2010-4-20

Security Level:

47pt

Mobile Backhaul Packet Route Solution

www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Content
• Trend and Challenges • Mobile Backhaul Packet Route Solution
Solution Overview Product Portfolio

• Successful Applications

The Developing Trend of MBB Network
Curve B: Bandwidth

Webpage Browsing Video Streaming
Worse Profit

Curve C: Cost

Worst Profit

Curve A: ARPU
Bad Profit

MBB Initiation

MBB Growth

Ubiquitous MBB Era

• The web browsing & video streaming will be the main components of the mass mobile broadband traffic • The development of mobile broadband network will witness the same trends and challenges that has appeared in fixed broadband network development • The construction of mobile broadband network can refer to fixed broadband network construction experience

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Current Metro is FMC Ready but not E2E Available
Customer Metro Access Metro Aggregation Backbone & Service

Network Management House

International GW

DSLAM Enterprise

SW

UPE

NPE

Single Metro Platform
UPE NPE

GW

Backbone

IPTV headend

Wholesaler

MSTP/PTN RNC

Softswitch

3G/LTE Sub

GGSN

Access Ready

The Gap

FMC Ready

• Metro aggregation network is FMC ready, but not E2E FMC available • The separation of IP RAN service stream by MPLS-TP & IP/MPLS networks breaks E2E service features such as E2E protection & configuration • The existing IP RAN equipment doesn’t fulfill strong IP/MPLS features as router does • UPE routers are usually too big & expansive in metro access

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Mobile Operator’s Challenge for Backhaul Bandwidth
Leased Line Cost

Region
North America Europe Japan(Emobile) ( )

E1 LL fare
400USD / Month 400~1950Euro / Month 1100USD / Month

Dilemma of mobile broadband backhaul

E1 LL cost depends on distance & bandwidth E1 LL is more popular in west Europe and North America because of regulation and legislation.

Data service consume more bandwidth but bring less revenue. Traditional TDM based technology can not support 3G/LTE. The situation is even worse in case of renting E1 LL from 3rd party. Migrate to all-IP is the long term strategy.

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It’s Popular to Be the Pipe Operators
Mobile operator rent mobile backhaul network infrastructure (such as optical fiber, microwave, site pole/room, routers, transmission devices, etc) is very popular in Europe and North America: 1. USA, Sprint (Pure Mobile) and AT&T (Fixed + Mobile) rent backhaul from comcast (TV Operator) 2. UK, O2 rent backhaul from BT 3. Germany, T-Mobile rent backhaul from T-Home 4. Spain, Vodafone rent backhaul from Tele2
……

BUT, we still need to think about a lot
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 6

Key Issues to Be Discussed
Issue
Traffic

Requirement
Cost per bit, fast provisioning, wide coverage GSM (Abis over TDM/IP) 3G (Iub over IMA/IP) LTE (S1/ X2 over Ether/IP) Larger coverage, make use of any available transport media. Line Synchronization with different tech, to meet different scenarios. Less delay (10ms with LTE), less jitter, less drop. Whole network seamless protection Hierarchical management

How
2G/3G Voice without convergence, 3G data/ LTE with convergence. One box all interface, universal PWE3 for all services. Integrate all the access method (fiber, xDSL, PON, etc) into same device. IEEE 1588v2, ACR, Synch Ether, Clock over Microwave/xDSL DiffServ + Reservation mode A set of High Availability tech work together Universal NMS for all devices by pipe operator, mobile operator manage their own service inside tunnels Device capacity, interface type, interface density, NMS, to support new services.

Challenges
Without reasonable price and good service, mobile operator will choose to self build backhaul. Leverage the rich interface type, and the high interface density All the media in different network part, need the universal pwe3 pipes go through whole network, universal O&M Needs the complete synch techs together, not part of them. Easy to deploy, can change QoS policy flexibly as mobile operator’s requirement Needs the complete synch techs together, not part of them. Backhaul makes up of thousands of sites, need high efficiency NMS tools, for device, service provisioning, trouble shooting, etc How to keep the future evolution, while no over invest for the current network.

Interface Transport Media Synch

QoS Protect Management

Evolution

Smoothly evolution for 3G, LTE, and FMC applications.

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Special Requirements, Multi-media Access
2G TDM BTS 3G ATM NodeB LTE eNodeB ATM E1 IMA E1 FE GE Connection type TNL GSM UMTS WiMAX LTE TDM ATM BS-NC IP/MLPPP IP/Ethernet BS-BS IP/Ethernet E1 E1

C S G

FE/GE

xDSL

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Special Requirements, Clock Synchronization
Clock1 Wireless Standard Requirements of Frequency synchronization 0.05ppm NodeB 0.05ppm 0.05ppm 0.05ppm 0.05ppm 0.05ppm Requirements of Phase synchronization NA NA 3us 3us NA 1us Tend to Frequency &. Phase synchronization

GSM WCDMA TD-SCDMA CDMA2000 WiMax FDD WiMax TDD

Clock2

LTE

0.05ppm

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GPS

PRC

GPS

BITS
RSG E1
E1 BITS

BITS
FE RSG 10GE/GE/FE

IP Clock Server

10GE/GE/FE

1588v2 Hop by Hop 1588v2 ACR

Area X
ASG

Area Y
ASG GE/FE

1588v2 Hop by Hop

1588v2 ACR

CSG
E1 BITS/ Synch Ether/ 1pps E1 BITS/ Synch Ether/ 1pps

CSG GE/FE

CSG GE/FE

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Challenge of Maintenance in IP Transformation
The Management Capability of NMS must keep up with Network Scale Increasing. Need to simplify complicated IP Network operation and maintenance

IP/MPLS Network
VPN

E2E service management and fast trouble shooting to meet higher SLA requirement

Engineers must improve skill to manage data communication equipments in ALL-IP time

IE CC

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Special Requirements, High Availability and QoS
~~150ms 150 ms DL: >150Mbps UL: > 50Mbps

LTE

Latency
~~100ms 100 ms

Throughput
DL: ~42Mbps UL: ~11Mbps

HSPA+
DL: ~14.4Mbps UL: ~5.76Mbps ~70 ms ~70 ms

HSPA
DL: ~144-360Kbps UL: ~144-360Kbps DL: ~384Kbps UL: ~384Kbps ~45 ms ~45 ms ~20ms ~20ms

3G-WCDMA/TDCDMA/CDMA GSM/GPRS/EDGE 1991

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012 or later

High-quality mobile voice and data services need high-quality network to ensure, the requirements for QoS, OAM
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 13

Latency is Key QoS Feature of LTE
More Users

E2E Latency requirements

LTE

600ms 100Mbps
UMB ~100Mbps LTE 25~100Mbps

10Mbps

WR5 14.Mbps C1xDO 9.3Mbps

3G/HSDPA
1Mbps
C1xDO 3.1Mbps C1xDO 150ms 2.4Mbps WR99 384Kbps 100ms

200ms 100ms

2G/GPRS

C-1x 153Kbps GPRS 53.6Kbps

70ms 45ms 10ms

50ms 10ms

Low Latency– Enable new realtime services

2000

2002

2005

2007

2009

2011

2015

Comparing with 2G/3G, latency is the key competition strength of LTE With this feature, more attractive real-time services can be realized in LTE-Era

Exclude the latency of mobile network, Only 10ms latency allowed for transport network

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Content
• Trend and Challenges • Mobile Backhaul Packet Route Solution
Solution Overview Product Portfolio

• Successful Applications

Mobile Backhaul Packet Route Solution Overview
NMS/U2000

Mobile

BTS

CSG

RNC/BSC

Mobile

NodeB

CSG ASG UPE

MME/S-GW

Aggregation
Mobile eNode B

CSG

ASG ASG

Metro
UPE PE-AGG MSCG/BRAS UPE

Residential/Triple-Play

Mini DSLAM/OLT SR

Business

Business CPE

Access Any Media
• Any Media Access • Any Media Clock Sync

Aggregation Single Metro
• SingleMetro Platform • FMC Aggregation • Excellent Scalability

Metro

S-POP Future-proof
• LTE Available • Unified Gateway

Zero-Touch
• Plug & Play, Once on-Site • Visualized Service Deploying • Visualized Management

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Any Media Access, Resource on Demand

LTE/WiMax

TDM E1 IMA E1 ML-PPP E1

Microwave

Fiber

AGW

ATN910

CSG
Twisted Pair Coaxial cable

Node B FE GE BTS

Aggregation &Metro

RNC

BSC

Support GE/FE, xDSL/xDSL binding, PON Easy to get last mile resource. And utilize the existing access resource to access all kinds of service

Support any kinds of access media. Easy to get last mile resource
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 17

Any Media Clock Sync, GPS free
GPON
LTE/WiMax

Fiber Copper Radio

AGW Unit: ppm

xDSL
UMTS HSPA 0.01 RNC UMTS R99/R4
1 127 253 379 505 631 757 883 1009 1135

Ethernet

Metro

Microwave
BSC

IPTime Sync Solution achieve ± 0.01ppm

GSM/GPRS

IP Backhaul

1588v2, ACR/TOP, Sync ETH, NTR cover any scenario, any media solution GPS-free for each Cell-site, Saving Cost & Extending Indoor Coverage GPS-grade IP Clock Sync, Guaranteeing Quality of Experience

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Page 18

Single Metro, FMC Available
Access
Residential/Triple-play

FMC Aggregation
OLT/DSLAM

FMC Metro

S-POP

Business

Business CPE ASG UPE

RNC/BSC/aGW

Mobile

BTS/Node B BTS

CSG ASG CSG ASG CSG SR/BRAS UPE UPE PE-AGG/ RSG

Mobile

Mobile

Node B

E2E Router-based Platform Unified Control Plane Seamless MPLS Router-based compact ASG, The hinge of FMC

Single Metro

FMC Available

Any Service Provisioning Mobile Service: 2G/3G/4G Residential Service: HIS/VOIP/IPTV/Long-tail App Business Service: VPLS/VLL/L3VPN leased-line Scalable networking Unified OAM

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Seamless MPLS, Simplify Network Designing, Service Provisioning and Maintenance
Access
FMC Aggregation
OLT/DLSAM

FMC Metro

S-POP

Residential/Triple-play

Business

Business CPE

E2E MPLS Architecture ASG
UPE ASG RSG

RNC/BSC/aGW

Mobile

BTS/Node B

Unified Technology (MPLS) for E2E FMCCSG ASG PE-AGG/ UPE oriented network. Reduce network Complexity
UPE CSG

SR/BRAS

Mobile

Node B

• Seamless MPLS, deploy MPLS in Access, Aggregation and Metro. Connect BS to FMC Metro. Remove the gap between Mobile Access and FMC Metro • Simplify network designing, service provision and maintenance
Simplify Networking Designing. Easy to design network architecture, E2E protection solution, QoS solution and Security solution Simplify service provision. VPN (L3VPN, PW, VLL, VPLS ) for any service ( ATM/TDM BS, IP BS, HSI, VoIP & VoD, Business service). Configure any service on NMS Simplify network maintenance. Remote network management through NMS

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Single Metro, Fast and Flexible Service Deployment
Suburb/Rural Area
IPTV! IPTV!

② When some customer need high-bandwidth service, such as, IPTV. Deploy mini OLT/DSLAM, and access these customer to the FMC aggregation, providing high-value service

FMC Aggregation
Mini OLT/ DLSAM

Metro
UPE

S-POP
RNC/BSC/aGW

ASG ASG ASG

IPTV!

UPE UPE

PE-AGG/ RSG

SR/BRAS

① Provide MBB to fast satisfy essential requirement for suburb/rural customer
Access mobile BS to FMC aggregation, to realize ubiquitous wireless coverage

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Network Fault Risks
Fault Type Single Fiber Break (direct connection with fiber) Fault Detect Method 1.Direct connect device can self negotiate to detect 2.Inter WDM link , use BFD 3.UNI with Ether OAM Protection Method 1.Self negotiate to trigger interface switch 2.BFD can co-work with interface/protocol status 3.Ether OAM can co-work with interface status 1.BFD can co-work with interface/protocol status 1.Ether OAM can co-work with interface status Inter line card interfaces for service access 1. Service dual homing to PEs 2. With redundancy P/PE nodes 3. BFD Enhanced VRRP for L3 access 4. Ether OAM for L2 access 1. MC-LAG 2. MC-APS 3. E-VRRP

Transmission Fault

1.BFD 2.Ether OAM

Link Fault Node Fault

Interface Status 1. BFD for IS-IS/OSPF 2. BFD for LSP 3. BFD for VRRP 4. Ether OAM 1. Ether OAM for L2 Ether access 2. Interface status for IMA/TDM access 3. BFD for L3 access
Huawei Confidential

UNI service access link break

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Mobile Backhaul HA Solution
IP RNC PE-AGG IP NB eNB CSG ASG UPE PE-AGG VLL/PWE3(L2 Ethernet) Protection: LSP1:1 and PW Redundancy L3VPN Protection: L3VPN over FRR IP over Eth Protection: VRRP BSC PE-AGG BTS/NodeB CSG ASG UPE RNC PE-AGG

SGW MME

TDM/ATM PWE3
Protection: MPLS OAM 1:1 LSP

cSTM-1/E1
Protection: MCAPS

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E2E and Fast Deployment of Services
Now: E2E and fast deployment of services. In the case of NBI service provisioning, only one interface is required. Before: Services are created in more than three sections in different NMSs. In the case of NBI service provisioning, more than three interfaces are required, and the service provisioning is slow.

L2/L3 service MPLS path in the network WDM path L2/L3 service L2/L3 service L2/L3 service

Now: No management interface is required in the bearer network (including the access network). The more the service layers, the more superior the model is. Before: The more the management interfaces, the more the departments that are required to cooperate. The more the service layers, the more the management interfaces that are required.

MPLS path in access

MPLS path in Metro

MPLS path in backbone WDM path

O&M

Management interfaces, need different department work together

Management model Termination point in management
FTP IPTV Youtu be VoIP Web game

Home

Access

Metro
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Backbone
Page 24

Service centers

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Fast and Precise Fault Location
Now: All networks are managed by one NMS, and root alarms are reported directly. One trace for services in each layer. Root alarm location is fast. Before: Several services are affected if a bearer service is faulty. Therefore, it is difficult to locate the root alarm. The affected services are traced by section. Therefore, many departments are involved in. Root alarm location is slow.

Trace L2/L3 service MPLS path in network Trace L2/L3 service L2/L3 service WDM path L2/L3 service

Now: Interrupted services are shown correctly. The more the used technologies, the more superior the model is.

Trace MPLS path in access Trace

Trace MPLS path in Metro Trace

Trace MPLS path in backbone Trace WDM path

Before: A fault affects the services in upper layer management fields. The more the used technologies, the more difficult the root alarm is to be located.

O&M

Broken or influenced service

Management model
FTP IPTV Youtu be VoIP Web game

Home

Access

Metro
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Backbone
Page 25

Service centers

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Single Metro, Scalable Networking
BTS/ Node B BTS/ Node B CSG CSG ASG UPE

Access
CSG

Aggregation
ASG

Metro

NPE/RSG

AGW

BTS/ Node B

CSG

ASG

UPE

NPE/RSG RNC/BSC

Easy to Expand IP BS, BS expansion doesn’t affect aggregation and Metro

Seamless MPLS L3 Forwarding for IP BS

Reduce VLAN & Subinterface demands of RNC/BSC/AGW

Separate route between Access Network and Aggregation/Metro to Support Large network

IGP Multi-Process on ASG
Process 1 for Access 1 Process n for Access n
ASG

IGP Process n+1 for Aggregation

MS-PW for ATM/TDM BS
LSP 1 for CSG1 LSP n for CSG n 1 LSP for all PW
ASG

Aggregate LSP to Reduce LSP Demands of RSG

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Page 26

Visualized IP Network, Zero-Touch
IP Network management will be more difficult in FMC era Massive CSG
Massive CSG need to be configured, especially in LTE era Many CSG may be lay outdoors, difficult to maintain

Invisible Topology
Difficult to debug when fault occurs Topology changes when fault occurs. It is hard to get Info for debugging

Massive Alarms
One fault may cause more than 500 alarms, very difficult to locate the root cause alarm

Visualized OAM, Make IP Network OAM Easy & Efficient
U2000
Remote CSG OAM Visualized IP OAM & Failure Playback Auto Alarm Analysis

BTS/ Node B

Access
CSG ASG

Aggregation
UPE

Metro
NPE/RSG AGW

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Page 27

Key Requirements from LTE
OpEx Control
Reduce OpEx Easy manageable

Huge traffic Mass eNodeB

Huge Bandwidth

LTE Network Architecture
CN

PDN-GW MME S-GW

SAE

Switched IP RAN

X2 forwarding S1-flex

S-GW

QoS/Latency High Synchronization Performance Reliability Security

RAN S1-U S1-MME

eNodeB eNodeB

eNodeB
X2

Cotransmission

Coexist in long time Reuse and Evolve existing network

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LTE Available, Future Assured
Once site visit, plug and play. Easy to deploy huge number of CSG in LTE era. GE/PON/xDSL access, Providing huge bandwidth for LTE. And easy to get last mile resource, especially for indoor coverage Support L3 forwarding, eNB traffic can be scheduled to any aGW. Easy to deploy S1-flex

LTE Cell Sites
eNodeB

CSG
ATN910 ATN910

ASG

SAE

CX600 ATN910

eNodeB

X2

S1-flex
eNodeB ATN910 ATN910 CX600

eNodeB

ATN910 eNodeB ATN910

xDSL Binding PON

DSLAM

aGW Pool
OLT

L2/L3 hybrid platform, balance OAM capability and networking flexibility, adapt to X2 deployment in different stages of LTE

Industry leading 1588v2 solution, providing low-cost E2E GPS-grade Phase Sync.

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FMC Available
BTS/ Node B BTS/ Node B CSG

CSG ASG NPE/RSG AGW

Access
ASG CSG CSG

Aggregation

UPE

Metro
NPE/RSG RNC/BSC

BTS/ Node B

ASG

UPE

Any Media: :
•Any Media Access •Any Media Clock Sync

Single Metro :
•Any Service •FMC Aggregation •Excellent Scalability

Zero-Touch :
•Plug & Play, Once on-Site •Visualized Service Deploying •Visualized Management

Future Proof: :
•LTE Available •Unified Gateway

FMC Available FMC Available

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Content
• Trend and Challenges • Mobile Backhaul Packet Route Solution
Solution Overview Product Portfolio

• Successful Applications

Proposed Solution

CX600-X8

Core

CX600-X8

CX600-X8

CX600-X8

Aggregation
CX600-X3

Aggregation

CX600-X3

CX600-X8

CX600-X3 CX600-X3 CX600-X3

CX600-x3
ATN910

ATN910

ATN910

ATN910

ATN910

ATN910

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Page 32

E2E Products with Routing Platform
CX600-x16

FMC eady
R

CX600-x8

VRP e
insid

CX600-x1 ATN910

CX600-x3

Single Platform: Versatile Routing Platform (VRP) Unified NMS(U2000): Manage all device and all service
BTS/ Node B Business Residential Femto Cell CSG PON/ xDSl DSLAM/OLT

CSG

ASG UPE

Metro

NPE/RSG

AGW

UPE

NPE/RSG

RNC/BSC

Single platform: all product is based on routing platform - VRP
Powerful platform, support universal service: 2G/3G/LTE service, Triple play, HDTV, P4P, business L2VPN/L3VPN Flexible to deploy, easy to deploy new service Unified NMS: All device share the same NMS, easy to maintain
Page 33

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CX600 Series Router Family
Comprehensive Interface
10GE/GE/FE E1/T1/STM-1

layer 2 & layer 3
Native Eth, VLAN RIP, OSPF, ISIS, BGP MPLS, MPLS TE Eth/ATM/TDM PW, VLL, VPLS, L3VPN IGMP, PIM/PIM SSM, MVPN

High Availability
RRPP , RSTP, LACP, MC-Trunk, MC-APS LSP 1:1, TE FRR, VPN FRR, VLL FRR, PW Redundancy E-VRRP, BFD for Static Route, IGP Fast Convergence

P VRde nsi
i

Hybrid HQoS
5-level HQoS MPLS HQoS 128k Duplex Queue CX600-X1 CX6003U 220mm depth 1 Slot CX600-X3 CX6004U 3 Slots CX600-X8 CX60014U 8 Slots CX600-X16 CX60032U 16 Slots

Clock Sync
1588v2, 1588v2 TOP Sync Eth, ACR, E1/STM-1

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ATN910, Magic Cell Site Gateway
P VRde nsi
i

Cell Site Gateway Based on Routing-Platform for any Media

16E1/T1, 2FE/GE(electric ), 2FE(electric), 2 GE/FE (optical), ADSL2+ bonding(8 pairs), PON interface. Pseudo wire emulation edge to edge (PWE3) technology to carry connection-oriented services (TDM, ATM, Ethernet). TDM/ATM/Ethernet PWE3, support IP/MPLS/GRE encapsulation. IPv4 forwarding, 200K routes. Multi-mode clock synchronization, support synchronous Ethernet, 1588v2, BITS input/output, 1PPS input/output.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 35

Outline of ATN910
FAN(Slot6)

Power Board

FAN Board

Service Board

Interface (Slot3/Slot4) ADSL2+ bonding(8 pairs)

1U

Control/Switch/Clock/Service board
16E1(75 Ω /120 Ω )+2FE/GE(e)+2FE(e)+2GE/FE(o)

Slot Slot 5 6

EXT

Slot 3 EXT SCC Slot 1 & Slot 2

Slot 4

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Specification of ATN910
Physical Dimensions
Height: 44.45mm Depth: 220mm Width: 442mm

Function specification: : Synchronization
External reference timing Phase synchronous Synchroous Ethernet 1588V2 NTP v3 ACR ADSL2+ NTR TDM PWE3(CESoPSN, SAToP) ATM PWE3(N:1 cell mode, rfc4717) ETH PWE3(rfc4448) MPLS LDP, static LSP,RSVP-TE RIP,OSPF,IS-IS, static route MPLS OAM, ETH OAM (802.3ah,802.1ag), PW/LSP ping/trace, MPLS VCCV IP routing,4K routes Smartlink, RRPP DHCP client, DHCP relay 802.1x, radius IEEE 802.1q 、IEEE 802.1 ad MSTP/RSTP/STP SNMP v3

Equipment Capacity
Switching Capacity:3G

Protection Specification

Service Interface: : Power feed 1+1 Fibre:GE LSP 1+1/1:1 Copper/cable: IMA/ML-PPP protection E1/T1(TDM/IMA/ML-PPP/IP) MPLS FRR/TE-FRR ADSL2+ bonding LAG protection FE PW redundancy GE BFD for ( IGP, static route, LSP/PW)
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

EMC: :
CLASS B, NEBS, CE Compliant with IEC 60950-1、 IEC/EN60215、IEC/EN41003、EN 60950-1、UL 60950-1、CSA C22.2 No 60950-1、AS/NZS 60950-1、BS EN 60950-1、IS 13252、GB4943

Page 37

U2000, Unified Network Management System
Network Management: : Unified management of access, transport and IP network Service Deployment: Plug and Play for CSG deployment E2E service management (PWE3, BGP/MPLS VPN, TE Tunnel, Qos etc) Unified network clock view (1588v2, Ethernet) Easy to integrate with 3rd OSS MTOSI 2.0 XML NBI Powerful OAM Solution (10Q3): IP network diagnostic expert tools: IP dynamic protocol view monitor and diagnostic, topology replay

OSS
XML/CORBA/SNMP/FTP iManager U2000

Access Network

Optical Network

Router & Switch

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Page 38

Content
• Trend and Challenges • Mobile Backhaul Packet Route Solution
Solution Overview Product Portfolio

• Successful Applications

Huawei IPTime Packet Route Solution for GPS/Beidou China Telecom
Hop-by-Hop 1588v2 Time Sync Server

IP/ATM/TDM BS

ASG
CX600-X3 CX600-x3

Business(L2/L3 VPN) ATN ATM/TDM BS ATN IP BS ATN ATN ATN ATN

UPE

NPE

Existing Metro
ASG
CX600-x3 UPE NPE

RSG

BSC

RSG

BSC

Huawei Solution
• Deploy CX600+ATN to access mobile base station and business service. • U2000 for unified management system • Deploy E2E 200ms protection technology • Deploy hop-by-hop 1588v2 between ASG and BS. Time is got by GPS/Beidou

Customer Benefits
• Seamless integrated with existing ME. Bear mobile and business service in ME network, saving OpEx & Capex • 200ms E2E high availability • Future-proof ALL-IP solution • GPS-Grade and low-cost clock sync

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Huawei Confidential

Page 40

Thank you
www.huawei.com

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