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, renovation, restoration and retrofit. There is a broad definition of the term refurbishment such as: i. Refurbishment refers to a generic and inter-changeable term including rehabilitation, modernization, renovations, alterations, improvements,
additions, repairs, renewal, retrofitting of an existing building and the term does not include domestic maintenance work such as cleaning and emergency maintenance, (Quah, 1988). ii. The Chartered Institute of Building (1987) defines refurbishment as the alteration of an existing designed to improve the facilities, rearrange internal areas and/or the structure life span without changing the original function. iii. Based on, Hall (1984) refurbishment refers to the process of repair, conversion and alteration of existing buildings to permit their reuse for various specified purposes. iv. While according to, Riley, Cotgrave (2005), refurbishment is the extending the useful life of existing buildings through the adaption of their basic forms to provide a new or updated version of the original structure. The amount of work that is required in order to achieve this definitions will be very different on different projects, and will depend on: The condition of the existing structure The shape and size of the existing structure The location of the structure The intended use of the structure The amount of work required to the existing structure to enable compliance with current Building Regulations. Whether the Building is listed, either wholly or partly Adequate funding being available Whether the work can be carried out safely There is several term that in conjunction with refurbishment such as conversion terms that imply the main use of the building will be altered, but that the main structure will not be changed. While, renovation and restoration imply that the work
consist of renewal and repair only, and that the works carried out will simply address dilapidations to avoid further degradation of the building. Retrofit essentially means fitting new and more modern system into an existing building, so that the building can gain the cost cycle of building.