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Signals and Systems Lecture Notes

# Signals and Systems Lecture Notes

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03/05/2013

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f(t) = a0 + 1Xn=1

£an cos(n!0t) +bn sin(n!0t)¤
To ¯nd the trig coe±cients an and bn (n = 0;1;2;:::) in terms of the complex exponential
coe±cients cn (n = :::;¡1;0;1;2;:::) set

1X
n
=¡1

cnejn!0t

= a0 + 1Xn=1

£ancos(n!0t) +bn sin(n!0t)¤

c0 + 1Xn=1

hcnejn!0t

+c¡ne¡jn!0ti = a0 + 1Xn=1

£an cos(n!0t) +bnsin(n!0t)¤

c0 + 1Xn=1

=a0 + 1Xn=1

£an cos(n!0t) +bn sin(n!0t)¤

c0+ 1Xn=1

h(cn+c¡n)cos(n!0t)+j(cn¡c¡n)sin(n!0t)i = a0+ 1Xn=1

£an cos(n!0t)+bnsin(n!0t)¤

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Therefore

a0 = c0 = 1
T

t0+T
Zt
0

f(t)dt

an = cn +c¡n = 2
T

t0+T
Zt
0

f(t)cos(n!0t)dt (n = 1;2;:::)

bn = j(cn¡c¡n) = 2
T

t0+T
Zt
0

f(t)sin(n!0t)dt (n = 1;2;:::)

F Homework. Derive the trig Fourier coe±cients by taking the direct inner product of

f(t) = a0 + 1Xn=1

£an cos(n!0t) +bn sin(n!0t)¤
with each of the trig Fourier basis functions cos(m!0t), sin(m!0t), and unity.

115

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