt/blackwaves.

™ Alternative Energy Research Archive Nu Energy Horizons. "The Evolution of Force". Rumney.Kee… electrical charge carriers is the power in Dr.2/23/2010 Blackwaves . Moray and the others who observed his device did notice repeatedly. Box 22. for surely there awaits the venturers a glorious prize in this noble quest and calling.by Gerry Vassilatos . This they do in steps. and "The Evolution of Energy And Matter"). What the Blackwave line represents is a region of mysterious nullifications and intensifications. all materials are radioactive. Dr. LeBon showed this truth in many various ways experimentally. This is the selfstrengthening energy in his circuits. These would be experienced as strong high frequency sparks. Whereas radium was a very active element in this dissociating process. New Hampshire 03266-0022 USA Copyright © 2004. aluminum was equally as radioactive under the proper conditions. and described them in his texts ("The Evolution of Matter".nuenergy. These zones cause what we observe in certain substances: radioactivity. The tremendous surge between two detectors as a result of the passage of a Blackwave through the apparatus is simple to comprehend.htm 12/13 . Le Bon revealed certain conditions where zinc and aluminum released far more radioactivity than radium itself.org/alt/blackwaves. O. a pair of detectors spaced a distance apart and connected in parallel will evidence a singularly powerful high-frequency heterodyned signal. Moray's devices. P. In truth. Dr. but certain substances seemed to evidence specific detectable particles in greater rapidity. This is precisely what Dr. and must include all rays dowseable as well. While these may be too short and infrequent of interval to commonly detect. Either edge along the processional of these "solid" waves generates regions of intense energy. Wherever the Blackwaves sweep across radioactive materials the particle power-zones appear. All substances were equally radioactive. All Rights Reserved www. This knowledge leads directly into the study of Radionics. and manifest these changes by the showers of particulate and wavelike emissions until this total transformation has occurred. What he and Tesla claimed was that different materials dissociate into ether through a series of natural transformations. We invite all experimenters to attempt reproduction of these paths into the legendary. The temporary cessation of radioactivity in the one sample will result in a huge sudden surge of charge into the deeply neutral Blackwave core between samples.

htm 13/13 .nuenergy.2/23/2010 Blackwaves .org/alt/blackwaves.by Gerry Vassilatos .Kee… www.

then emit it in the form of ionizing radiation. each carrying a -1 charge). by describing them as the "photo-electric effect". converting a proton into a neutron. and repeatedly becomes eccentric. which is then avoided and summarily dismissed. in which an electron orbit is distorted by a magnetic field. in which a K-orbital electron of an appropriate element "falls" into the nucleus (is "captured"). such as mass which is unaccounted for by the lower total weight of the helium atom. or green light (sodium). and the instabilities of elements generally possessing a ratio of neutrons-to-protons which are "too low for stability". which are especially susceptible to "photoemission". the liar government scientists attempted to confuse these processes. or emission of alpha particles (helium). as the electron "falls" back into the "K" orbit. some in ordinary daylight. some even with red light (cesium). 1941). and the possibility that some 'uninitiated' persons might still know about them. rearranged or transmuted in the process. which has been concealed. in an externally reversible "K-capture" process. under a specific magnetic flux density. are alpha particles (stripped helium nuclei.V. It is my theory that ZPR and aether-borne energy contained in the space encompassed by the electron prior to its capture. which showed that the elements below atomic No. In this process. The Story of Electricity and Magnetism (six volumes. and beta particles (electrons. since the photo-electric effect involves the ultraviolet ejection of electrons by suitable emitters. but all those 4 . over and over. representing equivalent energy or particles liberated. This process requires a carefully synchronized and controlled excitation at the specific NMR frequency of the element. concerning the structure of lithium. transmuting the element into one with one more neutron in the place of the former proton. from what it should be. according to the sum of the weight of its component parts. neutrinos are emitted as the element goes up the atomic scale. This information initially surfaced in a set of books entitled Popular Science Library. 19.F. this simple process can release or absorb (the same difference) the energy equivalent of the fusion reaction. many of which are above atomic number 19. and are sucked back into the atom as it returns to its former element. or is excited a by a U. we have another "table-top"-type fusion reaction. brought about with low energy bombardment. and page 7. A similar process occurs in nuclear excitation of a light element. Here. other elements below atomic number 19. each carrying a +2 charge). There are several other effects which distinguish this from the photo-electric effect. in a sort of "continuous nuclear orgasm". That was simply another Big Lie. similar to the "fusion reaction" of the sun. and does not involve the actual transmutation of the elements. actually transmute in ultraviolet light. primarily by treating it as an insignificant 'anomaly'. conflicted with relativistic Quantum Mechanics. results in the emissions observed. New York. if the process is continued. pages 81-83 (concerning information mixed with what was generally thought to be the "photo-electric effect").William Lyne’s Research Supports Ultraviolet Light Transmutation The data I found around 1980. particularly those in Group I of Mendeleyev's Periodic Table. so as to "gather" energy in the "L" orbit. incident particle beam. Collier & Son Corporation. P. which are "squeezed out" when the electron is captured by the nucleus. The products of these light-element transmutations. Due to prior public access to these secrets. In other words.

while Moray used spudomene or lepidolite-lithium-aluminosilicate rocks-which he called his "Swedish stone". of Utah. In some cases.B. The moist hands provided the electrolyte contact. These rocks are almost everywhere in Northern New Mexico. to warm their hands. In each case the change is associated with an increase in the neutron-to-proton ratio. is vastly greater than the electrical energy required to initiate the reaction.16. 19 transmute in ultraviolet light. and the other is by the nucleus capturing a negative electron from outside the atom. as shown by the following statement: Sec. transmutation can occur in an incident particle beam of less than 7 volts according to the Blokhin book (in the bibliography. and is perhaps the most unstable of the "light elements". but that was untrue. under national security laws. This concealment by neglect was the apparent result of Nazi/corporate-state influence in the government and F. as used in the Union Carbide lithium niobate crystals. which gives specific product emissions for most elements (unless "classified") in respect to the frequency of an incident particle beam used at specific voltages." .12). producing semiconductor devices (which he called "valves") almost twenty years before Shockley. who got the credit. Practically the only thing they were looking for was technology related to the atom bomb. Henry Moray. Lithium is the most active of all elements. and by T. The lithium-aluminosilicate elements are all below atomic number 19. 1. These processes were explored by Tesla prior to 1900. It could be perhaps called "nuclear chemical energy". carried pieces of lithium ore in their pockets in winter. the explanatory formula for which has been systematically omitted from nuclear engineering texts. while in Sweden in 1912. pure elements. Since neither of theses modes of radioactive decay is important in connection with nuclear reactors. especially found in pegmatite dikes. or the "photo-electric effect". to which he soldered triple-distilled germanium. it is unnecessary to consider them in further detail. but from "cosmic radiation". Tesla used aluminum and some Group I elements. Lithium 6 has a low neutron ratio. and in compound form are supposed to work better than the separate.I. they decided he was crazy and neglected his documents until the war was over. Sheepherders in the vicinity of Dixon (where the government mined lithium for the H-bomb). 1.19: "There are two other ways in which a nuclide with a ratio of neutrons that is too low for stability can become more stable. One is by the emission of an alpha particle (sec. One Los Alamos scientist I discussed this with said this process was an example of "chemical energy". and many other similar X-ray references). Powerful ionizing radiation can be used to charge field plates. and need involve no radioactive fuels or wastes. because it comes from the ZPR ("starlight"). The normal number for lithium is "lithium–7". while the rarer (and more unstable) isotope is "lithium–6". or to produce 'pure electrical energy".below atomic No. and since Tesla had stated that socalled "atomic energy" didn't come from the radioactive elements themselves. thus reversing the process described in sec. 1. The energy produced. It is a reversible process. and penetrating cosmic radiation (the ZPR) did the rest. I suppose.

I. public libraries. threats.And so. two separate possible "other" ways to produce atomic energy–both using nonradioactive light elements–are concealed. for his private library. p.O.’s ‘withdrawal list’. Henry Moray.E. In 1943. A copy of the book formerly used by and available to Dr. he sought the book at the library. p. Although the processes are allegedly unimportant ". Nonetheless. non-radioactive elements. protected by the sham A. in his local Utah public library. a Frenchman named Gustave Le Bon wrote a book on “synthetic radioactivity”. The primary justification for the concealment of these two processes is rationalized (for over forty years. 185 – 187 Before 1892. book stores.in connection with (archaic) nuclear reactors" of the kind desired by the Secret Government..B. since 1952 or earlier) because they are possibly being used to generate electrical energy on flying saucers and other secret projects. cover./D. when Moray was attempting to reconstruct his radiant energy generator of the 1920’s (the 50 kw one).I.I. T. to create nuclear reactions. and even private collections and libraries. universities.B. “synthetic radiation” reactors—electric power generators using elements of low atomic number—are safer than any known means of energy production. even coal or oil. thus opening the way for safe nuclear power generators. Moray was able to surreptitiously procure three copies of the book from a friend who was a book dealer. was confiscated by the F.S. Lyne Excerpts taken from pages: 185 – 187 and page 205..E. and was subjected to F.B. The book was among those on the F. 205 Space Aliens from the Pentagon second edition August 1995 by William R. in 1942. . in its sweep through all U.C. This book related to the use of ordinary. Despite government misuse. it is obvious that the use of these concealed processes might literally destroy the obsolete petroleum and atomic energy industries as we know them today.

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