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# Reagent Dosage Calculation

Reagents are generally prepared fresh prior to a flotation tests. However, stock solutions of non-oxidizing reagents can be prepared in larger quantities and kept in resalable glass containers. These would typically be dilute solution s of copper sulphate and most frothers such as MIBC and Dow-250. Reagents such as xanthates oxidize rapidly and must be made fresh prior to every test. Xanthates bottles containing pure reagent are best kept in a refrigerator in order to minimize oxidation. Reagent dilutions are generally 1, 2, 5 or 10 strengths and are best prepared in a glass beaker stirred with a magnetic stir bar for 10-15 minutes or so. 1% Solution: 1 gram reagent diluted to 100 mL volume with water 1mL solution = 0.01 g reagent = 10 g/t addition/ 1 kg test charge 2% Solution: 2 gram reagent diluted to 100 mL volume with water 1mL solution = 0.02 g reagent = 20 g/t addition/ 1 kg test charge 5% Solution: 5 gram reagent diluted to 100 mL volume with water 1mL solution = 0.05 reagent = 50 g/t addition/ 1 kg test charge 10% Solution: 10 gram reagent diluted to 100 mL volume with water 1mL solution = 0.10 g reagent = 100 g/t addition/ 1 kg test charge It is important to mention that 100% neat liquid reagents are best added by means of a syringe needle. The drop weight is determined beforehand and the number of drops needed for each addition then calculated. For example, a 50 g/t addition is required and the drop weight is 0.005 g, then 50 g/t = 0.05 g actual reagent = 10 drops.