Procedure:
1. Join the adjacent raingauge
stations.
2. Construct the perpendicular
bisectors of each of these lines.
3. The polygon formed by the
perpendicular bisectors around a
station encloses an area which is
every where closer to that station
than to any other station.
4. Find the area of each of these
polygons, shown hatched in the
figure.
5. Compute the average
precipitation using the given
formula.
Example: Using Thiesen Polygon Method, find average rainfall
over a catchment. The data is:
Rain Gauge Station A B C D E
Polygon Area (km
2
) 40 45 38 30 43
Precipitation (mm) 30.8 33.4 34.6 32.6 24.6
Solution:
( )
mm 53 . 31
193
6 . 6085
= =
A
P A
P
av
3.Isohytel method.
An isohyet is a line, on a rainfall map of the basin, joining
places of equal rainfall readings.
An isohyetal map showing contours of equal rainfall
presents a more accurate picture of the rainfall
distribution over the basin.
Average rainfall can be computed by the following
expression.
Advantages: The isohytel method is the most elaborate
and accurate than other methods.
1 2
2
av
P P
A
P
A
( +
 
 (
\ .
=
\

+
=
Problem:
Find the mean precipitation for the area sketched in figure by
Thiessens method. The area is composed of a square plus an
equilateral triangular plot of side 4 kms. Rainfall readings in cms at
the various stations are also given in figure.
Presentation of rainfall data
A few commonly used methods of presentation of
rainfall data which have been found to be useful in
interpretation and analysis of such data are:
1.Mass curve of Rainfall
2.Hyetograph
1.Mass curve of Rainfall
If the total accumulated precipitation is plotted
against time, the curve obtained is known as Mass
curve of Rainfall/Storm.
The curve rises steeply in the beginning and then
tends to become constant.
Mass curve of rainfall are very useful in extracting the
information on the duration and the magnitude of
storm.
Also, intensities at various time intervals in a storm
can be obtained.
2.Hyetograph.
It can be defined as a plot of intensity of rainfall (cm/hr) against
the time interval, represented as a bar chart.
The area under hyetograph represents the total precipitation
received in that period.
This chart is very useful in representing the characteristics of
storm, and is particularly important in developing the design
storms to predict extreme floods.
The time interval used depends on the purpose; in urban
drainage problems, small durations are used, while in flood flow
computations in larger catchments, the intervals are of about 6
hr.