TECSON VS. COMELEC [424 SCRA 277; G.R. No.

161434; 3 Mar 2004]
Wednesday, February 18, 2009 Posted by Coffeeholic Writes Labels: Case Digests, Political Law

Facts: Victorino

X. Fornier, petitioner initiated a petition before the COMELEC to disqualify FPJ and to deny due course or to cancel hiscertificate of candidacy upon the thesis that FPJ made a material misrepresentation in his certificate of candidacy by claiming to be anatural-born Filipino citizen when in truth, according to Fornier, his parents were foreigners; his mother, Bessie Kelley Poe, was anAmerican, and his father, Allan Poe, was a Spanish national, being the son of Lorenzo Pou, a Spanish subject. Granting, petitioner asseverated, that Allan F. Poe was a Filipino citizen, he could not have transmitted his Filipino citizenship to FPJ, the latter being an illegitimate child of an alien mother. Petitioner based the allegation of the illegitimate birth of respondent on two assertions - first, Allan F. Poe contracted a prior marriage to a certain Paulita Gomez before his marriage to Bessie Kelley and, second, even if no such prior marriage had existed, Allan F. Poe, married Bessie Kelly only a year after the birth of respondent.

Issue:

Whether Filipino citizen.

or

Not

FPJ

is

a natural born

in the affirmative. Allan F. Poe. conferscitizenship to all persons whose fathers are Filipino citizens regardless of whether such children are legitimate or illegitimate. which. whether or not the alleged illegitimacy of respondent prevents him from taking after the Filipino citizenship of his putative father. depended on whether or not the father of respondent. Pangasinan. But while the totality of the evidence may not establish conclusively that respondent FPJ is a naturalborn citizen of the Philippines. Any conclusion on the Filipino citizenship of Lorenzo Pou could only be drawn from the presumption that having died in 1954 at 84 years old. when the Philippines was under Spanish rule. in turn. Lorenzo would have been born sometime in the year 1870. and that San Carlos. his place ofresidence upon his death in 1954. The 1935 Constitution. in the absence of any other evidence. Poe. could have well been his place of residence before death. would thereby extend to his son. during which regime respondent FPJ has seen first light. Thatcitizenship (of Lorenzo Pou).Held: It is necessary to take on the matter of whether or not respondent FPJ is a natural-born citizen. Allan F. such that Lorenzo Pou would have benefited from the "en masse Filipinization" that the Philippine Bill had effected in 1902. the evidence on hand still would preponderate in his favor enough to hold that he cannot be held guilty of having made a material misrepresentation in his certificate of candidacy in . would have himself been a Filipino citizen and. if acquired. father of respondent FPJ.

in relation to Section 74.violation of Section 78. of the Omnibus Election Code .

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