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BT 1390 .M44 1906
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.THE GNOSTIC . CRUCIFIXION. . . .
? THE WORTvD-MYSTERY THE GOSPEL AND THE GOSPELS APOU.WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR Net. THRICE GREATEST HERMES (3 vols.C.) FRAGMENTS OP A FAITH FORGOTTEN - 307- 10/6 g/5/- DID JESUS LIVE too B.) - - - 4/6 3/6 3/i/- - PLOTINUS .ONIUS OF TYANA THE UPANFSHADS (2 vols.
ECHOES FROM THE GNOSIS BY G R. S. MEAD VII. VOL. THE GNOSTIC CRUCI FIXION THEOSOPHICAL PUBLISHING SOCIETY LONDON AND BENARES 1907 .
the mystic. . are not sufficiently equipped to study the writings of the ancients at first hand. are therefore These little volumes intended to serve as introduction to the study of the more difficult literature of the and it is hoped that at the same time they may become for some. stepping-stones to higher things. who have. drawn from. not subject . M. so as to for the ever-widening circle of those who love such things. Under this general title is a series of small now being published volumes.ECHOES FROM THE GNOSIS. S. even heard of the Gnosis. as yet. theosophic and gnostic writings of the ancients. or to follow un aided the labours of scholars. life There are many who love the of the spirit. some echoes of the mystic experiences and initiatory lore of their spiritual ancestry. and who but who long for the light of gnostic illumination. or based make more easily audible upon. G. R.
James (M. Apocrypha Anecdota. 1897). Thrice Greatest Hermes (London. 2nd.THE GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION CONTENTS PAGE PREFACE 9 12 THE VISION OF THE CROSS COMMENTS POSTCRIPT . F. ed. R.gt. (London. H.. 1906).). 1898). v. 20 69 TEXTS Bonnet (M. (Cambridge. Ada Apostolorum Apocrypha (Leipzig. . S.). = = Fragments o/ a Faith Forgotten. T. 1906). i. &&.
THE HYMN OF THE PRODIGAL. A MITHRIAC RITUAL.. . Voi. THB HYMNS OP HERMES. THE GNOSIS OF THE MIND.ECHOES Voi. THE VISION OF ARID^US.. FROM THE GNOSIS Voi. SOME PROPOSED SUBJECTS FOR FORTHCOMING VOLUMES THE CHALDEAN ORACLES.. III. I. THE HYMN OF JESUS.... Voi. VII. V. THE MYSTERIES OF MITHRA. THE GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. Voi.. Voi. VI. SOME ORPHIC FRAGMENTS. IV. Voi. II.
in is. however. referred to of that volume for a I have frequently remarked upon lecturing on the subject. ". Preamble the short introduction concerning the nature of the Gnostic Acts in general and of the Leucian Acts of John in particular. The Gnostic Mystery is of the Crucifixion clearly set forth in the new-found fragments of The Acts of John.THE GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. though it therefore. when . PREFACE. I would. add a point of interest bearing on the date which was forgotten. treating of The Hymn of Jesus. The reader ". of these little books. and most follows immediately on the Sacred Dance and Ritual of Initiation which we en deavoured to elucidate in Vol. IV.
the minds of the hearers faith had been strung to the pitch of which had already accepted the as an actual feeding of the five thousand occurrence. so that those who bade Him were amazed. when it relates the miracle of following simple form of the the loaves. should Of what use. and our own loaves were saved whole. And bidding. that this simple story. ". . any time He were invited to the by one of the Pharisees and went we used to go with Him. If the of marvellous feeding is it already in circulation. The strongest proof that we have in our fragment very early material is found in the text itself. when narratives of the the five thousand had been we may incredible so have been invented. would it have been physical 10 . Now if at .THE C CRuaFixioii.". Then He would give thanks and divide His loaf among us and from this little each had enough. which easily believe. before each was set a single loaf by the and of them He Himself also host received one.
(The Arabic figures and the Roman figures in square brackets refer respec first I tively to Bonnet s and James texts. of all circulated in the inner circles. as translated from Bonnet s text.comparatively so small a the other hand. We. it is easy to believe that from similar simple stories of the power of the Master. John is supposed to be the narrator. conclude. we are not entitled to argue that the popular history was developed from it in a similar fashion. the popular narratives of the multitudefeeding miracles could be developed. with every pro bability. Nevertheless when we come to the Mystery of the Crucifixion as set forth in our fragment. that we have here an indication of material of very early date.) ii . and to it we will return when the reader has been put in possession of the narra tive. The problem it raises is of another order. which were to invent ? wonder On QHQ STI CRUCIFIXION. have added the side figures for con venience of reference in the comments. therefore.
I. 2. And my Lord the Cave. And we. at the sixth the tree hour of the day darkness came over the whole earth. however. VISION OF THE &. and stood in the midst of filled it with light. I multitude below. the Lord went out. i. : 4. CROSS. or wakened out of sleep. but fled unto the Mount of Olives weeping over that which fled had 3. . and said ". And when He was hung on of the cross.)] thin s with us Beloved. as though beside ourselves. though I saw the begin ning of His passion could not stay to the end. each our several ways. befallen. to the Jerusalem. in am 12 being crucified.gt. And having danced these [97 (xii. John.THE THE CRUCiFIXION.
and pierced with spears and reeds. however.". this what : ". but only as it were a voiceshape. To thee now I speak. and round the Cross a vast multitude. and vinegar and gall is being given CRUCIFIXION. Twas ear to what I say. however. and thus spoken. from Me I long for one who will hear. And I beheld the Lord Himself above He had. He [98 (xiii. not.)] And having showed me a Cross of Light set up. but one of its own kind and beneficent and truly of God. 7. Mount. 8. 6. this voice to which we are accustomed. and in the Cross another multitude not having one form. . to drink. ". and therein one form and a similar appearance. and give I who put it in thy heart to ascend Me 5. that thou mightest hear should learn from disciple man from God. saying unto me John. no the Cross. one there needs must be to for hear those things. This Cross of Light 13 is called by Me . Master.
". sometimes Way. Now those things [it is called] as towards men . as it is Wisdom in harmony. itself in its own meaning to itself. sometimes Spirit. sometimes Christ. and the 10. sometimes Truth. some times Life. sometimes Son. and daemons. sometimes Grace. sometimes Seed. for (Lg )&. the defining (or delimitation) [it is] of all things. threats. there are those on the Right and those on the Left powers. sometimes Jesus. sometimes Resurrection. both the firm necessity of things fixed from things unstable. principalities. energies. powers of wrath. 14 . harmony of Wisdom. and the Lower Root from which hath come forth the slanderings things in genesis. ". authori And ties. but as to what it is in truth. and declared unto Us. some times Faith. sometimes Bread. some times Father. your sakes sometimes Word s sometimes Mind. sometimes Door.gt. 9.E s CRUCIFIXION.
)] of]. ". abject and not worthy of Me. much more shall be neither seen I. then. and all into one. 14. And as to those 15 . of is the Cross which THE CRUCIFIXION. I was held [to be] what I am not. then. not being what I was to many others nay. upon the cross [I] whom now thou seest not. the Lord of it. also compacting them 12. ". the Place of Rest is neither seen nor spoken of.This. by (Logos) all cross-beaming things at the same time separating off the things that proceed from genesis and those below it [from those the the Word hath been means above]. but only hearest a voice. Now the multitude of one appearance round the Cross is the Lower Nature. they will call Me something else. But this is not the cross of wood thou shalt see when thou descendest hence nor am I he that which is .ii - ". [nor spoken [100 (xiv. . As. ". 13.
and I shall be what I was. I am not what I am. 17. 16. if tnev nave not a^ so one f rm [it is because] the whole Race (or every Limb) of Him who descended hath not yet been gathered together. and it no longer be what it is now. ". ". whom thou seest in the Cross. 15. But if thou hearkenest unto Me. then. yea. become it. For so long as thou callest not thyself Mine. in obedience to My Voice. is taken up. then. too. when thou [art] as I am with My self ". Pay no attention.THE CRUCIFIXION. to the many. thou.gt. then thou who now heark&. ". for know 18. is the Race that coming unto Me. am [101 (xv. shalt shall hearing. enest to Me.)] Nothing. . but above them as I am now. for from this thou art. shalt be as I [am]. of the 16 . But when the Upper Nature. wholly with the Father and the Father with Me. and them that are without the mystery think that I little of .
is Mine suffer Me to but what is thine see thou keep . ". yet that I suffered not I did not suffer that I was pierced. 20. be called a mystery. and the things they do not say those I . ". I will that it . then. : : : . this I alone know. : things they say about Me I had not. through Me. thou seest did I show unto thee. [and] none . What.things which they will say of Me have I suffered nay that Passion as well which I showed unto thee and the rest. this What thou art. CRUCIFIXION. by dancing [it].Thou hearest that I suffered. but only art able to recognise. ". . To see Me as I really am I said is not possible. But what I am. 19. else. as kin [to Me] (or of the same being Race). 21. I did suffer yet that I was yet was I not smitten yet I was not hanged hanged that blood flowed from me yet it and in a word the did not flow : what thou .
". He was taken up. wilt understand. understand the Word. therefore. in Me. the nailing (or putting to the death of a gether) of a Word. firmly would have 18 . FIXION.And thus I speak separating off the man. the passion Word.THE ?nr? l/KUvl- IC Now what they are I will suffered. [102 (xvi. and in the third man and what he place [only] the suffered. the of a hanging of a Word. 23. and others which know not how to say as He Himself no it. then shalt thou under stand the Lord. for I know that thou riddle for thee . Word. n Understand. one of the multitude beholding Him. 22. And when I descended I laughed 25. then. the the slaying of a Word (Logos). the blood of a piercing of a Word. First. at them all.)] And having said these I things to me. the wounding of a Word. when they told Me what they did concerning Him.". 24. Word. ".
. that the Lord contrived all things symbolically.possessed in myself of this [truth] only. ISJL Tir CRUCIFIXION. and according to [His] dispensation for the conver sion and salvation of man.
though I hope they are somewhat nearer the spirit of the 20 . at times quite barbarous. for the text has frequently a matter been copied most so careless and unintelligent that the ingenuity of the fashion.COMMENTS. owing to their ignorance of the to the subject and their strangeness but this particular copyist is ideas . been taxed to the editors has often utmost and has not infrequently com It is of course down. pletely broken natural that orthodox scribes should quite blunder when transcribing Gnostic docu ments. the original reading is a matter of great With a number of passages difficulty. in The a translation is f difficulty. THE CRUCIFIXION. I am still unsatisfied. and as the and deals with subject is deeply mystical the reconstruction of the unexpected.
is certain lived in times when the rigid ortho they doxy of the canon was not yet established. beginning with the words Lord stood in the midst of the Cave. and so he hands on what well knows that B 21 . they knew the manner of it. however. and that the narra And tive. and seems prepared to admit its historical basis at the same time he . i and probability is that paragraphs 3 are from the pen of the redactor or compiler of the Acts. my ". One thing. The compiler knows the general Gospelstory. incorporated from prior material a mystic vision or apocalypse circulated is in the inner circles.original than other reconstructions which have been attempted.". the story circulated the people is but the outer veil of among the mystery. writers. It is always a matter of difficulty for the rigidly objective mind to understand the point of view of the Gnostic scripture- CRUCIFIXION. : They were The in the closest touch with the living tradition of scripture-writing.
initiation. of the bitterness of the struggle between the two great forces crucifixion and spiritualizing and the and materializing traditions. and savours. In his distress he flees unto the Mount of Olives. 1. for those un knowing ones who would fain limit the is to one brief historic event. The disciples flee after beholding the inner mystery of the Passion and of the inner outer At-one-ment as set forth in the initiating of the Mystic Dance which formed the subject of our fourth volume. brought out strongly. The gentle contempt of those who had entered into the mystery. though mildly.GNOSTIC CRUCIFixiON. Yet even John the Beloved. above of this Jerusalem. in spite cannot yet bear the thought that his Master did actually suffer historically as a malefactor on the physical cross. drama 2. But to the Gnostic the Mount of Olives it was no physical hill. We may W6^ ^ e^eve was k ut one f many visions of the mystic crucifixion. though was a 22 .
". however it might be distinguished locally. in the Paradise of man s inner nature. But the Cross for the Gnostics was a living symbol. physical city. the original is batos this may mean the or ".tree". as the ". was the Height of Contemplation. the physical consciousness. of the cross. even as Jerusalem here was the Jerusalem below. though The Mount. ". ". ". . ". THE CHUCK FIXION. or the dead trunk of a tree lopped of its branches a symbol of it was also the Tree of Osiris in death Life. when He was hung 3.bush". . ". The sentence on the tree of the Cross contains a in the physical. and the bringing into activity of a certain inner consciousness. and was equated with the Fiery out of which the Angel of God Bush spake to Moses that is the Tree of Fiery Life. 23 . And this Tree of Life was also. The word for tree in great puzzle. whence the Word of God expresses itself to one who is worthy to hear. It was not only the cross of dead wood.mount and Jerusalem no a city in the physical.
as we have already pointed out in Vol. based on the power of sound. the Gnostics. In this unsym pathetic summary there is a passage . Hippolytus. The difference of accentuation and of gender (though the reading of the Septuagint is masculine and not feminine as is usual with batos in the sense of bush or tree) wordpresented no difficulty to the alchemy of these allegorists. an d Evil But seeing that the word batos in Greek had also another meaning. both are but one Tree. brought this further meaning into use for the expansion of the idea. the cross of the opposites.gt. IV. Cro9S &.GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. by their method of mystical word-play. for the fruit of the Tree of Life is the knowledge of good and evil. in his Refutation of all Heretics. tne Tree . 24 . attempts to summarize a sys tem of the Christianized Gnosis which is assigned to the Docetse and Docetism is precisely the chief characteristic of our Acts of John. * Knowledge of Good indeed.
. . The pure spiritual emanations or ideas or intelligences of the Light descend into the lowest Darkness of matter. that is to say. : . would. tion ". For the moulding of vehicles or bodies for them it is necessary to call in the aid of the God of Fire. the passage to which viii. we refer (op. THE C CRUC?FIXION. "..". from the Dark Air for Batos is aU the Air subjected to Dark perfectly. 9) this would but as comprehensible be too lengthy an under taking for these short comments. as follows Moses refers to this God as the Fiery God who spake from the Batos. doubtless im from the Docetic document that lay before him. the creative or rather forma tive Power. ness. require a detailed refutaanalysis of our haeresiologist s It ". ". Hippolytus summarizes. of course. who is Living Fire be gotten of Light.which throws some light on our puzzle..". of the fully Docetic system to make oil. we must content ourselves with a bald statement.
explained the use of the term as follows : because. passage was an exercise in ingenuity. Gnosis the mystic exegesis of the burn . in their passing from Above. Moses Batos. In other words Batos. all the Ideas of the Light [that is. 26 . was the link between Light and Darkness.gt. the that which at once separated and united the Light and the Darkness was the Cross. ". The Docetic writer.gt. the Lightsparks or spirits of men] used the Air as called it ". their means of passage (batos)".GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. P resuma t*16 bty&. which Darkness was regarded as essentially a flowing or Watery chaos. as compared with the spiritual Air or Air of the Light. to suppose that the origin of this idea was the text of the idea came Exodus. as Air. Way Down and the Way Up of We are not. . ing bush". Hippolytus says. For the Gnosis. Below. ma terial Air. Air of the Darkness. By no means indeed was fundamental with the first. The Batos was the souls. however. ^at * s&.
Hippolytus (op. Now it is called Boundary. cit. or Wisdom-story. : 4 in one. by the mystery of the uniter-separator ". which was called by many the names. of the Valentinian school. using the reading of the Greek Targum or Translation of the Seventy. but It is by means of this that mission. in setting forth instance. For mys tery of cosmogenesis. in this Batos ? Batos does not mean wise medium of trans bush really. or Sophia-mythus. light on the under-meaning.out of God speaking to Moses the Fiery Batos was for the Christian Gnostics one of the most strikof ancient Jewish ing apocalypses The Angel of I9JL TTr CRUCIFIXION. and it was primarily one of scripture the chief functions of the Gnosis to throw . With original documents before him. treats of the Cross as the final mystery of all. because 27 .. he writes : ". vi. This the Docetic exegete does in his own fashion. 3). the Word of God comes unto us namely.
sharing in both the Fullness and the therefore. It the that which causes all opposites. being from nonbeing. principle of participation or sharing in.THE CRUCIFIXION.". and It therefore is. it bounds off the Deficiency from the Fullness [so as to make it] exterior to it it is called Partaker because it partakes and it is called of the Deficiency as well Cross (or Stock) because it hath been . a It is the prin reality or root-principle. full ness or sufficiency from deficiency or Light from Darkness. so that nothing of the Deficiency should be able to approach the eternities within the Fullness. separating. of separation and limit. . Here it is useless to tie oneself to the physical symbol of a cross. unites the 28 . for it is the immediate emanation of the insufficiency is Father while Himself. The Stauros (Cross) in its true self is a living idea. dividing ciple entity from non-entity. At the same time it shares in all opposites. perfection from imperfection. fixed immovably and unchangeably.
the formal mind of man. the Higher Self of the man. When He was hung on the batos of the Cross when He had reached the state of balance.. the ever-changing. But to return to our text. the mind. was balanced and 29 . ".falls back unable to grasp it for it is pre this personal mind that creates cisely ". because he is Lord of Deficiency.is the Stock or has stood. was in the mystic centre then at the sixth hour. stands and will stand the principle of imas the energy of the Father mobility. is difficult to it was con grasp goes without saying From it fessedly the supreme mystery. that is mid-day. there was also greatest darkness. in His aspect of the supreme Individuality that changes not. Finally. duality. it THE CRUCI FIXION. there was greatest light. when ". ". and insinuates itself between cause and effect. That such a master-idea . The spiritual Mind alone can embrace the opposites. Pillar as that which ". ". And then when the Lord.
ustmeci tne man. And yet the drama below is real enough .". The multitude below in Jerusalem is the lower nature of the man. &. which further orders it according to the Ordering the ".gt. Thereon follow the illumination and ". the disciple. . ". ". 4. It is by such means that His Body is 30 . in the cave of his heart that is to say. Jerusalem Below is that nature in him that is still unordered and unpurified while Jerusalem Above is that ordered and purified portion of his substance that can respond to the immediate shining of the Light. of Heaven. in his inmost substantial nature of the Presence of Light. ". explanation of the familiar drama of appearance taught to those without the mystery. ". there are ever crucifixion and piercing and the drinking of vinegar and gall. became J conscious. is Jerusalem Below set over against Jerusalem Above. the City of God. before the triumphant Christ is born.". his unillumined mind.
God. . ".". The man has now reached the stage of Hearer in the Spiritual There then follows the vision of the great Cross of Light. Twas . was another multitude . and Round stretching from earth to heaven. The Body of the Christ is per fected by the absorption of the impersonal evil of the world.it is the mystery of the transformation of what we call evil into good. ". I who put I it in ascend this Mount. where thou canst what disciple should learn from Master rise ".".". 5. fixed firm. for doubtless the seer saw within as well as without. conformed into blessing. thy true God twas enabled thee to energizing in thee who to the height of hear contemplation. or in it. which He transmutes . and man from Mysteries. I am thy heart to thy Self. its foot on earth is a vast multitude of all the nations of the world they resemble one another in that they are configured according to the Darkness. On the Cross. their Spark burns low.
but of a make higher order of utterance. but one truly of God a Bath-kol or Heavenly Voice. John he beheld but could beheld the Lord not see. that can . into some marvellous Image like unto the Divine. The sentence will hear. the eagerness to the longing to speak if only there bestow. the be one to hear. But this Voice is no voice of man. because of the Great Light. being formed CRUc7FIXION. own ". using no words.". using his 7. There then follows a list of synonyms 32 . terms.". I long for one who is instinct with the yearning of Divine Love. in the famous symbol of the Rosier ucians.THE IC of various grades of light. the man speak to himself in his own language. 8. And above the Cross. but not yet completed as it might be the Rose on the Cross. 6. ". ". as we are told in another great vision of the Master in the Pistis Sophia. He can hear only a Voice. ". as the Rabbis called it a Voice of sweetest reasonableness. lost in the dazzling brilliancy of the Fullness.
These terms. whole is the mystery of Atman or the . many ways Man. both as human and divine. shows must ". for your sakes. the mystery of the Cross is the mystery of the Word. they are Himself The manifesting Himself to Himself.of the Cross. . are used by the Wisdom in C RUCIFIXION. called Word or Reason. fore is it There . Mind. for Jesus and Christ. Self. the two natures uniting in one and the Son is the Father in the Cross in a still more divine meaning of the for both Son and Cross are mystery of the Father alone. Son and Father Jesus is the Christ. 33 . that is. it is stated.J STI be taken to denote the master-symbol It is the key to the of all symbols.". As is explained later on in the text. the Divine Individuality. the Spiritual Man. the Gnosis and chief nomenclature of the greatest terms of the Gospel. every one of which a symbol. if that the Cross. to bring home to the hearts of men the intuition of the mystery. or Great ".
gt. for it perpetually enters into itself it is the true Meth-od. It is also Truth or the Perpetual Paradox. perpetual unchanging . not so all The Cross . opposites which opens out into the allembracing consciousness and understand ing of oppositions. be cause it is the that which is stable and amid change. and all analysis and synthesis in simultaneous operation.THE CRUC FIXION. It is also called Seed because it is the Medium mystery of the power of growth and it is self -initiative. as in the sense of the Means of Gnosis. and therefore Life. 34 . or as simultaneously Cause and Result. is the Way on which there is no travelling. Therefore also is it called Faith. development And if the Cross be Son and Father in separation and union. it is likewise Spirit or Atman. The Door is the Door of the Two in One the state of e q uilibrium of the &. distinguishing and uniting in itself all pros and cons. much or the in the sense of the Way-bet ween or Mediator.
. external and where these appear other than oneself. Faith is of the contemplative mind It is therefore it embraces. the sub stance of Life. In a remarkable paper in The Theosophical Review. which in the Indian scriptures are called Food and Eater that is to say. elsewhere called Wisdom. R. as the life and sub so also is it of stance of the Cross embracing . the mystical union between the Not-self and the Self. 1907. Nov.Faith in its true mystic meaning seems to denote the power of withdrawing the personal consciousness from between the pairs of Q".Q STI CRUCIFIXION. Irines speaks of a vision of a great drama of those Powers beyond the mind-spheres. it includes. Grace. of the Great Mother. Finally. opposites. . the Cross regarded from this point of view is called Bread. when they are greater within oneself and appear as natural processes in the great economy. and within the the opposites consciousness. E. 35 .
song he singing sits wonder. wonder Food I food I food I Food-eater I food-eater I food: O ! . this ". . wonder. similar fashion writes watching the processes of the heaven-world.GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. he wills. for we read Having what food he wills. eater I (See ! my World-Mystery. in in 179.. . the great transfiguration of the crossing over of the surface-forms as life met life own substance 36 .) its Our author of a soul ". the She watched Life-Force as Sustainer. p. we read of one who had passed into the heaven-world possessing a know ledge of the identity of the Self and The transformations of his that thus occur in the inner states or worlds become as it were pro cesses of natural digestion in his Great Body. *n t ^le Chh&ndogyopani$had t for in- stance. 2nd ed. what form Not-self. ! . She watched the interaction of those two great currents of the One Great LifeForce the Life-Force as Supporter. vehicles : ".
Man In heaven you do not demolish forms you daily insinuate yourself into all the forms you meet. you become each separate object. Thus in heaven by in order to sustain life. yet there still remained the two She watched the great mystery that Cross on which the ". rents crossed the forms As the changed cur- without loss of life or consciousness! The Powers crossed and recrossed and with each appearance of that . that which had been two became one. but THE GN S TIC gg& sacred symbol there was further expansion and intensification of the Life-Force. the food of your own greater life. and 37 . and thus by supplying them with food. At each piercing or insinuation of the one into the other. Heavenly do you grow and slowly become the world. Thus in heaven do you give life to others in order to live yourself. and gain in power and expansiveness. thus do the many rebecome the One.in perfect mystic union. sacrifice dies in order to live again. The Great Mystery of the c live.
that for all it by means ". And it might be added that as heaven is a state and not a place. for Life and Light are the eternally united twin-natures. and that this is the true sacrifice of the Christ and the Way to become a Christ. And if it is a Cross of Life. the mystery can be consummated on earth. Life is Passion and Light is Understanding. it is also a Cross of Light. of Bread of Life which must be partaken b Y a11 before the Da y of Triumph was acted out before her eyes. The Logos and know 38 . or a similar order may 9.THE C CRUcTFIXION. the Good. female and male. of the Logos.". firm neces Articulation constitutes the of Fate. divides Himself to experience Himself. Ideas of this be held not rashly to underlie the words The Cross of Life may well of our text. of Wisdom the and this contraries are joined together. or joining-together is of Wisdom. be called the Harmony or articulation. which was also called in sity the Gnostic schools the Harmony.
that regards them as good and evil. opposites unite in Wisdom as a she is the pure substance in ground It is only which all the powers play. JSosTi CRUCIFIXION. which refers all things to its incomplete self. that it may be said to have a right and a left. This personality is rooted in the Lower Root or lower nature. or roots below and branches above. and stretches upward towards the Above. 39 . man (repre sented by the upright of the Cross). Though the nomen clature is somewhat different. All . with good forces on the one hand is and evil on the other. I cannot refrain from quoting a striking passage from a Gnostic scripture to give the reader some idea of the lofty region of thought to which the Gnosis accustomed of Life its disciples. when the Cross regarded as a separator.TO. in reality in themselves the it is the personality of the The forces are same forces . But in reality there are roots above and branches below. of the trunk of this Tree and Light.
men t&.gt. male Great Thought. universals. To you. generating all things. from one Root. : and is ".. The text is to be found in Hippolytus that have established a high pro it may be even a pre- Refutation of ". Of fested these Branchings one is mani from Above the Great Power. I say what I say write what I write. ordering all and the other from Belowthings. all Heresies (vi. incomprehensible Silence. 184). 40 . of Mind the . ". 18) therefore.THE C It is CRUCIFIXION. which is the Power unseeable. and to prove the document to be of a later date. without be ginning or end.. but I think I bability Christian writing (see H. And the writing : this Of the universal ^Eons (Eternities) there are two Branchings. taken from The Great Announcea document ascribed by Hippolytus to the very beginning of the Christianized Gnosis. Strong efforts have been made to question this ascription. female. i.
is This He who and shall stand ". however. all-one. Thought) in Himself He was alone [that is. Yet was He. or only. beginning is that Father. pair (lit. He was not even called .&. that is one-ly]. subsisting in onlyness. who supports and nourishes the things which have beginning and end. have union syzygia). and bring into manifestation the Middle Distance. Thence partnering one another they THE cRUcIFIXION. has stood. It (set. In this ". [in this state] first. (the Supernal Father) one for having her (set. which hath neither beginning nor end. He was not. as He who stands]..lt. . Nay. stands a male-female Power in accordance with the transcendent Bound less Power. although it was transcendent only in manifesting Himself from Himself that He became second [that is to say.. . was by emanating from this Power that Incomprehensible Silence) Thought-in-onlyness became two. incomprehensible Air without or end.
fested to Himself His own Thought so also His Thought on manifesting did
Himself by means
pro-ducmg He mani
not make [Him], but beholding Him, she concealed the Father, that is the Power, in Herself, and is [thus] malefemale,
Power and Thought.
that they partner one
another (for Power in no way differs from the Thought) and yet are one. From Above is discovered Power, and things from those Below Thought.
with that which
comprehensible to be two, male-female, female in itself.
namely, that the Middle Distance, In Air) is one, it is found
Thus is Mind in Thought inseparable from one another, which though one are yet found to be two."
believe that our Vision of the Cross
sets forth in living
symbol precisely what
abstract explained above in more It would, however, be a mistake terms. to make abstractions of these sublime ideas they must be realized as full The nesses, as transcendent realities. the Batos, the Middle Distance, is Air, the manifestation, or thinking-manifest, of the Divine to Itself, the true meaning of md-yd. (See the Trismegistic Sermon,
Though Unmanifest God
is most Mani and the commentary, H. ii., 99-109). I have translated the term SiaTrrjgt
and I would refer the is a "cross-beam reader to the famous myth of Plato where the known as The Vision of same idea is set forth when we read There they saw the extremities of the Boundaries of the Heaven, extended
midst of the Light
for this Light of Heaven
like the undergirdings of ships
and thus confined
or operation of cross-beaming tne Cross is the mode of the energizing of the Logos. It is the simultaneous separating and joining of the generable and the ingenerable, the two modes of the Self-generable it is the link between
personal and impersonal, bound and free, It is the instrument finite and infinite.
of creation, male-female in one.
12. There is little surprise, therefore, in learning that this mystery is not the which the disciple will cross of wood see and has seen in the pictures framed
lower mind, when reading the narrative of the mysterydrama or hearing the great story. Nor is it to be imagined that the Lord could be hung upon such a cross of wood, seeing that He is crucified in all men He whom even the disciple in con templation cannot see as He is, but can only hear the Wisdom of His Voice. I was held to be what I am not." 13. As to what the many say concerning the mystery, they speak as the many vain
where all things cross. And if the Place of Rest. this Home of Peace. the Mystic Centre of the whole system. who believed Him have the path was fully opened for him all the way up to God it was spiritual suicide to rest content with a limited and pre judiced view. The teaching seems to be that as the intended to be the Christ-story was setting-forth of an exemplar of what perfected man might be namely. This Place of Rest. if there was to be realization. the that on which the whole creation rests. the Firm Foundation. For those who cling to the outward forms and symbols the Place of Rest neither seen nor spoken of. is in reality the very Cross itself. even not understood they have been content with a poor and unworthy conception of the mystery. and unite. those Nay. which is 45 .and contradictory opinions. that in . Every mould of thought was to be broken. every imperfect con ception was to be transcended.
the Hylics as the that is. the Lord of it be He who has neither seen nor spoken of the power of the Centre. the Earth-bound. and therewith the attitude of this Great Body or. It may be regarded cosmicly according to the restauratio omnium.THE CRUC FIXION. is not seen or spoken of. as Basilides calls it it may be taken soteriologically as refer . the making safe ring to the salvation or or sure of our humanity. the 46 . who can adjust His ".much more shall ". and thus be in perpetual balance. of the Vision 14. be interpreted from several standpoints. The interpretation that follows in the text may in its turn everywhere. as the Justified and the Just One. if it be preferred. of his Mind. or it may be referred to the perfection of the individual man. when the whole creation becomes the object of the or Great Mercy.centre of gravity". The multitude of one appearance are . is ". those who Gnostics called them are immersed in things of matter. at every moment of time.
and borne the Earth and he and raised it heavenwards becometh the Midst. : the world crucify him. is set forth another Saying Blessed Jesus saith : : is the man who Word. : ". 518.. a nothing. They are the Dead. 519.".".risen from and consciously ascended the the Cross of Light and Life. that is to say.".) Those who have 47 become spiritual. and doth not let ". (F.delights of the world. ". ".". because they are under the sway of birth-and-death. They have not yet Dead. And later on the mystery in ". we read the following Saying of the Lord Blessed is the man who Jesus saith crucifieth the world.The Book of the Gnosis of Jesus the which begins with the Living One have loved you and beautiful words longed to give you Life". . the spheres of Fate. Thus in the preface to The Book of the Gnoses of the Invisible God. for it (the Midst) is knoweth this . and hath brought down the Heaven.I : ".".
. r * Sen *r m ^ e ^ eac ^". the Hidden Power or Holy Spirit. brings forth the self-taught Race. the Hidden Lord or Logos. after the fashion of a mother.C. who. Such illuminati were called by one tradition of the Christianized Gnosis the Race of Elxai. Thus the Jewish Gnostic commentator of the Naassene Document writes One is the Nature Below which is and one is the Race subject to Death without a king [that is. the Spouse of lexai. i. who are in the Logos.. And . (H. ". Of this Race much has been written by the mystics of the many different schools of these early days. 166). i. .GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. ". xviii.. W^ ^ aV6 ". .. they become kin with Him.. 164.).. 242 see my Did Jesus live 100 B. ? chap. (#. those who are kings of themselves] which is born Above : ".) Philo of Alexandria tells us that Wisdom. ". are born into the Race of the Logos. the Christian Gnostic commentator refers to the ineffable Race of perfect men (H. ii. ".
and been perfected therein.) 49 . i. As many. or Kin.. they become one.". name of many. ".. their former lives in 554. and perfect Race. But they who have passed beyond these introductory exercises. tells us that the angels of God but there is people a still higher degree of union. whereby a man becomes one of the Race.". 220). ". to his beloved Therapeuts.declares that the Sower of it This is the term he applies (#. receiving a to i. ". ". as have advanced in discipline and instruction. of God. migrate to this incor ruptible lot genesis". this Race is rare and found with difficulty. God is I5!L TTr CRUCIFIXION.. receiving Wisdom free from all toil. is is the ". have their lot among this many. adding that ". the highest one people .. ". For this Race but one. .. superior (//. then. are the ". becoming natural disciples of God. This Race is an intimate union of all them who are kin to Him Elsewhere he ".
ii. or the soul turning towards the Light.". Elect Race ". or Illuminated prays the Hermes ". just as the . after the triple trisagion.Sonship". that Brethren and ". This Race. . is never taught willeth it. ii. 303.). the turning-point of some subcycle of the great Return. or rather or turnings-of-the-mind. ". by God. : Buddhists speak of the Arhats as asekha and the Trismegistic teacher writes ". of Basilides that incarnates t on earth for the abolition of Death. : ". but when restored He sons.. At the fourth of of the whole nature. she prays that the Image of the Light may not be turned ".. Philo calls it self-taught. (F.) of Valentinus is the ".. the Sophia..". And so in one of the Hymns of Thrice Greatest Hermes. The ".) In the Pistis Sophia document.". its memory is my .". (H. And fill me with Thy Power and with I this Grace of Thine. first utters seven repentances. may give the Light to those in ignorance of the Race (H. my 20.THE CRUCIFIXION. Thy Sons. these. 221.
".or averted from her. ". and hid Himself from them.. Race. And the Births-of -matter rejoiced that they had been remembered.. Jesus answers that the Life of His Father consists in their purifying their souls stain. for the time is come when ".those who turn in the lowest should be the regions regarded mystery which is made the type of the ". (F. narrow and difficult place. and prayed to the Hidden Mystery : . ". THE cRUCi FIXION. 528. so that they may be with understanding and by His teaching perfect themselves.) Finally in the marvellous Untiiled Apo calypse of the Bruce Codex we read These words said the Lord of the Universe to them. and disappeared from them. to the from all earthly and making them to become the Race filled of the Mind.) in the introduction to The Book of the Great Logos according Mystery. and were glad that they had come out of the : . Again (F. the disciples beg the Master to explain the Mystery of the Word. 471.
whose manifestation no man can comprehend. the God are scattered 52 and . . us authority that we may ourselves aeons and worlds according to Thy Word. the uncontainable. as kin to Him doubtful whether It however. and Source of all Give create f r . . is. Thou alone the boundless. and is taken over ". This again is one of the most general Gnostic mystical terms. self -born Self -father Thou alone art the unshakeable and unknowable Thou alone art Silence and Thou alone art Love.. upon which Thou didst agree with Thy servant for Thou alone art the changeless One. 564. The MS. ". ". and self-realize himself the Logos.) To understand.". (F. virgin of matter. whose Race no man can tell. self-taught. of The Limbs abroad. man must pass beyond the stage of man. . spotless . .THE IC CRuaFIXION. is the correct reading in our Race but as it is the clear reading in 15 text the above notes are germane to our study. ". from the Osiric Mysteries. ". apparently reads every Limb.
And so we read the following mystery-saying in The Gospel of Eve I stood on a lofty mountain and saw a Great Man. was the symbol its planes. and another. * : drew nigh . a dwarf. whereby the twenty-four letters of the Greek alphabet were assigned in twelve Limbs. for to hear. I am there. the Source of all his bodies.) This also is the true Body of man. pairs to the may be gleaned from the following striking passages. and thou art I and wheresoever thou art. and heard as it were a Voice of thunder. of the Gnostic Marcus there is a description of the method of sym bolizing the Great Body of the symbolism FIXION. In a MS. regions. and in all am I sown D 53 . 366. dispensation or ordering of the universe.collected together again in the resurrection.. This Body of the ideal economy. and powers. (F. hierarchies. and : ". The inner meaning of this graphic Heavenly Man. And He spake unto me and said I am thou.
439. and little person.) This is a vision of the Great Person ( r scatterecl )- . It is an apology or defence..". and gathered myself together from all sides. It may also be interpreted in terms of the Logos and humanity but it comes nearer home to think of it as the mystery of the individual man the scattering of the Limbs of the Great Person in the personalities that have been . I have sown no children for the Ruler.GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. as it was called. This idea is brought out more clearly in a passage from The Gospel of Philip. but have torn up his roots. earth-life. of the Higher Self and lower self. a formula to be used by the soul in its ascent above. wiliest. as it passed through the space of the Midst and for the mystic it is a declaration of the state of a man who is in his last compulsory . (F. 54 . I have recognised myself. thou gatherest Thyself. his in many births. and have ". And whencesoever thou thou gatherest Me and gathering Me.
into which he must again But he has torn up the roots incarnate. He has gathered together his Limbs. or created a new form of personality.) the Lord of Death has sown no children to the Ruler. The Limbs were according to certain orderings.. for I am cRUCi? FIXION. and bursting the bonds of Fate. of those (Ibid. one of which was the configura tion of the .gathered together scattered abroad. Rea Reflection. 422. by shattering the form of egoity. ! These (F.) five Limbs are also the five 55 . Thought. the of five- limbed Man we read : ".". He of Death. . Thou art . Thus in The art A cts Thomas Come Thou who than ! more ancient holy Limbs Mind. completed the articulation of his Perfect Body. Commune with them of later soning far the five birth ". five-fold Star. my Limbs I that were know Thee who from Above. he has not contracted any fresh debt. Thinking.
". It will be perhaps of greater service to append a very striking passage. ". for we are Thy FellowLimbs. but it would be too long to repeat it here. and Thou art one and the same. of the Pistis Sophia (pp. which has been copied into the MS. In the whole document much is said of the sweet mysteries that are in the Limbs of the Ineffable.GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION.". of the mystery of the Vesture of Li ght in the Pistis Sophia (p. 16). 254): And they who are worthy of the Mysteries that dwell in the Ineffable. when His Limbs are gathered together and the Song of the Powers begins Come unto us. which are those that have not emanated these are prior to the First Mystery. 56 . with which the Christ is clothed in power on the Day of Triumph. To use a similitude and correspondence : ". Words ". We are all one with thee.Come unto us. from The Books of the Saviour. the Great Day ". 253. We are one and the same.".
a correspondence and similitude. but not nor have I revealed the in its true form Word in Truth. . but as the Mystery of : ". matter is plain There are many Limbs (Members) but only one Body. And . TH CRUCIFIXION. But there are other Words and Mysteries and Regions [of other worlds]. each according to the dignity of its Glory the Head according to the dignity of the Head. ". the Eye according to the dignity of the Eye. the Ineffable. and also the Three Spaces that follow according to their Mysteries of all of these in truth and verity am I the Treasure apart from which there is no Treasure peculiar to [this] cosmos. Of this I have spoken in a plan. 57 . . and the rest of so that the the Limbs [in like fashion] is . they And are the Limbs of the Ineffable. . they that dwell in the Mystery of the Ineffable. all the Limbs that are in Him that is. the Ear according to the dignity of the Ear. . and they that dwell in Him. .of speech that ye may understand.
. Blessed is he who hath Now&. But He. Ineffable Amen I say unto you. who hath found the Words of the Mysteries which I have set forth for you according to a similitude namely. 58 . on the other hand. in the midst. . man who hath found the Words of with you this day.GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. ". Therefore is he who hath found the Words of these Mysteries. the Limbs of the that those Mysteries in the Truth of God. and like unto Him for it is through these Words and Mysteries that [all things are made] and the universe itself stands through that First One. For it is the gnosis of the Gnosis of the Ineffable in which I have spoken . he is the First in Truth. ".". .gt. He is a God who hath found the Words of the Mysteries of the second Space. therefore found the Words of the Mysteries of the Space towards the exterior. He is a Saviour and free of every space who hath found the Words of the Mysteries of the third Space towards the interior. like unto the First.
is according to the dignity of the Head. in it Mystery of the Limbs of the Ineffable. it is other itself . But these are still no matter stages in evolution or process. it transcends itself. The fourth or how consummation process. It. for there is quite enough to develop into a small treatise in For an admirable intuition of the itself. the Body. and the meaning of the words the Head "..thus seen that the means used in the highest revealing the manner of was by the Mysteries of the Ineffable similitude of the Limbs or Members of It is ^QSTI C RUCIFIXION. as we have already seen. fundamental in this Gnosis. if not the most. follows. sublime they be. is ever with em all powers bracing all processes and But we must not be simultaneously. the reader is referred to the ful passage in The Untitled Apocalypse 59 . therefore. tempted to comment on this instructive material passage. God and Saviour. The three are those of the stages of perfectioning Saint. that this symbolism was one of the most.". beauti etc.
Many a passage could be quoted in illustration from The Book of the Coming-forth by Day.". 55). passage from The Litany Sun. Bruce Codex quoted in the comments on The Hymn of Jesus (pp. ". of the mystery is nowhere more meaning clearly shown than in the following magnificent of the ". of the simultaneous and multiplicity of these Mys Thus again in the same Untitled : Apocalypse we read whose Limbs (Members) make a myriad of myriads of Powers. 54. it He is (F. The Gnostic seers lost themselves in of the &.. each one of which comes from Him. This graphic symbolism of the Limbs is derived from the tradition of the Osiric Mysteries. the contemplation simplicity teries. 547).GNOSTIC CRUCIFfXiON. inscribed on the Tombs of the : Kings of ancient Thebes The Kingly Osiris is an 60 intelligent .gt. that strange and marvellous collection of Egyptian Rituals commonly known as the Book but perhaps the underof the Dead .
Essence. Those born from Him create Him. 2nd ed. It is He who causes them to exist.Him His open the way for Him. In a re stricted sense the above may be inter preted from the standpoint of the in dividuality and in incarnation. This is the self-creative. It requires no elaboration to show that this is precisely the same mystery as the secret set forth in our Vision of the Cross. His Birth is the Birth of Ra in Amenti. its series of personalities 61 . ". be born.Mystery.. p. rest when they have caused the They Kingly Osiris to be born. Atman is both the producer and product of evolution. The Kingly Osiris is Atman. Kingly Osiris in his male-female nature.". the Monad. (See 162.It It is is He who causes them to He who engenders them. . Fleshes who are His Limbs conduct . the True Man. He causes the Kingly Osiris to be born He causes the Birth of Himself.) my World. the Self.
the hidden Divinity within him. !(-. 16. and so the man is above men of sciously is . becomes this Upper Nature con and therefore it no longer what it was.". that is audient. ".THE CRUCIFIXION. . ". . These mysterious sentences all set forth the state of true Self-consciousness.". so long is the Divine in him lower the not what it really is Union is at the ". by attention. Then that the man becomes his Self. The Race the uPP er It Nature. and that Higher Self beHigher 62 it is by hearkening. is this which re-turns. tained ".limits". So long as man is not conscious that he is Divine.". now scattered abroad in the hearts of men. and so causes the man to turn It is obedient. ". for it is conscious in the man. or repent. but hearkens to or obeys the sweet counsels of this Great Persua sion. it is the true Spirit of man. to the Voice of the Self. And now is to return to the text. the compelling Utterance of the Logos. ".higher. the lower nature. He who not only hears.
The thought must be allowed to dwell but little on those without. union. ". This many.". 63 . IH5ST CRUCIFIXION. They who are are not arbitrarily excluded. or at-oned. ". but with respect to consciousness and realization that all is taking place within the man s Great Body as the operations of the Divine without the economy.comes his self in its turn the Self. 18. and entered into themselves for the realization of true ". . within the Mystery. mystery but are those who prefer to go forth without instead of returning within. having taken in separation into his Self as ". ". or turned back on themselves. A height must be reached from which the whole human drama can be seen as a spectacle below and within this height is not with regard to space and place. The whole strife of warring opinions and doubts must be reconciled. attention is the straining or striving towards the One and there fore no attention must be paid to the 17. . They who have re-turned.
will easily understand that the story of the crucifixion as believed in by the masses was for the Gnostics but the shadow of an eternal happening that most in timately concerned every man in his inmost nature. nay. 19. The outer story was centred round a dramatic crisis of death on a stationary a dead symbol. This was shown to the disciple indeed. He saw him it and became action. a living sym bol and a symbol of life. and a symbol of cross death. Those who have consciousness of these spiritual verities.CRUCIFIXION. But the inner rite was one of movement and dancing.". even those who . ence. as we have seen. Self-consciousness.-_ e . -r- have but dimly felt their greatness. as has been so admirably set forth in the Mystery-Ritual of the Dance. it . alone can understand . he was made in the Dance to par take in it that he might know the mystery of suffering in a moment of Great Experi ". it was seen shown in He had 64 .1 s^ tne meaning of the Great Passion.
not his but His Master s eyes. When he realizes it. for he will begin to become the Master Himself. 20. there will then be bliss indeed. and that the more pain he suffers in one portion of his nature. in the sense of the annihilator of it. .sorrow and suffering. 65 . grasp it he will not as yet realize it. however. first Let the disciple then first see the of the man through. and bliss. that suffering own. And the Master is the conqueror of woe not. And mystery the Christ alone knows. simultaneously. suffering THE CRUCIFIXION. but its ceasing he did not yet know really. intellectually the mystery. the more bliss he the deeper the experiences in another one the deeper the other. His Great Body is learning to respond only . but as the for he knows that one who rejoices in it it is the necessary concomitant of bliss. He will see . and therewith the intenser becomes his whole nature. and the cause of it had been dimly felt. for the ceasing of sorrow could only come when he could realize sorrow and joy.
as it were.JSScTTr vjIMwoH^ CRUCIFIXION. 21. to . the knots and finishings-off . and that the solution of the mystery is the power of ever experiencing both simul . taneously. Nevertheless it exists simultaneously with the undertrue in the general and yet ! 66 . of a pattern woven on the Great Loom or embroidered by Divine Fingers We can in our imperfect consciousness see only the underside. the medley of crossing of threads. vibra- The consummation is that he becomes capable of experiencing joy in sorrow and sorrow in joy and thus reaches to the gnosis that these are inseparables. It may thus what is to some extent become clear that is asserted of the Christ Gospel-story is typically not true. we cannot see the pattern. Those who look at one side only of the living picture see in a glass darkly. tlons grater and greater impulses or )} - ". If we could only realize that all the ugliness and misery and confusion of life is but the underside.
Christ sees both sides simul-
and understands. the term that our Gnostic 22. But writer chooses with which to depict this
not Christ, but Word or This Reason is not the ratiocinative faculty in man which con it is rather ditions him as a duality more as a Divine Monad, as Pure Reason, or that which can hold all opposites in one. It is called Word because it is the im mediate intelligible Utterance of God. 23. This is the first mystery that man must learn to understand then will he be able to understand God as and only finally will he under unity stand the greatest mystery of all man, the personal man, the thing we each of us now are, God in multiplicity, and why
grade of being
suffering. this the
express in human speech the living ideas that have come to birth in him, and knowing that there are still more marvellous truths
knowing f idly how
difficult it is to
of which he has caught some glimpse or heard some echo, but which he feels he can in no way set forth in proper decency. And so he tells us the Lord is taken up, unseen by the multitudes. That is to say, presumably, no one in the state of the multiplicity of the lower nature can behold the vision of unity. 25. When he descends from the height of contemplation, however, he remembers enough to enable him to laugh at the echoes of his former doubts and fancies
and misconceptions, and to make him the marvellous power of the
natural living symbolic language that underlies the words of the mysterynarrative that sets forth the story of the Christ.
The vision itself is not so marvellous as the instruction nevertheless it allows us to see that the Cross in its supernal
nature is the Heavenly Man with arms outstretched in blessing, showering bene fits on all the perpetual Self-sacrifice And in this connection we (F-, 33) should remind ourselves of the following sentence from The Untitled striking
Apocalypse of the Bruce Codex, an apocalypse which contains perhaps the most sublime visions that have survived to us from the Gnosis "The Outspreading of His Hands is the manifestation of the Cross." And then follows the key of the mystery The Source of the Cross is the Man [Logos] whom no man can comprehend."
of Jesus, p. 53.)
No man tittle can corn P reh end Man the cannot contain the Great. and the viper which they wor shipped. and great crowds. except . which the proconsul was sitting was swallowed up.GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. ". besides women and children. The latter plunge into Hades and experience the punish ments of those who crucify the Christ . When Philip was crucified he cursed his enemies. The the rest apostles are his higher powers the opposing forces. behold suddenly the abyss was and the whole of the place in opened. This is a cataclysm in which the lower nature of the man is engulfed. and the priests of the viper. except where the apostles were they remained un .". about seven thousand men. It was some echo of this sublime teaching that found its way into the naive though allegorical narrative of The Acts of Philip. and the whole of the temple. potentially. 70 . And shaken.
because thou hast swallowed up the men in the abyss but behold My Spirit is in them. And when the multi tude had come up.". ". and I will bring them up from the and thus they. having looked upon . Whereupon a Voice was heard saying shall be merciful to you in the Cross : and JSQ STI CRUCIFIXION. is reproved by the Saviour for his unmerciful spirit.I of Light. will not O endure thee. Philip ". Philip. . stretched up His hand. and had its form after the like ness of a ladder. shall dead believe in the Glory of Him that sent thee. seeing thee. They are thus converted and sing their repentance. And the Saviour having turned.his apostles. ". below the proconsul and the viper which these worshipped. And all the multitude that had gone down from the City into the Abyss came up on the Ladder of the but there remained Cross of Light . and it was full of Light. . But I. and marked a Cross in the Air coming down from Above even unto the Abyss.
not the same as the crucifixion of the Christ he is hanged reversed. Philip stands for the man learning the last lesson of divine mercy. Generation. The crucifixion of Philip is. deed are in the lawless Jews the same as the those who are under the Acts of John that is to law of the lawless Serpent those who are under the sway of say. It is a lower grade of the mysteries. The Proconsul and the Viper are the antitypes of the Saviour and the Serpent of Wisdom. The doers of the ". his head to the earth and not towards heaven. however.". He His baptism was on this wise .THE CRUCIFIXION. as contrasted with those under ".lawless". 47). ". Concerning the mystery of the cruci fixion of the Christ we learn somewhat of its inner nature from the doctrines of the Docetae. ". Philip hanging head downwards. 28. the law of Re-generation (see Hymn of Jesus. they lamented with great lamentation at the lawless action which they had done. ". : 72 . pp. .
that is of virgin substance so that when the World-ruler. the soul nourished in that physical body might strip off the body and of flesh. . 221). and in the conviction that the mystery of the crucifixion was to be worked out in every man. to death.". condemned his own plasm. He became possessed of a spiritual or perfect body. triumph over the powers of the Ruler yet and not be found naked. were in accordance with the matter of . that a Gnostic writer.". and after His purification in the Life-giving Water. following the Valentinian tradition. : ". 73 . or God of generation or death. p.. the physical body. It was because of these and such like ideas.washed Himself in the Jordan. but clothed Hence the saying in a robe of glory. (F. ". the type and signature of which Q STI CRUCIFIXION. his virginity. that is the Stream of the Logos. a man be born of Water and Except the Spirit he cannot enter into the King ship of the Heavens that which is born of the flesh is flesh. and nail it to the tree. that is to the Cross.
be closely compared with the Vision in The Acts of John is the Address of Andrew to the Cross in The Acts of Andrew. 532). To Rejoicing I come 74 to thee. ex P lains a famou s passage in the Pauline Letter to the Ephesians as follows For this cause I bow my knees to the God and Father and Lord of our : ". [the eternities or universals. the Life-giver. the of the Body of the Ineffable]. the Boundary of the Pleroma [or Fullness] and what is the Greatness that is. and might indeed have been written by the same hand.GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. Lord Jesus Christ.". Cross. Cross whom I Thou now . the Pleroma of the safe * aeons Limbs (F-. ". the Father of the and what is the Breadth universals that is the Cross.that is. that God may vouch to you that Christ may dwell in that is to say. the your inner man that psychic and not the bodily man be strong to know what is the ye may Depth . They both plainly belong to the same tradition.
roots on earth. that thou mayest draw up those that lie beneath the earth and are held fast in the regions Thy middle beneath ". engine. fruit treasured in planted O Cross most venerable. thou hast been planted in the world to make-fast things unstable. Heavenly Logos. thou mayest symbol-forth the that . Jg^ TI CRUCIFIXION. 75 . most skilfully de of Salvation. to put as to flight the envious and hostile power of the Evil One. sweet heaven . are scattered abroad. O Cross.. invincible trophy of Christ o er His foes of the .Thy in the deep [i. the Head ".. ". that foot is set in the earth. abyss]. the Highest Cross. of all things. parts are stretched forth.know for I know thy mystery to be mine. sunk ". O O Conquest thou life-giving tree. that thou mayest gather the Limbs] together into one them [sci. it were hands to right and left. Cross. and mayest join them to those in heaven. Thy head stretcheth up into heaven. it. .e. given unto men by vised.
GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. the true vine. but he is not live. A magnificent address identification of the Master up thy life that thou mayest says that inspired mystic treatise. who dost bear. We have seen above that Philip is hanged head downwards. all united in the one Mystery of the Cross the Mystery of Man. the one repentant and the other obdurate. ".". The Voice of the Silence. and this is no other than the secret of the Mystery of the Cross. who bearest as grapes the Master. The Master is hanged between two thieves. the soul turned towards the Light and towards the Darkness. too. and the tree of death simultaneously. Give 76 . ". The and the man with the Cross and in the Cross is hardly The Cross is the Tree of Life disguised. m through repentance ! indeed. fruitage of faith through confession thou who bringest the worthy to God through the Gnosis and summonest sinners home . the Thief as thy fruit. O Cross St thmg and SW6et name worshipful.
Passion too yet would I not take on myself to be hanged upright.the most famous instance of this reversal. before all aeons and after them thought worthy to become for men Man without strain of man. are born from Adam. O Lord. For we. I have desired . who sank 77 ". Light of true Light. ! according to the flesh. ". : Fitly wast Thou alone stretched on the Cross with head on high. We. to imitate Thee in Thy ". The best known is associated with the name Thus of Peter in the mystic romances. who hast redeemed all of the world from sin. but Thou art God of God. ever raised on high. in a fragment of the Linus- collection called The Martyrdom of Peter. men . eternally Above . are sons of the First Man (Adam). learn the doctrine as set forth in a speech put into the mouth of Peter we thus crucified ". pure men and sinners. Thou has stood forth man s glorious Saviour Thou ever upright.
".GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. ". The ". the Great Life or Animal that dwells in the Ocean or Great Water. who after being three days in the Belly of the Fish.". the left doth right become in that our state is changed in those who are the authors ki s m human ". authors of this life of reversal. ". For we are brought to birth in such a way. whose fail in keing generation is shown forth. and so a fit vehicle for preaching with compelling words or ". but the powers of illusion we are to abandon. The Jonah-myth was used as a type of the Initiate. ". . is vomited forth re-generate. Lord. of this ". of the are the lower nature parents not our natural parents whom we are to love. that we do seem to be poured into earth. and by Thy holy preaching hast thou rescued these about For to die. this world down below doth think the right what is the left this world in which Thou.. ". life. hast found us like the Ninevites. t*16 ear th. ". so that the right is left. .
".acts for the benefit of those in Nineveh or the Jerusalem Below. ". be revealed to you the hidden mystery nature and secret source of of my every every thing composed.For the First represent by versed. to him by means of corporal substance. and did make for us these present things (which had till then remained unchanged 79 . and by the means of this most holy calling [the Cross] He did restore us. still further instruction con the secret of the Mystic Cross. my for Man. who have the was a ye. lend and understand what now must heart. But of His own compassion the Power Above came down into the world. But for those who had ears to hear there ". or this world. with head that his symbolize the birth into birth was death and lacked the Life-stream. cerning But brothers. whose race I re position. and hanged upon the Cross. me the ears of your right to hear. doth destruction . who by a just decree had been cast down into the earth.
Way and. Before as the Behind. by conversion of your nature and changing of your life. ing to the Egyptians. ye shall not know God s Kingdom. by men s unrj g hte us error) into the those that men had taken Left. ". But ye. In exaltation of the Right He hath ".GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. and those men thought malefic most benign. unto the 80 . considering as good those thought not good. This saying have in myself. perfecting them. even as ye have turned you from that Way of Error where ye trod. hearing these words. beloved. the Left like to the Right. Whence : in a mystery the Lord hath said If ye make not the Right like to the Left. ". Above as the Below. changed all the signs into their proper nature.) I . and for the Left into eternal things. It figures forth the the First Man. (This saying is from The Gospel accord ". my brothers in made manifest this is the which your eyes way of flesh behold me of hanging.
446- The interpretation becomes somewhat 81 .most sure state of Faith. so keep ye running. also Word doth the Spirit say and Voice of God. As for the Voice since that voice is a thing of flesh. with features not to be ascribed unto God s nature. ascend the Cross. the crosspiece of the Cross is thought to figure forth that human nature which suffered the fault of change in the First Man. is the centre. He hath been ".. but by the help of God-and-man received again ". made is for us the One and Only Word : . its real Mind. joining twain set the nail of discipline repentance. in truth is Christ The Word symbolled forth by that straight stem on which I hang. true God. living the holy life. and strive towards the Peace that calls you from Above. J5Q STI CRUCIFIXION.". conversion and 449-) (F. whence the ". Christ. Therefore with Jesus. For that the Way in which ye travel there is Christ. Right in in one.F.
and self-perfection. incomprehensible. it in an ecstasy of enthusiasm This is the eternal Father ineffable. and brought forth 82 in joy myriads of myriads of . He it is in whom the All became joyous it rejoiced . of The Untitled Apocalypse phrases : ".GNOSTIC CRUCIFIXION. the passing from the state of separation to the realization of inex for as the inspired writer pressible bliss it is . . or the man still under the sway of generation. and all is reversed for them. this the unthinkable. and was its joyful. the re-generate man contains in himself in active opera tion the twin powers in union. strained towards the end. Hanged upright. then let it be known that if it And only a giving up of the part for the whole. untranscendible Father. be thought that there is abandonment of any thing in this con summation. now used Womb for spiritual creation. The reversed hanging typified the man of sex. Such hang head-downwards in the Great of Nature. separated into male and female.
". .Births Joy. 550). corporeal (F. they were called the because the All had joyed with the Father. These are the worlds from which out of these in the Cross upsprang ". . Members did the Man arise. of C RUCIFixiON..
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