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Environment Envlronnemenl

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Canada

Canada

MEMORANDUM'T'O

NOV U 7 1011

M1N-150477

MINISTER

34TH SESSION OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE
(For Information) PURPOSE To provide you with information on Canada's approach to the 34th Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ([PCC).

SUMMARY
Canada will participate in the 34th Session of the JPCC in Kampala, Uganda, from November 14 to 19, 2011. There are two main objectives for this meeting: (i) to approve the IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX); and (ii) 10 further implement the IPCC's response to the 2010 InterAcademy Council review of the IPCC's governance, procedures, and management. Dr. Karen Dodds (Assistant Deputy Minister, Science and Technology) is Canada's IPCC Focal Point and will lead theCanadian delegation. She will be supported by expert and technical officials from Environment Canada, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, and Natural Resources Canada (see Annex J). The Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation will be released shortly in advance of the 17th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (COP 17). It is expected that "there will be higher than usual interest in the report's findings. The IPCC will hold a press conference to brief the media on the report directly following the Panel's approval of the report. A communications plan recommending Session of the IPCC is being prepared. a low-profile, responsive approach for the 34th .

CONTEXT AND CURRENT STATUS TIle IPCC is an intergovernmental organization that assesses scientific, technical, and socioeconomic information relevant to understanding climate change, its potential impacts, and options for adaptation and mitigation. The focus of the 34th session of the IPec will be on the Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. The report is an assessment of the effects of climate change on extreme weather and climate events and their influence on disasters; and the potential for climate change adaptation and risk management to reduce the risks of negative impacts. Governments will be asked to approve the Summary for Policyrnakers ofthe report on a line-by-line basis. This approval is a signal of governments' acceptance of the findings of the report.

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The 34th session of the lPee will also focus on the IPCC's work to reform its structures and processes in response to the recommendations made as part 0 f the independent review of the organization by the InterAcademy Council. Most of the major decisions on reforming the TPee were taken at the previous session of the IPCC, including decisions to form a new IPCC executive committee, to adopt terms of reference for the IPCC Bureau (the scientific advisory committee of the IPCC), to adopt a new IPCC conflict of interest policy, and to adopt new guidance for improving lPCC communications.

At the 34th Session of the IPCC, further decisions will be taken to approve (i) an implementation plan and disclosure form for the fPCC's conflict of interest policy; (ii) terms of reference for the administrative bodies of the IPee (the IPCC Secretariat and technical support units); (iii) revised procedures far preparing IPce reports; and (iv) a formal IPCC communication strategy (reflecting the communications guidance already approved at the previous session of the IPCC). CONSIDERATIONS
The findings of the Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation will be relevant to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Work Programme on loss and damage, established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework to consider approaches to addressing loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to adverse effects. The main findings of the report include the following. " There is evidence (based on observations since 1950) that some climate extremes have changed on a global scale as a result of anthropogenic infl uences, such as an increase in the extreme daily maximum and minimum temperatures and intensification of extreme precipitation. Economic losses from weather- and climate-related disasters are increasing, but trends in economic losses from disasters cannot be reliably attributed to climate change.

'"

"

Future changes in exposure, vulnerability and climate extremes, and socioeconomic
development can alter the impacts of climate extremes on natural and human systems and the potential for disasters.

"

Observed and projected trends in exposure, vulnerability, design of risk management and adaptation strategies,

and climate extremes can guide

Refer to Annex II for

a: full listing ofdraft findings.
POSITION

s.69(1)(g)

re:(c)

DEP ARTMENTAL

. For the approval of the Summary for Policyrnakers of the Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation, the Canadian delegation's main objectives will be to ensure that the summary remains fully

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consistent with the scientific assessment contained in the underlying technical chapters of the report and that the key findings of the full report are communicated in the summary in a manner that is clear, accurate, and accessibJe to policymakers For the implementation of the recommendations of the InrerAcaderny Council, the Canadian delegation will support continued progress by the IPCC 10 finalize governance, procedural, and management changes that help to protect and enhance the integrity and transparency of the IPCC's assessment process. NEXT STEPS • Environment Canada will work with Natural Resources Canada and Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada to develop detailed Canadian positions for the items to be discussed at this meeting.

Paul Boothe Deputy Minister
CC.

Andrea Lyon Associate Deputy Minister
c.c, Paul Boothe

Andrea Lyon

A ttachmentl s) (3): e Annex 1- Canadian Delegation to the 34th Session of the Intergovernmental

Panel on Climate Change e Annex ll- Draft Findings of the Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation ~ Provisional agenda for the 34th Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

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BACKGROUND
Organization and procedures of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change OPCC) was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The mandate of the IPCC is to assess scientific, technical, and socio-economic information relevant to the understanding of climate change, its potential impacts, and options for adaptation and mitigation. The main activity of the IPCe is to provide regular assessments of the state of knowledge on climate change. The IPCe also prepares special reports, methodology reports, and technical papers on focused topics where independent scientific information and advice are deemed necessary and where they support the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UN FCCC) through work on methodologies for national greenhouse gas inventories. The development of TPeC reports is scientifically rigorous. The IPCC begins a new assessment by developing a general outline, typically through a "seeping" meeting of experts. International teams of lead authors are assembled to prepare each chapter. Small teams of review editors are also assembled to oversee the review process, The written report is based on the expert assessment of the state of science through critical evaluation of the published literature.
All IPCC reports pass through a two-stage review process. For the first review, the drafts arc circulated to experts in the given field, Revised drafts are distributed for the second review to expert reviewers and governments. At each stage, authors are required to respond to every review comment in writing. The final contents of individual chapters arc "accepted" and the technical summary is "adopted" by the IPCC Plenary. The summaries for policymakers of IPce reports arc approved, line by line, by governments at a session of the TPCC.

Current

As part of its ongoing fif-th assessment

cycle (2008-2014), the IPCe decided 10 prepare two special reports on targeted issues that are of interest to member governments and that will inform the development the IPCC's fifth comprehensive assessment report on climate change (AR5). The Special Report on Renewable Energy and Climate Change Mitigation was approved and published by the IPCC in May 2011. In April 2008, the IPCC launched preparations for the fifth assessment report on climate change. Similar to the lPCe's Fourth Assessment Report, the fifth assessment report will consist of four sections: contributions by each of the three lPee working groups (physical sciences of climate change, natural science assessments of impacts, and social science consideration of impacts and responses) and a synthesis report that will integrate findings from across the working groups. Currently, more than 800 lead authors from around the world, including 29 Canadians, are working to prepare first order drafts of the working group contributions.

IPee activities

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The components of the and 2014, as follows: Working Group Working Group Working Group Synthesis report

assessment

report are scheduled to be completed

in phases during 2013

I in September 2013 II in March 2014 III in April 2014 in October 2014.

The Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX) will be completed in November 2011. Ten Canadians contributed to the development of the Special Report on Renewable Energy and Climate Change Mitigation and the Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation as lead authors. InterAcademy Council review of the [pee In response to sustained criticisms stemming from the email hacking of the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia (United Kingdom) and the identification of errors relating to the melt rate of Himalayan glaciers in the contribution by Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report, the IPCC commissioned the InterAcademy Council to conduct an independent review of the fPeC's processes and procedures. The InterAcademy Council's report was released on August 30, 2010, and it garnered si gnifieant media attention. It concluded that the IPee had been successful overall in its work to scientifically assess the state of climate change, but the report made 22 specific recommendations to improve IPee governance and management, assessment procedures, characterization of scientific uncertainty, and communications. The most significant recommendations proposed that the IPCC: (; " establish an executive committee sessions of the IPCC plenary; to oversee ongoing decision making in between

adopt a streamlined process for the review of IPCC reports that focuses on addressing issue-based, non-editorial comments and that empowers review editors to ensure thai reviewers' comments are adequately considered by the authors and that genuine controversies arc adequately reflected in reports; require all working groups to characterize scientific uncertainty consistently in the summaries for policymakers and the technical summaries ofIPCC assessment reports; develop and adopt a rigorous conflict of interest policy that applies to all individuals directly involved in the preparation of IPCC reports; and develop and implement an IPCC communications strategy that emphasizes transparency, rapid and thoughtful responses, and relevance to stakeholders, and that includes guidelines about who can speak on behalf of the I pee and how to represent the organization appropriately.

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At the 32nd Session of the IPCC (October 2010), the Pane! agreed to accept the majority of the recommendations made by the lnterAcademy Council ana established a government-driven process to elaborate specific proposals for reforming the IPCC based on the recommendations.

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Canada collaborated actively with other governments in this process, including co-leading (with
Mexico) the development of nevi guidance for IPCC communications. At the 33rd Session of the JPCC (May 2011), the Panel took decisions to establish terms of reference for a new IPee executive committee and for the IPCC Bureau (the existing scientific advisory body of the IPCC), to adopt an IPCC conflict of interest policy, to adopt new guidance for IPCC communications, and to strengthen the IPCe's procedures for the development and review of assessment reports.

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ANNEX I
OFTHE CANADIAN DELEGATION INTERGOVERNMENTAL TO THE 34TH SESSION PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE

The Canadian delegation to the 34th Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPee) will consist of: (/ Karen Dodds, Assistant Deputy Minister, Science and Technology, Environment Canada (Head of Delegation) o Mark Berman, Director, Climate Change and Energy, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada I> Dan Jutzi, Senior Policy Analyst, Climate Change International, Environment Canada • Don Lemmen, Manager, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation, Natural Resources Canada e Heather Low, Policy Analyst, Climate Change and Energy, Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada e Katie Lundy, Science and Technology Policy Advisor, Science and Technology Strategies, Environment Canada. Two individual s wi II also attend this meeti ng as non-governmental experts contri buting to the work of the IPCC. Dr. Francis Zwiers (Director, Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium) will attend in his role as vice-chair of the IPCC Working Group I Bureau, and Dr. Ian Burton (Scientist Emeritus, Environment Canada) will attend in his role as coordinating lead author of chapter 7 (Managing the Risks: International Level and Integration Across Scales) of the Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation.

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PROVISIONAL

AGENDA

1.

OPENING APPROVAL

OF THE SESSION OF THE DRAFT REPORT OF THE 33'd SESSION

2. 3.

ACCEPTANCE OF THE ACTIONS TAKEN AT THE JOINT SESSION OF WORKING GROUP I AND WORKING GROUP liON THE SPECIAL REPORT ON MANAGING THE RISKS OF EXTREME EVENTS AND DISASTERS TO ADVANCE CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION (SREX) PREPARATION 4.1 4.2 OF THE FIFTH ASSESSMENT REPORT (AR5)

4.

Implementation of decisions by IPCC-32 on the SYR Overall schedule of preparation of the ARS and its SYR AND PROCEDURES

5.

REVIEW OF THE IPCC PROCESSES 5.1 5.2

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Conflict of Interest Policy: Adoption of the An nexes to the tPCe Conflict of Interest Policy covering Implementation and Disclosure Form. Procedures: Adoption of the revised "Appendix A to the Principles Governing IPee Work: Procedures for the Preparation. Review. Acceptance, Adoption, Approval and Publication of IPce Reports" Governance and Management: (il Consideration of the Terms of Reference of the Secretarial and Technical Support Units (TSUs); (ii) Review of how the IPCC may participate in decisions on contract renewal, employment term limit. staff appraisal, and recruitment for senior staff of the Secretariat. Communications Strategy: Approval of the Communications Strategy. GOVERNING

6.

ADOPTION OF THE REVISED "APPENDIX B TO THE PRINCIPLES r=cc WORK: FINANCIAL PROCEDURES FOR THE IPCG" MATTERS RELATED TO UNFCCC AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL

7.
8.

BODIES

FURTHER Vt/ORK TOWARDS ADOPTING REVISIONS TO "APPENDIX PRINCIPLES GOVERNING IPee WORK: RULES OF PROCEDURES ELECTION OF THE IPCC BUREAU AND ANY TASK FORCE BUREAU" IPce 9.1 9.2 PROGRAMME AND BUDGET Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Publication and translation of the SRREN REPORTS

e OF
FOR

THE THE

9,

10. 11. 12. 13.

PROGRESS

OTHER BUSmESS TIME AN 0 PLACE OF THE NEXT SESSION CLOSING OF THE SESSION

IPCC-XXXIVIDoc.

1, Rev.i. o.t

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