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To the Student This Homework Practice Workbook gives you additional problems for the concept exercises in each lesson. The exercises are designed to aid your study of mathematics by reinforcing important mathematical skills needed to succeed in the everyday world. The materials are organized by chapter and lesson, with one Practice worksheet for every lesson in Glencoe Algebra 2. To the Teacher These worksheets are the same ones found in the Chapter Resource Masters for Glencoe Algebra 2. The answers to these worksheets are available at the end of each Chapter Resource Masters booklet.

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240 ISBN: 978-0-07-890862-0 MHID: 0-07-890862-0 Printed in the United States of America. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 045 14 13 12 11 10 09 08

Homework Practice Workbook, Algebra 2

Contents

Lesson/Title

1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6

Page

Lesson/Title

Page

Expressions and Formulas ....................... 1 Properties of Real Numbers ..................... 3 Solving Equations ..................................... 5 Solving Absolute Value Equations ........... 7 Solving Inequalities ................................... 9 Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities ................................... 11

Relations and Functions ......................... 13 Linear Relations and Functions .............. 15 Rate of Change and Slope ..................... 17 Writing Linear Equations ........................ 19 Scatter Plots and Lines of Regression ......................................... 21 2-6 Special Functions ................................... 23 2-7 Parent Functions and Transformations ...................................... 25 2-8 Graphing Linear and Absolute Value Inequalities ................................... 27 3-1 3-2 3-3

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5

6-1 Operations with Polynomials .................. 67 6-2 Dividing Polynomials .............................. 69 6-3 Polynomial Functions ............................. 71 6-4 Analyzing Graphs of Polynomial Functions ................................................ 73 6-5 Solving Polynomial Equations ................ 75 6-6 The Remainder and Factor Theorems................................................ 77 6-7 Roots and Zeros ..................................... 79 6-8 Rational Zero Theorem........................... 81 7-1 Operations on Functions ........................ 83 7-2 Inverse Functions and Relations ............ 85 7-3 Square Root Functions and Inequalities.............................................. 87 7-4 nth Roots ................................................ 89 7-5 Operations with Radical Expressions ..... 91 7-6 Rational Exponents ................................ 93 7-7 Solving Radical Equations and Inequalities.............................................. 95 8-1 8-2 8-3 8-4 8-5 8-6 8-7 8-8 Graphing Exponential Functions ............ 97 Solving Exponential Equations and Inequalities ...................................... 99 Logarithms and Logarithmic Functions .............................................. 101 Solving Logarithmic Equations and Inequalities .................................... 103 Properties of Logarithms ...................... 105 Common Logarithms ............................ 107 Base e and Natural Logarithms ............ 109 Using Exponential and Logarithmic Functions .......................... 111 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions .......................................... 113 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions .......................................... 115 Graphing Reciprocal Functions ............ 117 Graphing Rational Functions ................ 119 Variation Functions ............................... 121 Solving Rational Equations and Inequalities .................................... 123 Midpoint and Distance Formulas ........ 125 Parabolas............................................ 127 Circles ................................................. 129 Ellipses ............................................... 131 Hyperbolas.......................................... 133 Identifying Conic Sections .................. 135 Solving Quadratic Systems ................ 137

3-4 3-5

Solving Systems of Equations by Graphing ................................................. 29 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically ........................................... 31 Solving Systems of Inequalities by Graphing ................................................. 33 Optimization with Linear Programming .......................................... 35 Systems of Equations in Three Variables ...................................... 37 Introduction to Matrices .......................... 39 Operations with Matrices ........................ 41 Multiplying Matrices ................................ 43 Transformations with Matrices................ 45 Determinants and Cramer’s Rule ........... 47 Inverse Matrices and Systems of Equations ............................................ 49

4-1 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6

9-1 9-2 9-3 9-4 9-5 9-6

5-1 Graphing Quadratic Functions................ 51 5-2 Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing ................................................. 53 5-3 Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring ................................................. 55 5-4 Complex Numbers .................................. 57 5-5 Completing the Square ........................... 59 5-6 The Quadratic Formula and the Discriminant ............................................ 61 5-7 Transformations with Quadratic Functions ................................................ 63 5-8 Quadratic Inequalities ............................. 65

10-1 10-2 10-3 10-4 10-5 10-6 10-7

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Lesson/Title

11-1 11-2 11-3 11-4 11-5 11-6 11-7

Page

Lesson/Title

13-3 13-4 13-5 13-6 13-7 13-8 13-9

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Sequences as Functions .................... 139 Arithmetic Sequences and Series ...... 141 Geometric Sequences and Series ...... 143 Infinite Geometric Series .................... 145 Recursion and Iteration ...................... 147 The Binomial Theorem ....................... 149 Proof by Mathematical Induction ........ 151

12-1 Experiments, Surveys, and Observational Studies ........................ 153 12-2 Statistical Analysis .............................. 155 12-3 Conditional Probability ........................ 157 12-4 Probability Distributions ...................... 159 12-5 The Normal Distribution ...................... 161 12-6 Hypothesis Testing ............................. 163 12-7 Binomial Distributions ......................... 165 13-1 Trigonometric Functions in Right Triangles ............................................. 167 13-2 Angles and Angle Measure ................ 169

Trigonometric Functions of General Angles ................................... 171 Law of Sines ....................................... 173 Law of Cosines ................................... 175 Circular Functions ............................... 177 Graphing Trigonometric Functions ..... 179 Translations of Trigonometric Graphs ................................................ 181 Inverse Trigonometric Functions ........ 183

14-1 Trigonometric Identities ...................... 185 14-2 Verifying Trigonometric Identities ....... 187 14-3 Sum and Difference of Angles Formulas ............................................. 189 14-4 Double-Angle and Half-Angle Formulas ............................................. 191 14-5 Solving Trigonometric Equations ........ 193

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

iv

− + − b a 4. 1. w(n .NAME DATE PERIOD 1-1 Skills Practice Expressions and Formulas Evaluate each expression if a = -4. (4n)2 14. − 17. 2(3r + w) 16. n = 3.2bc 2. b = 6. a3 + c2 .c) . 6r + 2n 10. 2 9.−.c ac 1 Evaluate each expression if r = -1. − + − c b b2 8.4 c 6. 9r2 + (n2 .wt 3v + t 5n . 7n . 2ac .12b ac 2b 5. Inc. t = 12. b(a . 3ab . What is the temperature in kelvins when the temperature is 55 degrees Celsius? 5 22. and w = .3b 3.32) gives the temperature in degrees Celsius 9 for a given temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 2nt . n + 2r . − . v = 0. 13. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius when the temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit? Chapter 1 1 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and c = -9.r) 12.16v Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. -w[t + (t .(c . TEMPERATURE The formula C = − (F .4rn 11.2b 3b .1)t 2w 20.t 15. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.b) 3ab 2c 7.2v + − r 21. − 2 n 19. n2r . − 2b .r)] rv3 18. TEMPERATURE The formula K = C + 273 gives the temperature in kelvins (K) for a given temperature in degrees Celsius.

What will the height of the object be after 6 seconds? 25.{5 . 2ab2 . From her experience the last few seasons.[20 . −[6 . 12 .0.37) 6 12. TEMPERATURE The formula F = − C + 32 gives the temperature in degrees 5 Fahrenheit for a given temperature in degrees Celsius.b2de Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. − .42) 4. (-2)3 .11 3.7) .01x2 . c = -2.(d 3 . (c + d)b 16.3) .(3)(8) + (5)(10) 8.d) 2] 1 21.240 to predict her profit P in dollars this season if her trees produce x bushels of apples. 3(4 . PHYSICS The formula h = 120t . − + d2 c 2 14. (b . 1.− e ac4 c 20.(-1)2 + 4(-9) 3 (-8)2 5-9 3 1 Evaluate each expression if a = −.c) 17. AGRICULTURE Faith owns an organic apple orchard.2(4 .3(4) ÷ 2 5.3) + 52(3) 7. 9bc . d = 3. -b[a + (c . [4(5 . 18 .(17 .c) 9 23.de)e2 19.11)]} 1 9. − . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.[34 . What is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit when the temperature is -40 degrees Celsius? 24. −[-5 + 5(-3)] 4 11. − 4 -8(13 . 13. 20 ÷ (5 .42] 2 2. − ac 18. 1 + 2 . 4(12 .16t2 gives the height h in feet of an object t seconds after it is shot upward from Earth’s surface with an initial velocity of 120 feet per second.2(62 ÷ 3 × 22)] 6. d(b . she has developed the formula P = 20x . Inc.8)] ÷ 16 1 10. b = -8. What is Faith’s predicted profit this season if her orchard produces 300 bushels of apples? Chapter 1 2 Glencoe Algebra 2 .d ab 15.− 2 d e 22. ac3 .NAME DATE PERIOD 1-1 Practice Expressions and Formulas Evaluate each expression. ab . and e = −.

19. 15x(1) = 15x 13. .x + z 22. -(3g + 3h) + 5g . Inc. 6(2 w + v) . 34 3. x .5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 15 4 17.5)] = [0.4(2 v + 1w) 20.NAME DATE PERIOD 1-2 Skills Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs. 3(m .3y .25 3 18. − (15 d + 3 c) . (10b + 12b) + 7b = (12b + 10b) + 7b Find the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. 2r + (3r + 4r) = (2r + 3r) + 4r ( ) 12.875 5.3y 21.6[25(0. -525 12 4. .3a2 + 1 24.10h 23. 3 x + 5 y + 2 x .a + 4a . 0. 7. 5y − = 1 5y 10. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.z) + 5(2m . 0. − 3 6. 15.z + y .− (8 c .3y . a2 .√9 2. 14.− 5 16. 2x . 1. 3 − 4 Simplify each expression.2z) 1 1 26. 3a + 0 = 3a 9. 2(r + w) = 2r + 2w 1 11.10 d) 3 2 Chapter 1 3 Glencoe Algebra 2 .z) 25.6(25)]0. 3 x = x 3 8.(5x .y . √30 Name the property illustrated by each equation.

− −x + 12y . . − 4y = 1y 4 10. 9. 2(4z . −(10a .2x + 3y 25.(4c + 2c) 1 1 28. -31. NUMBER THEORY Use the properties of real numbers to tell whether the following 1 1 statement is true or false: If a and b ≠ 0 and a > b. 6425 2. -35 8.6y) 27. 19.NAME DATE PERIOD 1-2 Practice Properties of Real Numbers Name the sets of numbers to which each number belongs.(3 .10s) . 3(r .4(7s + 2r) 29.8 Name the property illustrated by each equation. . 3x 2y = 3 2 x y 17. 4c . 2π 4.−(2x . -1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 23. 5x . 0 5. -11a .15b) + −(8b + 4a) 5 2 5 3 1 30.4 21. 4n + 0 = 4n Find the additive inverse and multiplicative inverse for each number. Explain a b your reasoning. 3(2x)y = (3 2)(xy) 1 16.12y) 6 5 4 11 16 20.√16 7. () () Chapter 1 4 Glencoe Algebra 2 .− Simplify each expression. it follows that a − > b − .13b + 7a . √7 3. 7x + (9x + 8) = (7x + 9x) + 8 12. 5x (4y + 3x) = 5x (3x + 4y) 11. 32. 5(3x + y) = 5(3x + 1y) 13. 1. 8x . Write a simplified expression for the sum of the distances traveled by the two cars. Inc.7y .3b 26. 25 √− 36 6.y) 24.2x + y) . Ian drives his car at 50 miles per hour for (t + 2) hours. 5(x + y) = 5x + 5y 15.6 22. 7n + 2n = (7 + 2)n 14. TRAVEL Olivia drives her car at 60 miles per hour for t hours.2c .3y .4(5z + x . ( ) 31. (6 + -6)y = 0y 18. 0. 5 − 5 6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.

8n + 5 = 4n Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. n . If d + 1 = f. 4 times a number. x + 4 = 5x + 2 18. 13. A = 2πr2 + 2πrh.2n + 0. a .5b = 10. increased by 7 2. 4v + 20 . 11. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. y = −x . I = prt. 23. and 0. 8 + 3x = 5 9. If (8 + 7)r = 30. Solve each equation.5b. the product of 3 and a number. for h Chapter 1 5 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 8 less than 5 times a number 3.24 2a 21. 12. 2. then d = f .1. If -7x = 14. the product of -11 and the square of a number Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation.NAME DATE PERIOD 1-3 Skills Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. then a = 10. -3b + 7 = -15 + 2b 20. -5x = 3x . − = 2 .2y y 3 Name the property illustrated by each statement. 14.12. If a = 0. for x 4 26.8 = 16 8. divided by 9 5. for y 2 1 24. then 15r = 30. A = − . 7. 1. b + 3 = b2 10. then 14 = -7x. 3 times the difference of 4 and a number 6. 6 times the sum of a number and 5 4. 15.− = 3 5 16. Inc. for p x+y 25. Check your solution. 4m + 2 = 18 17. 3t = 2t + 5 19.6 = 34 22.

write an equation.8 19. If 4m = -15. then -12m = 45. If 8(2q + 1) = 4. h = vt .NAME DATE PERIOD 1-3 Practice Solving Equations Write an algebraic expression to represent each verbal expression. for d 1 24. then h = 10. −s + − = − 6 4 12 17. -1. and solve the problem.−n = − 4 2 8 10. If t .4v) = v + 21 18. 14 = 8 . If h + 12 = 22. 14. GOLF Luis and three friends went golfing. Check your solution.13 = 52.6r + 5 = -7. 12. 11. E = −Iw2 + U. Define a variable. c = −.5 = -3(2y + 1) 2d + 1 3 2 Solve each equation or formula for the specified variable. 2 more than the quotient of a number and 5 2. 5 .9x 20. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 13. What was the cost of the green fees for each person? Define a variable.2x = 4 6. 5 times the sum of a number and 1 4. 9 + 4n = -59 5 3 11 16. Solve each equation. the sum of two consecutive integers 3. E = mc2. for I 25. 3c = 2(c . Inc.5 = 7 . GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is twice the width. Chapter 1 6 Glencoe Algebra 2 .6r 3 5 1 15. 5(6 . 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1. for v 22.gt2. and solve the problem. then 2(2q + 1) = 1. 6x . 3y = 4y3 7. 21. 5. 26. 6y .13. for m 23. − = 3(2m + 1) 5 Name the property illustrated by each statement. 1 less than twice the square of a number Write a verbal sentence to represent each equation.1) m 8. write an equation. The total cost of the rented clubs and the green fees for each person was $76. − . then 52 = t . Two of the friends rented clubs for $6 each. Find the width if the perimeter is 60 centimeters.

25 . |9y .2y| . . 2 |4w| 10.4 + |w .y| .6w| 11. x = 2. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 13.y| 9.|10z . y = -3.3x| + 2 = 18 22. |y + 3| = 2 14.31| 6. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. |7x .1| Solve each equation.c| 18. |p . 4 |7 . 1. and z = -10.|1 . |2g + 6| = 0 17. |-3x . |k| + 10 = 9 Chapter 1 7 Glencoe Algebra 2 . |8d . |5w| 2. 10 = |1 . . Inc. -5|6a + 2| = -15 26.7| = -14 20.4 12.4d| + 5 = 13 25. |-9y| 3.2| = − 2 24.NAME DATE PERIOD 1-4 Skills Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if w = 0.4. 6. 2 |3w| = 12 21. 44 + |-2x .1 = 11 1 23. . 3 .|5z + 1| 8.|8x . |2x + x| = 9 19. |5a| = 10 15. |3k . |3n .|17z| 5.z| 4.6| = 2 16. Check your solutions.3y| + |2y + 5x| 7.

Write and solve an equation describing the minimum and maximum percent of the vote that candidate Tonwe is expected to receive. |n .s| = -3s 27.12| 7. c = 5.1| = 5w + 37 24. |5a . -3|0. |a . -6|5 .5b| 11.3| = 4 29. |2b .|-0. 5 |2r + 3| . Inc.3|2 + 2w| = -7 28. Write and solve an equation to find the minimum and maximum actual temperatures when the thermometer states that the temperature is 87.4.6 = -14 26. 7|x + 3| = 42 18. |2y . b = -8. |4d| + |5 .7| + |3c . and d = -1. 2 |4 . 22.2y| = -9 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.4| = -6 20. -6 |10a .7c| . Check your solutions.b| + |b . |4w .|-8b + 5| 8. WEATHER A thermometer comes with a guarantee that the stated temperature differs from the actual temperature by no more than 1. |2 .5|2d .|a| 10. 3 .7| + 5 = 9 25.5 degrees Fahrenheit. . |17c| + |3b . |8 + p| = 2p . A poll with a stated margin of error of 63% predicts that candidate Tonwe will receive 51% of an upcoming vote. 30.5 = 0 14. 5 .5| 6. -3 |4x .NAME DATE PERIOD 1-4 Practice Solving Absolute Value Equations Evaluate each expression if a = -1.4 degrees Fahrenheit. OPINION POLLS Public opinion polls reported in newspapers are usually given with a margin of error.13| = 2 16. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.1| . -2|7 . |1 . |x .3y| . a poll with a margin of error of ±5% is considered accurate to within plus or minus 5% of the actual value.4| = 13 15. |5x .4| 9. |6a| 3.3|b| Solve each equation. For example. 1.9| = 24 21.5c + 2| .2d| . 4 |2y . 13.a| 2. |3u .|10d + a| 5.3 23.2a| 12.6| = 42 19. |2b + 4| 4.3| = 29 17. Chapter 1 8 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

9 ≤ 7 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7. 4x . 3x ≥ -9 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 6. Then solve. − ≥ 2 -4 Skills Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality. 7t . 18. 15. 20 .7y . 7f . 16.1 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 9. 2z < -9 + 5z -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 8. 17.(t . 3a + 7 ≤ 16 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 3. 10. 16 < 3q + 4 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4.9 > 2x + 1 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem.3n > 7n -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5. The difference of three times a number and 16 is at least 8. One half of a number is more than 6 less than the same number.9 > 3f . Chapter 1 9 Glencoe Algebra 2 .3m ≥ 2m .0.78 > 5 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 14.4 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 12. Nineteen more than a number is less than 42. Inc. 0. 2. Then graph the solution set on a number line.8 ≤ 5k Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 1.4) ≤ 25 1 2 3 4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 11.NAME DATE PERIOD 1-5 z 1. Five less than the product of 6 and a number is no more than twice that same number. -3k . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 4b .7m + 0. 4(5x + 7) ≤ 13 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 13.

Four times the sum of twice a number and -3 is less than 5.5) . q . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 2 12.4u < 11 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3. 1 + 5(x .4 Define a variable and write an inequality for each problem. -16 .8u ≤ 3u .(x + 5) 4x . Twenty less than a number is more than twice the same number. 4n . Then graph the solution set on a number line. Inc. 8x .NAME DATE PERIOD 1-5 Practice Solving Inequalities Solve each inequality.6 ≥ 10 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 2. 16. BANKING Jan’s account balance is $3800.8) ≤ 2 . Hotel parking is $12 per day.3) > 3(n + 1) . Solve the inequality 90x + 90(0. 14s < 9s + 5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5. 1 . The Lincoln’s expect to spend $30 in tips during their stay.2. $750 is for rent.5x -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 9.5 < 19 . 23 .11 > 6x .1)x + 12x + 30 ≤ 600 to find how many nights the Lincoln’s can stay at the hotel without exceeding total hotel costs of $600. Write and solve an inequality describing how much she can withdraw and still leave enough for rent and a $500 balance. An additional 10% tax is added.2(2 .5 times that same number.2(w + 77) > -4(2w + 52) 14.10 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 8. Of this. − ≥ -3. 17. 9(2r . 1. HOTELS The Lincoln’s hotel room costs $90 a night.9 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 6. Chapter 1 10 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 9x . -3(4w .1) > 18 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 7. 17. 15. -36 . Jan wants to keep a balance of at least $500. Then solve.4 10.8r ≥ 0 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 4.3 < 7r .q) ≤ 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 18.3 11.5(n . 13.

-1 -1 2 0 1 2 1 5. 2c + 1 > 5 or c < 0 10. 8 < 3x + 2 ≤ 23 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 14. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 8. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality.4 ≤ 10 or -2w ≤ 6 -5 0 5 10 15 15. 1. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 6. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. w . |n .NAME DATE PERIOD 1-6 Skills Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 7.5| < 7 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 20. -10 -5 0 5 10 3. 9. 10 > -5x > 5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 12. Graph the solution set on a number line. 4a ≥ -8 or a < -3 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 13. |t| ≥ 3 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 16. |-7r| > 14 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 18. |p + 2| ≤ -2 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 19. |h + 1| ≥ 5 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 Chapter 1 11 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 11. -10 -5 0 5 10 4. |6x| < 12 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 17. -11 ≤ 4y . Inc. -10 -5 0 5 10 2.3 ≤ 1 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.

8| ≥ 3 12. -20 -10 0 10 20 4.7x < 17 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 8.2) < 24 or 6x . the rainfall at Shell Beach has varied no more than 6.5 fluid ounces by more than 0. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe acceptable can volumes.2| ≤ 3 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. -25 0 25 50 -50 -25 0 25 50 3.5 inches from its mean value of 24 inches.20 < 52 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 6.08 ounces. 18. |2x + 2| . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. RAINFALL In 90% of the last 30 years. Inc. |3n . 13. 2. MANUFACTURING A company’s guidelines call for each can of soup produced not to vary from its stated volume of 14.NAME DATE PERIOD 1-6 1. -50 Practice Solving Compound and Absolute Value Inequalities Write an absolute value inequality for each graph. Chapter 1 12 Glencoe Algebra 2 . |2w| ≥ 5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 10.2| . Graph the solution set on a number line.1 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 15. |3b + 5| ≤ -2 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 16. Write and solve an absolute value inequality to describe the rainfall in the other 10% of the last 30 years. |x| > x . |y + 5| < 2 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 11. 5. |x .3 > 15 or 3 .5x ≤ 0 and 5x + 6 ≥ -14 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 9. 15 .7 ≤ -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 14. 3(5x . -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 Solve each inequality.4 > 4 + 5x -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 7. 2x . |2z .2 < 1 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 17. -8 ≤ 3y .

both. -1)} Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. {(2. f(0) 12. onto. is one-to-one. f(d) 13 Glencoe Algebra 2 .1 and g(x) = 2 .NAME DATE PERIOD 2-1 Skills Practice Relations and Functions State the domain and range of each relation. -1). 4). g(4) 14. (-1. 4). {(2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 2)} y y O x O x 7. 6. If it is a function. f(12) 13. 5. onto. x 1 2 3 y 2 4 6 4. 4). (2. 8 6 4 2 O −2 y 2 4 6 8 10 x Graph each relation or equation and determine the domain and range. Determine whether the eqation is a function. Then state whether it is discrete or continuous. Inc. (-2. (2. (6. x = -2 y O O x x Find each value if f (x) = 2x . f(-2) Chapter 2 10. Domain Range 1 5 3 3. both or neither. 6). {(-3.x2. Domain 100 200 300 Range 50 100 150 2. 9. -1)} y 8. Then determine whether each relation is a function. determine if it is one-to-one. (3. or neither. 1. -3). g(-1) 11.

MUSIC The ordered pairs (1. COMPUTING If a computer can do one calculation in 0. x -2 -2 -1 1 2 y -1 1 0 0 1 Graph each equation and determine the domain and range. 5. Domain 5 10 15 Range 105 110 3. 1.1 y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Domain 2 8 Range 21 25 30 2. f(m . onto. Inc. y = 2x . 32). and (5. How long would it take the computer to do 5 billion calculations? Chapter 2 14 Glencoe Algebra 2 . or neither. Determine whether the relation is a function. onto. both. Is the relation discrete or continuous? Is the relation a function? 14. then the function T(n) = 0. x+2 7. (4. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Then state whether it is discrete or continuous. O O x x 5 Find each value if f(x) = − and g(x) = -2x + 3. g − (2) 12. Then determine whether each relation is a function. 16). both or neither. 32). Identify the domain and range of the relation.0000000015n gives the time required for the computer to do n calculations. is one-to-one.0000000015 second. g(-6) 1 9.2) 13. (3. If it is a function. (2. f(3) 10. 48) represent the cost of buying various numbers of CDs through a music club. 16). x = -1 y 6. determine if it is one-to-one. f(-4) 11. x -3 -1 0 2 3 y 0 -1 0 -2 4 4. f(-2) 8.NAME DATE PERIOD 2-1 Practice Relations and Functions State the domain and range of each relation.

y = -2 + 5x 3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.− + y = 15 x 6. . y = x 11.7y 13. h(x) = √x +3 Write each equation in standard form.6 y O x x 16. x + y = 5 y 18. Explain. f (x) = 4x2 3 5. Identify A. 15. 3x = -2y .9 = 0 10. B. 1. 2x = 4 . 9. 5y . 2x + 5y = 10 y x O O x Chapter 2 15 Glencoe Algebra 2 . y = -2x y O 17. 2x + y = 10 4.2 14. Find the x-intercept and the y-intercept of the graph of each equation.NAME DATE PERIOD 2-2 Skills Practice Linear Relations and Functions State whether each equation or function is linear. Then graph the equation using the intercepts. and C. x = y + 8 7. -6y + 14 = 8x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. y = 3x . y = 3x 2. y = 5x + 1 12. Inc. g(x) = 8 8.

y = 2x + 4 y 10. MEASURE The equation y = 2. 9 . B. Write yes or no. Then graph the equation using the intercepts. 9. y = 7x . 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. y = − x + 5 8 3 2 8. What is the total cost of talking 8 hours? of talking 20 hours? b.5 7.54x gives the length y in centimeters corresponding to a length x in inches. Explain. where t is the number of minutes talked.5xy = 2 Write each equation in standard form.4 y O x 12.5 = 0 3 6. 1. y = − x 2 2. a. h(x) = 23 5 3. 2x + 7y = 14 y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. O O x x 11. x = -− y + − 7 4 Find the x-intercept and the y-intercept of the graph of each equation. 6x + 2y = 6 y O x 13. Inc. y = -2x . y = − x 3 4. What is the effective cost per minute (the total cost divided by the number of minutes talked) of talking 8 hours? of talking 20 hours? Chapter 2 16 Glencoe Algebra 2 . LONG DISTANCE For Meg’s long-distance calling plan.05t. the monthly cost C in dollars is given by the linear function C(t) = 6 + 0. and C.NAME DATE PERIOD 2-2 Practice Linear Relations and Functions State whether each equation or function is a linear function. Identify A. 3y . What is the length in centimeters of a 1-foot ruler? 14.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

2-3

Skills Practice

Rate of Change and Slope

Find the slope of the line that passes through each pair of points. 1. (1, 5), (-1, -3) 2. (0, 2), (3, 0) 3. (1, 9), (0, 6)

4. (8, -5), (4, -2)

5. (-3, 5), (-3, -1)

6. (-2, -2), (10, -2)

7. (4, 5), (2, 7)

8. (-2, -4), (3, 2)

9. (5, 2), (-3, 2)

**Determine the rate of change of each graph. 10.
**

y

11.

y

12.

y

x

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

x

x

13.

y

14.

y

15.

y

x x x

16. HIKING Naomi left from an elevation of 7400 feet at 7:00 A.M. and hiked to an elevation of 9800 feet by 11:00 A.M. What was her rate of change in altitude?

Chapter 2

17

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

2-3

Practice

Rate of Change and Slope

Find the slope of the line that passes through each pair of points. Express as a fraction in simplest form. 1. (3, -8), (-5, 2) 4. (8, 2), (8, -1) 2. (-10, -3), (7, 2) 5. (4, 3), (7, -2) 3. (-7, -6), (3, -6) 6. (-6, -3), (-8, 4)

**Determine the rate of change of each graph. 7.
**

-4 -2 -2 -4 y 2 x

8.

-4 -2 -2

y 2 x

9.

4 2 -4 -2 -2 -4

y

10.

4 2

y

2

4x

4

2 -2

2

4x

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

-4

11.

6 4 2 -2

y

12.

4 2 -6 -4 -2 -2

y

2x

2

4

6x

-4

13. DEPRECIATION A machine that originally cost $15,600 has a value of $7500 at the end of 3 years. The same machine has a value of $2800 at the end of 8 years. a. Find the average rate of change in value (depreciation) of the machine between its purchase and the end of 3 years. b. Find the average rate of change in value of the machine between the end of 3 years and the end of 8 years. c. Interpret the sign of your answers.

Chapter 2

18

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

2-4

Skills Practice

Writing Linear Equations

1 2. perpendicular to y = − x - 1, 2 x-intercept at 4 1 4. parallel to y = - − x - 2, 4 x-intercept at 4

Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the line described. 1. slope 3, y-intercept at -4

2 3. parallel to y = − x + 6, 3 passes through (6, 7)

5. perpendicular to y = -4x + 1, passes through (-8, -1)

3 6. slope −, x-intercept at -10 5

7. parallel to y = 9x + 3, y-intercept at -2

5 8. slope −, passes through (12, 4) 6

**Write an equation in slope-intercept form for each graph. 9.
**

y (1, 2)

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

10.

y

11.

(0, 3)

y

O

x (–3, –1)

O (4, –1)

x O

x

(–1, –4)

(3, –3)

Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the line that satisfies each set of conditions. 12. slope 3, passes through (1, -3) 13. slope -1, passes through (0, 0)

14. slope -2, passes through (0, -5)

15. slope 3, passes through (2, 0)

16. passes through (-1, -2) and (-3, 1)

17. passes through (-2, -4) and (1, 8)

18. passes through (2, 0) and (0, -6)

19. passes through (2.5, 0) and (0, 5)

1 20. passes through (3, -1), perpendicular to the graph of y = - − x - 4. 3

Chapter 2

19

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

2-4

Practice

Writing Linear Equations

**Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the line described. 1. slope 2, y-intercept at 0
**

1 3. perpendicular to y = − x + 2, 4 passes through (0, 0) 2 1 5. perpendicular to y = - −x + −, 3 2 passes through (2, 3)

2. parallel to y = 4x + 2, y-intercept at 4 4. parallel to y = –3x + 4, x-intercept at 4

2 6. slope - −, x-intercept at 3 3

**Write an equation in slope-intercept form for each graph. 7.
**

4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 y

8.

4 2 4x -2 O -2

y (4, 4)

9.

4 (-3, 3) 2

y

(0, 2) 2

2 (0, -2)

4

x

-4

-2

O -2

2 4 x (3, -1)

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Write an equation in slope-intercept form for the line that satisfies each set of conditions. 10. slope -5, passes through (-3, -8)

4 11. slope −, passes through (10, -3) 5

12. slope 0, passes through (0, -10)

2 13. slope - −, passes through (6, -8) 3

14. parallel to y = 4x - 5, y-intercept at -6

1 15. slope −, x-intercept at -1 6

16. perpendicular to y = 3x - 2 passes through (6, -1)

2 17. parallel to y = − x - 10, x-intercept at 9 3

18. passes through (-8, -7), perpendicular to the graph of y = 4x - 3 19. RESERVOIRS The surface of Grand Lake is at an elevation of 648 feet. During the current drought, the water level is dropping at a rate of 3 inches per day. If this trend continues, write an equation that gives the elevation in feet of the surface of Grand Lake after x days.

Chapter 2

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Glencoe Algebra 2

a. Make a scatter plot and a line of fit. b. x 1 3 4 6 7 8 10 y 1 5 7 11 12 15 ? y 15 12 9 6 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 x 2. x 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 y 16 16 ? 22 30 34 36 y 36 30 24 18 12 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 x Chapter 2 21 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. c. Use two ordered pairs to write a prediction equation. 1. 20 25 35 40 50 3.NAME DATE PERIOD 2-5 Skills Practice Scatter Plots and Lines of Regression For Exercises 1–3. and describe the correlation. Inc. x 5 10 y 9 17 22 30 38 44 ? y 40 32 24 16 8 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. complete parts a–c. Use your prediction equation to predict the missing value.

5 2. Inc.5 1.400 46 12. HEALTH Alton has a treadmill that uses the time on the treadmill to estimate the number of Calories he burns during a workout.000 9.5 1.000 Altitude (ft) Temperature Versus Altitude Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Find an equation for and graph a line of regression.5 Weight (tons) 2. Make a scatter plot and a line of fit. her car thermometer registers the temperatures ( F) shown in the table at the given altitudes (feet). a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 2. FUEL ECONOMY The table gives the weights in tons and estimates the fuel economy in miles per gallon for several cars.NAME DATE PERIOD 2-5 Practice Scatter Plots and Lines of Regression For Exercises 1 and 2.0 2. b. Then use the function to predict the number of Calories burned in a 60-minute workout.000 ? Temperature (°F) 65 60 55 50 45 0 7. 3. Weight (tons) Miles per Gallon 1.4 1.000 10. 1. ALTITUDE As Anchara drives into the mountains.8 29 24 23 21 2 ? 2. and describe the correlation. Time (min) Calories Burned 18 260 24 280 30 320 40 380 42 400 48 440 52 475 60 ? Chapter 2 22 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Use two ordered pairs to write a prediction equation. The table gives workout times and Calories burned for several workouts.000 8. Use your prediction equation to predict the missing value.3 1.4 17 15 Fuel Economy Versus Weight Fuel Economy (mi/gal) 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0. a.0 1. c. Altitude (ft) Temperature (°F) 7500 61 8200 58 8600 56 9200 53 9700 50 10. complete parts a–c.

NAME DATE PERIOD 2-6 Skills Practice Special Functions Graph each function. g(x) = 2 ⎪x⎥ g(x) 6. f (x) = x . 5. Identify the domain and range. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1.3 f(x) x O O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. f(x) = x {2 if x < 0 if x ≥ 0 f(x) 8. Inc. f(x) = x + 1 f (x) 4. f(x) = 3 f (x) 2. f(x) = -x f (x) x x 3. h(x) = {3x if x1< -1> 1 + if x h (x) O x O x Chapter 2 23 Glencoe Algebra 2 . f(x) = ⎪x⎥ + 1 f(x) O x O x 7.

50 per pound for 20 or more pounds. Candy Costs 105 90 75 Cost ($) 60 45 30 15 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Pounds Chapter 2 24 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Draw a graph of the function that represents this situation. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 5. g(x) = -2⎪x⎥ g(x) O x 6. h(x) = 4 .x if x > 0 -2x . Labor Costs 280 240 Total Cost ($) 200 160 120 80 40 0 1 2 3 4 5 Hours 6 7 8. f(x) = ⎪x + 1⎥ f(x) O x 7. f (x) = x + 2 if x ≤ -2 3x if x > -2 f (x) x x 2. Inc. Draw a graph of the step function that represents this situation. f (x) = x .2 if x < 0 h (x) O O 3.00 per pound for less than 20 pounds of candy and $2.NAME DATE PERIOD 2-6 Practice Special Functions Graph each function. BUSINESS A wholesaler charges a store $3. Identify the domain and range. BUSINESS A Stitch in Time charges $40 per hour or any fraction thereof for labor.5x f (x) 4. f (x) = 0.2 f (x) x O O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 1.

y 4 2 2 4x Describe the translation in each equation. 5. Then graph the function. y = -x y 6. Skills Practice Parent Functions and Transformation Identify the type of function represented by each graph. y 4 2 −4 −2 −2 −4 2 4x −4 −2 −2 −4 2. What type of function relates the variables in the experiment? -4 -2 y 4 2 2 -2 -4 4x Chapter 2 25 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Inc. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. y = (x + 1)2 y x x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Describe the reflection in each equation.NAME DATE PERIOD 2-7 1. Then graph the function. y = .⎪x⎥ y x x 7. Biology A biologist plotted the data from his latest experiment and found that the graph of his data looked like this graph. y = |x| . 3.2 y 4.

Inc. 3. 4y = x2 y x x 7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. y = (-x)2 y 4. The data made this graph. 1. 6. y = ⎪2x⎥ y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. y = x2 . y = -(3) y x x Describe the dilation in each function. Then graph the function. 5. Then graph the function. Then graph the function. What type of function shows the relation of temperature and speed of the chemical reaction? y 12 4 -12 -4 -4 -12 4 12 x Chapter 2 26 Glencoe Algebra 2 .NAME DATE PERIOD 2-7 Practice Parent Functions and Transformations 2. CHEMISTRY A scientist tested how fast a chemical reaction occurred at different temperatures.3 y Describe the translation in each function. y = x + 3 y x x Describe the reflection in each function.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

2-8

Skills Practice

Graphing Linear and Absolute Value Inequalities

**Graph each inequality. 1. y > 1
**

y

2. y ≤ x + 2

y

3. x + y ≤ 4

y

O

x

O

x O x

4. x + 3 < y

y

5. 2 - y < x

y

6. y ≥ -x

y

O O x

x

O

x

7. x - y > -2

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

8. 9x + 3y - 6 ≤ 0

y

9. y + 1 ≥ 2x

y

y

O

x

O

x

O

x

10. y - 7 ≤ -9

y

11. x > -5

y

12. y > ⎪x⎥

y

O

x

O

x

O

x

Chapter 2

27

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

2-8

Practice

Graphing Linear and Absolute Value Inequalities

**Graph each inequality. 1. y ≤ - 3
**

y O x O x

2. x > 2

y

3. x + y ≤ -4

y O x

4. y < -3x + 5

y

1 5. y < − x + 3 2

y

6. y - 1 ≥ -x

y

O O x

x

O

x

7. x - 3y ≤ 6

y

8. y > ⎪x⎥ - 1

y

9. y > -3 ⎪x + 1⎥ - 2

y

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

O O x O x

x

Notebooks

10. COMPUTERS A school system is buying new computers. They will buy desktop computers costing $1000 per unit, and notebook computers costing $1200 per unit. The total cost of the computers cannot exceed $80,000. a. Write an inequality that describes this situation. b. Graph the inequality. c. If the school wants to buy 50 of the desktop computers and 25 of the notebook computers, will they have enough money?

Computers Purchased

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Desktops

Chapter 2

28

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

3-1

Skills Practice

Solving Systems of Equations By Graphing

3. y = 4 - 3x 1 y = - −x - 1

2

y

**Solve each system of equations by graphing. 1. x = 2 2. y = -3x + 6 y=0 y = 2x - 4
**

y y

O

x

O

x

O

x

4. y = 4 - x y=x-2

y

5. y = -2x + 2 1 y = −x - 5

3

y

6. y = x y= -3x + 4

y

O

x O x

O

x

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

7. x + y = 3 x-y=1

y

8. x - y = 4 2x - 5y = 8

y

9. 3x - 2y = 4 2x - y = 1

y O x

O O x

x

**Graph each system of equations and describe it as consistent and independent, consistent and dependent, or inconsistent. 10. y = -3x y = -3x + 2
**

y O

11. y = x - 5 -2x + 2y = -10

y x

12. 2x - 5y = 10 3x + y = 15

y

O

x O x

Chapter 3

29

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

3-1

Practice

Solving Systems of Equations By Graphing

**Solve each system of equations by graphing. 1. x - 2y = 0 y = 2x - 3
**

y

2. x + 2y = 4 2x - 3y = 1

y

3. 2x + y = 3 1 9 y=−x- − 2

2

y

O O x O x

x

4. y - x = 3 y=1

y

5. 2x - y = 6 x + 2y = -2

y O x

6. 5x - y = 4 -2x + 6y = 4

y

O O x

x

**Graph each system of equations and describe it as consistent and independent, consistent and dependent, or inconsistent. 7. 2x - y = 4 8. y = -x - 2 9. 2y - 8 = x 1 x-y=2 x + y = -4 y=−x+4
**

y O O x y x

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

2

y

O

x

10. SOFTWARE Location Mapping needs new software. Software A costs $13,000 plus $500 per additional site license. Software B costs $2500 plus $1200 per additional site license. a. Write two equations that represent the cost of each software.

Total Cost ($)

Software Costs

24,000 20,000 16,000 12,000 8,000 4,000 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Additional Licenses

b. Graph the equations. Estimate the break-even point of the software costs.

**c. If Location Mapping plans to buy 10 additional site licenses, which software will cost less?
**

Chapter 3

30

Glencoe Algebra 2

y = -5 4x + y = 2 15. 2u + 4x = -6 u + 2x = 3 20. 1. 2j . Inc. 3c . x . 2x + y = 6 3x . Chapter 3 31 Glencoe Algebra 2 . -2x + y = -1 x + 2y = 3 9. 2b + 3c = -4 b+c=3 3. Twice a number minus a second number is -1. 13. Find the numbers. 26.t = 5 2. c + d = 6 c-d=0 19. 2x .b = -4 4.2y = 16 22.k = 3 3j + k = 2 11. a + b = 20 a . c + 2d = -2 -2c . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.z = -6 -3y .y = 12 2x .2t = 1 2r . 3r + t = 5 2r . x + 3y = -3 4x + 3y = 6 5.3t = 9 25.z = 1 2w + 3z = 12 6.8z = 16 3w .5d = 3 24. x .NAME DATE PERIOD 3-2 Skills Practice Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically Solve each system of equations by using substitution.4z = 8 18.3y = -12 2x + y = 11 16. 2f + 3g = 9 f-g=2 8. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.u = 17 3t + u = 8 10.y = -5 3x + 4y = 13 Solve each system of equations by using elimination. Find the two numbers. Twice the second number added to three times the first number is 9.z = 6 23. 2p . 2t . 3r . 3y . 2x . -r + t = 5 -2r + t = 4 14. The sum of two numbers is 12. 7. The difference of the same two numbers is -4. 3a + b = -1 -3a + b = 5 21. w .3r = 6 -2p + 3r = -6 17.2d = 2 3c + 4d = 50 12.y = 6 Solve each system of equations. 6w .

How many pairs of socks and shorts did the team buy each year? Chapter 3 32 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2g + h = 6 3g .y = 9 3.t . 8q . 2r + s = 5 3r .3y = -6 -x . 2x .5k = 7 20. 3j . 19.NAME DATE PERIOD 3-2 Practice Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically Solve each system of equations by using substitution.2y = 7 9. 6x + 3y = 6 8x + 5y = 12 15.n = -1 3m + 2n = 30 14.2y = -8 21. 4x .2v = − 2 2. 8x + 3y = -5 10x + 6y = -13 22. 2a . 5g + 4k = 10 -3g .2v = -3 11. 4m .2p = 0 -3m + 9p = 5 27. Inc. w + 3z = 1 3w . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.−y = − 3 9 3 24.y = -4 -4x + 2y = 6 17. 2x + y = 4 3x + 2y = 1 4.z = 3 -3h + 3z = 6 28. This year they spent $342 to buy the same number of pairs of socks and shorts because the socks now cost $6 a pair and the shorts cost $18. x .2d = 5 -2b + d = 1 25.2h = 16 1 18. x .s = 20 13. −x + 3y = 11 2 8x .2y = 12 2 2x + − y = 14 3 12. Write a system of two equations that represents the number of pairs of socks and shorts bought each year. 0. h . 4b . 3x .3y = 16 4x .4y = 12 1 4 4 −x .k = 10 4j . b. s + 3y = 4 s=1 26. 2m + n = 6 5m + 6n = 1 8.15r = -40 4q + 2r = 56 23. g + 3h = 8 1 −g + h = 9 3 6.k = 16 16. 2t + 4v = 6 . u . 3x . 1.5z = -4 -u + 2v = 5 Solve each system of equations by using elimination.5y = 17 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 10. SPORTS Last year the volleyball team paid $5 per pair for socks and $17 per pair for shorts on a total purchase of $315. 2m . a.4b = 6 -a + 2b = -3 1 7. Solve each system of equations.5x + 2y = 5 x .3y = 9 x + 2y = -1 5.

y ≤ 4 y O x O x O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. x < 1 y ≥ -1 y 2.y ≥ -1 3x .x y≥3 x ≥ -5 12. 7. 1. Inc. x ≥ -2 y≥x-2 x+y≤2 Chapter 3 33 Glencoe Algebra 2 . y ≤ 3 .1 11.NAME DATE PERIOD 3-3 Skills Practice Solving Systems of Inequalities by Graphing Solve each system of inequalities by graphing. y ≤ 0 x≤0 y ≥ -x . x ≥ -3 y ≥ -3 y 3. y < 3 x + 2y < 12 y 8. 10. x . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.y ≤ 4 2x + y < 4 y O x O x O x Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by each system of inequalities. y ≥ x y ≥ -x y 5. x . y < -2x + 3 y≤x-2 y 9.2 y 6. y < -4x y ≥ 3x . x ≤ 2 x>4 y O x O x O x 4.

x y≤x-1 x≤3 8.3 1 y ≤ . DRAMA The drama club is selling tickets to its play. Inc. ß yß ≤ 1 y<x-1 y 6. y ≥ 2x . List three different combinations of tickets sold that satisfy the inequalities. An adult ticket costs $15 and a student ticket costs $11.y ≤ 2 x+y≤2 x ≥ -2 9. x + y > -2 3x . y + 1 < -x y≥1 y 2. Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by each system of inequalities. Write and graph a system of four inequalities that describe how many of each type of ticket the club must sell to meets its goal.2 2x + 3y ≥ 6 y<4 10.−x + 2 2 y O x O x O x 4. 3y > 4x 2x . The drama club wants to collect at least $3630 from ticket sales. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.3y > -6 y O x O x O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Chapter 3 34 Glencoe Algebra 2 . The auditorium will Play Tickets 400 seat 300 ticket-holders. 1. x . 7. x > -2 2y ≥ 3x + 6 y 3. y ≤ 2x . 350 Student Tickets a. y ≥ 1 . 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 100 200 300 Adult Tickets 400 b.y ≥ -2 y 5.NAME DATE PERIOD 3-3 Practice Solving Systems of Inequalities by Graphing Solve each system of inequalities by graphing.

y) = x + y y 2.NAME DATE PERIOD 3-4 Skills Practice Optimization with Linear Programming Graph each system of inequalities. Name the coordinates of the vertices of the feasible region. 1. y) = -3x + 5y y O O x O x x 7. y) = 3x + y y O x O x O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 4.y y 3. x ≥ -1 x+y≤6 f(x.2 y ≥ 3x + 2 y≤x+4 f (x. x ≥ 0 y≥0 y≤7-x f (x. and y ≥ 0 describe the constraints for manufacturing both packs. x ≥ 1 y≤6 y≥x-2 f (x. MANUFACTURING A backpack manufacturer produces an internal frame pack and an external frame pack. Find the maximum and minimum values of the given function for this region. Then the inequalities x + 3y ≤ 18. y ≥ -x . y ≤ 2x y≥6-x y≤6 f (x. 2x + y ≤ 16. Chapter 3 35 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Use the profit function f(x. Inc. y) = 50x + 80y and the constraints given to determine the maximum profit for manufacturing both backpacks for the given constraints. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. x ≥ 2 x≤5 y≥1 y≤4 f (x. y) = x + 2y y 5. x ≥ 0. Let x represent the number of internal frame packs produced in one hour and let y represent the number of external frame packs produced in one hour. y) = x . y) = 4x + 3y y 6.

y) = x + 4y + 3 y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.4y y O x 5. What is that profit? Chapter 3 36 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Find the number of hours the worker should spend on each type of vase to maximize profit. Let s represent the hours forming simple vases and e the hours forming elaborate vases. y) = 3x + y y O x O x x O 4. x ≤ 0 y≤0 4x + y ≥ -7 f(x. x ≥ 0 y≥0 y≤6 y ≤ -3x + 15 f(x.4 ≤ y -2x . y ≤ 3x + 6 4y + 3x ≤ 3 x ≥ -2 f (x. b. Find the maximum and minimum values of the given function for this region.4 ≤ y y≤2 f(x. y) = x . If the glass blower makes a profit of $30 per hour worked on the simple vases and $35 per hour worked on the elaborate vases. 2x + 3y ≥ 6 2x .y ≤ 2 x≥0 y≥0 f (x. Write a system of inequalities involving the time spent on each type of vase. Name the coordinates of the vertices of the feasible region.y ≤ 7 2x . y) = -2x + y y 2. Inc. c. y) = -x + 3y y 6. a. the worker must form at least 40 vases. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. y) = -x . In a work shift of no more than 8 hours. write a function for the total profit on the vases.NAME DATE PERIOD 3-4 Practice Optimization with Linear Programming Graph each system of inequalities. O x O x 7. 2x .y ≥ 3 y≥x-3 f (x. PRODUCTION A glass blower can form 8 simple vases or 2 elaborate vases in an hour. 3x .4y y 3.

The sum of three numbers is 18.z = -2 x + 2y + 3z = 9 7.2y + 2z = -1 x + 2y .2z = 8 -3x + 5y . -x . 2x + 5y + 2z = 6 5x . 3x .y + 2z = 3 -x + 3y + z = 6 14. 2x + y + 3z = -2 x .z = 10 6. x .2z = -2 x + 2y = 0 8.NAME DATE PERIOD 3-5 Skills Practice Systems of Equations in Three Variables Solve each system of equations. x .2z = 12 16.2y .y .2y + z = 1 -x + y . -2z = -6 2x + 3y .z = 1 3x .c = 15 a .y + 8z = 0 x + 4y . Find the numbers. x + 4y .z = 4 3x . x + 2y . 2a + c = -10 b .z = 2 5x + 2y + 10z = 39 15.z = 6 -3x + 6y .5z = -5 y . 3x .6z = 6 y .7y = -29 z=1 5. The sum of the first and second numbers is 15.2z = -6 x + y + 4z = 3 10. 2. -2x + y + 2z = 2 3x + 3y + z = 0 x+y+z=2 19.2z = 19 18. 2x .2b + c = -5 3.2y + 2z = -2 x + 6y .4y + 3z = 0 x .z = -3 3x . 2x + 2y + 2z = -2 2x + 3y + 2z = 4 x + y + z = -1 13.3x = 0 13x + 2z = 2 9.2y + 3z = -12 17.5z = -3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 5 + 3n + p = 4 3 + 2n = 0 2 .5y + 2z = -12 x + 4y . and the first number is 3 times the third number.n + 3p = 8 12.6z = 3 11.5z = -5 4. Chapter 3 37 Glencoe Algebra 2 .y + 3z = 3 -2x + 2y . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. -3x + 2z = 1 4x + y .5z = 13 5x + 3y . Inc. 1. 3x . x + y + z = 3 13x + 2z = 2 -x .

y + 2z = -3 -3x + y + 2z = 5 7.4z = -2 3x . Inc. 1. 3x + 3y + z = 10 5x + 2y + 2z = 7 3x . 3m .3z = -3 3x + 2y + 4z = 5 -6x . How many touchdowns were made during the game? Chapter 3 38 Glencoe Algebra 2 .2z = 21 13.2y .z = 6 -4y + 2z = 1 19. The sum of the first and second numbers is -5. x + 5y .v + 2w = 7 17.y + 2z = 18 4.z = -21 5x + 2y + 2z = -21 14. The team scored one fewer 2-point conversions than extra kicks.NAME DATE PERIOD 3-5 Practice Systems of Equations in Three Variables Solve each system of equations.y .3y + 8z = 28 18. 2x .4h = 1 -2g .3z = 7 -4x + 10y + 2z = 6 6x . p + 4r = -7 p . the team can earn one point for the extra kick or two points for a 2-point conversion.4y .5y + 3z = 0 2x + 2y . 4x + 4y .2y + 3z = -9 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.3z = 22 4z = -16 5.3z = -18 3x .4y + 3z = -27 2x + 2y . 23.5y .2z = -2 2x + 3y . The third number is the sum of the first and second numbers. The sum of three numbers is -4.z = -19 22. Find the numbers. The first number is one more than the third number.3z = 27 21.3y + 2z = 17 8. a + b = 3 -b + c = 3 a + 2c = 10 6. 2x + y .y + 9z = -27 2x .z = 17 4x .y + 2z = 15 -x + y + z = 3 3x . 5x + 9y + z = 20 2x .3q = -8 q+r=1 10.15y . The team scored 10 times during the game. The second number decreased by the third is equal to the first. The sum of three numbers is 6.2z = 8 3x .2y + 5z = 22 -2x . x .4y . x .5y . Six points are awarded for each touchdown. d + 3e + f = 0 -d + 2e + f = -1 4d + e .6z = -3 -2x + 3y + z = 7 20.2n + 4p = 15 m-n+p=3 m + 4n .3y + 9z = 9 15. 24.3h + 8j = 5 3. 2g + 3h . 2x .3y .z = 4 11. 2x . 2x + 3y + 4z = 2 5x .5y + z = 5 3x + 2y . x .2y + z = -1 -x + 2y .z = -8 4x . Find the numbers.2y + 3z = 0 x . SPORTS Alexandria High School scored 37 points in a football game. 2x + y . 2x . 2u + v + w = 2 -3u + 2v + 3w = 7 -u .5p = 0 2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 4x + y + 5z = -9 x .z = -1 3x + 6y . 16.8j = 10 g . After each touchdown.2z = -4 9.f = 1 12.

NAME DATE PERIOD 4-1 Skills Practice Introduction to Matrices State the dimensions of each matrix. c33 14. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a12 Chapter 4 39 Glencoe Algebra 2 . ⎡ 9 6 7⎤ A= 2 5 0 . a33 11. Inc. ⎢ ⎣3 4 -4 5⎦ ⎡-1⎤ -1 6. b13 15. [0 15] ⎡3 2 ⎤ 3. ⎣ 0 8 12 -1⎦ ⎡8 1 6⎤ 7 0 2 C= . a21 13. -1 ⎣-3⎦ ⎢ Identify each element for the following matrices. -3 4 5 ⎣-2 7 9⎦ ⎢ ⎡9 3 -3 -6⎤ 5. ⎡ 3 2 4⎤ 1. ⎢ ⎣ 1 8⎦ ⎡ 6 1 2⎤ 4. c42 9. ⎣10 3 11 ⎦ ⎢ ⎡ 5 -2 4 3⎤ B=⎢ . b11 10. c14 12. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. ⎢ ⎣-1 4 0⎦ 2. b22 8. 4 9 5 ⎣3 12 10⎦ ⎢ 7.

a23 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. CONSTRUCTION During each of the last Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 three weeks. b. b23 5. ⎡ 4 9 A= 3 ⎣-1 ⎢ 7 0⎤ 8 -4 . 10.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-1 Practice Introduction to Matrices State the dimensions of each matrix. a32 8. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Write a 2 × 3 matrix that represents the cost of a ticket. Load 3 24 tons Load 3 32 tons Load 3 24 tons a. The table at the Load 2 32 tons Load 2 40 tons Load 2 24 tons right shows the amount of gravel in each load. Inc. TICKET PRICES The table at the right gives ticket prices for a concert. a42 6. [-3 -3 7] ⎡ 5 8 -1⎤ 2. b11 7. ⎢ ⎣-2 1 8⎦ ⎡-2 2 -2 3 ⎤ 3. 0 5 2 6⎦ ⎡ 2 6 -1 0 ⎤ B=⎢ . ⎣9 5 7 2⎦ 4. 1. What are the dimensions of the matrix? Chapter 4 40 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5 16 0 0 ⎣ 4 7 -1 4⎦ ⎢ Identify each element for the following matrices. Write a matrix for the amount of gravel in each load. b14 9. a road-building crew has used Load 1 40 tons Load 1 40 tons Load 1 32 tons three truckloads of gravel. Child Student Adult Cost Purchased in Advance Cost Purchased at the Door $6 $8 $12 $15 $18 $22 11.

[6 -3] . 3 0 .A 14. ⎡3 2 ⎤ ⎡2 2 ⎤ ⎡ -3 4 ⎤ A=⎢ . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. ⎢ -⎢ ⎣ -1 -1 ⎦ ⎣ 6 2 ⎦ ⎡ 4⎤ 3. -2 ⎢ +⎢ ⎣ 5 9 ⎦ ⎣1 1⎦ ⎡-4 6⎤ ⎡ 6 5⎤ 9.C 13. B. 3B 16. 2B + 3A Chapter 4 41 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 3[9 4 -3] 6.4[ 4 7 ] ⎡-2 5 ⎤ ⎡1 1⎤ 7.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-2 Skills Practice Operations with Matrices Perform the indicated operations. 5 10 1 + 2 -3 -2 ⎣-1 1⎦ ⎣ 1 0⎦ ⎡ 8⎤ ⎡ 2⎤ 8. B . and C to find the following. ⎣4 3⎦ ⎣ 1 -2 ⎦ ⎣ 3 1⎦ 11. A . If the matrix does not exist. Inc. 1. ⎢ +⎢ ⎣ 1 8 -6 ⎦ ⎣ 4 6 4 ⎦ 5. -5C 17. [3 1 6] + -1 ⎣ 2⎦ ⎢ ⎡ 5 -1 2 ⎤ ⎡ 9 9 2 ⎤ 4. and C = ⎢ . B .B=⎢ . Use matrices A. A + B 12.4C 18.2⎢ ⎣-4 7 5⎦ ⎣6 6 -3 ⎦ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.4 2 ⎣-3 ⎦ ⎣10 ⎦ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎡ 3 1 3⎤ ⎡1 -1 5 ⎤ 10. A + B + C 15. write impossible. [5 -4] + [4 5] ⎡ 8 3 ⎤ ⎡ 0 -7 ⎤ 2. 3 ⎢ .

C 9.3C 13. -3 ⎢ + 4⎢ ⎣ 17 -11 ⎦ ⎣-21 12 ⎦ ⎡1 ⎤ ⎡0 ⎤ ⎡10⎤ 5. and fiber between Mix B and Mix A expressed as a matrix.5C Women Businesses 27 41 35 Loan Amount ($) $567. 2003 2004 2005 12.000 $902. A . one for women and one for men. -2B .000 $777. − ⎢ + −⎢ 4 ⎣-16 20⎦ 3 ⎣ 54 -18 ⎦ ⎡ 4 -1 0 ⎤ ⎡-2 4 5 ⎤ ⎡ 10 -8 6 ⎤ Use matrices A = ⎢ . 3 7 + 7 -11 ⎣14 -9 ⎦ ⎣-8 17 ⎦ ⎢ ⎢ ⎡ 4⎤ ⎡-67 ⎤ 2.2⎢ ⎣4 7 9 ⎦ ⎣ 7 2 -6 ⎦ 8 12⎤ 2 ⎡ 27 -9 ⎤ 3⎡ 6. fat. a. Find the sum of the numbers of new businesses and loan amounts for both men and women over the three-year period expressed as a matrix. 4B .000 Men Businesses 36 32 28 Loan Amount ($) $864. write impossible.B 8. ECONOMICS Use the table that shows loans by an economic development board to women and men starting new businesses. Find the difference in the percent of protein.000 $672. -3B 10. If the matrix does not exist. and C = ⎢ to find ⎣ -3 6 2 ⎦ ⎣ 1 0 9⎦ ⎣-6 -4 20 ⎦ the following. 14.45 ⎣ 18⎦ ⎣-24 ⎦ ⎢ ⎢ ⎡-1 ⎡ -3 16 ⎤ 0⎤ 3. b. ⎡ 2 -1 ⎤ ⎡-6 9⎤ 1. -2 ⎢ + 4 ⎢ .A 11. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.000 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.B=⎢ .⎢ ⎣ 2⎦ ⎣ 5⎦ ⎣18⎦ ⎡2 -1 8 ⎤ ⎡-1 4 -3 ⎤ 4. 7. PET NUTRITION Use the table that gives nutritional information for two types of dog food. Inc. A .NAME DATE PERIOD 4-2 Practice Operations with Matrices Perform the indicated operations. % Protein Mix A Mix B 22 24 % Fat 12 8 % Fiber 5 8 Chapter 4 42 Glencoe Algebra 2 .000 $562. A + 0. Write two matrices that represent the number of new businesses and loan amounts. -71 . 7 ⎢ .

⎡-4 4⎤ ⎡3 -3⎤ 15. 6 · ⎢ ⎣8⎦ ⎣-3⎦ ⎡5 6⎤ ⎡2 -5⎤ 8.B) = cA . [-3 4] · ⎢ ⎣2 2⎦ ⎡ 5⎤ ⎡4⎤ 13. If so.C=⎢ . ⎢ · 2 ⎣1 1 0 ⎦ ⎣2⎦ ⎢ ⎡2 1⎤ ⎡-3 2⎤ ⎡3 -1⎤ . and c = 2 to determine whether the Use A = ⎢ ⎣2 1⎦ ⎣ 5 1⎦ ⎣1 0⎦ following equations are true for the given matrices. A6 × 4 · B4 × 5 ⎡2⎤ 7. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. A2 × 5 · B5 × 1 3. ⎢ · [2 -3 -2] ⎣ 3⎦ ⎡ 2 -2⎤ ⎡0 3⎤ 14. X3 × 3 · Y3 × 4 Find each product. c (AC) = A(cC) 18. 4 5 · ⎢ ⎣3 0⎦ ⎣-3 1⎦ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Inc. ⎢ · ⎢ ⎣-2⎦ ⎣-1 1⎦ ⎡-1 ⎤ 12. -2 1 · ⎢ ⎣0 2⎦ ⎣ 2 3⎦ ⎡2⎤ ⎡0 1 1 ⎤ 16.cB Chapter 4 43 Glencoe Algebra 2 . B(A + C) = AB + BC 20. state the dimensions of the product. M1 × 3 · N3 × 2 4. 17.B=⎢ . ⎢ ⎣-1 1⎦ ⎣-2⎦ ⎡0 -1⎤ 11. if possible. B3 × 2 · A3 × 2 5. 2. [3 2] · ⎢ ⎣1⎦ ⎡ 1 3⎤ ⎡ 3⎤ ·⎢ 9. c (A .NAME DATE PERIOD 4-3 Skills Practice Multiplying Matrices Determine whether each matrix product is defined. AB = BA 19. ⎢ ·⎢ ⎣2 1⎦ ⎣3 1⎦ ⎡ 3⎤ ⎡ 1 3⎤ 10. R4 × 4 · S4 × 1 6.

(AB)c = c(AB) 19.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-3 Practice Multiplying Matrices Determine whether each matrix product is defined. ⎢ ⎣ 3 -1 ⎦ ⎣ 6 0 -5⎦ ⎡-3 0 ⎤ ⎡ 2 4⎤ ·⎢ 9. ⎢ ⎣ 2 5 ⎦ ⎣ 7 -1⎦ ⎡ 1⎤ 3 ⎣-1 ⎦ ⎡ 2 4⎤ ⎡-3 0⎤ 8. M3 × 2 · A3 × 2 2. ⎢ · ⎢ ⎣ 7 -1⎦ ⎣ 2 5⎦ ⎡ 3 -2 7 ⎤ ⎡ 3 -2 7⎤ 10. c. ⎡ 2 4 ⎤ ⎡ 3 -2 7⎤ ·⎢ 7. Inc. the Montoyas can rent a 2-bedroom condominium for $1796. [4 0 2] · ⎢ 12. (A + C)B = B(A + C) 2-Bedroom Sun Haven Surfside Seabreeze 36 29 18 3-Bedroom 24 32 22 4-Bedroom 22 42 18 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Write a matrix that represents the number of each type of unit available at each complex and a matrix that represents the weekly charge for each type of unit. a. ⎢ ·⎢ ⎣ 6 0 -5 ⎦ ⎣ 6 0 -5⎦ ⎡ 1⎤ 3 · [4 0 2] ⎣-1 ⎦ 11. P1 × 9 · Q9 × 1 3. state the dimensions of the product. [-15 -9] · ⎢ ⎣23 -10⎦ ⎡1 3⎤ ⎡ 4 0⎤ ⎡-1 0⎤ Use A = ⎢ . 1. What is the total income of all three complexes for the week? Chapter 4 44 Glencoe Algebra 2 . If so. M2 × 1 · A1 × 6 6. and c = 3 to determine whether the ⎣3 1⎦ ⎣-2 -1⎦ ⎣ 0 -1⎦ following equations are true for the given matrices. ⎢ ·⎢ ⎣ 3 -1⎦ ⎣0 5⎦ ⎡ 6 11⎤ 14. The table shows the number of units in each of three complexes. express the income of each of the three complexes as a matrix. A(B + C) = BA + CA 18. If all of the units in the three complexes are rented for the week at the rates given the Montoyas. A3 × 5 · M5 × 8 5. 15. a 3-bedroom condominium for $2165. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. ⎢ ⎡-6 2⎤ ⎡5 0⎤ 13. 16. AC = CA 17.C=⎢ . or a 4-bedroom condominium for $2538.B=⎢ . RENTALS For their one-week vacation. A7 × 4 · B4 × 3 4. if possible. b. P9 × 1 · Q1 × 9 Find each product.

Write the translation matrix. Find the coordinates of A'B'C'. Find the coordinates of the image c. O x c. 3). DEF in a y b. a. Find the coordinates of X'Y'Z'. Write the coordinates of vertex matrix. x d. 2. 3). Write the reflection matrix for this situation. O x b. a. 4. c. 1). The triangle is dilated so that its perimeter is twice the original perimeter. -3) is translated 3 units right and 1 unit down. B(0. S(2. XYZ in a y b. Write the rotation matrix for this situation. Find the coordinates of d. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a. 5) is rotated 180º counterclockwise about the origin.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-4 Skills Practice Transformations with Matrices y 1. Triangle ABC with vertices A(2. The vertices of RST are R(-3. and C(-3. 4). Graph RST and R'S'T'. RST in a R'S'T '. The triangle is reflected over the x-axis. -1). Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 3). Graph DEF and D'E'F'. -1). D'E'F '. Triangle XYZ with vertices X(1. 0). O x y b. -3). Graph the preimage and the image. The vertices of DEF are D(4. O c. Y(-4. Inc. and F(2. E(0. and T(1. 1). Graph the preimage and the image. 3. Write the coordinates of vertex matrix. Write the coordinates of vertex matrix. and Z(-2. a. Chapter 4 45 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

(4. Write the reflection matrix for this situation. and (9. 2). O y b. The vertices of RST are R(6. (3. If the Bradleys wish to move the island 1. b. The quadrilateral is reflected in the y-axis. ARCHITECTURE Using architectural design software. -2). Write the coordinates of ABCD in a vertex matrix. B(0. The vertices of quadrilateral ABCD are A(-3. 5). R'S'T '. 8). Quadrilateral WXYZ with vertices W(-3. Graph RST and R'S'T'.5. Graph ABCD and A'B'C'D'. C(4. (8. 2). what will the new coordinates of the vertices be? Chapter 4 46 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a. O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Find the coordinates of the image c. a. O x 2. If design changes require rotating the triangle 90º counterclockwise. Inc. 2). 11). The triangle is dilated so that its perimeter is one half the original perimeter. 5). and Z(3. 3). 1). Write the translation matrix. 0) on a grid. BUSINESS The design of a business logo calls for locating the vertices of a triangle at (1. They place the corners of an island at (2. X(-2. 8). a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. -3). c. -4). Y(4. 5). y d. x 3. a. b. and (1. Find the coordinates of A'B'C'D'. the Bradleys plot their kitchen plans on a grid with each unit representing 1 foot. and D(-2.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-4 Practice Transformations with Matrices y 1. and T(-2. Graph the preimage and the image. what will the new coordinates of its corners be? 5. 4. S(3. c. 4).5 feet to the right and 2 feet down. 1). Find the coordinates of quadrilateral W' X' Y' Z'. Write the coordinates of RST in a vertex matrix. 0) is translated 1 unit left and 3 units down.

⎪10 9⎥ 5 8 ⎪0 9⎥ 5 8 1 ⎪-3 -7⎥ 8 3. ⎪-1 -3⎥ 5 -2 2 ⎪-1 2⎥ 4 15. 9. 18. ⎪1 -5⎥ 1 6 -5 ⎪3 -11⎥ 6 11. ⎪-5 8 2 -6 ⎥ 8. 3 2 5 2 3 1 ⎪ ⎥ 3 -1 2 23. 1 -1 4 3 -1 0 ⎪ ⎥ Glencoe Algebra 2 Chapter 4 . 1 0 4 3 -2 0 ⎥ 47 3 2 2 24. ⎪-1 6⎥ 2 5 Evaluate each determinant using diagonals. ⎪-12 4⎥ 1 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. ⎪5 2⎥ 1 3 ⎪2 5⎥ 3 1 2. 5 2 -1 1 3 -2 ⎪ ⎪ ⎥ 2 6 1 21.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-5 Skills Practice Determinants and Cramer’s Rule Evaluate each determinant. ⎪1 6⎥ 1 7 4. ⎪-1 2⎥ 0 4 17. Inc. 10. 6. 1 ⎪-3 -3⎥ 4 12. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 3 2 -1 2 3 -2 ⎪ ⎥ 6 -1 1 20. ⎪3 12⎥ 2 8 9 ⎪-4 -2⎥ 1 7. 5. 3 5 -1 2 1 -2 ⎪ ⎥ 2 -1 6 22. 2 -1 1 19. 13. 14. 1. ⎪-1 -14⎥ 5 2 16.

2y = -8 20.4y = -42 17. GEOMETRY Find the area of a triangle whose vertices have coordinates (3. Inc.75 -4⎥ 5 2. -5). ⎪2 -1 ⎥ 3 -9. Use Cramer’s Rule to solve each system of equation.5 9. ⎪1 6⎥ 2 7 ⎪-14 -3⎥ 2 -2 3 ⎪3. − + − = 2 y 2 4 y x − . All of the parcels are mapped on a grid in which 1 unit represents 1 acre.y = 0 x 21. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.3y = -14 4x . LAND MANAGEMENT A fish and wildlife management organization uses a GIS (geographic information system) to store and analyze data for the parcels of land it manages. and (2.3 ⎥ Evaluate each determinant using expansion by diagonals. -2x . (6. 6x + 6y = 9 4x . 10). (6. 5. ⎪9 6⎥ 3 2 4 ⎪-12 -3⎥ 4 3.6 = 3y 5y = 54 + 3x 18.4 -0. 26. 2 -1 1 3 -2 5 ⎪ ⎥ 2 7 -6 14. 3 0 9 -1 5 7 ⎪ ⎥ 2 1 1 12. If the coordinates of the corners of a parcel are (-8. 17). 7 5 -1 4 2 -6 ⎪ ⎥ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 4 1 ⎪-2 -5⎥ -5 ⎪2 -11⎥ 5 4. 16. 1.− = -6 4 6 25. 8 4 0 1 -1 3 ⎪ ⎥ -12 0 3 15.7 -0. 4x . and (-4. 1 -1 -2 1 1 -1 ⎪ ⎥ 0 -4 0 13.5 0. 8. how many acres is the parcel? Chapter 4 48 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5). 7.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-5 Practice Determinants and Cramer’s Rule Evaluate each determinant. -2 3 1 10. 5x . 10). 6. 0 4 -3 2 5 -1 ⎪ ⎥ 2 -4 1 11. 5x + 4y = 10 -3x .2y = -4 3x + y = 18 19. ⎪0. -4).

X = ⎢ 0 ⎡ -1 4 ⎤ .Y= ⎣ 1 2⎦ ⎦ ⎢ 1 2 -− − 3 1 − 6 ⎤ ⎣ 3 1 − 6⎦ ⎡ 2 3 ⎤ − − ⎡ 4 -3 ⎤ 11 11 7. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. -3a + b = -9 5a . ⎢ 14.3q = 6 2p + 3q = -6 16.Y=⎢ ⎣1 1⎦ ⎣ 1 1⎦ ⎡2 3⎤ ⎡ -1 3 ⎤ . -x . V = ⎢ ⎡ 0 7⎤ 0 .E=⎢ ⎣ -4 4 ⎦ ⎣ -0. G = ⎢ . 9. ⎢ 13. 15.2b = 14 Chapter 4 49 Glencoe Algebra 2 .3y = 2 -4x . p .W= 1 ⎣ -7 0 ⎦ − ⎣7 ⎢ 1 -− 7 ⎤ 6. 2m + 2n = -8 6m + 4n = -18 18. Inc. if it exists. ⎢ ⎡0 2⎤ ⎣4 0⎦ 10.125 ⎦ Find the inverse of each matrix. D =⎢ ⎡ -4 -4 ⎤ ⎡ -0. 1. ⎢ Use a matrix equation to solve each system of equations.B=⎢ ⎣ -1 2 ⎦ ⎣ 1 -2 ⎦ ⎡ 5. ⎢ ⎡1 1⎤ ⎣3 2⎦ ⎡ -2 -4 ⎤ ⎣ 6 0⎦ ⎡ 3 6⎤ ⎣ -1 -2 ⎦ 11.125 -0.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-6 Skills Practice Inverse Matrices and Systems of Equations ⎡1 0⎤ ⎡ -1 0 ⎤ .125 ⎤ .N=⎢ ⎣ 0 3⎦ ⎣ 0 -3 ⎦ ⎡ 4. X =⎢ 2. M = ⎢ ⎡ -1 0 ⎤ ⎡ -1 0 ⎤ . ⎢ ⎡9 3⎤ ⎣6 2⎦ ⎡ 1 -1 ⎤ ⎣3 3⎦ 12.125 -0.H= 1 4 ⎣1 2⎦ -− − 11 11 ⎦ ⎣ ⎢ 8. P = ⎢ 3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.5y = 1 17. A = ⎢ ⎡ -2 5 ⎤ ⎡ 2 -5 ⎤ .Q=⎢ ⎣1 1⎦ ⎣ 1 -2 ⎦ Determine whether the matrices in each pair are inverses.

y (4. A = ⎢ . ⎡ 4 5⎤ ⎡2 7. Use matrix multiplication to find BA if B = ⎢ ⎣ 0 1. Describe the transformation. P = ⎢ . 6.Y=⎢ ⎣5 3⎦ -3 ⎦ ⎡1 1 ⎤ − -− ⎡ 3 1⎤ 5 10 3. CODES Use the alphabet table below and the inverse of coding matrix C = ⎢ ⎣2 1⎦ to decode this message: 19 | 14 | 11 | 13 | 11 | 22 | 55 | 65 | 57 | 60 | 2 | 1 | 52 | 47 | 33 | 51 | 56 | 55. 2) (5.B= 2 3 ⎣ -4 2 ⎦ − − 5 10 ⎦ ⎣ ⎢ ⎡ 3 1⎤ − − ⎡ 6 -2 ⎤ 14 7 4. X = ⎢ ⎡ -3 ⎣ 5 ⎡3 2⎤ 2⎤ . 1.5 ⎦ O c. ⎢ 0⎤ 5⎦ 5⎤ 3⎦ ⎡ -1 3 ⎤ ⎣ 4 -7 ⎦ ⎡ 2 -5 ⎤ ⎣3 1⎦ 10. 1) x (2. d. CODE A H 1 8 B I P 2 9 16 C J 3 10 D 4 E L S Z 5 F 6 G 7 K 11 R 18 Y 25 12 M 13 19 26 T – 20 0 N 14 U 21 O 15 V Q 17 X 24 22 W 23 Chapter 4 50 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Write the vertex matrix A for the rectangle. 5. Make a conjecture about what transformation B-1 describes on a coordinate plane. a. Find the inverse of each matrix. Inc. if it exists. Graph the vertices of the transformed quadrilateral on the previous graph. All square matrices have multiplicative inverses. GEOMETRY Use the figure at the right. 4) (1.N=⎢ ⎣ 3 2⎦ 1⎤ -2 ⎦ 2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. b.Q= 1 3 ⎣ -2 3 ⎦ − − ⎣ 7 7⎦ ⎢ Determine whether each statement is true or false. ⎢ ⎡ 2 ⎣ -1 11.NAME DATE PERIOD 4-6 ⎡2 ⎣3 Practice Inverse Matrices and Systems of Equations Determine whether each pair of matrices are inverses. All square matrices have multiplicative identities. ⎢ 12. ⎢ ⎡4 6⎤ ⎣6 9⎦ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. M = ⎢ ⎡ -2 1⎤ . ⎡1 2⎤ 14. 13.5 0 ⎤ . ⎢ ⎣ -4 -3 ⎦ ⎣3 9. ⎢ 8. –1) ⎡ 1.

Then state the domain and range of the function. f(x) = x2 . the equation of the axis of symmetry. f(x) = 2x2 + 4x + 1 10. 1.15 13. f(x) = -8x2 6. Find the y-intercept.11 14. b. f(x) = -2x2 2. Use this information to graph the function. c. 4.3 8. Inc. f(x) = x2 . f(x) = 3x2 11.4x + 4 3.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-1 Skills Practice Graphing Quadratic Functions Complete parts a–c for each quadratic function. f(x) = 2x2 . f(x) = -2x2 + 8x + 7 Chapter 5 51 Glencoe Algebra 2 . f(x) = -x2 + 6x . and find that value. f(x) = 6x2 5. Make a table of values that includes the vertex. f(x) = x2 . Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. f(x) = x2 + 2x 7. f(x) = -2x2 + 4x . a. and the x-coordinate of the vertex. f(x) = x2 + 1 12.10x + 5 15. f(x) = 3x2 + 12x + 3 9.6x + 8 f(x) f (x) x f(x) O O O x x Determine whether each function has a maximum or a minimum value.

a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. f(x) = 2x2 . f (x) = x2 .24 3 10.−x2 + 8x . What price should the club charge to maximize the income from the aerobics classes? b. f (x) = -x2 + 4x . The club wants to increase the class price this year.1 2 9.4x + 12 3. f(x) = 2x2 + 4x . HEALTH CLUBS Last year. find the maximum height reached by the ball and the time that this height is reached. Use this information to graph the function. the SportsTime Athletic Club charged $20 to participate in an aerobics class. the equation of the axis of symmetry. a. and find that value. 1. They expect to lose one customer for each $1 increase in the price. Seventy people attended the classes. 7. What is the maximum income the SportsTime Athletic Club can expect to make? Chapter 5 52 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4.8 5. f (x) = .6 8. Make a table of values that includes the vertex. 11. a.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-1 Practice Graphing Quadratic Functions Complete parts a–c for each quadratic function. Find the y-intercept.2x + 1 f (x) f(x) f(x) O x O x O x Determine whether each function has a maximum or minimum value. f(x) = x2 . f (x) = x2 + 2x .8x + 15 2. v(x) = -x2 + 14x . The height h(t) of the ball t seconds after Susan throws it is given by h(t) = -16t2 + 32t + 4.57 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. and the x-coordinate of the vertex. f(x) = -x2 . b. Susan throws a ball upward with a velocity of 32 feet per second. Then state the domain and range of the function. GRAVITATION From 4 feet above a swimming pool. c.6x + 14 6. For t ≥ 0.

9 = 0 f(x) = -x2 .4 = 0 f(x) x 6.3 = 0 f (x) 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 f(x) = x2 + 2x . 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 4. 5.6x .NAME DATE PERIOD 5-2 Skills Practice Solving Quadratic Equations By Graphing Use the related graph of each equation to determine its solutions. state the consecutive integers between which the roots are located. Inc. 3x2 + 4x + 3 = 0 f (x) 12 8 -4 -6 -8 f(x) = 3x2 + 4x + 3 –6 –4 –2 4 O x Solve each equation.3 2 4x 2.6x + 5 = 0 f(x) O Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. x2 . x2 + 2x .6x .9 -6 -4 -2 O -2 f(x) x 3. -x2 .6x + 4 = 0 f (x) O O x x 7. -x2 + 2x . If exact roots cannot be found. -x2 + 36 = 0 f(x) O x O x Chapter 5 53 Glencoe Algebra 2 .4x = 0 f (x) 8. -x2 . x2 .

where h(t) is the height of an object in feet. GRAVITY Use the formula h(t) = v0t . how long after she releases the ball will it hit the ground? b. -x2 + 5x . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ignoring Marta’s height. Marta throws a baseball with an initial upward velocity of 60 feet per second. x2 . -3x2 + 3 = 0 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 -4 -2 2 x f (x) 2.16t2. Inc.6 = 0 f (x) f(x) O f(x) x O x O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. If exact roots cannot be found.3x + 2 = 0 8 6 4 2 -4 -2 O 2 4x f(x) Solve each equation. 4. -2x2 .x . and t is the time in seconds. a. state the consecutive integers between which the roots are located. How long will it take the boulder to hit the ground if it lands at the same elevation from which it was ejected? Chapter 5 54 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2x2 . 3x2 + x + 3 = 0 f(x) 8 6 4 2 O 2 4x 3. 7. -x2 + x + 6 = 0 f (x) 8. 1.8 = 0 f(x) O x O x 9. A volcanic eruption blasts a boulder upward with an initial velocity of 240 feet per second. v0 is the object’s initial velocity in feet per second.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-2 Practice Solving Quadratic Equations By Graphing Use the related graph of each equation to determine its solutions. x2 + 10x + 24 = 0 6.6x + 5 = 0 5.

13. Solve each equation by factoring. m2 + 7m .5 9.18 8.10 = 0 25. x2 .15 10.−. -9 3. 4p2 + 4p .3x + 2 = 0 16. 4 2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.3x . − 2 4 Factor each polynomial. x2 . 1. 1.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-3 Skills Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring Write a quadratic equation in standard form with the given root(s). 2x2 + 5x . .−. 4x2 + 5x .10 = 0 19.6 = 0 24.3 = 0 23.4x + 3 = 0 17. x2 = 64 14. c2 . 0. x2 .3x . x2 . Inc. 3y2 + 21y + 36 12.3 = 0 18.100 = 0 15. x2 + 2x . . -2. -3 3 4.4x = 21 22. 4z2 + 4z . 6. NUMBER THEORY Find two consecutive integers whose product is 272. 2x2 . 7 1 3 6. x2 .100 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 3x2 .13x .9x = 0 21. x2 .6x + 5 = 0 20. -5 1 5. Chapter 5 55 Glencoe Algebra 2 .24 11. 7. x2 .

-3 6.6x + 8 = 0 20. −. x2 . r3 + 3r2 . 1. 2 3 7 9. 36x2 = 25 17. 8a2 + 2a . 5x2 .81 Solve each equation by factoring. 16r2 . 7x2 = 4x 23. Inc. PHOTOGRAPHY The length and width of a 6-inch by 8-inch photograph are reduced by the same amount to make a new photograph whose area is half that of the original. 8 4. 10x2 = 9x 24. 30. 29.90 = 0 28. b4 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 7. By how many inches will the dimensions of the photograph have to be reduced? Chapter 5 56 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 10.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-3 Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring Write a quadratic equation in standard form with the given root(s). c2 . 0. -7. NUMBER THEORY Find two consecutive odd positive integers whose product is 323. -5.169 15. 0. x2 + 12x = -36 26.35x + 60 = 0 27. -4 1 7. 3 3. x2 + 3x + 2 = 0 21. NUMBER THEORY Find two consecutive even positive integers whose product is 624. − 2 1 8. 19. Find the dimensions of the rectangle if its area is 63 square feet. x2 .8x . . x3 + 8 14. x2 . 16. 3. x2 . 2 2.− 2 Factor each polynomial. x2 = 2x + 99 25. 1.6 12. 31. -8 5.12 = 0 18.4x . -6. 2x2 .4x = 0 22. GEOMETRY The length of a rectangle is 2 feet more than its width.49 13.16x + 64 = 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.54r 11.

27 √− 49 3. (10 .16 = 0 21. 24. √99 Skills Practice Complex Numbers 2. 14.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-4 Simplify. (-3 + 5i) + (18 . (7 .6i)(2 . √-81x6 6. √-23 √-46 7. (4 + ) + (2m)i = 9 + 14i 26.4i) 11.4i) 8 .7i) 12. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.14)i = 1 + 7i Chapter 5 57 Glencoe Algebra 2 .m) + (7 . 4x2 + 20 = 0 20. − 3i 3i 16. -x2 . 17. √52x3y5 4.8i) + (-12 .(7 + 3i) 13.3i) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. i 11 9. (3i)(-2i)(5i) 8. Inc. (3 + 4i)(3 . (3 .16i = 3 . x2 + 18 = 0 22. . 20 . 5x2 + 125 = 0 19. √-108x7 5.12i = 5 + (4m)i 25. 3x2 + 3 = 0 18. (7 . − 4 + 2i Solve each equation. 8x2 + 96 = 0 Find the values of and m that make each equation true.(2m)i 23.4i) .6i 15. 1. i 65 10.

4m2 + 76 = 0 26. 2m2 + 10 = 0 25.11i) (8 . 15 .3i 29. i 55 10. (28 .5i) 17.(10 . (-12 + 48i) + (15 + 21i) 9. find the voltage E in a circuit when the current I is 3 .NAME DATE PERIOD 5-4 Simplify.8i 3-i 20. √-8 √-32 3. − 2-i 2 . (8 . 33. − 7 .6i) + (9 + 11i) 8. (6 .ℓ) + (3m)i = -12 + 27i 31. -5m2 .4i) . − x2 + 12 = 0 4 Find the values of ℓ and m that make each equation true.10)i = 3 . -2m2 . 22.2i) + (-13 . (5 .m)i = 16 . (7 .30i) 13. Inc. Add these complex numbers to find the total impedance in the circuit. i 42 7.6 = 0 3 27. (7i)2(6i) 6. 28.j amps and the impedance Z is 3 + 2j ohms.8i) 12. i 89 11.6i) 18.30i) 14.28i = 3ℓ + (4m)i 30. − 2 19. 1. ELECTRICITY The impedance in one part of a series circuit is 1 + 3j ohms and the impedance in another part of the circuit is 7 . √-36 Practice Complex Numbers 2. Chapter 5 58 Glencoe Algebra 2 .(48 .65 = 0 23.4i) (6 + 4i) 15. − 1 + 3i Solve each equation. (-3i) (4i)(-5i) 5.6i 32.5j ohms. (7 + m) + (4ℓ . Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (10 + 15i) . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. (7 + 2i) (9 . √-15 √-25 4. (4 + 3i) (2 . ELECTRICITY Using the formula E = IZ. (3ℓ + 4) + (3 . (6 .11i) 6 + 5i -2i 16. 5n2 + 35 = 0 24.4i 21.

4x + 1 = 9 5. x2 = -11 24. Inc. 1. 2x2 + 7x .1 = 0 21.2x + 1 = 5 7. x2 . x2 . x2 .x . x2 .4x . x2 + 12x + 36 = 25 4. x2 . x2 + x . x2 . 4x2 . x2 + 10x + c 10.8x + 16 = 1 2. x2 + 4x + 4 = 1 3. 3x2 + 2x . x2 + 24x + c Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.9x + c 14. x2 . 9. x2 + 16x + 64 = 15 Find the value of c that makes each trinomial a perfect square.6 = 0 18. Then write the trinomial as a perfect square.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-5 Skills Practice Completing the Square Solve each equation by using the Square Root Property. x2 + 4x + 4 = 2 6.13 = 0 19.14x + c 11. x2 + 5x + c 13. x2 + 3x = 0 17. Round to the nearest hundredth if necessary. x2 .x + c Solve each equation by completing the square.13x + 36 = 0 16. 12.6x + 9 = 7 8. x2 + 3x .3 = 0 23. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.4 = 0 20.2x + 4 = 0 Chapter 5 59 Glencoe Algebra 2 .6 = 0 22. x2 . x2 . 15.

36x + c 5 18. x2 . x2 + 11x + c 13.0. 2x2 + 5x + 6 = 0 30.6x + 1 = 2 Find the value of c that makes each trinomial a perfect square. x2 . 9x2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 7x2 + 6x + 2 = 0 31. 10. x2 . at what interest rate was it invested? Chapter 5 60 Glencoe Algebra 2 .14x + 49 = 9 5.2x + 1 = 2 9. x2 . x2 + 3x + 6 = 0 29. x2 + 6x + 8 = 0 22.5x + 2 = 0 24. x2 . where r is the interest rate compounded annually. x2 . x2 + 16x .3 = 0 26. 3x2 . 2x2 . x2 + 0.8x + c 5 16. the surface area of the new cube is 864 square inches. x2 + 6x + 9 = 1 3. 19. x2 + 8x + 16 = 1 2.2. x2 + 18 = 9x 20. x2 + − x + c 6 14.5 = 0 27.6x + 9 = 5 8.− x + c 3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.14x + 19 = 0 21. 4x2 + 12x + 9 = 4 6.2x + c 1 17. If an investment of $800 in the account grows to $882 in two years. 3x2 + x . x2 .8x + 16 = 8 7. x2 + 12x + c 11. 2x2 + 8x . x2 . 1. INVESTMENTS The amount of money A in an account in which P dollars are invested for 2 years is given by the formula A = P(1 + r)2.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-5 Practice Completing the Square Solve each equation by using the Square Root Property. x2 . x2 + 10x + 25 = 16 4.10x + 5 = 0 28. x2 + x .− x + c 4 15. Then write the trinomial as a perfect square.7 = 0 25. Inc. x2 . What were the dimensions of the original cube? 32.20x + c 12. Solve each equation by completing the square.2 = 0 23. Round to the nearest hundredth if necessary. GEOMETRY When the dimensions of a cube are reduced by 4 inches on each side.

Find the value of the discriminant.6 = 0 7. x2 . x2 .3 = 0 5.x . 2x2 + 10x + 11 = 0 23. Find the exact solutions by using the Quadratic Formula. 1.x = 30 17.2x . x2 . x2 + 8x + 13 = 0 8. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.11 = 0 19. x2 = 64 15. x2 . PARACHUTING Ignoring wind resistance. the distance d(t) in feet that a parachutist falls in t seconds can be estimated using the formula d(t) = 16t2.6 = 0 6. 13. a.30 = 0 16. 2x2 .3x = -2 Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. 8x2 + 1 = 4x 14. x2 . Inc.26 = 0 3. x2 .2x = 0 4.17 = 0 10.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-6 Skills Practice The Quadratic Formula and the Discriminant Complete parts a-c for each quadratic equation.27 = 0 18.11x . how many seconds pass before she opens the parachute? Chapter 5 61 Glencoe Algebra 2 .x + 1 = 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. x2 + 25 = 0 21.1 = 0 9. If a parachutist jumps from an airplane and falls for 1100 feet before opening her parachute.8x . 3x2 . b.24x . x2 . 16x2 .8x + 16 = 0 2.4x . 5x2 . c. Describe the number and type of roots. x2 . 2x2 . 2x2 + 2x + 3 = 0 25.7x + 4 = 0 24. x2 . 3x2 + 36 = 0 22. 5x2 . 12. x2 + 49 = 0 11.17 = 0 20. 20x2 + 7x .

6x2 .2x + 4 = 0 22.8x + 1 = 0 29. c.4 = 0 25. x2 . x2 . 12x2 .3x = 40 19. 7x2 + 6x + 2 = 0 24.6 = 0 23.1 = 4x2 14. x2 = 4x .20x . 18. what is the fastest it could have been traveling when the driver applied the brakes? Chapter 5 62 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Describe the number and type of roots.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-6 Practice The Quadratic Formula and the Discriminant Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula.6x + 3 = 0 9. x2 . x2 . If a car stops in 200 feet. 4x2 . Find the value of the discriminant. 3x2 + 8x = 3 5. 2x2 .6 = 0 30.2 = 0 20. 4x2 .x .9 = 0 4. 1. 5x2 .3x2 . 8x . 4x2 .16x + 64 = 0 16. x2 = 3x 17.21 = 4x 6. 3x2 . 12x2 + 2x . At what times will the object be at a height of 56 feet? 31.2x . a.14x + 53 = 0 10.15 2.4x + 17 = 0 13. 4x2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. x2 + 3x + 6 = 0 27. 3x2 = -54 11. 2x2 + 7x = 0 21. 9x2 .12x + 7 = 0 Complete parts a-c for each quadratic equation. x2 . 25x2 . 16x2 .24x + 16 = 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.1s estimates the minimum stopping distance d in feet for a car traveling s miles per hour.5x = 0 3.1 = 0 26. 15. GRAVITATION The height h(t) in feet of an object t seconds after it is propelled straight up from the ground with an initial velocity of 60 feet per second is modeled by the equation h(t) = -16t2 + 60t.13x + 4 = 0 7. 7x2 . STOPPING DISTANCE The formula d = 0. Inc. Find the exact solutions by using the Quadratic Formula. 15x2 + 22x = -8 8. b.6 = 0 12.6 = 0 28.5x . 3x2 + 9x .05s2 + 1.

NAME DATE PERIOD 5-7 Skills Practice Transformations with Quadratic Functions Write each quadratic function in vertex form. 10. y = -3(x + 5)2 5.2x .− (x + 2)2 2 y O x 14. y = (x .4)2 . y = x2 + 6x + 4 y O O x x Chapter 5 63 Glencoe Algebra 2 . y = -3x2 + 24x Graph each function. y = -x2 + 4 3. y = (x . y = -5x2 + 9 6. y = x2 . y = -(x . and direction of opening. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Then identify the vertex.6 4. y = -3x2 + 4 y 15. Inc.2)2 .4 y O x O x O x 1 13.1 y 11.2)2 2. y = (x . 1.5 8. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. y = . y = x2 . y = (x + 1)2 + 2 y 12. axis of symmetry.3)2 .18 7. y = x2 + 6x + 2 9.

and when does this occur? 16.NAME DATE PERIOD 5-7 Practice Transformations with Quadratic Functions Write each equation in vertex form. y = 2x2 + 12x + 18 6.24x . y = 2x2 + 16x + 29 Graph each function. 3) that passes through (-2. Write an equation for a parabola with vertex at (-3. axis of symmetry.6x + 5 7. 15. 1. y = 2x2 . Write an equation for a parabola with vertex at (1. Write a quadratic function in vertex form that describes the shape of the outside of the arc.16x . 10. 14. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. y = -4x2 + 8x 4. y = 3x2 . O x O x 13. SCULPTURE A modern sculpture in a park contains a parabolic arc that starts at the ground and reaches a maximum height of 10 feet after a horizontal distance of 4 feet. BASEBALL The height h of a baseball t seconds after being hit is given by h(t) = -16t2 + 80t + 3. y = -3x2 + 18x . y = -2x2 . y = 2x2 + 2 3.5 y 12. Inc.25 2. -15). where y is the height of a point on the arc and x is its horizontal distance from the left-hand starting point of the arc.2x + 1 y O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. y = -x2 + 6x . 4 ft 10 ft Chapter 5 64 Glencoe Algebra 2 . and direction of opening.1 y 11. y = -6x2 . What is the maximum height that the baseball reaches. 18). Then identify the vertex. y = (x + 3)2 . 0) that passes through (3.21 9.32 8. y = x2 + 10x + 20 5.

9x2 + 12x + 9 < 0 Chapter 5 65 Glencoe Algebra 2 .6x + 9 ≤ 0 y 8 6 4 2 –2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.3x .4 y 3. 5. -x2 .5 y O x O x O x Solve each inequality by graphing.18x + 81 ≤ 0 11.4x + 32 ≥ 0 y 12 30 18 6 6. x2 . -x2 .NAME DATE PERIOD 5-8 Skills Practice Quadratic Inequalities Graph each inequality. x2 + 9x + 18 ≤ 0 16.10x + 25 ≥ 0 17.12 > 0 15. 1. x2 + 7x + 6 < 0 14. -x2 . x2 . x2 + 3x > 0 19. x2 + 2x .2x + 15 ≥ 0 18.35 ≥ 0 10. 4. 2x2 + 2x > 4 20.4x + 4 y 2. x2 + x .7x > 0 13.64 ≤ -16x 8. y ≤ x2 . x2 . y > x2 + 2x . Inc.10 < 0 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. x2 . y ≥ x2 . x2 .10 > 10 15 5 -6 -2 O –5 2 6 x y O 2 4 6x -6 -4 -2O -6 2 6x –15 Solve each inequality algebraically. 7. x2 + x . x2 ≤ 36 12.

NAME DATE PERIOD 5-8 Practice Quadratic Inequalities Graph each inequality.5x > 14 12. x2 . How many $20 increases in profit can the maker add in and expect to make a total profit of at least $100.000? Chapter 5 66 Glencoe Algebra 2 . x2 + 2x + 1 > 0 5. Inc.15 ≤ 8x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. -x2 .20 > 0 8. x2 .x . She wants the play area to enclose at least 1800 square feet. 4. 9x2 + 31x + 12 ≤ 0 19. x2 . y < 2x2 . x2 + 4x + 5 ≤ 0 10.2 y O O x x O x Solve each inequality.4x . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 9x ≤ 12x2 16. x2 . but predicts that each $20 increase in profit will reduce the number of bicycles sold by 10. y > x2 + 6x + 6 y 3. y ≤ x2 + 4 y 2. 9x2 + 36x + 36 ≤ 0 15. 1. x2 + 14x + 49 ≥ 0 11.7 ≤ 0 14. What are the possible widths of the play area? 20. x2 + 10x + 7 ≥ 0 7. The maker wants to increase the profit margin this year.3x + 2 ≤ 0 6. 13. FENCING Vanessa has 180 feet of fencing that she intends to use to build a rectangular play area for her dog. BUSINESS A bicycle maker sold 300 bicycles last year at a profit of $300 each. -x2 + 5x . 4x2 + 4x + 1 > 0 17.10x + 16 < 0 9. 5x2 + 10 ≥ 27x 18.

-10pt 4r − -5p 3t 2r 11. 12.NAME DATE PERIOD 6-1 Skills Practice Operations with Polynomials Simplify. (3y + 4)(2y .d 2) 16. x5 . (-2f 2 .5)2 18.3x . (g + 5) + (2g + 7) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. -2gh( g3h5) 7. x 5. Inc. (3 .2) 14. (2x)2(4y)2 6. Assume that no variable equals 0. − 3 5 3w z 7 -6a bc 9. a-4 . (r .3)(3x . (a . b4 . c2 . 1. (2x .3f + 8) 15. (x2 . − 7 2 4 8 36a b c 10. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. (3w + 1)2 67 Glencoe Algebra 2 . b3 2.5) 19. x2(2x + 9) 17.5) + (-2f 2 .2b)(3 + 2b) Chapter 6 22.2t)(r + 2t) 20. 10x2y3(10xy8) 24wz 8. a-3 4. c5 . (5d + 5) .3) 21. -5(2c2 .(d + 1) 13. x-4 . c2 3.3) + (2x2 + 7x .3f .

(-2b-2c3)3 8. Chapter 6 68 Glencoe Algebra 2 .8) 21.−d 5f 3 ) 3 16. y7 . (w + 2t)(w2 . − 7 18sx 2 12. (4d 2t5v-4)(-5dt-3v-1) 9. (x + y)(x2 . x-4 . GEOMETRY The area of the base of a rectangular box measures 2x2 + 4x . y3 . 17.8% and the other grows 6%.3xy + 2y2) 23. 1. t-8 5. (6w . The first year. Inc. y2 4. -(4w-3z-5)(8w)2 3 15. BANKING Terry invests $1500 in two mutual funds. one fund grows 3. Assume that no variable equals 0.3 square units. (m4n6)4(m3n2p5)6 (2 )( 4 4 . n5 . t9 . 24. x4 6.11w2) . − 4 11. − 2 3 6 ( 3r s z ) 2 13. -27x3(-x7) − 16 x4 12m8y6 -9my 2. (3n2 + 1) + (8n2 . (2f 4)6 7. − 2 5 ( 2x 3y 2 -x y ) -2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. −d -f 4 14. 8u(2z)3 -6s 5x 3 10.(4 + 7w2) -20(m 2v)(-v) 3 5(-v) (-m ) 19. Find a polynomial expression for the volume of the box. − -3 4 -2 (x ) y (3x -2y 3)(5xy -8) 18.NAME DATE PERIOD 6-1 Practice Operations with Polynomials Simplify. n2 3.2wt + 4t2) 22. The height of the box measures x units. Write a polynomial to represent the amount Terry’s $1500 grows to in that year if x represents the amount he invested in the fund with the lesser growth rate. − 2 4 20. x-4 .

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

6-2

Simplify. 1. −

10c + 6 2

Skills Practice

Dividing Polynomials

2. −

12x + 20 4

3. −

15y3+ 6y 2 + 3y 3y

2 − 4. 12x - 4x - 8

4x

5. (15q6 + 5q2)(5q4)-1

6. (4f 5 - 6f 4 + 12f 3 - 8f 2)(4f 2)-1

7. (6j 2k - 9jk2) ÷ 3jk

8. (4a2h2 - 8a3h + 3a4) ÷ (2a2)

9. (n2 + 7n + 10) ÷ (n + 5)

10. (d 2 + 4d + 3) ÷ (d + 1)

11. (2t2 + 13t + 15) ÷ (t + 5)

12. (6y2 + y - 2)(2y - 1)-1

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

13. (4g2 - 9) ÷ (2g + 3)

14. (2x2 - 5x - 4) ÷ (x - 3)

15. −

u2 + 5u - 12 u-3

2 − 16. 2x - 5x - 4

x-3

17. (3v2 - 7v - 10)(v - 4)-1

18. (3t4 + 4t3 - 32t2 - 5t - 20)(t + 4)-1

19. −

y3 - y 2 - 6 y+2

20. −−

2x3 - x 2 - 19x + 15 x-3

21. (4p3 - 3p2 + 2p) ÷ ( p - 1)

22. (3c4 + 6c3 - 2c + 4)(c + 2)-1

23. GEOMETRY The area of a rectangle is x3 + 8x2 + 13x - 12 square units. The width of the rectangle is x + 4 units. What is the length of the rectangle?

Chapter 6

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NAME

DATE

PERIOD

6-2

Simplify.

Practice

Dividing Polynomials

6k2m - 12k 3m 2 + 9m 3 2km

1. −− 4 3. (-30x3y + 12x2y2 - 18x2y) ÷ (-6x2y)

15r10 - 5r 8 + 40r 2 5r

2. −− 2 4. (-6w3z4 - 3w2z5 + 4w + 5z) ÷ (2w2z)

5. (4a3 - 8a2 + a2)(4a)-1

6. (28d 3k2 + d 2k2 - 4dk2)(4dk2)-1

7. −

f2 + 7f + 10 f+2

8. −

2x3 + 3x - 14 x-2

9. (a3 - 64) ÷ (a - 4)

2x3 + 6x + 152 x+4

10. (b3 + 27) ÷ (b + 3)

2x3 + 4x - 6 x+3

11. − 13. (3w3 + 7w2 - 4w + 3) ÷ (w + 3)

12. − 14. (6y4 + 15y3 - 28y - 6) ÷ (y + 2)

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

15. (x4 - 3x3 - 11x2 + 3x + 10) ÷ (x - 5)

16. (3m5 + m - 1) ÷ (m + 1)

17. (x4 - 3x3 + 5x - 6)(x + 2)-1

4x2 - 2x + 6 2x - 3

18. (6y2 - 5y - 15)(2y + 3)-1

2 − 20. 6x - x - 7

19. −

3x + 1

21. (2r3 + 5r2 - 2r - 15) ÷ (2r - 3)

22. (6t3 + 5t2 - 2t + 1) ÷ (3t + 1)

23. −−

4p4 - 17p 2 + 14p - 3 2p - 3

24. −− 2

2h4 - h 3 + h 2 + h - 3 h -1

25. GEOMETRY The area of a rectangle is 2x2 - 11x + 15 square feet. The length of the rectangle is 2x - 5 feet. What is the width of the rectangle? 26. GEOMETRY The area of a triangle is 15x4 + 3x3 + 4x2 - x - 3 square meters. The length of the base of the triangle is 6x2 - 2 meters. What is the height of the triangle?

Chapter 6

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Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

6-3

Skills Practice

Polynomial Functions

State the degree and leading coefficient of each polynomial in one variable. If it is not a polynomial in one variable, explain why. 1. a + 8 3. -5x5 + 3x3 - 8 5. u3 + 4u2t2 + t4 2. (2x - 1)(4x2 + 3) 4. 18 - 3y + 5y2 - y5 + 7y6

1 6. 2r - r2 + − 2 r

**Find p(-1) and p(2) for each function. 7. p(x) = 4 - 3x 9. p(x) = 2x2 - 4x + 1 11. p(x) = x4 + 8x2 - 10 8. p(x) = 3x + x2 10. p(x) = -2x3 + 5x + 3
**

1 2 12. p(x) = − x2 - − x + 2 3 3

**If p(x) = 4x2 - 3 and r(x) = 1 + 3x, find each value. 13. p(a)
**

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

14. r(2a) 16. -4p(a) 18. r(x + 2)

15. 3r(a) 17. p(a2)

For each graph, a. describe the end behavior, b. determine whether it represents an odd-degree or an even-degree function, and c. state the number of real zeroes. 19.

4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 2 4x -4 -2 f(x)

20.

4 2 O -2 -4

f(x)

21.

4 2

f (x)

2

4x

-4

-2

O -2 -4

2

4x

Chapter 6

71

Glencoe Algebra 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

6-3

Practice

Polynomial Functions

State the degree and leading coefficient of each polynomial in one variable. If it is not a polynomial in one variable, explain why. 1. (3x2 + 1)(2x2 - 9)

2 3. − + 3m - 12 m2 3 1 4 2. − a3 - − a2 + − a 5 5 5

4. 27 + 3xy - 12x2y2 - 10y

3

**Find p(-2) and p(3) for each function. 5. p(x) = x3 - x5 8. p(x) = 3x3 - x2 + 2x - 5 6. p(x) = -7x2 + 5x + 9
**

1 1 9. p(x) = x4 + − x3 - − x 2 2

7. p(x) = -x5 + 4x3

1 2 10. p(x) = − + − + 3x 3 2 3x 3x

**If p(x) = 3x2 - 4 and r(x) = 2x2 - 5x + 1, find each value. 11. p(8a) 14. r(x + 2) 12. r(a2) 15. p(x2 - 1) 13. -5r(2a) 16. 5p(x + 2)]
**

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

For each graph, a. describe the end behavior, b. determine whether it represents an odd-degree or an even-degree function, and c. state the number of real zeroes. 17.

4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 2 4x -4 -2 f (x)

18.

4 2 O -2 -4

f(x)

19.

4 2

f(x)

2

4x

-4

-2

O -2 -4

2

4x

20. WIND CHILL The function C(w) = 0.013w2 - w - 7 estimates the wind chill temperature C(w) at 0°F for wind speeds w from 5 to 30 miles per hour. Estimate the wind chill temperature at 0°F if the wind speed is 20 miles per hour.

Chapter 6

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Glencoe Algebra 2

b. Determine the consecutive values of x between which each real zero is located.3x2 + 2 x -1 0 2 4x f(x) 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 f(x) f(x) 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 f(x) -2 -1 0 1 1 2 3 2 4x 5. 4. f(x) = 2x3 + 9x2 +12x + 2 x -3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.5x4 .4x2 + 4 4 2 O -2 2 4x f(x) f(x) x -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 f(x) 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 f (x) 2 4x Chapter 6 73 Glencoe Algebra 2 . f(x) = x3 .2 x -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 -4 -4 -2 6. f(x) = 2x3 . f(x) = 0.3x + 1 4 2 O -2 2 4x f(x) f(x) x -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 f(x) 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 f(x) 2 4x 3. a. f(x) = x3 .3x2 + 1 x -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 -4 -4 -2 2. Inc. c. Estimate the x-coordinates at which the relative maxima and minima occur. f(x) = x4 .NAME DATE PERIOD 6-4 Skills Practice Analyzing Graphs of Polynomial Functions Complete each of the following. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.2x2 . Graph each function by making a table of values.

3 x f(x) f(x) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. b. S. f( x) = 0. Determine the consecutive values of x between which each real zero is located. PRICES The Consumer Price Index (CPI) gives the relative price for a fixed set of goods and services. c. 1.4). (7. 4. If the graph were modeled by a polynomial equation.75 x4 + x3 .5). b. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. (4.6). 2. Graph each function by making a table of values. what is the least degree the equation could have? 179 178 177 176 175 174 173 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Months Since September. 2000 6. Estimate the x-coordinates at which the relative maxima and minima occur.3 x -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 O x 2.9). (6. 5. a.5x2 .6x + 1 f(x) f(x) x -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 f(x) f (x) O x 3. Describe the turning points of the graph. 2000 to July. 2. f(x) = x3 . (3. 2001 is shown in the graph. Inc. f(x) = x4 + 4x3 + 6x2 + 4x .NAME DATE PERIOD 6-4 Practice Analyzing Graphs of Polynomial Functions Complete each of the following.1. Bureau of Labor Statistics a.3).5). (2. How many turning points would the graph of a polynomial function through these points have? Describe them. LABOR A town’s jobless rate can be modeled by (1. 5. The CPI from September. f(x) = -x3 + 3x2 . 6. O x O x Consumer Price Index 5. Chapter 6 74 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (5. 4.3). and (8. Source: U.3x2 + 4 x f(x) f(x) 4.7). 3.

21x3 . 2ak .7 5. 3y8 . 4f 2 .9a2 + 14a = 0 23. 21. a3 .125 14.12d + 36 11. y2 + 18y + 81 13. 12. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8j 3k .3t3 .8 17 100a6 + a3 19.8b2 + 16b = 0 16. m4 . b2 + 8b + 7 8.7x2 Solve each equation. 12x4 . 5x4 + 2x2 . z2 .4jk3 . write prime.1 Write each expression in quadratic form. 9x2 + 25 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 7x2 .18x2y + 24xy2 4. 1.8z . 6b5 + 3b3 . t4 .3 7.64 10.1 Chapter 6 75 Glencoe Algebra 2 . x3 = 3x2 24.18 6.10 9.4y2 + 3 18. Inc. d 2 . 19x3 .NAME DATE PERIOD 6-5 Skills Practice Solving Polynomial Equations Factor completely. If the polynomial is not factorable.38x2 3. b3 .14x 2. a2 + 7a .6a + k . 15.40t2 = 0 22. if possible. n3 . x8 + 4x4 + 9 20.

50x2 + 49 = 0 20. 3x3y2 .2y 7. x2 .45 Write each expression in quadratic form. 4s8 + 4s4 + 7 17.15. 2x3y .x2 18.8 12.21t2 + 80 = 0 25. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 6p2 . 21 .NAME DATE PERIOD 6-5 Practice Solving Polynomial Equations Factor completely. 6n2 . t4 . 500x4 .49n2 = 0 24. m4 . if possible.18y2 = 0 21. The length of each boundary is a whole number.x2y + 5xy2 + xy3 5. 8b5 . y2 + 20y + 96 8. s5 + 4s4 . PHYSICS A proton in a magnetic field follows a path on a coordinate grid modeled by the function f(x) = x4 . which is in the shape of a right triangle. x4 . 15a2b . SURVEYING Vista county is setting aside a large parcel of land to preserve it as open space. write prime.2x2y + 5xy 4.2 10.xy + 2x . 6x2 + 7x . 13. n4 .32s3 = 0 22. 3st2 . The longer leg of the triangle measures 5 miles less than the square of the shorter leg. Chapter 6 76 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Inc.17p .8x . What are the x-coordinates of the points on the grid where the proton crosses the x-axis? 26.1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Solve each equation. 19. If the polynomial is not factorable. Find the length of each boundary. x2 . -5x8 + x2 + 6 15.2x2 .3 11. 4ab + 2a + 6b + 3 9. y4 .11 14.rt 6. 1.10ab2 2.8b3 .7y3 . and the hypotenuse of the triangle measures 13 miles less than twice the square of the shorter leg.11n . 28d6 + 25d3 16. 10b4 + 3b2 .625 = 0 23.9s3t + 6s2t2 3.7t + 3r . The county has hired Meghan’s surveying firm to survey the parcel.

x3 + 3x2 .19x + 30. x + 5 18.2 21. f(x) = x3 .2. f(x) = x2 . x .2 5.4x + 10 2.4 19. x3 + 2x2 . x3 .20 Given a polynomial and one of its factors.8.2. x3 .2.33x . 3x3 + x2 + x . Inc.1. 13. f(x) = x2 .90. x .x2 . x + 2 23. x + 2 20. x + 1 14. 3x + 1 24. 2x3 + x2 .12.4 8. f(x) = x4 + 2x2 .x + 1 4.NAME DATE PERIOD 6-6 Skills Practice The Remainder and Factor Theorems Use synthetic substitution to find f(2) and f(-1) for each function. x + 3 16.9 11. x . x .3 17.2 Chapter 6 77 Glencoe Algebra 2 . x3 + x2 .5x2 .x . f(x) = x3 . f(x) = x3 + 2x2 + 5 6.5x + 3.2x .5x + 2.6x2 + 11x .7x3 . Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 3x .5x .x2 . f(x) = x4 .6x2 + 32. x3 + 2x2 .6. f(x) = x6 . f(x) = x5 .4x .1 15.x + 6 10. x3 .10x . f(x) = x3 + 6x2 + x . x3 .2x . 3x3 + 4x2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.9x2 . find the remaining factors of the polynomial. f(x) = x3 . f(x) = x2 + 6x + 5 3.3x3 + 2x2 .2x + 6 12.3x2 + x . x + 1 22.2 9.2x5 + x4 + x3 . 2x3 + x2 . 1.2x + 3 7.

3 25.3 20. f(x) = x2 . Inc.2x + 3 6.2x . f(x) = x3 + 3x2 + 2x . f(x) = x5 + 7x3 . x . 3x .2 27.x2 .8.2x + 1 14. VOLUME The volume of water in a rectangular swimming pool can be modeled by the polynomial 2x3 .x2 .8x2 . f(x) = 2x4 . 2x + 1 26. x . POPULATION The projected population in thousands for a city over the next several years can be estimated by the function P(x) = x3 + 2x2 .x + 7 13. x5 .2x4 + 4x3 .12x2 . x5 + x4 .50 11. Use synthetic substitution to estimate the population for 2010. 4x3 . 6x3 + 5x2 . find the remaining factors of the polynomial.6x2 + 2x 8. f(x) = x2 .2x2 .9x2 + 7x + 6.8x + 12.5x . f(x) = 3x4 .NAME DATE PERIOD 6-6 Practice The Remainder and Factor Theorems Use synthetic substitution to find f(-3) and f(4) for each function. f(x) = x3 . 3x3 .x + 3. what polynomials express the length and width of the pool? Chapter 6 78 Glencoe Algebra 2 .14x + 24.4 5.24.17x + 6.x4 + x3 . x . 17. x3 + 7x2 + 7x .x3 + 2x2 .15.2 29.4 10. x3 + 3x2 .4x .5x2 + 4x + 4.1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.3 16.3x3 + 4x2 .5x3 . x . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 18x3 + 9x2 .9x2 + 20 Given a polynomial and one of its factors. f(x) = x3 + 2x2 + 5 7.2x . f(x) = x3 . x3 + 5x2 .3x2 . x3 . x .x + 12 12.2x + 8 9. f(x) = x3 . f(x) = x2 + 2x + 3 3. 19.3x .5x .5x + 10. If the depth of the pool is given by the polynomial 2x + 1. x .x2 . x + 4 23.9x2 + 27x . f(x) = x4 . where x is the number of years since 2005. x + 3 21. f(x) = 2x4 .8x + 520.2x2 .x2 + 4x . f(x) = x3 .2. 30. x + 2 24. f(x) = x4 + x3 .6x .26 15.1.10 2. 1. x3 .2 22. f(x) = x6 + 2x5 .5x + 10 4. x3 . x + 1 28.4x2 .2 18.4x3 + 3x2 .27.

q(x) = x4 + 7x2 + 3x .10 15. p(x) = x3 . h(x) = 4x3 . g(x) = x3 . 1 20. and imaginary zeros of each function. h(x) = x3 .8x2 + 2x . h(x) = x3 + 4x2 + x . q(x) = x3 + 3x2 . x2 . 13.17x + 6 8. x5 + 4x3 = 0 4. g(x) = 3x3 .NAME DATE PERIOD 6-7 Skills Practice Roots and Zeros Solve each equation.6 16.4 10. x4 . 12. x5 . 1.5x2 + 5x + 3 14. f(x) = x4 . 3i 21.5x2 + 3x + 4 18.x + 3 9. 1. 19. -5.12x2 . 5i 24. i.x2 + 4x .8 17. -1. g(x) = x4 . . negative real zeros.625 = 0 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. State the number and type of roots.√3 23.6 11.21x2 + 80 Write a polynomial function of least degree with integral coefficients that have the given zeros.1 = 0 6. Inc. -5 + i 22. f(x) = x4 . -3.5x2 + 6x + 1 Find all the zeros of each function.9 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 4x2 .3x3 .4x2 .4x + 40 = 0 3. 5x + 12 = 0 2. 7.6x2 + 13x . f(x) = x3 .4x .81x = 0 State the possible number of positive real zeros.x3 . i √6 Chapter 6 79 Glencoe Algebra 2 . -1.6x . √3 .

3x2 + 9x .2x2 .7 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.3x . -1.81x = 0 4. x4 .x + 1 Find all zeros of each function. 5. f(x) = x4 . 13. g(x) = x4 + 4x3 . 3i 18.7x2 + 17x .5x2 + 4 = 0 3. p(x) = x3 .NAME DATE PERIOD 6-7 Practice Roots and Zeros Solve each equation. He would like to reduce the length of each dimension in the plan by the same amount. 2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.14x . h(x) = 2x3 + 3x2 . p(x) = 2x4 .2 = 0 State the possible number of positive real zeros.6x3 + 6x2 + 24x .3x2 . h(x) = x3 .x3 .x2 . f(x) = 4x3 .x .x . h(x) = 7x4 + 3x3 . negative real zeros. -9x . Write and solve a polynomial equation to find out how much Stephan should take from each dimension. Inc. 3 + i 19.15 = 0 2.2x3 + 2x2 .+5 14. 11. State the number and type of roots.8 16.3 = 0 5. 4. Chapter 6 80 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1 + i 21. 17.1 9. q(x) = 3x4 + x3 . x3 + x2 . 1.2x2 + x + 3 8. -2. x3 + 6x + 20 = 0 6. -5. 3i 20. CRAFTS Stephan has a set of plans to build a wooden box. He wants to reduce the volume of the box to 105 cubic inches. x4 . q(x) = x4 + 50x2 + 49 15. 7. The plans call for the box to be 10 inches by 8 inches by 6 inches. and imaginary zeros of each function.3x2 + 7x + 5 10.65x + 84 12.40 Write a polynomial function of least degree with integral coefficients that has the given zeros. x5 .

32x3 .12 14.14x .7x . g(x) = 3x3 . f(x) = x4 .x + 2 6.5x3 . p(x) = 3x3 .x2 + x . w(x) = x2 .10x2 + 18x .25x .13x2 + 29x .7x2 + 4 18. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. m(x) = 6x4 . h(x) = x3 . p(x) = x3 .70 20. Inc.4x2 + 6x . 7. f(x) = x3 + 5x2 + 11x + 15 22. p(x) = x4 .9x2 .4x + 12 9. g(x) = 9x4 + 3x3 + 3x2 . h(x) = 2x3 .5x2 . g(x) = x4 + 4x3 + 5x2 + 4x + 4 Chapter 6 81 Glencoe Algebra 2 . q(x) = 6x3 + x2 . 21.10x .x + 27 Find all of the rational zeros of each function.5x2 . 1.3 24. q(x) = 3x3 + 2x2 + 27x + 18 17.2x . z(x) = x3 .13x2 + 14x + 24 19.4x + 3 15.6 Find all of the zeros of each function. g(x) = x3 . q(x) = x3 .17x3 + 8x2 + 8x .5 3.2x2 + 5x .3x2 . f(x) = 2x2 + 5x + 3 5. q(x) = 3x3 .4 8.NAME DATE PERIOD 6-8 Skills Practice Rational Zero Theorem List all of the possible rational zeros of each function. g(x) = 2x3 + 7x2 .2x3 .5x + 12 4. 12.4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. f(x) = x3 .4 11. n(x) = 16x4 .8 13. n(x) = x2 + 5x + 3 2.9x2 . h(x) = x2 .1 10.4 16.4 23.x2 + 4x .

12 22.6x2 + 4x .8x3 + 7x .4 16. h(x) = x3 .NAME DATE PERIOD 6-8 Practice Rational Zero Theorem List all of the possible rational zeros of each function. b(x) = x3 + 6x + 20 14.6x . g(x) = 2x3 + 3x2 . The volume of the box is 1540 in3. GEOMETRY The height of a square pyramid is 3 meters shorter than the side of its base. q(x) = 6x4 + -9x3 + 40x2 + 7x .21x + 54 17. s(x) = x4 . Inc.8 9.27x .x + 8 6. 1 If the volume of the pyramid is 432 m3.7x2 + 17x .1 25. 7.3x3 + 5x2 . h(x) = 2x3 .5x2 + 2x + 12 2. f(x) = x3 .2x2 .2x3 . p(x) = 2x4 .19x . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.15 13.49x2 12.7x2 . c(x) = x3 .14 3.24 15. 21. g(x) = 5x3 + x2 . q(x) = 6x5 + x3 .8x3 24. f(x) = 3x5 . d(x) = x4 + x3 + 16 19. TRAVEL The height of a box that Joan is shipping is 3 inches less than the width of the box. n(x) = x4 .3 20. z(x) = x4 .4x .8x + 12 11. Find all of the zeros of each function. What are the dimensions of the box? 26.9x2 + 27x . 1. h(x) = x6 .4x3 + x2 + 16x . h(x) = x3 .20 23. f(x) = x4 .3 Find all of the rational zeros of each function.12 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 3 Chapter 6 82 Glencoe Algebra 2 . g(x) = x6 .x2 . v(x) = x3 . f(x) = 2x4 + 7x3 . The length is 2 inches more than twice the width. how tall is it? Use the formula V = − Bh. p(x) = 3x2 + x + 7 5.27 10.5x2 + x + 6 4.36 18.6 8. q(x) = x3 + 3x2 .7x3 + 4x2 + 7x . q(x) = x4 .

3 (f) 3. and − (x) for each f(x) and g(x). g(x) = x . f = {(0. -3)} Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (f g)(x). (2. 4). g(x) = x + 4. g 1. 15. Inc.1. 3). g(x) = x . g[ f(-1)] 20. 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 5. f(x) = x + 5 g(x) = x . (f .3 h(x) = x2 14. g[h(0)] 19. (5. Find [g º h](x) and [h º g](x) if they exist. f(x) = 3x2 5 g(x) = − x For each pair of functions. 2)} g = {(1. g(x) = 2x h(x) = x + 2 11. 1). [ f ◦ (h ◦ g)](1) 17.3 If f(x) = 3x.g)(x). -4).NAME DATE PERIOD 7-1 Skills Practice Operations on Functions Find (f + g)(x). [f ◦ ( g ◦ h)](-2) Chapter 7 83 Glencoe Algebra 2 . g(x) = 5x h(x) = x2 + x . 6). 6). f = {(-4. (2. (1. g[h(-3)] 22. (3. f(x) = 3x + 1 g(x) = 2x . f(x) = x2 g(x) = 4 . (2. 0). -3). g(x) = -3x h(x) = 4x . f = {(6. (2.4 2. 6). h[ f(5)] 21. h[f(10)] 23.1 12. find f º g and g º f if they exist. g(x) = x + 2 h(x) = 2x2 . (-2. 1). (-1. and h(x) = x2 . f = {(0. -3). (4. 2)} g = {(-3. (1. 2). f[ g(1)] 18. -1). (3. -2)} g = {(0. f[h(8)] 16. (6. -1)} 8. find each value. 0)} 7. (-3. 0)} 6. 3)} g = {(-3. 0).1 10.x 4.6 h(x) = x + 6 13.

3 2.9 For each pair of functions. -9). and − (x) for each f(x) and g(x). Chapter 7 84 Glencoe Algebra 2 . f(x) = 2x + 1 g(x) = x . (1. 1)} 6. (0. 1)} Find [g º h](x) and [h º g](x).001x2 models the service cost per item. If f(x) = x2. 0).0. (-5. (4. if they exist. -5). f [ g(1)] 17. g(x) = x + 6 h(x) = 3x2 13. 8)} g = {(8. g(x) = -8x h(x) = 2x + 3 12. 4)} g = {(0. g(x) = x . -3). (-1. f[h(-9)] 15. 1). (3. -2).01x2 models the manufacturing cost per item when x items are produced.0. (1. Inc. -2)} g = {(-2. (-3. and m = − converts 12 5280 feet to miles m. -1)} 5. (f g)(x). f = {(-9. g(x) = 3x h(x) = x . g(x) = -2x h(x) = x2 + 3x + 2 10. Write a function C(x) for the total manufacturing and service cost per item. (1. BUSINESS The function f(x) = 1000 . 3). 0). Write a composition of functions that converts inches to miles. h[ g(-3)] 16. f = {(-4. f = {(-4. 4. (3. g[h(-2)] 18. MEASUREMENT The formula f = − converts inches n to feet f.4 11. 14.g)(x). (-1. -1). 3). 0). f = {(0. 0). g 1. find f º g and g º f . g(x) = x + 3 h(x) = 2x2 9. and h(x) = x + 4. (0. (-3. f(x) = x2 + 7x + 12 g(x) = x2 . 6)} g = {(6. 8. 3). -3).NAME DATE PERIOD 7-1 Practice Operations on Functions Find (f + g)(x). find each value. (3. h[f(4)] 19. 2).2 h(x) = 3x2 + 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. g[ f(8)] 20. f n 21. (f . and g(x) = 150 . f(x) = 8x2 1 g(x) = − 2 x (f) 3. (6. -4)} 7. if they exist. g(x) = 5x.

-3)} 2. 3). 7). (8. f(x) = x . (0.3) 2 15. -9)} Find the inverse of each function. 0)} 4. (5. 1). (0. Then graph the function and its inverse.x 16. (8. f(x) = 5x . -3). (8.1 1 11. f(x) = 2x 1 g(x) = − x 2 14. (0. 1. 6). y = 4 8. -2).2 1 g(x) = − x + 3 6 18. Inc. -9). -1)} 3. (-4. -5)} 6. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 1 g(x) = − x + 1 5 17. (-4. 6). 13.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-2 Skills Practice Inverse Functions and Relations Find the inverse of each relation. (6.10 5 1 g(x) = − x + − 8 4 Chapter 7 85 Glencoe Algebra 2 . y = − x + 2 3 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 g (x) h(x) 4 2 2 4x -4 -2 O -2 -4 2 4x -4 -2 4 2 O -2 -4 y 2 4x Determine whether each pair of functions are inverse functions. -1). 7. f(x) = 8x . (10. g(x) = 2x . -2). -3)} 5. h(x) = 6x . {(0. {(-7. (5. 5). (4. {(-4. 1). f (x) = x + 2 y 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 2 4 x -2 4 2 O -2 -4 f (x) 4 2 2 4x -4 -2 O -2 -4 f (x) 2 4x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. h(x) = − x 4 2 12. f (x) = 3x 9. -8). (9. {(-4. {(3. (-4. 1). f(x) = 2x + 3 1 g(x) = − (x . -3). (-7. {(-10. 12).1 g(x) = 1 . Write yes or no. 10.

108). 2). y = 3x . 1. a.6 13. (0. (0. (7. 9). (71.1 13 15. {(-5. 165) give the weight in pounds as a function of height in inches for 5 students in a class. What will the new flooring cost the Clearys? Chapter 7 86 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 10. What is the significance of f-1(x) for the Clearys? b. REMODELING The Clearys are replacing the flooring in their 15 foot by 18 foot kitchen. (-5. 17. (7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 4). and (72. -2). -1). {(-5. 8)} 3. The new flooring costs $17.8 1 h(x) = − x + 4 2 16. 121). (65. 3). 140). 8)} 6. (14. Write yes or no. {(-3. (4. Give the points for these students that represent height as a function of weight.13 1 h(x) = − x . Then graph the function and its inverse. -7). Determine whether each pair of functions are inverse functions. 9). f(x) = -4x + 1 4 6 14. g(x) = 13x . (1. f(x) = x + 6 g(x) = x . 1)} Find the inverse of each function. (5. The formula f(x) = 9x converts square yards to square feet. 4). (5. 5). {(8. MEASUREMENT The points (63. (-2. Inc. g(x) = 2x . 1). (-5. f(x) = 2x g(x) = -2x 11. (67. {(-3. (3. (1. 6). -6)} 2.x) 12. 180). 13)} 4. 3 7. -4). Find the inverse f -1(x).2 f (x) g(x) y O x O x O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. f(x) = − x 7 7 g(x) = − x 6 1 g(x) = − (1 . f(x) = − x 4 8. (10. (12. -1). 2). 0).99 per square yard. g(x) = 3 + x 9. {(0.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-2 Practice Inverse Functions and Relations Find the inverse of each relation. 7)} 5.

y = 2 √x 6 4 2 O -2 2 4 6 8x y 4. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.√2x .3 6 4 2 O -2 2 4 6 8x f(x) Chapter 7 87 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Inc.2 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 2 4x y y O -2 2 4 x -2 -4 Graph each inequality.√3x 4 2 4 6 8x O -2 -4 2 4 6 8x y 3.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-3 1. y = . y = √2x 4 2 O -2 -4 2 y Skills Practice Square Root Functions and Inequalities Graph each function. 5. f(x) ≥ √x + 1 6 4 2 O -2 2 4 6 x f (x) 9. 2.5 4 2 O 2 4 6 8x y 6. State the domain and range of each function. 7. y = √x + 3 6 4 2 -2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. f(x) < √4x 6 4 2 O -2 2 4 6 8x f (x) 8. y = √x + 4 . y = . f(x) ≤ √4x .

1 y 3. y = 1 .5 + 3 y 9.4 y 6. 1. 7. which relates distance from Earth d 39602 W Ws 88 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Graph each inequality. y > -2 √3x + 2 y O x O x 10.3960.√2x + 3 y x O O x O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. y ≤ √x . y = . Inc. find h. y = 2 √x + 2 y O x O O x x 4. 11. y = √3x . y ≥ . ROLLER COASTERS The velocity of a roller coaster as it moves down a hill is v = √v02 + 64h .√6x y O x 8.4 y 5. y = √5x y 2.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-3 Practice Square Root Functions and Inequalities Graph each function. where v0 is the initial velocity and h is the vertical drop in feet. State the domain and range. how far from Earth is the astronaut? Chapter 7 √ E − . y = √x + 7 .√x . If v = 70 feet per second and v0 = 8 feet per second. If an astronaut’s weight on Earth WE is 148 pounds and in space Ws is 115 pounds. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. WEIGHT Use the formula d = in miles to weight.

.34 4 5 8. √500 Simplify. 3 15. . √81 20.6 3 5. √(-3c)4 3 3 28. √5. √(a + b)2 Chapter 7 89 Glencoe Algebra 2 .√152 4. 1.− √9 3 16.064 4 19. √125c 3 23. √m8p 4 26. √0. Inc. √-52 4 14. √-27a 6 25. √64x6 24.36 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. √144 12. √0.√100p4t2 27. . √-8 10. √(-5)2 13. √-222 7. . . √y2 22.√27 5 18. √38 3. ± √81 11. √88 3 6.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-4 Skills Practice nth Roots Use a calculator to approximate each value to three decimal places.√0. √230 2. 9. √32 3 17. √16w4 v 8 4 21. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.

√-0. He knows the lengths of all three sides. so he is using Hero’s formula to find the area. √49m 2t 8 14. b. 3 √216p 3q 9 19.√49a 10b 16 26. . 5 √-32x 5y 10 23. and 20 feet. . Inc. 16m √− 25 2 15. √-(14a) 2 13. √676x 4y 6 6 20. √5555 36.512 4 6 4. √-64 Practice nth Roots 2.1 30. √1. √-64r 2w 15 3 16. The variable e in the formula is a measure of how well the object radiates energy. Hero’s formula states that the area of a triangle is √s(s . where a.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-4 Simplify. √0. √x 2 + 10x + 25 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.b)(s . If the lengths of the sides of Salvatore’s garden are 15 feet. √(2x + 1) 3 3 25. √(2x) 8 17.81 3 5. what is the object’s radiant temperature to the nearest tenth of a degree? 38. The internal temperature of an 4 object is called its kinetic temperature.94. √343d 6 3 28. . √0. what is the area of the garden? Round your answer to the nearest whole number.1 3 31.√625s 8 4 18. 29.√324 3 6.√256 5 7. √-4 6 35.8 4 33. .5) 8 4 27. √14a 2 12.√89 5 34. √243x 10 5 11. 17 feet. √25 3 32. 3 √-27x 9y 12 21. . √(x . √-243 8. 1. √(0.a)(s . . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. and c are the lengths of the sides of the triangle and s is half the perimeter of the triangle. HERO’S FORMULA Salvatore is buying fertilizer for his triangular garden.94) 2 4 37. √(m + 4) 6 24. -1024 √− 243 5 10. Use a calculator to approximate each value to three decimal places. √64 3.√144m 8n 6 22. . which is the amount of energy radiated by the object.c) . √7.√1296 4 9. The formula Tr = Tk √e relates an object’s radiant temperature Tr to its kinetic temperature Tk. If an object’s kinetic temperature is 30°C and e = 0. RADIANT TEMPERATURE Thermal sensors measure an object’s radiant temperature. Chapter 7 90 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

√ − 12.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-5 Simplify. 13.√80 17. − 3 + √2 24.2 √3 + √108 16.√12 18. − 5 8 . 8 √5 . ( √2 . (2 + √3 )(6 . √24 Skills Practice Operations with Radical Expressions 2. √2 + √8 + √50 15. (3 √3 )(5 √3 ) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.8d 2f 5 3 8. . (1 .√6 Chapter 7 91 Glencoe Algebra 2 . − 3 7 . (4 √12 )(3 √20 ) 14. 2 √− 9 3 11. √. √75 3 3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. √64a4b4 4 7. 2 √48 . .√45 . 1.√2 4 23.− √7 2g3 5z 10. √12 .√5 )(1 + √5 ) 20. Inc. 4 √50x5 6.√75 . 25 √− r t 36 2 3 9.√6 ) 22. √1 6 4.√48 4 5. (3 .√2 ) 19.√7 )(5 + √2 ) 2 21.

NAME DATE PERIOD 7-5 Simplify. √540 4. 13. √-5000 5 6.6 √75 + 7 √80 21. ( √3 + 4 √7 )2 27. Use the Pythagorean Theorem to find a simplified expression for the measure of the hypotenuse. − 3 + √6 5 . 22. − √2 .6 √3 )2 28.√7 )2 23.√24 33. (2 √24 )(7 √18 ) 18. 15. √48v8z13 4 9. (3 .5 √45 20.√2 32. ( √108 .√7 ) 26. 8 √48 . ( √2 + √10 )( √2 . √-1215 7. 35. BRAKING The formula s = 2 √5 estimates the speed s in miles per hour of a car when it leaves skid marks feet long. PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM The measures of the legs of a right triangle can be represented by the expressions 6x2y and 9x2y. √8g3k8 216 √− 24 3 3 10. − √x 34. − 5 + √3 4 + √3 3+ 2√x 31. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.√6 )( √5 + √2 ) 24. Chapter 7 92 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (3 √2 + 2 √3 )2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.√250 19.√405 4 Practice Operations with Radical Expressions 3 2. − √5 . 6 √20 + 8 √5 .1 30. (1 + √6 )(5 . √810 + √240 . 8 √− 9a 4 3 16. √-432 3 3. √45x3y8 1 √− c d 128 4 11. √125t6w2 3 8. Inc. 7 14. 11 √− 9 9a √− 64b 4 5 12. Then evaluate s to the nearest mile per hour. .√10 ) 25. √128 3 5.2 √3 6 29. − 3 + √2 2 . Use the formula to write a simplified expression for s if = 85. ( √5 . (3 √15 )(-4 √45 ) 17.

√6xy2 3 Evaluate each expression. − 1 1 3 1 − n6 n2 − − 25. c 5 c 5 12 − 3 − 18. 27 3 27 3 1 − 4 16. m 9 m 9 16 − 19. x 11 x 11 1 − 6 − 4 − x 22. Inc. 81 4 1 − 1 − 11. − 1 3 2 − x4 − 23. − (9) 2 − 3 − 2 Simplify each expression. 3 − 14. √51 2 − 4. − 1 y4 12 − y2 n 24. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 17. 3 6 2. √64 26. (c3) 5 3 − 8. 12 3 6. √37 3 7. 32 5 1 − 10.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-6 1 − Skills Practice Rational Exponents Write each expression in radical form. √49a8b2 8 Chapter 7 93 Glencoe Algebra 2 . p 5 p 2 1 − 1 − 21. or write each radical in exponential form. 16 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. √153 5. 9. (-243) 5 5 − 4 − 15. (q 2 ) 1 − 3 20. 8 5 4 1 − 3. 1. 27 3 1 − 12. 4 2 13.

− ( 216 ) 4 2 − 3 64 16. − 2 343 3 − 17. 81 4 1 − 10. b 3 − 5 23. (-64) 3 2 − 3 2 − − − 14. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. √79 6. How much current does an appliance use if P = 500 watts and R = 10 ohms? Round your answer to the nearest tenth. y 2 1 − Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. − √3b 30. √6 3 √6 4 4 a 29. m 7 4 − 4. Chapter 7 94 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 5 3 2. √12 √123 5 28. √85 10 27. (25 2 )(-64 3 ) 1 − 1 − Simplify each expression. √2a10b 5 Evaluate each expression. 6 5 2 − 3. − 1 2 1 − z2 . ELECTRICITY The amount of current in amps I that an appliance uses can be P calculated using the formula I = − 2 . or write each radical in exponential form. √153 4 7. 8 3 5 − 12. − − 18.1 − 26. 1 − ( ) 1 − 31. 22. √27m6n4 3 8. − 2 q5 − q5 3 − t 24. g 7 ․ g 7 3 − − 19.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-6 1 − Practice Rational Exponents Write each expression in radical form. Inc. (u 3 ) 5 1 − 4 − 21. − 3 1 3 2 − 5t 2 ․ t − -− 4 2z 25. 27 3 ․ 27 3 1 4 125 15. -256 4 3 − 13. 1024 5 1 − 11. 1. BUSINESS A company that produces DVDs uses the formula C = 88n 3 + 330 to calculate the cost C in dollars of producing n DVDs per day. where P is the power in watts and R is the R resistance in ohms. (n3) 5 2 − 5. What is the company’s cost to produce 150 DVDs per day? Round your answer to the nearest dollar. s 4 ․ s 4 3 13 20. 9.

Inc. -2 + √3x + 3 < 7 20.7u) 3 = 0 1 − 15. 2 √4r .3 ≥ 3 24. =5 2. (2d + 3) 3 = 2 1 − 13.√2a + 4 ≥ -6 21. √k .1 = 5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.3y 2 = 25 1 − 3 6.3 > 10 22. √x Skills Practice Solving Radical Equations and Inequalities Solve each equation.6 = 3 3 10. √x +3=7 3. √g + 1 = √2g .2 = √z . 5 √j = 1 4.7 18.3) 3 = 2 1 − 14. 12.3 ≤ 6 19. 18 . . 4 .4 . (t . 5 + √c . 4 √x + 1 ≥ 12 16. 2 + √3p + 7 = 6 11. √3n + 1 = 5 9. -3 √11r + 3 ≥ -15 Chapter 7 95 Glencoe Algebra 2 . v 2 + 1 = 0 1 − 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.4 Solve each inequality. √2w = 4 7.√3x + 1 > 3 23. 17. √b . √y + 4 .5 = 4 8.(1 . √3r .NAME DATE PERIOD 7-7 1. 4 . √3z .

Inc. √d + 2 = 7 9. √4r .2) 4 + 12 = 7 18.16 = 0 13. 23.4t .6 = 4 19. 6 + √q . 3 √a ≥ 12 25. The formula 1 t = − √25 . GRAVITATION Helena drops a ball from 25 feet above a lake.5 = √d . √2t .1 21. (3g + 1) 2 . Find the variance when the standard deviation is 15.8 = -6 16.4 = 9 11. √2m .√c + 4 ≤ 6 1 − 1 − 4. √2p + 3 = 10 5.5) 3 + 2 = -3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. STATISTICS Statisticians use the formula σ = √v to calculate a standard deviation σ.9 + 4 = 0 12. 30. √1 . √x Practice Solving Radical Equations and Inequalities Solve each equation.3 = 3 17.h describes the time t in seconds that the ball is h feet above the water. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.NAME DATE PERIOD 7-7 1. √8n .6 .1 = 2 15. 9 . √z + 5 + 4 ≤ 13 26.5 . 4 √x =3 3.7 = 1 10. √y . √x . 18 + 7h 2 = 12 8. (7v . 4 √3h . √2x + 5 = √2x + 1 24. 8 + √2q ≤ 5 27.1 < 2 29. 4 How many feet above the water will the ball be after 1 second? Chapter 7 96 Glencoe Algebra 2 .2 = 2 14. (6u .6 = √r 22. √2a .2 = 0 6. where v is the variance of a data set. √6x . √4m + 1 . √w . 1 − 1 − 1 − 3 5 3 4 3 20.3 < 5 28.5 . √2d . c 2 + 6 = 9 7.4 = √2x + 10 Solve each inequality. =8 2.

5) 2 y x 1 4. y = 3 − (3) x y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. f (x) = 4x g (x) x 1 6. Inc. Use the graph to determine g(x). 5.− (1.NAME DATE PERIOD 8-1 Skills Practice Graphing Exponential Functions Graph each function. y = 3(2)x y 1 2. x x For each graph f(x) is the parent function and g(x) is a transformation of f(x). a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. State the function’s domain and range. f (x) = − (5) x g (x) x Chapter 8 97 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1. y = . y = 2 − (2) x y O x x 3 3.

b. 7. y = 1.5)x y O x O x O x 1 4.NAME DATE PERIOD 8-1 Practice Graphing Exponential Functions Graph each function. How many bacteria are there after 6 days? 8. The culture doubles each day. BIOLOGY The initial number of bacteria in a culture is 12. Chapter 8 98 Glencoe Algebra 2 .5(2)x y 2. a. y = 5 − (2) x -8 y 1 5. Write an exponential function to model the number of students y in the graduating class t years after 2008. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 2 y y x x x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. y = -2 − (4) x-3 1 6. State the domain and range. y = − (3) x + 4 . 1. y = 4(3)x y 3. Inc. y = 3(0. EDUCATION A college with a graduating class of 4000 students in the year 2008 predicts that its graduating class will grow 5% per year.000. Write an exponential function to model the population y of bacteria after x days.

9 2.4 = 81 3x + 6 3. 125 3x . 15) and (1.5 = 16 2x . (0.12 1 11. 3) and (3. -6) and (-4. 7) and (-2. -2) and (–1. 13. (0.4 = 25 4x + 2 Solve each inequality. (0.9 8.3 > 6 3x . Inc. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.10 6. 375) 14. 4 x . 28) 1 16.4 5.− 2 1 10. 9 9x + 1 < − ( 243 ) -3x + 5 Write an exponential function whose graph passes through the given points.6 1 > − ( 32 ) -x + 11 1 12. -1536) 1 19. 9 -x + 5 = 27 6x . −) and (3. -4) Chapter 8 99 Glencoe Algebra 2 .NAME DATE PERIOD 8-2 Skills Practice Solving Exponential Equations and Inequalities Solve each equation. 1.8 < 256 2x + 6 1 9. (0. −) and (2.3 = 8 4x . − ( 36 ) 6x . -64) 15. − ( 27 ) 3x + 13 ≤9 1 5x . (0. -1) and (6. 25 2x + 3 = 25 5x . 12) 18. − Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (0. 40. (9) 2x + 7 ≤ 27 6x . 1 7.5) 2 17. − (8) -2x . 4 3x . 9) 3 20. (0. 1) and (6. 4096) 21. (0. 9 8x . 64 4x .31 4. (0.

125) 15 11. 3125) 8. − (8) x-6 <4 4x + 5 1 17. 3x .NAME DATE PERIOD 8-2 Practice Solving Exponential Equations and Inequalities Solve each equation. − ( 16 ) 3x . At time t.75) 4 10. (0. (0. 2048) 3 9. (0. 400 > − ( 20 ) 7x + 8 14. 7. 128 x+3 1 < − ( 1024 ) 2x 19. 0. Solve each inequality. 1 13. 1. Inc. –0.4 = 9x + 28 1 4. − ( 64 ) (4) 0. 8) and (4. − 16 ( ) 1 12.1 1 5. 3.2) and (–3. 4 x + 35 = 64x – 3 1 2.5 (2 ) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 15) and 2. (0. 36. (0. − 2x + 2 = 64 x .2 = − (9) x+1 Write an exponential function for the graph that passes through the given points. −) and (2. − ( 36 ) x+8 ≤ 216 x-3 18.7) and −. When will the number of each type of bacteria be equal? Chapter 8 100 Glencoe Algebra 2 . there are 216 t + 18 bacteria of type A and 36 2t + 8 bacteria of type B organisms in a sample. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.4 ≤ 64x . 10 2x + 7 ≥ 1000 x 1 15. − (2) x-3 = 163x + 1 1 6. 36x .1 1 16.5x – 3 = 8 9x – 2 3. –3. (0. 5) and (4.

4 f(x) x x 18.NAME DATE PERIOD 8-3 Skills Practice Logarithms and Logarithmic Functions Write each equation in exponential form. f(x) = log3(x + 1) . log5 − 625 15. log4 − 64 1 14. 5. 23 = 8 6. Inc. log9 3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. log27 − 3 Graph each function. 32 = 9 1 7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8-2 = − 64 1 8. log5 − = -2 25 Write each equation in logarithmic form. 17. log3 243 = 5 2. f(x) = -log5 x + 2. 9. log125 5 1 13. log5 25 10. log9 3 = − 2 1 4. log10 1000 12. log4 64 = 3 1 3. − (3) 2 1 =− 9 Evaluate each expression. log8 512 1 16. 1.5 f(x) Chapter 8 101 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 11.

SOUND An equation for loudness. where R is the relative intensity of the sound.NAME DATE PERIOD 8-3 Practice Logarithms and Logarithmic Functions Write each equation in exponential form. Graph each function. f(x) = log2 (x – 2) f (x) 22. in decibels. 1. log9 1 18. Write this equation in exponential form. 70 = 1 1 11. f(x) = –2 log4 x f(x) x x 23. 53 = 125 1 10.00001 = -5 2. log8 4 1 19.04)5]. INVESTING Maria invests $1000 in a savings account that pays 4% interest compounded annually. log7 − 49 20. log6 64 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. is L = 10 log10 R. What is the relative intensity of 120 decibels? 24. log − 27 1 3 17. log2 − 16 16. log6 216 = 3 4. Chapter 8 102 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Sounds that reach levels of 120 decibels or more are painful to humans. Inc. log10 0. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. log3 81 14. 21. 34 = 81 12. log3 − = -4 81 3 6. 7776 5 = 6 1 − (4) 3 1 =− 64 Evaluate each expression. − 9. log32 8 = − 5 Write each equation in logarithmic form. log2 64 = 6 1 5. log10 0. 13. The value of the account A at the end of five years can be determined from the equation log10 A = log10[1000(1 + 0.0001 1 15. log25 5 = − 2 1 3. 3-4 = − 81 8. 7.

a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1. log81 (x + 20) = log81 (6x) 6. logx (5x) = 2 Solve each inequality.x) = log9 (5x – 15) 5. log4 (x .1) 21.x) ≤ log3 (x + 19) Chapter 8 103 Glencoe Algebra 2 .1) > log9 (2x) 18.2) < log10 (7 . log7 (5 . log16 x ≥ 0.4 = log3 243 3. x .NAME DATE PERIOD 8-4 Skills Practice Solving Logarithmic Equations and Inequalities Solve each equation.5) > log2 (3) 14. log9 (x .20) = 5 4.x) 17. Inc.3) < 2 13.1) = log4 (12) 8. 3x = log6 216 2. log3 − + 5 > log3 (x + 2) 4 ( ) 20. log10 (2x . log7 (8x + 5) > log7 (6x . 12. log6 x > log6 (4 .5 16. log5 (3x) < log5 (2x . log10 (x . log5 (-3x) < 1 11. log9 (3x . log2 (x .x) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 10. log4 (4x .5 x-3 19.3) < 1. log9 (3 . log9 (3x2) = log9 (2x + 1) 7.x) = log7 (5) 9. log3 (7 .18) 15.

5) = log3 (3x . log2 (x + 6) < log2 17 12. log3 (4x . log8 (-6x) < 1 8.1) > log12 (5x . 3x .1) < 0.5 = log2 1024 3. log10 (x . it may no longer be endangered. WILDLIFE An ecologist discovered that the population of a certain endangered species has been doubling every 12 years. log9 (x + 2) > log9 (6 . log11 (x + 7) < 1 10. log3 (x .4) = log13 3x 6. Write the logarithmic expression that gives the number of years it will take for the population to reach that level.NAME DATE PERIOD 8-4 Practice Solving Logarithmic Equations and Inequalities Solve each equation. log3 (0. Inc.3x) 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.x) ≤ log6 (x . Chapter 8 104 Glencoe Algebra 2 . When the population reaches 20 times the current level. log2 (x + 3) < log2 (1 .16) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.x) = 5 5. log13 (x2 . log81 x ≤ 0.2) 17. log3 (x + 12) > log3 2x 16. log5 (3 .1) 19.5 14.25) Solve each inequality 7.75 11. log12 (2x .3x + 5) > log3 (x . log6 (3 .17) = 5 4. 1.3x) 18. 13.5) > log10 2x 15. x + 5 = log4 256 2. log9 (2x .

log4 (n .5850 and log2 5 ≈ 2. log2 75 8. log2 45 7. log4 5 + log4 x = log4 60 14. log2 27 5 4.3) = 3 25. log2 q . log3 d + log3 3 = 3 22. 3 log7 4 = 2 log7 b 13. log10 27 = 3 log10 x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. log5 y .log2 (x . log2 (x + 4) . 12. log2 − 3 5. Inc. 11. log2 15 6. log5 10 + log5 12 = 3 log5 2 + log5 a Chapter 8 105 Glencoe Algebra 2 .log10 (2 . log2 − 5 1 9.y) = 0 23.log5 8 = log5 1 16.5) = log10 2 20.3) = log4 2 21. log2 r + 2 log2 5 = 0 24. log4 (n + 1) . log10 x + log10 (3x .NAME DATE PERIOD 8-5 Skills Practice Properties of Logarithms Use log2 3 ≈ 1. log4 x + log4 (2x . log2 0.log8 4 = log8 b 19.log2 3 = log2 7 17. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Check your solutions. log2 − 3 Solve each equation. log6 2c + log6 8 = log6 80 15.6 9 10. 1.3219 to approximate the value of each expression. log10 y .2) = 1 26. log9 4 + 2 log9 5 = log9 w 18. log2 − 5 2. 3 log8 2 . log2 25 3 3.

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

8-5

Practice

Properties of Logarithms

Use log10 5 ≈ 0.6990 and log10 7 ≈ 0.8451 to approximate the value of each expression. 1. log10 35 5. log10 245 2. log10 25 6. log10 175

7 3. log10 − 5 5 4. log10 − 7 25 − 7

7. log10 0.2

8. log10

**Solve each equation. Check your solutions.
**

2 9. log7 n = − log7 8 3 3 10. log10 u = − log10 4 2

**11. log6 x + log6 9 = log6 54 13. log9 (3u + 14) - log9 5 = log9 2u
**

1 15. log3 y = -log3 16 + − log3 64 3

12. log8 48 - log8 w = log8 4 14. 4 log2 x + log2 5 = log2 405 16. log2 d = 5 log2 2 - log2 8 18. log10 (b + 3) + log10 b = log10 4 20. log3 (a + 3) + log3 (a + 2) = log3 6

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

17. log10 (3m - 5) + log10 m = log10 2 19. log8 (t + 10) - log8 (t - 1) = log8 12 21. log10 (r + 4) - log10 r = log10 (r + 1) 23. log10 4 + log10 w = 2 25. 3 log5 (x2 + 9) - 6 = 0 27. log6 (2x - 5) + 1 = log6 (7x + 10) 29. log10 (c2 - 1) - 2 = log10 (c + 1)

**22. log4 (x2 - 4) - log4 (x + 2) = log4 1 24. log8 (n - 3) + log8 (n + 4) = 1
**

1 26. log16 (9x + 5) - log16 (x2 - 1) = − 2

28. log2 (5y + 2) - 1 = log2 (1 - 2y) 30. log7 x + 2 log7 x - log7 3 = log7 72

31. SOUND Recall that the loudness L of a sound in decibels is given by L = 10 log10 R, where R is the sound’s relative intensity. If the intensity of a certain sound is tripled, by how many decibels does the sound increase? 32. EARTHQUAKES An earthquake rated at 3.5 on the Richter scale is felt by many people, and an earthquake rated at 4.5 may cause local damage. The Richter scale magnitude reading m is given by m = log10 x, where x represents the amplitude of the seismic wave causing ground motion. How many times greater is the amplitude of an earthquake that measures 4.5 on the Richter scale than one that measures 3.5?

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NAME

DATE

PERIOD

8-6

Skills Practice

Common Logarithms

Use a calculator to evaluate each expression to the nearest ten-thousandth. 1. log 6 3. log 1.1 2. log 15 4. log 0.3

Solve each equation or inequality. Round to the nearest ten-thousandth. 5. 3x > 243 7. 8 p = 50 9. 53b = 106 11. 127p = 120 13. 3r - 5 = 4.1 15. 7.6 d + 3 = 57.2

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

1 6. 16v ≤ − 4

8. 7y = 15 10. 45k = 37 12. 92m = 27 14. 8 y + 4 > 15 16. 0.5t - 8 = 16.3 18. 5x

2

17. 42x = 84

2

+1

= 10

Express each logarithm in terms of common logarithms. Then approximate its value to the nearest ten-thousandth. 19. log3 7 21. log2 35 20. log5 66 22. log6 10

23. Use the formula pH = -log[H+] to find the pH of each substance given its concentration of hydrogen ions. a. gastric juices: [H+] = 1.0 × 10-1 mole per liter b. tomato juice: [H+] = 7.94 × 10-5 mole per liter c. blood: [H+] = 3.98 × 10-8 mole per liter d. toothpaste: [H+] = 1.26 × 10-10 mole per liter

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NAME

DATE

PERIOD

8-6

1. log 101

Practice

Common Logarithms

Use a calculator to evaluate each expression to the nearest ten-thousandth. 2. log 2.2 3. log 0.05

Use the formula pH = -log[H+] to find the pH of each substance given its concentration of hydrogen ions. 4. milk: [H+] = 2.51 × 10-7 mole per liter 5. acid rain: [H+] = 2.51 × 10-6 mole per liter 6. black coffee: [H+] = 1.0 × 10-5 mole per liter 7. milk of magnesia: [H+] = 3.16 × 10-11 mole per liter Solve each equation or inequality. Round to the nearest ten-thousandth. 8. 2x < 25 11. 9m ≥ 100 14. 2b + 1 ≤ 7.31 17. 9z - 2 > 38 20. 5x

2

9. 5a = 120 12. 3.5x = 47.9 15. 42x = 27 18. 5w + 3 = 17 21. 42x = 9x + 1

**10. 6z = 45.6 13. 8.2 y = 64.5 16. 2a - 4 = 82.1 19. 30x = 50 22. 2n + 1 = 52n - 1
**

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

2

-3

= 72

Express each logarithm in terms of common logarithms. Then approximate its value to the nearest ten-thousandth. 23. log5 12 26. log2 18 24. log8 32 27. log9 6 25. log11 9 28. log7 √8

29. HORTICULTURE Siberian irises flourish when the concentration of hydrogen ions [H+] in the soil is not less than 1.58 × 10-8 mole per liter. What is the pH of the soil in which these irises will flourish? 30. ACIDITY The pH of vinegar is 2.9 and the pH of milk is 6.6. Approximately how many times greater is the hydrogen ion concentration of vinegar than of milk? 31. BIOLOGY There are initially 1000 bacteria in a culture. The number of bacteria doubles each hour. The number of bacteria N present after t hours is N = 1000(2) t. How long will it take the culture to increase to 50,000 bacteria? 32. SOUND An equation for loudness L in decibels is given by L = 10 log R, where R is the sound’s relative intensity. An air-raid siren can reach 150 decibels and jet engine noise can reach 120 decibels. How many times greater is the relative intensity of the air-raid siren than that of the jet engine noise?

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NAME

DATE

PERIOD

8-7

1. ex = 3

Skills Practice

Base e and Natural Logarithms

Write an equivalent exponential or logarithmic equation. 2. e4 = 8x

3. ln 15 = x

4. ln x ≈ 0.6931

5. e4 = x - 3

6. ln 5.34 = 2x

Write each as a single logarithm. 7. 3 ln 3 - ln 9 8. 4 ln 16 - ln 256

9. 2 ln x + 2 ln 4

10. 3 ln 4 + 3 ln 3

**Solve each equation or inequality. Round to the nearest ten-thousandth.
**

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

11. ex ≥ 5

12. ex < 3.2

13. 2ex - 1 = 11

14. 5ex + 3 = 18

15. e3x = 30

16. e-4x > 10

17. e5x + 4 > 34

18. 1 - 2e2x = -19

19. ln 3x = 2

20. ln 8x = 3

21. ln (x - 2) = 2

22. ln (x + 3) = 1

23. ln (x + 3) = 4

24. ln x + ln 2x = 2

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y = 50. -3ex + 10 < 8 20. e2x + 1 = 55 25. ln (x + 2) = 3 10. ln (x . e2 = x + 1 Solve each equation or inequality. ln (-2x) = 7 30. e5 = 10x 3.2300 8. e-x = 31 14.3 = 1 17. ln 9.035.5x = 10 31. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 15. ln 2. e-x = 4 4. where a is the initial amount present and k is the decay constant for the radioactive substance. 2ex . ln 6 ≈ 1. and k = -0. Inc. A = Pert. How long will it take the balance in Sarita’s account to reach $2000? 34. ex = 5. Use the formula for continuously compounded interest. ln 5x + ln x = 7 33.NAME DATE PERIOD 8-7 Practice Base e and Natural Logarithms Write an equivalent exponential or logarithmic equation. find t. 4 + ex = 19 19. e3x . What is the balance in Sarita’s account after 5 years? b. where P is the principal. ln 50 = x 5. and t is the time in years. INVESTING Sarita deposits $1000 in an account paying 3.3 ≈ 2. ln 4x = 3 29. ex = 1. 9. 2e5x = 24 24. ln 3x + ln 2x = 9 12. ex < 9 13. r is the annual interest rate. RADIOACTIVE DECAY The amount of a radioactive substance y that remains after t years is given by the equation y = aekt.4% annual interest compounded continuously. a. e0. 9 + e2x = 10 27. 32. e-3x + 7 ≥ 15 28.7918 7. ln (x + 3) = 5 11. Chapter 8 110 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1.6) = 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. e3x = 8 21. ln 36 = 2x 6. Round to four decimal places. 5ex + 1 ≥ 7 18.5x = 6 23. e-4x = 5 22.5 = 32 26. If a = 100.8 16. ex = 8 2.

NUCLEAR POWER The element plutonium-239 is highly radioactive.500. p(t) = − .062.360 years. LOGISTIC GROWTH The population of a certain habitat follows the function. How long ago did Abu buy the GPS system? Use k = 0. The heat that plutonium-239 emits has helped to power equipment on the moon.000? Use k = 0. 3. POPULATION A current census shows that the population of a city is 3.000? 4.5 million. where t is the time in years. a represents the current population in millions. When does the population reach 100.084 to determine how long will it take for the catch to reach half of its current the amount? 2. -0.000 1 + 2. FISHING In an over-fished area.0981t a.000? Round to the nearest hundredth. Inc. Abu’s surveying firm bought a GPS system for $12.015t.7e Chapter 8 111 Glencoe Algebra 2 . In how many years will the population of the city be 120. Using the formula P = aert. 105. 5. 7.NAME DATE PERIOD 8-8 Skills Practice Using Exponential and Logarithmic Functions 1. BACTERIA How many days will it take a culture of bacteria to increase from 2000 to 50. Nuclear reactors can produce and also use this element.5%.657. find the expected population of the city in 30 years if the growth rate r of the population is 1. What is the maximum population of this habitat? b. and t represents the time in years. what is the value of k for this element? 6. If the half-life of plutonium-239 is 24. DEPRECIATION A Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) system uses satellite information to locate ground position. The GPS is now worth $8600. Use k = 0. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. the catch of a certain fish is decreasing exponentially. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. POPULATION The population P in thousands of a city can be modeled by the equation P = 80e0.

WHALES Modern whales appeared 5-10 million years ago. What is the value of k for cobalt 60? 4.000? 6. (1 + 17.25% as much carbon-14 as they would have contained when the whale was alive.NAME DATE PERIOD 8-8 Practice Using Exponential and Logarithmic Functions 1. One of these.04463t. is radioactive and has a half-life of 5. BACTERIA A certain bacteria is growing exponentially according to the model y = 80ekt. Assume you are starting with 50g. What is the maximum population? b. cobalt 60. Using k = 0.200? Chapter 8 112 Glencoe Algebra 2 . find how many hours it will take for the bacteria reach a population of 10. RADIOACTIVE DECAY Cobalt.26t. Cobalt 60 is used to trace the path of nonradioactive substances in a system. If the population is now 5 million. 2. where P is in thousands and t is in years. 3. The decay model is given by the formula A = A0e-0.5e-0.071. How long ago did the whale die? Use k = 0. BACTERIA How many hours will it take a culture of bacteria to increase from 20 to 2000? Use k = 0.00012. an element used to make alloys. Find the constant k in the decay formula for the substance. How much of the element remains after 10 days? 30 days? 7.300 P(t) = −− Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.065t) a. A is the amount present after t days and A0 is the amount present initially. LOGISTIC GROWTH The population of a certain habitat follows the function: 16.614. RADIOACTIVE DECAY A radioactive element decays exponentially. POPULATION A population is growing continuously at a rate of 3%. POPULATION The population of rabbits in an area is modeled by the growth equation P(t) = 8e0.7 years. what will it be in 17 years’ time? 8. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. When does the population reach 16. Inc. The vertebrae of a whale discovered by paleontologists contain roughly 0. RADIOACTIVE DECAY A radioactive substance has a half-life of 32 years. has several isotopes. 5. How long will it take for the population to reach 25.000 cells? 9.

− ÷ 21g3 2 7g y 12.5w . w . − 2x . c2y 2d − -c6 − 5d − 2 4a 20. Inc.5x + 4 ÷ (3x2 . − 24 8y2(y6)3 4y 18 5.24 · w . − a -b − 2 2 − a+b 2a Chapter 9 113 Glencoe Algebra 2 .2 − 16. x .2)(x + 1) 3a2 .6w . − ÷ − 5 7 12 5 80y4 49z v 25y5 14z v 3x 3x 13.7 w+1 w+3 2 2t . − · − 2 5 r -4 10r 11. − ÷ − 2 x+2 x -4 2 14. − 2 (x . − 3 4 (x6)3 (x ) 4. 24g3 5f 10(gf )3 8g f r+2 5r2 10.4 3q 2 2 − − 15. − ÷ − 2 q2 + 2q 6q q2 . − · − 2f 6 9.4 t + 9t + 14 2 − 17.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-1 Skills Practice Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions Simplify each expression. − 2 3a + 12a 3m f 3 8. − 2 2 21x3y 14x y 5ab 2.8 2 4a + 5 − 18.6 x -4 6.24a 7. − 2 2 25a b 3 3.3x) 2x . − · − 2 5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 16a 2 + 40a + 25 ÷ − 2 3a .8 a . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.10a . t + 19t + 84 · − 2 4t .8a + 16 19. 1.

− x3 + 23 x .15 − k2 . 5 3 14. − · − 5 2 2 14u y -2u 3y 15xz 3 8. x 4 + x 3 . − · − y-a w+n a-y 2 2 11.4 square units has a leg that measures 2x + 4 units. 2k 2 .6n 9. − 2 10y 2 + 15y 35y .5x .10 2x volume of the rectangular pyramid. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. − ÷ − x+y 6 x2 .x3 a+y 6 25x 7. GEOMETRY A rectangular pyramid has a base area of − square centimeters x .10 6. − 2 2 3v .2x 2 − x4 . − 2 ( ) 2xy w 24x 2 ÷ − 5 w 15.a2 2a .9 25 .15 − ÷ − 2 s+4 (s + 4) 2x + 1 4-x − x 9 .10x + 25 2 ay a 3w 2 13.10s + 25 2s 2 . − ÷ − 2 3x + 6 x -9 6x 2 + 12x 4x + 12 17. 9a b 1. x 2 . − ÷ − 2 5a + 10 a + 5a + 6 x -9 − 3-x − 8 2 19.2 3 · 25x .7s . Write a rational expression to describe the 2 x .5y 4.k . − 5 4 (2m 3n 2) 3 -18m n 3.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-1 Practice Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions Simplify each expression. − 4 4 27a b c 2 3 2. Chapter 9 114 Glencoe Algebra 2 . s 2 . − ÷ − 7 5 2 wy wy Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. GEOMETRY A right triangle with an area of x2 . 4 −·− y+a n n . − 10x .3x and a height of − centimeters.24 · 5x 2 − − 8-x 6x + 2x 2 x-5 12. Determine the length of the other leg of the triangle.2x − (x + 2) 3 − x 2 + 4x + 4 − x 4 20.y2 3 16. − 21. − · − 8 n-6 n 5 2 w -n 10. 23.6 18.13v . Inc.1 − 2 x .5x + 6 2 x 2 + 3x . − 2 22.v 5.

x .− 2 2 y + y . − .3x .7 9. 7 3 12. − + − 2 4gh 4h 3 2 13.2n .− 2 5y 5yz Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. − + − 2 mp p 12 2 11. − + − z-4 z+1 x 1 19. x2 . x + 1 Simplify each expression. − + − 2-x x-2 k k 17.− k-n n-k z+4 4z 18. 5a.3 3 2 22.3x . 18a3bc2. 1. t2 . a . 2x . − + − 2 x + 2x + 1 x+1 2x + 1 4 20.− 2 w-3 w -9 3t 5 16.− 3b + d 3bd 3 2 15. 3 5 7.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-2 Skills Practice Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions Find the LCM of each set of polynomials. 6c2d 2.− 2 x-5 x . 24b2c2 3. t + 5 6. − .4. − . − + − x y 3 5 8.25. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. − + − 2 n-3 n .3 4. − + 4 3 2 5 10. 12c. − .− a+2 2a 5 2 14. Inc. − .6. − . − .10 2n + 2 n 21. − + − 2 2 8p r 4p r 2c .12 y + 6y + 8 Chapter 9 115 Glencoe Algebra 2 .1 5.

1. 2x . x + 4 8. − + − 2 3 6c d 4cd 4m 13. where d is the distance.− 6ab 8a 5 1 11. 26. t = −.5 . Chapter 9 116 Glencoe Algebra 2 .− 4 2 3 12x y 5x y 3 1 12. − . Write a simplified expression for the perimeter of the triangle. 2(d2 . − + − 2 2 y-5 y .5m 4m . g . − + − a-3 a-5 16 2 16. x + 1.12 5 20.1 7.3y . a2b3c. r2 + r. If r represents her rate in calm water.16 x+4 2 . Use the formula for time.− 2 2x .1.5 17. 3. x + 3 6. xy3 4. Inc. g2 + 3g . 4w + 2.− 2 2 p -9 2p .9) Simplify each expression.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-2 Practice Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions Find the LCM of each set of polynomials. − . − 1 − x-y 2 1 −+− x-y x+y 24.4x . 2r + 2. 5 20 19.− + − a-3 a+3 a2 . 5 7 10.− + − 5n 4 10n 2a 2a 36 22. d2 + 6d + 9.4 2.2 represents her rate against the current. to r write a simplified expression for the total time it takes Mai to complete the trip.12 x . − + 2 3mn x-8 14. and r . x2 + 6x + 8 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. GEOMETRY The expressions −. − . and − represent the lengths of the sides of a 2 x+4 x-4 triangle. 4w2 . abc4 5. Mai kayaks 2 miles downstream and then d back to her starting point. − .10 y y +y-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. − + − 2 x .6.5p + 6 3 7 1 21. − . x2 . − + − m-9 9-m 18.9 23.8.− x+4 9 4 15. x2y. then r + 2 represents her rate with the current. x2 + 2x . KAYAKING Mai is kayaking on a river that has a current of 2 miles per hour.3 p . − . − .x . − 2 1 −-− r r+2 r + 4r + 3 − r 2 + 2r r+6 5x 20 10 25. r + 1 3.

f(x) = − .3 x+3 f (x) -1 4. and range of each function. x -1 5.6 x+5 f(x) x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. f(x) = − . 1 3. Inc. f(x) = − + 3 x+1 f (x) 1 6. domain. f(x) = − . State the domain and range. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. f (x) 4 2 −4 −2 −2 −4 2 f (x) = 4x 1 x-1 −2 2. 1.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-3 Skills Practice Graphing Reciprocal Functions Identify the asymptotes. 4 2 y 6 f(x) = -1 + 4 x 2 x Graph each function.2 x+4 f(x) x x Chapter 9 117 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

f(x) = − . Her basic rate is 10 miles per hour. f(x) = − +3 x+1 f (x) -3 3. domain. 1 1. 1 4. State the domain and range. and range of each function. but Kate will average x miles per hour faster than that.3 x-1 f(x) -2 -2 -4 -6 -4 -2 2 4 x 6 4 2 2 x -2 1 2.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-3 Practice Graphing Reciprocal Functions Identify the asymptotes. f(x) = − + 4 x-2 f(x) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Write and graph an equation relating x (Kate’s speed beyond 10 miles per hour) to the time it would take to complete the race. f(x) = − .4 x-3 f(x) x 3 6. If she wanted to finish the race in 4 hours instead of 5 hours.5 x+1 f (x) x -1 5. Inc. how much faster should she travel? t 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 x Chapter 9 118 Glencoe Algebra 2 . RACE Kate enters a 120-mile bicycle race. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. x 7. f(x) = − + 5 x-2 f(x) 6 4 2 2 4 6x Graph each function. f(x) = − .

4x + 3 3 9. f(x) = − 2 y x . f(x) = − 2x + 2 y 3 10.10x . Inc.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-4 -3 1. f(x) = − x+2 f(x) x2 . 7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 x x x Chapter 9 119 Glencoe Algebra 2 .8 x x x x 9.12 x-3 x-1 8. f(x) = − x-1 f(x) x 5. f(x) = − y (x + 1)2 2x . f(x) = − x-2 f (x) O x O x O x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 10 2. f(x) = − y x2 + x . f(x) = − x f(x) O x O x O x 2 4.12 2x + 8x + 6 11. f(x) = − x f(x) f (x) -4 3.4 6. f(x) = − 2 y x . f(x) = −− 2 y 2x3 + 4x2 .2x . f(x) = − x Skills Practice Graphing Rational Functions Graph each function.

Inc. f(x) = − f (x) 2x2 + 5 6x .8 x-2 6.4 5. Tawa can give the shed a coat of paint in 6 hours. O x 8. what portion of the job can they complete together in 1 hour? What domain and range values are meaningful in the context of the problem? f(x) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. It takes her father x hours working alone to give the 6+x shed a coat of paint. Graph f(x) = − for x > 0. y > 0. The equation f(x) = − describes the 6x portion of the job Tawa and her father working together can 6+x complete in 1 hour. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. -4 1. f(x) = − f (x) x2 + 2x . PAINTING Working alone. f(x) = − x-2 f (x) 3x 3. What is the illumination in foot-candles that the object receives at a distance of 20 feet from the light source? What domain and range values are meaningful in the context of the problem? O d Chapter 9 120 Glencoe Algebra 2 . f(x) = − 2 (x + 3) f(x) x O O x O x 4. Graph the function I(d) = − for 2 2 d d I I 0 < I ≤ 80 and 0 < d ≤ 80.7x + 12 x-3 x x x 7.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-4 Practice Graphing Rational Functions x-3 2. f(x) = − x-2 f (x) Graph each function. If Tawa’s 6x father can complete the job in 4 hours alone. f(x) = − f (x) x2 . LIGHT The relationship between the illumination an object receives from a light source of I foot-candles and the square of the distance d in feet of the object from the source can be 4500 4500 modeled by I(d) = − .

Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. t = 16rh 12. 18. find y when x = 11. find y when x = 270. 22. find y when x is 3 and z is 2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. y = 2rgt 8. find x when y = -36 and z = -3. f = 5280m 9. − = − b 3 6. y = 0. 15. 1. If y varies directly as z and inversely as x and y = 27 and z = -3 when x = 2. inverse. R = − w 4 2.2d 8 10. 19. If y varies directly as x and y = 35 when x = 7. joint. vz = -25 a 1 11. If y varies directly as x and y = 12 when x = 72. 23. If y varies directly as x and y = 540 when x = 10. A = − bh 2 5. If y varies inversely as x and y = 2 when x = 2. rw = 15 7. find y when x = 1. find x when y = 1080. 16. If y varies directly as x and y = 360 when x = 180. If y varies jointly as x and z and y = 18 when x = 2 and z = 3. If y varies directly as z and directly as x and y = -15 and z = 5 when x = 5. Chapter 9 121 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Inc. p = − q 1 3. c = 12m 4. C = 2πr 13. find y when x is 5 and z is 6. find y when x = 10. Then name the constant of variation. find y when x is -1 and z is 7. find x when y = 9. If y varies inversely as x and y = 3 when x = 14. or combined variation. 17. If y varies jointly as x and z and y = -16 when x = 4 and z = 2. 24. find x when y = 9 and z = 5. 21. 20.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-5 Skills Practice Variation Functions State whether each equation represents a direct. 14. find x when y = 6. If y varies inversely as x and y = 6 when x = 5. If y varies jointly as x and z and y = 120 when x = 4 and z = 6.

or combined variation. inverse. 16. 18. If y varies directly as x and y = 132 when x = 11. find y when x = 3. find y when x = 4. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. If a spring stretches 20 inches with 25 pounds attached. 15. 13.5. If y varies directly as x and y = 7 when x = 1.5. If y varies inversely as x and y = 16 when x = 4. find y when x = 5 and z = -5. find y when x = 33. 12. If y varies jointly as x and z and y = 60 when x = 3 and z = 4. If V = 80 cubic centimeters when P = 2000 millimeters of mercury. find x when y = 37. − = h g 4.4. GEOMETRY The area A of a trapezoid varies jointly as its height and the sum of its bases. find x when y = 2. joint. y = − 4x 9. find y when x is 4 and z is -1. find y when x is 6 and z is 8. Then name the constant of variation. 20. 1. 10.5 and z = 2. GASES The volume V of a gas varies inversely as its pressure P. 14. If y varies directly as z and directly as x and y = 5 and z = 5 when x = 0.5 3 8. what is the area of a trapezoid when its height is 8 meters and its bases are 10 meters and 15 meters? Chapter 9 122 Glencoe Algebra 2 . find y when x is 12 and z is 2. L = − k 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 11. If y varies jointly as x and z and y = 12 when x = -2 and z = 3. − = π d 2. xy = 4. If y varies directly as x and y = 8 when x = 2. If the area is 480 square meters when the height is 20 meters and the bases are 28 meters and 20 meters. u = 8wz C 5. If y varies inversely as x and y = 3 when x = 5. p = 4s 6. SPRINGS The length S that a spring will stretch varies directly with the weight F that is attached to the spring. Inc. If y varies jointly as x and z and y = 24 when x = 2 and z = 1. If y varies directly as x and y = -16 when x = 6. find V when P = 320 millimeters of mercury. 17. 21. find x when y = -4.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-5 Practice Variation Functions State whether each equation represents a direct. 2d = mn 5 3. how far will it stretch with 15 pounds attached? 22. 19.25 7. If y varies directly as z and inversely as x and y = -18 and z = 3 when x = 6. find y when x = 6.

Check your solutions. − .1 2x x Chapter 9 123 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Check your solution. x 1 1. − < − . 2 = − + − n 3 9 -6 3. − + − = − 2 t -9 t+3 t-3 Solve each inequality.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-6 Skills Practice Solving Rational Equations and Inequalities Solve each equation. x+1 x-2 19.− = − 2 p + 7p + 12 p+3 p+4 2f 1 2 17. − .8 4 12. − > − x+4 x + 10 3 4 20. Inc. − = − x-1 2 4 1 2.7 y 15 9x . − .7 9.− > 0 k 3k 3 5 21. − = y . − + − = − 2x + 2 2x + 2 x+1 12p + 19 3 5 16. 3 . − = − x+1 2 -12 8. − + − = 9 x x+2 b+2 3b .− 2m m 2 1 2 24.− < . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 2 .2 10. − + − = − 2 f -4 f-2 f+2 8 4 2 18. n + − < − n n 1 3 5 23.z = − z 2 1 5.− = − z z+2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 2 = − + − 2q 2q q+1 8z . − = − 3x 2 2 4. 8 .3 15. − = − d+1 d-2 r-3 8 6. − + − = − 2 n+3 n -9 n-3 1 1 4 14. − = − r 5 2x + 3 3 7. − + − = − 2 w+2 w-2 w -4 x-8 x 2x . 1 5 2 13.− b+1 b-1 5 11. − = 4 .− < − v v 3 12 22.

− + − = 0 x 3x . and the focal length f of the lens. − + − = − x 2 4 − p x x 2.1 22 24. Chapter 9 124 Glencoe Algebra 2 . BASKETBALL Kiana has made 9 of 19 free throws so far this season. − + − = − y+2 y-5 y 2 . − < − 2t + 1 4 -1 9.3 4v 5v 2 20. OPTICS The lens equation − + − = − relates the distance p of an object from a p q f lens.10 r 4 23. 5 .7k + 12 y 7 14 21. − + − = − 2 2-x 6a . − = 4 . What is the distance of an object from a lens if the image of the object is 5 centimeters from the lens and the focal length of the lens is 4 centimeters? Is this a reasonable answer? Explain. How many 19 + x successful free throws in a row will raise Kiana’s percent made to 60%? Is this a reasonable answer? Explain.− b-1 b-1 12 18. − = p2 .2 y-5 t 3 3 12 1. Inc. − + s = − 5 1 6.− < − a a 3 19 12. 8 + − > − y y 6 4 2 14.1 = − x-1 s+2 2 s 4. − = − w-2 5x w+3 2x 3 4 1 11.3v + 2 x+2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. − + − = − 2 v-2 v . − = − + − x-1 x-2 x+1 2b b-3 16.− 2 c . the 9+x function f(x) = − represents Kiana’s new ratio of free throws made. − = − . − + − = − 2 r+4 r-4 r + 16 r . Her goal is to make 60% of her free throws. the distance q of the image of the object from the lens.1 5 9 7.− = − 2 v-1 2 5s + 8 s+2 5 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. − + − = − 2h h h-1 3 7 10.16 2 y y-5 4 1 1 13. − .2c . 3 = − + − 2a + 7 a+5 x +4 x -4 27. Check your solutions.3y . − + − = − 2 n+2 n-2 n -4 k-3 k-4 k . − . b + − = 1 . 4 p + 10 3. − + − < − 10 3p 5 g 2 15.2 5 3 1 8. − + − < − p c+1 c-3 3 25 4 19. 1 1 1 28. If Kiana makes her next x free throws in a row. g + − = − g-2 g-2 3 1 1 17. x 2 22.NAME DATE PERIOD 9-6 Practice Solving Rational Equations and Inequalities Solve each equation or inequality.

-2) 15. -5). 4). -5) Find the distance between each pair of points with the given coordinates. 0) Chapter 10 125 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4) 10. 0) 14. -3) 23.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-1 Skills Practice Midpoint and Distance Formulas Find the midpoint of the line segment with endpoints at the given coordinates. (2. (3. (2. (-5. 14). 4). (-1. -4). 5) 20. (4. -4) 25. (-2. (3. 1. 4) 16. (5. (5. (-5. (3. 11). (-3. 2) 9. 2) 18. 15) 17. -5). (7. -1) 5. 4) 19. (-1. 3). -3) 12. (3. 5). (3. (2. (3. 3) 24. -3) 6. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 7). (8. (3. (5. -3). (5. -6). (-4. -2). (-8. (6. (0. -6). 9). 3). 4) 4. (-3. (-5. (3. (-5. 1). 2). 2). 10). 7) 21. (0. (7. (-11. 12). (-4. (-2. -8) 7. (3. (2. (4. -6). Inc. 1) 2. (0. (4. (-1. 9). 4). (-1. 2) 3. 4) 11. 1) 26. -9). (-2. (3. (-1. (11. 0) 8. -1). (1. (1. 10) 22. 13. (-5. (-4. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (6.

(-1. -2). -2). (4. (-2. 1). 4) 10. 2) 11. 8). (5. 6). (0. 1. 2). (-1. (-9. 9) 8. -1) 7. -3). −.5. -5) 21. 7) 12. 6) 23. -4). (-7. (3. (-3. 32. -8). (8. . 4 √5 ) (5 5) ( 5) −− 31. 1). 3). (-2. (8.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-1 Practice Midpoint and Distance Formulas Find the midpoint of the line segment with endpoints at the given coordinates. (4. (-4. -7) 13. 4). (1. . (9.2). GEOMETRY Circle O has a diameter AB. 17.5. (1. 2. Chapter 10 126 Glencoe Algebra 2 .6. (-7. (8. (1. -4). (2. -8) 6.−. 5).1. -2) and B is at (-3. − . and (-2. -8) 7 2 3 29. 6 . 3). −. -4. 3) 1 2 14. 4 3 ( ) (3 ) 8 2 5 1 1 1 16. -11) 3. (0.7). -− (8 2) ( ) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (-6. Find the distance between each pair of points with the given coordinates. (-3. (5.5. (3. 3) 25. 0) 30. (8. (10. -3) 24. -2) 5. -7). If A is at (-6. (-6. (-6. 6) 4.√5 ). (4. -2) 19. (-9. (9.2) 2. (9.−. (-5. (3. 4) 20. (12. GEOMETRY Find the perimeter of a triangle with vertices at (1. -2). (8. -6) 22. 5). (10. 6) 28. (8. (9. 8) 26. -8). (-4.5) 15. -2). (-14. (-4 √2 . (-2. 7). -3). a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. -2) 27. (-5 √2 .4. -7) 9. (-5. (2. -6). -6). 1. -4. (9. (6. -3). find the center of the circle and the length of its diameter. (-0. (-2. (-8. 3). . − . −. 4. − 18. (4. 9). -3).

y = x2 + 2x + 2 2. 1 focus 0. Inc. 9. x = 3y2 + 6y . Then graph the equation.2)2 y 5. x O x O x Write an equation for each parabola described below.5 6. vertex (5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. vertex (0.14 5. vertex (1. y = (x .2x + 4 3. 1. and direction of opening of the parabola. x + y2 . . y = x2 .2)2 + 3 y 6. 0). 7 directrix x = − 8 ( ) 5 focus 5. y = -(x + 3)2 + 4 y O Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. axis of symmetry. y = -2x2 + 12x . − 4 ( ) y O x y y O x O x Chapter 10 127 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1).− 12 8.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-2 Skills Practice Parabolas Write each equation in standard form. x = (y .8y = -20 Graph each equation. Identify the vertex. 7. 4. y = x2 + 4x + 1 4. 3).

− y2 + 1 3 y 6. Inc. and direction of opening of the parabola. x = 3(y + 1)2 . 7.12x . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 7 focus 0.4)2 + 3 y 1 5. Then graph the equation. y = 2x2 . y = -3x2 . y O x O x O x 10.7 Graph each equation. latus rectum: 2 units. 3). a<0 y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. -3 − 8 y ( ) 8. 1. x = . 4. vertex (1.12x + 19 1 1 2. TELEVISION Write the equation in the form y = ax2 for a satellite dish. directrix x = -3 9. -4). axis of symmetry. Chapter 10 128 Glencoe Algebra 2 . y = − x2 + 3x + − 2 2 3. Assume that the bottom of the upward-facing dish passes through (0. 0) and that the distance from the bottom to the focus point is 8 inches. Identify the vertex. vertex (0. 1).3 y O x O x O x Write an equation for each parabola described below.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-2 Practice Parabolas Write each equation in standard form. y = (x . vertex (-2.

center: (4. center: (0. center at (7. r = 3 units 5. (x . r = 1 unit 2.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-3 Skills Practice Circles Write an equation for the circle that satisfies each set of conditions. tangent to y-axis 12. -3). (x + 1)2 + y2 = 16 y O x O x O x 16. r = 8 units 3. 1) 11. passes through the origin 10.2)2 = 4 y 15. 0) and (-4. passes through (-4. center at (-6. 13. 1). center: (5. x2 + (y + 3)2 = 81 y 17.4y . Find the center and radius of each circle. Inc. -6) 9.1)2 + (y . 4). endpoints of a diameter at (-12. r = 5 units 7. (x . 4). center: (2. endpoints of a diameter at (-4. 12). 5). 1. -5). r = 2 units 4.5)2 + (y + 8)2 = 49 y O x x 18. r = 4 units 6. 0) 8. x2 + y2 = 9 y 14. center at (5. center: (-6. x2 + y2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. -4). center at (-4. 0). Then graph the circle. tangent to x-axis Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. center: (4. 0) and (12.32 = 0 y O O x Chapter 10 129 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2).

Write an equation to represent a possible boundary of the hurricane’s eye. 26). (x . -12). a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. radius 8 units 2. center at (-9. tangent to x-axis Find the center and radius of each circle. the circular eye of a hurricane is about 15 miles in diameter. 1. WEATHER On average. 4. radius 4 units 1 3. 2).1)2 + y2 + 4y = 12 y 2 -2 O -2 -4 -6 2 4 x 12. .√3 . center at (-6. 5). passes through (-4. -9) and (0. 8. Inc. center (0. Gale winds can affect an area up to 300 miles from the storm’s center. -5) 6. 9. 3x2 + 3y2 = 12 y 4 2 2 4x 10. Chapter 10 130 Glencoe Algebra 2 . x2 + y2 + 2x + 6y = 26 y 4 –8 –4 O –4 4 8x -4 11. x2 + y2 + 2x + 6y = -1 y -4 -2 O -2 -4 -6 2 4x -4 14. -5) 7. radius 0. center (2.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-3 Practice Circles Write an equation for the circle that satisfies each set of conditions. Write an equation to represent a possible boundary of the area affected by gale winds. 0).6x + y2 = 0 y 4 2 O -2 2 4 6 x 13.5. b. endpoints of a diameter at (-2. (x + 3)2 + y2 = 16 y 4 2 -6 -4 -2 O -2 -4 x -4 -2 O -2 –8 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Then graph the circle. center (-4. A satellite photo of a hurricane’s landfall showed the center of its eye on one coordinate system could be approximated by the point (80. center .9 units 5.−.2). a. x2 . radius 5 √2 units 4 ( ) 4.

1. 4) and (5. 0) and (3. endpoints of major axis at (0. 5) y 4 (–4. 2) 4 x -2 O -2 -4 Write an equation for an ellipse that satisfies each set of conditions. -6). 6) and (9. 3) 2 (0. –3) 4 x 3. 0) 5. − + − = 1 25 y2 49 2 8 4 -8 -4 O -4 -8 y 8 4 4 8x –8 –4 O –4 –8 y 8 4 4 8x –8 –4 O –4 –8 y 4 8x Chapter 10 131 Glencoe Algebra 2 . endpoints of minor axis at (-3. –2) (3. –5) (0. 0) -4 -2 O -2 -4 (0. 2) 2 (0. 6) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.√32 . 0) and ( √32 . minor axis 4 units long. 12) and (0. 4 2 (–3. √⎯⎯⎯ ) and (0. endpoints of major axis at (7. 5) y 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 (0. 9). endpoints of major axis at (0.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-4 Skills Practice Ellipses Write an equation for each ellipse. endpoints of minor axis at (5. endpoints of major axis at (-6. 0) x 4 y 2. foci at (0. 0). − + − = 1 81 2 y2 9 x 12. 2) -4 2 2 (0. center at (0. (0. foci ⎯⎯⎯ ⎯⎯⎯ at (. 0) 8. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. − + − = 1 81 y2 100 2 x 11. 0) and (6. 6) and (0. 8) 6. endpoints of minor axis at (5. 6). . 7. Inc. (0. 3) and (7. Then graph the ellipse. 0) 9. -12). 4. major axis 12 units long and parallel to x-axis. endpoints of major axis at (2. –1) (4. 6) and (8.√⎯⎯⎯ ) 23 23 Find the coordinates of the center and foci and the lengths of the major and minor axes for the ellipse with the given equation. x 10.

Find the coordinates of the center and foci and the lengths of the major and minor axes for the ellipse with the given equation. center at (2. 4. 3) (–5. -3) 5.√⎯ ) 5 6 (11. -4) 8. 0) and (4. 2) and (0. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Write another equation to model the second loop. 0). 2 + √⎯ ) 5 y (0. major axis 16 units long. − + − = 1 16 9 11. 3) (3. y2 x2 10. 0) and (9. center at (2. 2) and (4. 3) y 2 (–11. Inc. − + − = 1 (y . 0) 12 x O (0.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-4 1. (–6. major axis 10 units long. 3) 2 4x Write an equation for an ellipse that satisfies each set of conditions. 5) 3. –1) x -6 -4 -2 O 2. 3) 6 4 2 y (4. SPORTS An ice skater traces two congruent ellipses to form a figure eight. foci at (-4. Then graph the ellipse. -3) and (7. minor axis 10 units long. Write an equation to model the first loop if its major axis (along the x-axis) is 12 feet long and its minor axis is 6 feet long. endpoints of minor axis at (0. 1) 7. –3) (0. -2 √15 ) 9.3)2 1 12. 2 . (0. center at (0. 0) –12 –6 O –2 (0. -2). endpoints of major axis at (4. -3) 6. endpoints of minor axis at (0. with the second loop to its right.1)2 36 (x . major axis 20 units long and parallel to x-axis. 2 √15 ) and (0. 0) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. endpoints of major axis at (-9. endpoints of minor axis at (1. -8). Chapter 10 132 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (0. minor axis 6 units long and parallel to x-axis. Assume that the center of the first loop is at the origin. Practice Ellipses Write an equation for each ellipse. − + − = 1 (x + 4)2 49 (y + 3)2 25 y 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 2 4x –8 –4 8 4 O –4 –8 y 4 –8 4 8x –4 O –4 –8 –12 y 4 x 13. 0). foci at (0. 3) and (0.

− = 1 x2 16 y2 1 4 2 -4 -2 O -2 -4 y 8 4 2 4x –8 –4 O –4 –8 y 8 4 4 8x –8 –4 O –4 –8 y 4 8x Chapter 10 133 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Inc. (–√⎯ 0) (√⎯ 0) 41. vertices (-3. vertices (0. vertices (0. 8. foci (±5. vertices (0. vertices (-4. (0.− = 1 9 2 y2 36 y2 x2 12. conjugate axis of length 14 6. 8 (–5. ±3) 10. 0) O 4 8x y 2. 0) and (3. conjugate axis of length 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. –8 (0. 0) 4 8x –8 –4 (–√⎯ 0) 29. 8 4 O –4 –8 y (2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 0). 1. − . 0) 9. –6) (√⎯ 0) 29. 6) 3. conjugate axis of length 10 7. -2) Graph each hyperbola. –√⎯ ) 61 (0. 0) and (4. vertices (0. foci. 0) and (2. and asymptotes. √⎯ ) 61 –8 –4 8 4 O –4 –8 y (0. 3) and (0. -2). (–2.− = 1 49 9 13. vertices (-2. foci (0. 0) 4 8x –4 41. Identify the vertices. 4. 0). 0). Write an equation for the hyperbola that satisfies each set of conditions. − . 2) and (0. 6) and (0. -2) and (6.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-5 Skills Practice Hyperbolas Write an equation for each hyperbola. -2). -6). x 11. -3). conjugate axis of length 8 5. 0) 4 –8 –4 (5. foci (3 ± √13 . − .

0) 7. Chapter 10 134 Glencoe Algebra 2 . foci (0. –2) 2 4x y (3. vertices (0. 7) and (0. 0). − . Write an equation that models the hyperbola formed by the mirror. 0) and (5.− = 1 (y + 2)2 4 (x . − . 3) 4 8x -4 -2 -2 -4 2. Some x-ray telescopes are fitted with a metal mirror in the shape of a hyperbola. –3√⎯ ) 5 –8 4. 0) and (3. Suppose the vertices of such a mirror are located at (-3. 0). which reflects the x-rays to a focus. conjugate axis of length 6 units 6.− = 1 16 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 0). vertices (0. 2) and (0. 3√⎯ ) 5 (0. Inc.2)2 1 (x . Practice Hyperbolas Write an equation for each hyperbola. y 2 2 -2 -4 (1.1)2 4 10. foci (± √26 . -7). and asymptotes. foci. -2).3)2 4 8 4 –8 –4 O –4 –8 y y 6 4 y 2 2 -2 4 6 x O 4 8x -2 O 2 2 -2 4 x -4 -6 11. 4). 9. and one focus is located at (5. –2) -6 4 x -2 O (–1. –2) –4 (0. Identify the vertices. 8 4 –8 –4 O y (0.− = 1 (y . y2 x2 8. 4 2 y y 3. conjugate axis of length 18 units 5. vertices (-5. vertices (0. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. − . -4) and (0. ASTRONOMY Astronomers use special x-ray telescopes to observe the sources of celestial x-rays. –3) (0. -1 ± √5 ) Graph each hyperbola.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-5 1.

25x2 + 30xy + 10y2 . circle. x2 + y2 . 100x2 + 25y2 = 400 y O y x y O Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 16x2 .8xy = 2x2 .144 = 0 20. 1. 7.15 = y 6. 4y2 .4 12. 25y2 . state whether the graph of each equation is a parabola. y = x2 + 2x 11.25y2 = 25 2.16 = 0 y y y O x O x O x 4.1)2 = 4 21. x2 + 8x + y2 = 9 5. x2 . (x + 5)2 + y2 = 10 Chapter 10 8.25x2 = 100 13. State whether the graph of the equation is a parabola.4y2 = 64 15. ellipse.6 24. or hyperbola.250 = 0 135 Glencoe Algebra 2 . circle. x2 .36x . 8y2 . x2 + 2x . 9x2 + 4y2 = 36 3. (x + 3)2 + ( y . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.4x . 16x2 + 5xy + y2 = 16 14. x2 . x2 + y2 .NAME DATE PERIOD 10-6 Skills Practice Identifying Conic Sections Write each equation in standard form. Then graph the equation. x O x Without writing the equation in standard form. Inc.6y2 + 9 = 0 23.2xy = y2 + 5y . 5x2 + 5y2 = 25 16. x2 + y2 = 25 10. 25y2 + 12xy + 9x2 = 225 17. 9x2 + 4xy + 4y2 = 36 9. y = 4x2 . 36y2 . ellipse.4x2 = 144 18.50y + 4x2 = 75 22.144 19. or hyperbola.

9x2 + y2 + 54x .12xy . Chapter 10 136 Glencoe Algebra 2 . ellipse.30x . 1. 6x2 + 6y2 = 36 8.100x2 5.80 = 0 10. 196y2 = 1225 .6y2 .144 = 0 13.12y = -9 y y y O O x O x x 4.y2 = 16 9. 5x2 + 5y2 . State whether the graph of the equation is a parabola. circle. Write an equation that describes the path of the space probe if the 5 center of its hyperbolic orbit is at (0.45 = 0 11.10xy . 3x2 = 9 . Then graph the equation. O x O x O x Without writing the equation in standard form. 0). Inc. or hyperbola. 9x2 + 16y2 . 5x2 .NAME DATE PERIOD 10-6 Practice Identifying Conic Sections Write each equation in standard form. ASTRONOMY A space probe flies by a planet in an hyperbolic orbit. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.6y = -81 y y y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. or hyperbola. 4x2 + 6xy . state whether the graph of each equation is a parabola.64y .3y2 . ellipse. It reaches the vertex of its orbit at (5. 7.36x2 + 4x . 4y2 . circle. x2 + y2 + 6x = 7 3. x2 + 2x = y 12.6y 6. y2 = -3x 2. 0) and then travels along a path that gets closer and closer to 2 the line y = − x.

4x2 + 9y2 = 36 x2 .4x + 2 12. x = -5 x2 + y2 = 25 8. y2 .2 y = 2x2 4. y = -1 4x2 + y2 = 1 16. x . Inc. y ≤ x y ≥ -2x2 + 4 y 21.NAME DATE PERIOD 10-7 Skills Practice Solving Linear-Nonlinear Systems 3. Solve each system of inequalities by graphing.4x2 = 4 y = 2x Solve each system of equations. what are the 3 y coordinates of points A and B? O x Chapter 10 137 Glencoe Algebra 2 .x y = x2 . y = 4x 4x2 + y2 = 20 5. y = x2 + 1 y = -x2 + 3 15.− x. GARDENING An elliptical garden bed has a path from point A to point B. y = x x 2 + y2 = 4 7. 1.4y2 = 4 y = -2x + 2 x 2 + y2 = 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 19.y + 1 = 0 y2 = 4x 11.9y2 = 9 18. y = x . y = x + 3 y = x2 .2 x2 + y2 < 16 y 20. 4y2 + 9x2 < 144 x2 + 8y2 < 16 y O x O x O x 22.3)2 = 12 17. y = 3x x = y2 6. y = 2 . y = x . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.4(x .2 2. If the bed can be modeled by the equation x2 + 3y2 = 12 1 and the path can be modeled by the line y = . y = -2x + 2 y2 = 2x 10. x2 .1 y = x2 13. y = 7 x 2 + y2 = 9 9. y ≤ 3x . 3( y + 2)2 . y = 3x2 y = -3x2 14.

y2 = 9 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. If the ellipse can be modeled by the equation x2 + 4y2 = 4 for y ≥ 0 and the two congruent segments can be modeled by y = − x and y = .3)2 + 2 12. 0). y ≥ x2 y > -x + 2 y 20. 4x2 + 9y2 = 36 2x2 . 4y2 .y2 = 3 y 2 .6x2 4y2 = 40 .y2 = 8 3x2 .2)2 ≤ 4 y (y . what are the coordinates of points A and B? √3 2 √3 2 A B (0. 1. x2 + y2 = 25 4y = 3x 8.9y2 = 18 x 11.− = 1 9 16 x = ( y . Inc. 25x2 + 4y2 = 100 5 x = -− 2 14. GEOMETRY The top of an iron gate is shaped like half an ellipse with two congruent segments from the center of the ellipse to the ellipse as shown.9x2 = 36 4x2 . x2 + y2 < 36 x2 + y2 ≥ 16 y 21.1 4. − .3)2 + 3 2 x + y2 = 9 2 13. x2 + 2y2 = 1 y = -x + 1 5. x2 . y = x2 .6 x+y=3 3.3 x 2 + y2 = 9 7. x2 + y2 = 64 x 2 . x = 2( y + 1)2 . x2 + y2 = 4 y2 x −+−=1 4 8 2 15. − + − = 1 7 2 y2 7 17. (x . x + 2y = 3 x 2 + y2 = 9 18.3x2 = 6 y = 2x .3) 2 16 (x .2)2 + y2 = 5 x-y=1 2. 19. x = -( y . y2 .NAME DATE PERIOD 10-7 Practice Solving Linear-Nonlinear Systems Solve each system of equations. Solve each system of inequalities by graphing.5 10.2x2 y2 9. y2 = 10 . 0) Chapter 10 138 Glencoe Algebra 2 .9y2 = 36 6.2) 2 4 O x x O x O 22. − + − ≤ 1 (x + 1)2 + ( y . x2 + y2 = 25 x = 3y .− x. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Assume that the center of the ellipse is at (0.x2 = 3 x 16.

-1. Find the next three terms for each geometric sequence. -5. 11. 7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. … 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 y 2. 1. 19... 20 15 10 5 -5 -10 -15 -20 y x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 10.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-1 Skills Practice Sequences as Functions Find the next four terms of each arithmetic sequence. 0. 2. 6 −. Then graph the sequence. 101. 8. −. 57. 7. 2. . … 5 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 y x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 7. 15. 15. … 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 y 4. … 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 y x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Chapter 11 139 Glencoe Algebra 2 . −. … 20 15 10 5 -5 -10 -15 -20 y x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 x 3. Then graph the sequence. 1 5. 26. 52. 13. 303. -10. … 3 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 y 8. Inc. … 2 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 y 2 6. 202.

14 y x x Find the next three terms for each geometric sequence. 1 1 1 3. 2 −. EDUCATION Trevor Koba has opened an English Language School in Isehara. 1. .. -8. -47. 10 2 2 y 450 375 300 225 150 75 90 75 60 45 30 15 4. . Japan. 5. 29.12 .NAME DATE PERIOD 11-1 Practice Sequences as Functions Find the next four terms of each arithmetic sequence. … 2. 4. He began with 26 students. 5. −.. 206.184 .. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 16. in how many weeks will he have 101 students? 10. 25. -6. -4. 9. Inc. 9. 57. 8. Then graph the sequence. Then graph the sequence.. y x x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. … 6. 11.. -25. geometric. 27. 456.. . What will her salary be during her sixth year if she accepts the job? Chapter 11 140 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 103. If he enrolls 3 new students each week. Explain your reasoning. . 8. … 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 y -2 -4 -6 -8 . 412. 3648.000 with a $1250 raise at the end of each year. 81. 7. -37.. SALARIES Yolanda interviewed for a job that promised her a starting salary of $32. … 9.10 . or neither. -13. 36. Determine whether each sequence is arithmetic. −.. 824.

48. Inc. an = 31.3n) n=5 Find the first three terms of each arithmetic series. 32. 92. 64. ? . 235. 5. Sn = 228 17. ? . 78. a19 for 16. ? . 5 + 8 + 11 + 14 + … + 32 9. -137. 17. 7. ? . -230. ? . 3.3) n=1 10 12. Sn = 175 16.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-2 Skills Practice Arithmetic Sequences and Series Find the indicated term of each arithmetic sequence. a1 = 4. n = 19. an = 41. ∑ (2n . d = 13. 106. ∑ (10 + 3n) n=1 12 13. 32 Find the sum of each arithmetic series. ∑ (4 . 1 + 4 + 7 + 10 + … + 43 8. ? . 41 6. … Find the arithmetic means in each sequence. ? . ? . ? . … 4. -323. Sn = 230 18. an = 85. ∑ (4n + 1) n=2 14. -2 + (-5) + (-8) + … + (-20) 18 11. n = 73 2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 1. … Write an equation for the nth term of each arithmetic sequence. 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 + … + 19 5 10. n = 10. an = 41. Sn = 760 Chapter 11 141 Glencoe Algebra 2 . -416. a1 = -3. 15. a1 = 56.

a1 = 1. … 4. Find a23 in the sequence. he or she wins the $1 in the jackpot. ∑ (5n . an = -85. then draws the name of a regular customer. STACKING A health club rolls its towels and stacks them in layers on a shelf. ∑ (2k + 1) k=4 13. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. ∑ (5 + 3n) j=1 8 11. + 27 7. 5 + 7 + 9 + 11 + . -87. If the customer is not present. -50.. a1 = 14. BUSINESS A merchant places $1 in a jackpot on August 1. -4 + 1 + 6 + 11 + . -73. 3. Sn = 100 17.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-2 Practice Arithmetic Sequences and Series Find the indicated term of each arithmetic sequence. n = 16. 15. an = 15. -45. ∑ (9 . Inc. 45. -59. Find the sixtieth term of the arithmetic sequence if a1 = 418 and d = 12.4n) n=1 101 12. -18. If the customer is present. an = 5 −.4n) n =1 Find the first three terms of each arithmetic series described. If there are 20 towels on the bottom layer and one towel on the top layer. 5. Each day the merchant adds an amount equal to the day of the month. -66. how many towels are stacked on the shelf? 20. -34.10) n=3 14.2n) n=1 10 10. 2. n = 15.. 13 + 20 + 27 + … + 272 4 6 6. 0. 1. 30. the merchant adds $2 to the jackpot on August 2 and draws another name. ∑ (4 . Sn = -120 4 18. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. ∑ (1 . … Find the sum of each arithmetic series. an = 19. Each layer of towels has one less towel than the layer below it. Sn = 45 5 19. 15. + 91 8.. Write an equation for the nth term of each arithmetic sequence. If the first person to win the jackpot wins $496. 89 + 86 + 83 + 80 + … + 20 5 9.. …. on what day of the month was her or his name drawn? Chapter 11 142 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Sn = -1207 16.

531. 2. 32. ? . -2048. 1225. r = −. n = 5 1 5. … 13. 64. 15. r = 6. 81 17. … 9. … 10. 14. n = 6 2. r = -2. -8192.611. ? . n = 9 5 Write an equation for the nth term of each geometric sequence. 38. ? . ? . 18. -1. 27. n = 4 2 2 1 23. r = 3. a1 = -78. a1 = -20. ? . 36. 12. r = -2. 512. ? . … 11. n = 8 24. 8208. a1 = 5. 9. … Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 8575. 4131.248. r = 3. ? . 4. r = -2 Chapter 11 143 Glencoe Algebra 2 . ? .125. n = 9 1 6. 334. -16. r = 2.441. an = 1 −. 9. Inc. Sn = 1295.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-3 Skills Practice Geometric Sequences and Series Find an for each geometric sequence. … 19. 175. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. -3. r = −. 3. a1 = -3. 25. 228. 10. 4096. ? . -4096. ? . Sn = -342. … Find the geometric means of each sequence. -9. r = − 5 5 5 22. n = 6 3. 5. 20. 51. ? . 1.536. … 20. ? . 7.384. 49. ? . ? . a1 = 18. … Find a1 for each geometric series described. 108.768. a1 = 65. Sn = 1640. 21. 64 16. -6. Sn = 218 −. -240. … 18. ? . ? . an = -512. 1. … 12. n = 6 4 4. 324. … 8. -15.

16. -5. . r = 3. a12 for 96. 18. −. n = 9 5 2. r = -2. 16. a1 = -3125. an = 3481. a8 for . Sn = 1512. 1. 9. r = 3. n = 6. BIOLOGY A culture initially contains 200 bacteria. … 2 4 10.1 k=3 14. Sn = 3478. n = 9 Write an equation for the nth term of each geometric sequence. r = 2. r = −. 10 8 32 13. 24. … 12. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a1 = 20. how many bacteria will be in the culture at the end of 12 hours? 21. a1 = -4. 48.−.−. … Find the sum of each geometric series. n = 6 1 1 1 4. LIGHT If each foot of water in a lake screens out 60% of the light above. -25. How much money will he have in the account at the end of 5 years? Chapter 11 144 Glencoe Algebra 2 .1 k=2 Find a1 for each geometric series described. a1 = 8. r = 5 17. 1. … 1 1 11. -6. what percent of the light passes through 5 feet of water? 22.−. ∑ (-3)(3) k . r = −. r = -3. Inc. a1 = 3. -12. -1. an = 3280. n = 10 5. ∑ (-4)(-2) k .5 20.6 19. r = 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 4. INVESTING Raul invests $1000 in a savings account that earns 5% interest compounded annually. −. Sn = 1550. … 1 7.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-3 Practice Geometric Sequences and Series Find an for each geometric sequence. Sn = 4860.2. -3. ∑ 9(-1) k . r = .1 k=1 15. n = 3. If the number of bacteria doubles every 2 hours. n = 8 10 1 6. 1. . … 250 50 10 2 1 8.− . a1 = 5. n = 6 3.

a1 = 8. ∑ . 125 + 25 + 5 + … 1 10.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-4 Skills Practice Infinite Geometric Series Find the sum of each infinite series. a1 = 6.8 −− 22. r = − 2 1 5. 0. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a1 = 1. 0. 540 . 0. 9 + 6 + 4 + … 1 15.1 + − .375 −−− 26. − + − + − + … 4 4 4 1 1 1 12. ∑ 10 − n =1 ∞ (2) n-1 1 16. r = -− 5 3. 9 . 1 1.27 −− 23. if it exists.… 9 3 9 27 11.8 + … 14.641 Chapter 11 − 20. − 19. ∑ 6 . 5 + 2 + 0.54 −−− 25. 0. r = − 2 2 2.4 −− 21. 0. 0. 4 + 2 + 1 + − + … 2 6. r = 2 1 4. 0.− n =1 ∞ ( 3) n-1 2 17. 0.− − n =1 ∞ ( 3 )( 3 ) n-1 Write each repeating decimal as a fraction.21 + … 9.180 + 60 . ∑ 15 − n =1 ∞ (5) n-1 4 1 18. 5 + 10 + 20 + … 8.20 + … 7.171 145 Glencoe Algebra 2 . − + − + − + … 3 9 27 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a1 = 5. -336 + 84 . Inc. 13.67 −−− 24.

What is the total distance 5 traveled by the pendulum when it stops swinging? 9 36. r = .1 n=1 Write each repeating decimal as a fraction.1) n .990 −− 30.. a1 = 26... 1 23. 0.. a1 = 35..1 + . ∑ 5 (-0. 18 .06 + 0.3 . a1 = 112. a1 = 98.00003 ... 0.. 4 the pendulum travels − the distance of its previous swing. -270 + 135 -67.. 7 7 7 16. What is 10 10 the total vertical distance (both up and down) traveled by the ball when it stops bouncing? (Hint: Add the total distance the ball falls to the total distance it rises... 3 ∞ 21.... 0. Inc. 17. a1 = 42. − .. − + − + 1 + . 8 10. 0. 2 22. − .003 + 0.8 + 0..150 35.243 32.− 6 4. PENDULUMS On its first swing.0006 + . ∑ − .. r = − 2. r = − 1 6.− 5 2 1 7. 6 + 4 + − + .0. ELASTICITY A ball dropped from a height of 10 feet bounces back − of that distance. 0...6 + 2 .5 + 0.08 + 0.. ∑ 3 − 4 n=1 ∞ n=1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.. r = .. 0.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-4 Practice Infinite Geometric Series Find the sum of each infinite series.125 + .. if it exists. 0. 2 + 6 + 18 + . 3 9. a pendulum travels 8 feet.− 4 3 5...2 + 6 . 2 1 1. 0. 3 + − + − + . 7 49 20.− n=1 ∞ 3 ( 4) n-1 n-1 26.25 + 0. 14.) Chapter 11 146 Glencoe Algebra 2 .43 −−− −− −−− 31... 0. 25 5 12. the ball continues to reach − of its previous height. 4 2 11..008 + . 9 With each successive bounce. On each successive swing. 3 13. ∑ 18 (−) 3 ∞ n-1 3 2 24. 10 + 1 + 0. r = − 5 8. () 2 25. 100 + 20 + 4 + .09 29. 0.. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. r = . a1 = 135..84 33. 0.5 + .006 + 0. − −− −− 27. 0.. a1 = 500..6 28. 10 12 100 6 1000 1 1 1 18. r = − 7 2 5 3 3.27 −−− 34. 15... − + − + − + .− + − . 9 27 19.

an + 1 = an . a1 = -4. a1 = -2. 123. 9. a1 = 4. 2.536.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-5 Skills Practice Recursion and Iteration Find the first five terms of each sequence described. 217. 16. 3.131. 11. 3. … 10.1 . –2. f(x) = 2x . … 13.3x. 5. a2 = 2. … 11.1 8. x0 = 5 147 Glencoe Algebra 2 .1 7. 6. 22. 12. a1 = -1. f (x) = 4x + 7.an Write a recursive formula for each sequence. x0 = 1 23.5. … Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. an + 1 = an + 3 3. f(x) = 3x + 4.3. x0 = 3 16. f(x) = 7x + 1.1. 1. 2. x0 = -1 18. f (x) = -x . an + 1 = 2an 4. 18. 8.an . 1. 1944. f (x) = 6x . –8. f (x) = x2 .3. 4. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 256. an + 1 = 6 . Inc. a1 = -3. an + 1 = an + 7 2. 12. 7. a1 = 3. x0 = 10 20. 15. x0 = -5 19. an + 1 = an . 65. –134. 17. 1.1 6. 728. f (x) = 5x . a2 = 1. f (x) = -3x + 6. x0 = 2 22. x0 = 6 21. 1. f(x) = -3x + 4. 3. x0 = -4 Chapter 11 24. … Find the first three iterates of each function for the given initial value. 15. 2. 108. a1 = 0. x0 = 2 17. an + 1 = an + an . … 14. a2 = -1.an 5. a2 = -5. a1 = 5. –512. an + 1 = -4an + an .

1. 3 in. INFLATION Iterating the function c(x) = 1. 4. 1. a1 = -2. -3. -32. What is the perimeter of the original square? b. f (x) = 10x + 2. 256. 18. 4. a1 = -8. … 9. −. x0 = -1 19. f (x) = 3x + 4.8an .1 Write a recursive formula for each sequence. Inc. 1. a2 = 1. an + 1 = an + 8 3. 1. 7. an + 1 = 10 . -3. 1 in. an + 1 = an + 5 2. 3. -7. −. … 8. 3. an + 1 = 5an . What function f(x) can you iterate to find the perimeter of each successive shape if you continue this process? Chapter 11 148 Glencoe Algebra 2 . x0 = -1 15.an 6. 5. 2. 1. What is the perimeter of the new shape? 1 in. 13. -2. a1 = -3. 1 in. 3. FRACTALS Replacing each side of the square shown with the combination of segments below it gives the figure to its right. x0 = -1 16. … 1 1 12. -1. -4.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-5 Practice Recursion and Iteration Find the first five terms of each sequence described. a. x0 = 1 17. If you repeat the process by replacing each side of the new shape by a proportional combination of 5 segments. 3. a1 = 3. 7. f (x) = 8 + 3x.1 4. x0 = -3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 2. … 11. 6561. 7. 3. 24. d. an + 1 = 3an + 2 5.05x gives the future cost of an item at a constant 5% inflation rate. 13. f (x) = 8 . f (x) = -8x + 9. 9. 1. a1 = 2. 20. a1 = -7. an + 1 = -2an + 6an . Find the cost of a $2000 ring in five years at 5% inflation. -8. c. f (x) = -4x2. 7. x0 = 5 23. x0 = 3 14. x0 = -2 20. f (x) = 2x2. f (x) = 4x + 5. x0 = 1 21. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1 in. f (x) = 5(x + 3). 1. 4. x0 = -1 22. f (x) = x2 . -2. … 3 3 Find the first three iterates of each function for the given initial value. a2 = -3. 7. … 10.x. 3. what will the perimeter of the third shape be? 1 in. 81. 11.

(g . (2a + 3)3 Find the indicated term of each expression. Inc.y)7 Chapter 11 149 Glencoe Algebra 2 .h)4 4. third term of (b + 6)5 20. fourth term of (6x + 5)5 14. (m + 1)4 5. twelfth term of (13x – 4y)11 17. fourth term of (m + n)10 18. (x .5)4 7. fifth term of (2a + 3)6 22. (x . seventh term of (x . 13. (a . (c . sixth term of (r .y)8 19.1)4 10.2)9 21. ( y . (r + 4)3 6. third term of (11x + 3y)6 16.7)3 8. (d + 2)5 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-6 Skills Practice The Binomial Theorem Expand each binomial. 1. 12. (a + b)5 3.4d)3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.y)3 2. second term of (3x . (2a + b)4 11. fifth term of (x – 3y)6 15.

(r + 3)5 5. (x .y)4 9. (2m . Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (x + 2y)5 12. (3x + y)4 8. (a . 17. Inc. GEOMETRY How many line segments can be drawn between ten points. if you use exactly two of the ten points to draw each segment? 28.2y)4 Find the indicated term of each expansion. (n + v)5 2. eighth term of (x – y)11 21. third term of (x – 2)8 22. (2d + 3)6 11. how many different sequences of tosses will give exactly 3 heads and 1 tail or exactly 1 head and 3 tails? Chapter 11 150 Glencoe Algebra 2 . fourth term of (5x + 2y)5 20. sixth term of (x + 4y)6 19. (3 . (m . sixth term of (m . (3m . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.3y)6 18. (w .y)5 13. fourth term of (x . fifth term of (2x . tenth term of (2x + y)12 26.3z)3 10. no three of which are collinear.5)5 6. (x + 4)4 7.p)10 24.3b)4 14. (2x .2z)4 Practice The Binomial Theorem Expand each binomial. seventh term of (a + b)10 23.1)9 27. (x + y)6 4.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-6 1. PROBABILITY If you toss a coin 4 times.4p)3 16. 15.y)4 3.t)14 25. (5x . ninth term of (r .

3. 4. 1 + 3 + 5 + … + (2n . 2 + 4 + 6 + … + 2n = n2 + n Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.1) = n2 2. 1 + 4 + 8 + … + 2n = − n(n + 1)(2n + 1) 6 Chapter 11 151 Glencoe Algebra 2 .1 is divisible by 5. 6n . 3n + 3n is divisible by 6. Inc. 1. 5.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-7 Skills Practice Proof by Mathematical Induction Prove that each statement is true for all natural numbers. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Find a counterexample to disprove each statement.

1 2. 1 + 4 + 9 + … + n2 = − n(n + 1)(2n + 1) 6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + … + 2n . 7.2) = n3 .1) = − Chapter 11 5.n2 + 1 6. 18n . 3.2n .1 is a multiple of 17. 13 + 23 + 33 + … + n3 = n4 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.NAME DATE PERIOD 11-7 Practice Proof by Mathematical Induction Prove that each statement is true for all natural numbers. 1 + 3 + 5 + … + (2n .3 is divisible by 3.1 = 2n . Find a counterexample to disprove each statement. 5n .n3 + 1 n2 + 3n . Inc. 1 + 4 + 7 + … + (3n . 1.2 2 152 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4.

If it is an experiment.0 grade point average study more than those who do not. and compare their SAT scores. If I practice the saxophone every day. 1. Inc. If water is heated to 100° Celsius. 5. Determine whether the following statements show correlation or causation. an observational study. and Observational Studies State whether each situation represents an experiment or an observational study. Chapter 12 153 Glencoe Algebra 2 . Studies have shown that students who are confident before a test raises test scores. Find 200 people at a mall and randomly split them into two groups. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. half of whom play sports.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-1 Exercises Skills Practice Experiments. You want to see if students who have a 4. Determine whether the following situation calls for a survey. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Explain the process. I will make the school jazz band. 8. 7. determine whether there is bias. Find 100 students. it will boil. and the other group tries a placebo. Surveys. 6. 2. or an experiment. When a traffic light is red. 4. Identify the control group and the treated group. Explain. One group tries a new pain reliever medicine. a driver brings her car to a stop. You want to find opinions on the best computer game to buy. 3.

6. Determine whether each situation call for a survey. If I jog every day. and Observational Studies State whether each situation represents an experiment or an observational study. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Give a new vitamin to one group and a placebo to the other group. You want to find out if people who eat a candy bar immediately before a math test get higher scores than people who do not. 2. I can complete a marathon in three hours. 4. determine whether there is bias. 1. and compare their grade point averages. or an experiment. it does not rain. If I study for three hours. You want to compare the health of students who walk to school to the health of students who ride the bus. Find 1000 people and randomly split them into two groups. half of whom are on the chess team. 3. Inc. Find 300 students. 5. Chapter 12 154 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 7. Studies show that taking a multivitamin leads to a longer life. Determine whether the following statements show correlation or causation. Explain the process. Surveys.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-1 Practice Experiments. When there are no clouds in the sky. Explain. an observational study. If it is an experiment. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. I will earn a grade of 100% on my history test. Identify the control group and the treatment group. 8.

2. {410. a list of the scores of 1000 students on an SAT test 9. 376. What is the margin of sampling error and the likely interval that contains the percent of the population? Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 450. 72.7. MOVIES A survey of 728 random people found that 72% prefer comedies over romantic movies. Tenth graders at a high school are surveyed about school athletics. 67.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-2 Skills Practice Statistical Analysis Which measure of central tendency best represents the data. 268. state found that 80% watched College football games every weekend in the Fall. 422. Then find the standard deviation of the data.5. 20} 2. What is the margin of sampling error and the likely interval that contains the percent of the population? 11. 25. and why? 1.7} 4. Determine whether each is a sample or a population. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8. Round to the nearest hundredth. 5. 11. 250. 71. 299. 250. 15. a list of the test scores of all the students in a class 6. {75.5.S. 405. {10. {200. 397. 60. 74. 50 47 23 The Number of Sit Ups Completed by All Students in a Gym Class 28 33 41 41 45 31 61 50 38 54 50 42 28 61 Chapter 12 155 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a. a school lunch survey that asks every fifth student that enters the lunch room 7. 60. 225.5. 401} Determine whether the following represents a population or a sample.5} 3. SPORTS A survey of 3441 random people in one U. 4 9 The Shoe Sizes of 12 Students at a High School 8 7 5 10 6 7 6 9 5 8 b. 10. 60. Inc.

14. 8. Round to the nearest hundredth.7} 4. 6.9. Inc.9.9. 12.7. 12. 15. 30} Determine whether the following represents a population or a sample. the test scores of seven students in a chemistry class are compared 8.8. 36. 4.9} 3. 14. friends compare the batting averages of players who are listed in their collections of baseball cards 6. 18} 2.7.7. 7. Determine whether each is a sample or a population. a. 78. What is the margin of sampling error? What is the likely interval that contains the percentage of the population that drives convertibles year-round? Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. What is the margin of sampling error? What is the likely interval that contains the percentage of the population that went to the beach at least four times last July? 11. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a list of the times every student in gym class took to run a mile 7. 10. 10. {29.4. 14.2. 16. BEACHES A survey of 812 random people in Hawaii found that 57% went to the beach at least four times last July. 101. {77. 9 The Number of Wins for Each Player on a Tennis Team Last Season 10 2 9 9 10 17 15 4 19 8 5 b. 110. 14. 5. {10. 14. CARS A survey of 56 random people in a small town found that 14% drive convertibles year-round. Then find the standard deviation of the data. {12. 21.7. 14. every student in a high school votes in a class president election 9. 105. 99. 7 11 12 The Number of Medals Earned by 18 High School Debaters 10 5 7 4 6 8 5 4 5 10 4 3 9 3 9 Chapter 12 156 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 14.1. and why? 1. 87.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-2 Practice Statistical Analysis Which measure of central tendency best represents the data.

Chapter 12 157 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2004 Republican Wins Democrat Wins 0 3 2005 1 1 2006 2 1 2007 3 2 Source: Clerk of the House of Representatives a. c. A Democrat wins. The table shows the number of special elections won by each party between 2004 and 2007. The election was held in 2005. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jennifer surveyed her classmates to see if they were in the Panic Squadron Fan Club and if they were going to a concert. given the special election was held in 2007. b. 8 1 2 3 4 2. 4. The spinner does not land on 3. given that the spinner lands on an odd number.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-3 Skills Practice Conditional Probability The spinner is numbered from one to eight. given that the spinner lands on an odd number. 8. congressman vacates their office in the middle of their two-year term. Inc. Find the probability that a person surveyed went to the concert. a special election for the remainder of the term is often held to fill the vacancy. 5. The spinner lands on a number less than 6. Find each probability. given the election was held in 2006. The spinner lands on 7. given that the spinner lands on an odd number.S. A Republican wins. given that the spinner lands on an even number. CONCERTS The Panic Squadron is playing a concert. Fan Club Member Going to Concert Not Going to Concert 12 2 Not in Fan Club 4 18 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. given that the spinner lands on a number greater than 4. given that they are a fan club member. 7 6 5 3. 6. 7. The spinner lands on a number greater than 5. Find each probability. given the winner was a Democrat. given that the spinner does not land on 1 or 2. The spinner lands on a number less than 6. The spinner lands on 3. SPECIAL ELECTIONS When a U.

7. A voter cast a ballot for Rose Heck. b. 1. Results Acidic Basic Cheryl’s Tests 12 9 Jerome’s Tests 8 3 a. c. Find each probability. Clinton. 6. Hasbrouck Joe Coniglio Rose Heck 1743 2616 Clinton 1782 2178 Eastwick 886 1329 Abletown 7790 5876 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. The table shows how many votes each candidate received in each town. 4. One of the rolls is a 6. A voter cast a ballot in Hasbrouck. All of the rolls are 5. Find each probability. 3. given that the hit happened during Jeter’s career. given that it is basic. had 206 hits in the 2007 Major League Baseball season and has 2356 career hits. A hit was a double. doubles. Eastwick. Singles 2007 Season Career 151 1721 Doubles 39 386 Triples 4 54 Home Runs 12 195 a. given that one of the rolls is a 2. given that all of the rolls are greater than 3. Cheryl and Jerome split the work between them as shown in the table. Jerome is testing the substance. a. Find each probability. The table below shows the number of singles. CHEMISTRY Cheryl and Jerome are testing the pH of 32 unknown substances as part of science class. None of the rolls are 2. Inc. given that the voter cast a ballot for Joe Coniglio. Find each probability. ELECTIONS Rose Heck is running against Joe Coniglio in a district that includes the towns of Hasbrouck. a player for the New York Yankees. given that Cheryl is testing it. given that the hit happened in the 2007 season. given that the voter cast a ballot in Eastwick. given that the voter cast a ballot in Clinton. 5. A hit was a home run. One of the rolls is a 4.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-3 Practice Conditional Probability Four dice are thrown. A voter cast a ballot for Joe Coniglio. given that all of the rolls show the same number. b. b. Chapter 12 158 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. and home runs Derek Jeter had in the 2007 season and during his career. 2. The substance is acidic. BASEBALL Derek Jeter. given that all of the rolls are even. triples. and Abletown.

3. including 12 westerns and 16 science fiction. P(freshman/male) d. a. P(sophomore/female) b. Inc. a. He has narrowed his choices to 4 landscape photographs and 3 portraits. P(2 westerns and 1 science fiction) f. P(junior/male) c. P(older) Chapter 12 159 Glencoe Algebra 2 . P(1 western and 2 science fiction) e. P(younger) d. P(3 comedy) b. and 3 are girls. Four of her cousins are older than her. If a student taking Algebra 1 or Algebra 2 is selected at random. If he chooses the two photographs at random. P(2 landscape) c. P(freshman/female) Class/Gender Freshman/Male Freshman/Female Sophomore/Male Sophomore/Female Junior/Male Junior/Female Number 95 101 154 145 100 102 4. Find the probability of each selection. Elise selects 3 of the movies at random to bring to a sleep-over at her friend’s house. P(2 science fiction and 2 westerns) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-4 Skills Practice Probability and Probability Distributions 1. Find the probability of each when one cousin is chosen at random. P(girl) c. P(boy) b. find the probability of each selection. a. PHOTOGRAPHY Ahmed is posting 2 photographs on his website. FAMILY Lisa has 10 cousins. Seven of her cousins are boys. find each probability. CLASS The chart to the right shows the class and gender statistics for the students taking an Algebra 1 or Algebra 2 class at La Mesa High School. P(3 westerns) c. P(1 of each) 2. Express as decimals rounded to the nearest thousandth. six are younger. P(2 portrait) b. VIDEOS The Carubas have a collection of 28 movies. a. P(3 science fiction) d.

WALLPAPER Henrico visits a home decorating store to choose wallpapers for his new house. a. P(400–449) b. If a freshman student is chosen at random. P(4 WallPride) c. Two coins are selected at random. P(2 red) d. Two balloons are selected at random. find each probability. If a game is chosen at random. and 5 yellow balloons. P(1 red and 1 yellow) e. P(2 dimes and 1 quarter) d. P(2 green) b. P(1 quarter and 1 nickel) 3. P(1 WallPride and 3 Deluxe) b. a. including 10 books of WallPride samples and 18 books of Deluxe Wall Coverings samples. Find the probability of each selection. Mei-Mei was playing and the game was won c. P(2 red and 1 yellow) c. If Henrico randomly chooses 4 books to bring home. any of the players was playing and the game was won Chapter 12 160 Glencoe Algebra 2 . BALLOONS A bag contains 1 green. find the probability of each selection. 8 nickels. P(at least 650) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. P(550–559) c. a game was lost and Arthur was playing b. and 10 quarters. The store has 28 books of wallpaper samples. The store will allow Henrico to bring 4 books home for a few days so he can decide which wallpapers he wants to buy. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a game was won and Lynn or Arthur was playing d. 20. 4 dimes. find each probability. 4 red. P(1 quarter and 1 penny) e. P(1 green and 1 yellow) f. a. P(2 pennies) b. SAT SCORES The table to the Range 400 – 449 450 – 499 500 – 549 550 – 559 600 – 649 650+ right shows the range of verbal Number of SAT scores for freshmen at 129 275 438 602 620 412 Students a small liberal arts college. P(2 WallPride and 2 Deluxe) d. P(3 WallPride and 1 Deluxe) 4. Inc. COINS A bank contains 3 pennies. CHECKERS The following table shows the wins and losses of the checkers team. a.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-4 Practice Probability and Probability Distributions 1. P(2 dimes) c P(1 nickel and 1 dime) f. Arthur Wins Losses 15 5 Lynn 7 13 Pedro 12 3 Mei-Mei 18 2 a. Pedro or Mei-Mei was playing and the game was lost e. Find the probability of each selection. P(1 red and 1 green) 2. Express as decimals rounded to the nearest thousandth.

a. About what percent of the courier’s trips to this customer take between 40 and 48 minutes? c. negatively skewed. Speeches Given 0–5 6–11 12–17 18–23 24–29 Political Candidates 1 2 3 8 8 3.3 minutes? c.3 minutes. 1.3 minutes and a standard deviation of 12. Does the data appear to be positively skewed. Miles Run 0–4 5–9 10–14 15–19 20–23 Track Team Members 3 4 7 5 2 2. About what percent of the courier’s trips to this customer take between 36 and 44 minutes? b. About what percent of the sophomores take less than 63. or normally distributed.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-5 Skills Practice The Normal Distribution Determine whether the data appear to be positively skewed. PATIENTS The frequency table to the right shows the average number of days patients spent on the surgical ward of a hospital last year. About what percent of the sophomores take between 51 and 63. About what percent of the courier’s trips to this customer take less than 32 minutes? 5. What percentage of the patients stayed between 4 and 7 days? b. 4. or normally distributed? Explain. Days 0–3 4–7 8–11 12–15 16+ Number of Patients 5 18 11 9 6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. negatively skewed. a.3 minutes to complete the test? Chapter 12 161 Glencoe Algebra 2 . TESTING The average time it takes sophomores to complete a math test is normally distributed with a mean of 63. a. DELIVERY The time it takes a bicycle courier to deliver a parcel to his farthest customer is normally distributed with a mean of 40 minutes and a standard deviation of 4 minutes. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.6 minutes to complete the test? b. Inc. About what percent of the sophomores take more than 75.

2˚. If you prefer to swim when the temperature is at least 77. TEMPERATURE The daily July surface temperature of a lake at a resort has a mean of 82˚ and a standard deviation of 4. negatively skewed.8˚. Do the data appear to be positively skewed. TESTING The scores on a test administered to prospective employees are normally distributed with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. how many would you expect to score lower than 85? 5. About what percent of the scores are between 85 and 130? c. Average Age of High School Principals Age in Years 31–35 36–40 41–45 46–50 51–55 56–60 60+ Number 3 8 15 32 40 38 4 3. STUDENTS The frequency table to the right shows the Hours Number of Students number of hours worked per week by 100 high school students. or normally distributed. about what percent of the days does the temperature meet your preference? Chapter 12 162 Glencoe Algebra 2 . negatively skewed. Time Spent at a Museum Exhibit Minutes 0–25 26–50 51–75 75–100 1001 Frequency 27 46 89 57 24 2. 1. 0–8 9–17 18–25 26+ Hours 4. or normally distributed? Explain. If 75 people take the test.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-5 Practice The Normal Distribution Determine whether the data appear to be positively skewed. About what percent of the scores are between 70 and 130? b. 0–8 30 45 20 5 a. how many would you expect to score higher than 130? f. Inc. If 80 people take the test. a. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Frequency 60 50 40 30 20 10 Weekly Work Hours 9–17 18–25 26+ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. What percentage of the students worked between 9 and 17 days? b. About what percent of the scores are lower than 85 or higher than 115? e. About what percent of the scores are over 115? d.

s = 7. H0 = 45. x = 58. and σ = 4 − 17. H0 = 40. n = 150. n = 100. Inc. H1 > 40. H0 = 151. and σ = 14 − 19. x = 28. s = 2.7.7.5. and n = 50 1. H1 < 55. x = 42. x = 100. x = 150. − 12. and n = 10. and n = 144 − 4. s = 4. H0 = 11. n = 50. n = 2000.63. Write accept or reject. n = 50. x = 10. H1 < 45. x = 50.3.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-6 Skills Practice Hypothesis Testing Find a 95% confidence interval for each of the following. H1 > 7.5. and σ = 2 − 16.5. x = 71. H1 < 72.2 Chapter 12 163 Glencoe Algebra 2 . x = 21.9. x = 40. n = 196. H0 = 55. and σ = 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. x = 55. x = 7. and σ = 3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.8. s = 12. x = 21. and n = 7 − 8.7. s = 18. H1 < 151. s = 9.5. H0 = 26. H0 = 7.3. and n = 120 − 6. H1 > 11. H1 < 100. H0 = 72.5. s = 7.5. n = 100. and n = 200 − 10. − 11.5 − 14. s = 3. n = 256. s = 3. x = 48. x = 200. and n = 150 Test each null hypothesis. H1 > 26. H0 = 100. x = 84. and σ = 7 − 13. s = 5.1. and n = 50 − 7.7. x = 115. H0 = 68.5 − 18. x = 120. n = 5. and n = 100 − 5.2. x = 12 and σ = 1. x = 70. and σ = 4 − 15.63.3. n = 100. − − 2. H1 > 68.000 − 3.7. and σ = 4. and σ = 1 − 20. and n = 100 − 9.

6. and σ = 2.5 − 13. Inc. H1 > 38. H0 = 75.5. H1 < 112. H1 < 121. x = 77. H1 < 200.3. x = 36. s = 4. s = 22.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-6 Practice Hypothesis Testing Find a 95% confidence interval for each of the following.5.5 − 12 H0 = 75. RUNNING Josh and his sister Megan run together each morning and do not use a stopwatch to keep track of their time. Number of Hours Each Can Stays Fresh 12 12 5 14 12 11 7 13 19 12 16 18 10 9 6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. and n = 121 1. Their mean time to run one mile is 7. H0 = 38.5. and n = 36 − 4. x = 200. x = 121. H0 = 112.5. s = 2. x = 37. H1 < 75. The company claims that their canned pineapple stays fresh for at least 16 hours after opening.5. n = 100. x = 89 and σ = 1. x = 40.5. s = 2. n = 100. n = 150. while Megan thinks it takes them longer.4 minutes with a standard deviation of 0. H1 < 75. s = 2. H0 = 89. and n = 200 − 5.5.2 minutes. x = 120. n = 100. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. and σ = 7. s = 6. x = 34. H1 > 198. x = 110.5.6. and n = 100 − 6. and n = 50 − 7. H0 = 121.1. n = 64. x = 50.2. s = 2. x = 99. Use the data below to conduct a hypothesis test. x = 12.1. − − 2.5. and σ = 10 17. They borrow a stopwatch and time themselves each day for 20 days. x = 78.5 − 15.5 − 16. Chapter 12 164 Glencoe Algebra 2 .3. and σ = 2 − 14. and n = 50 − 3. x = 74. and σ = 4. Kim tests 15 different cans to see if they actually stay fresh for at least 16 hours. − 9. H0 = 198. n = 100. and n = 225 − 8. and n = 100 Test each null hypothesis. x = 56. QUALITY CONTROL Kim is a quality tester for a tropical fruit company. 18. and σ = 2 − 10. H0 = 200. n = 50.5. and σ = 7 − 11. n = 200. H1 < 89. s = 4. Write accept or reject. Josh thinks they usually run the mile under 7 minutes. Test Megan’s hypothesis.

a. DICE Find each probability if a die is rolled 3 times. Inc. P(exactly 3 heads) d. 3. P(exactly two 2s) c. P(exactly 5 families watch the fireworks) d.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-7 Skills Practice Binomial Distributions 1. 5 a. P(exactly three 2s) d. Find each probability when a student guesses at all ten questions. P(exactly 2 heads) e. find each probability. P(exactly one 2) b. P(exactly half correct) d. FIREWORKS A town that presents a fireworks display during its July 4 celebration found the probability that a family with two or more children will watch the fireworks 3 is − . a. If 5 of these families are selected at random. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. P(0 heads) c. P(all 10 correct) e. P(at least 8 correct) Chapter 12 165 Glencoe Algebra 2 . P(exactly 8 correct) b. P(at least 4 families watch the fireworks) f. P(at most 1 family watches the fireworks) 4. P(at most one 2) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. TESTS One section of a standardized English language test has 10 true/false questions. COINS Find each probability if a coin is tossed 4 times. P(exactly 2 families watch the fireworks) c. a. P(exactly 2 correct) c. P(no families watch the fireworks) e. P(at least 3 heads) 2. P(4 heads) b. P(exactly 3 families watch the fireworks) b. P(exactly 1 head) f. P(0 correct) f.

a. find each probability. a. P(exactly 2 made) e. P(Tarin wins exactly twice) d. In a randomly selected group of 10 heart transplant recipients. In a randomly selected group of 5 heart transplant recipients. what is the probability that 2 of them are ages 35–49? Chapter 12 166 Glencoe Algebra 2 . the American Automobile Association reported that 73% of Americans use seat belts. P(exactly 3 tails) c. P(at most 2 tails) 2 2. P(Tarin wins at least 3 games) b. a. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. FREE THROWS The probability of Chris making a free throw is −. COINS Find each probability if a coin is tossed 6 times. a. In a random selection of 10 Americans in 2001. P(at least 3 made) b. P(Tarin wins at most 2 games) 4. P(Sam wins only once) c. 3 find each probability. 4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. P(0 tails) e. P(at least 4 heads) f. P(Sam wins exactly 3 games) e. If they play 5 games. what is the probability that at least 8 of them are ages 50–64? b. HEALTH In 2001. BOARD GAME When Tarin and Sam play a certain board game. the American Heart Association reported that 50 percent of the Americans who receive heart transplants are ages 50–64 and 20 percent are ages 35–49. P(all made) d. P(exactly 1 missed) f. P(at most 2 made) 3. SAFETY In August 2001. If she shoots 5 times. Inc. P(Sam wins at least 1 game) f.NAME DATE PERIOD 12-7 Practice Binomial Distributions 1. the probability that 3 Tarin will win a game is − . P(at least 4 tails) b. P(exactly 5 tails) d. P(all missed) c. what is the probability that exactly half of them use seat belts? 5.

5 3. ∠A is acute. 12. Inc. x x 10 22° 9. If tan A = 3. Round to the nearest tenth. 2 63° x x Find the value of x. what is cos A? 16 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 6. 5 8 51° x 11. 60° 10. what is sin A? 1 5. 4. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8 30° x 7. 1. x° 2 Chapter 13 167 Glencoe Algebra 2 . If sin A = − . Use a trigonometric function to find the value of x. 5 x° 4 13 x° 15 13. 7 14. 2 θ θ 13 3 In a right triangle. 5 60° 8. Round to the nearest tenth. 6 8 θ 2.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-1 Skills Practice Trigonometric Functions in Right Triangles Find the values of the six trigonometric functions for angle θ.

5 11 3. How tall is the tower? Round to the nearest meter. 10. SURVEYING John stands 150 meters from a water tower and sights the top at an angle of elevation of 36°. If tan B = 2. θ 3 3 3 θ 24 In a right triangle. 7 y° x° 15. 7. 17 x 49° Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. x 9. If sin B = −. what is sin A? 6. 19. Inc.2 y° 12. Chapter 13 168 Glencoe Algebra 2 . If tan A = − . x 41° 28 17 y 11. x 30° 7 32 20° 8. Use trigonometric functions to find the values of x and y. what is cos B? 17 15 Use a trigonometric function to find each value of x. 45 2. 1. what is cos B? 5. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-1 Practice Trigonometric Functions in Right Triangles Find the values of the six trigonometric functions for angle θ. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8 11 4.3 x° 13. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. ∠ A and ∠ B are acute.

− 6 4 5π 24. − 3 2π 23. -90° 5π 12. 15. 1. -30° π 21. 720° 18. 8. . 185˚ y 2.− 4 9. 370° 2π 11. -50˚ y 6. 60° 10. 810˚ y 3. − 2 3π 14. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 210° 19. − 6 Rewrite each degree measure in radians and each radian measure in degrees. − 3 π 13. − 7π 26.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-2 Skills Practice Angles and Angle Measure Draw an angle with the given measure in standard position. . 130° 17. 90° 20. − 3 3π 25. -270° 5π 22. -420˚ y O x O x O x Find an angle with a positive measure and an angle with a negative measure that are coterminal with each angle. Inc.− 4 16. 390˚ y O x O x O x 4.− 6 Chapter 13 169 Glencoe Algebra 2 . . 45° Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 495˚ y 5. 7.

Round to the nearest degree and nearest radian. Find the measure of the angle through which a point on the outside of the wheel travels each second. 21. 6° 5π 18. − 6 9.− 2 16. 5π 3 5. . -560° y O x O x O x Find an angle with a positive measure and an angle with a negative measure that are coterminal with each angle. 13.− 2 Rewrite each degree measure in radians and each radian measure in degrees.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-2 1. Chapter 13 170 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 80° 5π 11.5 miles per hour).− 12 Find the length of each arc. 25.25 23. 65° 2π 10. . -72° 9π 19. Inc. 110° 3π 12. -450° y 6.5 22. -820° 7π 20. . ROTATION A truck with 16-inch radius wheels is driven at 77 feet per second (52. 3π 2 4. − 5 8. TIME Find both the degree and radian measures of the angle through which the hour hand on a clock rotates from 5 A. − 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 2. 210° y Practice Angles and Angle Measure Draw an angle with the given measure in standard position. 15. 18° 17.M. 135° y 5. 4π 14. 7. 580° y O x O x O x 4. π 2 3. 305° y 3. Round to the nearest tenth. to 10 P.M.62 24.

Inc. 9. (-9. 200˚ y 5π 11. -40) 6. sin . cot 135° 18. cos 270° 4π 17. Find the exact values of the six trigonometric functions of θ. tan − 4 13. 2) 7. 1. (–8.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-3 Skills Practice Trigonometric Functions of General Angles The terminal side of θ in standard position contains each point. 135˚ y 10. tan (-30°) 3π 19.− 4 ( ) Chapter 13 171 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. –9) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (-4. (5. 8. (1. (3. sin 150° π 16. cot (-π) 15. 4) 3. cos − 3 14. (3. Then find its reference angle. − 3 y O x O x O x Find the exact value of each trigonometric function. (8. 12. 12) 2. 3) 5. -15) 4. 12) Sketch each angle.

NAME DATE PERIOD 13-3 Practice Trigonometric Functions of General Angles The terminal side of θ in standard position contains each point. FORCE A cable running from the top of a utility pole to the ground exerts a horizontal pull of 800 Newtons and a vertical pull of 800 √3 Newtons. -210° y 7π 6. If the surface is partially transparent. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. cot (-90°) 10. csc . air θ1 surface θ2 θ1 800 N 16. cos 405° 13π 14. cot 210° 3π 12. some of the light rays are bent or refracted as they pass from the air through the material. 8) 2. (-20. 21) 3. − 8 y 5. -5) Sketch each angle. find the measure of θ2. What is the sine of the angle θ between the cable and the ground? What is the measure of this angle? 800 3N Chapter 13 172 Glencoe Algebra 2 .− 4 y x x x Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (6. tan − 3 8. Find the exact values of the six trigonometric functions of θ. Inc. LIGHT Light rays that “bounce off” a surface are reflected by the surface. Then find its reference angle. . cot 2π 15. Find the exact value of each trigonometric function. 7. (-2. The angles of reflection θ1 and of refraction θ2 in the diagram at the right are related by the equation sin θ1 = n sin θ2. If θ1 = 60° and n = √3 . tan − 6 ( ) 13.− 4 9. 13π 4. tan 135° 5π 11.

b = 6 20. b = 4 14. 7 ft A C 125° 9 cm A B 35° 5 ft C 3. A = 127˚. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a = 1. B = 93˚. b = 5 18. b = 7 cm 6. a = 42 mi Solve each triangle. b = 9 17. a = 3. Inc. C 12. b = 8 m 4. A = 30˚. one solution. Round side lengths to the nearest tenth and angle measures to the nearest degree. or two solutions. b = 7 19. A = 78˚. Round side lengths to the nearest tenth and angle measures to the nearest degree. a = 2. a = 2. 7. C 10 20 30° A 11. A = 35˚. A = 133˚.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-4 Skills Practice Law of Sines ABC to the nearest tenth. c = 18 mi. if necessary. b = 4 15. a = 9. A = 30˚. 13. A = 109˚. 212 121° B B C A C 119 A Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. A = 38˚. c = 7 ft 5. 10. B 10 cm Find the area of 1. B 12° 51 18° 9. A 15° 375 72° C 8. C = 148˚. A = 30˚. a = 24. b = 13 Chapter 13 173 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a = 8. Then solve the triangle. b = 4 16. b = 3 ft. 2. a = 14 m. a = 10. a = 10 cm. C = 22˚. B 109 C 105 B A 37° 22 75° B 70° A Determine whether each triangle has no solution.

a = 5. 14. one solution. A = 66°.9 m 6. B = 47°. 9 yd B B 12 m 58° 15 m 3. 8. b = 12 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a = 15. A = 34°. b = 13 13. How far from the dock is the first osprey nesting site? Round to the nearest tenth. b = 8 19.6 cm 7. Chapter 13 174 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a = 12. A = 72°. B = 30°. C = 14°. an officer for the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife.9 cm. A = 80°. B = 38°. c = 9 10. From here. b = 7 20. A = 60°. A = 45°. A = 110°. C 11 yd Find the area of 1. b = 12 km. c = 18. Round side lengths to the nearest tenth and angle measures to the nearest degree.6 ft Solve each triangle. a = 4 √3 . b = 25 18. C = 32°. a = 21. b = 8. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Round side lengths to the nearest tenth and angle measures to the nearest degree. C = 107°. c = 6 9. b = 19. a = 8. A = 70°. She leaves a dock and heads due north in her boat to the first nesting site. A = 50°. A = 29°. c = 14 km 5. b = 13 16. 2. a = 6. c = 8. Inc. A = 25°. A = 56°. she turns 5° north of due west and travels an additional 2.14 miles to the second nesting site. B = 27°. She then travels 6. a = 40 12. A = 113°. or two solutions. if necessary. WILDLIFE Sarah Phillips. b = 20 17. a = 25. b = 8 22.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-4 Practice Law of Sines ABC to the nearest tenth.4°. a = 20. b = 18 15. b = 8 21. checks boaters on a lake to make sure they do not disturb two osprey nesting sites. a = 12. a = 14. a = 12 11. A = 54°. B 9 cm 40° C 46° A A C 9 cm A 4. C = 112°. Determine whether each triangle has no solution. Then solve the triangle.4 ft.7 miles directly back to the dock. A = 17.6 m.

b = 8 Determine whether each triangle should be solved by begining with the Law of Sines or the Law of Cosines. C = 35˚. 4 B 2 3. 6. C = 71˚. c = 13 13. A = 11˚. B = 47˚. B = 125˚. b = 6. A = 51˚. a = 5. c = 50 10. b = 4 5. B 4 34° C 5 7. C = 62˚. b = 7. 4 C 20° 130° B Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. a = 5. A = 41˚. a = 13. a = 20. Then solve the triangle. c = 10 14. B = 75˚ 15. C = 27˚. c = 24 11. 1. a = 3. b = 12. Inc. C 4 85° 8. Round side lengths to the nearest tenth and angle measures to the nearest degree. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. b = 14 16. c = 7 Chapter 13 175 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a = 8. a = 20 12. B 7 41° 3 2. 10 A 18 9 B C A A C 3 C 4.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-5 Skills Practice Law of Cosines Solve each triangle. A = 71˚. a = 5. A A 5 B A 9.

What is the angle of elevation from Station A to the plane? Round to the nearest degree. c = 12 10.9 miles. Inc. a = 4. a = 16. a = 18. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a = 11 6. 12. b = 18 7.5°. C = 112°.9 mi A 2. c = 6.4 miles.4 mi B 17. b = 5.1. A = 78. b = 24 8. C 40° 80° 6 A 7 B 30 B A 4.3°.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-5 Practice Law of Cosines Determine whether each triangle should be solved by beginning with the Law of Sines or Law of Cosines. a = 35. The straight-line distance between Station A and the plane is 7. b = 7.6°. b = 13 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. b = 10. C = 54° 5. she moves 42° degrees counterclockwise from the segment connecting A and B and draws a second segment that is 6. c = 8 11.2 inches long from point A to point B. B 12 80° C 2. a = 8. c = 18. b = 6. To the nearest tenth.4 inches long.5 14. ending at point C. b = 8. b = 30 13. A = 37°.3°. A 3 C 4 3. b = 21. C = 35°. DRAFTING Marion is using a computer-aided drafting program to produce a drawing for a client. a = 20. 1. From B. B = 71°. Then solve the triangle.4 mi 6. A = 23°. SATELLITES Two radar stations 2.4. c = 9 9. a = 16. A = 46. 7. C = 43. c = 11 16. c = 6 15. The straight-line distance between Station B and the plane is 6. how long is the segment from C to A? Chapter 13 176 Glencoe Algebra 2 . b = 20. She begins a triangle by drawing a segment 4.4 miles apart are tracking an airplane. B = 46.

P −. cos 3π 7π 17. . sin (-390°) 5π 15.−. 7. 1 O -1 y π 2π 3π 4π θ Chapter 13 177 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. cos . P (-1. P −. 8.− (2 2 ) Find the exact value of each function. 19.− 13 ( 13 ) 9 40 3. sin 5π 7π 16. − (5 5) 5 12 2. cos . 2 y O -2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 θ 20.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-6 Skill Practice Circular Functions The terminal side of angle θ in standard position intersects the unit circle at each point P. Find cos θ and sin θ. P . cos 330° 13.− 3 9. P (0. 3 4 1. 0) √3 1 6. cos (-60°) 14. sin − 2 ( ) 5π 18. 2 y O -2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 x 21. sin 330° 12. sin 210° 11. P −. . Inc. 1) 5.− 41 41 ( ) 4.− 6 ( ) Determine the period of each function. sin − 3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. cos 45° 10. .

cos .− 4 ( ) 17.− 3 ( ) 12. 1 1. P(0. P −. 1 O -1 -2 y π 2π 3π 4π 5π 6π θ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Find the exact value of each function. P . -1) 5. cos (-330°) 13.−. sin 585° 10π 19. 7. 0. P(0. − 2 ( √3 2 ) 20 21 2. P −.− 29 ( 29 ) √2 2 3. What is the period of the function that describes the height of a seat on the outside edge of the Ferris wheel as a function of time? Chapter 13 178 Glencoe Algebra 2 . − ( 2 2) Determine the period of each function. -− ( √2 2 ) √3 1 6. cos . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. cos 600° 9π 14. P . Find cos θ and sin θ.−. . Inc. FERRIS WHEELS A Ferris wheel with a diameter of 100 feet completes 2.− 3 ( ) 20. cos 7π 11π 16. sin (-225°) 18.8. 7π 9. 1 O -1 -2 y 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 θ 8. sin − 2 15.6) 4. cos − 4 10. sin (-30°) 2π 11. sin 840° 21. sin .5 revolutions per minute.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-6 Practice Circular Functions The terminal side of angle θ in standard position intersects the unit circle at each point P .

y = − tan θ 2 5. Then graph the function. Inc. y = 2 sec θ 2 1 O -1 -2 y 4 2 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O -2 -4 y 4 2 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O -2 -4 y 90° 180° 270° 360° θ 1 4. y = 2 cos θ 2. y 2 1 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O -1 -2 y 4 2 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O -2 -4 y O -1 -2 30° 90° 150° θ 7. 1. y = tan 2θ 8. y = sin 3θ 6. y = 4 sin −θ 2 4 2 O -2 -4 y 2 1 45° 90° 135° 180° θ O -1 -2 y 4 2 45° 90° 135° 180° θ O -2 -4 y 180° 360° 540° 720° θ Chapter 13 179 Glencoe Algebra 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. y = 4 sin θ 3.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-7 Skills Practice Graphing Trigonometric Functions Find the amplitude and period of each function. y = cos 2θ 1 9. y = csc 3θ 2 1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.

7. Inc. What does this period represent? b. y = − sin θ 2 1 2. y = − sin θ 2 4 2 O -2 -4 y 4 2 120° 240° 360° 480° θ O -2 -4 y 1. FORCE An anchoring cable exerts a force of 500 Newtons on a pole. a. Then graph the function. WEATHER The function y = 60 + 25 sin − t. is the force that gives an acceleration of 1 m/sec2 to a mass of 1 kg.5 180° 360° 540° 720° θ O -0. y = cot − θ 2 3. where t is in months and t = 0 corresponds 6 to April 15. Determine the period of this function. (A force of one Newton (N). The force has the horizontal and vertical components Fx and Fy. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. if it exists.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-7 Practice Graphing Trigonometric Functions Find the amplitude. What is the maximum high temperature and when does this occur? Chapter 13 180 Glencoe Algebra 2 . y = cos 5θ 4 2 O -2 -4 y 4 2 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O -2 -4 y 1 y 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O 45° 90° 135° 180° θ -1 3 4. and period of each function.0 0. What are the amplitude and period of this function? 500 N Fy θ Fx b.0 y 90° 180° 270° 360° θ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.5 -1. The function Fx = 500 cos θ describes the relationship between the angle θ and the horizontal force.) a. The function Fy = 500 sin θ describes the relationship between the angle θ and the vertical force. What are the amplitude and period of this function? π 8. y = csc − θ 4 1 5. models the average high temperature in degrees Fahrenheit in Centerville. 3 1. y = 2 tan − θ 2 1 6.

phase shift. y = cos θ + 1 6.2 5. y = sec θ + 3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. and vertical shift of each function.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-8 Skills Practice Translations of Trigonometric Graphs State the amplitude.− ( 2 ) 2 1 O -1 -2 y 2 1 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O -1 -2 y 4 2 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O -2 -4 y π 2 π 3π 2 2π θ State the amplitude. and phase shift for each function. period. y = 2 cos [3(θ + 45°)] + 2 8. Then graph the function.45°) π 3.90°)] + 2 ⎡4 π ⎤ 9. period. Inc. 1. y = csc θ . 4. y = sin (θ + 90°) 2. 2 O -2 -4 -6 y 2 180° 360° 540° 720° θ 1 O -1 y 6 4 2 180° 360° 540° 720° θ O -2 y 90° 180° 270° 360° θ State the amplitude. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 4 ⎦ ⎣3 ( ) 6 4 2 O -2 y 6 4 2 90° 180° 270° 360° θ O -2 y 4 2 O 90° 180° 270° 360° θ -2 -4 y π 2 π 3π 2 2π θ Chapter 13 181 Glencoe Algebra 2 . y = cos (θ . Then graph the function. vertical shift. y = 3 sin [2(θ . and equation of the midline for each function. 7. period. Then graph the function. y = tan θ . y = 4 cot ⎢− θ + − .

NAME DATE PERIOD 13-8 Practice Translations of Trigonometric Graphs State the amplitude. When did the population last reach its maximum? c. π 1 1. ECOLOGY The population of an insect species in a stand of trees follows the growth cycle of a particular tree species. y = 2 cos (θ + 30°) + 3 3. y = − tan θ .− 2 ( 2 ) 2. where t is the number of years since the stand was first cut in November. y = 3 sin (2θ + 60°) . y = -1 + 4 tan (θ + π) y 4 3π 2 y 4 2 y Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. y = -3 + 2 sin 2 θ + − ( 4 ) 5. What condition in the stand do you think corresponds with a minimum insect population? Chapter 13 182 Glencoe Algebra 2 . How often does the insect population reach its maximum level? b. period. 1920. phase shift. Inc. The insect population can be modeled by the function y = 40 + 30 sin 6t. Then graph the function. -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 π 2 π 2π θ 2 90° 180° 270° 360° 450° 540° θ -2 -4 -2 -4 π 2 π 3π 2 2π θ 7.2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a. y = 3 cos 2 (θ + 45°) + 1 6. and vertical shift for each function.5 4 2 O -2 -4 y 6 4 π 2 y 4 O -4 180° 360° 540° 720° θ -8 -12 y 90° 180° 270° 360° θ π 3π 2 2π θ 2 O -2 π 4.

Cos-1 . sin θ = 0. Arctan 3 (.36 22. tan Arcsin − ( √3 2 ) 10. Write angle measures in degrees and radians. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. Round to the nearest hundredth of necessary. sin ⎢Arccos . sin [Arctan (-1)] ⎡ √2 ⎤ 12. tan θ = . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. tan θ = -0.11 17. 13. sin θ = 1 20.9 18. 7.− ( √2 2 ) 6. sin (Cos-1 1) 1 8. Arccos . cos (Tan-1 3) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.6 Chapter 13 183 Glencoe Algebra 2 .57 15. con θ = 0. 11.16.01 21. tan θ = 5 16. Tan-1 √3 4. 1. cos θ = 0.− 2 ⎦ ⎣ ( ) Solve each equation. cos θ = -0. Arcsin 1 Find each value. sin θ = -0. Sin-1 − 2. tan θ = -11.35 19. Inc.25 14.− ( √3 2 ) 3.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-9 √2 2 Skills Practice Inverse Trigonometric Functions Find each value.−) 3 √ 5. sin Sin-1 − 2 ( ) 9.

Cos θ = 0. FLYWHEELS The equation Tan θ = 1 describes the counterclockwise angle through which a flywheel rotates in 1 millisecond. Sin θ = -0. Tan-1 − ( -3 3 ) √ 4. PULLEYS The equation cos θ = 0. Sin θ = -0.03 19.95 describes the angle through which pulley A moves. sin Arctan − ( ) 3 12.− ( 2) Find each value. tan Cos-1 − ( 2) ⎡ 3 ⎤ 8.7 15. Arcsin 1 2.√3 ) 1 6. Arctan (. Tan θ = 10 14.− 5 ⎦ ⎣ ( ) √3 3 9.5 16. Tan θ = 0. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1 7. Cos-1 − (-2 2 ) √ 3.NAME DATE PERIOD 13-9 Practice Inverse Trigonometric Functions Find each value. Write angle measures in degrees and radians. Round to the nearest hundredth if necessary. cos [Arctan (-1)] 12 10. Arccos − √2 2 5. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.22 18. Solve each equation. cos Arctan − 4 ( ) Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 1. Sin θ = 0.05 17. Sin-1 . 13. and cos θ = 0.17 describes the angle through which pulley B moves. Which pulley moves through a greater angle? 20. tan Sin-1 − ( 13 ) 11. Through how many degrees has the flywheel rotated after 25 milliseconds? Chapter 13 184 Glencoe Algebra 2 . cos ⎢ Sin-1 . Inc.

Inc. 5 3 6. 2 √5 5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. find tan θ. √2 2 9. find csc θ. find cos θ.cos θ tan θ 22. 8 4. If sin θ = . find cos θ.sin 2 θ 19. 10. find cos θ. If tan θ = − . find cot θ.− . If csc θ = -2. If cos θ = . − sec θ 17. 1 + − 2 1 + sec θ Chapter 14 185 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 1. 2 3. cot θ sec θ cos θ 16. − sin θ + 1 20.− . 11. If cos θ = . find cos θ. find tan θ. sin θ sec θ 14. If tan θ = 1. If cot θ = .NAME DATE PERIOD 14-1 Skills Practice Trigonometric Identities Find the exact value of each expression if 0° < θ < 90°. find tan θ.− . 4 5.tan θ sin θ 1 . 2 Find the exact value of each expression if 180° < θ < 270°. 8. If sec θ = 2. csc θ + cot θ 21. 5 12. 1 2. tan θ + cot θ 18. − 2 sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ 1 . find cos θ. csc θ sin θ 15. 7.− . If sin θ = . 17 Find the exact value of each expression if 90° < θ < 180°. If cos θ = − . csc θ tan θ . find sec θ. 13. If tan θ = 1. 13 Simplify each expression. find sin θ. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. If csc θ = -2.− .

− . 2 Find the exact value of each expression if 270° < θ < 360°. find sin θ.− . cot2 θ + 1 17. csc θ .cot θ 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. the increase in distance creates distortion in the photograph. find sin θ. Express (sin θ)(csc θ . If csc θ = -8. find cot θ. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.sin θ). If sin θ = . find sec θ. Express a in terms of csc θt. 10 8. If tan θ = − . find cot θ.cos θ cos θ cos θ 18. For any point B not directly below the plane. 5 Find the exact value of each expression if 180° < θ < 270°. If cos θ = − . 13 1 2. there is no distortion in the image. find sin θ. If cot θ = − . Chapter 14 186 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 13.− . If csc θ = . AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY The illustration shows a plane taking an aerial photograph of point A. If tan θ = . θ A B 21. 11. sin θ + cos θ cot θ sin2 θ 12. 5 1. find cot θ. csc θ . find sec θ. If tan θ = 4. 3 7. This is because as the distance from the camera to the point being photographed increases.tan2 θ 20. WAVES The equation y = a sin θt represents the height of the waves passing a buoy at a time t in seconds. 2 1 10. 2 4. sin2 θ cot2 θ − 16. Inc. 1 9. Because the point is directly below the plane. 3 Simplify each expression. − . 15 5. sec2 θ cos2 θ .sin θ 1 + sin θ 19. the exposure of the film reduces by (sin θ)(csc θ . If cos θ = − . however. 2 3. − 2 tan θ 2 2 − 15. csc θ tan θ 14. If cos θ = − .NAME DATE PERIOD 14-1 Practice Trigonometric Identities Find the exact value of each expression if 0° < θ < 90°. find sec θ.− 1 . 17 3 6.sin θ) in terms of cos θ only. find cot θ.sin θ cos θ 1 .

NAME DATE PERIOD 14-2 Skills Pratice Verifying Trigonometric Identities Verify that each equation is an identity. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. − = cos θ cos θ 5. − = 1 + sin θ 2 1 – sin θ Chapter 14 187 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (tan θ)(1 . cot θ tan θ = 1 3. − = tan2 θ 2 2 1 .sin θ cos θ 8. sin θ 7.sin 2 θ) = sin θ cos θ csc θ 6. tan θ cos θ = sin θ 2. Inc. csc θ cos θ = cot θ 1 – sin 2 θ 4. − = cot θ sec θ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 1.

1 2gh sin θ 8. and θ is the angle between the light beam and a line perpendicular to the surface. 7. PROJECTILES The square of the initial velocity of an object launched from the ground is v 2 = − . cos2 θ cot2 θ = cot2 θ . R is the distance in feet from the light source. and g is the acceleration due to gravity. Chapter 14 188 Glencoe Algebra 2 . (sin2 θ)(csc2 θ + sec2 θ) = sec2 θ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. − = sec 2 θ 2 sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ cos θ cos θ 2. 2 2 2gh sin θ 2gh sec 2 θ sec θ .NAME DATE PERIOD 14-2 Practice Verifying Trigonometric Identities Verify that each equation is an identity. Verify the identity ER2(1 + tan2 θ) cos θ = ER2 sec θ. tan4 θ + 2 tan2 θ + 1 = sec4 θ 5. 1. (1 + sin θ)(1 .sin θ 3.cos2 θ 6.sin θ) = cos2 θ 4. Verify the identity − = −. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. where E is the illuminance in foot candles on a surface. − = 1 2 2 1 . Inc. LIGHT The intensity of a light source measured in candles is given by I = ER2 sec θ. where θ is the angle between the ground and the initial path h is the 2 maximum height reached.

cos (-165°) 5. 1. cos (π + θ) = . sin (-195°) Verify that each equation is an identity. cos (θ .NAME DATE PERIOD 14-3 Skills Practice Sum and Difference of Angles Identities Find the exact value of each expression. cos (-135°) 2. 10. sin (-225°) 6. Inc. sin 75° 3.90°) = sin θ π 14.− = . sin (180° + θ) = -sin θ 12. sin (90° + θ) = cos θ 11. 13.cos θ Chapter 14 189 Glencoe Algebra 2 .θ) = -sin θ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. cos 210° 9. cos (270° . sin (. sin 330° 4. sin θ . cos 135° 7.45)° 8. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.cos θ ( 2 ) 15.

ϕ). a. sin (45° + θ) . cos 240° 9. Chapter 14 190 Glencoe Algebra 2 .NAME DATE PERIOD 14-3 Practice Sum and Difference of Angles Identities Find the exact value of each expression. b. 1.− = sin x ( 6 ) ( 3 ) 14. cos (180° . sin 225° 2. Inc.− + sin x . the formula c = 2 sin (120t) can be used to find the current c in amperes after t seconds. Use the difference of angles formula to find the amount of solar energy. cos 75° 4. ELECTRICITY In a certain circuit carrying alternating current. for a location that has a latitude of ϕ. cos 375° 5. where ϕ is the latitude of the location and E is a constant. sin (360° + θ) = sin θ 12. sin (-75°) 3. Rewrite the formula using the sum of two angles. sin 195° Verify that each equation is an identity. SOLAR ENERGY On March 21. sin (-105°) 7. cos x .θ) = -cos θ 11. sin 150° 8. Use the sum of angles formula to find the exact current at t = 1 second. the maximum amount of solar energy that falls on a square foot of ground at a certain location is given by E sin (90° . in terms of cos ϕ. 15. π π 13. 10. sin (-165°) 6. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.sin (45° .θ) = √2 sin θ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.

cos θ = −. Inc. cos θ = -−. 0° < θ < 90° 13 Find the exact value of each expression. sin −. 8. sin − 8 12.5° Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 180° < θ < 270° 5 2 θ θ Find the exact values of sin 2θ. 7 1. sin θ = −. 0° < θ < 90° 25 40 3. tan θ + cot θ = 2 csc 2θ Chapter 14 191 Glencoe Algebra 2 . cos 2θ. sin 165° 9. 2 tan θ 13. cos 22. 270° < θ < 360° 7 3 5. cos 75° Verify that each equation is an identity.NAME DATE PERIOD 14-4 Skills Practice Double-Angle and Half-Angle Identities 2 4 2. 90° < θ < 180° 5 5 6. sin − 8 15π 11. sin θ = −. sin θ = -−. cos 105° π 10. 7. 90° < θ < 180° 41 3 4. sin 2θ = − 2 1 + tan θ 14. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. cos θ = −. and cos − .

90º < θ < 180º 17 2 θ θ Find the exact values of sin 2θ.000 meters. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. and cos − for each of the following. IMAGING A scanner takes thermal images from altitudes of 300 to 12. sin − = tan θ . 5 1. 5. Using the identity 2 sin2 θ = 1 .− ( 8) Verify that each equation is an identity. 270º < θ < 360º 4 2 4. 0º < θ < 90º 13 1 3. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY In aerial photography. tan 15º 7.cos 2θ. 10. cos 67.sin θ 2 2 tan θ Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. θ − 9.NAME DATE PERIOD 14-4 Practice Double-Angle and Half-Angle Identities 2 8 2. verify that cos 2θ 2 1 E0 cos4 θ = E0 − + − . cos θ = − . sin −. Inc. cos 2θ.5º π 8. The width W of the swath covered by the image is given by W = 2H tan θ. there is a reduction in film exposure for any point X not directly below the camera. 180º < θ < 270º 3 Find the exact value of each expression. and E0 is the exposure for the point directly below the camera. sin θ = . 2 (2 ) 12. Verify that − = 2H tan θ.− . tan 105º 6. sin 4θ = 4 cos 2θ sin θ cos θ 11. The reduction Eθ is given by Eθ = E0 cos4 θ. sin . sin θ = − . where H is the 2H sin 2θ height and θ is half the scanner’s field of view. where θ is the angle between the perpendicular line from the camera to the ground and the line from the camera to point X. cos θ = − . 1 + cos 2θ Chapter 14 192 Glencoe Algebra 2 .

2 cos 2 θ . √2 sin θ + 1 = 0 16. 13. 0° ≤ θ ≤ 360° 3. sin θ + sin 2θ = 0 21. tan 2 θ = 1.cos θ = 1 8. 7. cos θ + sec θ = 2 Chapter 14 193 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 4 sin 2 θ = 3 18. tan θ cos θ = − 2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. 2 sin2 θ = sin θ + 1 22. 3 cos 2 θ . 180° < θ < 360° 5.NAME DATE PERIOD 14-5 Skills Practice Solving Trigonometric Equations Solve each equation for the given interval. 19. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 2 sin θ = 1. sin 2 θ = 1 11. sin 2 θ + sin θ = 0. Inc. sin θ = −. cos 2θ = -1 Solve each equation.sin 2 θ = 0 20. sin θ + sin θ cos θ = 0 10. 2 cos θ = . 90° < θ < 180° 4. 0 ≤ θ < π 6. 0 ≤ θ < π Solve each equation for all values of θ if θ is measured in radians.2 sin θ + 1 = 0 9. Solve each equation for all values of θ if θ is measured in degrees. π ≤ θ < 2π √2 2 2. 2 cos 2 θ + cos θ = 0. 2 cos 2 θ = 1 17. 2 cos θ + √3 = 0 15.√3 . sin 2 θ . 1. 2 sin θ + 1 = 0 14. 4 cos θ = -1 + 2 cos θ 1 12.

3 csc θ + 2 = 0 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. √2 sin3 θ = sin2 θ 11.1 = 0 21. 2 sin2 θ . sin 2θ = cos θ. 1.2 sin2 θ 8. sec2 θ = 2 Solve each equation for all values of θ if θ is measured in degrees.1 = 0 19. Write an expression that describes the times at which there is no current. 13. cos 2θ + sin θ . 17. Chapter 14 194 Glencoe Algebra 2 . 2 + cos θ = 2 sin2 θ. 90º ≤ θ < 180º 3. 360º 4.θ) = 0.cos θ) 1 + cos θ 16. cot θ = cot3 θ 10. cos2 θ = sin2 θ 9. csc2 θ . WAVES Waves are causing a buoy to float in a regular pattern in the water. cos2 θ sin θ = sin θ 12. 22. π ≤ θ ≤ − 2 2. tan2 θ + sec θ = 1. cos θ + cos (90 . Write an expression that describes the position of the buoy when its height is at its midline. 0º ≤ θ . 2 cos 2θ = 1 . √2 cos θ = sin 2θ . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. 4 sin2 θ . The vertical position of the buoy can be described by the equation h = 2 sin x. − ≤ θ < π 2 Solve each equation for all values of θ if θ is measured in radians. 0 ≤ θ < 2π π 6. sin2 θ cos θ = cos θ 14. 3 15. cos 4θ = cos 2θ.NAME DATE PERIOD 14-5 Practice Solving Trigonometric Equations Solve each equation for the given interval. where i is the current in amperes and t is the time in seconds.3 sin θ = -1 20. − = 4(1 . √2 cos2 θ = cos2 θ Solve each equation. 180º ≤ θ < 360º 3π 5. ELECTRICITY The electric current in a certain circuit with an alternating current can be described by the formula i = 3 sin 240t. 4 sin2 θ = 3 18. 7.

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