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ME1252: Kinematics of Machinery Question Bank Instructions: (Given by University Examination question paper) 1. Answer ALL questions. 2. Sketches should be drawn neatly. 3. Give brief procedure for graphical constructions. 4. Answers without units and with wrong units will carry less marks. 5. Symbols used in the solutions should be explained at least once for each answer. 6. Answers without substituting the data in the equations will carry zero marks 7. A3 size drawing sheet will be supplied on request. Use both sides of the drawing sheet, if necessary. 8. Fold the drawing sheet to the size of the answer sheet and attach it.
2 Marks Questions T8247, NOVEMBER 2006 1. Differentiate between machine and mechanism. 2. Write down Kutzhback criterion to find the mobility of a planar mechanism. 3. Define transmission angle and its significance. 4. How will you determine the magnitude and direction of coriolis component of acceleration? 5. List the classifications of cam followers based on shape. 6. What are the essential design features of high speed cams? 7. Define (a) Module (b) Diametral Pitch of gears. 8. What is under cutting of gears? 9. Distinguish between sliding and rolling friction. 10. State the condition for transmission of maximum power in belt drives. T8248, NOVEMBER 2006 11. What is Kutzbach criterion for planar mechanism? 12. Sketch an exact straight line mechanism, with link proportions. 13. Explain normal component of acceleration. 14. State Corioli's law. 15. What are the classifications of cams based on contact surfaces? 16. State the basic requirements for high speed cams. 17. Define module of gears and its relation to circular pitch. 18. Explain briefly the use of differential in an automobile. 19. What are timing belts? 20. Explain briefly significance of friction in braking. C3298, MAY 2007 21. Enumerate the difference between a Machine and a Structure. 22. List out the inversions of a double slider crank chain. 23. Define rubbing velocity. 24. Define Corioli's component of acceleration. 25. State the expressions for maximum velocity and acceleration of a follower moves with Cycloidal motion. 26. What is prime circle of a cam? What is the radial distance between the prime circle and base circle for a cam with knife edge follower? 27. What is axial pitch of a helical gear? 28. List out the applications of epicyclic gear train.
Differentiate diametral pitch and circular pitch of a friction wheel. State the expressions for maximum velocity and acceleration of a follower moves with cycloidal motion. DC = 600 mm. What is a circular arc cam? 36. Define Grashoffs law. Define pitch curve of the cam. What is the condition of maximum efficiency of a Screw jack? 30. What is creep in the case of belt? 50. 37. What is higher pair? 45. (4) . 46. T3348. Which type of screw thread is preferable in power transmission? 16 Marks Questions T8247. What are the advantages of wire ropes over fabric ropes? R3456. 35. (6) 2. 44. 33. (i) Define and explain inversion of mechanisms. (12) (ii) Sketch a four-bar crank rocker mechanism in (1) Maximum transmission angle position and (2) toggle position where mechanical advantage is infinity. (6) (ii) Distance between two parallel shafts connected by oldham’s coupling is 25 mm. Define degree of freedom.http://mechsuman. 49. Define pressure angle and explain the effect of different pressure angle. Define Degree of Freedom and give the DOF for a shaft in a circular hole. (i) A four bar mechanism DABC has the following dimensions : DA = 300 mm. 40. 42. (6) 3.blogspot. (4) (ii) Sketch and explain oldham’s coupling. 32. What is reverted gear train? 39. (4) (iii) Discuss the application of Grashoff’s law in identifying the input and output motions of four-bar mechanism. (i) Describe Whitworth's quick return mechanism.com/ 29. Define undercutting in Gears. NOVEMBER 2007 31. 47. CB = AB = 360 mm. APRIL 2008 41. 38. What is Corioli's component of acceleration? 34. Diagrammatically represent the forces acting on a body when it slides either up or down on an inclined plane with out considering the effect of friction. Constant driving torque is 50 N-m. Determine maximum speed of sliding of tongue of intermediate piece in the slot in the flange if driving shaft is run at 250 rpm. Determine the following: (1) Velocity of point B (2) Angular velocity of driven link CB (3) Mechanical advantage of mechanism in this position (4) Resisting torque. 48. Assume the output link (rocker) length as 50 mm and in the left extreme position it is vertical. List out any four desirable characteristics of brake lining material. (6) (iii) Design a four-bar crank rocker quick return mechanism to give a time ratio of 1.25 with rocker swing angle as 75° clockwise. NOVEMBER 2006 1. State the Freudenstein's equation for a four-bar mechanism. Define interference in Gears. 43. Explain the coriolis component of acceleration. State Grashof’s law for a four bar linkage. Link DC is fixed and angle ADC is Driving link DA turns clockwise at 100 rpm.
(4) (ii) Describe the advantages and applications of helical. (i) Discuss the advantages of V belts.blogspot. Determine the following. Assume that the axis of knife edge follower passes through cam axis. Angle of lap is 160°. the sum gear A and the planet gear B are having 36 and 45 teeth respectively. Determine torques to raise and lower 20 kN load and efficiency of jack.5 mm. (4) (iii) Derive the expression to determine the ratio of tensions in a flat belt drive. determine speed of gear B. If the arm rotates at 150 rpm counter clockwise about center of A which is fixed.5 kg/m and allowable tension per rope is 2400 N. Also sketch the arrangement. (6) (ii) Discuss the functions of clutches in automobiles. at a crank angle of 45° from inner dead centre position (1) Linear velocity and acceleration of the midpoint of connecting rod (2) Angular velocity and angular acceleration of the connecting rod. (6) T8248. which runs at 90 rpm. (4) 10. (6) (ii) Design a compound gear train for an exact train ratio of 180 : 1. (i) A pinion having 25 teeth drives a gear of 60 teeth. (2) Follower to dwell for 30° of cam rotation (3) Follower to return to initial position during 120° of cam rotation. mass of rope is 1. (6) (ii) A rope drive transmits 600 kW from a pulley of effective diameter 4 m. (i) Find the number of instantaneous centres for a six link mechanism. (4) (ii) Draw the profile of a disc cam to give uniform motion and uniform velocity during outstroke of 25 mm to a knife edge follower during first half revolution. mean diameter of screw is 50 mm. co-efficient of friction is 0. (i) Briefly explain the features of mushroom followers. crank and connecting rod are of lengths 150 mm and 600 respectively. (i) What is meant by interference in gears? What are the measures to eliminate the same? (4) .http://mechsuman. (12) 7. (1) Follower to have a stroke of 20 mm during 120° of cam rotation. Determine: (1) Length of path of contact (2) Length of arc of contact and (3)contact ratio. NOVEMBER 2006 11. Determine the number of ropes required. (i) Explain the following terms : (1) Prime circle (2) Pressure Angle related to cams. bevel and worm gears. (6) (iii) In an epicyclic gear train. Minimum radius of the cam is 25 mm.com/ 4. (6) (iii) Describe the features of internal expanding brakes used in automobiles. co-efficient of friction is 0. (i) Discuss the advantages of involute gear tooth profile. (4) Follower to dwell for remaining 90° of cam rotation. If the arm is locked and gear A rotates at 300 rpm what is the speed of gear B? (6) 8. (12) 6. State the use of instantaneous centre method in kinematic analysis. (6) (iii) Discuss the necessity of differentials in automobiles. Screw pitch is 12.13. The base circle radius is 40 mm and the follower axis coincides with cam axis of rotation. (4) (ii) Crank of a slider crank mechanism rotates clockwise at a constant speed of 300 rpm. Tooth profile is involute with pressure angle of 20°. (4) (ii) Draw the profile of a cam to give following motion to a flat faced reciprocating follower. angle of groove is 45°. (4) 9. Minimum teeth on any gear shall be 12 to avoid interference and Maximum gear ratio in any one stage is 10 : 1. (i) Following data are for a screw jack. (12) 5. Return of cam is also of similar uniform motion with uniform velocity during remaining half revolution.28. module of 8 mm and addendum of 1 module.
(i) Pitch of 50 mm diameter threaded screw of a screw jack is 12. Draw the profile of disc cam to give uniform acceleration and retardation out stroke of 25 to a knife edge follower during first half of revolution.25. length of crank is 80 mm and ratio of connecting rod length to crank radius is 3. Gear C is integral with B and meshes with another annular wheel E which is keyed to the shaft of driven unit. (ii) Follower to dwell for 30° of cam rotation. C. (4) (ii) In a small steam engine running at 600 rad/min counter clockwise. arc of contact and contact ratio. Determine the addendum height for each gear wheel. (4) (ii) 100 kW is to be transmitted by a rope drive through a 160 cm diameter 45° grooved pulley running at 200 rpm. The addendum on each wheel is to be made of such a length that the line of contact on each side of the pitch point has half the maximum possible length. Draw the profile of a cam to give following motion to a reciprocating follower with a flat face: (i) Follower to have a stroke of 20 mm during 120° of cam rotation. (ii) Initial tension in the rope. (12) 16. Link O2O4 is fixed. (8) (ii) Explain with neat sketches the following: (1) Offset slider mechanism. Determine the torque to raise a load of 25 kN rotating with the screw. (i) Explain the inversions of single slider crank chains. The arm rotates about driving shaft and carries compound gear B.com/ (ii) An epicyclic train has a pinion A having 15 teeth. Two mating gears have 20 and 40 involute teeth of module 10 mm and 20° pressure angle. (12) 17. Minimum radius of cam = 25 mm. (8) 14. Coefficient of friction between screw and nut is 0. Link O2O4 = 200 mm.blogspot. Return of cam also takes place with uniform motion during remaining half of cam revolution. 18. (10) (ii) Explain mechanical advantage and transmission angle related to four-bar mechanisms. (iv) Follower to dwell for remaining 90° of cam rotation.5 mm. Mass of rope is 0. with neat sketches. Also determine torque on machine shaft for a motor torque of 100 N-m. (12) . For the position when crank makes 45° to horizontal. (2) An indexing mechanism. Angle of overlap 140° and coefficient of friction between pulley and rope is 0. Assume minimum radius of cam as 25 mm. Sketch the arrangement and determine speed of machine for a motor speed of 1000 rpm. Find also total acceleration of a point X on connecting rod 80 from crank pin. Another gear B having 20 teeth is gearing with A and also with annular fixed wheel D. 13. Link AB = 450 mm. find the following: (i) Number of ropes required. length of the path of contact. determine acceleration of piston. with neat sketches. (iii) Follower to return to its initial position during 120° of cam rotation.7 kg/m and it can withstand a tension of 800 N. (i) Explain the inversions of four bar chain. Considering centrifugal tension.http://mechsuman. (6) 15. (12) 12. (i) State the properties of relative velocities of points on kinematic links. (4) (ii) A four bar linkage has following dimensions: Crank AO2 = 150 mm. centrally located and rigidly connected to shaft of driving motor. Also find the torque required to lower the load and efficiency of screw jack. Link BO4 = 300 mm. 19.10. Out stroke and return stroke of the follower are simple harmonic. Find the angular acceleration of links AB and BO4 when the crank is rotating with a constant angular velocity of 200 rad/s counter clockwise and also positioned of 45° to horizontal. (i) Compare instantaneous center method and velocity polygon method for velocity analysis of mechanisms.
(8) C3298. BD = 540 mm.p. 23. Find the velocity and acceleration of the tool-box R. Analytically perform the displacement analysis of a four bar mechanism. as shown in figure. OA = 180 mm . The driving crank AD of the quick-return mechanism.m. The dimensions of various links are as follows. AB = 360 mm. For the given configuration determine the velocity of the slider and angular velocities of links AB.blogspot. Assume uniform wear and coefficient of friction = 0. What is the acceleration of sliding of the block at B along the slotted lever PQ? 24. The crank rotates at 180 rpm. (8) 22. when the crank makes an angle of 60°with the vertical line of centers PA. Also determine the linear acceleration of the slider D. Deduce an expression for length of stroke in terms of link lengths.com/ 20. in the position shown. CB = 240 mm. Determine dimension of friction plate and axial force exerted by the springs. the slider D is constrained to move along horizontal direction. (2) (ii) A 10 kW engine develops a maximum torque of 100 N-m and is driving a car having a single plate clutch of two active surfaces. BC and BD.3.85 bar. (i) Define transmission angle of a four bar linkage. (i) Explain the following: (1) Crowning of pulleys (3) (2) Self-locking of brakes (3) (3) Uses of brakes in automobiles. (4) (iii) Illustrate a crank and slotted lever mechanism as an inversion of single slider crank chain. Axial pressure is not to exceed 0. MAY 2007 21. What is the effect of transmission angle on mechanical advantage? (4) (ii) Briefly explain various types of constrained motions. External diameter of friction plate is 1.http://mechsuman. revolves at a uniform speed of 200 r. . For the toggle mechanism as shown in figure.25 times internal diameter.
acceleration of a reciprocating roller follower when the roller has contact with the nose. (1) when A makes one revolution in clockwise and D makes ½ a revolution in the opposite sense (2) when A makes one revolution in clockwise and D remains stationary. In order to avoid the interference. Assume uniform wear rate and μ = 0. (i) Derive the expression for Frictional torque on cone clutch based on uniform pressure theory.1 and nut and bearing surface is 0.35 N/mm2 and the breadth of the conical surface is not to exceed of the mean radius.3 and is to have a maximum pressure of 1000 kPa against the friction material.16. The gear ratio is 1. (12) 29. The number of teeth in pinion is 16 and its rotational speed is 240 rpm. If the intensity of pressure between the contact surfaces is limited to 0.75. (i) A square threaded bolt of root diameter 22.com/ 25. (8) (ii) A leather faced conical clutch has a cone angle of 30°. (iii) To lower during next 60° with UAUR. determine the force required at the end of spanner 500 mm long when the load on the bolt is 10 kN.5 mm and pitch 5 mm is tightened by screwing a nut whose mean diameter of bearing surface is 50 mm. If the coefficient of friction between nut and bolt is 0.blogspot. 27. (1) Using an actuating force of 1750 N. (ii) Fully raised through next 30°.15. rotating in clockwise direction with a uniform speed of 100 rpm is to be designed to give the motion for a roller follower as follows. The number of teeth in gears A and D are 40 and 90 respectively. A cam with a minimum radius of 25 mm. Draw the profile of the cam when the line of stroke of the follower is offset by 15 mm from the axis of the camshaft. 26. determine the face width of the Shoes (both shoes have same width) and (2) What torque will the brake absorb? (10) . Determine the dimensions of the contact surfaces to transmit 22. (i) State and prove law of gearing (4) (ii) A pair of involute spur gears with 16° pressure angle and pitch of module 6 mm is in mesh. (8) 30.http://mechsuman. How many revolutions does the arm makes. determine (1) addenda on pinion and wheel (2) length of path of contact (3) maximum velocity of sliding on either side of pitch point. velocity. (i) To raise through 50 mm during 120° rotation of cam with SHM. (6) (ii) The brake whose dimensions are shown in figure has a co-efficient of friction of 0.5 kW at 2000 rpm. (6) 28. (i) An epicyclic gear train is shown in the figure. Construct a tangent cam and mention the important terminologies on it. (10) (ii) What is reverted gear train? Explain the arrangement of various gears in a reverted gear train and express the characteristic equations used to define their operation. Also derive the expressions for displacement. (iv) Dwell for the remaining period.
Derive the displacement. velocity and acceleration equation of a slider crank mechanism. BD = 540 mm. as shown in figure. The crank rotates at 180 rpm. Cam with knife edge follower. Four bar chain. 33. NOVEMBER 2007 31. .com/ R3456. The dimensions of various links are as follows. For the given configuration determine (i) the velocity and acceleration of the slider (ii) angular velocity and angular acceleration of links AB. CD = 125 mm and DR = 500 mm.blogspot. OA = 180 mm. The dimensions of various links are OA = 150 mm. (i) Define transmission angle of a four bar linkage. OC = 100 mm. 34. the slider D is constrained to move along horizontal direction. CB = 240 mm. AB = 360 mm. For the toggle mechanism as shown in figure. (6) (iii) Explain any two inversions of a four bar kinematic chain. What is the effect of transmission angle on mechanical advantage? (4) (ii) State and prove Kutchbach criterion for the following kinematic chains: Three bar chain. (6) 32. crank OA rotates at 30 rpm in clockwise direction. Determine the acceleration of the sliding block R and the angular acceleration of the slotted lever BD.http://mechsuman. BC and BD. In a Whitworth quick return mechanism.
The planet P has 45 teeth. 37. velocity. The wheel S has 15 teeth and is fixed to the motor shaft running at 1450 rpm. (iii) Follower moves inwards with simple harmonic motion for the next 120° of cam rotation. Construct a tangent cam and mention the important terminologies on it.5 kW. (8) (ii) From the first principles. determine the force required at the end of spanner 500 mm long when the load on the bolt is 10 kN. derive an expression for the frictional torque of a cone clutch under uniform wear consideration. when one pair of teeth is in mesh. and the pitch line speed is 1. determine the torque required to fix the annulus. determine the angle turned through by pinion. Also calculate the maximum velocity of sliding. (i) Two involute gears of 20° pressure angle are in mesh. Take addendum as one module.5 mm and pitch 5 mm is tightened by screwing a nut whose mean diameter of bearing surface is 50 mm. Also calculate the maximum velocity and acceleration during outward and inward motion of the follower when the cam rotates with 200 rpm. (8) 38.http://mechsuman. (ii) Follower dwells during next 30° of cam rotation. when the minimum radius of cam is 25 mm. Draw the profile of the cam.blogspot.com/ 35. If the pitch expressed in module is 5 mm. A cam drives a flat reciprocating follower in the following manner: (i) Follower moves outwards through a distance of 20 mm with simple harmonic motion during the first 120° rotation of the cam. (iv) The follower dwells for the remaining period. gears with fixed annulus E and rotates on a spindle carried by an arm A which is fixed to the output shaft. If the coefficient of friction between nut and bolt is 0. (8) (ii) Derive an expression for the minimum number of teeth required on the pinion in order to avoid interference in involute gear teeth.2 m/s. The number of teeth on pinion is 20 and the gear ratio is 2. acceleration of a reciprocating roller follower when the roller has contact with the nose.1 and nut and bearing surface is 0. If the motor transmits 1. Also derive the expression for displacement. 36. (i) What are the special advantages of an epicyclic gear train? (4) (ii) An epicyclic gear train for electric motor is shown in figure. (12) 39. (8) .16. (i) A square threaded bolt of root diameter 22.
(8) (ii) A band brake acts on the 3/4th of circumference of a drum of 450 mm diameter which is keyed to the shaft. Angle of ascent = 48°. What do you mean by pitch point. 43. Take μ = 0.http://mechsuman. circular pitch. At the instant when is at right angle to AD.3 and maximum allowable shear in the leather = 2. Lift of the follower= 40 mm. 46. If the operating force is applied at 500 mm from the fulcrum and the coefficient of friction is 0. Least radius of the cam = 50 mm. v = linear velocity of the slider. The crank makes 300 rpm in the clockwise direction. CD = 450 mm and AD = 60 mm. module. 42. ie. addendum and pressure angle? Explain in detail. The maximum tension in the belt is 1855 N. An open belt drive connects two pulleys 120 cm and 50 cm diameters on parallel shafts 4 m apart. the crank rotates at 36 rad/s. The crank of a slider crank mechanism is 15 cm and the connecting rod is 60 cm long. . 100 mm from the pin connecting the links CD and AD. AD is the fixed link. The density of the leather can be taken as 1000 kg/mm3. The angle of ascent is 60° and total lift is15 mm. The coefficient of friction is 0. determine the velocity of (i) the mid point of the link BC (ii) a point on link CD. Diameter of the roller= 30 mm.. (iii) Linear velocity of the mid point of the connecting rod.75 mm thick leather belt required to transmit 15 kW from a motor running at 900 rpm. Derive an expression for the velocity of sliding between a pair of involute teeth. From the following data draw the profile of a cam in which the follower moves with SHM during ascent while it moves with uniformly accelerated and decelerated motion during descent. (8) T3348. In a four bar mechanism. The band brake provides a braking torque of 225 N-m. Calculate: (i) the power transmitted (ii) the torque on each of the two shafts. If the cam rotates at 360 rpm anticlockwise find the maximum velocity and acceleration of the follower during descent. 44. (i) Determine the width of a 9. 47. ω = angular velocity of the crank. Angle of descent= 60°. What is the importance of finding acceleration of various points in a mechanism? Name the two different methods of finding acceleration in a mechanism. The driven pulley runs at 300 rpm and the distance between the centers of two pulleys is 3 m. 45. Angle of dwell= 42°. A symmetrical tangent cam with a least radius of 25 mm operates a roller follower of radius 10 mm. the distance between the cam centre and nose centre. 48. The driver pulley of diameter 120 cm runs at 200 rpm.25. (ii) Angular velocity of connecting rod.3. If the speed of the cam is 400 rpm. find the operating force when the drum rotates in anticlockwise direction. APRIL 2008 41.com/ 40. When it has turned 45° from the inner dead centre position determine: (i) Velocity of slider. One end of the band is attached to a fulcrum pin of the lever and the other end to a pin 100 mm from the fulcrum. The diameter of the driving pulley is 300 mm. BC = 400 mm. State and prove the law of gear tooth action for constant velocity ratio and show how the involute teeth profile satisfies the condition.blogspot. nose radius and angle of control of cam with straight flank. 49. What do you mean by Coriolis component of acceleration? When will it exist? Prove that the component of acceleration is 2vω where.5 MPa and the drive is open type. The lengths of the links are AB = 200 mm. State the advantages of involute profile as a gear tooth profile. then calculate : The principal dimensions of the cam.
com/ 50. Find the minimum distance in which the car may be stopped when brakes are applied (i) to the rear wheels (ii) to all the four wheels. .1. Speed = 60 km/h.http://mechsuman. Height of CG from road surface = 600 mm. μ = 0.85 m. Perpendicular distance of CG from rear axle = 1.blogspot. A car moving along a level road is having the following data: Wheel base of car = 2.2 m.
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