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Rutherford Theory

Rutherford Theory

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Published by Julius Calvin Liao

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Published by: Julius Calvin Liao on Aug 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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+ Who is Ernest Rutherford? He is a New Zealand-born. In 1914. he was knighted and two years later. Nobel Prizes were awarded to James Chadwick for discovering neutron. British chemist and physicist. Under him. he was awarded the Hector Memorial Medal. Rutherford remains the only science Nobel Prize winner to have performed his most famous work after receiving the prize. .

RUTHERFORD’S RESEARCH a “rays” / particles Theory of protons Detector for electromagnetic waves .

What are a rays / particles? • High speed particles • Made up of two protons and two neutrons • Is a nucleus. same as the nucleus of a common atom of helium • Don’t have electrons around it • Type of ionizing radiation • will loose all their energy in just a couple inches of travel in air .

. In Lenard’s experiment. This shows that electrons are not spread evenly. he shows that Thomson’s atomic model is wrong because he found that most of the electrons were not refracted. electrons that go through the aluminum plate should’ve experienced energy loss. so the electrons should be easily refracted.Lenard’s Experiment Lenard’s experiment was meant to proof that if Thomson’s atomic model is right.

.Continuation of Lenard’s Experiment In 1911. Ernest Rutherford was interested to continue Lenard’s experiment by replacing electrons with a particle which consist of positive charge. This experiment was conducted by Hans Geiger & Ernst Marsden.


What Rutherford did? He directed the a rays to a gold plate surrounded by screen coated with sulfide zinc which are around the plate. .

Some of the a particles pass the empty space go trough Nucleus a Particles Atoms of Gold foil .WHAT HAPPENED? 1.

2. Some of the a particles that approach the nucleus are deflected Nucleus a Particles Atoms of Gold foil .

3. Some of the a particles that hits the nucleus are bounced back Nucleus a Particles Atoms of Gold foil .

CONCLUSION OF RUTHERFORD’S THEORY • A large fraction of the room in an atom is empty • Indicated by most of a rays pass through the Nucleus plate a Particles Atoms of Gold foil .

• Nucleus is tiny yet very dense core of atom • Indicated by little amount of refracted a rays a Particles Nucleus Atoms of Gold foil .

• Electrons go circle the nucleus with high speed • Indicated by the electrons that are not attracted by protons inside the nucleus .

Nucleus a Particles Atoms of Gold foil .• The charge of the nucleus is the same as a particle’s. which is positive • Indicated by the deflected rays that deflected due to repulsion forces of similar charge.

so the electron will be going closer to the nucleus. Rutherford’s theory is supported by Bohr’s theorem. But then. .RUTHERFORD’S THEORY WEAKNESS Based on Rutherford’s theory that states electrons go around the nucleus will stay on its path is unproved. that objects that going around on circular path will release its energy in the form of radiation. Based on physics classical mechanic law.

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