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Nestie Bryal C. Villaviray MD 2Y1-5 1. What is wonder and how is it related to literature?

Sir Lien Hugh Tadeo July 22, 2012- Sun. 6:25 pm

Wonder is a compenetration of near and far. It is also a leg where philosophy and literature sit, that means that Philosophy and Literature begins in wondering. All of us desired to know but wonder should not be considered as equivalent to curiosity. Its not necessarily means to get information and something extraordinary or spectacular. To wonder is to explore the depth and richness of the reality because life is not like what we usually watched on telenovelas. To appreciate literary works we need to know how to wonder. Wonder occurs when your mind or the readers mind fights to interpret the meaning. In order to understand what it feels like the character, we must put ourselves in the position of the character and feel what he would feel. 2. What is literature and its significance in our daily lives? Literature is anything printed that tells stories, express emotions and analyze and advocate ideas. But if we think profoundly, literature is not just anything printed its a mirror of ones culture, beliefs and tradition. It is written to remind the next generation on what is happening right now. The role of literature is to disturb the people who forgot their identity. Literature has a big part in recalling, and recovering the individuality of the people. We are in the age of science, where technological advancement makes the people to forget their real identity, to glimpse in their past. Especially we, Filipinos, who influenced and colonized by different race, must rediscover our own identity and Filipino selfhood, and this is through literature. Literatures not only entertain us or provide pleasure because some of the characters of the stories or novel, we can learn moral values that can improve our life. We can get knowledge and information like the individuals progress and success that serves as inspiration. 3. Discuss briefly the types and subtypes of literature. Literature can classify into prose and poetry. Prose is straight forward speed writing within the common flow of conversation in sentences and paragraphs whereas the poetry is written in verse with measures and rhyme, lines and stanza and has a melodious voice. Prose Novel- a long narrative divided to chapters and many characters involve. Short story-has one plot, single impression and involving one or more characters and read in one sitting. Plays- scripted stories divided into acts and acts into scenes. Legend- fictitious narrative about the origin of a place, object or fruit. Fable- stories that deal with animals and animate object where the characters speak and act like Examples Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo of Dr. Jose Rizal, Les Miserables by Victor Hugo May Day Eve by Nick Joaquin and How my Brother Leon Brought Home a Wife by Manuel Arguilla Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare and Walang Sugat by Severino Reyes The Legend of Maria Makiling by Dr. Jose Rizal The Monkey and the Turtle by Dr. Jose Rizal and The Ant And The Grasshopper

people and usually give moral lessons. Anecdotes- a narrative which is a product of the writers imagination aiming to bring lessons. Essay- opinions and views of a writer about particular topic. Biography- life of a person written by another Autobiography- life of a person written by himself. News- reports on society, government, events and field of science, business and entertainment. Oration- formal treatment of a subject and intended to be spoken in public. Parable- allegorical story focusing on moral lesson. Poetry 1. Narrative

The Moth And The Lamp by Dr. Jose Rizal Anatomy of the Anti-hero by Nick Joaquin Life of Dolphy - Hindi Ko To Narating Mag-Isa by Bibeth Orteza Ftom Newspaper like Philippine Daily Inquirer and Pilipino Star Ngayon I am a Filipino by Carlos P. Romulo and Julius Caesar by Shakespeare The Good Samaritan

Example a. Epics- extended Biag ni Lam-Ang of Ilokano narrative about heroic exploits often under super natural control b. Metrical Tales- written Lancelot and Guinevere in verse can be classified as a Ballad and metrical Romance. 1. Ballad- Shortest and single incident can be played and danced. 2. Metrical Romancestory is told in a simple, straight forward and realistic manner that has a happy ending whether love is involved or not. a. Folksongs-short poems intended to be sung b. Sonnet- 14 lines mostly about love and can be Petrarchan (Italian, abba) and Shakespearean (Englis, abab) c. Elegy- expresses feelings or grieves and melancholy d. Ode- noble feelings express with dignity e. Psalm- a song of praise to God using the philosophy of

2. Lyrics

Paru-Parong Bukid William Shakespeare Sonnet 116 Francesco Petrarch wrote a series of Love Sonnets to Laura An Elegy of a Dying Poet, a poem by Michael Flores Caasi Ode to Aphrodite Sappho (c. 630-570 B.C.) Psalm 11 and other from the Bible

3. Dramatic Poetry

life. f. Awit- 12 syllables g. Corrido- 8 syllables recited in martial a. Comedy- written to amuse people and has happy ending b. Melodramas- musical plays with opera, usually sad but with happy endings for principal characters c. Tragedy- hero struggles mightily against dynamic forces

The Divine Comedy byDante Alighieri Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Pygmalion Anthony and Cleopatra by Shakespeare and Oedipus Rex by Sophocles