IND-BARATH ENERGY(UTKAL) LTD.
AT-SAHAJBAHAL, TEHSIL – LAKHANPUR, DIST: JHARSUGUDA, ORISSA
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
PROPOSED 2X350 MW COAL BASED POWER PLANT
S.S Environics (India) Pvt. Ltd
Plot No : 361/2314 “ Sustenance” At/P.O : Patrapada, Dist : Khurda, Bhubaneswar-751019
No.) 36. Ltd.
M/s S. Orissa State and has the following coordinates (as per Survey of India topo-sheet no. Environics(India)Pvt.0 60. 2. of IBPIL Group. an area of 10 km radius centering the proposed project site has been considered as study area and the scope of work for the fieldworks under environmental baseline survey were carried out from 1st March. The proposed project is designated to be developed under the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification and amendments under Environment (Protection) Act (EPA). Proposed project falls under “Category A” as per the notification issued on 14th September 2006 by MOEF. Hyderabad proposes to
commission 700 (2x350) MW coal based power plant at Sahajbahal village of Jharsuguda district. 64 -O/14.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ES 1. 1986. 2008 based on the duly filled Form-I along with pre feasibility report submitted and subsequent presentation made to appraisal committee for thermal power plant. In accordance to the approved TOR. Jharsuguda District. ES 2.II(T) Dated the 19th August. The study has been carried out as per the guidelines of Ministry of Environment & Forests (MOEF) and Orissa State Pollution Control Board (OSPCB). J13012/31/2008-IA. Orissa. The nearest major town is Belpahar which is about 25 km from the project site. A. 3.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION Location of the Project The proposed thermal power project site is located at Sahajbahal village of Lakhanpur Tehsil.S.Ltd. MOEF has issued terms of reference (TOR) for carrying out the EIA/EMP study vide letter No. Bhubaneswar. scale 1:50. (SSE). has been retained to
carry out Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) study and to prepare Environment Management Plan (EMP) for the proposed coal based power plant. Particulars Main Power Plant Plant Coal Handling system including railway marshalling yard Water system Area (Hect.0 INTRODUCTION
M/s. 2008 to 31st May 2008 except for the data generated for ground level ozone concentration during the period October 2008 to December 2008. Bhubaneswar.S. 1.000): • Latitude • Longitude Land Requirement The details of land envisaged for the proposed project are as given below: Sl. As the first step of the notification issued on 14th September 2006.Ind-Bharat Energies (Utkal) Ltd.
. Environics (India) Pvt.0 22..0 : 21 o 39' 06” N to 21040’16” N : 83o 55' 28” E to 83056’16” E
67 46.0 240.) is envisaged within the project premises.33
2 3 4
S.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
4.) Pvt. B. The land is mostly barren land with some of for single crop cultivation without any seasonal cash crops.) and 541±5 0C. and • Township for around 200 families. 6. D.67 240. a pond covering an area of 49. 0. Agriculture Irrigated Unirrigated Homestead Fallow Others Subtotal Total Plant Details The main facilities/machinery envisaged for the proposed project is summarized hereunder: • 2 nos of steam boilers with associated accessories. • A Railway sliding from Belpahar Coalfield of MCL to the proposed project site. C.0 10. 5.5
Green belt for power plant and ash pond area Ash Pond Township Total
Road Misc. • Coal handling and water treatment facilities. • Raw water shall be brought through pipeline from Mahanadi river which is approx. Raw Material The coal and water are the main raw material for the proposed project and details for the same are summarized hereunder: Sn Raw Material Quantity Source Mode of Transport 1 Coal 14. The existing land use pattern as per revenue records is as per given hereunder: Sn 1 Particulars Govt.53 0.0 Area (Ha. 4 Km from proposed project site.5
57.Ltd.8 193.S. storage yard Ash handling system
08.0 192.00 24. • For ash disposal.0 2. 170-176 kg/cm2 (abs.
Proposed land is flat land with 195-212 m above mean sea level (MSL). Each boiler shall generate steam @ 975 tph at TMCR.5 20.700 TPD @MCR Belpahar Rail Coalfields of MCL 2 Water 65760 m3/day Mahanadi Pipeline River 30 16. • 2 nos of steam turbine with associated accessories.42 acres (20 hect.
These values are well below stipulated standards of CPCB. In surface water.58 µg/m3. The dominant wind direction was from Southwest.5 m/s for most of the days in summer season. The wind velocity remained in the range from calm to 18.km/month). total nitrogen. Land Environment: Soil samples were collected from 5 locations from study area and analysed for physico-chemical status. Indian Wolf (Gadhia).2.4 metric tonne/ sq. Koili.37 – 1. Kajalapati. Nutrient status: Organic carbon. BDL – 5.086 %. ES 3. Water samples were analysed for physio-chemical.21.11 mg/m3 respectively and the value of O3 on a 1 hourly average basis ranged between BDL – 0. nutrient status. The lowest value was at Bhagaban Palli (1. the land use pattern of the study area have been studied and discussed in detail in chapter 3 of EIA/EMP Report. Texture of soil -sandy loam at two locations while loam at other three locations. The concentrations (µg/m3) of Suspended particulate matter (SPM). the density of total coliforms (9602200 MPN/100 ml) was comparable to any normal water quality with slight organic contamination in surface water near villages.82 µg/m3.8 – 42. water samples were collected from 12 locations with 3 locations for surface water and 9 locations for ground water. Hansarali. Malbar Giant Squirrel (Bela khai musa). Environics(India)Pvt.012 ppm. Kumbhatua. Hanuman Langur (Hanumankada). Damarakao.18% and 0.9 – 3. sulphate and potassium were found to be in the range of 2. Among birds Bani. bacteriological and biological characteristics.061 – 0. rainfall and temperature and cloud cover by manual observation at Sahajbahal village.1. The noise levels in residential area are in the range of 47.S. BDL-0. Project Cost Total estimated cost of the project is Rs 3000. Bulk density.05 – 0.0–35. The list of flora and fauna observed during the field visit is presented in chapter 3 of EIA/EMP Report.9 %. Biological Environment: A detailed survey has been carried out to assess the floral and faunal species present in the study area. Noise Environment: Ambient noise monitoring was carried out in the study region at seven locations. Batasia.0 crores. SO2.3 dB(A) at day time and 40.09%. 19.6 %. Pata chadhei.
. 0. Kala
S. Kua. porosity – 17. Normal soil: Moderately acidic. Baya. BDL-11.km/month) while the highest value was at Samleitikira (2. wind direction.13 -0. Using satellite imagery. Respirable particulate matter (RSPM).3 – 51. NOx and CO in the core zone as well as buffer zone on a 24 hourly basis are in the range of 93. The surface water resources are compared with the standard for IS-2296 under Class-C while the groundwater was with BIS-10500 for drinking water. Common Mangoose (Neula). Wild Boar (Barha).50 – 136.90 µg/m3 .7dB(A) at night time respectively.7 metric tonne/ sq. etc are seen. Water Environment: To assess the water quality. Mammals like Sloth Bear (Bhalu). and ambient air quality monitoring was carried out at a total of 9 locations. 0. Values of physico-chemical parameters for surface and ground water were observed to be below the stipulated standards. humidity.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
Manpower The total manpower envisaged for the proposed power plant is 525.Ltd.0 DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT Air Environment: Micrometeorological data were collected with respect to wind speed.10 µg/m3. Spotted Deer (Harina). Baga. Matia chila.59 gm/cc. Dustfall measurement in the study area at 5 (five) locations.
Chila. and 5. Kochilajhai. While government land proposed to be acquired is designated as Fallow land (30 hect) and others (16. Sex ratio: 951 females/1000 males. Flora & fauna present on project site are common types. has been kept for greenbelt development/plantation within the premises..33 hect.e. As suggested. schedule tribe: 29. Pecha.) of total land proposed to be acquired belongs to private land while rest i. Chataka. Environics(India)Pvt.45% (46. ESP with designed outlet dust concentration of 50 mg/Nm3. an area of about 57. impacts on the ecology due to construction of the proposed project are not envisaged.0 ANTICIPATED ENVIRONMENT IMPACTS & MITIGATION MEASURES Land Use Pattern About 80. Kathahana.Ltd.67 hect. Stack height is 220 m which is larger than the value as per 14Q0. Keeping a positive oxygen balance.67 hact).
. Out of total area of 240 Ha. reptiles like Naga.S. Literacy rate: 61. Similarly. where Q is the SO2 generation in Kg/hr. 19.
It is evident from the above discussion that the project site does not have any ecological sensitive areas. Dhauka. An ammonia dosing system before ESP shall be provided. All private land proposed to be acquired is mostly barren with some of for single crop cultivation without any seasonal cash crops. Gharachatia and Pecha.68%. ES 4.) belongs to government land.55% (193. SO2. it was found that some of the Siberian birds do visit the Hirakud reservoir during winter. Haladibasanta.3. hence. as green belt.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
S. NOX & CO Control/Treatment 1. A well-designed burner system to limit the core flame temperature to keep the NOx concentration equal to less than 750 mg/Nm3. Socio-economic Environment: Demographic Structure of Study Area: Population: 52767. As the construction phase shall be confined to the proposed project site only. 4. During the field survey and discussion with the local villagers as well as Forest Dept. Ecology The overall impact on the terrestrial ecology can be considered positive. 3. Infrastructure: moderately good. 2.. Scheduled caste: 19.04%.5 ha. Dhamana are also seen.
Air Quality The details of air pollution generation hereunder: Sn Particular Sources s 1 Stack Boilers emission
and its management during operation are given Parameter SPM.26 %. will be developed and maintained by IBEL in the area. a site specific wildlife conservation plan is in process of preparation. Chiti.
The salient features of the envisaged waste water management are as follows: v
S.e. Pollutants Sn SPM SO2 NOx 1 Predicted incremental Value due to Operation of Plant Scenario I 0.-3600) Scenario II 1. Bag filters with designed outlet dust concentration of 50 mg/Nm3 1.52735 (4000. River Mahanadi is considered to be the source of fresh water for the proposed project.-3600) (4000. SO2 and NOx is made by using Industrial Source Complex Short Term Model Version-3 (ISCST 3) software developed by US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) under two scenarios.-3000) 10. Bag filters with designed outlet dust concentration of 50 3 mg/Nm 2. Water sprinklers and spray system 1.
.94392 (3000. Water sprinklers and spray system 1.S. The river water shall be brought to the plant by laying pipelines i.08755 (3000.33305 (4000. Environics(India)Pvt.7422 (3000. Water Quality The waste water treatment and management plan is developed with zero discharge concepts.Ltd. HCSD conveying system for ash transportation 3. Investigations (refer chapter 3) indicate that plenty of surface water is available in the study area. from the intake point to the proposed project site. Adequate thickness of insulating material with proper fastening shall be provided
Storage of Coal & Ash Boilers and pipelines used for steam
Prediction of Incremental Ground Level Concentrations (GLCs) of particulate matter. The finding of the same is given below. the total water requirement shall be 65760 m3/day.-3600) 29. The permission for withdrawal of water is in the process.70178 21. The withdrawal of water resources during the operation phase will not have significant impact on the water resources of the area.-3000) 47. Stack height as prescribed by MoEF 1.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
DG sets 2 Fugitive Emission Crushers and ash storage in silo Transfer points during collection and transportation of coal and ash SPM
Water Resources During the operation of proposed project. Scenario I represent the assessment of impact considering twin flue stack of 275m height and Scenario II represents the assessment of impact considering single flue stack of 220m height.
S. Disposed off in OC pits of MCL Shall be used for landfill Treatment non-monsoon season 32 tpd during monsoon season ETP STP 6-12 kg/day 0. rejects will be stored in the silo and from silo it will be the of transported 2 Fly Ash Boilers 1931580 TPA (@ 365 days • per annum) • through
truck for reuse. • 3 Bottom ash 482895 TPA (@ 365 days • per annum) 4 Sludge Raw Plant water 7 tpd during • Filling of abandoned coal mines Disposed off as slurry in the ash pond. dust extraction & suppression and ash handling system.
.2 tpd Shall be disposed off as hazardous waste Shall be used for plantation as manure
S. bricks / blocks for captive use and sale. Manufacturing cement. Environics(India)Pvt.Ltd.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
Particulars Cooling Tower blow down & Boiler blow down DM water Domestic water
Generation Rate (m3/hr) 415 (412+3)
Disposal Shall be used for Coal Handling plant. Shall be used for spray in coal yard after treatment Shall be used for greenbelt development after treatment in STP
Solid Waste The details of main solid waste generation and management are summarized hereunder: Sn Type of Source Quantity Disposal Waste 1 Coal rejects mill Coal crushing screening & 268275 TPA (@ 365 days per annum) Through conveyor. Disposed off as High Concentration Slurry in the ash pond.
handling.Ltd.S. and abrasions because of manual handling. safety boots. Other health hazards are due to gas cutting.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
Occupational Health & Safety During operation phase. e) Employees shall be provided with hard hats.g. welding. pulleys. platforms and steam pipelines which may lead to adverse effects (Heat cramps. b) Shield guards or guard railings shall be installed at all belts. heat exhaustion and heat stress reaction) leading to local and systemic disorders. and stairways and ramps shall be equipped with handrails. chemicals or pathogens. Injuries in industries are usually of minor nature like bruises. noise and high temperature and micro ambient conditions especially near the furnace doors. and transport of explosives.
S. b) Ventilation systems shall be provided to control work area temperatures and humidity. gears and other moving parts. well insulated and conform with applicable codes. particularly those exposed to dust. c) Elevated platforms and walkways. d) Electrical equipment shall be grounded. The workers engaged in material handling system are provided with personal protective equipment like dust masks. helmets. etc.
. and snug fitting gloves as appropriate. General Health Measures
a) Sanitary facilities shall be well equipped with supplies (e. protective creams) and employees shall be encouraged to wash frequently. and specific surveillance programs instituted for personnel potentially exposed to health hazards. and g) Procedures shall be strictly enforced for the storage. However. respirators.e.. and d) Pre-employment and periodic medical examinations shall be conducted for all personnel. flammable and hazardous materials. f) Masks and dust-proof clothing shall be provided to personnel working in areas with high dust levels.. dust causes the main health hazard. toe boards and non-slip surfaces. • General Safety Measures a) Conveyors and similar machinery shall be provided with a means for stopping them at any point. face shields. The following measures are envisaged: • Almost all material handling systems are automatic i. Any worker found to develop symptoms of dust related diseases is changed over t o other jobs in cleaner areas. eye and ear protection. cuts. c) Personnel required to work in areas of high temperature and/or high humidity shall be allowed to take frequent breaks away from these areas. unmanned. serious accidents due to common reasons like fall from height and entrapment of limbs in machinery are also possible. Environics(India)Pvt.
Ltd. However. SO2. NOx. SO2. twice in a week Once in a month Continuously during working hour. Oil & grease and Heavy metals Hourly Leq Locations 3-4 locations at the boundary of premises Out put from septic tank/soak pit 3-4 locations within the premises Frequency 24 hourly samples.0
ENVIRONMENT MONITORING PLAN The recommended frequency and parameter of environment monitoring for the proposed project is given below during construction and operation. otherwise. CO TSPM 3 4 Noise Level Waste Water Hourly Leq pH.
.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
ES 5. shall hire the external agency for the same. NOx. COD. twice in a week
Monitoring Plan during Operation Sn 1 2 3 Component Ambient Air Fugitive emission Stack Parameter TSPM.S. SO2. CO TSPM. Temperature. SS. RSPM. NOx. Oil & grease & heavy metals As per GSR 422 (E) for inland surface water Locations 3-4 locations at the boundary of premises 8-10 locations dust processing units All stacks attached to units where combustion take place All stacks attached to dust generating units At the boundary of the plant premises At outlet of ETP Frequency 24 hourly samples. RSPM. CO pH. twice in a month Once in three month Once in three month Once in two week for 24 hours Once in three months
At outlet of STP
Once in three months
IBEL shall developed in-house monitoring & testing facility to the possible extent. Proposed monitoring and testing shall be carried out as per the methods recommended by CPCB/ CPCB/OSPCB. twice in a week 8 hourly samples. proposed monitoring programme shall be modified as stipulated by MOEF/ CPCB/OSPCB: Monitoring Plan during Construction Sn 1 2 3 Component Ambient Air Waste Water Noise Level Parameter TSPM.TDS. Environics(India)Pvt. SS BOD5.
S. BOD5. COD. TDS. RSPM TSPM.
Employment Establishment or expansion of any industrial activities. land. casual labourer etc.0
Economic Growth Increased power generation shall in general result in overall industrial growth.0 9. The indirect employment opportunities mainly includes more industrial growth. which in turn would generate direct and indirect opportunities of employment. Land mainly belongs to single crop cultivation without any seasonal cash crops. The detail of oustees as a result of proposed acquisition of land is as per given hereunder: Sn 1 2 3 Total Particulars Land Oustee House oustee Land & House Oustee Number of Landlords 150. land is proposed to be acquired out of which 193. transportation of coal. The unskilled labourer shall be by and large recruited from the local area and for others and preference shall be given to locals on the basis of availability of skill. proposed project shall generate a number of indirect job opportunities on local and regional basis. total manpower envisaged during the operation of the proposed power plant shall be 525 in nos. As per estimate. which in turn would generate direct and indirect opportunities of employment and business in the region. Environics(India)Pvt. results in industrial growth.Ltd.
. casual labourer shall also be required during operation phase on regular basis.33 ha belongs to private land and 46.
S. supply of essential commodities.67 ha belongs to Govt. • Risk Assessment & Mitigation measures • R & R Action Plan • Rain water harvesting structures • Hydrogeological study
ES 7.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
ES 6.S. In addition to above.0 0.0
BENEFITS OF PROJECT Property Management A total 240 Ha.0
ADDITIONAL STUDIES The following additional studies have been carried out with respect to the proposed power plant.0 159. feeding to families migrated from outsides. Increase in industrial growth would result in payment of applicable various types of taxes to the Government that will have positive regional impacts. In addition to direct employment.
either departmentally or by appointing external agencies wherever necessary. The Environmental Management Cell shall also co-ordinates all the related activities such as collection of statistics w. IBEL shall also develop a well-documented system to monitor and control pollution. ambient air quality. Environics(India)Pvt.0
ENVRIONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Environment Management Cell It is necessary to have a permanent organizational set up charged with the task of ensuring effective implementation of all identified mitigation measures. water and effluent quality.r. in lacs) (Rs.Ltd. In case. in lacs) 1 Air Pollution Control 2280 60 2 Water Pollution Control 210 21 3 Noise Pollution Control 240 12 4 Solid Waste Management 1140 30 5 Environment Monitoring & Management 210 6 6 Occupational Health 240 9 7 Green Belt 180 15 Total 4500 153
S. afforestation and green belt development.S. Basically. the monitored results of environmental pollution shall be found exceeding the allowable values.Executive Summary for Thermal Power Plant –IBEL
ES 8. Conscious of this. and safety issues. this department shall undertake monitoring and auditing of the environmental pollution levels by measuring fugitive emissions. IBEL shall create a department consisting of officers from various disciplines to coordinate the activities concerned with the management and implementation of the environmental control measures during construction and operation phase of the proposed power project. Cost of Environment Management Plan The details of estimated capital and recurring cost of the proposed environmental management plan are as per given hereunder: Sl.
. noise level etc. the Environmental Management Cell suggests remedial actions and gets these suggestions implemented through the concerned plant authorities. Capital Investment Recurring Investment Particulars No (Rs.t health of workers and population of the region.