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03_SlopeDeflection

03_SlopeDeflection

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1

! General Case
! Stiffness Coefficients
! Stiffness Coefficients Derivation
! Fixed-End Moments
! Pin-Supported End Span
! Typical Problems
! Analysis of Beams
! Analysis of Frames: No Sidesway
! Analysis of Frames: Sidesway
DISPLACEMENT METHOD OF ANALYSIS:
SLOPE DEFLECTION EQUATIONS
2
Slope – Deflection Equations
settlement = A
j
P
i
j k
w
C
j
M
ij M
ji
w
P
u
j
u
i
¢
i
j
3
Degrees of Freedom
L
u
A
A
B
M
1 DOF: u
A
P
u
A
u
B BB B
A
B
C
2 DOF: u
A
, u
B BB B
4
L
A
B
1
Stiffness
k
BA
k
AA
L
EI
k
AA
4
=
L
EI
k
BA
2
=
5
L
A
B
1
k
BB
k
AB
L
EI
k
BB
4
=
L
EI
k
AB
2
=
6
Fixed-End Forces
Fixed-End Moments: Loads
P
L/2 L/2
L
w
L
8
PL
8
PL
2
P
2
P
12
2
wL
12
2
wL
2
wL
2
wL
7
General Case
settlement = A
j
P
i
j k
w
C
j
M
ij M
ji
w
P
u
j
u
i
¢
i
j
8
w
P
settlement = A
j
(M
F
ij
)
A (M
F
ji
)
A
(M
F
ij
)
Load
(M
F
ji
)
Load
+
M
ij
M
ji
u
i
u
j
+
i j
w
P
M
ij
M
ji
settlement = A
j
u
j
u
i
¢
= +
j i
L
EI
L
EI
u u
2 4
j i
L
EI
L
EI
u u
4 2
+ =
, ) ( ) ( )
2
( )
4
(
Load
ij
F
ij
F
j i ij
M M
L
EI
L
EI
M + + + =
A
u u
Load
ji
F
ji
F
j i ji
M M
L
EI
L
EI
M ) ( ) ( )
4
( )
2
( + + + =
A
u u
L
9
M
ji
M
jk
P
i
j k
w
C
j
M
ji
M
jk
C
j
j
Equilibrium Equations
0 : 0 = + ÷ ÷ = E +
j jk ji j
C M M M
10
+
1
1
i j
M
ij
M
ji
u
i
u
j
L
EI
k
ii
4
=
L
EI
k
ji
2
=
L
EI
k
ij
2
=
L
EI
k
jj
4
=
i
u ×
j
u ×
Stiffness Coefficients
L
11
| |
(
¸
(

¸

=
jj ji
ij ii
k k
k k
k
Stiffness Matrix
) ( )
2
( )
4
( ij
F
j i ij
M
L
EI
L
EI
M + + = u u
) ( )
4
( )
2
( ji
F
j i ji
M
L
EI
L
EI
M + + = u u
(
(
¸
(

¸

+
(
¸
(

¸

(
¸
(

¸

=
(
¸
(

¸

F
ji
F
ij
j
iI
ji
ij
M
M
L EI L EI
L EI L EI
M
M
u
u
) / 4 ( ) / 2 (
) / 2 ( ) / 4 (
Matrix Formulation
12
[D] = [K]
-1
([Q] - [FEM])
Displacement
matrix
Stiffness matrix
Force matrix
w
P
(M
F
ij
)
Load
(M
F
ji
)
Load
+
+
i j
w
P
M
ij
M
ji
u
j
u
i
¢
A
j
M
ij
M
ji
u
i
u
j
(M
F
ij
)
A (M
F
ji
)
A
Fixed-end moment
matrix
] [ ] ][ [ ] [ FEM K M + = u
] ][ [ ]) [ ] ([ u K FEM M = ÷
] [ ] [ ] [ ] [
1
FEM M K ÷ =
÷
u
L
13
L
Real beam
Conjugate beam
Stiffness Coefficients Derivation: Fixed-End Support
M
j
M
i
L/3
u
i
L
M M
j i
+
EI
M
j
EI
M
i
u
i
EI
L M
j
2
EI
L M
i
2
) 1 ( 2
0 )
3
2
)(
2
( )
3
)(
2
( : 0 '
÷ ÷ ÷ =
= + ÷ = E +
j i
j
i
i
M M
L
EI
L M
L
EI
L M
M
) 2 ( 0 )
2
( )
2
( : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = + ÷ = E | +
EI
L M
EI
L M
F
j
i
i y
u
i j
i i
L
EI
M
L
EI
M
and From
u
u
)
2
(
)
4
(
); 2 ( ) 1 (
=
=
L
M M
j i
+
i j
14
Conjugate beam
L
Real beam
Stiffness Coefficients Derivation: Pinned-End Support
M
i
u
i
u
j
L
M
i
L
M
i
EI
M
i
EI
L M
i
2
3
2L
u
i
u
j
0 )
3
2
)(
2
( : 0 ' = ÷ = E + L
L
EI
L M
M
i
i
j
u
i j
0 )
2
( )
3
( : 0 = + ÷ = E | +
j
i i
y
EI
L M
EI
L M
F u
L
EI
M
EI
L M
i
i
i
3
)
3
( 1 = ÷ = = u
)
6
(
EI
L M
i
j
÷
= u
)
3
(
EI
L M
i
i
= u
15
Fixed end moment : Point Load
Real beam
8
, 0
16
2
2 2
: 0
2
PL
M
EI
PL
EI
ML
EI
ML
F
y
= = + ÷ ÷ = E | +
P
M
M
EI
M
Conjugate beam
A
EI
M
B
L
P
A B
EI
M
EI
ML
2
EI
M
EI
ML
2
EI
PL
16
2
EI
PL
4
EI
PL
16
2
16
L
P
8 4 16 16
PL PL PL PL
= +
÷
+
÷
8
PL
8
PL
2
P
2
P
P/2
P/2
-PL/8 -PL/8
PL/8
-PL/16
-PL/8
-
PL/4
+
-PL/16 -PL/8
-
17
Uniform load
L
w
A B
w
M
M
Real beam Conjugate beam
A
EI
M
EI
M
B
12
, 0
24
2
2 2
: 0
2 3
wL
M
EI
wL
EI
ML
EI
ML
F
y
= = + ÷ ÷ = E | +
EI
wL
8
2
EI
wL
24
3
EI
wL
24
3
EI
M
EI
ML
2
EI
M
EI
ML
2
18
Settlements
M
M
L
A
M
j M
i
= M
j
L
M M
j i
+
L
M M
j i
+
Real beam
2
6
L
EI
M
A
=
Conjugate beam
EI
M
A B
EI
M
A
, 0 )
3
2
)(
2
( )
3
)(
2
( : 0 = + ÷ A ÷ = E +
L
EI
ML L
EI
ML
M
B
EI
M
EI
ML
2
EI
M
EI
ML
2
A
19
w
P
A B
A B
+
u
A
u
B
(FEM)
AB
(FEM)
BA
Pin-Supported End Span: Simple Case
B A
L
EI
L
EI
u u
2 4
+
B A
L
EI
L
EI
u u
4 2
+
) 1 ( ) ( ) / 2 ( ) / 4 ( 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ + + = =
AB B A AB
FEM L EI L EI M u u
) 2 ( ) ( ) / 4 ( ) / 2 ( 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ + + = =
BA B A BA
FEM L EI L EI M u u
BA BA B BA
FEM FEM L EI M ) ( ) ( 2 ) / 6 ( 2 : ) 1 ( ) 2 ( 2 ÷ + = ÷ u
2
) (
) ( ) / 3 (
BA
BA B BA
FEM
FEM L EI M ÷ + = u
w
P
A
B
L
20
A
B
w
P
A B
A B
u
A
u
B
(M
F
AB
)
load
(M
F
BA
)
load
Pin-Supported End Span: With End Couple and Settlement
B A
L
EI
L
EI
u u
2 4
+
B A
L
EI
L
EI
u u
4 2
+
L
(M
F
AB
)
A
(M
F
BA
)
A
) 1 ( ) ( ) (
2 4
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + = =
A
F
AB load
F
AB B A A AB
M M
L
EI
L
EI
M M u u
) 2 ( ) ( ) (
4 2
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + =
A
F
BA load
F
BA B A BA
M M
L
EI
L
EI
M u u
2
) (
2
1
] ) (
2
1
) [(
3
:
2
) 1 ( ) 2 ( 2
lim
A
F
BA load
F
AB load
F
BA B BA A
M
M M M
L
EI
M by inate E + + ÷ + =
÷
A
u u
M
A
w
P
A
B
A
21
Fixed-End Moments
Fixed-End Moments: Loads
P
L/2 L/2
P
L/2 L/2
8
PL
8
PL
16
3
)]
8
( )[
2
1
(
8
PL PL PL
= ÷ ÷ +
12
2
wL
12
2
wL
8
)]
12
( )[
2
1
(
12
2 2 2
wL wL wL
= ÷ ÷ +
22
Typical Problem
0
0
0
0
A
C
B
P
1
P
2
L
1
L
2
w
C
B
P
8
PL
8
PL
w
12
2
wL
12
2
wL
8
0
2 4
1 1
1 1
L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
B A AB
+ + + = u u
8
0
4 2
1 1
1 1
L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
B A BA
÷ + + = u u
12 8
0
2 4
2
2 2 2
2 2
wL L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
C B BC
+ + + + = u u
12 8
0
4 2
2
2 2 2
2 2
wL L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
C B CB
÷
÷
+ + + = u u
L
L
23
M
BA
M
BC
A
C
B
P
1
P
2
L
1
L
2
w
C
B
B
C
B
8
0
4 2
1 1
1 1
L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
B A BA
÷ + + = u u
12 8
0
2 4
2
2 2 2
2 2
wL L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
C B BC
+ + + + = u u
B BC BA B B
for Solve M M C M u ÷ = ÷ ÷ = E + 0 : 0
24
A
C
B
P
1
P
2
L
1
L
2
w
C
B
Substitute u
B
in M
AB
, M
BA
, M
BC
, M
CB
M
AB
M
BA
M
BC
M
CB
0
0
0
0
8
0
2 4
1 1
1 1
L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
B A AB
+ + + = u u
8
0
4 2
1 1
1 1
L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
B A BA
÷ + + = u u
12 8
0
2 4
2
2 2 2
2 2
wL L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
C B BC
+ + + + = u u
12 8
0
4 2
2
2 2 2
2 2
wL L P
L
EI
L
EI
M
C B CB
÷
÷
+ + + = u u
25
A
B
P
1
M
AB
M
BA
L
1
A
C
B
P
1
P
2
L
1
L
2
w
C
B
B
yR C
y
A
y B
yL
A
y
C
y
M
AB
M
BA
M
BC
M
CB
B
y
= B
yL
+ B
yR
B
C
P
2
M
BC
M
CB
L
2
26
Example of Beams
27
10 kN 6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
Example 1
Draw the quantitative shear , bending moment diagrams and qualitative
deflected curve for the beam shown. EI is constant.
28
P
PL
8
w
wL
2
30
FEM
PL
8
wL
2
20
M
BA M
BC
B
Substitute u
B
in the moment equations:
M
BC
= 8.8 kN•m
M
CB
= -10 kN•m
M
AB
= 10.6 kN•m,
M
BA
= - 8.8 kN•m,
[M] = [K][Q] + [FEM]
10 kN 6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
0
0
0
0
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
2
8
4
+ + =
B A AB
EI EI
M u u
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
4
8
2
÷ + =
B A BA
EI EI
M u u
30
) 6 )( 6 (
6
2
6
4
2
+ + =
C B BC
EI EI
M u u
20
) 6 )( 6 (
6
4
6
2
2
÷ + =
C B CB
EI EI
M u u
0 : 0 = ÷ ÷ = E +
BC BA B
M M M
EI
EI EI
B
B
4 . 2
0
30
) 6 )( 6 (
10 )
6
4
8
4
(
2
=
= + ÷ +
u
u
29
10 kN 6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
M
BC
= 8.8 kN•m
M
CB
= -10 kN•m
M
AB
= 10.6 kN•m,
M
BA
= - 8.8 kN•m,
= 5.23 kN = 4.78 kN
= 5.8 kN
= 12.2 kN
10 kN•m
8.8 kN•m
10.6 kN•m
8.8 kN•m
10 kN
10.6 kN•m
8.8 kN•m
A
B
B
yL
A
y
2 m
6 kN/m
8.8 kN•m
10 kN•m
B
C
y
B
yR
18 kN
30
10 kN 6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
10 kN•m
10.6 kN•m
5.23 kN
12.2 kN
4.78 + 5.8 = 10.58 kN
V (kN)
x (m)
5.23
- 4.78
5.8
-12.2
+
-
+
-
M
(kN•m)
x (m)
-10.6
10.3
-8.8
-10
-
-
+
-
EI
B
4 . 2
= u
Deflected shape
x (m)
31
10 kN 6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
Example 2
Draw the quantitative shear , bending moment diagrams and qualitative
deflected curve for the beam shown. EI is constant.
32
P
PL
8
w
wL
2
30
FEM
PL
8
wL
2
20
[M] = [K][Q] + [FEM]
10 kN 6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
) 1 (
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
2
8
4
÷ ÷ ÷ + + =
B A AB
EI EI
M u u
) 2 (
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
4
8
2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + =
B A BA
EI EI
M u u
) 3 (
30
) 6 )( 6 (
6
2
6
4
2
÷ ÷ ÷ + + =
C B BC
EI EI
M u u
) 4 (
20
) 6 )( 6 (
6
4
6
2
2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + =
C B CB
EI EI
M u u
10
10
0
0
0
30
8
6
2 : ) 1 ( ) 2 ( 2 ÷ = ÷
B BA
EI
M u
) 5 ( 15
8
3
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
B BA
EI
M u
33
M
BA M
BC
B
) 5 ( 15
8
3
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
B BA
EI
M u
) 3 (
30
) 6 )( 6 (
6
4
2
÷ ÷ ÷ + =
B BC
EI
M u
0 : 0 = ÷ ÷ = E +
BC BA B
M M M
EI
EI EI
B
B
488 . 7
) 6 ( 0
30
) 6 )( 6 (
15 )
6
4
8
3
(
2
=
÷ ÷ ÷ = + ÷ +
u
u
EI
EI EI
in Substitute
A
B A B
74 . 23
10
8
2
8
4
0 : ) 1 (
÷
=
÷ + =
u
u u u
Substitute u
A
and u
B
in (5), (3) and (4):
M
BC
= 12.19 kN•m
M
CB
= - 8.30 kN•m
M
BA
= - 12.19 kN•m
) 4 (
20
) 6 )( 6 (
6
2
2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
B CB
EI
M u
34
10 kN 6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
M
BA
= - 12.19 kN•m, M
BC
= 12.19 kN•m, M
CB
= - 8.30 kN•m
= 3.48 kN = 6.52 kN
= 6.65 kN
= 11.35 kN
12.19 kN•m
12.19 kN•m
8.30 kN•m
10 kN
12.19 kN•m
A
B
B
yL
A
y
2 m
6 kN/m
12.19 kN•m
8.30 kN•m
C
C
y
B
yR
18 kN
B
35
Deflected shape
x (m)
EI
B
49 . 7
= u
10 kN 6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
V (kN)
x (m)
3.48
- 6.52
6.65
-11.35
M
(kN•m)
x (m)
14
-12.2
-8.3
11.35 kN
3.48 kN
6.52 + 6.65 = 13.17 kN
EI
A
74 . 23 ÷
= u
36
10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
Example 3
Draw the quantitative shear , bending moment diagrams and qualitative
deflected curve for the beam shown. EI is constant.
37
10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
(4)(6
2
)/12
(4)(6
2
)/12
(10)(8)/8
(10)(8)/8
15
12
) 1 (
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
) 2 ( 2
8
) 2 ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ + + =
B A AB
EI EI
M u u
) 2 (
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
) 2 ( 4
8
) 2 ( 2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + =
B A BA
EI EI
M u u
0
10
10
) 2 (
8
) 8 )( 10 )( 2 / 3 (
8
) 2 ( 3
:
2
) 1 ( ) 2 ( 2
a
EI
M
B BA
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
÷
u
) 3 (
12
) 6 )( 4 (
6
) 3 ( 4
2
÷ ÷ ÷ + =
B BC
EI
M u
38
10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
(4)(6
2
)/12
(4)(6
2
)/12
(3/2)(10)(8)/8
EI
EI M M
B
B BC BA
/ 091 . 1
3 15 12 75 . 2 : 0
=
= + ÷ = = ÷ ÷
u
u
15
12
) 2 (
8
) 8 )( 10 )( 2 / 3 (
8
) 2 ( 3
a
EI
M
B BA
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = u
) 3 (
12
) 6 )( 4 (
6
) 3 ( 4
2
÷ ÷ ÷ + =
B BC
EI
M u
m kN
EI
M
m kN
EI
EI
M
m kN
EI
EI
M
B CB
BC
BA
- ÷ = ÷ =
- = ÷ =
- ÷ = ÷ =
91 . 10 12
6
) 3 ( 2
18 . 14 12 )
091 . 1
(
6
) 3 ( 4
18 . 14 15 )
091 . 1
(
8
) 2 ( 3
u
39
10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
M
BA
= - 14.18 kN•m, M
BC
= 14.18 kN•m, M
CB
= -10.91 kN•m
14.18
140.18 kN•m
10 kN
A
B
B
yL
A
y
= 6.73 kN = 3.23 kN
14.18 kN•m
10.91 kN•m
4 kN/m
C
C
y
B
yR
24 kN
14.18
10.91
= 11.46 kN
= 12.55 kN
40
10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
11.46 kN
3.23 kN
10.91 kN•m
V (kN)
x (m)
3.23
-6.73
12.55
-11.46
+
-
+
-
2.86
M
(kN•m)
x (m)
12.91
-14.18
5.53
-10.91
+
-
+
-
6.77 + 12.55 = 19.32 kN
u
B
= 1.091/EI
Deflected shape
x (m)
41
10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
Example 4
Draw the quantitative shear , bending moment diagrams and qualitative
deflected curve for the beam shown. EI is constant.
12 kN•m
42
10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI 3EI
12 kN•m
wL
2
/12 = 12
wL
2
/12 = 12
1.5PL/8 = 15
M
BA
M
BC B
12 kN•m
M
BA
M
BC
EI
B
273 . 3
÷ = u
EI
A
21 . 7
÷ = u
) 1 ( 15
8
) 2 ( 3
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
B BA
EI
M u
) 2 ( 12
6
) 3 ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ + =
B BC
EI
M u
) 3 ( 12
6
) 3 ( 2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
B CB
EI
M u
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
) 3 ( 2
8
) 2 ( 4
+ + =
B A AB
EI EI
M u u
0
-3.273/EI
0 12 : int = ÷ ÷ ÷
BC BA
M M B Jo
0 12 ) 12 2 ( ) 15 75 . 0 ( = ÷ + ÷ ÷ ÷
B
EI EI u
m kN
EI
EI M
BA
- ÷ = ÷ ÷ = 45 . 17 15 )
273 . 3
( 75 . 0
m kN
EI
EI M
BC
- = + ÷ = 45 . 5 12 )
273 . 3
( 2
m kN
EI
EI M
CB
- ÷ = ÷ ÷ = 27 . 15 12 )
273 . 3
(
43
10 kN
A
B
4 kN/m
C
24 kN
17.45 kN•m
5.45 kN•m
15.27 kN•m
2.82 kN 13.64 kN 10.36 kN 7.18 kN
12 kN•m 10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
13.64 kN
2.82 kN
15.27 kN•m
17.54 kN
m kN
EI
EI M
BA
- ÷ = ÷ ÷ = 45 . 17 15 )
273 . 3
( 75 . 0
m kN
EI
EI M
BC
- = + ÷ = 45 . 5 12 )
273 . 3
( 2
m kN
EI
EI M
CB
- ÷ = ÷ ÷ = 27 . 15 12 )
273 . 3
(
44
10 kN
4 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
12 kN•m
13.64 kN
2.82 kN
15.27 kN•m
17.54 kN
V (kN)
x (m)
3.41 m
+
-
+
-
2.82
-7.18
10.36
-13.64
M
(kN•m)
x (m)
+
- -
+
11.28
-17.45
-5.45
-15.27
7.98
Deflected shape
x (m)
EI
B
273 . 3
= u
EI
A
21 . 7 ÷
= u
EI
B
273 . 3
÷ = u
EI
A
21 . 7
÷ = u
45
Example 5
Draw the quantitative shear, bending moment diagrams, and qualitative
deflected curve for the beam shown. Support B settles 10 mm, and EI is
constant. Take E = 200 GPa, I = 200x10
6
mm
4
.
12 kN•m
10 kN
6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
10 mm
46
12 kN•m
10 kN
6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
10 mm
[FEM]
A
A
A
B
2
6
L
EIA
2
6
L
EIA
A
B
C
2
6
L
EIA
2
6
L
EIA
P
w
[FEM]
load
8
PL
8
PL
30
2
wL
30
2
wL
) 1 (
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
) 01 . 0 )( 2 ( 6
8
) 2 ( 2
8
) 2 ( 4
2
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + =
EI EI EI
M
B A AB
u u
) 2 (
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
) 01 . 0 )( 2 ( 6
8
) 2 ( 4
8
) 2 ( 2
2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + + =
EI EI EI
M
B A BA
u u
) 3 (
30
) 6 )( 6 (
6
) 01 . 0 )( 3 ( 6
6
) 3 ( 2
6
) 3 ( 4
2
2
÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷ + =
EI EI EI
M
C B BC
u u
) 4 (
30
) 6 )( 6 (
6
) 01 . 0 )( 3 ( 6
6
) 3 ( 4
6
) 3 ( 2
2
2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + =
EI EI EI
M
C B CB
u u
-12
0
0
47
12 kN•m
10 kN
6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
10 mm
Substitute EI = (200x10
6
kPa)(200x10
-6
m
4
) = 200x200 kN• m
2
:
) 1 (
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
) 01 . 0 )( 2 ( 6
8
) 2 ( 2
8
) 2 ( 4
2
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + =
EI EI EI
M
B A AB
u u
) 2 (
8
) 8 )( 10 (
8
) 01 . 0 )( 2 ( 6
8
) 2 ( 4
8
) 2 ( 2
2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + + =
EI EI EI
M
B A BA
u u
) 1 ( 10 75
8
) 2 ( 2
8
) 2 ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + =
B A AB
EI EI
M u u
) 2 ( 10 75
8
) 2 ( 4
8
) 2 ( 2
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + + =
B A BA
EI EI
M u u
) 2 ( 2 / 12 ) 2 / 10 ( 10 ) 2 / 75 ( 75
8
) 2 ( 3
:
2
) 1 ( ) 2 ( 2
a
EI
M
B BA
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ + =
÷
u
16.5
48
+
EM
B
= 0: - M
BA
- M
BC
= 0
(3/4 + 2)EIu
B
+ 16.5 - 192.8 = 0
u
B
= 64.109/ EI
Substitute u
B
in (1): u
A
= -129.06/EI
Substitute u
A
and u
B
in (5), (3), (4):
M
BC
= -64.58 kN•m
M
CB
= -146.69 kN•m
M
BA
= 64.58 kN•m,
M
BA M
BC
B
12 kN•m
10 kN
6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
10 mm
M
BC
= (4/6)(3EI)u
B
- 192.8
M
BA
= (3/4)(2EI)u
B
+ 16.5
49
12 kN•m
10 kN
6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
64.58 kN•m 64.58 kN•m
= -1.57 kN = 11.57 kN
146.69 kN•m
= 47.21 kN
= -29.21 kN
10 kN
A
B
B
yL
A
y
12 kN•m
64.58 kN•m
2 m
6 kN/m
C
C
y
B
yR
18 kN
B
64.58 kN•m
146.69 kN•m
M
BC
= -64.58 kN•m
M
CB
= -146.69 kN•m
M
BA
= 64.58 kN•m,
50
12 kN•m
10 kN
6 kN/m
A
C
B
6 m
4 m
4 m
2EI
3EI
V (kN)
x (m)
11.57
1.57
-29.21
-47.21
-
+
M
(kN•m)
x (m)
12
58.29
64.58
-146.69
+
-
47.21 kN
146.69 kN•m
11.57 kN
1.57 + 29.21 = 30.78 kN
10 mm
u
A
= -129.06/EI
u
B
= 64.109/ EI
u
A
= -129.06/EI
Deflected shape
x (m)
u
B
= 64.109/ EI
51
Example 6
For the beam shown, support A settles 10 mm downward, use the slope-deflection
method to
(a)Determine all the slopes at supports
(b)Determine all the reactions at supports
(c)Draw its quantitative shear, bending moment diagrams, and qualitative
deflected shape. (3 points)
Take E= 200 GPa, I = 50(10
6
) mm
4
.
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
10 mm
52
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
) 1 (
3
) 2 ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ =
C CB
EI
M u
) 2 ( 100 5 . 4
3
) 5 . 1 ( 2
3
) 5 . 1 ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + =
A C CA
EI EI
M u u
) 2 (
2
12
2
100
2
) 5 . 4 ( 3
3
) 5 . 1 ( 3
:
2
) 2 ( ) 2 ( 2
a
EI
M
C CA
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + =
÷
u
) 3 ( 100 5 . 4
3
) 5 . 1 ( 4
3
) 5 . 1 ( 2
÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷ + =
A C AC
EI EI
M u u
12
0.01 m
C
A
m kN - =
× ×
100
3
) 01 . 0 )( 50 200 5 . 1 ( 6
2
m kN - 100
M
F
A
10 mm
6 kN/m
A C
5 . 4
12
) 3 ( 6
2
=
4.5
M
F
w
53
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
) 1 (
3
) 2 ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ =
C CB
EI
M u
) 2 (
2
12
2
100
2
) 5 . 4 ( 3
3
) 5 . 1 ( 3
a
EI
M
C CA
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + = u
10 mm
M
CB
M
CA
C
0 = +
CA CB
M M
0
2
12
2
100
2
) 5 . 4 ( 3
3
) 5 . 4 8 (
= + + +
+
C
EI
u
rad
EI
C
0015 . 0
06 . 15
÷ =
÷
= u
) 3 ( 100 5 . 4
3
) 5 . 1 ( 4
)
06 . 15
(
3
) 5 . 1 ( 2
12 ÷ ÷ ÷ + ÷ +
÷
=
A
EI
EI
EI
u
Substitute u
C
in eq.(3)
rad
EI
A
0034 . 0
22 . 34
÷ =
÷
= u
• Equilibrium equation:
54
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
10 mm
rad
EI
C
0015 . 0
06 . 15
÷ =
÷
= u rad
EI
A
0034 . 0
22 . 34
÷ =
÷
= u
m kN
EI
EI EI
M
C BC
- ÷ =
÷
= = 08 . 20 )
06 . 15
(
3
) 2 ( 2
3
) 2 ( 2
u
m kN
EI
EI EI
M
C CB
- ÷ =
÷
= = 16 . 40 )
06 . 15
(
3
) 2 ( 4
3
) 2 ( 4
u
kN 08 . 20
3
08 . 20 16 . 40
=
+
kN 08 . 20
B C
40.16 kN•m
20.08 kN•m
6 kN/m
A C
12 kN•m
40.16 kN•m
18 kN
8.39 kN
26.39 kN
55
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
10 mm
6 kN/m
A C
12 kN•m
40.16 kN•m
8.39 kN
26.39 kN
B C
40.16 kN•m
20.08 kN•m
20.08 kN 20.08 kN
V (kN)
x (m)
26.39
8.39
-20.08
+
-
M (kN•m)
x (m)
20.08
-40.16
12
rad
C
0015 . 0 ÷ = u
rad
A
0034 . 0 ÷ = u
Deflected shape
x (m)
rad
C
0015 . 0 = u
rad
A
0034 . 0 = u
56
Example 7
For the beam shown, support A settles 10 mm downward, use the
slope-deflection method to
(a)Determine all the slopes at supports
(b)Determine all the reactions at supports
(c)Draw its quantitative shear, bending moment diagrams, and qualitative
deflected shape.
Take E= 200 GPa, I = 50(10
6
) mm
4
.
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
10 mm
57
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
10 mm
5 . 4
12
) 3 ( 6
2
=
6 kN/m
A
C
4.5
m kN - =
× ×
100
3
) 01 . 0 )( 50 200 5 . 1 ( 6
2
0.01 m
C
A
100
3
4
C
EIA
A
C
C
B
3
4
3
) 2 ( 6
2
C C
EI EI A
=
A
) 2 (
3
4
3
) 2 ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ A ÷ =
C C CB
EI EI
M u
) 3 ( 100 5 . 4
3
) 5 . 1 ( 2
3
) 5 . 1 ( 4
÷ ÷ + + A + + =
C A C CA
EI
EI EI
M u u
) 4 ( 100 5 . 4
3
) 5 . 1 ( 4
3
) 5 . 1 ( 2
÷ ÷ + ÷ A + + =
C A C AC
EI
EI EI
M u u
12
) 1 (
3
4
3
) 2 ( 2
÷ ÷ ÷ A ÷ =
C C BC
EI EI
M u
) 3 (
2
12
2
100
2
) 5 . 4 ( 3
2 3
) 5 . 1 ( 3
:
2
) 4 ( ) 3 ( 2
a
EI EI
M
C C CA
÷ ÷ ÷ + + + A + =
÷
u
C
C
EI
EI
A =
A
2
3
) 5 . 1 ( 6
A
C
C
A
C
EIA
58
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
10 mm
• Equilibrium equation:
)
3
( ) (
CB BC
CB y
M M
C
+
÷ =
6 kN/m
A C
12 kN•m
M
CA
18 kN
A
y
B C
M
CB
M
BC
B
y
3
39
3
) 5 . 1 ( 18 12
) (
+
=
+ +
=
CA CA
CA y
M M
C
C
M
CB
M
CA
(C
y
)
CA
(C
y
)
CB
*) 1 ( 0 : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = + = E
CA CB C
M M M
*) 2 ( 0 ) ( ) ( : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = + = E
CA y CB y y
C C C
) 5 ( 15 . 62 8333 . 0 167 . 4 *) 1 ( ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = A ÷
C C
EI EI in Substitute u
) 6 ( 75 . 101 167 . 3 5 . 2 *) 2 ( ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = A + ÷
C C
EI EI in Substitute u
mm EI rad EI and From
C C
227 . 5 / 27 . 52 00255 . 0 / 51 . 25 ) 6 ( ) 5 ( ÷ = ÷ = A ÷ = ÷ = u
59
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
10 mm
• Solve equation
rad
EI
C
00255 . 0
51 . 25
÷ =
÷
= u
mm
EI
C
227 . 5
27 . 52
÷ =
÷
= A
Substitute u
C
and A
C
in (4)
rad
EI
A
000286 . 0
86 . 2
÷ =
÷
= u
Substitute u
C
and A
C
in (1), (2) and (3a)
m kN M
BC
- = 68 . 35
m kN M
CB
- = 67 . 1
m kN M
CA
- ÷ = 67 . 1
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
35.68 kN•m
kN
A
y
55 . 5
6
68 . 35 12 ) 5 . 4 ( 18
=
÷ ÷
=
kN
B
y
45 . 12
55 . 5 18
=
÷ =
60
10 mm
6 kN/m
B
A
C
3 m 3 m
2EI
1.5EI
12 kN•m
35.68 kN•m
12.45 kN
5.55 kN
Deflected shape
x (m)
rad
C
00255 . 0 ÷ = u
mm
C
227 . 5 ÷ = A
rad
A
000286 . 0 ÷ = u
rad
C
00255 . 0 = u
rad
A
000286 . 0 = u
mm
C
227 . 5 = A
M (kN•m)
x (m)
12
14.57
1.67
-35.68
-
+
V (kN)
x (m)
0.925 m
12.45
-5.55
+
61
Example of Frame: No Sidesway
62
Example 6
For the frame shown, use the slope-deflection method to
(a) Determine the end moments of each member and reactions at supports
(b) Draw the quantitative bending moment diagram, and also draw the
qualitative deflected shape of the entire frame.
10 kN
C
12 kN/m
A
B
6 m
40 kN
3 m
3 m
1 m
2EI
3EI
63
10 kN
C
12 kN/m
A
B
6 m
40 kN
3 m
3 m
1 m
2EI
3EI
PL/8 = 30
PL/8 = 30
• Equilibrium equations
10
M
BC
M
BA
) 3 ( 18 36
6
) 2 ( 3
÷ ÷ ÷ + + =
B BC
EI
M u
*) 1 ( 0 10 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷
BC BA
M M
0 54 30 3 10 = ÷ + ÷
B
EIu
EI EI
B
667 . 4
) 3 (
14 ÷
=
÷
= u
) 1 ( 30
6
) 3 ( 2
÷ ÷ ÷ + =
B AB
EI
M u
m kN M
m kN M
m kN M
BC
BA
AB
- =
- ÷ =
- =
33 . 49
33 . 39
33 . 25
36/2 = 18
(wL
2
/12 ) =36
36
• Slope-Deflection Equations
) 2 ( 30
6
) 3 ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ =
B BA
EI
M u
Substitute (2) and (3) in (1*)
) 3 ( ) 1 (
667 . 4
to in
EI
Substitute
B
÷
= u
64
10 kN
C
12 kN/m
A
B
6 m
40 kN
3 m
3 m
1 m
2EI
3EI
39.33
25.33
49.33
A
B
40 kN
39.33
25.33
C
12 kN/m
B
49.33
17.67 kN
27.78 kN
Bending moment diagram
-25.33
27.7
-39.3
Deflected curve
-49.33
20.58
10
u
B
= -4.667/EI
u
B
u
B
M
AB
= 25.33 kN•m
M
BA
= -39.33 kN•m
M
BC
= 49.33 kN•m
65
A
B
C
D
E
25 kN
5 m
5 kN/m
60(10
6
) mm
4
240(10
6
) mm
4
180(10
6
)
120(10
6
) mm
4
3 m 4 m
3 m
Example 7
Draw the quantitative shear, bending moment diagrams and qualitative
deflected curve for the frame shown. E = 200 GPa.
66
A
B
C
D
E
25 kN
5 m
5 kN/m
60(10
6
) mm
4
240(10
6
) mm
4
180(10
6
)
120(10
6
) mm
4
3 m 4 m
3 m
0
B A AB
EI EI
M u u
5
) 2 ( 2
5
) 2 ( 4
+ =
0
B A BA
EI EI
M u u
5
) 2 ( 4
5
) 2 ( 2
+ =
75 . 18
6
) 4 ( 2
6
) 4 ( 4
+ + =
C B BC
EI EI
M u u
75 . 18
6
) 4 ( 4
6
) 4 ( 2
÷ + =
C B CB
EI EI
M u u
C CD
EI
M u
5
) ( 3
=
10
4
) 3 ( 3
+ =
C CE
EI
M u
0 = +
BC BA
M M
) 1 ( 75 . 18 )
6
8
( )
6
16
5
8
( ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = + +
C B
EI EI u u
0 = + +
CE CD CB
M M M
) 2 ( 75 . 8 )
4
9
5
3
6
16
( )
6
8
( ÷ ÷ ÷ = + + +
C B
EI EI u u
EI EI
and From
C B
86 . 2 29 . 5
: ) 2 ( ) 1 ( =
÷
= u u
PL/8 = 18.75
18.75
6.667
(wL
2
/12 ) = 6.667
+ 3.333
67
M
AB
= ÷4.23 kN•m
M
BA
= ÷8.46 kN•m
M
BC
= 8.46 kN•m
M
CB
= ÷18.18 kN•m
M
CD
= 1.72 kN•m
M
CE
= 16.44 kN•m
Substitute u
B
= -1.11/EI, u
c
= -20.59/EI below
0
0
B A AB
EI EI
M u u
5
) 2 ( 2
5
) 2 ( 4
+ =
B A BA
EI EI
M u u
5
) 2 ( 4
5
) 2 ( 2
+ =
75 . 18
6
) 4 ( 2
6
) 4 ( 4
+ + =
C B BC
EI EI
M u u
75 . 18
6
) 4 ( 4
6
) 4 ( 2
÷ + =
C B CB
EI EI
M u u
C CD
EI
M u
5
) ( 3
=
10
4
) 3 ( 3
+ =
C CE
EI
M u
68
M
AB
= -4.23 kN•m, M
BA
= -8.46 kN•m, M
BC
= 8.46 kN•m, M
CB
= -18.18 kN•m,
M
CD
= 1.72 kN•m, M
CE
= 16.44 kN•m
A
B
5 m
C E
20 kN
A
B
5 m
4.23 kN•m
2.54 kN
(8.46 + 4.23)/5
= 2.54 kN
8.46 kN•m
C
25 kN
B
3 m 3 m
2.54 kN 2.54 kN
8.46 kN•m
(25(3)+8.46-18.18)/6
= 10.88 kN
14.12 kN
18.18 kN•m
16.44 kN•m
(20(2)+16.44)/4
= 14.11 kN
5.89 kN
0.34 kN
28.23 kN
14.12+14.11=28.23 kN
1.72 kN•m
(1.72)/5 = 0.34 kN
10.88 kN
10.88 kN
2.54-0.34
=2.2 kN
2.2 kN
69
Shear diagram
-2.54
-2.54
10.88
-14.12
14.11
-5.89
0.34
+
-
-
+
-
+
2.82 m
1.18 m
Deflected curve
1.18 m
0.78 m
2.33 m 1.29 m
1.67m
1.29 m
0.78 m
Moment diagram
1.18 m
3.46
24.18
1.72
-18.18
-16.44
4.23
-8.46
-8.46
2.33 m
+
-
+
-
-
+
u
B
= ÷5.29/EI
u
C
= 2.86/EI
1.67m
70
Example of Frames: Sidesway
71
A
B
C
D
3m
10 kN
3 m
1 m
Example 8
Determine the moments at each joint of the frame and draw the quantitative
bending moment diagrams and qualitative deflected curve . The joints at A and
D are fixed and joint C is assumed pin-connected. EI is constant for each member
72
A
B
C
D
3m
10 kN
3 m
1 m
M
AB
M
DC
A
x
D
x
A
y
D
y
• Boundary Conditions
u
A
= u
D
= 0
• Equilibrium Conditions
• Unknowns
u
B
and A


- Entire Frame
*) 2 ( 0 10 : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ = E ÷
+
x x x
D A F
*) 1 ( 0 : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = + = E
BC BA B
M M M
• Overview
B
- Joint B
M
BC
M
BA
73
) 3 (
3
) ( 3
÷ ÷ ÷ =
B BC
EI
M u
) 4 ( 1875 . 0 375 . 0
2
1
375 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ A = A ÷ A = EI EI EI M
DC
) 1 (
4
6
4
) 1 )( 3 ( 10
4
) ( 2
2 2
2
÷ ÷ ÷
A
+ + =
EI EI
M
B AB
u
5.625
0.375EIA
A
B
C
D
3m
10 kN
3 m
1 m
(5.625)
load
(1.875)
load
(0.375EIA)
A
(0.375EIA)
A
(0.375EIA)
A
(0.375EIA)
A
: 0 = E +
C
M
M
DC
D
C
4 m
D
x
M
AB
M
BA
A
B
4 m
A
x
10 kN
A
A
(1/2)(0.375EIA)
A
: 0 = E +
B
M
) 5 ( 563 . 1 1875 . 0 375 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ + A + = EI EI A
B x
u
4
) (
BA AB
x
M M
A
+
=
) 6 ( 0468 . 0
4
÷ ÷ ÷ A = = EI
M
D
DC
x
) 2 (
4
6
4
) 1 )( 3 ( 10
4
) ( 4
2 2
2
÷ ÷ ÷
A
+ ÷ =
EI EI
M
B BA
u
5.625 0.375EIA
• Slope-Deflection Equations
74
• Solve equation
*) 2 ( 0 10 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷
x x
D A
*) 1 ( 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = +
BC BA
M M
) 3 (
3
) ( 3
÷ ÷ ÷ =
B BC
EI
M u
) 4 ( 1875 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ A = EI M
DC
) 1 ( 375 . 0 625 . 5
4
) ( 2
÷ ÷ ÷ A + + = EI
EI
M
B AB
u
) 5 ( 563 . 1 1875 . 0 375 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ + A + = EI EI A
B x
u
) 6 ( 0468 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ A = EI D
x
) 2 ( 375 . 0 625 . 5
4
) ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ A + ÷ = EI
EI
M
B BA
u
Equilibrium Conditions:
Slope-Deflection Equations:
Horizontal reaction at supports:
Substitute (2) and (3) in (1*)
2EI u
B
+ 0.375EI A = 5.625 ----(7)
Substitute (5) and (6) in (2*)
) 8 ( 437 . 8 235 . 0 375 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = A ÷ ÷ EI EI
B
u
From (7) and (8) can solve;
EI EI
B
8 . 44 6 . 5
= A
÷
= u
) 6 ( ) 1 (
8 . 44 6 . 5
to in
EI
and
EI
Substitute
B
= A
÷
= u
M
AB
= 15.88 kN•m
M
BA
= 5.6 kN•m
M
BC
= -5.6 kN•m
M
DC
= 8.42 kN•m
A
x
= 7.9 kN
D
x
= 2.1 kN
75
A
B
C
D
Deflected curve
A
B
C
D
Bending moment diagram
M
AB
= 15.88 kN•m, M
BA
= 5.6 kN•m,
M
BC
= -5.6 kN•m, M
DC
= 8.42 kN•m,
A
x
= 7.9 kN, D
x
= 2.1 kN,
A
B
C
D
3m
10 kN
3 m
1 m
15.88
5.6
8.42
7.9 kN
2.1 kN
15.88
5.6
8.42
A = 44.8/EI
A = 44.8/EI
u
B
= -5.6/EI
5.6
7.8
76
B
C
D
A
3m 4 m
10 kN
4 m
2 m
pin
2 EI
2.5 EI
EI
Example 9
From the frame shown use the slope-deflection method to:
(a) Determine the end moments of each member and reactions at supports
(b) Draw the quantitative bending moment diagram, and also draw the
qualitative deflected shape of the entire frame.
77
B
C
D
A
3m 4 m
10 kN
4 m
2 m
2EI
2.5EI
EI
A
x
D
x
A
y
D
y
M
DC
M
AB

A
A
AC
D

A
BC
• Overview
• Boundary Conditions
u
A
= u
D
= 0
• Equilibrium Conditions
• Unknowns
u
B
and A


- Entire Frame
*) 2 ( 0 10 : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ = E ÷
+
x x x
D A F
*) 1 ( 0 : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = + = E
BC BA B
M M M
B
- Joint B
M
BC
M
BA
78
B
C
D
A
3m 4 m
10 kN
4 m
2 m
2EI
2.5EI
EI
36.87°
= A

tan 36.87° = 0.75 A
= A / cos 36.87° = 1.25 A

A
A
A
BC
AC
D

A
A
BC
A
CD
C

36.87°
) 1 ( 5 375 . 0
4
) ( 2
÷ ÷ ÷ + A + = EI
EI
M
B AB
u
) 2 ( 5 375 . 0
4
) ( 4
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ A + = EI
EI
M
B BA
u
) 3 ( 2813 . 0
4
) 2 ( 3
÷ ÷ ÷ A ÷ = EI
EI
M
B BC
u
) 4 ( 375 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ A = EI M
DC
C

B

A
BC
= 0.75 A
0.375EIA
6EIA/(4)
2
= 0.375EIA
B
A


(6)(2EI)(0.75A)/(4)
2
= 0.5625EIA
0.5625EIA
D
C

A
CD
= 1.25 A
(1/2) 0.75EIA
(1/2) 0.5625EIA
PL/8 = 5
5
(6)(2.5EI)(1.25A)/(5)
2
= 0.75EIA
0.75EIA
• Slope-Deflection Equation
79
B
C
D
A
3m 4 m
10 kN
4 m
2 m
pin 2 EI
2.5 EI
EI
D
x
= (M
DC
-(3/4)M
BC
)/4 ---(6)
M
BC
4
A
x
=

(M
BA
+

M
AB
-20)/4 -----(5)
B
C
M
BC
C
D
M
BC
/4
M
DC
M
BC
4
A
B
M
BA
10 kN
M
AB
• Horizontal reactions
80
• Solve equations
*) 2 ( 0 10 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷
x x
D A
*) 1 ( 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = +
BC BA
M M
Equilibrium Conditions:
Slope-Deflection Equation:
Horizontal reactions at supports:
Substitute (2) and (3) in (1*)
Substitute (5) and (6) in (2*)
From (7) and (8) can solve;
EI EI
B
56 . 14 45 . 1 ÷
= A = u
) 6 ( ) 1 (
56 . 14 45 . 1
to in
EI
and
EI
Substitute
B
÷
= A = u
M
AB
= 15.88 kN•m
M
BA
= 5.6 kN•m
M
BC
= -5.6 kN•m
M
DC
= 8.42 kN•m
A
x
= 7.9 kN
D
x
= 2.1 kN
) 1 (
4
6
5
4
) ( 2
2
÷ ÷ ÷
A
+ + =
EI EI
M
B AB
u
) 2 (
4
6
5
4
) ( 4
2
÷ ÷ ÷
A
+ ÷ =
EI EI
M
B BA
u
) 3 (
4
) 75 . 0 )( 2 ( 3
4
) 2 ( 3
2
÷ ÷ ÷
A
÷ =
EI EI
M
B BC
u
) 4 (
5
) 25 . 1 )( 5 . 2 ( 3
2
÷ ÷ ÷
A
=
EI
M
DC
) 5 (
4
) 20 (
÷ ÷ ÷
÷ +
=
AB BA
x
M M
A
) 6 (
4
4
3
÷ ÷ ÷
÷
=
BC DC
x
M M
D
) 7 ( 0 5 0938 . 0 5 . 2 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ A + EI EI
B
u
) 8 ( 0 5 334 . 0 0938 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ A + EI EI
B
u
81
B
C
D
A
Deflected shape
u
B
=1.45/EI
u
B
=1.45/EI
Bending-moment diagram
B
C
D
A
11.19
1.91
5.35
5.46
1.91
A
A
M
AB
= 11.19 kN•m
M
BA
= 1.91 kN•m
M
BC
= -1.91 kN•m
M
DC
= 5.46 kN•m
A
x
= 8.28 kN•m
D
x
= 1.72 kN•m
B
C
D
A
3m 4 m
10 kN
4 m
2 m
pin 2 EI
2.5 EI
EI
11.19 kN•m
8.27 kN
5.46
1.91
1.91
0.478 kN
1.73
0.478 kN
82
Example 10
From the frame shown use the moment distribution method to:
(a) Determine all the reactions at supports, and also
(b) Draw its quantitative shear and bending moment diagrams, and
qualitative deflected curve.
A
B
C
D
3 m
3m
4m
20 kN/m
pin
2EI
3EI
4EI
83
A
B
C
D
3 m
3m
4m
2
0

k
N
/
m
2EI
3EI
4EI
[FEM]
load
• Overview
A
A
• Boundary Conditions
u
A
= u
D
= 0
• Equilibrium Conditions
• Unknowns
u
B
and A


- Entire Frame
*) 2 ( 0 60 : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷ = E ÷
+
x x x
D A F
*) 1 ( 0 : 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = + = E
BC BA B
M M M
B
- Joint B
M
BC
M
BA
84
A
B
C
D
3 m
3m
4m
2
0

k
N
/
m
2EI
3EI
4EI
[FEM]
load
wL
2
/12 = 15
wL
2
/12 = 15
A
B
C
D
A
A
[FEM]
A AA A
6(2EIA)/(3)
2
= 1.333EIA
6(2EIA)/(3)
2
= 1.333EIA
6(4EIA)/(4)
2
= 1.5EIA
1.5EIA
B BC
EI
M u
3
) 3 ( 3
=
A + + = EI EI
B
333 . 1 15 333 . 1 u ----------(1)
A + ÷ = EI EI
B
333 . 1 15 667 . 2 u
----------(2)
B
EIu 3 =
----------(3)
A = EI 75 . 0
----------(4)
A + + + = EI
EI EI
M
B A AB
333 . 1 15
3
) 2 ( 2
3
) 2 ( 4
u u
0
A + ÷ + = EI
EI EI
M
B A BA
333 . 1 15
3
) 2 ( 4
3
) 2 ( 2
u u
0
A + = EI
EI
M
D DC
75 . 0
4
) 4 ( 3
u
0
(1/2)(1.5EIA)
• Slope-Deflection Equation
85
C
D
x
M
DC
4 m
D
M
AB
A
B
60 kN
M
BA
1.5 m
1.5 m
A
x
+ EM
C
= 0:
: 0 = E +
B
M
) 6 ( 188 . 0
4
÷ ÷ ÷ A = = EI
M
D
DC
x
) 5 ( 30 889 . 0 333 . 1
3
) 5 . 1 ( 60
÷ ÷ ÷ + A + =
+ +
=
EI EI A
M M
A
B x
AB BA
x
u
• Horizontal reactions
86
• Solve equation
*) 1 ( 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ = +
BC BA
M M
Equilibrium Conditions
Equation of moment
Horizontal reaction at support
Substitute (2) and (3) in (1*)
Substitute (5) and (6) in (2*)
From (7) and (8), solve equations;
EI EI
B
67 . 34 51 . 5
= A
÷
= u
) 6 ( ) 1 (
67 . 34 51 . 5
to in
EI
and
EI
Substitute
B
= A
÷
= u
) 7 ( 15 333 . 1 667 . 5 ÷ ÷ ÷ = A + EI EI
B
u
) 8 ( 30 077 . 1 333 . 1 ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ = A ÷ ÷ EI EI
B
u
*) 2 ( 0 60 ÷ ÷ ÷ = ÷ ÷
x x
D A
) 1 ( 333 . 1 15 333 . 1 ÷ ÷ ÷ A + + = EI EI M
B AB
u
) 2 ( 333 . 1 15 667 . 2 ÷ ÷ ÷ A + ÷ = EI EI M
B BA
u
) 3 ( 3 ÷ ÷ ÷ =
B BC
EI M u
) 4 ( 75 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ A = EI M
DC
) 6 ( 188 . 0 ÷ ÷ ÷ A = EI D
x
) 5 ( 30 889 . 0 333 . 1 ÷ ÷ ÷ + A + = EI EI A
B x
u
m kN M
AB
- = 87 . 53
m kN M
BA
- = 52 . 16
m kN M
BC
- ÷ = 52 . 16
m kN M
DC
- = 0 . 26
A
x
= 53.48 kN
D
x
= 6.52 kN
87
A
C
D
Moment diagram
D
A
B
C
Deflected shape
A
A
A
B
C
D
3 m
3m
4m
2
0

k
N
/
m
16.52 kN•m
53.87 kN•m
53.48 kN
6.52 kN
26 kN•m
5.55 kN
5.55 kN
26.
16.52
m kN M
AB
- = 87 . 53
m kN M
BA
- = 52 . 16
m kN M
BC
- ÷ = 52 . 16
m kN M
DC
- = 0 . 26
A
x
= 53.48 kN
D
x
= 6.52 kN
53.87
B
16.52

Slope – Deflection Equations
i

P

w

j

k

Cj

settlement = ∆j

Mij

i

P

w

j

Mji

θi ψ θj

2

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