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Introduction Paragraph 1 State topic (without stating your opinion) Main body Paragraph 2-3 Arguments for & justifications, examples or reasons Paragraph 4-5 Arguments against & justifications, examples or reasons Conclusion Final paragraph Balanced consideration or opinion Introduction • The matter of considerable controversy at present is the issue whether …, or rather… • Strong arguments exist in support of both sides of this debate, which implies that it is worth examining both points of view before reaching any conclusion. • X is an issue which frequently generates a great deal of heated debate, with supporters maintaining the fact that…. Whilst opponents claim that it is… To introduce points/arguments for & against: To begin with, it is important to emphasize… One very convincing argument in favour of … / against …, One of the most substantial arguments in favour of… A further common criticism of … / It could be argued that …, Another negative aspect of … It is a generally known fact that, Finally,.. = To conclude,… = In short,…= To summarize,…=In summary... All things considered, it can be concluded that…Lastly, it may be concluded that
In conclusion. I believe that Lastly. A further common criticism of … / It could be argued that …. it is important to emphasize… One very convincing argument in favour of … / against …. it may be concluded that . or rather… • X is an issue which frequently generates a great deal of heated debate... with supporters maintaining that it is vital in order to….… = In short. Whilst opponents claim that it is… To introduce points/arguments for & against: To begin with.Opinion essays Introduction Paragraph 1 State the topic and your opinion Main body Paragraph 2-4 Viewpoints & reasons / examples Paragraph 5 Opposing viewpoint and reason / example Conclusion Final paragraph Summarize / restate your opinion Introduction • The matter of considerable controversy at present is the issue whether ….…=In summary. = To conclude..…= To summarize. Another negative aspect of … Finally.. I believe that… On the whole.
. should focus their/our attention on ways to improve the situation of … to reduce the impact of … on society … Steps should so as to solve/overcome/combat … Measures must be taken in order to deal with/eradicate … could Serious attempts to halt/prevent/solve … must be made.. = To conclude.… = In short..…=In summary.. I believe that Lastly. (+noun/-ing) would/might be … to solve/overcome the problem of … Smb. it may be concluded that .Solution to problem Introduction Paragraph 1 State the problem and its cause(s) / effect(s) Main body Paragraph 2-5 Suggestions & results Conclusion Final paragraph Summarize your opinion The effect/consequence/outcome/result of…. In conclusion..…= To summarize. solve / overcome this problem Another way to combat/deal with the problem (of)… would be/is … An alternative eradicate If steps / measures were taken to … If attempts were made to address the problem the effect/result/consequence would be … The … situation could be improved if … Finally. I believe that… On the whole.
Letters of request / asking for advice Opening remarks I am writing to ask if you would be so kind / generous as to… I am writing to request your assistance concerning the matter of… I am writing to ask if you could help me with… I wonder if it would be possible for you to help me… I would (greatly) appreciate it if you could give me some advice about… I wonder if I might ask you for your valuable advice concerning… It would be of great help if you could advice me I am writing to ask if I might be permitted / allowed to… I am writing on behalf of my economics class at XXX College. I would like to give you some information about It might be to your advantage if you were to… I believe that your best course of action would be I would like to offer one or two suggestions concerning Closing remarks I hope that this information will be of some assistance and I look forward… I would be pleased to provide you with any additional information you may require Please do not hesitate to contact me should you require further information Letters to the authorities Opening remarks I am writing to draw your attention to I am writing to express my approval / disapproval I am writing to request your assistance concerning the matter of… I am writing to ask if you could help me with… I wonder if it would be possible for you to help me… I would (greatly) appreciate it if you could … I am writing to ask if I might be permitted / allowed to… . to request that you be so kind as to permit us to visit… I am writing in my capacity as… Closing remarks I hope that my request will not inconvenience you too much I must apologize for taking up your valuable time I would appreciate it if you could give me your advice as soon as possible I look forward to receiving your advice / reply as soon as possible Thank you in advance for your kind cooperation We would be delighted if you would consider the … outlined in this letter and I would like to thank you for your time and cooperation in this matter. Letters giving information / advise Opening remarks I am writing to inform you that I regret / am delighted fell obliged to inform you I am writing in response to your letter requesting information about / regarding I am writing in connection with our telephone conversation concerning… Thank you for your letter requesting I hope the following advice / suggestions will be of some help to you… I am writing on behalf of… I am writing in my capacity as… Main body Now.
I am writing on behalf of …. We trust that you will give this matter your urgent consideration and look forward to receiving any suggestions you might have to help overcome the problem.. I hope that you will look into this situation as a matter of some urgency. but I'm afraid I won't be able to come/join you because. I hope that you can forgive this regrettable error Meanwhile.. I look forward to hearing from you Letters of invitation Opening remarks We would be honored if you… Your presence would be appreciated at… You are invited to attend… I'm/We're having a party on Friday 19th and I/we hope you'll be able to come. and that the service offered by your company will impove. my sincerest apologies for the inconvenience caused. We await the event with great anticipation I am sorry to miss the opportunity of Thank you again for the invitation . I hope this matter will receive your immediate attention. Closing remarks Please indicate whether you will be able to attend. Would you like to come/go to see 'Room With a View' with me at the weekend? I am writing to thank you for the kind invitation We thank you for your recent invitation to… but I regret to inform you that we will be unable to accept your kind invitation to Thank you for asking me/inviting me to. to request that you be so kind as to permit us to… I am writing in my capacity as… Closing remarks I hope you will give this matter your urgent / careful / further consideration / attention I look forward to hearing from you Thank you in advance for your kind cooperation Letters of complaint Opening remarks I am writing with regard/reference to/in connection with … I am writing to express my concern/dissatisfaction about … I am writing to draw your attention to … It is with regret that I feel I must write to express my disappointment at the quality of Closing remarks I hope this matter will be resolved as soon as possible... Letters of apology Opening remarks I am writing to offer my apologies for + ing… Please accept my sincere apologies for I would like to apologize for inconvenience you suffered Main body Thank you for bringing this matter to my attention I can assure you that this will not happen again Please allow me to offer … as compensation for… Closing remarks Once again.
Just a quick note to say many thanks.How to say 'Thank you' Thank you very much… I’m so very grateful… Thanks a lot… I can’t thank you enough… I’m grateful… Thank you from the bottom of my heart… Thank you in advance for your help in this matter Many thanks for your prompt response. . Please accept our warmest thanks. We really appreciate everything you’ve done.