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JAMS Webzine

JAMS Webzine

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JAMS Green Initiative White Paper Final.
JAMS Green Initiative White Paper Final.

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Published by: JAMS on Aug 03, 2012
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JAMS Webzine
University of South Florida St. Petersburg

Created by: JAMS Green Initiative Lead Researcher: Jessica Borrero! ! ! ! Lead Interviewer: Micah Lacy Lead Editor/Executive Summary Writer: Amber Jessie!! Lead Graphics: Scott Robinson


Going green, is it the new phenomenon?
! PAGE 1

Table of Contents
Cover.......................................................................................1 Table of Contents...................................................................2 Executive Summary...............................................................3 Introduction............................................................................4 LEED Certification............................................................5-6 Student Green Energy Fund.............................................7-8 Environmental Friendly Programs................................ 9-10 EBooks versus Textbooks...............................................11-12 JAMS Green Initiative Interview 1....................................13 JAMS Green Initiative Interview 2....................................14 JAMS Green Initiative Interview 3....................................15 Conclusion............................................................................16 Glossary...........................................................................17-18 Annotated Bibliography.................................................19-20 Works Cited....................................................................21-22
Highlighted words within the text can be found in the glossary.


The JAMS Green Initiative was formed in the summer of 2012 to give the people of not only University of South Florida, but also the community a better understanding of what the campus is doing to better their going green efforts. Throughout our webzine we will discuss many activities that the University is apart of and the effect it has on everyone who comes into contact it. The U.S. Green Building Council created LEED in 2000. LEED is a rating system that provides certifications for buildings that attain certain specifications. The LEED system is used internationally and more business and schools are reaching for LEED certification. The University of South Florida has two buildings that have been LEED certified, Dr. Kiran C. Patel Center for Global Solutions and Interdisciplinary Science Teaching and Research Building. Other buildings, such as the Sun Dome, are working towards LEED certification. The Student Green Energy Fund was brought to the USFSP campus in the fall semester of 2011. The SGEF is supported by the students on campus through a $1.00 per credit hour charge, this fee is called the Student Green Energy Fee and was voted on by students. The SGEF is run by the Student Green Energy Fund Committee, this Committee is responsible for deciding where the money goes and voting on proposals sent in my the public. Proposals are sent in from the public by way of an online form on the SGEF website. Environmental friendly programs have been being created at USF for over 30 years. As time has progressed, so have the programs and ideas. USF is involved in technological programs that cater to the going green initiative. These programs focus on everything from planting trees, installing energy saving lights and sensors, single stream recycling, and even charging stations for the brand new electric vehicles. The idea of converting traditional textbooks to EBooks is one that could be beneficial to not only the universities strides for going green, but also to the environment as well as students. In today’s world technological advancements in portal devices such as smart-phones, iPad/tablets, laptops, and E-readers gives anyone let alone students the access to just about any information they desire. So why not put these devices that are used daily for gaming applications and social media to use for the textbooks students need? The benefit alone of having textbook information and accessibility are great but to reduce the number of trees being cut and gas emissions due to shipping of textbooks could play a role in the movement. We hope that this webzine gives a better insight on what exactly is going on in the University of South Florida community.


Going green, is it the new phenomenon? It seems to be the interest of many individuals, small business, schools and the government. Each party is taking action to become greener to help save the Earth. Many green initiatives have taken place and are continuing to grow. Organizations have created these initiatives and through marketing have sold the ideas. University of South Florida St. Petersburg has taken action to go green and is leading the green efforts through many different organizations implemented on the campus to better the future of the school.


In 2000, The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) created the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, which provides certifications internationally for buildings that meet certain specifications. USGBC is an organization that focuses on a greener environment and is made up of many organizations that consist of members, chapters, students and community volunteers (GBCI). Their ultimate goal is to change the way buildings and communities are devised, therefore, the sooner devised projects are involved in the development cycle of certification the better the chances are to reach minimum or maximum point evaluations. In the process of becoming a LEED certified building USBGC measures sustainable sites, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, indoor environmental quality, locations and linkages, awareness and education, innovation in design, and regional priority (GBCI). Each category is evaluated and scored with a possible maximum total of 110 points. Certified statuses include: Certified 40+ points, Silver 50+ points, Gold 60+ points, and Platinum 80+ points. Their intent is to certify buildings that lower operating costs and increase asset values, reduce waste sent to landfills, conserve energy and water, be healthier and safer for occupants, reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions, and qualify for tax rebates, zoning allowances and other incentives in hundreds of cities (GBCI). The University of South Florida campuses have buildings that are LEED certified and some are still in the process of getting certified. Additionally, USF is continually upgrading and implementing changes that make the USF building more sustainable and green. Most recently in 2011 the Dr. Kiran C. Patel Center for Global Solutions and Interdisciplinary Science Teaching and Research Building have been evaluated at a LEED gold level, with 60+ points out of the 110 maximum possible points. University of South Florida is in the process of having more of their buildings LEED certified: Morsani Center for Advanced Healthcare, Sun Dome, and the Wellness and Nutrition Center. Recently the Sun Dome a 30year-old building in the Tampa campus went through a $35.6 million dollar renovation. After the renovation of the Sun Dome energy costs are expected to reduce by 26 percent and water usage decrease by 40 percent (Auman). Majority, if not all, of the materials that were removed from the Sun Dome, due to the renovation, were recycled. Among the items that were recycled were all the bleachers, chairs, and concrete. According to the Project Manager for the Sun Dome, Stephen Lafferty, 4,715,000 pounds were recycled already half way through the project (Saleh). The Sun Dome renovation will allow a greater atmosphere for their athlete students and their guests. Possibly even a basketball championship for the Bulls Men’s/ Women’s basketball teams in the future. As the University of South Florida continues to renovate older buildings or expand future buildings on campus they are striving to achieve greater efficiency and potentially one day have all buildings be LEED certified. In an email to The Oracle, Dr. Christian Wells, Director of the Office of Sustainability, said: “The LEED certification process is a very useful way of helping us design, build and operate eco-friendly buildings on campus… This is important because academic buildings are not neutral factors in the learning environment — our buildings have a hidden curriculum that teaches students just as effectively as our courses do. If we want our students to be environmentally literate, global citizens, then we need to teach our classes in buildings that are aligned to this goal" (Kumar).


The University of South Florida, a research school, is always looking for ways to improve the lives of their students and their employees. With the understanding that the buildings are part of the learning process and not just neutral it plays a large role on how employee and students are involved. Not only are students interacting in the on site green programs available to students and staff, but they also have the opportunity for higher education with a commitment to sustainability. University of South Florida offers a Masters program in Global Sustainability that provides students an opportunity to advance their careers with their educational background. The University of South Florida continues their investments in Global Sustainability not just in physical forms but have strong beliefs that it also includes mental form. In an interview with Darley Zaida, “LEED certified buildings are healthier work environments and provide a higher quality of life…this includes not only physical health but also [the] mental health [of the occupants].” If people love to go to work, the environment will be more productive, as it would be the case for students to


immediate surroundings but it is also committed to making it a way of life outside the walls of the University. The University of South Florida has taken LEED have a better learning experience. certification very seriously in its campus, which has allowed for As the University continues to the birth of many more ventures move toward a greener for the school. More buildings environment and by offering are being renovated with LEED programs and course about Global Sustainability it is evident certification in mind or making changes to make the school that they are committed to not green. Additionally, the only improving the life of the

opportunity to offer programs that allow students to achieve higher education and expand the knowledge of a greener environment in their future careers will continue to grow the community and the future of the world in a more sustainable way.


To better support the University of South Florida in it’s efforts to go green the Student Green Energy Fund was started to help the university conserve energy, reduce energy costs, lower greenhouse gas emissions, and promote renewable energy technologies (Student Green Energy Fund). The Student Green Energy Fund was initiated as a collaborative, state-wide, student-led campaign in 2007 (Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws). On March 24, 2011 the Florida Board of Governors approved the ability for students to vote every three years on rather or not they agree with the Student Green Energy Fee. The Student Green Energy Fee is $1.00 per credit hour. Those who can vote decide rather or not they still support the Student Green Energy Fund and at the same fee. The students last voted on the fee April 7, 2011 and that was for the Tampa campus, out of all the students who voted on the fee 72% approved (Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws). The Student Green Energy Fund Committee is responsible for managing the Fee, the council is composed of nine members. Eight members vote, and the final is a chair member. The Student Government is responsible for appointing four of the members, the Student Government President appoints at least one student alternate. The University of South Florida St. Petersburg Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs, who is delegated by the USFSP Chancellor is responsible for appointing four non-student members and at least one alternate member. The committee also has the opportunity to nominate a chair, if they don’t want to nominate a chair they can accept a nomination from the Student Government President and the Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs that is confirmed through a majority vote (Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws). The Student Green Energy Fund Committee offers open participation and is given the

opportunity to create additional roles, these additional roles however are not actual members and do not have the opportunity to vote on “committee business (Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws).” Voting in the Committee is done strictly by the eight approved members, the chair member is used to break any ties. The alternate members only have the opportunity to vote if one of the original members is not present. All members hold equal authority when it comes to voting (Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws). The Committee is solely responsible for defining, evaluating, and revising the award types and the criteria for all proposals (Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws). Proposals can be sent in by anyone on the USF St. Petersburg campus to be evaluated by the Committee (Student Green Energy Fund). Since community involvement is encouraged, it’s the Committee’s responsibility to let them know that they are allowed to be involved in the going green of the campus by promoting the ability to send in proposals. All project proposals and their descriptions are made public (Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws).


The Student Green Energy Funds encourages the involvement of the community when it comes to suggesting ideas that the Committee can spend the fund on. In order to let the community know about this the Student Green Energy Fund website for the USF St. Petersburg has a section designated for proposals, the website also goes through the process of explaining step-by-step what must be done to when it comes to submitting a proposal. All of this information and more can be found on the Student Green Energy Fund USF St. Petersburg website under the section titled Complete Proposal Process (Student Green Energy Fund). Due to the heavy involvement that the Committee has in the going green of the campus, they meet once a month during an academic year and at the minimum once over the summer. Emergency meetings can also be called but they need a 72 hour notice (Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws).


For more than 30 years USF has been implementing and creating an environment which is eco-friendly. As time progresses so does technology, with these advancements in technology USF has been able to create more and more programs that not only steer USF toward a more green campus but accelerate them to the top of the green initiative. One of the more cutting edge ways that USF has been striving for a more eco-friendly environment comes from the Office of Campus Computing at the St. Petersburg campus. They have implemented several programs in an effort to reduce their carbon footprint and participate in the campus wide goal of sustainability (“Office of Campus Computing”). A big part of what they do entails recycling, but not in the usual context. They dispose of used batteries at local battery recycling centers as well as old computer parts at recycling centers instead of throwing them away. Other items that they ensure are taken to recycling centers include mobile phones and printer cartridges. The Office of Campus Computing is also extremely conscientious of their purchasing department. Wherever possible, they try to buy recycled items including paper, computer lab printers, and RoHS compliant low-power computer hardware and peripherals. They also incorporate energy saving tactics wherever possible, such as automatically powering off idle lab and classroom computers (“Office of Campus Computing”). The Housing and Residential Education program has created a system called Single Stream recycling. This program allows students in the dorms and throughout campus to place various recyclable items into the same recycling bin without separating the items (“Housing and Residential Education”). Not forcing students to take the time separating their various recyclables will give them the desire to be more eco-friendly. When USF completed their first waste audit in 2007 their numbers were astonishing. In an 11 year period USF recycled an impressive 48 tons of aluminum and over 9700 tons of mixed paper

(“Office of Sustainability”). With recycling numbers as large as those above, USF realized the importance and impact they have on society as well as the green initiative. USF St. Petersburg made headlines in March 2012 when they installed two electric car charging stations that will be free for public use during the first year of operation (Tampa Bay Business Journal). After the one year trial period, the university will make a decision based upon usage and costs of the charging stations to determine whether any fees would need to be enacted from that point on. The stations were funded by a grant awarded to USFSP by Progress Energy from the U.S. Department of Energy. The vehicle charging stations are packed with 240 volts of power and are open 24 hours a day on the east side of campus (Tampa Bay Business Journal). In an effort to conserve water, the majority of buildings on USF campuses are individually metered. However, this does not include residence halls. Water meters are used to measure the volume of water usage. Using individual meters at each building allows the University to study consumption patterns and investigate alternative methods of meeting their sustainable water initiative. Many buildings on the USF-Tampa campus have been upgraded with motion sensing automatic faucets and toilets (“Office of Sustainability”). This prevents waste from over-flushing, and running sink water that is left on for longer than necessary or forgotten.


The University of South Florida has implemented a policy that requires the use of xeriscaping in new building construction and new campus common areas (“Office of Sustainability”). Xeriscape landscapes is defined as “quality landscaping that conserves water and protects the environment.” (“Xeriscape-Sustainable Resources”). It involves planning and design, soil improvement, appropriate plant selection, practical turf areas, efficient irrigation, use of mulches, and appropriate maintenance. The policy at USF states that, “landscape plans should include the use of plant species that are indigenous to the natural plant communities of the region and which promote the use of xeriscape principles” (“Office of Sustainability”). It also stipulates that planting noninvasive exotic plants should be limited to species that are able to withstand drought and minimal fertilization and use of chemicals. Energy recovery is being implemented into design whenever possible. The Green-lights Program replaces inefficient fixtures throughout the campus. Other sources of energy recovery include high efficiency chillers, additional insulation on heat pipes, roof replacements with a reflective surface, return ducts are insulated, and heat recovery systems in air handling units with 100% out air have been installed (“Office of Sustainability”). The Clean Energy Research Center at USF has been granted $15 million dollars for research of renewable over the last 10 years. The use of this money encompasses renewable energy projects, and design and development of photovoltaics, electric vehicles, micro-turbine gas landfills, battery development and management, and hydrogen production/storage and conversion to fuel cells. The Center is also working on the renowned Smart Grid project with local utilities (“Office of Sustainability”). USF has done a great deal to promote energy conservatism throughout the organization. They have replaced outdated fluorescent lamps with ecofriendly F28 T8 Fluorescent lamps in all buildings in excess of 4 million square feet. According to the GE Lighting Department, these bulbs offer up to a 44% reduction in wattage compared to the T12 system, saves energy, and boasts a 30,000 hour life (“GE Lighting”). In the past, USF has used T12 system bulbs. All vending machines on campus employ motion sensing lighting and energy control to reduce usage. Some buildings have also installed motion sensing light switches in classrooms and conference rooms (“Office of Sustainability”). USF has done a massive overhaul of the chilled water distribution system to conserve energy. The decision to close buildings outside of regular office hours has reduced energy consumption and after hours cleaning. Finally, the University has saved $7.7 million in gas costs through smarter buying of natural gas by way of transportation contracts (“Office of Sustainability”).


EBooks are the future transformation of traditional textbooks in the making. Few courses offer EBooks in place of textbooks but you can definitely expect that to change. EBooks are books in an electronic format. EBooks are found very beneficial to the environment, schools and students all around the world. With EBooks there would be less trees cut down in order to produce textbooks. Instead they would be convert into book apps which students can utilizes on many portable devices such as an iPad/tablet, Smartphone, desktop/ laptop and EReaders. This would give the environment a reduction in the number of trees being cut down, which means more oxygen will be released in the atmosphere, while promoting reading because students spend more time in front of a screen compared to a textbook. In 2010 there were 328,259 books published alone in the United States. Imagine the shipping cost of all those books. A bit pricey I would say but with the conversion of textbooks to EBooks, this would eliminate shipping cost, gas emissions due to transport and the hassle of purchasing book when they could simply be downloaded. Textbooks if ordered can take an average of 3-5 business days to be delivered but with EBooks they can be obtain instantly after purchase. There is virtually no waiting in lines or worry about whether or not the will be enough textbooks available. EBooks also provide time defying information at your fingertips like the internet. All EBooks are equipped with search tools so the information a student desires could be quickly accessed with very little time. With a textbook the glossary is all the resource you have besides reading through every single page of the textbook. EBooks preserve books because it is an electronic copy which can withstand time while guaranteeing a record of their existences. This is important because you never know when a tragedy with take place. The library of Alexandria was burned down with all the collections of book and records which will be forever lost. EBooks are needless to say ageless and easy to share with other devices. Universities and schools all around the country are using EBooks as a way to provide a better quality in teaching students. EBooks are more interesting than a textbook due to its capability to multitask. EBooks can be used not only for textbooks but you can access the internet and emails. Using a device that many play games and access social media with to read text associated with school assignment is more appealing

than a textbook. Clearwater High School in Pinellas County handed their students Kindles, which is an EBook reader, instead of textbooks. After doing so the state is working on a proposal that would convert textbooks into EBooks to all its public schools by the year 2015 State Representative Marty Coley, Chairwoman of the Pre-K to 12 committee says, “As a state, we're trying to provide the highest quality education that we can for our students," she says, "and we know that we can’t make changes over night but if we don't start at some point- it won't ever get done." According to Hitch.com, in the 2008-2009 academic year college students spent about $1,000 on textbooks. With publishers and authors working with professors to update the information to improve the learning material in the textbooks for student, editions change which eliminates a need for the textbooks sold. This leaves the student without the option of selling the textbook back at the end of the semester Hamilton said, “This cost places quite a burden on students each year, so it is not surprising there PAGE 11

has been a buzz in the higher education sector regarding the use of e-readers in the classroom, which could ultimately result in the dramatic reduction or even the end of traditional textbooks.” Universities and College around the world could cut the cost of textbooks by converting them into EBooks because EBooks can edited safely, unlike a Wiki because anyone with internet access and alter information there, and without any cost to the environment because it is an online text. Students can benefit from textbooks being converted to EBooks beyond the idea of having a cool device. They can benefit from the savings offered for purchasing EBooks like the savings the University of South Florida’s bookstore offered of 60%. In today’s world student all over the world use a wide variety of devices in their daily life’s whether it’s


games from apps or social media. With the accessibility of the textbooks in multiple devices such as the IPad/tablets and smart-phones right at their fingertips, student would have the ability to complete any task necessary without the use of a textbook.


EBooks also offer the ability to rent or buy the EBook as most textbooks would be. EBooks eliminate the need to carry textbooks to class or anywhere else because it can be stored on multiple devices which also eliminates the hassle of the care of the textbook due to it being an online text. The EBooks provides student with the capability to search through out a document in the search tools instantly as compared to a textbook with only the glossary and index as its only resource. The conversion of textbooks to EBooks will not be one that all students can easily adjust to but there are numerous resources

available to help students with their needs. Every EBooks comes equipped with a “How to use” manual as well as there being numerous support websites available for anyone let alone student to access in need of help.


Do you feel textbooks have a positive or negative effect on the Going Green Movement? Why? Do you feel EBooks have a positive or negative effect on the Going Green Movement? Why? Whether textbooks have a positive or negative effect depends on context. The trees and the process used to make paper would lead one to assume that it has a negative effect and that we should move towards ebooks. However, if you leave in an impoverished area where electronics, or sometimes electricity, is hard to come by then a textbook would be a reliable source of knowledge and have a greater positive impact. For those that can afford to go digital, ebooks would be the way to go. At times, the information in textbooks go out of date as soon as it is printed so ebooks would be a good way to stay current without sacrificing natural resources. So the debate over textbooks vs ebooks is not a black and white decision but instead has to consider everyone who is being impacted by this change. Yes, the Morsani Center for Advanced Healthcare, the Sun Dome, and the Wellness and Nutrition Center are all in the process of getting LEED certified. Any thoughts on older buildings in campus that have not been renovated in years? Will they be rebuilt/remodeled to achieve LEED Certification? USF renovates older buildings to achieve greater efficiency and possibly attain LEED Certification but much of this depends on the budget that is available. The Student Green Energy Fund has helped in this regard by awarding projects that can help an existing building get closer to meeting LEED certification requirements. We have made a great impact with the Student Green Energy Fund. We awarded over $586,000 to projects that will save the university over 2 million kWh annually. And this is only in the first year! Soon there will be an educational kiosk at the Marshall Center that will show students what projects are getting funded with their Green Fee and how much energy they are saving. Other initiatives taking place are converting shower-heads in Housing to low-flow shower-heads to save water, and reducing straw use to reduce waste. USF Dining has also hired a sustainability intern to help them source the location of the food they buy and improve their sustainability efforts within the dining halls.

How does LEED Certification impact the university? Besides recognition and the green movement are there any benefits? LEED certified buildings are healthier work environments and provide a higher quality of life. They are energy-efficient and also consider the comfort of the If all traditional textbooks were occupant. This includes not only converted into EBooks would this physical health but also mental greatly contribute to the Going health as well. For example, a new Green Movement? building is required to have a view Yes, paper-wise it would contribute to the outdoors from most locations greatly to the Going Green within the building. This design is Movement but there are other not only to let natural light in but factors to consider with ebooks, like to also bring the outdoors in. will there be an increase in Because of these types of design electronic production, electricity strategies, people that work in consumption, and possibly satellites LEED certified buildings are more and towers to transmit the data, productive. and is the environmental and social impact of this shift better than What impact has the Student publishing traditional textbooks. Green Energy Fund had at the university? What other initiatives Are there any continued efforts to are taken place to make the school certifying additional buildings with more sustainable? LEED Certification?

Zaida E. Darley (Program Coordinator, Office of Sustainability)


Have you ever purchased a textbook? How did you feel about the price of the textbooks and the return process? Yes, I’ve purchased around 25 books and rented about 10. With the books I bought, they were pretty expensive ranging from $20 to $150. I was able to return most of them at the end of the semester and receive 70% of what I paid for them. However, between Spring and Fall semesters, some textbooks publish new editions, making a few changes. Thus, I am not able to return some textbooks. For the textbooks I rented, they were much cheaper than buying them and I was able to return them with no hassle. Do you find textbooks easy to use? What is the most difficult part about using textbooks? Textbooks that I find easy to use are well organized, present information in an understandable manner and provide supplemental resources for additional related information. Not all textbooks meet my requirements and can be labeled as “easy to use”. There are many instances where textbooks are disorganized and information is hard to locate even when using the index. The most difficult part about using text books is not having a glossary to reference unknown terms. Do you feel textbooks have a positive or negative effect on the Going Green Movement? Why? With all the paper used to make the textbooks, they are clearly not contributing positively to the Going Green Movement. Most textbooks have more than 200 pages. On average, there are around 40 students in a class. The bookstore usually orders 10 additional books to be sure they order enough for every student and professor. As a result, enough trees are cut down to make 50 textbooks with 200 pages each; and that’s just for one class. Have you ever purchased an EBook? How did you feel about the price of the EBook and the return process? I’ve only purchased one EBook during my college career. The EBook was half the price of the textbook and the bookstore was out of textbooks so I decided to buy the EBook instead of waiting. When it came to returning it, I thought there would be an issue because of the small scratch it had on it but I was able to return it with no issues. Do you find EBooks easy to use? If not what would be the most difficult challenge you would have to overcome? Since it was during my sophomore year, I was not very comfortable using the EBook at first because I was comfortable using traditional textbooks. I thought it would be difficult to use and I would not have enough support I needed. However, to my surprise, it was quite easy to use once I understood how to navigate the application and there was ample support in the “Help” section. The most difficult part was how the professor always referenced the textbook and seldom referenced the EBook. There were 5 of us using the EBook and the other 30 had textbooks including the professor. If everyone is on the same accord, the EBook process would be much easier. Do you feel EBooks have a positive or negative effect on the Going Green Movement? Why? The cost of producing 50 EBook discs is much less than the cost of cutting down enough trees to make 10,000 pages for every class. Thus, I do believe that EBooks contribute to the Going Green Movement. The only concern would be making sure the EBooks are used with gentle care by students. Do you prefer textbooks over EBooks or vice versa? Why? Being that I enjoy having a glossary for quick reference, I prefer EBooks over textbooks. The glossary and index provide me with ample support to have a clear understanding of the text. If all traditional textbooks were converted into EBooks would this greatly contribute to the Going Green Movement? Yes because there would be less trees cut down. More trees make our planet healthier; this is the essential goal of Going Green.

Cassandra Edmond, Student at the University of South Florida


Have you ever purchased a textbook? How did you feel about the price of the textbooks and the return process? Yes I have and I feel I am overcharged quite a lot. Do you find textbooks easy to use? What is the most difficult part about using textbooks? The difficult part would be lugging them all around but they can be useful if you do not have technology to use EBooks. Do you feel textbooks have a positive or negative effect on the Going Green Movement? Why? If they are made out of recyclable material as some are then they are at least somewhat contributing to the Going Green Movement. Have you ever purchased an EBook? How did you feel about the price of the EBook and the return process? I have yet to purchase an EBook. I feel the prices to be pretty fair. Do you find EBooks easy to use? If not what would be the most difficult challenge you would have to overcome? Besides buying the technology to support it, as long as it can be downloaded and not have to be used with WiFi it is great. PAGE 15 Do you feel EBooks have a positive or negative effect on the Going Green Movement? Why? It is a substantial cutback on printing textbooks so yes it does have a big effect on the Going Green Movement. Do you prefer textbooks over EBooks or vice versa? Why? I’ve always used textbooks but I don’t have a preference. If all traditional textbooks were converted into EBooks would this change have a great positive effect on the Going Green Movement? It would definitely be a great positive move for the Going Green Movement, but no so positive for the book publishers most likely on the other hand.

Chris DeMint, Student at the University of South Florida

The University of South Florida has made changes on their campuses to assist in the growing trend of going green. The JAMS Green Initiative took it upon themselves to create a Webzine that could inform readers on what exactly the St. Petersburg campus has done to go green. LEED is a project that the University of South Florida can continue to work on across it’s campuses. LEED certification will continue to be an important goal on campuses not only for USF but for many of the other universities across the world. The Student Green Energy Fund is just one of the many organizations in place to help the going green effort. This is one of the backbones of the efforts as it depends on the students of the University of South Florida’s tuition. At just $1.00 per credit hour, the university has been afforded the opportunity to build things for everyone on campus to enjoy, all while going green in the process. The Fund has been around for a year. USF caters to the going green initiative by being involved with technological programs that focus on making a campus and earth. The St. Petersburg campus is focusing on things like single stream recycling, planting trees, and a host of other going green projects that they hope will potentially better their campus. The University of South Florida is finding ways to use technological advancements to help reduce its contributions that affect the world today. By reducing something as simple as shipping for textbooks by converting them into EBooks, the university cuts gas emissions, transportation costs and the reduction of the number of trees being manufactured to paper. The University of South Florida has made many strides to achieve a greener campus, they plan to continue to do so in the coming years.


Chair member-A member of the Student Green Energy Fund Committee, that’s in place to break any ties that come about when the Committee is voting. Ebook-Electronic book. E-readers-A mobile electronic device that is designed primarily for the purpose of reading digital e-books and periodicals. Fluorescent lamp-A lamp that produces visible light by fluorescence, especially a glass tube whose inner wall is coated with a material that fluoresces when an electrical current causes a vapor within the tube to discharge electrons. Greenhouse-A structure, primarily of glass, in which temperature and humidity can be controlled for the cultivation or protection of plants. Implemented-An article serving to equip. Initiative-The power or ability to begin or to follow through energetically with a plan or task; enterprise and determination. iPad-A line of tablet computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc., primarily as a platform for audio-visual media including books, periodicals, movies, music, games, applications and web content. JAMS-Acronym for the names of the authors of JAMS Webzine: Jessica, Amber, Micah, and Scott. Phenomenon-An occurrence, circumstance, or fact that is perceptible by the senses. Photovoltaics-Conversion of light to energy at atomic level. Proposals-Ideas sent in by anyone in the USF community to the Student Green Energy Fund, they’re ideas that better support the campus effort to go green. Renewable energy-A form of energy that is constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. RoHS-Restriction of Hazardous Substances.


Smart Grid project-Latest solar energy technology. Smartphone-A mobile phone built on a mobile computing platform, with more advanced computing ability and connectivity than a feature phone. Student Green Energy Fund-A fund started to help support school in their decision to go green. The fund solely depends on a fee charged to a student’s tuition. Transformation-A thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance. T12-Low energy consuming lamps and ballast. E-zine/Webzine-A magazine distributed to users via e-mail or the Web. Pronounced "ee-zeen," it may be an electronic counterpart to a print subscription or be the only publishing method. No matter whether it is free or paid, e-zines require users to sign in as members. If text only, the ezine is an "e-newsletter." If published on a Web site, it is a "Webzine," while "zine" refers to all forms. Xeriscape-Drought resistant.


Annotated Bibliography
JAMS Green Initiative is researching the ways the University of South Florida has gone green. We have decided to look at the Student Green Energy Fund, LEED Certification, and student’s opinion on EBooks v. Textbooks. We are also looking at ways that the university has created environment friendly programs, such as, the battery-recycling program. Along with friendly programs that are created there is also an initiative to increase the solar panel usage in campus for various resources. GBCI: Green Building Certification Institute, 2011. Web. 23 Jul. 2012. GBCI provides third party examination. This institute will examine built facilities and provide rating that can make the building LEED. This site would provide us with the background of what the University of South Florida had to meet to have the buildings in campus LEED certified. Students, governments, universities and colleges across the nation recognize LEED Certification. LEED provides options to building owners and operators on how they can implement green initiatives. This source would be use in our paper to assist in the way the University of South Florida has implemented the options LEED provides on going green; and to explain what LEED is. Patel School of Global Sustainability. University of South Florida, 2011. Web. 23 Jul. 2012. The Patel School of Global Sustainability was the first building to be LEED certified. The office of sustainability is continually looking for new ways to make the USF campus greener. They focus on all areas of the campus and create programs that are within the means of the green initiative from a university standpoint. This site would provide us with what the school is doing toward sustainability. Also, it would provide updated information to what is currently going on towards the green movement. The source will help us tying LEED to our paper as the building is certified; and programs that will have the greatest impact on the green initiative. Recycling @ USF Housing. Division of Student Affairs-University of South Florida, n.d. Web. 25 Jul. 2012. There are thousands of students who will live in the dorms when they enter USF, the housing link was great because it talks about streamline recycling which allows people to throw all of their recyclables into one container thus making it easier for students to recycle without having to separate items, in turn they hope this increases the amount of users due to the little time it takes. I will be discussing the different approaches that USF is taking to ensure the most productive green environmental programs and ideas are utilized. Sasson, Remez. "The Benefits and Advantages of eBooks.". N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jul 2012. This is source that demonstrates the many different benefits and advantages of eBooks. The different benefits and advantages listed in the source will be used to demonstrate how students and universities as well as the environment. Also included in the source are the different options of how eBooks can be used as far as CD, laptop, and eReaders as well as the portability of the eBooks.  PAGE 19

Annotated Bibliography Cont.
Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws. Web. 23 Jul. 2012. This document is about the Student Green Energy Fund and explains what exactly it is and how it came about. The document is about the beginning and how the Fund was started in 2007 and actually voted on by students in 2011. This document will be used in the White Paper to give background information on the Student Green Energy Fund Committee. It will also be used to explain who exactly is a part of the Fund and how much the student is paying towards the cause. Student Green Energy Fund USF St. Pete. Web. 23 Jul. 2012. This website is strictly about the Student Green Energy Fund on the USF St. Petersburg campus. It explains how the Fund began and what exactly it does on campus. This article will be used in the White Paper to explain background information on the Fund itself. It will also be used to help explain the process of community involvement through proposals.


Works Cited
Auman, Greg. “Sun Dome Renovations Helps Transform USF Bulls Basketball.” Tampa Bay Times, 29 Mar. 2012. Web. 23 Jul. 2012. Darley, Zaida. Personal Interview. 27 Jul. 2012. Demint, Chris. Personal Interview. 25 Jul. 2012. eTextbooks. N.d. Photograph. B&N College, Saint Petersburg. Web. 29 Jul 2012. Edmond, Cassandra. Personal Interview. 25 Jul. 2012. “Environmental Stewardship.” University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, n.d. Web. 20 Jul. 2012. “F28T8 Sell Sheet.” GE Consumer & Industrial Lighting, 2012. Web. 26 Jul. 2012. GBCI: Green Building Certification Institute, 2011. Web. 23 Jul. 2012. "General Questions about eTextbooks." B&NCollege, n.d. Web. 24 Jul 2012. Kumar, Divya. “LEED Certifications at USF in Progress.” The Oracle, 2 Oct. 2011. Web. 27 Jul. 2012. “National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES).” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 12 Mar. 2009. Web. 25 Jul. 2012. Pastore, Michael. "30 Benefits of Ebooks." N.p., January 28, 2008. Web. 24 Jul 2012. Patel School of Global Sustainability. University of South Florida, 2011. Web. 23 Jul. 2012. Ramos, Yoselis. "School Textbooks Going Digital." WUSG, Feb 17 2011. Web. Web. 25 Jul. 2012. Recycling @ USF Housing. Division of Student Affairs-University of South Florida, n.d. Web. 25 Jul. 2012. Saleh, Maryam. “Sun Dome Renovations Taking Shape.” The Oracle, 1 Nov. 2011. Web. 23 Jul. 2012. Sasson, Remez. "The Benefits and Advantages of eBooks." N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jul 2012. PAGE 21

Works Cited Cont.
“Student Green Energy Fund Bylaws.” Web. 23 Jul. 2012. “Student Green Energy Fund USF St. Pete” Web. 23 Jul. 2012. “The Free Dictionary.” Farlex, Inc, 2012. Web. 1 Aug. 2012. "The Future of Education: Textbooks vs. eBooks." N.p., August 2009. Web. 20 Jul 2012. "USF St. Petersburg Installs Electric Charging Stations." Tampa Bay Business Journal, 28 Mar. 2012. Web. 25 Jul. 2012. Wu. "The Benefits of eBooks for College Students." N.p., Oct. 08, 2010. Web. 19 Jul 2012. “Xeriscape.” Sustainable Resources, 2012. Web. 25 Jul. 2012.


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