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The Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) A-10-1-18-77b6c58

The Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) A-10-1-18-77b6c58

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Atomic Energy Organization of Iran - AEOI Iran's Nuclear Program - Reports in Persian with some English. Note: Sources are from Western Publications. They have much of what they need from Western sources to create nuclear terror.
Atomic Energy Organization of Iran - AEOI Iran's Nuclear Program - Reports in Persian with some English. Note: Sources are from Western Publications. They have much of what they need from Western sources to create nuclear terror.

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Published by: Constitutionalist on Aug 07, 2012
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ﻪﺘﺴﻫ نﻮﻨﻓ و مﻮﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﺠﻣ يا J. of Nuclear Sci. and Tech.

هرﺎﻤﺷ 50 تﺎﺤﻔﺻ ، 73 - 68 ، 1388 No. 50, pp. 68-73, 2010


ﻪﻜﻳرﺎﺑ زا هدﺎﻔﺘﺳا ﮓﻧر ياﺮﺑ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا يﺎﻫ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﻳادز و ﻮﻴﺘﻛآر يﺎﻫاﺰﮕﻧر ﻲﺑآ يﺎﻫ
ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ رﻮﻀﺣ رد يﺪﻴﺳا

نﺎﻴﺋﺎﺳرﺎﭘ ﺎﺿرﺪﻤﺤﻣ *
1
، يرﻮﻧا ﻪﻤﻃﺎﻓ
1
، هاﻮﺧﺮﻴﺧ هﺮﻴﻨﻣ
1
ﻲﻠﻋ ، ﻲﺟﺎﺣ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﺒﻌﺷ
2
ﺖﺠﻬﺑ سﺎﺒﻋ ،
3
ﻲﺴﺒﻃ ﻦﺴﺤﻣ ،
1

1 - ،ﺎﻫﻮﺗﺮﭘ دﺮﺑرﺎﻛ هﺪﻜﺸﻫوﮋﭘ ﻪﺘﺴﻫ نﻮﻨﻓ و مﻮﻠﻋ هﺎﮕﺸﻫوﮋﭘ ا ﻲﺘﺴﭘ قوﺪﻨﺻ ،ناﺮﻳا ﻲﻤﺗا يژﺮﻧا نﺎﻣزﺎﺳ ،ي : 389 - 89175 ، دﺰﻳ - ناﺮﻳا
2 - ،ﻲﻤﻴﺷ هﺪﻜﺸﻧاد هﺎﮕﺸﻧاد دﺰﻳ ، ﻲﺘﺴﭘ قوﺪﻨﺻ : 741 - 79178 ، دﺰﻳ - ناﺮﻳا
3 - ،دﺰﻳ هﺎﮕﺸﻧاد ،ﻚﻳﺰﻴﻓ هﺪﻜﺸﻧاد ﻲﺘﺴﭘ قوﺪﻨﺻ : 741 - 79178 دﺰﻳ ، - ناﺮﻳا


ﭼ ﻜ هﺪﻴ : ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ ،ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺗ ﻦﻳا رد ﮓﻧر و يﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﮓﻧر ﻲﻳادز ر يرﺎﺠﺗ يﺎﻫ آ يﺪﻴﺳا و ﻮﻴﺘﻛ (RB5) و (AR151) ﻪﻜﻳرﺎﺑ ﺎﺑ هﺪﺷ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ يﺎﻫ
ﻲﺳرﺮﺑ درﻮﻣ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ راﺮﻗ . ﻲﺑآ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﺮﻫ ﺖﻈﻠﻏ ﺎﺑ ﮓﻧر ود ppm 100 ﺎﺗ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ يﺎﻫزد 1 ، 3 ، 6 و 9 ﻮﻠﻴﻛ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ يﺮﮔ ﺪﻧﺪﺷ .
ﮓﻧر ناﺰﻴﻣ ،ﻲﺑﺬﺟ ﻒﻴﻃ تاﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ ،ﻲﻳادز pH و زﺎﻴﻧ درﻮﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ نﮋﻴﺴﻛا نآ ﺷ ﺶﻳﺎﻣزآ ﺎﻫ ﺪ . ﺮﺑ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ ﺶﻳاﺰﻓا و ﻲﺑﺬﺟ زد ﺮﺛا ﻦﻳا ﺮﺑ هوﻼﻋ
ﮓﻧر يور RB5 ﺘﻓﺮﮔ راﺮﻗ ﻲﺳرﺮﺑ و ﺚﺤﺑ درﻮﻣ ﺖﺳا ﻪ . ﺶﻳﺎﻣزآ ﺞﻳﺎﺘﻧ ﻫ ﮓﻧر ﻲﮕﻧر لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻪﻛ داد نﺎﺸﻧ ﺎ ر يﺎﻫ آ ﻪﺑ يﺪﻴﺳا و ﻮﻴﺘﻛ ﻣ رﻮﻃ ﺆ ﺎﺑ يﺮﺛ
ﻫﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﺎ ﮓﻧر و ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا ي ﻲﻣ ﻲﻳادز ﺪﻧﻮﺷ . ﮓﻧر ﻲﺑﺬﺟ راﻮﻧ يﺎﻫ RB5 و AR151 زد رد kGy 1 ﻪﺑ ﺘﻓﺎﻳ ﺶﻫﺎﻛ ﺖﻋﺮﺳ ﻪ زد رد و kGy 9
ﺪﻳدﺮﮔ ﺪﻳﺪﭘﺎﻧ ﻞﻣﺎﻛ رﻮﻃ ﻪﺑ ًﺎﺒﻳﺮﻘﺗ . ﻢﻫ ﮓﻧر ناﺰﻴﻣ ﻦﻴﻨﭼ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﻳادز RB5 ﺎﺗ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ ﺖﻈﻠﻏ ﺶﻳاﺰﻓا ﺎﺑ mmol/L 5 و رد زد kGy 1 زا ﺮﺗﻻﺎﺑ ﻪﺑ
78
/
99 % ﺪﻴﺳر . pH لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺶﻳﺎﻣزآ درﻮﻣ ﻲﮕﻧر يﺎﻫ ﺶﻫﺎﻛ ﻲﻧﺪﻌﻣ و ﻲﻟآ يﺎﻫﺪﻴﺳا ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻞﻴﻟد ﻓﺎﻳ ﺖ .

هژاو يﺪﻴﻠﻛ يﺎﻫ : ﮓﻧر ،ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا يﺎﻫﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﮓﻧر ،يﺪﻴﺳا و ﻮﻴﺘﻛآر يﺎﻫ ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ و ﻲﻳادز ،يﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ


Electron Beam Process for Decoloration of Reactive and Acid Dyes in
Aqueous Solution in Presence of H
2
O
2


M.R. Parsaeian*
1
, F. Anvari
1
, M. Kheirkhah
1
, A.M. Haji Shabani
2
, A. Behjat
3
, M. Tabasi
1
1- Radiation Application Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, AEOI, P.O. Box: 89175-389, Yazd-Iran
2- Department of Chemistry, University of Yazd, P.O.Box: 89178-741, Yazd - Iran
3- Department of Physics, University of Yazd, P.O.Box: 89178-741, Yazd - Iran


Abstract: In this study, degradation and decoloration of reactive and acid commercial dyes (C.I.
Reactive Black 5 and C.I. Acid Red 151) in water under the irradiation with electron beams were
investigated. Both dyes in aqueous solutions with the concentration of 100 ppm were irradiated at
different doses of 1, 3, 6 and 9 kGy. The changes of the absorption spectra, degree of decoloration, pH,
and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were analyzed. In addition to the influence of the absorbed dose the
hydrogen peroxide additions on RB5 dye are discussed. The experimental results show that the reactive
and acid dyes in aqueous solutions can be effectively degradiated by irradiation with the electron beam.
The absorption bands for RB5 and AR151 decreased rapidly at 1kGy irradiation dose and disappeared
almost completely at 9kGy. Also the degree of decoloration of RB5 solution at 1kGy dose and with the
concentrations of H
2
O
2
up to 5mmol/L was higher than 99.78%. Due to the production of organic and
inorganic acidic anions the pH decreased during the irradiation.

Keywords: Electron Beams, Reactive and Acid Dyes, Decoloration and Decomposition, H
2
O
2







ﻪﻟﺎﻘﻣ ﺖﻓﺎﻳرد ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ : 12 / 9 / 87 ﻪﻟﺎﻘﻣ شﺮﻳﺬﭘ ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ : 15 / 2 / 88 parsaeian@yrpc.ir *email:
۶۸
ﻋ ﻪﻠﺠﻣ ﻪﺘﺴﻫ نﻮﻨﻓ و مﻮﻠ هرﺎﻤﺷ ،يا 50 ، 1388

٦٩
1 - ﻪﻣﺪﻘﻣ
آ ﺒﻫﻮﻣ زا ﻲﻜﻳ ب ﺖ يﺎـﻫ ﺰـﻴﭼ ﺮـﻫ نﺎـﻴﻨﺑ ﻪـﻛ ﺖـﺳا ﻲـﻬﻟا گرﺰـﺑ
هﺪﻧز ﺖﺳا هﺪﺷ هدﺎﻬﻧ نآ ﺮﺑ يا . ﻢﻫ و ﺖﻌﻨﺻ ﻊﻳﺮﺳ شﺮﺘﺴﮔ ﺎﺑ نﺎﻣز
هﺪــﻨﻳاﺰﻓ ﺪــﺷر ي بآ ﻪــﺑ زﺎــﻴﻧ ،ﺖــﻴﻌﻤﺟ ) و يزروﺎﺸــﻛ ،ﻲﺘﻌﻨــﺻ
ﻲﻧﺪﻴﻣﺎــﺷآ ( ﺖــﺳا ﻪــﺘﻓﺎﻳ ﺶﻳاﺰــﻓا تﺪــﺷ ﻪــﺑ ﺰــﻴﻧ . ﻪــﺑ بآ ﻦﻴﻣﺄــﺗ
شور ﻪﻴﻔﺼﺗ ﻪﻠﻤﺟ زا ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ يﺎﻫ ي بﺎﺴﭘ ﻪـﺑ ﻲﺘﻌﻨـﺻ و يﺮﻬـﺷ يﺎﻫ
هدﺎﻔﺘﺳا رﻮﻈﻨﻣ ي دﺪﺠﻣ نآ زا ﻲﻳﺎﻫرﺎﻜﻫار زا ﺖﻌﻨﺻ و يزروﺎﺸﻛ رد
ﻮﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳا ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ راﺮﻗ ﺎﻫرﻮﺸﻛ ﺐﻠﻏا ﻪﺟﻮﺗ در ] 1 [ .
ﻲــﻧاﺮﮕﻧ ﺖﺴــﻳز يﺎــﻫ زوﺮــﺑ ﻲﻣﺎــﮕﻨﻫ ﻪــﻄﺑار ﻦــﻳا رد ﻲــﻄﻴﺤﻣ
ﻲﻣ بﺎﺴﭘ ﻪﺑ هﺪﺷ فﺮﺼﻣ بآ زا يدﺎﻳز ﺶﺨﺑ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻳﺎﻤﻧ موﺎﻘﻣ يﺎﻫ
ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ ﺎﺑ ﺮﻀﻣ و ﻲﻣ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﻢﻛ يﺮﻳﺬﭘ ددﺮﮔ . بﺎﺴﭘ ﻲﺟﺎﺴـﻧ يﺎـﻫ ،
ﻖـﻴﻠﻌﺗ ،هﺪﺷ ﻪﻨﻳﺮﻠﻛ ﻲﻟآ داﻮﻣ ،ﻖﻠﻌﻣ يﺎﻫﺪﻣﺎﺟ ،ﮓﻧر ﺎﺑ هﺪـﻨﻨﻛ ـﻫ ،ﺎ
،ﻦﻴﮕﻨــﺳ تاﺰــﻠﻓ زا ﻲﻀــﻌﺑ pH نﮋﻴﺴــﻛا ، ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴــﺷ زﺎــﻴﻧدرﻮﻣ
) 1 (
و
ﻲﻣ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ نﺎﺷﺮﻴﻐﺘﻣ يﺎﻣد ﺪﻧﻮﺷ . بﺎﺴـﭘ ﻦﻳا يﺎﻫﺪـﺣاو زا ﻪـﻛ ﺎـﻫ
ﻨﻳاﺮﻓ و يزﺮﮕﻧر ﻲﻣ ﻞﺻﺎﺣ ﻲﺟﺎﺴﻧ ﺖﻌﻨﺻ ﻲﻧﺎﻳﺎﭘ يﺎﻫﺪ ﺷ ﻮ ياﺮﺑ ﺪﻧ
ﻪﻣادا تﺎﻴﺣ ي هرذ تادﻮﺟﻮﻣ ﻲـﻨﻴﺑ
) 2 (
ﻪـﻔﻴﻇو ﻪـﻛ ي ﺐـﻳﺮﺨﺗ ﺮـﺑ ار
ﺖﺳا زﺎﺳﺮﻄﺧ ،ﺪﻧراد هﺪﻬﻋ . ﮓﻧر يﺎﻫ ر آ ﻪﺑ ﻮﻴﺘﻛ و رﺎﺘﺧﺎـﺳ ﻞـﻴﻟد
ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ زا ﻞﺻﺎﺣ تﻻﻮﺼﺤﻣ نﺎـﺷ ﻦﻴـﻣآ ﺪـﻨﻧﺎﻣ ،ﻚـﻴﺗﺎﻣورآ يﺎـﻫ
نﺎﻃﺮﺳ رﺎﻴﺴﺑ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻫ از ] 2 [ .
ﮓــﻧر ﻪــﻛ ﺖــﺳا هداد نﺎﺸــﻧ تﺎــﻌﻟﺎﻄﻣ وزآ يﺎــﻫ
) 3 (
ﻪــﺑ ﻲﻠﻳﺎــﻤﺗ
ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ ﻲﺘﺴﻳز رد ﺪـﻧراﺪﻧ يزاﻮﻫ ﻂﻳاﺮﺷ . ﻲـﻣ عﻮـﺿﻮﻣ ﻦـﻳا ﺪـﻧاﻮﺗ
ﺖﺴﻳز ﻂﻴﺤﻣ ﻪﻧﺎﺧدور ﻪﺑ ار ﺎﻫ ﺗ ﺖﺤﺗ يﺪﺟ رﻮﻃ ﺄ راﺮﻗ ﺮﻴﺛ ﺪﻫد . رد
ﻪﺠﻴﺘﻧ ، ﻦﻳا هﺪﻨﻳﻻآ ﻪﻧﻮﮔ ﺖﺴـﻳز ﻂﻴـﺤﻣ رد ﻪـﻴﻠﺨﺗ زا ﻞﺒﻗ ﺎﻫ زا ﺪـﻳﺎﺑ
بﺎﺴﭘ دﺮﮔ فﺬﺣ ﺎﻫ ﻧ ﺪ . ﮓـﻧر يوﺎﺣ يﺎﻫﺮﻬﻧ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ رد وزآ يﺎـﻫ
ﻖﻳﺮﻃ زا دﺎـﻘﻌﻧا ﺎﻳ لﺎﻌﻓ ﻦﺑﺮﻛ يور بﺬﺟ ﻪﻴﻔﺼـﺗ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴـﺷ يزﺎـﺳ
ﻲﻣ شور ﻦﻳا ﺎﻣا ،ﺪﻧﺪﺷ هﺪﻨﻳﻻآ ًﺎﺳﺎﺳا ﻲﺘﻨﺳ يﺎﻫ ﻪﺑ ﻲﺑآ زﺎﻓ زا ار ﺎﻫ
ﺘﻧا ﺪﻣﺎﺟ زﺎﻓ ﻲﻣ لﺎﻘ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴـﺷ داﻮـﻣ و ﮓـﻧر ﻊـﻓد تﻼﻜﺸﻣ و ﺪﻨﻫد
ﻢﻫ ﻲﻗﺎﺑ نﺎﻨﭼ ﻲﻣ ﺪﻧﺎﻣ ] 3 [ .
ﺮﻓ ا ﺴــﻛا يﺎﻫﺪــﻨﻳ ﺶﻳﺎ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﺸــﻴﭘ
) 4 (
شور زا يﺮــﮕﻳد عﻮــﻧ يﺎــﻫ
ﻪـﺘﻓﺎﻳ ﻪﻌـﺳﻮﺗ ًاﺮﻴﺧا ﻪﻛ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻫ ﻪﻴﻔﺼﺗ ﺪـﻧا . ﻞﻣﺎـﺷ ًﺎـﻣﻮﻤﻋ شور ﻦـﻳا
ﻪﻧﻮﮔ زا هدﺎﻔﺘﺳا و ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﺴـﻛا يﺎـﻫ ﻨ هﺪ ي ﻪـﺑ ،يﻮـﻗ و لﺎـﻜﻳدار هﮋـﻳ
ﻞﻴﺴﻛورﺪﻴﻫ )
0
(OH ﺖﺳا . رد هﺪـﺷ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ﻞﻴﺴـﻛورﺪﻴﻫ لﺎﻜﻳدار
ﺴﻛا ﺮﻳﺎﺳ ﺎﺑ ﻪﺴﻳﺎﻘﻣ ﻨ هﺪ ﺴﻛا ﻞﻴﺴﻧﺎﺘﭘ زا ،ﺎﻫ ﻲﺸﻳﺎ رادرﻮـﺧﺮﺑ يﺮﺗﻻﺎـﺑ
هﺪـﻨﻳﻻآ ﻪـﺑ ﻪﻠﻤﺣ ﺎﺑ ﺖﺳا ردﺎﻗ و هدﻮﺑ نآ ﻲـﻟآ يﺎـﻫ ﺐـﻳﺮﺨﺗ ار ﺎـﻫ
ﺪﻳﺎﻤﻧ ] 4 [ .
دراﻮـــﻣ زا ﻲﻀـــﻌﺑ رد ﺶﻳﺎﺴـــﻛا ناﺰـــﻴﻣ لﺎـــﻜﻳدار ﻖـــﻳﺮﻃ زا
ﺎﻜﻳدار زا هدﺎﻔﺘﺳا و هدﻮﺑ ﻦﻴﻳﺎﭘ ،ﻞﻴﺴﻛورﺪﻴﻫ ل ﺎـﻫ ﺪـﻨﻧﺎﻣ هﺪـﻨﻫﺎﻛ ي
ﻲــﺷﻮﭘ بآ نوﺮــﺘﻜﻟا ــﺷ هﺪ
) 5 (
) e (
aq

نژورﺪــﻴﻫ لﺎــﻜﻳدار ﺎــﻳ )
0
(H
ﺳ ﺪﻨﻣدﻮ دﻮﺑ ﺪﻫاﻮﺧ ﺮﺗ . ﻪـﻧﻮﮔ ود ﺮـﻫ ﺪـﻴﻟﻮﺗ ياﺮﺑ ﺐﺳﺎﻨﻣ ﻊﺒﻨﻣ ﻚﻳ
ﻲﺸـﻳﺎﺴﻛا لﺎﻜﻳدار - ﻪﻴﻔﺼـﺗ ﺖـﻬﺟ ﻲﺸـﻫﺎﻛ ي يﺎـﻫﻮﺗﺮﭘ ،بﺎﺴـﭘ
ﻧﻮﻳ هﺪﻨ ﻲﻣ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ] 5 [ . ﺎـﻳ ﻲـﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا يﺎﻫﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﺎﺑ بآ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﺶﺑﺎـﺗ
ﺳ ،ﺎﻣﺎﮔ ﻪـﻧﻮﮔ ﻞﻴﻜﺸـﺗ ﺐﺒ ﺎـﻜﻳدار ،ﻪـﺘﺨﻴﮕﻧاﺮﺑ يﺎـﻫ ل و دازآ يﺎـﻫ
ﻮﻳ ن ﻲﻣ ﺎﻫ دﻮﺷ ] 6 ﺎﺗ 9 [ . نوﺮـﺘﻜﻟا رﺎﺸـﺘﻧا ﺎـﺑ ﺪـﻧردﺎﻗ يژﺮـﻧاﺮﭘ يﺎـﻫ
يژﺮﻧا رد ﺪـﻨﻳﺎﻤﻧ زﺎـﻏآ ﻪﻳﻮﻧﺎﺛ ﺶﻨﻛاو ناراﺰﻫ بآ نورد . نﺎﻣﺪـﻧار
ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴـﺷ لﻮﺼـﺤﻣ ﻚـﻳ ﻪـﺑ نوﺮﺘﻜﻟا يژﺮﻧا ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ ﺎـﺑ راﺪـﻘﻣ G
) 6 (
ﺺﺨﺸﻣ ﻲﻣ دﻮﺷ . راﺪﻘﻣ G ، لﻮﻣوﺮﻜﻴﻣ (μmol) هﺪﺷ ﺪﻴﻟﻮﺗ لﻮﺼﺤﻣ
يازا ﻪﺑ ﻢﺘﺴﻴﺳ رد ﻪﺘﻓر ﻦﻴﺑ زا ﺎﻳ 1 يژﺮﻧا لوژ هﺪﺷ بﺬﺟ ﺖﺳا ] 5 [ .

− •
+ ⎯ ⎯→ ⎯
aq
Rad
e . OH . O H 27 0 28 0
2

2 3 2 2
05 0 27 0 07 0 06 0 H . O H . O H . H . + + + +
+ •

) 1 (
) 2 (
• •
→ +
2 2
HO O H
) 3 (
− −
• → +
2 2
O O e
aq

) 4 ( te Intermedia ) oducts (Pr P A OH → +


) 5 ( products Final OH P → +


) 6 (
− • −
+ ⎯ ⎯→ ⎯ + OH OH O H e
Rad
aq 2 2

) 7 ( O H OH O H H
2 2 2
+ → +
• •

) 8 ( O H HO O H OH
2 2 2 2
+ → +
• •


زا هدﺎﻔﺘﺳا نﺎﻜﻣا ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺗ ﻦﻳا رد ﻪـﻜﻳرﺎﺑ يﺎـﻫ ﺖـﻬﺟ ﻲـﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا
ﮓﻧر و ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﻳادز ﻲـﮕﻧر يﺎـﻫ RB5
) 7 (
و AR151
) 8 (
،
و رﻮﻀﺣ رد دﻮﺒﻧ رد ﺖﺳا هﺪﺷ ﻲﺳرﺮﺑ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ . لﻮـﻠﺤﻣ يﺎـﻫ
ﻲﺑآ ﺮﻫ ﮓﻧر ود يﺎـﻫزد ﺎﺗ 1 ﺎـﺗ kG 9 ﺪـﺷ ﻲﻫدﻮـﺗﺮﭘ ،ه تاﺮـﻴﻴﻐﺗ
،ﻲﺑﺬﺟ ﻒﻴﻃ pH ﻢﻫ ، ﻪﺟرد ﻦﻴﻨﭼ ي ﮓﻧر ﻣ و ﻲﻳادز فﺬـﺣ ناﺰـﻴ
زﺎﻴﻧدرﻮﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ نﮋﻴﺴﻛا ﻲﺑﺎﻳزرا ﺷ هﺪ ﺪﻧا ] 10 [ .

2 - ﻲﺑﺮﺠﺗ ﺶﺨﺑ
2 - 1 هﺎﮕﺘﺳد و داﻮﻣ ﺎﻫ
ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ زا ي 30 % ﺖﻛﺮﺷ زا هﺪﺷ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ و نﺎﻤﻟآ كﺮﻣ
لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ياﺮﺑ هﺪﺷ ﺮﻴﻄﻘﺗ رﺎﺑود بآ ﺪـﺷ هدﺎﻔﺘـﺳا يزﺎﺳ . يﺎـﻫاﺰﮕﻧر
ر و يﺪﻴــﺳا وزآ يرﺎــﺠﺗ آ ﻮــﻴﺘﻛ RB5 و AR151 ) ﻞﻜــﺷ 1 ( زا
ﻧﺎﺧرﺎﻛ ﺪﻳدﺮﮔ ﻪﻴﻬﺗ فﺎﺑدﺰﻳ تﺎﺠ . ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا زا هدﺎﻔﺘﺳا ﺎﺑ
بﺎﺘــﺷ هﺪــﻨﻫد ي لﺪــﻣ نوﺮــﺘﻜﻟا TT200 ﺖﻛﺮــﺷ ﺖﺧﺎــﺳ IBM
ﻚﻳﮋﻠﺑ و ﻲﻠﭘ فوﺮﻇ رد ﻲﻧﺮﻴﺘـﺳا ﻢـﺠﺣ ﻪـﺑ 200 ﻲـﻠﻴﻣ ﺮـﺘﻴﻟ مﺎـﺠﻧا
ا ﻪﻜﻳرﺎﺑ زا هدﺎﻔﺘﺳ ﮓﻧر ياﺮﺑ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا يﺎﻫ ﻲﻳادز . . .

٧٠
ﺖﻓﺮﮔ . ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﻲﺑﺬﺟ ﻒﻴﻃ ﻒـﻴﻃ ﻂﺳﻮﺗ ﺎﻫ ﺞﻨـﺳ ﺶﻔﻨﺑاﺮـﻓ - ﻲـﺋﺮﻣ
لﺪــﻣ 1201 Shimadzu و ﻦــﭘاژ ﺖﺧﺎــﺳ pH ﻂــﺳﻮﺗ pH ﻣ ﺮــﺘ
Hanna لﺪﻣ HI 9812 هزاﺪﻧا ﺎﻴﻟﺎﺘﻳا ﺖﺧﺎﺳ ﺪـﺷ يﺮﻴﮔ . نﮋﻴﺴـﻛا
ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ زﺎﻴﻧدرﻮﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺪﻳدﺮﮔ ﻦﻴﻴﻌﺗ ﺪﻴﺳا ﻚﻴﻣوﺮﻛ شور .

2 - 2 رﺎﻛ شور
ﺮــﻴﻄﻘﺗ رﺎــﺑود بآ زا هدﺎﻔﺘــﺳا ﺎــﺑ هﺪــﺷ لﻮــﻠﺤﻣ ، ــﺑ ﻲﻳﺎــﻫ ﻪ ﺖــﻈﻠﻏ
mg/L 100 ﮓــﻧر ود ﺮــﻫ زا RB5 و AR151 و ﻪــﻴﻬﺗ ﺎــﺗ يﺎــﻫزد
ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ 1 ، 3 ، 6 و 9 ﻮﻠﻴﻛ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ يﺮﮔ ﺪﻧﺪﺷ . ،ﻲﺑﺬـﺟ ﻒﻴﻃ pH و
زﺎﻴﻧ درﻮﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ نﮋﻴﺴﻛا ناﺰﻴﻣ ﻞﺒﻗ و ﺪﻌﺑ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ زا هزاﺪﻧا يﺮـﻴﮔ
ﺪﺷ . ياﺮﺑ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ،ﻮﺗﺮﭘ زد و يژﺮﻧا فﺮﺼﻣ ﺶﻫﺎﻛ يوﺎـﺣ يﺎﻫ 1 ﺎـﺗ
8 ﻲﻠﻴﻣ و ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ ﺮﺘﻴﻟﺮﺑ لﻮﻣ 100 ﻲﻠﻴﻣ ﮓـﻧر ﺮـﺘﻴﻟﺮﺑ مﺮـﮔ RB5
و ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﺰﻴﻧ نآ ﻲﮔﺪﻨﻨﻛﺪﻳﺪﺸـﺗ ﺮـﺛا ﺖـﻓﺮﮔ راﺮـﻗ ﻲـﺳرﺮﺑ درﻮـﻣ .
ﺎﺒــﺳﺎﺤﻣ ﮓــﻧر ت فﺬــﺣ و ﻲــﻳادز زﺎــﻴﻧ درﻮــﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴــﺷ نﮋﻴﺴــﻛا
لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﺑ ﻲﮕﻧر يﺎﻫ ﺎ زا هدﺎﻔﺘﺳا ﻄﺑار ﻪ يﺎﻫ ﺪﺷ مﺎﺠﻧا ﺮﻳز

) 9 ( (A
0
-A
i
)/A
0
× 100 = ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد ﻲﻳادز
A
0
و A
i
ﻪﻨﻴﺸﻴﺑ بﺬﺟ ﺖﺳا ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ زا ﺪﻌﺑ و ﻞﺒﻗ رد لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ي .

) 10 ( (COD
0
-COD
i
)/COD
0
× 100 = ﺪﺻرد ﺣ فﺬ COD
COD
0
و COD
i
ﺮﻳدﺎﻘﻣ COD ﻲﻣ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ زا ﺪﻌﺑ و ﻞﺒﻗ رد ﺪﺷﺎﺑ .

3 - ﺚﺤﺑ و ﺞﻳﺎﺘﻧ
3 - 1 ﻲﺑﺬﺟ زد ﺮﺛا
لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﺑﺬﺟ ﻒﻴﻃ ﮓـﻧر ود ﺮـﻫ ﻲـﺑآ يﺎﻫ RB5 و AR151 رد
ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ يﺎﻫزد 1 ، 3 ، 6 و 9 ﻮﻠﻴﻛ ﻞﻜﺷ رد يﺮﮔ يﺎـﻫ 2 و 3 نﺎﺸـﻧ
ﺖﺳا هﺪﺷ هداد . بﺬﺟ هﺪـﺷ هﺪﻫﺎﺸـﻣ يﺎﻫ ، ﮓـﻧر ياﺮـﺑ RB5 رد
ﻮــﻣ لﻮــﻃ ج يﺎــﻫ 597 ، 384 ، 309 و 231 ﮓــﻧر ياﺮــﺑ و ﺮﺘﻣﻮﻧﺎــﻧ
AR151 جﻮﻣ لﻮﻃ رد يﺎﻫ 508 و 317 زا ﺲـﭘ ﺮﺘﻣﻮﻧﺎﻧ ﻫدﻮـﺗﺮﭘ ﻲ
د زد ر kGy 1 ﺪﺷ ﺪﻳﺪﭘﺎﻧ و ﻪﺘﻓﺎﻳ ﺶﻫﺎﻛ تﺪﺷ ﻪﺑ ه ا ﺪـﻧ . ﺶﻳاﺰـﻓا ﺎـﺑ
ﻪﺑ ﻲﺑﺬﺟ زد kGy 3 ﻪﻴﺣﺎﻧ رد بﺬﺟ ﺶﻫﺎﻛ ناﺰﻴﻣ ، ي ﺮﻣ ـﺋ ياﺮـﺑ ﻲ
ﻪـﺑ ﮓﻧر ود ﺮﻫ 92 % ﺪﻴـﺳر . ﻲـﻣ ﺐـﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻦـﻳا ﻪـﺑ ﺑ زد ناﻮـﺗ ار ﻪـﻨﻴﻬ
kGy 3 ﺖــــﻓﺮﮔ ﺮــــﻈﻧ رد . يراﺪــــﻳﺎﭘﺎﻧ ﮓــــﻧر آ يﺎﻫزﺎــــﺳ وز
) 9 (
(-N=N-) و ﮓــﻧر ﺶﻫﺎــﻛ ﺖــﻠﻋ ،ﻲــﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا يﺎــﻫﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﺮــﺑاﺮﺑ رد
ﻪﻠﻗ ﺮﻣ ﻲﺣاﻮﻧ رد بﺬﺟ يﺎﻫ ﺋ ﺖﺳا ﻲ . ﮓﻧر ﻞﻴﻟد ﻦﻴﻤﻫ ﻪﺑ وزآ يﺎﻫ
ﻦﻴﻳﺎﭘ يﺎﻫزد رد ﺖﻋﺮﺳ ﻪﺑ ﮓﻧر ﻲﻣ ﻲﻳادز ﺪﻧﻮﺷ . ﮓﻧر ﻚﻳ ﻲﻳادز
ﻪﻴﻔﺼﺗ ياﺮﺑ ﻢﻬﻣ ﺺﺧﺎﺷ ي بﺎﺴﭘ ﺖـﺳا ﻲﺟﺎﺴـﻧ يﺎﻫ . ﻞﻜـﺷ يﺎـﻫ
4 و 5 ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد ﮓـﻧر ﻲـﻳادز يﺎـﻫ RB5 و AR151 نﺎﺸـﻧ ار
ﻲﻣ ﻫد ـﻨ ﺪ . ﮓـﻧر ر يﺎـﻫ آ زد رد يﺪﻴـﺳا و ﻮـﻴﺘﻛ 1 ﻮـﻠﻴﻛ يﺮـﮔ ﻪـﺑ ،
،ناﺰﻴﻣ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ ، 4
/
77 % و 22
/
86 % زد رد و 9 يﺮﮔﻮﻠﻴﻛ ،ناﺰﻴﻣ ﻪﺑ ،
،ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ 84
/
98 % و 47
/
95 % ﮓﻧر هﺪـﺷ ﻲـﻳادز ﺪـﻧا . ﻢـﻫ رد ﻦﻴـﻨﭼ
ﻞﻜﺷ 4 ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﻳادز RB5 ﻪﻨﻴﻬﺑ راﺪﻘﻣ رﻮﻀﺣ رد ي
و ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ دﻮﺒﻧ رد ﻦﻳا ﺖﺳا هﺪﺷ ﻪﺴﻳﺎﻘﻣ هﺪﻨﺴﻛا ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﻪﻛ رد
ﻪﻣادا ﺪـﺷ ﺪـﻫاﻮﺧ هرﺎﺷا نآ ﻪﺑ . ﻲﺠﻳرﺪـﺗ ﺶﻫﺎـﻛ نﮋﻴﺴـﻛا راﺪـﻘﻣ
رد زﺎﻴﻧ درﻮﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ نﺎﻴﺑ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ زا ﺪﻌﺑ ﻲـﻟآ داﻮـﻣ فﺬـﺣ ﺮـﮔ
نآ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ و لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ود ﺮﻫ رد دﻮﺟﻮﻣ ﻲﻣ ﻲﻟآﺮﻴﻏ داﻮﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺎﻫ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ . ﺎﺑ
ﻞﻜـﺷ ﻪـﺑ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ 6 فﺬـﺣ نﺎﻣﺪـﻧار ، زﺎـﻴﻧ درﻮـﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴـﺷ نﮋﻴﺴـﻛا
لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﮓﻧر يﺎﻫ RB5 و AR151 ، ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ ، 86 و 81 % ﻪﺒﺳﺎﺤﻣ
ﺪﻳدﺮﮔ . ﻞﻜـﺷ يﺎـﻫ 7 و 8 ﺪـﻧور تاﺮـﻴﻴﻐﺗ pH ﻲﻫدﻮـﺗﺮﭘ زد ﺎـﺑ ار
ﻲﻣ نﺎﺸﻧ ﺪـﻨﻫد . لﻮـﻜﻟﻮﻣ ﻲﻫدﻮـﺗﺮﭘ عوﺮـﺷ ﺎـﺑ ﺰـﺑ يﺎـﻫ ﮓـﻧر گر
ﻚﭼﻮﻛ و ﻂﺳﻮﺘﻣ ﻲﻟآ تﺎﺒﻴﻛﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ و ﻪﺘﺴﻜﺷ ﻲـﻣ ﻞﻳﺪـﺒﺗ ﺮﺗ ﺪﻧﻮـﺷ .
ﻪﻄـﺳاو تﻻﻮﺼـﺤﻣ ﻲﻠـﺻا عاﻮـﻧا زا ﻲﻜﻳ ﻲﻟآ يﺎﻫﺪﻴﺳا ي ﻲﺘﻗﻮـﻣ
ﻲـﻣ دﻮـﺟو ﻪـﺑ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ لﻮﻃ رد ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳا ﻳآ ـﻨ و ﺪ pH ﺶﻫﺎـﻛ ار
ﻲﻣ ﻫد ـﻨ ﺪ . pH ﮓـﻧر يﺎـﻫ RB5 و AR151 زد رد 1 يﺮﮔﻮـﻠﻴﻛ ،
ﺐــﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻪــﺑ ، 3
/
4 و 2
/
6 زد رد و 9 يﺮﮔﻮــﻠﻴﻛ ، ﺗ ﻪــﺑ ﺐــﻴﺗﺮ ، 7
/
3 و
2
/
5 هزاﺪــﻧا ﺪــﺷ يﺮــﻴﮔ . بآ رﻮﻀــﺣ رد هﮋــﻳو ﻪــﺑ ﻻﺎــﺑ يﺎــﻫزد رد
ﺐـﻳﺮﺨﺗ ﺪﻨﻳاﺮﻓ ﻚﻳ رد ﻪﻄﺳاو تﻻﻮﺼﺤﻣ ،ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا ﻲﺸـﻳﺎﺴﻛا ﻪـﺑ
نﻮﻳ ﻪﻃﻮﺑﺮﻣ يﺎﻫﺪﻴﺳا و ﻲﻧﺪﻌﻣ يﺎﻫ ﻲﻣ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﺗ نﺎﺷا و ﺪﻧﻮﺷ pH ﻪـﺑ
ناﺰﻴﻣ يدﺎﻳز ﻲﻣ ﺶﻫﺎﻛ ﺪﺑﺎﻳ ) ﻞﻜﺷ يﺎﻫ 7 و 8 .(



ﻞﻜﺷ 1 - ﮓﻧر رﺎﺘﺧﺎﺳ يﺪﻴﺳا و ﻮﻴﺘﻛآر وزآ يﺎﻫ RB5 و AR151 .
ﻋ ﻪﻠﺠﻣ ﻪﺘﺴﻫ نﻮﻨﻓ و مﻮﻠ هرﺎﻤﺷ ،يا 50 ، 1388

٧١


ﻞﻜﺷ 2 - لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﺑﺬﺟ ﻒﻴﻃ ﮓﻧر ﻲﺑآ RB5 ﻒـﻠﺘﺨﻣ يﺎـﻫزد رد 1 ، 3 ، 6 و
9 ﻮﻠﻴﻛ ﺮﮔ ي .



ﻞﻜﺷ 3 - لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﺑﺬﺟ ﻒﻴﻃ ﮓﻧر ﻲﺑآ AR151 ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ يﺎﻫزد رد 1 ، 3 ، 6
و 9 ﻮﻠﻴﻛ ﺮﮔ ي .



ﻞﻜﺷ 4 - ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد ﮓـﻧر ﻲـﺑآ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﻳادز RB5 رد و رﻮﻀـﺣ رد دﻮـﺒﻧ
ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ .



ﻞﻜﺷ 5 - ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد ﮓﻧر ﻲﺑآ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﻳادز AR151 .


ﺷ ﻞﻜ 6 - زﺎﻴﻧدرﻮﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ نﮋﻴﺴﻛا فﺬﺣ ﺪﺻرد لﻮـﻠﺤﻣ يﺎـﻫ ﻲـﺑآ RB5 و
AR151 .



ﻞﻜﺷ 7 - تاﺮﻴﻴﻐﺗ pH ﮓﻧر RB5 رد و رﻮﻀﺣ رد ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ زد ﺐﺴﺣﺮﺑ دﻮﺒﻧ
ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ .



ﻞﻜﺷ 8 - تاﺮـﻴﻴﻐﺗ pH ﮓـﻧر AR151 و رﻮﻀـﺣ رد ﻲﻫدﻮـﺗﺮﭘ زد ﺐﺴـﺣﺮﺑ
رد ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ دﻮﺒﻧ .

3 - 2 ﻴﻬﺑ و ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ ﺮﺛا ﻪﻨ نآ يزﺎﺳ
و ﻒـﻠﺘﺨﻣ يﺎـﻫزد رد ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ زا هﺪﻣآ ﺖﺳد ﻪﺑ ﺞﻳﺎﺘﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﺎﺑ
هﺪﻫﺎﺸﻣ ي ﮓﻧر تاﺮﺛا ﻲﻳادز ناﺰﻴﻣ ﺶﻫﺎﻛ و هﺪﻨﻧﻮﻳ يﺎﻫﻮﺗﺮﭘ دﺎﻳز
زﺎﻴﻧ درﻮﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ نﮋﻴﺴﻛا ﺶﻫﺎـﻛ و COD لﻮـﻠﺤﻣ ﻲـﮕﻧر يﺎـﻫ
زد ،ﺚﺤﺑ درﻮﻣ 1 ﺮـﺛا ﻲـﺳرﺮﺑ ياﺮﺑ ﺐﺳﺎﻨﻣ زد ناﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ يﺮﮔﻮﻠﻴﻛ
ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﺮﻈﻧ رد ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ ﺪﺷ . ﺴﻛا ﻚﻳ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ ﻨ هﺪ ي يﻮـﻗ
ﺪﻳﺪﺸﺗ ﺮﺛا ﻪﻛ ﺖﺳا ي لﻮـﻜﻟﻮﻣ ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ رد ﮓـﻧر گرﺰـﺑ يﺎـﻫ ﺎـﻫ
200 300 400 500 600 700
(nm) λ

3




1.5




0
C: 3 kGy
D: 6 kGy
E: 9 kGy
A: 0 kGy

B: 1 kGy
A

3




1.5






0
200 300 400 500 600 700
(nm) λ
A: 0 kGy
B: 1 kGy
C: 3 kGy
D: 6 kGy
E: 9 kGy
A

Absorbed dose (kGy)
p
H

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0 2 4 6 8 10
AR151
AR151,5mmol /L H2O2
AR151
AR151+H
2
O
2
(5m mol/L)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
0 2 4 6 8 10
RB5
RB5,5mmol/L H2O2
Absorbed dose (kGy)
p
H

RB5
RB5+H
2
O
2
(5m mol/L)
0
20
40
60
80
100
0 2 4 6 8 10
RB5
AR151
C
O
D

r
e
m
o
v
a
l

(
%
)

Absorbed dose (kGy)
AR151
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0 2 4 6 8 10
d
e
c
o
l
o
r
a
t
i
o
n

(
%
)
D
e
g
r
e
e

o
f

d
e
c
o
l
o
r
a
t
i
o
n

(
%
)

Absorbed dose (kGy)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0 2 4 6 8 10
RB5
RB5,5mmol/LH2O2
Absorbed dose (kGy)
D
e
g
r
e
e

o
f

d
e
c
o
l
o
r
a
t
i
o
n

(
%
)

RB5
RB5+H
2
O
2
(5m mol/L)
ا ﻪﻜﻳرﺎﺑ زا هدﺎﻔﺘﺳ ﮓﻧر ياﺮﺑ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا يﺎﻫ ﻲﻳادز . . .

٧٢
دراد . ﻞﻜﺷ 9 ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد لﻮـﻠﺤﻣ ﻲـﻳادز RB5 ﺪـﻘﻣ ﺐﺴـﺣﺮﺑ را
ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ رد ﺖﺑﺎﺛ زد 1 ﻮﻠﻴﻛ يﺮﮔ ار رد ﻲﻣ نﺎﺸﻧ ﺪﻫد . ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﺎﺑ
ﻪﺑ ﻦﻳا ﮓـﻧر ناﺰـﻴﻣ ﻦﻳﺮﺗﻻﺎـﺑ ،ﻞﻜﺷ ﻲـﻳادز 78
/
99 % ﻪـﺑ ﻪـﻛ ﺖـﺳا
ﻲـﮕﻧر لﻮﻠﺤﻣ يوﺎـﺣ mmol/L 5 دراد صﺎﺼـﺘﺧا ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴـﻛا بآ .
راﺪﻘﻣ ﻦﻳاﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ mmol/L 5 رد ﻪـﻨﻴﻬﺑ راﺪـﻘﻣ ناﻮـﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ
ﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﺮﻈﻧ . ﮓـﻧر ﺶﻳاﺰـﻓا ﺖﻠﻋ ﺎـﺗ يﺮـﺑ راﺪـﻘﻣ mmol/L 5 و
ﺶﻫﺎـــﻛ نآ زا ﺶﻴـــﺑ ﺮﻳدﺎـــﻘﻣ رد mmol/L 5 ، بآ ﺶﻨـــﻛاو ﻪـــﺑ
ﻲﻠﺻا تﻻﻮﺼﺤﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا ﻴﻟﻮﻳدار ﺰ بآ
) OH , H , e (
aq
• • •
ﺑﺮﻣ طﻮ
ﻲﻣ دﻮﺷ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﻦﻴﺣ رد ﻪﻛ دﻮﺟو ﻲﻣ ﻳآ ﻨ ﺪ ) تﻻدﺎﻌﻣ 6 و 7 و
8 ( . ﻲﻣ نﺎﺸﻧ ﻲﺑﻮﺧ ﻪﺑ تﻻدﺎﻌﻣ ﻦﻳا ﻫد ـﻨ ﻢﻫﺮـﺑ زا ﻪـﻛ ﺪ بآ ﺶﻨـﻛ
نوﺮﺘﻜﻟا ﺎﺑ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا ﻲﺷﻮﭘ بآ يﺎﻫ ﺷ لﺎـﻜﻳدار ،نژورﺪﻴﻫ ﻢﺗا و هﺪ
ﻞﻴﺴﻛورﺪﻴﻫ يﻮﻗ رﺎﻴﺴﺑ )
0
(OH ﻲﻣ ﻞﻴﻜﺸﺗ ﻮﺷ ﻲﺑﻮﺧ ﻞﻴﻟد ﻦﻳا و د
ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد ﺶﻳاﺰﻓا ياﺮﺑ ﻳادز ا ﻲ ﺖﺳ . بآ ﻪـﻛ ﻲﻣﺎﮕﻨﻫ ﺲﻜﻋﺮﺑ
ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴــﻛا ي لﺎــﻜﻳدار ﺪــﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘــﺷاد دﻮــﺟو لﻮــﻠﺤﻣ رد ﻲﻓﺎــﺿا
ﻞﻴﺴــﻛورﺪﻴﻫﺮﭘ
) HO (

2
ﺎﺴﻛا ﻞﻴﺴــﻧﺎﺘﭘ ﺎــﺑ ﻲﺸــﻳ ﻢــﻛ ﻪــﺑ ﺖﺒﺴــﻧ ﺮــﺗ
ﻳدار ـ ﻴﻫ لﺎﻜ ـ ﻴﺴﻛورﺪ ـ ﻴﻜﺸﺗ ﻞ ـ ﺠﻴﺘﻧ رد و ﻞ ـ ﻧر نﺎﻣﺪﻧار ﻪ ـ ﮓ ﻲﻳادز
ﻛ ﺶﻫﺎ ﻲﻣ ﻳ ﺎ ﺪﺑ ) ﻞﻜﺷ 9 .( ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ ﻊﻗاو رد ي ﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻓﺎﺿا ناﻮ
ﻊﻤﺟ هﺪﻨﻨﻛ ي لﺎﻜﻳدار ﻞﻴﺴﻛورﺪﻴﻫ يﺎﻫ دﺮـﻛ ﺪﻫاﻮﺧ ﻞﻤﻋ . ﻞﻜـﺷ
4 ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﻳادز ﻲﺑآ ﮓـﻧر RB5 ﻲﺑﺬـﺟ يﺎـﻫزد رد
و رﻮﻀـﺣ رد و ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ دﻮـﺒﻧ رد ﻲـﻣ نﺎﺸـﻧ ار ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴـﻛا بآ ﺪـﻫد .
نﺎﻤﻫ زا ﻪﻛ رﻮﻃ ﻦﻳا ﺰﻴﻧ ﻞﻜﺷ ﻲـﻣﺮﺑ ﺪـﻳآ ﮓـﻧر ﺪـﺻرد رد ﻲـﻳادز
ﺰﻓا ﻦﻴﻳﺎﭘ يﺎﻫزد رد هﮋﻳو ﻪﺑ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا بآ رﻮﻀﺣ ﺖـﺳا ﻪـﺘﻓﺎﻳ ﺶﻳا .
ﻪﺴﻳﺎﻘﻣ زا ي ﻞﻜﺷ ﻲﻨﺤﻨﻣ ود 4 ﻲـﻣ مﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺰﻴﻧ ﺮﺗﻻﺎﺑ يﺎﻫزد رد ددﺮـﮔ
زد ﻪﻛ 9 هﺪﻨﺴـﻛا ﻪـﺑ زﺎـﻴﻧ نوﺪـﺑ و ﻲﻳﺎـﻬﻨﺗ ﻪـﺑ يﺮﮔﻮـﻠﻴﻛ ي ،ﻲـﻜﻤﻛ
ﻪـﻨﻴﻬﺑ ياﺮـﺑ ﻪـﭼﺮﮔا دراد ار ﮓـﻧر ﻞﻣﺎﻛ ًﺎﺘﺒﺴﻧ ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ ﻲﻳﺎﻧاﻮﺗ يزﺎـﺳ
ﻲﻣ يژﺮﻧا فﺮﺼﻣ ﻦﻴﻳﺎﭘ يﺎﻫزد ناﻮﺗ هﺪﻨﺴـﻛا ﻚـﻳ ﺎـﺑ هاﺮـﻤﻫ ار ﺮـﺗ ي
د ﻲﻜﻤﻛ ﻪﻴﻔﺼﺗ ر ي داد راﺮﻗ هدﺎﻔﺘﺳا درﻮﻣ ﻲﮕﻧر لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻚﻳ .



ﻞﻜﺷ 9 - ﮓﻧر ﺪﺻرد لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﻳادز RB5 ﻘﻣ ﺐﺴﺣﺮﺑ بآ راﺪ ﻪﻧﮋﻴﺴﻛا رد زد
ﺖﺑﺎﺛ 1 ﻮﻠﻴﻛ ﺮﮔ ي .
4 - ﻪﺠﻴﺘﻧ يﺮﻴﮔ
ﻒﻴﻃ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻲﺑﺬﺟ ﻲﮕﻧر يﺎﻫ رد و ﻞـﺒﻗ رد ﻪـﺑ ﻲﻫدﻮـﺗﺮﭘ زا ﺪـﻌﺑ
ﻲﻣ نﺎﺸﻧ ﻲﺑﻮﺧ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻪﻛ ﺪﻫد ﻲﺑآ ﮓﻧر ر يﺎـﻫ آ يﺪﻴـﺳا و ﻮـﻴﺘﻛ
ﮓﻧر و ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا يﺎﻫﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﺎﺑ وزآ ﻲـﻣ ﻲﻳادز ﺪﻧﻮـﺷ . ﺞﻳﺎـﺘﻧ
ﻲﻣ نﺎﺸﻧ ﮓـﻧر ﻪـﻛ ﺪـﻨﻫد لﻮـﻠﺤﻣ ﻲـﻳادز رﺎﺘﺧﺎـﺳ ﻪـﺑ ﻲـﮕﻧر يﺎـﻫ
ﮓﻧر ﻲﻟﻮﻜﻟﻮﻣ دراد ﻲﮕﺘﺴـﺑ ﺎﻫ ، ﻲﺗرﻮـﺻ رد فﺬـﺣ ﻪـﻛ نﮋﻴﺴـﻛا
زﺎﻴﻧ درﻮﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ و هﺪﺷ بﺬﺟ زد ﻪﺑ
2
O
2
H لﻮـﻠﺤﻣ رد دﻮـﺟﻮﻣ
ﺖﺳا ﻂﺒﺗﺮﻣ . ﺎﺑ ﻲﻫدﻮﺗﺮﭘ ﻲﻣ نوﺮﺘﻜﻟا لﻮﻜﻟﻮﻣ ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ ار ﮓـﻧر يﺎـﻫ
ﺎـﻣا ﺪﻨﻛ ﺐﻳﺮﺨﺗ لﻮـﻜﻟﻮﻣ ﻞـﻣﺎﻛ ﺐـﻳﺮﺨﺗ زد مﺰﻠﺘﺴـﻣ ﮓـﻧر يﺎـﻫ
ﺖﺳا ﻲﻳﻻﺎﺑ ﻲﺑﺬﺟ . رﻮﻀﺣ
2
O
2
H ﻲﻣ لﻮـﻠﺤﻣ ﺐـﻳﺮﺨﺗ ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ يﺎـﻫ
ﻢﻫ و ﻲﮕﻧر فﺬﺣ نﺎﻣﺪﻧار ﻦﻴﻨﭼ زﺎﻴﻧ درﻮﻣ ﻲﻳﺎﻴﻤﻴﺷ نﮋﻴﺴﻛا ﻪـﺑ ار
ﺪـﻫد ﺶﻳاﺰـﻓا يدﺎﻳز راﺪﻘﻣ . ﻪﻴﻔﺼـﺗ رد ﻦﻳاﺮﺑﺎـﻨﺑ ي بﻼـﺿﺎﻓ يﺎـﻫ
ﻲــﮕﻧر زا هدﺎﻔﺘــﺳا ،ﻲــﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟا ﻲﻫدﻮــﺗﺮﭘ زا هدﺎﻔﺘــﺳا ﺎــﺑ ﻲﺟﺎﺴــﻧ
هﺪﻨﺴﻛا ﺎﻫ ﻳ ﺮﻴﻈﻧ ﻲ
2
O
2
H ﻲﻣ نزا و ﻣ رﺎﻴﺴﺑ ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ ﺆ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺮﺛ .

ﻲﭘ ﺖﺷﻮﻧ ﺎﻫ :
1- COD: Chemical Oxygen Demand
2- Micro Organisms
3- Azo Dyes
4- AOP: Advanced Oxidation Process
5- Aqueous Electron
6- G Value
7- RB5: C.I. Reactive Black 5
8- AR151: C.I. Acid Red 151
9- Azo Chromophore


















RB5
70
80
90
100
110
0 2 4 6 8 10
l/L H O
(
)
H
2
O
2
(mmol/L)
D
e
g
r
e
e

o
f

d
e
c
o
l
o
r
a
t
i
o
n

(
%
)

ﻋ ﻪﻠﺠﻣ ﻪﺘﺴﻫ نﻮﻨﻓ و مﻮﻠ هرﺎﻤﺷ ،يا 50 ، 1388

٧٣
References:

1. N. Getoff, “Radiation chemistry of wastewater
treatment,” IAEA Regional Coordination
Meeting, Vienna, Austria, July 25-28 (2005).

2. N.H. Ince, M.I. Stefan, J.R. Bolton, “UV/H
2
O
2

degradation and toxicity of textile azo dyes:
remazol black-B,” A Case Study, Journal of
Advanced Oxidation Technology, 2, 442- 448
(1997).

3. M. Neamtu, I. Siminiceanu, A. Yediler, A.
Kettrup, “Kinetics of decolorization and
mineralization of reactive azo dyes in aqueous
solution by the UV/H
2
O
2
oxidation,” Dyes and
Pigments, 53, 93-99 (2002).

4. N. Getoff, “Radiation induced degradation of
water pollutants-state of the art,” Radiation
Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 47, No. 4, 581-593
(1997).

5. W.J. Cooper, P. Gehringer, A.K. Pikaev, C.N.
Kurucz, B.J. Mincher, “Chapter 9: radiation
processes: advanced oxidation processes for
water and wastewater treatment,” Editor(s):
Simon Parsons (2004).

6. P. Gehringer, “Advances in radiation
processing of wastewater-basics of the
process,” IAEA-TECDOC-1407, 7-18, Vienna,
Austria.

7. M. Wang, R. Yang, W. Wang, Z. Shen, Sh.
Bian, Z. Zhu, “Radiation-induced
decomposition and decoloration of reactive
dyes in the presence of H
2
O
2
,” Radiation
Physics and Chemistry, 75, 286-291 (2006).

8. C.N. Kurucz, T.D. Waite, W.J. Cooper, “The
miami electron beam research facility: a large
scale wastewater treatment application,”
Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 45, No.
2, 299-308 (1995).

9. B.J. Mincher and W.J. Cooper, “The electron
beam process for the radiolytic degradation of
pollutants, chapter 7 in: chemical degradation
methods for wastes and pollutants:
environmental and industrial applications,”
Environmental Science and pollution Control
Series/26, Marcel Decker Publishers, New
York (2003).

10. D. Solpan and O. Guven, “Decoloration and
degradation of some textile dyes by gamma
irradiation,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry,
65, 549-558 (2002).







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