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Referendum Study

Referendum Study

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Published by Henry Ford

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Published by: Henry Ford on Aug 05, 2012
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Following its victory at the September 12, 1994 general election, the
Parti québécois promised to hold a referendum on the constitutional
future of Québec during the first year of its term of office.

On October 1, 1995, the Government of Québec adopted the writ order-
ing the Chief Electoral Officer to hold a referendum in Québec on
October 30, 1995. This referendum was held in accordance with the
Referendum Act.

At the time that the referendum period began, some twenty Amerindian
Chiefs of Québec signed, on October 4, 1995, a declaration stating “We
respect the right of Quebecers to hold a referendum on their future but
we declare that our peoples and our territories will not be bound or
otherwise affected by the outcome of this referendum”. The Chiefs of
the Cree, Inuit and Montagnais nations decided to each hold a referen-
dum to find out if their people wished to continue being part of Canada
in the event of a victory by the YES side in the October 30, 1995 refer-
endum in Québec.

Page - 48

On October 24, 1995, the Crees of James Bay massively voted NO to
the question asked: As a people, do you agree that the Government of
Québec should separate the Crees of James Bay and the traditional Cree
territory from Canada in the event of a YES vote in the Québec referen-
dum? Then on October 26th

, it was the Inuit who voted no to the ques-
tion: “Do you agree that Québec should become sovereign?” Finally,
also on October 26, the majority of Montagnais also voted no to the
question: “Do you agree that the Innu people and their traditional terri-
tory should be associated with an eventual independent Québec state?”

The Native People also took part in the October 30, 1995 referendum in

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