Presented By: Gopal Chandra Nepal Dramzob

• It generates output without giving input and with no Phase Shift.

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Gopal Chandra Nepal & Dramzob

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• Uses two RC networks connected to the positive terminal to form a frequency selective feedback network • Causes Oscillations to Occur

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• Amplifies the signal with the two negative feedback resistors

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• Two RC network must have equal resistor and capacitor values. • R1=R2=R • C1=C2=C • R4= 2*R3

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• When the Wien’s Bridge is balanced Gain must be 3. • The gain can be found by:

R3  R 4 Gain  R3

R3  2 * R3  Gain  3 R3
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4.0V

G=3

0V

-4.0V 0s V(R5:2) Time 4.0V 0.2ms 0.4ms 0.6ms 0.8ms 1.0ms

G = 2.9

0V

-4.0V 0s V(R5:2) Time 20V 0.2ms 0.4ms 0.6ms 0.8ms 1.0ms

0V

G = 3.05
-20V 0s 100us V(R5:2) 200us 300us Time 400us 500us 600us

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• • • • •

The values calculated are: R1=R2=R = 10KΩ, C1=C2=C= 0.22µF R3 = 10KΩ. R4 = 2*R3= 20KΩ
2 RC 1 1   72 .34 Hz 2 *  *10 k * 0.22 

f 

10K  20K Gain  3 10K Gopal Chandra Nepal & Dramzob © Copyright Reserved

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• Diode is added to the circuit diagram to make the oscillation steady. • The Diode network keeps Gain around 3. • The Gain(G) is still equal to 3.

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Input Voltage

Output Voltage

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Simulation Result • Simulation Frequency = 71.94Hz • Theoretical Frequency= 72.34Hz

Practical Result • Practical Frequency= 71.43Hz • Theoretical Frequency= 72.34Hz

72.34  71.94 Error (%)  100 72.34  0.55%

72.34  71.43 Error (%)  100 72.34  1.26%

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• The error is caused due to:
1. Use of non-ideal Op-Amp. 2. The values of resistors were not exact. 3. Due to resistance offered by connecting wires.

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• Precautions to be taken:
1. While using diode keep gain slightly greater than 3. 2. Check Op-Amp and other device for its functioning. 3. Check the connections.

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• • • •

No input yet produces output. Can output large range of frequencies. The gain of amplifier must be around 3. With proper configuration oscillation can go on indefinitely. • Due to limitation of Op-Amp frequencies above 1MHz cannot be achieved. • There is no phase shift.
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• John. (2009, October) Circuits Today. [Online]. http://www.circuitstoday.com/wien-bridge-oscillator • Wayne Storr. (200_) Electronics Tutorials. [Online]. http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/oscillator/wien_bridge.html • G. Ramakant, Op-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits, 4th ed. India: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 2006. • Robert Boylestead and L. Nashelsky, Electronics Devices and Circuit Theory, 6th ed. New Delhi, India: Prentice-Hall of India pvt Ltd, 2001. • M. M. S. Anand, Electronic Instruments and Instrumentation Technology, 7th ed. New Delhi, India: PHI Learning Private Limited, 2001. Copyright Reserved Gopal Chandra 17 • ©D. D. Ronde.(May,2002), Wien’sNepal & Dramzob Bridge Oscillator

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