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COMMON SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DISEASES (PATHOGNOMONIC SIGN) DISEASE

CYSTITIS HYPOCALCEMIA ULCERATIVE COLITIS LYME’S DSE GLAUCOMA

PATHOGNOMONIC SIGN
Burning on urination Chvostek & Trosseaus sign Recurrent bloody diarrhea Bull’s eye rash Painfull vision loss, tunnel/gun barrel/halo vision (Peripheral Vision Loss) Painless vision loss, Opacity of the lens, blurring of vision Cat’s eye reflex (grayish discoloration of pupils)

CATARACT RETINO BLASTOMA

ACROMEGALY DUCHENNE’S MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY GERD

Coarse facial feature Gowers’ sign Barretts esophagus (erosion of the lower portion of the esophageal mucosa) Flapping hand tremors Bossing sign (prominent forehead) Cushing’s Triad (HYPERBRADYBRADY) HYPERtension BRADYpnea BRADYcardia (HYPOTACHYTACHY) HYPOtension TACHYpnea TACHYcardia Vertigo, Tinnitus Descending muscle weakness Ascending muscle weakness Homan’s Sign Vesicular Rash Crushing stubbing pain relieved by NTG

HEPATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY HYDROCEPHALUS INCREASE ICP

SHOCK MENIERE’S DSE MYASTHENIA GRAVIS GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME DVT CHICKEN POX ANGINA CROUP

Inspiratory stridor

EPIGLOTITIS HODGEKIN’S DSE/LYMPHOMA INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS PARKINSON’S DISEASE FIBRIN HYALIN CYSTIC FIBROSIS DIABETES MELLITUS DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS (DKA) BLADDER CANCER BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA RETINAL DETACHMENT TUBERCULOSIS PNEUMONIA ASTHMA EMPHYSEMA KAWASAKI SYNDROME PERNICIOUS ANEMIA DOWN SYNDROME CHOLERA MALARIA TYPHOID DIPTHERIA MEASLES SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS LIVER CIRRHOSIS LEPROSY BULIMIA NERVOSA APPENDICITIS DENGUE MENINGITIS

3Ds’ Drooling, Dysphonia, Dysphagia Reedstenberg Cells Hallmark: sore throat, cervical lymph adenopathy, fever Pill-rolling tremors Expiratory Grunt Salty skin Polyuria, polydypsia, polyphagia Kussmauls breathing Painless hematuria Reduced size & force of urine Visual Floaters, flashes of light, curtain veil like vision Low-grade afternoon fever Rusty sputum Wheezing on expiration Barrel chest Strawberry tongue Red beefy tongue Protruding tongue Rice watery stool Stepladder like fever with chills Rose spots in abdomen Pseudomembrane Koplik’s spots Butterfly rashes Spider like varices Lioning face Chipmunk face Rebound tenderness Petechiae or (+) Herman’s sign Kernig’s sign (leg flex then leg pain on extension), Brudzinski sign (neck flex = lower leg flex)

TETANY TETANUS PANCREATITIS PYLORIC STENOSIS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS ADDISON’S DISEASE CUSHING’S SYNDROME HYPERTHYROIDISM/GRAVE’S DISEASE INTUSSUSCEPTION MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

Hypocalcemia (+) Trousseau’s sign/carpopedal spasm; Chvostek sign (facial spasm) Risus sardonicus Cullen’s sign (ecchymosis of umbilicus); (+) Grey turners spots

Olive like mass Machine like murmur Bronze like skin pigmentation Moon face appearance and buffalo hump Exopthalmus Sausage shaped mass, Dance Sign Charcot’s Triad (IAN)