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American Board of Orthodontics

Dr. Rajiv Yadav. M.S.D. Ortho.

**What is ABO Analysis?
**

Standard cephalometric analysis proposed by the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) Compilation of other analyses: Downs Steiners McNamara Wits Appraisal Tweeds Rickets

Area of Study

Cranial Base - Maxilla to Cranial Base - Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue

Area of Study Cranial Base .Maxilla to Cranial Base .Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .

Nasion Ba Effects: -less than 130o short-face -more than 130o long-face If angle changes.Cranial Base S 130º N Cranial Base Ba–S-N 130º Skeletal landmarks: Basion. there’s an effect on the temporal bone . Sela.

Maxilla to Cranial Base .Area of Study Cranial Base .Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .

Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .Area of Study Cranial Base Types of .Maxilla to Cranial Base measurements .

Maxilla to Cranial Base S 82º N Maxilla to Cranial Base SNA 82 º Skeletal landmarks: Sela. Nasion.A. Point A Point A From Steiners analysis Determines location of Maxilla in relation to Cranial Base Increase angle prognathic Decrease angle retrognathic .

Maxilla to Cranial Base N Maxilla to Cranial Base N-A-FH 90 º 90º Point A Skeletal landmarks: Nasion. .B. Frontal Horizontal plane From McNamara analysis If increase forward growth of maxilla or prognathic. Point A. If decrease backward growth of maxilla or retrognathic.

Nasion Verticale Nas Vert.C. (mm) -2mm Skeletal landmarks: Point A. FH From McNamara analysis Draw a perpendicular line from the frontal horizontal plane If increases prognathic maxilla -2mm Point A . Maxilla to Cranial Base Maxilla to Cranial Base A-Nas Vert.

Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .Area of Study Cranial Base .Maxilla to Cranial Base .

Mandible to Cranial Base measurements Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .Maxilla to Cranial Base Types of .Area of Study Cranial Base .

Basion From Steiners analysis Determines location of Mandible in relation to Cranial Base Point B Increase angle prognathic mandible Decrease angle retrognathic mandible . Mandible to Cranial Base S 80º N Mandible to Cranial Base SNB 80 º Skeletal landmarks: Sela.A. Nasion.

B. Mandible to Cranial Base N Mandible NPog-FH to Cranial Base 88 º FH 88º Skeletal landmarks: Nasion Pogonion. Frontal Horizontal plane From Downs analysis Increase angle prognathic mandible Decrease angle retrognathic mandible Pog .

Base (mm) Skeletal landmarks: Pogonion. FH From ABO analysis Nasion vertical line is perpendicular to Frankfurt Horizontal line From Nasion Vertical to Pogonion. measure the distance: -Increase mm retrognathic -Decrease mm prognathic Pog -6mm . Nasion Vertical Nas Vert. Mandible to Cranial Base Mandible Pog-N -6mm to Cranial Vert.C.

Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .Area of Study Cranial Base .Maxilla to Cranial Base .

Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Types of measure Vertical height ments Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .Maxilla to Cranial Base .Area of Study Cranial Base .

Maxillo-Mandibular Relationship N MaxilloMandibular Relationship ANB 2º Point A 2º Skeletal landmarks: Point A. Nasion. Point B From Steiners analysis Relates to the maxillary denture base to mandibular denture base Point B Increase angle Class II Decrease angle Class III .A.

Nasion Pogonion Measure the distance from Point A to Nasion Pogonion line Effect: -more than 1 mm prognathic maxilla -less than 1 mm retrognathic maxilla Pog . Maxillo-Mandibular Relationship N MaxilloMandibular Relationship A-NPog 1mm Point A 1mm Skeletal landmarks: Point A.B.

and perpendicular line from Point B to occlusal plane. . Measure distance between BO to AO.C. Maxillo-Mandibular Relationship AO MaxilloMandibular Relationship Wits 2mm 2mm An occlusal line from posterior teeth in occlusion to incisal tip BO Perpendicular line from Point A to occlusal plane. Increase mm prognathic denture base Decrease mm retrognathic denture base.

Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .Maxilla to Cranial Base .Area of Study Cranial Base .

Area of Study Cranial Base .Maxilla to Cranial Base .Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Types of measurements Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .

Vertical Height Vertical Height N S 32 º 32º SNMPA 32 º Extend mandibular plane and sela nasion line to get an angle of 32o From Steiners analysis Effect: -increase vertical height skeletal open bite -decrease vertical height skeletal deep bite MPA .A.

B. Vertical Height Vertical Height FMA 25º Extend mandibular plane and frankfurt horizontal line to get an angle of 25o FH 25º From Downs analysis Effect: -increase vertical height skeletal open bite -decrease vertical height skeletal deep bite MPA .

then unproportion face 55% Me . Vertical Height Vertical Height N N-ANS (%) ANS-Me (%) 45% 55% 45% ANS Normally.C. lower region of face comprises 55% because mandible grows downward and forward which suggests its bigger proportion If not normal.

Maxilla to Cranial Base .Area of Study Cranial Base .Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .

Area of Study Cranial Base .Maxilla to Cranial Base .Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Types of measurements Soft tissue .

A. Incisor Position N S 104º U1-SN 104 º Landmarks: -sela nasion tip of incisal and apex of root bisects the line to get the angle To determine the position of incisors U1 Effect: -if angle increases protrusion of upper incisors -if angle decreases retrusion of upper incisors . & Mand. Maxillary & Mandibular Incisor Position Max.

& Mand. Maxillary & Mandibular Incisor Position N Max. Incisor Position U1-NA (mm) 4mm Utilizes nacion and point A From the NA line measure the distance the labial surface of upper central incisors or U1 From Steiner analysis 4mm U1 Point A Effect: -increase distance upper incisors protruded -decrease distance upper incisors retruded .B.

C. Incisor Position U1-NA 22 º From Steiners analysis 22º Point A U1 Utilizes the nasion point A line and bisecting line of upper one. Maxillary & Mandibular Incisor Position N Max. Effect: -increase angle labioversion or protrusion of U1 -decrease angle linguoversion or retrusive U1 . & Mand.

The value 90o for lower incisors makes it stable because it is located on the basal bone (most compact part of the bone) Effect . Incisor Position IMPA 90 º From Tweeds analysis This relates to the mandibular plane to lower incisors. & Mand.D. Maxillary & Mandibular Incisor Position Max. -angle increases protrusion -angle decreases retrusion 90º IMPA .

Effect: -distance increases protruded incisors -distance decreases retrusive incisors L1 4mm Point B . Incisor Position From Steiners analysis L1-NB (mm) 4mm Utilizes the nasion point B line Measure the distance from NB line to the labial surface of the lower incisors. Maxillary & Mandibular Incisor Position N Max. & Mand.E.

& Mand.F. Incisor Position L1-NB 25 º From Steiners analysis Utilizes the NB line and bisecting line of lower incisors or L1 Effect: -angle increases labioversion of the lower incisors -angle decreases linguoversion of the lower incisors L1 Point B 25º . Maxillary & Mandibular Incisor Position N Max.

Incisor Position L1APog 2mm L1 2mm Utilizes the point A Pogonion line and measure the distance from APog line to the labial surface of lower incisors Effect: -distance increases protrusion -distance decreases retrusive Pog . Maxillary & Mandibular Incisor Position Point A Max.G. & Mand.

Maxillary & Mandibular Incisor Position Max. & Mand. Incisor Position U1-L1 130 º From Downs and Steiners analysis U1 130º This utilizes the bisecting line of the upper incisors or U1 and bisecting line of lower incisors or L1 to get the interincisal angle Effect: -if angle increases there is uprighting of upper and lower incisors -if angle decreses protrusion L1 .H.

Mandible to Cranial Base Maxillo-Mandibular relationship Vertical height Maxillary and Mandibular incisor position Soft tissue .Maxilla to Cranial Base .Area of Study Cranial Base .

Soft Tissue Soft Tissue Tip of nose E-lineLower lip -2mm Analysis for soft tissue Draw a line from tip of the nose to the tip of the chin. and then measure the distance between the E-line (or aesthetic line) and the lower lip Effect: -if increases protrusion of the lips -if decreases retrusion of the lips -2mm Tip of chin .

Summary .

- Interception of Severe Anterior Tooth Rotation and Cross Bite in the Mixed Dentition
- Interception of Severe Anterior Tooth Rotation and Cross Bite in the Mixed Dentition
- Witts
- Anterior Dental Crossbite Correction
- Loops
- 6168430 Orthodontic Appliance for Treati
- Occlusal Appliance Therapy
- aboutpain-analgesicflowchart
- Clinical Application of Loops in Orthodntics
- Wnt Pathway Ilustration
- Witts
- Histology of Shedding
- Leptospirosis GUIDELINES (Contents)
- Aurum - Occlusal Plane Index Ver 2
- Aphthous Ulcers Hindawi Publishing
- Uprighting Spring
- Uprighting Molars
- Biomechanics
- Treatment of Class II Malocclusions
- Transverse Dimension Andlong-term Stability Robert L Vanarsdall Jr
- Yamada, SaekiMDA
- Timing for Effective Application of Anteriorly Directed Ort Class III
- Postural Hypotension
- WNTS Presentation

- 12-Intrusion in Orthodontics-http://orthofree.com/en/
- History of Edgewise Orthodontics (2)
- Orthodontics - A Medical Dictionary
- Wire Bending
- World Journal of Orthodontics-2010 All Issues
- cephalometrics PPT
- treatment of class II malocclusion
- Optimization of Orthodontics Elastics. m. Manglade
- 1001 Tips in Orthodontics and Its Secrets
- Orthodontic Cephalometry
- removable orthodontic appliances
- Orthodontic Pearls
- Atlas of Orthodontics - Viazis
- Abo Analysis
- Cephalometric Anaclysis
- Horizontal Jaw Relation, Method of Recording And
- Ceph Analysis Lab
- Skandalskis h:n
- Cephalometric Male
- Week 12 - Face Notes
- MCQ DENTIST
- Hello
- 7_Seminar_Ceph_2012_PMCattaneo.pdf
- 6. Maxillomandibular Relations- Terminology
- Jaw Relation in Complete Denture
- Craneo Anatomia
- Aging Facial Skeleton Prs
- bite plane
- Ahead 29 Nth Dec Online live lecture Mcq
- Content Server
- ABO Analysis

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