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XW4TS”lLl.E ENGINEERLNG AND SUPPORTCEhTER
Environmental Restoration Program for Formerly Used Defense Sites Ordnance and Explosives
SEARCH REPORT FINDINGS
-’ ~‘~ Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Laneling Field
Ramona, Cal ifornia
Project Number - JOSCAI 06901
Prepared by US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS ST. LOUIS DISTRICT
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Rmergency LandingField Ramona, CA
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................... 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 AUTHORlTY ................................... 1.2 SUBJECT ..................................... 1.3 PURPOSE ..................................... 1.4 SCOPE ....................................... ....................... 2.0 PREVIOUS SITE INVESTIGATIONS 2.1 CORPSOFENGINEERSDOCUMENTS.. ................ ............................... 2.2 OTHERREPORTS .................................. 3.0 SITEDESCRIPTION .................................... 3.1 LANDUSE 3.2 CLIMATIC DATA. .............................. 3.3 GEOLOGY AND SOILS ............................ ............................ 3.4 HYDROLOGY 3.5 ECOLOGY .................................. ................................ 3.6 DEMOGRAPHICS Page Page Page Page Page l-l 1-l l-l l-l l-2
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..................................... 4.0 SITEHISTORY 4.1 HISTORICAL SITE SUMMARY ....................... ......................... 4.1.1 General SiteHistory 4.1.2 Summary of Ordnance and Explosives Activities ........ 4.1.3 Summary of Chemical Warfare Material Activities .. 1 .... 4.1.4 Certificates of Clearance ....................... 4.2 REVIEW OF HISTORICAL RECORDS .................. 4.3 SUMMARY OF INTERVIJZWS ....................... 4.4 AIR PHOTO INTERPRETATION AND MAP ANALYSIS ...... 4.4.1 Site Specific Map and Drawiug Analysis ............ 4.4.2 Air Photo Interpretation ...................... 5.0 REAL 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 ..................................... ESTATE. ....................... CONFIRMEDDODOWNERSHIP POTENTIAL DOD OWNERSHIP ...................... SIGNIFICANT PAST OWNERSHIP OTHER THAN DOD ....... PRESENT OWNERSHIP ............................
................................... 6.0 SITEINSPECTION 6.1 GENERAL PROCEDURES AND SCOPE ................. 6.2 SITE INSPECTION SYNOPSIS ........................ a ................. 7.0 EVALUATION OF ORDNANCE PO TENTIAL 7.1 CONVENTIONAL ORDNANCE CONTAMINATION ......... ...... 7.2 CHEMICAL WARFARE MATERIAL CONTAMINATION
Tabb of Contents i
ARCHNES SE4RCH REPORT - FIhVlNGS Ramma Bombing Toga and Emergency Lmding Field Rawwna, CA
8.0 TECHNICAL DATA OF ORDNANCE AND EXPLOSIVES . . . . . . . . . 8.1 POTENTIALOEANDCWMITEMS .................... ONAL ORDNANCE . . . . . . . . . . 8.2 DESCRIPTION OF CONVENTI 8.3 DESCRIPTION OF CHEMICAL WARFARE MATERIALS . . . . . . 9.0 EVALUATION OF OTHER SITE INFORMATION APPENDICES A B C D E F G H I J K L M REFERENCES ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS AND BREVITY CODES TEXT/MANUALS
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REPORTSI STUDIES LETI-ERS I MEMORANDUMS I MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS REAL ESTATE DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not Used NEWSPAPERI JOURNALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not Used INTERVIEWS PRESENTSITE PHOTOGRAPHS HISTORICAL PHOTOGRAPHS HISTORICAL MAPS / DRAWINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not Used SITE SAFBTY AND HEALTH PLAN I SITE INSPECTION REPORT REPORT DISTRIBUTION LIST REPORT PLATES
Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field - Vicinity Map Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field - Aerial Photograph-1949
ARCHM?S SEARCH REPORT - FlNDlNGS Ramma Bombing Targa and Emergency Lunding Fiekd Rawwna. CA
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 AUTHORITY In 1986, Congressestablished DefenseEnvironmentalRestorationProgram (DERP) at 10 the United State Code (USC) 2701 et seq. This program directedthe Secretaryof Defenseto “carry out a program of environmentalrestoration at facilities under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.” In March 1990, the EnvironmentalProtection Agency (EPA) issueda revisedNational ContingencyPlan (NCP). Under 40 Code of FederalRegulations(CFR) 300.120, EPA designated Department of Defense(DOD) to be the removal response the authority for incidentsinvolving DOD military weapons and munitionsunder the jurisdiction, custodyand control of DOD. Sincethe beginningof this program, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineershasbeen the agency responsiblefor environmentalrestorationat Formerly Used DefenseSites (FUDS). Since 1990, the U.S. Army Engineeringand Support Center, Huntsville (CEHNC) has beenthe Center of Expertise (CX) and Design Center for Ordnanceand Explosives. 1.2 SURJECT Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field consistedof 404.74 acresnear Ramona, California, locatedin SanDiego County. Military use beganwith the leaseof 155.7 acresby the Navy on 15 October 1943,to establishthe Ramona Bombii Target. The Danger Area for the practice dive bombingtarget at Ramonawas rescindedon 6 September1944, in order for the Navy to constructa landing strip at that location. The Navy acquiredadditionalproperty and constructedan airstrip, to becomethe Ramona Emergency Landing Field. On 26 February 1947, SanDiego County took possession of the airstrip, under leasewith the Navy. Nearly a decadelatter, after being reported excess, SanDiego County receivedthe property by Quitclaim Deed in 28 December 1956. The ordnanceand explosives(OE) associated with the site includepractice bombs. Plate 1 in the report plates sectionshowsthe generallocation of the site. 1.3 PURPOSE The Archives SearchReport (ASR) compilesinformation obtainedthrough historical research at various archivesand recordsholding facilities, interviews with personsassociated with RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field or its operationsand a team inspectionof the site. The searchdirects efforts towards determimngpossibleuse or disposal of OE and chemicalwarfare materials(CWM) on the site. The researchplacesparticular emphasison establishing types, quantitiesand areasof disposal. This processobtains the information for use in developingrecommendations further action at the former Ramona for Bombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field.
Section I - Introduaion Page l-l
ARCHIVRS SEMCH REPORT - FINDINGS Rammu ROmbing Targel and Emergency Landing Field Ramma, CA
1.4 SCOPE This investigationfocuseson potential OE and/or CWM contaminationremainingon the former RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. The DEEP-FUDS project number is JO9CA106901. This report presentsthe following: 0 A brief history of RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field l Description and characteristics the immediatesurroundingarea of l A review of related site investigations l An aerial photographyand map analysisof the site l Real estateinformation, past and present l Findings of the site bqection l Description of the OE and/or CWM identified with the site Thesefactors representthe basisfor the evaluationof potential OE and CWM contamination and associated risk at RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field.
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergmcy Landing Field Ramma, CA
2.0 PREVIOUS SITE INVESTIGATIONS 2.1 CORPS OF ENGINEERS DOCUMRNTS The Los AngelesDistrict of the Corps of Engineerspreparedthe following investigationof RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field in supportof the DERP for FUDS (seeAppendixD-l): Inventory Project Report (JNPR) Findingsof Fact for project no. JO9CA1069, RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field, Ramona,California, dated6 August 1994. Interviews with local law enforcement“hazardousdevice” squads military Explosive and OrdnanceDisposal (EOD) units resultedin reports of practice bombs, from “1 to 25 pounds” being recoveredin the area. The JNPR identified only OE as a potential hazardat the former RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. The JNPR assigned Risk a Assessment Code @AC) of 2, reducedto 4. 2.2 OTHER REPORTS The archive searchdid not locate any additionalenvironmentalinvestigationsor reports concerningRamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field.
Section 2 - Previous Site Invedptiom Page 2-l
ARCHIKES SEz4RCI-l REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Fickl Ramma, CA
3.0 SITE DEXRIFTION 3.1 LAND USE 3.1.1 Location RamonaBombingTarget and EmergencyLanding Field consistedof 404.74 acresin San Diego County, California (seePlate #l). This site lies approximatelytwenty-five miles northeastof Ramona,California. 3.1.2 Prior Site Use Prior to the EleventhNaval District’s operationof the RamonaEmergencyLanding Field, it servedas the RamonaBombing Target. Before that, land usageentailedlivestock grazing and agriculturaJ. 3.1.3 PresentSite Use The former RamonaEmergencyLanding Field remainsan airfield, the RamonaAirport. The former RamonaBombingTarget is usedfor livestock grazing. 3.2 CLIMATIC DATA Ramona’stemperatures temperedby the prevailing winds off the Pacific Ocean. Dry are easterlywinds sometimesblow for severaldaysat a time bringing warm temperatures. Thesewinds occur predominatelyin the fall, bringing warmer temperatures the monthsof in September October. High temperatures almost invariably accompanied low and are by relative humidities, which often drop below 20 percent. The nearestsourceof climatologiczd data is the National Oceanicand AtmosphericAdministration (NOAA) station locatedin San Diego. The stationis about 25 miles southwestof the site and about 1300feet lower in elevation. Although, the SanDiego stationshows unusuallysmall daily temperatureranges, a few miles inland toward Ramona,the daily temperaturerangesmay increaseto 30 degrees or more. Strong winds and galesassociated with Pacific or tropical storms are infrequent due to the latitude. The seasonal rainfall is about 10 inchesin SanDiego but increasesto between20 and 40 inchesinland toward the mountains. Eighty-five percent of the precipitationoccurs from November through March, with monthly and seasonal variations. The maximum 24 hour rainfall in SanDiego was 2.6 inchesand occurred in January. The prevailing direction of the winds is WNW at about 9 mph. Climatologicaldata are summarizedin Table 3-2.
Section 3 - Site Demiition Page 3-l
ARCHIKES SE4RCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergmcy Landing Field Rllmma. CA
Table 3-2 - CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA FOR SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA Month Temperature Average Minimum (‘F) Average Maximum (‘W 65 66 66 68 Precipitation Average (Inches) 2.2 1.6 1.9 0.8 Wind Average Speed Miles/Hou r 7 8 9 9 Average Direction NW
February March April
48 50 52 55
3.3 GEOLOGY AND SOILS 3.3.1 Geology and Physiology The site is locatedin the PeninsularRangessectionof the Lower California physiographic province. This province is characterized a dissected,westward-sloping,granite uplands. by The PeninsularRangesbelong mostly to Mexico and only the northern end of the ranges reach into California. The province has distinct northwest grain expressed its larger by mountains,to the eastof the site, and its longer valleys. The province is underlainby large homogenous batholiths. Thesebatholiths are igneous intrusive bodieswhich cooled slowly and deeply, allowing the molten material to crystallize into coarse-graioed rock. The batholiths are accompanied many dikes, narrow sheet-like by igneousbodieswhich intruded into cracks in the rock.
Section 3 - Site Demiprion Page 3-2
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramcmi Bombing Targel and Emergency Landing Field Ramma. CA
Youngerrocks found in the province are largely sedimentary,partly marine, and partly terrestrial, and range in age from late Cretaceous Pleistocene. Marine rocks are exposed to mostly in the SantaAna Mountains, to the north of the site (Sharp 1976). 3.3.2 Soils The soilsof tbe site were derived from both the igneousbedrockand the overlying marine and alluvial sediment,which fiLl the basinsin the bedrock. The soils are mostly sandyand fine-grained. The soils are deepand are rapidly permeable. 3.4 HYDROLOGY 3.4.1 SurfaceWater Topographyof the airport is generallyflat, with an approximateelevationof 1390 National GeographicVertical Datum (NGVD), thoughhills rise 50 to 60 higher in the bomb target area. The site drains towards the south to the SantaMaria Creek, which flows west and eventuallyemptiesinto the Pacific Oceanat the Gulf of SantaCatalina,just north of San Diego. Flooding of a portion of the site may occur from heavy locabzedprecipitation but would likely be of short duration. Most precipitationfalls in the winter, except for an occasionalthunderstormin the mountains. The U.S. GeologicalSurvey (USGS) maintainsa streamgageon SantaMaria Creek near Ramona. The maximum flow at the gagesite was 152,000cubic feet per second(cfs). 3.4.2 Ground Water The site is underlainby a regionally small, principal aquifer system,part of the Coastal &sins aquifer system. The CoastalBasin aquifersoccupy a number of basinsin coastal areasform northern to southernCalifornia. Thesebasinsare in structural depressions formed by folding and faulting. All of the basinsare filled with marine and alluvial sediments are drainedby streamsthat contain water at least part of the year. and Ground water in the basinsis under unconfinedto confinedconditions, and two or more vertically sequential aquifers can be presentin a basin, separated confining units that by consistof fine-grantedsediments. In nearly all basinsthat contain more than one aquifer, the aquifers are hydraulically connected somedegree. to Due to the large populationsusing theserelatively small aquifers, surfacewater needsto be usedas a water sourcefor many people. Surfacewater, in many instances,hasto be transportedfrom distant sourcesto meet demand(Planert and Williams 1995). 3.5 ECOLOGY The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Servicereported that the following federally listed species occur in SanDiego County: desert pupfish (CyprinodonmacuZutius), endangered; tidewater goby (Eucyclogdhs new~m), endangered; unarmoredthreespinestickleback(Gasterosfe~~
Seaion 3 - Site Description Page 3-3
ARCHNES SEAP.CH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramam Bombing Targa and Emergecy Lmding Field Ramma. CA
aculeam willi~on& endangered; arroyo southwesterntoad (Bufo microscaphus calt@xnicu), endangered; Riverside fairy shrimp (Streptocephalus wootton~, endangered; Stephens kangaroorat (DipodomysStephens&endangered; Peninsularbighorn sheep(ovis caMdensiscrenmobates),proposedendangered; Pacific pocket mouse(Perognathus longimembris pact@cus), endangered; western snowy plover (Charadrius alewndrinus niwsus), threaten&, brown pelican (Pelecunus occidentalis),endangered; California gnatcatcher(Polioptila cal@xnicu), threatened;California least tern (Sternaantillarum (=atbifrons) brownii, endangered; light-footed clapper rail (Rullus longirostti levipes), endangered; least Bell’s vero (vireo bellii pusillus), endangered; California Orcutt grass (Onxutia cal@nica), endangered; Diego thommint (Acanthominthailicijblia), San endangered; Peirson’smilk-vetch (Astragalusmagdalenae peirsonii), proposed var. endangered; coastaldunesmilk-vetch (Astrugalustener var. tin], proposedendangered; Encinitasbaccharis(Bacchuksvwressue),endangered; thread-leaved brodiaea(Brodiaea jilifolia), proposedthreatened;Orcutt’s spineflower (chorii2zrrfhe orcufriana), proposed endangered; marsh bird’s-beak (Cordylanthusmaritimus ssp. maritimus), endangered; salt Cuyamaca Lake downingia (Downingin concolor var. brevior), proposedendangered;shortleaveddudleya(Dudleya blochmaniaessp. brevifliu), proposedendangered; Diego San button celery (Eryngium aristulatum var. parish@, endangered; Mexican flannelbush (Fremontodendron mtxicanum), proposedendangered; Otay tarplant (Hemiwna conjugens), proposedendangered; Parish’smeadowfoam(Limnanthes gracilis ssp. parishii), proposed threatened;willowy monardella(Monurdella linoidesssp. vimineu), proposedendangered; dehesa nolina (Nolinu interrata), proposedthreatened;SanDiego mesamint (Pogogyne abramsii), endangered; Otay mesamint (Pogogynenudiusculu),endangered; Gambel’s and watercress(Rorippa gambellio, endangered. The California Departmentof Fish and GameNatural Diversity Data Baserecords report that the following state-listedspecies occurs in the vicinity of the Ramona: least Bell% WP, endangered; Diego thommint, endangered; Encinitasbaccharis,endangered. San and No additionalinformation on the occurrenceof rare or endangered species natural or communitiesis known at this time. This doesnot meanthat other stateor federally-listed speciesmay not be presentwithin the areasof interest. An on site inspectionby appropriate state and federal persommlmay be necessary verify the presence,absenceor location of to listed species,or natural communitiesif remedialaction is recommended part of the final as ASR. 3.6 DEMOGRAPHICS 3.6.1 Centersof activity The city of Ramonais locatedapproximatelytwo miles east of the airport in SanDiego county, California. 3.6.2 Businessand Industry Profile
Section 3 - Site Demipion Page 3-4
ARCHlWS SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramma, CA
Basedon a total of 59,896 establishments SanDiego County, the breakdownof industry is in as follows: -Manufacturing -Agriculture -Services -Trade and Finance -0thU 5.9% 2.0% 38.5% 41.5% 12.1%
Of the peoplein the county employedby businesses, about 36.8 percent are employedby trade and finance businesses.Also prominent are servicebusinesses about 37.7 percent, at manufacturingat 15.1 percent and transportationand constructionat 9.3 percent. Foregoing percentages at mid-March 1993. are 3.6.3 Populationdensity Location Bamona SanDiego County Population 13,040 2,601,055 Area (Square
PopulationDensity (SquareMites) n/a 618.5
3.6.4 Types of Housing Housing in Bamonais composedof both singlefamily and multi-family dwellings. The medianvalue of the 2,402 specitiedowner-occupied housingunits in Bamonais $166,800. 3.6.5 New Developmentin the Area There is new commercialand residentialdevelopment Bamona. in 3.6.6 Typical Cross Sectionsof the Population Ramona Percentapes l White 86.2 0 Black 0.8 0 American Indian, Eskimo or Aleut 1.6 l Asian or Pacific Islander 1.4 10.0 l Other Personsof Hispanic origin comprise 18.1 percent of the total populationin Bamona. Persons under the age of 18 encompass 32.5 percentand the population segmentover the age of 65 constitutes7.7 percent. The medii ageaverages 28.6 years. at
Seaion 3 - Site Dexri~tion Page 3-5
ARCHNIB SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Lmding Field Ranw~. CA
4.0 SITE HISTORY 4.1 HISTORICAL SITE SUMMARY 4.1.1 GeneralSite History On 15 October 1943, the EleventhNaval District leased155.7 acresto establishthe Ramona Bombing Target for useby the Naval Air Center (NAC) SanDiego. The Interdepartmental Air Traffic Control Board (IATCB) approvedof the use of the site on 16 Decemberthat year. Presumably,the EleventhNaval District beganusing the RamonaBombing Target shortly thereafter. Although the target was assigned NAC SanDiego, it could “permit to anotherunit to use suchtarget.” Therefore it is possiblethat other Naval or Marine Corps aviation facilities in the EleventhNaval District usedthe site (EleventhNaval District 1944a, 1944b, 1944d). EleventhNaval District fighter-bombersusedthe RamonaBombingTarget for dive bombing training. The site was set up as a practice bomb target with concentriccircles simulatinga destroyerdeck. The target’s center had coordinates 33’ 02’ 00” Latitude and 116’ 54’ 48” of Longitude (EleventhNaval District 1944d)t. The IATCB rescindedthe Danger Area for the Dive Bombing Target at Ramonaon 6 September1944, in order for the Navy to construct a landing strip at that location (IATCB 1944). After acquiring the required additionalproperty, the Navy built one airmaft runway and a hangarbuilding and the airstrip becamethe Ramona Emergency Landing Field. On 26 February 1947, SanDiego County took possession the airstrip and its facilities under lease of NOy(R)-43693 with the Navy. When the leaseexpired, the county receiveda Revocable Permit on 27 February 1952. On 14 August 1956, the field was reported as excessto the GeneralServicesAdministration. SanDiego County receivedthe property by Quitclaim Deed dated28 December 1956, recording it on 9 May 1957. The property continuesto operateas a civilian airport (GSA 1957b; USN 1952, 1956). 4.1.2 Summaryof Ordnanceand ExplosivesActivities The EleventhNaval District designated practice bombsfor use at the RamonaBombing Target, though the archive searchfound no information specifying specific types (Eleventh Naval District 1945c). The ASR site inspectionteam identified a fair amountof sheetmetal debris, apparentlyfrom MK VII or MK XV 100 poundpractice bombs. They also found a singlecast iron, 3 pound
l The aerial photo analysislocatedthe target center at coordinatesN 33 02’ lo”, W 116’ 54’ 51”. The ASR site inspectionnoted it as N 33’ 02’ 12.2”, W 116O 53.5” with a GPS 54’ receiver.
Seaion 4 - Site Histmy Page 4-l
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Fiekl Ramona. CA
miniaturepractice bomb (i.e. AN-MK 23). They did not find evidenceof high explosives (HE) ordnanceor of the 25 pound practice bombsdescribedas recoveredby law enforcement agencies during the INPR investigation. Furthermore, the archive searchuncoveredno documentation concerningordnanceusageor storageduring the site’s tenure as a emergency lading field. 4.1.3 Summaryof ChemicalWarfare Material Activities The archive searchuncoveredno documentation relating to CWM at RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. The archive searchteam found no indication that RamonaBombingTarget and EmergencyLanding Field conductedCWM training, storage, or disposal. 4.1.4 Certificates of Clearance By March 1945, the Target Repair Crew of the Naval Air StationSanDiego clearedthe southernhalf of the bomb target and presumablythe northern half also (EleventhNaval District 1945a). The archivessearchdid not find any specificsconcerningthis clearanceor any other concerningthis site.
4.2 REVIEW OF HISTORICAL RECORDS
Appendix A containsfull referencesof all in text citationsalong with the location of the copieddocument. Concentrationin three areasdirected the researchmethodologyfor this report: locating documentation concerningthe military use of the site compiling the types, quantitiesand probablelocationsof OE and/or CWM usedby the military l collecting real estateinformation
The researchteam searched the following locationsfor records relating to OE and CWM at activities at RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. At theserepositories the researchteam usedfinding aids and records managersto assistin locating documents relevant to the researchtopic. The ASR team accumulated complementarydocuments reviewed on RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLandmg Field but not specifically used. Thesecomplementarydocumentsare stored with the original ASR documents. AppendixH containsa lists of additionalrepositoriesand personnelcontactedwhich reported no pertinent information. 4.2.1 National Archives Eighth and Pennsylvania
Washington, D.C. Pot: RickPeuser 202-501-5671 20408
Seaion 4 - Sire History Page 4-2
ARCHIVE9 SE4RCH REPORT - FINLMNGS Ramona Bombing Targel and Emergency Landing Fieki RamoM. CA
The researchteam reviewed the finding aids for the applicableRecord Groups and researched the following entries: Record Group 77 (Recordsof the Chief of Engineers) Entry 391 ConstructionCompletionReports, 1917-1943 Boxes 14, 15 Record Group 175 (Recordsof the ChemicalWarfare Service) Entry 2 Index Briefs, 1918Gctober 1942 4.2.2 National Archives at College Park 8601 Adelphi Road College Park, MD 20740 POC: Rich Boylan 301-7136800 The researchteam reviewed the finding aids for the applicableRecord Groups and researched the following entries: Record Group 18 (Recordsof the Army Air Forces) Entry 1A Confidential and SecretDecimal Correspondence File, 1945-1948 Boxes255-265, 288-293 Entry 1B Project Decimal File, 1945 Boxes295-311 Entry 1E Project Decimal File, 19461947 Boxes675-683 Entry 2 Air Adjutant GeneralDecimal File, 1944-1946 Boxes2255-2257,2277-2281,2308-2312 Entry 2C Air Adjutant GeneralDecimal File, 1947 Boxes2797, 2798 Entry 2E Au Adjutant GeneralUnclassifiedDecimal File, October 1942-1944 Boxes 1590, 3191, 3192 Entry 46 Office of the Air Inspector, Central Decimal Correspondence FileDemobilizationInspections Boxes 20, 30-32, 91, 92, 109-111, 174, 175, 185
Section 4 - Sire History Page 4-3
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDlNG.7 Ramma Bombing Tmgd and Emergenq Landing Field Ramona, CA
Entry 292 Air Adjutant GeneralUnclassifiedDecimal File, October 1942-1944 Boxes 1515, 1520, 1580, 1592 Entry 294 Air Adjutant GeneralFormerly Security ClassifiedBulky Decimal Pies, 1942-1944 Boxes 873, 881,955,976 Entry 299 Correspondence Relating to Foreign Bases,Air Forces, Misc. Commands, Districts, Governmeut-Owned Plants, National Guard and Schools, 1939-1942 Boxes 1140-1143,1146, 1147, 1184-1189 Record Group 38 (Recordsof the Office of the Chief of Naval operations) Entry World War II War Diaries Boxes427, 428, 534 Record Group 40 (GeneralRecordsof the Departmentof Commerce) Entry UD68 Office of the Secretary, Office of StrategicInformation
Record Group 71 (Recordsof the Bureauof Yards and Docks) Entry 74A Plansand Charts of Harbors, Naval Basesand Airfields, 1938-1954 Box2 Entry 1001Naval Property CaseFiles, 1941-1958 Boxes4662, 107-114, 119-121 Entry 1013Minutes of Meetingsof the InterdepartmentalAir Traffic Control Board, 1943-1946 Boxes 1, 2 Entry 1017Land PurchaseProgressReports, 1942-1945 Box1 Entry 1018Index Cards ShowingCongressional Approval of Projects, 1943-1945 Boxes l-4 Entry 1019Miscellaneous Reports and Other RecordsRegardingLand Investigations Boxes 1-4 Hntry 1031 Correspondence with Naval Districts, 1947-1948 Boxes 1, 2, 8, 13, 14, 18, 22, 27, 31, 41
Section 4 - Sire History Page 4-4
ARCHIVE.9 SEARCH REPORT - FlhlDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emmgemy Landing Field Ranwna, CA
Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 1941-1947 Boxes4-6 Entry Correspondence with Naval Districts, 1947-1948 Boxes55, 60, 64, 67 Record Group 72 (Recordsof the Bureauof Aeronautics) Entry 62 GeneralCorrespondence, 1943-1945 Boxes2320, 3415, 3418 Entry 67 Confidential Correspondence, 1922-1947 Boxes273, 298 Entry 1OOlAUnclassifiedGeneralCorrespondence, 1948-1950 Boxes364-368 Entry 1OOlFUnclassifiedGeneralCorrespondence, 1954 Boxes211,212 Entry 1OOlGUnclassifiedGeneralCorrespondence, 1955 Boxes228,229 Entry 1OOlHUnclassifiedGeneralCorrespondence, 1956 Box 216 Bntry 10011 UnclassifiedGeneralCorrespondence, 1957 Box 222 Entry RecordsRelating to Inactive Au Stations, 1943-1949 Boxes2,3 Entry UnclassitiedGeneralCorrespondence, 1950 Boxes 192-194 Entry UnclassifiedGeneralCorreqmdence, 1956 Box 220 Entry UnclassifiedGeneralCorrespondence, 1958 Box 144 e Record Group 77 (Recordsof the Office of the Chief of Engineers) Entry 106BGeneral Correspondence, 1918-1945 Boxes302-308, 704,708, 709, 754, 824, 825
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ARC~S SE4RCH REPORT - FIhDlNGS Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ranwna. CA
Entry 1011Formerly Security-Classified SubjectFiles, 1940-1945 Boxes214, 218, 219, 262, 263, 458, 483, 484, 495, 496, 588-590, 765-768, 770-772, 799, 850 Record Group 127 (Recordsof the U.S. Marine Corps) Entry 237D War Diaries and Unit Histories Boxes l-12 Entry 238D Formerly Top SecretGeneralCorrespondence, 1944-1945 Boxes l-3 Record Group 156 (Recordsof the Office of the Chief of Ordnance) Entry RecordsRelating to Army GuidedMissile Program, 1940-1962 Boxes4, 12 Record Group 175 (Recordsof the ChemicalWarfare Service) Entry Historian’s BackgroundFiles Boxes 1-14 Record Group 237 (Recordsof the FederalAviation Administration) Entry 11 Specitications Blueprints, 1941-1947 and Boxes 6, 13 Record Group 270 (Recordsof the War AssetsAdministration) Entry UD3 SubjectFile, 19461949 Box 113 Entry UD9 SubjectFile of Central Property Office, 19461947 Boxes 19.20 Entry UD13 Office Files of Tess Larson, 1942-1953 Boxes3.4 Record Group 291 (Recordsof the FederalProperty ResourcesService) Entry RecordsRelating to Excessproperty, 1964-1965
Entry Real Property DisposalCaseFiles, 1962 Boxes 20,26,28, 31
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ARCHNBS SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Romona Bombing Target and Emeqency Landing Field Rwnona, CA
Record Group 334 (Recordsof IntemerviceAgencies) Entry 8 AeronauticalBoard History File, 1940-1948 Boxes 33,34 Entry 9 Army-Navy Civil Committee Boxes47, 48 Record Group 335 (Recordsof the Secretaryof the Army) Entry 60 GeneralCorrespondence 1963~64-Assistant Secretaryof the Army (Installationsand Logistics) Box 93 Record Group 341 (Recordsof the Headquarters U.S. Air Force) Entry 340 Air Coordiition Committee, Civil Boxes 35-55 Entry 340B Department Chief of Staff operations ACC and Civil Aviation organization Documents, 1942-1953 Boxes56-76 Record Group 407 (Recordsof the Adjutant General’sOftice 1917-) Entry UnclassifiedProject Decimal File, 1940-1945 Boxes4323,4349,4352,4353,4371,4380,4386,4522,4533 Still Pictures Branch The researchteam reviewed the tinding aids for the applicableRecord Groups and researched the following entries: Record Group 71 (Recordsof the Bureauof Yards and Docks) Entry CP Constructionand Aerial Views of Naval Public Works, Facilities, and Utilities, 1941-1953 Boxes 36, 37, 68, 70, 71, 83, 84 Entry GS Lantern Slides: Photographs U.S. and Foreign Naval Shore of Establishments, 18961944 (District 11) Boxes 6,7 Record Group 80 (GeneralRecordsof the Departmentof the Navy) Entry G GeneralPhotographs Photograph- 422695422699OLF Ramona,CAL., May 1948
Section 4 - Sire Hiszory Page 4-7
ARCHNES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramma. CA
The researchteam also consultedAerial Photographsin the National Archives-Special List 25, dated 1990, for the SanDiego County. Using the indexes, the following imagery covers the site and was acquired: Record Group 145 (Recordsof the U.S. Agricultuml and StabilizationConservationService) 18 Apr 39 10 Apr 49 02 Apr 53 09Apr64 26 May 68 31 May 94 1:20,000 1:20,000 1:20,000 1:20,000 1:24,000 1:40,000 AXN-213 4346,212 91-94 AXN-3F 30-35,100-105 AXN-SF 181-186,9M 28-32 AXN-3DD 228-233 AXW5JJ 37-41 NAPP 6859 138-141
The researchteam also consultedthe coverageoverlays for the site in Record Group 373 (Recordsof the U.S. DefenseIntelligenceAgency) but did not find any imagery at a scaleof 1:20,000 or better. 4.2.3 Washington National Records Center 4205 Suithnd Road Suitland, MD 20409 POC: Velecia Chance 301-457-7010 The researchteam reviewed the finding aids for the applicableRecord Groups and researched the following entries: Accession77-A52-0259 Boxes 44, 66, 86,92 Accession77X53-325 Boxes 32, 47, 63, 66 4.2.4 National PersonnelRecords Center Military Records 9700 Page Avenue St. Louis, MO 63132-5100 Pot: wiion sullivan 3145384085 The researchteam reviewed the finding aids for the applicableRecord Groups and researched the following entries:
Section 4 - Site History Page 4-8
ARCHNES SEARCH REPORT - FINLUNGS Ramma Bombinn Tanst and Etnert?en~~ Lamdint? Field
Accession342-5OA-4003 Boxes l-9 Accession342-5OC-4003 *
Accession342-5OF-4003 Boxes 19, 20, 29 Accession342-5OH-4003 Box 1 Accession342-57I+3001 Boxes4-14 4.2.5 U.S. Army Center of Military History 1099 14th street Washh@on, D.C. 20005-3402 POC: Robert K. Wright 202-761-5416 The researchteam reviewed Historical Data Cards, Camp, Post and StationFiles, and Historical Summaries. 4.2.6 U.S. Army Military History Institute Carlisle Barracks, PA 17013 POC: Richard Summers 717-245-3601 The researchteam reviewed photographs the photo archive, conducteda database at searchin the library, reviewed basenewspaper reels and reviewed the post historical files. 4.2.7 Naval History Center Photographic Archive Building 44, Washington Navy Yard Washiion, D.C. 203745059 POC: Jack Green, Archivist 202-433-2765 The researchteam reviewed finding aids but found nothing pertinent for this site. 4.2.8 c Naval History Center Library Building 44, Washington Navy Yard Washington, D.C. 203745059 POC: Reference Librarian 202-433-4132
Section 4 - Sire Histmy Page 4-9
ARCHIl5Y.S SEiRCH REPORT - FlhDlNGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Fieki Ramma. CA
The team acquireda copy of the 11th Naval District Administrative History in World War II on microfiche. 4.2.9 Naval Aviation History Center Building 157-1, Washington Navy Yard Waskington, D.C. 203745059 POC: Tod Baker 202-433-4355 Aviation History Files, Air/Ground Establishments Folders 11th Naval District in World War II SanDiego Naval Air Station, CA El Centro Naval Air Station, CA SaltonSeaTest Base, CA 4.2.10 U.S. Army Chemical-Biologid~Defeuse Command Historical office Building E5183 Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 210185423 POC: Jeff Smart 410-671-4430 The researchteam reviewed, the Army OrdnanceMagazine, the chemical Warjim Service Bullefi~ and the 9710 TechnicalEscort Files, copying applicabledocuments. 4.2.11 Naval Coustruction Battalion Center History office 1000 23rd Avenue Port Hueneme, CA 93043-4301 Pot: CarolMarsh 805983-5913 The researchteam reviewed geographicfiles, photographs,and 11th and 12th Naval District map books. 4.2.12 Naval Construction Battalion Center Civil Eugmeering Support OffIce (CESO) Building 1443 Port Hueneme, CA 93043 POC: Mona Leon-Guerroero 805-982-3057 The researchteam reviewed constructiondrawings for the 11th and 12th Naval Districts. Q
Section 4 - Site History Page 4-10
ARCHIkES SEARCH REPORT - FINLXNGS Ramma Bombing Targei and Emergency Landing Field RImma, CA
4.2.13 U.S. Air Force Historical Research Agency usAFER4lHo MaxweB AFB, AL 36112-6424 POC: Archie Difante 334-953-2447 U.S. Army Air Corps Records Box 260.277 Volume l-2 Folder 260.277Volume 1, Ah-port Directory, Continental united states, 1945 Box 196-6 Folder Civil AeronauticsAdministration Directory of Airports 1941 Box 7 170.424March 1944-January 1945 Folder Miscellaneous Army Air Forces Installationsand Activities 1944-1945 4.2.14 Defense Technical Information Center 8725 KinRoad, Suite 944 Ft. Belvoir, VA 22060-6218 The researchteam conductedan on-line database searchfor reports associated with the site. 4.2.15 U.S. Army Corps of Engineem, Los Angeles, CA, District Offke Engiueering Division, DERP POC 911 Wiii Boulevard Las Angeles, CA POC: Jeff Anne&rout 213-452-3720 The team reviewed and copiedthe applicablebackuptiles for RamonaBombing Target, Ramona, CA, JO!XA106900. 4.2.16 National Archives - Pacific Southwest Region 24000 Avih Road, P.O. Box 6719 Laguna Niiel, CA 92607-6719 POC: SuxauueDewberry, Archivist (714) 360-2641 The researchteam reviewed the finding aids for the applicableRecord Groups and researched the following entries: Record Group 49 (Recordsof the Bureau of Land Management) Entry Riverside, CA Land Office Books 32-36
Section 4 - Sire History Page 4-1 I
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - Flh’DlNGS Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramona. CA
Record Group 77 (Recordsof the Office of the Chief of Engineers) Accession n-96-0133, Audit Files Boxes 7, 11, 13 Accession n-96-0134, Audit Files Box 8A Record Group 181 (Recordsof Naval Districts and ShoreEstablishments) Entry 63AO58911th Naval District Commandant’sOffice Correspondence Boxes 196,200,210 Entry 63A600 11th Naval District Planniig Officer Office Correspondence Boxes38,39 4.2.17 Naval Facilities Enghmxing Command Southwest Division-Cadastral Section 1220 Pacific Highway San Diego, CA 92132 POC: Thomas H. Phelps (619) 532-1169 Thetcam researched real estatefiles but found no applicablemapsor documents. the 4.2.18 Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Engineering Field Activity West Regional Specialist Support Team (RSST)-Construction Building 205 and 207 !JOO Commodore Drive San BNIIO, CA 94066-2402 POC: Mhni Chwang, Editorial As&&ant (maps and drawing files) 415-244-3030 The researchteam reviewed the engineeringdesignfiles and maps, which includes installationsfor the entire west coast but found nothing on the site. 4.2.19 California State Archives Library 1020 0 street Sacramento, CA 95814 FOC: Reference Librarian 916-773-3000 The researchteam reviewed the Master Finding Aid and the card catalogfor this site.
Section 4 - Site History Page 4-l 2
ARCHIWS SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Rczmlma. CA
4.2.20 California State Library-California History Room Library and Courts Building II 900 N Street, Room 200 Sacramento, CA 95814 POC: reference librarian 916-654-0176 The researchteam reviewed the map card catalogfile and conductedan on-line database searchfor the site. 4.2.21 University of California-Riverside Library Building, P.O. Box 5900 Riverside, CA 92517 POC: Librarian 760-787-3221 The team researched on-line catalogand the Library Map Room. the 4.2.22 San Diego Public Library 820 E Street San Diego, CA 92101 POC: Reference Librarian (619) 236-5830 The team researched on-line computer catalogand the Vertical Files from the California the Room. 4.2.23 U.S. Department of Agriculture Aerial Photography Field Office 2222 W 2300 S Salt Lake City, Utah 84119-2020 POC: Sharron McGii 801-975-3503 The researchteam reviewed photo-mosaics availableimagery using the county in which of the installationis locatedand did not locateany pertinent coverage. 4.2.24 U.S. Geological Survey EROS Data Center Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57198 POC: Kimberly Kringen 605-5946151 ext. 2075 The researchteam reviewed photo-mosaics availableimagery using the installation’s of geographiccoordinates. They acquiredthe following pertinent coveragefor Ramona BombingTarget:
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ARCHlWS SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field RamoM. CA
15 Aug 71
4.2.25 Whittier College Fairchild Aerial Photography Collection Department of Geology Whittier, California 90608 POC: customer service 310-907-4220 The researchteam delineatedthe site’s boundaryon a USGS quad sheetrequestinga list of availablephoto coverageand scale. The team did not acquireany imagery. 4.3 SUMMARY OF INTERVIEWS The archive searchteam conductedtelephone personalinterviews to assistin the and collection of information for tbis report. Appendix H lists intervieweesand copiesof pertinent individual conversationrecords. The team did not locate any veteransof Ramona BombingTarget and EmergencyLambingField or personswith first hand knowledgeof the former site use. During the INPR investigation,interviews with local law enforcement“hazardousdevice” squads military EOD units resultedin reports of the recovery of 1 lb., 2 lb. and 25 lb. and practice bombs at the site in the past (GroundwaterTechnologies GovernmentServices 1994). The archive searchteam questionsthe specifictypes of practice bombscited basedon the findings of the site inspection(seesection6.0). Presumablythe “1 lb. and 2 lb. practice bombs” refers to the cast iron miniaturepractice bomb weighingjust over 3 pounds. The report of the 25 lb. practice bombs is thought to be a misidentificationof the 100 pound practice bombs debrispresent on site identified by the site inspectionteam. 4.4 AIR PHOTO INTERPRHTATION AND MAP ANALYSIS 4.4.1 Site Specific Map and Drawing Analysis The archivessearchdid not locate any site specific layout plans for the RamonaBombing Target and only a Land Acquisition Map for the RamonaEmergencyLanding Field (see Appendii E-13). 4.4.2 Air Photo Interpretation Governmentand contractor personnelconductedan aerial photographydatabase search. The aerial photographyretrieved coveredRamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field during the time period prior to, during and following military use. The imagery acquiredis in photographicprint format. The analystperformed the interpretationusing the following sourcematerials:
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ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramo~ Bombing Target and Emergency Landing FicLd RLzmM. CA
18 Apr 39 10 Apr 49 02 Apr 53 09Apr64 26 May 68 15 Aug 71 31 May 94
1:2o,ooo 1:20,000 1:20,000 1:20,000 1:24,000 1:30,000 1:40,000
The analystdelineated imagery containingimportant areason hard copy plots and digitized it using Computer-AidedDrafting and Design (CADD) software. The digitized features overlay scanned aerial photography,resulting in the final plots (seePlate 2). The analysis involved using stereoviewing of photographywhich allows more accurateidentificationsthan monoscopicinterpretations. Resolutionand scaleof the imagery limited the identification of featuresdiscussed this study. The analystusedthe word “probable” when discussing in featuresfor which identification is reasonably accurate. The analysisusedthe term “possible” when identification was not positive, but the object/areamatchedknown features/locations other sources. Analysisof the aerial photographs on referencedthe site mapsdiscussed in sections4.4.1 and 4.4.2 above. The bolded numbersin parentheses referencedin the sub-paragraphs below refer to the feature descriptionson the annotated aerial photographyplates. The sub-paragraphs below describethe relevant featuresidentified on the imagery: 220.127.116.11 1939 Imagery - The 1939imagery showsthe conditionof the site prior to military EleventhNaval District’s of RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. 18.104.22.168 1949 Zmagety(Plate 2) - By 1949, military use of the site has changedto an emergencylanding field, though the former bomb target (1) is still discernable approximately one thousandfeet south of the runway. The bombing target consistsof two concentric circles with diametersof approximately200 and 400 feet around a visible target center. The target center is at coordinatesN 33 02’ lo”, W 116’ 54’ 51”. The are no distinct signs of cratering in the area. 22.214.171.124 1953. 1%4, l%S, and RemainingImagery - By 1953, the bombing target is no longer discerniblebut the airstrip appearsessentiallythe same. Aerial imagery reviewed from later dates, 1964and 1968, revealedno additionalinformation of possibleordnanceor military related functions, though the airfield developed over time.
Seaion 4 - Site History Page 4-15
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and ?hmgenq Lmding Fieki Rcmlma. CA
5.0 RFAL ESTATE 5.1 CONFIRMED DOD OWNRRSHIP The former Ramona J.tombiig Target and Emergency Landing Field consistedof a total of 404.74 acres. The RamonaBombing Target included 155.7 acresand the Ramona EmergencyLanding Field consistedof 326.54acres (note: a 78.2 acresparcel is part of both the bomb target and the landing field). The EleventhNaval District initially leasedtwo parcelstotaling 155.7 acres for use as the RamonaBombingTarget on 15 October 1943 from private land owners. The two leases were: NOy(R) 34981: with Robert A. Hawley for the S l/2 of SE 114of Section 18, Township 13 South, Range 1 Fast, totaling 78.2 acres. NOyCRl34982: with William J. Owen for the N 112of NE l/4 of Section19, Township 13 South, Range 1 East, totaling 77.5 acres (NAC SanDiego 1944). In 1944the Navy decidedto build an emergencylanding strip just to the north of the RamonaBombing Target. The Navy canceled leasefor the southernportion, NOy(R) the 34982 for 77.5 acresand vacatedit by 5 March 1945 (USN 1945b) In 1944, the Navy beganacquiring326.54 acres for the RamonaEmergencyLandiig Field. The land included 4 parcelsacquiredin fee from private land owners, including the northern portion of the bombing target. The property consistedof: Townshiu 13 South. Range 1 Fast Section18 E l/2 of the SW 114 SE 114 Section17 SW 114of the SW l/4 West 30 acresof the SE l/4 of the SW 114 Section20 North 400 feet of the N l/2 of the NW l/4 (EleventhNaval District 1944c; GSA 1957a,1957b). On 26 February 1947, SanDiego County took possession the airstrip and it’s facilities of under a leaseNOy(R)-43693 with the Navy. When the leaseexpired the county receiveda RevocablePermit on 27 February 1952. On 14 August 1956, the field was reported as excessto the GeneralServicesAdministration. SanDiego County receivedthe property by Quitclaim Deed dated28 December 1956, and recordedon 9 May 1957 (GSA 1957b;USN 1952, 1956). Basedon a review of availablereal estatedocuments,the Departmentof the Navy released RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field with no restrictive covenantsor land
Section 5 - Real Estate Page S-1
ARCHlVRS SEARCH REPORT - FINLMNGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing FieLi Ramma, CA
use restrictions. However, it did containa recaptureclausein the event of a national emergency(USN 1956). This real estatefigure doesnot concur with the acreagenumber statedin the INPR (AppendixD-l). The discrepancyresults from not counting77.5 acresfrom leaseNOy(R) 34982in the southernportion of the bomb target, which was not required for the airstrip. 5.2 POTENTIAL DOD OWNERSHIP The archive searchdid not identify any additionalareasof potential or undocumented military ownershipor land useassociated with RamonaBombingTarget and Emergency Landing Field. 5.3 SIGNIFICANT PAST OWNERSHIP OTHER THAN DOD This investigationdid not reveal any significantpast ownershipof RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field with relationshipto OE or CWlvI. 5.4 PRESENT OWNERSHIP The current property owners of the former RamonaBombingTarget and EmergencyIanding Field are the County of SanDiego for the airport and William J. CagneyTrust/Cagney Enterprisesfor the bomb target.
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ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Lmding Field Ramona. CA
6.0 SITE INSPECTION 6.1 GENERAL PRoCEDUREiSAND SCOPE The ASR site inspectioncharacterized and CWM potentialbasedon a visual examinabon OE at RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. J-andowners grantedverbal permissionfor right-of-entry on privately owned property prior to the inspection. This inspectionincludedonly visual and non-intrusivemethodsof inspection. The team followed a site safety and healthplan (SSHP)prohibiting digging or handlingof potential OE/CWM. The SSHPdefined standardoperatingproceduresto ensuresafety and to prevent accidents. Appendii L-l containsa copy of the SSHP. The inspectionteam consistedof the following St. Louis District Corps of Engineerspersonnel: JenniferJ. James,William K. Jamesand RandalS. Curds. They performed a site survey of the former RamonaBombingTarget and EmergencyLanding Field on 30 March 1998. Subsection containsa synopsisof the site 6.2 inspectionand Appendix L-2 containsa detailedaccount. Appendii I includescurrent site photographs. 6.2 SlTE INSPECTION SYNOPSIS The team arrived at the RamonaAirport on 30 March 1998at 1415. They scheduled an appointmentwith Rick Jenkins,RamonaAirport Manager (760-788-6174)and Theresa Morrison (714~640-0791), Presidentof CagneyEnterprises. The inspectionteam briefed the property holders on the researchfindings and showedthem the aerial photographywith the bomb target highlighted. The bomb target is on CagneyEnterprises’property. The team drove out on the former drag strip south of the airport runway. As they approached fenceline betweenSection 18 and 19, sheetmetal debris was evident for the about 250 feet along the fence line. The coordinates were N 33’ 02’ 12.2”, W 116 54’ 53.5”‘. The sheetmetal appeared be from 100pound practice bombsMK VII or Xv. to The team also found a singlecast iron, 3 pound miniaturepractice bomb (i.e. AN-MK 23) at N 33’ 02’ lO.O”, W 116O 55.5”. The team did not find any evidenceof the 25 pound 54’ practice bombs describedas recoveredby law enforcementagencies during the INPR investigation. The bomb target center consistedof 2 inch diameter steelpipe about 2 feet aboveground surroundedby rocks at coordinatesN 33’ 02’ lO.O”, W 116’ 54’ 54.1”. The team could not delineate concentriccircle surroundingthe center. The site inspectionteam did not the discoverany fragmentationor cratering indicating the use of high explosives(IIF) on the target.
’ All coordinateswere taken with a Trimble Scout GPS (Global PositioningSatellite) receiver using mappingdatum WGS 1984.
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7.1 CONVENTIONAL ORDNANCE CONTAMINATION The archive searchuncoveredevidencethat the EleventhNaval District utilized conventional ordnanceat RamonaBombing Target. The types of ordnanceand explosivesassociated with the site includedpractice bombs. None of the reviewedinformation indicatedany other ordnancerelated operationsat RamonaBombingTarget or with the later RamonaEmergency Landing Field. Aerial photographyanalysislocateddistinct evidenceof a bombing target. The site inspectionconfirmed the target center and the presenceof 100 poundpractice bombsand 3 pound miniature practice bombs. AlI the OE debris found by the inspectionteam appeared to be expended no completerounds of any type were found. They did not find any and evidenceof the use of HE or of the 25 pound practicebombs as describedas being recovered by law enforcementagencies during the INPR investigation. 7.2 CHEMICAL WARFARE MATERIAL CONTAMINATION Rasedon tbis investigation,no evidencesurfacedof chemicalwarfare materialsstorage, usage,or disposalat RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. Furthermore, the missionof RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field doesnot imply the presenceof CWM. Researchdiscoveredno historical records associating CWM with the site. Interviews did not discloseany correlation of CWM with the site. Additionally, the site inspectiondid not uncover any evidenceof CWM hazards.
7 - Evaluation of Ordnance Potemial Page 7-l
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FIh!DINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Lmding Field Ramma. CA
8.0 TECHNICAL DATA OF ORDNANCE AND EXPLOSIVES 8.1 POTENTIAL OE AND CWM ITEMS The archive searchassociated practice bombs with the RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. The Navy usedtheseitems on the bomb target southof the CutTent airstrip. The archive searchdid not uncover evidenceof the use of chemicalwarfare materialsat RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field. The EleventhNaval District’s activities at this site did not include the storage,the disposal,or the useof CWM in training. 8.2 DESXIPTION OF CONVENTI ONAL ORDNANCE The following pagesbriefly show technicaldetailsof typical examplesof OE items identified with the RamonaBombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field basedon this archive search? Bombs, Miniature Practice, AN-MK 5 MOD 1, AN-MK 23, AN-MK 43 . . . . . 8-2 Bomb, Practice, lOO-lbs,MK 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-3 8.3 DESCRIPTION OF CHEMICAL WARFARE MATERIALS The archive searchdid not uncover evidenceof any CWM associated with the Ramona Bombing Target and EmergencyLanding Field.
3 Tbe. displayed items are general descriptions and may not include alI the specific variations of P particular OE item. Furthermare, presentation of this list should not be construed that these items actually remain cm site or that the OE items identified is P camprehensive list of what might actually have hen wed.
Section 8 - Te&nical Data of Ordnance and Eqlosiw Page 8-l
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramma. CA
MINIATURE AN-MK 5 MOD
PRACTICE BOMBS 1, AN-MK 23, AN-MK
Description: Thesebombs are usedfor low-altitude horizontal, or dive bombingpractice. The three bombs are similar in physicalappearance, differ basicallyin the metal usedto but cast the body. Bombsare usedwith the AN-Mk 4 practice bomb signal which is a blank 10 gaugeshotgunshell (extendedlength). Signalscontain a black powder expelling chargeand a red phosphorous pyrotechnic mixture. Thesebombsalso are usedwith the MK5 signal which containsa fluoresceindye and is actuatedby impact on water. When the MK5 signal is installed, the firing pin assemblyis not used. Over-all length: ........ Body Diieterz ........ Fin Dimension: ........ Weight: .............
...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... . .
Signal: . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .
. . . . . .
8.25 inches . . 2.18 inches . . 2.5 inches . . AN-M?C5 Mod 1 - 2 lb. 11 oz. + 1 oz AN-MK 23 -3 lb. + 2 oz AN-MK 43 - 4 lb. 7 oz. k 2 oz. . . AN-Mk 4, Black powder/pyre technic charge MK 5, Fluoresceindye
Reference: OP 1280, Aircraft Bombs, Feb 45 TM 9-1325-200, Bombsand Bomb Components,Apr 66
Section 8 - Teduu’cal Data of Ordnanoc Exp[osiv@ and Page 8-2
ARCHNES SRARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Targa and Emergency Landing Field Ramma, CA
Table Z-50. Bomb, Pm&e:
Mark Mod Length of Aascmblcd bomb (ii) ... lxameter of E&y Cl.. ................. Fii span (ii) .................................. Weight of Amembkd Bomb (lb): I.oau with wet sd.. ................ Loa.iul with wuer.. ......................
1COpound. MKl5 MO& 2. 3. and 4
15 2 4L.2.. ...................... 8.0.. ........................ 11.24.. ..................... 15 3 41.2 ......................... B.O.. ........................ i1.24.. ..................... 97.0 60.0 4, .5 8.0 11.24 15 4
100.0.. ..................... 56.0.. .......................
100.0 ....................... 67.0.. .......................
Section 8 - Tedmkal
Data of Ordnance Erphiws and P‘2gC 8-3
ARCHNES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramona Liombing Target and Emergency Lmding Field Ramma, CA
Rmb.Raclice:lMpoundMKl~H*2.3.d,15 2 76.0.. ..................... 39.0.. ..................... 4.6.. ....................... NOiW.. .................... None ...................... None. ..................... MK 1 or AN-Mu2
I5 3 77.4.. ...................... 40.0.. ...................... 47.. ........................ MK 7 Mod 0 ........... MK 24, Mod 0.. ..... lioaC.. .................... MK I or AN-heA2 IS 4 76.0 39.0 4.6 bK4ModsO,1,2,3.4 None MKlMCdO No hninp wii
hh* Mod WC4 S.d wcr (lb). ..................... water Fiier (lb). ........................... w.mr Finer @.I). ......................... Signal.. ....................................... ... PUB ........................................... .... Fii-Fin Auambly ..................... Alming-wuc .4saembly.. ..............
(1. Description. Ptactie bomb MK15 Mod 2 (fig. 262 and table 2-50) is identical to the Mod 3 exceptthatitisnotsdaptedfortheuseofafuTe and signal. It is lilled with water or a mixtore of sand and water (fig. 2-63) for spotting purposes. For training purposes, P small washer may be soldered to the nose of the bomb to simulate P fuze. Tbeendofan arming wire (which is normally inserted in the fu2.e.of service type bombs) is tbea secured to the washer. For armed releases, the washeristomfreeoftbebombbytheaming wire; for safe releasea, tbe arming wire remsins secured to the washer. when used q%&3t srmored-decl target boa& it is fdled with water and released from an altitude of less tbm 7,ooO feet. 6. Bomb, Praaice: MK I5 Mod 3. Practice bomb MK15 Mod 3 has P light cased, cylindrical body with P thraded filling hole in its roundexi nose. A box-fin assembly consisting of four metal vanesettacbedtoaconeisweldedtotheaftendof the body. The bomb has two metal suspmsion baod assemblies (each consisting of a circular clamp, P suspension lug, and two cap screws) for tightmingthebMdtothebomb. nlelxndsmay be adjustal for double aspension of the bomb by orienting to suit the rack or shackle to which the bomb is to be attached. A flat nose nttacbment that reduces ricochet of the bomb at entrance angles as low as 90 degrees is used during antisubmarine practice. The attacbmeot is secured in place by a cap which threads onto the tilling hose. The bomb is wed with practice bomb signal MK7 Mod 0 and inert he MK247 Mod 0, both of which are &totheaftendofthebomb.
c. Bomb, Practice, 1oo-pOmd: MKIS Mod 4. ‘be practice bomb MK15 Mod 4 is D light-cased, cylindricnl bomb with P round nose and an integral box tin end cone. A flesh tube, extending tbmughout its transverse. axis, housed P pyrotechnic @oal and firing-pin assembly. Two suspension lugs are welded to the bomb body 14 inches apart. A filling hole is located off center on the bomb nosepndissepledbyafillercapsimilnrtothose wed on automobile gas tanks. The tiring-pin amembly consists of hvo shallow metal cups, sepprpted by P spacer which housed the tiring pin. A cotter-pin tbmugh the now end of the tl.ash tube and hvo lxceaea in tbe lip of the folwud cup locks the tiring+ assembly nod signal in place. d Functioning. Upon impact of the bomb with the target, the signal is detonated, producing a flash and a large puff of smoke, which permits observation of the bombing accuracy.
TM 9-132.5-200, Bombs and Bomb Componmts,
Section 8 - Technical Data of Ordnance and Eqhsiw Page g-4
AZtCZZZVE.7 SEARCH REPORT - FINLUNGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergenqv Landing Field RMUIM. CA
The archive searchdid not reveal any additionalareasof potential environmentalconcern associated with the military useof RamonaBombingTarget and EmergencyLanclmgField.
Section 9 - Evahation of Other Site Zrformation Page 9-z
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FlhDlhW Bombing Toga and Emergemy Lmding Fieki Ramona. a
ARCHNRS SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Tmp?t and Emergency Lmding Field
l%efollowing list of referencesonly represents items cited in preparation of this the report, and doesnot illustrate all the &cuments reviewedor copiedfor the backup Jiles (seeRecordsReviewsection4.2 for further &tails). Sourcelistingsfor locating each akunent are noted exceptwhere relatively widely available. Section2.0 PREVIOUS SITE JNVESTIGATIONS Corps of Engineers- Los AngelesDistrict 1994 Inventory Project Report Findingsof Facts - project no. JO9CA1069, Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field, Ramona, California, dated 6 August 1994. Appendix D-l &&on 3.2 CLIMATIC DATA Federal Climate Complex - Ashville, NC Department of the Navy Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Detachment National Oceanicand AtmosphericAdministration National Climatic Data Center U.S. Au Force EnvironmentalTechnicalApplication Center Sections3.3 & & 3.4.2 GEOLOGY. SOILS AND GROUND WATER HYDROLOGY Planer&Michael and Williams, John S. 1995 Ground WaterAtlas of the United States,Segment Calqomia, Nevada. I; Hydrologic InvestigationsAtlas 730-B, US GeologicalSurvey, Reston, VA. Sharp, Robert P. 1976 SouthernCalifornia. K/H GeologyField Guide Series, California Institute of Technology, Kendall/Hunt PublishingCompany, Dubuque, IA. Section 3.4.1 SURFACE WATER HYDROLOGY U.S. GeologicalSurvey 1988 SAN PASQUAL, CALIF. Quadrangle,California-SanDiego County, 7.5 Minute Series(topographic),dated 1954, photorevised1988. 1997 Streamgagestation #11028500on SantaMarie Creek near Ramona, California. The period of record for this gageis 52 years, 1946through 1997.
A - R&renca Page A-l
ARCHNES SEARCH REPORT - FINDlNGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergemy Landing Field RLlmma, CA
Section3.5 ECOLOGY U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1997 Official correspondence dated 3 February 1997. California Natural Heritage Data Base 1996 Computer sofhvaredated23 September1996.
U.S Department of Commerce- Bureauof the Census 1990 Censusof Population and Housing - Ramona, Cnlifomia, SummaryTape File lA, from CD Rom 1994 County and City Data Book, Land Area and Population - SanDiego County, Calijixnia, SummaryTape File lA, from CD Rom 1993 County Business Patterns - SanDiego County, Califonda, SummaryTapeFile lA, from CD Rom Section4.1 HISTORICAL SITE SUMMARY kited referencesonld GeneralServicesAdministration 1957a Letter: RamonaEmergency Landing Field. SanDiego Cow@, CA, NCal-572, dated 14 January1957. DERP INPR Backup Files, Folder JO9CAlO6900RamonaBombing Site, CA. EngineeringDivision, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,Los AngelesDistrict, Los Angeles, CA. Appendix E-l 1957b Transmittal Letter: RamonaEmergency Landing Field - Quitclaim Deed and Cem>curion of Record&on, dated 29 May 1957. Record Group 121, Entry 9NSS-121-85-0008, Box 19, Folder H-Calif-572. National Archives and RecordsAdministration-PacificSierra Region, SanBruno, CA. Appendix E-2 GroundwaterTechnologyGovernmentServices,Inc. 1994 TelephoneConversations: BackgroundInformationfor DERP-FUDS Site No. .WCAIM%M RamonaBombing Target, Ramona. California, dated 27 May 1994. DERP INPR BackupFiles, Folder JO9CA1069-00 RamonaBombing Site, CA. EngineeringDivision, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,Los Angeles District, Los Angeles, CA. Appendii E-3
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FlNDlNGS Ramona Rombing Targa and Rmmgeney Landing Fidd RlunoM. CA
InterdepartmentalAir Traffic Control Board 1944 Minutes: hfinuresto Meering No. 522, dated6 September1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1013Minutes of the IATCB 1943-46,Box 1, Folder JATCB 1944. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives JI, CollegePark, MD. Appendix E-4 U.S. Navy 1952 Permit: RevocablePermit, U.S. Navy with County of SanDiego, CA, dated27 February 1952. Record Group 121, Entry 9NSS-121-850008, Box 19, Folder H-Calif-572. National Archives and Records Administration-PacificSierraRegion, SanBruno, CA. Appendix E-S 1956 Report of Excess Real Proper& Emergew Landing Field, Ramona, SunDiego Coumy, CA, dated 14 August 1956. Record Group 121, Entry 9NSS-121-85-0008, Box 19, Folder H-Calif-572. National Archives and RecordsAdministration-PacificSierra Region, San Bruno, CA. Appendix E-6 U.S. Navy, EleventhNaval District 1944a Letter: Leaseof Practice Bombing Target Site near Ramona, CA, dated 17 January1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1037Lease. Files, 1941-47,Box 4, Folder L5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, College Park, MD. Appendix E-7 1944b Letter: Lease of Practice Bombing Target Site near Ranw~, CX, dated4 March 1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 1941-47, Box 4, Folder L5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, College Park, MD. Appendix E-8 1944c Lund AcquisitionMap RamonaLanding Strip, dated23 August 1944. DERPJNPR Backup Files, Folder JO9CA106900 RamonaBombing Site, CA. EngineeringDivision, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,Los AngelesDistrict, CA. Appendix E-9 1944d Letter: Bombing Targetsin SouthernCal@iomia Sector, WesternSea Frontier, dated24 August 1944. Record Group 181, Entry 11th Naval District Correspondence, 38, Folder NAB 11. National Archives Box and Records Administration-PacificSouthwestRegion, LagunaNiguel, CA. Appendii E-10
Appcndir A - Referencea Page A-3
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINLMNGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramona. CA
U.S. Navy, EleventhNaval District 1945a Letter: L.ease Nay (R) - 34982with William J. Owen, Ramona, CA Sitefor Practice Bombing Target - Gutcellarion oJ dated26 December 1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 1941-47, Box 4, Folder J5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, CollegePark, MD. Appendix E-11 1945b Letter: LeaseNay (R)-34982with William J. Owen covering
approximately 77.5 acres in SanDiego County, ci - ReleaseoJ dated
22 March 1945. Record Group 71, Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 194147,
Box 4, Folder L5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, College Park, MD. Appendii E-12 U.S. Navy, Naval Air Station, SanDiego, CA 1944 Letter: RequisitionNo. 231-44Aero, dated 13 January 1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 1941-47,Box 4, Folder L5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, CollegePark, MD. Appendii E-13 Section4.4 AIR PHOTO JNTBRPRBTATJONAND MAP ANALYSIS U.S. GeologicalSurvey 1988 SAN PASQUAL, CALJF. Quadrangle,California-SanDiego County, 7.5 Minute Series(topographic),dated 1954, photorevised1988.
Section 5.0 REAL ESTATE
Samereferencesas section4.1 above. Section8.0 TECHNICAL DATA OF ORDNANCE AND EXPLOSIVES
U.S. Army, Air Force and Navy
1966 TM 9-1325-200,NAVWEPS 3530 & TO HA-l-64, Bombsand Bomb OP Cbmponents,datedApril 1966. U.S. Navy-Bureau of Grdnance 1945 OP 1280 - AircraP Bombs, dated 17 February 1945.
Eombing Targa and .Ehugmq
ARCfiNES AEARCH REPORT - FIhWhG9 Landing Field Ramma, CA
APPENDIX ABBREVIATIONS, AND BREVIN
B ACRONYMS, CODES
ARCHNES SEARCH REPORT - FINLXNGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramona. CA
ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS AND BREVITY CODES AAF* AA ACGIH AEC AFB AMC AP APDS APERS AP-T ASR 2 BDIDR BLM BRAC CADD cal CBDA CBDCOM CE CEHNC CEMVS CERCLA CERFA CFR cfs COE ctg CWM cws* DA DARCOM DEET DERA DERP DOD DOE DOI EEICA EIS EOD EPA ERDA Army Air Field Anti-Aircraft American Conferenceof GovernmentalIndustrial Hygienist Army EnvironmentalCenter Au Force Base Army Materiel Command Armor Piercing Armor Piercing Discarding Sabot Anti-personnel Armor Piercing-Tracer Archive SearchReport auxiliary BaseDetonating Building Demolition/Debris Removal Bureauof Land Management BaseRealignmentand Closure Computer-AidedDrafting and Design Caliber Chemical and BiologicalDefenseAgency Chemical and BiologicalDefenseCommand Corps of Engineers Corps of Engineers,Huntsville Engineeringand SupportCenter Corps of Engineers,MississippiValley-St. Louis District Comprehensive EnvironmentalResponse,Compensation Liability Act and Community EnvironmentalResponse Facilitation Act Code of FederalRegulations cubic feet per second Chief of Engineers Cartridge Chemical Warfare Material Chemical Warfare Service Departmentof the Army Developmentand Readiness Command Diethyltoluamide DefenseEnvironmentalRestorationAccount DefenseEnvironmentalRestorationProgram Departmentof Defense Departmentof Energy Departmentof Interior EngineeringEvaluation/CostAnalysis EnvironmentalImpact Statement ExplosiveOrdnanceDisposal EnvironmentalProtectionAgency EnvironmentalRestorationDefenseAccount
Appendix B -Abbreviations. Acronyms and Breviry Codes Page B-l
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FLYDINGS Rnmono Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramma, CA
FDE FS FUDS GIS GPS GSA HE HEAT HE1 HEP HTRW HTW IAS IATCB INPR IRP MCX MT MTSQ NAC NARA NAVSEA NAS* NCP NEW NG NGVD NIMA NIOSH NMAS NPL NOAA NOFA NPRC NRC NWS OE OP OSHA PA PD PIBD PL PPE QASAS RA
Findingsand Determinationof Eligibility Feasibility Study Formerly Used DefenseSites GeographicInformation System Global PositioningSatellite GeneralServicesAdministration High Explosive High ExplosiveAnti-Tank High ExplosiveIncendiary High ExplosivePlastic HazardousToxic and RadioactiveWaste Hazardousand Toxic Waste Initial Assessment Study Interdepartmental Traffice Control Board Au Inventory Project Report InstallationRestorationProgram Mandatory Center of Expertise MechanicalTie MechanicalTime Super Quick Naval Air Center National Archives and RecordsAdministration Naval SeaSystemsCommand Naval Air Station National ContingencyPlan Net ExplosiveWeight National Guard National GeographicVertical Datum National Imagery and Mapping Agency National Institute for OccupationalSafety and Health National Map Accuracy Standards National Priorities List National Oceanicand AtmosphericAdministration No Further Action National PersonnelRecordsCenter National RecordsCenter National Weather Service Ordnanceand Explosives OrdnancePamphlet OccupationalSafety and Health Administration Preliminary Assessment Point Detonating Point Initiating, BaseDetonating Public Law PersonalProtective Ecluipment Quality AssuranceSpecialistAmmunition Surveillance RemovalAction
Appendix B. - Abbreviatiorts. Acronyms and Brevity Codes Page B-2
ARCHNES SEARCH REPORT - FINLMNGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramonn, CA
RAC RD RG RI RIlFS SARA SSHO SSHP SWMU TECOM TEU TM TNT TP U.S. USA USACE USADACS USAESCH USAFHRA USATCES USATHMA USC USDA USGS UXO wAA* WD*
Risk Assessment Code RemedialDesign Record Group RemedialInvestigation RemedialInvestigation/Feasibility Study SuperfundAmendmentsand Reauthorization Act Site Safety and Health Officer Site Safety and Health Plan Solid Waste ManagementUnits Test EvaluationCommand United StatesArmy TechnicalEscort Unit TechnicalManual Trinitrotoluene Target Practice United States(of America) United StatesArmy U.S. Army Corps of Engineers U.S. Army DefenseAmmunition Center and School U.S. Army Engineeringand Support Center, Huntsville, AL U.S. Air Force Historical ResearchAgency U.S. Army TechnicalCenter for ExplosiveSafety U.S. Army Toxic and HazardousMaterials Agency United StatesCode U.S. Departmentof Agriculture U. S GeologicalSurvey UnexplodedOrdnance War AssetsAdministration War Department WashingtonNational RecordsCenter
* designates historic acronym a
Appendix B -Abbreviations, Acronyms and Breviry Codes Page B-3
Rawuma Bombing Toga
ARCHNE9 SEdRCH REPORT - FINDINGS and Rmergemy Landing Field Ramona, CA
TEXT / MANUALS NOT USED
ARCHNES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Rmwna Bombing Target ond Emergency Landing Field Ramma, CA
D - Reports / Studies
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramma. CA
REPORTS I STUDIES D-l Inventory Project Report Findingsof Fact for Project No. J09CA1069, RamonaBombingTarget and EmergencyImuiing Field, Ramona, California, dated6 August 1994.
Appmdix D Reports / Studies Page D-I
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramona, CA
Inventory Project Report Findings of Fact for Project No. J09CAl069, Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Fl’ed, Ramona, California, dated 6 August 1994.
Appmdix D - Reports / Studies
31 AUG ‘94
MEMORANDUM FOR Commander, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, N.W., Washington, DC 20314-1000 Commander, P.O. Box U.S. Army Engineer 1600, Huntsville, Division, Alabama 20 Massachusetts Huntsville, 35807-4301 Avenue,
Defense Environmental Restoration Program for Formerly SUBJECT: Inventory Project Report (INPR) Used Defense Sites (DERP-FUDS), for Ramona Bombing Target, Ramona, California, Site No. J09CA106900 1. I am forwarding appropriate action. the INPR The site for is Ramona eligible Bombing Target for for DERP-FUDS. a RAC
2. I recommend that CEHND determine the need for further investigation and action at this site. CESPL has computed but CESPL suggests a RAC 4 is more 2 on this project, appropriate.
MILTON HUNTER Brigadier General, Commanding (HTRW)
:,E? -. 1 ;gy*,
CESPL-ED-MI MEMORANDUM FOR Commander, South Pacific Division, CESPD-ED-G, Vince Del Greco SUBJECT: DERP-FUDS Inventory J09CA106900 1. Enclosed is the INPR for: Project Report (INPR)
14 JULY 1994 ATTN: for Site No.
- JO9CA106900 RAMONABOMBING TARGET We determined that ordnance DERP-FUDS may exist.
I recommend the
following: of Eligibility be approved and
a. Findings signed.
b. Forward a copy of this INPR to Commander, Huntsville Division to determine if further action is appropriate.
DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTALRESTORATION PROGRAN FORMERLYUSED DEFENSE SITES FINDINGS AND DETERMINATION OF ELIGIBILITY RAMONABOMBING TARGET RAMONA, CALIFORNIA SITE NO. J09CA106900 FINDINGS OF FACT A total of 326.54 acres of land were acquired by the 1) Department of the Navy for the Ramona Bombing Target and Landing The property was obtained by the Department of Defense Strip. (DOD) through a Declaration of Taking prior to 20 December 1944. The acquired property comprised of four parcels. They were obtained from private parties as follows: Parcel 1 - 77.85 acres Parcel 2 - 155.70 acres - Robert Alling John S. Hawley III, and Parcel 4 Hawley, Parcel 3 - 68.75 acres - John S. Hawley III, - 24.24 acres - George and Emile Sawday. The property was used by the Department of the Navy as both Improvements made to the a bombing target and landing strip. property during DOD occupation include one small "civilian-type" plane hanger and one asphaltic-concrete (AC) runway, 250 feet wide by 4,000 feet long. Use of the property by the Department Post World War II of the Navy during World War II is indicated. use of the property is not clear from the documentation.
On 6 August 1956, the property was declared excess by the 3) Ownership of the property was Department of the Navy. transferred to the County of San Diego on 28 December 1956. At the existing improvements were also the time of disposal, Currently, the transferred over to the County of San Diego. majority of the original acreage (281.62 acres) of the former The Navy property is owned by the County of San Diego. southernmost portion of Parcels l(23.22 acres) and 2 (21.70 The property acres) is now owned by the William J. Casney Trust. is either maintained as a municipal airport or is undeveloped. DETERMINATION Based on the foregoing Findings of Fact, the site has been determined to have been formerly used by the Department of It 5~s therefore eligi.ble for the Defense Environmental Defense. -==d Restoration Program - Formerly LJ=- Defense Site established under 10 USC 2701 et seq. 3, /4&m B DATE 7io $ Brigadier General, US Army
SITE SURVEY SUMMARYSHEET FOR DERP-FDDS SITE NO. JOPCA106900 RAMONABOMBING TARGET RAMONA, CALIFORNIA 6 JULY 1994 SITE NAME: Ramona Bombing Target, Ramona, California, as Ramona Landing Strip, and Ramona Emergency Landing Diego County. also Field, known San
LOCATION: The site is located approximately two miles east of Main Street in Ramona, California. Directions to the site include: proceed northward on Montecito (later turns westward) approximately two miles then turn left onto Ramona Airport Road. SITE HISTORY: By 1944, the Department of the Navy acquired 326.54 acres from private parties via a Declaration of Taking (or, condemnation). The property was acquired for use by the Navy as Reported improvements to the a bombing target and landing field. property included a small "civilian-type" hanger and a single runway (250 feet wide by 4,000 feet long). Historical records indicate that the limited improvements to the property were transferred over to the County of San Diego when the County acquired the property on 28 December 1956. Currently, there are an estimated 30 buildings/structures at the site. However, the existing site contacts indicted that all of the current.structures were built after the County acquired the airfield. While the County of San Diego owns the property, the buildings and structures are privately owned. Reportedly, the former runway still exist at the site and is used as a storage area for planes. According to Jim Walker, OEW expert with the Army Corps of Engineers, expected ordnance at a bombing target such as this site would include small practice bombs (1 to 3 pound) and small to medium arms (0.50-caliber and 20 mm). Contacts were made to the Department of the Army 70th Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD); San Diego Sheriff's, Arsenal Group; and San Diego Fire Department, Metro Arsenal Strike Team (MAST) concerning records of ordnance found at the site. The agencies contacted (Appendix 3 of 3, Sections 2 and 3) described accounts of sr-vexal instances (at !.easf fear) of practice bombs being The records indicated that recovered from the Ramona Airport. the recovered bombs ranged from 1 to 25 pounds. The available contacts did not contain any information regarding the location of the found ordnance. SITE VISIT: A site visit was conducted A. Davis, Jr. of Groundwater Technology, California on 17 May 1994 by Robert Inc., San Diego,
SITE NO. J09CA106900 CATEGORYOF HAZARD: PROJECT DESCRIPTION: OEW: Recommend the Mandatory Center of Expertise (MCX) for a) OEW at Huntsville Division make a determination regarding further investigation at this site. BD/DR (NOFA) : Historical records indicated that a single b) building was installed at the site by the Department of the Navy. While the records indicated that the building was transferred to was apparently torn down the County of San Diego, the building because it is.not currently present at the site. AVAILABLE STUDIES AND REPORTS: National Archives and Records Administration, San Burno, Bill Green provided access to records containing' California - Mr. references and maps to Ramona Emergency Landing Field. Pacific Executive Aviation, 2450 Montecito Road, Ramona, CA 92065 (619) 789-6384 - Ms. Jaye Matthews, Man,ager - provided a brief documentation of past and current history of the Ramona Airport. California Department Forestry, Ramona Airport, Montecito Road, Ramona, CA 92065 (619) 789-1370 - Mr. William Meyers (contract access aerial photographs and pilot for the CDF) -.provided photographs of the site from 1952 to the present. DISTRICT POC: Jatin Desai, Los Angeles District (213) 894-6266. om, BD/DR (NOFA)
PROJECT SURVEYSUMMARYSHEET FOR DERP-FUDS OEW PROJECT NO. J09CA106901 RAMONABOMBING TARGET RAMONA, CALIFORNIA SITE NO. J09CA106900 6 JULY 1994 PROJECT DESCRIPTION: The Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field was used by the Department of the Navy as a bombing target and landing strip. Reported ordnance found at the site consist of practice bombs Recovered ordnance has been ranging from 1 to 25 pounds. recovered as recently as May 1992. The reported practice bombs contained spotting charges and were disposed of either by the Army 70th Ordnance Detachment, Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) , or the San Diego County Sheriff's Department. PROJECT ELIGIBILITY: the DOD (U.S. Navy). POLICY CONSIDERATIONS: exist that would affect The property was formerly.owned and used by
No policy propos'al
considerations of this project.
are known to Center of make a
PROPOSEDPROJECT: Recommend the Corps' Mandatory Expertise (MCX) for OEW at the Huntsville Division determination if further action is required. RAC FORM: Attached.
DISTRICT POC: Request CEHND inform Mr. Jatin Desai at 6266 when a determination is made regarding the project
previoue RISK ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES FOR AND EXPLOSIVE WASTE (OEW) SITES Rater's Name Phone No. Organization RAC score ;, 1~ OEW RISK ASSESSMENT:
10 Feb 93 obsolete
Site Name Site Locati DERP Projec Date Completed
This risk assessment procedure was developed in accordance with ML-STD and AR 385-10. The PAC score will be used by CEHND to prioritize the remedial action at this site. The OEW risk assessment should be based upon best available information resulting from records eearchee, reports of Explosive Ordnance Disposal (SOD) detachment actions, and field observations, interviews, and measurements. This information is used to assess the risk involved based upon the potential OEW Hazards identified at the Site. The , risk assessment is composed of two factors, hazard severity and hazard probability. Personnel involved in visits to potential OEW sites should view the CEHND videotape entitled "A Life Threatening Encounter: OEW.” Part I. Hazard Severity. a qualitative measure of exposure to various types Hazard severity categories are defined to provide the worst credible mishap resulting from personnel and quantities of unexploded ordnance items. TYPE OF ORDNANCE all values that apply) Amnuniticn VALUE Medium/Large Emmbs, Grenades, Landmines, Rockets, Detonators, BOIGX, Grenades, Landmines, Small Arms Practice Practice Practice (-22 cal Explosive Hand and Rifle, Explosive Caliber (20 mm and larger) a: 10 10 10 Explosive Fuzea, charges) charges) charges) C2; 10 Boosters, Bursters a> 4 4 10 6
(Circle A. Conventional Ordnance and
Explosive Guided Missilee, Caps,
(w/spatting (w/spatting (w/spotting -50
and Ammunition single value)
Hunition (Container) Containing White Phosphorus or &her Pyrophoric Material (i.e., Spontaneously Flammable) Hunition Containing A Flame or Incendiary Material (i.e., Napalm, Triethlaluminum Hetal Incendiaries) Flares,Signale, Pyrotechnics What TY evidence pcA-ed%tiir Simulators (Select the largest regarding single value) No
da you have s Gotd (Not
, an integral part of conventional ordnance; VALUE
C. Bulk High uncontainerized.)
Primary or Initiating Explosive6 (Lead styphnate,~ Lead Azide, NitrOglyCerin, Mercury Azide, Hercury Fulminate, Tetracene, etc.) Demolition Chargee
Secondary Explosives (PETN, Compoeitions A, B, C, Tetryl, TNT, PDX, HMX, HBX, Black Powder, etc.) Military Dynamite
6 3 D, etc.) largest single g bulk value) explosives? h\n %!a &GG%lNQ~
Less Sensitive Explosives (Ammonium Nitrate, Explosive High Explosives (Select the
Bulk Propellants conventional
an integral part uncontainerized)
VALUE Toxic Chemical Agate (Choking, Nerve, Blood, War G~.B Identification . Blister) Sets 25
Radiological _._~ Me .kbt Ccntrol (Vomiting, and Tear, Niecellaneoue incendiary Agent do you have
5 and smoke) (Select the largest single
Radiological/Chemical What evidence
Total Hazard Severity Value (Sum of Largest Values for A through E--Maximum Apply this value to Table 1 to dstsrrina Hazard
of 61). Severity
Description category ____________________---------------------------------------------------------CATASTROPHIC I
UARGINAL NEGLIGIBLE **NONE
25 ,1 0
**If Hazard to Part III
Severity and u&z
Value ie 0, you do not need a RAC Score of 5 to determine
to complete Part your appropriate
Proceed II. action.
: . j .
ey. part 11. Hazard be created due to the or explosive materiale
The probability that a hazard has been Or will presence and other rated factors of unexploded ordnance on a formerly used DOD site. ACCESSIEILITY OF OEW ~2AP.D all values that apply)
AP.EA,‘EXTENT, (Circle A. Locations of OEW Hazards
On the surface CD
Tanks, Pipeo, Veesels confined locations. walls, ceilings, or other of Buildings OF Structures.
Subsurface Location (Select the single largest value)
and buildings). VALUE
than.1250 feet miles mile to to to 0.5
feet miles mile miles &
Dietance What 4Qh are
: . . .
within a 2 mile boundary.
26 and 16 to 11to 6 to 1to 0 Number Narrative
over 25 15
Q. '4 3 2 1 0
a 2 mile
Educational, Child kiotele, Comercial, Industrial, Agricultural, Detention,
Care, Reeidential, Shopping Centers etc. etc.
Warehouse, Forestry, correctional
4 3 2 0
Buildings of Buildings (Select the largest single value) . SW
;,’ . .
E.. Accessibility Use the wastes.
to site following BhRRIER .
refers to guidance:
VALUE mystem 5 4
No barrier Barrier is completely deny egress for grazing. A barrier, separate to deny Security Isolated
incomplete (e.g., in disrepair or does not surround the site). Barrier is intended to from the site, as for a barbed wire fence
(any kind of fence in means to control entry. access to the site. guard, site but no barrier
good repair) Barrier is
but no intended
A 24-hour surveillance system (e.g., television monitoring or surveillance by guards or facility personnel) which continuously monitors and controls entry onto the facility; or An artificial or natural barrier (e.g., a fence combined with a cliff), which completely surrounds the facility; and a means to control entry, at all times, through the gates or other entrances to the facility (e.g., an attendant, television monitors, locked entrances, or controlled roadway accese to the facility). Accessibility Describe -b d& the (Select site the single largest value) (0 ti 0.T +uUP -Q%+
acces^sibility.?)\es& h&t ULdccaLb
Is F. Site Dynamics - Thie deals with site conditions that are subject to change Examples would be excessive in the future, but may be stable at the present. increasing land development that could soil erosion by beaches or streams, reduce distances from the site to inhabitated areas or otherwise increase accessability. VALUE Expected None Site Anticipated Dynamics (Select largest value) _
Total Hazard Probability Value (Sum of Largest Values for A through F-+aximum Apply this value to Bazard Probability Table 2 to HA=+ Probability Lbrsl. TABLE 2 HAZARD PROBABILITY Description LeV.Zl
FREQOENT pizffLi3 e
OCCASIONAL REHOTE IMPROBABLE
C D E
2 8 <15 <B ,
Pati III. determined probability
the following hazard severity
The risk asseaement value for this Table 3. Enter with the reeults valuee. TABLE 3
site is Of the hazard
----------------------------------------------------------------i--------_-___ Probability FREQUENT PROBABLE Level A B
severity category: CATASTROPHIC CRITICAL HARGINAL NEGLIGIBLE
II III IV
1 1 2 3 0
1 2 3 4
'2. 3 4 4
3 4. 4 5
4 5 5 5
RISK P.Ac 1 Imminent commercial
ASSESSMENT CODE (RAC) INPR - Immediately DSN 64.5-4968. of INPR - Recommend call CEHND-ED-SY--
Hazard - Expedite 205-955-4968 or on completion
High priority by CEHND. Complete Complete
RAC 3 RAC 4 RAC 5
INPR - Recommend INPR - Recommend no further action.
action action Submit
CEHND. CEHND. RAC to CEHND.
Summarize the documented evidence If no documented risk assessment. able, explain all the aeeumptions
that supports this evidence was availthat you made.
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION RISK ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES FOR DERP-FUDS OEWPROJECTNO. JO9CA106901 RAMONABOMBING TARGET PAMONA, CALIFORNIA SITE NO. JO9CA106900 6 JULY 1994 An OEW risk assessment score of two (RAC 2) has been calculated based on a hazard severity category of II (Critical) and a probability level B (Probable). A RAC 2 requires further action by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Mandatory Center of Expertise (MCX) in Huntsville. This score is considered conservative for this site since the only ordnance found at the site have been practice bombs. Therefore a reduction of the P.&K score to a RAC 4 is recommended.
INDEX TO MAPPED AREA
SOURCE: AUTOMOBILE CLUB OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA; CALIFORNIA ROAD MAP
21 + hlILES
BOMBING AREA RAMONA BOMBING TARGET
J09CAl06900 SAN DIEGO, CA
SITE INDEX MAP
SOURCE: THO!lAS GUIDE, SAN DIEGO COUNM (1903)
2900 FEET ~ ‘~
BOMBING AREA RAMONA BOMBING TARGET
J09CA106900 SAN DIEGO,
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency LandingField Ramona, CA
LETTERS / MEMORANDUMS / MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS
Appendix E - Letters / Memorandttttts / Miscelheotts
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Rtlvlma. CA
LETTERS I MEMORANDUMS I MISCELLANEGUS ITRMS E-l GeneralServicesAdministration Letter: RamonaEmergency L.andingField, SanDiego Cbuty, CA. N-Cal572, dated 14 January1957. DERP INPR BackupFiles, Folder JO9CA106900 RamonaBombing Site, CA. EngineeringDivision, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,Los AngelesDistrict, Los Angeles, CA. GeneralServicesAdministration Transmittal Letter: RamonaEmergency Landing Field - Quitclaim Deed and Certijication of Record&ion, dated29 May 1957. Record Group 121, Entry 9NSS-121-85-0008, Box 19, Folder H-Calif-572. National Archives and RecordsAdministration-Pacif Sierra Region, SanBruno, CA. GroundwaterTechnologyGovernmentServices,Inc. TelephoneConversations: BackgroundInformadonfor DERP-FUDS Site No. .TO9cP1MSW RamonaBombing Target, Ramona, California, dated 27 May 1994. DERP INPR BackupFiles, Folder JO9CA106900 RamonaBombing Site, CA. EngineeringDivision, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,Los Angeles District, Los Angeles,CA. U.S. Navy Report of Excess Real Propeny: Emergency Landing Field, Ramona, San Diego Counfy, C4, dated 14 August 1956. Record Group 121, Entry 9NSS121-85-0008,Box 19, Folder H-Calif-572. National Archives and Records Administration-PacificSierraRegion, SanBruno, CA. U.S. Navy Permit: RevocablePermit, U.S. Navy with County of San Diego, C4, dated 27 February 1952. Record Group 121, Entry 9NSS-121-85-0008, Box 19, Folder H-Calif-572. National Archives and RecordsAdministration-PacificSierra Region, San Bruno, CA. U.S. Navy, EleventhNaval District Letter: LeaseNoy (R)-34982with William J. Own coveringapproximately 77.5 acres in SanDiego County, CA - ReleaseoJ dated 22 March 1945. Record Group 71, Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 1941-47,Box 4, Folder L5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, CollegePark, MD. InterdepartmentalAir Traffic Control Board Minutes: Minutes to Meeting No. 522, dated6 September1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1013Minutes of the IATCB 1943-46, Box 1, Folder IATCB 1944. National Archives and Records Administration, Archives II, CollegePark, MD.
ARCHlyEs SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Rmnbing Target and Rmergeney Landing Field Ramona. CA
U.S. Navy, EleventhNaval District Letter: LeaseNay (R) - 34982 with William J. Owen, Rantow, CA - Sitefor Practice BombingTarget - Gmcellation of, dated 26 December 1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 1941-47,Box 4, Folder L.5-7-50-3Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, College Park, MD. U.S. Navy, EleventhNaval District Letter: Bombing Targetsin SouthernGzlgornia Sector, WesternSeaFronder, dated24 August 1944. Record Group 181, Entry 11th Naval District Correspondence, Box 38, Folder NAB 11. National Archives and Records Administration-PacificSouthwestRegion, Jaguna Niguel, CA. U.S. Navy, EleventhNaval District Letter: Leaseof Practice Bombing Target Site near Ramona, CA, dated4 March 1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 1941-47, Box 4, Folder L5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and Records Administration, Archives II, CollegePark, MD. U.S. Navy, EleventhNaval District Letter: L-ease Practice Botnbing Target Site near Ramona, of CA, dated 17 January 1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1037 LeaseFiles, 1941-47,Box 4, Folder L5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, CollegePark, MD. U.S. Navy, Naval Air Station, SanDiego, CA Letter: RequisitionNo. 231-44Aero, dated 13~January 1944. Record Group 71, Entry 1037LeaseFiles, 1941-47, Box 4, Folder L5-7-50-3 Noy (R) 34982. National Archives and RecordsAdministration, Archives II, CollegePark, MD. U.S. Navy, Eleventh Naval District Land AcquisitionMap RamonaLanding Strip, dated23 August 1944. DERPJNPR RackupFiles, Folder JO9CA106900 RamonaBombing Site, CA. EngineeringDivision, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,Los AngelesDistrict, CA.
Appendir E - Letters / Memonmdums / Mis~llaneotu Page E-Z
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINLUNGS Ramma Bombing Target ami Emergency Landing Field Ranwna. CA
General Services Administration Letter: Ramona Emergency Landing Field, San Diego County, CA, A/-Cab572, dated 14 January 1957. DERP INPR Backup Files, Folder JOQCA106900 Ramona Bombing Site, CA. Engineering Division, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District, Los Angeles, CA.
Appendix E - Letters /Memorandums
/ Miscellaneous Item
Regi.onal Couuael, I+! 2 Chief, RPX RamonaEmergency Laoding Field San Diego county, California N-Cal-572 Requests for Dxxxce#~~.
OTIhceuher 20, 19.56, the GSAaccepted the a?pUcation, dated How&r 20, 1956, of the Comty of SawDiago, California, for propz&y known as Ramona Emergency Jzzd.ing Field for transfer for az&wrt purposes. The property consists of 326.5b acres of land Improved by one small, civlliantpe fhme hangarbuild&g and one A.C.rurway, There is no perso= proparty involved in the transfer. The legal descriptionof the property is asfolk~wsr
"All ofthose lands lslng andbeing situate inthe County of San Diego, State of California, m3re particularly described as follows: "The east half of the southwst quarter of Section 18,"Townzhip lj South, Range 1 East, S.B&; the southeast quarter of Section 18, Township 13 South, Ffange 1East S.B.M.; tie .5ioutiw3st quark- of the southw38t~quarter ard the vast 30 acres of the southeast quartar of the sontlwest quarter of Section 17, Tounahip 13 Southj Range 1 East, S.l3.H.~.the north &OOfeet of the north half of the northvest qprtar of Section 20, Tonship South, Range 1 East, S&.&~&n Diego County, CaLifornia, contxhLng'326.5l~ acc.s.of land, mwx or less." It is requested that your office prepare the nz?cessary docuosents transferring this property to the county of San Meg0 for use as a public airport.
ARCHIVES SE4RCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramma Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramma. CA
General Services Administration Transmittal Letter: Ramona Emergency f anding Field - Quitclaim Deed and Certification of Recordation, dated 29 May 1957. Record Group 121, Entry SNSS-121-85-0008, Box 19, Folder H-Calif-572. National Archives and Records Administration-Pacific Sierra Region, San Bruno, CA.
Appendix E - Letters / Memarandunu
II ?~.s~osz~ (Gen'l)
the above trazactian: 1. 'Pm conflYz7ed copies of o,uitclain Deed dated DecaTber 25, 1956, bntmeen t3.c United Staten of Anerica, Party Of the First P&, and t?ne Count:: of San Diego, Party of tfm Second Part. Ori@n& Certicate of Recordation end ens confcmed copy, cert,ifj;in~ said Ckitclnin Deed b have been retarded on Hay 7, 1.957, (Doe. ;&S59), in Book 6571, et pa70 79, of tb.F Official . , Ycrords of the said Cwmty. of above docurwn'ks on the attached capy of this
;(in~?l.yac'kncvlsd:;e receipt ne2xandurr..
Receiut is here'qr ac!cnowledgedof the above with attachments on this day of Kay, 1957.
File cc to E. L. Buttle, Actg. Chf., Disposal Branch, FBS - Sta. 33 uith: Letter dated Mq 16, Supervisors enclosing: Certified Copy of Resolution a San Diego, accepting Q/Clm Deed conveyins RamonaEnerg.Landing ?=ield to said bunty for airport purposes; 6 cc's VClm Deed u/ 6 cc's Certif. of Recordation.
5'(2 (5 'I
ARCHIVES SEARCH REPORT - FINDINGS Ramona Bombing Target and Emergency Landing Field Ramma, CA
U.S. Navy Report of Excess Real Property: Emergency Landing Field, Ramona, San Diego County, CA, dated 14 August 1956. Record Group 121, Entry SNSS-121-85-0008, Box 19, Folder ,H-Calif-572. National Archives and Records AdministrationPacific Sierra Region, San Bruno, CA.
Appendix E - Letters /Memorandums
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