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Livelyhood Presentation for Baverikheda 3

Livelyhood Presentation for Baverikheda 3

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WELCOME

LIVELIHOOD PLANNING for Bhaverikheda-3 Watershed
FES , SHT - PRATAPGARH

Bhaverikheda watershed -3
Location • 40 km away from Pratapgarh • Southern most part of Pratapgarh . Geography and climate • Mixed terrain undulating • Average rainfall 800-815mm Coverage of the WS : • Area – 1067 ha • Villages that fall under this WS - Meriyakhdi, Kundaliya, Joramuhuda and Umarda • Mainly populated by Menna Tribe • 717 hectares is agricultural land, 222 is forest land and remaining 68 hectares fall under the category of non – arable land (Revenue land )

Present Land Use Watershed area Sr.38 % 100% .80% 6.no 1 2 3 Land Agriculture Forest Non –arable/Revenue land Total Hectare 777 222 68 1067 Percentage 72.82% 20.

Land Holding Pattern Sr.no Land class 1 Landless holding Households Land held % of total Number % of Ha total 12 3 2 3 4 5 6 0<1 1<2 2<4 4<8 More than 8 154 180 87 18 3 34 40 19 4 1 111 289 256 101 30 14 37 33 13 4 Total 454 100 787 100 .

Brick making unit 4 5 Self employment Salaried – Teacher Animal husbandry 1 1 50 6 7 NREGA Minor forest produce – collection 1. Shop 46 3 1 1.Livelihood Portfolio Sr.no Activities Total families involved in activity *(Based on Sample Survey ) 1 Agriculture 50 2 3 Wage labour Self-employment 1. Tendu patta 35 30 30 . Gum 1.

no 1 2 3 4 5 6 HH – owning land more than 8 bigha of Poor households land Majorly involved in farming Animal husbandry – cows and buffalo Self-employment . brick making Employment .own shops. Tendu patta 7 Migrate to adjoining towns and states in search of work .Government service – teachers Farming in small scale depending on land availability Focus on small ruminants – goats - NREGA .majorly involved Majorly involved in collection of Minor forest produce – Gum .Livelihood Patterns Sr.

no Name of Price per Total Total Price Number the crop quintal production realisation of (In Quintals ) families involved in activity Average days involved in activity Main Problems 1 Maize 850 300 255000 50 20. . Sr.8 Better variety of seeds . need for better pesticides Information on preventing pest and disease attacks Need for assured water for irrigation 3 Rice 2000 4 8.000 2 20 4 Til 3000 30 90000 30 8 Water logging can effect crop .8 Better Technical information seeds. Livestock etc. Soybean 2 2000 350 700000 50 30.Portfolio – Mapping of Watershed area – Agriculture.

50 20. Livestock etc.35 8 9 10 Aliya Wheat Gram 3500 1200 2200 215 500 80 752500 600000 176000 20 35 15 28.10 . diseases and water Need for water Need for water Pest and diseases 6 Urad 5000 40 200000 10 15 7 Bhindi 3000 30 90000 8 30.Portfolio – Mapping of Watershed area – Agriculture. (Contd) 5 Ajwain 13000 30 390000 8 35 Need for Black soil and slope land Need for better seeds and pesticides Effected majorly by pest.20 45.

90 15 15.Portfolio – Mapping of Watershed area – Agriculture.70 38. . Livestock etc. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Sarsoon Methi 3000 4000 40 54 6 40 6 2 12 120000 216000 18000 120000 6000 12000 60000 15 10 3 16 2 2 4 15.5 12 12 25.8 Pest and diseases Need for water consume fertility of soil Pest and diseases Lack of knowledge Lack of knowledge Finance Taramera 3000 Ground nut Avala 3000 1000 Jack fruit 6000 Suva 5000 18 Chicku 2500 3 7500 2 15 Lack of water and market facilities .

(Continued) Livestock Pattern and Income Sr.no 1 2 3 4 5 Livestock Bullock Cow Buffalo Goats Poultry Numbers 60 30 12 70 15 Families involved 35 20 8 30 3 Use / income Farm farming Place of grazing Forest charagha and For domestic Forest and beed purpose Land 39600 and use in Beed Land domestic purpose 150000 5000 Forest around the house usualy .Portfolio – Mapping of Watershed area – Agriculture etc.

no Type of Activity Number of Shops Comes in /out (in=local market and out=outer market) In/out In In In out out in In /out In 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Vegetable vendor Fertilizer Photography shop Furniture shop Medical Shop Steel utensils shop Welding shop Tea stall Salon 9 1 2 1 2 7 3 6 6 10 Lubricant shop 1 In .Assessment of Market – Baravarda ( 10 km) Sr.

Assessment of Market – Baravarda ( 10 km) (Contd) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Cloth shop jewellers Tailoring shop Electrical shop Hotel cum sweet shop Grocery shop Tent house 5 8 31 9 4 15 2 out out in in In/out out in 18 19 20 Fancy shop Bicycle shop Poultry shop 9 9 3 in In In/out .

Assessment of Market – Baravarda ( 10 km) (contd) 21 22 23 24 Flour shop Hardware shop Shoe shop Mobile shop 4 1 4 3 in In/out out In/out 25 26 27 Grain Merchants Motor Repair Motoring winding 5 1 1 In/Out in in .

Lack of knowledge on diseases and pests affecting various crops. Lack of knowledge of diseases that affect the cattle and small ruminants. Need for finance to buy inputs seeds. fertilizers.for storing and sorting of produce. Needs for technical inputs. 2 Animal husbandry 3 Minor forest produce . Lack of quality feed Deforestation.no 1 Activity Agriculture Major constraints Need for critical irrigation.Constraints faced – Activity Sr. Lack of knowledge in value addition. Lack of marketing facilities. Need for better variety breeds. Lack of fodder and grazing lands. Lack of market linkages. Lack of post harvesting facilities for processing and storage. Lack of credit facilities. Lack of Post-harvest facilities . Lack of animal sheds.

Activities that can be undertaken as IGA : Keeping in mind special needs of Landless/Widows /Differently abled 12 HH – Who are landless. 5 Individuals who are widows/ Differently abled Goatery Grocery shop Nursery Motor winding Atta chakki .

no Crop /Goat Factor conditions Demand Poor engagement Capacity of organization Total 1 Maize 3 5 4 1 3.Illustrative ranking in a Triangulation Exercise Sr.5 5 Ajwain 3 5 2 2 3 .25 3.25 4 Animal husbandry 3 4 3 1 2.25 2 3 Soybean Goatry 3 3 5 5 4 4 1 2 3.

Identifying the Broad Intervention Areas & 3E Exercise • Enhancing productivity and Introducing best practices : Soyabean • Poor mans Any Time Money (ATM): Goat .

SOYABEAN .

66 5 3 3 4 3.33 4 2 3 3 2. how far will the farmers in the area be able to improve their farm output with scientific package of Soybean farming practices/ HYV/Composite seeds? 3 3 3 3 farmer trader Agri.33 .Soyabean – Multidimensional Analysis Sl. Scope of communities’ acceptability in changes in the package of practice / HYV/Composite seeds. specialist Avg 2 3 3 4 3.33 3 2 3 2 2. No Particulars Factor Environment 1 Favourability of the physical/ climatic environment for soyabean cultivation. In your opinion. precautions/ treatments against diseases/ pest attacks. The scope of increasing productivity from existing varieties of Soyabean used by farmers in Pratapgarh area? Awareness among the farmers in the area about the package of practice / HYV/Composite Hybrid seeds.

the community in this area needs collective effort among themselves such that they may be able to further produce beyond current levels 1 1 1 1 5 3 3 3 3 . in your opinion. pesticides/ insecticides at right time? How would you rate the favourable role of agriculture department for Soyabean farming in the area? 1 1 1 2 1. How far.Soybean – Multidimensional Analysis (Contd) Institutional How do you rate the favourable role of financial institutions in the scientific Soybean farming? How far is the present market system able to help farmers in getting the inputs such as seeds.33 4 Rate the presence of any regulatory support for better marketing of the Soyabean.33 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 2 1. nutrients/ fertilizers.

how far do you see the scope 4 of Pratapagrah production going to meet outside markets demands? 2 3 2 2. if any. in the market.33 . 5 5 4 4.66 2 2 2 2 3 How do you rate the production of Soybean in the area? 2 3 2 2.33 In your opinion.Soybean – Multidimensional Analysis (Contd) Demand 1 Production matching demand in this area? In your opinion. how far the farmers are able to 2 realise the best price for Soybean.

no A Components Seed varieties JS – 335 NRC.7 Moneta 90 Days 75 Days 70 Days Remarks a. Need for the soil analysis to find out the deficiency’s D Finance Available from LAMPS and Local traders ( at high rate of interest ) E Land capability Katore ( Rath bhumi) Naram (Kali mitti bhumi) . At times the produce is sold to the Grain Merchants. Usage of local and certified. Purchase the seeds from Traders and LAMPS B Marketing facilities C A . b.Marketed at Pratapgarh Mandi and Baravartha market. High rate of interest.Soybean – Current Scenario Sr. Price realisation According to the price movement in the market Price range varies from Rs 1900 – Rs 2100 Per quintal Need for timely availability of finance during the Start of the season for buying the key inputs.

Supplemental irrigation facility needed in event of delay in rain Good feed for cattle can help in increase in the output. Drying is being done on by farmers on their open courtyards Nitrogen fixation I Drying and Storage Need for the Cemented platform for drying the crop to maintain neatness. Cattle are often fed soy.Soybean – current scenario (Contd) F Storage and Presently stored at post production home facilities Input availability water availability WATER Need for ware house G Mainly rain fed Subject to availability of water. J Benefits . H Cattle feed . Spring grasses are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids whereas soy is predominantly Omega6.

According to the farmers the production is up to two quintals per Bigha or 10 quintals per ha.. . It is a cash crop giving the farmers money. They have been doing the farming of Soya crop for last 15 years.Factors in favor of Activity 100 % of the farmers take up soybeans farming in kharif season. They are well acquitted with life cycle of the Soya crop. The harvesting process is relatively easy in comparison to other crops.

no The problem 1 2 3 4 5 7 Long duration crop – 3 Months Lack of quality inputs – on pest/ diseases Lack of finance Adverse Climatic conditions Lack of training .good practices Lack of knowledge of soil suitability – reading specific crop Land undulating - Solution Introduction of short duration varieties – 2 months duration Introduce them to Agri scientist Linkages with local LAMPS Promoting crop insurance Training of the farmers in the good farming practices Soil profiling 8 Levelling needed .Problem – Solution Analysis Sr.

Critical intervention points Sr. .software package / Computer system. Water availability .no Critical intervention points A B C D E E Timely availability of critical information: Soil profile/ Pest and disease information.for off take of the output so that they can get higher price realisation Need for use of technology . Package of Practices: Training of the farmers for better adoption of the practices. Timely availability of the .Farm ERP .Inputs in buying the seeds (especially short duration)/ other inputs during the sowing season Market linkages .especially the supplemental irrigation facilities in event of the shortfall of rainfall.

All 4 villages will be covered which fall under the watershed area.25 farmers and gradually scaled up depending upon the response. 2 3 4 Coverage . training by Agri. 6 Training of Package of Practices: Demonstration plots.e 1 Bigha per farmer. The demonstration area – 5 hectares ( 25 Bighas) i. Total requirement 25 bigha*16 kgs = 400 Kg ( 4 Quintals) The price of the certified seeds – 2500 to 3000 per quintal 5 Total amount .4 Quintal ( 4 quintal * Rs 3000 = Rs 12000 approx) Use of IT Installation of Farm ERP Package (available in along with installation of computer system with associated accessories.no Plan for first year : The strategy that will be implemented 1 Target .Plan and Implementing Strategy Sr.requirement .personnel for farmers/ Exposure visits. . (to mitigate the risk) Seed requirement : 15 to 16 Kg per bigha approx.

The software developers want to make the farming exercise more stable by making it predictable as much as possible. how much to add. The early adopters of the software are the grape farmers in Nasik . and other documents in the software which can help him manage his produce in next season.0000 .000 Professional – Rs 35. labour cost and other variables. bills. the ERP software creates schedule that the farmer can follow The schedule has the date when it should be irrigated next apart from the information on which fertilizer to add.Farming @ IT : Technology @Grassroots Providing simple benefits WORK FLOW If the farmer feeds in the name of the crop and the sowing date.     Cost of ERP Standard – Rs 15.    FarmERP helps farmers document and analyse as per – expenses.000 High Professional – Rs 75. It also gives information on when and how the harvest should be done The farmer can record the invoices. Maharashtra where farmers are known to be progressive .

Goatery .

Goatery – current scenario Sl.33 4 4 4 4 4. Availability of palatable/ nutrient fodder in this area Scope of production enhancement within existing breeds of goats and methods of rearing the same.00 3 1 3 3 2. No Particulars Factor commun ity trader Community Avg 1 Availability of land for goats’ grazing in Baverikheda area. 4 3 4 3.33 2 3 3 3 3. Favourability of the climatic environment for goat rearing.00 5 Communities’ acceptability in rearing of “Sirohi “bread of goat which will also involve change in keeping methods. 3 3 4 3.67 .

67 5 According to you.00 3 How do you rate the consistency of demand for goat from market? 3 3 4 3. how favourably had the mutton prices increased over the years? 4 3 5 4.00 .33 4 How significantly do the season/ festivals affect the demand for goat. 4 4 4 4.Goatry – current scenario (Contd ) Demand communit Trader Agri specialist 5 5.00 1 Rate the status of demand for mutton in the market? 5 5 2 How do rate the favourable change in demand for mutton over the last couple of years. 3 4 4 3.

in your opinion. How far.33 .33 3 2 2 3 2.33 4 Presence of any regulatory support for better marketing of the goat.Goatry – current scenario (Contd ) Institutional 1 The favourable role of financial institutions in the goatery market The present market system able to help farmers in getting the right price? Favourable role of govt. the communities in this area have collectiveness among themselves that they may get organised to make the area a source market for goats in Pratapgarh region.67 1 1 2 2 2 3 2. / private veterinary services for increased goatery in the area community Trader Agri specialist 1 1. 1 1 1 1 5 1 3 3 2.

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