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English

Grammar
and Exercises
for Thai Students

collected and compiled by

DJCrystaL

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Unit 1 Nouns
student, dog, cat, house, man, etc.
2 Countable Noun and Uncountable Noun
1. Countable Nouns ()
indefinite article (a/an)

a book

books

a dog

dogs

a pen

pens

a house

houses

2. Uncountable Nouns ()
a/an
furniture

bread

hope

salt

air

sleep

sugar

milk

snow

courage

fun

grass

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s es
1. s s, x, z, ch sh
es

2.

3.

girl

girls

fox

foxes

month

months

class

classes

tree

trees

wish

wishes

book

books

quiz

quizes

+ y y i es
lady

ladies

fly

flies

duty

duties

baby

babies

+ y s
day

days

key

keys

boy

boys

monkey

monkeys

4. + o es
hero

heroes

tomato

tomatoes

potato

potatoes

echo

echoes

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5.

6.

piano

pianos

solo

solos

memo

memos

photo

photos

studio

studios

+ o s
radio

radios

video

videos

f f ve

knife

knives

shelf

shelves

wife

wives

life

lives

half

halves

roof

roofs

chief

chiefs

belief

beliefs

cliff

cliffs

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7.

(Compound Nouns) s
mother-in-law

mothers-in-law

passer-by

passers-by

lady-in-waiting

ladies-in-waiting

maid-of-honor

maids-of-honor

(1) ( s es)
man

men

tooth

teeth

woman

women

goose

geese

child

children

mouse

mice

foot

feet

louse

lice

(2)

crisis

crises

datum

data

basis

bases

criterion

criteria

thesis

theses

agendum

agenda

analysis

analyses

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(1) /
species

Chinese

fish

Japanese

sheep

Swiss

deer

Series

He gave a series of lectures.


There are several series of programmes.
I caught a fish.
They caught several fish.

(2)


mathematics

economics

statistics

politics

Statistics is very interesting.


These statistics are useful.

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(3) (Collective Nouns) class, group, family, committee, club, company

The committee has produced its final report.


The committee are celebrating their victory.

( s)
s

news

measles

dominoes

darts

mumps

No news is good news.


Mumps is not common in England.
Dominoes is my favorite game.

people

clergy

police

the rich

cattle

the poor

They are poor people.


The police have arrested the thieves.
Those cattle are the best.

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a large amount of

a lot of

a great deal of

a little

plenty of

a bit of

lots of

some

Lots of time is wasted.


Ive got a little money; it should be enough to live on.
There is still a lot of snow.

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Exercise

A.

1. I am proud of my (son-in-law)__________.
2. I have been here for three (day) __________.
3. She has just finished her (song) __________.
4. I think we need two (radio) __________.
5. Those were their (watch) __________.
6. Have you seen those (ox) __________?
7. Whose (knife) __________are these?
8. These (photo) __________are mine.
9. My (foot) __________really hurt!
10. We saw several (deer) __________in the park.

B. Make these sentences plural.

1. A dog is an animal.
_____________________________________.
2. A potato is a vegetable.
_____________________________________.
3. A girl likes a sweet.
_____________________________________.
4. A teacher is a man or a woman.
_____________________________________.
5. A fly is an insect.
_____________________________________.

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6. A dog hates a cat.
_____________________________________.
7. A student is not always good.
_____________________________________.
8. A cow gives milk.
_____________________________________.
9. We can make a cake with flour, milk and an egg.
_____________________________________.
10. A mother is kind to a little child.
_____________________________________.
11. A box has a lid.
_____________________________________.
12. A chicken is a bird.
_____________________________________.
13. A chair is made of wood.
_____________________________________.
14. We fill our pen with ink.
_____________________________________.
15. A writer writes a book.
_____________________________________.
16. A picture is pretty.
_____________________________________.
17. We can read a book.
_____________________________________.

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18. A garden had a tree.
_____________________________________.
19. We drink tea out of a cup.
_____________________________________.
20. An apple grows on a tree.
_____________________________________.
21. A boy likes a game.
_____________________________________.
22. An eye is blue or brown.
_____________________________________.
23. A fish can swim.
_____________________________________.
24. A pencil is like a pen.
_____________________________________.
25. A cat eats meat.
_____________________________________.

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C.

C U
1. ________advice
2. ________animal
3. ________tomato
4. ________intelligence
5. ________freedom
6. ________hero
7. ________gold
8. ________cup
9. ________garden

D.

1. Politics (is, are) Poms field of study.


2. Your trousers (is, are) brown.
3. The news (depresses, depress) me.
4. The police (has, have) arrested the criminals.
5. Here (is, are) two answers.
6. Measles (is, are) dangerous.
7. The rich (is, are) lucky.
8. There (is, are) 150 species of butterfly.

9. How many fish (is, are) there in the pond?

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Unit 2 Prounouns
Pronoun

Possessive Pronoun

Reflexive Pronoun

me

mine

myself

We

us

ours

ourselves

You

you

yours

yourselves(yourself)

He

him

his

himself

She

her

hers

herself

It

it

its

itself

They

them

theirs

themselves

One

one

ones

oneself

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Exercise

A. pronoun.
1. The dog chased its tail and finally caught it.
2. The painter prepared his brushes, and then he finally got to use them.
3. Teachers and students agreed that they had the same interests.
4. Extraction of a wisdom tooth can cause great pain if it is impacted.
5. Zebras are prized for the beauty they display.
6. The doctor removed Johns tonsils when he was five years old.
7. Ruth is bound to sell some antiques if she tries long enough.
8. Two atomic bombs ended World War II, but they are still discussed today.
9. San Francisco is a beautiful city; it is near to New York.
10. The state of Vermout imposes heavy income taxes when it needs funds.

B.
1. Mary is diligent. Mary studies her lessons every night.
2. John and Mary study in the same class. John and Mary are classmates.
3. Helen and I are neighbors. Helen and I live next to each other.
4. Jack is a good student. Jack never goes to school late.
5.

Monty is Marys dog. Monty is an Alsatian.

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C.

I, we, you, he, she, they, it

1. Tom and I are friends. ___________ go to the same school. He goes to school by car.
___________ go by bus. Helen and Mary are sisters. __________have a dog. Helen likes
________ but Mary doesnt. __________ always teases it.
2. Jim:

Where do ___________ live?

Suda: _______________live in Chiengmai.


Jim:

Where do your parents live?

Suda: __________live in Lampang.


3. Tom: Where is Somsak?
Winai: __________ is in the library with Pramote. __________ are studying for the exam
tomorrow.
4. Customer:

How much are these birds?

Shopkeeper: ____________are 50 baht each.


Customer:

And what about this one?

Shopkeeper: 100 bath. __________ is a nice bird and ________ sings beautifully.

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D.

me, you, us, him, her, them, it

1. Mrs. Smith is very kind. She is our neighbor. She likes my sister and __________. Yesterday
she gave _________ some cookies and we thanked _________.
2. John:
Som:
3. Mary:
Susan:

Do you know _________?


I know ________ but I dont know his wife. Ive never met _______.
What will you buy for Jim and Jane?
I will buy some presents for ________. I will buy a tennis racket and I will buy
________ a beautiful doll.

4. Mary:
Suda:
5. Jack:

What did your father give ___________ on your birthday?


He gave __________a bicycle.
Where are Wichai and Danai?

Wimon:

I dont know. Why do you want to see ________?

Jack:

I want to tell ___________ good news.

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Pronoun
7
1. Personal Pronoun

2. Possessive Pronoun

3. Reflexive Pronoun

4. Indefinite Pronouns

5. Relative Pronoun

6. Demonstrative

7. Other Pronouns

Personal Pronoun 2
A.


I am a student.

She has four brothers.

We are boys.

They go to school.

You have three pens.

It has two legs.

He has ten dogs.

B.
Mary likes me.

I will see her tomorrow.

I told him a story.

Did you see the snake? Yes. I saw it.

Helen bought a big cake for us.

Tom dislikes them.

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Possessive Pronoun

mine, yours, his, hers, theirs,


ours, its
That is your book; this is mine.
This is my bag. Where is yours?
Are those your clothes?

No, they are his.

I parked my car behind hers.


My parents work in Bangkok.

Theirs work in Phuket.

Can I borrow your pen?

Yours works better than mine.

These pictures are ours.

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Exercise
In the following sentences, supply the missing personal and impersonal pronouns as shown in
the examples.

Example: The governor signed the proclamation.


She signed it.

1. Has the cat made a mess of dinner again?


Has ________ made a mess of dinner again?
2. No one but John can do that job properly.
No one but _______ can do that job properly.
3. Franklin and Eleanor Poosevelt had several children.
__________ had several children.
4. Your view of London and my view differ widely.
Your view of London and________differ widely.
5. Do you know when Dubliners was first published?
Do you know when ________ was first published?
6. Does this book belong to Norman and Susie?
Does this book belong to ____________?
7. Whatever preference you may have, there is a suitable wine.
Whatever your preference, there is a wine suitable for ________.
8. Was the portrait of his wife?
Was the portrait of _________?
9. Jane was instructed to give the paper to no one but Joe.
Jane was instructed to give the paper to no one but_________

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Reflexive Pronoun

myself, himself, herself, itself,


yourself (yourselves), ourselves, themselves

A.

I cut myself.
He shaved himself.
They blamed themselves for the accident.
She spoke to herself.
Make yourself at home.
Take care of yourselves.
We enjoyed ourselves very much.
The dog got up and stretched itself.

B.
I opened the door myself.
She herself told me the news.
He himself says so.
He says so himself.
I spoke to the students themselves.
She likes the diamond itself but not the setting.
We should see the house ourselves.

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Exercise
A.

myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, ourselves,


yourselves

1. A:
B:
2. A:
B:
3. A:

Dont exercise too much. You will hurt ______________.


Dont worry. I will stop now. I dont want to hurt ___________.
May is very proud of _____________. She has got an A in Physics.
John is very proud of ________ too. He has got an A in Geography.
Did you eat all those oranges ___________?

B:

Yes, they were very good.

4. A:

Who painted your house?

B:
5. A:
B:
6. A:
B:

We painted our house ___________.


Why do you think that Mrs. Jones is crazy?
Its because she often talks to ___________.
Are Susan and Carol going out for dinner with us?
No, they are going to fix dinner by _____________.

7. The dog got up and stretched _____________.


8. Gary helped ______________ to another large piece of cake.
9. You owe ______________ a long vacation.
10. Our wishes ______________are to blame for our faults.
11. Nancy washed ______________ in the stream.
12. I usually give ______________ the benefit of the doubt; doesnt one always give_____________
the same advantage?
13. God helps those who help ______________.
14. After each meal, Louise blesses ______________.
15. You should stop fooling ______________ about your health.
16. Mr. Sauders made ______________ successful through hard work.

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17. Pam taught ______________ Spanish and French.
18. We are forcing ______________ to lose weight.
19. You should not blame ______________ for what went wrong.
20. She ______________will end up hurting.
21. Many a writer has found ______________ at loose ends after completing her first novel.
22. The town was ruining ______________ by permitting neighboring towns to discharge waste into
its sewage system.

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B. Choose the best answer.
1. Any student who does not do __________homework will be punished.
a) his

b) their

c) her

d) ones

2. They went to visit a friend ________________in Chieng Mai.


a) of my

b) of us

c) of them

d) of their

3. Some of the boys are in the room, but where are ____________?
a) other

b) the others

c) the other

d) another

c) Most of

d) Most

4. ____________ children like watching TV.


a) Almost

b) The most

5. As my bicycle was broken, I borrowed __________.


a) John

b) Johns one

c) Johns

d) one of John

6. Would you like to come to the cinema with me tonight?


Thank you, but I am very tired. We should go ____________time.
a) other

b) the other

c) at other

d) another

7. Your composition is too short. Write _________ page or two.


a) other

b) another

c) others

d) the other

8. The manager wanted to see John and __________.


a) me

b) I

c) mine

d) my

c) him

d) self

c) hers

d) her

9. Paul has a knife.


Dont let him cut ___________
a) himself

b) itself

10. Wantana cant find her umbrella.


Is this red one___________?
a) of her

b) hers

11. Is your new dress blue? Yes, its ____________.


a) my

b) my one

c) of mine

d) mine

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12. She lent her pen to _________ girl.
a) another

b) the other

c) the one

d) others

c) each

d) most

13. Say what type _______ of them is.


a) all

b) some

14. When I was in Phuket, I saw a good friend of _________.


a) they

b) me

c) her

d) yours

c) She

d) Another

c) One

d) Ones

c) anothers

d) ones

15. Which girl is your daughter?


_________ with a pony tail.
a) The one

b) One

16. ____________of my sisters is a nurse.


a) Other

b) Others

17. I prefer red roses to yellow ___________.


a) others

b) one

18. The twins look alike. It is difficult to tell one from __________.
a) the other

b) other

c) others

d) one

c) those

d) one

c) this

d) those

19. My seat is next to __________of the chairman.


a) this

b) that

20. Why did you do __________ to me?


a) one

b) these

21. Which do you want to give me, this or ___________?


a) one

b) another

c) this

d) that

22. I gave him some of my books in exchange for some of ____________.


a) his

b) her

c) them

d) your

c) himself

d) oneself

23. Peter shaves ___________every day.


a) him

b) myself

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24. She bought _________ a new dress.
a) herself

b) myself

c) himself

d) itself

c) others

d) other

25. The two sisters love each ____________.


a) another

b) one

26. The teacher was pleased because __________of her students failed the test.
a) all

b) some

c) most

d) none

27. I have to go shopping because theres _____________left in the refrigerator.


a) something

b) nothing

c) everything

d) anything

28. Excuse me, Mr. Johns __________wants to see you now.


a) somebody

b) nobody

c) one

d) none

29. He is very sad because he thinks that ___________ loves him.


a) somebody

b) everybody

c) nobody

d) anybody

c) Some

d) Each

c) himself

d) ourselves

c) All

d) Every

c) Some

d) Most of them

c) One

d) Most

c) no one

d) none

30. __________of the boys has a lot of toys.


a) All

b) Most

31. The babies hurt ___________ when they fell.


a) itself

b) themselves

32. __________ of us like Winai.


a) Each

b) One

33. __________ hopes that I will certainly come.


a) Everyone

b) All

34. ___________ of the oranges I bought are sweet.


a) Each

b) Every

35. Anne didnt tell ________ about her secret.


a) someone

b) anyone

36. Did you say ______________ to Mr. Jones about our plans?
a) any

b) anything

c) nothing

d) all

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37. _____________ knows a thing about this except you and me.
a) No one

b) Anyone

c) Some

d) Many

38. My mother bought two dresses for me, but I didnt want ___________ of them.
a) all

b) neither

c) either

d) some

39. Those two books are interesting. I want to buy ________ of them.
a) neither

b) all

c) some

d) both

40. You can ask Somchai or Winai. I think ________ of them can help you.
a) either

b) neither

c) none

d) all

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Indefinite Pronouns


A. everybody, everyone, everything
Everybody likes you.
Everyone is ready.
Tell me everything about it.

B. somebody, someone, something


Theres someone at the door.
Somebody gave me this old book.
Theres something on the floor.
C. Each
Each of the boys wants this toy.
He wants to speak to each of us.

D. anybody, anyone, anything


Does anyone know that man?
Would anybody like a drink?
Dont you have anything for me to do?
I dont like anything here.
I didnt see anybody there.

E. nobody, no one, nothing


Nobody likes him.
I want nothing from you.
No one will come here tomorrow.

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F. either, neither, each, every
Either of these boys will help you.
Neither of these two girls is my sister.
Every car needs petrol.
Each student has a bag.
Take either half.
Neither book gives the correct answer.

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Exercise

A. Choose the best answer.

1. A: Why is Dara sad?


B: Its because _______ likes her.
a) nothing

b) everyone

c) anything

d) no one

2. A: Where are you going?


B: Im going to the drugstore. Do you want me to buy _________ for you?
a) anybody

b) anything

c) nothing

d) everything

c) anything

d) neither

c) Every

d) Nothing

3. A: Is there _________ to eat here?


B: No. You have to go to a restaurant.
a) nothing

b) either

4. A: Which book do you want?


B: _________ of them. Both are good.
a) Either

b) Neither

5. We are sorry. Theres _________ that we can do to help you.


a) something

b) anything

c) nothing

d) no one

6. __________ room in this hotel has a private bathroom.


a) Every

b) Either

c) Neither

d) No one

c) neither

d) either

7. I am hungry. Give me ______________ to eat.


a) nothing

b) something

8. The teacher invited _________ student in his class to his birthday party.
a) every

b) neither

c) either

d) each

9. A: Why was she angry with her two sisters?


B: __________ of them helped her with her homework.
a) Either

b) No one

c) Neither

d) Each

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10. A: Why is Tom lucky?
B: His uncle loves him and buys ________ that he wants for him.
a) nothing

b) everything

c) something

d) each

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B. Choose the best answer to fill in the banks. no one, anyone, everyone, nothing, everything,
anything, something, someone.

1. A: Is there anyone in Room 543?


B: No, there isnt __________ in Room 543, but theres ____________ in Room 544.
2. A: Is there ___________ I can buy for you in the town?
B: Yes, I want some writing paper.
3. A: Who can mend my watch?
B: Im sorry. ___________ here can mend your watch.
4. A: What shall we do this evening?
B: Theres ___________ to do this evening. We have finished all our work.
5. A: Is there __________ here who wants to play tennis?
B: Yes, Jack wants to play tennis.
6. A: Did you buy anything here?
B: No, I didnt like __________ here.
7. A: Carol will bring _______________for you to drink.
B: Thats good. Im very thirsty.
8. A: Why do you always come to this shop?
B: It sells __________.
9. A: Who can take Sally to the airport?
B: There isnt ___________ here who can take her there. __________ here has a car.
10. A: Who went to her birthday party last night?
B: ____________ did. She is a popular girl.

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C. Choose one of the following words to fill in the banks. Each, every, either, neither
1. A: Which of those two houses did Bill buy?
B: He bought ________________of them. They were too expensive.
2. A: Which of the two books will you choose?
B: I wont choose ______________ of them. They are not interesting.
3. A: Why is Mr.Ross happy?
B: Its because ______________ of his students has passed the test.
4. __________ student here has to wear a uniform.
5. A: We saw everything in the city.
B: Did you see ___________ museum?
A: Yes, we saw every one of them.
6. A: Can I invite Susan, or must I invite Kathy?
B: You can invite _________of them. Both of them are nice.
7. A: Do you prefer the blue car or the red one?
B: I prefer _____________of them. There are ugly.
8. ___________ girl in this class is studying hard.

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Relative Pronoun

who, whom, whose, which, what, where, when, why, that


Who () who
He is the postman who brings a letter for us at home.
The boy who studies hard can pass the examination easily.

Whom () Whom
This is the student whom his teacher punished.
The singer whom I saw at Chicago is Michael Jackson.

Whose ()

whose
John is the boy whose father died in the war.
The girl whose mother has gone to Japan is my cousin.

Which, that (, ) ,
The animal which/that has wings is a bird.
That is the ticket which/that I bought for you.

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Exercise
A. In the following sentences, supply the missing relative pronouns as shown in this examples.

Example: The table that you refinished is standing in the study.

1. This essay, __________ is the best I can write, will surely be judged worthy of publication.
2. The story __________ I told you must not be reported.
3. Actresses __________ are good enough for the Broadway stage must surely be good enough
for regional theaters.
4. The antique of __________ you are so proud are worthless.
5. Plays __________ plots are obvious cannot hold the interest of an audience.
6. Horses __________ find their way home cannot be thought of as dumb animals.
7. My house, __________ is for sale, sits on a large plot.
8. The partners __________ signed the agreement lived to regret doing so.
9. Young men __________ you see in bars may not be spending their time wisely.
10. To __________ shall I address the letter?

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B. Choose the best answer.
1. This is the school ________ I used to study.
a) where

b) which

c) that

d) there

2. This test is for students ________________ native language is not English.


a) that

b) whose

c) which

d) of whom

3. We saw a new play at the theatre, ___________we had supper at a restaurant.


a) after which

b) which after

c) then which

d) and that after

4. The student ___________ lost his bag is waiting in the office.


a) what

b) whose

c) who

d) which

c) whose

d) what

5. The house _________ they live needs repairing.


a) where

b) which

6. The supermarket ___________ I shop does not accept checks.


a) when

b) which

c) that

d) where

7. This is the biggest shopping center ____________ I have ever seen.


a) where

b) what

c) that

d) whom

8. This is the only road __________ takes us to Henrys house.


a) where

b) whose

c) who

d) which

9. I could not understand ____________ the speaker said.


a) that

b) what

c) which

d) whose

10. Im going to see my uncle ____________ is in hospital.


a) who

b) whom

c) whose

d) that

c) that

d) whose

11. I have read the book __________ you lent me.


a) whom

b) who

12. Children _________ eat a lot of candy often get bad teeth.
a) which

b) what

c) who

d) whom

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13. The girl __________ pen you borrowed needs it.
a) what

b) whose

c) who

d) which

14. Go and find the guests ___________ arrived here yesterday.


a) who

b) whom

c) which

d) what

15. Look at the horses ____________ are drinking in the river.


a) whom

b) who

c) which

d) what

16. The student ____________ father is sick does not come to school today.
a) who

b) which

c) what

d) whose

c) when

d) whom

17. I ate all the cake __________ you gave me.


a) what

b) that

18. My brother Tom, __________ hates fishing, will stay at home.


a) who

b) whom

c) that

d) which

19. A man, ____________ name I have forgotten, came to see you yesterday.
a) whom

b) which

c) whose

d) what

20. I put everything in my suitcase,_________ is under my bed.


a) what

b) who

c) that

d) which

21. The teacher, ____________ every student is afraid of, is really very nice.
a) whose

b) which

c) that

d) whom

22. She will go to visit her hometown, ___________ she always talks about.
a) that

b) which

c) whom

d) where

c) where

d) when

23. This is the town ____________ I was born.


a) that

b) which

24. Im staying here with my eldest sister, ___________ you met last night.
a) whom

b) who

c) that

d) which

25. The man___________ car was stolen was killed by the robbers.
a) who

b) which

c) what

d) whose

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26. Do you know Stephen King ______________ is the author of this novel?
a) who

b) whom

c) which

d) whose

27. John lent me his new car _____________ he bought only last month.
a) what

b) when

c) that

d) whom

28. Some of the friends ___________ did not come.


a) I invited

b) I invited them

c) whom I invited them

d) which I invited

29. The movie _____________ was a good one.


a) which we saw last night

b) what we saw last night

c) that we saw it last night

d) which we saw it last night

30. The man ______________ told the police.


a) found it

b) he found it

c) who found it

d) who found

31. The magazine ____________ is not in the library.


a) I need it

b) which I need it

c) I need

d) that I need it

32. The woman ____________ was young and pretty.


a) I spoke to her

b) whom I spoke to her

c) I spoke to

d) that I spoke

33. The key ___________ has disappeared.


a) opens the office

b) it opens the office

c) that opens the office by

d) that opens the office

34. The boys ____________ are very good students.


a) that you met here

b) that you met them there

c) whom you met them here

d) whom you met here

35. I cant remember ____________ John told me about the accident.


a) whose

b) what

c) which

d) who

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Demonstrative

this, that, these, those 2


A. Determiner
this that
these those
this girl

these girls

this boy

these boys

that student

those students

that house

those houses

this these
that those

B. Demonstrative Pronouns

This is my car.
That is yours.
This is not good.
These are your shirts.
Those are mine.

I like this. I dont like that.


I want these, but he wants those.

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Verb to be
What is this?

Its a calculator.

What is that?

Its a photocopier.

What is these?

They are rubies.

What are those?

They are parrots.

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Exercise

A. this, that, these, those Pronoun (P) Determiner (D) P D



1. This girl is pretty.

___________

2. That is Susans house.

___________

3. This is my fathers office.

___________

4. What is that boy doing?

___________

5. These are my books.

___________

6. What are those?

___________

7. Do you want to buy those roses?

___________

8. I dont want to eat this.

___________

9. Those are good books.

___________

10. What is that?

___________

11. Is that man your friend?

___________

12. Are those your pens?

___________

13. These boys are diligent.

___________

14. Whose students are those girls?

___________

15. Do you want to drive that car?

___________

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B. this, that, these, those
1. This is my umbrella. Is ___________ yours?
2. This is my sister. _________ are Bills sisters.
3. _____________ are the old typewriters. Those are the new ones.
4. What is ___________ thing in the sky? Is it a flying saucer?
5. I dont like these vases. I like ___________ on the shelf.
6. Which will you have, these or _____________?
7. Indeed, if it were not ___________, I would not have told you.
8. I sewed a few of ___________ before I went on to ___________.
9. Let ___________ stand at best effort.
10. He decided to sell me ___________ instead of these.
11. Picture ___________ standing in your living room.
12. When you consider famous thoroughbreds of all time, it is doubtful that Secretariat would be the
___________ comes to mind.
13. We ate a little of ___________ and a little of ___________.
14. We ate a few of ___________ and a few of ___________.
15. When conditions are ___________ that Eastern Airlines closes down shuttle flights to
Washington, you know that no other airlines will be flying either.
16. ___________ who are willing to stand for office must be willing to debate in public.

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Other Pronouns

both, all, none, one, ones, another, other, others


A. Both

He has two sons. Both are taller than he is.


Both of those books are mine.
I want to buy both.

Both banks of the river are covered with snow.


Both boys are naughty.
I want to mail both letters.

B. All

Is all of this money yours?


All of my brothers are good at sport.
All of us want to go.

All six boys arrived late.


All oranges are not sweet.
He drank all the water that I gave him.

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C. None , ,
1. A: Is there any beer in the refrigerator?
B: No, theres none left.
2. A: Why were you angry with them?
B: None of them wanted to help me.

neither none

D. One-Ones
1. One
Ones

one ones
This chair is too low. Ill sit in that one.
I dont like this red car. I like that grey one.
I want these blue pens. I dont want those red ones.
This one is better than that.
These ones are more beautiful than those.
Which one (ones) do you like best?

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2. One

, ,

I want to borrow one of your books.


One of the students failed the test.
One of my friends came late.

I bought one kilo of oranges.


This trip will take one month.
One night there was a terrible storm.

E. Another

One student wanted to see a play.


Another wanted to go to a concert.
I dont like this hat. Please show me another.

I want another cup of tea.


She will have another child next year.
Please give me another pen.

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,

F. Other

the other article the ,

one
I have two sisters.
One is a teacher; the other is a nurse.
He has three bags.
One is black; another is blue. The other is brown.

other
Where are the other boys?
The post office is on the other side of the street.
I know Wichai, but I dont know your other sons.

G. Others-The others
Others

, some
Some students go to school by bus; others go by car.
Some are rich; others are poor.
Some people eat rice; others eat bread.

The others , others the others


Some of my students are good at English; the others (the other students of mine) are
good at Maths.
There are twenty guests. Fifteen are here.
Where are the others(5 left)?

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Exercise

A.
1. These apples are mine; ______________ are yours.
a) others

b) the others

c) both

d) another

2. Some students are lazy. ___________ students are diligent.


a) Others

b) The other

c) Other

d) All

3. There is a hotel on Rose Street. And theres __________ hotel on Queen Street.
a) other

b) others

c) none

d) another

4. Some people drive carefully; ____________ drive dangerously.


a) others

b) the others

c) another

d) all

5. Some of the students here are obedient; ___________ are disobedient.


a) others

b) the others

c) both

d) another

6. Hendry has two cars. One is blue, and _________ is white.


a) other

b) the other

c) both

d) one

7. I have three close friends, ____________is a doctor; another is a teacher, and _________ is an
engineer.
a) one the other

b) another other

c) one none

d) another the other

8. Mary has two children. _________________are studying in my school.


a) all

b) another

c) others

d) both

9. I wanted some string, but there was ___________ in the house.


a) one

b) none

c) all

d) another

10. A: I have five tickets for the concert. How many of you want to go?
B: ____________ of us want to go.
a) All

b) Both

c) Others

d) The others

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11. Ed: I have 300 baht. If you need money, take ___________ of it.
Bill: Thank you.
a) none
12. Don:
John:

b) one

c) ones

d) all

You have 500 baht. Please lend me 100 baht.


Im sorry. _____________ of this money is mine.

a) all

b) other

c) none

d) one

c) another

d) others

13. Suda: Do you want a blue pen or a red one?


Ann:

I want __________.

a) both
14. Ben:

b) all

Of all these three boys, which one do you like best?

Tom: I like___________. All of them are unkind to my dog.


a) all

b) none

c) others

B. one, ones, both, all, none


1. A: Have you got a red pen?
B: Yes, Ive got _____________.
2. A: How much are these oranges?
B: Ten baht a kilo.
A: I want two kilos. Give me big juicy _____________.
3. A: Can they all speak English?
B: Yes. ___________ of them can.
4. A: Do your two brothers drink whisky?
B: Yes. ___________ of them do.
5. A: Did the four women sing?
B: No, _________of them did.

d) both

36
6. A: Which of these notebooks do you want?
B: I want this yellow ___________.
7. A: Will Kanya and Wilai stay for tea?
B: Yes. ___________ of them will.
8. A: Can your three sons drive?
B: Yes. ____________ of them can.
9. A: Do those four men smoke?
B: No, ________________ of them do.
10. A: Can I have some more orange juice?
B: Im sorry. Theres _____________ left.

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Unit 3 Articles
2
1. Indefinite Article

a, an

A

a mouse

a school

a book

a university

a uniform

a union

a
to have

a cold

Twice a week

a headache
a fever
Once a week

An h


An elephant

An hour

An umbrella

An apple

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Exercise
A. Make these sentences singular, using the Indefinite Article.
1. Coats have collars.
_____________________________________.
2. Nouns are words.
_____________________________________.
3. Houses have roofs.
_____________________________________.
4. Horses are animals.
_____________________________________.
5. Balls are toys.
_____________________________________.
6. Bullocks are useful animals.
_____________________________________.
7. Boots are kinds of shoes.
_____________________________________.
8. Watches are small clocks.
_____________________________________.
9. Farmers use ploughs.
_____________________________________.
10. Roses are beautiful flowers.
_____________________________________.
11. Frenchmen are Europeans.
_____________________________________.
12. Girls wear dresses.
_____________________________________.

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13. Postmen wear caps.
_____________________________________.
14. Oranges are good to eat.
_____________________________________.
1. Classrooms have blackboards.
_____________________________________.
2. Dogs are good friends to men.
_____________________________________.
17. Children are not always good.
_____________________________________.
18. There are always tables and chairs in dining - rooms.
_____________________________________.
19. Long sentences are hard for beginners.
_____________________________________.
20. Hungry boys eat large dinners.
_____________________________________.
21. Ants are insects.
_____________________________________.
22. Soldiers are brave men.
_____________________________________.
23. Pounds buy more than shillings.
_____________________________________.
24. Cities are big towns.
_____________________________________.
25. Schools are large buildings.
_____________________________________.

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B. Add a or an where necessary.
1. __________ cow eats __________ grass in __________ summer.
2. I like __________ jam on __________ piece of __________ bread.
1. I can write __________ letter in __________ ink or with __________ pencil.
4. __________ milk comes from __________ cow.
5. __________ cat has __________ tail.
2. __________ cat eats __________ meat.
7. __________ ring is made of __________ gold or silver.
8. We make __________ butter and __________ cheese from __________ milk.
3. __________ cigarette is made of __________ tobacco and __________ paper.
10. __________ child must have __________ food.
11. __________ sugar is nice in __________ cup of tea.
12. We eat __________ soup with __________ spoon.
13. __________ knife is made of __________ metal.
14. __________ window is made of __________ glass.
15. __________ handkerchief is made of __________ piece of cloth.
16. __________ grass always grows in __________English field.
17. __________ chair is made of __________ wood.
18. __________ coffee is __________ drink.
19. __________ coat is made of __________ wool.
20. __________ fish swims in __________ water.
21. We can write __________ letter on __________ paper.
22. __________ piano makes __________ music.
23. __________ iron is metal.
24. __________bread is made from __________ flour, and __________flour is made from
wheat.

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25. __________ orange grows on __________ tree.

1. Definite Article

the
Could I see the book about England?
Please give me the grapes on the table.
I have an orange and some apples. Who wants the orange?

the the

the best

the first

the lowest

the second

the most

the third

the
the world

the north

the sun

the east

the earth

the south

the moon

the west

the union, united, republic, kingdom


the Republic of Panama
the Soviet Union
the United States of America
the Kingdom of Thailand

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the
play the piano (the violin)
the
the Atlantic Ocean
the Black Forest
the Red sea
the Suez Canal
the Rocky Mountains
the Sahara Desert
the Himalayas
the
in the morning
the day before yesterday
in the bedroom
on the beach
down the stairs
the
the Taj Mahal
the Empire State Building
the White House
the ,
the Hilton (Hotel)
the Ambassador (Hotel)
the Fox (Theater)
the Playhouse (Theater)

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1. the
Central Park

Asia

Hyde Park

Europe

Fifth Avenue

America

2. the article
go to bed, church, work
go by bus, car, train
be at home, school, work
play football, tennis, cards
to have breakfast, lunch, dinner
Exercise
A. Fill in the articles where needed.
1. ________ poor man we met yesterday had ________ little food.
2. I had ________ lunch with ________ old friend of mine near ________Lumpini Park
yesterday.
3. ________ chair which you are sitting on is not comfortable.
4. ________ fire which destroyed ________ building started from Dangs room.
5. I bought ________ new hat yesterday. They said that it was ________ new style from
________ United States.
6. We had ________ dinner together at ________ good restaurant yesterday.
7. ________ Chao Praya is ________ best known river in Thailand.
8. We all had ________ good time at ________ dance last night.
9. Please open ________ windows because air in this room is not good.
10. ________ horse is ________ useful animal.

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11. He painted ________ front door of his house with ________ green paint.
12. Put your bag in ________ back of ________ car.
1. ________ Indian tigers are ________ fierce animals.
2. ________cat caught ________ mouse yesterday but ________ lucky mouse escaped.
15. Which is ________ quickest way to ________ Royal Hotel?
16. Would you like ________ cup of tea and ________ cake?
3. ________ cheese and ________ butter are substances.
18. ________Alps are ________ highest mountains in ________Europe.
19. Take ________ chair and make yourself at ________ home; I shall be back in ________
minute.
4. He went to ________ bed with ________ bad cold.
B. Add a, an, some or the where necessary.
1. ________ children love ________ fruit.
2. It is pleasant to read ________ book in ________ afternoon.
3. ________ books are interesting for ________ child.
4. There is ________ garden behind ________ house.
5. I have ________ pen and ________ pencil.
6. ________ tea is very hot. I must put ________ milk in it.
7. ________ postman has just put ________ letter under ________ door.
8. You must give him ________ food and ________ cup of coffee.
9. ________ door of ________ garage is broken.
10. There are ________ beautiful flowers in ________ park.
11. I want ________ glass of ________ milk.
12. ________ student at back of ________ class is reading ________ newspaper.
13. It is not good to smoke ________ cigarette before ________ meal.
14. ________ page of ________ book is torn.
15. There is ________ fly in ________ lemonade.
16. ________ luggage is on ________ platform.
17. ________ butcher opposite ________ library always sells ________ good meat.
18. ________ cat may look at ________ king.
19. ________ donkeys are ________ stupid animals.

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20. Put ________ butter on ________ potatoes.
21. I am fond of ________ apples with _______ cheese.
22. He always smokes ________ cigarette with ________ cup of ________ coffee.
1. Take________ umbrella with you to ________ office, it may rain.
2. ________ car is ready now.
25. I want ________ tin of ________ peaches, ________ sugar, and ________ pound of
________ raspberry jam.

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Exercise Unit3 Articles
Choose the most appropriate alternative.
1. She will be here in ___________ hour.
a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

2. He likes __________ chess but I like __________ basketball.


a) a-a

b) an-an

c) the-the

d) no article needed

1. __________ elephant never forgets.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

4. Have you got ___________ New York Times?


a) no article needed

b) the

5. Do you want __________ tea?


a) no article needed

b) the

6. This semester Im going to study __________life of Beethoven.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

7. Jack wants to learn ___________ guitar.


a) no article needed

b) the

8. How did you like __________ film?


a) no article needed

b) the

9. Jack was elected ___________ President for the second time.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

10. He has got ___________ strange look in his eye.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

c) the

d) an

11. A: What would you like to order?


B: Let me see ___________ menu first.
a) a

b) some

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12. She lives in ______________ United States now.
a) the

b) a

c) an

d) no article needed

1. Paul likes ___________.


a) music and pretty girls

b) a music and pretty girls

c) a music and a pretty girl

d) music and pretty girl

2. Is ___________ Mt. Everest __________ highest peak of ______________ Himalayas?


a) the the the

b) a the no article needed

c) no article needed the the

d) no article needed a - the

2. Were going to ______________ work now.


a) a

b) the

c) no article needed

d) some

c) an

d) no article needed

2. I like John. He is ___________ honest man.


a) a

b) the

2. _________________ Englishman we met at the conference was married.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

3. Have you ever been to ____________ Soviet Union?


a) no article needed
3.

b) the

c) an

d) a

___________ always unwelcome.


a) The bad news is

b) A bad news is

c) The bad news are d) Bad news is

3. We stopped for ________ breakfast at a restaurant nearby.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

c) some

d) a

3. I want to take _________ walk.


a) no article needed

b) the

3. One of ___________ elephants ran away from the zoo.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

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23. Raiders of the Lost Ark is ______________ exciting film.
a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

24. The boys will be here in ___________ few hours.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

4. Many tourists come to _________ Bangkok for their holidays.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

5. My father is _____________ kind and honest man.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

27. ____________ Republic of Singapore is well known for her cleanliness.


a) no article needed

b) The

c) An

d) A

28. I am going on ____________ European holiday next month.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

29. The hens have laid half ____________ dozen eggs this morning.
a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

30. Janes house is only_____________ hours drive.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

31. The government will build ____________ university here.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

32. Mount Everest is ____________ highest mountain in the world.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

c) Every

d) A

33. ___________ Chinese are hard-working people.


a) no article needed

b) The

34. _____________ book on that shelf is not the one I want.


a) no article needed

b) The

c) An

d) A

c) an

d) a

35. John is __________ best runner in the school.


a) no article needed

b) the

. (.)

4
36. ___________ dogs are bigger than mice.
a) no article needed

b) The

c) Every

d) A

5. He swam across ___________ Chao Praya River.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

5. ___________ swimming is a good exercise.


a) no article needed

b) the

5. The earth goes around ___________ sun.


a) no article needed

b) the

5. Winai and Weera will travel in __________ Europe next year.


a) a

b) an

c) the

d) no article needed

c) an

d) no article needed

6. I came here by ________ car.


a) the

b) a

6. __________ doctor whose clinic is next door attends his patients twice __________ day.
a) aa

b) theno article needed

c) athe

d) thea

6. Jane is __________ English teacher in ____________ Art Faculty.


a) no article neededa

b) thean

c) ano article needed

d) an-the

6. __________ Erawan Hotel is one of ___________ famous hotels in Bangkok.


a) the the

b) a the

c) the no article needed

d) no article needed the

6. Bangkok is _________ in Thailand.


a) a large city

b) the largest city

c) a largest city

d) large city

6. Please write out the answer at the end of _________________.


a) first chapter

b) chapter one

c) chapter first

d) the chapter first

. (.)

5
47. __________ rich are often unhappier than the poor.
a) no article needed

b) the

c) Every

d) a

c) An

d) A

48. ___________ honest is a good quality.


a) no article needed

b) The

7. ____________ egg for breakfast is good for you.


a) Some

b) The

c) An

d) A

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

50. Ill meet you on _________ Phaya Thai Road.


a) no article needed

b) the

51. This is __________ last show.


a) no article needed

b) the

52. English is _________ difficult language.


a) no article needed

b) the

53. He is collecting money for ____________ blind.


a) no article needed

b) the

54. What ___________ lovely dress!


a) no article needed

b) the

55. _____________ statistics is the most difficult subject for me.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

56. All right, ___________ mother, Ill do what you say.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

57. I have ____________ friend who is ___________ interior designer.


a) a-a

b) the-an

c) the-the

d) no article needed

58. Peter spoke to me in ____________ very friendly way.


a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) A

59. ____________ soup tastes wonderful.


a) no article needed

b) The

. (.)

6
60. Dont talk so loud. Youll wake___________ whole street.
a) no article needed

b) the

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) an

d) a

c) second chapter

d) the second chapter

7. We get up early to catch __________ early bus.


a) no article needed

b) the

8. Jack is ___________ English teacher.


a) no article needed

b) the

8. Mary is from ___________ Union of Africa.


a) no article needed

b) the

9. Have you finished ______________?


a) the chapter second

b) chapter second

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Unit 4 Adjectives ()
Adjectives

a beautiful girl, a useful book


The thin man can run very quickly. ()
The soup smells good. ( verb to be, look, feel, seem, get, taste, smell, turn, go,
appear, keep, become, sound, grow, etc. )
He made his wife happy. ( )
I have known the manager suitable for his position. ( Adjective Clause )

Adjectives
0. ABLE

acceptable, admirable, lovable, reliable, washable

0. AN

African, Brazilian, Asian, Russian

0. AL

historical, continual, economical, national

0. ED

blue-eyed, long-haired, open-minded, left-handed

1. FUL

careful, beautiful, wonderful

1. IBLE

possible, visible, horrible

1. IC historic, economic, electric


1. ISH

foolish, childish, Spanish, youngish

1. IVE

destructive, attentive, attractive

1. LESS

careless, hopeless, useless

1. LIKE

childlike, godlike, businesslike

1. LY

friendly, lively, daily, yearly

1. OUS

previous, serious, continuous

1. Y

thirsty, lucky, hungry

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participles ED/ING adjective

exciting ()

excited ()

interesting ()

interested ()

boring ()

bored ()

Adjective
0. Descriptive Adjective
good

bad

tall

short

black

white

fat

thin

clever

foolish

poor

rich

brave

cowardly

pretty

ugly

happy

sorry
The rich man lives in the big house.
A clever pupil can answer the difficult problem.
The black cat caught a small bird.

0. Proper Adjective
English

American

Thai

Indian

German

Italian

Japanese

Chinese

He employs a Chinese cook.


Do you learn the French literature?
The English language is used by every nation.

. (.)

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3. Quantitative Adjective
much

many

little

some

any

enough

half

great

all

whole

sufficient

She did not give any money to her brother.


Take great care of your health.
He ate much rice at school yesterday.
3.

Numberal Adjective
Cardinal Numberal Adjective: One, two, three, four, five, six,
My hand has five fingers.
Sonya wants to buy seven pens.
She gave me two apples and three mangoes.
Ordinal Numberal Adjective: First, second, third, fourth, fifth,
Dave is the first boy to be rewarded in this school.
I am the first son of my family.
Michael won the third prize last month and the second one last week.
Multiplicative Adjective: Double, triple, fourfold,
Some roses are double.

. (.)

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Adjectives 2
1.


Paul is a handsome man.
He is my old friend.
There is a beautiful house over there.
She likes a well-educated man.

:- adjectives a court martial, the President elect,


the Attorney General

someone, somebody, something, somewhere, anywhere, anyone, everything,


etc.
I feel that something terrible is going to happen.
Are you going anywhere interesting?
I like to go somewhere quiet.
1.

verb to be verb verb to be look, sound, feel, appear, turn, etc.


He is poor but I am rich.
She looks sad.
The milk turned sour.
It sounds wonderful.
I feel asleep.

. (.)

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adjective 1
(1) Quantitative Adjective

some, many

(2) Demonstrative Adjective

this, that

(3) Possessive Adjective

my, his

Adjective , , ,
Look at the third modern brick house.
I have many new black picture frames.

Exercise

A.
sour

sad

blue-eyed

rich

boring

exciting

0. The thing that excites you is _______________.


0. The film was so ____________ that I feel asleep.
0. In hot weather the milk is likely to turn ______________.
0. He is poor but I am ____________.
0. Whats the matter with you? You look so ___________.
0. Marys eyes are blue. So, she is a ____________girl.

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B. Pick out the Adjective in the following sentences.
0. The ship sustained heavy damage.
1. I have called several times.
2. Every boy goes to school.
2. Every man has his duties.
2. Say the same thing.
3. Several persons were present at the time.
3. He is a man of few words.
3. Which pen do you prefer?
3. He comes here every day.
4. He was absent last week.
4. My uncle lives in the next house.
4. Some dreams are like reality.
4. Praja won the second prize.
4. Much talk, little work.
4. I have not seen him for several days.

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 4 Adjectives ()
Choose the best answer.
1. Studying keeps him ____________.
a) busily

b) very busily

c) business

d) busy

c) punished

d) punishing

c) with happy

d) with happily

2. He is a ___________ student.
a) punish

b) punishes

3. The boy feels __________.


a) happy

b) happily

4. Mary has extremely __________ and fine ________. She has tiny hands, but her fingers seem
long and slender.
a) blue light eyes, brown straight hair

b) light blue eyes, straight brown hair

c) eyes light blue, hair straight

d) blue eyes light, hair straight brown

5. Has jack had a very ____________life?


a) fortunately

b) fortunate

c) fortune

d) fortunely

c) clearing

d) clearness

c) greenery

d) greeness

c) noisy

d) noisily

c) juicier

d) juicy

6. Does this theory seem ____________ to you?


a) clear

b) clearly

7. The lake has a ___________ color.


a) green

b) greenish

8. The children are making too much noise.


Please tell them not to be so ____________.
a) noiseness

b) noise

9. Oranges are very _________.


a) juice

b) juiceless

10. We all hope that our children will live in a ___________ world.
a) peacefully

b) peaceful

c) peacably

d) peacefulness

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11. He gave a ___________ smile when we passed each other.
a) friend

b) friendly

c) friends

d) friendliness

c) goodness

d) be good

c) more two big

d) big more two

12. This soup tastes __________.


a) good

b) well

13. We are going to build ____________ houses.


a) two more big

b) big two more

14. He speaks English with ____________.


a) an accent foreign strong

b) a strong foreign accent

c) a foreign accent strong

d) a foreign strong accent

15. Thailand is still a ____________ country.


a) developing

b) developed

c) development

d) developer

c) closer

d) closed

16. I feel so ________ to my mother.


a) closely

b) close

17. The film we saw last night was very ____________.


a) exciting

b) excited

c) excitedly

d) excitement

18. People are not usually ______________ when they have to watch a game.
a) excited

b) exciting

c) excitedly

d) excitement

19. I am very ________ anything to do with aeroplanes.


a) interested in

b) interesting in

c) interested for

d) interesting about

20. The man told a lot of jokes and we were all very ____________.
a) amusing to them

b) amusing by them

c) amused by them

d) amusingly to them

21. Mary sells ____________animals.


a) lives

b) alive

c) lived

d) live

c) rose

d) rising

22. The ________sun roused the campers.


a) rise

b) risen

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23. We praise a mans ___________action.
a) honor

b) honorable

c) honorably

d) honorary

24. The southern part of this country has a very ____________ climate.
a) pleasant

b) pleased

c) pleasure

d) pleasantly

c) tire

d) tiring

c) sleeping

d) sleepily

b) a knee-height

c) high-knees

d) a height-knees

b) a two-legged

c) a two-leg

d) two-legged

c) deep

d) tall

c) late

d) last

25. We have a ___________ trip.


a) tired

b) tirelessly

26. Dont disturb the children! Theyre _________.


a) sleep

b) sleeplessly

27. The grass was __________.


a) knee-high
28. It is __________ animal.
a) a two-legs

29. The snow is already two feet ___________.


a) high

b) thick

30. This is the ___________ fashion from Europe.


a) latest

b) later

31. She will go to Japan with her __________ mother.


a) forty-five year old

b) forty-five-year-old

c) forty-five-years-old

d) forty-five years old

32. Your work has been ___________ this semester.


a) excellence

b) excel

c) excellent

d) excellently

c) active

d) actively

c) destroy

d) destructive

33. He is very _____________ in politics.


a) acting

b) acted

34. Rats are very _________ animals.


a) destruction

b) destructively

. (.)

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35. Do you have an ____________ vacation?
a) enjoy

b) enjoyable

c) enjoyably

d) enjoyment

c) be delicious

d) be deliciously

c) closely

d) closer

36. The food smells ___________.


a) delicious

b) deliciously

37. I always feel so ____________ to my mother.


a) closed

b) close

38. You wont get A unless you work ____________.


a) hardly

b) hardy

c) hard

d) harden

39. Why does Jack do so many ____________ things?


a) foolish

b) fool

c) foolishly

d) foolishness

c) saltern

d) salty

c) friendly

d) friendship

40. This salad tastes very ____________.


a) salt

b) saltiness

41. The new teachers seem ____________.


a) friend

b) friendliness

42. I hope we will get somebody lively and ___________.


a) energetic

b) energetically

c) energize

d) energy

43. The latest methods of language teaching are very _____________.


a) effectively

b) effective

c) efficient

d) efficiently

c) confusion

d) confuse

44. That book is somewhat ___________.


a) confusing

b) confused

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 5 Adverb ()
Choose the best answer.
1. The sun burnt the grass ___________.
a) quick

b) quickly

c) quicken

d) quickness

c) hard

d) harden

c) two years ago

d) now

c) fastness

d) fast

c) clearness

d) clearance

c) careless

d) carefulness

2. He worked so _________ that he fell ill.


a) hardly

b) hardiness

3. I have read this novel ___________.


a) recently

b) recent

4. I can paint this wall ______________.


a) fastly

b) fasten

5. Bob speaks English ___________.


a) clearly

b) clear

6. John drives very _____________.


a) careful

b) carefully

7. Sunan pronounces English vowels ______________.


a) bad

b) good

c) well

d) goodness

c) rapid

d) rapidly

c) quitely

d) total

b) Hard

c) Almost

d) Rather

b) near

c) exact

d) rather

c) frank

d) honesty

8. Prices have gone up very _____________.


a) rapidity

b) rapidness

9. You are ___________ right.


a) near

b) quite

10. ___________ anyone came.


a) Hardly
11. She is ___________ fat.
a) quitely

12. Answer me ___________.


a) honest

b) honestly

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13. I hope to meet her ___________.
a) soon

b) yesterday

c) recently

d) yet

c) really

d) realize

c) rather

d) almost

c) boasting

d) boastfulness

c) accident

d) cruel

c) cruel

d) cruelly

c) happiness

d) in happy

c) exactly

d) never

c) difficulty

d) with difficulty

14. He is _____________ very kind.


a) real

b) reality

1. That cost _________ twenty baht.


a) quite

b) near

16. He spoke __________ of his children.


a) boastfully

b) boastful

17. He killed a cat ___________ yesterday.


a) accidental

b) accidentally

18. They were _____________ treated.


a) kind

b) cruelty

19. My grandfather died _____________.


a) happily

b) happy

20. The two boys said ___________ the same thing.


a) exact

b) exactness

21. He did this project ___________.


a) difficult

b) in difficult

22. He ___________ his meal.


a) had finished almost

b) almost had finished

c) had almost finished

d) had been almost finished

23. The accident happened ___________.


a) fast unbelievably

b) fast unbelievable

c) unbelievable fast

d) unbelievably fast

24. The postman came ___________.


a) here last month every day

b) last month here every day

c) here every day last month

d) every day here last month

. (.)

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1. She walked ___________.
a) in carefully

b) with care

c) in care

d) with carefully

24. She always does her job neatly, ___________.


a) perfectly and fast

b) perfectly and fastly

c) perfect and fastly

d) perfect and fast

25. Most students do their homework _____________.


a) with hurry

b) hurrying

c) hurryingly

d) hurriedly

25. The girl yawned and rubbed her eyes ___________.


a) bright

b) sleepily

c) sleepy

d) brightly

25. The teacher says Mary will pass the course on condition that she studies____________.
a) hardly

b) heavily

c) hard

d) heavy

c) only missed

d) missed only

25. She ___________ the bus.


a) nearly missed

b) missed nearly

. (.)

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Unit 5 Adverbs ()
Adverbs

(verbs) (adjectives) (Adverb)

He works hard every day.

These students are very intelligent.


He is stupid enough to do that.

She drives very carefully.


You speak so well.
It rained rather heavily yesterday.

Adverbs
1.
He walks quickly.
She speaks English fluently.
They always get up early.

2.
He is very good.
It is too hot to touch.
It is cold enough to drink.

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3.
He walks very quickly.
She speaks too fast.
The machine works quite well.
Exercise

Pick out Adverb in the following sentences.


0. Try again.
0. He is too shy.
0. She speaks English clearly.
0. I am so glad to hear it.
0. Are you quite sure?
0. I have heard this before.
1. Please walk slowly.
1. She speaks loudly.
1. He arrived here safely.
1. I live happily in this town.
1. The sun shines brightly.
1. The moon rose early.
1. She writes a letter neatly.
1. Please do not walk fast.
1. I slept well last night.

. (.)

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1.

2.

3.

ly adjectives
slowly

suddenly

loudly

quickly

surely

rudely

carefully

certainly

politely

beautifully

quietly

badly

adjectives y y i ly
easy

easily

angry

angrily

greedy

greedily

happy

happily

hungry

hungrily

noisy

noisily

Adverb good well


He works well.

4.

adjective adverb early, late, fast, hard, straight


Adjectives

Adverbs

Its still early.

He gets up early.

Its late now.

He got up late yesterday.

Its a fast horse.

It runs fast.

This is a hard problem.

He works hard.

Draw a straight line.

Go straight along the road.

. (.)

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adjectives adverbs adverbs


He is friendly.

They are lonely.

Suda is lovely.

It is likely to rain.

ly adjective adverb
Exercise

A.

Adjective (Adj) Adverb(Adv)


1. Careful students write their exercises carefully.
2. Suda sings beautiful songs. Suda sings songs beautifully.
3. She speaks fast. I dont understand her fast speech.
4. Tom is usually correct. He usually writes correctly.
5. Bob told good stories. Bob told the stories well.
6. That work was hard for those men. They worked hard.
7. They are happy children. They are playing happily.
1. He is a bad boy. He behaves badly.
9. She is greedy. She eats greedily.
10. Dan is a fast runner. He runs very fast.

B.

Adverb
1. My friend plays the piano (beautiful) ____________.
2. Ann (usual) ____________ speaks English very (good) ____________.
3. Danial closed the door (quiet) ____________.
4. Our team played football (bad) ____________ yesterday.
5. Sandy studies (hard) ____________and learns everything (good) ____________.
6. Mr. Johnson (usual) ____________arrives at his office (early) ____________.
7. Nina shouted at the boys (angry) ____________.

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8. They got the money (easy) ____________.
0. I tasted the medicine (careful) ____________.
0. He looked at me (sad) ____________.
0. Nida learned French (quick) ____________ and (easy) ____________.
0. The workers got tired from working so (hard) ____________.
1. Go (straight) ____________along this street.
2. She cleans the room (regular) ____________.
3. (Sudden) ____________, we heard a loud noise in the kitchen.
4. These two questions are (unusual) ____________difficult.
4. He smiled at us (sleepy) ____________.
4. They ate the cakes (greedy) ____________.
4. I was angry because she spoke to me (rude) ____________.
4. We cant keep up with Winai because he runs very (fast) ____________.

1. Adverbs of Manner

quickly, happily, fast, well

2. Adverbs of Place

here, there, at school, at home, outside

3. Adverbs of Time

now, soon, today, tomorrow, then, already, yesterday

4. Adverbs of Frequency

once, twice, often, sometimes, never, hardly, seldom

5. Adverbs of Degree

very, rather, quite, too, extremely

Adverbs of Manner

How ()
A: How does he work?
B: He works well.

. (.)

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Adverb of Manner Adjective ly Adjective
slow
bad
quick
careful
happy

slowly
badly
quickly
carefully
happily

Adverb of Manner Adjective ly


hard, fast Adjective Adverb
(adverb)
He is a hard worker. (Adjective)
Somsak works hard. (Adverb)
Micheal is a fast runner. (Adjective)
Peter runs fast. (Adverb)

adverbs of manner
.


He walks slowly.
They smiled happily.
We run quickly.


He ate the food greedily.
Dara came home early.
They finished the work quickly.
She looked at me happily.

. (.)

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Adverbs of Place

adverbs Where?
A: Where do you live?
B: I live in Bangkapi.

adverbs of Place
A.
Don came here yesterday.
They ran to school.
I will work at home.

A.
I put the book on the desk.
She keeps her clothes in the cupboard.
He bought this shirt at that department store.

Adverb of Place

I was born in a small village in Petchabun.
Mary lives in a small village in California.
At a small university in London, there are many students paying attention to studying the
history of Far East Asia.

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Adverb of Time

When 3
1.
today

yesterday

tomorrow

late

lately

recently

early

before

tonight

now

then

soon

still

yet

already

just

afterwards

2.
this morning

in the afternoon

last week

last month

next year

on Sunday

next Monday

before three oclock

two weeks ago

the day after tomorrow

during summer

in B.E. 2520

in January

on 5th February, etc.

3. when, since, until,


after, before, as soon as, etc.
When you have time, come and see me, please.
He ran away as soon as he had seen a tiger.

Adverb of Time
1.
Mr. Smith will leave for London tomorrow.
Chaiya used to live in Bangkok two years ago.

. (.)

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2.
Last week we went to San Francisco by plane.
Yesterday he stayed in Singapore; today hes staying in India.

1. Adverbs of Time

Lindas family is going to visit me at five oclock in the afternoon on the first of May, 1984.
I go to bed at seven oclock in the evening on Sunday.
At three oclock tomorrow, I will meet you in front of the Intra Theatre.


Comma (,)
The plane arrived yesterday, about four oclock.
Today, at twelve oclock the teachers will have meeting.
Adverbs of Frequency

How often?
A: How often do you go to the cinema?
B: I go to the cinema twice a month.
Adverbs of frequency always, often, ever, sometimes, occasionally, never, recently,
already, generally, usually, hardly, seldom, rarely, twice

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adverbs of frequency
.
He sometimes goes to the cinema.
They often go sailing.
I hardly see him.
We usually have dinner at six oclock.

. adverbs
Winai goes to Chiengmai twice a month.
Mr. And Mrs. Ross go to church on Sundays.
I go to work every day.
.

verb to be
Kanya is always at home on Saturdays.
Wipa is seldom absent from school.

. +
Have you ever seen a rocket?
I have recently sold my car.
Chitra has never eaten eels.

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Adverbs of Degree

adverbs very (), quite (), too (), rather


(, ) , almost (), extremely (), nearly (), enough ()

Adverbs of Degree
A.

Adjective Verb to be
He is rather impolite.
Its very loud.
Its too hot to work.
They are quite good.
Dinner is almost ready.

B.

Adverb
He played extremely badly.
I slept very well.
We know him quite well.

B.

This box is not big enough.


He did not work hard enough.
You are not tall enough.

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Exercise
A. Complete each sentence with one of the following words.
quickly

fluently

suddenly

carefully

violently

brightly

slowly

elegantly

quietly

continuously

well

repeatedly

1. He called ____________but nobody answered inside.


2. David drives ____________but a lot of accidents happen.
3. She walked in ____________so nobody heard her.
4. If he speaks ____________I can follow him.
5. Sunny didnt study ____________and failed in the examination.
6. She speaks Chinese ____________because she is a Chinese.
7. It happened ____________and I have no time to think.
2. The sun is shining ____________in summer.
9. Yesterday it rained ____________.
10. The bride dresses very ____________.

B. Choose the correct word in parentheses.


1. Have you ever seen him (late, lately)? No, but Ill see him (short, shortly).
2. He (most, mostly) comes (first, firstly) in English.
3. I had (clean, cleanly) forgotten that I had promised to pick John up.
4. When I remembered, I (quick, quickly) turned round.
5. I (hard, hardly) drive (quick, quickly).
6. We were (close, closely) followed by a police car when we were on the high way.
7. You went (wrong, wrongly) once, when you turned (right, rightly) in front of the post-office.

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Order of Adverbs ( Adverbs)
A.

Adverb
0. Adverb of Manner
1. Adverb of Place
1. Adverb of Time
She put the glasses carefully on the table yesterday.
Linda slept soundly in the bedroom for three hours.
They played football happily in the field yesterday.

go, come, walk, run adverbs


1. Adverb of Place
1. Adverb of Manner
1. Adverb of Time
He goes to school by bus in the morning.
Richard went to the cinema with his friends last night.
Susan will go to Chicago by plane next month.

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Exercise

Adverbs

Adv. Of Place + Adv. Of Time


They are studying their lessons (now at the library).
They are studying their lessons at the library now.

(0) Adverb of Place + Adverb of time


0. We met Tom (on Sunday at Nakons house).
____________________________________________________.
0. The girls went (to school a few minutes ago).
____________________________________________________.
0. They studied the lesson (yesterday on page 56).
____________________________________________________.
0. My parents went (to Singapore last summer).
____________________________________________________.
0. Linda and Susan went (on Wednesday night to a concert).
____________________________________________________.
0. Jira studies with me (every afternoon at the library).
____________________________________________________.

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(2) Adverb of Place + Adverb of Manner
1. Anon always comes (on time to this class).
____________________________________________________.
2. I wrote a few sentences (on the paper quickly).
____________________________________________________.
3. They are going to work (at the library for two hours).
____________________________________________________.
4. He goes (to work by bus).
____________________________________________________.
5. Did Suwan go (with his friends to the cinema)?
____________________________________________________?
6. Apichat always walks (with his brother to school).
____________________________________________________.
7. Tom and I ran (to the train with our suitcase).
____________________________________________________.

(3) Adverb of Manner + Adverb of Time


1. The students speak English (now well).
____________________________________________________.
2. Aranya studies her lessons (with Wipa every night).
____________________________________________________.
3. Wichai did all of the work (by himself last Friday).
____________________________________________________.
4. Chinda and I watched television (last Sunday night with Suda).
____________________________________________________.
5. The students are pronouncing the words (now carefully).
____________________________________________________.

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6. Mike will go to Chiengmai (tomorrow by train).
____________________________________________________.
7. The teacher explained the lesson (this morning clearly).
____________________________________________________.

(4) Place the words in parentheses in regular positions.


1. I spoke to her (after supper, sweetly, in the hotel)
____________________________________________________.
2. He left (early, the office, this morning).
____________________________________________________.
3. We must finish our work (tomorrow, before midday).
____________________________________________________.
4. Mary has been (today, here, many times).
____________________________________________________.
2. Mr. Thomson sits on the lawn (often, in the evening).
____________________________________________________.
6. Smith doesnt travel (to every country, always, by plane).
____________________________________________________.
7. Prani will return the book (next week, to the library).
____________________________________________________.
8. Come (today, here, immediately).
____________________________________________________.
9. Jimmy went (every Sunday, to Bangsaen, by car, last month).
____________________________________________________.
10. They arrive (never, at the meeting, on time).
____________________________________________________.

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11. I have been studying (hard, all day, at home).
____________________________________________________.
2. My family flew (by American Airline, twice, to London, last year).
____________________________________________________.
3. I said goodbye to her (yesterday, at Don Muang Airport, regretfully).
____________________________________________________.
4. These boys walked (in a hurry, last night, to the theatre).
____________________________________________________.
4. We played football (in the rain, enthusiastically, yesterday).
____________________________________________________.

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Unit 6 Comparison

6.1 Comparison of Adjective

3
1.
as + adj. + as
Pom is as big as Tum.
Pam is as beautiful as Ann.

2
not + as/ so + adj. + as
Pom is not as big as Tum.
Pluto is not so distant as Mars.

2.
2 2
a.

more + adj. + than

b.

adj. + er + than
This book is more interesting than that one.
Jack is more handsome than Bob.
She is more diligent than Suda.
Bill is taller than Tom.
Weena is prettier than Pimala.

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:(1) more Adj 2
more selfish
more intelligent
more useful
more interesting

adj y ow er + than
happy

happier

lovely

lovelier

clever

cleverer

narrow

narrower

(2) Adj er (+ than)


tall

taller

large

larger

big

bigger

Adj past/present participle more + adj + than


hurt

more hurt

bored

more bored

interesting

more interesting

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(3) Adj -er -est
good

better

best

Bad

worse

worst

Far

farther/ further

farthest/ furthest

Much

more

most

Little

less

least

(4)
less + adj + than
He is less sincere than you are.
This shop is less crowded than that one.

3. ( 2 )
The + most/ least + Adj
The + adj + est

This shirt is the least expensive in the shop.


Pam is the most beautiful girl in my class.
That boy is the tallest of all.
I am the happiest girl in town.

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:(1)
{more + adj adj + er } + than + any other


Tum is taller than any other boy in my class.
Bangkok is bigger than any other city in Thailand.
Pam is more beautiful than any other girl in the family.

(2) The most Adj 2 The Adj + est Adj


the most selfish
the most intelligent
the most difficult
hard

hardest

slow

slowest

late

latest

adj past/ present participle the most + adj


hurt

most hurt

frightened

most frightened

interesting

most interesting

adj 2 er/ ow/ y est


clever

cleverest

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happy

happiest

yellow

yellowest

Exercise

A.
Example

This girl is (beautiful) that one.


(1) This girl is as beautiful as that one.
(2) This girl is more beautiful than that one.

1. Ann is (clever) Jane.


(1) ____________________________________________________.
(2) ____________________________________________________.
2. Bob is (small) Mike.
(1) ____________________________________________________.
(2) ____________________________________________________.
3. Kyoto is (interesting) Tokyo.
(1)____________________________________________________.
(2)____________________________________________________.
4. This restaurant is (crowded) that one.
(1)____________________________________________________.
(2)____________________________________________________.
5. This hall is (narrow) that one.
(1)____________________________________________________.
(2)____________________________________________________.

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B. Supply appropriate comparative or Superlative to each of the following.
1. Prevention is (good)_____________ than cure.
2. London is the (big)_____________ city in the world.
3. The pen is (sharp)_____________ than sword.
4. This pen is (good) _____________ than the other.
5. Who is the (tall) _____________ in the class?
6. My uncle is (old) _____________ than my father.
7. He is one of the (good) _____________ speaker in Thailand.
8. Shakespear is (well-known) _____________ than other English poets.
9. Malee is the (beautiful) _____________ girl in the village.

6.2 Comparison of Adverbs

3
1.
as + Adv. + as
I type as fast as you (do).
He speaks as clearly as I (do).

2
not + {as/ so} + adv. + as
Tom doesnt work as hard as Mary.
He doesnt speak so clearly as I (do).

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2.
2
()

more + adv. + than

adv + er + than

()

less + adv. + than

He works more slowly than I do.


I speak louder than/ more loudly than you do.
He works less efficiently than Tom.

:(1) more less adv. -ly


slowly

more/less slowly

quickly

more/less quickly

loudly

more/less loudly

(2) Adv. Adj. -er (+ than)


hard

harder

fast

faster

late

later

early

earlier

slow

slower

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(3) Adv. -er -est
well

better

best

badly

worse

worst

much

more

most

little

less

least

far

farther/ further

farthest/ furthest

3.

most + adv.

Adv. + est
I played worst of all.
She sings best in the group.
He speaks most clearly of all.

:- The Adv. Adv. Adj.


Adj. + est

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Exercise

A.

Example

Tom can run (fast) Mary.

(1) Tom can run as fast as Mary.


(2) Tom can run faster than Mary.
(3) Tom cant run as fast as Mary.

1. I speak (slowly) Betty.


(1) _______________________________________________________.
(2) _______________________________________________________.
(3) _______________________________________________________.
2. She arrived (late) you did.
(1)_______________________________________________________.
(2)_______________________________________________________.
(3)_______________________________________________________.
3. Mary sings (well) I do.
(1) _______________________________________________________.
(2) _______________________________________________________.
(3) _______________________________________________________.
4. Jane works (efficiently) Jim.
(1) _______________________________________________________.
(2) _______________________________________________________.
(3) _______________________________________________________.

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5. I type (badly) Tom.
(1) _______________________________________________________.
(2) _______________________________________________________.
(3) _______________________________________________________.

6.3 Comparison and Contrast


1.
to be the same as
to be similar to
to be like
to look like
Winais job is the same as Niwats. They are both engineers.
Nipas bag is like Busbas. Both bags are brown and have a lock.
Chintana looks like her mother.

the same as as

Linda is the same age as Richard.
Both of them are 15 years old.
Micheal is the same height as Vichit.
They are both 5 feet tall.
Jack is the same weight as Luzy.
Both of them weigh 50 kilos.

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the same as
Susan and Jane come from the same country.
Aree and Aranya are reading the same book.

like
Tom drinks like a fish.
Nina works like a horse.

2.
to be different from
to differ from
Alberts job is different from Robys.
Albert is a dentist. Roby is an engineer.
Janes dress differs from Bettys dress.
Janes dress is red, but Bettys dress is yellow.

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Exercise

A.
Example
Betty comes from England. Mary comes from England.
Betty and Mary come from the same country.

Henrys nationality is American. John is American, too.


Henrys nationality is the same as Johns.

Nida has brown eyes and black hair. Her mother has, too.
Nidas eyes and hair are the same color as her mothers.

1. My shirt is blue. Susans is blue, too.


_____________________________________________________.
2. Suchai runs fast. The wind is fast.
_____________________________________________________.
3. My newspaper is The Bangkok Post. Yours is The Bangkok Post, too.
_____________________________________________________.
4. Jillys room is small. My room is small, too.
_____________________________________________________.
5. Billy is 14 years old. Rick is 14 years old.
_____________________________________________________.
6. My car is old. Yours is old, too.
_____________________________________________________.

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7. Barbaras doctor is Dr. Kevin. Billys doctor is Dr. Kevin, too.
_____________________________________________________.
8. The play that Billy watched was Macbeth. Nan also watched it.
_____________________________________________________.
9. My house is green. Yours is green, too.
_____________________________________________________.
10. Arther will go to Japan. Paul will also go to Japan.
_____________________________________________________.

B.
Example
This bag is black. That one is brown.
This bag is different from that one. or This bag differs from that one.

1. My dress is yellow. Hers is white.


____________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________.
2. These flowers are natural. Those flowers are artificial.
____________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________.
3. Bills friends are poor. Henrys friends are rich.
____________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________.

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4. Sunees room is small. Suchais room is big.
____________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________.
5. Srimas hair is black. Nans hair is brown.
____________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________.
6. My house is white. His house is green.
____________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________.
7. This computer is a model 444. That one is a 355.
____________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________.
8. My car is a Toyota. Yours is Mercedes.
____________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________.

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Exercise Unit 6 Comparison

Choose the best answer.


1. Jack learned ___________ than I.
a) more quickly

b) more quicker

c) most quicker

d) more quick

c) the most hardly

d) harder

2. Which one works _________ of all?


a) most hard

b) the hardest

3. Mary really doesnt do her job __________ Jane.


a) as good as

b) as good than

c) as well as

d) as well than

4. It rains less ____________ in May _________ in August.


a) heavily than

b) heavythan

c) heavily as

d) heavierthan

c) little harder

d) a little harder

c) as hard as

d) so hardly as

5. Please try _____________!


a) little hardly

b) a little hard

6. Mary doesnt work quite ___________ Jill.


a) more hard as

b) as harder as

7. When you feel happy, time passes __________ faster.


a) more

b) much

c) too

d) enough

c) more slowly

d) most slowly

c) as clearly

d) little clearly

8. She types __________ than I do.


a) much slowly

b) as slowly

9. Jack works ____________ of all.


a) less clearly

b) least clearly

10. This knife does not cut as ___________ as that one.


a) best

b) good

c) better

d) well

c) better

d) well

11. Do it as ____________ as you can.


a) best

b) good

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12. He arrived ____________ than she did.
a) late

b) less

c) later

d) latter

c) most careful

d) more careful

13. Jane drives __________ than Jill.


a) most carefully

b) more carefully

14. I have a good friend. She is a girl _____________.


a) of the same age as me

b) of my same age

c) of the same aged me

d) age the same like me

15. This job is so much _____________ than my last one.


a) hard

b) harder

c) hardly

d) more hard

16. Storms at sea are the _____________ of all for fishermen.


a) more dangerous

b) more danger

c) most danger

d) most dangerous

17. Travel by car is _____________ travel by bus.


a) expensive

b) more expensive than

c) expensive than

d) the most expensive

18. My daughter is the ___________ girl in class.


a) smallest

b) smaller

c) small

d) most smallest

19. I think the weather in Bangkok is not ___________.


a) as cold as was last year

b) so cold as it was last year

c) so cold as last year was

d) as like last year was

20. Tom is _____________ in his group.


a) more handsome than any boy

b) more handsome than any other boy

c) so handsome as other boy

d) handsome more than other boy

21. I have never seen ____________lake.


a) more beauty

b) a more beauty

c) more beautiful

d) a more beautiful

c) the most famous

d) most famous

22. Who is ___________ man in your country?


a) more famous

b) the more famous

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23. The new bridge will be ____________ and the most expensive one.
a) longer

b) the longest

c) longer than

d) longest

24. Each of them is very talented, but only the ___________ one will win the prize.
a) good

b) better

c) much better

d) best

c) better

d) best

25. Of all the boys, Jack works ____________.


a) the better

b) the best

26. There is one thing ______________ that I want to stay.


a) farthest

b) farther

c) furthest

d) further

27. This year the weather is not _____________.


a) so cold as last year was

b) as cold as was last year

c) so cold as it was last year

d) as like last year was

28. Jane is ___________ white _________ snow.


a) as as

b) same as

c) so as

d) similarto

c) more durable

d) most durable

29. Linen is ____________ than silk.


a) as durable

b) so durable

30. Honey is just about __________ sweet ___________ sugar.


a) asas

b) soas

c) morethan

d) mostas

31. Doesnt Tom look a little bit ____________ than he did last week?
a) unhappier

b) unhappy

c) unhappily

d) more unhappy

32. We met three girls yesterday; Mary was ___________ one.


a) prettier

b) the prettier

c) prettiest

d) the prettiest

33. Jack is _____________ satisfied with his job. Hell start looking for another one soon.
a) more

b) less

c) most

d) as

34. Mr. Smith looks _____________ than his two brothers.


a) as old

b) so older

c) more old

d) a lot older

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35. It is usually _____________ here in May than in August.
a) hot

b) very hot

c) hotter

d) more hot

c) most widely

d) wide

36. This is the ___________street in town.


a) widest

b) wider

37. Whose job is ___________ dangerous, a policemans or a firemans?


a) as

b) so

c) more

d) most

38. Mary is __________ in her group.


a) more beautiful than any girl

b) more beautiful than any other girl

c) most beautiful than any other girl

d) so beautiful as other girl

39. My watch is very accurate, but yours is ___________ accurate than mine.
a) much more

b) much less

c) very more

d) somewhat less

40. She doesnt type __________ fast ___________ Jack does.


a) soas

b) asas

c) sameas

d) similar to

41. Mary works ___________ of anyone in the class.


a) much harder

b) harder

c) hardest

d) most hard

42. She feels ____________ of herself now.


a) far more certain

b) more certain than c) far certainly

d) very certainly

43. She is ____________ taller than her mother.


a) very

b) more

c) enough

d) much

44. This exercise is ___________ than the preceding one.


a) more easier

b) much easier

c) much easy

d) easy enough

c) much more

d) very more

45. He is ___________ stronger than I am.


a) very much

b) too much

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Unit 7 Preposition
4
0. Prepositions of Manner

by, on, in
by

I go to school by bus. (or by car, by train, by bicycle)


Malee went to England by plane. (or by sea, by air)

on

I like to travel on foot. (or on horseback, on a boat)

in

Please write in ink.


Get in my car.
When will he arrive in New York City?
He usually speaks in a high voice.

0. Preposition of Direction

into, out of, toward, up, down, away from


He ran into (out of, toward) the room.
Dont run away from me!
He climbed up (down) the tree.
0. Preposition of Time

at, on, by, in, for, during, before, until


at

The game will start at 1.30 p.m.


This shop closes at midnight.
Lets have a big party at Christmas.
Dont go out alone at night.

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on ( )
See you on Monday.
My birthday is on March 9.
Hell come here on December 25.
They arrived on Tuesday morning.
by ( )
Please arrive by 9 a.m.
Try to be here by 10 p.m.
in ( )
The bus will arrive in an hour.
I go to work early in the morning.
Ill take a trip in June.
Jack moved here in June, 1980.
She was born in 1950.
for (= )
I have waited for two hours.
(for a long time, for 15 minutes)
Jack has been working here for 6 years. (for 3 months)
during (= )
We saw them often during the summer.
(during our childhood, during 1970)

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since (= )
They have been there since 1980.
I havent seen him since Monday.
before () - after ()
Please arrive before (after) 10 p.m.
I will see you before (after) Monday.
until (= )
Ill be here until Wednesday. (until 5 p.m.)

on time

in time

ahead of time

behind schedule

at the beginning of

at the end of

in the middle of

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4. Prepositions of Place


in

The paper is in the desk.


The fish is in the bowl.
He is sitting in the lobby.

in
in a country

in a city

in a village

at ( )
She is at home. (at the store, at the office, at the airport)

at +
She lives at 215 Sukhumvit Road.
on

The book is on the table.


Dont sit on the sofa.

on ()
I live on Sukhumvit Road.
under (= )
The paper is under the table.
Put a pad under the hot dish.
beside (= )
The napkin is placed beside the plate.

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near/ by (= )
Jane is sitting near (by) the door.
against (= )
He is pushing against the wall.

next to, opposite, across


The cinema is across the road from (opposite) the caf.
The caf is next to the bookshop.
over/ above ,
The plane is flying over a city.
Dont lean over the wall.
Im over 36.
My house is over yours.
above
This city is above sea level.
His name is above mine on the list.
Dont wear skirts above the knee.
below (= , )
Wear skirts below the knee.
My house is below sea level.
His grade is below average.
behind (= )
The paper is behind the desk.

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:
by

(make something) by hand


(learn) by heart)
(know somebody) by name
by accident, by chance
pay by the hour
sell by the yard
sell by the dozen

at
at ease

at last

at least

at once

at war

at work

for ever

for example

for good

for sale

for the time being

in fact

in love

in order

in pain

in prison

in theory

in turn

in vain

in the long run

on business

on fire

on foot

on purpose

on the way

out of control

out of danger

out of date

out of luck

out of order

out of place

out of use

out of the question

for

in

on

out of

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without doubt

within reason

under repair

up to date

up to now

with luck

off the record

from now on

with
agree with (somebody)

be charged with

cope with

compete with

interfere with

quarrel with

supply with
to
apply to

listen to

object to

reply to

turn to

base on

comment on

rely on

decide on (something)

arrive at

guess at

look at

peer at

play at

work at

differ from

emerge from

escape from

prohibit from

suffer from

recover from

believe in

engage in

invest in

interest in

involve in

succeed in

on
count on

at

from

in

intrude on

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of
beware of

consist of

get rid of

think of

dream of

Exercise

A.
1. Do you live (at, on) Sukhumvit Road (in, on) Bangkok?
2. Lets go (on, over) Chapter?
3. He sat (near, against) the fire.
4. I am tired (with, of) that girl.
5. Jane is (of, from) England.
6. He told me to come (at, in) 10:30, not (at, in) noon.
7. Did you meet Jane (at, during) your stay in England?
8. He has been working (during, since) noon.
2. Will you be here (by, on) 6 p.m.?
10. Ive lived in England (for, since) two years.
11. Your score is (above, over) average.
12. My sister is writing (by, with) a pen.
13. I usually go to school (by, in) bus.
14. Jane lives (on, at) 223 Sukumvit Road.
15. Please listen (at, to) me.
16. My house is (between, among) two rivers.
17. This is good (to, for) him.
18. Are you good(at, in) English?
19. I was born (on, in) March, 1954.
20. He is guilty (for, of) the robbery.

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B.
1. This book is different ____________ that one.
2. I am thinking ____________ going to the United States some day.
1. The exercise is ____________ the top of the page.
4. Although it is very warm in the daytime, it is cool ____________ night.
2. The Second World War began ____________ Europe ____________ 1939.
6. We walked ____________ fifth Avenue to Eighth Avenue.
7. We are going ____________ a walk ____________ the evening.
8. Mrs. Miller took the flowers ____________ the table.
9. Does dived __________ the lake and swam _________ the boat.
10. The party will be held __________ Tuesday.
11. When will they arrive ____________ Bangkok?
12. Bloomington is located _____________ the State __________ Indiana.
3. This book is written ____________ Banrbara Cartland.
14. I went to the movie twice ____________ week.
15. She was able to translate the letter ____________ herself.
16. Are you going ____________ plane or ____________ train?
17. The X bus passes ____________ my house.
18. It has been raining ____________ two hours.
19. It has been raining ____________ noon.
20. Their house is ____________the corner.
21. They live ____________ Clark Street. What street do you live____________?
22. Washington is not ____________ New York.
23. Is it very cold there ____________ the winter.
24. My birthday is ____________ June.

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25. They arrived ____________ the first ____________ August.
26. Why do you sit ____________ that chair?
27. Are they coming ____________ the morning or ____________ the afternoon?
4. The room has many pictures ____________ the walls.
29. The mailman is waiting ____________ the door.
30. They are studying English ____________ American center.
5. I am ill ____________ typehoid.
32. Jack left ___________ London this morning.
33. Dont be angry ___________ your maid. She is just a young girl.
34. This shirt is different __________ mine.
35. Im in favour _____________ NATO, but Im____________ the use of the nuclear weapons.
6. Whats the difference __________ a boat and a ship?
37. Dont hurry. Ill wait _____________ youve finished.
38. Ill be back ___________ a minute.
39. I will meet you ____________ three oclock ____________ Monday.
40. It is necessary to arrive ____________ the airport early.
41. Im sorry, but I dont agree ____________ you.
42. Would you like to correspond ____________ an American?
43. They set off ____________ Paris ____________ dawn.
44. He made a table ______________ old boxes.
45. Youre welcome any time ___________ my home.
46. They sold things _____________ a high price.
47. I really feel sorry ___________ you.
48. I like to listen ____________ records of classical music.
49. Have you paid ____________ the tickets yet?
50. What are you so angry ____________?

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51. The valley is surrounded ____________ mountains.
52. How long does it take to learn English?
That depends ____________ you and ____________ how much time you study.
7. He got the wrong letter ___________ mistake.

C. Underline the correct preposition in each bracket.

1. His family has been in London (for, since) two years.


2. Your birthday is (in, on) January, but mine is (in, on) June 17.
3. The Jame family lives (at, on) Fifth avenue (in, on) New York City.
4. When you send a letter, dont forget to put a stamp (in, on) the envelop.
1. Martinet will leave here (for, to) England (in, at) the end of June.
6. Columbus discovered America (in, on) 1942.
7. Michigan is situated (among, between) Lake Michigan and Lake Huron.
8. Suni walked (in, into) the kitchen and put her shopping-bag (on, over) the table.
9. It takes three yards (of, by) material to make a dress.
10. I have just received the bill (to, in) the middle of the month.
11. Mr. William spends five hours (in, on) his office (on, at) 655 Wireless Road every day.
12. The headmaster let me do instead (of, for) him.
13. We can meet each other (by, at) dinner because we are very busy every day.
14. Every year many Thais die (by, of) cancer.
15. They will have finished this work (in, by) next month.
16. We must go to the station (on, in) a hurry, because there are five minutes left.
17. Today the cabinet will have a meeting (in, at) midday.
18. His brother always gets up (in, at) dawn.
19. Most people like to go to Bangsaen (during, between) the summer holidays.

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20. The plane will fly in France (in, on) Tuesday (at, on) eleven oclock (in, at) the morning.
1. The Grand Palace is situated (among, during, between) Wat Po and the University of Fine
Arts.
2. There is only one (among, between, during) the boys that knew the answer of this question.
2. The Browns will arrive (to, in, at) Thailand (at, on) Christmas.
2. When we write to our friends, we should write (with, by, in) ink.
3. This liquid smells (as, like) turpentine.

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Exercise Unit 7 Preposition
Choose the best answer.
0. If you are using a telephone you are __________ the phone.
a) on

b) by

c) with

d) at

0. I have the friend who is a student ____________ a university ___________ England.


a) inat

b) atover

c) atin

d) ofof

0. Our school team lost the football match because our best player was sent __________ the field.
a) out

b) off

c) away

d) aside

0. I think she is angry ___________ you for some mistake __________ your work.
a) aton

b) within

c) forin

d) againston

0. Please write ______________ ink when you fill ___________ the form.
a) withon

b) inwith

c) withoff

d) inout

c) with

d) between

1. They went to Singapore ___________ train.


a) in

b) by

1. According ___________ her story, she missed the bus.


a) to

b) by

c) with

d) in

c) of

d) by

c) over

d) on

1. The jar is full ___________ rain water.


a) with

b) off

1. You should try to be there __________ time.


a) with

b) by

1. I met Jack _____________ chance in the coffee-shop.


a) by

b) with

c) on

d) over

1. It was very kind __________ you to do this for me.


a) off

b) of

c) by

d) with

. (.)

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12. I prefer this shirt _____________ that one.
a) over

b) of

c) to

d) from

c) by

d) in

13. We will go there ___________ foot.


a) with

b) on

14. ___________ his surprise, he won the first prize.


a) In

b) With

c) By

d) To

c) for

d) on

c) on

d) by

c) in

d) for

c) for

d) in

c) since

d) at

c) in

d) at

2. I am going to London ___________ Sunday.


a) at

b) in

16. School begins __________ half past eight.


a) at

b) in

17. Ill be 25 years old ___________ 1986.


a) at

b) on

18. Fresh fruit is good ____________ our health.


a) to

b) with

19. The boat left ___________ noon.


a) by

b) from

20. He was born ___________ the fifth of May.


a) by

b) on

21. I have been coming to this restaurant __________ 5 years.


a) for

b) during

c) since

d) in

22. He hasnt been here _____________ last Saturday.


a) for

b) during

c) since

d) on

c) since

d) on

c) over

d) for

23. I saw them often _________ the summer.


a) for

b) during

24. I dont care ___________ sweet things.


a) to

b) of

. (.)

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25. You ought to be ashamed ____________ yourself.
a) of

b) on

c) with

d) by

c) at

d) by

c) for

d) since

c) on

d) in

c) at

d) over

c) in

d) under

c) in

d) over

c) into

d) over

26. He died ____________ pneumonia.


a) with

b) of

27. He has not been here ____________ some time.


a) during

b) in

3. He has been __________ London for a week.


a) at

b) into

29. The captain is __________ board the skip.


a) in

b) on

30. That ship is __________ fire.


a) at

b) on

31. Never throw stones ____________ animals.


a) at

b) on

32. He bumped ____________ the table.


a) at

b) on

33. By 2 oclock the fire was ____________ control.


a) in

b) with

c) to

d) under

c) In

d) On

34. __________ July the weather is very hot.


a) At

b) For

35. Chinese people enjoy themselves ____________ Chinese New Years Day.
a) at

b) on

c) in

d) for

c) in

d) at

c) over

d) at

36. The birds began to sing ___________ dawn.


a) to

b) by

37. Who is ___________ charge of the soldiers?


a) in

b) under

. (.)

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38. There is a difference ____________ your pen and mine.
a) at

b) after

c) between

d) with

c) with

d) by

c) for

d) in

c) under

d) in

c) against

d) for

c) on

d) with

c) under

d) at

c) at

d) over

39. Put it over there ____________ the fire-place.


a) from

b) to

40. It is ___________ him to say, not you.


a) with

b) at

41. He bounced the ball _________ the wall.


a) between

b) against

42. My father fight ____________ corruption.


a) at

b) with

43. I hope we get there ___________ time.


a) for

b) at

4. England and France were ___________ war.


a) in

b) on

45. The people suffered ___________ hunger.


a) with

b) from

46. He was pleased _____________ his exam results.


a) on

b) in

c) with

d) for

c) of

d) for

c) of

d) for

47. People were jealous ___________ Ann.


a) on

b) in

48. He lost his bag ___________ the way to school.


a) on

b) in

49. A poor man is always ____________ need of money.


a) under

b) for

c) in

d) at

c) on

d) by

50. Eggs are sold ____________ the dozen.


a) at

b) for

. (.)

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51. He got a job ___________ a doctor.
a) as

b) like

c) for

d) by

c) for

d) of

c) until

d) at

c) over

d) up

c) with

d) by

c) on

d) for

52. Dont walk __________ an old lady!


a) as

b) like

53. I usually work from 9 a.m. ___________ 5 p.m.


a) for

b) by

54. Your grade is ___________ average.


a) in

b) above

55. Did you see the girl ___________ a red dress?


a) in

b) on

56. What are you interested ___________?


a) at

b) in

57. Those children will share the sweets ____________ themselves.


a) with

b) on

c) between

d) among

c) for

d) by

c) on

d) in

c) in

d) on

58. When are you leaving ____________ London?


a) to

b) at

59. He is ___________ his office now.


a) to

b) of

60. They went to London __________ plane.


a) by

b) with

61. Good students always listen __________ the teacher.


a) at

b) for

c) with

d) to

c) of

d) in

c) in

d) upon

62. I am tired _____________ watching TV.


a) at

b) about

63. My room is directly ___________ yours.


a) over

b) on

. (.)

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64. Jack was blamed ____________ the accident.
a) at

b) for

c) with

d) by

c) with

d) about

c) without

d) on

c) near

d) on

c) under

d) through

c) along

d) down

65. I dont know what it is ___________.


a) over

b) at

5. Camels can go a long time ___________water.


a) over

b) at

67. Who are you going to sit ____________?


a) with

b) at

68. She swept the dust ___________ the rug.


a) with

b) at

69. Dont fall ___________ the stairs.


a) over

b) up

70. We will be in London ___________ three hours.


a) on

b) in

c) at

d) by

6. The man ___________ the red hair seems familiar.


a) in

b) on

c) with

d) by

c) of

d) on

72. We sent a notice _____________ the meeting.


a) about

b) for

73. Elections are held ____________ October 19, 1985.


a) in

b) on

c) at

d) by

c) through

d) by

c) at

d) by

c) of

d) with

74. This book was written __________ him.


a) under

b) with

75. I live ___________ Sukhumvit Road.


a) in

b) on

76. Please explain this problem ___________ me.


a) to

b) for

. (.)

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77. This telephone is ___________ order.
a) off

b) without

c) out of

d) under

78. These shoes are made ___________ the finest leather.


a) in

b) of

c) with

d) by

79. This place is famous ____________ Mexican food.


a) for

b) of

c) with

d) by

c) with

d) of

c) with

d) of

c) with

d) of

c) with

d) of

c) with

d) of

80. He is afraid ___________ his own shadow.


a) for

b) by

7. You can depend __________ me.


a) for

b) on

82. Are you familiar __________ this type of work?


a) for

b) on

83. Please excuse me ____________ being late.


a) for

b) on

84. I agree __________ you on that point.


a) for

b) on

85. Please take these books along ___________ you.


a) on

b) with

c) for

d) by

c) as a yard

d) by the yard

c) beside

d) opposite to

86. This cloth is sold _________.


a) with yard

b) on a yard

87. She is standing _________ Tim.


a) near to

b) after to

88. Nobody ____________ me finishes this exercise.


a) as

b) but

c) to

d) beside

c) in spite of

d) despite of

89. He came to the party ________ the rain.


a) with

b) because of

. (.)

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90. We must _________ all the rubbish.
a) do away with

b) look up to

c) blow out

d) cut in

c) at

d) by

c) at

d) off

c) up

d) in

7. Dont judge a person __________ his clothes.


a) on

b) in

8. She called me ___________ very late last night.


a) up

b) in

8. He cant make _________ your words.


a) at

b) out

8. Whats taking an entrance exam ____________?


a) look like

b) alike

c) likely

d) like

8. The boy depends __________ his sister to take care _________ him.
a) to, which

b) on, of

c) on, about

d) to, to

8. It has been raining since nine oclock in the morning; the field is wet. I think we should call
________ the match this evening.
a) on

b) at

c) out

d) off

8. They said your boyfriend was still handsome, __________ his missing front tooth.
a) with

b) no matter of

c) except

d) in spite of

8. It has been hypothesized that differences in the behavior of the sexes may be __________
differences in metabolism.
a) due to

b) up to

c) alike to

d) in addition to

8. I go ________ the post office every morning on my way to school.


a) on

b) in

c) off

d) by

100.The population of New Jersey ____________ the 1970 census was 7,168,164.
a) due to

b) according to

c) together with

d) in spite of

. (.)

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101.____________ an increased number of public housing projects, most Mexican cities have a
severe housing problem.
a) Owing to

b) In spite

c) Despite

d) Because of

102.What has happened? A truck carrying a full load of toxic gas has just exploded, sending
poisonous fumes _________ the whole community.
a) through out

b) among

c) for

d) in

103.There are many inconveniences that you have to put __________ when you go camping.
a) far to

b) away from

c) out from

d) up with

104.John will take __________ the family business when he comes __________ age.
a) up, to

b) over, of

c) in, of

d) off, to

105.I think youd better sort _________ the things you want to keep and things you want to throw
___________ before we leave.
a) with, out

b) away, out

c) out, away

d) of, away

. (.)

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Unit 8 Conjunction
Conjunction

and, but, because, so, or, although


And ()

1.
Sunee and Suda go to school. = Sunee goes to school. Suda goes to school.
Anan and his brother like dogs.
The boys and the girls study hard.
He and his brother are playing football.
My mother and I went shopping yesterday.

2.
He will buy a pen and a ruler. = He will buy a pen. He will buy a ruler.
She likes coffee and tea.
They have breakfast and lunch at this restaurant.
Susan borrowed a plate and a bowl from me.

2.
They always dance and sing. = They always dance. They always sing.
We love and respect him.
Linda often listens to the radio and watches television.

. (.)

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4.
She is pretty and polite. = She is pretty. She is polite.
He is lucky and rich.
He is tall and handsome.
They work hard and quickly.
I always drive slowly and carefully.

But ()
Sam is poor but Susan is rich.
I like coffee but you like tea.
Sedan is clever but he is lazy.
He wants to go to London but his wife wants to go to Liverpool.

Because ()
Because
Sunee does not go to school because she is sick.
I like David because he is not selfish.
Anan does not want to go out because it is raining.
The teacher was angry because Susan was late.
Because he is rude, nobody likes him.

Because why
A: Why do you like Sindy?
B: Because she is nice.

. (.)

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: Because she is nice.

I like Sindy because she is nice.


A: Why is he happy?
B: He is happy because he has passed the final examination.

A: Why is Tipawan crying?


B: She is crying because she is afraid of the dog.
So () Because So

He does not go to school () because he is sick ().


Because he is sick (), he does not go to school ().
He is sick (), so he does not go to school ().

( so he does not go to school )


Because + So +
He is rude so nobody likes him.
They are poor so we help them.
She is kind so we love her.
Susan passed the final examination so his father gave him a car.

. (.)

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Or (, )
0.

Do you want a pen or a pencil?


Do you like David or Richard?
Are you angry with him or her?

1.

You can stay with me or go out with them.


You can buy furniture or rent it.

1.

Is she pretty or ugly?


Is Tom lazy or diligent?
Are they poor or rich?
Is he tall or short?

1.

Does he work well or badly?


Will you eat here or there?
Did they get up late or early?

Although () But But


He is rich but he is unhappy.
Although he is rich, he is unhappy. or
He is unhappy although he is rich.

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 8 Conjunction
A. and
Example

Winai can swim. Somchai can swim.


Winai and Somchai can swim.

1. Wipa bought bananas. Wipa bought oranges.


______________________________________________________.
2. Nipa will go shopping. Dara will go shopping.
__________________________________________________________________________.
3. Danai is a teacher. Suwit is a teacher.
__________________________________________________________________________.
4. My father reads books. My father reads newspapers.
__________________________________________________________________________.
1. Mrs. Ross is pretty. Mrs. Ross is kind.
__________________________________________________________________________.
6. He drives fast. He drives carelessly.
__________________________________________________________________________.
7. Wanna is polite. Wanna is diligent.
__________________________________________________________________________.
8. Susan speaks English slowly. Susan speaks English clearly.
__________________________________________________________________________.
9. Nantha likes hotdogs. Nantha likes hamburgers.
__________________________________________________________________________.
10. Wirat types badly. Wirat types slowly.
__________________________________________________________________________.

. (.)

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A. but
Example

Tom speaks to me. He does not speak to Winai.


Tom speaks to me but he does not speak to Winai.

0. Rewat wants to go to Chiengmai. Weena wants to go to Phuket.


__________________________________________________________________________.
0. Manop watches television. He does not go to the cinema.
__________________________________________________________________________.
0. Sirichai wants a car. He does not have enough money to buy it.
__________________________________________________________________________.
0. John can swim. Bill cannot swim.
__________________________________________________________________________.
0. Bancha bought a pen. Sirima bought a pencil.
__________________________________________________________________________.
0. Chinda is polite. Weera is not polite.
__________________________________________________________________________.
1. Mary is diligent. Betty is lazy.
__________________________________________________________________________.
1. Sornchai is poor. Linda is kind.
__________________________________________________________________________.

. (.)

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B. and, or but
1. Sunee __________ Suda are going to school.
2. Weena will go shopping _____________ Srisuda will go to the cinema.
3. A: Do you want coffee _________ tea?
B: I want tea.
1. A: Do you like Suda ______________ Sunan?
B: Yes, I do.
5. I went shopping _____________ I saw Wilai at the shopping center.
6. I asked her for help ___________ she did not help me.
7. Do you want to eat at a restaurant ____________ at home?
8. Is your English teacher kind ___________ strict?
9. A: Will you buy orange juice ____________ pine apple juice?
B: I will buy both.
10. She is diligent ___________ polite so every teacher likes her.
B. so because
1. He wants a lot of money _____________ he wants to buy a house.
2. I was sick yesterday ___________ I did not go to work.
3. We stayed at home last night ___________ it was raining heavily.
4. I am very thirsty ___________ I drink water.
5. Wichai ate a lot of food ____________ he was very hungry.
6. Montha is afraid of her teacher ____________ he is very strict.
7. I have a lot of homework _____________ I dont want to go out.
8. Everyone likes Sirima _____________ she is not selfish.
9. Ben was not polite ____________ I was angry with him.
10. My father gave me 500 baht ____________ I passed the final examination.

. (.)

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D. because
0. He ate too much. He was sick.
______________________________________________________.
1. She is weak. She cannot carry a heavy box.
__________________________________________________________________________.
2. Somchai can carry a heavy box. He is very strong.
__________________________________________________________________________.
2. He is rich. He will buy two cars.
__________________________________________________________________________.
3. They are poor. They do not have anything to eat.
__________________________________________________________________________.
3. He loves her. He wants to buy everything for her.
__________________________________________________________________________.
3. His father punished Winai. Winai hit the cat.
__________________________________________________________________________.
3. I have a lot of homework. I will go to bed late.
__________________________________________________________________________.

. (.)

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E. so
0. Nathee ate too much. He has a stomach-ache.
__________________________________________________________________________.
0. I want to buy a new blouse. I will go shopping.
__________________________________________________________________________.
1. Buri has no money. He cannot buy anything.
__________________________________________________________________________.
1. Sirima did not go to school. She was sick.
__________________________________________________________________________.
2. They passed the final examination. They studied hard.
__________________________________________________________________________.
2. He will marry her. He loves her.
__________________________________________________________________________.
2. Nida watched television until midnight. She got up late.
__________________________________________________________________________.
2. The teacher punished Danai. Danai came to school late.
__________________________________________________________________________.

. (.)

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F. because although
1. Mary does not have any lunch ___________ she wants to lose weight.
2. Don is poor ___________ he works very hard.
3. Bancha likes his car _____________ it works well.
3. Charas is not happy _____________ his wife is angry with him.
3. Nitaya passed the final examination ___________ she did not study hard.
4. He is very thin ____________ he always eats a lot of food.
4. ______________ I like her, she does not like me.
4. ______________ Pairote broke the glasses, his father punished him.
4. Nobody likes him _________ he is handsome.
4. Ratana studies hard _______________ she wants to pass the final examination.

. (.)

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C. Choose the best answer.
0. ____________ she was sick, she went to work.
a) Because

b) Although

c) So

d) But

c) although

d) but

c) because

d) and

c) but

d) although

0. I helped him _____________ I liked him.


a) because

b) so

0. They love ___________ adore their father.


a) but

b) so

0. He is lazy ____________ he is clever.


a) and

b) so

0. Do you want to have lunch now ______________ wait till later?


a) and

b) or

c) but

d) so

c) or

d) so

0. I want to lie down ____________ go to sleep.


a) and

b) but

0. The car is quite new ___________ in good condition.


a) and

b) but

c) or

d) so

c) or

d) so

0. He worked too hard, ___________ he fell ill.


a) but

b) because

0. ____________ the house is old, it is in good condition.


a) Because

b) Although

c) Or

d) But

c) because

d) but

c) and

d) although

0. I came here ___________ I wanted to see you.


a) so

b) although

0. It started raining, ___________ we went home.


a) so

b) but

0. Which color do you want red, green, ____________ blue?


a) and

b) but

c) so

d) or

. (.)

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13. He is good at most sports. He can play tennis, football, basketball ___________golf well.
a) or

b) but

c) and

d) so

1. Richard is handsome, __________ I dont like him.


a) but

b) so

c) and

d) because

1. Some people dont like her __________ she is pretty.


a) so

b) although

c) because

d) and

c) so

d) but

2. Jim was not there, ____________ her sister was.


a) and

b) or

2. He is studying English __________ he wants to go abroad.


a) because

b) so

c) although

d) but

2. I couldnt hear the teacher, _____________ I moved to the first row.


a) because

b) so

c) although

d) or

2. ____________ Mr. Johnson is 70 years old, he is still an active man.


a) Because

b) So

c) But

d) Although

2. Ying left home early _________ she had an 8 oclock class.


a) although

b) so

c) because

d) and

. (.)

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Unit 9 Modals
Can
Subject + can + v1 + (Object)
I can drive a car.

I can swim.

I cannot swim.

Can I swim?

You can swim.

You cannot swim.

Can you swim?

He/ She can swim.

He/ She cannot swim.

Can he/ she swim?

We can swim.

We cannot swim.

Can we swim?

They can swim.

They cannot swim.

Can they swim?

It can swim.

It cannot swim.

Can it swim?

cannot cant
I cant swim.

They cant swim.

May , ,

You may be ill.


You may leave.
Suda may come back late.

Subject + may + V1 + (object)

. (.)

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Can May can may 1

I may come.

I may not come.

May I come?

You may come.

You may not come.

May you come?

He/ She may come.

He/ She may not come.

May he/ she come?

We may come.

We may not come.

May we come?

They may come.

They may not come.

May they come?

It may come.

It may not come.

May it come?

may not maynt

Must ,
must 1
Subject + Must + V1 + (Object)

I must go.

I must not go.

Must I go?

You must go.

You must not go.

Must you go?

He/ She must go.

He/ She must not go.

Must he/ she go?

We must go.

We must not go.

Must we go?

They must go.

They must not go.

Must they go?

It must go.

It must not go.

Must it go?

: must not = mustnt

. (.)

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Need 2
a) need need

1
I need go now.
He need work hard.
We need help him.

Need not = neednt


You neednt get up early tomorrow.
They neednt run.
You neednt work too hard.

b) s to

Subject + need(s) + to + V1 + (Object)

I need to go now.

Do I need to go now?

You need to go now.

Do you need to go now?

He/ She needs to go

Does he/ she need to go

now.

now?

We need to go now.

Do we need to go now?

They need to go now.

Do they need to go now?

It needs to go now.

Does it need to go now?

. (.)

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do
I do not need
You do not need
He/ She does not
need

to

go now.

We do not need
They do not need
It does not need
do not need

dont need.

does not need doesnt need.


You dont need to work today.
Bob doesnt need to help me.
Have to must ()
Have to has to have to 1
Subject + {have to, has to} + V1 + (object)

I have to go.

Do I have to go?

You have to go.

Do you have to go?

He/ She has to go.

Does he/ she have to go?

We have to go.

Do we have to go?

They have to go.

Do they have to go?

It has to go.

Does it have to go?

. (.)

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I have to tell him.
You have to obey your parents.
He has to go back to Japan.

Do not Does not have to = ,

( need not)
dont have to doesnt have to
I dont have to
You dont have to
He/ She doesnt have to go.
We dont have to
They dont have to
It doesnt have to

You dont have to study here.


Vichit doesnt have to leave now.
We dont have to listen to him.

. (.)

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Should

= , should 1
Subject + should + V1 + (Object)

I should go now.

Should I go now?

You should go now.

Should you go now?

He/ She should go now. Should he/ she go now?


We should go now.

Should we go now?

They should go now.

Should they go now?

It should go now.

Should it go now?

Should not shouldnt ,


You should give him some money.
You should not give him any money.
He should not be rude.
They should watch television.
We should not smoke.

. (.)

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Ought to = , should

ought to ought to 1

Subject + ought to + V1 + (Object)

I ought to go now.

I ought not to go now.

You ought to go now.

You ought not to go now.

He/ She ought to go now.

He/ She ought not to go now.

We ought to go now.

We ought not to go now.

They ought to go now.

They ought not to go now.

It ought to go now.

It ought not to go now.

ought not to oughtnt to


We ought to obey the rules.
You oughtnt to go to school late.

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 9 Modals
A. can cannot
Example He (swim) in the sea.
He can swim in the sea.

They (not, drink) whisky.


They cannot drink whisky.

1. Suda (draw) beautiful flowers.


_______________________________________________________.
2. My brother (not, drive) a car.
_______________________________________________________.
3. I (lift) this heavy box.
_______________________________________________________.
4. Ying (sing) beautiful songs.
_______________________________________________________.
5. The baby (not, run) quickly.
_______________________________________________________.
6. I (answer) these questions.
_______________________________________________________.
7. Vipas (not, eat) with chopsticks.
_______________________________________________________.
8. A bat (fly).
_______________________________________________________.

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B.
1. Malika can use a sewing-machine.
_______________________________________________________?
2. He can swim across the river.
_______________________________________________________?
3. They can make tables.
_______________________________________________________?
4. We can go to Malaysia.
_______________________________________________________?
5. Tom can touch the ceiling.
_______________________________________________________?
6. Bill can control the horse.
_______________________________________________________?
7. Arjarn Vichit can ride a bicycle.
_______________________________________________________?
8. Srisuda can make chicken curry.
_______________________________________________________?

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C. may may not
1. My parents (return) tomorrow night.
_______________________________________________________.
2. You (tell) everyone the news.
_______________________________________________________.
3. Andrew (not, arrive) next week.
_______________________________________________________.
4. Mary (know) the answer.
_______________________________________________________.
5. There (not, be) enough food for everyone.
_______________________________________________________.
6. Mr. Ross (help) you.
_______________________________________________________.
7. They (not, agree) with you.
_______________________________________________________.
8. The work (not, be) easy for you.
_______________________________________________________.

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D. must must not
1. I (see) him tomorrow.
_______________________________________________________.
2. You (not, drink) alcohol again.
_______________________________________________________.
3. You (not, use) my typewriter.
_______________________________________________________.
4. He (finish) this work next week.
_______________________________________________________.
5. They (do) their homework tonight.
_______________________________________________________.
6. We (not, disappoint) our parents.
_______________________________________________________.
7. Arjarn Vichit (stop) smoking.
_______________________________________________________.
8. They (not, eat) in the bedroom.
_______________________________________________________.

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E. need need not
1. We (help) our friends.
_______________________________________________________.
2. She (not, come) here early tomorrow.
_______________________________________________________.
3. You (exercise) sometimes.
_______________________________________________________.
4. He (eat) vegetables.
_______________________________________________________.
5. They (not, buy) those books.
_______________________________________________________.
6. Ying (buy) a new shirt.
_______________________________________________________.
7. Arjarn Vipas (be) on a diet.
_______________________________________________________.
8. You (not, tell) me everything.
_______________________________________________________.

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F. mustnt neednt
1. Benjawan ___________ go to bed early because tomorrow is Sunday.
2. A rich man _____________ work hard.
3. You ____________ take an umbrella because it wont rain.
4. You __________ drive a car if you are drunk.
5. You ____________ go to the bank.
6. You _________ tell this to anybody because it is a secret.
7. You _________ smoke in here because smoking is forbidden.
8. You ___________ clean the room now because I will clean it myself tomorrow.
9. You ___________ buy anything for me because I will go shopping tomorrow.

G. must have (has) to


Example

He must do it now.
He has to do it now.

1. They must learn to swim.


_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
2. We must go by train.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
3. I must go to bed now.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.

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4. You must write a letter to Paul.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
1. Nantha must get a job.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
6. Pee Kong must study French.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
7. Richard must wear a uniform.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
2. Jimmy must take an English test tomorrow.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.

H.
Example

He must leave now.


Must he leave now?

He has to leave now.


Does he have to leave now?

1. We have to study this lesson.


_______________________________________________________?

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2. Everyone must take the final examination.
_______________________________________________________?
3. Malee has to go shopping this afternoon.
_______________________________________________________?
4. We have to return these books to the library tomorrow.
_______________________________________________________?
5. Theera has to explain everything to them.
_______________________________________________________?
6. You must speak to Mr. Robinson tomorrow.
_______________________________________________________?
1. They have to leave for Chiengmai next Friday.
_______________________________________________________?
8. You must mail that package to Winai today.
_______________________________________________________?

I.
Example

She must leave before seven oclock.


She must not leave before seven oclock.

She has to study these three lessons.


She doesnt have to study these three lessons.

1. We have to be there at eight oclock tomorrow.


_______________________________________________________.

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2. He has to give a pen to Jimmy.
_______________________________________________________.
3. You must tell your friends these plans.
_______________________________________________________.
4. He must help his friends with their homework.
_______________________________________________________.
5. You must send a telegram to your father.
_______________________________________________________.
6. I have to stay at my office until seven oclock tonight.
_______________________________________________________.
7. The teacher has to explain the same lesson twice.
_______________________________________________________.
8. They must return the money to Mr.Smith before Tuesday.
_______________________________________________________.

J. should ought to
Example

He (finish) that work before Monday.


He should finish that work before Monday.
He ought to finish that work before Monday.

1. Bill (return) to England next week.


_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
2. You (report) to the police about the accident.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.

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3. We (walk) very fast to get there on time.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
1. You (invite) Srisuda to the party.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
5. He (be) more careful.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
6. Vichit (stay) at home tonight.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
2. We (tell) her the news.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.
8. They (go) to bed early.
_______________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________.

K.
1. You should answer his telegram.
_______________________________________________________.
2. He should wait until next week.
_______________________________________________________.

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3. They ought to drink more coffee.
_______________________________________________________.
4. We ought to lock the front door.
_______________________________________________________.
1. Robert should look for a new job.
_______________________________________________________.
6. You ought to tell him the truth.
_______________________________________________________.
7. Ladda ought to postpone her trip.
_______________________________________________________.
8. She should go with Mr.Fox.
_______________________________________________________.
L.
1. We should obey the companys rules.
_______________________________________________________?
2. He ought to follow his teachers instructions.
_______________________________________________________?
3. Vichit should learn to play the piano.
_______________________________________________________?
4. Pee Kong should pick up Henry at the airport.
_______________________________________________________?
5. They ought to attend the meeting tomorrow.
_______________________________________________________?
6. We should go shopping at this supermarket.
_______________________________________________________?

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7. Bancha ought to go to the cinema tonight.
_______________________________________________________?
8. Wipa ought to study harder.
_______________________________________________________?

M. can, may, must, must not, dont need to, doesnt have to,
cant, should, should not
1. We ____________ wear uniforms. It is one of the schools regulations.
2. You are ill. You __________ stay in bed and rest.
3. You _________ clean the room. Ive already cleaned it.
1. _____________ he swim? Yes, he can.
2. You may keep the book for a week. After that you ____________ return it to the library.
4. _____________ I come in? Yes, sure.
4. I _____________ reach the ceiling. Its too high.
5. You should ask Ann. She ___________ know Toms address.
6. He _____________ do his homework tonight. He can leave it until tomorrow.
7. You _____________ drink this. Its poisonous.
8. She ____________ go out tonight. Its going to rain soon.
9. You __________ help your neighbors when they are in trouble.

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N. Choose the best answer.
1. When crossing the road you _________ be careful.
a) might

b) could

c) need to

d) can

1. My father said, ____________ watch TV all the afternoon if you wish.


a) You ought

b) You should

c) You may

d) You have to

c) Should

d) Might

3. ___________ I sit here or is this seat taken?


a) Can

b) Will

4. The girl _____________ walk again soon after she has an operation.
a) will

b) can

c) shall

d) should

c) Might

d) Can

5. ___________ you explain the question again?


a) May

b) Shall

6. Our dog is very clever. He ___________ open any door in the house.
a) can

b) may

c) should

d) will

7. Good morning, sir. What _________ I do for you?


a) can

b) may

c) should

d) will

8. The story Tom told us yesterday ____________ be true. He never tells lies.
a) shall

b) may

c) should

d) will

9. I ____________ stay at the office late today because there is a lot of work to do.
a) must

b) might

c) could

d) can

10. Prices of houses have gone up. Now you __________ not find one for under $19,000.
a) must

b) can

c) shall

d) should

c) Might

d) Shall

c) must to go

d) may go

11. _____________ I interrupt you for a moment?


a) May

b) Should

12. You __________ now, children.


a) may to go

b) can to go

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2. The students _____________ their homework now.
a) should to do

b) ought to do

c) ought do

d) shall do

14. He ____________ tomorrow, but Im not sure that he will.


a) ought come

b) should to come

c) may come

d) must come

3. We ____________ vegetables every day. There are good for our health.
a) should eat

b) ought eat

c) may eat

d) must not eat

16. If you want to get a better grade, you __________ study very hard for the next exam.
a) should

b) may

c) can

d) shall

17. Mary is ill. She ___________stay in bed and rest.


a) can

b) may

c) ought to

d) shall

18. Its late! We __________ walk very fast to get there on time.
a) ought

b) may

c) can

d) must

19. I ___________ read the instructions carefully to understand them.


a) can

b) may

c) might

d) have to

20. Which of these shirts should I buy? I _________ decide.


a) may not

b) cant

c) will not

d) must not

21. When ___________ we return all of these books to the library?


a) may

b) would

c) must

d) might

22. Wannee is unhappy because she __________ find her diamond ring.
a) shouldnt

b) mustnt

c) doesnt have to

d) cant

23. ___________ Jim go to the party with us? If he wants to go, I can pick him up.
a) Will

b) Can

c) Must

d) Shall

24. Vichit can play the piano, but he _________ sing.


a) may not

b) should

c) must

d) cannot

25. Everyone ___________ help his friends and neighbors when it is necessary.
a) will not

b) may

c) cannot

d) should

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26. ___________ you tell me where the Lido Theatre is?
a) Must

b) May

c) Can

d) Should

27. My father said I _________ do my homework before I watch television.


a) must

b) may

c) should

d) ought

28. Tim is seriously ill. He _________ see a doctor before it is too late.
a) may

b) can

c) must

d) ought

c) should do

d) must do

29. You ___________ it next Monday, if you like.


a) can do

b) may to do

30. You cough a lot. You __________ stop smoking.


a) should to

b) can

c) ought to

d) may

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Unit 10 Verb Forms
5
1. Verb Infinitive
2. Verb Infinitive Without To
3. Verb Gerund (V + ing)

4. Verb Form
5. Inchoative Verb

Verb Infinitive
A. Verb + to + Verb

Verb
agree

arrange

attempt

bother

care

decide

deserve

endeavor

fail

forget

hesitate

hope

learn

long

mean

plan

prepare

promise

prove

refuse

swear

seem

try

trouble

undertake

use to

wish

would like

Example I agree to help you.


Dont bother to see me out.
He failed to get an A.

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Im longing to see my son again.
Dont trouble to come to see me.
She is planning to leave tomorrow.
We hope to go to Paris.
She deserves to get the money.
He tried to telephone Jane.
I would like to try.

B. Verb + {Noun, Pronoun} + to + Verb

Verb
advise

allow

ask

beg

cause

command

encourage

expect

forbid

force

get

invite

need

order

persuade

remind

teach

tell

tempt

want

warn

Example We wont allow them to smoke.


He asked me to pay for the meal.
The teacher teaches us to speak English.
They forced him to go.
Dont tell me to do so.
I want you to do this.
He caused me to be late.
I advise you to study abroad.

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: Verb 2 to + Verb Pronoun, Noun + to + Verb

ask

beg

expect

want

wish

would like

promise

Example The child begged to go.


He begged me to go.
They wished to stay.
We wished you to go.

C. Verb to be + Adjective + to + Verb

Adjective pleased, nice, upset, surprised, easy, interesting


Example Im very pleased to meet you.
Jane is very nice to talk to.
I was upset to hear that.
Its easy to learn.
He was surprised to see Jane.
Football is interesting to watch.

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D. Verb + {Pronoun} + Question Word + to + Verb

Verb ask, consider, explain, find out, know, show, tell, understand, wonder
Example Could you tell me how to get there?
Please show us what to do.
I wonder who to talk to.
He asked me where to stay.
Can you find out when to go?

Verb Infinitive without to


A. Verb + Verb

Verb Modal will, shall, would, should, can, could, may, might,
must had better would rather
Example I must go now.
Youd better take a holiday.
You can help her.
Id rather stay home.
We should try again.

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B. Verb + {Pronoun, Noun} + Verb

Verb
help

hear

have

feel

make

see

watch

let

get

Example I always let my son stay up late.


I didnt see you come in.
Please help me solve the problem.
The teacher made us repeat the word.

help Pronoun, Noun + to + Verb


I helped her to write the report.
Please help her to move the box.

C. Why (not) + Verb

why (not) Verb to


Why not take a holiday?
Why stand up if you can sit down?
Why not stay home tonight?

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Verb Gerund
A. Verb + Verb-ing

Verb gerund
admit

appreciate

avoid

cant help

consider

delay

deny

dislike

enjoy

feel

finish

give up

keep

like

mind

miss

postpone

practice

quit

recall

stop

suggest

be used to

be worth

Example I really appreciate having time to relax.


He admitted taking the money.
I enjoy eating.
Ive finished working.
You should keep trying.
Have you considered studying abroad?
Im used to typing.

B. Verb + Pronoun, Noun + Verb-ing

Verb feel, find, watch, observe, smell, see


Example I found this movie interesting.
She watched him eating.
I smell something burning.

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C. Preposition + Verb-ing

Preposition Verb Gerund (Verb-ing)


Example I look forward to hearing from you.
Check the oil before starting the car.
She earns her living by typing.
Dont talk about driving.

: Verb 2
(1) to + Verb
(2) Verb-ing

begin, continue, intend, love, like, neglect, propose, start



I begin to laugh.
I begin laughing.

Verb to + Verb Gerund


forget, go on, try, remember, regret
You really must stop smoking.
He stopped to smoke a cigarette.
I shall never forget seeing the Queen.
I forgot to see the Queen.

Gerund Infinitive

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Verb Form

A. {get, have} + something + V3


This morning I had my shoes shined.
You should have your teeth checked.
She got her hair washed.
B. {be, feel, seem, look, get} + V3 (participle)
You get confused.
After a long day, you feel tired.
Jane looks worried.

Present Participle (Adjective)


This lesson was interesting.
This movie is exciting.

Inchoative Verb

become, get, grow, turn, go, come, fall


Inchoative Verb
1. inchoative verb + Adjective
He is getting rich.
She is growing old.
Im becoming bored.
Malee has got thin.
His face turned pale.

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2. inchoative verb + Noun
Billy wants to become a dentist.

3. inchoative verb + to + infinitive


I got to know Sally at the party.

1. inchoative verb + comparative of adjective


Jim is getting better at golf.
Its getting longer.
The water is getting hotter.

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Exercise Unit 10 Verb Forms
A.
1. Jack asked me (come) right away.
2. I try (see) the manager.
3. We are very happy (be) here.
4. Im not used to (get) up early.
5. Do you mind (turn) off the radio?
6. They object to (smoke) here.
7. You should get your shirt (clean).
8. When will you have your car (check)?
9. Please let me (do) it.
1. I told him how (do) it.
2. Youd better (stop) your car.
12. They must (study) tonight.
13. Can you get John (deliver) the paper?
14. Why (pay) more at other shops?
15. The party was pretty (bore).
16. I avoid (face) the dentist.
17. Im looking forward to (watch) the game.
18. Youd better have your hair (cut).
19. Is this book worth (read)?
20. I find this fact (interest).
21. Will they allow us (park) here?
22. When did he stop (smoke)?

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23. Do you enjoy (listen) to pop music?
24. He was surprised (hear) that.
25. The teacher found her TV (steal).

A.
Example
Are the leaves brown? (turn)
Yes. Theyve turned brown.

1. Is Nantha better? (get)


__________________________________________________________.
2. Are you accustomed to the weather here? (get)
__________________________________________________________.
3. Is John mad? (go)
__________________________________________________________.
4. Is Weena fat? (get)
__________________________________________________________.
5. Is Pipat ill? (fall)
__________________________________________________________.
6. Is the milk sour? (turn)
__________________________________________________________.
7. Is it dark? (grow)
__________________________________________________________.
8. Is Richard asleep? (fall)
__________________________________________________________.

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9. Is the bread moldy? (go)
__________________________________________________________.
10. Is Danai the manager? (become)
__________________________________________________________.
1. Is Susan interested in Steve? (become)
__________________________________________________________.
12. Is the zip undone? (come)
__________________________________________________________.

C. Choose the best answer.


1. Hurry up! We must run to the bus stop. I can see a bus ___________.
a) come

b) comes

c) coming

d) is coming

c) washed

d) washing

2. I think I must have my hair ___________ soon.


a) a wash

b) to wash

3. When I returned home, I found my servant _________ to a chair.


a) tying

b) having tied

c) to be typing

d) tied

4. Listen to the people. Can you hear them ___________?


a) shouted

b) shouting

c) are shouting

d) will shout

5. Ask the visitor to come in; dont keep him ___________ outside.
a) stand

b) standing

c) to stand

d) to be standing

6. I dislike ____________ when I am absorbed in my studies.


a) to disturb

b) disturbed

c) disturbing

d) being disturbed

7. I would like _____________ my hair _____________.


a) have. cut

b) havingcut

c) to have cut

d) to have to cut

c) are singing

d) singing

8. He heard some birds ____________.


a) sung

b) will sing

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9. Would you mind ____________ more slowly?
a) speak

b) speaking

c) to speak

d) spoke

c) give

d) gave

10. He promised ___________ up smoking.


a) to give

b) giving

11. After a while she stopped ____________ out of the window and began her homework.
a) looking

b) to look

c) looked

d) from looking

12. I shall never forget ___________ to school for the first time.
a) go

b) went

c) going

d) to go

13. I tried to avoid ___________ to him but in the end I had to.
a) speak

b) speaking

c) to speak

d) spoke

c) cleaned

d) cleaning

c) is falling

d) fall

14. Those windows need ___________.


a) for cleaning

b) to clean

1. Did you see the building ____________ down?


a) fell

b) to fall

16. He will not go in the boat because he is afraid ____________.


a) to be drowned

b) of being drowned c) from drowning

d) to drown

17. The teacher told him ____________ it again.


a) dont do

b) do not do

c) not to do

d) to not do

c) saw

d) seeing

c) to hurt

d) from hurt

c) stopped

d) to stop

18. I dont remember ____________ him before.


a) see

b) to see

19. I will try to prevent him ____________ himself.


a) from hurting

b) hurt

20. He ran away without ___________ to help.


a) stop

b) stopping

21. Would you mind ____________ the door, please?


a) close

b) to close

c) closed

d) closing

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22. I didnt want to do it. They made me ___________ it.
a) do

b) to do

c) did

d) done

c) took

d) taken

c) meet

d) meeting

c) for being

d) is

c) to keep

d) to keeping

c) for trying

d) to try

c) exciting

d) to be exciting

c) to check

d) checking

c) typing

d) type

c) come

d) of coming

23. Everyone watched the plane ____________ off.


a) to take

b) taking

24. We all look forward ____________ Jane.


a) to meeting

b) to meet

25. This book proved ___________ popular.


a) being

b) to be

26. We mustnt fail ___________ our promise.


a) keeping

b) keep

27. We must urge her _____________ harder.


a) trying

b) try

28. I found the movie ____________.


a) excited

b) to excite

29. He got the car ___________.


a) check

b) checked

2. He prefers to __________ his own letters.


a) typing of

b) be typed

31. We were asked ___________ early.


a) to come

b) coming

32. I am fond of ___________.


a) the swim

b) being swum

c) swimming

d) doing swimming

33. We are ____________ there at six.


a) being

b) to be

c) be

d) to have been

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34. I found her __________.
a) tired and depressed

b) tiring and depressed

c) tired and depressing

d) tiring and depressing

35. They helped me __________ my homework.


a) did

b) doing

c) done

d) do

c) drive

d) driving

c) to work

d) working

c) to hurry up

d) hurried up

c) know

d) knew

c) playing

d) play

3. He let me ____________ his car.


a) drove

b) to drive

37. I would rather ___________.


a) worked

b) work

38. Youd better _____________.


a) hurry up

b) hurrying up

4. I happen _______________ you are wrong.


a) to know

b) knowing

40. I enjoy __________ cards.


a) play

b) to play

41. She was upset ___________ that her mother was ill.
a) hearing

b) to hear

c) of hearing

d) hear

c) being love

d) loving

c) have gone out

d) going out

c) calling

d) to call

c) carrying

d) carried

42. We couldnt help ____________her.


a) to love

b) love

43. I would rather ________ than stayed home.


a) go out

b) went out

44. He said he would __________me the next day.


a) call

b) be called

45. Please help me ___________ the bag.


a) carry

b) having carried

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46. I will have the men ____________ my car.
a) washed

b) wash

c) to wash

d) washing

c) to be

d) of being

47. That seems ____________ a well built house.


a) being

b) was

48. You should ___________ your work __________ quickly.


a) gettingdone

b) getting to do

c) get do

d) get done

c) lived

d) be lived

c) of being

d) to be

c) to talk

d) talked

c) Eat

d) Eaten

49. They used to ____________ in Bangkok.


a) living

b) live

50. She appeared _____________ tired.


a) being

b) be

51. You must always keep ___________.


a) of talking

b) on talking

5. ____________ too much makes me sleepy.


a) Eating

b) To eat

53. We are very much interested in __________ the U.S.


a) visit

b) to visit

c) visiting

d) being visited

c) leaving for

d) to leave for

54. Arent you going ___________ town now?


a) to leave by

b) leaving to

55. Mary is about __________ her mind and ________ me.


a) changingto marry

b) to change .marry

c) to change . to marry

d) changing marry

56. I wouldnt dream ___________.


a) of going

b) to go

c) going

d) of go

c) speak

d) spoke

57. The man ________ is my uncle.


a) spoken

b) speaking

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58. I spend a lot of time _____________.
a) dance

b) in dancing

c) dancing

d) to dance

c) to bore

d) boring

59. Watching television can be ____________.


a) bore

b) bored

60. The building ___________ in this picture is my house.


a) shown

b) showing

c) is shown

d) is showing

c) gone

d) go

c) help

d) helped

c) to have comed

d) to come

c) shopping

d) shop

c) thinking at

d) to think at

c) for gardening

d) gardening

c) to come

d) came

c) accept

d) accepted

6. He got up _____________.
a) to go

b) going

62. I rely on you __________.


a) helping

b) to help

63. We shall be delighted _____________.


a) coming

b) come

64. She has gone __________.


a) to shop

b) shopped

65. Its no good ____________ it.


a) thinking of

b) think of

66. Are you keen on ___________?


a) to garden

b) garden

67. Theres a policeman ___________.


a) come

b) coming

68. They forced us _____________ their invitation.


a) to accept

b) accepting

69. Im glad ____________ youre getting better now.


a) that know

b) that knowing

c) to know that

d) that to know

c) have it

d) having it

70. The teacher permitted him ____________.


a) to have it

b) to having it

. (.)

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Unit 11 Sentence Construction
1.

(Affirmative Statements)

2.

(Negative Statements)

3. (Yes-No Questions)


Subject + Verb + {Object Complement, Object ()}
They are students.
(Subject + Verb + Complement)
I like her.
(Subject + Verb + Object)

verb to be complement adjective noun pronoun


Mary is ill.
They are friends.
The book is mine.

verb verb appear, become, feel, look, seem, smell, sound, taste
adjective
I feel happy.
She looked tired.
It sounds good.

. (.)

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verb verb to be verb object

Jack collects stamps.
He loves Jane.
I bought a book.
They like coffee.

There is There are There


verb
There is a pen.
There was an accident yesterday.
There are many girls here.

not verb

1. verb verb to be not verb to be
He is a worker.

He is not a worker.

They are students.

They are not students.

I am ready.

I am not ready.

. (.)

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verb to be + not
am not

m not

is not

isnt

are not

arent

was not

wasnt

were not

werent

2. verb verb to be arrive, play, like, speak, etc. verb to do +


not verb
He likes coffee.

He does not like coffee.

He wanted that pen.

He did not want that pen.

They work here.

They do not work here.

They arrived last night.

They did not arrive last night.

does do present tense


past tense did
verb to do + not Verb to be + not
does not

doesnt

do not

dont

did not

didnt

. (.)

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3. verb modal

will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might, must


not modal
He will go there.

He will not go there.

He can drive.

He cannot drive.

You should go home now.

You should not go home now.

modal ought to not ought

He ought to help her.

He ought not to help her.

modal + not
will not

wont

would not

wouldnt

shall not

shant

should not

shouldnt

cannot

cant

could not

couldnt

may not
might not

mightnt

must not

mustnt

need not

neednt

ought not to

oughtnt to

. (.)

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4. verb verb to have 2
A. not have
B. verb to do + not have
I have some whisky.
I dont have any whisky.
I havent any whisky.
He has some money.
He doesnt have any money.
He hasnt any money.

some
some any

. (.)

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YES-NO
1. verb verb to be be
Verb To Be + Subject + Object?
He is a student.

Is he a student?

He was a worker.

Was he a worker?

They are coming.

Are they coming?

2. verb verb verb to do


Verb To Do + Subject + Verb + Object?
He likes tea.

Does he like tea?

John studied Chinese.

Did John study Chinese?

3. modal
Modal + Subject + Verb + Object?
She will come to school.

Will she come to school?

He can drive a car.

Can he drive a car?

I shall go now.

Shall I go now?


He is not a student.

Is he not a student?

Isnt he a student?

. (.)

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He will not help me.

Will he not help me?

Wont he help me?

He does not drink coffee.

Does he not drink coffee?

Doesnt he drink coffee?

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 11 Sentence Construction
A.
1. It is a nice day.
_______________________________________________________.
2. They enjoy Thai food.
_______________________________________________________.
3. Jack was here yesterday.
_______________________________________________________.
4. They usually go home for lunch.
_______________________________________________________.
5. I will take this course.
_______________________________________________________.
6. He has done it.
_______________________________________________________.
7. There are many people in the room.
_______________________________________________________.
8. You should work hard.
_______________________________________________________.
9. We must speak clearly.
_______________________________________________________.
10. I can help you.
_______________________________________________________.
11. My mother gives me some money.
_______________________________________________________.

. (.)

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12. They are having a party this evening.
_______________________________________________________.
13. He handed in his report.
_______________________________________________________.
14. I heard the news at noon.
_______________________________________________________.
15. She plays the piano.
_______________________________________________________.

B.
1. John was making the noise.
______________________________________________________?
2. Tom will sing two songs.
______________________________________________________?
3. You could help me.
______________________________________________________?
4. The cook is preparing the food.
______________________________________________________?
5. The students understand the lesson.
______________________________________________________?
6. Camels live in a desert.
______________________________________________________?
7. He speaks French.
______________________________________________________?

. (.)

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8. I have three shirts.
______________________________________________________?
9. The teacher punished him.
______________________________________________________?
10. We must take the bus.
______________________________________________________?

C.
1. He couldnt do it.
______________________________________________________?
2. You dont like Jane.
______________________________________________________?
3. Rich people dont help poor people.
______________________________________________________?
4. Jack isnt working.
______________________________________________________?
5. The teacher didnt come yesterday.
______________________________________________________?

. (.)

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D. Choose the correct question form for each of the following sentences.
1. John has to leave.
a) Has John to leave?

b) To leave has John?

c) Johns to leave?

d) John to leave?

2. They will come again.


a) May they come again?

b) Would they come again?

c) Do they come again?

d) Will they come again?

3. He did his best.


a) Does he do his best?

b) Did he do his best?

c) Was his best done?

d) Didnt he do his best?

4. They came too late for the show.


a) When did they come to late?

b) Are they coming too late for the show?

c) Did they come too late for the show?

d) Do they come too late for the show?

5. She likes coffee.


a) Does she like coffee?

b) She likes coffee?

c) She coffee?

d) Likes she coffee?

6. He is eating his lunch.


a) Was he eating his lunch?

b) Does he eat his lunch?

c) Is his lunch being eaten?

d) Is he eating his lunch?

7. He has left already.


a) Did he leave already?

b) Has he left already?

c) Has left he already?

d) Is he leaving already?

8. We must take the bus.


a) Do we must take the bus?

b) Have we taken the bus?

c) Must we take the bus?

d) Will we take the bus?

. (.)

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E. Choose the correct negative form for each of the following sentences.
1. He could be wrong.
a) He could be not wrong.

b) He could not be wrong.

c) Not he could be wrong

d) Could he be not wrong?

2. You must do your homework.


a) You must not do your homework.

b) You not must do your homework.

c) You mustnt do your homework.

d) Must you not do your homework?

3. It was a bird.
a) It was a bird not.

b) It not was a bird.

c) It was not a bird.

d) Not it was a bird.

4. It will be easy to do it.


a) It will be not easy to do it.

b) It will be easy to not do it.

c) It will not be easy not to do it.

d) It will not be easy to do it.

5. John can do it well.


a) John cannot do it well.

b) John couldnt do it well.

c) John can do it not well.

d) Can John not do it well?

6. He has come home from school.


a) He isnt come home from school.

b) He hasnt come home from school.

c) He had not come home from school.

d) Hasnt he come home from school?

7. You may have one tomorrow.


a) You may have one not tomorrow.

b) You may have not one tomorrow.

c) You may not have one tomorrow.

d) You mightnt have one tomorrow.

8. He will arrive tomorrow.


a) He wont arrive tomorrow.

b) He shouldnt come tomorrow.

c) He shall not come tomorrow.

d) He will arrive not tomorrow.

. (.)

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F. Choose the correct response to each of the following question.
1. Cant you make it work?
a) Yes, I cant.

b) No, I cant.

c) No, I didnt.

d) Yes, I did.

c) No, he has.

d) Yes, he didnt.

c) No, I am not.

d) Yes, I was.

c) Yes, I will.

d) No, I wont.

2. Has he told you the news yet?


a) Yes, he has.

b) Yes, he had.

3. Were you able to speak to him?


a) No, I was.

b) Yes, I am.

4. Would you like a cup of tea?


a) No, I would.

b) Yes, I would.

5. How many have you caught?


a) I am having two.

b) I catches two.

c) I am catching two. d) I have caught two.

b) Yes, you might.

c) Yes, you mightnt. d) Yes, may you.

b) No, he is.

c) No, he isnt.

d) Yes, he was.

b) No, I might not.

c) Yes, I may.

d) Yes, I must.

b) Yes, I have.

c) No, I dont have.

d) Yes, I do to.

6. May I help you?


a) Yes, you may.
7. Is Bob in his room?
a) Yes, he isnt.
8. Must you finish it?
a) No, I must.
9. Do you have to see him?
a) No, I dont have to.

. (.)

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Unit 12 Question Tags
Question Tags

tag tense
Question Tags
1. tag
It will work, wont it?
You can drive, cant you?
We are late, arent we?
He plays tennis, doesnt he?
You saw him, didnt you?

2. tag
It wont work, will it?
He cant go, can he?
You didnt telephone, did you?
We havent done it, have we?

3. tag tag

Youre coming with us, are you?


You went out with John again, did you?

. (.)

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Question Tags:
1. Tag
hardly, barely, scarcely, rarely, seldom
Jane hardly talked to anyone, did she?
You seldom go there, do you?

2.
nobody, anybody, no one, anyone, neither

tag pronoun they tag


Nobody liked her, did they?
None complained, did they?
Everyone likes her, do they?

: Nothing pronoun it
Nothing is done, is it?

3. this/that tag it these, those tag they


Thats a beautiful car, isnt it?
Those are your books, arent they?

4. I think/I suppose verb


I think you will help me, wont you?
I suppose he cant swim, can he?

. (.)

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5.
d better

= had better ()

d rather

= would rather ()

d do

=would do

d done

= had done

6. tag will you


Stop talking, will you?
Open the window, will you?
Let me do it, will you?
7. Lets tag shall we
Lets go out, shall we?
Lets eat, shall we?

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 12 Question Tags
A. Question Tag
1. He arrived at 10 P.M.,

2. We should go now,

3. Hand in your paper now,

4. Lets go for a walk,

5. You werent at the meeting,


6. Its cold,

7. Youd better read it first,

8. Suda hardly goes shopping,

9. Nobody works here,

10. Those people are waiting for you,

11. I think the answer isnt correct,

12. They are going with you,

13. Thats not the same book,

14. They said they wouldnt do it,

15. Jane used to live here,

. (.)

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B. Choose the best answer.
1. I believe you are just fourteen years old,
a) do you

b) are you

c) dont you
?

2. Let him go to the movies tonight,


a) will you

b) will he

c) shall we

3. Peter often has his hair cut on Sundays,


a) has he

a) doesnt we

b) havent we

8. It seems strange,
a) seem it

b) is he

10. You wont be late,


a) will you
11. Tomorrow is Sunday,
a) will it
12. He will do it again,
a) does he

d) had we

c) isnt it

d) is she

c) does he

d) doesnt he

c) arent they

d) are they

c) doesnt it

d) isnt it

c) are you

d) will you

c) wouldnt you

d) do you

c) isnt it

d) was it

c) doesnt he

d) wont he

?
b) are these
?
b) does it

9. You dont mind if I sit down,


a) dont you

c) hadnt we

7. These arent your books,


a) are you

d) doesnt he

b) is it

6. Your son is very smart,


a) isnt he

c) hasnt he

5. That job is hardly suitable for Jane,


a) isnt she

d) wont you

b) does he

4. Wed better go shopping,

d) arent you

b) do you
?
b) wont you
?
b) wasnt it
?
b) will he

. (.)

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13. Youd rather stay home,
a) hadnt you
14. Do it for me,
a) will you

?
b) wouldnt you

b) dont you

b) was he

b) do I

19. This is your bag,


a) is this

21. Lets stop talking,


a) do we

b) can you

b) isnt it

24. Hes been to England,


a) doesnt he

b) arent those

c) doesnt he

d) does he

c) do you

d) dont you

c) is it

d) isnt this

c) are they

d) arent they

c) shall we

d) dont we

c) shall we

d) shant we

c) are they

d) arent they

c) hasnt he

d) has he

?
b) wont we
?
b) wont you
?

b) do they
?
b) does he

25. The shops close at half past three,


a) dont they

d) are you

23. They rarely go to the market,


a) dont they

c) dont I

22. Let me have this one,


a) will you

d) did he

20. Those are your students,


a) are those

c) didnt he

b) do they

18. Open the window,


a) will you

d) do you

17. Not many people like Jack,


a) dont they

c) doesnt it

16. I dont think you are right,


a) arent you

d) have you

15. He used to play tennis,


a) wasnt he

c) do you

b) do they

?
c) arent they

d) are they

. (.)

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26. Theres something wrong,
a) is it

b) isnt it

27. Nothing can stop me now,


a) cant it
28. Dont forget,
a) will you
29. You can sing,
a) cant you

b) can it

c) is there

d) isnt there

c) doesnt it

d) does it

c) do you

d) dont you

c) dont you

d) do you

?
b) wont you
?
b) can you

30. Somebody came to see me yesterday,


a) didnt he

b) did he

?
c) didnt they

d) did they

. (.)

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Unit 13 Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Verb to be + V3
1. Simple present tense Passive Voice

+ {is, are} + ( not ) + V3


Homework is done.

(They do homework.)

Clothes are made.

(They make clothes.)

Tickets are not sold here.

(They do not sell tickets here.)

English is not taught at that school.


(They do not teach English at that school.)
A lot of beer is drunk in this country.
(They drink a lot of beer in this country.)
Letters are sent to England.

(They send letters to England.)

2. Past tense Passive Voice

+ {was, were} + ( not ) + V3


The window was not broken. (They did not break the window.)
She was given a cat.

(Someone gave her a cat.)

Pictures were taken.

(They took pictures.)

Mistakes were made.

(They made mistakes.)

The house was built.

(They built the house.)

A letter was received.

(He received a letter.)

. (.)

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3. Present Continuous Tense Passive Voice

+ {is, are} + ( not) + being + V3


The bridge is not being repaired.

(They are not repairing the bridge.)

The dishes are being washed.

(She is washing the dishes.)

Your children are being looked after. (Someone is looking after your children.)
The room is being painted now.

(He is painting the room now.)

4. Future Tense Passive Voice

+ will + ( not ) + be + V3
This package will be sent to Japan.

(He will send this package to Japan.)

Questions will be asked.

(They will ask questions.)

The books will be bought.

(They will buy the books.)

These letters will not be typed.

(She will not type these letters.)

The radio will not be repaired.

(He will not repair the radio.)

5. Present Perfect Tense Passive Voice

+ {have, has} + ( not ) + been + V3


I have not been told the news.

(They have not told me the news.)

The books have been sent to England.


(They have sent the books to England.)
An elephant has been seen in the streets.
(They have seen an elephant in the streets.)

. (.)

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Some coffee has been brought.

(She has brought some coffee.)

The lamps have been bought.

(They have bought the lamps.)

6. Passive Voice modals

+ modal + ( not ) + be + V3
These windows must be shut.

(You must shut these windows.)

These letters should be typed.

(They should type these letters.)

This cake can be eaten.

(You can eat this cake.)

This car cannot be sold.

(You cannot sell this car.)

The books must be returned tomorrow.


(They must return the books tomorrow.)
Cars must not be parked here.

(People must not park cars here.)

Books may not be taken outside.

(People may not take books outside.)

Food may be cooked in this kitchen. (People may cook food in this kitchen.)

Active Voice Passive Voice Tense


Tense

Active Voice

Passive Voice

Simple Present

keeps/keep

is/are kept

Present Continuous

is/are keeping

is/are being kept

Simple Past

kept

was/were kept

Past Continuous

was/were keeping

was/were being kept

Present Perfect

has/have kept

has/have been kept

Future

will keep

will be kept

. (.)

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Passive Voice (agent) agent
he, they, we, she somebody, someone, people
(agent) by
This picture was painted by Picasso.
That book was written by Krisana.
Penicillin was discovered by Fleming.
The helicopter was piloted by Mary.
Mary towns were destroyed by the earthquake.

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 13 Passive Voice
A. Active Voice Passive Voice
1. They took the car.
____________________________________________________.
2. I will buy the house.
____________________________________________________.
3. She wrote the letter.
____________________________________________________.
4. They have made mistakes.
____________________________________________________.
5. They will not build the house.
____________________________________________________.
6. She has cut the cake.
____________________________________________________.
7. They did the work.
____________________________________________________.
8. He lost the books.
____________________________________________________.
9. They will not remember Fred.
____________________________________________________.
10. You cant take drinks out of the bar.
____________________________________________________.
11. You may drink that milk.
____________________________________________________.

. (.)

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12. They are mailing the letters.
____________________________________________________.
13. You should invite Pee Kong to the party.
____________________________________________________.
14. Did you wash the dishes?
____________________________________________________.
15. Have you read the book?
____________________________________________________.
16. They rang the bell.
____________________________________________________.
17. Did you type the letter?
____________________________________________________.
18. They will sell the cars.
____________________________________________________.
19. You must follow instructions.
____________________________________________________.
20. He is repairing the television set.
____________________________________________________.

. (.)

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B. Passive Voice Active Voice
The books were taken by John.

John took the books.

1. The boxes were mailed today by Kanya.


____________________________________________________.
2. Our homework is corrected by our teacher.
____________________________________________________.
3. Two buildings have been built by that company.
____________________________________________________.
4. That room was not cleaned carefully by them.
____________________________________________________.
5. The truck is being driven by Tim.
____________________________________________________.
6. The machine was checked by John.
____________________________________________________.
7. This book was written by Arjarn Vichit.
____________________________________________________.
8. Those books were returned to the library by them.
____________________________________________________.
9. Was the cake eaten by Somchai?
____________________________________________________.
10. Has the food been brought by the cook?
____________________________________________________.

. (.)

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C. Tense Active Passive Voice
1. Everyone (shock) by the news yesterday.
____________________________________________________.
2. English (teach) in the schools of almost every country.
____________________________________________________.
3. Richard (teach) at that school since 1980.
____________________________________________________.
4. Nida (borrow) the money from Suda two weeks ago.
____________________________________________________.
5. Who (prepare) the food for the picnic next Sunday?
____________________________________________________.
6. A new book (publish) by that company next month.
____________________________________________________.
7. I (know) Pannee for a few years.
____________________________________________________.
8. Those pictures (take) by Danai last summer.
____________________________________________________.
9. Milk should (keep) in a refrigerator all the time.
____________________________________________________.
10. The boy cried because he (beat) by his father.
____________________________________________________.

. (.)

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D. Passive Voice Simple Present
Tense.

First, all the yeast, flour and water or milk (1.mix). The mixture (2.put) in a warm
place to rise for about three hours. After the rising process has been completed, the dough
(3.divide) into pieces and shaped. The divided dough (4.leave) to rise again for a short time.
Then it (5.bake) in an oven at about 450 F for an hour. After the bread has been baked, it
(6.remove) from the oven to cool. Finally, it (7.slice) and (8.wrap) in paper or plastic film.

1. ___________________
2. ___________________
3. ___________________
4. ___________________
5. ___________________
6. ___________________
7. ___________________
8. ___________________

. (.)

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E. Choose the best answer.
1. Everyone ___________ by the bad news yesterday.
a) is shocked

b) shocked

c) was shocked

d) will shock

2. Almost everyone ___________ the concert last night.


a) enjoyed

b) was enjoyed

c) enjoys

d) will enjoy

3. English ___________ in the schools in almost every country today.


a) teaches

b) was taught

c) taught

d) is taught

4. The accident ____________ here at 9:30 p.m. last night.


a) happened

b) will happen

c) was happened

d) happens

5. Mr. Johnson __________ the class into two groups tomorrow.


a) will be divided

b) divided

c) will divide

d) divides

6. The report _____________ by the committee yet.


a) has not examined

b) has not been examined

c) is not examined

d) was not examined

7. That old house ____________ in the year 1949.


a) was built

b) built

c) is built

d) will build

8. All her valuable jewelry _____________ last night.


a) stole

b) is stolen

c) was stolen

d) steals

c) given

d) gave

9. Where did you get this silver tray?


It ___________ to us by our children.
a) was given

b) was giving

10. This play _________ next Saturday night?


a) will perform

b) will be performed

c) is performing

d) was performed

11. I saw a giant stuffed crocodile yesterday. It _____________ to the museum.


a) will be carried

b) carried

c) was carrying

d) was carried

. (.)

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12. Students who fail ___________ another chance to take the exam next month.
a) will be given

b) will give

c) give

d) are giving

13. A telephone ______________ in my office next week.


a) is installing

b) will install

c) will be installed

d) was installed

14. The robbers _____________ by the police last Sunday.


a) arrested

b) arrest

c) will be arrested

d) were arrested

c) killing

d) kills

15. He ____________ in a car accident.


a) was killed

b) killed

16. Our debating team _____________ three times this year.


a) defeats

b) has defeated

c) is defeated

d) has been defeated

17. English _____________ in many countries all over the world.


a) speaks

b) spoke

c) is spoken

d) is speaking

18. He __________ by the policeman with a revolver.


a) was shot

b) shoots

c) shot

d) is shooting

19. The room ____________ beautiful by an interior decorator.


a) made

b) was made

c) was making

d) makes

20. The vegetables _______________. What shall I do now?


a) cut up

b) are cutting up

c) are cut up

d) is cut up

. (.)

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Unit 14 Direct and Indirect Speech

Linda:

I like fried chicken.

Ying:

I like it, too.

Danai:

What did Linda say?

Richard:

She said she liked fried chicken.

Danai:

And what did Ying say?

Richard:

She said she liked it, too.

Linda Ying Direct Speech Richard Danai


Linda Ying Indirect Speech or Reported Speech

1. He said, I am sick.
He said (that) he was sick.
2. I am sick, he said.
He said (that) he was sick.
3. She said, Where is John going?
She asked where John was going.
4. Is Suda sick? Winai said.
Winai asked if (or whether) Suda was sick.
5. Nantha said, Im doing my homework.
Nantha said (that) she was doing her homework.

. (.)

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6. Tom said to Wipa, When will you go to school?
Tom asked Wipa when she would go to school.
7. John said to Pranee, Speak English
John told Pranee to speak English.

Direct Speech Indirect Speech Tense


Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Simple Present

Simple Past

He said, I like meat.

He said that he liked meat.

Present Continuous

Past Continuous

Im waiting for Pilai, he said.

He said that he was waiting for Pilai.

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

I have bought a car, he said.

He said that he had bought a car.

Simple Past

Past Perfect

She said, I ate the cake.

She said that she had eaten the cake.

Future Tense

Condition

She said, Tom will arrive on Tuesday.

She said that Tom would arrive on


Tuesday.

. (.)

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Direct Speech Indirect Speech 3
1.

Direct Speech (Statement) Indirect Speech


say (Said)
Chinda said, I want to see Wimon.
Chinda said that she wanted to see Wimon.

Suda is not working hard, The teacher said.


The teacher said that Suda was not working hard.

Nantha said, Somsak has gone to England.


Nantha said that Somsak had gone to England.

Wichai sold his car, Samorn said.


Samorn said that Wichai had sold his car.

The children will go camping, Mrs. Smith said.


Mrs. Smith said that the children would go camping.

2.

Direct Speech (Questions) Indirect Speech


Ask (Asked)
A.

Yes-No Questions Yes No Indirect Speech asked if


or asked whether
Are you studying hard? He said to me.
He asked me if I was studying hard.

. (.)

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Are you unhappy? Tom asked Linda.
Tom asked Linda whether she was unhappy.

Can you cook? Nantha asked Marry.


Nantha asked Mary if she could cook.

Malee asked Chitra, Do you know Linda?


Malee asked Chitra whether she knew Linda.

B.

Question Words ( what, when, who, where, how, why) that


if Question Words Ask
What time does the bus leave? Somsak asked Suda.
Somsak asked Suda what time the bus left.

Paul said to Tom, How many cigarettes do you smoke a day?


Paul asked Tom how many cigarettes he smoked a day.

Kanya said to Ratree, What does Pranee like?


Kanya asked Ratree what Pranee liked.

How much is the bag? Sunan asked.


Sunan asked how much the bag was.

Derek said to Wilai, Why is Damrong sad?


Derek asked Wilai why Damrong was sad.

. (.)

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:- Indirect Speech
Direct Speech
Indirect Speech
Verb to do Direct Speech

3.

Indirect Speech:

He asked what time the bus left.

Direct Speech:

He asked, What time does the bus leave?

Direct Speech (Commands) Indirect Speech


Tell (Told)

He said, Lie down, Tom


He told Tom to lie down.
She said, Get your coat, Susan.
She told Susan to get her coat.

Turn on the lights, John said to Paul.


John told Paul to turn on the lights.

Dont be late, Nida told Pilai.


Nida told Pilai not to be late.

Anong said to her brother, Open the window.


Anong told her brother to open the window.

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 14 Direct and Indirect Speech
A. Indirect Speech
1. I have two pens, my friend said.
______________________________________________________.
2. Ann said to me, I know Tim.
______________________________________________________.
3. Wichit said, I dont want to study geography.
______________________________________________________.
4. Bob said, Im going to hire a car.
______________________________________________________.
5. Malee said, Winai will go to England.
______________________________________________________.
6. Chinda is a very good girl, Anon said.
______________________________________________________.
7. Your children are lovely, Tom said to Betty.
______________________________________________________.
8. Sit next to Winai, Udom told Sanan.
______________________________________________________.
9. Nipa said to her sister, Buy me a new pen.
______________________________________________________.
10. The teacher told Wichit, Work harder.
______________________________________________________.
11. I have eaten the oranges, Titima said.
______________________________________________________.

. (.)

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12. Where does Suda live? Chitra asked Pimon.
______________________________________________________.
13. Rewat asked his friends, Who has a car?
______________________________________________________.
14. How many shirts do you have? Boonchai said to Wichit.
______________________________________________________.
15. The salesman said, The blue car is the best.
______________________________________________________.
16. Does Tom do his homework? Bob asked me.
______________________________________________________.
17. How do you go to work? Derek asked Wiwan.
______________________________________________________.
18. When do you get up? Pramote said to Anan.
______________________________________________________.
19. I dont like watching television, Weena said.
______________________________________________________.
20. Srisuda asked the shopkeeper, Are the oranges good?
______________________________________________________.

. (.)

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B. Choose the indirect speech sentence, which is the most appropriate with the given direct
speech sentence.

1. What are you doing? the policeman said to me.


a) The policeman asked if what I was doing.
b) The policeman asked what I was doing.
c) The policeman asked me what was I doing.
d) The policeman said to me what I was doing.
2. He said, Get out of my house immediately.
a) He told me to get out of his house immediately.
b) He told me that I get out of his house immediately.
c) He told me to get out of my house immediately.
d) He said that I got out of his house immediately.
3. Do you want to buy anything? she asked him.
a) She asked him did he want to buy anything.
b) She asked him that did he want to buy anything.
c) She asked him if did he want to buy anything.
d) She asked him if he wanted to buy anything.
4. She said to me, I am glad to see you.
a) She said to me that she was glad to see me.
b) She said I was glad to see you.
c) She said to me that she is glad to see you.
d) She said that she is glad to see me.

. (.)

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5. Please open the window, he said to me.
a) He said to me open the window.
b) He ordered me to open the window.
c) He asked me to open the window.
d) He told me please open the window.
6. Dont you like Peter ? I said to Carol.
a) I said to Carol doesnt she like Peter.
b) I asked Carol if she didnt like Peter.
c) I asked Carol that didnt she like Peter.
d) I said to Carol if didnt she like Peter.
7. He said to his son, Dont turn on the radio.
a) He said to his son that he didnt turn on the radio.
b) He told his son not to turn on the radio.
c) He told to his son not to turn on the radio.
d) He told his son that not to turn on the radio.
8. She said, Ill go shopping.
a) She said shell go shopping.

b) She said she should go shopping.

c) She said she would go shopping.

d) She said Ill go shopping.

9. Were going to the Cinema, they said.


a) They said that we were going to the cinema.
b) They said they are going to the cinema.
c) They said we are going to the cinema.
d) They said they were going to the cinema.
10. He asked me, Can you play tennis?
a) He asked me if I could play tennis.

b) He asked me if you could play tennis.

c) He asked me that I can play tennis.

d) He asked me that I play tennis.

. (.)

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11. Where do you want to go for your holiday?
a) John said to Mary where did she want to go for her holiday.
b) John asked Mary where she wanted to go for her holiday.
c) John asked Mary that where she wants to go for her holiday.
d) John said to Mary where you wanted to go for your holiday.
12. She said to me, What is your name?
a) She asked me what my name was.

b) She said to me what was my name.

c) She asked me what was my name.

d) She said to me what my name was.

13. They said to me, Do you like our house?


a) They said to me if I like their house.

b) They said to me if I liked our house.

c) They asked me if I like our house.

d) They asked me if I liked their house.

14. Stand up, he said to the boys.


a) He said to the boys stand up.
b) He told the boys to stand up.
c) He told the boys that they stand up.
d) He said to the boys that they should stand up.
15. Piboon said, I am a doctor.
a) Piboon said that he was a doctor.

b) Piboon said that I was a doctor.

c) Piboon told he was a doctor.

d) Piboon told that he is a doctor.

16. Ill buy a present for him, I said to Chitra.


a) I told to Chitra that I would buy a present for him.
b) I told Chitra that I would buy a present for him.
c) I said to Chitra that Ill buy a present for him.
d) I said to Chitra that I would buy a present for her.

. (.)

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17. He said to me, I want to go with you.
a) He told me that he wanted to go with me.
b) He said to me that I wanted to go with you.
c) He told me that he wants to go with me.
d) He said to me that he wanted to go with you.
18. Does Paul want to go to England? Jill said to me.
a) Jill asked me that Paul wants to go to England.
b) Jill asked me did Paul want to go to England.
c) Jill asked me if Paul wanted to go to England.
d) Jill said to me if Paul wants to go to England.
19. Please lend me some money, Suda said to Winai.
a) Suda said to Winai to lend me some money.
b) Suda asked Winai if he lent her some money.
c) Suda said to Winai please lend her some money.
d) Suda asked Winai to lend her some money.
20. Dont ask me too many questions, she said to her daughter.
a) She said to her daughter not to ask me too many questions.
b) She told her daughter to ask her too many questions.
c) She told her daughter not to ask her too many questions.
d) She said to her daughter not to ask her too many questions.
21. Ive broken your glass, Tim said to me.
a) Tim told me that he had broken my glass.
b) Tim said to me that I have broken your glass.
c) Tim said to me that he has broken my glass.
d) Tim told me that he has broken my glass.

. (.)

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22. I saw your father yesterday, he said to me.
a) He said to me that he saw my father the day before.
b) He said to me that he has seen my father yesterday.
c) He told me that he had seen my father the previous day.
d) He told me that he saw your father the previous day.
23. Wipa said to him, I want you to return my book now.
a) Wipa said to him that I wanted him to return my book now.
b) Wipa told him that she wanted him to return her book now.
c) Wipa said to him that she wants him to return my book then.
d) Wipa told him that she wanted him to return her book then.
24. Ill go to Songkhla with my parents next week, Santi said to Danai.
a) Santi told Danai that he will go to Songkhla with his parents next week.
b) Santi told Danai that he would go to Songkhla with his parents the following week.
c) Santi said to Danai that he will go to Songkhla with my parents next week.
d) Santi said to Danai that he would go to Songkhla with his parents next week.
25. Bill said to Helen, Please give this book to your sister today.
a) Bill said to Helen that she gives this book to her sister today.
b) Bill told Helen that she would give that book to her sister today.
c) Bill asked Helen to give that book to her sister that day.
d) Bill told Helen to give that book to your sister that day.

. (.)

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Unit 15 Conditional Sentences
Conditional Sentence

Conditional
Sentence 2 if-clause main clause
If it rains, I shall stay at home.
If it rains

I shall stay at home

if-clause
main-clause

if-clause main-clause
1.

If + Present Tense, Future Tense

If he runs, he will get there quickly.


If you are rude, she will get angry.
The cat will scratch you if you pull its tail.
Ladda will go with you if you ask her.
If you dont study hard, you wont pass the examination.

2.

If + Present Tense, may/ may not + V1

If it rains, I may not go out.


If Kanya is lazy, she may fail the final examination.
If Danai comes late, we may not wait for him.
He may not come if you dont ask him.

. (.)

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3.

If + Present Tense, can/ cannot + V1

If it stops raining, we can go out


If she is ill, she cant come.
They cannot go if their parents do not give them any money.
We can do it if you teach us.
If you are ready, you can leave now.

4.

If + Present Tense, must/ should or must not/ should not + V1

if you want to lose weight, you must/ should eat less bread.
If you are ill, you must/ should go to see the doctor.
You should warn him if he behaves badly.
You must go now if you dont want to miss the bus.

5.

If + Present Tense, (V1)

If it is cold, close the window.


If you want to lose weight, eat less bread.
Turn on the light if its dark.
Take the umbrella if it rains.

. (.)

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6.

If + Present Tense, Present Tense

If you heat ice, it turns to water.


If the weather is bad, John seldom drives to work.
Trees grow well if it rains regularly.
If he gets up early, he always goes for a walk.
If it does not rain, farmers always complain.
A teacher is always happy if his students study hard.

Present Tense if-clause main-clause


: if-clause main-clause if-clause
comma (,) if-clause main-clause main-clause comma

If it rains, I wont go out.

I wont go out if it rains.

. (.)

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7.

Condition Sentences
If-clause
Past Tense

Main-clause
Conditional Tense (would/ could/ might)

1.
If I had a car, I would lend it to you.
If someone tried to break into my house, I would tell the police.
2.
If I were you, I would plant a lot of trees in the garden.
If I were a millionaire, I would give you some money.
If he were the Prime Minister, he would help the farmers.

:- if-clause verb to be were was


I, he, she, it John, Mary, the boy, the
weather
3.
If I lived near my office, I would come to work early.
If I had a lot of money, I would buy a new house.
If he loved her, he would marry her.

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 15 Conditional Sentences
A.
Example:
Wichai will learn English if he goes to class.
Wichai will not learn English if he does not go to class.
1. If Mary comes early, she can help us.
_____________________________________________________.
2. The baby will wake up if you turn on the radio.
_____________________________________________________.
3. He will be upset if she goes away again.
_____________________________________________________.
4. She will tell him to go on a diet if he gets fat.
_____________________________________________________.
5. If Kanya writes to Winai soon, she can tell him the news.
_____________________________________________________.
6. If he drives fast, there may be an accident.
_____________________________________________________.
7. If the weather forecast is correct, it may rain tomorrow.
_____________________________________________________.
8. If you help them, they will give you some money.
_____________________________________________________.
9. They will wait for him if he comes early.
_____________________________________________________.
10. If Mary wants Tom to visit her, she should tell him her address.
_____________________________________________________.

. (.)

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B. Tense
Example
I shall go shopping if it (not, rain).
I shall go shopping if it does not rain.
1. If Don (use) an alarm clock, he will wake up early.
_____________________________________________________.
2. Bill may go to the party if he (receive) an invitation.
_____________________________________________________.
3. Pornchai will sleep better if he (not, drink) so much beer.
_____________________________________________________.
4. John will eat at the Chinese restaurant if it (be) cheap there.
_____________________________________________________.
5. If Dara (listen) to her teacher, she may make fewer mistakes.
_____________________________________________________.
6. If Danai (want) to speak to Wilai urgently, he must telephone her.
_____________________________________________________.
7. My brother can use my car if he (promise) to drive it carefully.
_____________________________________________________.
8. If Ann (tell) Jim where she lives, he may visit her.
_____________________________________________________.
9. I will like Mary if she (not, be) selfish.
_____________________________________________________.
10. Thira wont wear that shirt if it (not, suit) him.
_____________________________________________________.

. (.)

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C. (future tense modal can, may, must, should)
Example
If he works hard, he (make) a lot of money.
If he works hard, he will make a lot of money.
1. If Ladda dresses well, Wichai (be) interested in her.
_____________________________________________________.
2. If there is no bus, we (not, go) to Chonburi.
_____________________________________________________.
3. Peter (not, take) a holiday if he has too much work to do.
_____________________________________________________.
4. I (not, telephone) Suda if I dont know her telephone number.
_____________________________________________________.
5. If Sakda speaks English well, he (visit) the United States.
_____________________________________________________.
6. Tom (not, buy) that coat if he doesnt have enough money.
_____________________________________________________.
7. If Nathee does not do the job, I (do) it myself.
_____________________________________________________.
8. If Santi goes to New York next month, he (go) by plane.
_____________________________________________________.
9. If you want to get that job, you (take) a computer course.
_____________________________________________________.
10. Nida (get) good marks in the exam if she works hard.
_____________________________________________________.

. (.)

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D. if-clause main-clause
If Clause
________ 1. If Nipa invites me,
________ 2. If the weather is good,
________ 3. If you see Montha,
________ 4. If Linda does not like this blouse,
________ 5. If the train leaves on time,
________ 6. If he does not take the umbrella,
________ 7. If you are not careful,
________ 8. If I make that mistake again,
________ 9. If she studies these lessons carefully,
________ 10. If you get lost in this city,

Main clause
a. can she return it to the shop?
b. you may have an accident.
c. please tell her the news
d. you should ask a policeman for help.
e. I may go to the party.
f. she will pass the examination.
g. we will go on a picnic tomorrow.
h. he will get wet.
i. the teacher will get angry.
j. we will get there before midnight.

. (.)

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E.
If I (have) a holiday tomorrow, I would go to the beach.
If I had a holiday tomorrow, I would go to the beach.

1. If I (be) the mayor of this city, I would change many things.


_______________________________________________________.
2. If Somchai (work) harder, he could earn more money.
_______________________________________________________.
3. I would tell you the answer if I (know) it myself.
_______________________________________________________.
4. If John and I (have) enough money, we would buy a new car.
_______________________________________________________.
5. If the weather (be) better tomorrow, we could go to Pattaya.
_______________________________________________________.
6. Som would get higher marks if he (study) harder.
_______________________________________________________.
7. People (understand) you better if you spoke more clearly.
_______________________________________________________.
8. If I were in your place, I (accept) Mr. Jacksons offer.
_______________________________________________________.
9. If Mr. Johnson called me, I (explain) everything to him.
_______________________________________________________.
10. If Jane had more free time, she (play) tennis with us every day.
_______________________________________________________.

. (.)

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F. Choose the best answer.
1. If the telephone ______________, please answer it.
a) rang

b) rings

c) is ringing

d) has rung

c) wont go

d) hadnt gone

2. If you __________, I shall be very angry.


a) werent going

b) dont go

3. If you like this new dress, ______________ it to you.


a) I had given

b) Ive given

c) Ill give

d) I gave

4. If my father were here, he ______________ what to do.


a) has known

b) will know

c) know

d) would know

c) have forgiven

d) were forgiving

5. If she told the truth, they __________ her.


a) would forgive

b) forgive

6. If you ___________ the car today, I will repair it for you.


a) brought

b) bring

c) will bring

d) were bringing

7. If my father were richer, he ___________ a new house.


a) will buy

b) is going to buy

c) would buy

d) has bought

8. If I _________ the king, you would be my queen.


a) was

b) were

c) am

d) will be

9. You will see an elephant if you ___________ out of the window.


a) will look

b) have looked

c) looked

d) look

10. I ___________ if I were you.


a) would hurry up

b) hurry up

c) will hurry up

d) am hurrying up

11. You would be invited to more parties if you ____________ more often.
a) smile

b) will smile

c) smiled

d) are smiling

12. If you ____________ promotion, you must work hard.


a) wanted

b) want

c) will want

d) may want

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13. If I were younger, I ___________ go with you.
a) shall

b) will

c) may

d) would

14. If Mary ______________ the dinner, we would eat it.


a) were

b) will

c) may

d) would

15. If you were left alone on a desert island, what __________ you do?
a) may

b) will

c) would

d) shall

16. If a big bear ___________ towards you, you should pretend to be dead.
a) will come

b) come

c) may come

d) would come

17. If they ___________ to help you, you should not reject their offer.
a) want

b) had wanted

c) will want

d) are wanting

c) may know

d) was knowing

18. She would cry if she ____________ the truth.


a) knows

b) knew

19. The boss _____________ get angry with you if you came late.
a) can

b) may

c) will

d) would

20. If you ___________ hurry up, you may miss the bus.
a) wont

b) cant

c) dont

d) shouldnt

21. If you ___________ eating a lot of chocolate, youll be overweight.


a) continue

b) continued

c) will continue

d) must continue

22. Youll lose weight if you ___________ too hard.


a) are working

b) had worked

c) work

d) worked

c) exercising

d) exercises

23. If he __________ too much, hell be ill again.


a) had exercised

b) exercised

24. If John ate more, he ______________ be stronger.


a) may

b) would

c) must

d) will

25. If the doctor ___________, he would give up smoking.


a) insisted

b) is insisting

c) insists

d) have insisted

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26. If you ______________ the doctors advice, you may be ill.
a) arent taking

b) didnt take

c) havent taken

d) dont take

c) was

d) have been

27. If I _________ him, I wouldnt work so hard.


a) were

b) am

28. If they were your children, how ___________ you bring them up?
a) may

b) will

c) do

d) would

29. If you __________ time, would you take up yoga?


a) are having

b) have had

c) had

d) have

30. If I ___________ enough sleep, I will be irritable.


a) dont get

b) am not getting

c) didnt get

d) hadnt gotten

. (.)

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Unit 16 Noun Clause
Noun Clause

Noun Clauses
2
1. Noun Clauses Question Words what, when, where, why, who, whose, which,
how much, how many
2.

Noun Clauses that that-clause


Noun Clauses Question Words

a)
What he is doing annoys me.
What she has said makes him angry.
How he disappeared was a mystery.
b)
He does not know how many shirts he has.
I asked her who borrowed her car.
Suda always believes what Thada says.
I want to know why he did not come yesterday.
Dont ask me who took your pen.
Do you know how I can go to Yala?
Please tell me what it is.
Can you tell me when I will get the book back?

. (.)

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:
(1) Noun Clauses know, tell, believe
(2) noun clauses Question Words
Question Word + Subject + Verb + Object

Noun Clause that


a)
That he loves her is obvious.
(= It is obvious that he loves her.)
That he did not come to my party was surprising.
(= It was surprising that he did not come to my party.)
b)
She always says that he is a good man.
They believe that he is a robber.
He said that you stole his money.
I have heard that Nipat has a new car.
Remember that we have to leave before six oclock.

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 16 Noun Clause
A. Noun Clauses
Example
When do you want this book?
I want to know when you want this book.

1. How much is this shirt?


Please tell me _________________________________________.
2. Where will you study next year?
I want to ask you _________________________________________.
3. Why is Sirima sad?
Bancha wants to know ____________________________________.
4. How many people came to his party?
I dont know _________________________________________.
5. How much money does Susan need?
Do you know _________________________________________?
6. Where can I buy this T-shirt?
I want to know _________________________________________?
7. Whose car is this?
Do you remember ________________________________________.
8. How can I go to Yala?
Please tell me _________________________________________.
9. What is his job?
I want to know _________________________________________.

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10. Who took Johns car?
I dont know _________________________________________.
11. Who is that man?
Please tell me _________________________________________.
12. Where does Winai live?
I cant remember ________________________________________.

B.
Example
a. I can go tomorrow.
b. I dont think that I can go tomorrow.

1. We have to finish this work tomorrow.


Do you remember that ____________________________________?
2. You didnt like that movie.
I think that _____________________________________________.
3. Suthee is an honest man.
Everybody believes that ___________________________________.
4. The exam will be difficult.
The teacher says that _____________________________________.
5. He had a lot of money.
We didnt know that ______________________________________.
6. They will come back soon.
We hope that ____________________________________________.

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7. He is very busy.
His secretary said that _____________________________________.
8. He will agree with us.
Do you think that ________________________________________?
9. You have to go to Chiengmai next week.
Dont forget that _________________________________________.
10. We wont go to his party.
We dont want to tell him that ______________________________.

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Unit 17 Tenses
Tense


Present Simple Tense
a) Tense
b) s
The sun rises in the east.
The earth moves round the sun.
He gets up at six oclock.
They smoke.
Dogs bark.
Birds fly.
I go to school by bus.
She goes to church on Sundays.
c) Tense

I work.

I do not work.

Do I work?

Do I not work?

You work.

You do not work.

Do you work?

Do you not work?

{He, She}

{He, She} does not

Does {he, she}

Does {he, she} not

works.

work.

work?

work?

We work.

We do not work.

Do we work?

Do we not work?

They work.

They do not work.

Do they work?

Do they not work?

It works.

It does not work.

Does it work?

Does it not work?

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do + not

dont

does + not

doesnt

I dont

They dont

You dont

It doesnt

He/She doesnt

We dont

d) The Simple Present Tense


often

usually

sometimes

never

always

occasionally

on Monday

once a year

three times a month

every week

in the morning

at night, etc.

He goes abroad every year.


I never smoke.
She always sings.
How often do you wash your hair?
They go to the cinema sometimes.
He is usually late.
We exercise in the morning.

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Exercise
A.
1. Tom likes beer.
_________________________________________.
2. I drive a car.
_________________________________________.
3. He teaches everyday.
_________________________________________.
4. We go to bed early.
_________________________________________.
5. It rains everyday.
_________________________________________.
6. She speaks English well.
_________________________________________.
7. We know Jim.
_________________________________________.
8. They study at night.
_________________________________________.
9. I sleep well.
_________________________________________.
10. She works in the evening.
_________________________________________.

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B.
1. He works hard.
_________________________________________?
2. It eats grass.
_________________________________________?
3. John has breakfast at eight oclock.
_________________________________________?
4. Mrs.Smith knows Richard.
_________________________________________?
5. Bob reads a newspaper.
_________________________________________?
6. They go by bus.
_________________________________________?
7. You walk to school.
_________________________________________?
8. They watch television.
_________________________________________?
9. You love Dream.
_________________________________________?
10. We need help.
_________________________________________?

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C. simple present tense
1. He (drink) ________ coffee every morning.
2. Richard (like) ________ fried chicken.
3. They (go) ________ to work by train.
4. Dara and Ying always (swim) ________.
5. We (clean) ________ the bedroom every Wednesday.
6. She (pass) ________ my house every day.
7. He (wash) ________ his car every week.
8. The baby always (cry) ________.
9. She (teach) ________ English in that school.
10. They always (tell) ________ the truth.

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The Present Continuous Tense
a) Tense
b) Tense ing verb to be

+ {am, is, are} + Ving + (object)


I am writing a letter.
He is running.
They are playing football.
We are cleaning the room.
c) Tense

I am working.

I am not working.

Am I working?

You are working.

You are not working.

Are you working?

{He, She} is working.

{He, She} is not working.

Is {he, she} working?

We are working.

We are not working.

Are we working?

They are working.

They are not working.

Are they working?

It is working.

It is not working.

Is it working?

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+ verb to be
Im

Were

Youre

Hes

Shes

Its

verb to be + not
You arent

We arent

He isnt

She isnt

It isnt

They arent

d) Tense now, at this moment


What are they doing now?

e) continuous tense feel, think, belong, remember, owe, know, forget, fear,
like, hate, love, want, dislike, believe simple present tense
We feel sorry.
I think that he is honest.
This bag belongs to John.
I remember his name.
We owe him 500 baht.
I know her well.
I often forget their names.
Everybody fears death.
We believe him.

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Exercise

A. present continuous tense


1. It ___________ now. (rain)
2. They ___________. (not, eat)
3. She ___________ some apples. (cut)
4. We ___________ the windows. (shut)
5. He ___________. (not, swim)
6. They ___________. (smoke)
7. She ___________ now. (not, cry)
8. We ___________ the table. (move)
9. I ___________ the door. (close)
10. They ___________ on the floor. (lie)
11. He ___________. (die)
12. She ___________ on the swing. (sit)

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B.
1. The students (work, are working) in the classroom now.
2. I (wash, am washing) my clothes every day.
3. We usually (eat, are eating) rice with forks and spoons.
4. (Do you read, Are you reading) your book now?
5. I (do, am doing) my homework at night.
6. She (gets, is getting) up at 6 oclock.
7. He (hates, is hating) snakes.
8. They (play, are playing) tennis at this moment.
9. This car (does not belong, is not belonging) to me.
10. Richard (never tells, is never telling) the truth.

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The Simple Past Tense
a) Tense Simple Present Tense

b) Simple Past Tense 2 ed 1


Present:

We walk to work every day.

Past:

We walked to work yesterday.

Present:

He plays football on Mondays.

Past:

He played football yesterday.

c) Tense

I worked

I did not work.

Did I work?

Did I not work?

You worked.

You did not work.

Did you work?

Did you not work?

{He, She}

{He, She} did not

Did {he, she}

Did {he, she} not

worked.

work.

work?

work?

We worked.

We did not work.

Did we work?

Did we not work?

They worked.

They did not work.

Did they work?

Did they not work?

It worked.

It did not work.

Did it work?

Did it not work?

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d) Simple Past Tense ago three years ago, yesterday, in the past, from
1960-1970
He came here two years ago.
We saw her yesterday.
I did not exercise last week.
e) -ed
1) ed
mixed

played

pointed

kissed

added

laughed

2) e d
moved

loved

closed

lived

liked

arranged

believed

died

3) y y i ed ( y a, e, i, o, u y

i played)
dry

dried

cry

cried

carry

carried

hurry

hurried

4) ed

stop

stopped

plan

planned

rob

robbed

beg

begged

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Irregular Verbs

ed 2 3
1. Verb 2 3
verb 1

verb 2

verb 3

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

lay

laid

laid

make

made

made

pay

paid

paid

say

said

said

stand

stood

stood

tell

told

told

bend

bent

bent

build

built

built

deal

dealt

dealt

feel

felt

felt

keep

kept

kept

leave

left

left

lose

lost

lost

meet

met

met

send

sent

sent

weep

wept

wept

dig

dug

dug

hang

hung

hung

spin

spun

spun

strike

struck

struck

swing

swung

swung

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2. Verb 1, 2, 3
verb 1

verb 2

verb 3

Bet

bet

bet

Burst

burst

burst

Cost

cost

cost

cut

cut

cut

hit

hit

hit

hurt

hurt

hurt

let

let

let

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

set

set

set

split

split

split

shut

shut

shut

verb 1

verb 2

verb 3

become

became

become

come

came

come

run

ran

run

3. Verb 1 3

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4. Verb 1, 2, 3
verb 1

verb 2

verb 3

arise

arose

arisen

bear

bore

borne

break

broke

broken

draw

drew

drawn

drive

drove

driven

fly

flew

flown

give

gave

given

grow

grew

grown

hide

hid

hidden

know

knew

known

see

saw

seen

shake

shook

shaken

speak

spoke

spoken

steal

stole

stolen

swim

swam

swum

take

took

taken

tear

tore

torn

throw

threw

thrown

wake

woke, waked

woken, waked

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

write

wrote

written

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The Past Continuous Tense

a) Tense
b) ing Verb to be Simple Past Tense
Subject + {was, were} + V-ing + (object)
c)
He was having breakfast at eight oclock yesterday.
d) Simple Past Tense when
When I arrived they were playing tennis.
When I saw her she was reading.
e) Tense

I was working.

I was not working.

Was I working?

You were working.

You were not working.

Were you working?

{He, She} was working.

{He, She} was not working.

Was {he, she} working?

We were working.

We were not working.

Were we working?

They were working.

They were not working.

Were they working?

It was working.

It was not working.

Was it working?

was + not

wasnt

were + not

werent

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The Future Tense
a) Tense
b) future tense will shall
Subject + will, shall + V1
I shall will
You will
He/ She will
We shall will

arrive tomorrow.

They will
It will

+ will shall
Ill

Well

Youll

Hell

Shell

Itll

shall not shant


will not wont

Theyll

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c) will shall future tense verb to be + going to
am, is, are + going to + V1
I am
You are
He is

going to

arrive next week.

We are
They are
It is

d) future tense tomorrow, next week, soon, next year


They will travel next year.
I will see him soon.

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The Present Perfect Tense
a) Tense
I have been to England.
b) Tense

for a few years, since Monday


I have worked here for a few years.
He has been ill since Monday.
c) Tense
John has been ill. He cant play football today.
I have played football. I am tired.
d) Present Perfect Tense
have + V3 (past participle)

Tense

I have worked.

I have not worked.

You have worked.

You have not worked.

{He, She} has worked.

{He, She} has not worked.

We have worked.

We have not worked.

They have worked.

They have not worked.

It has worked.

It has not worked.

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Have I worked?

Have I not worked?

Have you worked?

Have you not worked?

Has {he, she} worked?

Has {he, she} not worked?

Have we worked?

Have we not worked?

Have they worked?

Have they not worked?

Has it worked?

Has it not worked?

have + not

havent

has

hasnt

+ not

e) tense
1. for a long time, for three years, lately, recently, just, once, twice, four times
2. ever never Present Perfect Tense
Have you ever seen a fox?
I have never been to England.

: ever
never
Have you never seen it?
I have never seen rocket.

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3. already yet Present Perfect Tense
already
I have already eaten. (= I have eaten already.)
Have you already eaten? (= Have you eaten already?)
yet
I have not eaten yet.
Have you eaten yet?
4. for since Present Perfect Tense
for +

for a long time, for six years


since +

Since Monday, Since last week, Since nine oclock, Since I was young, Since last
June, Since 1984.
They have worked here for three years.
They have worked here since 1982.
They have worked here since last June.
He has collected stamps for a long time.
He has collected stamps since he was 15 years old.
Suda has studied English for ten years.
Suda has studied English since 1975.
Suda has studied English since she was 10 years old.

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Exercise Unit 17 Tenses
A.
1. Danai (sold, has sold) his house last week.
2. I (worked, have worked) for this company since 1980.
3. The weather (was, has been) bad since last Sunday.
4. We (spent, have spent) a week in Chiengmai last week.
5. We (came, have come) back yesterday.
6. I (read, have read) this book already.
7. Bancha and Damrong (did not finish, have not finished) their homework yet.
8. Kanya (studied, has studied) English in this school for six months.
9. We (heard, have heard) bad news an hour ago.
10. I (saw, have seen) this movie four times already.
11. They (lived, have lived) in Phuket since 1982.
12. Somchai (worked, has worked) in Yala from 1978-1982.
13. I (visited, have visited) that museum recently.
14. (Did you finish, Have you finished) the work yet?
15. Mr. And Mrs. Brown (were, have been) in Bangkok for two months.

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B. simple present tense, present continuous tense, future tense

present perfect tense


1. He always (go) to school early.
2. Nantha (take) an examination tomorrow.
3. Boonlert and Mana (buy) a lot of stamps two days ago.
4. We (paint) the bedroom next week.
5. She (be) ill since Monday.
6. They (have) breakfast at seven oclock tomorrow.
7. We usually (have) dinner at six oclock.
8. The students (study) that lesson already.
9. There (be) some bad storms in this area recently.
10. Winai (teach) in this school for three years.
11. I (send) a letter to my uncle a few days ago.
12. The sun (set) in the west.
13. We (travel) to Europe next month.
14. Those boys (not, watch) television last night.
15. I (meet) Somporn in 1980.
16. We (know) John since 1981.
17. Mr. Jackson often (play) tennis on Sundays.
18. Mr. And Mrs. Thomas (arrive) in Bangkok next Tuesday.
19. They (dance) now.
20. Wimala (wash) the dishes at this moment.

. (.)

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C. Choose the most appropriate alternative.
1. Please wait here: my boss ______________ in ten minutes.
a) returns

b) has returned

c) will return

d) return

2. You will feel better after you ___________ the medicines.


a) will take

b) has taken

c) have taken

d) will have taken

3. Whenever the old woman hears a sad story, she __________.


a) weeps

b) will weep

c) would weep

d) has wept

c) is sleeping

d) will have slept

4. Mother ____________. Dont disturb her.


a) sleeps

b) has slept

5. John usually listens to the radio, but last night he ___________ a book.
a) was reading

b) had read

c) has read

d) read

c) did not finish

d) do not finish

6. I cant go out because I __________ my work.


a) shall not finish

b) have not finished

7. This is the first time anybody ____________ in climbing that mountain.


a) succeeded

b) has succeeded

c) succeeds

d) had been succeeding

8. Peter cant come to the phone now because he _________ a bath.


a) having

b) is having

c) will have

d) has

c) went to sleep

d) went to bed

9. Is your mother still awake?


No, she ________ a few minutes ago.
a) slept

b) fell asleep

10. The tigers in the zoo __________ by the caretaker at the moment.
a) are fed

b) are being fed

c) will be fed

d) are feeding

11. I __________ my raincoat. I must go back for it.


a) forgetting

b) had forgotten

c) forget

d) have forgotten

12. Last week John promised that he _________ to the theatre with me today.
a) would go

b) was going

c) goes

d) is going

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13. Whenever he has any money, he ________ it with his brother.
a) shares

b) shared

c) sharing

d) has shared

c) have lost

d) have been lost

14. Please help us. We _________ our way.


a) lose

b) are losing

15. That baby ___________ non-stop for an hour yesterday.


a) cried

b) crying

c) is crying

d) had been crying

16. They usually ____________ to school at seven oclock.


a) have gone

b) go

c) goes

d) will go

c) has seen

d) will see

c) drinks

d) drink

c) was playing

d) have played

17. I __________ the King yesterday.


a) saw

b) see

18. He always boils water before he _________ it.


a) drank

b) will drink

19. I __________ football when I was a young boy.


a) played

b) play

20. My grandmother never __________ us now because she is very old.


a) visited

b) will visit

c) visits

d) has visited

21. Please stop singing because I __________ my homework now.


a) am doing

b) was doing

c) has done

d) did

c) explain

d) is explaining

22. Listen! The teacher ___________ the answer.


a) explained

b) has explained

23. I __________ four cups of coffee since eight oclock.


a) drink

b) will drink

c) have drunk

d) am drinking

c) is not seeing

d) hasnt seen

24. She __________ her brother for three years.


a) did not see

b) doesnt see

25. Jill __________ a new blouse, and now she wants to buy a new skirt.
a) buys

b) has bought

c) will buy

d) is buying

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26. He __________ me the tape I asked for.
a) gives

b) has just given

c) give

d) given

c) never understand

d) understands

27. They __________ anything I say.


a) never understood

b) understood

28. Our team _______ every match so far this year, but we still have two more games to play.
a) wins

b) will win

c) has won

d) have won

29. Henry usually listens to the radio, but at this moment he __________ television.
a) watches

b) has watched

c) will watch

d) is watching

c) Have you used

d) Were you using

30. __________ oil or butter when you fry eggs?


a) Do you use

b) Did you use

31. __________ the work yet?


a) Will you finish

b) Are you finishing c) Have you finished d) Do you finish

32. Since last year, I __________ them only twice.


a) have seen

b) see

c) was seeing

d) will see

33. The students __________ an English test when the lights went out.
a) are doing

b) will do

c) were doing

d) have done

34. Ying went to go shopping, but she __________ her homework yet.
a) didnt finish

b) hasnt finished

c) doesnt finish

d) wont finish

c) lives

d) is living

35. He __________ here from 1967 to 1980.


a) lived

b) has lived

36. The teacher __________ all the exam papers last Friday evening.
a) marks

b) has marked

c) marked

d) is marking

b) rains

c) was raining

d) rained

c) meet

d) was meeting

37. It __________ now.


a) is raining

38. I am sure __________ her two years ago.


a) met

b) have met

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39. While you __________ football, I was working in the garden.
a) have played

b) are playing

c) play

d) were playing

40. When I came home, my wife __________ in the kitchen.


a) was cooking

b) cooks

c) has cooked

d) is cooking

c) leaves

d) left

c) will go

d) were going

c) have been

d) will be

c) will go

d) were going

41. As soon as I came in, he __________ the room.


a) was leaving

b) has left

42. They __________ to Paris four times in 1974.


a) have gone

b) went

43. I __________ to Chiengmai five so far.


a) was

b) am

44. They __________ to England next month.


a) go

b) went

45. Mount Everest __________ the highest mountain in the world.


a) is

b) was

c) will be

d) has been

c) Have you taken

d) Will you take

c) have seen

d) will see

46. __________ me to the party next Sunday?


a) Do you take

b) Did you take

47. Every time I __________ him, he smiles at me.


a) saw

b) see

48. Please turn off the light before you __________ to bed.
a) go

b) will go

c) went

d) goes

49. I will tell him the news when he __________ back.


a) come

b) will come

c) comes

d) is coming

50. Although Sam __________ for four years, he hasnt got a degree yet.
a) worked

b) has

c) is working

d) works

51. We will stay in Chiengmai for a week, and then we __________ to Lampang.
a) go

b) have gone

c) will go

d) were going

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52. When I was twelve years old, I __________ music lessons.
a) have

b) will have

c) am having

d) had

c) costed

d) has cost

c) was written

d) has been written

53. How much did you pay for that bag?


It __________ ten dollars.
a) cost

b) costs

54. This novel __________ in 1967.


a) is written

b) will be written

55. Bancha __________ in love with Pranee over a year ago.


a) has fallen

b) falls

c) is falling

d) fell

56. The police will arrest him when he __________ the house.
a) will leave

b) leaves

c) left

d) was leaving

57. Every day last year he __________ to visit his grandfather.


a) goes

b) has gone

c) was going

d) went

c) Is she coming

d) Was she coming

58. __________ today, or has she already arrived?


a) Has she come

b) Did she come

59. It hasnt rained much this year, but it __________ a lot last year.
a) rained

b) will rain

c) rains

d) has rained

c) Will you like

d) Do you like

60. __________ to go swimming in winter?


a) Did you like

b) Have you liked

61. When I walked into the office, Peter __________ a report.


a) reads

b) was reading

c) has read

d) is reading

c) rises

d) has risen

62. The sun __________ in the East.


a) rose

b) was rising

63. Mary __________ to Spain the day after tomorrow.


a) goes

b) has gone

c) went

d) is going

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64. Boonchai __________ so many books lately that he has strained his eyes.
a) reads

b) will read

c) has read

d) read

65. At the moment Wanida __________ with the coat.


a) plays

b) played

c) has played

d) is playing

66. He was sitting in a restaurant when I __________ him.


a) sees

b) saw

c) has seen

d) am seeing

67. What did you think of the boxing match last night?
I really didnt think Ali __________
a) wins

b) would win

c) has won

d) winning

68. Is his name really Curly?


No, it isnt. His real name is Richard, but everyone __________ him Curly.
a) is calling

b) call

c) calling

d) calls

69. I drove all the way from Chiengmai yesterday.


What time __________ Bangkok?
a) you reached

b) have reached

c) did you reach

d) have you reached

70. Is the film at the Scala any good?


Excellent. But dont tell me you __________ seen it yet.
a) havent

b) didnt

c) werent

d) wont

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Unit 18 Wish Forms
wish wish 4

1.
Subject + wish + Infinitive with to

They wish to graduate this year.


I wish to be good at Mathematics
She wishes to finish her paper in time.

2.
Subject + wish + someone + Infinitive with to

I wish my friend to see this work.


She wishes her mother to help her now.
The boys wish their teacher to go to the concert with them.

3.
Subject + wish + someone + something(noun)

I wish you happiness.


I wish you all the best.
We wish you a Merry Christmas.

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4. Subject + wish + (that) Noun Clause

(noun clause) 3 (time)


4.1 Noun Clause Past Simple Tense

I wish I were rich.


[verb to be wish were ]

They wish they went to the zoo.


She wished her father bought her a new dress.

4.2 Noun Clause Past Perfect Tense


She wishes she had won the game the other day.

[]

She wished she had won the game the other day.

[]

. (.)

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4.3 Noun Clause
would/could + v. 1

[ clauses could would]

I wish I could go to France with you.


She wishes her daddy would bring her some souvenir.
He wishes he could finish his work tomorrow.
I wish my friend would join the party tonight.

: If only I wish
If only I had come early yesterday.
[ = I wish I had come early yesterday.]
If only I could go with you tomorrow.
[ = I wish I could go with you tomorrow.]

. (.)

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Exercise Unit 18 Wish Forms
Choose the best answer.
1. I wish I ________________ rich.
a) am

b) was

c) are

d) were

2. He wishes he _________________ with his dad next year.


a) lives

b) will live

c) could live

d) had lived

3. They wish they __________________ the award yesterday.


a) get

b) got

c) have got

d) had got

c) be happy

d) was happy

c) have been

d) were

4. We wish you __________________.


a) happy

b) happiness

5. If only I _________________ a superstar.


a) can be

b) will be

6. She wished he ___________________ with her tomorrow.


a) could go

b) would go

c) will go

d) shall go

7. We wish we _____________________ our homework now.


a) finish

b) will finish

c) finished

d) would finish

8. Yesterday, my dad didnt come, I wish he ___________________.


a) has come

b) had come

c) came

d) would come

9. My girlfriend is ugly. I wish she ___________________ beautiful.


a) was

b) were

c) is

d) are

10. The children wish ___________________.


a) to go to museum

b) going to the museum

c) they go to the museum

d) they going to the museum