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Igneous Rx Processes

Igneous Rx Processes

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Published by Rafael Aleman

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Published by: Rafael Aleman on Aug 02, 2012
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07/14/2013

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IGNEOUS ROCKS!

I) Igneous rock!

I) Igneous rock cont.!

II) 5 Igneous Texture!

A) Hyaline!

B) Aphanitic!

C) Phaneritic!

D) Porphyritic!

D) Porphyritic!

E) Pyroclastics!

Igneous Rock Naming Chart!
Aphanitic
Phaneritic

Mafic
(low SiO2)

Basalt Gabbro

Andesite

Rhyolite

Diorite

Granite
Silicic/Felsic
(high SiO2)

IGNEOUS OCCURRENCES!

Chaiten, Chile, May 2008

I) Magma!

I) Magma!
B) Viscosity is controlled by

I) Magma!

I) Magma!

Magma Types!
Temp
SiO2
Content
Crystals
Viscosity

Basaltic Rhyolitic

High

Low

Low

Low

Low

High

High

High

II) Intrusions!

II) Intrusions cont.!

C) Types of Plutons!

2) Stock!

D) Other intrusions!

4) Sills!

III) Extrusions!

A) Basaltic flows!

1) Pahoehoe flows!

2) Aa flows!

3) Pillow lava!

B) Rhyolitic “Flows”!

C) Pyroclastic Flows!

IV) Volcanoes and Fissures!

Mt. Etna, Sicily 10/2002

2) Types of volcanoes!

a) Shield cont.!

a) Shield cont.!

b) Cinder Cone

b) Cinder Cone

b) Cinder Cone

c) Composite Cone / Stratovolcano

Mt. St. Helens, WA, July 2002

Mt St Helens!

Mount Saint Helens as it was before Spring, 1980.

Mt St Helens!

Mt St Helens!

Mt St Helens!

Mount Saint Helens on the morning of May 18

Mt. St. Helens!

10/2004

New Dome forming 1/2005

New dome with gash, fresh ash on snow 1/2005

d) Caldera!

d) Caldera!

Long Valley Caldera,Calif!

B) Fissure!

B) Fissure cont.!

B) Fissure cont.!

C) How did they get there?!

‣  parScore form 1712! ‣  Be on time ! ‣  No doughnuts or light
bubbling!

‣  Books/backpacks in front
of classroom!

‣  KNOW your CWID!

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