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Harp Seal Management

Six species of seals, the harp, hooded, grey, ringed, bearded and harbour, are found off Canada's Atlantic coast, although ringed and bearded seals are typically Arctic species. Of the six species, harp seals account for almost all the seals harvested commercially, with grey and hooded comprising a very small portion. The quota or total allowable catch (TAC) sets the upper limit of what can be harvested commercially in any given year. TAC decisions are based on long-term conservation and sustainability principles and take into consideration the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) Management Plan, scientific advice, as well as consultation with industry. Seal management is founded on scientific conservation principles to ensure preservation of the species and that present opportunities can continue into the future. The Canadian sealing industry is supportive of the principles of ocean ecosystem management and the interaction between all species. The industry recognizes the problems with an overpopulation of seals and the impact on other fish species. Total Allowable Catch (TAC) for 2007-2011

2011 2010 2009 2008

400,000 330,000 280,000 275,000

60,000 50,000 50,000 12,000

8,200 8,200 8,200 8,200

. .

Nutrition Information
Serving Size 100g (Cooked Seal Meat) Amount Per Serving Calories from Fat 29 % Daily Value* Total Fat 3g Saturated Fat 19 Trans FatOg

Total Carbohydrate Dietary Fiber Og Sugars Og


8% 1%

• •

Vitamin C Iron

Nutrition Information
Per 1 Gram (2x500mg Capsules of Seal Oil) Amount Per Serving

Total Fat 19 Omega-6 Polyunsaturates Omega-3 Polyunsaturates Monounsaturates Cholesterol <2mg Og

Total Carbohydrate Dietary Fiber Og Sugars Og Protein 19 DPA DHA 47mg. 88mg·

EPA Vitamin E

Seal Fur Products


Industry Summary
• The sealing Industry has thrived in Newfoundland and Labrador for hundreds of years. • For Aboriginal people, seals have meant survival in the most basic sense of the word. Indeed, it still provides a significant resource with which they can continue to shape their culture. • The seal resource has played a critical role in the evolution of many of our coastal regions. Here in Newfoundland and Labrador, the seal resource is vital. It is intricately linked to our culture, and to our economy, especially for many of the communities along the East and Northeast Coast of the Island, and as a traditional way of life along the coast of Labrador. • The Harp seal is the main species harvested because of its easier accessibility and greater numbers. • The 2011 estimated total harp seal population is 9 million plus animals. • The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador supports a seal harvest and is committed to its further development around three principal cornerstones: 1 A sustainable harvest based on solid science;
2 An industry based on the full utilization of the animal;

3 Humane harvesting methods with zero tolerance for any inhumane practices.
• These principles are complemented by the management measures of the Government of Canada to regulate the harvest of the resource. • The commercial harvesting of seals is more tightly regulated today than ever before in our history. Humane harvesting practices are supported by industry and are strictly enforced. • The number of seals that may be harvested is based on science and sound conservation principles. • The seal harvest provides direct annual employment for over 6,000 people on a part time basis in Newfoundland and Labrador. • Seals are a significant source of income for thousands of families in remote coastal communities in Newfoundland and Labrador, at a time of year when employment opportunities are extremely limited. • Over three years, the seal harvest generated a combined contribution of approximately $50 million in landed value and approximately $110 million to the provincial economy from 2006 to 2008. • Sealers have stated that their income from Sealing Industry can represent from 25-35 percent of their total income. • Research on the modern Sealing Industry by veterinary experts has concluded that seals are harvested in a humane manner. • Government and industry will continue to work together to improve harvesting practices and ensure the most humane harvest possible. • The North Atlantic harp seal is not listed as endangered by the international agreement on the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) or by Environment Canada's Species at Risk (SARA) program.