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SEMINAR ON GENERAL TOPICS
7/7/2012 GROUP 5
waste seeped into the ground. Only five towns — panaji. More bio-medical waste comes from the hospitals and nursing homes. Garbage is often burnt and the fumes can cause rashes and respiratory problems. can lead to disease outbreaks. waste is dumped wherever possible. The bio-medical waste that goa’s healthcare centres produce top the list of environmental concerns. But most of this waste — some of it potentially hazardous to the environment — is dumped all over the state without any regard to the norms. This is extremely dangerous for goans and goa’s environment. “even these towns. The site soon overflowed with garbage — it was meant to take garbage only from panaji — and it started to be burnt. it treats its own waste and that which comes from the two district hospitals (asilo hospital in mapusa and hospicio hospital in margao). Very soon. if not treated properly.” environmentalist clinton vaz said. Toxic waste can contaminate the water table during monsoon. Garbage from both panaji and mapusa was being dumped in a land-fill site there without being treated. the inevitable happened. are operating without safety precautions. CONSEQUENCES Bio-medical waste. canacona and margao — have dumping grounds right now and these. say experts. mormugao. They should be closed down and remedial measures should be taken immediately. “we are staring at a real problem. No town or village now wants a dump in its backyard and the administration has had a tough time scouring for vacant areas for land-fill sites for garbage. It’s extremely sad that compliance has not been achieved despite the high court of bombay at goa directing the state director of health services to ensure that establishments covered by the . which have dumping grounds. Environmentalists are not painting an unnecessarily nightmarish picture. some of which are a decade old. this has already happened in curca.” he added. Only goa medical college and hospital has the wherewithal to dispose of biomedical waste properly right now. often in rivers and the backwaters. Environmental activist patricia pinto agreed: the toxic waste seeping into the groundwater can contaminate wells. Residents there now drink tanker water. resulting in these water bodies choking and causing floods during the monsoon. and not one of goa’s towns has the wherewithal to segregate biomedical waste from other waste. too. contaminating wells and destroying fields. Most of the private hospitals and nursing homes do the same or dispose of the waste with the other garbage that goes to municipality dumps. The curca problem has had a direct consequence. The other towns and villages do not even have a dumping ground. But this does not take into account the tonnes of bio-medical waste generated by goa’s 19 government primary health centres and 123 private nursing homes and hospitals. The phcs dump their waste on their premises itself. are more than 75 per cent full.SOME FACTS & FIGURES Goa’s homes produce 300 tonnes of garbage daily. bicholim.
which will result in further environmental degradation. organic waste disposal. those very same environmental problems have only grown to almost unmanageable proportions and led to other imbalances. industrialists. In certain situations. with higher than national education levels. This has often been noticed by others in india looking at goa when finding solutions to their own state problems. WHO IS RESPONSIBLE? Goans. will we follow the rest of india as we seem to be doing today. are already aware about the biggest environmental problems facing goa today. An aware citizen would do as much as he could to save the environment. But rarely do we include ourselves as society in this responsibility failure. We humans as a collective species really do care about the environment. dumping or pollution. While some now claim that we are at the tipping point. living in a smaller state. the question is. while most of these environmental problems crept up. Take the very relevant subject of garbage as an example: very few goans know that we already have the potential to reduce our own garbage going to disposal by 85% or more by simple waste reduction techniques such as waste separation. Thanks to higher awareness levels of emerging problems. when confronted with such problems. but more importantly some of the responsibility in managing the same. and the government. condemn and point at people we think that are responsible such as the local authorities. but it's our lack of awareness that causes these problems. we blame. we'd just have to worry about disposing 10-15 tonnes per day. if panjim and margao's waste (together estimated to be 90-100 metric tonnes per day) was reduced by 85%. Today. such as garbage problems. builders. irrespective of their political parties . The key to change therefore is combination of mindset change as well as proper awareness. a few like me believe that we've already gone beyond. or can we collectively set our state as an example for the rest of india and beyond? there are a handful of ngos and problem of garbage disposable were beginning to be noticed. and misguided decisions are the main reasons that nothing seems to happen in goa. We are fortunate to have cleaner cities and countryside's. stopping further degradation. and did nothing to make things better or report any violations. recycling and changing our purchase patterns. almost 10 years later. we now see goan's immediately reporting. it was also worsened by the failure of collective society such as you and me that passed by.bio-medical waste management and handling rules-1998 complied with the rules in six months. red tape. Past and present politicians. and therefore should share some of the blame. (only when compared to the rest of india) however. due to apathy by the concerned authorities and stakeholders. we don't realize that we are the ones that generate garbage. Imagine. Instable governments.
SOLUTION We have to decide to step in when the authorities have stepped out. This has been seen by the failure of a lot of waste treatment facilities that were either improperly selected or chosen by the amount of monetary kickbacks. Members of the green team. and until then. However. working with the government is difficult. Setting up of proper dustbins and providing for segregation of waste would go a long way in preserving our beautiful goa. The bags were then set aside to be collected by a government employed garbage contractor who is in charge of maintaining the garbage disposal at the beach. Instead we have to decide to act tough and fight every pollutant that poses a threat to us. The fact that our government is doing absolutely nothing has sunk deep into us and so we have to decide to take things into our hands. It appears that civic authorities and politicians only look at environmental problems as ways to obtain money. . organised a beach cleanup at colva beach from 4 pm to 7 pm. rather than find solutions. FOR EXAMPLE 3G PROJECT On the 1st of may.have proved to be ineffective in choosing the right technology for managing of waste. Worldwide. Most of the tourists complain that they had nowhere to throw their waste and hence just leave it behind. Projects or plants selected in the past have often utilized foreign technology that's highly mechanized which is good in the west but not necessarily here. The main reason behind the filthy beaches is the absence of dustbins. history has proved that the ideal solutions for managing waste in goa are tried and tested technology that's low cost. or not localized to goan climate and waste characteristics.goa going green . most waste management technologies came into being after the 1960s. We should not sit down and watch the destruction of our beautiful goa. consisting of school students from benaulim also participated. They cleared up the waste starting from sernabatim to betalbatim. 45 volunteers mainly consisting of youth from different places around margao came for the cleanup. The majority of the garbage consisted of beedi packets and plastic carry bags and peoples old chappals. and localized to treat waste with goan waste characteristics. low tech. and continue to improve with experimental plants set up at various places in the world even today. 3g . 26 such bags of trash were collected.
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