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SEMINAR ON GENERAL TOPICS
7/7/2012 GROUP 5
Toxic waste can contaminate the water table during monsoon. They should be closed down and remedial measures should be taken immediately. Garbage from both panaji and mapusa was being dumped in a land-fill site there without being treated. too. “even these towns. which have dumping grounds. Environmentalists are not painting an unnecessarily nightmarish picture. resulting in these water bodies choking and causing floods during the monsoon. Garbage is often burnt and the fumes can cause rashes and respiratory problems. The bio-medical waste that goa’s healthcare centres produce top the list of environmental concerns.” environmentalist clinton vaz said. Very soon.” he added. CONSEQUENCES Bio-medical waste. But this does not take into account the tonnes of bio-medical waste generated by goa’s 19 government primary health centres and 123 private nursing homes and hospitals. some of which are a decade old. It’s extremely sad that compliance has not been achieved despite the high court of bombay at goa directing the state director of health services to ensure that establishments covered by the . waste seeped into the ground. and not one of goa’s towns has the wherewithal to segregate biomedical waste from other waste. can lead to disease outbreaks. No town or village now wants a dump in its backyard and the administration has had a tough time scouring for vacant areas for land-fill sites for garbage. often in rivers and the backwaters. The phcs dump their waste on their premises itself. “we are staring at a real problem. waste is dumped wherever possible. The curca problem has had a direct consequence. The site soon overflowed with garbage — it was meant to take garbage only from panaji — and it started to be burnt. contaminating wells and destroying fields. Only goa medical college and hospital has the wherewithal to dispose of biomedical waste properly right now. are more than 75 per cent full. The other towns and villages do not even have a dumping ground. bicholim. are operating without safety precautions. it treats its own waste and that which comes from the two district hospitals (asilo hospital in mapusa and hospicio hospital in margao). the inevitable happened. say experts. Only five towns — panaji. Most of the private hospitals and nursing homes do the same or dispose of the waste with the other garbage that goes to municipality dumps. More bio-medical waste comes from the hospitals and nursing homes. if not treated properly. But most of this waste — some of it potentially hazardous to the environment — is dumped all over the state without any regard to the norms. this has already happened in curca. mormugao. Residents there now drink tanker water. Environmental activist patricia pinto agreed: the toxic waste seeping into the groundwater can contaminate wells.SOME FACTS & FIGURES Goa’s homes produce 300 tonnes of garbage daily. This is extremely dangerous for goans and goa’s environment. canacona and margao — have dumping grounds right now and these.
bio-medical waste management and handling rules-1998 complied with the rules in six months. builders. living in a smaller state. such as garbage problems. (only when compared to the rest of india) however. we blame. stopping further degradation. we now see goan's immediately reporting. or can we collectively set our state as an example for the rest of india and beyond? there are a handful of ngos and problem of garbage disposable were beginning to be noticed. We humans as a collective species really do care about the environment. and therefore should share some of the blame. a few like me believe that we've already gone beyond. An aware citizen would do as much as he could to save the environment. WHO IS RESPONSIBLE? Goans. Past and present politicians. Imagine. Thanks to higher awareness levels of emerging problems. irrespective of their political parties . industrialists. and did nothing to make things better or report any violations. This has often been noticed by others in india looking at goa when finding solutions to their own state problems. due to apathy by the concerned authorities and stakeholders. Take the very relevant subject of garbage as an example: very few goans know that we already have the potential to reduce our own garbage going to disposal by 85% or more by simple waste reduction techniques such as waste separation. while most of these environmental problems crept up. In certain situations. if panjim and margao's waste (together estimated to be 90-100 metric tonnes per day) was reduced by 85%. almost 10 years later. are already aware about the biggest environmental problems facing goa today. While some now claim that we are at the tipping point. Today. The key to change therefore is combination of mindset change as well as proper awareness. we don't realize that we are the ones that generate garbage. Instable governments. condemn and point at people we think that are responsible such as the local authorities. but it's our lack of awareness that causes these problems. but more importantly some of the responsibility in managing the same. red tape. But rarely do we include ourselves as society in this responsibility failure. will we follow the rest of india as we seem to be doing today. dumping or pollution. it was also worsened by the failure of collective society such as you and me that passed by. which will result in further environmental degradation. we'd just have to worry about disposing 10-15 tonnes per day. and misguided decisions are the main reasons that nothing seems to happen in goa. the question is. those very same environmental problems have only grown to almost unmanageable proportions and led to other imbalances. recycling and changing our purchase patterns. organic waste disposal. and the government. when confronted with such problems. with higher than national education levels. We are fortunate to have cleaner cities and countryside's.
Instead we have to decide to act tough and fight every pollutant that poses a threat to us. The main reason behind the filthy beaches is the absence of dustbins. Setting up of proper dustbins and providing for segregation of waste would go a long way in preserving our beautiful goa.have proved to be ineffective in choosing the right technology for managing of waste. 26 such bags of trash were collected. FOR EXAMPLE 3G PROJECT On the 1st of may. Most of the tourists complain that they had nowhere to throw their waste and hence just leave it behind. and localized to treat waste with goan waste characteristics. Projects or plants selected in the past have often utilized foreign technology that's highly mechanized which is good in the west but not necessarily here.goa going green . The majority of the garbage consisted of beedi packets and plastic carry bags and peoples old chappals. We should not sit down and watch the destruction of our beautiful goa. organised a beach cleanup at colva beach from 4 pm to 7 pm. It appears that civic authorities and politicians only look at environmental problems as ways to obtain money. However. and until then. The bags were then set aside to be collected by a government employed garbage contractor who is in charge of maintaining the garbage disposal at the beach. This has been seen by the failure of a lot of waste treatment facilities that were either improperly selected or chosen by the amount of monetary kickbacks. 45 volunteers mainly consisting of youth from different places around margao came for the cleanup. The fact that our government is doing absolutely nothing has sunk deep into us and so we have to decide to take things into our hands. most waste management technologies came into being after the 1960s. and continue to improve with experimental plants set up at various places in the world even today. working with the government is difficult. or not localized to goan climate and waste characteristics. . Members of the green team. low tech. consisting of school students from benaulim also participated. Worldwide. history has proved that the ideal solutions for managing waste in goa are tried and tested technology that's low cost. 3g . rather than find solutions. They cleared up the waste starting from sernabatim to betalbatim. SOLUTION We have to decide to step in when the authorities have stepped out.
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