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Hello everyone! How are you all doing today? I will be talking to you today about a topic that affects everyone who wants criminals to come to justice. B. Attention Getting Advice-When Jeffry Deskovic was 16 years old, he was convicted of a rape and murder he did not commit. DNA testing eventually declared him innocent when he was 33, 17 years later. He missed out on most of high school and all of college because the police did not use DNA testing on the evidence. Deskovic even pleaded for a DNA test but the government refused his request. The government thought for sure Deskovic was guilty just from the witnesses. C. Motivation to Listen 1. Them: Many of you know what DNA is. Deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is everywhere. On your water bottle. On your clothes. A hair, a fingerprint, even a drip of your sweat could be used to identify you. It is very
and quicker. Computer Forensics which is a new study that most people do not know about and using DNA in courts of law. But. it was only a couple years ago. They say that it is expensive and useless because criminals could plant DNA in place of their own. condemn those criminals who had gotten away. then more cases would be solved. “DNA doesn’t lie. DNA should be used in all court cases because it can exonerate the innocent. E. II. There were many different types but I became most intrigued with two kinds. If only we would use DNA testing in more cases. Forecast: If we used DNA in more court cases. and deter criminal activity. then we could exonerate those who had been unjustly put in jail. I was watching an episode of NCIS and I watched the character Abbey analyze pieces of evidence and scan them through the computer.” The character of Ducky in the TV show NCIS quotes. 2. Not all states use DNA as a primary source of evidence.important in criminal cases because they can tell very easily who committed the crime. Introduction to Topic and Big Idea: There is a problem in the studies of using DNA in courts of law. D. Me: When I first became interested with DNA. Jethro. I became intrigued and started researching more about forensics. Transition: First. it is the most precise of all methods of evidence. Body of Speech A. Main Point #1: Exonerate Innocent .
Deskovic would have been freed years earlier. he locked her in the trunk and began to drive her car away. In the first year of DNA testing in court cases. grabbed her wrists. They said he was a middle-aged. over 300 people in the United States were freed from prison that had been innocent all along. DNA can free those sitting in prison for a crime they did not commit. tied them together. Once he was done. Deskovic’s example is extremely unjust for if the government had agreed to the test. or so she thought. Also. when Jeffry Deskovic was sixteen years old. in 1981. He missed most of high school and all of college because the police did not use DNA testing on the evidence. a young woman was getting into her car after going grocery shopping in the evening. A man ran up behind her. Deskovic even pleaded for a DNA test but the government refused his request. There was nobody in the parking lot. Those in the shop recognized her car and were suspicious. 2. One of the shopkeepers remembered Jerry Miller in the grocery store just a few days .1. The government thought for sure Deskovic was guilty just from the witnesses. The shopkeepers did not get a clear view of the man. They came out and stopped the car. Explanation: Many innocent people are convicted of crimes they have not committed. Illustration: For example. tall black man. DNA testing cleared him seventeen years later when he was 33. When they were inside calling the police. told her to keep her eyes shut then beat her and raped her violently. he was convicted of a rape and murder he did not commit. 1989. the man ran away on foot.
” Single pieces of evidence sometimes are not very strong. If those conditions are met. the fourth director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation says. Sexual assault and homicide cases were at their peak before DNA testing was available and many criminals got away (DNA forensics). but DNA evidence is unstoppable and could change someone’s life. Transition into next point: The second reason DNA testing should be used first in criminal cases is that DNA samples can not only free the innocent but also condemn the guilty. Explanation: “DNA is more reliable than anything we have so long as you have a good sample and a competent lab following appropriate procedures. B. 3. DNA evidence is devastating. and the victim said he was guilty even thought she did not see her attacker. Interpretation: William Sessions. He was locked up in jail with a life sentence. The police brought him into court. Twenty-four hours later. They took a slip of the victim with semen on it from that night and sent it in for DNA testing. . Main Point #2: Condemn the guilty 1. Once DNA tests became easier to obtain. Two years later in 2007. The Innocence Project took on his case. if police still had evidence from a cold case.before. but a moral responsibility to respond to the DNA no-match rate. “Prosecutors have not only a professional duty to seek the truth. it solved the crime immediately without any doubt. Jerry Miller became the 200th person to be exonerated through DNA evidence. 4.
” . DNA testing has solved more than 100. and the 27-year old owner of the house beaten dead on the floor. but it is better the rapists be put away years later for their crime rather than never at all. They ran the saliva and found a match. They matter. Interpretation: In the same way. a housekeeper was entering the house to clean it as she did every night for a young woman about 27 years of age. Some cases may be old. 3. but that was it. “Cold Case” has said many times.2. Years later. ornaments broken. Another reason why DNA needs to be used is that without DNA evidence. The character of Lily Rush from the TV show. the police tested the condom wrapper for DNA and found one tooth mark with a small sample of saliva on it. however DNA testing was not available at that time. The police suspected that the killer had opened the condom wrapper with his teeth. Closer investigation from the police discovered that the killer had raped the owner wearing two condoms to prevent sexual evidence. Illustration: One night in 2003.000 rap cases in the US alone since it became available. thereby leaving DNA evidence. blood everywhere. and keeping well covered by many layers of clothes on his body. many rapists will go free. The killer was put away for the rest of his life. “People shouldn’t be forgotten. Police found one condom wrapper as evidence. She heard a struggle and so she rushed in to find the Christmas tree knocked over.
B. then even more criminals would become hesitant to commit a crime. Reiteration of points and big ideas: DNA testing should be used first hand on all court cases because it can free innocent people. Without it our world would be a very different place. put guilty men in jail. and potentially deter criminal activity. Captain of the Los Angeles Police Department says. Main Point #3: Deter criminal activity 1. 3.4. DNA testing should be used first in all court cases not only because it can exonerate the innocent and condemn the guilty but also because DNA testing deters criminal activity. Explanation: Ray Peavy. Criminals should be wary of committing crimes because chance they would leave behind NDA evidence always exists. in most cases people can be assured that the right person has been arrested. and innocent people convicted of crimes. “As recently as 1990. FBI. Conclusion of Speech A. today we can take it to the crime lab and get identification through DNA. a cigarette butt or a sweaty T-shirt picked up at the scene would not have meant much. But if it was saved. and convicted. Concluding device: DNA is very important to police. Because of forensic investigations and DNA testing. . III. Illustration: That number alone should scare criminals as DNA testing is used in thousands of homicide cases a year. citizen. C. Interpretation: If DNA testing was used on more police cases. tried. victims.” 2.
C. It has been a pleasure to speak to you. Acknowledgments: Thank you. .People can have confidence that they are not surrounded by dangerous criminals who should be behind bars.
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