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● NETWORK PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION ● REQUIREMENT FOR DRIVE TESTING ● DRIVE TEST PROCESS ● DRIVE TEST OUTPUTS ● MEASUREMENT METRICS ● DRIVE TEST ANALYSIS ● NEPTUNE AND PROBE
Network Problem Identification
● Drive Test ● OMC Statistics ● Customer feedback
Requirement for Drive testing
● Test the network from the subscribers’ point of view ● Test the complete system, end-to-end (mobile-to-land) ● Benchmark performance against competitor networks ● Test specific important routes and areas ● Test in-building coverage for specific buildings (walk test)
Drive Test Process .
Drive Test Equipments ● Data collected to find and analyze problems in the network ● Equipment Necessary for Drive testing Vehicle Drive test mobile phone External vehicle mounted GPS Laptop with drive test software and GPS connection capability .
Drive Test Setup .
General Consideration ● Routes chosen to be representative of the part of the network under study ● If possible simultaneously collect GSM speech and GPRS drive test data ● Drive test to be carried out during normal daylight hours ● Calls to be made preferably mobile-to-PSTN ● Call duration to be equal to the average call duration for the network ● At least 1000 calls required for good statistical confidence .
Drive Test Types ● Routine drive test ● Problem specific drive test ● Cell coverage analysis drive test .
Power Change to BTS. important locations. Frequency Plan change. Neighbor addition . etc ● Routes regularly drive tested and problems further analyzed and solved ● May require removing interfering carrier.Routine Drive Test ● Network to be monitored on a daily basis ● Drive test routes to include all the major roads. etc. .
Problem Drive Testing ● Problems reported by statistical analysis.etc ● Requires problem specific drive testing ● List of problematic cells identified and drive tested thoroughly to analyze the problem ● Data collection and analysis done simultaneously . alarms. customer care centre . routine drive testing.
Cell Coverage Analysis Drive Test ● Usually carried out for new planned sites in the network ● New cells to come on air are thoroughly drive tested to determine their server and coverage areas ● Optimisation to be carried out for any major deviation from the initially planned design .
Optional Features ● Walk test support ● On line map display of the route ● Scan feature .
Drive Test Outputs .
Display ● Using the drive test equipment we can monitor the following ○ Status Information ○ Error reports ○ Layer 2 messages ○ Layer 3 messages .
Marker . MNC. time . Channel type. Rxlev ● Dedicated channel:Includes Channel number. DTX and RL Timeout counter information . server call name.Display….longitude data. BSIC.MCC. Rxqual. TA. Status Information ● General Information: Includes Latitude . ARFCN . log file name etc ● Serving cell: Includes Cell Identity.data. LAC ● Serving + Neighbor cell data: Includes CI. Rxlev.. Timeslot number.hopping information ● Radio Environment: Includes serving cell. ARFCN. BSIC.
. Error reports ● Errors reported during a call can be analyzed from this report Layer 2 messages ● Layer 2 messages can be analyzed Layer 3 messages ● Layer 3 messages can be analyzed .Display….
Measurement Metrics .
GSM Drive Test Metrics ● Route Plots RxLev Full RxLev Sub RxQual Full RxQual Sub FER MS TX Power SQI ● Events Call Drops Setup Failures HO Failures HO Success .
GPRS Drive Test Metrics ● Route Plot UL/DL RLC Throughput: Radio Link Layer data throughput UL/DL LLC Throughput: Logical Link Layer throughput (user data) UL/DL RLC Block Error Rate (BLER): Radio Link Block Error Rate UL/DL RLC Retransmission Rate: Radio Link Retransmission Rate UL/DL Coding scheme used (CS1-4): Allocated Coding Scheme UL/DL Number of timeslots used: Allocated timeslots ● Events PDP Context Activation Failure: Failure to activate PDP Context (Packet Data Protocol) PDP Context Loss: Loss of PDP Context (GPRS Call Drop) .
Drive Test Analysis .
CSR.CSSR.Call Setup time. ● Layer 2 Analysis ● Layer 3 Analysis .Call hold time etc.Analysis Types ● Coverage Analysis: Level Analysis Quality Analysis ● Interference Analysis: Co-channel and adjacent channel interference ● Handover Analysis: HSR and HFR ● Neighbor Analysis: Missing neighbors ● Call Analysis: DCR.
Level Analysis The level statistics refer to the received signal level for a mobile: ● Level (Full) Distribution (between -47 and -110) ● Level (Sub) Distribution (between -47 and -110) ● Cumulative Level Distribution ● Level Banding .
RxLev Distribution .
RxQual -Quality full and Sub distribution for both hopping and non.hopping samples -Cumulative Quality Distribution -Interference .
Handover Analysis ● Problem areas are automatically identified ● Handover success/failure is shown on route ● Position failure is located on XY graph ● Cause/solution proposed for each failure ● Step-by-step replay control allows every stage of handover to be broken down for detailed analysis ● Forced Handover .
The number of Inter and intra cell handovers attempted.Handover Stats ● Handover Distribution .Inter and intra cell success rate and the total HO success rate ● Number of Handovers per call . .The number of handovers that occurred per call within the testmobile survey. completed and failed ● Handover Performance .
Neighbour Analysis ● The serving cells ID and full geographic location ● The ID and full geographic location of the Neighbour cells that are either missing or have not been measured ● Problem areas are separately displayed on the 2D map view .
Call Analysis ● Analysis of live calls. call success. analysis of sites . detailed comparative summary of cells signal strengths. signal levels and call quality can be done ● Mean and worst call levels. quality.
● Call Performance .Call Statistics ● Call Distribution .Evaluates every call and categorizes it as a Good Call or a No setup call ● Call Holding Time .Displays the duration of each call.Time Distribution Call Timers . Failure rate and Release rate. ● Call Setup .Details for the Setup rate.
Call Performance .
Cell Statistics ● Cell Domination ● Cell poor Quality Distribution ● Cell Average Quality Distribution ● Cell Average Level Distribution ● Cell Mean Call Holding Time ● Cell average TA Distribution .
Layer2 &Layer 3 Messages .
Layer3 Information During Drive Test .
DL RLC Throughput Vs DL RLC BLER .
DL LLC Throughput (bytes/sec) vs DL RLC BLER .
NEPTUNE AND PROBE .
the-art PC based optimization tool delivering real time analysis capabilities ● User friendly with intuitive menu structure making it ideal for both real-time and post measurement analysis ● Automatic fault finding and problem solving diagnostic capabilities ● Live call analysis ● Statistical and graphical display ● Long and short term cost savings due to competitive pricing and the substantial shortening of the optimization process. ● Supports additional testmobile formats. which can be loaded and analyzed .Neptune Features ● State-of.
Nemo technologies ● GSM log files from X-PLOR ANT units .Test Mobile Import Facility ● TEMS Investigator ● TOM Measurement System ● GPRS and HSCSD.
operator based and distance based analysis ● Statistics generated show the system’ s problems as a whole rather than pinpointing each and every problem .Probe ● Has ability to perform time-based.
Features ● Ideal for both real-time and post measurement analysis ● Displays a network’s Key Performance Indicators ● Key Performance Indicators are combined to produce the Network Quality and Efficiency Factor ● Statistical and graphical display ● Long and short term cost savings due to competitive pricing and the substantial shortening of the optimization process ● Flexible hardware option .
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