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7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—
And How to Avoid These Mistakes
7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—
And How to Avoid These Mistakes
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9 Checklists and Handouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table of Contents Did You Know? . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The workplace environment is new to them—they aren’t familiar with its hazards or what to do in an emergency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . New employees are often afraid to ask questions. . 11 General Orientation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New employees do not thoroughly understand the necessity of using required PPE—or how to use it properly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Machine Operator Job Orientation and Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The workplace does not send the message that safety is a high priority. 5 5. . . . . . . . 19 Employee Rights Under OSHA . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 OSHA Required Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employees do not know enough about hazardous substances in their workplace. . . Employers assume that new employees know more than they really do—and that common sense will prevent most accidents. . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Chemical Worker Orientation and Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employee training for a particular job often focuses on what to do—but neglects training about the job hazards to avoid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10102300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 ©Business & Legal Reports. . . .
The clause reads: N “Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to its employees. The General Duty Clause. applies to any aspects of workplace safety that may not be covered by other specific OSHA regulations. however.” N “Each employer shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.Did You Know? 40 percent of employees injured at work have been on the job for less than a year. Employers assume that new employees know more than they really do—and that common sense will prevent most accidents. It seems like a high percentage. Inc. 10102300 1 . let’s take a look at 7 stupid reasons new employees get injured. which is Section 5A. Certain jobs require precautions that may seem like common sense to someone who has spent years at a job. new employees lack the knowledge and experience that is gathered by workers who have spent more time on the job. doesn’t it? Why is it so high? In a nutshell.” ©Business & Legal Reports.1 of the Act. It’s not that new employees are stupid—not by a long shot. For a newcomer. but they don’t necessarily know how to translate this knowledge into safety in their new environment. Many of them may have specific knowledge or special skills. All employees should know that the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 gives them a basic right to a safe workplace. 1. The obvious question is: How can employers protect their new employees and prevent them from getting injured? To answer that. these jobs may present brand new hazards they have never even thought about.
who jumps back just in time. For example: N An employee trips over an extension cord that lies across the floor. In fact. neither they nor management should ever shrug it off. This is an important facet of each worker’s orientation. The difference between a near miss and a serious injury might be a fraction of an inch or a split second of time. He’s a little shaken up. Frequently. however.The General Duty Clause has one more line. and remove it from service until it can be repaired or replaced. N Instead of using a ladder. but avoids a fall by grabbing the corner of a desk. When employees narrowly avoid accidents and injuries. New employees are often afraid to ask questions. 2. But that’s a big mistake. So near misses are a red flag—a warning that something is very wrong and requires your immediate attention. It’s an accident that almost happened or even did happen. most accidents can be predicted by near misses. but that just didn’t result in an injury this time around. however. Supervisors need to remind them over and over that they are happy to answer questions—any time. It goes on to say: N “Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules. 2 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . Someone—the employee who had the near miss or someone else—is very likely to be injured eventually by that very same hazard. 75 percent of all accidents are preceded by one or more near misses.” Employees should be told to report any safety hazards they cannot correct themselves. It should also be mandatory for all employees to report any accidents and near misses in the workplace. It should also give them a feeling for the importance management places on workplace safety. This may be especially true of young workers. A near miss is a close call. So make sure they understand that no one is trying to blame anyone. N An outward opening door nearly hits a worker. but unhurt. The purpose is to get to the root of the problem to prevent future accidents and injuries. They are afraid they will sound stupid—they may even fear that they will sound so stupid they will be fired. most employees (and often their supervisors) feel relieved that nobody was hurt and simply get back to work. employees are reluctant to report near misses to a supervisor because they are afraid they’ll be blamed for it. According to the National Safety Council. They should be reminded to inspect all tools and equipment before use. When things like this happen. an employee puts a box on top of a drum. mark anything that doesn’t check out properly. regulations and orders pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct. but once up loses his balance and falls to the ground.
small details or questions will arise that no one thought to cover in a general orientation session. hazards and conditions in this particular workplace may be different from where they worked previously. Discussing the material that has been covered or giving a short quiz may be helpful in pinpointing areas where they may not have understood the information completely. Inc. most new employee orientation is offered to small groups. Teen workers may be unaware of common workplace hazards. Everyone will learn more. They should be informed of the restrictions on their duties imposed by federal and state child labor laws. Obviously. Often. This helps the trainees feel less embarrassed to ask questions. ©Business & Legal Reports. these workers also have rights to reasonable accommodation under the ADA.One safety instructor puts it this way. to help them perform the essential functions of their jobs. Luckily. like the hearing or visually impaired. Actually. if any are needed. unless your company is very large. or as customized to meet your company’s needs. Workers who can’t read or understand English well may need individual help to make sure they understand the safety rules. Workers with a disability. so they know they have the right to refuse if they are asked to do something they feel is unsafe or prohibited by law. He feels the more questions. They should also be aware of their rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to ask for reasonable accommodations. In fact. On the other hand. it’s a very good idea to assign an experienced worker to act as a guide and mentor for each new employee. Workers who require a wheelchair or have difficulty walking may require assistance in case evacuation is ever necessary. 10102300 3 . use another employee who speaks their language or knows them well to assist you. This report includes several that may be useful—either as is. If at all possible. the better. may require their training to be individualized according to their particular needs. Students’ questions often remind him of things he didn’t explain as thoroughly as necessary—or something he forgot to mention at all. older workers may think they know it all—they may not really pay close attention because they think they’ve heard it all before. Handouts can also help trainees remember the important points from their orientation. but they may have questions about whether the company’s emergency plans have provisions to include their specific needs.
such as helping disabled workers or shutting down machinery. such as floods. employees will need instruction for these duties as well. In case of an emergency. They may know only one way to enter or leave. all employees must be trained in those parts of their employer’s emergency plan necessary to protect themselves in the event of an emergency (29 CFR 1910. new employees should know about other aspects. it becomes necessary to train workers in their proper use. that are relatively common in their particular area. that could mean a disaster. Workers should know about policies covering plant closures and the proper procedure for notifying their supervisors if they are unable to get to work because of a weather emergency. The workplace environment is new to them—they aren’t familiar with its hazards or what to do in an emergency. or blizzards. hurricanes. tornadoes. an employer must decide what it wants employees to do in case of fire. if they have any specific assignments. They should also know the location of first-aid kits in case of an emergency. Likewise. If the employer feels that employees should be permitted to use portable fire extinguishers to douse a small fire. OSHA requires that when they are given their initial assignments.” it is necessary to make sure that each employee knows the sound of any emergency alarm and the recommended exit routes from any part of the building. The building is new to them.38(a)). If they go to a different part of the building they may become disoriented. If your company’s emergency planning goes beyond fire prevention. (Is 911 the number to call in your area? Who should make the phone call?) Everyone should know the proper place to gather after they get outside safely.3. If the answer is “Evacuate immediately. In developing its emergency plan. Most employers also include training on phoning in an emergency. 4 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . Many companies have policies in place covering natural disasters.
©Business & Legal Reports. Inc. the checklist should state what. If they don’t understand the reason. the supervisor should continue to observe frequently to be sure that the operation is performed properly every single time. they may feel that it is acceptable to skip it and find out—too late—that it really was important. Employee training for a particular job often focuses on what to do —but neglects training about the job hazards to avoid. they may learn the hard way—with an accident. if any. If new workers aren’t warned about what can go wrong. The list should point out any hazards present at any part of the process. 10102300 5 . After demonstrating a job. When the trainer is demonstrating a particular job.4. the instructor should give the trainee step-by-step instructions to be followed every time. it will probably go smoothly because he or she knows how to do the job correctly and also knows about any dangers. personal protective equipment (PPE) is required for the job. In some cases. Because the new employee and the experienced worker are in frequent contact. In addition. Even after a worker has demonstrated that he or she can do the job properly. it may seem unnecessary to follow a certain procedure unless the reason for following a particular rule is explained. Workers are going to be much more willing to follow a safety rule if they understand that following the rule is necessary to prevent a dangerous accident. there can be close observation without the new worker feeling that he or she is being spied on. The worker should be taught how to inspect any equipment involved to be sure it is operating correctly and that any necessary guards are in place. Having the instructions in writing will give both the worker and the trainer a checklist to be sure no steps are overlooked— and no shortcuts are taken that could introduce hazards. This is a prime example of how assigning a mentor can be very beneficial.
emergency procedures. The Hazard Communication Standard (1900. or whether they have to be accessed by FAX. flammability. If this training isn’t thoroughly understood. N The measures employees can take to protect themselves from these hazards. The training should be given at the time of the worker’s initial assignment and whenever a new physical or health hazard that the employee has not previously been trained about is introduced into the work area. The MSDSs must be available to workers at all times. carcinogenicity) or specific chemicals.1200) gives workers the right to know the hazards of substances being used in the workplace and how to use them safely. including lists of hazardous chemicals and material safety data sheets (MSDSs). visual appearance or odor of hazardous chemicals when being released). As part of their basic right to know.5. continuous monitoring devices. such as appropriate work practices. Employee training shall include at least: N Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the work area (such as monitoring conducted by the employer. workers can expose themselves to serious physical or health hazards. and N The location of the company’s list of hazardous chemicals and their MSDSs. Information and training may be designed to cover categories of hazards (e. whether there are paper copies. and workers must be taught how to access them. and PPE to be used. including specific procedures the employer has implemented to protect employees from exposure to hazardous chemicals.g. Employees do not know enough about hazardous substances in their workplace. N Any operations in their work area where hazardous chemicals are present. OSHA has specific requirements in its Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom) that spell out exactly what workers should know. N The procedure to be followed in order to read it. N The physical and health hazards of the chemicals in the work area. and 6 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . and N The location and availability of the company’s written hazard communication program. computer. or the Internet. the Hazard Communication Standard specifically gives them the right to be informed about: N The requirements of the standard. Workers should be informed of: N The location of the company’s written hazard communication program.. Chemical-specific information must always be available through labels and MSDSs.
such as ventilation systems. the better able they will be to take the next step and select the most appropriate PPE for the job. work accident statistics show that an alarming number of injured workers were not wearing PPE that could have prevented—or at least lessened the severity of—their injuries. and the MSDSs. machine guards. flying objects. Remember that PPE is only a supplementary form of protection. administrative controls or work practices can reduce a hazard by minimizing the time a worker is exposed. HazCom is very high on OSHA's enforcement agenda—and high on its list of violations. Think head-to-toe protection and be sure to consider all the hazards—falling objects. ©Business & Legal Reports. and other clothing and equipment. engineering controls. New employees do not thoroughly understand the necessity of using required PPE—or how to use it properly. respirators. and hazard warnings for hazardous chemicals. The first vital step that employers must take to determine the need for PPE is performing a hazard assessment of each job in the workplace. In some cases. Year after year. chemical exposures. Even if they have been reduced. 6. identification information on hazardous chemicals. safety shoes. sharp objects. lack of a written HazCom program has been the most frequent violation OSHA found in recent years. A worker’s right to know about chemical hazards is an important right guaranteed by OSHA.N The details of the hazard communication program developed by the employer. too. MSDSs. Lack of adherence to other parts of HazCom that have recently appeared in the top 10 violations include failures to provide information on hazardous chemicals. including an explanation of the labeling system. and rolling or pinching objects—as well as all the protections—hard hats. Perhaps they have some scary stories of their own to tell. The better managers identify and understand the impact of specific hazards. can eliminate or reduce a particular hazard. Most people have heard horror stories about workers who were injured because they weren’t wearing PPE that could have kept them safe. 10102300 7 . or physical separation of workers. PPE may still be advisable in some cases as a backup. necessary where all hazards have not been controlled through other means. safety glasses and goggles. Inc. gloves. Once an employer determines that such hazards are present—or are likely to be—the employer must: N Select and have affected employees use the PPE that will protect them from the hazards that have been identified. In other instances. In fact. and how employees can obtain and use the appropriate hazard information.
and wear PPE. N Point out that OSHA requires it.N Communicate decisions about required PPE to employees. Let them help pick the PPE they find most comfortable—as long as it can do its job. N Identify each hazard and explain specifically how a particular type of PPE protects them against this hazard. N Dramatize the consequences of failing to use required PPE. The hard part is encouraging employees to actually use the PPE. N What PPE is necessary. and require visitors to use it. or believe that accidents always happen to someone else. N Changes in the types of PPE to be used render previous training obsolete. think that PPE is for wimps. Have a variety of sizes and styles available to accommodate the needs of all workers. Try these suggestions to motivate your employees and keep your PPE program from going down the drain: N Recognize and reward employees for using PPE. useful life. The next two steps—training and follow-up— present the challenge of reaching employees and communicating the important message. Here are some training tips to encourage employees’ cooperation. adjust. N Recognize proper use of PPE in performance appraisals. remove. These first two steps are actually the easy part. N Make it easy to get and exchange PPE. and disposal of the PPE. employees like to be able to select from different colors or styles according to their tastes. worker cooperation increases if they actually like the look of their PPE. and N Inadequacies in an employee’s knowledge or use of assigned PPE indicate that the employee has not retained the necessary understanding or skill. too. Try to involve employees in the selection process whenever possible. like safety glasses or shoes. N Help employees recognize that PPE gives them more control. Training must include: N When PPE is necessary. ignore the rules. When choices are possible. To make any PPE program effective requires continual follow-up. Daily monitoring is essential to see that employees are actually wearing their PPE. and N Select PPE that fits each affected employee properly. N Lead by example. N Limitations of the PPE. maintenance. Many employers have found that for some items. N How to properly put on. New training must be provided whenever: N Changes in the workplace render previous training obsolete. and N Proper care. Always use required PPE in the work area. It stands to reason that employees will be more willing to cooperate with wearing required PPE if they are trained properly. 8 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . N Use discipline if necessary as a last resort to show employees you are serious about their wearing assigned PPE. A few employees will still forget to use their PPE.
N Is the workplace clean and orderly? N Are there frequent drills to practice emergency procedures and evacuation? N Do supervisors always answer questions promptly and politely? N Are “No Smoking” signs obeyed? N Are areas where hazardous substances are being used properly labeled? N Are MSDSs readily accessible by all workers? N Are all workers wearing eye protection if it is required? N Are there areas where hearing protection is required—and is it being worn? N What about hard hats where there is danger of falling objects? N Are supervisors and managers following the rules as well? The everyday behavior of everyone at the facility will indicate the value the organization places on safety. such as a day’s suspension without pay for failing to wear PPE. ©Business & Legal Reports. Inc.But the BIGGEST STUPID REASON may be: 7. If a worker receives a real punishment. to enforce the rules. If managers and supervisors don’t abide by the safety rules. 10102300 9 . What is said in an orientation meeting doesn’t mean as much as what is actually happening in the actual workplace. it says loud and clear: “We really don’t care about safety!” On the other hand. Workers (especially new workers) are going to judge how important safety is by observing what goes on around them. company management can show the high priority it places on safety by consistently following the safety protocols and by using progressive discipline. the word will get around very quickly: “These guys mean it. if necessary. The workplace does not send the message that safety is a high priority.” Other workers may be less inclined to ignore the rules if they find out it can cost them a day’s pay.” What you do speaks louder than what you say. There is truth in the old adage. it sends a strong message. If they ignore workers who are not obeying the rules. “Put your money where your mouth is.
and information about audiometric testing. ©Business & Legal Reports. information about hearing protection. This training must be conducted when the plan is developed or changed. employees who are assigned to assist in an emergency or in fighting a fire must have special training. and vehicle-mounted work platforms Workers must be trained in safe operation and in the hazards associated with working on any of this equipment before they are allowed to use it. Subpart F—Powered platforms. including safe use of equipment. inspection of working platforms. 10102300 11 . N Workers with anhydrous ammonia. However. and written training records. It should be reviewed frequently to refresh memories on a regular basis. Subpart E—Emergency plans and fire prevention plans In addition to the general training for all employees discussed in this report. specific training requirements are established by OSHA regarding specific job duties. N Workers operating bulk delivery and mixing equipment. the following is a brief listing of some of the groups that require training: N Workers with flammable and combustible liquids. Inc. N Workers following process safety management procedures for highly hazardous chemicals.Checklists and Handouts OSHA Required Training In addition to the general training. The company needs written work procedures for the operation. This must be repeated annually and include the effects of noise on hearing. N Contract employers with workers exposed to hazardous chemicals. Subpart H—Hazardous materials There are too many regulations and categories of workers involved with hazardous training to cover this subject in detail in this report. manlifts. N Workers with explosives and blasting agents. Subpart G—Hearing protection The employer must have a training program for all employees who are exposed to noise at or above an 8-hour time-weighted average of 85 decibels. and N Workers involved with hazardous waste operations and emergency response. These training requirements are very detailed and vary according to the actual duties assigned. N Workers with liquefied petroleum gases.
limitations. They cover the type of training. all employees must know how to recognize emergency alarm systems and know proper evacuation procedures. the training rules and procedures for lockout/tagout procedures are very specific and must be understood by both authorized and affected employees in order to protect themselves. They must also be retrained as necessary to ensure continued proficiency. All employees need to be trained about accident prevention signs and tags and to understand what special precautions are necessary in a particular location. Fire brigades need the most detailed training. Subpart L—Fire protection Again. Subpart N—Material handling and storage Workers who service multipiece and single-piece rim wheels need special training and must demonstrate their ability to perform these duties safely. the amount and detail of training varies according to the role a worker is expected to play in case of a fire emergency. There are very detailed training requirements for workers who enter permit-required confined spaces. and certification of training. It must include when PPE is necessary. workplace-related topics. Likewise. Special rules apply to temporary labor camps and the persons trained to administer first aid at these locations. as they are called in the regulations) need training before they are allowed to operate these vehicles. At the minimum. and maintenance of PPE. they must supply training to their employees. 12 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . how to use it. Forklift operators (or powered industrial truck operators. Workers must be retrained in the event of changes. need annual retraining. when retraining is necessary. There are special training rules and programs for workers who require respiratory protection. there must be a performance evaluation at least once every 3 years. and the employer must keep records that certify proper training. what kind.Subpart I—Personal protective equipment (PPE) This training must be provided for every worker who is required to use PPE. Subpart K—Medical and first aid All employees assigned to administer first aid require proper training. at a minimum. Training must include truck-related topics. Subpart J—General environmental controls These regulations cover a wide variety of work situations and duties. and demonstration of proficient operation. Refresher training must be provided according to the regulations but. and these workers must be retrained annually. and must be aware of special hazards in their workplace. If management wants workers to use portable fire extinguishers in case of a minor fire.
and artificial respiration training N Derrick trucks—operator training N Cable fault—training in safety precautions for locating and testing cables N Guarding manholes—training in first aid available for on-site workers N Tree trimming—training required concerning electrical hazards N Electric power generation. Subpart Q—Welding. and brazing There are general training requirements for all workers performing these operations and special rules for performing fuel gas welding and cutting. Subpart Z—Toxic and hazardous substances The Hazard Communication Standard. first-aid. and tanks is necessary Subpart S—Electrical safety These regulations require training according to workers’ respective job assignments. Because of the danger of serious injuries. Subpart T—Commercial diving operations Training is required for each member of a dive team. Certainly. all employees whose duties include any type of machine operation need individual evaluation to make sure they can operate their equipment properly. and each employee should be aware of the particular safeguards associated with each piece of equipment they are authorized to operate. 13 ©Business & Legal Reports. or even amputations. OSHA places great emphasis on these regulations. and resistance welding. with additional training for the designated person in charge. Inc. Workers need to understand how to locate and understand the information found on MSDSs. and distribution—training in medical services and first aid available to workers N Grain handling facilities—training regarding hazards present and training in rescue procedures where entry into bins. 10102300 .Subpart O—Machinery and machine guarding OSHA has very specific rules concerning machine guarding. requires employee information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area. paper. They need to realize it is never proper to remove a guard even if they feel it will make the machine’s operation easier or faster. always the leading standard in number of violations. following all safety procedures. silos. arc welding and cutting. cutting. They must receive instruction in how to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the work area and about PPE to be used. transmission. Subpart R—Special industries The following special industries have specific training requirements: N Pulp. and paperboard mills—instruction in the use of gas masks capable of absorbing chlorine for workers who may be exposed N Laundries—training about machinery and the proper rules for operating it N Sawmills—training in lift truck operation similar to forklift training N Logging—multifaceted training for performing work duties safely and requirements for first aid and CPR training N Telecommunications—training in working with storage batteries as well as training in emergency situations.
14 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes .3’-Dichlorobenzidine (and its salts) N Bis-chloromethyl ether N Beta-napthylamine N Benzidine N 4-Aminodiphenyl N Ethyleneimine N Beta-propiolactone N 2-Acetoaminofluorene N 4-Dimethylaminobenzene N n-Nitrosodimethylamine N Vinyl chloride N Inorganic arsenic N Lead N Chromium (vi) N Cadmium N Benzene N Coke oven emissions N Bloodborne pathogens—training for all workers who have occupational exposure to these substances N Cotton dust N 1.The following substances have their own set of regulations requiring specialized training: N Asbestos N 4-Nitrobiphenyl N Alpha-napthylamine N Methyl chloromethyl ether N 3. all the regulations have common elements—information regarding special hazards and safe procedures as well as any requirements for refresher training.2-Dibromo-3-chloro-propane N Acrylonitrile (vinyl cyanide) N Ethylene oxide N Formaldehyde N 4.4’ Methylenedianiline N Ionizing radiation Basically.
matching gift program. vacations —Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). and/or trainer Department rules —Introduction to co-worker “buddy” —Tour of department and introduction to other workers —Location of rest rooms. such as educational assistance. and other forms Employee benefits and eligibility —Health and dental insurance —Disability insurance —Life insurance —Pension or 401(k) pla —Miscellaneous benefits. insurance. if applicable Department Rules and Regulations —Department head. lunchroom. lockers. if applicable. if applicable) —Reporting absences —Leave time—sick days. or wellness program Company policies —Facility security: Company ID. keys. if applicable —Tax.General Orientation Checklist Company Rules and Regulations — Human Resource (HR) Department Attendance —Hours of work and overtime policies—breaks and lunch period —Pay schedules (including time cards. 10102300 15 . and Internet New Employee Handouts —Employee manual —Description of benefit programs —Any relevant union contract —ID card or badge —Key or password. e-mail. or passwords —Drug and alcohol use and other prohibitions —Sexual harassment and discrimination —Americans with Disabilities Act and “reasonable accommodation” —Use of company phone. holidays. Inc. first-aid supplies ©Business & Legal Reports. supervisor.
PPE. and supplies —Hazardous chemicals. and unsafe conditions —Reporting tools or equipment needing repair New employee job description and responsibilities —Step-by-step introduction to procedures of the job —On-the-job training and evaluation —Distribution of tools. near misses. if applicable New employee department handouts —Job description —Step-by-step procedure instructions —Required PPE or other safety equipment —Tools —Materials —Printout of department rules or safety procedures —Diagram showing layout of department or facility.Safety rules and procedures —Emergency training—exits and alarms —Reporting accidents. if appropriate 16 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes .
ask new operator to perform procedure. List steps in operating procedure: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N If previous experience. —Has operator worked with identical machine previously? —List required (or suggested) PPE: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N N N N Discuss storage of tools and organization of workstation. demonstrate procedure. 10102300 17 . —Evaluate performance and make suggestions. excessive noise. Show location of supplies and procedures for obtaining them. —Ask if operator has any questions. —Suggest ways to reduce repetitive motions. Identify hazards created while performing job—dust. ©Business & Legal Reports. —Repeat as required. —Ask operator to perform procedure with supervision.Machine Operator Job Orientation and Evaluation General Work Area Hazards: ________________________________________________________________________________________ Workstation Yes No N Machine guards—Are they all in place? —Does the machine appear to be in good repair? —Does wiring appear to be in good repair? —Explain potential hazards of equipment: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Is lockout/tagout needed for maintenance or repair? Explain procedure: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Give operator his lock and key. N If no previous experience. heat. —Observe workstation and job operation to be sure ergonomic dangers are minimized. Inc. or other specific hazard.
fumes. N Ask operator to perform procedure with supervision. N Show location of supplies and procedures for obtaining them. heat.Chemical Worker Orientation and Evaluation Work Area Hazards: _____________________________________________________________________________________ N List hazardous chemicals in the workplace: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Yes N Are MSDSs on hand? N Does the operator know the specific hazards? N Does the operator know the signs of a problem? N Are chemicals stored and labeled correctly? No N Explain the procedures for a minor accident: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Explain the procedures for a major accident: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Has operator worked with same chemicals previously? N List required (or suggested) PPE: _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Are there special procedures to prevent contamination? N Explain procedures like showering. —Repeat as required. removal and disposal of clothing. ask new worker to perform procedure. contamination of clothing or tools. ingestion. N If no experience. demonstrate procedure. skin irritation. —Ask if worker has any questions. N List steps in operating procedure: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N If previous experience. Identify hazards created while performing job— chemicals. Inc. ©Business & Legal Reports. N Discuss storage of chemicals and organization of workstation. 10102300 19 .
10102300 21 .Employee Rights Under OSHA Every employee has these rights: A safe workplace—The General Duty Clause says: Each employer: N “Shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to its employees. Inc. N Ask for a review if OSHA denied request for inspection. N Request that their name not be entered on the log when reporting an injury or illness. penalized. ©Business & Legal Reports.” The General Duty Clause has one more line. Hazard Communication Standard—Employees have a right to: N Be informed about the Hazard Communication Standard and know where hazardous materials are used. N Request copies of the OSH Act and specific safety and health standards. and know where material safety data sheets are located. N Have an employee representative accompany OSHA official during inspection or have employees speak with official.” OSHA Notice and OSH Act—Employees have a right to: N View posted notice on OSHA and any state protections and obligations. N Receive a copy of the OSHA 300 log and summary. N Receive a written response to request for review. regulations and orders pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct. N Know about the company’s written hazard communication program and the list of hazardous chemicals. N “Shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act. or discriminated against. however. OSHA 300 Log—Employees have a right to: N View a posted summary of prior year’s recorded injuries and illnesses between February 1 and April 30. N Contest a citation or employer’s request to modify the requirements of a citation. N Have OSHA citations of company posted visibly. N Report possible safety violations to an OSHA official during any inspection. N Contact OSHA without fear of being fired. Complaints of OSHA—Employees have a right to: N Submit specific written complaints to OSHA requesting inspection. It goes on to say: N “Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules. N Have complainants’ names withheld from employer’s copy.
N See personal health records. including medical complaints.Exposure and Medical Records—Employees have a right to: N Ask to view or copy results of personal exposure measurements or monitoring related to toxic substances or harmful physical agency. and tests. N In the absence of personal records. N See records of potentially hazardous exposures in workplaces or areas to which you’re being assigned. 22 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . exams. ask to see records for employees with similar jobs or working conditions.
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