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Circuit Formulas AC Source Time Domain Function Phase / Time Phasor Format Series Circuits

v1.01

v (t ) = VM sin(t + v )(V )
Symbol Designates Magnitude/Amplitude Angular Frequency Instantaneous Time Phase Angle Measurement in Volts

VM

t = 360 TC t = 360 TC
t = TC TC = t

Relationship

VT Vn

V1 + V2 + K + Vn
VS ( Rn ) RT

VM t
(V )

Phase Angle

360 360

IT
Instantaneous Time Cycle Time (Period) Complete Cycle Capacitors

I1 = I 2 = I n R1 + R2 + K + Rn Z1 + Z 2 + K + Z n
1 ZT 1 YT

RT ZT YT PT

TC t

Instantaneous Value Of A Sine Wave Degree Approach Radian Approach

360 =

Y1 + Y2 + KYn P + P2 + K + Pn 1

v = VPk sin( )

v = VPk sin(t )
f =

Note: Make sure calculator is in appropriate mode. Degrees Radians

Resistors

Inductors

v =i

v =i

v =i
VT IT In
All Ckts

Parallel Circuits

deg = rad

180

rad = deg

180

fr =

1 2 LC

V1 = V2 = Vn I1 + I 2 + K + I n I S ( RT / Rn )
2 Branch Equal R

v = i =

i v

i + 90 v 90
L

i 90 v + 90
1 C X C 90

Sine Wave Magnitude Conversions

YT

P-P P-P = Pk = rms = ave =


1.0 0.5 0.3535 0.3185

Pk
2.0 1.0 0.707 0.637

rms
2.828 1.414 1.0 0.9

ave
3.14 1.57 1.11 1.0

X= Z= Y=
R0
1 R

RT

X L + 90
1 ZL
Ohms Law

1 1 1 1 + +K+ R1 R2 Rn 1 1 1 1 + +K+ Z1 Z 2 Zn

R1R2 R1 + R2 Z1Z 2 Z1 + Z 2

R1 Rn Z1 Zn 1 YT

1 ZC

ZT

Largest Smallest P-P Pk rms ave


Cycle Time (Period)/ Frequency

T=
f =

1 f
1 T

E = IR E = P/I
E = PR
DC

I = P/E I = E/R
I= P/ R
AC Watts Law

R = E/I R = E2 / P
R = P/ I2

YT PT

1 ZT

Y1 + Y2 + KYn P + P2 + K + Pn 1
Transformers

Cycle Time Frequency

Voltage Resistive (True Power) Reactive Apparent (Virtual Power)

Current Turn Ratio Primary Voltage Secondary Voltage

P = EI
Angular Frequency

PR = VT I T cos( Z ) (W ) P = PX = VT IT sin( Z )
(VAR )

= 2 f
Time Domain / Phasor Format Conversion

P=I R
2

N P VP = N S VS VP = VS VS = VP NP NS NS NP
2

NP I S = NS IP IP = IS IS = IP NS NP NP NS
2

Turn Ratio Primary Current Secondary Current

P = E2 / R

S = PAPP = VT IT
Power Factor

(VA)

[v(t ) = VM sin(t )] = [VS = VRMS ]


VM = 2 VS
Magnitude Magnitude

Quality

PF =

VRMS =

VPK 2

PR PAPP

Q=

PX PR
Quality

Impedance

PF = cos( Z )

Q Low 10> High Quality

N Z P = ZS P N S

Primary Impedance

N Z S = ZP S NP

Secondary Impedance

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