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Smartcard Manish Tomar

Smartcard Manish Tomar

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Published by: Manish Tomar on Aug 15, 2012
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SMART CARDS

Prepared by Maneesh Tomar ABES I T I.T. 3RD Year

What is a smart card?
• The standard definition of a a smart card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket sized card with embedded integrated circuits.

OR  A smart card is a plastic card with a small, built in microcomputer chip and integrated circuit that can store and process a lot of data

History : smart card Invention
• In 1968 German electrical engineer Helmut Gröttrup and his colleague Jürgen Dethloff invented the automated chip card. • receiving a patent in 1982, while working for German company Giesecke & Devrient. • The first mass use of the cards was as a Télécarte for payment in French pay phones, starting in 1983.

Examples of Smart Cards

What does smart card have?
A smart card resembles a credit card in size and shape, but inside it is completely different. First of all, it has an inside -- a normal credit card is a simple piece of plastic. The inside of a smart card usually contains an embedded microprocessor. The microprocessor is under a gold contact pad on one side of the card.
Smart cards are defined by the ISO 7816 standards.

• Smarts cards may have up to 8 kilobytes of RAM, 346 kilobytes of ROM, 256 kilobytes of programmable ROM, and a 16-bit microprocessor.

Construction of Smart Cards

Dimensions of smart card.

85.6mm x 53.98mm x 0.76mm(defined by ISO 7816

Construction of Smart Cards
Vcc RST CLK I/O GND Vpp

RFU

RFU

How does a smart card works?
• Smart Card Readers are also known as card programmers (because they can write to a card), card terminals, card acceptance device (CAD) or an interface device (IFD).
• Smart cards are portable data cards that must communicate with another device to gain access to a display device. Cards can be plugged into a reader, commonly referred to as a card terminal, or they can operate using radio frequencies (RF).

• When the smart card and the card reader come into contact, each identifies itself to the other by sending and receiving information. If the messages exchanged do not match, no further processing takes place.

SMART CARD READERS
(1.)Computer based readers Connect through USB or COM (Serial) ports

(2)Dedicated terminals Usually with a small screen, keypad, printer, often also have biometric devices such as thumb print scanner.

Types of smart card.
• Contact smart cards. “mechanism • Contactless smart cards. Based”
• Memory-Based Smart Cards. “capability • Microprocessor-based smart card. Based”

1. Contact smart card.
• Contact smart cards have a contact area comprised of several gold plated contact pads(chip) • A contact smart card must be inserted in to a smart card reader with a direct connection to the conductive plates of the surface of the smart card.

2. Contactless smart card.
• Uses an inbuilt internal antenna for communication with the card reader.
• It just requires a close proximity (10 cm.)to the reader. • The antenna used in these use radio frequency to communicate.

3.Microprocessor-based smart card
• The microprocessor-based smart cards have greater memory storage. • A microprocessor card, can add, delete and manipulate information in its memory on the card. Similar to a computer, a microprocessor card has an input/output port operating system and hard disk with built-in security features. • The microprocessor-based smart cards have => 8-bit processor => 512 byte RAM => 16 byte ROM

4. MEMORY BASED SMART CARDS
• used for applications in which the function of the card is fixed. • Memory cards simply store data and can be viewed as a small floppy disk with optional security . • These cards are widely used as “prepaid phone cards .

Security Mechanisms In Smart Cards
• Password
– Card holder’s protection

• Cryptographic Security
– Entity authentication

• Biometric Security
– Person’s identification

• A combination of one or more

Uses:• • • • • • • • • • Net surfing. Electronic purse(debit/credit card). Banking(ATM card). Employee attendance. Medical identification. Identity card. Driving licence. Pan card. Passport. Payphones.

And many more apps..

Advantages:• Faster and smarter. • Portability. • Flexibility(no need to carry separate ATM,Debit,Credit card or DL,pan card etc.). • Highly secured.(deactivates on illegle use). • Gives its own network for internet surfing. • Reliability (unaffected by electric and magnetic field).

Disadvantages:COST AND AVAILABILITY • Expensive.

• All readers can not read all types of smart card(depends upon the smart card brand).

THANK YOU….

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