1 Babar - He is credited with the foundation of the Mughal empire by defeating I brahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat

on April 20, 1526. His tomb is built at Kabul, an d his autobiography Baburnama is written in Turkish. 2 Humayun - He was the next emperor of the Mughal empire after Babur. His tomb i s in Delhi, his biography Humayunama was written by Guladan Begum. 3 Akbar - He was the most successful Mughal emperor. An excellent leader, who se parated religion and politics, started a new religion called Din-e-Ilahi. He established Fatehpur Sikri and Buland Darwaja near Agra. He abolished the Jazia Tax. Bairam Khan, Akbar's Gener al, fought the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556 & defeated Hemu. Two important books Akbarnama and Ain-e-Akbari were written during Akbar's tenure by Abul Fazal. His tomb is built at Sikandara near Agra. 4 Jehangir - The son of Akbar, who ascended the throne after Akbar's death, know n for his administration and strict sense of justice. He was the husband of Noor Jahan Beg um and had built Shalimar and Nishant Bagh. His autobiography is Tuzk-e-Jahangiri and his t omb is built at Lahore. 5 Shahjahan - Famous ruler and son of Jehangir, who built the Taj Mahal at Agra , in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Jama Masjid and Red Fort are the other two famo us monuments that were built by him. He had transferred his capital from Agra to De lhi. 6 Aurangzeb - A very cruel ruler and son of Shahjahan, who demolished several r eligious structures of Hindus, and ruled for about 50 years. He constructed the 'Moti Mas jid' in the Red Fort at Delhi and 'Bibi ka Makbara' at Aurangabad. 7 Sher Shah Suri (1540-1555) - He was a brilliant administrator who issued the R upiah and Paisa coins and built the famous Grand Trunk Road from Peshawar to Calcutta. He constructed the Old Fort of Delhi. The Mughal empire started declining with the attack of Nadir Shah who took with him the famous Kohinoor Diamond to Afghanistan. Then came the Marathas who became powerful unde r the leadership of Shivaji.

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