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Heart Attack

Heart Attack

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Published by Mark Sherwin Lazo

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Published by: Mark Sherwin Lazo on Aug 08, 2012
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Heart Attack

A heart attack is a medical emergency. Call 911 or your local emergency number if you think you or someone else is having a heart attack. The average person waits 3 hours before seeking help for symptoms of a heart attack. Many heart attack patients die before they reach a hospital. The sooner the person gets to the emergency room, the better the chance of survival. Prompt medical treatment reduces the amount of heart damage. This article discusses what to do if you think someone may be having a heart attack.

Causes
A heart attack occurs when the blood flow that carries oxygen to the heart is blocked. The heart muscle becomes starved for oxygen and begins to die.

Symptoms
Symptoms of a heart attack can vary from person to person. They may be mild or severe. Women, the elderly, and people with diabetes are more likely to have subtle or unusual symptoms. Symptoms in adults may include:   Changes in mental status, particularly in the elderly Chest pain that feels like pressure, squeezing, or fullness o The pain is usually in the center of the chest o It may also be felt in the jaw, shoulder, arms, back, and stomach o It last for more than a few minutes, or it may come and go Cold sweat Light-headedness Nausea (more common in women) Numbness, aching, or tingling in the arm (usually the left arm) Shortness of breath Weakness or fatigue, particularly in the elderly

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First Aid
If you think someone is having a heart attack:       Have the person sit down, rest, and try to keep calm. Loosen any tight clothing. Ask if the person takes any chest pain medication for a known heart condition, such as nitroglycerin, and help them take it. If the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call for emergency medical help. If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, call 911 (or your local emergency number), then begin CPR. If an infant or child is unconscious and unresponsive, perform 1 minute of CPR, then call 911.

Do NOT wait to see if the symptoms go away. Do NOT give the person anything by mouth unless a heart medication (such as nitroglycerin) has been prescribed. Do NOT allow the person to deny the symptoms and convince you not to call for emergency help.DO NOT     Do NOT leave the person alone except to call for help. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call 911 or your local emergency number immediately if the person:    Does not respond to you Is not breathing Has sudden chest pain or other symptoms of a heart attack . if necessary.

Turn off automated sprinkler systems when rain is expected. Stock up on sand and sandbags to fill in low areas around your home. Plug sewer traps with check valves . Check old caulk every year for chips and cracks. so it is less likely to overflow during heavy rain. Have a flashlight. branches and debris from gutters and drains.thereby preventing it from backing up into your home. or improvise by using large corks or stoppers to plug sinks and tubs in an emergency. which indicates the caulk has dried out and needs replacement. Otherwise. You can purchase these at a hardware store. Lower the water level in your swimming pool. Know how to turn your electricity off in the event your house gets flooded. The chlorinated pool water can be harmful to your grass.special valves that direct water in one direction only . Remove leaves. water could overflow and rot the woodwork around the roof area. Some local fire stations provide sandbags to residents during the rainy season.Home preparations For the Rainy Season Caulk cracks around windows and doors to prevent water from seeping inside. Stock Canned goods just in case of being stranded in floods . which could fall during heavy rain and cause damage. in case you get stranded in your home. Make sure not to turn it back on until everything has dried out. batteries and a first aid kit on hand. Check trees in your yard and remove any dead branches.

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