Cohesiveness in work groups has many positive effects, including worker satisfac tion, low turnover and absenteeism

, and higher productivity. However, highly coh esive groups may be detrimental to organizational performance if their goals are misaligned with organizational goals. Highly cohesive groups may also be more v ulnerable to groupthink. Groupthink occurs when members of a group exert pressur e on each other to come to a consensus in decision making. Groupthink results in careless judgments, unrealistic appraisals of alternative courses of action, an d a lack of reality testing. It can lead to a number of decision-making issues s uch as the following: 1. Incomplete assessments of the problem, 2. Incomplete information search, 3. Bias in processing information, 4. Inadequate development of alternatives, and 5. Failure to examine the risks of the preferred choice.

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