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**Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Modern Mathematics
**

A collection of 50 very important formulae for Quantitative Ability Section of CAT from the pioneers of online CAT training

▪ EASY ▪ EFFECTIVE ▪ PERSONALISED

1. Averages

2. Mean

For two numbers a and b,

3. Percentage Change

For two successive changes of a% and b%,

4. Interest

Amount = Principal + Interest © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. 1

S. r% = rate of annual change] 6. Growth Absolute Growth = Final Value – Initial Value [Here. 2 . A. = Simple Annual Growth Rate. G. All rights reserved.5. G. P’ = final value after n years. Ltd. = Average Annual Growth Rate and C. P’ = population after n years. = Compound Annual Growth Rate] 8. R. G. R. A. R. P = Original population. P = original value. Profit and Loss Profit = SP − CP Loss = CP − SP © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Depreciation Formula [Here. r% = rate of annual depreciation] 7. A. A. Population Formula [Here.

then 11. False Weights If an item is claimed to be sold at cost price. then for a positive quantity x. y are obtained free along with x articles. 3 .9. Ratios If a : b = c : d. then the overall percentage profit is given by 10. then the discount is equal to y and discount percentage is given by Successive Discounts When a discount of a% is followed by another discount of b%. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. using false weights. Ltd. Discount Discount = Marked Price − Selling Price Buy x and Get y Free If articles worth Rs. x are bought and articles worth Rs. All rights reserved. then a : b = c : d = (a + c) : (b + d) If a < b.

If a > b. y is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the replacement process is carried out. 4 . then for a positive quantity x. Proportions 13. Successive Replacement Where x is the original quantity. 12. Ltd. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved.

then average speed is given by harmonic mean of two speeds: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Average Speed If the distance is constant. Alligation Cross: 15. Time. Speed and Distance Important Conversion Factors: 16. 5 . Ltd. Alligation Rule The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture. All rights reserved.14.

M. The smallest natural number that is divisible by x.C. of (x − r1). Time and Work 19.C.C.F. r2 and r3.C. Ltd.If the time is constant.C.F. H. is the H. y and z leaving remainders r1.M. y and z) + r 21. respectively. y and z leaving the same remainder r in each case is the L. (y − r2) and (z − r3) 20. Application of H. and L. of Fractions © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 6 . Relative Speed For Trains For Boats and Streams 18.M. of (x.C. All rights reserved. The greatest natural number that will divide x.F. Application of L. then average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds: 17.

Properties of Surds 23.22. 7 . All rights reserved. then © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Laws of Indices If a and b are non-zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers. Ltd.

Laws of Logarithms 25. Binomial Theorem If n is a natural number that is greater than or equal to 2. All rights reserved. Ltd. 8 . then according to the binomial theorem: 26. ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given by: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Roots of Quadratic Equation The two roots of the quadratic equation.24.

Ltd. Geometric Progression 30.27. Arithmetic Progression 29. Harmonic Progression © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Algebraic Formulae (a + b) (a − b) = a2 − b2 (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 (a − b)2 = a2 − 2ab + b2 (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3 (a − b)3 = a3 − 3a2b + 3ab2 − b3 a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 − ab + b2) a3 − b3 = (a − b)(a2 + ab + b2) 28. 9 . All rights reserved.

Combinations Important Properties: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Factorial n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × (n − 1) × n n! = n × (n − 1)! 33.31. Sum of Important Series Sum of first n natural numbers Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers 32. 10 . All rights reserved. Permutations 34. Ltd.

Ltd.35. All rights reserved. Probability 37. 11 . Partition Rule Number of ways of distributing n identical things among r persons when each person may get any number of things = 36. Pythagoras Theorem For right triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.

Ltd.For acute triangle ABC For obtuse triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 12 . All rights reserved.

Area of Triangle When lengths of the sides are given When lengths of the base and altitude are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.38. Ltd. All rights reserved. 13 .

All rights reserved.When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given For Equilateral Triangle © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. 14 .

Ltd. Apollonius Theorem If AD is the median.For Isosceles Triangle 39. All rights reserved. then: AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2) © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 15 .

then: 41. Angle Bisector Theorem If AD is the angle bisector for angle A. Ltd. All rights reserved. 16 .40. Area of Quadrilateral For Cyclic Quadrilateral If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.

Ltd. 17 .If lengths of two diagonals and the included angle are given For Trapezium For Parallelogram © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. 18 .For Rhombus For Rectangle For Square © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd.

19 .42. Area of Regular Hexagon © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Polygons Number of Diagonals The sum of all the interior angles The sum of all the exterior angles 43. Ltd.

44. 20 . Circle Circumference Area Length of Arc Area of Sector Or. Perimeter of Sector © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.

21 . H is the length of hypotenuse and © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. Ellipse If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b. Perimeter of the ellipse Area of the ellipse 46. For a right triangle. All rights reserved.45. if P is the length of perpendicular. B is the length of base. Trigonometric Ratios is the angle between base and hypotenuse.

47.S. Right Prism Lateral Surface Area (L. y2) is given by 48.A.) = L.S. 22 . Ltd.) = Perimeter of base × height Total Surface Area (T. + 2 × Area of base Volume (V) = Area of base × height © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.A. Distance between Points Distance between two points A (x1.A. All rights reserved.S. y1) and B (x2.

A.S.S.A. = 6a2 Volume (V) = a3 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.S.Cuboid L. Ltd. 23 .S. All rights reserved.A. = 2(lh + bh) T. = 2(lh + bh + lb) Volume (V) = lbh Cube L.A. = 4a2 T.

S. Right Pyramid T. + Area of base © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. = 2πrh + 2πr2 Volume (V) = πr2h 49.S.A.A.A. = L.A.Cylinder Curved Surface Area (C. Ltd. All rights reserved.) = 2πrh T.S.S. 24 .

S.A. = πrl + πr2 Frustum of a cone © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd.Cone C.A. = πrl T. 25 . All rights reserved.S.

= 4πr2 Hemisphere C.S. = 2πr2 T.S.A.A. 26 .50.A. Ltd. All rights reserved. = 4πr2 T. Sphere C.S.A.S. = 3πr2 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.

Ltd. question selection with Detailed Analysis Reports Personalised help from content experts – Ask a Doubt © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. on any computer .no installation required EFFECTIVE 16 National Online Mock CATs. travel difficulties. All rights reserved.TestFunda.com .Personalised Online CAT preparation EASY Prepare at your own pace – don’t be constrained by the pace of the class Prepare at your convenience – don’t be bothered by unsuitable classroom timings. 27 email: contact@testfunda. Instant access to your national percentile Comprehensive study material – 95 lessons with solved examples Detailed solution for every question in the tests and practice exercises Effective instructional strategy for the CAT aspirant. speed.com phone: 022-666 00 000 website: www. anywhere. hectic work schedule Anytime. by a team that created international award winning internet-based educational products PERSONALISED Study the concepts YOU need to with Personalised Study Guides Practice the concepts YOU are weak in with Personalised Post-Assessment Tests Improve YOUR accuracy.

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