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Dallas Complete Streets Design Manual Draft July 2012

Dallas Complete Streets Design Manual Draft July 2012

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Published by Robert Wilonsky

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Published by: Robert Wilonsky on Aug 04, 2012
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These streets serve mostly commercial or

institutional areas with low densities. Buildings are

likely set back from the road and do not feature

on-street parking. These streets are often multi-

lane and serve faster moving traffic and provide

regional connections. However, there are many

opportunities for improving walking, biking, and

transit between destinations in this street type.

Adjacent land uses function as service and job

destinations with buildings located on separate

parcels. These buildings range from one to five

stories with offices, restaurants, and a range of

retail and commercial uses. Adjacent land uses

may also include multifamily housing in low- to

mid-rise apartment buildings.

Commercial Streets should be designed with

a priotiry for pedestrians and secondarily to

move volumes of traffic. This objective may be

inherently unpleasant for pedestrian, bicycle, and

transit users; however, the safety of such users

– particularly at intersections – is a paramount

concern.

primary elements:

• Sidewalks
• Buffered Bike lanes (if on bike plan)
• Travel lanes
• Incorporation of iSWM techniques

secondary elements:

• Planting zone
• Pedestrian refuge/median
• Other elements:
• Street car
• Bus lane
• Bike lane or cycle track

other elements:

• Street car
• Bus lane
• Bike lane or cycle track

types of safety measures available:

• Shortened pedestrian crossings

• Hawk signals

• High visibility crosswalks

• Widened buffers

• Center pedestrian refuges at long crossings

• Signal timing for reduced travel speeds

• Countdown pedestrian signalheads at all
intersection crossings

• Leading pedestrian intervals

• Bicycle Sensitive Loop Detectors

• Bike boxes

• Traffic calming mechanisms

• Access management techniques

priority considerations

Emphasis on travel lanes
and automobile capacity

access management with
the use of landscaped median
or two-way left turn lane

Usually serve faster moving traffic

less use of on-street parking

lower pedestrian activity, but provide safe
opportunities for use with wider landscaped
buffers and sidewalks

commercial streets

the Dallas complete streets vision

JUNE 2012 dallas complEtE strEEts dEsigN maNUal | 47

design priorities for Commercial Streets by Functional
Classification

thoroughfare design matrix
(dimensions in feet)

commercial streets

principal
arterial

minor
arterial

collectorminor/
local

thoroughfare planroW

60’-130’

50’-107’

50’-80’

50’-56”

# of lanes

4-8 lanes2-6 lanes2-4 lanes2-4 lanes

pedestrian Zone

frontage Zone
(private property)

pedestrian
through Zone

1

1

1

1

Buffer/furnishing
Zone

4

4

3

4

street Zone

parking

5

5

4

3

travelway

2

2

2

2

median

3

3

5

5

high priority

medium priority

low priority

private property

sidewalk

Buffer

travel lane

two-W

ay left

turn lane

travel lane

Buffer

sidewalk

private property

5’

5’

10’

10’

10’

10’

6’

total Width: 50’

min.

min.

min.

min.

min.

min.min.

Example commercial typology cross section: 50’ roW

the following
chart shows
the priority
elements for
commercial
streets.
please see
chapter 3 for
a description
of these
zones.

Note

These cross sections are examples of ways to configure streets in

the City of Dallas using the Lane Width Chart. Element widths are

defined as Desired (Des.), Between, or Minimum (Min.) based on

the draft Lane Width Chart.

48 | JUNE 2012 dallas complEtE strEEts dEsigN maNUal

chapter tWO

private property

sidewalk

Buffer with

street tree

travel lane

travel lane

pedestrian

refuge m

edian

travel lane

travel lane

Buffer with

street tree

sidewalk

private property

6’

10’

11’

10’

6’

10’

11’

10’

6’

total Width: 80’

des.

des.

des.

min.

min.

min.

des.

des.

des.

Example commercial typology cross section: 80’ roW

private property

sidewalk

Buffer

Buffered

Bike lane

travel lane

travel lane

Buffered

Bike lane

Buffer

sidewalk

private property

5’

6’

8’

11’

11’

8’

6’

5’

total Width: 60’

min.

Btwn.

Btwn.

des.

des.

Btwn.

Btwn.

min.

Example commercial typology cross section: 60’ roW

the Dallas complete streets vision

JUNE 2012 dallas complEtE strEEts dEsigN maNUal | 49

private property

sidewalk

Buffer

head-in parking

travel lane

travel lane

two-way left

turn lane

travel lane

travel lane

parallel parking

Buffer

sidewalk

private property

6.5’

5’

18’

10’

10’

11’

10’

10’

8’

5’

6.5’

total Width: 100’

des.

Btwn.

Btwn.

des.

des.

des.

des.

des.

Btwn.

Btwn.

des.

private property

sidewalk

Buffer with

street tree

Back-in angled

parking

Buffered

Bike lane

travel lane

travel lane

m

edian

travel lane

travel lane

Buffered

Bike lane

Back-in angled

parking

Buffer with

street tree

sidewalk

private property

5’

6.5’

18’

8’

10’

10’

15’

10’

10’

8’

18’

6.5’

5’

total Width: 130’

min.Btwn.

Btwn.

Btwn.

min.

min.

Btwn.

min.

min.

Btwn.

Btwn.

Btwn.min.

Example commercial typology cross section: 100’ roW

Example commercial typology cross section: 130’ roW

50 | JUNE 2012 dallas complEtE strEEts dEsigN maNUal

chapter tWO

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