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RESPECTING CREATIVE WORK

Whose Is It, Anyway?


Learning Overview and Objectives

LESSON PLAN

Essential Question:HowcanIshowrespectforpeopleswork?
Overview:StudentslearnthatalthoughtheInternetmakesitveryeasy,copyingtheworkofothersand presentingitasonesowniscalledplagiarism.Theyalsolearnaboutcircumstancesinwhichitispermissibleto usetheworkofothers. Studentsarefirstintroducedtothefeelingofhavingsomeonepretendtohavewrittenworktheycreated.Then theyjudgewhetherornotdifferentsituationsinvolvingstudentsandschoolworkareacceptable.Studentsare introducedtoproperwaystousepeopleswordsandideasfromtheInternet,includinghowtowriteacitation. Studentswill: !"Defineplagiarismanddescribeitsconsequences !"Understandhowgivingcreditisasignofrespectforpeopleswork !"Learnwhenitisacceptabletousepeopleswork,andhowtowriteacitation

objectives

Materials and Preparation


Materials !"#$%&"'(")'"*%&+",-./01-"2%1/'.!"304506-718"90'5:0;4"*'($",-./01-"2%1/'.Preparation !"Copythe#$%&"'(")'"*%&+",-./01-"2%1/'.-,oneperstudent !"Copythe304506-718"90'5:0;4"*'($",-./01-"2%1/'.-,oneperstudent ParentResources !"Sendparentsthe304506-718"<(0%-7=0"*'($"9%(01-">75",?00-

Estimated time:45minutes

!"SendparentsthelinktotheRespectingCreativeWorkParent/TeacherIntroVideo

Key Vocabulary
!"9:%87%(74@A"Usingsomeorallofsomebodysworkoridea,andsayingthatyoucreatedit !"<7-%-7'1A"Aformalnoteofcredittoanauthorthatincludestheirname,datepublished,andwhere youfoundtheinformation !"304506-A"Awayofshowingthatyouadmireandvaluesomething

DIGITAL LITERACY AND CITIZENSHIP IN A CONNECTED CULTURE 2010 www.commonsense.org

RESPECTING CREATIVE WORK

Whose Is It, Anyway?


teaching plans
Introduce

LESSON PLAN

TELLstudentstowriteabriefparagraphonaspecificsubject(useatopicyouarecoveringinclass).Collectthe paragraphs,andgiveeachstudentsomeoneelseswork.Havestudentscrossoutthewritersnameandputtheir nameinitsplace. ASKvolunteerstoreadtheparagraphsaloud,pretendingthatitistheirownwork.Praisethemfortheirwork andsaythatyouwouldliketopublishtheirworkinaschoolnewsletter,orsubmitittoawritingcontest. INVITEboththetrueownerandthepersonpretendingtheworkistheirstocommentonhowthesituationmakes themfeel.(Guidestudentstograpplewiththeirfeelingsofbeingangryorfrustratedwhenanotherstudenttook creditforwritingtheparagraph.)

Teach 1: Is It Okay, or No Way?


DISTRIBUTEthe#$%&"'(")'"*%&+",-./01-"2%1/'.-,oneforeachstudent.Havestudentsworkinpairsto completethehandout.(Note:Postponediscussionuntilstudentshavereadtheinformationonthe304506-718" 90'5:0;4"*'($",-./01-"2%1/'.-andlearnedtheinformationinTeach2.)

Teach 2: Plagiarism vs. When Its Fair to Copy


ASKWhatwordscometomindwhenIsaythewordplagiarism? Getafeelforstudentsfamiliaritywithplagiarism.Theymayhaveheardthewordandknowthatitsbad,wrong, orthatithasanegativeconnotation. INTRODUCEtheKeyVocabularywordplagiarism. SHAREwithstudentsyourschoolsofficialpolicyonplagiarismanditsconsequences.Ifthereisno officialpolicy,explainhowyouhandleplagiarisminyourclassroom.Thefollowingaretalkingpointsto helpexplainplagiarism. !" Plagiarismiscopyingandpastingtext,images,video,oranythingthatsomeoneelsecreatedwithout givingthemcredit.Plagiarismischeating,anditsagainstschoolrules. !" Ifateacherasksyoutowriteareportorproject,theteacherexpectsyounottocopy,whetherits fromawebpageorfromyourbestfriend.Evenifyoucopysomethingintoyourownhandwritingor retypeityourself,itsstillplagiarism. (Note:Copyrightlawsprotecttheownershipofauthorswrittenworks,photos,drawings,videos,andother graphicsbyrequiringthatpeoplewhomakecopiesdosoonlywiththepermissionoftheowner.However, certainusesofsuchworksforschoolworkisconsideredfairuseanddoesnotrequirecopyrightpermission, onlythatcreditoracitationbegiven.)

DIGITAL LITERACY AND CITIZENSHIP IN A CONNECTED CULTURE 2010 www.commonsense.org

RESPECTING CREATIVE WORK

Whose Is It, Anyway?


ASKWhyisitimportantnottoplagiarize? Sampleresponses: !" Soyoudontgetintrouble. !" Soyoucangivecreditforothersworkandideas.

LESSON PLAN

TELLstudentsanotherreasonitisimportantnottoplagiarizeissothattheyshowrespectforworkandideas thatotherscreate.DEFINEtheKeyVocabularyword(04506-. EXPLAINtostudentsthatonewaytheycanshow(04506-istogivecreditwhentheyuseotherpeopleswork. Andonewaytogivecreditisbyprovidinga67-%-7'1. DEFINEtheKeyVocabularyword67-%-7'1. TELLstudentstheyshouldusecitationsasaformalwaytogivecredittootherpeoplesworktheyuse,especially forschool.Citationsalsohelpothersfindtheinformationthatstudentshavedrawnfromintheirwork.Walk studentsthroughcreatingacitationforabook,website,andanimage.(Note:Thefollowingexamplesarein ModernLanguageAssociationstyle.FormoreinformationonMLAcitations,visittheMLAatwww.mla.org/style.) INTRODUCEstudentstoeachcomponentofthecitation,andpointoutwheretheymightfindthatinformation. Forinstance,theauthor,publisher,andpublicationdateofabookcanbefoundinthefirstfewpages.Fora websiteandanimage,studentswillhavetolookcarefullytofindanauthorandpublicationdate.Writethe followingexamplesontheboard: B''$A"AuthorsLastName,FirstName.TitleofBook.PlaceofPublication:Publisher,PublicationDate. Example:Thompson,Sarah.AmazingWhales!NewYork:HarperCollins,2005. *0C47-0AAuthorsLastName,FirstName,ifgiven(notwebpagecreator).TitleofPageorSite.Publication orUpdateDate.NameofInstitutionorSponsoringOrganization.DateofVisittoSite<URLofPage>. Example:AmazingFacts.2009.TheWhaleCenterofNewEngland.18Aug.2010. <http://www.whalecenter.org/information/facts.html>. D@%80AAuthorsLastName,FirstName,ifgiven.NameofImage.TypeofImage.TitleofSiteorPage. NameofSponsoringOrganization.PublicationorUpdateDate.DateofVisittoSite<URLofImage>. Example:Murray,Seamus.BarHarbor,WhaleWatching.Photo.SeamusMurraysPhotostream. 3July2005.18Aug.2010.Flickr.<http://www.flickr.com/photos/seamusnyc/347748290/>. (Note:Forimagesandwebsites,ifthereisnopublicationdate,studentscanjustlistthedatetheyaccessed thewebsite.) DISTRIBUTEthe304506-718"90'5:0;4"*'($",-./01-"2%1/'.-,oneforeachstudent.Havestudents workinpairsorsmallgroupsatacomputerandcompletetheactivity.Studentscanthenvolunteertowritetheir citationsontheboardandshowtheclassthewebsitewheretheyfoundtheinformation.Studentscancritique whetherornottheirclassmatesprovidedtherightcitationformat.(Note:Whilestudentscompletethehandout, explaintothemthecitationpoliciesofyourschoolorclassroom.Someschools,forinstance,requirefullcitations forimages,andsomedonot.)
DIGITAL LITERACY AND CITIZENSHIP IN A CONNECTED CULTURE 2010 www.commonsense.org

RESPECTING CREATIVE WORK

Whose Is It, Anyway?


Teach 3: Revisit and Revise ... Okay, or No Way?

LESSON PLAN

Havestudentsrevisitthe#$%&"'(")'"*%&E",-./01-"2%1/'.-anddiscusschangesoradditionstotheir answers.Guidestudentstoconsiderthefollowingintheirdiscussion: !"Davidshomework:Emailmakesiteasyforstudentstosharetheirwork.However,unlesstheteacher tellsthemtoworktogetherandturninthesamepaper,sheexpectsDavidsworktobehisown. EventhoughJustingaveDavidpermissiontocopyhiswork,itisstillplagiarismwhenyoucopyfrom someoneelse. !"Mannysparagraph:CopyingsomeoneelsesworkfromtheWebinhisownhandwritingdoesnot makeitMannyswork.Thisisplagiarism. !"Samanthaswork:Usingtheexactwordsofsomeoneelseisplagiarism,evenifyouaddyourown topicsentence.Samanthashouldrestatethepassageinherownwords,orshecanuseaquotefromthe author(andthenprovideacitation). !"Mingandtheillustration:ItisokayforMingtouseadrawingfromawebsiteforaschoolreport becauseshegavecredittotheillustrator.Ideally,Mingshouldprovideacitationforthephotoatthe endofherreport.

Teach 4: Wrap Up and Assess


Youcanusethesequestionstoassessyourstudentsunderstandingofthelessonobjectives. ASKWhatisplagiarism? Sampleresponses: !" Copyingsomeoneelsesworkandcallingityourown. !" Copyingstufffromawebsiteandsayingyouwroteit. ASKWhyisitimportanttoprovidecitationsfortheworkyouuse? Sampleresponses: !" Soyoucanavoidplagiarism. !" Togivecredittothepersonwhomadeit. !" Sootherpeoplecanfindthesourcesyouused. !" Citingworkshowsrespectforotherpeopleswork. ASKWhenisitokaytousesomeoneelseswordsorideas? Sampleresponses: !" Whenyouusequotationmarksaroundthewordsyouuseandgiveacitation. !" Whenyouusesomeonesideasorwordstohelpyousaysomethinginyourownwordsandprovide acitation. ASKWhyisitimportanttoshowrespectforotherpeopleswork? Sampleresponses: !" Itstherightthingtodo. !" Itshowsthemweadmireandappreciatetheirwork.
DIGITAL LITERACY AND CITIZENSHIP IN A CONNECTED CULTURE 2010 www.commonsense.org

RESPECTING CREATIVE WORK

Whose Is It, Anyway?


Extension Activity

LESSON PLAN

Teachstudentstheimportanceofparaphrasingputtingsomethinginyourownwordsasawaytoavoid plagiarism.Havestudentsprintapassagefromawebpage,readit,putitaside,thenwritetheinformation intheirownwords,andprovideacitation.Nexthavestudentsexchangetheirwebpageandparaphrasedpassage withapartner.Studentscanusethefollowingcriteriatocritiquetheirpartnersparagraph.(Theycanscoretheir partnerbythenumberofitemstheycompletedcorrectly.) !"Didthestudentusehisorherownwords? !"Didthestudentusequotationmarkswhenusingadirectquote? !"Didthestudentprovideacitation?

Homework
Canmusiciansplagiarize?StudentsandparentswatchthefollowingcliponYouTubecomparingtheband ColdplayssongVivalaVidatothreeothermusicianssongs.Afterwatchingthevideo,studentsand parentsshoulddiscussthequestion,DidColdplayplagiarizefromtheothersongs?Optional:Parentandchild canposttheircommentsinresponsetothevideoonYouTube.(Teachers:Sendparentsalinktothevideo andhomeworkassignment.Youmaywanttowarnparentsofpossibleinappropriatewordsincommentson YouTube.) WatchtheclipColdplaySatrianiVerdesStevensVivaLaVidaPlagiarism?at: www.youtube.com/watch?v=De3lvudmOAw&feature=player_embedded

Alignment with Standards National Educational Technology Standards for Students 2007
(Source:InternationalSocietyforTechnologyinEducation,2007) FG"H787-%:"<7-7I014?75 a.advocateandpracticesafe,legal,andresponsibleuseofinformationandtechnology b.exhibitapositiveattitudetowardusingtechnologythatsupportscollaboration,learning,andproductivity

DIGITAL LITERACY AND CITIZENSHIP IN A CONNECTED CULTURE 2010 www.commonsense.org

RESPECTING CREATIVE WORK > WHOSE IS IT, ANYWAY?

Okay or No Way!
Name Directions Class

STUDENT HANDOUT

Date

Readthefollowingstories.Decideifthepersonsactionwasokayornotokay.Explainyourdecision.

David hadbasketballpracticelastnight

Manny hastowriteaparagraphabout

anddidnthavetimetodohishomework. waterresourcesforscience.Hefinds Justinofferstolethimcopyhis,andsendsit aparagraphonawebsitethatisjustright. toDavidinanemail.Isthatokay,ornoway? Mannycopiesitinhisownhandwriting. Isthatokay,ornoway?

Explain:__________________________
_________________________________ _________________________________

Explain:__________________________
_________________________________ _________________________________

Samantha copiesawebpageintoher
#$$%"&'($&)"*+,"*,,-".'&"$/+"0&-)"-'+)'+1'2" Isthatokay,ornoway?

Ming spendsalotoftimesearchingthe
Web.Shefindsagreatdrawingonasite.She printsitforthecoverofhersocialstudies reportandgivescredittotheillustratorinher report.Isthatokay,ornoway?

!"#$%&'()*(+,&-(./"$01(23341( 5&6/(77789/"$0:06$698#6/8

!"#$%&'()*(+,&-(./ "$01(23341( 5&6/(77789/"$0:0 6$698#6/8

Explain:__________________________
_________________________________ _________________________________
"$01(23341( !"#$%&'()*(+,&-(./ $698#6/8 5&6/(77789/"$0:06

Explain:__________________________
_________________________________ _________________________________

!"#$%&'()*(+,&-(./"$01(23341( 5&6/(77789/"$0:06$698#6/8

DIGITAL LITERACY AND CITIZENSHIP IN A CONNECTED CULTURE 2010 www.commonsense.org

RESPECTING CREATIVE WORK > WHOSE IS IT, ANYWAY?

Respecting Peoples Work


Name Directions Class

STUDENT HANDOUT

Date

Pretendyouarewritingareportonwhales.Belowisalistofwhenitsokaytouseother peopleswordsorideasinyourownwork.Foreachquestion,includeanexampleofhowyou woulduseinformationyoufindonlineaboutwhales.Remember,showhowyourespectother peoplesworkbynotplagiarizing!

When can you use someone elses words or ideas? Its okay if:
1.Youusequotationmarksaroundthewordsyouquoteandgivecredittothe author.Tryit!Includeasentenceaboutwhalesyoufindonlinethatyoucoulduseinyour report.Remembertoincludeacitation.

(Authors name)________________ says _______________________________


______________________________________________________________ .

Citation: ________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________ 2. Youusesomeonesideasorwordstohelpyousaysomethinginyourownwords. Tryit!Useinformationwrittenbysomeoneaboutwhales,butsayitinyourownwords.

Whales are _______________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________

Citation: ________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

DIGITAL LITERACY AND CITIZENSHIP IN A CONNECTED CULTURE 2010 www.commonsense.org

RESPECTING CREATIVE WORK > WHOSE IS IT, ANYWAY?

Respecting Peoples Work

STUDENT HANDOUT

3.Youcancopyandpastephotos,drawings,andgraphs,aslongasyougivecredit totheauthor.Tryit!Pasteaphotoofawhalebelowandgiveitacitation.

Citation:

Use Common Sense! Itseasytorespectotherpeoplesworkandavoidplagiarism!Usethefollowingtips: !"Readawebpage.Closeit.Thenwritetheinformationinyourownwords. !"Haveadocumentopenwhereyoutakenoteswhenyouareonline.Includethewebsitelinksyou lookedatinthedocumentincaseyouwanttogobacktoit. !"Alwaysgivecredittotheauthorbyprovidingacitation.

DIGITAL LITERACY AND CITIZENSHIP IN A CONNECTED CULTURE 2010 www.commonsense.org